Unit 6 The Industrial Revolution

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					Unit 6: The Industrial
     Revolution
      The Find Out Questions
1. What was the Industrial Revolution and why
   did it begin in England?
2. What were some of the important scientific and
   technological inventions of the Industrial
   Revolution?
3. How did the Industrial Revolution affect the
   way people worked, lived, and organized
   themselves?
4. What were the effects of the Industrial
   Revolution on countries in Europe? How about
   in the United States and Japan?
            Textbook Help
• 12.1 will help you answer FOQ#1.
• 12.2 and 12.3 will help you answer
  FOQ#2.
• 12.3 and 12.4 will help you answer
  FOQ#3.
• 12.3 will help you answer FOQ#4.
      The Agricultural Revolution
           Happened First.
• During the 1700’s, changes occurred in Europe
  that allowed food to be produced more efficiently
  and cheaper.
• Less and less people were required to grow
  food.
• Soon, this surplus of food increased the
  population in Europe (England especially) but
  also created a huge amount of unemployment.
  What would people do for work?
  FOQ#1:What was the Industrial
 Revolution and why did it begin in
             England?
• England had a lot of small industry during the
  1700’s.
• Wool was the major material used in industry,
  but soon cotton took over as the most important
  raw material that would transform industry in
  England.
• England also had a lot of other reasons why it
  was the first to industrialize.
• Read pages 379-380 to list other reasons why
  England was first to become an
  industrialized nation. (Homework #1)
       What was the Industrial
            Revolution?
• A change in the way people worked.

• A change in where and how people lived.

• A time of great technological innovation.
Early Coal Mining
       What to Learn More?
• http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/coal
  Mine.html

• http://www.nettlesworth.durham.sch.uk/tim
  e/victorian/vindust.html

• http://www.historesearch.com/industrev.ht
  ml
  FOQ#2: What were some of the
      important scientific and
   technological inventions of the
       Industrial Revolution?
• Many of the inventions of the Industrial
  Revolution were created for many reasons.
• One reason was for the search for the most
  efficient way of doing business.
• Another reason was for necessity as cities grew
  and required a change in the way people lived.
   Important Invention Groups
• Inventions for making textile production
  more efficient were very popular.
• Inventions for mechanical energy were
  very important in transforming the
  workplace.
• Inventions for the process of making
  metal allowed a great deal of things to be
  built.
• Inventions in transportation and
  communication made Europe and the
  world a much smaller place.
       The Invention Project
• Groups of (4) will be chosen.
• Each group will be assigned four
  inventions, research that invention, and
  then create a poster that gives specific
  information.
• Groups will create a project that gives a
  detailed summary of their invention,
  including the importance of the invention,
  and provides pictures of the inventions.
• Groups will present their projects to the
  class.
FOQ#3: How did the Industrial
   Revolution affect the way
   people worked, lived, and
    organized themselves?
  How did people work during the
      Industrial Revolution?
• Because of the changes brought on by the
  Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions,
  there was a shift in what people did for
  work.
  – Fewer people were needed in farming.
  – More people were needed in the factories,
    mines, transportation, and in businesses that
    supported a growing urban population.
   How did people live during the
      Industrial Revolution?
• Most of the rural populations abandoned
  their lives and moved to cities.
  – They did this mainly because of the need to
    find work.
• Changing their way of life was difficult for
  the majority of urban workers.
  – They continued to try and live like they did in
    the country. This plus badly planned cities led
    to horrible disease, filth, and overcrowding.
     How did they live? (con’t)
• The working class did have a rough time
  creating a comfortable life.
  – They were required to work long hours for little pay
    and live in very nasty and dirty neighborhoods.
• The middle class was different.
  – They enjoyed a better life compared to the working
    class.
• Homework #2: Read pages 388-392 and
  identify specific examples of how the
  working class and middle class lived.
    How did people organize
 themselves during the Industrial
          Revolution?
• Because of the disadvantages of society
  for the working class, many tried to
  improve life for the working class.
  – Workers began to organize themselves into
    groups called labor unions.
  – The purpose of the unions was to give
    collective power to the poorly educated
    workers against middle class factory owners
    and governments that did not seem to care
    about them. Read page 392 and check out
    collective bargaining.
FOQ#4: What were the effects
   of the Industrial Revolution
  on countries in Europe? How
   about in the United States
           and Japan?
    What happened in the rest of
            Europe?
• It took the rest of Europe 30 years to begin
  to catch up with Great Britain.
  – Why was continental Europe so far behind?
• Soon, European governments began to
  get organized, supported business, and
  began to build railroads and other
  important transportation links to aide
  industrial growth.
    What happened in the United
             States?
• The United States was quick to
  industrialize starting in the early 1800s.
• Textiles, steel, and other manufacturing
  businesses began to grow in the eastern
  part of the United States.
• It wasn’t until the end of World War Two
  when the entire country industrialized.
    What happened in Japan?
• In the late 1800’s, the Japanese realized
  that they had to industrialize or be
  swallowed up by technologically superior
  European nations.
• By the early 1900’s Japan had
  transformed itself into an industrialized
  nation and began to dominate neighboring
  countries like Korea and China.
• Japan even fought a war against
  Russia…and won!!
The End!

				
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