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Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft

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					            Mersey Ports Master Plan

                 A 20 year Strategy for Growth




Consultation Draft
June 2011
                                    For ew or d




Royal Seaforth Container Terminal
For ew or d




Foreword
                                   Historically, Liverpool and         to the Maritime sector on Merseyside.
                                   Manchester have always          n   The people who live in Liverpool, on The Wirral, and in
                                   competed as the two great           towns along the length of the Ship Canal who will benefit
                                   engines of the North West           from a growing economy.
                                   economy. As everybody
                                   knows, The Manchester Ship      We have been here for a long time - and we are proud to be
                                   Canal was built in the late     an established and integral part of the local community. But
                                   19th Century to compete with    the potential is there for us to contribute even more to the
                                   the Port of Liverpool for       economic success of this region.
                                   cargo going to and from         We have just been through the toughest of recessions - but
                                   every corner of the world.      through it all Peel Ports Mersey has been preparing for the
                              However that all changed in          upturn that is now beginning. We have been through
                              September 2005, when Port and        significant restructuring and change, both in staff and culture
                              Ship Canal were joined “as one”      - and are lean and ready for what is ahead.
under the banner of Peel Ports. This coming together creates       We now believe we have the right people in the right places to
a 21st century logistics hub with unmistakable economic            deliver this transformational shift. We see ourselves not only
advantages. It has:                                                as a ports company, with a traditional “we just load ships”
n    A hinterland with a population second only to that of         mentality, but as an integral part of the UK supply chain.
     London.                                                       There is no doubt that the opportunities are there for wealth
n    An industrial base of 120,000 manufacturing and               and job creation. For example, there are four accepted key
     commercial enterprises within 50 miles, again second          streams to the regeneration of the Liverpool City Region, four
     only to the London area.                                      areas for economic growth:

Together the deep water Port and the Canal that runs inland        n   The SuperPort
to the heart of the region form a "Green" gateway that offers a    n   The Knowledge Economy
comprehensive range of port facilities over its 44 mile journey.
                                                                   n   The Low Carbon Economy
The Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Canal handle
more than 40 million tonnes of cargo and 16,000 shipping           n   The Visitor Economy
movements a year - making the Mersey Britain's third busiest       Peel Ports contributes greatly to all of these, with the 20-year
estuary.                                                           strategy detailed in this Master Plan central to their success.
This strategic synergy of Port and Ship Canal brings us an all-    We hope this document will guide you through our strategy in
water route for international trade - a unique environmentally     detail.
friendly waterborne alternative to the stream of inland road       As you will see, we have ambitious and expansive plans for
haulage that still exists between the Southern ports and end       investment and growth - growth that will benefit everybody in
users in the North West.                                           the Liverpool City Region, West Cheshire and Warrington, and
The cost, both financial and environmental, and roads              Greater Manchester.
congestion of bringing goods overland from the Southern            But with these plans come challenges - challenges in land
Ports is no longer sustainable in the modern world.                assembly, in transport connections and in minimising
What we have is an opportunity for a real                          environmental impact.
transformation of UK logistics via a radical shift in              We don’t pretend it will be easy. That is why we need to work
thinking.                                                          with you, our partners, stakeholders and the people of this
Peel Ports investments amount to well over £500 million over       community, to make it happen.
a 10 year period in projects like the River Terminal, Port         Please spend some time in reading this Master Plan, which I
Bridgewater, Port Warrington and Port Salford - investment         hope you will find both informative and perhaps even
that will further enhance the potential of Port and Canal.         inspiring. After all it is about the future of our great Port and
Volumes of cargo are already growing as opportunities are          Ship Canal, and the contribution they can make together to
taken to maximise their combined merits.                           the prosperity of the North West.
But what is being achieved is about more than commercial           Your support and comments are invited and very welcome.
success. It is also about people:
n    The people we employ, and those employed by our               Gary Hodgson
     partners and customers - over 26,000 owe their livelihood     Managing Director, Mersey Ports

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               Con ten ts




Vessels at Latchford Locks
Con ten ts




Contents                                       Foreword                                 1
Mer s ey Ports Master Plan

                                               Executive Summary                        5

                                               1.   Introduction                    13

                                               2.   The Port of LIverpool &
                                                    The Manchester Ship Canal:
                                                    A Context                      17

                                               3.   Planning, Transport &
                                                    Marine Policy Context          27

                                               4.   Forecasts to 2020 and 2030      47

                                               5.   Land Strategy &
                                                    ‘Areas of Change’              61

                                               6.   Transportation (Road, Rail,
                                                    Barge, Short-Sea Shipping)     83

                                               7.   Socio Economic &
                                                    Other Considerations           97

                                               8.   Environmental Considerations   107

                                               9.   Stakeholder Engagement         123

                                               10. Implementation & Review         127

                                                    Appendix (Plans)               129




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Illustration of proposed Seaforth River Terminal.




Illustration of LIFT Zone Expansion Phase II.




Illustration of Port Salford.

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Exec u tive S u mmary




Executive Summary

Strategy Overview                                             The days of a port being a simple transit point are
                                                              now firmly in the past. To survive and drive economic
                                                              development we need to encourage more “added
                                                              value” business to our facilities through a number of
Our location at the heart of the British Isles is a key
                                                              initiatives which include:
driver of our growth strategy. The integration of the
Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Canal               n Development of single and multi user port centric
means that we can offer a unique opportunity to                 warehousing.
drive transformational shift in the behaviour of supply       n Development of new processing facilities for
chains that trade beyond the UK, by developing a                imported commodities.
key logistics platform allied to the development of
water freight solutions.                                      n Development of more customer-focused
                                                                operating practices.
The strategic development of Mersey Ports is                  In addition to driving more added value activities
focused upon driving growth across all our sectors,           across the Port, there are a number of key strategic
as commodity diversity continues to be a core part of         business drivers within the period of this Master Plan,
our plans and we see real opportunities to add value.         including:
                                                              n The planned Seaforth River Terminal a deepwater
Ports have the unique
                                                                container port expansion planned for 2014.
advantage of “seeing”
the whole supply chain                                        n The development of a number of multi-modal
from end to end, and                                            inland ports upon The Manchester Ship Canal –
by utilising this knowledge                                     Port Wirral, Port Bridgewater, Port Ince, Port
of the total chain we                                           Warrington and Port Salford.
believe we can add                                            n The wide diversity of Port operations both now
significant value to our                                        and into the future.
customers and
partners.                                                         n Entry into new sectors – including biomass
                                                125 Miles
                                                                  energy, offshore wind, waste to energy and
                                                 100 Miles
                                                                  recycling.
                                                  75 Miles
                                                                      The 44 miles of the combined Port of
                                                   50 Miles
                                                                      Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Canal
                                                                             will incorporate over 10 rail-linked
                                                                             terminals and with 10 motorways
                                                                                  within 10 miles of our operational
                                                                                   port assets.

                                                                                     The North West is already home
                                                                                     to many distribution centres for
Area closer to Liverpool   Container services
                                                                                   large high street multiples, online
compared to UK South       to Dublin, Belfast
coast ports                and Greenock
                                                                                   retailers and home delivery
Population 30 Million
                                                                                 companies who recognise the
Ireland
Population 5 Million                                                        region as being ideally placed to serve
South England
Population 27 Million                                         all parts of the UK on a next-day basis.

Figure 2.2 – Mersey Ports Hinterland

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                                                                                                      Execu tive Su mmar y




Policy Context

The ports sector operates within an extensive policy
framework encompassing planning, transport and
marine matters at a national, regional, and local
level. The policy context is critically important to the
ongoing operation and future expansion plans of
Mersey Ports, as policies set the framework against
which specific development projects are evaluated,
and the funding decisions in respect of surface
access transport improvements are made.

The Government published a draft National Policy
Statement (NPS) for Ports for consultation in
November 2009 and it is anticipated an approved
version will be adopted during 2011. A Marine Policy
Statement was published in March 2011. With
respect to Ports and Shipping Para. 3.4.1 states:
“Ports and shipping play an important role in the
activities taking place within the marine environment.
They are an essential part of the UK economy,
providing the major conduit for the country’s imports
and exports. Ports also provide key transport
infrastructure between land and sea. Ports and
shipping are critical to the effective movement of
                                                                           Figure 3.1 Strategic National Corridors
cargo and people, both within the UK and in the
context of the global economy”.
                                                           Forecasts for the Mersey Ports indicate a growth in
                                                           tonnage in excess of 70% from 39.64 million tonnes
The Mersey Ports form one of the ten largest port
                                                           (2008 base year) to 68.58 million tonnes (by 2030).
complexes in the UK and are linked by a number of
                                                           This represents a Compound Annual Growth Rate
strategic national corridors.
                                                           (CAGR) of 2.52% - when compared with a 1.1% CAGR
                                                           within the Government’s forecasts. (SeeTable 4.3)
At a local level the relevant policy context for the
consideration of ports and their future expansion is a
                                                           This outperformance related to Government
matter for the Local Authority particularly within the
                                                           forecasts is allied particularly to a stronger
emerging Local Development Frameworks (LDF’s).
                                                           anticipated growth in the unitised lo-lo and ro-ro
                                                           sectors, the opportunities associated with handling
Port Forecasts (2020 and 2030)                             biomass, palm oil and other dry bulks, and a
                                                           redistribution of market share to the Mersey Ports
The Mersey Ports have several key sectors, including       particularly associated with steel and metals, forest
bulk liquids, such as liquids for food manufacturing       products, and trade cars.
and petrochemicals, grains and animal feeds,
general cargo, such as steel and unitised traffic –        These forecasts will inevitably impact upon existing
including containers that are lifted on and lifted off     physical infrastructure and in this context such
ships (lo-lo) and trailers that are driven on and off      implications are explored under the headings of
vessels (ro-ro).                                           “Land Strategy & Areas of Change” and
                                                           “Transportation”.

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Exec u tive S u mmary




Commodity                                       2008          2020                       2030        CAGR (%)
Containers                                       4.85         14.43                    21.65           7.04
(Teu)                                          (672,000)   (2,000,000)              (3,000,000)
Ro-Ro                                            6.82        10.07                     13.92           3.30
(Units)                                        (513,000)   (757,000)                (1,047,700)
Trade Cars                                       0.036        0.20                       0.20          8.11
(Units)                                        (36,000)    (200,000)                  (200,000)
Grain                                            1.25         1.25                       1.25          0.00
AFS & Biomass                                    1.34         2.40                       2.90          3.60
Coal                                             2.38         2.38                       2.38          0.00
Other Dry Bulks                                  3.85         4.57                       5.28          1.45
Steel, Metals and General Cargo                  0.80         1.00                       1.35          2.41
Forest Products                                  0.26         0.60                       0.75          4.93
Petrochemicals                                  15.80         15.80                     15.80          0.00
Other Bulk Liquids                               2.26         2.70                       3.10          1.45
Total (Million Tonnes)                          39.64         55.40                     68.58          2.52


Table 4.3 Mersey Ports – Summary Port Forecasts 2020 & 2030

Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Change’                          Our calculations indicate the delivery of a forward
                                                           land requirement of 851 ac to support our 20 year
                                                           growth strategy. Whilst some 746 ac. can be
The methodology for producing forecasts for Mersey
Ports potential land requirements is based firstly on
forecasting the growth in various traffics handled at
the Ports and then estimating future land
requirements based on key assumptions with
respect to the amount of land required for any
particular trade or traffic. In addition, the
development of other complementary or other Port-
related activities will create further demand for land.

Three aspects to the future land requirements have
been considered:
n Amount of land needed to serve the Port’s traffic
  growth;
n Amount of land required to serve the needs of
  port centric distribution;
n Amount of land required to serve complimentary
  sectors (energy, waste, off-shore wind sector,
  processing activities).
                                                           Port Warrington (Formerly Acton Grange)


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Port Traffic                       2020       2030       Code Site Description                             Area (Acres)
Containers                           40         90        L1    Seaforth River Terminal                           42
Ro-Ro                                40         45        L2    Seaforth Area B                                   78
Trade Cars                           30          0        L3    Hornby/Alexandra Dock                             24
Grain                                 3          3        L4    LIFT Zone Phase 2                                 19
AFS & Biomass                         8          0        L5    Regent Road/Derby Road                            92
Coal                                  0          0        L6    N3 Canada                                         10
Other Dry Bulks                       5          5        L7    Huskisson Dock Complex                            20
Steel, Metals & General Cargo         5          5        B1    Twelve Quays                                       4
Forest Products                      10         10        B2    Beaufort Road                                     27
Petrochemicals                        0          0        B3    Former Mobil Site                                 23
Other Bulk Liquids                    6          6        B4    Cammell Laird                                     34
Port Centric Warehousing             140        140       M1    Land at QEII Dock                                 17
Complementary Sectors:                                    M2    Port Wirral                                      146
Off-Shore Wind Farms                 75          0        M3    Former Bridgewater Paper Mill                     46
Biomass Energy                       45          0        M4    Port Ince                                         10
Processing & Valued Added            70         70        M5    Wigg Wharf                                         2
Total (Ac)                           477        374       M6    Port Warrington Phase 1                           11

Table 5.1: Mersey Ports – Summary Land Requirements       M7    Port Warrington Phase 2                           24
2020 & 2030
                                                          M8    Irlam Container Terminal                           6
identified not all of this land is readily available      M9    Port Salford                                     111
and/or deliverable without further activity, notably
                                                                Total Land Identified                            746
consenting and in some cases site acquisition. A
further land requirement of 105 ac. relates to as yet           Unidentified land                                105
to be identified land parcels. (See Table 5.1)
                                                                Overall Land Requirement                         851

A series of future land use plans have been drawn        Table 5.2: Mersey Ports - Land Availability
up for Liverpool Docks, Birkenhead Docks and The
                                                         meeting demand have been considered in the
Manchester Ship Canal, and which are noted wothin
                                                         context of the Habitats Directive.
the Appendices.

                                                         Transportation
The land strategy includes the utilisation of existing
land and premises, safeguarding, and those areas of
the Port most likely to see change over the requisite    The success or otherwise of a port is inextricably
20 year period. In circumstances where the Port          linked to the ability for freight to be moved in or out in
boundaries are likely to change, we have                 a congestion free and efficient manner and therefore
demonstrated the effective utilisation of existing       port access routes (be they road and rail links or
assets. In considering major development upon            inland waterway) are of paramount importance. The
environmentally protected sites, it is acknowledged      choice of transport mode is principally driven by
we will have to demonstrate what alternative ways of     commercial factors however there are other

  8                                                                              Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
Exec u tive S u mmary




                 Pipelines/Conveyors

                        Water Freight

                          Rail Freight

                        Road Freight

Figure 6.1: The Hierarchy of Sustainable Transport
(linked to carbon emissions/km)                                   Container Barge service passing through Warrington


determinants for some supply chains that include                  Supply chain professionals already face many
reliability and speed and minimising carbon                       challenges – including higher fuel costs, emissions
emissions as some transport modes are more                        and congestion when using Southern ports as an entry
sustainable than others.                                          point for goods destined for end users in the North.
                                                                  Water provides both a cheaper and cleaner mode of
The Mersey Ports neither own freight nor take                     transport than road and rail, so it makes sense to use
decisions on the mode of transport to be employed.                ships and then barges to get goods as close as
However our strategy is to promote choice for our                 possible to the ultimate consumer of those goods.
customers, and hence it is vital that the necessary
infrastructure is available to effect modal shift where           Socio Economic Considerations
required.
                                                                  Studies show the Merseyside maritime sector has a
            5%                                                    significant impact on the regional economy, directly
10%                                            Rail Freight       employing circa 20,550 people and another 5,900
                                                                  indirectly, totalling 26,450. The sector contributes
                                               Inland Barge       some £700m to the local economy much of which
                                                                  will be spent with businesses in the area.
    15%                                        Coastal Shipping

                             70%                                  But there is more to come. Table 7.2 summerise the
                                               Road Freight
                                                                  net additional employment and GVA which will
                                                                  accrue over the 20 years of this Master Plan, under
                                                                  the remit of the Mersey Ports investment decisions
                                                                  such as the Seaforth River Terminal and the Langton
                                                                  River Terminal.

Figure 6.3 – Modal Shift for Containers 2020 & 2030
                                                                  The contributory investments of the Mersey Ports to
                                                                  the wider SuperPort initiative can be summarised as
We are prepared to invest in this infrastructure to
                                                                  generating some 6,000 new jobs and an additional
allow the movement of containers and other
                                                                  £1.6 billion GVA by 2020 and some further 1,500
commodities by different means, and our growth
                                                                  jobs and an additional £3.3 billion GVA by 2030. In
strategy is about encouraging shippers and logistics
                                                                  excess of 4,000 jobs are anticipated to be created as
operators to look at the full “Ship-to-Door” supply
                                                                  part of the Low Carbon Economy – Off-Shore Wind,
chain costs, identifying the value that the Mersey
                                                                  Biomass Energy, and Tidal Power.
Ports’ location can deliver to all.

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Net Additional                            2011     2021             Environmental Considerations
Employment Impact                         - 2020   - 2030   Total

Seaforth River Terminal                   4,270    1,586    5,856   The Mersey Ports are monitored, inspected and
                                                                    vetted by the relevant statutory authorities. In
Langton River Terminal                     147       0      147     recognition of the importance of environmental and
Manchester Ship Canal (Logistics Sites)   1,689      0      1,689   emergency response matters there is regular
                                                                    dialogue with a number of key agencies. Such liaison
Total                                     6,106    1,586    7,692
                                                                    seeks to ensure that the Mersey Ports are complying
                                                                    with all relevant environmental and safety legislation
Net Additional GVA (Million)               £M       £M       £M
                                                                    and carrying out their duties responsibly.

Seaforth River Terminal                   1,128    2,451    3,579   The Mersey Ports are committed to continuing
Langton River Terminal                     43       70      113     compliance with all applicable environmental
                                                                    legislation and other relevant requirements in the
Manchester Ship Canal (Logistics Sites)    432      805     1,237
                                                                    pursuit of its duties and powers and will take these
Total                                     1,603    3,326    4,929   fully into account in all of its actions and decisions,
                                                                    alongside its pursuit of the sustainability objectives
Table 7.2 - Net Additional Employment & GVA                         established by the Government.

There are other gains for North-West businesses
                                                                    In addition to these statutory requirements, as a
through their increased ability to secure access to
                                                                    Company we will always seek to improve the
supply chains and raw materials via the Mersey Ports
                                                                    environment for our staff, customers and neighbours.
international gateway. For example, for firms in the
                                                                    We are currently working towards ISO 14001
Liverpool City Region we have estimated the benefit
                                                                    accreditation, and as development projects come
in reduced transport costs as circa £16 million per
                                                                    forward we will always pay attention to our
annum, or in excess of £150 million over the Master
                                                                    environmental obligations.
Plan period.




Unloading aluminium at Gladstone Steel Terminal
                                                                    Canada Branch Dock No.1, Port of Liverpool


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Exec u tive S u mmary




The range and diversity of environmental matters              As an overarching principle we welcome active
applicable to Mersey Ports are illustrated below. The         liaison and discussion with all stakeholders, and
purpose of the Master Plan is not to go into the same         mindful that there can sometimes be differences of
degree of detail that would be necessary for an               opinion or approach this should not be to the
Environmental Statement accompanying either a                 detriment of continual and open dialogue.
planning or harbour application, but to signpost the
key considerations.
                                                              Implementation & Review
          Air Quality                          Biodiversity
     Climate Change                      Contaminated Land    The Master Plan is not an application for planning
                                                              permission and will not of itself grant approval for
          Dredging                        Energy Efficiency
                                                              any works, rather it provides a framework for setting
           Flooding                             Heritage      out the Port’s aspirations, including for the medium
             Odour                                Noise       and long term, and will assist in informing the
                                                              consideration of projects and planning applications
       Visual Impact                     Waste Management
                                                              made as and when necessary.
       Water Quality
                                                              The ports industry is a dynamic sector and hence
                                                              whilst the Port Master Plan looks at longer term time
                                                              horizons to 2020 and 2030, it is a working document
Stakeholder Engagement
                                                              and hence it is imperative to undertake reviews of its
                                                              contents. The Master Plan will be subject to regular
“Guidance on the Preparation of Port Master Plans”            monitoring and a formal review every five years,
(December 2008) advises an essential aspect of the            which will entail further public consultation.
development of an effective master plan is achieved
through engagement with interested parties
including local and regional planning bodies and
transport network providers, both during the master
planning process and once the master plan has
been published.




                                                              Construction of Twelve Quays Ro-Ro Terminal, Birkenhead




Master Plan Stakeholder Group


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                        In tr odu c tion




Tranmere Oil Terminal
Intr odu c tion




1. Introduction                                             1.5      As part of the Government’s Interim Report of
                                                                     July 2007, it was recommended that all major
1.1      The Port of Liverpool and The Manchester                    ports produce Port Master Plans, and consult
         Ship Canal, known collectively as Mersey                    upon these with local stakeholders, including
         Ports, form an international gateway                        planning authorities, in order to help co-
         recognised by the Government as a key                       ordinate medium-term planning. The
         component of our global trading links and                   subsequent “Guidance on the Preparation of
         hence fundamental to the UK’s economic                      Port Master Plans”, published in December
         prosperity. The River Mersey is the third                   2008, indicated the threshold for preparation
         busiest estuary in the UK with some 16,000                  of such plans to be those ports handling at
         commercial shipping movements per annum.                    least a million tonnes throughput per annum.
         The Port of Liverpool and the Manchester Ship               The Port of Liverpool and The Manchester
         Canal handled 32.2 million tonnes and 7.4                   Ship Canal both exceed this threshold.
         million tonnes of cargo respectively in 2008.
                                                            1.6      The Guidance sets out the main purposes of
1.2      The essential role of ports to the UK economy               Port Master Plans, which are to:
         is highlighted within the Draft National Policy
         Statement (NPS) for Ports (November 2009).                  n Clarify the port’s own strategic planning for
         Given we are an island economy, there are                     the medium to long term.
         limited alternatives available to the use of sea            n Assist regional and local planning bodies
         transport for the international movement of                   and transport network providers in
         freight and bulk commodities. In the past 40                  preparing and revising their own
         years, freight traffic through UK ports has                   development strategies.
         increased by 75%. In 2008, ports in England
                                                                     n Inform port users, employees and local
         and Wales handled a throughput of 442 million
                                                                       communities as to how they can expect to
         tonnes of goods out of a UK total of 562
                                                                       see the port develop over the coming
         million tonnes, representing about 95% of the
                                                                       years.
         total volume of UK trade, and 75% of its value.

1.3      The UK’s national ports policy currently
         consists of Modern Ports – A UK Policy
         (November 2000) and the Ports Policy Review
         Interim Report (July 2007), both of which
         recognise the crucial role ports play in
         sustaining the UK’s economy in an
         increasingly globalised marketplace.
         Furthermore, the Draft Ports NPS confirms that
         it is the commercial port operators who are
         best placed to make decisions in respect of
         infrastructure capacity and investments in
         response to market demand.

1.4      In respect of the promotion of sustainable
         transport the DEFRA consultation “Waterways
         for Everyone” (December 2009) highlights the
         scope for more freight and passengers to be
         carried on some inland waterways, particularly
         on estuarial waters.                               New Liebherr harbour mobile crane at Port of Liverpool


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                                                                                                                       In tr odu c tion




1.7    It does this by setting out:

       n How the port expects to grow and develop
         its business over time.
       n Why this is feasible in the context of wider
         patterns of supply and demand.
       n Where changes of land use are likely to be
         required to support growth areas.
       n What alternative ways of meeting demand
         have been and will be considered.
       n What environmental measures will be taken
         to ensure that not only are adverse effects
         mitigated, but as far as reasonably
         possible the port makes a positive
         contribution to environment and amenity.
       n When individual development proposals
         will be put forward.
                                                           Handling of Forest Products
       n How people will be consulted both within
         the master planning process itself, and                    submit appropriate planning applications
         beyond.                                                    and/or Harbour Orders in the right
                                                                    circumstances, and which will encompass the
       n How the port’s development plans                           main proposals to accommodate future port
         integrate, support and inform the regional                 growth. All proposals will be subject to full and
         and local economic, transport and                          appropriate appraisal, including in respect of
         planning policy context - as the result of                 the Town and Country Planning (Environmental
         close liaison with local and regional                      Impact Assessment) Regulations 1999 and
         planning bodies during the production of                   The Harbour Works (Environmental Impact
         the master plan.                                           Assessment) Regulations 1999.

1.8    This Master Plan is not an application for          1.10 The geographical area that is covered in detail
       planning permission and will not of itself grant         in this Master Plan is the operational port and
       approval for any works. Development at                   other land that is owned by The Mersey Docks
       Mersey Ports will remain subject to the normal           and Harbour Company and The Manchester
       requirements for planning permission and/or              Ship Canal Company, thereafter referred to as
       those operational works and projects that fall           the Mersey Ports.
       within the scope of “permitted development”
       applicable to statutory undertakers.                1.11 The responsibilities of the Mersey Ports are not
                                                                restricted to the areas of land which they own
1.9    This Master Plan provides a framework for                and operate for port purposes. The Mersey
       setting out the ports’ aspirations, including for        Docks and Harbour Company (MDHC) is the
       the medium and long term, and will assist in             Statutory Harbour Authority for the Port of
       informing the consideration of projects and              Liverpool and Birkenhead Docks, and is
       planning applications made as and when                   responsible for the management of
       necessary. It is the intention of Mersey Ports to        navigational safety and protection of the
                                                                marine environment on the River Mersey



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Intr odu c tion




         between Warrington Bridge (Bridge Foot),          1.13 The Manchester Ship Canal Company is the
         Warrington and the outer port limits. MDHC is          Statutory Harbour Authority for the Canal
         also a Competent Harbour Authority for the             having comparable roles and responsibilities
         Port of Liverpool and the docks at Garston             as MDHC. Shipping movements along the
         within the provisions of the Pilotage Act 1987.        entire length of the Manchester Ship Canal are
                                                                managed from the control room at Eastham
1.12 MDHC provides Conservancy, Pilotage and                    with access to the canal being via the
     Vessel Traffic Services for ships and craft                Eastham Locks. There are a further four sets
     using the Port. Its responsibilities also include          of locks above Eastham and five swing
     the maintenance of navigational channels,                  bridges on the journey to Manchester, all of
     moorings, lights and buoys and the provision               which are maintained by the Company.
     of hydro-graphic, tidal and other information.
     The Port limits are shown in Figure 1.1.              1.14 There are other port interests on the Mersey
                                                                Estuary and Manchester Ship Canal in other
                                                                ownerships which are referenced for
                                                                completeness, although this Master Plan
                                                                cannot make comment in respect of the land
                                                                use and planning implications at these
                                                                terminals - nor in respect of their business
                                                                strategy during the master planning period.
                                                                These matters are the responsibility of the
                                                                respective third party owners and operators.
                                                                The other relevant operational areas are
                                                                situated at:

                                                                 n Garston Docks (operated by ABP)
                                                                 n Bromborough Wharf (operated by Victoria
                                                                   Group)
                                                                 n Weston Docks (operated by Stobart Ports)




Figure 1.1 - Port Limits




 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                             15
Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Con text




                          Historical Perspective Pier Head, Liverpool
Por t of L iver pool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Context




2. The Port of Liverpool &                                                     a group handling 20 million tonnes of cargo a
                                                                               year into the UK's second largest port operator
   The Manchester Ship                                                         handling 65 million tonnes. With some 40
   Canal: A Context                                                            million tonnes of freight a year moved through
                                                                               its docks, Mersey Ports represents almost two-
2.1     For more than a century, the Port of Liverpool                         thirds of Peel Ports’ trade. The other ports in
        and The Manchester Ship Canal were arch                                the Group are Clydeport in Scotland, the
        rivals competing with each other for cargo                             Lancashire Port of Heysham and Medway
        going to, and arriving from, every corner of the                       Ports in the South East of England.
        globe. The Port of Liverpool celebrated its
        800th Anniversary in 2007, with The                                    Port of Liverpool – A History
        Manchester Ship Canal a relative newcomer
        celebrating its 100th Anniversary in 1994.                       2.3   Liverpool has been a port since 1207, when
                                                                               King John chose to use a sheltered creek on
2.2     In September 2005 these two great                                      the River Mersey to embark his troops for a
        undertakings were brought together “as one”                            campaign in Ireland. Today that small creek
        under the banner of Peel Ports. The                                    has disappeared under the City's famous Pier
        acquisition of Mersey Docks and Harbour                                Head and the Liverpool One shopping area. In
        Company transformed Peel's ports sector from                           a history which has seen peaks and troughs in
                                                                               Liverpool’s maritime importance, trade with
                                                                               Ireland has remained a constant feature.

                                                                         2.4   In the early part of the 17th century, Liverpool
                                                                               claimed its share of the trade with the newly
                                                                               founded colonies beyond the seas and finally
                                                                               overhauled the competing port of Chester. By
                                                                               the middle of the century Liverpool had
                                                                               become the undoubted northern port for
                                                                               Ireland and by the latter half claimed to be the
                          Clydeport                                            third port of England, further stimulated by the
                                                                               opening of direct trade with the American
                                                                               colonies and especially the West Indies.

                                                                         2.5   The growth of the United States provided
                                                                               Liverpool with increasing volumes of trade and
                                     Heysham
                                                                               new docks opened on the Mersey in quick
                                    Liverpool
                                                                               succession; Canning 1828, Clarence 1830,
                                       Manchester                              Brunswick 1832, Waterloo 1834, Victoria and
                                       Ship Canal                              Trafalgar 1836, Coburg 1840, Toxteth 1842
                                                                               and Albert Dock in 1845. In 1848, five docks
                                                                               by the renowned architect and engineer, Jesse
                                                                               Hartley, were opened on a single day, a
                                                                               supreme example of the vision and
                                                   Medway                      entrepreneurship which made Liverpool the
                                                                               Port of the Empire.


                                               Figure 2.1 – Peel Ports


 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                                              17
                                                                     Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Con text




2.6    In Birkenhead, the first docks were opened in               2.9   The end of the 1960s and the early 1970s saw a
       1847 around the natural inlet known as the                        period of financial crisis and the Port came close
       Wallasey Pool. This catalysed a period of port                    to closure. The Mersey Docks and Harbour
       competition between Birkenhead and                                Board struggled to adjust to the technological
       Liverpool until the Liverpool Corporation                         changes within the shipping industry. With the
       purchased the Birkenhead Dock Trustees’                           Board unable to meet its debts, a Bill was put to
       interests bringing together the control of the                    Parliament in 1970 to make the Port Authority a
       docks, at both Liverpool and Birkenhead. In                       statutory company and in 1971 the passing of
       1858 The Mersey Docks and Harbour Board                           the Mersey Docks and Harbour Act changed the
       was formed as the single authority.                               formal Dock Board to The Mersey Docks and
                                                                         Harbour Company.
2.7    By 1900 the value of goods passing through
       the Port was estimated to be circa £207m and                2.10 In 1972, the three miles of docks to the south
       2,085 vessels with a total tonnage of over two                   of Liverpool's Pier Head were closed to
       million tonnes were registered at the Port.                      shipping, their water too shallow and their
       Dock construction was interrupted by the                         narrow quays with dockside sheds no longer
       outbreak of the First World War and                              appropriate for modern shipping. The South
       Birkenhead was bombed heavily during the                         Docks were acquired from Mersey Docks and
       Second World War.                                                Harbour Company by the Government-
                                                                        appointed Merseyside Development
                                                                        Corporation and redeveloped for alternative
                                                                        purposes using public funding.

                                                                   2.11 During the early 1970s, the Royal Seaforth
                                                                        Dock was developed to provide a new
                                                                        container terminal, a grain terminal and a
                                                                        forest products terminal, and in the 1980s, a
                                                                        £1 million rail freight terminal at Seaforth was
                                                                        opened. However, by 1982 cargo through the
                                                                        Port of Liverpool had fallen to 9.3 million
                                                                        tonnes and Mersey Docks and Harbour
                                                                        Company faced a £10 million trading deficit.
                                                                        The impact of containerisation and adverse
                              Huskinsson Dock, Liverpool. c.1950        changes in North West industry were
                                                                        compounded by Britain’s entry into the
2.8    In 1956, the overhead railway, a distinctive                     Common Market, which favoured the UK’s
       feature of the waterfront, which had become                      South and East coast ports.
       known as the "dockers umbrella" was closed,
       its fate sealed after 63 years by the effects of            2.12 This prompted The Mersey Docks and Harbour
       the destructive industrial atmosphere and the                    Company to implement a major rationalisation
       weather upon its wrought-iron and steel                          programme to bring the Port back to good
       structure. However in contrast, new investment                   health. In 1984, the Mersey Docks and Harbour
       in infrastructure took place notably, the                        Company made a profit of £800,000 on a
       opening of Tranmere Oil Terminal on 8th June                     turnover of some £50 million. It also marked the
       1960 to handle vessels of 150,000 tonnes                         launch of Liverpool Freeport, Britain’s largest tax
       deadweight and above with a connection to                        free zone. Located on both sides of the Mersey
       Stanlow Oil Refinery via a 15 mile pipeline.                     the Freeport has been a focal point for maritime
                                                                        regeneration initiatives by Mersey Docks and


  18                                                                                        Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
Por t of L iver pool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Context




        Harbour Company, working in partnership with                                largest cruise vessels could berth and allowing
        Wirral and Sefton Borough Councils under the                                their passengers to walk ashore at the Pier Head.
        Government’s City Challenge schemes,                                        The new berth can also accommodate visiting
        including a major expansion of the Port and                                 naval vessels and tall ships. This Liverpool City
        Freeport in Bootle in the 1990s.                                            Council initiative was facilitated through grant
                                                                                    funding from the Northwest Regional
                                                                                    Development Agency. Further developments
                                                                                    under investigation include the provision of new
                                                                                    terminal facilities.

                                                                                    The Manchester Ship Canal
                                                                                    – A History

                                                                              2.16 By the latter half of the 19th century,
                                                                                   Manchester had become a major industrial
                                                                                   centre. It was a fast growing city; the
                                                                                   population of the Manchester region had risen
                                        Construction of Royal Seaforth Dock        from an estimated 322,000 in 1801 to over one
                                                                                   million by 1850, and would rise to over two
2.13 Since 2000, Royal Seaforth Container Terminal
                                                                                   million people by 1901. However, because it
     has undergone a £25 million refurbishment
                                                                                   was a landlocked city, all goods had to be
     programme, involving the expansion of the
                                                                                   transported by road or rail to Liverpool docks
     container park and the construction of new
                                                                                   in order to be exported abroad, and incoming
     facilities. Another £25 million was invested in the
                                                                                   goods were delivered by the same route.
     development of the Twelve Quays river terminal
     at Birkenhead for Irish Sea roll on - roll off (ro-ro)
                                                                              2.17 Liverpool tolls and harbour dues were regarded
     ferries, which was completed in 2002.
                                                                                   as prohibitive and significantly reduced
                                                                                   profitability. Mancunian businessmen had long
2.14 In response to growth in container trade and
                                                                                   objected to Liverpool's commercial monopoly
     new influences upon the industry, the Port of
                                                                                   and of the stranglehold which that city's port
     Liverpool is now planning the largest
                                                                                   authority held on Manchester trade. Oldham
     development since the Royal Seaforth Dock
                                                                                   merchants were quoted as saying that it was
     was built. A new £300+ million in-river
                                                                                   cheaper to send their goods the 100 miles by
     container terminal capable of simultaneously
                                                                                   road to the port of Hull on the east coast than
     handling two of the new generation of post-
                                                                                   to transport them the 35 miles to Liverpool and
     Panamax size container ships, which are too
                                                                                   have to pay exorbitant harbour dues and levies.
     large to enter the Port's established enclosed
     dock system, is planned for a site on the
                                                                              2.18 In the 1880s, however, Manchester came up
     Mersey close to Royal Seaforth and Gladstone
                                                                                   with a radical new proposal to connect it
     Docks. This will increase the capacity of the
                                                                                   directly to the sea by a new man-made canal -
     port for lift on lift off (lo-lo) traffic. Likewise, an
                                                                                   The Manchester Ship Canal. The first moves to
     approval is in place for the Langton River
                                                                                   make the idea a reality were made when
     Berth providing further in-river capacity for
                                                                                   Daniel Adamson, a leading local industrialist,
     Irish Sea ro-ro traffic.
                                                                                   called a meeting to form the Manchester Ship
                                                                                   Canal Company on 1st January 1882 at his
2.15 In response to the growing interest in cruising
                                                                                   home, "The Towers" in Didsbury. As a result, a
     holidays, the City of Liverpool Cruise Terminal was
                                                                                   committee was formed to obtain Parliamentary
     opened in 2007, creating a facility at which the
                                                                                   permission for the project.

 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                                                    19
                                                          Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Con text




                                                                in with £5 million to save the project and in
                                                                return took control of 51% of the Ship Canal
                                                                Company shares. The construction of the
                                                                Canal was fraught with many other problems -
                                                                particularly with the boggy ground and bad
                                                                weather, which halted work on numerous
                                                                occasions.

                                                       2.22 Several major engineering feats were
                                                            accomplished. To deal with the several railway
                                                            lines which crossed the canal, many bridges
                                                            across the old River Mersey had to be
                                                            reconstructed or raised to allow headroom for
                                                            large ships to pass beneath. At Salford, the
                                                            Barton Swing Aqueduct was built to allow the
                                                            Bridgewater Canal to pass over the new
                                                            waterway. Similarly, the Swing Road Bridge at
                                                            Salford Quays accommodated a major
Manchester-Sur-Mer: A Sea-Ductive Prospect                  thoroughfare, Trafford Road.


2.19 It was to take three attempts over the next few   2.23 Barton Road Bridge and Trafford Road Bridge,
     years to secure the passage of the                     the closest to Manchester, and were originally
     Manchester Ship Canal Bill through                     swung by means of hydraulic power. In recent
     Parliament, and this was followed by a great           times three new bridges have been built
     celebration in the city. The company needed to         across the Ship Canal: Barton High Level
     raise £5 million before work could begin, and          which carries the M60 Motorway, the Thelwall
     this was achieved by floating a share issue.           Viaduct, carrying the M6 and the Widnes-
     Construction began in November 1887, when              Runcorn Link Bridge. In 1994 the Centenary
     the first turf was ceremonially cut at Eastham         Lift Bridge was opened providing a new road
     by the new chairman, Lord Egerton of Tatton.           crossing of the Canal within Trafford Park.


2.20 The project contractor was Thomas Walker, an
     experienced and celebrated civil engineer who
     had already been involved in the building of
     the Severn Tunnel for the Great Western
     Railway Company. He estimated that
     construction of the Canal would take 4½ years
     to complete at a cost of £5¼ million. His
     estimates were to be far from realistic,
     however, and the Canal would eventually cost
     over £15 million by the time of its opening in
     1894. Navvies' wages alone accounted for
     over £1 million.                                  Ship Canal construction at Latchford, Warrington

                                                       2.24 From the outset, it had been decided to dig
2.21 Walker's death before the Canal’s completion           the canal deep enough to allow passage of
     also caused a severe loss of confidence in the         large ocean-going ships, on the same
     Company and the withdrawal of many financial           principle as the Suez Canal. It was said that
     backers. Manchester City Council had to step           up until the Second World War there were only


  20                                                                                   Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
Por t of L iver pool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Context




        six ships in the world too big to use the Ship                 populated areas and busiest estuaries in the
        Canal. Five sets of locks were installed to raise              United Kingdom, handling some 16,000
        ships some 60 feet 6 inches over its 36 mile                   shipping movements a year, and amounting to
        length from sea level to Manchester; at Eastham                more than 100 million gross tonnes. Between
        where access is tidally dependent, Latchford,                  them they are responsible for handling some
        Irlam, Barton and Mode Wheel at Salford. A                     40 million tonnes of cargo per annum;
        number of dock facilities and wharves were also                international trade as diverse as the countries
        constructed at various points along the Canal.                 of origin and destination.

                                                                 2.28 As one, the Port at the mouth of the Mersey,
                                                                      and the Ship Canal which begins eight miles
                                                                      up river and continues for a further 36 miles to
                                                                      the centre of Britain’s richest cargo generating
                                                                      region outside London, form a dynamic water
                                                                      highway offering alternative logistics solutions,
                                                                      economic benefits and opportunities to reduce
                                                                      transport’s carbon footprint.

                                                                 2.29 The Port of Liverpool extends from Royal
                                                                      Seaforth for four miles of docks up river, with
                                                                      another three miles of berths across the
                                                                      Mersey at Birkenhead. All 1,500 acres that
Manchester Docks c.1955
                                                                      make up the Port are owned by The Mersey
2.25 However, with the advent of containerisation                     Docks and Harbour Company, and
     and the increasing size of vessels that were                     accomodate a rich diversity of cargo handling
     too large to fit in the Canal, by the late 1970's                and processing operations. The Port has in
     traffic on the upper reaches of the Canal had                    the region of 300 lessees and operators
     declined so much that the complete closure of                    ranging from blue chip companies such as
     the section above Runcorn was contemplated.                      Shell, Cargill, Eon, and EMR to smaller but
     However, this was not to be and in 1987 the                      ever expanding and successful port
     Ship Canal was acquired by The Peel Group                        businesses, the majority of whom are reliant
     thereby maintaining activity to the upper                        upon water freight solutions and port
     reaches and providing ongoing investment in                      infrastructure.
     the infrastructure.
                                                                 2.30 The major shipping lines are present with
2.26 Throughout the period the lower reaches                          container services operated by ACL, MSC,
     (Eastham – Runcorn) of the Canal have                            OOCL, CMA CGM, ICL, Borchard,
     remained active, particularly around Stanlow                     MacAndrews and Hapag Lloyd. In the ro-ro
     Oil Docks and the huge Queen Elizabeth II                        sector, Stena Line operate solely from Twelve
     Dock at Eastham, built in 1965 and opened by                     Quays with P&O and Seatruck operating from
     the Queen, and which handles ships calling at                    Liverpool Docks. As well as the City of
     its large oil tanker terminal.                                   Liverpool Cruise Terminal, the Isle of Man
                                                                      Steam Packet Company (IoMSPC) operates
        Mersey Ports Today                                            services to the Isle of Man from the Pier Head,
                                                                      together with passenger and river services by
                                                                      Mersey Ferries - which also operates a
2.27 The Port of Liverpool and the Manchester Ship
                                                                      popular cruise service along the Ship Canal.
     Canal are at the heart of one of the most


 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                                      21
                                                               Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Can al : A Con text




2.31 The 36-mile Ship Canal has a number of                        Change” and Chapter 8 “Environmental
     docks, wharves, terminals and dredging                        Considerations”.
     deposit grounds owned by The Manchester
     Ship Canal Company, supporting some 70                        Vessel Size & Capability
     lessees and operators. The particular
     specialism of the Ship Canal is in the handling
                                                             2.34 In an increasingly globalised trading
     of chemicals and bulk liquids and this is
                                                                  environment vessel sizes continue to evolve
     reflected in the presence of such companies
                                                                  to meet market expectations and enhance
     as Shell, Nu Star, Innospec, Ineos, Solvay and
                                                                  competitive positions. This is particularly
     Univar. However, looking ahead there are
                                                                  evident in an historic and ongoing trend which
     considerable opportunities to diversify and
                                                                  has seen an increase in the size and capacity
     exploit new cargoes upon the canal especially
                                                                  of container vessels. For example, Liverpool
     in new sectors such as waste.
                                                                  can currently accommodate 3rd-4th
                                                                  Generation vessels but has the potential to
2.32 Table 2.1 below summaries the annual
                                                                  become marginalised if it cannot respond to
     throughputs for the Port of Liverpool and the
                                                                  and accommodate the larger size of container
     Manchester Ship Canal (in million tonnes)
                                                                  vessels.
     based upon the most recent maritime
     statistics of 2008, together with the %
                                                             2.35 The increasing size of vessels has had a
     proportion of import to export tonnages.
                                                                  consequent impact in terms of the capability of
                                                                  Port infrastructure particularly the capacity of
                                                                  lock systems and navigation channels which
Port           Total         Import         Export
                                                                  are defined by their width and depth. This is
Liverpool      32.2       24.0 (75%)       8.2 (25%)              particularly evident upon the Mersey where
Manchester      7.4         3.5 (47%)      3.9 (53%)              historical port activity has continued to migrate
Overall        39.6       27.5 (69%)       12.1 (31%)             towards the river mouth and its deep water,
                                                                  resulting in the cessation of operational activity
Table 2.1 – Port Throughputs                                      in the South Docks in the 1970s. This
                                                                  phenomenon has also continued to the north
                                                                  of the Pier Head with much former Port land
        Trends & Changes
                                                                  being no longer suitable for commercial
                                                                  shipping.
2.33 The following section sets out a number of key
     themes identified as influencing the operation          2.36 The majority of commercial shipping into the
     and land use within the Port both presently                  Mersey Ports is dependent upon passage
     and which may influence the strategy for the                 through lock entrances at Gladstone and
     Mersey Ports over the ensuing 20 year period.                Langton Locks (Liverpool), Alfred Lock
     These themes are expanded upon particularly
     within Chapter 5 “Land Strategy and Areas of                              Table 2.2 – Container Vessel Evolution

                1st               2nd           3rd-4th            Post                  5th                   Suezmax
             Generation        Generation      Generation        Panamax              Generation
TEU             1,000             2,000        3,000-5,000     5,000 – 6,000         6,000 – 7,000              c. 12,000
Draft           10m              11.5m            12.5m            13.5m               13-14.5m                    15m
Beam            28m               28m              32m            39 - 42m                43m                      58m
Date        Pre 1960-1970      1970-1980        1980-1990      1990-onwards              2000                   Under
                                                                                       - Present             Development


  22                                                                                  Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
Por t of L iver pool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Context




        (Birkenhead), Eastham Locks (Ship Canal),                       challenging to respond positively to further port
        and Stalybridge Lock (ABP Garston). There                       development enquiries and the delivery of
        are however a number of in-river berthing                       private sector investment.
        capabilities at Tranmere Oil Terminal, Twelve
        Quays, Pier Head, and Bromborough Wharf.                 2.41 From a land perspective there are also
        In the case of Tranmere, the ability to                       variances in terms of utilisation by commodity
        accommodate the largest crude oil carriers                    type. For example, bulk traffics can better
        has existed since 1960, Twelve Quays has                      utilise land on a tonnes per acre basis when
        provided a dedicated Irish Sea ro-ro terminal,                compared to unitised traffic. In the case of bulk
        operational since 2002. The Cammell Laird                     traffic such utilisation is facilitated by height, for
        shipbuilding and ship repairing facility has an               example a coal stockpile. In the case of
        extensive wet basin, dry docks, and a slipway                 unitised cargo, there are operational
        providing access to the River.                                restrictions in terms of container handling and
                                                                      stacking heights whilst ro-ro trailers are
2.37 Further in-river capacity and capability has                     essentially stored at the same level upon
     been consented for the development of                            hardstandings. The increasing emphasis and
     Seaforth River Terminal (lo-lo) and Langton                      anticipated growth in the unitised sectors
     River Berth (ro-ro).                                             therefore necessitates the requirement for
                                                                      more land.
        Land & Premises Utilisation
                                                                        Value Added & Processing
2.38 Ports are fixed assets and their success or
     otherwise is linked to the availability and                 2.42 Port estates are becoming more diverse in
     usability of land close to docks and berthing                    their function. Their historical role as
     facilities. There is an expectation that port                    complexes for the import and export of cargo
     operators should maximise the use of their                       remains but increasingly they are attracting
     existing operational area without necessary                      interest in a number of complimentary ‘value
     recourse to simply expanding port                                added’ sectors. These include processing
     boundaries.                                                      facilities, energy generation and waste-related
                                                                      initiatives and wind turbine manufacture and
2.39 There are very few non-port related activities                   assembly, all of which are now inextricably
     within the operational areas. In parallel, there                 linked with a ports function in handling cargo.
     continues to be substantial investment in the
     refurbishment and re-use of dated                           2.43 There are also a number of long-established
     warehousing stock for beneficial port -related                   companies with uses dependent upon port
     storage, as well as seeking acquisition of land                  infrastructure such as Shell, Cargill, EMR and
     and property contiguous with our operational                     Norton. In recent years further projects have
     boundaries.                                                      included a ship recycling initiative, a palm oil
                                                                      refinery, a fresh produce terminal, and a
2.40 The resurgence and ongoing success of the                        consented waste to energy generation plant.
     Port since the bleak outlook it faced in the early               Currently biomass energy generation projects
     1980s has however caused a different                             are being rolled out across the country, often
     pressure, not least the ability to secure                        being promoted upon port estates.
     expansion land adjoining the Port estate. For
     example, whilst the 1990s saw the
     incorporation of lands to the east of Regent
     Road for Liverpool Freeport it remains


 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                                          23
                                                                  Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Con text




            Port Centric Logistics                                    through their advantageous position relative to
                                                                      centres of population and consumer demand.
                                                                      Significantly the North West represents the
  2.44 The development of the Liverpool Intermodal
                                                                      largest container generating region outside of
       Freeport Terminal (LIFT) in 1992 signalled a
                                                                      London, and within a 125 mile radius has the
       new phenomenon relating to port-related
                                                                      largest concentration of distribution and
       warehousing and distribution. This is now
                                                                      manufacturing activity and the largest
       manifest on a much larger scale across the
                                                                      concentration of population (see Figure 2.2).
       country in the form of “port centric logistics”.
       The general proposition is such that portside
                                                                      Climate Change
       warehousing and distribution facilities benefit
       from water, rail, and road accessibility (multi-
       modality) and there are                                  2.46 The Climate Change Act 2008 sets out the
       therefore cost and                                            UK’s long term framework for tackling the
       environmental savings in                                      dangers of climate change. It seeks to
       terms of removing                                             address both the cause and consequences of
       unnecessary                                                   climate change. The Port of Liverpool has
       transport legs and                                            been identified as an infrastructural asset of
       truck miles that                                              national importance and will be required to
       would otherwise                                               report on the potential impacts of climate
       occur in servicing                                            change upon operations and its plans for
       inland Distribution                                           adapting to the impacts.
       Centres (DCs).
                                                                  2.47 From 1st April 2010, Mersey Ports has had to
                                                                       comply with the CRC Energy Efficiency
                                                  125 Miles
                                                                       Scheme legislation. The CRC Scheme is a
                                                   100 Miles
                                                                         new regulatory incentive to improve energy
                                                    75 Miles
                                                                            efficiency in large public and private
                                                     50 Miles
                                                                             sector organisations. In terms of
                                                                                     building projects and energy
                                                                                     efficiency BREEAM (BRE
                                                                                          Environmental Assessment
                                                                                           Method) is the leading and
                                                                                           most widely used
                                                                                           environmental assessment
                                                                                           method for buildings. It
                                                                                          sets the standard for best
  Area closer to Liverpool   Container services
  compared to UK South       to Dublin, Belfast                                           practice in sustainable
  coast ports                and Greenock
  Population 30 Million                                                                  design and has become the
  Ireland                                                                             de facto measure used to
  Population 5 Million
  South England
                                                                      describe a building's environmental
  Population 27 Million
                                                                      performance.

Figure 2.2 – Mersey Ports Hinterland
                                                                      Energy Generation

  2.45 Much of the activity generated is associated             2.48 Intrinsically linked to climate change is an
       with the movement of unitised cargo through                   increasing emphasis upon the generation of
       the port be it lo-lo or ro-ro. The competitive                energy from renewable sources. Indeed, the
       advantage of the Mersey Ports is re-inforced

     24                                                                                  Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
Por t of L iver pool and The Manchester Ship Canal : A Context




        EU Renewable Energy Directive has set the                      Environmental Monitoring &
        UK a target of generating 15% of its energy                    Management
        from renewable sources by 2020.

                                                                 2.52 Ports by their very nature have a
2.49 The Mersey Ports is already intrinsically
                                                                      terrestrial/marine interface and consequently
     involved in the energy sector, be it through the
                                                                      environmental considerations are both
     importation of crude oil and coal or the
                                                                      extensive and diverse. For example, given
     operation of a number of on-shore wind
                                                                      ports operate within global supply chains, their
     turbines and the Combined Heat and Power
                                                                      operations are by necessity 24/7.
     (CHP) plant at Liverpool Docks. However,
                                                                      Consequently it is important to manage and
     there are significant and exciting new
                                                                      mitigate the potential effects of port operations
     opportunities including the development of
                                                                      (and transport impacts) in order to minimise
     tidal power, off-shore wind farms, biomass
                                                                      disturbance and inconvenience, particularly
     power stations, and energy from waste
                                                                      upon adjoining residential communities. The
     initiatives, all of which would potentially benefit
                                                                      progression by Mersey Ports of an
     from the existence of established port
                                                                      environmental standard accredited under
     infrastucture.
                                                                      ISO14001 is relevant in this context.

        Planning & Marine Regulation
                                                                 2.53 From a marine perspective, protection of water
                                                                      quality through the requirements of the Water
2.50 In recent years there has been a plethora of                     Framework Directive/River Basin Management
     new legislation influencing and impacting                        Plans and the emergence of the Maintenance
     upon port operations. For example, such                          Dredging Protocol in line with the Habitats
     enactments have included in addition to the                      Directive are examples of the good practice
     Climate Change Act 2008, the Planning Act                        operations by Mersey Ports.
     2008 which established National Policy
     Statements and the Infrastructure Planning                        Stakeholder Engagement
     Commission, and the Marine and Coastal
     Access Act 2009, which established the
                                                                 2.54 There are a multitude of stakeholder
     Marine Management Organisation, Marine
                                                                      relationships applicable to the Mersey Ports,
     Spatial Planning, and an aspiration for a UK
                                                                      encompassing marine, terrestrial, and
     coastal footpath.
                                                                      transport interests. These include port
                                                                      customers, suppliers and operators,
2.51 Following the establishment of the Coalition
                                                                      employees, local authorities, Government
     Government in May 2010, there have been a
                                                                      agencies, non-governmental organisations
     number of announcements of further reforms
                                                                      (NGOs), voluntary associations, environmental
     which will be of relevance in terms of the future
                                                                      interest groups, local and national politicians,
     operations at Mersey Ports. A Decentralisation
                                                                      and the local communities.
     and Localism Bill was introduced through the
     Queen’s Speech on 25th May 2010 which will
                                                                 2.55 Such diversity is manifest in a range of
     formally abolish Regional Spatial Strategies,
                                                                      potential interests and views about Mersey
     and replace the Infrastructure Planning
                                                                      Ports and their future growth strategy.
     Commission with a Major Infrastucture
                                                                      Therefore throughout the Master Plan process
     Planning Unit within the Planning inspectorate,
                                                                      the emphasis is upon inclusivity and
     the objective is for an accountable system that
                                                                      engagement with all stakeholder interests.
     provides a fast-track process for major
     infrastructure projects.


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Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




         The Port of Liverpool and The River Mersey
Plan n in g, Tr ansport & Marine Policy Context




3. Planning, Transport &                                           enable the newly formed Marine Management
                                                                   Organisation to comment on the emerging
   Marine Policy Context                                           policy.


3.1     This Chapter outlines the policy context within      3.4   National Policy Statements are a key component
        which the Mersey Ports operate - encompassing              of the new planning system for nationally
        planning, transport and marine matters at a                significant infrastructure projects (NSIP),
        national, regional, and local level. The policy            introduced by the Planning Act 2008 (to be
        context is critically important to the ongoing             subsequently amended through The Localism
        operation and future expansion plans of the                Bill). Once an NPS is designated by the
        Mersey Ports, as policies set the framework                Government, it becomes the primary guidance
        against which specific development projects are            on which the Infrastructure Planning
        evaluated, and the funding decisions in respect            Commission (IPC) (or its successor) must base
        of surface access improvements are made.                   its decisions regarding applications for major
                                                                   developments. An NPS will state the
        National Ports Policy                                      Government’s policy on development, and
                                                                   decision makers will be required to take this
                                                                   policy into account when determining a planning
3.2     Current national ports policy consists of Modern
                                                                   application and/or a Harbour Revision Order.
        Ports: A UK Policy (November 2000) and the
        Ports Policy Review Interim Report (July 2007).
        Furthermore in November 2009 the Government          3.5   The general thrust of national ports policy within
        issued a draft National Policy Statement (NPS)             the documents highlighted above recognises
        for Ports for public consultation. The Department          that UK ports play a crucial role in sustaining the
        for Transport is currently considering the                 UK’s economy and the standard of living
        outcome of the consultation and it is understood           enjoyed by the population and for the
        a finalised NPS for Ports will be published                sustainable transportation of freight.
        sometime in 2011.                                          Furthermore, the UK’s success in a globalised
                                                                   market place is inextricably linked to the ability of
                                                                   its ports to operate and adapt as gateways for
3.3     As part of the consultation process the Transport
                                                                   international trade. The draft NPS for Ports states
        Select Committee undertook an independent
                                                                   that it is commercial port operators who are best
        review of the draft NPS, drawing upon evidence
                                                                   placed to make decisions about where and
        across the full spectrum of ports interests, which
                                                                   when to invest in response to market demand
        culminated in the publication of their report in
                                                                   and conditions.
        March 2010. The salient points of the
        Committee’s deliberations were that there was a
        lack of connection between the NPS for Ports         3.6   Whilst the draft NPS for Ports is sector specific,
        and the Government’s wider policies to reduce              for the purposes of decision making upon new
        regional economic disparities. They expressed a            development projects there are a number of
        clear preference for port development in                   Government Planning Policy Guidance Notes
        locations where significant environmental                  and Statements (PPG & PPS) to be considered
        benefits can be achieved, particularly through             by the decision maker. The relevant authority for
        reduced road transport. It was also concluded              a development application may be the
        that the NPS for Ports should be clearly co-               Infrastructure Planning Commission (IPC), the
        ordinated with the as yet unpublished NPS for              Marine Management Organisation (MMO), or the
        National Road and Rail Networks. They                      local planning authority (LPA) depending on the
        requested that further time should be allowed to           scale and nature of the proposal. The



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                                                                             Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




       Government has however announced its                      the Planning Act 2008. As well as setting out the
       intention to streamline national planning policy          requirements for National Policy Statements the
       documentation, presenting to Parliament a                 creation of an Infrastructure Planning
       simple national planning policy framework which           Commission (IPC) was enacted. The IPC was
       will cover all forms of development.                      established in October 2009 and began
                                                                 accepting applications for nationally significant
                                                                 infrastructure projects (NSIP) on March 1 2010.
3.7    The role of ports as key infrastructure,
                                                                 However, subject to Royal Assent of The
       contributing to the economic well being of the
                                                                 Localism Bill the functions of the IPC under the
       UK was further highlighted in the publication of
                                                                 2008 Act will transfer to the Secretary of State.
       the National Infrastructure Plan in October 2010
                                                                 The new Major Infrastructure Planning Unit
       (HM Treasury/Infrastructure UK). This set out the
                                                                 (MIPU) will retain the aspiration for the
       role of Government, to specify what
                                                                 streamlined, fast track processes of the IPC and
       infrastructure we need, to identify the key
                                                                 will be established within the Planning
       barriers to achieving investment and to mobilise
                                                                 Inspectorate.
       the resources, both public and private, to make
       things happen.
                                                           3.11 For the purposes of decision making on port
                                                                projects a number of determining thresholds
3.8    The Government plan for UK infrastructure
                                                                have been established applicable to the
       investment is for some £200bn to be invested
                                                                IPC/MIPU. The “relevant quantities”
       over the next five years. This will be delivered
                                                                (thresholds), above which a port development
       through the smarter use of public funding,
                                                                constitutes nationally significant infrastructure,
       encouraging new sources of private capital and
                                                                are set out in Section 24 of the Planning Act as
       addressing the failures that stand in the way of
                                                                follows:
       greater private sector investment in the UK’s
       infrastructure. With respect to ports, the
       Government programme is to develop a                        n 0.5 million TEU for a container terminal.
       competitive economy through “the development
                                                                   n 250,000 movements for roll-on roll-off (ro-
       of ports to handle increasing traffic”.
                                                                     ro) traffic.
                                                                   n 5 million tonnes for other (bulk and general)
3.9    A related policy statement “Waterways for
                                                                     traffic.
       Everyone” was published by DEFRA for
       consultation in December 2009. This highlighted             n A weighted sum exceeding these figures
       the particular scope for more freight and                     taken together.
       passengers to be carried on some inland
       waterways, and particularly upon estuarial          3.12 Those port projects of a lesser scale and
       waters. This is clearly relevant to the ongoing          magnitude to the thresholds highlighted would
       business strategy of this master plan in                 stand to be determined by the Marine
       promoting the synergies between the Port of              Management Organisation (MMO) or in the case
       Liverpool and the Manchester Ship Canal.                 of non-marine port projects by the respective
                                                                local planning authority.
       The IPC (MIPU) and the MMO
                                                           3.13 The Marine Management Organisation (MMO)
3.10 The Government set out its proposals for                   was established under the Marine and Coastal
     modifying the planning system in the 2007                  Access Act 2009 and the Act sets out its role.
     Planning White Paper, subsequently enacted by              Amongst other functions, it has taken over from



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        the Department for Transport (DfT) as decision          (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland).
        maker for offshore sub-threshold port
        development applications. The NPS will be a
                                                          3.17 Fig 3.1 below highlights these critical assets
        material consideration for the MMO, which also
                                                               being the 10 largest port complexes and 7
        advises the IPC on marine spatial planning. The
                                                               airports, making up the key international
        MMO came into being on 1st April 2010, advising
                                                               gateways together with a number of linking
        the IPC on FEPA Licences and CPA consents,
                                                               corridors. The Mersey Ports are highlighted
        and during 2010 it also began to handle Harbour
                                                               together with the relevant corridor linkages,
        Revision Order applications.
                                                               particularly Corridor 8 – London to West
                                                               Midlands, North Wales, North West and Scotland
        Delivering a Sustainable Transport                     and Corridor 9 – Trans–Pennine.
        System (DaSTS)
                                                                            Figure 3.1 Strategic National Corridors

3.14 “Towards a Sustainable Transport System”
     (TaSTS) was published in October 2007 as the
     Department for Transport’s (DfT) response to both
     the Eddington Report on Transport and the
     Economy and the Stern Review of the Economics
     of Climate Change. In November 2008 the
     Government published the report “Delivering a
     Sustainable Transport System” (DaSTS). This
     restated the Government’s five broad goals for
     transport policy as follows:


          n Support Economic Growth.
          n Reduce Carbon Emissions.
          n Promote Equality of Opportunity.
          n Better Safety, Security & Health.
          n Quality of Life & A Healthy Natural
            Environment.


3.15 The DfT has avoided prioritising these goals, but
     greater emphasis is placed on maximising the
     competitiveness and productivity of the economy
     and addressing climate change.


        Strategic National Corridors (SNC)                3.18 In September 2010 the DfT issued a consultation
                                                               in respect of refinements to the SNC, particularly
3.16 The analysis undertaken through DaSTS has led             in providing connectivity to the capital cities of
     the Government to identifying a number of key             the devolved administrations. In providing a
     elements of the nation’s transport system which           linkage to Belfast, the consultation document has
     collectively are critical to the functioning and          recommended a SNC connection via the Twelve
     economic competitiveness of England with key              Quays Terminal, Birkenhead which provides ro-ro
     connections to the devolved administrations               services to Belfast.


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                                                                                Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




       Strategic Rail Freight Network                                        Figure 3.2 Strategic Rail Freight Network


3.19 In September 2009 the DfT published A Strategic
     Rail Freight Network: The Longer Term Vision.
     This acknowledges the key role for rail freight in
     delivery of a sustainable distribution system,
     which contributes to the achievement of the UK’s
     economic and environmental objectives. The
     Strategic Rail Freight Network (SFN) is designed
     to optimise the freight performance of our
     intensively utilised mixed-traffic rail network,
     allowing the efficient operation of more, longer
     and selectively larger freight trains.


3.20 A number of interventions will be required to:


        n Optimise freight trunk routes to minimise
          passenger/freight conflicts.
        n   Make the network available 24 hours
            a day, all year round.
        n   Eliminate pinch points.
        n Upgrade network capability.


                                                                   Sustainable Distribution
3.21 In parallel, Network Rail has published a number
     of Route Utilisation Strategies (RUS) which set         3.23 Sustainable Distribution, A Strategy (1999)
     out the strategic vision for particular parts of the         remains official national policy with regards to
     rail network. A number of these are of direct                sustainable distribution. The paper encourages
     relevance to the Mersey Ports in terms of existing           greater use of rail and waterborne freight, and
     and future rail freight aspirations.                         states that local and regional planners should,
                                                                  when developing plans and considering planning
3.22 An NPS relating to “national networks” is                    applications, identify and protect suitable rail and
     expected to be published by the DfT for                      water connected sites. The promotion of
     consultation in 2011, covering the strategic road            sustainable transport depends upon a land use
     and rail networks and strategic freight                      strategy that locates major cargo generators at
     interchanges. It would be a reasonable                       rail or water connected sites.
     expectation that the emerging document would
     reflect the output of the DaSTS agenda in terms         3.24 Planning Policy Guidance Note “Transport”
     of the international gateways and the corridor               (PPG13) expects planners to promote
     connectivity, and the identification of the Strategic        opportunities for freight generating development
     Rail Freight Network.                                        by influencing the location of development and
                                                                  by identifying and where appropriate protecting
                                                                  realistic opportunities for sites which benefit from
                                                                  rail or waterway connections.


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        Regional Spatial Strategy                           3.28 Policy RT7 (Freight Transport) states that plans
                                                                 and strategies should take account of the aims
                                                                 and objectives of the Regional Freight Strategy. It
3.25 The Regional Spatial Strategy for the North West
                                                                 also calls for local authorities to work with port
     of England (RSS) was published in September
                                                                 and inland waterway operators and the freight
     2008. The RSS provides a regional framework for
                                                                 transport industry to capitalise on the
     development and investment up to 2021. The
                                                                 opportunities available in the North West for
     publication of The Localism Bill in December
                                                                 increasing the proportion of freight moved by
     2010 has signalled the intention of the Coalition
                                                                 short-sea, coastal shipping and inland
     Government to abolish the RSS in a drive to
                                                                 waterways.
     decentralise planning policy and decision
     making through its agenda of “localism”.
     However the evidence base upon which polices           3.29 Policy RT8 (Inter-Modal Freight Terminals) states
     within the RSS were based remain of relevance               that plans and strategies should facilitate the
     to the Mersey Ports. Those policies of relevance            transfer of freight from road to rail and/or water
     are set out below.                                          by the identification of sites for inter-modal freight
                                                                 terminals. In particular, the policy states that
                                                                 consideration should be given to the allocation of
3.26 Policy RT6 (Ports and Waterways) promotes
                                                                 land for inter-modal freight terminals in the
     greater use of the North West Region’s port and
                                                                 following broad locations:
     waterway assets. The policy requires that plans
     and strategies should support the economic
     activity generated and sustained by the Region’s               n South West Greater Manchester (with
     major ports and waterways in general and, the                    access to rail and the Manchester Ship
     Port of Liverpool in particular as the North West’s              Canal);
     key international sea port, and the Manchester                 n Widnes (with access to the West Coast
     Ship Canal. There is also a presumption in favour                Main Line [Liverpool Branch]);
     of making the best use of existing infrastructure
     where possible, and that all available options to              n Newton-le-Willows (with access to the West
     secure modal transfer should be explored.                        Coast Main Line and Chat Moss rail route);
                                                                    n Birkenhead Waterfront (Wirral Waterfront
3.27 It is stated that port boundaries, as existing or as             SIA) and Eastham Docks.
     proposed, should be shown in local development
     documents and development that would impede
                                                                  Regional Transport Strategy
     the operational requirements of a port should not
     be permitted within this boundary. There is a
     strong presumption in favour of safeguarding           3.30 The Regional Transport Strategy forms an
     land close to ports for logistics, transport and            integral element of the RSS for the North West.
     port-related development.                                   Local authorities, the Highways Agency, the rail
                                                                 industry and other transport providers are
                                                                 expected to work together to ensure that the
                                                                 North West’s transport networks are planned,
                                                                 managed, operated, and improved in an
                                                                 integrated context. The suite of transport policies
                                                                 within the RSS concentrates on the development
                                                                 of better links within the region, and between the
                                                                 region and other parts of the UK, Ireland,
                                                                 mainland Europe and beyond.



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                                                                               Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




3.31 The allocation of resources was formerly                     Regional Economic Strategy
     administered as part of a Regional Funding
     Allocation (RFA) taking into account the priorities
                                                            3.34 At the time of writing, there is a period of
     for investment emanating from the Regional
                                                                 transition in relation to the administration of
     Economic, Spatial and Housing Strategies. The
                                                                 economic strategy in the North West. The
     transport investments of direct (and indirect)
                                                                 Regional Economic Strategy (RES) was
     relevance to Mersey Ports are listed below, a
                                                                 published in 2006 and led by the NWDA,
     number of which have been committed and/or
                                                                 providing a 20-year rolling plan for economic
     safeguarded as part of the Government’s
                                                                 development in the region.
     Comprehensive Spending Review of October
     2010.
                                                            3.35 Ports are considered within a transformational
                                                                 action of the RES – ”Infrastructure as Key Growth
        n Bidston Moss Viaduct (M53 J1) Major
                                                                 Asset” - to be fully utilised. Therefore the potential
          Maintenance Scheme.
                                                                 of regional ports in contributing to GVA is realised
        n Mersey Gateway (Second Mersey                          within the strategy. In particular, the Port of
          Crossing).                                             Liverpool is considered a key regional strength and
        n Thornton to Switch Island Link Road,                   one of the key gateways for national and
          Sefton.                                                international trade. As a result, the strategy
                                                                 considers it necessary to deliver appropriate skills
        n A5036T Access to the Port of Liverpool                 to support the growth of ports. The strategy’s main
          Improvement.                                           objective of relevance to ports is to develop the
                                                                 “infrastructure required for sustainable economic
                                                                 growth”, including necessary transport and
       Local Transport Plan                                      communications provision.


3.32 The Transport Act 2000 requires most local             3.36 At a Liverpool City Region level, partners have
     transport authorities (county councils, unitary             committed to working together and with the
     authorities and partnerships in metropolitan                Government, to make the most of economic
     areas) in England to produce and maintain a                 opportunities the city region faces, as well as
     Local Transport Plan (LTP). Passenger Transport             tackling some of its key challenges. Working to a
     Executives (PTE) covering the English                       common set of goals will help the Liverpool City
     metropolitan areas such as Greater Manchester               Region to continue to compete for jobs and
     and Merseyside produce their plan in partnership            investment and create a thriving international city
     with the local district councils. LTPs set out the          region.
     authority's local transport strategies and policies,
     and an implementation programme.                       3.37 There are four platforms, each setting out
                                                                 proposals about how the City Region will work
3.33 The first five-year LTPs were submitted in 2000,            together in each of these areas. These are
     covering the period from 2001 to 2005. Second               Economy, Employment and Skills, Housing and
     round LTPs covering the period 2006 to 2011                 Transport. The Economy platform sets out four
     were submitted in March 2006. A number of local             transformational actions on which the Liverpool
     transport authorities have now submitted the                City Region will focus in order to create jobs and
     region’s next Local Transport Plans (LTP3), and             narrow the productivity gap with the rest of the
     which have been in place since April 2011.                  UK over the longer term. These are:




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          n Knowledge Economy                                     Cheshire & Warrington LEP
          n Culture and the Visitor Economy
                                                            3.41 The Cheshire and Warrington LEP utilises
          n Liverpool SuperPort                                  existing bodies and personnel already operating
          n Low Carbon Economy                                   in the sub-region. A Partnership Board sets the
                                                                 policy and oversees the delivery of five private
                                                                 sector-led functions – facilitating growth,
        Local Enterprise Partnerships
                                                                 assisting investment, providing the skills and
                                                                 local intelligence, promoting Cheshire &
3.38 Following the decision of the Coalition                     Warrington, and supporting the transition to a low
     Government to abolish the Regional                          carbon economy.
     Development Agencies, a number of the
     replacement Local Enterprise Partnerships (LEP)
                                                            3.42 Building upon Cheshire and Warrington’s
     have been confirmed of particular relevance to
                                                                 competitive advantage as a well connected
     the Mersey Ports as follows – Liverpool City
                                                                 geographical location, businesses have
                 ,                            ,
     Region LEP Cheshire & Warrington LEP and the
                                                                 expressed the need to kick-start the growth
                              .
     Greater Manchester LEP The Government has
                                                                 programme and maximise new employment
     established a Regional Growth Fund allocating a
                                                                 opportunities through “developing local supply
     discretionary £1.4bn that will operate for three
                                                                 chains for major manufacturers”. The
     years between 2011 and 2014 to stimulate
                                                                 Manchester Ship Canal is well placed in this
     enterprise, by providing support for projects and
                                                                 regard, particularly as the LEP has an additional
     programmes with significant potential for creating
                                                                 spatial focus on Ellesmere Port and Warrington.
     long term private sector-led economic growth
     and employment.
                                                            3.43 The LEP recognises that businesses operate in
                                                                 national and international markets. It is therefore
        Liverpool City Region LEP
                                                                 essential to establish appropriate links with other
                                                                 LEPs that are established in the North West, in
3.39 The Liverpool City Region LEP has the                       particular in Manchester and Liverpool City
     responsibility for creating the right conditions for        Regions. The LEP will continue to proactively
     private sector investment in accordance with the            engage with adjoining LEPs to ensure we share
     Government’s commitment to rebalancing the                  priorities, work together on common interests
     economy from public sector to private sector,               such as Atlantic Gateway, and collaborate to
     from service sector to manufacturing, and from              avoid cost duplication.
     south to north.

                                                                  Greater Manchester LEP
3.40 The LEP sets out specific economic priorities
     which require consideration across each of the
                                                            3.44 The Greater Manchester LEP will oversee the
     LEPs, a key priority being to “Improve
                                                                 development and delivery of strategy and the
     international connectivity via Manchester Airport,
                                                                 performance management framework. A Greater
     Liverpool Airport and Liverpool SuperPort,
                                                                 Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA) will be
     together with the Mersey Gateway multi modal
                                                                 the primary accountable body for resource
     link”.
                                                                 allocation and integrating local authority
                                                                 functions.




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                                                                              Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




3.45 Greater Manchester is the UK’s second largest                level statement of strategic priorities and
     conurbation in economic terms - playing a key role           framework for activity over the next 20 years. This
     in the economic performance of the North of                  statement is based on a substantial programme
     England and providing the national economy with              of work by private, public and third sector
     a strong source of growth, diversity and resilience.         partners from the length and breadth of the North
     The conurbation enjoys considerable assets                   West. This work was originally undertaken to
     which have the potential to accelerate economic              support the development of the North West
     performance. These include the second largest                Regional Strategy (RS2010) but now underpins
     concentration of people and businesses in the                Future North West.
     country and a strong existing infrastructure, with
     further enhancements on the way.
                                                            3.49 Future North West highlights the North West
                                                                 Region as Europe’s 12th largest economy with
3.46 The Greater Manchester Strategy (GMS)                       excellent international connections via its ports
     responds to the challenges posed in the                     and airports. In achieving its 20-year vision a
     Manchester Independent Economic Review                      number of themes are of relevance to the
     (MIER) by setting out a series of priorities for            Mersey Ports:
     action across Greater Manchester as follows:
                                                                   Theme 2: Build on our sources of international
        n Improving transport connectivity into and                competitive advantage and distinctiveness
          within Greater Manchester to support                     through…… increased levels of enterprise, trade
          economic growth;                                         and foreign direct investment and excellent
                                                                   conditions for sustainable business growth
                                                                   and……improving our international connectivity.
        n Expanding and diversifying the area’s
          economic base through provision of critical
          infrastructure;                                          Theme 4: Ensure the right (housing) and
                                                                   infrastructure for sustainable growth through…
        n Enhancing the international connectivity of
                                                                   ……..improved internal connectivity through a
          our businesses through increased inward
                                                                   sustainable transport infrastructure which better
          investment and international trade; and
                                                                   connects opportunity and need and developing
        n Securing a rapid transition to a low carbon              the critical infrastructure the region needs to
          economy.                                                 support sustainable economic growth.


3.47 These GMS priorities will form the foundation of,            Atlantic Gateway
                            .
     and focus for the LEP However some challenges
     will require support and coordinated activity from
                                                            3.50 The Atlantic Gateway initiative was launched in
     a wider geographic area. Speciifc economic
                                                                 March 2010 by the North West Regional
     priorities which require consideration across the
                                                                 Development Agency and a number of partner
     regions LEPs include “Improving international
                                                                 organisations and set the framework for
     connectivity via Manchester Airport, Liverpool
                                                                 collaboration between the Manchester and
     Airport and Liverpool SuperPort, together with the
                                                                 Liverpool city regions to help to unlock their full
     Mersey Gateway multi modal link”.
                                                                 sustainable economic growth potential. The city
                                                                 regions extend beyond the administrative
       Future North West                                         boundaries of Greater Manchester and
                                                                 Merseyside to include the wider shared
3.48 Future North West: Our Shared Priorities was                hinterland of both city regions across Warrington,
     published in August 2010 and provides a high                Halton, Chester and northern Cheshire.


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3.51 The Atlantic Gateway is one of the most
     significant economic growth zones and                        Themes:
     investment opportunities in the UK today, with the
     potential to be of global significance. It can              n Growth.
     deliver a significant step change in the economic
                                                                 n Sustainability.
     fortunes of the north of England, building upon,
     adding value to, and multiplying the activities of          n Attract and retain talent.
     the city regions and the constituent LEPs                   n Connectivity.
     highlighted above based upon:
                                                                 n Infrastructure.

          n A strong and dynamic business network
            committed to economic growth;
                                                                NWDA North West Ports Economic
          n An attractive environment with distinctive          Trends & Land Use Study
            places and vibrant lifestyle; and
          n An infrastructure of interconnectivity and    3.54 This North West Regional Development Agency
            outward-looking global connections.                (NWDA) study was originally published in 2005
                                                               and was refreshed in July 2009. The overall aim
3.52 The Atlantic Gateway has considerable assets              of the study was to provide the NWDA and other
     and components including the two major cities of          key partners with an accurate assessment of the
     Liverpool and Manchester of international                 key economic trends affecting North West ports
     renown, a strong manufacturing and industrial             and how this translated into port land
     base, and the successful Port of Liverpool and            requirements. Notwithstanding the intended
     The Manchester Ship Canal with their combined             abolition of Regional Spatial Strategy and the
     growing business.                                         NWDA, the study nonetheless provides an
                                                               essential evidence base for the development of
                                                               future policy and strategy particularly through the
3.53 In progressing Atlantic Gateway, North West
                                                               LEPs and the Council’s Local Development
     business and political leaders have agreed the
                                                               Frameworks (LDF).
     key priorities, the working relationship with the
     LEPs that make up the Gateway area, and the
     establishment of the Atlantic Gateway                3.55 The modelling was undertaken using the GB Port
     Partnership Board. The Partnership have agreed            Supply and Demand Model and suggested that
     objectives and themes as follows:                         given forecast growth to 2030, the North West is
                                                               likely to require additional port capacity to
                                                               accommodate lo-lo and ro-ro traffic. The results
           Objectives:
                                                               of the modelling for bulk traffics showed that
                                                               additional port capacity might be required by
          n To establish the Atlantic Gateway as an
                                                               2030, in particular for dry bulk traffics.
            internationally significant investment
            opportunity.
                                                          3.56 The study’s related Impact Assessment provides
          n To drive transformational economic change.
                                                               a useful summation of the “constraints &
          n To enable a collaborative planning & policy        opportunities” at each of the North West Ports
            framework.                                         with a concluding review as to their respective
                                                               future roles, taking into account current policy
                                                               and market trends, as follows.




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                                                                                Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




     Port of Liverpool                                             n Suitable locations for the development of
                                                                     industrial activities requiring access to
                                                                     maritime transport.
     n A major deep sea “gateway” port for the
       region and Great Britain, handling the full
       range of deep sea traffics.                                 Liverpool SuperPort
     n The only West Coast deep sea container port
       which will be able to accommodate post-               3.57 The SuperPort concept was launched in June
       Panamax vessels handling direct calls by                   2008 and its secretariat is provided by The
       deep sea ships, as well as transhipment                    Mersey Partnership (TMP) it has been stimulated
       traffic to Ireland and traffic fed from other UK           by the economic success of other cities that host
       and Continental deep sea container ports.                  logistics clusters. The SuperPort consists of a
                                                                  cluster of freight and international passenger
     n The major Irish Sea ro-ro port in the North
                                                                  facilities in the Liverpool City Region and along
       West region, following the development of a
                                                                  the Manchester Ship Canal corridor. The vision
       riverside terminal.
                                                                  for the Liverpool SuperPort is:
     n A major sustainable distribution hub
       (waterborne, rail and road freight transport),
                                                                    “To bring together and integrate the strengths
       serving a national hinterland, with associated
                                                                    of the Ports, Airports and Freight Community to
       warehousing.
                                                                    create a ‘SuperPort’ for freight and passenger
                                                                    operations within the Liverpool City Region that
     It noted that the Port has a shortage of land                  will become a key driver of its economy. It will
     within its estate and in the medium to long-term,              create the most effective and cost efficient
     land availability is likely to be a key constraint to          environment for freight cargo logistics and
     development.                                                   passenger transit in the UK. “


     Birkenhead Docks                                        3.58 The strategy for development of the SuperPort
                                                                  incorporates the following aims:
     n A major ro-ro facility serving the GB-Ireland
       market (i.e. a national role).                               n Increased productivity/economies of scale,
     n A sustainable distribution hub (waterborne,                    leading to greater cost competitiveness;
       road and possibly rail freight transport)                    n Market creation and development;
       principally serving a regional hinterland.
                                                                    n New investment;
     n Potential development of distribution activity
                                                                    n Stakeholder engagement; and
       serving both the North West and Irish markets.
                                                                    n Innovation and the environmental agenda.

     Manchester Ship Canal
                                                             3.59 A SuperPort evidence base has been compiled in
                                                                  support of the development of an Action Plan
     n Considerable potential for sustainable
                                                                  published in February 2011. The component
       distribution, taking cargo inland closer to its
                                                                  reports are as follows:
       origin or destination.
     n A series of linked sustainable distribution                 1. Economic Assessment Study
       hubs (waterborne, rail, and road freight                    (MDS Transmodal 2009)
       transport) – Port Wirral, Port Ince, Port                   This Study acknowledges the strong array of
       Warrington, and Port Salford.                               port, airport and freight infrastructure that will

36                                                                                    Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
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        provide the foundation for future SuperPort                  when compared to competitor locations at
        developments. When SuperPort comes to fruition               Felixstowe and Southampton. Distribution sector
        the transformational impact upon the economy                 salaries are lower in Liverpool City Region when
        will be highly significant through, for example, an          compared to a number of south eastern
        additional 28,000 jobs, an additional £0.9 billion           locations and hence offer competitive advantage
        GVA per annum with an additional 73 million                  to local business. Warehouse rents throughout
        tonnes of traffic being handled through Liverpool            the Region are also more competitive per sq.ft.
        City Region facilities                                       when compared with locations such as
                                                                     Southampton, Thames Gateway, Felixstowe and
                                                                     Northampton.
        2. Import/Export Operations Report
        (MDS Transmodal 2010)
                                                               3.60 The delivery of the Action Plan (2011-2020) will be
        This primary research was undertaken with 35
                                                                    driven forward by a SuperPort Committee and
        top regional importers and exporters. It noted
                                                                    Panel which comprises leading figures from the
        that companies are generally happy to be
                                                                    port, logistics and wider business community, and
        located in Liverpool City Region but would like to
                                                                    public sector, working with and through TMP A.
        use Mersey Ports to a greater extent if the
                                                                    Low Carbon Economy Action Plan has also been
        capacity and infrastructure was there. A number
                                                                    produced which has a number of synergies with
        of key issues were highlighted including the
                                                                    the Mersey Ports Master Plan particularly in relation
        limited vessel size currently accommodated at
                                                                    to the development of renewable energy initiatives.
        Liverpool, unreliability of feeder services, and a
        heavy reliance upon southern ports. Congestion
        upon the motorway network and the Mersey                     Mersey Ports Growth Strategy
        crossing as well as limited rail infrastructure were
        also highlighted.
                                                               3.61 The Mersey Ports Growth Strategy was published
                                                                    in 2006 by Mersey Maritime and represents a key
        3. Property Study & Demand Audit                            transformational opportunity driving forward
        (King Sturge 2010)                                          economic growth for the Liverpool City Region. In
                                                                    pursuance of these objectives, Mersey Maritime
        The analyses concluded that although Liverpool
                                                                    is taking the lead in engaging the 1000 or so
        City Region has in excess of 4 million sq.m. of
        built warehouse stock (17% of a North West total)
        only 24% of available warehouse floorspace is                               Market Growth
        deemed good or moderate with only 7%
        identified in the planning pipeline to be of the                           New Customers
        highest quality capable of delivery. There will be
        an increasing demand for port centric logistics
        driven in the main by a restructuring of retailer
                                                                                 New Infrastructure
        warehouse networks. The lack of potentially
        available deliverable land with the retention and                   Partnership Engagement
        assembly of land in proximity to Port locations
        should be a priority.                                                   Skills Development

        4. Assessment for Logistics Operations                                  SuperPort Concept
        (East West Locations 2010)
        The Liverpool City Region offers a wide                           New Technology/Innovation
        catchment area for basing logistics operations
                                                                                Figure 3.3 Mersey Ports Growth Strategy

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                                                                             Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




       private and public sector partners in the                   n Land use conflicts with surrounding
       promotion and delivery of the Ports Growth                    residential areas need to be resolved along
       Strategy. In particular, through developing the               with further mitigation of environmental
       maritime cluster and raising the profile of Mersey            impacts along the road and rail networks.
       Ports at a local, regional and national level.
                                                                   n Resolution of the conflict between port
                                                                     uses and habitat creation and the position
       North Liverpool Strategic                                     of Seaforth Nature Reserve need to be
       Regeneration Framework                                        resolved and opportunities for new,
                                                                     innovative habitat creation carefully
                                                                     integrated with the attraction of related
3.62 In November 2009 Liverpool City Council
                                                                     recreational activities.
     confirmed its focus on North Liverpool with a
     series of recommendations, notably the need to                n The overall global positioning of the port
     prepare a Strategic Regeneration Framework                      and its connectivity to markets around
     (SRF). The SRF was published in December 2010,                  the world.
     led by Liverpool Vision with a partnership steering
     group drawn from Liverpool City Council, Sefton
     Borough Council, North West Development                3.65 The SRF sets out a framework for delivery
     Agency, the Homes and Communities Agency,                   acknowledging the regeneration challenges in
     and Government Office North West.                           North Liverpool are complex, and accordingly
                                                                 will demand collaborative working from local
                                                                 authorities and all stakeholders.
3.63 There are a number of key development
     opportunities within the SRF area that have the
     potential to address some of the socio-economic              Local Development Planning
     and physical challenges and to catalyse further
     regeneration. The Port of Liverpool has been
                                                            3.66 The determination of planning applications
     identified as one of five priorities (Port of
                                                                 upon the Port estate (that do not constitute
     Liverpool, North Shore, Liverpool Waters, Project
                                                                 permitted development) are considered under
     Jennifer, and Football Stadia) and one which has
                                                                 the terms of Section 54A of the Town and
     a geographic interface with South Sefton and
                                                                 Country Planning Act 1990. This is the “plan-
     North Liverpool.
                                                                 led” system which makes the Development
                                                                 Plan the determinant of decisions unless
3.64 As well as representing a significant development           "material considerations” indicate otherwise. In
     opportunity, the SRF highlights a number of risks           the case of the Mersey Ports the statutory
     in terms of the deliverability of Port expansion as         development plan constitutes the development
     follows:                                                    plans prepared by and implemented by the
                                                                 respective local planning authorities.
        n At the heart of Liverpool SuperPort is the
          development of the core infrastructure
          which will require not only the actual            3.67 From a local authority perspective the
          physical development of the assets, but                Development Plan has constituted either a
          also sustained investment from a wide                  Local Plan or in certain cases a Unitary
          group of stakeholders in line with the low             Development Plan. However, The Planning and
          carbon agenda.                                         Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 was enacted to
                                                                 establish a new system for the preparation of
        n Availability of port centric land to facilitate        spatial development plans across the country.
          the expansion and attract additional                   This new system is intended to streamline the
          logistics/distribution facilities.


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        local planning process and promote a                    more advanced stages of preparation than
        proactive, positive approach to managing                others. However, the publication of and
        development. The new system is known as the             consultation upon the Mersey Ports Master Plan
        Local Development Framework (LDF).                      is very much intended to dovetail (wherever
                                                                possible) with the timescales of the respective
                                                                LDFs. This is particularly so in relation to
3.68 At the present time and for the purposes of
                                                                safeguarding of port estates and the land use
     decision making, local authorities are in a
                                                                implications arising from the “Areas of Change”
     transitional period whereby a number of
                                                                highlighted within Chapter 5.
     relevant policies contained within Local and
     Unitary Development Plans have been “saved”
     whilst Local Development Frameworks are              3.71 The subsequent sections are not intended to
     being prepared and consulted upon. The                    provide an extensive and detailed overview of all
     Localism Bill also introduces measures                    planning policies that would be applicable to a
     whereby local authorities and communites will             development project, but are particularly focused
     have greater choice and control in the                    upon those directly related to the Mersey Ports
     formulation of local policy.                              as contained within the emerging LDFs.


3.69 The preparation of the LDF and the formulation             Liverpool City Council
     of the Preferred Core Strategy are heavily
     influenced by an “evidence base” prepared and
                                                          3.72 In January 2010 the City Council published the
     consulted upon by the local planning authority
                                                               Liverpool Core Strategy Preferred Options for
     (or other joint agencies). A number of
                                                               public consultation.
     corresponding reports and studies have
     therefore been prepared or have been
     commissioned which are of relevance to               3.73 The Proposed Policy Approach 7 applicable to
     the Mersey Ports.                                         the Ports of Liverpool (and Garston) is for their
                                                               continuing development as key catalysts of
                                                               economic growth and job creation. The ports will
          n Joint Employment Land Studies
                                                               be supported through the Core Strategy, Land
          n Infrastructure Plans                               Allocations and City Wide Policies DPD, North
                                                               Liverpool AAP and other local development
          n Joint Waste and Minerals Strategies
                                                               documents. In particular, improvements to the
          n Shoreline Management Plans                         sustainability of freight and passenger access to
          n Strategic Flood Risk Assessments                   the ports, including road, rail, and water transport
                                                               will be sought. Proposed Policy Approach 31 re-
          n Biodiversity Action Plans
                                                               affirms the objectives of improving surface
          n Local Transport Plans                              access to the Port of Liverpool particularly in
                                                               relation to rail freight access.

3.70 The geographical coverage of the operational
     landholdings of Mersey Docks and Harbour                   Sefton Borough Council
     Company and The Manchester Ship Canal
     Company interface with eight local planning
                                                          3.74 The Core Strategy will set out the overall vision,
     authorities. Each authority is responsible for the
                                                               objectives and spatial strategy for the Borough
     preparation and consultation upon its own Local
                                                               up to 2027. It will also set the wider land use
     Development Framework and as a result there
                                                               framework for private sector investment and the
     are marked differences in the timescales and
                                                               delivery of public services within the area. Sefton
     progress being made with some authorities at

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                                                                             Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




       have prepared spatial portraits for each            3.78 The Key Assets identified within the Preferred
       settlement within the Borough. The Port of               Option Report cite the “nationally significant
       Liverpool has been identified within the spatial         port and dock facilities at Birkenhead, Tranmere,
       portraits for Crosby and Linacre & Derby with a          and Eastham”. Preferred Option 4 – Broad
       notation as a “booming port and maritime sector          Spatial Strategy states that “Land will continue
       seeking expansion space”.                                to be set aside at the Ports (Twelve Quays, West
                                                                Float Docks, Cammell Lairds and the
                                                                Manchester Ship Canal at Eastham) to reflect
3.75 Sefton has recently produced an Options Paper
                                                                their continued strategic importance for cargo
     which shows possible options for meeting
                                                                handling and freight movements, the
     Sefton’s future development needs up to 2027. It
                                                                opportunity to maximise the potential for off-
     will take account of the issues identified during
                                                                road transport, and to contribute towards a sub-
     the consultation in Summer 2010. The Options
                                                                regional SuperPort”.
     Paper was reported to Planning Committee and
     Cabinet in February 2011 with consultation
     anticipated to take place between May and July              Cheshire West & Chester Council
     2011, along with a number of supporting studies.
                                                           3.79 Cheshire West and Chester Council came into
3.76 The Options Paper highlights a number of                   being on April 1 2009 following the amalgamation
     suggested key issues and challenges to be                  of several former Cheshire District Councils and
     addressed by the Core Strategy, as follows. The            the County Council. Therefore, the development
     Port is acknowledged as critically important to            plan currently constitutes a number of the
     the economy of the Liverpool City Region and               formerly adopted local plans together with the
     provides a significant number of jobs for people           minerals and waste plan administered by the
     in Sefton, either directly in the Port or in the           former County Council. However, Cheshire West
     associated maritime economy. The expansion of              and Chester Council are now progressing their
     the Port is restricted by a lack of available land.        Local Development Framework along similar
     Land that is available has nature value. Activity          lines to the other Authorities.
     associated with the Port can have an impact on
     local communities through traffic, and noise and
                                                           3.80 In November 2009 the Council published its Core
     air pollution, and this needs to be carefully
                                                                Strategy: Issues and Options for consultation.
     considered in any proposals for expanding the
                                                                The Manchester Ship Canal and freight transport
     Port’s operations.
                                                                by water are not covered in detail in the Issues
                                                                and Options report and accordingly we have
       Wirral Borough Council                                   made representations requesting the inclusion of
                                                                a clearer, more supportive policy framework for
                                                                sustainable freight movements using the
3.77 The Council published the Preferred Options for
                                                                Manchester Ship Canal. It is understood that this
     the Core Strategy in November 2010 with
                                                                is an important issue for the Authority and it will
     consultation held until early January 2011.
                                                                be addressed more fully within the next stage
     Results from the consultation will be used to
                                                                Preferred Options report.
     inform the next stage of the Core Strategy
     (Publication Draft). In terms of the Mersey Ports,
     both the Port of Liverpool (Birkenhead Docks)         3.81 In the interim Policy TRANS3 ‘Freight Transport’
     and The Manchester Ship Canal are relevant                 of the adopted Ellesmere Port and Neston
     considerations for the Core Strategy.                      Borough Local Plan provides the relevant policy
                                                                support for the optimisation of the Manchester
                                                                Ship Canal and the safeguarding of adjoining
                                                                land for portside uses.

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        Halton Borough Council                                    increased movement of freight by rail and water
                                                                  whilst ensuring there is minimal detrimental effect
                                                                  as a result of increased swing bridge openings
3.82 In November 2010 the Council published its Core
                                                                  on the Manchester Ship Canal.
     Strategy Proposed Submission Document for
     consultation. This is the document that the
     Council proposes to submit to the Secretary of         3.87 From a spatial planning perspective the
     State for an independent examination. The                   aspirations for Port Warrington have been
     strategy and policies contained within this                 identified and are reflected within the ‘Vision’ for
     document have taken into account comments                   2026 with the project having contributed to taking
     from previous rounds of public and stakeholder              freight off the road network onto the canal and
     consultation and a comprehensive evidence                   railways
     base.
                                                                  Salford City Council
3.83 The key port project situated within Halton
     Borough is being promoted by Stobart Ports,            3.88 The City Council issued its Draft Core Strategy
     which falls outside the operational remit of the            for consultation between November 2009 and
     Mersey Ports for the purposes of this Master                January 2010.
     Plan. However, Policy CS10:West Runcorn
     supports the redevelopment of the former
     Weston Docks into a new waterway port known            3.89 Policy T7 Transport supports the increased use of
     as ‘Mersey Gateway Port’, utilising the direct links        the Manchester Ship Canal for the movement of
     to the Manchester Ship Canal, road and rail                 freight, the development of sites adjacent to the
     infrastructure, thereby further strengthening               Canal that would utilise the canal for freight
     Halton’s role as a centre for logistics and                 movements, and the increased use of the Canal
     distribution.                                               for water taxis linking key visitor destinations
                                                                 such as Salford Quays and the Trafford Centre.

3.84 The Council’s accompanying Infrastructure Plan
     (November 2010) acknowledges the important             3.90 Policy T7 and Policy E1 New Employment
     role of The Manchester Ship Canal and the                   Development identify a number of Regionally
     particular scope for the Canal to be used as part           Significant Sites including the delivery of a new
     of a sustainable freight transportation network,            inter-modal freight terminal on land at Barton
     benefitting ports on to the Canal in Halton,                (known as Port Salford) utilising access via water,
     including the Mersey Gateway Port.                          rail, and road. As part of the development a new
                                                                 rail spur from the Manchester-Liverpool
                                                                 railway line is to be provided, and improved
        Warrington Borough Council                               highway links across the Canal (WGIS - the
                                                                 Western Gateway Infrastructure Scheme).
3.85 The Borough Council published their Core
     Strategy Objectives and Options Consultation                 Trafford Borough Council
     in July 2010.

                                                            3.91 The Borough Council published the Trafford Core
3.86 Objective E3 Economy seeks to identify locations            Strategy: Publication Document in September
     for generating substantial freight movements that           2010. The Core Strategy was submitted to the
     avoid congestion and preserve local amenity                 Secretary of State on December 3rd 2010, and
     interests, and give access to rail or water where           an Examination in Public commenced in
     feasible. Objective T5 Transport supports the               February 2011.


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                                                                             Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




3.92 Through Policy L4.10 The Freight Transport            3.95 This class permits development upon our
     Network, the Council will safeguard and promote            operational land as statutory undertakers and by
     the improvement and development of the road,               our lessees, for shipping and for dock, pier or
     rail and water freight transport network and               harbour related activities (for passengers,
     associated inter-modal freight transport facilities        livestock or goods), or connected with the
     located in the Borough in order to assist in the           movement of traffic by canal or inland navigation,
     sustainable and efficient movement of goods. In            or any railway forming part of the undertaking.
     particular, it will safeguard and promote the
     improvement of:
                                                           3.96 The availability of the rights is of significant
                                                                importance in terms of operational port
       “The Manchester Ship Canal as a sustainable              requirements and are granted to many national
       transport route where this does not conflict with        port facilities and statutory undertakers. For
       any other policy of the Development Plan for             example, there are often scenarios whereby
       Trafford”.                                               buildings, for example, are required at short
                                                                notice for the safe and weatherproof storage of
                                                                imported or export cargos.
       Manchester City Council

                                                           3.97 It is of course acknowledged that where such
3.93 The City Council published their Core Strategy
                                                                projects are likely to result in significant
     Development Plan Document in February 2011
                                                                environmental effects, the Class B rights are
     consulting on it for a six week period. In our
                                                                overridden such that an Environmental Statement
     response to the consultation we have highlighted
                                                                would be required in association with a formal
     the fact that Policy T1 ‘Sustainable Transport’ is
                                                                planning application. Likewise, we are mindful of
     incomplete in its scope because it makes no
                                                                relationships with local planning authorities and
     mention of the need for good quality and
                                                                those third parties potentially affected in our
     sustainable freight and logistics facilities to
                                                                exercising of our rights. For this reason we
     support existing and new businesses within the
                                                                actively engage and consult with Council
     City, and thereby, to help contribute to
                                                                representatives and any local residents that may
     sustainable economic growth. This omission
                                                                reside in close proximity prior to undertaking any
     renders the policy ineffective in addressing
                                                                planned development works.
     accessibility needs within Manchester.

                                                                 Part 17 Class D: Dredgings
       Permitted Development

                                                           3.98 This class permits the use of any land for the
3.94 There are instances whereby operations at the
                                                                spreading of dredged material by those statutory
     Mersey Ports are dependent upon
                                                                undertakers listed in Class B above. Whilst the
     implementation of development projects that
                                                                majority of marine dredgings are deposited
     entail some form of reconfiguration in layout
                                                                offshore rather than on land, as operators of the
     and/or the erection of buildings. Under the terms
                                                                Manchester Ship Canal we have a number of
     of The Town and Country Planning (General
                                                                deposit grounds adjoining this inland waterway
     Permitted Development) Order 1995 the Mersey
                                                                at Frodsham and Woolston. The incidence of
     Ports benefit from a number of rights such that
                                                                dredging and deposition is of regular occurrence
     there is no necessity to apply for formal planning
                                                                and as such the rights enjoyed under Class D
     permission as follows:
                                                                are of critical operational importance. Dredging is
       Part 17 Class B: Dock, pier, harbour, water              required to maintain operational water depths for
       transport, canal or inland undertakings                  shipping within the Canal.


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        Appropriate Assessment                                  resources. The MMO (and others) will then have
                                                                a duty to take decisions in accordance with the
                                                                Marine Policy Statement and marine plans in
3.99 It is a requirement under the Habitats
                                                                respect of proposed developments in the areas
     Regulations 1994 that a competent authority (the
                                                                covered by the plans, unless relevant
     decision maker) proposing to authorise a project
                                                                considerations indicate otherwise.
     which would have a significant effect upon a
     designated site and/or candidate for a potential
     designated site which falls to be treated as a       3.103 There are two levels in the marine planning
     designated site undertake an appropriate                   system: 1) The Marine Policy Statement at a UK
     assessment of the likely environmental impact.             level and 2) Marine plans at national and sub-
     Such an assessment of a development project, if            national level.
     one were needed, would also have to take into
     account its effects “in combination” with any              The Marine Policy Statement
     other known project either consented to, or at an
     advanced stage of statutory consideration.
                                                          3.104 The Marine Policy Statement will set out the
                                                                policy objectives that will contribute to the
3.100 In such cases as a development project has                achievement of sustainable development in the
      been assessed as being likely to have an                  United Kingdom marine area. It will create the
      adverse impact upon a designated site within the          framework for consistent and evidence based
      meaning of the Habitat Regulations, and before            decision making offering certainty about
      giving consent, the decision maker must be                government policy intentions. The Department for
      satisfied in accordance with Regulation 49, that          Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)
      there are no alternative solutions to the scheme          consulted upon the draft Marine Policy Statement
      and that it should proceed for imperative reasons         between July – October 2010.
      of overriding public interest. The Appropriate
      Assessment process would normally run
      alongside the process of considering a planning     3.105 In November 2010 DEFRA published a summary
      application or Harbour Revision Order for port            of the responses to this consultation. The
      development.                                              comments were analysed in detail and changes
                                                                considered by UK Government departments, the
                                                                Devolved Administrations and statutory advisors.
3.101 Government policy within PPS9 Biodiversity and            The UK Government and the Devolved
      Geological Conservation requires special                  Administrations published the Marine Policy
      circumstances to be demonstrated before                   Statement in Spring 2011.
      development can be approved within Sites of
      Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) or other
      designated sites.                                   3.106 With respect to Ports and Shipping Para. 3.4.1 of
                                                                the Marine Policy Statement states:

        Marine Policy                                            “Ports and shipping play an important role in
                                                                 the activities taking place within the marine
                                                                 environment. They are an essential part of the
3.102 The Marine Management Organisation (MMO)                   UK economy, providing the major conduit for
      has responsibility for preparing marine plans for          the country’s imports and exports. Ports also
      the English inshore and offshore regions                   provide key transport infrastructure between
      according to the policies and objectives set out           land and sea. Ports and shipping are critical to
      by the Government. Marine planning will                    the effective movement of cargo and people,
      contribute to the effective management of marine           both within the UK and in the context of the
      activities and more sustainable use of our marine          global economy”.

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                                                                             Planning, Transport & Marine Policy Con text




                                                                                        Crosby Beach and The Gormley Statues


       Marine Plans                                               are steered by the same plan.


3.107 The second level will consist of a series of                Marine Conservation Zones
      marine plans that will interpret and present the
      national policies within the Marine Policy            3.108 In parallel with emerging marine policy are
      Statement and apply area specific policy where              Marine Conservation Zones (MCZ’s) a new type
      appropriate within marine plan areas. Marine                of Marine Protected Area (MPA’s). The UK
      plans must be consistent with the Marine Policy             Government is committed to establishing a
      Statement, ensuring a strong link between                   network of MPAs by 2012. The network will
      national policy and local application. The Marine           conserve rare, threatened, and representative
      Policy Statement and marine plans will guide                species and habitats and conserve or improve
      and direct decisions in the marine environment.             biodiversity.
      Marine plans will be a source of information
      which marine stakeholders can use when
      considering where and how they might carry out        3.109 Around England, Marine Conservation Zones will
      activities.The intention is to achieve consistency,         be part of a network of protected areas at sea.
      where operators and regulators in a given area              This network will also include:



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          n Sites of Special Scientific Interest
          n Special Areas of Conservation
          n Special Protection Areas and
          n Ramsar sites



3.110 There are four regional MCZ projects established
      in England by Natural England and the Joint
      Nature Conservation Committee, one of which is
      the Irish Sea Conservation Zone of direct
      relevance to the Mersey Ports and wider shipping
      activity. The Mersey Ports are participating in the
      Irish Sea Conservation Zone through Mersey
      Maritime which is the appointed maritime
      representative on the Steering Group.




 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                45
Forecasts to 2020 an d 2030




   ACL Vessel at Gladstone Lock
For ec asts to 2020 and 2030




4. Forecasts to                                                    4.5   The Mersey Ports play a crucial role in supporting
                                                                         trade between the British Isles and the rest of the
   2020 and 2030                                                         world. Being the local point of exit and entry
                                                                         adds competitive advantage to the users of the
4.1     This Chapter analyses the likely trends in port                  Port by reducing the inland transport costs
        commodities handled at the Mersey Ports and                      compared to other ports of entry. As well as
        sets out forecasted growth in the relevant sectors               Merseyside, it is the closest major port,
        over the next 20 years. A 2008 base year has                     geographically to an area bounded by Cumbria,
        been taken utilising publicly available official                 The Pennines, as far as Leeds / Bradford,
        maritime statistics. Our forecasts are presented                 continuing down as far as (and including) the
        in the context of the Government’s own port                      West Midlands and across Mid-Wales. The
        forecasts prepared by MDS Transmodal which                       Mersey Ports also play a crucial role of national
        outline differing trends in port traffics, although              importance in a number of key sectors, including
        they do not disaggregate between UK ports. Our                   the importation of crude oil, it is the largest UK
        forecasts however have been devised from a                       port in terms of container trade with North
        “bottom up” commercial approach and where                        America and imports more grain than any other
        there are differences a rationale is provided.                   facility in the UK.


4.2     The Port forecasts will inevitably impact upon                   Government Port Forecasts
        existing physical infrastructure and in this context
        such implications are fully explored within                4.6   Table 4.1 summarises the Government’s port
        Chapter 5 ‘Land Strategy & Areas of Change’                      traffic forecasts for Great Britain: bulk and
        and Chapter 6 ‘Transportation’. As such, the                     unitised throughputs (millions of tonnes) for
        demand assumptions assume growth is                              “major” ports (i.e. those handling at least one
        unconstrained by land availability or transport                  million tonnes of cargo per annum). It is also
        infrastructure, unless otherwise stated.                         worthy of note to highlight the differing growth
                                                                         rates between non unitised and unitised traffics
        The Mersey Ports                                                 with the former forecasted to grow 0.3% per
                                                                         annum and the latter 3.1% per annum,
                                                                         attributable to an increasing trend in moving
4.3     The Mersey Ports handled 39.64 million tonnes of
                                                                         cargo either within a container (lo-lo) or a trailer
        cargo in 2008 which represented 7.8% of all
                                                                         (ro-ro).
        ports traffic via UK major ports.

                                                                   4.7   The Draft Policy Statement for Ports published in
4.4     The Mersey Ports have several key sectors,
                                                                         November 2009 by the DfT concluded that
        including bulk liquids, such as liquids for food
                                                                         notwithstanding the current economic downturn
        manufacturing and petrochemicals, grains and
                                                                         and its resultant impact upon trade volumes,
        animal feeds, general cargo, such as steel and
                                                                         there “is a compelling need for substantial
        unitised traffic – including containers that are
                                                                         additional port capacity over the next 20-30
        lifted on and lifted off ships (lo-lo) and trailers that
                                                                         years”. However, given the uncertainty
        are driven on and off vessels (ro-ro). The Irish
                                                                         surrounding GDP growth (see Figure 4.1), there
        Sea has the second most densely populated
                                                                         is likely to be a time lag in respect of the recovery
        shipping lane around the UK coast after the
                                                                         although the upward growth trend is likely to
        Dover Straits, and Mersey Ports plays a
                                                                         resume.
        significant role in this vital trade link between
        Great Britain and Ireland.



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                                                                                                  Forecasts to 2020 an d 2030




Table 4.1 Government Port Forecasts

Mode of appearance                          2005       2010   2015    2020      2025      2030       % Change *% CAGR
                                                                                                       2005-30        2005-30

BULK TRAFFIC GB “major” ports                                 Million Tonnes
Liquid bulk                                  260       278    281      281      281        281          +10%           +0.4%
Dry bulk                                     119       115    103      110      115        116            -3%          +0.4%
Other general cargo                           32        34     35      35        36         36          +16%           +0.6%
(including import/ export vehicles)
Total GB non unitised                        411       427    418      426      432        433           +7%           +0.3%
Ro-Ro                                         85        99    115      133      153        171         +101%           +2.8%
(incl. Channel Tunnel)
Lo-Lo                                         40        51     61      71        81         94         +135%           +3.5%
Total GB unitised                            125       150    176      204      234        265         +112%           +3.1%
Total GB                                     536       577    594      630      666        704          +31%           +1.1%

Source: Interim Ports Policy Review, Dept for Transport (July 2007) *CAGR = compound annual growth-rate.


                                                                     leader in trade across the North Atlantic whilst
                                                                     also serving an expanding number of the 100+
                                                                     non-EU ports around the world. The Port of
                                                                     Liverpool's prominence in trade with the USA and
                                                                     Canada continues to be important along with
                                                                     short-sea services to the Mediterranean and
                                                                     Iberian Peninsula. But the range of global
                                                                     locations now accessed from Liverpool has
                                                                     rapidly expanded in recent years through deep
                                                                     sea “feedering” from the Continent.


                                                               4.9   The proportions of respective container traffic are
                                                                     of relevance twofold. Firstly, in terms of future
                                                                     container trends and increased vessel size which
                                                                     impacts upon port infrastructure capacity and
                                                                     capability. Secondly, in terms of the hinterland the
Figure 4.1 GDP projection for the UK economy to 2013                 Port serves and the consequent implications for
(Bank of England Inflation Report, November 2010)                    inland transport and mode choice for
                                                                     distributors, a matter addressed in Chapter 6.
        Containers
                                                               4.10 The global container industry is becoming
4.8     The Port of Liverpool handles in the region of              increasingly dominated by a handful of
        700,000 Teu (20ft equivalent units) a year. It is           shipping lines. The overall expansion in the size
        ranked among the UK's major container ports,                of the world container market has gone hand in
        being the largest in Northern Britain, and is a             hand with the construction of a large fleet of


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                                                                      be built on the River Mersey and capable of
                                                                      accommodating the new generation of giant Post
                                                                      Panamax container ships, will give the Port of
                                                                      Liverpool the potential to double annual capacity
                                                                      to 1.5 million Teu, utilising existing and consented
                         34%
                                               36%                    infrastructure. The River Terminal at the Port of
                                                                      Liverpool will be able to accommodate vessels of
                                                                      up to 15,000 Teu.

                                    30%
                                                                4.13 The Port of Liverpool currently succeeds as a
                                                                     National (one UK port call) port for North
                                                                     American container cargo and as a feeder port
                                                                     for the major deep-sea lines, feedering from
                                                                     Benelux ports, Le Havre and elsewhere.

          Short-Sea                  Feedering       Deep-Sea
                                                                4.14 Once the River Terminal is completed, thus
                                                                     facilitating direct calls from these larger vessels,
Figure 4.2 Port of Liverpool, Container Traffic (2008)               the economic hinterland that the port serves will
                                                                     be massively expanded, as more than 50% of the
        container ships of 10,000 to 15,000 Teu capacity.            containers destined for the British Isles end up
        By employing these ships, lines are able to                  closer to Liverpool than the Greater South East
        reduce energy and other operating costs per                  ports that currently serve the UK.
        container moved. The increase in costs of fuel for
        vessels is being addressed by “slow-steaming”
                                                                4.15 The expanded container operations at the Port of
        (slowing the vessels down), substituting ship
                                                                     Liverpool will continue to stimulate the growth in
        capacity for improved fuel consumption.
                                                                     portcentric logistics – moving of some
                                                                     distribution centres and supply chain activities
4.11 Future success in the deep-sea container trade                  away from their traditional location in the 'golden
     will depend upon offering access to the larger                  triangle' of the East Midlands to port locations.
     ships. The limited depth available at some North                Such a concept in the Mersey Ports region
     American East Coast ports and the restrictive                   serves two key markets. Firstly, the North West
     locks of the Panama Canal have together                         generates more export cargo than any other
     immunised North Atlantic services (Liverpool’s                  region in the UK, outside London. Having direct
     ‘stock in trade’) from this rush towards larger                 services will enhance the economic advantage of
     vessels. Dredging of the New York Harbour and                   North West based exporters. Secondly, it allows
     the opening of new locks on the Panama Canal                    importers to take advantage of the cost savings
     in 2014 will transform this position.                           derived from portcentric distribution, whilst
                                                                     remaining close to centres of consumption
4.12 The largest vessels currently calling at the Port of            throughout the North and Midlands (see Table
     Liverpool are classed as Panamax size; typically                4.2 overleaf which compares haulage costs by
     with a capacity of between 3,500 and 4,500 Teu.                 both road and rail).
     The trend in the marketplace over the last few
     years for larger vessels has led to the
     construction of container ships capable of
     carrying 10,000 to 15,000 Teu. Proposals for the
     construction of a second container terminal, to


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                                                                                                           Forecasts to 2020 an d 2030




Mersey Ports typical cost saving comparison of a                              distance freight movements upon the UK’s
container into Trafford Park, Manchester by road                              strategic road and rail networks emanating from
                                                                              the Greater South East ports.
Arrival Port          Additional     Road Cost       Total     Saving
                      Ship Cost
                                                                        4.19 The anticipated growth in container volumes will
Greater South East                     £574          £574
                                                                             require additional portside handling and storage
Port of Liverpool     £30              £152          £182      £392          capacity, in association with demand for
Comparison of a container into Trafford Park,                                warehousing and distribution premises.
Manchester using rail from Greater South East and                            Multi-modal ports along the Manchester Ship
onwards to distribution centre by road                                       Canal at Port Wirral, Port Bridgewater, Port Ince,
                                                                             Port Warrington and Port Salford utilising water,
Arrival Port        Additional Rail Cost Road Cost Total Saving
                                                                             rail, and road to import and export
                    Ship Cost
                                                                             containerised cargo would service this
Greater South East                 £328       £90       £418                 portcentric demand, along with additional
                                                                             facilities at the Port of Liverpool.
Port of Liverpool     £30                     £152      £182 £236

Table 4.2 Mersey Ports Cost Competitiveness
                                                                        4.20 There is an increasing trend towards the
(Spring 2011 prices)
                                                                             movement of fresh produce in reefers
                                                                             (refrigerated containers) as compared to
                                                                             conventional break bulk (palletised) operations.
4.16 The Mersey Ports have the great advantage of
                                                                             Mersey Ports have not played a significant role in
     “running through” a much denser urban market
                                                                             the import of fruit and vegetables for many years
     than most competing ports, making it feasible for
                                                                             despite a consumer hinterland within the North
     distributors and retailers to relocate their
                                                                             West alone of in excess of six million population.
     distribution centres in the North West at for
                                                                             However, the growth in imports from many ports
     example, key strategic accessible locations at
                                                                             of the Atlantic Basin (Iberia, Central America and
     the Port of Liverpool and along the Manchester
                                                                             the Caribbean) and the geographical advantage
     Ship Canal.
                                                                             of Mersey Ports relative to consumption is a
                                                                             particular strength and growth opportunity.
4.17 The forecast container throughputs to 2020 and
     2030 are predicated upon the delivery of the
                                                                        4.21 The recent construction of a fresh produce
     Seaforth River Terminal and additional supporting
                                                                             terminal entailed a £5 million investment in a
     land infrastructure with an anticipated increase to
                                                                             90,000 sq ft building at Royal Seaforth Dock,
     2.0 million Teu by 2020 and up to 3.0 million Teu
                                                                             dedicated to servicing the fruit and vegetable
     by 2030. This represents a CAGR of 7.04% which
                                                                             imports trade. This is the only fresh produce
     is effectively an anticipated doubling when
                                                                             facility in any port in the North of England. The
     compared with the Government’s CAGR of 3.5%
                                                                             facility brings fruit and vegetable imports closer
     for the same period. However, this is considered
                                                                             to the Northern half of the UK population and
     achievable based simply on the supply chain and
                                                                             cuts truck movements particularly overland from
     cost benefits extracted using the Mersey Ports
                                                                             mainland Europe and via the south east, thereby
     given their proximity to the major manufacturing
                                                                             offering retailers, wholesalers and importers an
     and consumption centres of the UK.
                                                                             economical and green alternative solution to the
                                                                             importation of fresh produce into the UK. As a
4.18 The cost savings to the supply chain are                                relatively new facility it is considered there is
     supplemented with carbon and congestion                                 further upside in growing throughput volumes
     benefits, through enhanced usage of water borne                         during the ensuing 20 year period.
     freight and alleviation of unnecessary long


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        Ro-Ro                                             4.24 A combined total of seven roll-on roll-off freight
                                                               and passenger services are operated each day
                                                               from Liverpool to Dublin and Belfast by ferry lines
4.22 Liverpool is the major port for trade between
                                                               Stena Line, Seatruck and P&O. A further line, the
     Britain and Ireland, handling more than 30% of all
                                                               Isle of Man Steam Packet Company provides a
     freight crossing the Irish Sea. This demand is
                                                               daily service to Douglas. Two services operate
     national, rather than only North West driven, with
                                                               from within the enclosed dock system at
     the previous growth of the Irish economy helping
                                                               Liverpool with the Twelve Quays terminal
     to re-establish the Mersey as a key freight
                                                               providing an in-river facility at Birkenhead.
     distribution hub, a strength which can be further
     developed, beyond the current economic
     downturn.                                            4.25 The characteristics of ro-ro freight from the Port
                                                               of Liverpool are heavily reliant upon
                                                               “unaccompanied” trailers whereby the units are
4.23 Its location at the heart of the UK and being just
                                                               decoupled from the HGV and held within the Port
     across the water from Ireland's two major
                                                               estate upon a number of marshalling areas
     gateways of Belfast and Dublin puts Liverpool in
                                                               awaiting scheduled sailing times and loading
     a position to offer drivers, whether commercial or
                                                               upon vessels by a tractor unit or “tugmaster”.
     private, the best route options. Compared to its
                                                               The service out of Twelve Quays is the primary
     Scottish and Welsh competitors, the Port
                                                               accompanied service in operation to Ireland from
     presents hauliers with the shortest overland
                                                               the Mersey Ports whilst the two companies
     route, reducing time and fuel costs whilst
                                                               operating from Liverpool are generally
     minimising the carbon footprint.
                                                               unaccompanied. The relevant proportions in
                                                               2008 are set out below and the heavier reliance
                                                               upon “unaccompanied” activity is such that
                                                               larger parking areas are required.




                                                                             33%
                                                                                             67%




                                                                Figure 4.3 Port of Liverpool, Ro-Ro Traffic (2008)

                                                          4.26 Liverpool’s competitive position in ro-ro benefits
                                                               from offering tide free access, accommodating
                                                               the largest ferries and being closest to the bulk of
                                                               the GB market. The trade is forecast to expand
                                                               (after the current recessionary period), closely
                                                               based upon the further integration and reliance
                                                               of the British and Irish retail economies.
Twelve Quays, Birkenhead

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                                                                                               Forecasts to 2020 an d 2030




Trade cars awaiting export, Royal Seaforth Dock.

4.27 Liverpool’s ro-ro trade will also benefit when          4.30 As referenced above, it would be logical for the
     retailers locate distribution centres (DCs) on the           future development of ro-ro facilities to also be
     Mersey to serve both the North West and Irish                closely related to distribution centre
     markets, a break from the traditional method of              development. There are obvious opportunities for
     using Scottish DCs to serve Ireland. There is also           retailers to locate distribution centres in such a
     an opportunity to secure backloads for onward                way that the North West and Ireland can be
     distribution into the North West by optimising               served from one site, fed also by deep sea
     trailers from Ireland.                                       container services. Sites on the Liverpool bank of
                                                                  the Mersey and along the Manchester Ship Canal
                                                                  are or have the potential to be linked by barge,
4.28 The forecasted throughputs to 2020 and 2030
                                                                  rail, and road.
     are 757,000 Units and 1,047,700 Units
     respectively. This represents a CAGR of 3.3 %
     and whilst being in excess of the Government’s                Trade Cars
     CAGR of 2.8% (for the UK) it is consistent with
     the regionalised forecast applicable to the North
                                                             4.31 Import/export vehicles are passenger cars (or
     West. The increasing trend towards
                                                                  “trade cars” in shipping terminology) and
     “unaccompanied” operations as a result of
                                                                  commercial vehicles that are either imported or
     increasing fuel prices, will encourage the greater
                                                                  exported through UK ports. In terms of port
     usage of longer Irish Sea ferry crossings and
                                                                  demand two main markets are relevant:
     shorter road shunts thereby supporting this
     growth forecast.                                              n Export of cars and commercial vehicles
                                                                     manufactured in the UK, both to short sea
                                                                     and deep sea countries;
4.29 To prosper and expand, this trade requires berths
     of at least 7.5 m depth of water at all states of the         n Imports of cars and commercial vehicles
     tide and very large trailer parking areas. The                  manufactured overseas, both from short sea
     existing ro-ro terminal at twelve Quays,                        and deep sea trade partners.
     Birkenhead is approaching capacity at peak                    There are also domestic flows of trade cars and
     times. The Port has consent for another in-river              commercial vehicles between Great Britain and
     berth close to Langton Lock for ro-ro operations,             Northern Ireland and other islands within the
     although the success or otherwise of this is                  British Isles.
     linked to securing the necessary trailer parking
     facilities.


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4.32 In consideration of trade cars, it is important to     4.35 For the purposes of forecasting, trade cars
     differentiate between import and export markets             represent a significant growth opportunity given the
     and deep sea and short sea markets as they                  Mersey Ports start from a low base position of only
     each differ markedly in terms of port land                  handling 36,000 units in 2008. A throughput of
     requirements. The principal requirement for an              200,000 units is suggested for 2020 and 2030
     import terminal is extensive parking as essentially         based upon the securing of a major contract and
     the vehicles are held to order, being drawn down            which would indicate growth of 8.11% CAGR when
     by dealerships dependent upon the popularity of             compared to the 0.6% CAGR within the
     the model and seasonal fluctuations in demand.              Government’s forecasts. However, growth will be
     Export trade cars are parked more closely and               dependent upon the delivery of marine capability
     hence require less land. They also move much                for car carriers and the associated storage land, the
     more rapidly with a dwell time of no more than              level of which will be dictated around whether the
     one week compared to a dwell time of up to two              Mersey Ports handle import and/or export vehicles.
     months for import cars.
                                                            4.36 The handling of trade cars at the Mersey Ports
4.33 Mersey Ports handle only around 1% of all British           and closest to their point of manufacture re-
     port trade car traffic despite being home to major          enforces the theme in respect of minimising and
     car plants at Halewood (Jaguar/Land Rover) and              reducing the extent of overland distribution of
     Ellesmere Port (Vauxhall/Opel), Currently, Opel             vehicles be it by road or rail, and maximising
     cars for export produced at Ellesmere Port                  shipping as the most environmental and
     (Astra) are delivered by road to Purfleet, Essex.           sustainable form of distribution.
     The transporter then returns with a backload of
     Vauxhall badged cars produced in mainland
                                                                  Grain
     Europe, which are imported via Purfleet. It is also
     understood that many components are produced
     in mainland Europe, and are imported by road           4.37 The Mersey Ports are one of the largest port
     via Dover Straits and East Coast ports. Jaguar              complexes handling grain within the UK.
     and Land Rover vehicles for export produced at              Liverpool is ideally located to meet the needs of
     Halewood are transported by rail to                         the food industry, both regionally and nationally,
     Southampton. A significant proportion of these              and the Port plays a vital role in the supply chains
     vehicles are destined for North American                    of some of the UK's best-known names in food
     markets.                                                    manufacturing.


4.34 Car carrying ships are relatively ‘beamy’ (typically   4.38 The Royal Seaforth Grain Terminal is the country's
     22-32m wide) and would ideally be                           largest import facility with a total silo capacity of
     accommodated upon an in-river berth to offer                168,000 tonnes, and several major users (Cargill,
     maximum operational flexibility for the operators           Dacsa, and ADM) receive supplies by conveyor
     by offering a very quick turn-round time for the            belt direct to their mills. The terminal handles
     vessel. Alternatively, there may be merit in                soya beans predominantly from Brazil, wheat
     locating a ‘car port’ adjacent to the Vauxhall plant        mostly from Canada (but also from Europe) and
     at Ellesmere Port, for example. The existing MSC            maize, mainly from Argentina.
     locks (80’ or 24m beam) would be adequate for
     many intra European ships at present but if the        4.39 As well as the conveyor links the terminal has
     QE II Lock (100’ or 30.48m beam) could be used              traditionally loaded grain to barges for onward
     via a ‘cut through’ then further opportunities              transport up the Manchester Ship Canal to
     could be explored.                                          waterside facilities of Rank Hovis, Cargill, and
                                                                 Allied Mills.

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                                                                                                Forecasts to 2020 an d 2030




4.40 For the purposes of forecasting it is envisaged              which gives the Mersey a competitive advantage.
     that the grain throughput during the ensuing 20              Indeed, cargoes have got larger in recent years
     years of the Master Plan will remain constant in             and increasing numbers of Panamax vessels
     the region of 1.25 million tonnes/annum based                mean that there is a need for extensive covered
     upon the existing operational footprint at Seaforth          storage close to the vessel.
     and maintaining linkages to the upper reaches of
     the Manchester Ship Canal.
                                                            4.44 The importation of animal feed though Liverpool
                                                                 is undertaken by Arkady Feed (UK) and Cargill
                                                                 with the main discharge berths at Seaforth S2
                                                                 (Cargill) and S10 (Arkady). At the Royal Seaforth
                                                                 Dock, the 250,000 sq ft Arkady warehouse is
                                                                 operated by Merlin Stores, part of the cargo
                                                                 operations division of the Port of Liverpool with a
                                                                 satellite store also in operation adjacent to
                                                                 Canada Dock.


                                                            4.45 A particular growth area concerns the handling of
                                                                 biomass or agricultural by-products such as
                                                                 palm kernels, olive residues and wood pellets
Grain unloading at Royal Seaforth Dock.                          used as an energy source in existing coal-fired
                                                                 power stations associated with Mersey Ports. In
4.41 However, increasing demand for separation of
                                                                 addition, there is an increasing trend towards the
     cargoes to fulfil audit trail requirements could
                                                                 development of freestanding biomass-fuelled
     however mean that there is a need for new/extra
                                                                 power stations within port locations. These
     silos near to the existing Seaforth Grain Terminal.
                                                                 initiatives particularly benefit from use of existing
     Some of the current silo capacity may need
                                                                 port infrastructure and the ability to discharge
     replacing during the period as it reaches the end
                                                                 product from vessels directly into the power
     of its operational and useful life. A limited amount
                                                                 station without onward transport. For example,
     of flat storage with food grade flooring will need
                                                                 Renewable Energy Systems (RES) have recently
     to be provided to cater for organic grains –
                                                                 announced the development of a 100-150MW
     wheat, soya, maize and rice.
                                                                 biomass power station at Alexandra Dock within
                                                                 the Port of Liverpool.
4.42 It is also very possible that the amount of grain
     transhipped by water from Royal Seaforth to
                                                            4.46 The Port forecasts for AFS and Biomass to 2020
     Manchester and other UK ports will increase,
                                                                 and 2030 suggest a growth rate of 3.6% CAGR
     particularly if storage can be provided in the
                                                                 (when compared with a -0.1% CAGR within the
     upper reaches of the Ship Canal to serve mills in
                                                                 Government’s forecasts). However, much of this
     the Manchester/Stockport area.
                                                                 anticipated outperformance arises through the
                                                                 emergence and importance of the biomass
         Animal Feedstuffs (AFS) & Biomass                       sector rather than any increase in demand from
                                                                 the agricultural sector.
4.43 The Mersey Ports occupy a strategic position
     relative to a number of agricultural areas within a    4.47 In terms of land and premises requirements the
     convenient distance generating demand for                   annual tonnages of AFS imported for the
     animal feedstuffs. The handling of AFS benefits             agricultural industry fluctuate widely and
     from the economics of utilising larger ships,               therefore there will be an ongoing need to


   54                                                                                Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
For ec asts to 2020 and 2030




        accommodate peaks in storage close to the                     Hunterston, Ayrshire - the latter which can handle
        main discharge berths. The development of                     Cape size vessels. From Manisty the onward
        biomass power stations will generate further land             movement of the coal to Fiddler’s Ferry power
        requirements in themselves.                                   station is undertaken by rail.


4.48 Distribution of AFS and Biomass from Liverpool
     is presently almost entirely by road. Given the
     construction of suitable facilities and provision of
     appropriate equipment there is scope to export
     some by water, coastwise and to Ireland, and
     inland by rail. In Manchester the Cargill facility at
     Trafford Park also has the capacity in the future to
     ship AFS produced from home grown grains out
     by water down the Ship Canal. The siting of
     biomass power stations along the Ship Canal
     would benefit from barge transhipments.

                                                             Coal handling at Liverpool Bulk Terminal.
        Coal
                                                             4.52 For the purposes of port forecasting the
4.49 The Mersey Ports handled 2.38 million tonnes of              suggested throughputs to 2020 and 2030 are
     coal in 2008 from their two dedicated facilities at          flat, although it is highly likely there will be
     Gladstone Dock (Liverpool Bulk Terminal) and                 fluctuations in the importation of coal during this
     Manisty Wharf, upon the Manchester Ship Canal.               period. However, the existing operational
     The significant majority of coal was bound for               terminals have the capacity to respond
     Fiddlers Ferry Power Station with the balance                particularly to any substantial increases in
     supplying Ratcliffe Power Station.                           throughput, and consequently no further land is
                                                                  required for coal handling during the period of
4.50 The reliance or otherwise upon the use of fossil             the Master Plan.
     fuels such as coal is inextricably linked to the
     UK’s energy policy. Nationally, coal represents a                Other Dry Bulks
     declining import market as those power stations
     which do not fit flue gas desulphurisation
                                                             4.53 The Mersey Ports currently handle a diverse
     equipment close down. However, both power
                                                                  range of other dry bulks including cement,
     stations served by the Mersey Ports are fully
                                                                  aggregates, scrap metal, and
     fitted with FGD equipment and therefore their
                                                                  chemicals/powders. In addition, there are a
     projected life generating electricity is likely to be
                                                                  number of port-related processing activities
     further extended.
                                                                  associated with dry bulks, notably scrap metal
                                                                  operations. Over the next 20 years there will be a
4.51 The Liverpool Bulk Terminal (operated by EoN)                continuing demand for the handling and specific
     has an existing Panamax berth for coal discharge             storage of bulk cargoes in Liverpool, Birkenhead
     with the terminal itself capable of handling five            and on the Manchester Ship Canal, as well as
     million tonnes of coal from vessels to the                   further bespoke value added and/or processing
     stockyard. The automated operation enables                   activities. Examples might be facilities for the
     coal to be then transferred to rail or road loading          discharge and storage of products such as
     hoppers. The coal berth at Manisty Wharf is                  fertilisers, gypsum and waste.
     served via a coastal shipping service from

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                                                                                                 Forecasts to 2020 an d 2030




4.54 For the purposes of forecasting it is envisaged
     that the throughput for “other dry bulks” during the
     ensuing 20 years of the Master Plan will increase
     by 1.45% CAGR. This suggested outperformance
     when compared with the Government’s forecasts
     is allied towards the continued role and
     importance of the Port of Liverpool in terms of
     handling scrap metal and the handling and
     sustainable distribution of other waste material.


         Steel, Metals & General Cargo                      External Steel Storage.

                                                                     regional consumption. For these reasons, our
                                                                     forecasts for steel, metals and general cargo to
4.55 The Mersey Ports share of steel and metals is
                                                                     2020 and 2030 suggest an increase to 1 million
     only 5.2% compared with 8.2% for UK port
                                                                     tonnes and 1.35 million tonnes respectively. This
     tonnages and 15% for all unit load traffic. This
                                                                     represents a growth rate of 2.41% CAGR (when
     low throughput (of 730K tonnes in 2008) relative
                                                                     compared with a 0.6% CAGR within the
     to its share of the population can be explained by
                                                                     Government’s forecasts). The Mersey Ports will
     a number of factors including the high proportion
                                                                     also continue to offer opportunities and the
     of steel sourced from the near continent and
                                                                     capability for the handling of general or project
     hence more likely to use east coast ports, and
                                                                     cargoes.
     the absence of a steel manufacturing plant in the
     North West. It is estimated that the North West’s
     share of national demand for steel is around                    Forest Products
     10% with the “landlocked” West Midlands
     accounting for a further 15% of national demand.       4.57 In the forest products sector similar
                                                                 characteristics to steel and metals are apparent.
4.56 The rapid emergence of the Indian sub-                      The Mersey Ports share of the national demand
     continent/Far East as a source of steel for the UK          for imported forest products is only 3.0% which is
     economy offers opportunities for the Mersey                 low relative to the population hinterland and
     Ports through a realignment of import volumes to            demand. It is estimated that the North West’s




Discharging of timber.


   56                                                                                 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
For ec asts to 2020 and 2030




        share of national demand for forest products is              approaching its peak as energy prices rise, more
        around 10% with the “landlocked” West Midlands               efficient vehicles consume less per vehicle km.
        accounting for a further 10% of national demand.             and alternative energy sources are identified.


4.58 This low share can be explained by the historical      4.63 Demand for crude oil is directly related to the
     decline of North America as a supplier of UK                demand for oil products and refining capacity
     forest products and the dominance of                        available in the UK. The Government’s forecast
     Scandinavia and the Baltic States as the major              for crude oil is for a decline of -0.6% CAGR,
     sources, particularly through importation via east          representing a -13% change by 2030.
     coast ports.
                                                            4.64 In the medium term, volumes handled on the
4.59 The re-emergence of North America as a source               Mersey are unlikely to vary significantly as they
     of forest products allied to the established Far            are tied to the production capacity at Stanlow,
     East production of these products all offer                 Eastham and other industrial plants. In the longer
     opportunities for the Mersey Ports. The                     term, the UK is likely to have an increasing
     importation of forest products closest to their             reliance for the importation of petroleum
     point of consumption thereby minimising inland              products and crude oil in larger vessels from
     transport costs suggests the Mersey Ports can               more remote global locations.
     significantly increase their volumes in this sector.
                                                            4.65 For the purposes of Port forecasting the
4.60 For these reasons, our forecasts for forest                 suggested throughputs to 2020 and 2030 are flat
     products to 2020 and 2030 suggest an increase               and although there may be fluctuations during
     to 600K tonnes and 750K tonnes respectively.                this period the existence of deepwater berthage
     This represents a growth rate of 4.93% CAGR                 at Tranmere Oil Terminal and dedicated facilities
     (when compared with a 0.6% CAGR within the                  at QEII Dock, Eastham provides the necessary
     Government’s forecasts).                                    infrastructure.


        Petrochemicals                                               Other Bulk Liquids

4.61 The Mersey Ports have a strategic importance in        4.66 The Mersey Ports handled a total of 2.26 million
     petrochemicals dominated by the oil industry,               tonnes of “other liquid bulks” in 2008,
     through the Tranmere Oil Terminal connected by              representing a significant (21%) share of the UK
     pipeline with the refinery at Stanlow and the               port traffic. Some two-thirds of this volume is
     Eastham Refinery via The Manchester Ship Canal.
     On the Mersey, the combined crude oil imports
     amounted to 11.3 million tonnes in 2008. In 2008,
     the Mersey Ports also handled some 4.5 million
     tonnes of oil products and exported in excess of
     600K tonnes of product, mainly coastwise to
     other ports in Great Britain and to Ireland.


4.62 The National Port Forecasts update of 2007
     suggests that over the medium/long term, oil
     products moving via British ports are only likely
     to grow by around 0.2% per annum, a 5%
     change by 2030. Consumption of oil products is         Bulk liquid storage.

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                                                                                                          Forecasts to 2020 an d 2030




       associated with facilities on the Manchester Ship
       Canal, with bulk chemicals accounting for a large
       proportion of this traffic. The Port of Liverpool
       handles a diverse range of products including
       chemicals, molasses and edible oils.


4.67 In reflecting the steady growth trend in imports
     and exports of bulk liquids at the national level,
     continued growth is anticipated in the trade
     through the Mersey Ports. Whereas no significant
     change is anticipated in the size of chemical and
                                                           City of Liverpool Cruise Terminal
     product tankers involved, greater frequency of
     vessel calls can be expected to evolve over                    of Liverpool Cruise Terminal located in-river at the
     time. An associated area concerns “bunkering”                  Pier Head owned and operated by the City
     and the anticipated increase in the size of                    Council. The type of cruise activity also dictates
     container ships and enhanced ro-ro activity will               the level of supporting infrastructure required
     generate further throughput and landside storage               including baggage handling, customs and
     requirements for bunker fuel.                                  security facilities, long stay car parking/setting
                                                                    down area etc.

4.68 Other growth opportunities arise in the context of
     the production of edible oils used in food            4.71 The increasing trend in the cruise sector is for the
     manufacturing with an increasing use of palm oils          deployment of larger vessels with significantly
     found in South East Asia, principally Indonesia,           enhanced passenger capacity. This poses a
     Malaysia and Papua New Guinea in the Pacific.              difficulty in that access to Langton Dock is
     The recent completion of a new refinery by New             constrained by the lock system and consequently it
     Britain Palm Oil adjacent to Huskisson Dock,               will become increasingly difficult to accommodate
     Liverpool is one such example. Furthermore, the            “turnaround” vessels. Langton Dock is also set
     increasing use of edible oils as raw materials in          within a heavily industrialed port setting.
     the production of bio-diesel may see a steady
     increase in imports of these products.                4.72 The City of Liverpool Cruise Terminal is capable
                                                                of accommodating vessels of 345 metres in
4.69 For these reasons, our forecasts for “other liquid         length and 10.0 metres draught. However,
     bulks” to 2020 and 2030 suggest an increase to             currently this terminal serves “port of call”
     2.7 million tonnes and 3.1 million tonnes                  vessels only.
     respectively. This represents a growth rate of
     1.45% CAGR (when compared with a 0.4%                 4.73 In 2008 there were 30 cruises operated from
     CAGR within the Government’s forecasts).                   Langton Dock and 13 visiting calls to the Pier
                                                                Head. The strong population hinterland within
       Cruises                                                  convenient travelling distance to the Port of
                                                                Liverpool is such that there is considerable
                                                                opportunity to expand turnaround cruise activity.
4.70 There are two distinctive types of cruise activity
                                                                However, such opportunities can only properly be
     accommodated within the Port of Liverpool -
                                                                harnessed through delivery of the necessary
     “turnaround” and “port of call”. The former are
                                                                supporting infrastructure.
     accommodated at the Langton Dock terminal
     operated by Mersey Docks and Harbour
     Company. The latter accommodated at the City


  58                                                                                           Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
For ec asts to 2020 and 2030




Commodity                                       2008            2020          2030        CAGR (%)
Containers                                       4.85            14.43         21.65        7.04
(Teu)                                          (672,000)      (2,000,000)   (3,000,000)
Ro-Ro                                            6.82           10.07          13.92        3.30
(Units)                                        (513,000)      (757,000)     (1,047,700)
Trade Cars                                       0.036           0.20          0.20         8.11
(Units)                                        (36,000)       (200,000)     (200,000)
Grain                                            1.25            1.25          1.25         0.00
AFS & Biomass                                    1.34            2.40          2.90         3.60
Coal                                             2.38            2.38          2.38         0.00
Other Dry Bulks                                  3.85            4.57          5.28         1.45
Steel, Metals and General Cargo                  0.80            1.00          1.35         2.41
Forest Products                                  0.26            0.60          0.75         4.93
Petrochemicals                                  15.80           15.80         15.80         0.00
Other Bulk Liquids                               2.26            2.70          3.10         1.45
Total (Million Tonnes)                          39.64           55.40         68.58         2.52


Table 4.3 Mersey Ports – Summary Port Forecasts 2020 & 2030



4.74 Therefore the solution lies in utilising the
     facilitities at the City of Liverpool Cruise Terminal,
     solutions to this are being worked through by
     MDHC, the City Council and other City Region
     partners.


          Conclusion

4.75 In summary, the forecasts for the Mersey Ports
     indicate a growth in tonnage in excess of 70%
     from 39.64 million tonnes (2008 base year) to
     68.58 million tonnes (by 2030). This represents a
     CAGR of 2.52% (when compared with a 1.1%
     CAGR within the Government’s forecasts). This
     outperformance is allied particularly to a stronger
     anticipated growth in the unitised lo-lo and ro-ro
     sectors, the opportunities associated with
     handling biomass, palm oil and other dry bulks,
     and a redistribution of market share to the
     Mersey Ports particularly associated with steel
     and metals, forest products, and trade cars.


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                                          Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




Port Warrington (Formerly Acton Grange)
L an d S tr ategy & ‘Areas of Change’




5. Land Strategy &                                                    scale and type of the Port activity, and any
                                                                      restriction in terms of ship size and the ability
   ‘Areas of Change’                                                  of land to be served by an appropriate berth.


5.1     This Chapter outlines the Port’s land strategy in             Port Traffic
        terms of the utilisation of existing land and
        premises, safeguarding, and those areas of the
        Port most likely to see change over the requisite       5.5   The preceding Chapter outlines the Port’s
        20 year period. In circumstances whereby the                  indicative forecasts for 2020 and 2030 as
        Port boundaries are likely to change it will be               summarised on Table 4.3. Handling the
        necessary to demonstrate the effective utilisation            additional Port traffic will require expansion in the
        of existing assets. In considering major                      area available for cargo handling and storage.
        development upon protected sites it will be                   Port land expansion also has implications for
        necessary to demonstrate what alternative ways                surface access and the movement of freight;
        of meeting demand have been considered in the                 matters which are addressed within Chapter 6
        context of the Habitats Directive.                            ‘Transportation’.


5.2     The methodology for producing forecasts for the               Containers
        Mersey Ports potential land requirements is
        based firstly on forecasting the growth in various      5.6   Lo-lo container traffic will be moved in
        traffics handled at the Ports (Chapter 4) and then            increasingly larger vessels particularly so with
        estimating future land requirements based on                  Post-Panamax and larger generation container
        key assumptions with respect to the amount of                 ships. Royal Seaforth will continue to handle
        land required for any particular trade or traffic. In         Panamax-sized vessels within the enclosed
        addition, the development of other                            dock, with the larger vessels to be handled at
        complementary or other Port-related activities                the proposed in-river terminal. The increasing
        will create further demand for land.                          size of vessels and the volume of containers
                                                                      likely to be unloaded per call are likely to place
5.3     Therefore, there are three aspects to the future              additional pressure for portside land necessary
        land requirements to be considered:                           for the handling and storage of containers.


        n         the amount of land needed to serve the        5.7   Our forecasts suggest that by 2020 the Port
                  Port’s traffic growth;                              of Liverpool will be handling in the region of
                                                                      two million Teu and by 2030 a throughput of
                                                                      three million Teu. The existing container terminal
        n         the amount of land required to serve the            and the proposed in-river extension when
                  needs of portcentric distribution;                  combined can provide an operational storage
                                                                      area of some 130 acres with a capacity to
        n         the amount of land required to serve                handle 1.5 Million Teu.
                  complementary sectors (energy, waste,
                  off-shore wind sector, processing             5.8   There will therefore be a need to identify and
                  activities).                                        deliver a further 130 ac of container handling
                                                                      and storage area to meet forecasted growth.
5.4     The quantum of support land potentially required              An element of this (some 40 ac) will be required
        will need to be considered spatially in terms of              before 2020 with the remaining 90 ac required
        where this land is best identified relative to the            up to 2030.


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                                                                                         Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




       Ro-Ro                                                       upon a dwell time for vehicles not exceeding
                                                                   two weeks and a parking space of 15m2 the
                                                                   suggested throughput would require the
5.9    The characteristics of ro-ro traffic handled at the
                                                                   identification of some 30 ac (to 2020 and
       Port of Liverpool is heavily reliant upon
                                                                   beyond). An alternative scenario particularly
       unaccompanied trailers, and consequently there
                                                                   based upon handling backloaded import
       is a significant requirement for portside land for
                                                                   vehicles would require an increase in terminal
       buffer storage. Currently, land assigned for ro-ro
                                                                   storage capacity.
       operations and trailer storage at Liverpool and
       Birkenhead Docks is fully utilised and accounts
       for some 85 ac.                                             Grain

5.10 Our forecasts suggest that the trailer volumes          5.14 It is envisaged that grain volumes during the
     handled at the Port of Liverpool will                        ensuing 20 year period will remain static,
     increase from 513,000 units (2008) to 757,000                utilising the Royal Seaforth Grain Terminal and
     units (by 2020) and 1,047,000 units (by 2030).               the other third party mills. Land dedicated to
     An effective doubling in forecasted throughput               grain activity is circa 15 ac with site utilisation
     will therefore require an equivalent amount of               assisted through storage of products in high
     land to be identified and delivered. This would              silos.
     necessitate some 40 ac (by 2020) and a further
     45 ac (by 2030).                                        5.15 Notwithstanding static volumes there will be an
                                                                  increasing demand for the separation of
       Trade Cars                                                 cargoes to fulfil audit trail requirements of
                                                                  products through the provision of new or
                                                                  replacement silos, as well as an additional
5.11 The future land requirements for trade cars will
                                                                  requirement for modern storage facilities
     be entirely dependent upon the evolving
                                                                  incorporating food grade flooring.
     business strategy in that there are marked
     differences in land requirements between deep
     sea and short sea markets and import or export          5.16 A modest amount of additional land
     vehicles.                                                    amounting to 6 ac is suggested over the
                                                                  ensuing 20 year period which would enable
                                                                  the development of up to 100,000 sq.ft. of
5.12 Currently, the Mersey Ports handle a limited
                                                                  floorspace. We will also continue to work closely
     number of trade cars with a modest amount of
                                                                  with our existing operators to maximise the
     land devoted to such activity. There is a small
                                                                  utilisation of their land assets.
     trade car compound within the Seaforth
     Container Terminal handling vehicle exports to
     the US and an area set aside for import                       AFS & Biomass
     vehicles.
                                                             5.17 The forecasts for AFS and Biomass indicate a
5.13 Our forecasts suggest that by 2020 and 2030                  growth of circa 1 million tonnes per annum by
     and based upon the securing of a major                       2020 and a further 500K tonne increase to 2030.
     contract Mersey Ports will be handling 200,000               Much of the growth anticipated will result from
     units in the respective periods. For the purposes            the emerging biomass sector.
     of land requirements we have assumed an
     “export” scenario (based upon production from           5.18 In terms of meeting this additional demand it
     either of the Merseyside car plants). Based                  would be necessary to consider the extension of


  62                                                                                  Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
L an d S tr ategy & ‘Areas of Change’




        the existing AFS Store adjacent to Royal                  allied to a realignment of import volumes to
        Seaforth Dock. A potential doubling in the size           regional consumption. In Liverpool current
        of this facility (from 250,000 to 500,000 sq.ft.)         activity is focussed upon steel terminals at
        would require a further 8 ac upon adjoining               Royal Seaforth, Gladstone, and N3 Canada
        land.                                                     Dock. In addition, there are steel handling (and
                                                                  processing activities) at East Float, Birkenhead,
                                                                  with Ellesmere Port Docks providing additional
        Coal
                                                                  handling and storage.

5.19 The Mersey Ports handle coal from two facilities
                                                            5.23 In terms of increasing capacity for the handling
     at Liverpool Bulk Terminal and Manisty Wharf.
                                                                 of steel and metals, existing terminals at
     Whilst coal throughput is forecast as flat during
                                                                 Seaforth and Gladstone could be equipped with
     the plan period there is sufficient capacity within
                                                                 overhead gantry craneage thereby increasing
     existing terminals to cater for any increase in
                                                                 the storage density over the same land area. As
     activity. A recent modest expansion of the
                                                                 a result the overspill steel terminal at N3
     operational footprint at Manisty provides further
                                                                 Canada Dock is likely to become available
     resilience in catering for any increased
                                                                 for other port related activities.
     throughput.

                                                            5.24 Our estimates suggest a further 10 ac would be
        Other Dry Bulks
                                                                 required to meet forecast throughput increases.
                                                                 Upon the Ship Canal a number of developments
5.20 The forecasts for “other dry bulks” during the              are being progressed which would provide the
     ensuing 20 year period indicate an increase in              necessary storage capacity, for example at Port
     throughput of 1.45% (CAGR) allied to the                    Wirral and Port Warrington.
     continued role and importance in handling
     scrap metal and the sustainable distribution of
     other dry bulks. In terms of land requirements
                                                                  Forest Products
     there is likely to be a centralisation in the spread
     of sites handling scrap metal (particularly EMR)       5.25 The forecasts for forest products suggest an
     allied to the development of the in-river                   increase to 600K tonnes (by 2020) and 750K
     container terminal. There may however be                    tonnes (by 2030) similarly allied to a realignment
     further demand for land relating to processing              of import volumes to regional consumption. The
     and/or value added activities such as waste to              Mersey Ports currently have little portside land
     energy, a matter which is assessed below.                   and premises devoted to handling forest
                                                                 products, with our calculations suggesting
                                                                 circa 10 ac in utilisation.
5.21 Other dry bulk opportunities would potentially
     increase throughput by over 1 million tonnes
     from 2008 to 2030 and accordingly we estimate          5.26 In terms of meeting the anticipated throughput,
     a further 10 ac of land would be required                   further land will be required for both external
     through the master plan period.                             storage and more importantly high quality
                                                                 weatherproof buildings for internal storage.
                                                                 The land requirements will necessitate a further
        Steel, Metals and General Cargo
                                                                 10 ac for both the periods up to 2020 and 2030.
                                                                 New facilities would ideally be located at the
5.22 The forecasts for steel, metals and general                 Port of Liverpool with further opportunities upon
     cargo suggest an increase to one million tonnes             the Ship Canal.
     (by 2020) and 1.35 million tonnes (by 2030),


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                                                                                        Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




         Petrochemicals                                           Cruises

5.27 For the purposes of Port forecasting, the             5.31 The two distinctive types of cruise activity are
     suggested throughputs for petrochemicals to                “turnaround” and “port of call” the former being
     2020 and 2030 are static. Although there may be            accommodated at Langton Dock and the latter
     fluctuations in tonnages during this period the            from the Pier Head. The type of cruise activity
     existence of deepwater berthage at Tranmere Oil            dictates the level of supporting infrastructure
     Terminal and dedicated facilities at QEII Dock,            required including baggage handling, customs
     Eastham provides the necessary marine and                  and security facilities, long stay car parking and
     portside land infrastructure. Other specialist             setting down area.
     facilities at Runcorn lay-by, Stanlow Oil Docks,
     and Partington Basin provide further capacity
                                                           5.32 Mindful of the existing deficiencies with current
     and capability.
                                                                operations - Langton Dock is set within an
                                                                industrialised port environment and the Pier Head
         Other Bulk Liquids                                     terminal is restricted to visiting vessels only, it will
                                                                be important to continue to work
                                                                with all relevant stakeholders to seek to deliver
5.28 The forecasts for “other bulk liquids” suggest an
                                                                a more appropriate facility for turnaround cruises.
     increase to 2.7 million tonnes (by 2020) and 3.1
                                                                Such solutions may entail enhancements to the
     million tonnes (by 2030), re-enforcing the
                                                                Liverpool Cruise Terminal or the development of a
     importance of the Mersey Ports in this sector.
                                                                new facility as part of the Liverpool Waters
                                                                scheme. A passenger terminal handling 2500 pax
5.29 During the plan period there will be a likely              vessels would typically require a minimum of 5 ac
     demand for more space for tank storage                     of land for these purposes whilst incorporating
     associated with new business and with the                  provision for long stay car parking.
     replacement of life-expired tanks. Replacement
     tankage needs more space than its
                                                           5.33 The Mersey Ferries operate both an Explorer
     predecessors (due to safety regulations and
                                                                Cruise upon the River Mersey and a Ship Canal
     bunding requirements), whilst new
                                                                Cruise from the Pier Head to Salford Quays. Such
     developments such as New Britain Oils increase
                                                                cruises are accommodated from the existing
     tank demand at the Port. The increase in size of
                                                                terminals at the Pier Head, Seacombe, and
     container vessels and enhanced ro-ro activity
                                                                Woodside. The operation of commuter services
     will generate further demands and storage
                                                                particularly along the Upper Reaches of the Ship
     requirements relating to bunker fuel.
                                                                Canal has been the subject of some investigation
                                                                and which, if viable, may prove a useful form of
5.30 We estimate there are some 50 ac currently                 sustainable transport.
     devoted to bulk liquids including related
     processing activities. In order to meet growth
     projections, the land requirements will
                                                                  Port Centric Logistics
     necessitate a further 6 ac for both the periods up
     to 2020 and 2030. At Liverpool the logical            5.34 The development of the Liverpool Intermodal
     expansion would within the locality of Regent              Freeport Terminal (LIFT) in 1992 signalled a
     Road where there is similar existing activity,             new phenomenon relating to port-related
     whilst there is also expansion land for bulk liquid        warehousing and distribution. This is now
     storage adjoining the QEII Dock, Eastham.                  manifest on a much larger scale across the
                                                                country in the form of “port centric logistics”.
                                                                The general proposition is such that portside
.

    64                                                                               Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
L an d S tr ategy & ‘Areas of Change’




        warehousing and distribution facilities benefit            be increased. Such practical operations thereby
        from water, rail, and road accessibility (multi-           support the increasing demand for portside
        modality) and there are therefore cost savings in          and/or rail connected warehousing.
        terms of removing unnecessary transport legs
        that would otherwise occur in servicing inland
                                                             5.39 The Mersey Ports currently provide some four
        distribution centres (DC’s).
                                                                  million sq.ft of warehousing, the significant
                                                                  concentration of which is at the Port of Liverpool.
5.35 The demand pull that will generate the growth in             Other current non-port related warehousing is
     lo-lo container traffic outlined in Chapter 4 is             accommodated at Acton Grange, Warrington
     based on the supply chain savings generated                  although we are currently working upon the
     through using a port closest to the population               reconfiguration of the site to create a multi-modal
     centres of the UK. The ship to door logistics cost           facility. The majority of existing warehousing is
     is optimised when the distribution centre is next to         currently occupied and there remains a strong
     water.                                                       demand for port related accommodation. A
                                                                  development of a 100,000 sq.ft. warehouse
                                                                  typically requires a land footprint of 7 ac allowing
5.36 Much of the distribution activity generated is
                                                                  for servicing areas and off-street car parking
     associated with the movement of unitised cargo
                                                                  provision.
     through the Port be it lo-lo or ro-ro. The
     competitive advantage of the Mersey Ports is
     re-enforced through their advantageous position         5.40 Historically, the build rate and letting of Port
     relative to centres of population and consumer               related warehousing has been in the region of
     demand. Significantly the North West represents              200,000 sq.ft. per annum. It is considered there
     the largest container generating region outside of           will be an increasing migration of distribution
     London and within a 125 mile radius has the                  activity to portside locations which provide multi-
     largest concentration of distribution and                    modal transport solutions and logistics benefits.
     manufacturing activity and the largest                       For the purposes of land strategy we have
     concentration of population.                                 assumed that over the ensuing 20 year period
                                                                  there could be an increase in the amount of
                                                                  port related warehousing by a further 4 million
5.37 From a practical point of view handling of
                                                                  sq.ft. This would necessitate the identification and
     containers within the secure port environment
                                                                  delivery of a further 280 ac of development land
     enables logistics providers to “shunt” from
                                                                  within the geographical remit of
     container stack to warehouse premises at a
                                                                  Mersey Ports.
     reduced cost as vehicles can utilise rebated (red)
     diesel. There are also benefits attributable to
     enhanced port security and a dedicated Port             5.41 There are existing concentrations of port centric
     Police force in the case of premises situated                warehousing particularly at the Port of Liverpool
     within the ISPS controlled Port boundary.                    where further developments are anticipated
                                                                  through expansion of the LIFT. Other
                                                                  opportunities entail reconfiguration and
5.38 It is also feasible to secure better utilisation (and
                                                                  investment at Port Warrington and the
     enhanced commerciality) of a container move if it
                                                                  development of an entirely new facility at Port
     is over-laden. As an example, HGV weight
                                                                  Salford.
     restrictions are such that ordinarily no more than
     26 tonnes would be permissible upon the public
     highway. By maintaining the container within the        5.42 A report commissioned by The Mersey
     Port environment and through utilisation of inland           Partnership entitled “Property Supply and
     barge or rail freight such weights could potentially         Demand Audit for Liverpool SuperPort” (May


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                                                                                                Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




       2010) considered there to be scope within the                    towards meeting the 15% target with wind
       Liverpool City Region to identify future high quality            (both onshore and offshore) making the largest
       strategically located sites for warehousing to                   contribution with the remaining generation coming
       accommodate medium to long term requirements                     from hydro power and biomass.
       and to “futureproof” its SuperPort infrastructure.
       Sites identified will need to be a mixture of, 1) land
                                                                5.46 From a Mersey Ports perspective there are
       within the Port estate, 2) land considered suitable
                                                                     already first and second generation onshore
       for port centric purposes ideally with multi-modal
                                                                     wind turbines in operation at the Port of Liverpool
       connections and 3) strategic sites located close
                                                                     estate. The Burbo Bank offshore wind farm
       to the motorway network.
                                                                     (Dong Energy) has been in existence for several
                                                                     years this being subject of Operations and
       Complementary Sectors                                         Maintenance (O & M) activity from the port
                                                                     estate. A further onshore wind farm is being
                                                                     promoted by Peel Energy at Frodsham Marshes
5.43 The Mersey Ports are continuing to adapt to
                                                                     (adjoining the Ship Canal) this being subject of a
     global trends and circumstances. Such
                                                                     formal application. An extension to the Burbo
     dynamics are reflected in the operations upon
                                                                     Bank offshore wind farm is being advanced
     port estates as they are becoming more diverse
                                                                     through the regulatory approvals by Dong Energy
     in their function. Their historical role as
                                                                     and is currently at the scoping stage for the
     complexes for the import and export of cargo
                                                                     purposes of environmental impact assessment.
     remains, but increasingly they are attracting
     interest in a number of complementary sectors.
     The following are examples but are by no                   5.47 In January 2010 The Crown Estate signed an
     means exhaustive of the opportunities -                         exclusive zone development agreement with
     portcentric warehousing and distribution,                       Centrica Energy as part of its third round of
     processing facilities, wind turbine manufacture                 offshore wind farm leasing. This agreement
     and assembly, and waste and energy                              allows Centrica to take the proposals for offshore
     generation projects.                                            wind farms in the Irish Sea Zone (ISZ) through
                                                                     the planning and consenting phase and to obtain
                                                                     a lease from The Crown Estate to construct and
       Off-Shore Wind Farms
                                                                     operate them. The ISZ covers an area in excess
                                                                     of 2,000 km2 and has the potential to deliver
5.44 The UK Government has committed to the                          more than 4GW of electricity, or the equivalent of
     development of a significant off-shore wind farm                powering three million homes.
     programme to help meet its renewable energy
     targets. In March 2007, the UK agreed with
     other European member states a 20% target of
     energy consumption (electricity, heat and
     transport) to be generated from renewable
     sources by 2020. The UK’s proposed
     contribution is for 15% of the UK’s energy from
     renewables, which represents a 10-fold increase
     from renewable energy consumption in 2006.


5.45 In reaching this target the UK Government has put
     forward a range of measures to encourage the
     deployment of renewable energy in the UK.
     Renewable electricity will play an important role
                                                                Irish Sea Development Zone

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Off-shore Wind Farm.

5.48 In the first stage Centrica will undertake a zone-         focus on 2020 targets and Round 3 deployment.
     wide assessment over the next two years
     through a process called Zonal Appraisal &
                                                          5.51 This latter report considered the construction
     Planning (ZAP). The aim of ZAP is to identify
                                                               requirements and concluded that for a port
     and address the key issues and potential
                                                               construction base with a capacity to handle 100
     cumulative impacts in the ISZ through the
                                                               turbines a year a site of at least 20 ac would be
     collection of environmental data across the
                                                               required suitable for lay down and pre-assembly.
     zone and through the undertaking of
                                                               Turbine locations which experience adverse
     stakeholder engagement. This process will
                                                               weather restrictions during construction may
     inform the next stages notably in determining
                                                               give rise to a requirement for an additional lay
     the potential number of wind farm sites and their
                                                               down area of up to 75 ac.
     potential locations within the zone, and the
     position of cable routes.
                                                          5.52 A report commissioned by The Mersey
                                                               Partnership entitled “Liverpool City Region
5.49 In July 2010 Centrica Energy published its Irish
                                                               Offshore Wind Energy Study” (October 2010)
     Sea Zone: Zonal Appraisal and Planning (ZAP)
                                                               considered that with ease of access by sea,
     scoping consultation inviting stakeholder
                                                               excellent land and quay facilities and a large
     feedback during a three month period. Although
                                                               pool of technically skilled labour, Liverpool City
     not forming part of the statutory consultation
                                                               Region offers a prime opportunity for wind
     process the initial consultation is regarded as
                                                               energy manufacture, supply chain and marine
     beneficial in helping to shape future plans.
                                                               logistics operations.

5.50 The synergies in developing offshore wind farm
                                                          5.53 The ability to respond to this exciting opportunity
     farms through utilisation of UK port
                                                               is very much dependent upon the delivery of
     infrastructure were recognised by the
                                                               portside land in the right locations with the
     Department of Energy & Climate Change
                                                               necessary supporting marine infrastructure.
     (DECC) in their publication of “The UK Offshore
                                                               There would also be marked differences, for
     Wind Ports Prospectus” in May 2009. A
                                                               example in the land requirements attributable to
     subsequent report undertaken on behalf of
                                                               a large scale manufacturing facility as compared
     DECC by BVG Associates in February 2009
                                                               to an O & M supply base. Therefore for the
     entitled “UK Ports for the Offshore Wind
                                                               purposes of this land strategy we have
     Industry: Time to Act” considered the
                                                               suggested a requirement for 75 ac to be devoted
     opportunities for ports from offshore wind with a


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                                                                                        Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




       to such activity to 2020 and beyond although this          Alexandra Dock. The project will generate green
       may be subject to change dependent upon the                electricity for homes and businesses as well as
       nature of evolving project requirements. The use           providing significant local employment
       of the Cammell Laird site and an adjoining land            opportunities. The project has an investment
       area (of some 34 ac) would be appropriate for              value of circa £300 million and will be 100-
       such activity, taking into account the established         150MW in size depending on the outcome of the
       range of marine and engineering experience.                initial feasibility studies. Plans for the project are
                                                                  at an early stage and RES will be consulting
                                                                  widely with the local community and statutory
       Biomass Energy
                                                                  agencies as the design and environmental
                                                                  studies progress. The scale of the project is
5.54 Biomass power generation has been identified                 such that an application for regulatory approval
     as a viable renewable energy source recognised               will be required to be submitted to the Major
     by the UK Government as contributing to its                  Infrastructure Planning Unit which is due to
     renewable obligations and targets. Biomass is                replace the Infrastructure Planning Commission.
     organic fuel that comes from a variety of
     sustainable sources including forestry residues,
                                                            5.58 Further biomass initiatives are being promoted
     sawmill co-products, recovered wood and
                                                                 by Peel Energy. For example, the Barton
     dedicated energy crops. It is a carbon-neutral
                                                                 Renewable Energy Plant is a proposed 20MW
     resource used to provide energy for industrial
                                                                 biomass-fired power station on land owned by
     heat and power generation.
                                                                 the Peel Group adjacent to the Manchester Ship
                                                                 Canal. The power plant would be designed to
5.55 The synergy in developing biomass power                     have an operational life of at least 25 years and
     stations upon port estates is driven by the                 would provide renewable energy for up to
     availability of deepwater and port infrastructure           37,000 homes, the equivalent to more than one-
     facilitating the importation of biomass product             third of the homes in Trafford. A planning
     by ship. The Mersey Estuary is not unique in this           application was submitted to the Local Authority
     regard as indeed a number of biomass power                  in December 2010.
     stations are being promoted and/or already have
     consent at other UK port locations (eg Bristol
     and Immingham).
                                                                  Tidal Power

                                                            5.59 The Mersey Estuary has one of the largest tidal
5.56 For the purposes of land forecasting, a typical
                                                                 ranges in the UK, making it one of the best
     biomass fired station generating 100MW requires
                                                                 locations for a tidal power generation scheme. It
     a land area of some 25 ac. It is feasible to
                                                                 has the potential to make a significant
     consider such a plant could be built at the Port of
                                                                 contribution to the Government’s target to
     Liverpool and several more alongside the
                                                                 secure 15% of UK energy from renewable
     Manchester Ship Canal. The latter may have a
                                                                 sources by 2020.
     lesser footprint of some 10 ac. each because of
     the smaller storage requirement. In this scenario
     the Port of Liverpool acts as a deepwater hub          5.60 A large scheme could deliver enough renewable
     accommodating the largest vessels with                      electricity to meet the needs of a significant
     secondary hopper storage servicing sites inland.            proportion of the homes within the Liverpool City
                                                                 Region, as well as beyond. Any scheme put
                                                                 forward will need to take into account the
5.57 In October 2010 renewable energy developer
                                                                 ecological diversity of the estuary, which
     RES announced plans to develop a biomass
                                                                 supports internationally important bird habitats,
     power plant within the Port of Liverpool at


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        as well as the intensive shipping activity           5.65 Such processing and value added initiatives are
        attributable to one of the UK’s busiest estuaries.        difficult to forecast in terms of land requirements
                                                                  as they appear as “windfall” opportunities.
                                                                  However, it is clear that a supply of readily
5.61 Peel Energy, with the support of the Northwest
                                                                  available development land is required to enable
     Development Agency, commissioned a
                                                                  such further opportunities to be realised. For the
     feasibility study in September 2009 to assess the
                                                                  purposes of forecasting we have indicated a
     options and identify a preferred scheme to take
                                                                  potential further land requirement of 7 ac per
     forward for submission of a planning application.
                                                                  annum, the equivalent of 140 ac during the
     The team has engaged statutory and local
                                                                  timespan of the Master Plan.
     stakeholders (including navigation stakeholders)
     throughout the project to inform the studies and
     maintain an open and transparent optioneering           5.66 Our cumulative calculations indicate a forward
     process.                                                     land requirement of 851 acres during the Master
                                                                  Plan period – 477 ac to 2020 and a further 374
                                                                  ac to 2030.
5.62 The feasibility study has identified a barrage on
     an alignment between New Ferry and Dingle as
     the preferred scheme. It would contain                  Port Traffic                         2020       2030
     navigation locks to allow passage of
                                                             Containers                            40         90
     commercial, recreational and service vessels.
     The scheme requires support from the                    Ro-Ro                                 40         45
     government to enable it to be delivered. At the         Trade Cars                            30          0
     time of publishing this consultation document, a
                                                             Grain                                  3          3
     decision had yet to be taken on the future of the
     scheme.                                                 AFS & Biomass                          8          0
                                                             Coal                                   0          0
        Processing & Valued Added                            Other Dry Bulks                        5          5
                                                             Steel, Metals & General Cargo          5          5
5.63 By their very nature a number of processing and
     valued added activities necessitate and are best        Forest Products                       10         10
     served in conjunction with access to water              Petrochemicals                         0          0
     space and berthing. Many of the existing
                                                             Other Bulk Liquids                     6          6
     processing uses are inextricably linked to the
     cargoes themselves. For example, Eastham                Port Centric Warehousing              140        140
     Refinery and Stanlow Manufacturing Complex
                                                             Complementary Sectors:
     (petrochemicals), Cargill (edible oils), EMR
     (scrap metal), Ineos (salt), and DACSA (grain).         Off-Shore Wind Farms                  75          0
                                                             Biomass Energy                        45          0
5.64 In recent years, further initiatives have come          Processing & Valued Added             70         70
     forward with some now in operation. These
                                                             Total (Ac)                            477        374
     include an accredited ship recycling facility, a
     palm oil refinery, a fresh produce terminal,            Table 5.1: Mersey Ports – Summary Land Requirements
     and a consented waste to energy plant.                  2020 & 2030
     Collectively these initiatives alone entail the
     utilisation of circa 20 ac of Port land.




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                                                                                     Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




         Areas of Change                                       Dock in the late 1960’s. In the intervening period
                                                               this area has developed into a nature reserve
                                                               managed in a voluntary capacity by Lancashire
5.67 Having assessed and identified the specific and
                                                               Wildlife Trust. The site is designated for its local,
     overall land requirements for the Mersey Ports
                                                               national, and international significance being a
     over the next 20 years further consideration
                                                               Site of Special Scientific Interest and a
     needs to be given as to the likely and preferred
                                                               pSPA/Ramsar site.
     spatial distribution taking into account
     operational requirements, for example cargo
     handling and commodity concentrations and/or        5.70 There are two distinctive but closely related
     vessel size constraints.                                 initiatives within Royal Seaforth. Firstly, the
                                                              development of an in-river container terminal
                                                              able to accommodate the increasing-sized Post
5.68 The following sections set out our explanation
                                                              Panamax container vessels. Secondly, the
     and justification as to those areas within Mersey
                                                              consideration as to the future use of the land
     Ports most likely to change over the next 20
                                                              forming Seaforth Nature Reserve for Port-related
     years. However, it must be stressed that the
                                                              purposes.
     Master Plan will be reviewed every five years as
     clearly the accuracy of some of the assumptions
     being made today will only become apparent          5.71 The in-river terminal was consented under a
     over time such is the dynamism within the ports          Harbour Revision Order in May 2007. The
     sector.                                                  implementation of this project would enable the
                                                              container handling capacity at the Port to be
                                                              doubled from 750,000 teu to 1.5 million teu. This
         Royal Seaforth
                                                              would necessitate the reclamation of a triangular
                                                              area of some 42 ac from the River Mersey. The
5.69 This area comprises the deep water of Royal              approval of this project was subject to an
     Seaforth Dock accessed through Gladstone                 Environmental Impact Assessment and there are
     Lock serving the container, grain, steel and AFS         a number of legal agreements in place relating
     terminals. An adjoining site (known as Area B)           to the mitigation of impacts arising from the
     comprises an extensive area originally reclaimed         development.
     from the River Mersey for future port expansion
     as part of the construction of Royal Seaforth




Illustration of proposed Seaforth River Terminal.


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5.72 Our forecasts suggest a 2 million teu throughput           (IROPI) and that appropriate compensatory
     would be achieved by 2020 and a throughput of              habitats can be provided.
     circa 3 million teu by 2030. These throughputs
     would necessitate the delivery of further portside
                                                          5.75 In respect of the requirements for compensatory
     terminal capacity.
                                                               habitat, a jointly commissioned study by the
                                                               NWDA/MDHC was undertaken in March 2006
5.73 Seaforth Nature Reserve constitutes an area of            entitled “Mersey Narrows and North Wirral
     64 ac comprising the extent of the statutory              Foreshore pSPA Compensation Study”. This
     SSSI/pSPA designation. In addition, there are             Study identified the profile and likely
     further areas of land immediately adjoining               requirements for compensatory habitat to that
     which although not part of the designation form           lost at Seaforth Area B and identified a number
     a margin or buffer and are not readily useable in         of search areas whereby managed re-alignment
     isolation. In overall terms therefore Area B is in        could potentially deliver inter-tidal habitat.
     the region of 78 ac.
                                                          5.76 As a precursor to the preparation of a planning
5.74 To allow for the Port of Liverpool’s future               application affecting Seaforth Nature Reserve,
     commercial growth, the whole of Area B is                 and which would be accompanied by an
     being promoted for development for port related           environmental impact assessment and
     use within this Master Plan. The development of           appropriate assessment, ongoing work will
     Area B to support the anticipated growth in lo-lo         focus upon the methodology and delivery
     sector and/or the related demand for port                 mechanisms of compensatory habitat. This is a
     centric distribution would lead to the loss of            matter of ongoing dialogue and consultation
     habitats and features of interest to nature               with a number of stakeholders.
     conservation and would result in an adverse
     effect on integrity of the pSPA. Consequently, in
                                                                Liverpool Intermodal Freeport
     order to develop Area B, the Port will need to
                                                                Terminal (Phase 2)
     satisfy a number of tests of the Habitats
     Directive, namely that there are no alternative
     solutions, that the development is needed for        5.77 The first phase of the Liverpool Intermodal
     imperative reasons of overriding public interest          Freeport Terminal (or LIFT) was undertaken in




Illustration of LIFT Zone Expansion Phase II


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                                                                                                Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




       the mid 1990s providing some 850,000 sq.ft. of               Langton River Berth
       portcentric warehousing accommodation
       benefiting from sea, rail and road accessibility.
                                                           5.81 In order to meet the anticipated increase in
       The initiative has proved extremely successful
                                                                throughput associated with Irish Sea ro-ro traffic,
       within the operation of the Freeport and
                                                                a further terminal is planned, situated within the
       premises continue to be fully optimised.
                                                                river adjacent to the Langton Lock entrance. A
                                                                Harbour Revision Order for the works was
5.78 Land situated between Regent Road and Derby                granted on 31st December 2002 requiring
     Road has been identified upon which a Phase 2              “substantial commencement” of the works by
     expansion can be undertaken. A development                 the expiry of the consent (31st December 2012).
     site of 19 ac would enable the development of
     circa 370,000 sq.ft of warehousing, two units of
     which are to be rail connected. Planning
     permission is in place for the expansion scheme
     with ongoing attention in respect of the
     discharge of planning conditions necessary to
     enable an authorised commencement on-site.


       N3 Canada Dock

5.79 This comprises an area of circa 10 ac currently
     utilised as an overspill storage area for steel.
     However the concentration of steel activity at
     Royal Seaforth and Gladstone will enable this         Potential O&M facility at Langton Dock entrance

     site to be devoted to other Port-related uses.
     Any such re-use entailing external storage            5.82 It is unlikely that “substantial” works will be in
     and/or the erection of buildings for such                  place within the next 2 years and therefore there
     purposes could be undertaken within the terms              is an intention to seek an extension of time to
     of “permitted development”. Alternative uses               enable the works to be completed to a later
     and the necessity for consent or otherwise will            timescale. In addition, the consent is solely
     be assessed upon their merits in conjunction               related to the river works and in order for the
     with the local planning authority.                         project to be operational there will need to be
                                                                land identified for the storage of
                                                                “unaccompanied” trailers as close to the
       Hornby/Alexandra Dock                                    terminal as possible ideally within the Port
                                                                boundary.
5.80 This comprises an area of circa 24 ac
     comprising a significant proportion of the former     5.83 In the context of the increasing importance of the
     Hornby Dock (infilled) and existing warehousing            offshore wind farm sector, there may be an
     premises adjoining Alexandra Dock. The                     opportunity to reconfigure the Langton River
     development area is allocated for the purposes             Berth to suit the development of an in-river
     of a biomass power plant project being                     facility providing ease of access for O & M
     progressed by RES as referred to in Para. 5.57             vessels. Such alterations would necessitate
     above.                                                     liaison with the Marine Management
                                                                Organisation in terms of further regulatory
                                                                approvals or otherwise.



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        Huskisson Complex                                5.88 Over the ensuing 20-year strategy there is an
                                                              aspiration to acquire and assemble land parcels
                                                              to create further useable space for Port
5.84 This comprises Port activity at the southern
                                                              expansion. This will necessitate acquisition
     extremity of operations adjoining the sewage
                                                              preferably through voluntary agreement of
     treatment works at Sandon Dock. Whilst there
                                                              private interests as may be facilitated by public
     are a number of existing port occupiers within
                                                              sector agencies. There are a number of
     this area the quality of the buildings are
                                                              successful businesses within this corridor and
     somewhat dated and are in need of attention.
                                                              hence a public/private partnership will be
     The land area is circa 20 ac. Recently the West
                                                              required in terms of facilitating the potential
     Huskisson Warehouse has been completely
                                                              relocation of such interests.
     refurbished to create a 120,000 sq.ft.bulk store
     for use by Cargill. This is one such example of
     the Port’s commitment to utilising formerly               In-River Capability
     derelict space and buildings to provide
     beneficial use for port operations.                 5.89 The historical and current operation of the Port
                                                              entails the use of lock systems to gain access to
5.85 Any further re-furbishment/redevelopment                 the impounded docks. However, there are a
     projects for purely storage purposes could be            number of existing in-river port terminals notably
     undertaken within the terms of “permitted                at Tranmere and Twelve Quays. Further in-river
     development”. Alternative uses and the                   capacity and capability has been approved for
     necessity for consent or otherwise will be               the Langton River Berth and Seaforth River
     assessed upon their merits in conjunction with           Terminal. At the Pier Head landing stage,
     the local planning authority.                            Merseytravel is pursuing the development of a
                                                              new £7m landing stage to replace the existing
                                                              skyline pontoon and which is due to become
        Regent Road/Derby Road Land
                                                              operational in summer 2011.
        Corridor

                                                         5.90 During the next 20 years and driven by changes
5.86 One of the logical extensions of the operational
                                                              in the size of vessels it is likely that constraints
     port boundary lies in the area situated between
                                                              with existing lock sizes may necessitate the
     Regent Road and Derby Road. Indeed, the Port
                                                              delivery of further in-river infrastructure taking
     was partially extended in the 1990s through
                                                              advantage of berthage within deeper water. The
     incorporation of adjoining land and the partial
                                                              logical opportunities which could be investigated
     closure of Regent Road as a public highway
                                                              comprise West Seaforth, West Huskisson, and at
     being incorporated within an adjusted boundary.
                                                              Cammell Laird. Any such proposals would
     This extension facilitated Phase 1 of the
                                                              necessitate regulatory approvals and the
     Liverpool Intermodal Freeport Terminal.
                                                              preparation of an environmental impact
                                                              assessment.
5.87 The Regent Road/Derby Road corridor
     comprises some 190 ac of which approximately
                                                               Cammell Laird
     50% is currently within the ownership and/or
     operational remit of the Mersey Docks and
     Harbour Company. A sizeable balance (of 92 ac)      5.91 The majority of the Cammell Laird site is in active
     is held in a multiplicity of different ownerships        use as a shipbuilding and ship repairing facility.
     and uses, some of which are Port-related                 The business is undergoing a renaissance in its
     although the majority are not connected to Port          fortunes having secured a number of contracts
     operations.                                              and this has enabled the Construction Hall to be

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                                                                                       Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




        re-integrated into the wider operations for the           Waters received planning consent in November
        future.                                                   2010.


5.92 However, there is surplus land to the immediate        5.95 In rationalising West and East Floats, a
     south of the Construction Hall amounting to                 programme will be put in place to ensure that
     some 34 ac extending to the boundary with                   the overall effect of Wirral Waters does not limit
     Tranmere Oil Terminal. The use of this land for             activity within the wider Port and more
     Port purposes including offshore wind farm                  specifically the Birkenhead Dock estate. A
     activity would be likely to require investigation of        combination of reusing derelict/vacant land at
     the potential to deliver further in-river                   West Float, relocating businesses that do not
     infrastructure thereby benefitting from the                 require a Port location, relocating businesses
     deepwater at this point                                     from East to West Float and freeing up land for
                                                                 redevelopment will ensure that the necessary
                                                                 planning requirements can be satisfied.
        Birkenhead Docks

                                                            5.96 For the purposes of the Port decant strategy
5.93 The principle port activities at Birkenhead are
                                                                 there are two sites identified as providing circa
     focussed upon the specialist terminals at
                                                                 50 ac, these being the former Mobil Site (23 ac)
     Tranmere and Twelve Quays, with a diversity of
                                                                 and Beaufort Road (27 ac). There is a small
     other port activity centred upon the West Float
                                                                 parcel of land (4 ac) immediately adjoining the
     and East Float accessed via Alfred Locks.
                                                                 Twelve Quays terminal which could be
                                                                 assimilated into existing ro-ro operations.
5.94 A major urban regeneration initiative named
     Wirral Waters is being promoted by The Peel
     Group focussed upon the East Float basin. The
                                                                  QEII Dock, Eastham
     project will be undertaken over a long timeframe
     (up to 30 years) and will necessitate the              5.97 QEII Dock is an established facility specialising
     rationalisation and phased relocation of existing           in the handling of petrochemicals and other bulk
     Port businesses from the East Float. Wirral                 liquids. Within the operational Port estate lies an




Cammell Laird, Birkenhead.


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L an d S tr ategy & ‘Areas of Change’




         adjoining expansion area of circa 17 ac. Any              Mersey Ports will work closely with the local
         further development projects upon this land for           authority, Cheshire West & Chester Council, in
         purely storage purposes could be undertaken               terms of discussing its development aspirations
         within the terms of “permitted development”.              and the necessity or otherwise for consenting.
         Alternative uses and the necessity for consent or
         otherwise will be assessed upon their merits in
                                                                   Port Wirral - Ellesmere Port Docks -
         conjunction with the local planning authority.
                                                                   Runcorn Docks

         Manisty Wharf/Bridgewater Paper Mill                5.101 Following a review of existing Port infrastructure
                                                                   within the lower reaches of the Ship Canal and
5.98 Manisty Wharf comprises an existing 25 ac site                taking account of the forecasted growth in
     which is served by an operational berth and a                 throughput and the need for modern, efficient
     rail connection. The site handles a range of bulk             infrastructure, Peel Ports propose investment in
     commodities including coal and recyclates. The                new facilities at Port Wirral to replace outdated
     adjoining former Bridgewater Paper Mill site                  facilities at Ellesmere Port Docks and Runcorn
     extends to some 46 ac and this was acquired by                Docks.
     the Manchester Ship Canal Company in May
     2010 for Port purposes.
                                                             5.102 Port Wirral will occupy a site area of some 146
                                                                   ac, considerably in excess of the current
5.99 This acquisition strengthens Peel Ports land                  operational areas at Ellesmere Port Docks and
     interests in the strategic stretch of land between            Runcorn Docks which have a combined
     the entrance of the Ship Canal at Eastham and                 operational area of some 49 ac. The Port Wirral
     the existing docks at Ellesmere Port. It is                   site is strategically important being at the
     considered to represent an invaluable                         entrance to the Ship Canal and having good
     acquisition at a key waterside location and                   accessibility to motorway and rail networks. Its
     provides scope for the provision of additional                long linear frontage with the Manchester Ship
     facilities.                                                   Canal and the proximity to existing port-related
                                                                   industries are also advantageous.
5.100 The extended site is considered suitable for a
      range of Port-related activities particularly as it    5.103 The overall Port Wirral concept proposes a new
      has multi-modal transport connections. The                   modern Port and port centric distribution facility




Manisty Wharf and Bridgewater Paper Mill.


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                                                                                        Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




       at the entrance of the Manchester Ship Canal                see the development of an energy from waste
       which will benefit from multi-modal transport               (EfW) facility capable of generating up to 95MW
       connections. The scheme, which will be                      of electricity.
       implemented in phases over approximately a 20
       year period will accommodate a phased transfer
                                                             5.108 Port Ince takes advantage of the existing Ince B
       of port activity from Ellesmere Port Docks and
                                                                   Berth with the opportunity to deliver cargo
       Runcorn Docks. Port Wirral will be designed to
                                                                   (including waste) by ship and/or barge. There
       be flexible and be suited to future operator
                                                                   are also opportunities to develop other projects
       needs. The range of Port commodities likely to
                                                                   through potential third-party investment utilising
       be handled could include dry and liquid bulks,
                                                                   the Ship Canal infrastructure. The wider site is
       steel, forest products, and trade cars.
                                                                   also capable of a rail connection, thereby
                                                                   encouraging multi-modal transport solutions.
5.104 The scheme includes the provision of a new
      quay wall and the provision of potentially over
                                                                   Wigg Wharf
      1 million square feet of covered operational
      floorspace, delivered in phases, and allowing for
      significantly greater throughputs than those           5.109 This comprises an existing unused berth at Wigg
      currently handled at Ellesmere Port and                      Island with a limited adjoining land footprint
      Runcorn Docks.                                               (of 2 ac) and with vehicular access gained via
                                                                   the Old Quay Swing Bridge. The berth is
                                                                   “safeguarded” for future use with the most
5.105 In order to increase flexibility in catering for
                                                                   obvious opportunity arising in connection with the
      larger vessels a feasibility study will evaluate the
                                                                   construction of the Mersey Gateway Crossing.
      opportunity to create a direct link between the
                                                                   The berth would be useful in terms of the delivery
      QEII Dock and the Manchester Ship Canal via a
                                                                   of construction materials by water and/or the
      new “cut through”. This would offer the potential
                                                                   establishment of a contractor’s compound.
      for larger vessels to enter the Ship Canal, for
      example car carriers with linkages to Vauxhall
      Motors (neighbouring the site) through the                   Port Warrington
      importation of parts/export cars by water (or rail).
                                                             5.110 The site formerly known as Acton Grange was
5.106 The proposals for Port Wirral will require                   acquired by the Manchester Ship Canal
      planning consent and will be carefully planned to            Company in December 2007 for Port purposes.
      ensure that potential impacts upon occupiers                 The existing warehousing complex is situated
      within Eastham Village are assessed and                      upon a site of 26 ac and operates entirely as a
      mitigated appropriately.                                     road-based distribution centre with no utilisation
                                                                   of the Ship Canal for the movement of goods.

       Port Ince
                                                             5.111 The aspiration is to reconfigure the existing site
                                                                   to become a multi-modal Port facility utilising the
5.107 Port Ince comprises a site area of some 10 ac
                                                                   Ship Canal with an opportunity for rail freight. In
      forming part of a much larger initiative – the Ince
                                                                   this respect, planning permission was granted in
      Resource Recovery Park upon a site of some 125
                                                                   March 2010 for the extension of the existing
      ac. The project is fully consented and is
                                                                   site upon an adjoining 11 ac facilitated by the
      designed to increase waste recycling,
                                                                   infilling of the site, the refurbishment and
      reprocessing and energy recovery. A joint
                                                                   extension of the canalside berth and the
      venture between Peel Environmental and
                                                                   reinstatement of a rail freight connection. The
      Covanta has recently been announced and will


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          intention would be to reconfigure the site for    5.114 The future role of Irlam for container handling is
          multi-modal purposes over the next five years.          tied into the development of Port Salford with
                                                                  container activity transferring to the new facility.
                                                                  This would therefore enable the Irlam site in its
5.112 In addition, there is a further land area of some
                                                                  current or extended form to be utilised for the
      24 ac adjoining the Ship Canal potentially
                                                                  handling of other port commodities, for example
      available for port expansion purposes. This land
                                                                  dry bulks including grains or waste. It may
      together with the existing site is situated within
                                                                  provide an opportunity for the relocation of the
      the Green Belt where “exceptional
                                                                  existing scrap facility from Irwell Park Wharf.
      circumstances” need to be demonstrated to
      allow otherwise inappropriate development. The
      vehicular access to the site is also of relevance           Port Salford
      not least HGV traffic passes through the
      outskirts of Moore Village.
                                                            5.115 Port Salford is a multi-modal freight terminal for
                                                                  Greater Manchester located on the north bank of
          Irlam Container Terminal                                the Manchester Ship Canal and adjacent to the
                                                                  M60 motorway. It is to be developed on a 111 ac
                                                                  site providing container storage capacity and 1.5
5.113 The existing site of circa 4 ac is utilised as a
                                                                  million sq.ft of warehousing.
      container handling terminal with an
      existing berth used in association with the
      Liverpool – Manchester barge service. There is        5.116 The development incorporates a new railhead
      an adjoining land area of some 6 ac which could             capable of handling 16 container trains a day,
      easily be assimilated into the existing terminal to         together with a new berth capable of handling
      increase operational capacity. Any further                  existing barge traffic from the Port of Liverpool
      extension of the site for Port-related storage              together with short sea feeder ships. The site
      could be undertaken within the terms of                     configuration enables boxes to moved from
      “permitted development”.                                    ship to rail or road and vice versa or to be




Illustration of Port Salford.


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                                                                                       Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




       ‘shunted’ from container stack to adjacent                Land Availability
       warehouses via vehicles utilising rebated diesel.
       A ship turning facility opposite the site has
                                                           5.120 Taking into account the preceding analyses in
       recently been acquired from United Utilities. A
                                                                 respect of “Areas of Change” and our site
       new canal crossing, the Western Gateway
                                                                 calculations Table 5.2 identifies and summarises
       Infrastructure Scheme (WGIS), forms part of the
                                                                 the land availability position relevant to the
       proposals which received full planning
                                                                 delivery of the Mersey Ports growth strategy.
       permission in July 2009. Work is in hand to
                                                                 Although a quantum of land (some 746 ac) can
       satisfy planning conditions.
                                                                 be identified necessary to support the growth
                                                                 requirements summarised in Table 5.1 it has to
5.117 The site is in the Peel Group’s freehold                   be stressed that not all the land identified is
      ownership and possession. Discussions are                  readily available and/or deliverable without
      ongoing with potential funders and tenants.                further activity, notably consenting and in some
      The project is capable of delivery in phases and           cases acquisition. A further land requirement of
      work is expected to begin within the next three            105 ac. relates to as yet to be identified land
      years for completion in the first half of the plan         parcels.
      period

                                                           5.121 For the purposes of cross referencing the land
       Wharves & Terminals                                       table below should be read in conjunction with
                                                                 the plans within the Appendix.
5.118 Within the Upper Reaches of the Manchester
      Ship Canal there are a number of wharves and               Consideration of Alternatives
      terminals some of which are operational whilst
      others are not currently utilised. These are
                                                           5.122 A pre-requisite of the Master Plan and the
      situated at Partington Basin, Irwell Park Wharf,
                                                                 development of a land strategy is the need for
      Cerestar Wharf, Weaste Wharf, and Manchester
                                                                 the Port to demonstrate effective utilisation of its
      Dry Docks. During the period of the Master Plan
                                                                 existing assets. Furthermore, in considering
      some of the wharves and terminals will be
                                                                 major development affecting protected sites it
      utilised to a greater or lesser extent, demand
                                                                 will be necessary to demonstrate what
      being dictated by customers requirements and
                                                                 alternative ways of meeting demand have been
      commodities.
                                                                 considered in the context of the Habitats
                                                                 Directive.
5.119 In circumstances whereby other non-port uses
      and developments come forward it will need to
                                                           5.123 In the case of the Mersey Ports and its existing
      be demonstrated that there is no operational use
                                                                 land assets there has been an active campaign in
      for a site and/or a replacement facility of
                                                                 terms of ‘managing out’ those tenants and
      equivalent quality can be delivered. However,
                                                                 activities not dependent upon Port infrastructure
      consideration will also need to be given as to
                                                                 and shipping. In parallel, investment has taken
      whether the facility being lost is or could have a
                                                                 place in the refurbishment and redevelopment of
      viable Port function, given ever changing
                                                                 outdated premises and the progression of other
      operational and operator requirements.
                                                                 new build projects either as “permitted
                                                                 development” or through the planning approval
                                                                 process.




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Code                  Site Description                   Area (Acres)        Comments
 L1                   Seaforth River Terminal                 42             HRO approval May 2007
 L2                   Seaforth Area B                         78             Regulatory consents required
 L3                   Hornby/Alexandra Dock                   24             RES Biomass Power Station
 L4                   LIFT Zone Phase 2                       19             Planning approval April 2011
 L5                   Regent Road/Derby Road                  92             Land assembly strategy
 L6                   N3 Canada                               10             Permitted Development usage
 L7                   Huskisson Dock Complex                  20             Permitted Development usage
 B1                   Twelve Quays                            4              Planning approval required
 B2                   Beaufort Road                           27             Decant site for East Float
 B3                   Former Mobil Site                       23             Decant site for East Float
 B4                   Cammell Laird                           34             Regulatory consents required
 M1                   Land at QEII Dock                       17             Permitted Development usage
 M2                   Port Wirral                            146             Planning approval required
 M3                   Former Bridgewater Paper Mill           46             Planning approval required
 M4                   Port Ince                               10             Planning approval August 2009
 M5                   Wigg Wharf                              2              Permitted Development usage
 M6                   Port Warrington Phase 1                 11             Planning approval March 2010
 M7                   Port Warrington Phase 2                 24             Planning approval required
 M8                   Irlam Container Terminal                6              Permitted Development usage
 M9                   Port Salford                           111             Planning approval July 2009
                      Total Land Identified                  746
                      Unidentified land                      105
                      Overall Land Requirement               851
Table 5.2: Mersey Ports - Land Availability


5.124 In parallel, a number of sites have been              5.125 However, notwithstanding our actions in the
      successfully and recently acquired to facilitate            preceding paragraphs a number of alternatives
      the growth of the Mersey Ports – Acton Grange               have to be considered in terms of their suitability,
      and Bridgewater Paper Mill both of which adjoin             or otherwise for port related purposes. These
      water space and have direct access to berthage.             have been identified as follows.
      Other historically underutilised sites are now
      being promoted for development taking into
      account the proximity of the Ship Canal. For
      example, the consented Biossence scheme
      off North Road, Eastham and the Resource
      Recovery Park at Ince.


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                                                                                       Land Strategy & ‘Areas of Ch an ge’




Refurbishment of West Huskisson Warehouse, Liverpool


        Central Docks (Liverpool Waters)                          historical water spaces, and would conflict with
                                                                  the proposed Liverpool Waters mixed use
                                                                  development, an outline planning application
5.126 The former Central Docks, now known as
                                                                  for which was submitted in October 2010.
      Liverpool Waters, comprise the historical
      docklands situated north of the Pier Head
      (Princes Dock to Bramley-Moore Dock). The             5.128 The majority of Central Docks are situated within
      demise of these docklands for operational                   a World Heritage Site and/or the adjoining
      purposes has arisen due to their unsuitability for          “buffer zone”. In addition, there are a number of
      the increasing size of vessels, limited depth of            landmark buildings “listed” for their special
      water, and the narrowness of the quay areas for             architectural and historic interest. For the above
      modern operations. An isolation structure                   reasons it is considered the use of Central
      associated with the development of the Leeds-               Docks for operational port purposes would be
      Liverpool Canal Link prevents vessels from                  incompatible with acknowledged built heritage
      passing beyond South Bramley-Moore Dock.                    interests.


5.127 The only conceivable port use for Central Docks             Manchester Docks (Salford Quays)
      would entail the development of storage facilities
      for either ro-ro or lo-lo activities as well as the   5.129 The former Manchester Docks on the Ship Canal
      development of port centric distribution.                   have been redeveloped over the past 20 years
      However, such activities to be workable would               and are now known as Salford Quays, one of the
      necessitate the delivery of a sizeable land                 country’s most significant urban regeneration
      footprint and would require the infilling of the

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        projects, home to BBC North and with ITV the                    area stretching from the M57/M58 junction at
        most recent addition. Whilst dredging activities                Switch Island running for several miles towards
        necessarily continue above Mode Wheel locks                     the Port entrance at Seaforth. Within this corridor
        there are limited opportunities for Port                        there are a number of potential opportunities
        development in this area. The Mersey Ferry trips                although these would need to be weighed in the
        are popular and frequent in summer months and                   context of other regeneration aspirations and the
        Rank Hovis continue to barge grain from                         implications in respect of Port-related traffic
        Seaforth to a discharge berth in the former                     generation. Further opportunities may present
        Manchester Dry Docks. The continued rate of                     themselves elsewhere throughout the Region as
        land use change in this area is likely to see the               part of the promotion of the Liverpool SuperPort
        cessation of the last remaining commercial port                 initiative.
        use.
                                                                  5.134 Mersey Ports will continue to monitor the
        Dock Infilling                                                  availability of sites that may be suitable for
                                                                        remote opportunities but ultimately acquisition
                                                                        and implementation will be dependent upon
5.130 Over several decades a number of docks have
                                                                        agreement with local stakeholders and in
      been infilled to facilitate the creation of land for Port
                                                                        particular the local planning authority. Remote
      purposes. In Liverpool these have included
                                                                        sites could usefully contribute to the unidentified
      Brocklebank Graving Dock, Carrier Dock,
                                                                        land requirement (of 105 ac) as detailed in
      Huskisson Branch Dock No.2, Langton Graving
                                                                        Table 5.2.
      Docks, Alexandra Branch Dock No.1, Sandon
      Dock, and Hornby Dock. At Birkenhead, infilling has
      taken place at Wallasey Dock and Bidston Dock.


5.131 In terms of current Port operations all of the
      remaining docks are in active use for the
      berthing of vessels. Therefore, it is considered
      that the further infilling of operational water
      space is an unsustainable solution and would
      undermine the ability of the Port to function.


        Remote Operations

5.132 The use of off-site land for Port-related purposes
      would be of potential benefit where such land
      has an operational linkage with Port operations
      and logistics, and can be identified and
      delivered.


5.133 The logical area for investigation of such
      opportunities would principally be associated
      with the Port of Liverpool and the Dunnings
      Bridge Road Corridor. This encompasses the




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                           Transportation (Road, Rail, Barge, Short-S ea Sh ip p in g)




Royal Seaforth Dock Gate
Tr an sp or tation (Road, Rail, Barge, Short-Sea Shippin g)




6. Transportation                                             6.3   The growth strategy highlighted in the preceding
                                                                    Chapters 4 and 5 is such that there will inevitably
   (Road, Rail, Barge,                                              be concentrations of activity throughout Mersey
   Short-Sea Shipping)                                              Ports and hence such activity will impact upon
                                                                    the corresponding Port transport strategy to be
                                                                    adopted. For instance Royal Seaforth will
6.1     This Chapter outlines both the existing
                                                                    continue to be the main focus for the handling of
        transportation connections serving the Mersey
                                                                    containers, with Twelve Quays at Birkenhead an
        Ports and examines the potential for positive
                                                                    important ro-ro terminal with expansion
        change over the ensuing 20 year period, linked
                                                                    opportunities to be explored during the Master
        to Port demand forecasts and land strategy
                                                                    Plan period.
        whilst identifying solutions and interventions
        where appropriate. Transportation includes
        movement of freight by road, rail, inland barge,      6.4   Whilst Mersey Ports do not in themselves own
        coastal shipping and pipeline/conveyor.                     any freight nor take decisions as to the preferred
                                                                    mode of transport to be employed, our strategy
                                                                    is very much to promote “choice” and therefore it
6.2     The success or otherwise of a port is inextricably
                                                                    is important that the necessary infrastructure is
        linked to the ability for freight to be moved in or
                                                                    either in place or can be implemented to be able
        out in a congestion free and efficient manner
                                                                    to effect modal shift. There will also be instances
        and therefore port access routes (be they road
                                                                    whereby decisions and investments being made
        and rail links or inland waterway) are of
                                                                    by Mersey Ports will be able to contribute
        paramount importance. The choice of transport
                                                                    positively to transportation impacts. Good levels
        mode is principally driven by commercial factors
                                                                    of accessibility are likely to encourage operators
        however there are other determinants for some
                                                                    to locate at the Port facility, thereby enhancing
        supply chains that include reliability and speed
                                                                    the role and function of the facility itself,
        and minimising carbon emissions as some
                                                                    benefitting Mersey Ports overall, whilst assisting
        transport modes are more sustainable than
                                                                    regional competitiveness.
        others. There are also practical issues with the
        type of freight to be moved such that some
        commodities will have a preferred mode                6.5   The Freight Modal Choice Study published in
        (e.g. ro-ro trailers are designed to be moved by            April 2010 (DfT) aims to confirm the economic,
        road) whereas others offer more flexible modal              social and environmental benefits of current
        choices (e.g. containers by road, rail, inland              freight movements by non-road modes on
        barge or coastal shipping).                                 national network corridors and to identify where
                                                                    changes in future modal choice, from road to rail
                                                                    or water, could achieve appropriate outcomes on
                                                                    the network. This includes consideration of the
                 Pipelines/Conveyors                                capacity and capability of the national
                                                                    infrastructure to accommodate these changes in
                         Water Freight                              modal choice.


                           Rail Freight                       6.6   The following sections outline the key
                                                                    transportation considerations in relation to
                                                                    existing Port operations as may be enhanced
                         Road Freight
                                                                    during the Master Plan period, with an emphasis
                                                                    upon exploring and effecting modal shift
Figure 6.1: The Hierarchy of Sustainable Transport                  opportunities and maximising the use of Port
(linked to carbon emissions/km)                                     assets/facilities.

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                                                                        Transportation (Road, Rail, Barge, Short-S ea Sh ip p in g)




         Liverpool Docks                                       6.10 The Port has a rail freight connection which
                                                                    enters near Langton Dock with separate
                                                                    branches to the container terminal, coal terminal,
6.7      By far the largest concentration and most diverse
                                                                    steel terminal, scrap metal terminal, and to the
         range of activity within Mersey Ports occur at
                                                                    LIFT warehousing zone. At the time of writing
         Liverpool Docks, the operational areas of which
                                                                    there are daily scrap metal trains (serving EMR),
         are within the jurisdiction of Sefton and Liverpool
                                                                    three daily coal trains from the Eon Bulk
         Councils. In 2008 the complex handled some 19
                                                                    Terminal, and a weekly service handling export
         million tonnes of cargo, with all commodities
                                                                    steel transported from Sheffield, linking with the
         represented other than crude oil. The diversity of
                                                                    Atlantic Container Line (ACL) service. There is
         cargo therefore offers the most potential in terms
                                                                    currently no movement of containers by rail from
         of the consideration of alternative transport
                                                                    Royal Seaforth but some are moved by road via
         modes.
                                                                    Liverpool city centre to a rail freight interchange
                                                                    at Garston. The control of this cargo is outside
6.8      The transportation of commodities both as                  the remit of the Mersey Ports.
         imports or exports is undertaken through road
         haulage, rail freight operations, and water freight
                                                               6.11 From a water freight perspective there is
         solutions being a combination of short-sea
                                                                    substantial container activity associated with
         shipping, coastal shipping, and inland barge.
                                                                    short-sea shipping (some 34% of volume) with
                                                                    coastal shipping connections to Dublin and
6.9      From a road perspective Liverpool Docks is                 Belfast. A container barge service linking the
         served by a number of accesses (Royal Seaforth             Royal Seaforth Container Terminal with inland
         Dock Gate, Strand Road Gate, and Huskisson                 ports upon the Manchester Ship Canal was
         Dock Gate) with a number of other independent              launched in October 2007. In 2008 some 30,000
         but controlled access points off Regent Road –             containers were transhipped to or from deep sea
         notably serving Seatruck Ferries, Cargill, Norton,         vessels to the Irish terminals and the inland
         and Tate & Lyle. There are a number of                     barge.
         commodities which are heavily geared towards
         road haulage solutions, notably the
                                                               6.12 From a coastal shipping perspective there are
         transportation of containers, the movement of
                                                                    regular flows of commodities - notably grain,
         ro-ro trailers, animal feedstuffs, scrap metal, and
                                                                    animal feedstuff, and scrap metal. The Royal
         bulk liquids.
                                                                    Seaforth Grain Terminal handles in the region of
                                                                    one million tonnes per annum, of which some




Coal train at Liverpool Bulk Terminal

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        90,000 tonnes is transferred to coastal               6.16 The Stage 1 Report was published in May 2010.
        vessels/inland barge to be moved to other UK               This focussed upon an assessment of existing
        ports. This volume would equate to the                     Port commodities and transportation
        generation of in excess of 3,500 HGV                       considerations. Further analyses considered the
        movements. As a by product of the soya                     future growth strategy of the Port and the likely
        crushing process at Cargill some 20,000 tonnes             road traffic generation that would potentially arise.
        of animal feedstuffs was moved by coastal
        shipping to other UK ports in 2008.
                                                              6.17 At the outset the study established that the Port
                                                                   of Liverpool has an impact upon the surrounding
6.13 There is considerable activity associated with the            local and regional transport network. In particular,
     handling of scrap metal at Liverpool Docks                    Dunnings Bridge Road (A5036) carries
     through two dedicated facilities. Some 200,000                approximately 70% of the Port’s overall external
     tonnes of scrap metal was received into                       road traffic generation, with the Royal Seaforth
     Liverpool in 2008 via coastal shipping from other             Dock Gate carrying 86% of the daily average of
     UK ports (e.g. Glasgow) to be consolidated and                4,120 HGVs which access the Port. The A5036
     shipped in larger deep-sea movements. This                    experiences repeated congestion particularly in
     volume would equate to the generation of some                 peak periods – the PM peak in the eastbound
     8,000 HGV movements. The operation of a                       direction faces journey time increases of
     scrap metal terminal upon the Ship Canal at                   approximately 60% from eight minutes to 13
     Irwell Park Wharf on the outskirts of Manchester              minutes. This phenomenon is not entirely
     enables the exportation of material by short-sea,             attributable to Port traffic, but is a reflection of the
     material that would otherwise have to be                      variety of functions the highway performs –
     transported by road to Liverpool.                             access for local communities, as a regeneration
                                                                   corridor, and a key commuter route to and from
                                                                   Liverpool city centre.
6.14 In supplying fuel oil for shipping, some 25,000
     tonnes of product is shipped out of Liverpool
     alone for either bunkering at other UK ports or
     for other land based requirements. The existing
     coastal shipping/barge initiatives described
     above have the potential to be expanded during
     the period of the Master Plan.


6.15 The Port of Liverpool is identified as a major
     port, a key international gateway linked by a
     series of Strategic National Corridors (see Fig.         Dunnings Bridge Road Corridor
     3.1). In consideration of surface access to the
                                                              6.18 In assessing existing Port traffic and hinterland
     Port and to facilitate its future growth, the former
                                                                   distribution the study highlighted the significant
     Regional Leaders Forum (4NW) commissioned a
                                                                   proportion of HGVs (57%) destined for points
     study into future access arrangements to the
                                                                   within the North West Region. The average
     Port. The study was one of a series
                                                                   distance travelled by surveyed HGVs was
     commissioned to inform the North West region’s
                                                                   calculated to be no more than 100 kilometres. It
     response to Delivering a Sustainable Transport
                                                                   was also noted that a high proportion of car trips
     System (DaSTS). A key aim of the study was to
                                                                   from the Port (67%) are associated with local
     recommend of a package of realistic surface
                                                                   destinations within Merseyside and hence
     access options for the Port, which is one of the
                                                                   reflects the importance in providing local
     UK’s busiest international gateways.
                                                                   employment opportunities.


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                                                                     Transportation (Road, Rail, Barge, Short-S ea Sh ip p in g)




                                                                  Birkenhead Docks

                                                            6.21 Port activity at Birkenhead Docks is based around
                                                                 Twelve Quays, a dedicated ro-ro terminal
                                                                 operated by Stena Line, and around the
                                                                 impounded docks at East Float and West Float.
                                                                 The Tranmere Oil Terminal represents a nationally
                                                                 significant facility in handling crude oil, and which
                                                                 is connected by pipeline to the Stanlow
                                                                 Manufacturing Complex some 15 miles away.


                                                            6.22 Vehicular access to Birkenhead Docks is gained
Figure 6.2: DaSTS Study 3 – Access to the Port of                via a number of independent and secure access
Liverpool – May 2010                                             points serving Twelve Quays, and East Float and
                                                                 West Float. However, strategic access to the
                                                                 Docks is gained via the proximity to the M53
6.19 In profiling the anticipated growth at the Port of          motorway and Bidston Moss Viaduct. The Mersey
     Liverpool the analysis suggests that by 2027                Tunnels (Queensway and Kingsway) provide an
     journey times from Switch Island to Seaforth                essential connection between Liverpool and
     roundabout will increase by 15%. Hauliers will              Birkenhead for commuters, although only the
     therefore experience greater levels of congestion           Kingsway Tunnel can accommodate freight traffic.
     and longer journey times than those currently
     experienced without the introduction of new
     transport infrastructure to serve the Port.            6.23 Bidston Moss Viaduct has suffered problems of
                                                                 instability such that the introduction of weight
                                                                 restrictions would potentially impact upon its
6.20 Following completion of the Stage 1 Report and              usability by HGVs serving the Port. As a route of
     the abolition of 4NW, the Stage 2 work                      strategic importance a significant maintenance
     programme is being taken forward by Sefton                  scheme entails the strengthening of the viaduct.
     Borough Council. This is focussing upon the                 In March 2010 the Government confirmed funding
     solutions needed to facilitate the growth of the            of £66m for the works. Design and preparatory
     Port with an emphasis upon a balanced package               site work started at the beginning of 2009 and the
     of interventions to facilitate freight modal shift,         strengthening work is intended to be completed
     including investment in rail and highway schemes            by Spring 2012.
     to reduce congestion and create a safe network -
     along with public transport, cycling, and walking
     measures to encourage modal shift for Port             6.24 In September 2010 the Department for Transport
     employees. For example, the Merseyrail Northern             issued “Promoting Connectivity between the
     Line is situated inland and runs broadly parallel to        Capital Cities of the United Kingdom: A
     the Port estate. This provides excellent                    Consultation on Revising the Strategic National
     connectivity (for pedestrians and cyclists) through         Transport Corridors”. This recognised the
     its six railway stations at convenient locations            importance of the Twelve Quays terminal in
     stretching from Sandhills to Waterloo.                      providing the strongest freight and passenger
                                                                 connection to Belfast. Accordingly the
                                                                 consultation recommended a series of route
                                                                 options providing surface access connectivity to
                                                                 Twelve Quays from the wider motorway network.



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6.25 There is some coastal shipping activity                        Port in allowing the ease of transfer of vessels
     attributable to Birkenhead Docks. For example, in              and tugs to pass between QEII Dock and the
     2008 some 25,000 tonnes of timber logs were                    Ship Canal without the necessity to rejoining the
     imported via coastal shipping emanating from                   Mersey Estuary.
     Scottish ports, and which otherwise would have
     generated some 1,000 HGV movements into the
                                                              6.29 The development of Port Wirral will enable a
     North West. Birkenhead Docks were formerly rail
                                                                   diverse range of commodities to be handled,
     connected, albeit the now defunct infrastructure
                                                                   including the development of port centric
     remains in place running to the south side of the
                                                                   logistics. Accordingly, opportunities to secure
     West Float and East Float adjoining Beaufort
                                                                   modal shift are considered to be good, subject to
     Road and Corporation Road.
                                                                   the delivery of the requisite infrastructure.

6.26 The handling of crude oil at Tranmere Oil Terminal
                                                                    Manisty Wharf/Bridgewater Paper Mill
     has no road transport implications in that the
     crude is moved entirely by pipeline. Stanlow
     manufacturing complex itself is situated on the          6.30 Manisty Wharf currently handles some 600K
     southern banks of the Manchester Ship Canal                   tonnes of imported coal moved by coastal
     with its products distributed via road (30%),                 shipping from the deepwater terminal at
     pipeline (40%) and the Ship Canal (30%).                      Hunterston on the Ayrshire coast, which is
                                                                   operated by Peel Ports’ Scottish and Irish
                                                                   Division. Manisty has an operational rail
        QEII Dock, Eastham & Port Wirral                           connection enabling the coal to be moved by
                                                                   train to the nearby Fiddler’s Ferry Power Station
6.27 QEII Dock specialises in the handling of                      with some 11 trains per week.
     petrochemicals and other liquid bulks with the
     operational berths connected via pipelines to
                                                              6.31 There are occasional vessels handling the
     adjoining tank farms. The main vehicular access
                                                                   importation of waste glass into Ellesmere Port
     to the oil terminals is via Banksfield Drive which
                                                                   Docks via coastal shipping from other UK ports.
     itself links conveniently with J6 of the M53
                                                                   For example, shipments from Avonmouth, Silloth,
     motorway via West Road. QEII Dock itself is
                                                                   and Londonderry amounted to some 10,000
     accessed off Ferry Road, although wherever
                                                                   tonnes in 2008 or the equivalent of 400 HGV
     possible this access is intended solely for use by
                                                                   movements. This material is ‘shunted’ along an
     staff and visitors. Mindful of the proximity of
                                                                   internal access road to a processing facility at
     Eastham village, HGVs in particular are
                                                                   Manisty Wharf.
     discouraged from accessing from this direction.

                                                              6.32 The former Bridgewater Paper Mill site is
6.28 The Port Wirral concept encompasses the
                                                                   contiguous with Manisty Wharf and its acquisition
     operational area at Eastham and incorporates a
                                                                   provides an extended site of some 74 ac which
     landholding which extends in a south-easterly
                                                                   would be suitable for a wide range of port related
     direction to a boundary with Booston Wood. In
                                                                   activities. Such operations would benefit
     transportation terms the project would be multi-
                                                                   considerably from the multi-modal transport
     modal with vehicular access taken from both J6
                                                                   connections – an existing berth upon the Ship
     and J7 of the M53, re-instatement of the rail
                                                                   Canal, an operational rail siding and two rail links,
     freight line and the provision of new berthage to
                                                                   and very close proximity to the strategic highway
     the Ship Canal. There is also potential for a “cut
                                                                   network via Junction 7 of the M53.
     through” from the QEII Dock to the Manchester
     Ship Canal which would increase flexibility for the


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       Ellesmere Port Docks                                           connection would contribute to the flexibility and
                                                                      multi-modality of the site, with potential
                                                                      benefits to adjacent operators including Quinn
6.33 Ellesmere Port Docks are currently served by a
                                                                      Glass and GrowHow.
     road access in close proximity to J8 of the M53.
     Whilst the site has historically benefited from a
     direct connection to the rail network, the link has              Runcorn Docks
     ceased, although an operational rail connection
     does continue to Manisty Wharf. The strategy for          6.37   Runcorn Docks are currently served by a road
     Ellesmere Port Docks is for a phased withdrawal                  access in close proximity to the Expressway with
     of port activity tied in to the development of                   connections to the motorway network beyond. The
     replacement facilities at Port Wirral.                           site does not benefit from a rail freight connection.
                                                                      The strategy for Runcorn Docks is for a phased
       Stanlow Manufacturing Complex                                  withdrawal of port activity tied in to the development
                                                                      of replacement facilities at Port Wirral.

6.34   The Stanlow manufacturing complex is a national
       asset situated on the southern banks of the                    Port Warrington
       Manchester Ship Canal. The complex is linked by
       pipeline to the crude oil importation facility at       6.38   The site formerly known as Acton Grange
       Tranmere Oil Terminal which in itself is of strategic          comprises an established warehousing complex
       importance. There are a number of dedicated                    situated on the north side of the Ship Canal. The
       berthing facilities adjoining Stanlow including the            complex in its current form operates entirely as a
       Oil Docks No.1 & No. 2 and a number of chemical                road-based distribution facility, although that was
       berths – Innospec and Shell for example. The                   not always the case. Vehicular access is taken off
       distribution of petrochemical products attributable            Birchwood Lane which in turn is accessed from
       to Stanlow is via road (30%), pipeline (40%) and               the A56 via the outskirts of Moore Village.
       the Ship Canal (30%).

                                                               6.39   Through utilisation of an adjoining vacant site the
       Port Ince                                                      aspiration is to reconfigure operations to create a
                                                                      multi-modal inland port. This would entail the
6.35   Port Ince forms a component of a much larger                   utilisation of an existing vacant berth and the re-
       initiative - Ince Park, which will see the                     instatement of a rail freight connection via the
       development of a significant waste and energy                  nearby sidings, thereby reducing the dependence
       generation facility. The development site is                   of the site as a road based facility. There are a
       currently accessed via a private road which also               number of existing business occupiers including
       serves Quinn Glass and GrowHow. The site is in                 an adjoining chemical works (Solvay Interox) that
       close proximity to J14 of the M56 and also                     would potentially benefit from access to alternative
       benefits from a dedicated berth (Ince B) upon the              distribution solutions when compared to their
       Ship Canal.                                                    current reliance upon road haulage.


6.36   The development of Port Ince is highly likely to be     6.40   Port Warrington therefore offers an ideal and
       associated with the handling of waste with                     strategic mid-point location upon the Ship Canal
       opportunities in developing sustainable water                  linked to the availability and further development
       freight solutions linked to Liverpool and                      of portcentric warehousing and benefitting from
       Manchester. However, the site may be suitable for              the operation of the regular barge shuttle between
       other Port-related operations and which through                Royal Seaforth Container Terminal and Irlam
       the proposed incorporation of a rail freight                   Container Terminal. It is acknowledged that the

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Liverpool - Manchester barge service

         delivery of sustainable transportation solutions will           the barge service and its sustainable transport
         be a key determinant in respect of the further                  credentials has been recognised by Merseyside
         expansion of operational activities upon adjoining              LTP in that Mersey Ports received the 2010
         landholdings and upon the local community.                      Freightwise Award.


         Irlam Container Terminal                                 6.44   The penetration of the Ship Canal into Manchester
                                                                         forms an invaluable solution in terms of
                                                                         sustainable transport e.g. the movement of
6.41     The site operates as a container terminal and
                                                                         construction materials to MediaCity UK. During
         terminus for the regular Liverpool – Manchester
                                                                         the Master Plan period other opportunities will be
         barge service which has been operational since
                                                                         encouraged, including the movement of bulk
         October 2007, having handled some 25,000 TEU
                                                                         commodities such as aggregates, waste or
         since inception. The push tug and single barge
                                                                         biomass.
         service has capacity to handle up to 160 TEU in
         one sailing, thereby removing an equivalent
         number of HGV movements that would otherwise                    Port Salford
         have to travel by road between Liverpool and
         Manchester.
                                                                  6.45   The Port Salford project will entail the development
                                                                         of a multi-modal freight interchange upon a 111
6.42     In May 2010, due to the increasing success of the               ac site. The site adjoins the Manchester Ship
         single barge service, the Mersey Ports                          Canal and hence will be linked to the deepwater
         commissioned an enhanced double barge service                   Port of Liverpool through the regular barge
         to Ellesmere Port Docks on the Manchester Ship                  service. A new railhead will be capable of handling
         Canal to handle growing container volumes                       eight container trains a day with the site also being
         arriving at the Port of Liverpool. The capacity of the          in close proximity to the M60 motorway. A new
         existing barge service was doubled from 160 Teu                 canal crossing the Western Gateway Infrastructure
         to 320 Teu per journey, achieved by securing two                Scheme (WGIS), forms part of the proposals.
         barges alongside each other as a composite unit
         with both then being pushed by a single tug.
                                                                  6.46   In transportation terms a number of planning
                                                                         conditions were imposed upon the consent
6.43     In the first six month period of 2010 in excess of              granted in July 2009. These include the
         3,000 Teu were moved, thereby re-enforcing both                 requirements for the full implementation of the rail
         the cost competitiveness and environmental                      freight connection and the partial delivery of
         credentials of the service. The ongoing success of              WGIS prior to the occupation of the

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       development, and that no more than 50% of the                River Terminal will dramatically alter the profile of
       warehousing shall be occupied until such time as             the Port’s container trade. A resulting “one port of
       the complete implementation of WGIS has been                 call” scenario will mean Liverpool will serve a
       consented and implemented.                                   national distribution hinterland, focussed on the
                                                                    northern half of Britain and Ireland and hence this
                                                                    will support the economics in sustaining rail
6.47   In addition, requirements of the consent includes
                                                                    freight solutions over longer distances, such as
       the establishment of the Port Salford/WGIS Design
                                                                    to Scotland. In the intervening period the existing
       Group, the formation of the Port Salford
                                                                    rail freight terminal is effectively “safeguarded”
       Transportation Steering Group (PSTSG), and the
                                                                    for future use. It may also be relevant to evaluate
       implementation of measures within the approved
                                                                    the operational requirements and practicalities
       Travel Plan within 12 months of the first occupation
                                                                    for an extended rail connection to the River
       of any part of the development.
                                                                    Terminal which would enable the direct loading of
                                                                    containers from deep-sea services to rail.
6.48 Taking into account the Port demand forecasts
     and land strategy highlighted in Chapters 4 and
                                                              6.52 At the time of writing there are no container rail
     5 above the following sectors are considered
                                                                   freight services running from the Port of
     most relevant in consideration of modal shift
                                                                   Liverpool. However, in terms of forecasting a
     opportunities and initiatives for Mersey Ports.
                                                                   reasonable expectation for rail share would for
                                                                   the movement of 100,000 Teu (by 2020) and
       Containers                                                  150,000 Teu (by 2030) equating to a 5% rail share
                                                                   in the requisite periods.
6.49 The container sector not only forms a critical
     element of current business operations but very          6.53 The handling of deep sea containers at the Port
     much underpins the 20-year strategy linked to the             of Liverpool will also have further beneficial
     development of the Seaforth River Terminal and                effects upon sustainable distribution with the
     the associated spin-off benefits with port centric            ability to transport some 44 miles inland utilising
     activity. The container sector also offers significant        the dedicated barge service along the
     opportunity in terms of modal shift initiatives.              Manchester Ship Canal. This will enable global
                                                                   freight to be delivered to the five key investment
6.50 Despite the existing Royal Seaforth Container                 priorities and logistics hubs along the Ship Canal
     Terminal being rail connected the previous                    - Port Wirral, Port Bridgewater, Port Ince, Port
     container trains ceased to operate during                     Warrington, and Port Salford.
     September 2008. This was due to the previous rail
     freight operator deciding to concentrate and             6.54 Our estimates suggest that through increasing
     consolidate their North Western activity at their             barge service capacity and frequency along the
     own terminal elsewhere. It is also a determinant of           Ship Canal this would enable the movement of
     the fact that the proportion of containers being              200,000 Teu (by 2020) and 300,000 Teu (by 2030)
     handled at Liverpool (some 64%) arise through                 equating to an inland waterway share of 10% in
     short-sea and feedering and hence are bound                   the requisite periods.
     within the close proximity of a North West
     hinterland. Such proximity does not lend itself to
                                                              6.55 In terms of coastal shipping it is anticipated that
     the economics of rail freight and hence as the Port
                                                                   the River Terminal will facilitate further trade
     Access Study has highlighted distributors favour a
                                                                   opportunities with Dublin and Belfast. Liverpool
     road haulage solution over shorter distances.
                                                                   will increasingly become the global transhipment
                                                                   hub for Ireland as it is already the transhipment
6.51 However, the successful implementation of the                 port for Trans Atlantic trade into Ireland. Other

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        transhipment trade lanes may also open up                                    Park Wharf. One of the operators (EMR) has the
        through the use of coastal shipping to serve the                             benefit of an operational railhead whilst Irwell
        Isle of Man, Scotland (via Greenock), and the                                Park benefits from its location upon the Ship
        South West (via Bristol or South Wales).                                     Canal. In terms of making the other scrap metal
                                                                                     terminal (and the southern portion of the
                                                                                     operational docks) more accessible there has
6.56 Our estimates suggest that coastal shipping
                                                                                     been a longstanding aspiration for the re-
     volumes (principally to Ireland) would result in the
                                                                                     instatement of the Canada Dock Freight Line.
     movement of some 300,000 Teu (by 2020) and
                                                                                     This would form part of a land assembly strategy
     450,000 Teu (by 2030) equating to a coastal
                                                                                     for the Regent Road/Derby Road Corridor and in
     shipping contribution of 15%.
                                                                                     the meantime it is imperative that the potential
                                                                                     alignment is “safeguarded” from otherwise
             5%                                                                      irreversible development.
10%                                                      Rail Freight

                                                                            6.60 As an example of effecting modal shift, consent
                                                         Inland Barge
                                                                                 has now been granted for the development of a
                                                                                 waste to energy plant at Alexandra Dock. This
     15%                                                 Coastal Shipping

                              70%                                                entails the treatment of some 120,000 tonnes of
                                                                                 automotive shredder residue (ASR) for on-site
                                                         Road Freight
                                                                                 electricity generation. This material is currently
                                                                                 transferred by road to landfill sites and would
                                                                                 equate to the removal of over 6,000 HGV
                                                                                 movements per annum.


Figure 6.3 – Modal Shift for Containers 2020 & 2030                         6.61 The storage and sustainable movement of
                                                                                 municipal waste is greatly enhanced through the
                                                                                 complementary facilities at the Port of Liverpool
        Other Dry Bulks
                                                                                 and the Manchester Ship Canal. There are
                                                                                 consented projects at Port Ince and near Eastham
6.57 The Port forecasts for other dry bulks suggest a                            (Biossence) whereby existing Port infrastructure
     growth rate of 1.45% (CAGR) over the ensuing                                would enable the movement of waste by barge
     20-year period driven by the continual handling                             thereby reducing the reliance upon road transport.
     and processing of scrap metal and the likely                                In addition, all of the port projects outlined within
     demand in handling municipal waste, given a                                 Chapter 5 are strategically important and either
     reduced reliance upon landfill and the increasing                           benefit from, or will be the subject of new or
     emphasis upon ‘local’ recycling and resource                                reinstated rail freight connections.
     recovery/energy generation.


6.58 These products are considered inherently
     suitable for the use of more sustainable forms of
     transport as they are generally non-time
     sensitive, and economies of scale can be gained
     through the movement of large consignments.


6.59 There are two scrap metal operators within the
     Port of Liverpool and a satellite operation at Irwell

                                                                            EMR Rail Terminal

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       Biomass                                                      connected whilst the warehousing at Acton
                                                                    Grange adjoins an existing (unused) berth.
                                                                    Planning consent has been secured for the
6.62 It is likely that there will be interest in the
                                                                    development of LIFT Phase 2 of which 2 of the 3
     construction of biomass power stations within the
                                                                    units will be rail connected.
     Port of Liverpool and inland adjacent to the
     Manchester Ship Canal. Such projects would be
     expected to be served by Panamax-sized vessels           6.67 The approved reconfiguration of operations at
     into Liverpool, with those upon the Ship Canal                Acton Grange would enable the development of
     being served by inland barge with feedstock                   Port Warrington thereby benefitting from multi-
     transhipped out of Liverpool. The use of biomass              modal connections. Likewise, the Port Salford
     as an energy source for co-firing in existing coal            project provides in excess of 1.5 million sq.ft. of
     power stations could potentially utilise existing             warehousing again linked to multi-modal
     railheads for inland movement of product.                     transport solutions.


                                                                    Surface Access Improvements
       Steel & Forest Products
                                                              6.68 At the outset we have stated the success or
6.63 There are modest proportions of steel and forest
                                                                   otherwise of a port is inextricably linked to the
     products transported by rail and short-sea
                                                                   ability for freight to be moved in or out and
     shipping. However, both these sectors are
                                                                   therefore surface access (be it road or rail links)
     forecast to outperform during the plan period
                                                                   is of paramount importance. Taking into account
     relative to the national forecasts, due in principle
                                                                   our Port forecasts and land strategy there are a
     to a realignment of import volumes relative to
                                                                   number of surface access improvements
     regional consumption.
                                                                   necessary to facilitate the continued
                                                                   development and growth of Mersey Ports, many
6.64 Accordingly, with enhanced throughput, there                  of which are site specific. In addition, there was a
     would appear to be further opportunities to                   range of transportation projects identified as part
     explore rail freight and/or coastal shipping/inland           of the former Regional Funding Allocation (RFA)
     barge solutions. The Gladstone Steel Terminal                 which if implemented would contribute to the
     benefits from an operational rail head whilst the             enhanced accessibility and ease of movement of
     West Seaforth Steel Terminal would potentially                commodities to and from the Mersey Ports.
     benefit from investigation of a direct rail
     connection to the River Terminal (see Para. 6.50).
                                                              6.69 The identification of the Mersey Ports as one of
                                                                   the ten largest port complexes linked by a
6.65 The potential re-instatement of rail freight                  number of Strategic National Corridors (see Fig
     connections to Birkenhead Docks (West Float)                  3.1) and forming part of the Strategic Rail Freight
     and Eastham Docks (Port Wirral) would offer                   Network (see Fig 3.2) supports our proposition.
     further flexibility in terms of the potential for such        However, notwithstanding the Mersey Ports
     commodities to be moved more sustainably.                     feature as essential gateways in a national
                                                                   context a number of transport “bottlenecks” exist
       Port Centric Distribution                                   at points within the last several miles of the
                                                                   journey to the Ports.
6.66 There are existing warehousing complexes within
     the operational estate comprising Mersey Ports,          6.70 Following the announcement of the Coalition
     notably the Liverpool Intermodal Freeport                     Government’s Comprehensive Spending Review
     Terminal (LIFT) and at Acton Grange, Warrington.              in October 2010 and an increasing climate of
     A number of units within LIFT Phase 1 are rail                austerity measures there will inevitably be


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        challenges going forward in securing public                  is expected to last around 12 months and it is
        sector funding to facilitate surface access                  hoped the route could be open by 2013.
        improvements. Notwithstanding this we will
        continue to engage positively with transport           6.72 There are of course a number of other surface
        providers, notably The Highways Agency,                     access initiatives (notably from a rail freight
        Network Rail, and the local transport authorities           perspective) which form part of the Mersey Ports
        in respect of promoting enhanced surface                    growth strategy. There are opportunities at the
        access to the Mersey Ports.                                 Port of Liverpool in respect of the reinstatement
                                                                    of freight connections to Canada Dock and to the
6.71 There are however a number of schemes of benefit               West Float at Birkenhead Docks. The five
     to the connectivity of the Mersey Ports which have             development initiatives upon the Ship Canal have
     been safeguarded and are progressing as follows:               the potential to be rail connected to create truly
                                                                    multi-modal Port facilities.
        Bidston Moss Viaduct - funding approval for the
        maintenance scheme was confirmed in March                    Other Relevant Considerations
        2010 and strengthening works are now ongoing
        with the intended completion by Spring 2012.           6.73 The following sections outline a number of other
                                                                    relevant matters which either impact upon or form
        Mersey Gateway Bridge - funding approval for                other important transportation considerations.
        this regionally significant project was confirmed by
        Government in October 2010. In December 2010                 Vehicle Booking System
        all regulatory approvals necessary for progression
        of the project by Halton Borough Council were
                                                               6.74 A new Vehicle Booking System (VBS) and
        approved. Following the award of the contract to a
                                                                    Terminal Operating System (TOS) have been
        private sector partner the construction phase is
                                                                    developed in-house by the Port of Liverpool to
        anticipated over a three year period with the new
                                                                    help reduce the turnaround times of hauliers
        crossing opening in 2015.
                                                                    visiting the Port's container terminal operations.
                                                                    Historically, as an unregulated operation, much
                                                                    container activity has been difficult to properly
                                                                    manage due to its unpredictability. This is
                                                                    compounded by congestion upon the wider
                                                                    highway network at peak times, particularly upon
                                                                    the A5036 Dunnings Bridge Road.


                                                               6.75 SMART VBS was rolled out across operations in
                                                                    two strategic phases during 2010. Phase one,
                                                                    which began in July, covers haulier demand
                                                                    requirements notification whilst the second
                                                                    phase covers haulier nomination of containers for
Mersey Gateway Bridge                                               delivery and collection.

        Switch Island – Ince Blundell Link - funding
        approval for this project was confirmed by             6.76 The new system aims to, and already is,
        Government in October 2010. A planning                      reducing booking rejections and delivering a
        application was approved in December 2010                   consistent turnaround time at the terminal,
        subject to referral to the Government Office for            allowing hauliers to plan their deliveries more
        the North West. At such time as all the                     accurately. It is the intention to extend the VBS to
        permissions are in place, the construction stage            incorporate operations within the Seaforth River

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       Terminal as part of the ongoing design and                therefore be times whereby the movement of
       feasibility process.                                      vessels (around tidal restrictions) will entail the
                                                                 opening of the bridges which may co-incide with
                                                                 the typical AM or PM “rush hour” peak upon the
6.77 The Port will monitor the effectiveness of the VBS
                                                                 road network.
     in terms of meeting the requirements of hauliers
     through the Container Terminal Users Group and
     liaison with the Road Haulage Association. We         6.81 An overarching strategy of the Master Plan seeks
     will continue to liaise with relevant stakeholders,        to develop more sustainable forms of transport
     notably the Highways Agency and the local                  including enhanced usage of the Manchester
     highway authorities mindful of any off-site traffic        Ship Canal for water freight solutions in
     implications that may arise.                               accordance with national policy and objectives.
                                                                This strategy is also manifest in the development
                                                                of complementary and strategic port projects
6.78 In isolated cases there may be a likelihood of
                                                                within the upper reaches at Port Warrington and
     HGVs associated with the container terminal
                                                                Port Salford to supplement a number of other
     backing up beyond the entrance at the Royal
                                                                existing wharves and terminals.
     Seaforth Dock gate. In such circumstances the
     Port Police instigate “Operation Regent” whereby
     hauliers are redirected to the Strand Road Gate       6.82 There is clearly a balance to be struck in
     allowing vehicles to queue within the confines of          promoting sustainable transport and
     the operational port along Regent Road.                    minimising inconvenience experienced to
                                                                motorists arising through opening of the
                                                                swing bridges. As a result, we are actively
       Load Safe & Drive Safe
                                                                engaged with Warrington Borough Council to
                                                                develop a “voluntary” protocol in terms of
6.79 The highly successful “Load Safe” campaign has             managing and mitigating impacts wherever
     attracted national interest and support from the           practicable and importantly sharing information
     Health and Safety Executive, and has seen a                in terms of anticipated shipping activity.
     reduction in the incidences of dangerous and
     abnormal loads and practices. In parallel,
                                                           6.83 A number of working practices are already
     continued efforts have seen a reduction in road
                                                                embedded to minimise undue inconvenience.
     traffic collisions by 66% over the last 12 months.
                                                                For example, movements of maintenance and
     The Mersey Ports have therefore organised and
                                                                dredging vessels are undertaken outside of peak
     initiated another campaign called “Drive Safe”
                                                                times whilst the Mersey Ferry cruise (from
     aimed at making our roads and operational areas
                                                                Liverpool to Salford Quays) takes place outside
     even safer through influencing driver behaviour.
                                                                the AM and PM peaks and at weekends when
                                                                traffic conditions upon the network are
       Warrington Swing Bridges                                 considerably lighter.


6.80 The movement of vessels entering or exiting the             Freight Quality Partnership
     Manchester Ship Canal is tide dependent. There
     is a time window when vessels can enter or leave
                                                           6.84 Freight Quality Partnerships (FQPs) are a means
     the Canal at Eastham Locks. Furthermore, vessel
                                                                for local government, businesses, freight
     movements to the upper reaches of the Canal
                                                                operators, environmental groups, the local
     above Runcorn entail passage through
                                                                community and other interested stakeholders to
     Warrington where there are three swing bridges
                                                                work together to address specific freight transport
     in close succession, all of which are situated
                                                                problems. They provide a forum to achieve best
     upon the local highway network. There will

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Container Barge service passing through Warrington

         practice in environmentally sensitive, economic,           party operators. The Port companies themselves,
         safe and efficient freight transport.                      being the The Mersey Docks and Harbour
                                                                    Company and The Manchester Ship Canal
                                                                    Company, directly employ and can potentially
6.85 There are existing FQPs within the geographical
                                                                    influence the travel behaviour of in the region of
     area of Mersey Ports for Merseyside & Halton
                                                                    450 people, or some 10% of the overall port
     and Greater Manchester. These provide a useful
                                                                    employment.
     forum for discussion linked to the respective
     Local Transport Plans. Peel Ports together with a
     number of other port related operators actively          6.88 Whilst there are some incidences of Port company
     participate and contribute through the FQPs.                  employees using public transport and/or cycling
                                                                   to work and evidence of car sharing between
                                                                   employees, there is no formal Green Travel Plan in
         Green Travel Plans
                                                                   place. On a practical level and as the Port
                                                                   operates on a 24 hour basis there may be
6.86 A Green Travel Plan is ordinarily regarded as a               instances whereby shift patterns fall outside the
     package of measures produced and implemented                  hours of availability of public transport. However, a
     by organisations to encourage their staff to use              matter for consideration during the course of the
     alternatives to single-occupancy car use. For                 Master Plan would be to investigate appropriate
     example, such a plan could include car sharing                initiatives to reduce the reliance of Company
     schemes, improved cycling facilities, a dedicated             employees upon the private car.
     bus service or restrictions upon employee car
     parking spaces. Travel plans can offer benefits not
                                                              6.89 In terms of development projects, the necessity
     only to the organisation and its employees, but
                                                                   for green travel planning can arise as part of a
     also the community that surrounds it by relieving
                                                                   planning condition and/or through a legal
     local parking or congestion problems. They may
                                                                   agreement. For example, the development of the
     also improve an employee’s wellbeing through
                                                                   Seaforth River Terminal will require the
     exercise by walking or cycling and relieve stress
                                                                   preparation and approval of a Green Travel Plan
     on employees through reducing their travel
                                                                   and the appointment of a Travel Plan Co-
     commitments by working from home on occasion.
                                                                   ordinator. The planning approval for LIFT Phase 2
                                                                   will require the future tenants to submit and have
6.87 The level of employment generated within the                  approved a Travel Plan within six months of first
     operational port environment of the Mersey Ports              occupation. Similarly, a Green Travel Plan and
     is estimated to be in excess of 4,000 people                  traffic routing protocols would be appropriate in
     through the many hundreds of tenants and third                relation to the Port Wirral proposal.

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                                                  Socio Economic & Other Con sider ation s




Unloading aluminium at Gladstone Steel Terminal
S oc io Ec on omic & Other Considerations




7. Socio Economic &                                             7.6   The delivery of the Seaforth River Terminal will
                                                                      facilitate direct vessel calls and as a result the
   Other Considerations                                               economic hinterland of the Port will be massively
                                                                      expanded. This because more than 50% of the
7.1     This Chapter sets out the socio-economic                      containers destined for the UK end up closer to
        background and impact of the Port both in terms               the Mersey Ports than the Greater South East
        of existing operations and anticipated future                 ports currently serving the UK. Table 4.2 within
        growth throughout the Master Plan period. It also             Chapter 4 summarises this cost saving
        sets out the background to a number of other                  proposition when comparing the delivery of a
        related considerations in terms of Port operations.           container directly into the Mersey Ports as
                                                                      compared with import via ports in the Greater
                                                                      South East for onward transit overland by either
7.2     The assessment of beneficial economic impacts
                                                                      rail and road.
        should be read in conjunction with the planning
        policy context set out within Chapter 3.
                                                                7.7   Based upon an assessment of the cost savings to
                                                                      companies utilising the new River Terminal and the
        Economic Competitiveness                                      proportion of the container market accounted for
                                                                      by the Region’s firms, a total cost saving benefit
7.3     The economic benefits attributable to the Mersey              can be estimated. For firms in the Liverpool City
        Ports are diverse and extensive both in terms of              Region we have estimated the benefit in reduced
        the creation of direct employment and indirectly              transport costs as circa £16 million per annum, or
        through a number of complementary sectors,                    in excess of £150 million over the Master Plan
        notably logistics. Significantly there are wider              period.
        economic benefits to North Western companies
        through their ability to secure easier access to
                                                                7.8   Given the wider catchment area and population
        supply chains and raw materials and other
                                                                      hinterland of the Mersey Ports such cost savings
        products through the international gateways that
                                                                      will be captured by other companies in the North
        are the Mersey Ports as well as access to
                                                                      West, North East and Midlands. The value of this
        international markets for exports.
                                                                      cost saving benefit through reduced transport
                                                                      costs has been estimated at £71 million per
7.4     Given the Mersey Ports central location for the UK            annum, or in excess of £1.4 billion over the Master
        and Ireland, the connectivity offered through the             Plan period.
        Port of Liverpool and Manchester Ship Canal and
        road/rail linkages to the strategic transport
                                                                      UK Ports and Economic Benefits
        network, their position is highly competitive for the
        onward distribution of goods and services.
                                                                7.9   From a UK perspective a report entitled “The
                                                                      economic contribution of ports to the UK
7.5     In the face of increasing fuel and road freight
                                                                      economy” (March 2009) was undertaken by
        costs and carbon reduction targets, businesses
                                                                      Oxford Economics on behalf of the United
        are actively scrutinising how to reduce their freight
                                                                      Kingdom Major Ports Group (UKMPG). This
        costs and reduce their carbon footprint.
                                                                      concluded that ports are vital for the health of the
        Movement of freight by water and rail is much
                                                                      UK economy and the movement of its population.
        more competitive in terms of cost and emissions
                                                                      Over 95% of all UK imports and exports by
        per mile when compared to equivalent journeys by
                                                                      volume and 75% by value pass through the UK’s
        road.
                                                                      ports. In terms of tonnage handled, the UK ports
                                                                      sector is the largest in Europe.


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                                                                                  Socio Economic & Other Con sider ation s




7.10 The report concluded that in 2007, the ports           7.14 The maritime sector is estimated to have
     sector directly employed 132,000 people or the              contributed £913 million in Gross Value Added
     equivalent of 0.5% of the total employment in the           (GVA) in 2004/5. £710m GVA is a direct effect
     UK. However, when taking into account                       and £203 million is indirect/ induced GVA to the
     indirect/induced employment the UK ports                    local economy. It is likely that the maritime sector
     sector supported 363,000 jobs in 2007, which                accounts for about 5 - 5.5% of GVA on
     put another way, for every job generated in a               Merseyside, which represents a similar
     port, another 1.7 jobs will be generated in the             magnitude to the construction sector.
     economy supporting the port employee.
                                                            7.15 The analysis within the report shows that there
7.11 The UK ports sector is the largest in Europe and            are some 1,000 limited companies located in or
     accordingly contributed some £7.7 billion to                near the local area involved in the maritime
     Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2007, which                 sector on Merseyside. The largest concentration
     represents 0.5% of the total output of the UK               of maritime-related businesses are in Liverpool,
     economy. In total, the ports sector is estimated            Sefton and Wirral.
     to have contributed £3.0 billion in tax receipts in
     2007 through employment taxes and corporation
                                                            7.16 In employment terms the maritime sector has a
     tax.
                                                                 total impact of 26,441 full time jobs i.e.direct
                                                                 employment of 20,543 jobs with indirect/induced
7.12 However, the overall economic impact is even                providing a further 5,898 full time positions.
     greater as ports enable a range of businesses to            Gross value added per employee is £34,600 for
     function, for example, industries heavily reliant           maritime related activities compared to about
     upon the import or export of bulk materials are             £26,000 for Merseyside in general. The maritime
     also enabled by ports particularly in processing            sector on Merseyside therefore offers higher
     and/or value added activities.                              value added employment opportunities.


       Maritime Sector on Merseyside                               Liverpool SuperPort

7.13 The beneficial economic impacts highlighted            7.17 The concept of Liverpool SuperPort has been
     above are equally manifest at the Mersey Ports              highlighted in Chapter 3 and represents a major
     level. The Mersey Maritime report The Maritime              step change in the competitiveness of the
     Sector on Merseyside – Economic Impact Study                Liverpool City Region, the North West, and the
     (January 2007) assessed the direct, indirect,and            rest of the UK. The focus of the SuperPort is on
     induced economic impacts. The key findings are              the realisation and future potential for high
     summarised in the table below.                              quality port, airport, and intermodal freight and


Impact measure                            Direct effects              Indirect/                    Total impact
                                                                   induced effects
Output (£m)                                   1,974                     560                              2,534
Gross value added                              710                      203                               913
Household income (£m)                          543                      155                               698
Employment (FTE employees)                    20,543                    5,898                           26,441


Table 7.1 - Economic impact of the maritime sector on Merseyside

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        passenger facilities. The SuperPort concept                   the anticipated throughput in port volumes (from
        embraces a multitude of private sector-led                    39.64 million tonnes in 2008 to 68.58 million
        infrastructural investments a number of which                 tonnes by 2030), the increasing importance of
        are being promoted by Peel Ports.                             portcentric logistics operations, processing and
                                                                      valued added activities, and the emergence of
                                                                      renewable energy initiatives, notably off-shore
7.18 The potential economic benefits attributable to
                                                                      wind turbine manufacturing and biomass power
     SuperPort have been considered in a report
                                                                      generation.
     Liverpool SuperPort Economic Trends Study
     (August 2009) undertaken on behalf of The
     Mersey Partnership.                                     7.23 Those projects included within the Amion
                                                                  analysis which are under the remit of Mersey
                                                                  Ports and their investment decisions can be
7.19 Liverpool City Region already has a strong array
                                                                  summarised as follows:
     of port, airport and freight infrastructure that will
     provide the foundation for future SuperPort
     developments. As a whole the Study estimated            Net Additional                            2011     2021
     that these assets currently contribute to over          Employment Impact                         - 2020   - 2030   Total
     34,000 jobs and £1.1 billion of GVA per annum
                                                             Seaforth River Terminal                   4,270    1,586    5,856
     to the City Region economy.
                                                             Langton River Terminal                     147       0      147

7.20 When SuperPort comes to fruition the                    Manchester Ship Canal (Logistics Sites)   1,689      0      1,689
     transformational impact upon the economy                Total                                     6,106    1,586    7,692
     has been considered within the Study as being
     highly significant with:
                                                             Net Additional GVA (Million)               £M       £M       £M
        n An additional 28,000 jobs for the
          North West region;                                 Seaforth River Terminal                   1,128    2,451    3,579

        n An additional GVA of up to                         Langton River Terminal                     43       70      113
          £900 million per annum; and
                                                             Manchester Ship Canal (Logistics Sites)    432      805     1,237
        n An additional 73 million tonnes of freight
                                                             Total                                     1,603    3,326    4,929
          traffic per annum handled by Liverpool City
          Region facilities, most of which would be          Table 7.2 - Net Additional Employment & GVA
          otherwise handled in other UK regions.
                                                             7.24 The contributory investments of Mersey Ports to
7.21 The recent publication of the SuperPort Action               the wider SuperPort initiative can therefore be
     Plan incorporates economic analysis by Amion                 summarised as generating some 6,000 new jobs
     Consulting based on available trend and capital              and an additional £1.6 billion GVA by 2020 and
     investment project intelligence.This research                some further 1,500 jobs and an additional £3.3
     forecasts the potential for:                                 billion GVA by 2030.

        n Over 21,000 new jobs and £6.1 billion
          GVA by 2020; and                                   7.25 In addition to the investments by Mersey Ports,
                                                                  many of the Port’s lessees and operators have
        n Nearly 30,000 new jobs and £18.3 billion
                                                                  or continue to promote their own development
          GVA by 2030.
                                                                  projects which entail further capital investment
                                                                  and resulting direct and indirect employment
7.22 From a Mersey Ports perspective much of the                  opportunities. For example, in recent years such
     employment creation and GVA will be driven by                third party investments have included a ship

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                                                                                 Socio Economic & Other Con sider ation s




Liverpool Produce Terminal Employees




        recycling initiative, a palm oil refinery, the      7.27 Following the Stern Review on the Economics of
        erection of new cocoa warehouses,                        Climate Change in 2006 and the publication of a
        infrastructural improvements at Cargill, and the         “Mini Stern” report for the Liverpool City Region
        consenting of waste to energy generation plants          in 2009, it was estimated that some 7,000 jobs
        at Eastham (Biossence) and Alexandra Dock                could be created in the low carbon economy by
        (EMR).                                                   2015. On the basis of latest estimates based
                                                                 upon published reports, research, and
                                                                 consultation with industry the Action Plan has
        Low Carbon Economy
                                                                 forecast that nearly 12,000 new jobs can be
                                                                 created over the next 5 years.
7.26 In Chapter 5 a number of complementary
     sectors have been highlighted which are
                                                            7.28 A number of the activities identified within the
     inextricably linked to use of port infrastructure in
                                                                 Action Plan are geared towards the utilisation of
     particular renewable energy. The Low Carbon
                                                                 Port infrastructure with the opportunity of
     Economy is one of the transformational
                                                                 creating many thousands of new jobs with
     platforms identified within the Liverpool City
                                                                 substantial new investment. The most relevant
     Region. The Mersey Partnership published their
                                                                 initiatives are summarised in the table below.
     Low Carbon Economy Action Plan in February
                                                                 (Table 7.3)
     2011.


Activities                                  Delivery Date         Estimated Cost                   Jobs to 2015

Off Shore Wind (Irish Sea)                  2012-2026             £18b                             3,000
Biomass & Energy from Waste                 2018                  £600m                            940
Mersey Tidal Power                          2020                  £3b                              260

Table 7.3 - Low Carbon Energy - Investment and Jobs

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7.29 As an example of the increasing importance of       7.34 There are a number of ferry services operating
     the Mersey Ports in the low carbon economy,              between the Pier Head and Wirral’s Woodside
     renewable energy developer RES announced                 and Seacombe terminals which provide
     plans to develop a 100-150MW biomass power               commuter links and river cruises. A popular
     station in the Port of Liverpool in October 2010.        cruise links the River Mersey running the full
     This would represent an investment of circa              length of The Manchester Ship Canal and
     £300 milllion and would generate several                 terminating at Salford Quays. There are also
     hundred direct and indirect green collar jobs.           Ship Canal and waterway tours organised from
                                                              Ellesmere Port Boat Museum.
        Training & Skills

7.30 Maritime education and training is well
     represented within the Liverpool City Region
     and as such there is a strong platform for
     delivery of the skills and expertise needed for
     the development of the Mersey Ports Master
     Plan and Liverpool SuperPort


7.31 The Maritime and Engineering College North
     West, part of Mersey Maritime Group, has a very
     successful record of delivering high quality
     training services for employers and students
     including apprenticeships, workforce
     development, and other associated training and
     skills programmes. The Chambers of
     Commerce also have an important role in this
                                                         Mersey Ferry Cruise
     regard.
                                                         7.35 There are three Irish Sea ro-ro services
7.32 Both the University of Liverpool and Liverpool           operating between Mersey Ports and Belfast
     John Moores University offer maritime and                and Dublin, two of which (P&O and Stena Line)
     logistics related qualifications. Hugh Baird             provide accompanied car and passenger
     College in Bootle is well positioned close to the        services. The Isle of Man Steam Packet
     operational port to offer logistics training and         Company provides a direct link between the
     courses to meet anticipated demand arising               Pier Head and Douglas.
     from new employment opportunities. There is an
     important role for the Employment and Skills        7.36 The River Mersey has experienced a growing
     Board going forward and through the                      interest in cruising holidays, with the City of
     progression of the Apprenticeships Strategy.             Liverpool Cruise Terminal opening in 2007 at the
                                                              Pier Head. This facility allows the largest cruise
        Tourism                                               vessels to berth with convenient access for
                                                              passengers to walk ashore into the city centre.
                                                              The luxury cruise ship The World was a recent
7.33 The River Mersey is internationally famous               visitor in August 2010 and the terminal hosted
     thanks to the music of the 1960s known as                the illustrious QE2 on her final visit to Liverpool
     Merseybeat and its strong association with               in October 2008. The terminal has also hosted a
     Liverpool, which produced songs such as Ferry            number of visiting naval vessels including HMS
     Cross The Mersey.

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                                                                              Socio Economic & Other Con sider ation s




       Illustrious in October 2009, and as part of the         circumstances, or location, introduces any extra
       Tall Ships Race in July 2008.                           or unusual hazard to the safety of life on the
                                                               navigable waters of the Port of Liverpool or The
                                                               Manchester Ship Canal, must have the event
7.37 The increasing importance of the River Mersey
                                                               approved by the Harbour Authority, through the
     for tourism continues, for example the planned
                                                               submission of an “Application for Approval of
     return of the Mersey River Festival On the
                                                               Marine Events”
     Waterfront in September 2011.

                                                         7.41 Recreational fishing takes place from a number
       Sport & Recreation
                                                              of public areas adjoining the River Mersey and
                                                              as such this falls outside of the remit of this
7.38 The River Mersey fulfils and supports a diverse          Master Plan. There is fishing permitted off the
     range of sport and recreational activities, for          West Wall of Alexandra Dock within the
     example, sailing, watersports, fishing,                  operational estate. Due to security and health
     birdwatching, with the coastline and associated          and safety considerations only fishing parties of
     promenades offering opportunities for walking            a minimum of 10 persons organised through
     and cycling.                                             the North West Anglers Association are
                                                              permitted through issue of the appropriate
7.39 From a marine perspective there are a number             access pass.
     of sailing clubs upon the River Mersey and the
     Harbourmaster is responsible for the                7.42 There are a number of established nature
     navigational safety of commercial and                    reserves of ornithological importance within the
     recreational craft on the River Mersey and the           geographical area of Mersey Ports. Examples of
     Manchester Ship Canal. This is managed                   such include the Moore Nature Reserve and
     through the Vessel Traffic Services (VTS) system         Woolston Eyes Nature Reserve adjoining the
     and through the periodic issue of directions and         Manchester Ship Canal and Seaforth Nature
     Notice to Mariners advice. Guidance to clubs             Reserve, situated within the operational
     and related organisations is also offered                boundary of the Port of Liverpool.
     through briefing seminars.

                                                         7.43 There are arrangements in place for public
7.40 An individual or organisation planning to hold a         access to the reserves and the management of
     marine event which, by its nature,                       such through wardens and rangers. In the case
                                                              of Seaforth Nature Reserve, there are similar
                                                              security requirements as with fisherman such
                                                              that access passes are required to enable entry
                                                              to the operational Port estate.


                                                               Coastal Access & Rights of Way

                                                         7.44 An element of the Marine and Coastal Access
                                                              Act 2009 sets out the Government’s proposals
                                                              for improving access to the English coast.
                                                              Natural England is leading on the
                                                              implementation of the measures necessary to
                                                              secure enhanced access. A consultation
                                                              Coastal Access: Natural England’s Scheme
Crosby Promenade

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        closed in February 2010. For the purposes of               traffic control and road safety, crime prevention
        the ports sector it has been acknowledged that             advice, supervision of movements of
        operational estates forming statutory                      dangerous/hazardous cargo and auditing and
        undertakings are regarded as “excepted land”.              review of port security measures.
        The constraints regarding health and safety and
        port security are such that the coastal access
                                                             7.49 There is joint planning and co-operation with
        trail will avoid passing through ports and it will
                                                                  Merseyside, Cheshire, and Greater Manchester
        be necessary for detours to be provided inland.
                                                                  Police, other emergency services, local
                                                                  authorities and relevant agencies on the subject
7.45 However, we acknowledge that access and                      of emergency planning and exercises. The force
     enjoyment of the coast is of public benefit and              also has a close working relationship with the
     there are a number of concessionary                          UK Border Agency (UKBA) and VOSA.
     arrangements whereby footpaths can be
     provided outside of the Port estate. For
                                                             7.50 TRANSEC (DfT) has responsibility for the UK
     example, as part of the Seaforth River Terminal
                                                                  National Maritime Security Programme which
     project there are agreed provisions for coastal
                                                                  brings together the UK’s maritime security
     access from Crosby Marine Park to the Radar
                                                                  regime and the various international and
     Tower thereby providing a valuable viewpoint
                                                                  European initiatives to provide a
     over Antony Gormley's Another Place and the
                                                                  comprehensive protective security regime for
     wider Mersey estuary.
                                                                  UK ships and ports.

7.46 A number of routes have also been laid out in
                                                             7.51 The aim of maritime security is to detect and
     the vicinity of the Twelve Quays ro-ro terminal
                                                                  deter security threats and take preventative
     providing safe pedestrian access to the sea
                                                                  measures against security incidents affecting
     wall. Where public rights of way are in existence,
                                                                  ships or port facilities and to protect from harm
     they do not pass through operational sites and
                                                                  passengers, crews, ships and their cargoes,
     terminals. However, the route of some footpaths
                                                                  port facilities and the people who work and live
     may entail shared surfaces and usage with
                                                                  in port areas. Following the attacks on the USA
     vehicular traffic such as at Acton Grange,
                                                                  on September 11 2001, the International
     Warrington.
                                                                  Maritime Organisation (IMO) adopted a new
                                                                  international instrument called the International
        Port Security & Policing                                  Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code.


7.47 The Port of Liverpool Police have a jurisdiction        7.52 All persons working within the Port of Liverpool
     over an area of some 70 square miles on both                 and the Manchester Ship Canal are required to
     sides of the River Mersey comprising the                     be issued with an ISPS pass. In addition
     operational port estate together with the 36 mile            passes are issued to bird watchers visiting
     length of the Manchester Ship Canal, and one                 Seaforth Nature Reserve, fishermen who are
     mile outside of those limits. A current police               affiliated to sea angling clubs and the World
     force of 34 officers is supported by private                 Ship Society. Under the ISPS code, facilities
     security contracts.                                          which have ship to shore contact must have a
                                                                  port facility plan (PFSP). The types of facilities
                                                                  are chemical, oil, gas (COG), passenger (PAX),
7.48 The duties of the Port Police consist of a full
                                                                  international containers & ro-ro traffic (CRR)
     range of normal police activities including
                                                                  and other bulk cargo (OBC).
     boundary patrol and preventing unauthorised
     access, responding to alarms and incidents,

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                                                                                Socio Economic & Other Con sider ation s




Port security and multi-agency working

7.53 The Port of Liverpool Police assist various forces          upon operational areas in terms of the
     who have counter terrorism branches in                      requirements for the maintenance and
     intelligence-led targeting of ships which visit the         enhancement of fencing, security lighting, CCTV
     Port, along with other partner agencies. The                installations, and the erection of specialist
     UKBA uses radiation screening equipment at                  buildings. It is also for such reasons that tree
     United Kingdom ports and airports to detect                 planting within the Port is often not conducive to
     radioactive materials in incoming traffic. The              maintaining unhindered visibility and
     radiation screening programme is called                     surveillance.
     Cyclamen' and is an important part of the United
     Kingdom's counter-terrorism strategy.
                                                                 Health & Safety
     ‘Cyclamen's’ aim is to deter and detect the illicit
     movement of nuclear and radioactive materials
     that might be used in a terrorist device. This is     7.55 The Mersey Ports recognise and accept its
     undertaken by screening inbound port traffic at            responsibilities in terms of the Health and Safety
     key points of entry to the United Kingdom.                 at Work Act 1974 as included within the
                                                                Corporate Health & Safety Policy Statement
                                                                (August 2010). It is considered that the best
7.54 The importance of Port security and its
                                                                interests of the Mersey Ports and of their
     relationship to the planning system is manifest
                                                                employees are served by a positive approach to


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                                                                                      Vessel passing Runcorn lay-by berth


        health and safety by management and                   Port Marine Safety Code
        employees. This will help to prevent work-
        related accidents and ill health as well as
                                                        7.57 The Port Marine Safety Code (the Code) applies
        damage to plant, equipment, cargo and the
                                                             to all harbour authorities. ‘‘The duty holder’’ is
        environment and this ensures continuing
                                                             directly accountable for the safety of marine
        prosperity for the Mersey Ports and their
                                                             operations in their waters and approaches. In
        employees.
                                                             most authorities, the Statutory Harbour Authority
                                                             is the duty holder, so Board members should
7.56 The Mersey Ports are fully committed to                 regard themselves as individually and
     continuous improvement in matters concerning            collectively responsible for meeting the Code’s
     health and safety and will work to achieve this         standards. The Code has been developed to
     through setting objectives and targets which are        improve safety in UK ports and to enable
     both achievable and quantifiable. For example,          harbour authorities to manage their marine
     for the period of 2006-2009 the number of               operations to nationally agreed standards.
     reportable incidents was reduced from 38 to 11
     (a reduction of circa 70%). The port industry
                                                        7.58 Peel Ports has published a policy statement in
     Accident Incidence Rate (AIR) was 2.0 in 2009,
                                                             respect of its responsibilities both collectively
     whilst the combined rate for Mersey Docks and
                                                             and individually as applicable to its respective
     Harbour Company and The Manchester Ship
                                                             harbour authorities. This was approved by the
     Canal Company was 1.6.
                                                             Board of Peel Ports on 15th August 2008 and is
                                                             subject to review three years thereafter.




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                                            Environmental Con sider ation s




Canada Banch Dock No.1, Port of Liverpool
En vir on men tal Considerations




8. Environmental                                                         through the use of integrated environmental
                                                                         management procedures and planning;
   Considerations
                                                                         ii. development of environmental performance
8.1     This Chapter outlines the environmental                          evaluation procedures and associated
        considerations relating to the current and future                indicators;
        operations at the Mersey Ports. As statutory
                                                                         iii. preventing pollution, reducing waste and the
        harbour authorities, licensing authorities and
                                                                         consumption of resources (materials, fuel and
        significant landowners the Mersey Docks and
                                                                         energy), and committing to recovery and
        Harbour Company and the Manchester Ship
                                                                         recycling, as opposed to disposal where
        Canal Company have environmental duties laid
                                                                         feasible;
        out in statute. Government policy also requires
        harbour authorities to strike an appropriate                     iv. educating and training employees,
        balance between the long term protection of the                  contractors and customers;
        environment and the securing of sustainable
        economic growth. Environmental considerations                    v. communicating with the relevant authorities
        also form key elements of regulatory applications                regulators and stakeholders and consulting
        through formal environmental assessment, with                    where there are areas of common interest;
        mitigation measures often secured through
        imposition of planning conditions.                               vi. working towards sustainable development;
                                                                         and

8.2     In discharging its roles, the Mersey Ports remain                vii. encouraging responsible environmental
        committed to their continuing compliance with all                behaviour by suppliers and contractors.
        applicable environmental legislation and other
        relevant requirements in the pursuit of their duties          n Work to prevent environmental damage and
        and powers and will take these fully into account               maintain a high level of preparedness to
        in their actions and decisions alongside its pursuit            reduce the effects of any occurrences within
        of the sustainability objectives established by the             the Port.
        Government.
                                                                      n Publish environmental data periodically,
                                                                        amend its policy where applicable and make
8.3     To this end it is the company’s policy that it shall:
                                                                        the policy available to the public.
        n Maintain an environmental management
          system to assess the impacts of the                   8.4   The Mersey Ports are committed to continual
          company’s activities on the environment,                    improvement in their performance, in their use of
          including the establishment of a suite of                   resources to accomplish this and to working
          environmental measures;                                     towards obtaining certification under the ISO
                                                                      14001:2004 environmental standard. Mersey Ports,
        n Follow best environmental practice in regard to             as part of the wider Peel Group was awarded the
          its own activities and provide appropriate                  Carbon Trust Standard in September 2009 in
          management of the estate;                                   recognition of carbon reduction measures as well
                                                                      as participating in the corporate social
        n Set objectives and targets through the
                                                                      responsibility (CSR) initiatives of the parent Group.
          implementation of an environmental
          management programme with a view to:
                                                                8.5   The following sections are arranged in
             i. minimising any significant adverse                    alphabetical order relating to a range and diversity
             environmental impacts of new developments                of environmental matters applicable to the Mersey

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                                                                                                 Environmental Con sider ation s




       Ports. The purpose of the Master Plan is not to go      8.10   For their part and since December 1997, local
       into the same degree of detail as would be                     authorities have been carrying out a review and
       necessary for an Environmental Statement                       assessment of air quality in their respective areas.
       accompanying either a planning application or a                This involves measuring air pollution and trying to
       Harbour Revision Order, but to signpost the key                predict how it will change over the subsequent
       and relevant environmental considerations.                     years.The aim of the review is to make sure that
                                                                      the national air quality objectives will be achieved
                                                                      throughout the UK. These objectives have been
8.6    Wherever possible we set out examples of good
                                                                      put in place to protect people's health and the
       practice and also explain in the context of new
                                                                      environment. If a local authority finds any places
       developments how we intend to provide mitigation
                                                                      where the objectives are not likely to be achieved,
       measures to reduce impact. In certain cases we
                                                                      it must declare an Air Quality Management Area
       are able to highlight good working practices and
                                                                      (AQMA) there, and put together a plan to improve
       the improvements being undertaken by some of
                                                                      the air quality - a Local Air Quality Action Plan.
       our third party tenants or operators.

                                                               8.11   Within the geographical coverage of the Mersey
       Air Quality
                                                                      Ports there are a number of AQMA’s which have
                                                                      an interface with Port operations with Liverpool,
8.7    There are two areas in which Port activities have              Sefton, and Trafford Councils having formal
       the potential to impact upon air quality. Firstly, in          designations. All AQMA’s have been declared in
       relation to certain Port operations, notably the               respect of Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) with the Sefton
       handling of dry bulks which have the potential to              AQMA’s also including for particulate matter
       generate dust. There are also Port installations               (PM10). The AQMA’s are heavily influenced by
       giving potential rise to process emissions as well             road traffic (not all of which is Port related) but
       as through the operation of plant or machinery.                process emissions have the potential to contribute
       Secondly, transportation movements to and from                 to local conditions. However, as an example the
       the Port, particularly through HGV movements in                number of exceedances of the PM10 daily
       close proximity to potentially sensitive                       standard measured at Millers Bridge AQMA in
       receptors such as residential properties.                      2009 remain significantly lower than in 2007, with
                                                                      monitoring and assessment continuing to be
8.8    The handling of dry bulks is an important and                  undertaken in this case by Sefton Council. At both
       ongoing part of the Mersey Ports strategy, with                the Eon Bulk Terminal and Manisty Coal Terminal
       activities undertaken at the Port’s own terminals              fixed PM10 monitoring is undertaken with the
       and upon numerous third party terminals. The                   results shared with the regulators.
       diversity of dry bulks handled includes such
       commodities as coal, scrap metal, grain, animal         8.12   The Environmental Permitting Regulations
       feeds, biomass, and rock salt.                                 (England and Wales) 2010 were introduced on
                                                                      April 6 2010, replacing the 2007 Regulations. In
8.9    A number of terminals are classified as permitted              2007 the Regulations combined the Pollution
       processes under the Environmental Permitting                   Prevention and Control (PPC) and Waste
       Regulations and as such there are several                      Management Licensing (WML) regulations. In the
       regulators who have legislative responsibility – the           case of existing Port activities the Environment
       local authorities, the Port health authorities, and            Agency is responsible for ensuring that any
       the Environment Agency. The Mersey Ports are                   processes fully comply with the relevant emission
       committed to working with all of the relevant                  standards through the issue of a permit to
       agencies in addressing air quality matters both                operate.
       upon and adjoining their operational landholdings.


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8.13    The promotion of any new Port-related project                   sweepers for cleansing of Port highways to
        which has the potential to cause emissions and                  prevent dust being re-suspended by other traffic.
        have a significant environmental impact would                   For example, such working practices are
        require a planning application and an                           deployed in handling potentially dusty cargoes at
        accompanying environmental impact assessment                    Birkenhead Docks and Runcorn Docks.
        to include a study into air quality whilst taking into
        account the existence of any designated AQMA.
                                                                 8.16   A major feature of the Eon Bulk Terminal at
        The determination of a project by a local planning
                                                                        Gladstone Dock are the environmental controls
        authority is entirely without prejudice to the
                                                                        designed to minimise coal dust emissions. This
        outcome of any such permitting application
                                                                        involves dust suppression sprays fitted on fixed
        submitted separately to the Environment Agency.
                                                                        conveying plant and around the coal stockyard. In
                                                                        addition a water bowser is used for coal stocks to
8.14    In cases whereby an existing site or future                     prevent dust and a high close boarded fence
        development project entails the storage and/or                  significantly intercepts wind speeds and hence
        use of hazardous substances there are further                   reduces the prevalence of particles travelling
        legislative requirements in place for operators to              further afield. At Manisty Wharf there are spray
        apply for Hazardous Substances Consent. This is                 guns which can be operated automatically or
        a matter for determination by the local planning                manually to suppress the dust.
        authority taking into account any advice or
        recommendations of the Health and Safety
                                                                 8.17   In preceding chapters the beneficial use of water
        Executive.
                                                                        freight has been highlighted in terms of our future
                                                                        growth strategy and the cost savings for supply
8.15    In terms of managing and mitigating the effects                 chain logistics. Freight transport by water is
        upon air quality a number of physical and                       cleaner than transport by road, as moving goods
        management practices can be employed by port                    by water is more fuel efficient, leading to CO2
        operators. For its own operations the Mersey                    emissions that can be one-quarter to those of
        Ports have adopted a Code of Practice for the                   road transport. However, notwithstanding the
        handling of dry bulk commodities to minimise                    sustainable benefits of water freight, there is an
        dust emissions emanating from its terminals. For                increasing interest in the quality of fuel burnt by
        example, such practices include working bulk                    vessels whilst in UK ports and the implications of
        stockpiles on the leeward side of the wind,                     their emissions upon local air quality.
        sheeting of vehicles, and the deployment of road




                                                                                            Coal discharging at Liverpool Bulk Terminal

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8.18   At an international level through the International       n Ramsar Sites – areas listed under the International
       Maritime Organisation (IMO) there are discussions           Convention on Wetlands of International
       regarding the introduction of “cold ironing”. This          Importance, especially as waterfowl habitat,
       entails the provision and use of a portside                 signed at Ramsar, Iran in 1971;
       electricity supply to replace ships generators and
       hence obviate the necessity for use of the vessels        n Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) – areas
       auxillary engines when berthed. Cold ironing is not         protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act
       of a universal standard as global ports vary in             1981 for the protection and conservation of flora
       terms of their age and suitability of infrastructure        and fauna.
       whilst visiting vessels are diverse in size, age and
       with electrical configurations to a variety of         8.21   SPAs and SACs are collectively known as
       voltages and frequencies. It is considered that a             “European Sites” and are the basis for the
       common standard will need to be established                   creation of the “Natura 2000” network. Fig 8.1
       through the IMO before cold ironing can become                below illustrates the spatial distribution of the
       a realistic proposition.                                      internationally designated sites.


8.19   However, in the interim and taking into account the
       recommendations of the Interim Ports Policy
       Review (July 2007) any potential infrastructure
       projects should be expected to examine and
       provide for suitable provision for cold ironing. In
       the case of the Seaforth River Terminal advanced
       provision of ducting as part of the terminal layout
       and design would enable retrofitting of shore side
       electrical connections at some future date.


       Biodiversity

8.20   The location of the Mersey Ports within an
       estuarine environment are such that shipping
       activity and port operations co-exist with a number
       of nature conservation sites of national and
       international importance. The relevant
       designations are as follows:


   n Special Protection Area (SPA) – areas protected
     under European Council Directive 79/409/EEC for
     the conservation of wild birds (The Birds
     Directive);

   n Special Area of Conservation (SAC) – areas
     protected under European Council Directive               Figure 8.1 - Internationally Designated Sites
     92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats
     and of wild flora and fauna (The Habitats
                                                              8.22   A number of the international designations also
     Directive);
                                                                     co-incide with other national designations. For
                                                                     example, the Mersey Narrows is also classified as


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        a SSSI and within which there is a designation of
        Seaforth Local Nature Reserve. Upon the
        Manchester Ship Canal, Woolston Eyes is
        designated as a SSSI and adjoining Port
        Warrington lies Moore Nature Reserve.


8.23    A number of the national and international
        designations highlighted above are well
        established with the most recent formal
        designation being the Liverpool Bay SPA in
        August 2010. There is an outstanding designation
        for the Mersey Narrows and North Wirral                 Seaforth Nature Reserve
        Foreshore (pSPA and Ramsar) which is being
                                                                         brownfield sites. For more significant projects
        considered by DEFRA. All of the designations
                                                                         either upon or in close proximity to designated
        have been made since the opening of the core
                                                                         sites an Environmental Impact Assessment will be
        port facilities at the Mersey Ports and there is
                                                                         undertaken in close liaison with stakeholders and
        recognition therefore that the operation of Port
                                                                         regulators. At a local level there are also
        facilities must continue alongside the
                                                                         Biodiversity Action Plans published by local
        designations.
                                                                         authorities, with targets and enhancements often
                                                                         being secured and implemented through the
8.24    During the timescale of this Master Plan, and                    imposition of conditions upon planning consents.
        taking into account the emerging policy framework
        applicable to the marine environment, there are
                                                                8.27     Where a port project is likely to have a significant
        likely to be further assessments and designations
                                                                         effect on a European site, Appropriate
        particularly associated with the Irish Sea
                                                                         Assessment must be undertaken by the
        Conservation Zone initiative. The Mersey Ports will
                                                                         competent authority that takes the decision on a
        continue to work with all relevant stakeholders to
                                                                         plan or project. For land use planning decisions
        inform and reconcile potential Port issues with
                                                                         this is normally the local planning authority. If such
        biodiversity interests through for example, the
                                                                         assessment concludes that there will be an
        North West Coastal Forum.
                                                                         adverse effect on the integrity of the site, alone or
                                                                         in combination with other projects, permission for
8.25    The Mersey Ports seek to conduct their                           the development can only be given in the absence
        undertakings in such a way as to cause as little                 of alternative solutions, and the project should
        impact to designated areas as possible                           proceed only for “imperative reasons of overriding
        commensurate with the running of a commercial                    public interest” (IROPI). Projects should also
        operation; as always the key is to maintain the                  examine the opportunity to mitigate against
        right balance. Furthermore, during the long time                 adverse impacts and/or provide for compensatory
        horizon of this Master Plan, and the likelihood of               measures. Developments within SSSIs are subject
        the changes particularly highlighted within Chapter              to policies within PPS9 ‘Biodiversity and
        5, it will be essential that impacts (and mitigation)            Geological Conservation’, which require special
        upon designated sites are properly assessed.                     circumstances to be demonstrated before
                                                                         development can be permitted.

8.26    In a number of cases developments upon existing
        Port land are unlikely to have any decipherable         8.28     The implications for biodiversity from a marine
        impact upon biodiversity, given they will effectively            perspective are examined in subsequent sections
        involve the re-use or redevelopment of existing                  notably ‘Dredging’ and ‘Water Quality’.


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       Climate Change                                                   Contaminated Land

8.29   The Climate Change Act 2008 sets out the UK’s             8.33   An important consideration in the progression of
       long term framework for tackling climate change. It              Port projects concerns the likelihood of
       seeks to address both the cause and                              contamination upon development sites. Soil/land
       consequences of climate change.                                  may inadvertently become contaminated through
                                                                        Port development - cargo handling and storage
                                                                        may cause runoff, spills or leakage upon
8.30   Scientific evidence suggests that the global
                                                                        operational areas. In addition the historical use of
       climate is changing as a result of human activity
                                                                        sites acquired for Port expansion purposes (e.g.
       (principally because of carbon dioxide and other
                                                                        Bridgewater Paper Mill) are equally as important to
       greenhouse gas emissions). The nature of
                                                                        assess. The Mersey Ports are continuing to
       changes will vary from place to place, and
                                                                        improve their operating procedures and that of
       impacts will be different for different activities. The
                                                                        external suppliers and contractors to ensure
       Adaptation Reporting Powers, brought forward
                                                                        prevention of contamination and ongoing training
       under the Climate Change Act 2008, enable
                                                                        and awareness of compliance with all
       Government to require a wide range of
                                                                        environmental regulations.
       organisations, including harbour authorities and
       large port operators (such as Peel Ports), to report
       on how we will respond to climate change impacts          8.34   In the majority of cases planning applications
       expected across our operations.                                  submitted to the local authority for Port projects
                                                                        would be expected to be accompanied at the very
                                                                        least by a desktop study covering an historical
8.31   A threshold has been derived applicable to
                                                                        assessment of past site usage. In certain
       harbour authorities dealing with more than 10
                                                                        circumstances intrusive site investigation surveys
       million tonnes cargo per annum. A formal
                                                                        and remediation strategies are submitted for
       Direction was issued to The Mersey Docks and
                                                                        assessment and approval either as part of a
       Harbour Company in March 2010 requiring the
                                                                        planning application or in compliance with a
       submission of its report by March 31 2011. Our
                                                                        planning condition attached to a consent.
       report considers the potential impacts of climate
       change to both our statutory harbour operations
       and upon our terminals together with plans for            8.35   The remediation of sites through in situ
       adapting to the impacts. This requirement does                   encapsulation and/or treatment of potentially
       not apply to the Manchester Ship Canal                           harmful substances is preferred in terms of
       Company as its port throughput (of 7.4 million                   minimising HGV movements of material off-site
       tonnes) does not meet the qualifying threshold.                  whilst also reducing the reliance upon the scarcity
                                                                        of landfill sites. Such a strategy is dependent upon
                                                                        ensuring no “pathway” for contaminants to pass
8.32   An external risk expert institute, Cranfield
                                                                        and would have to be approved in conjunction
       University, will analyse the quality of the risk
                                                                        with key stakeholders, notably environmental
       assessment, and the reports (of the ports sector)
                                                                        health officers (on behalf of the local planning
       will be combined and used to assess how resilient
                                                                        authority) and the Environment Agency.
       the country’s operations as a whole are to the
       medium and long-term risks and opportunities
       presented by climate change.                              8.36   In terms of site development and as part of value
                                                                        engineering, when undertaking construction work,
                                                                        it is often advantageous to deploy the use of a
                                                                        mobile crushing plant to turn excavated material
                                                                        that would previously have gone to landfill into


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        usable engineering fill. This is an economic and
        sustainable option in an increasing number of
        cases, even for relatively small quantities of
        material. Wherever possible the Mersey Ports will
        look to reuse, recycle and reprocess any materials
        or by-products arising from a development or
        process before classifying as waste and resorting
        to landfill. The infilling of some of the former
        operational docks, for example Wallasey Dock at
        Twelve Quays has been undertaken utilising inert
        fill in compliance with planning and environmental
        consents.
                                                                Frodsham Deposit Grounds

                                                                8.39    During the lifespan of the master plan and taking
        Dredging                                                        into account the finite capacity in respect of the
                                                                        deposition sites at Frodsham and Woolston further
8.37    The River Mersey is a highly dynamic estuary with               initiatives could entail an investigation into the
        the sediments moving on a tidal basis. As such,                 beneficial re-use of reclaimed material from
        routine hydrographic surveys are conducted in all               existing sites thereby creating further resilience in
        channel areas. The hydrographic surveys are                     operational capacity and/or the potential for
        primarily conducted by multibeam techniques                     acquisition of adjoining lands to create expanded
        enabling 100% coverage of the seabed. The                       deposition sites.
        survey results are distributed for safe navigation in
        the Port and used to direct dredging operations.        8.40    Both maintenance and capital dredging are
        The Mersey Ports conduct maintenance dredging                   managed through the Marine Management
        to keep the channels and docks open for safe                    Organisation using the FEPA (Food and
        navigation. Additionally, other operators on the                Environment Protection Act 1985) licensing
        Mersey, such as the Port of Garston and                         procedures. As part of this process a new
        Bromborough Wharf conduct their own                             dredging protocol has been commissioned by the
        maintenance activities. A comparable approach to                Mersey Ports. The dredging protocol is designed
        surveying and dredging is also undertaken upon                  to present all the procedures for the FEPA Licence
        the Manchester Ship Canal.                                      in one complete document that may then be used
                                                                        as a baseline by statutory agencies. Importantly
8.38    Capital dredging is also conducted in areas of                  this document will allow Natural England to
        new development often under the terms of an                     consider and endorse an Appropriate
        approval assessed in accordance with the                        Assessment. In addition to the requirements of the
        Harbour Works (EIA) Regulations 1999. The                       Habitat Regulations it also addresses the
        deposition of dredged material arising from the                 requirements under the EU Water Framework
        Port of Liverpool takes place off-shore, whilst upon            Directive and the EU Environmental Quality
        the Ship Canal there are two dedicated deposition               Standards Directive in respect of maintenance
        sites at Frodsham and Woolston. The beneficial                  dredging. The baseline document will accompany
        re-use of dredged material without recourse to off-             all future licence applications for maintenance
        shore disposition is of course worthy of                        dredging.
        consideration, although the difficulty arises in
        finding suitable schemes for using the material at      8.41    In May 2010 the Mersey Ports in conjunction with
        the appropriate time, as well as considering the                Westminster Dredging Company introduced
        quality of the material to support the subsequent               Shoalway, a new state of the art trailing suction
        land use.

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       hopper dredger, capable of operating to a depth
       of 30 metres, and which replaced the former
       Mersey Venture. The new dredger has a larger
       capacity than its predecessor, hence the number
       of dredging occurrences is less and hence fuel
       usage has been reduced.


       Energy Efficiency

8.42 Peel Ports Ltd, together with other Peel Group
     companies, was awarded the Carbon Trust
     Standard on September 1 2009. The Carbon
     Trust Standard recognises organisations for real
     carbon reduction. To achieve this award Peel
     Ports has demonstrated that it has robust
     processes for measuring its carbon footprint and
     has achieved real reductions in carbon
     emissions over the last three years.

                                                              Combined Heat and Power Plant, Port of Liverpool
8.43 From April 1 2010 Peel Ports has had to comply
     with the CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme                    8.45     At the Royal Seaforth Container Terminal straddle
     legislation. The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme                     carriers are deployed to move containers between
     (CRC) is a new regulatory incentive to improve                    ship to stack and to/from HGVs. Through the
     energy efficiency in large public and private                     fitting of a GPS (global positioning system) to the
     sector organisations. As one of around 5000                       34 straddle carriers energy consumption (primarily
     participating organisations, Peel Ports is required               diesel usage) has been reduced. The systems
     to measure its carbon emissions and purchase                      automatically allocate work and thereby ensure
     carbon credits annually. An annual league table                   more efficient use of fuel and the elimination of
     will be published showing the relative                            unnecessary travel. There is also less wear and
     performance of participating organisations.                       tear upon the straddle carrier fleet and an overall
                                                                       improvement in terminal efficiency.

8.44   In terms of driving reduced energy consumption
       within the Port of Liverpool, it has been identified   8.46     The introduction of “green” straddle carriers is
       that the top six internal consumption areas                     also being investigated as part of the future
       account for some 85% of overall electricity usage.              implementation of the Seaforth River Terminal.
       Such areas include the impounding (pumping)                     These utilise hybrid technology allowing hoist
       stations, the grain terminal, and the administrative            motors to be used as generators when lowering
       offices at The Maritime Centre. The establishment               containers. The energy produced can be stored
       of energy managers for each area has resulted in                until it is needed. Similarly, when straddle carriers
       a focussed effort to monitor and manage                         are braking or decelerating, energy can be
       electricity consumption and to progress ideas for               produced from the electric drive system and
       improvement. From 2008/09 to 2009/10 our                        stored. It is envisaged there will be an additional
       electricity consumption was reduced by 11% and                  28 “green” straddle carriers deployed at the new
       in the first six months of 2010/11 the Port of                  terminal.
       Liverpool has further reduced by 5%.




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8.47    In 2009 a review was undertaken into the number                 exception test” which local planning uthorities
        of company vehicles being deployed throughout                   (LPAs) should apply to proposed developments.
        the Mersey Ports with the objective of reducing the
        dependence upon sole usage vehicles and                  8.51   Table D2 of the PPS sets out a Flood Risk
        consequently reducing energy consumption. As a                  Vulnerability Classification including a range of
        result the number of vehicles was reduced by one-               water compatible development which includes
        third with the ongoing emphasis upon use of                     “docks, marinas and wharves”. Table D3 Flood
        “pool” vehicles. Furthermore any new vehicle                    Risk Vulnerability and Flood Zone ‘Compatibility’
        acquisitions are specifically sourced on the basis              identifies that water compatible development is
        of the lowest tax band applicable to lower                      appropriate in all areas of flood risk vulnerability
        emission models, taking into account their                      and on this basis the sequential and exception
        appropriateness for operational use.                            tests are not applicable.


8.48    In relation to the progression and deliver of new        8.52   In promoting Port projects for both new harbour
        port projects particularly those highlighted within             infrastructure and new build premises or other
        Chapter 5 Mersey Ports (and their development                   bespoke projects, it may be a requirement for any
        partners) will continue to liaise with utility and              regulatory applications to be accompanied by a
        service providers in respect of the resilience of               Flood Risk Assessment (FRA). Such assessments
        existing infrastructure. For example, a number of               would be expected to evaluate the sources of
        energy from waste plants have been consented,                   flooding from rivers and tidal waters, from
        with several biomass power stations currently                   overland runoff, from groundwater, and from
        being progressed through the planning process.                  sewers and drains. The specifics of the project
                                                                        and local circumstances may be such that
                                                                        mitigation measures may be required.
        Flooding

                                                                 8.53   As an example, the Environmental Impact
8.49    Flooding from rivers and coastal waters contribute
                                                                        Assessment prepared to accompany the Harbour
        to the shaping of the natural environment whilst
                                                                        Revision Order for the Seaforth River Terminal
        incidences can threaten life and cause damage to
                                                                        included an FRA. In construction terms the
        property and infrastructure. The effects of weather
                                                                        proposed quay wall will provide a high level of
        events upon land use and Port operations are
                                                                        protection against flooding from extreme events
        likely to change as a result of climatic change (a
                                                                        as it would be built to a minimum of 12 metres
        matter addressed as part of the Adaptation
                                                                        above chart datum. The 1 in 200 year return
        Reporting Powers highlighted above). Although
                                                                        period for extreme sea level for Liverpool is
        flooding cannot wholly be prevented, its impacts
                                                                        predicted to be some 11.43 metres above chart
        can be avoided and reduced through proper
                                                                        datum. The overall likely impact of the proposal on
        planning and incorporation of mitigation
                                                                        coastal defences and coastal protection was
        measures.
                                                                        assessed as being negligible.

8.50    The aims of planning policy as set out within PPS
                                                                 8.54   The Manchester Ship Canal receives water from a
        25 ‘Development and Flood Risk’ are to ensure
                                                                        variety of sources and has a catchment of some
        that flood risk is taken into account at all stages of
                                                                        3000 sq.km. At its eastern limit in Manchester, the
        the planning process to avoid inappropriate
                                                                        canal is fed by the River Irwell discharging at its
        development in areas of risk of flooding, and to
                                                                        western limit into the Mersey Estuary.
        direct development away from those areas at
        highest risk. PPS25 specifies a “sequential and



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8.55     The canal is linked to the River Mersey at three             Manchester Ship Canal. The aqueduct, which is
         locations, Howley Weir (in Warrington), the River            the first and only swing aqueduct in the world, is a
         Weaver Sluices, and at Eastham Locks. The                    Grade II* listed building and is considered a major
         sluicing capacity of the canal is capable of                 feat of Victorian civil engineering.
         accommodating flows and enduring tidal events
         without overtopping of the canal.
                                                               8.59   In such cases where Port development projects
                                                                      have a potential impact upon the character and
         Heritage                                                     appearance of a conservation area and/or upon
                                                                      the special architectural or historical interest of a
                                                                      listed building, such matters would have to be
8.56     The Port of Liverpool and The Manchester Ship
                                                                      assessed by the local planning authority as part of
         Canal have a rich and varied maritime history as
                                                                      the formal consenting procedures.
         referenced within Chapter 2. This history is
         manifest in a number of buildings, structures, and
         other areas of interest. There are a number of        8.60   A scheduled ancient monument known as
         statutory designations associated with such                  Stanlow Abbey is situated within the operational
         heritage interests which fall within the                     Port estate close to Stanlow Oil Docks upon
         geographical scope of Mersey Ports – listed                  Stanlow Island. The standing remains include two
         buildings, conservation areas, a World Heritage              sandstone walls and a re-used doorway, and the
         site, and a scheduled ancient monument.                      buried features include part of a drain leading to
                                                                      the River Gowy. With these remains being situated
                                                                      within the operational area of the Stanlow
8.57     There are several listed buildings which are
                                                                      Manufacturing Complex and accessible only by
         situated within the Port of Liverpool estate
                                                                      crossing the Ship Canal, we are in liaison with
         including a number of pump houses, the Sugar
                                                                      English Heritage to allow period inspection and to
         Silo, and the original Port boundary wall. A small
                                                                      enable a photographic record of the remaining
         proportion of the operational Port estate lies in
                                                                      structure.
         close proximity to the Liverpool Maritime
         Mercantile City World Heritage Site (WHS).
         Wellington and Sandon Docks are situated within              Odour
         the “buffer zone” whilst a linear stretch of Regent
         Road is situated within the Stanley Dock
                                                               8.61   The incidence of odour emanating from
         Conservation Area/WHS Character Area.
                                                                      operational Port estates can be attributable to the
                                                                      handling of bespoke cargoes and/or from certain
8.58     Upon the Ship Canal, the Barton Swing Aqueduct               process-related Port operations. The close
         carries the Bridgewater Canal across the                     proximity of certain residential areas to the Port
                                                                      estate is such that odour nuisance may have the
                                                                      potential to have a detrimental impact on the
                                                                      quality of the local environment. This being
                                                                      particularly so when prevailing winds from a south
                                                                      westerly direction have the potential to disperse
                                                                      odour across the residential communities of
                                                                      Bootle, for example.


                                                               8.62   Under section 79 of the Environmental Protection
                                                                      Act 1990, local authorities have a duty to take
                                                                      reasonably practicable steps to investigate
                                                                      complaints of various nuisances, including "any
Sugar Silo, a Grade II* Listed Building

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        dust, steam, smell or other effluvia arising on              shipping activity and landside port operations by
        industrial, trade or business premises and being             their very nature can take place 24/7.
        prejudicial to health or a nuisance". This measure
        is most commonly used to deal with odour (smell)
                                                              8.66   As well as there being extensive operational Port
        nuisance, where these are not controlled under
                                                                     land there are a number of locations whereby
        Environmental Permitting Regulations 2007.
                                                                     residential properties lie in close proximity to the
                                                                     Port boundaries. For example, the communities of
8.63    Through close working relationship and liaison with          Bootle and Waterloo adjoin the Port of Liverpool
        both environmental health and Port health                    and Eastham Village lies close to QEII Dock and
        authorities there are generally very few odour               the entrance to the Manchester Ship Canal.
        incidents and any such complaints are investigated
        with the requirements for management and
                                                              8.67   It is therefore important to both minimise and
        mitigation measures acted upon.
                                                                     mitigate the impacts arising from Port operations
                                                                     upon nearby residential occupiers within the
8.64    For example, there is a voluntary agreement in               parameters of operating the business. For
        place with the operator of a fishmeal storage                example, this could be through the relocation of
        business at the Port of Liverpool such that the              noisiest operations away from dwellings, the
        warehouse doors are kept closed at such times as             incorporation of noise attenuation screening, good
        there is no loading or unloading taking place. A             management practice and where practicable
        number of the Port operators who specialise in the           reducing noise at source. As a precursor to the
        processing and handling of bulk liquids have                 construction phase of a project it may be
        filtration (scrubbing) equipment installed designed          appropriate to prepare a ‘construction
        and maintained to minimise the incidence of                  management plan’ to define the standards of
        external odours being generated.                             practice that are required of the appointed
                                                                     contractor in so far as they affect the environment,
                                                                     amenity, safety and well being of construction
                                                                     workers, local residents, and the general public.


                                                              8.68   As an example, the development of the LIFT Zone
                                                                     for portcentric warehousing in the corridor
                                                                     between Regent Road and Derby Road is of
                                                                     particular benefit in developing more benign port
                                                                     uses in closest proximity to the community of
                                                                     Bootle. This also provides a “buffer” and physical
                                                                     separation to what may be considered as more
                                                                     intrusive Port operations within the estate.


                                                              8.69   The development of the Seaforth River Terminal is
Cargill Brocklebank complex                                          such that further HGV traffic will be expected to
                                                                     access the Royal Seaforth Dock Gate and pass in
        Noise                                                        close proximity to Brunswick Parade (Waterloo).
                                                                     As part of a legal agreement there is an
8.65    The Mersey Ports are national and international              undertaking to provide an acoustic barrier to this
        gateways for trade with shipping movements into              boundary to minimise the impact arising from
        and out of the Mersey Estuary (and via Eastham               increased road haulage activity upon residential
        Locks) being tidally dependent. Consequently                 occupiers.


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8.70   Whilst the majority of Port activity has the potential
       to take place over a 24 hour period, there are
       occasions whereby hours restrictions can be put
       in place through formal or voluntary mechanisms.
       For example, the planning approval for the Ship
       Recycling project at Canada Graving Dock was
       such that hours of working were restricted to
       between 0800 – 1800 Monday to Saturday. EMR,
       the scrap metal operator, has a voluntary
       agreement with Sefton Council to limit certain ship
       loading operations at West Gladstone between
       2300 and 0700. The unloading of scrap metal
       trains at Alexandra Dock is also covered by this
       operating protocol.
                                                                Sympathetic Warehousing Development

                                                                        the context of the existing Port landscapes with
8.71   In the case of significant development projects                  appropriate impact studies accompanying
       lying in close proximity to sensitive receptors, such            planning applications. We will continue to look at
       as residential, a noise assessment would                         every opportunity to improve the visual apperance
       accompany a planning application setting out                     of the Port and its immediate surroundings.
       background noise levels both daytime and night
       time, any anticipated increases, and the provision
                                                                8.74    There will be occasions whereby Port
       of mitigation measures. In terms of existing Port
                                                                        developments, such as the erection of new
       activity and potential noise nuisance there is a
                                                                        warehousing, may be undertaken as “permitted
       protocol of engagement in place between the Port
                                                                        development” and as such do not require a
       and the local authorities to jointly investigate and
                                                                        planning application to be submitted. However, we
       remedy any such incidences.
                                                                        have given a voluntary commitment to all of the
                                                                        relevant local planning authorities to inform them
       Visual Impact                                                    of projects we intend to undertake, seeking
                                                                        comments, and examining the opportunity to
8.72   The Mersey Ports are characterised by an                         make amendments to meet any local concerns.
       industrialised landscape with a number of
       significant buildings and structures in existence.       8.75    For example, the development of a warehousing
       The Port of Liverpool has a number of high                       unit for an existing Port tenant in close proximity to
       structures including the grain terminal, gantry                  existing residential occupiers in Waterloo was the
       cranes, and first and second generation wind                     subject of extensive consultation. As a result of
       turbines. Upon the Manchester Ship Canal the                     concerns raised particularly in relation to visual
       Stanlow Manufacturing Complex is an example of                   impact, the site layout and the design of the
       a significant built installation.                                warehouse were altered to reduce the impact of
                                                                        the building upon local residents.
8.73   The overall visual appearance of the Port estate is
       characterised by a diversity of existing structures,     8.76    At Port Warrington, an existing site situated within
       buildings and other installations. Individual                    the Green Belt, the visual impact of proposals to
       development projects arising from the Port’s                     reconfigure and expand operations was a matter
       growth strategy include biomass power stations                   assessed by Warrington Borough Council. In
       and further port centric warehousing. Such                       approving plans in March 2010 for the creation of
       developments will continue to be assessed within                 a multi-modal port facility a restriction was placed


 118                                                                                          Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
En vir on men tal Considerations




        upon the height of any external storage to no
        more than 12 metres above ground level in order
        to reduce the impact on the openness of the
        Green Belt. The detailed proposals that come
        forward for Port Wirral will be carefully considered
        in relation to the context of the site and the
        residential communities of Eastham Village.


8.77    The 24-hour operations undertaken at Mersey
        Ports are such that external lighting is a
        prerequisite from both an operational and security
        perspective. However, as noted above there are
        residential areas in close proximity to operational       Figure 8.2 - The Waste Hierarchy
        estates in a number of instances. Accordingly a
        key issue is to provide operational and security                 frameworks whilst forming a cornerstone for many
        lighting whilst minimising and/or mitigating against             port operations. For example, there are several
        undue light pollution and intrusion to nearby                    operators at the Port of Liverpool who specialise in
        residential occupiers.                                           the re-use and recycling of scrap metals (prior to
                                                                         being exported). At Manisty Wharf upon the Ship
8.78    For safe operational working the recommended                     Canal a Port operator specialises in the handling
        lighting standard is 20 Lux whereas for security                 and processing of household glass for recycling.
        access the standard is 5 Lux. In consideration of all
        replacement and/or new external lighting                  8.81   For their part the Mersey Ports (via their appointed
        installations, the Mersey Ports consider the fitting of          contractor) are responsible for the safe collection
        shrouding to minimise light spillage, and the ability            and disposal of a number of waste categories.
        to adjust intensity levels to both reduce energy                 Waste in the form of timber, metal, and
        consumption and maximise working life without                    paper/cardboard is segregated at source and
        recourse to compromising operational or security                 recovered for recycling wherever possible. Under
        matters. Relevant advice is contained within The                 the terms of the Environmental Protection Act
        Institute of Lighting Engineers “Guidance Notes for              1990, all waste to be disposed is via the
        the Reduction of Obstructive Light”.                             appointed contractor at licensed facilities. The
                                                                         bulk handling of waste material utilising existing
        Waste Management                                                 port infrastructure is an integral element of the
                                                                         Port’s growth strategy, and which is to be
                                                                         facilitated with new facilities (e.g. Port Ince) and
8.79    Waste is generated at Mersey Ports from a
                                                                         through deployment of sustainable water freight
        number of sources - not only by the Port
                                                                         solutions.
        authorities but also by vessels, tenants, and
        contractors. It is important that waste generated is
        handled responsibly in accordance with legislative        8.82   Since January 1998 UK legislation has required
        requirements, whilst also seeking to maintain the                ports, harbours and some terminals to draw up
        appearance of Port estates, to seek to minimise                  waste management plans for Maritime and
        the incidences of fly tipping.                                   Coastguard Agency (MCA) approval. The UK
                                                                         requirements for Port Waste Management have
                                                                         since been updated with the Merchant Shipping
8.80    An overarching strategy for waste management is
                                                                         and Fishing Vessels (Port Waste Reception
        depicted by The Waste Hierarchy (Fig 8.2), which
                                                                         Facilities) Regulations 2003. These transpose the
        is often enshrined within local development
                                                                         EU Directive 2000/59/EC of the European

 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                                           119
                                                                                              Environmental Con sider ation s




       Parliament and Council on port reception facilities   8.86 Many standards for water quality are regulated at
       for ship-generated waste and cargo residues. The           European level through a range of environmental
       requirements of MARPOL 73/78 (the International            directives, the most notable being the European
       Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from            Water Framework Directive (WFD) which came
       Ships) are also of relevance.                              into force in December 2000 and became part of
                                                                  UK law in December 2003. This is applicable to
                                                                  all European Union member states to achieve
8.83   The relevant requirements set out within the
                                                                  good qualitative and quantitative status of all
       Mersey Ports Waste Management Plan are as
                                                                  water bodies (including marine waters up to
       follows:
                                                                  kilometre from shore) by 2015. In England and
                                                                  Wales, the Environment Agency is the 'competent
   n Ships must provide notification before entry into            authority' for carrying out the Directive.
     port of the waste they will discharge, including
     information on types and quantities;
                                                             8.87 In meeting the requirements of the WFD, River
   n Ships must deliver their waste to Port reception             Basin Management Plans (RBMPs) have been
     facilities before leaving Port, unless they have             drawn up for river basin districts across England
     sufficient dedicated storage capacity for the waste          and Wales. These set out the ecological status of
     and for it to be accumulated until the next port of          the water body and if improvements are required
     call;                                                        how they will be secured for water in rivers,
                                                                  estuaries, coasts and aquifers.
   n Ships must pay a mandatory charge to
     contribute to the cost of Port reception facilities
                                                             8.88 The Mersey Ports has worked closely with the
     for ship-generated waste, whether they use them
                                                                  Environment Agency in the development of the
     or not.
                                                                  North West River Basin Management Plan to
                                                                  secure an appropriate strategy for protection of
       Water Quality                                              water quality on the Mersey and which forms the
                                                                  basis of a six year planning cycle.

8.84 The legislative requirements applicable to water
     quality stem from the Department for                    8.89 At a practical level the protection of water quality
     Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)                  is manifest upon a number of terminals. For
     who have overall responsibility for water                    example, Eon Bulk Terminal is designed to store,
     resources in England. The Environment Agency                 treat and reuse water. The drainage system has
     is the key regulator of water quality through                been designed to collect all water run-off from
     legislation including the Environment Act 1995,              around the site into a large concrete sump. The
     Water Resources Act 1991, and the                            water is then pumped through a water treatment
     Environmental Protection Act 1990.                           system that removes the solids and stores the
                                                                  clarified water ready for reuse. All water
                                                                  discharged into the dock complies with consent
8.85 The statutory Port and Harbour authorities also
                                                                  limits imposed by the Environment Agency.
     have important functions in managing water
     quality, whether within the Port limits or within
     impounded dock systems or waterways. Such               8.90 The provision of environmental safeguards
     responsibilities also include for the removal of             necessary to minimise the incidence of oil
     obstructions and/or other debris from the                    pollution to “controlled waters” is an important
     impounded docks and upon the Manchester                      function of the Mersey Ports, through preparation
     Ship Canal in the interests of cleanliness and to            of emergency response plans to deal with oil spill
     maintain safe navigation.                                    incidents in its ports. Under the Merchant


 120                                                                                 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
En vir on men tal Considerations




Manchester Ship Canal and QEII Dock, Eastham



        Shipping (Oil Pollution Preparedness Response       8.92 For their part a number of Port operators who
        and Co-operation Convention) Regulations 1998,           specialise in the processing and handling of bulk
        Oil Spill Contingency Plans for the Mersey Ports         liquids have measures in place to prevent
        have been prepared and approved by the                   pollution of water bodies emanating from
        Maritime & Coastguard Agency (MCA). Exercises            unforeseen spillages and run-off. Such operators
        are regularly held to ensure continuing                  have containment bunding in place situated
        effectiveness of procedures for dealing with such        particularly around storage tanks, and
          emergencies.                                           interceptors are commonly used in servicing and
                                                                 vehicle washing areas to prevent any run-off of
                                                                 oils or contaminants into the water system.
8.91 The Mersey Ports have engaged the services of a
     specialist oil spill recovery vessel based at
     Liverpool, which is available at all times to          8.93 There are a number of port activities which are
     respond to an oil pollution incident. In addition,          dependent upon the use of water in processing
     the services of specially equipped tugs operating           activities or for cooling, with the abstraction of
     on the river and the support of a retained oil spill        water and/or the resulting discharge of water
     clean-up contractor based at Liverpool,                     being essential to their operations. Such
     contributes to an effective and expeditious                 abstraction and discharge is regulated through
     response to incidents.                                      the Environment Agency.




 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                                   121
                         Stakeholder En gagemen t




Working in Partnership
S takeh older Engagement




9. Stakeholder
   Engagement

9.1     This Chapter sets out our proposals and                   Port Master Plan
        current practice for stakeholder engagement
        not only in terms of the emerging Port Master
                                                            9.4   Consultation upon the Draft Port Master Plan is
        Plan but also relating to specific development
                                                                  being undertaken during a three month period
        projects and in exercise of our “permitted
                                                                  with an invitation to submit written comments
        development” rights. As an overarching
                                                                  during this time. The Master Plan is published
        principle we welcome active liaison and
                                                                  on-line at www.portofliverpool.co.uk or
        discussion with all stakeholders, and mindful
                                                                  www.manchestershipcanal.co.uk and is
        that there can sometimes be differences of
                                                                  available for download. Copies will be made
        opinion or approach this should not be to the
                                                                  available for inspection at the offices of the
        detriment of continual and open dialogue.
                                                                  local planning authorities.

9.2     Indeed, the publication “Guidance on the
                                                            9.5   A series of exhibitions to publicise and raise
        Preparation of Port Master Plan” advises an
                                                                  awareness of the Master Plan are being held
        essential aspect of the development of an
                                                                  throughout the geographical area with an
        effective master plan is achieved through
                                                                  Executive Summary leaflet and comments form
        engagement with interested parties, including
                                                                  also being made available.
        local and regional planning bodies and
        transport network providers, both during the
        master planning process and once the master         9.6   Stakeholders are invited to provide feedback in
        plan has been published.                                  writing or electronically to:


9.3     A database of consultees and stakeholders has             Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation
        been compiled and is subject to ongoing                   Maritime Centre
        review and update to ensure as many agencies              Port of Liverpool
        and interested parties are notified in respect of         L21 1LA
        the emerging port master plan. The database               or
        has some 500 entries covering a broad                     merseymasterplan@peelports.co.uk
        spectrum of interests including Port customers,
        suppliers and operators, employees, local
        authorities, Government agencies, non-
        governmental organisations, voluntary
        associations, environmental interest groups,
        local and national politicians, and key
        representatives of the local communities.




 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                                123
                                                                                               Stakeholder En gagemen t




        Master Plan Stakeholder Group                            estate. In such circumstances we similarly
                                                                 encourage them to adopt a proactive and
                                                                 open dialogue with stakeholders.
9.7     A Master Plan stakeholder group has been
        formed encompassing representatives from
        the 10 or so local planning authorities covering   9.9   The provisions of “permitted development” are
        the geographical area of Mersey Ports,                   summarised in Paras. 3. 3.93-3.97 above such
        together with a number of other Governmental             that some operational port developments can
        and non-statutory agencies. The purpose of               proceed without the necessity for formal
        the Group is to raise awareness in respect of            planning permission. However, we have given
        the Mersey Ports and to enable early and                 a voluntary undertaking to all of the constituent
        constructive dialogue regarding ongoing                  local planning authorities to inform them of
        matters. The intention would be for the                  projects we intend to undertake, seeking
        stakeholder group to meet at least annually              comments, and examining the opportunity to
        both during the consultation process and post            make amendments to meet any local
        adoption of the Master Plan.                             concerns. In such cases where there will be a
                                                                 demonstrable environmental impact a planning
                                                                 application would be submitted for formal
                                                                 determination.


                                                           9.10 On occasions it may be necessary to
                                                                undertake development to meet urgent safety,
                                                                security, environmental, regulatory, or
                                                                operational requirements such that the Port will
                                                                notify the relevant local planning authority
                                                                retrospectively of works already having taken
                                                                place.


                                                                 Environmental Liaison
Master Plan Stakeholder Group


        Development Projects & Permitted                   9.11 In recognition of the importance of
        Development                                             environmental and emergency response
                                                                matters there is regular dialogue with a number
                                                                of key agencies. Such liaison seeks to ensure
9.8     There will be many instances whereby                    that the Mersey Ports are complying with all
        development projects upon the Port estate or            relevant environmental and safety legislation
        within the marine environment will require              and carrying out its duties responsibly. The
        formal approval either through planning                 Port continues to be monitored, inspected and
        legislation or marine regulatory powers. In such        vetted by the relevant statutory authorities.
        circumstances we actively encourage pre-
        application discussions with relevant
        stakeholders with a view to building consensus     9.12 For example, such dialogue takes place with
        and support, reconciling any issues and/or              the Environment Agency, the Health and Safety
        concerns, and for example, the identification           Executive, the Port health authorities, and local
        and delivery of mitigation measures. A number           authority environmental health officers.
        of projects may also be brought forward by
        Port tenants and lessees upon our operational



 124                                                                             Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
S takeh older Engagement




          Container Terminal Users Group                       Liverpool SuperPort

9.13 A quarterly forum is co-ordinated by Mersey      9.15 The development of the SuperPort concept as
     Docks and Harbour Company with                        a transformational action for the economy of
     representatives from the Road Haulage                 the City Region is being led by The Mersey
     Association, hauliers and shipping lines to           Partnership in conjunction with a number of
     discuss operational and performance matters,          public and private sector stakeholders.
     service improvements etc in respect of                Representatives of the Mersey Ports are active
     operations at Royal Seaforth Container                participants through the Liverpool SuperPort
     Terminal.                                             Committee and panel meetings.


          Marine Liaison

9.14 There are a number of marine related forums
     including a quarterly liaison meeting with the
     Institute of Ship Brokers (ships agents), a
     monthly pilots meeting, and a six-monthly
     pilotage/towage meeting. There is a Ship
     Canal Users Association (SCUSA) providing
     liaison with tug companies, ships agents, and
     terminal operators.




Liverpool Pilot                                       Liverpool SuperPort




 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                        125
                                                          Implementation & R eview




Construction of Twelve Quays Ro-Ro Terminal, Birkenhead
Imp lemen tation & Review




10. Implementation &                                           projects and planning applications made as
                                                               and when necessary. All development projects
    Review                                                     requiring planning and/or marine consents will
                                                               be subject to full and appropriate appraisal, as
10.1 This Chapter outlines matters associated with
                                                               may include the provisions of The Town and
     the implementation and review of the Master
                                                               Country Planning (Environmental Impact
     Plan and related procedural issues.
                                                               Assessment) Regulations 1999 and The
                                                               Harbour Works (Environmental Impact
        Legal Considerations                                   Assessment) Regulations 1999. The Port is
                                                               responsible for preparing and submitting these
                                                               types of assessments for independent scrutiny.
10.2 Advice within “Guidance on the Preparation of
     Port Master Plans” is such that there is no
     requirement for a port to produce a Master          10.5 Following the Master Plan consultation process
     Plan and furthermore it is for the port to               all written comments submitted will be collated
     determine its legal obligations in doing so. The         and analysed and a report will be prepared
     status of the Master Plan is essentially a non-          summarising the issues raised. A number of
     statutory document produced by the port.                 identified changes to the Master Plan may be
     However, it would be        regarded as having           incorporated as a result of the consultation
     “weight” through a combination of public                 process, within a final version which we
     consultation and importantly through its                 anticipate will be published later in 2011.
     interaction and integration with local planning
     strategies prepared by other agencies.
                                                               Review

10.3 Indeed, the Guidance confirms that if the
                                                         10.6 The ports industry is a dynamic sector and
     intention is for a Master Plan to be fully
                                                              hence whilst the Port Master Plan looks at
     integrated into the Local Development
                                                              longer term time horizons to 2020 and 2030, it
     Framework (LDF), the Port should work closely
                                                              is a working document and hence it is
     with the local planning authority, as the latter
                                                              imperative to undertake review of its contents.
     would be expected to be following the
                                                              The Master Plan will be subject to regular
     appropriate statutory procedures. For these
                                                              monitoring and a formal review every five
     reasons it is considered that interaction of the
                                                              years, which will entail further public
     Master Plan with the emerging LDF’s is such
                                                              consultation.
     that any matters relating to strategic
     environmental assessment (SEA) and
     sustainability appraisal of the Port’s proposals    10.7 The exercise of ongoing monitoring and formal
     if included within the LDF are matters for the           review should take into account the
     respective local authorities.                            assumptions originally made, particularly in
                                                              relation to Port forecasting and growth, whilst
                                                              taking into account the delivery or otherwise of
        Implementation                                        development projects and their associated
                                                              timescales. Such review may of course take
10.4 The Master Plan is not an application for                into account the investments that have or are
     planning permission and will not of itself grant         being made by the multitude of third party
     approval for any works, rather it provides a             lessees and operators within the operational
     framework for setting out the Port’s aspirations,        port estates.
     including for the medium and long term, and
     will assist in informing the consideration of


 Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft                                                             127
                                                                        Implementation & R eview




10.8 Similarly, monitoring and review should
     consider the impacts of Port growth upon the
     local environment, and the effectiveness of
     mitigation of potentially adverse impacts upon
     local communities. In this respect the Port will
     continue to liaise closely with all stakeholders.
     The positive impacts of the Ports
     activity/growth should also be quantified and
     reported.


10.9 From a policy perspective the Port will continue
     to work closely with agencies and local
     authorities to ensure the importance of the
     ports and maritime sector and their continued
     success are fully enshrined within planning,
     transportation and marine policy both at
     national and local levels. In parallel, the
     operational Port estates and their potential for
     expansion will be promoted through the
     constituent local authorities in their preparation
     of their local development frameworks (LDFs)
     and other relevant documents.




 128                                                      Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation Draft
               Appendix


Plan 1 - Mersey Ports Integration Strategy

Plan 2 - Liverpool Docks (Northern Section)

Plan 3 - Liverpool Docks (Southern Section)

Plan 4 - Birkenhead Docks

Plan 5 - Manchester Ship Canal (Lower Reaches)

Plan 6 - Manchester Ship Canal (Upper Reaches)
                                          Designed and produced by Wordplay Graphics 0151 949 6345




Mersey Ports Master Plan Consultation

Maritime Centre
Port of Liverpool
L21 1LA
Tel: +44 (0)151 949 6000
Fax: +44 (0)151 949 6300
Email: merseymasterplan@peelports.co.uk
Web: www.peelports.co.uk

				
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