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					     News Clips - All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide/
 Coupures de presse - Groupe parlementaire multipartite pour la prévention du génocide


Good day / Bonjour,

Le francais suit

For your information, attached are articles from the past week on the subject of genocide
and crimes against humanity. Please note that the documents are provided in their original
language of publication.


À titre de renseignement, veuillez trouver ci-joint des articles parus la semaine dernière
touchant le génocide et les crimes contre l’humanité. Veuillez noter que les articles
transmis sont dans la langue officielle dans laquelle ils ont été rédigés.

Thank you / Merci



EVENTS – ÉVÉNEMENTS

      Honoured in the Breach? Implementing the Law and Policing Gender Violence in
       South Africa
      Rethinking Western Policy Towards Burma: Current Developments and Options
       for the Future
      Globalization, Urbanization, and Ethnicity

NEWSCLIPS – COUPURES DE PRESSE

Sudan / Soudan

      Sudan Puts Six Kids on Death Row after Attack
      Darfour : La MINUAD continue de faire face à d'énormes difficultés – Ban
      Sudan: 11 Dead, 4 Injured in Attack in South Darfur
      Sud-Soudan: Adoption par un groupe armé d'un plan pour démobiliser les enfants
       soldats
      UN Chief says Peacekeepers in Darfur Face Increasing Threats from Fighting and
       Kidnappings
      Despite Progress, Challenges Remain on Child Soldiers in Sudan, UN Official
       Reports
      Woman Jailed for Wearing Pants Flees

Democratic Republic of Congo / République démocratique du Congo
      UN Peacekeepers Introduce Local Congolese to the Cow-drawn Plough
      RDC: Le PAM renforce son aide alimentaire aux victimes de violences tribales
      Congo Army Helps Rebels Get Arms, U.N. Finds
      RDC: La MONUC salue l’arrestation de deux leaders rebelles en Allemagne
      UN Peacekeepers’ Hospital Brings Treatment to Hundreds of Local Congolese
      CPI: Ouverture du procès de deux chefs de milice congolais le 24 novembre

Other Related News / Autres Nouvelles

      Bill Would Put End to Immunity
      Le deuxième Rwandais à être accusé de génocide au pays a comparu en cour
      Remembering Ukrainian Genocide; The Great Famine of 1932-33 is Often
       Overlooked
      Un réseau international appuie les rebelles hutu rwandais, selon l'ONU
      ANALYSIS / CAMBODIA GENOCIDE TRIBUNAL In Phnom Penh, a lesson for
       tyrants As a Khmer Rouge leader awaits his sentence, oppressors everywhere would
       do well to ponder the fate of Comrade Duch
      New Way to Look at Genocide an Ungainly Work –
      L’Assemblée nationale doit se prononcer sur l’extermination d’Ukrainiens
      Uproar Over Gay-killing Bill as Commonwealth Meets; Death to Infected Gays and
       Human-rights Activists
      Ethiopia: Population, Famine and Fate


EVENTS – ÉVÉNEMENTS

Honoured in the Breach? Implementing the Law and Policing Gender Violence in South
Africa

DATE:2009.11.30
TIME/HEURE: 3:30 p.m.
LOCATION/LIEU: Carleton University, A720 LOEB Building
INFORMATION: For more information contact Daiva Stasiulis, dstasi@ccs.carleton.ca

The Department of Sociology and Anthropology and the African Studies Institute presents
Professor Sheila Meintjes, Head and Senior Lecturer, Political Studies, University of the
Witwatersrand. Professor Sheila Meintjes is Head of the Political Studies at the University of the
Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa where she has lectured since 1989. Her special
interests are gender violence, post-conflict transformation and gender politics in South Africa.
She was a full-time Commissioner in the Commission on Gender Equality between May 2001
and March 2004. She has published widely on the politics of gender and on gender violence,
including four co-edited books: The Aftermath: Women in post-conflict Transformation (2002);
One Woman, One Vote: the gender politics of elections (2003); and Women Writing Africa: the
Southern Volume s (2003; and Women‟s Activis in South Africa: Working Across Divides
(2009). This lecture is part of the Carleton Sociology & Anthropology Department Colloquium
Series.
Rethinking Western Policy Towards Burma: Current Developments and Options for the
Future

DATE:2009.11.30
TIME/HEURE: 2:00 – 3:30 p.m.
LOCATION/LIEU: IDRC, W. David Hopper Room A, 150 Kent Street, 8th floor, Ottawa, ON
INFORMATION: (613) 696-2101
Register via https://guest.cvent.com/EVENTS/Register/IdentityConfirmation.aspx?e=4a517284-
c035-4406-b14f-97210d17b783

Western policy towards Burma over the past 20 years has failed. Economic embargoes and
severe restrictions on humanitarian and development assistance on one of the world‟s poorest,
most isolated, and most conflict-ridden countries has done little to foster democratic change. At
the same time, Burma‟s multiple armed conflicts and its pressing economic and social challenges
have been virtually ignored. In a public lecture, writer, historian, and former United Nations
official Dr Thant Myint-U will argue for a fresh approach to Burma‟s problems, one based on a
more rigorous understanding of the country‟s recent history, the singular nature of the present
military dictatorship, and the fast changing regional landscape.

Globalization, Urbanization, and Ethnicity

DATE:2009.12.3 – 2009.12.4
TIME/HEURE: 2:00 – 3:30 p.m.
LOCATION/LIEU: Crowne Plaza Hotel, Ottawa, Canada
INFORMATION: http://www.queensu.ca/edg/2009.html

With more than half the human race living in cities for the first time in history, and with the
multi-ethnic and multi-cultural character of all major cities increasing rapidly, clearly thought
out development of cities is one of the most crucial factors for economic growth, social cohesion
and democratic governance world-wide. Yet cities are also the major focus of ethnic conflict and
inter-group confrontation. How can we govern cities in ways that maintain social cohesion and
draw on the assets of all cultural/ethnic groups in times of increasing diversity?


NEWSCLIPS – COUPURES DE PRESSE

Sudan / Soudan

Sudan Puts Six Kids on Death Row after Attack

PUBLICATION: The Province
DATE: 2009.11.23
Sudan sentenced six children to death for taking part in a Darfur rebel attack on Khartoum but
has since promised not to execute them, a top United Nations official said Sunday. A Sudanese
government official said he could not comment on the case but added child executions were not
allowed under the law and there were checks to keep youngsters off death row. “We have six
from the attack on death row,” said Radhika Coomaraswamy, the UN Secretary-General‟s
special representative for children and armed conflict. “The government claims that a military
panel has found that these were not children. But the assessment of the international agencies is
that they are children.” “I was assured today by the minister of justice that they will not be
executed," she told reporters at the end of a trip to Sudan. The UN defines a child as anyone
under 18. More than 100 people were sentenced to death after being convicted of taking part in
an attack by Darfur's rebel Justice and Equality Movement on the Khartoum suburb of
Omdurman in May last year. Sudan‟s president, Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, pardoned and freed
scores of children he said had been detained after taking part in the unprecedented raid, which
stopped just short of the country‟s parliament. Coomaraswamy said UN staff had identified
another six children among the remaining convicts, but Sudan‟s government had said some of
them were over 18 at the time of the attack.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091123/vap
r/0911230N.htm


Darfour: La MINUAD continue de faire face à d'énormes difficultés – Ban

PUBLICATION: Centre d‟actualités de l‟ONU
DATE: 2009.11.23

L‟Opération Union africaine-ONU au Darfour est toujours confrontée à d‟énormes difficultés, en
particulier les menaces croissances dont fait l‟objet le personnel international dans cette région
de l‟ouest du Soudan, estime le Secrétaire général de l‟ONU dans un rapport publié lundi. « Les
quatre cas d‟enlèvement de membres du personnel des organisations non gouvernementales
internationales qui ont eu lieu depuis mars 2009 et le récent enlèvement de deux agents de la
MINUAD à Zalingei le 29 août 2009 constituent une évolution particulièrement alarmante pour
le personnel international travaillant au Darfour. Le personnel de la MINUAD continue d‟être la
cible d‟actes criminels et de banditisme, dont des actes de harcèlement et des attaques violentes
», écrit M. Ban dans ce rapport remis au Conseil de sécurité. Il se dit également préoccupé par
les informations faisant état de la poursuite des combats entre le gouvernement soudanais et les
groupes rebelles au Darfour et dénonce les entraves à la liberté de mouvement et d‟accès du
personnel de la MINUAD et du personnel humanitaire. « Les nombreux incidents au cours
desquels des agents du gouvernement ont empêché des patrouilles de la MINUAD de passer
constituent une violation directe de l‟Accord sur le statut des forces conclu avec le gouvernement
soudanais et un grave obstacle à la capacité de la Mission de s‟acquitter de son mandat », estime-
t-il.

http://www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=20655&Cr=Darfour&Cr1=
Sudan: 11 Dead, 4 Injured in Attack in South Darfur

PUBLICATION: CPW
DATE: 2009.11.19

The U.N. peacekeeping mission in Darfur says eleven people died in Darfur following an attack
by unidentified gunmen on two villages in the southern part of the western Sudanese region.
UNAMID says it received confirmed reports that four others were wounded and two are missing
after the Tuesday attack on the villages of Taman and Shaleb, 124 miles (200 kilometres) south
of El Fasher city. The agency reported the attack in its Thursday bulletin. It gave no motive for
the attack. The Darfur conflict began in February 2003 when ethnic African rebels took up arms
against the Arab-dominated Sudanese government, claiming discrimination and neglect.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091120/cpw
/0911209O.htm


Sud-Soudan: Adoption par un groupe armé d'un plan pour démobiliser les enfants soldats

PUBLICATION: Centre d‟actualités de l‟ONU
DATE: 2009.11.23

La Représentante spéciale du Secrétaire général pour les enfants et les conflits armés, Radhika
Coomaraswamy, a salué la signature à Juba, au Sud-Soudan, d‟un plan d‟action par l‟Armée
populaire de libération du Soudan (APLS) pour démobiliser et réinsérer les enfants soldats. Mme
Coomaraswamy, qui vient d‟effectuer une visite de neuf jours au Soudan, s‟est félicité de
l‟engagement par l‟APLS de ne pas enrôler ou réengager des enfants dans ses forces armées.
Dans un communiqué publié vendredi, elle a aussi rappelé les efforts de son secrétariat en
collaboration avec le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l‟enfance pour financer la réinsertion de ces
enfants dans la vie civile. La Représentante spéciale a par ailleurs précisé que l‟UNICEF
manquait de fonds nécessaires pour assurer un autre avenir à ces enfants du Sud-Soudan.

http://www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=20657&Cr=Soudan&Cr1=


UN Chief says Peacekeepers in Darfur Face Increasing Threats from Fighting and
Kidnappings

PUBLICATION: CPW
DATE: 2009.11.23

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said peacekeepers in Darfur are facing increasing threats from
fighting in the vast western province and along the Chad-Sudan border, and from a spate of
kidnappings. In a report to the U.N. Security Council circulated Monday, the U.N. chief also
criticized the failure of rebel groups in Darfur to unify their positions and start serious
discussions with the government to resolve the 6 1/2-year conflict. He said the joint United
Nations-African Union force has made significant strides toward full deployment _ with 14,638
of its authorized 19,555 military contingent on the ground at the end of October _ and is now,
“more than ever,” focusing on its critical tasks of protecting civilians and facilitating the delivery
of food and other humanitarian aid. But Ban said there are still “serious challenges” and
“increased threats.” He cited ongoing fighting between Sudanese government forces and rebels
which put civilian lives at risk and demonstrate “that the parties have not made a full
commitment to a political solution to the Darfur crisis.” Between July and October, Ban said,
“serious security incidents also took place along the Chad-Sudan border” including clashes
between the armed forces of both countries. “I again call on all parties to exercise restraint, to
cease support for rebel groups in both Chad and the Sudan, and to work in good faith towards a
secure environment in Darfur,” he said.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091124/cpw
/091124GN.htm


Despite Progress, Challenges Remain on Child Soldiers in Sudan, UN Official Reports

PUBLICATION: UN News Centre
DATE: 2009.11.25

Despite progress in Sudan in the past two years in tackling the problem of children in armed
conflict, many challenges remain, ranging from reintegrating child soldiers to dealing with
youngsters abducted by the Ugandan rebel Lord‟s Resistance Army (LRA) who have been
brainwashed into killing their own parents, a senior United Nations official said today.
On the positive side, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon‟s Special Representative for Children and
Armed Conflict Radhika Coomaraswamy cited a recent agreement with the Sudanese People's
Liberation Army (SPLA), which fought a two-decade-long war with the Government until a
peace accord in 2005. Under the so-called action plan, the SPLA will discharge child soldiers
and allow access to its camps to verify implementation, she told a news conference in New York
on her return from a week-long visit to Sudan.

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=33075&Cr=sudan&Cr1=


Woman Jailed for Wearing Pants Flees

PUBLICATION: Calgary Herald
DATE: 2009.11.25

Sudanese journalist Lubna Ahmed Hussein said Tuesday she had donned a full Islamic veil to
sneak out of Sudan and travel to France, two months after she was freed from jail for wearing
trousers. On a visit to Paris to promote her new book, Hussein accused Khartoum of trying to
block her departure and said she was determined to exercise her right to travel freely as she met
Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner. “They wanted to prevent me from leaving, I resorted to the
niqab and managed to leave,” said Hussein, who was jailed for a day in September for violating
decency laws. She said she does not plan to leave Sudan for good.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091125/cah
r/0911250I.htm


Democratic Republic of Congo / République démocratique du Congo

UN Peacekeepers Introduce Local Congolese to the Cow-drawn Plough

PUBLICATION: UN News Centre
DATE: 2009.11.25

United Nations peacekeepers are going beyond the call of duty in the eastern Democratic
Republic of the Congo (DRC), not only protecting local civilians from rebel militia but also
helping them boost agricultural output as well as resurfacing roads and refurbishing a school.
Having watched the local population use hoes and shovels in labour intensive work to prepare
their fields while their cows did nothing but eat grass all day long, members of the Pakistani
battalion in the UN Mission in DRC, known as MONUC, suggested to farmers in the small
community of Walungu in strife-torn South Kivu province that a cow can also be a good tractor.
“Some of the farmers were concerned at the beginning that pulling a plough might kill their
cows,” Battalion Commander Lieutenant-Colonel Akif said. “But our troops managed to assure
them that a little work wouldn't hurt them. In some of the communities where our peacekeepers
come from, cattle are still used for ploughing.” The use of cattle for farm work is something
quite radical in Walungu, where herds are raised for prestige, milk and meat.

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=33068&Cr=monuc&Cr1=


RDC: Le PAM renforce son aide alimentaire aux victimes de violences tribales

PUBLICATION: Centre d‟actualités de l‟ONU
DATE: 2009.11.25

Le Programme alimentaire mondial a annoncé mercredi qu‟il allait renforcer son aide alimentaire
aux milliers de Congolais qui ont fui la récente explosion de violences tribales dans le nord-ouest
de la République démocratique du Congo (RDC). Plus de 38.000 personnes se sont enfuies dans
le pays voisin, la République du Congo, traversant la rivière séparant les deux pays, après
l‟éclatement d'affrontements meurtriers le 30 octobre entre deux tribus de la Province de
l‟Equateur en RDC. Les combats, qui porteraient sur des différends concernant les droits de
pêche et de culture dans le village de Dongo, ont causé la mort de dizaines de personnes et le
déplacement de 14.000 autres à l'intérieur de la RDC.

http://www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=20678&Cr=congo&Cr1=
Congo Army Helps Rebels Get Arms, U.N. Finds

PUBLICATION: The New York Times
DATE: 2009.11.25

A new United Nations report says that the Congolese Army continues to funnel weapons to rebel
groups that are smuggling millions of dollars in gold and other minerals out of Congo, helping
sustain one of Africa‟s bloodiest and most complicated wars. The lengthy report, which has not
been made public but was provided to The New York Times, details a vast, rebel-driven criminal
network in eastern Congo with tentacles touching Spanish charities, Ukrainian arms dealers,
corrupt African officials and even secretive North Korean weapons shipments. None of this is
especially shocking. For years, eastern Congo has been a steaming cauldron of ethnic tensions,
competing commercial interests, land disputes and regional politics playing out at gunpoint.
Most of the fighting is not soldier versus soldier but soldier versus civilian, and millions of
people are thought to have died from gunshot wounds or easily preventable diseases since the
war broke out in the mid-1990s. Women especially have borne the brunt of the conflict, with
hundreds of thousands raped and mutilated, a sexual violence epidemic that has caught the eye of
global figures, including Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. The United Nations report
lays bare exactly how various rebel groups finance their brutality, tracing the flow of illegal
minerals from the lush green mountainsides of Congo, formerly Zaire, to Uganda, Burundi and
Rwanda, and eventually to markets in Europe or smelters in the Far East. The report charges that
government officials in several African countries are working hand in hand with the rebels to
help smuggle out minerals and bring in guns.
http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091125/nyt
m/0911252U.htm


RDC: La MONUC salue l’arrestation de deux leaders rebelles en Allemagne

PUBLICATION: Centre d‟actualités de l‟ONU
DATE: 2009.11.19

La Mission de l‟Organisation des Nations Unies en République démocratique du Congo a salué
jeudi l‟arrestation ce mardi par la police fédérale allemande de deux dirigeants du mouvement
rebelle des FDLR, Ignace Murwanashyaka et Straton Musoni, résidant en Allemagne, et
soupçonnés d‟avoir commis des crimes contre l‟humanité et crimes de guerre en RDC. « C‟est
un développement important qui, nous croyons, permettra à la République démocratique du
Congo et à la région d‟avancer vers un avenir plus pacifique », a déclaré le représentant spécial
du Secrétaire général, Alan Doss. « J‟invite instamment les autres pays où les dirigeants des
FDLR ont trouvé refuge, à suivre l‟exemple de l‟Allemagne. » Ces arrestations sont conformes
avec des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité appelant une action de la part des Etats Membres de
l‟ONU où l‟on sait que des dirigeants des FDLR opèrent et appuient les commandants des FDLR
dans l‟Est de la RDC.

http://www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=20633&Cr=Congo&Cr1=
UN Peacekeepers’ Hospital Brings Treatment to Hundreds of Local Congolese

PUBLICATION: UN News Centre
DATE: 2009.11.24

A hospital set up in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to care for United
Nations peacekeepers is also bringing hope to hundreds of local people who might otherwise
lack necessary treatment for their illnesses and injuries as well as screening that can ward off
preventable sickness. “Our specialists are capable of carrying out life- and limb-saving
surgeries,” says Lieutenant- Colonel D. Bhattacharya, Commanding Officer of the UN mission‟s
Indian hospital in Goma, capital of strife-torn North Kivu province. “They are also helping local
medical professionals by transferring skills and by offering professional advice to the local
populace.” On any given day, hospital staff handle civilian cases ranging from malaria to
gunshot wounds. Late last week, doctors treated airline passengers for severe stress and minor
injuries after their Congolese plane over-shot the runway at Goma International Airport and
crashed into a mound of lava rock.

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=33056&Cr=monuc&Cr1=


CPI: Ouverture du procès de deux chefs de milice congolais le 24 novembre

PUBLICATION: Centre d‟actualités de l‟ONU
DATE: 2009.11.20

Le procès de deux chefs de milice congolais, Germain Katanga et Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui, doit
s‟ouvrir le mardi 24 novembre 2009, devant la Chambre de première instance II de la Cour
pénale internationale (CPI), a indiqué vendredi la CPI. Il s'agit du deuxième procès dans le cadre
de la situation en République démocratique du Congo (RDC), après celui de Thomas Lubanga
Dyilo qui s‟est ouvert le 26 janvier 2009 devant la Chambre de première instance I. Germain
Katanga, commandant présumé de la Force de résistance patriotique en Ituri (FRPI), et Mathieu
Ngudjolo Chui, ancien dirigeant présumé du Front des nationalistes et intégrationnistes (FNI),
sont accusés de trois crimes contre l‟humanité (meurtre; esclavage sexuel et viol) et de sept
crimes de guerre (le fait de faire participer des enfants de moins de 15 ans à des hostilités ; le fait
de diriger intentionnellement une attaque contre la population civile en tant que telle ou contre
des civils qui ne participent pas directement aux hostilités ; homicide intentionnel ; destructions
de biens ; pillage ; esclavage sexuel et viol).

http://www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=20647&Cr=CPI&Cr1=



Other Related News / Autres Nouvelles
Bill Would Put End to Immunity

PUBLICATION: The Sault Star
DATE: 2009.11.27

A new private member‟s bill would allow victims of torture to sue foreign states, says the son of
Zahra Kazemi, the Canadian journalist beaten to death in Iran in 2003. Stephan Kazemi‟s $17-
million lawsuit against the government of Iran, its supreme leader, Tehran‟s chief public
prosecutor and the deputy chief of the Evin prison where his mother was killed, goes to court
Wednesday. “They tortured my mother, and she‟s not the only one,” he said. “This is one way to
provide my mother with a certain sense of justice.” Liberal MP Irwin Cotler‟s bill amends
Canada‟s State Immunity Act by removing a foreign state‟s immunity from civil prosecution in
Canada for cases of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes or torture.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091127/XV
/0911270W.htm


Le deuxième Rwandais à être accusé de génocide au pays a comparu en cour

PUBLICATION: Le Droit
DATE: 2009.11.19

Le deuxième Rwandais à être accusé de génocide au Canada a brièvement comparu par vidéo-
conférence, jeudi, au palais de justice d‟Ottawa, alors que ses deux avocats ont officiellement
pris le dossier en main. Jacques Mungwarere, un Hutu, a été arrêté à sa résidence, à Windsor, le
9 novembre. Selon l‟enquête de la Gendarmerie royale du Canada (GRC), Jacques Mungwarere
a participé au génocide du Rwanda, en 1994, alors qu'il avait 22 ans. L‟Organisation des Nations
unies estime que 800 000 Rwandais, en majorité des Tutsis, ont été tués pendant le conflit.
Jeudi, à sa sortie de la courte comparution, Me Christian Deslauriers a dit qu‟il devrait se
pencher sur « une quantité phénoménale d'informations » accumulées dans le cadre de l‟enquête
touchant son client. Me Deslauriers, qui pratique principalement dans la région de Gatineau, s‟est
vu confier le dossier avec Me Philippe Larochelle. Me Deslauriers a représenté Réjean Boily, un
résidant de La Pêche qui s‟est enfuit d‟une prison mexicaine en 1999 après son arrestation pour
trafic de drogue. De son côté, Me Larochelle a déjà fait des représentations devant le Tribunal
pénal international pour le Rwanda. Jacques Mungwarere, au Canada depuis 1998, est âgé de 37
ans. Après Désiré Munyaneza, qui a été condamné à la prison à vie le 29 octobre dernier au
palais de justice de Montréal, il est le deuxième Rwandais à être accusé de génocide en vertu de
la Loi sur les crimes contre l‟humanité et les crimes de guerre.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091120/pcf/
0911204H.htm


Remembering Ukrainian Genocide; The Great Famine of 1932-33 is Often Overlooked
PUBLICATION: Montreal Gazette
DATE: 2009.11.27

Only seven people came to bury him. He rests beneath a simple stone in New York‟s Mount
Hebron cemetery, the sole clue to his historical importance an inscription incised below his name
– “father of the genocide convention.” As a graduate student I was obliged to read his book, Axis
Rule in Occupied Europe: Laws of Occupation, Analysis of Government, Proposals for Redress,
frankly more door-stopper than page-turner. Nowadays, with advocates for “humanitarian
intervention” shilling the notion of a “duty to intervene” whenever and wherever necessary to
“stop genocide,” Dr. Raphael Lemkin‟s name and words are better known. He fathered the term
“genocide” by combining the root words - geno (Greek for family or race) and - cidium (Latin
for killing) then doggedly lobbied the UN's member states until they adopted a Convention on
Genocide in December, 1948, his crowning achievement... This year, Nov. 28 - tomorrow - is the
date on which the Holodomor's victims will be hallowed. Thousands of postcards bearing
Lemkin‟s image and citing his words have been mailed to diplomats worldwide, asking them to
acknowledge what was arguably the greatest crime against humanity to befoul 20th-century
European history. There is no doubt that Lemkin knew the famine in Soviet Ukraine was
genocidal. If the world chooses to ignore what he said than what this good man fathered - the
word “genocide” - will lose all meaning.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091127/mtg
z/0911273B.htm


Un réseau international appuie les rebelles hutu rwandais, selon l'ONU

PUBLICATION: Le Monde
DATE: 2009.11.27

Alors qu‟une opération militaire d‟envergure des forces armées de la République démocratique
du Congo (RDC), appuyées par les Nations unies, est en cours contre les rebelles hutus des
Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR), un rapport d‟experts mandatés par
l‟ONU a mis en évidence l‟important réseau international sur lequel ils s‟appuient. Le texte,
examiné à huis clos par le Conseil de sécurité, mercredi 25 novembre, n‟a pas été rendu public.
Selon une copie en possession du Monde, il montre l‟étendue du réseau à l‟étranger de la
rébellion hutu rwandaise. Celle-ci a été créée autour d‟un noyau de miliciens et d‟ex-soldats
impliqués dans le génocide rwandais de 1994. Avec le temps, ces « génocidaires » ont été
rejoints par de nouvelles recrues dans l‟est de la RDC, où ils ont longtemps opéré. Parallèlement,
les FDLR se sont dotés à l‟étranger d‟une structure politique « propre » (non impliquée dans le
génocide), de réseaux de soutien et de financement dans une vingtaine de pays décrits par les
experts mandatés par les Nations unies. Le rapport établit les liens entre la structure militaire des
FDLR et ses responsables politiques installés en Europe et aux Etats-Unis.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091127/lm/
0911270P.htm
ANALYSIS / CAMBODIA GENOCIDE TRIBUNAL In Phnom Penh, a lesson for tyrants
As a Khmer Rouge leader awaits his sentence, oppressors everywhere would do well to
ponder the fate of Comrade Duch

PUBLICATION: Globe and Mail
DATE: 2009.11.27

Driving along the bumpy road that connects Phnom Penh with the courtroom on its outskirts that
hosts the trials of the Khmer Rouge leadership, you pass through an intersection where Kim Il-
sung Boulevard stretches north and Mao Zedong Boulevard heads south. Both streets were
named after the friends and patrons of the Khmer Rouge during its brief period in power in the
1970s, a time when Mao and Kim feted Pol Pot and China sold him weapons in exchange for
rice even as hundreds of thousands of Cambodians were starving to death. That the intersection
lies on the road to the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia - the United Nations-
backed tribunal that is seeking to bring the surviving leadership of the Khmer Rouge to justice -
seems fitting. The ECCC is located among the “killing fields” outside the Cambodian capital
where many of the genocidal regime‟s estimated 1.7 million victims are buried. Most of those
who were tortured at Phnom Penh‟s notorious S-21 prison under Comrade Duch - the Khmer
Rouge jailer whose trial heard final arguments this week - passed through the same intersection
before being forced to kneel beside the open pits that would become their graves. Of course, it
wasn‟t just the Khmer Rouge that was annihilating large swaths of its population in the 1970s.
As Pol Pot was emptying out Cambodia‟s cities in an effort to create an agrarian utopia, Mao‟s
Cultural Revolution was near its bloody peak, claiming millions of lives. Kim, meanwhile, was
building a network of labour camps that has swallowed hundreds of thousands of people and
exists to this day under the leadership of his son, Kim Jong-il. Which is why the ECCC deserves
the word “extraordinary” in its title. For all the tribunal‟s flaws - and there are many - Cambodia
is unique in Asia for at least beginning to try to come to terms with its blood-soaked past.
Repressive regimes around the region, including the hard-line military junta in Myanmar, must
be watching with some trepidation, wondering what it may eventually mean for them.
Tellingly, the tribunal is funded largely by Western countries (including Canada).

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091127/gm/
0911273X.htm


New Way to Look at Genocide an Ungainly Work –

PUBLICATION: Winnipeg Free Press
DATE: 2009.11.21

Reviewed by Lionel Steiman Worse Than War Genocide, Eliminationism, and the Ongoing
Assault on Humanity PublicAffairs, 658 pages, $38 By Daniel Jonah Goldhagen This ungainly
work has many faults, the first being its length. It is wordy and repetitive, its tone is often
arrogant and omniscient, and its author, American academic Daniel Jonah Goldhagen, is
insulting and dismissive of views with which he disagrees. Because it presents evidence
selectively, and forces it to fit Goldhagen‟s preconceptions, the book is not a trustworthy
reference. But it is also a vigorously argued effort to address a major cause of human suffering.
Worse than War claims to offer a new way of understanding the phenomenon of genocide, and a
corresponding method of preventing or restraining genocidal actions once they begin. In it
Goldhagen uses the interpretive frame of his controversial 1996 book on the Holocaust, Hitler‟s
Willing Executioners, for an analysis of genocide in general. Goldhagen's first book was rejected
by scholars for faulty research and interpretation, and the present work will not likely fare any
better. That is partly because Goldhagen excludes structural and material factors from
consideration, focusing instead solely on the role of individuals. All genocidal assaults, he
believes, are caused by individuals, who are always motivated by ideas. Individual leaders
conjure some transformation of society which they insist requires the elimination of an identified
enemy, usually a mistrusted and hated minority. Goldhagen calculates that in the 20th century
between 125 and 175 million people were victims of mass murder, three times the number of
military and civilian deaths in all the wars of that century...

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091121/wf/
0911212Y.htm


L’Assemblée nationale doit se prononcer sur l’extermination d’Ukrainiens

PUBLICATION: Le Soleil
DATE: 2009.11.25

La députée péquiste de Rosemont, Louise Beaudoin, présentera ce mercredi, à l‟Assemblée
nationale, un projet de loi sur la commémoration de l‟extermination par la faim de millions
d‟Ukrainiens par le régime soviétique de Joseph Staline, en 1932 et 1933. Ce geste de
l‟opposition sera posé quelques jours avant que le premier ministre Jean Charest se rende en
Russie, du 7 au 11 décembre. Le projet de la députée Beaudoin, une ancienne ministre des
Relations internationales, visera à faire reconnaître par l‟Assemblée nationale le quatrième
samedi de novembre comme « le Jour commémoratif de la famine et du génocide ukrainiens »,
l‟Holodomor. Mme Beaudoin donne ainsi suite à une volonté exprimée par le Congrès ukrainien
canadien. Certains historiens parlent de trois millions de morts alors que d‟autres évoquent le
chiffre de 10 millions. Pour les Ukrainiens, cette famine a été planifiée par le régime soviétique
pour tuer leurs aspirations nationales. Le premier ministre Charest s‟entretiendra avec le vice-
premier ministre de la Fédération de Russie, Viktor Zubkov, et il n‟est pas exclu qu‟il ait un
entretien avec Vladimir Poutine. Or, la Russie nie que la famine de 1932 et 1933 en Ukraine
puisse être qualifiée de génocide. En 2008, le secrétaire d‟Etat canadien au multiculturalisme,
Jason Kenney, a lui-même pris part à une cérémonie en mémoire des victimes de l‟Holodomor.
La même année, le Parlement européen a retenu l‟expression de crime contre l‟humanité pour
qualifier cette grande famine.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091126/pcf/
0911262Q.htm
Uproar Over Gay-killing Bill as Commonwealth Meets; Death to Infected Gays and
Human-rights Activists

PUBLICATION: The Province
DATE: 2009.11.27

Prime Minister Patrick Manning of Trinidad and Tobago, who plays host to a meeting of
Commonwealth leaders beginning here today, drew furious criticism Thursday when he
dismissed human rights as a domestic issue that has no place on the summit agenda. Human-
rights groups have been urging the leaders, including Prime Minister Stephen Harper, to pressure
Uganda to drop proposed legislation that calls for the execution of HIV-infected gays and
lesbians and to sanction President Yahya Jammeh of Gambia for threatening to kill human-rights
activists. “Countries have their own positions on these matters,” Manning said, “but it doesn't
form part of our agenda. It need not detain us.” HIV-AIDS activist Stephen Lewis, who was in
Port of Spain this week to protest the Ugandan bill, called Manning's comments “a terrible error
in judgment.” But he said he expects other leaders, including Harper, to pressure President
Yoweri Museveni of Uganda to drop the bill. “I fully expect this to be raised in the corridors
outside the meeting,” he said. “The genocide for gays and lesbians being contemplated in
Uganda is doing real damage to the Commonwealth's credibility and Manning's comments heap
disrepute on the organization.” The proposed private member‟s bill, which opponents say has
Museveni's approval, proposes execution for gays who have sex and makes it mandatory for all
Ugandans, including family and friends, to report this sexual activity to authorities within 24
hours. Lewis calls the bill an Orwellian proposal that will demonize homosexuality, intensify the
stigma suffered by all AIDS sufferers in Africa and drive gay men and women underground. “It
will diminish dramatically the prospect of counselling and testing to establish HIV status,” he
added.

http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091127/vap
r/0911272A.htm


Ethiopia: Population, Famine and Fate

PUBLICATION: The Whitehorse Star
DATE: 2009.11.26

A quarter-century after a million Ethiopians died in the great hunger of 1984-85, the country is
heading into another famine. The spring rains failed entirely, and the summer rains were three
weeks late. But why is famine is stalking Ethiopia again? The Ethiopian government is
authoritarian, but it isn't incompetent. It gives fertilizer to farmers and teaches best practices. By
the late „90s, the country was self-sufficient in food in good years, and the government had
created a strategic food reserve for the bad years. So why are we back here again? Infant deaths
are already over two per 10,000 per day in Somali, the worst-hit region of Ethiopia. (Four per
day counts as full-scale famine.) Country-wide, 20 per cent of the population already depends on
the dwindling flow of foreign food aid, and it will get worse for many months yet. What have the
Ethiopians done wrong?
http://parlmedia.parl.gc.ca/lop/showfile.asp?Lang=E&URL=/ArchiveNews/2009/11/091126/wh/
0911260B.htm

				
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