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Unit 6: The Industrial Revolution The Find Out Questions 1. What was the Industrial Revolution and why did it begin in England? 2. What were some of the important scientific and technological inventions of the Industrial Revolution? 3. How did the Industrial Revolution affect the way people worked, lived, and organized themselves? 4. What were the effects of the Industrial Revolution on countries in Europe? How about in the United States and Japan? Textbook Help • 12.1 will help you answer FOQ#1. • 12.2 and 12.3 will help you answer FOQ#2. • 12.3 and 12.4 will help you answer FOQ#3. • 12.3 will help you answer FOQ#4. The Agricultural Revolution Happened First. • During the 1700’s, changes occurred in Europe that allowed food to be produced more efficiently and cheaper. • Less and less people were required to grow food. • Soon, this surplus of food increased the population in Europe (England especially) but also created a huge amount of unemployment. What would people do for work? FOQ#1:What was the Industrial Revolution and why did it begin in England? • England had a lot of small industry during the 1700’s. • Wool was the major material used in industry, but soon cotton took over as the most important raw material that would transform industry in England. • England also had a lot of other reasons why it was the first to industrialize. • Read pages 379-380 to list other reasons why England was first to become an industrialized nation. (Homework #1) What was the Industrial Revolution? • A change in the way people worked. • A change in where and how people lived. • A time of great technological innovation. Early Coal Mining What to Learn More? • http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/coal Mine.html • http://www.nettlesworth.durham.sch.uk/tim e/victorian/vindust.html • http://www.historesearch.com/industrev.ht ml FOQ#2: What were some of the important scientific and technological inventions of the Industrial Revolution? • Many of the inventions of the Industrial Revolution were created for many reasons. • One reason was for the search for the most efficient way of doing business. • Another reason was for necessity as cities grew and required a change in the way people lived. Important Invention Groups • Inventions for making textile production more efficient were very popular. • Inventions for mechanical energy were very important in transforming the workplace. • Inventions for the process of making metal allowed a great deal of things to be built. • Inventions in transportation and communication made Europe and the world a much smaller place. The Invention Project • Groups of (4) will be chosen. • Each group will be assigned four inventions, research that invention, and then create a poster that gives specific information. • Groups will create a project that gives a detailed summary of their invention, including the importance of the invention, and provides pictures of the inventions. • Groups will present their projects to the class. FOQ#3: How did the Industrial Revolution affect the way people worked, lived, and organized themselves? How did people work during the Industrial Revolution? • Because of the changes brought on by the Agricultural and Industrial Revolutions, there was a shift in what people did for work. – Fewer people were needed in farming. – More people were needed in the factories, mines, transportation, and in businesses that supported a growing urban population. How did people live during the Industrial Revolution? • Most of the rural populations abandoned their lives and moved to cities. – They did this mainly because of the need to find work. • Changing their way of life was difficult for the majority of urban workers. – They continued to try and live like they did in the country. This plus badly planned cities led to horrible disease, filth, and overcrowding. How did they live? (con’t) • The working class did have a rough time creating a comfortable life. – They were required to work long hours for little pay and live in very nasty and dirty neighborhoods. • The middle class was different. – They enjoyed a better life compared to the working class. • Homework #2: Read pages 388-392 and identify specific examples of how the working class and middle class lived. How did people organize themselves during the Industrial Revolution? • Because of the disadvantages of society for the working class, many tried to improve life for the working class. – Workers began to organize themselves into groups called labor unions. – The purpose of the unions was to give collective power to the poorly educated workers against middle class factory owners and governments that did not seem to care about them. Read page 392 and check out collective bargaining. FOQ#4: What were the effects of the Industrial Revolution on countries in Europe? How about in the United States and Japan? What happened in the rest of Europe? • It took the rest of Europe 30 years to begin to catch up with Great Britain. – Why was continental Europe so far behind? • Soon, European governments began to get organized, supported business, and began to build railroads and other important transportation links to aide industrial growth. What happened in the United States? • The United States was quick to industrialize starting in the early 1800s. • Textiles, steel, and other manufacturing businesses began to grow in the eastern part of the United States. • It wasn’t until the end of World War Two when the entire country industrialized. What happened in Japan? • In the late 1800’s, the Japanese realized that they had to industrialize or be swallowed up by technologically superior European nations. • By the early 1900’s Japan had transformed itself into an industrialized nation and began to dominate neighboring countries like Korea and China. • Japan even fought a war against Russia…and won!! The End!
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