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```					                              CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL           ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                            TEXT         RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC                                                                    SECTION         ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                     OR PAGES
22       PS.1     Atom     In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 12,          Teacher
PS.4    Nucleus   should be able to:                                                 Sec 1      Pg. 299A-299B
 Name the three major subatomic particles                     Pg. 742, 744
(Proton,    Describe protons, neutrons, & electrons in terms of
Atomic       their charge, mass, and location in the atom
Number,     Define element
Symbol)     Define atomic number
 Explain the relationship between the number of
protons, the symbol, and the atomic number of an
element
 Write the symbol of atoms correctly
 Identify a nucleus model
 Use the periodic table to obtain number of protons,
symbol for an atom
 Describe the organization of the periodic table in
terms of atomic number

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CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                      TEXT         RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC             ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                          SECTION         ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                      OR PAGES
23       PS.4     Atom      In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 12,          Teacher
Nucleus    should be able to:                                                 Sec 1      Pg. 299A-299B
 Define atomic mass                                           Pg. 742, 744
(Neutron,    Locate the atomic mass of an element on the periodic
Atomic        table
Mass)      Determine the number of neutrons in atom
 Write the name of an atom correctly 2 ways
 Make a model of a nucleus for a given atom
24       PS.4     Atom      In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 16,          Teacher
PS.5    Nucleus    should be able to:                                               Sec 2        Pg. 395A-395B
 Define isotope
(Isotope,    Make a model of isotopes
Naming,      Define radioactive element
activity)    Locate radioactive elements of the periodic table
 Describe the processes that release energy (nuclear
fission and fusion)
 Create a simple diagram to summarize and compare
and contrast these two types of nuclear energy
 Appraise the positive and negative effects of using
nuclear energy

2
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL     GENERAL                                                                       TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #       TOPIC                 ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                       SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                        OR PAGES
25       PS.4      Atom       In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students
Electron    should be able to:
Cloud       Determine the number of electrons in an atom
 Describe the placement electrons in the electron cloud
(Number      Define electron configuration
Levels,     Write the electron configuration for given elements
Filling)    Explain how the periodic table can be used to find the
number of energy levels in the electron cloud
26       PS.4       Atom      In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 13,       Teacher
Electron    should be able to:                                               Sec 1     Pg. 325A-325B
Cloud       Define valence electrons                                      Pg. 330
 Use the periodic table to determine the valence
(Valence,      number for elements
Electron Dot)  Identify valence electrons in the electron cloud
 Define electron dot model
 Make electron dot models for atoms

SUGGESTED   SOL     GENERAL                                                                       TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #       TOPIC                 ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                       SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                        OR PAGES

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CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

27   PS.4     Periodic     In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students
Table       should be able to:
 Describe how atoms give away or take valence electrons
(Oxidation     Understand the oxidation number
number, ion)    Identify the oxidation number of elements on the
periodic table
 Explain the charge when an atom gains or loses valence
electrons
 Explain the difference between an atom & an ion
28   PS.3     Atomic       In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students   Chap 9,       Teacher
History      should be able to:                                              Sec 1    Pg. 211A-211B
 Make a timeline to describe the development of atomic
theory
 Describe the atoms of the ancient Greeks
 Describe the theory of J.J. Thomson
 Describe the theory of Ernest Rutherford
 Describe the theory of Niels Bohr
 Describe the theory of James Chadwick
 Describe the modern electron cloud model (quantum
wave theory)
 Compare the Bohr model to the electron cloud model
with respect to their ability to represent accurately
the structure of an atom

4
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                        TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC               ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                          SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                        OR PAGES
29                            REVIEW ATOMIC STRUCTURE

30       PS.4    Periodic     In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 12,       Teacher
Table       should be able to:                                               Sec 2     Pg. 299A-299B
 Locate metals, nonmetals, and metalloids on the
(Types of       periodic table
Elements,     List the common properties of metals
Properties)    List the common properties of nonmetals
 List the common properties of metalloids
 Classify the elements by state of matter using the
periodic table
 Categorize a given element as metal, non-metal, or
metalloid

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                        TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC               ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                          SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                        OR PAGES

5
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

31   PS.4    Periodic    In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students   Chap 12,        Teacher
Table      should be able to:                                             Sec 1 & 2   Pg. 299A-299B
 Identify families of the periodic table
(Groups or    Identify and locate Alkali family members using the
Families)      periodic table
 List common characteristics of elements in the Alkali
Alkali        family
Alkaline     Compare the oxidation number to the properties of
Earth         families
 State the relationship of location on the table to
properties
 Describe the organization of the periodic table in
terms of group/family vs. period
 List common uses of the Alkali members

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CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                       TEXT     RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC              ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                          SECTION     ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                       OR PAGES
32       PS.4    Periodic    In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 12       Teacher
Table      should be able to:                                                        Pg. 299A-299B
 Locate and identify the Alkaline Earth members on the
(Groups or      periodic table
Families)    Combine the atomic structure of the Alkaline Earth
members
Alkaline     Compare properties of the Alkaline Earth family
Earth         members
 List common uses of the Alkaline Earth members
 Compare and contrast the Alkali and Alkaline Earth
families
 Recognize that the number of electrons in the
outermost energy level determines an element’s
chemical properties or chemical reactivity

7
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                         TEXT     RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC              ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                            SECTION     ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                         OR PAGES
33       PS.4    Periodic     In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students     Chap 12       Teacher
Table       should be able to:                                                         Pg. 299A-299B
 Identify and locate families of the transition metals using
(Transition      the periodic table
Metals,      Compare and contrast the properties of the transition
Boron)         metals to the Alkali and Alkaline Earth families
 Understand the multiple oxidation numbers of transition
metals
 Identify the oxidation number of a transition metal given
a chemical formula
 List common uses and alloys of transition metals
 Recognize that the number of electrons in the
outermost energy level determines an element’s
chemical properties or chemical reactivity.

8
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                      TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC            ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                           SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                      OR PAGES
34       PS.4   Periodic    In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 15,       Teacher
Table      should be able to:                                               Sec 3     Pg. 371A-371B
 Identify and locate the Carbon family members using the
(Carbon,       periodic table
Nitrogen,    Identify and locate the Nitrogen family members using
Oxygen)        the periodic table
 Identify and locate the Oxygen family members using
the periodic table
 Compare and contrast properties of the Carbon,
Nitrogen, and Oxygen families
 List common uses for Carbon, Nitrogen, and Oxygen
family members
 Define compounds as inorganic or organic (all
organic compounds contain Carbon)
 Recognize that the number of electrons in the
outermost energy level determines an element’s
chemical properties or chemical reactivity

9
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                       TEXT     RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC             ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                           SECTION     ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                       OR PAGES
35       PS.4    Periodic    In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 12       Teacher
Table      should be able to:                                                        Pg. 299A-299B
 Define diatomic molecules
(Halogen,     Identify elements that are found as diatomic molecules
Noble Gas)    Identify the properties of the Halogens
 Identify the properties of the Noble gas family
 Compare and contrast the Noble Gas and the other
nonmetal families
 List common uses for family members
 Compare and contrast properties of the metal families to
the nonmetal families
 Recognize that the number of electrons in the
outermost energy level determines an element’s
chemical properties or chemical reactivity
36                           {O P E N }

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CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                      TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC            ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                           SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                      OR PAGES
37       PS.4   Compounds   In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 13,       Teacher
should be able to:                                               Sec 2     Pg. 325A-325B
(Ionic     Compare properties of elements and compounds
Bonding)    Define chemical bond
 Describe compounds
 Describe the attraction and repulsion that act between
ions
 Describe crystal lattice
 Explain how atoms achieve filled outer energy level in
ionic bonds
 Give examples of elements which combine in an ionic
bond
 Define ionization energy and electron affinity
38       PS.4   Compounds   In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students
should be able to:
(Writing    Use oxidation numbers to determine how elements
Formulas)      combine to form compounds
 Define subscript
 Write chemical formulas given the name or symbol of
the reactants

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CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL     GENERAL                                                                     TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #       TOPIC              ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                        SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                      OR PAGES
39       PS.4   Compounds   In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students
should be able to:
(Naming    Determine the number and type of element making a
Com-pounds)    compound
 Determine formula mass
 Name binary compounds given the reactants or formula
of a compound
40       PS.4   Compounds In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students      Chap 13,       Teacher
should be able to:                                               Sec 2     Pg. 325A-325B
(Covalent   Describe covalent bonding                                     Pg. 332
Bond)     Describe the elements which compose a covalent bond
 Define molecule
 Define diatomic molecule
 Classify compounds as inorganic or organic (always
containing Carbon)
 Compare and contrast properties of ionic crystals and
covalent molecules
 Predict the kind of bond (ionic or covalent) when two
specific elements combine
 Distinguish between ionic and covalent bonds given
the formula or name of the compound

12
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL                                                                        TEXT     RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC              ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                           SECTION     ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                        OR PAGES
41       PS.4   Compounds     In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students
should be able to:
(Polyatomic    Explain polyatomic ions (radicals)
Ions)       Explain the information shown by the formula
 Write the formula to combine polyatomic ions with
metals ions
 Identify common formulas for polyatomic ions,
especially H+ and OH-

13
CURRICULUM PACING GUIDE
Eighth Grade Physical Science
Second Quarter

SUGGESTED   SOL    GENERAL      ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS                                   TEXT      RESOURCES &
PACING     #      TOPIC                                                                      SECTION      ACTIVITIES
(DAY)                                                                                       OR PAGES
42       PS.5   Equations    In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students    Chap 14,       Teacher
should be able to:                                               Sec 1     Pg. 247A-247B
(Counting     Identify the elements and number of atoms and the             Pg. 356
Atoms,         number of atoms of each that comprise the
Balancing)      compound given the chemical formula
 Define and identify reactants
 Define and identify products
 Define and identify the yield sign
 Define coefficient
 Determine the number of atoms using coefficients and
subscribe
 Determine whether an equation is balanced
 Write and balance simple chemical equations given
chemical formulas
 State the Law of Conservation of Matter
 Define chemical energy.
 Recognize that some types of chemical reactions
require continuous input of energy (endothermic)
and others release energy (exothermic)
43                           {OPEN}

14

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