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					                                                                            Answer core
                                                                                    S                    Notes
       Schizostachyum brachycladum Kurz ; Family - Poaceae; Common Name(s) - sacred Bali bamboo, giant golden bamboo; S
1.01                                                               y=-3, n=0 n          2.01)
       Is the species highly domesticated? (If answer is 'no' then go to question0 No evidence that cultivation has resulted in less weedy
1.02   Has the species become naturalized where grown? y= 1, n=-1
1.03   Does the species have weedy races?                          y=1, n=-1
2.01   Species suited to tropical or subtropical climate(s) (0-low; 1-intermediate; 2-high) – If island is primarily wet habitat, then substitute “w
                                                                   See Append 2 2          (1)DISTRIBUTION Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesi
2.02   Quality of climate match data (0-low; 1-intermediate; 2-high)            2 see appendix 2
2.03   Broad climate suitability (environmental versatility)       y=1, n=0 n          0 (1)Hardiness: USDA Zone 10b: to 1.7 °C (35 °F) USDA
2.04                                                               y=1, n=0 y
       Native or naturalized in regions with tropical or subtropical climates          1 (1)DISTRIBUTION Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesi
2.05                                                               ?=-1, n=0 y              range? countries: Asia; Brunei Darussalam planted; [I
       Does the species have a history of repeated introductions outside its natural (1)List ofy=-2
3.01   Naturalized beyond native range                                                     Insufficient
                                                y = 1*multiplier (see Append 2), n= question 2.05 evidence for naturalization. (1)Schizostachyu
3.02   Garden/amenity/disturbance weed                              = 1*multiplier (see Append 2)
                                                                 yn=0           n      0 (1)No records in Global Compendium of Weeds
3.03   Agricultural/forestry/horticultural weed                    n=0          n      0 (1)No 2)
                                                                  y = 2*multiplier (see Append records in Global Compendium of Weeds
3.04   Environmental weed                                          n=0          n      0 (1)No 2)
                                                                  y = 2*multiplier (see Append records in Global Compendium of Weeds
3.05   Congeneric weed                                             n=0          n      0 No evidence of impacts. (1)Schizostachyum glaucifolium
                                                                  y = 1*multiplier (see Append 2)
4.01   Produces spines, thorns or burrs                            y=1, n=0 n          0 (1)Not in description
4.02   Allelopathic                                                y=1, n=0                Unknown
4.03   Parasitic                                                   y=1, n=0 n          0 No evidence
4.04   Unpalatable to grazing animals                              y=1, n=-1 n        -1 Unlikely, as shoots of species are listed among edible ta
4.05   Toxic to animals                                            y=1, n=0 n          0 Unlikely, as shoots of species are listed among edible ta
4.06   Host for recognized pests and pathogens                     y=1, n=0                Unknown
4.07   Causes allergies or is otherwise toxic to humans            y=1, n=0 n          0 Popular ornamental with edible shoots. (1)Bambusa blu
4.08   Creates a fire hazard in natural ecosystems                 y=1, n=0                Unknown
4.09   Is a shade tolerant plant at some stage of its life cycle y=1, n=0 n            0 (1)Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Partial Shade (2)Full Sun
4.10                                                                conditions y        volcanic island)
       Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions (or limestoney=1, n=0 if not a1 (1)Soil Range: Sandy Loam to Clay Loam
4.11   Climbing or smothering growth habit                         y=1, n=0 n          0 A clumping bamboo
4.12   Forms dense thickets                                        y=1, n=0                Localized clumps only. (1)I'm a Clumper! I am considere
5.01   Aquatic                                                     y=5, n=0 n          0 Terrestrial grass
5.02   Grass                                                       y=1, n=0 y          1 Poaceae
5.03   Nitrogen fixing woody plant                                 y=1, n=0 n          0 Poaceae
5.04                                                               y=1, bulbs, corms, or Answer "No" for annual taxa AND those with rhizomes/s
       Geophyte (herbaceous with underground storage organs -- n=0 n                   0 tubers)
6.01                                                               y=1, n=0 n
       Evidence of substantial reproductive failure in native habitat                  0 This species flowers regularly, compared to other bamb
6.02   Produces viable seed.                                       y=1, n=-1 y         1 Several mentions of flowering, but VIABLE seed produc
6.03   Hybridizes naturally                                        y=1, n=-1               Unknown
6.04   Self-compatible or apomictic                                y=1, n=-1               Unknown
6.05   Requires specialist pollinators                             y=-1, n=0 n         0 Species of the Poaceae are generally wind-pollinated. (
6.06   Reproduction by vegetative fragmentation                    y=1, n=-1 y         1 (1)Clumping bamboo that grows in tight clumps and has
6.07   Minimum generative time (years)                              2 or 3 years = 0, 4+ years very beautiful bamboo that is proving very difficult t
                                                      1 year = 1,See left      >1      0 (1)A = -1
7.01                                                               y=1, n=-1 n        -1 Clumping bamboo with apparently limited seed producti
       Propagules likely to be dispersed unintentionally (plants growing in heavily trafficked areas)
7.02   Propagules dispersed intentionally by people                y=1, n=-1 y         1 Ornamental and structural uses (1)erosion control; orna
7.03   Propagules likely to disperse as a produce contaminant      y=1, n=-1 n        -1 Rarely seeds, and not grown with produce.
7.04   Propagules adapted to wind dispersal                        y=1, n=-1 y         1 Grass seeds generally adapted to wind dispersal, but th
7.05   Propagules water dispersed                                  y=1, n=-1               Possibly if near water source, but rarely sets seed
7.06   Propagules bird dispersed                                   y=1, n=-1 n        -1 Grass seeds not fleshy fruited.
7.07   Propagules dispersed by other animals (externally) y=1, n=-1 n                 -1 No means of attachment
7.08   Propagules survive passage through the gut                  y=1, n=-1 n        -1 No, as seeds are rarely produced and are unlikely to be
8.01   Prolific seed production (>1000/m2)                         y=1, n=-1 n        -1 Probably not, as viable seed productions is apparently u
8.02   Evidence that a persistent propagule bank is formed (>1 yr)n=-1 n
                                                                   y=1,               -1 Unlikely, as viable seed production is apparently uncom
8.03   Well controlled by herbicides                               y=-1, n=1               No information on control.
8.04                                                               y=1,
       Tolerates, or benefits from, mutilation, cultivation, or fire n=-1                  Unknown
8.05                                                               y=-1, n=1
       Effective natural enemies present locally (e.g. introduced biocontrol agents) Unknown
       Total score:                                                                   -1
                        Reference
              (1)CAB International, 2005. Forestry Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.


              (1)Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. 2006 onwards. GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/gra

              (1)http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/136258/ [Accessed 25 Feb 2008] (2)http://www.tropicalbamboo.com/bamboo_shopping.asp?bid=11
              (1)Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. 2006 onwards. GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/gra
              (1)CAB International, 2005. Forestry Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.
              (1)http://www.inbar.int/documents/country%20report/INDONESIA.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008]
              (1)http://www.hear.org/gcw/scientificnames/ [Accessed 26 Feb 2008]
              (1)http://www.hear.org/gcw/scientificnames/ [Accessed 26 Feb 2008]
              (1)http://www.hear.org/gcw/scientificnames/ [Accessed 26 Feb 2008]
              (1)http://www.hear.org/gcw/species/schizostachyum_glaucifolium/ [Accessed 26 Feb 2008]
              (1)Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. 2006 onwards. GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/gra



              (1)http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_Working_Paper_No10.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008] (2)Hoare, Alison. 2003 Food resources an
              (1)http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_Working_Paper_No10.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008]

              (1)http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_Working_Paper_No10.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008] (2)Hoare, Alison. 2003 Food resources an

              (1)http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/136258/ [Accessed 25 Feb 2008] (2)http://www.bambooweb.info/ShowPictures2.php?BooID=411&D
              (1)http://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/pda_26aa.html [Accessed 25 Feb 2008]

              (1)http://bamboohaiku.com/s_brachycladum.htm [Accessed 27 Feb 2008]




              (1)Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. 2006 onwards. GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. http://www.kew.org/data/gra
              (1)http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_Working_Paper_No10.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008]
              (1)http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_Working_Paper_No10.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008] (2)Wong, K. M. 2004. BAMBOO The Ama



                (1)Zomlefer, W. B. 1994. Guide to the Flowering Plant Families. The University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill, NC.
                (1)http://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/pda_26aa.html [Accessed 25 Feb 2008]
                (1)http://www.bamboodownunder.com.au/?view=retail [Accessed 27 Feb 2008]
  with apparently limited seed production.
                (1)CAB International, 2005. Forestry Compendium. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.
  not grown with produce.
 rally adapted to wind dispersal, but this species is mostly propagated through rhizome divisions.
ater source, but rarely sets seed



rarely produced and are unlikely to be eaten by animals.
              (1)http://www.inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_Working_Paper_No10.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008] (2)Wong, K. M. 2004. BAMBOO The Ama
              (1)http://forums.gardenweb.com/forums/load/bamboo/msg102338036572.html [Accessed 27 Feb 2008] (2)
ora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 25 Feb 2008] (2)http://www.tropicalbamboo.com/bamboo_shopping.asp?bid=119&bamboo=Schi

m/bamboo_shopping.asp?bid=119&bamboo=Schizostachyum%20brachycladum%20Green [Accessed 25 Feb 2008]
 ora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 25 Feb 2008] (2)http://www.tropicalbamboo.com/bamboo_shopping.asp?bid=119&bamboo=Schi




ora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 25 Feb 2008]



 Alison. 2003 Food resources and changing patterns of resource use among the the Lundayeh of the Ulu Padas, Sabah The Free Library (January, 1), http



 Alison. 2003 Food resources and changing patterns of resource use among the the Lundayeh of the Ulu Padas, Sabah The Free Library (January, 1), http

 owPictures2.php?BooID=411&Desc=&Loc=&Match=AND&Cat=*&s=0 [Accessed 27 Feb 2008]




ora. http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html. [accessed 25 Feb 2008]

 K. M. 2004. BAMBOO The Amazing Grass Guide toTHE DIVERSITY AND STUDY OF BAMBOOS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA. International Plant Genetic Res




 K. M. 2004. BAMBOO The Amazing Grass Guide toTHE DIVERSITY AND STUDY OF BAMBOOS IN SOUTHEAST ASIA. International Plant Genetic Res
_shopping.asp?bid=119&bamboo=Schizostachyum%20brachycladum%20Green [Accessed 25 Feb 2008]



_shopping.asp?bid=119&bamboo=Schizostachyum%20brachycladum%20Green [Accessed 25 Feb 2008]




abah The Free Library (January, 1), http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Food resources and changing patterns of resource use among the the...-a0131041272 (



abah The Free Library (January, 1), http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Food resources and changing patterns of resource use among the the...-a0131041272 (




T ASIA. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (3)http://inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_BR_05.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2




T ASIA. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. (3)http://inbar.int/publication/txt/INBAR_BR_05.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2
ce use among the the...-a0131041272 (accessed February 27 2008)



ce use among the the...-a0131041272 (accessed February 27 2008)




NBAR_BR_05.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008] (4)Ramanuja Rao, I.V., R. Gnanaharan, C. B. Sastry. 1988. BAMBOOS Current Research: Proceedings of the




NBAR_BR_05.htm [Accessed 26 Feb 2008] (4)Ramanuja Rao, I.V., R. Gnanaharan, C. B. Sastry. 1988. BAMBOOS Current Research: Proceedings of the
S Current Research: Proceedings of theInternational Bamboo Workshop, Cochin, India from 14-18 November 1988. The Kerala Forest Research Institute




S Current Research: Proceedings of theInternational Bamboo Workshop, Cochin, India from 14-18 November 1988. The Kerala Forest Research Institute
8. The Kerala Forest Research Institute, India and International Development Research Centre, Canada (5)http://www.tropicalbamboo.org/subspecies/Sch




8. The Kerala Forest Research Institute, India and International Development Research Centre, Canada (5)http://www.tropicalbamboo.org/subspecies/Sch
ww.tropicalbamboo.org/subspecies/Schizostachyum/schizostachyum_brachycladum_green.htm [Accessed 27 Feb 2008] (6)http://www.bioversityinternatio




ww.tropicalbamboo.org/subspecies/Schizostachyum/schizostachyum_brachycladum_green.htm [Accessed 27 Feb 2008] (6)http://www.bioversityinternatio
2008] (6)http://www.bioversityinternational.org/publications/Web_version/572/ch30.htm [Accessed 27 Feb 2008] (7)http://www.carolinabamboogarden.co




2008] (6)http://www.bioversityinternational.org/publications/Web_version/572/ch30.htm [Accessed 27 Feb 2008] (7)http://www.carolinabamboogarden.co
7)http://www.carolinabamboogarden.com/component/option,com_gallery2/Itemid,99999999/?g2_itemId=151 [Accessed 27 Feb 2008] (8)http://forums.gard




7)http://www.carolinabamboogarden.com/component/option,com_gallery2/Itemid,99999999/?g2_itemId=151 [Accessed 27 Feb 2008] (8)http://forums.gard
ssed 27 Feb 2008] (8)http://forums.gardenweb.com/forums/load/bamboo/msg10183




ssed 27 Feb 2008] (8)http://forums.gardenweb.com/forums/load/bamboo/msg10183
 Question    Answer   Notes   Source
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