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					State of the Environment
Report 2009
LORD MAYOR’S REPORT
                          As Council nears the beginning of it’s major revitalisation of the City
                          Centre with the entire redevelopment of Civic Place imminent, never has
                          there been a better time for Parramatta City Council to demonstrate
                          themselves as a leader in sustainability. As Lord Mayor of Parramatta, I
                          am pleased to be leading Council through this exciting time.

                          Parramatta has an extensive history beginning with the Burramatta clan
                          of the Darug people, the traditional owners of the land in the Parramatta
                          district. The name Parramatta was actually a European misinterpretation
                          of the word “Burramatta”, meaning “the place where eels lie down to
                          breed”.

                           Parramatta is also the second oldest European settlement in Australia. It
became the site of the Colony’s first seat of government and the settlement of choice, providing
the colony with fertile agricultural lands to grow food.

Today, Parramatta is the heart of Western Sydney and the geographic heart of Sydney. Council’s
vision to be “The Leading City at the Heart of Sydney” requires careful planning to ensure that our
natural environment and cultural history is balanced with the economic and social needs of our
community. In 2006, Council adopted it’s 20 year strategic plan, Parramatta Twenty25, setting its
long term vision for the City and working towards improving our environmental, social and
economic wellbeing.

Council continues to demonstrate its commitment to the environment by showing leadership in
sustainability as well as involving the community through education and active participation in a
variety of environmental programs.

In the 2007/2008 reporting year, Council achieved Milestone 5 plus in the Cities for Climate
Protection Program which aims to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases from both Council
operations and the broader community. Council now purchases 100% GreenPower for all of its
buildings and facilities and has retrofitted many of these with water saving devices, energy
efficient fixtures and solar panels.

In August 2008, Council launched “The Loop”, a free city centre bus service to move people
between the city’s major commercial, retail and recreational landmarks and designed to reduce
the need for individual car movements across the CBD. Council also provides to its residents
rainwater tank and solar hot water information packs with details on choosing a supplier, rebates
available and green loans.

Council has been fortunate to receive 3 significant grants from the NSW Environmental Trust for
major sustainability projects. Working with several other Council’s, the projects involve significant
works in building industrial sustainability in the Camellia-Silverwater area, water sensitive urban
design along Parramatta River and water management in the Duck River catchment. These
projects recognise the importance of many of these issues and demonstrate a co-operative
approach to sustainability.




Councillor Paul Garrard
Lord Mayor of Parramatta


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

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CEO’S REPORT
Since Council’s last comprehensive State of the Environment (SoE)
report in 2004 Parramatta City Council has made some significant
changes to the way we do business. This SoE will look at environmental
trends and achievements that Council has made. It will also examine the
services that Council provides, community involvement and discussion of
Council’s longer term strategies and plans.

The implementation in 2006 of Council’s 20 year Strategic Plan
Parramatta Twenty25, has now set our vision for the future of Parramatta
and the strategies we will require to achieve the City’s environmental,
social and economic well-being. In 2008, Council prepared its first State
of the City Report, reporting on each of the seven destinations identified
in Parramatta Twenty25. This annual report provides a balanced view of
sustainability in our city and will guide our priorities in order to achieve our future vision of
Parramatta.

Sustainability is now being built into everything we do and is embedded in our Guiding Principles
and ten Corporate Strategic Priorities. Council has recently reviewed its Environmental Policy,
objectives and targets and formulated a sustainable procurement program to reduce
consumption and increase product/ service sustainability. This extends to the planning for the
complete redevelopment of Civic Place, expected to start in 2010.

When Council re-tendered it’s Waste Contracts for residential waste collection in 2006, research
was undertaken into the latest technologies available and a complete review of the service was
undertaken to achieve more sustainable long term waste solutions. In 2008, Council entered into
a regional tender with Bankstown and Holroyd City Councils to build an Alternative Waste
Treatment Facility to be operational by 2011/2012. This state of the art technology is expected to
divert more than 80% of putrescible waste from landfill, well ahead of State Government targets.

The building of strong partnerships is key to ensuring the progress of our city. Council is
fortunate to have strong community involvement through our resident’s panel consultation,
numerous bushcare groups, schools, businesses and other community groups who play a vital
role in protecting and improving the natural and cultural assets of our city.

The City of Parramatta is expected to grow considerably in population over the next 20 years,
placing significant demand on our services and infrastructure and pressure on our environment.
The relocation of Sydney Water and it’s 1400 employees in early 2009 to join the Attorney
General’s Department, the NSW Police, the Office of State Revenue and others as our new
citizens is indicative of the future growth expected for Parramatta. The State Government’s
anticipates that 30 new city skyscrapers will be built over the next 20 years in Parramatta to
house the expected growth in office workers alone.

Future cities will be those that have good urban design, are environmentally sustainable, have
vast public spaces and an integrated public transport system. Council is planning carefully for
the City’s growth to ensure that future development, transport and service needs are met whilst
protecting and respecting the environmental values of the City.




Dr Robert Lang
Chief Executive Officer


                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

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CONTENTS
LORD MAYOR’S REPORT…………………………………………………………………………… 2

CEO’S REPORT……………………………………………………………………………………….. 3

CONTENTS…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 4

COUNCIL’S ORGANISATION……………………………………………………………………….. 6

PARRAMATTA PROFILE…………………………………………………………………………….. 7

ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE………………………………………………………………………... 8

COUNCIL’S STRATEGIC DIRECTION……………………………………………………………... 9

STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT REPORTS……………………………………………………… 11

KEY ACHIEVEMENTS………………………………………………………………………………... 13

SUSTAINABILITY                                                                    24


LAND                                                                              28

    Land Use Planning                                                             30
    Managing Soil and Sediment from Building Sites                                30
    Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD)                                           31
    Tree Preservation                                                             31
    City of Trees Program                                                         32
    Land Contamination                                                            32
    Acid Sulphate Soils                                                           33
    Case Study—Water Sensitive Urban Design Incorporated into Guildford Laneway   34

NOISE                                                                             35


    Council’s Own Actions                                                         37
    Noise Associated with Development                                             37
    Domestic Noise                                                                37
    Noise from Licensed Premises                                                  38

WASTE                                                                             39

    What’s New in Waste?                                                          40
    Council’s Own Actions                                                         41
    Education and Campaigns                                                       41
    Cleansing Services                                                            42
    Clean Up Australia Day                                                        43
    Illegal Dumping                                                               43
    Waste Generated by New Developments                                           44
    Case Study—South Parramatta Neighbourhood Blitz                               45




                                        State of the Environment Report 2009

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CONTENTS
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING                                                     46

    Parramatta Climate Action Plan                                               48
    Parramatta Transport Planning                                                49
    SMArt Options for Parramatta                                                 50
    The Loop Bus Service                                                         51
    Linking our Cycleways                                                        51
    Sustainable Business in Parramatta LGA                                       52

BIODIVERSITY                                                                     54

    Restoring Vegetation Communities                                             56
    Bushcare Program                                                             57
    Habitat Reconstruction                                                       57
    Fish Ladders                                                                 57
    Platypus Recovery Plan                                                       57
    Controlled Burns                                                             58
    Bikes Damaging Bushland Reserves                                             58
    Construction of Walking Tracks                                               58
    Council’s Nursery and Free Tree Giveaways                                    58
    Community Education and Participation                                        58

WATER                                                                            60

    Strategies, Plans & Policies                                                 63
    Native Fish Identified in Quarry Branch Creek                                64
    Platypus Sighting                                                            65
    Fish Ladders                                                                 65
    Flood Mitigation Works                                                       66
    Water Conservation                                                           67
    Water Consumption                                                            68
    Stormwater Management Service Charge (SMSC)                                  68
    Riverbeats Festival                                                          69
    Waterways Maintenance and Restoration                                        69

HERITAGE                                                                         72

    INDIGENOUS HERITAGE                                                          72
    ATSI Committee                                                               73
    Events & Exhibitions                                                         74
    Forming New Partnerships                                                     74
    Council Adopts Aboriginal Names for Reserves                                 75
    Planning for Aboriginal Heritage Conservation                                75

    NON-INDIGENOUS HERITAGE                                                      75
    Parramatta Heritage Planning                                                 76
    Parramatta Heritage and Visitor Information Centre                           76
    Parramatta Cultural Events and Stories                                       77
    Case Study—Convict Women Tour Australia                                      78


GLOSSARY…………………………………………………………………………………………….. 80



                                          State of the Environment Report 2009

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GLOSSARY
COUNCIL’S ORGANISATION



           Council’s Vision
           “Parramatta First: The Leading City at the Heart of Sydney”

           Our vision is for Parramatta LGA to become a sustainable city:

              x with a healthy, natural environment
              x with vibrant neighbourhood centres and attractive
                buildings
              x with a CBD at the heart of Sydney with something for
              x everyone
              x that is accessible to people who walk, ride or use public
                transport
              x that is inclusive of all people, cultures and lifestyles
              x with economic and learning opportunities for growth and
                enrichment of our community rich in leadership and good
                management of its organisations




           Council’s Values
           We support behaviour that promotes:

               x a supportive workforce
               x safe and trusting environment
               x a cooperative team approach
               x community focus and customer service
               x improving our results
               x value for money




           Council’s Purpose
           To deliver the best possible services to our community




                    State of the Environment Report 2009

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PARRAMATTA PROFILE
Parramatta City is located in Sydney’s western suburbs, about 24 kilometres from the Sydney
GPO. Parramatta City is bounded by Baulkham Hills Shire and Hornsby Shire in the north, the
City of Ryde in the east, Auburn, Bankstown and Fairfield councils in the south and Holroyd
and Blacktown councils in the west.

Parramatta City has an estimated population of 161,912 people (2008) and includes the
suburbs of Camellia, Carlingford, Chester Hill, Clyde, Constitution Hill, Dundas, Dundas Valley,
Eastwood, Epping, Ermington, Granville, Guildford, Harris Park, Melrose Park, Merrylands,
North Parramatta, Northmead, Oatlands, Old Toongabbie, Toongabbie, Parramatta, Pendle
Hill, Rosehill, Rydalmere, South Granville, Telopea, Wentworthville, Westmead and Winston
Hills.

Parramatta is derived from the Aboriginal word “Burramatta” meaning “the place where eels lie
down to breed”. It was originally known as Rose Hill.

Parramatta City is a predominantly residential area with substantial institutional, industrial and
commercial land use. Major features of the City include Westfield Shoppingtown, the
Parramatta City Centre, Westmead Hospital, The Children’s Hospital at Westmead, TAFE
NSW South Western Sydney Institute (Granville College), University of Western Sydney
(Parramatta Campus and Westmead Precinct), Old Government House, Elizabeth Farmhouse,
Parramatta Heritage Centre, Rosehill Gardens Racecourse, Parramatta City Raceway,
Parramatta Stadium, Parramatta Regional Park, Lake Parramatta and the Parramatta River.
The City is served by the Western (M4) Motorway, the Great Western Highway and the main
western, main northern and Carlingford railway lines.

The City encompasses a total land area of about 61 square kilometres.




                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILE




Centrally located in the Sydney basin, the Parramatta Local Government Area straddles the
junction between the Hawkesbury Sandstone of the Hornsby Plateau and the Wianamatta Shales
of the Cumberland Lowland, as well as four catchments that drain into Sydney Harbour.

Since the area was explored and mapped in 1788, the towering Cumberland Plain Forests with
their open understoreys have been whittled away to pockets of remnant bushland. Gone too are
the dense flocks of waterfowl and fruit bats that once darkened the sky above Duck River, and the
immense hoards of shellfish that accumulated over at least 20,000 years on the tidal mudflats
during their occupation by Darug speaking peoples.

The traditional meeting place for Indigenous people from Western Sydney and beyond,
Parramatta was the site of Australia’s earliest attempts at Indigenous reconciliation within the
early years of settlement after disease, dispossession and hostilities decimated the Darug clans
around the port of Sydney. Parramatta’s surviving sites of significance include axe grinding
grooves, rock shelters and art sites.

A legacy of its early establishment as a seat of government, Parramatta houses a rich legacy of
Colonial heritage assets including buildings, bridges and cemeteries. The district was singled out
in the first months of the Colony because of its fertile alluvial soils along its waterways and the
richer loamy soils overlaying shales. Two centuries after it was earmarked as the site for
Government farms, the settlement has become the heart and hub of Western Sydney. As
Sydney’s second CBD, the City has been experiencing increasing pressure on its open space
under competing demands for land while striving to accommodate urban consolidation and
population pressures.

Parramatta’s light and heavy industry sectors generate point source pollution, compounded by
diffuse and mobile pollutants in the form of private vehicles. As a major transport, retail,
commercial and health profession hub, the local government area is experiencing the impacts of
increased commuter, residential and visitor transport movements, with inadequate infrastructure
from feeder areas leading to high private car use.

Complicating matters, Parramatta’s air quality is at the mercy of regional climatic conditions and
pollution generated throughout the Sydney Basin. At the upper reaches of the Parramatta River’s
tidal flow, the City is beyond the cooling influences of coastal sea breezes and misses out on any
natural flushing of its air quality. This means that Parramatta is consistently hotter in spring and
summer than the coastal parts of Sydney.

Maintaining community awareness on environmental matters is complicated by the relatively high
percentage of residents who were born in another country and speak English as a second
language.




                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

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COUNCIL’S STRATEGIC DIRECTION

           Parramatta Twenty25
           In 2004 a group of residents, businesses, government
           representatives and other interested people came together to
           discuss ways to improve the sustainability of our city. The first
           step in creating a more sustainable Parramatta was to redefine
           the future. As a result, ParramattaTwenty25 was adopted by
           Council in December 2006.

           ParramattaTwenty25 is Council's 20 year strategic plan for the
           Parramatta LGA to improve our economic, social and
           environmental wellbeing and to meet the aspirations of our
           residents. This plan tells us what we need to do to make the city
           of Parramatta more sustainable in the future. Expressed in
           seven destinations, Parramatta Twenty25 outlines the vision for
           Parramatta and the strategies required to get there.

           In developing Parramatta Twenty25, council undertook
           extensive consultation with residents, and other key
           stakeholders throughout the city. Ongoing participation and
           involvement of the community and stakeholders has been
           critical to ensure ParramattaTwenty25 is responsive and
           relevant.

           Parramatta City Council will measure the deliverables of
           Parramatta Twenty25 using two reports - the State of the City
           Report and the Annual Report. While the Annual Report will
           determine how well Council met the goals, objectives,
           performance measures and targets of our Management Plan,
           the State of the City Report will ascertain Council’s
           advancement towards the 7 destinations in Parramatta
           Twenty25. It will determine the city’s progress in meeting
           sustainability benchmarks and report on key sustainability
           indicators that are part of the implementation plan of
           ParramattaTwenty25.

           It should be noted that “Land and Water that is protected,
           respected and sustained” was identified by residents, workers
           and students as the number 1 priority through the consultation
           process, showing the importance that the community places on
           our natural environment.




                    State of the Environment Report 2009

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COUNCIL’S STRATEGIC DIRECTION

The Seven Destinations in Parramatta Twenty25



        1. Land and water that is protected, respected and sustained



        2. A society that is healthy and compassionate



        3. Businesses that are dynamic, prosperous and socially responsible



        4. Neighbourhoods that are liveable and distinctive



        5. A community that is diverse and cohesive



        6. People and places that are linked by sustainable transport and communication
           networks


        7. A city that is innovative and inspirational


The relevant destinations and strategies have been identified within each environmental sector of
this report.



Corporate Strategy 'From Good to Excellent'
Council’s Corporate Strategy was adopted in 2008 and drives our corporate performance over a 5
year period. It builds on the previous Corporate Strategy implemented between 2004 and 2007
and is designed to drive significant improvement across Council. The corporate strategy provides
clear strategic direction for our internal services and complements the vision set for our City in
Parramatta Twenty25.




                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

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STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT REPORTS




The Local Government Act 1993 requires councils, councillors and council employees “to have
regard to the principles of ecologically sustainable development in carrying out their
responsibilities”.

It also requires council to “properly manage, develop, protect, restore, enhance and conserve the
environment of the area for which it is responsible in a manner which is consistent with and
promotes the principles of ecologically sustainable development and have regard to the long-term
and cumulative effect of its decisions”.

Australia's National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development 1992 (NSESD) defines
ecologically sustainable development (ESD) as:

     “using, conserving and enhancing the community's resources so that ecological processes,
     on which life depends, are maintained, and the total quality of life, now and in the future, can
     be increased”

Each financial year Parramatta City Council prepares a State of the Environment (SoE) report in
accordance with the Act.

The SoE reports on the major environmental pressures that face the Parramatta Local
Government Area (LGA) and provides an explanation of the state of the eight environmental
sectors including Land, Water, Biodiversity, Noise, Waste, Air Quality & Global Warming and
Indigenous & Non-Indigenous Heritage. Within the SoE, Council explains in detail how the
organisation responded to identified pressures facing the City by preparing environmental plans,
targeted strategies and monitoring of performance trends.

NSW legislation states that SoE reports are to comply with the Pressure-State-Response model of
environmental reporting. Each component of this model is described below:

     Pressure:         Identifies and describes the pressure that human activities put on their
                       immediate environment and their natural surroundings.

     State:            Identifies and describes the current and projected state of the environment.

     Response:         Identifies and describes the response of councils, government agencies,
                       industry and communities to the pressures on, and state of, the
                       environment.




                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

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STATE OF THE ENVIRONMENT REPORTS
It should be noted that the first SoE for the year ending after each election of the councillors for its
area must be a comprehensive state of the environment report. As a result of Council Elections
held on 13 September 2008, this SoE is a comprehensive report, providing a more detailed
account on the condition of and Council’s actions in managing and protecting the environment.

As part of this comprehensive report, community consultation data has been included. This data
has been collected from Council’s Resident’s Panel who have been surveyed every year since
2005. (It should be noted however that some questions have been later additions to the survey
and therefore complete data is not available). The Management Plan Survey is primarily driven by
the need for Program Panels to understand resident satisfaction with Council’s delivery of
services, its infrastructure and perception of place.


This assists in:

1. Forward planning, including Council’s Management Plan (budgets and projects).
2. Service planning, including Units/Services applying resident satisfaction indicators to better
target and improve their services.

This SoE report also includes a number of indicators which have been provided for each of the
Environmental Sectors. The purpose of including these is to monitor trends over time and
determine whether we are making progress towards achieving our environmental goals whilst
considering social and economic factors also.

Trends are shown as in the report as follows:


     or            indicates we are making improvements or tracking in the right direction


     or            indicates we have room for improvement or need to manage increased
                   pressures on our environment


                   indicates no clear trend

A full list of the key achievements for each environmental sector has been included in the next
section of this report. This looks at the achievements made each year since the last
comprehensive SoE in 2004. Specific activities are then discussed in greater detail throughout the
remainder of the report under the specific environmental sectors.

The future will hold changes for SoE reporting, with recent amendments to the Local Government
Act 1993 setting out a new planning and reporting framework to be phased in over a 3 year period.
Council is fortunate to already have a planning framework in place which will satisfy many of the
requirements of the amended Act. Additionally, the new reporting framework will provide greater
flexibility to how Council’s develop their SoE reports, allowing Councils to tailor reports which
focus on monitoring and reporting environmental issues that are of concern to their own
community.




                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

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KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
LAND

2004/2005
x    Revised our Development Control Plan (DCP) and began work on our Residential
     Development Strategy (RDS).

2005/2006
x    Approved a revised DCP and continued work on its RDS
x    Adopted a Local Floodplain Risk Management Policy
x    Investigated 56 breaches of Council’s Tree Preservation Order

2006/2007
x    Parramatta Twenty25 Strategy is adopted setting a vision and strategies for the sustainable
     growth of the city in the future
x    The Parramatta City Centre Vision (PCCV), draft Local Environment Plan (LEP), draft
     Development Control Plan (DCP), and Civic Improvement Plan (CIP) is adopted by Council
x    Council, along with the Department of Planning, were awarded the Urban Development
     Institute of Australia's NSW 2007 Award for Excellence for “Public Sector Leadership for
     Urban Development”
x    Reopening of Church Street Mall to through traffic incorporates water sensitive urban design
     elements throughout the length of the site
x    Draft City Centre LEP is prepared in accordance with the NSW State Government’s
     standardised LEP template format, and is supported by a revised and consolidated DCP

2007/2008
x    Commenced the revision of our LEP and DCP in accordance with State Government
     requirements and our draft RDS
x    Implemented Council’s Internal Operating procedures for the Management of Water
     Pollution, Hazardous Materials and Orphan Waste Incidents
x    Completed the Revitalising Parramatta City Centre Plan
x    Commenced the Urban Sustainability grant for Industrial Sustainability in Camellia
x    Carried out 57 investigations relating to suspected breaches to the TPO and accordingly
     issued seven Penalty Infringement Notices

2008/2009
x    Increased our street tree and parks plantings this year with over 700 trees planted as part of
     our City of Trees program
x    Completed two new developer contribution plans, the Parramatta City Centre Civic
     Improvement Plan and the Parramatta Section 94A Development Contributions Plan


NOISE

2004/2005
x    Council’s Environmental Health Team undertake training with Department of Environment &
     Conservation on application of Noise Legislation and their Noise Guide document

2005/2006
x    Council adopts Parramatta Development Control Plan (DCP) 2005. The DCP sets planning
     standards to be adopted in Parramatta which includes consideration of noise impacts/
     acoustic privacy




                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

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KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
NOISE

2006/2007
x    Under Council’s new waste collection contract, later start times for garbage collection in
     residential areas were implemented to reduce noise impacts on residents
x    Held Councillor workshop and a public meeting in Granville Town Hall to discuss noise
     issues associated with Parramatta City Raceway
x    Council adopts new Childcare Centres DCP which sets acoustic standards/ requirements
     for applicants making a Development Application to Council

2007/2008
x    Council’s Cleansing Team developed Work Method Statements for their operations which
     addressed environmental impacts including noise.

2008/2009
x    Council’s Environment & Development Control Team and NSW Police undertake joint
     inspections of licensed premises within the City Centre to address ongoing noise issues


WASTE

2004/2005
x    Conducted a review of waste collection and disposal contracts in light of latest technologies
x    Carried out a review of all Council’s waste and cleansing services and standards
x    Increased monitoring by Council’s Ranger Services and installed video surveillance at
     dumping ‘hot spots’
x    Purchased two additional sweeper vehicles, resulting in wider coverage of street cleansing.
     A total of 71,035 kilometres of roads were cleaned by mechanical sweepers
x    New initiative implemented at Granville Depot whereby illegally dumped materials collected
     by the cleansing team are separated for recycling/ disposal, resulting in us receiving a
     Highly Commended in the Keep Australia Beautiful Awards

2005/2006
x    Started development of Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery (WARR) Plan
x    Achieved 100 per cent successful prosecutions for littering offences taken to court
x    Implemented scheduled work programs for Cleansing Services team
x    Introduced a No Butts about Church Street campaign targeted at reducing cigarette butt
     litter
x    Rolled out an anti-plastic bag campaign which involved handing out 5000 free calico bags
x    Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) drawn up between Council and Department of
     Housing (DoH) to clarify where responsibility sat for issues that arise regarding waste and
     other issues at DoH owned properties
x    Took part in a Coles Care Campaign on steel can recycling

2006/2007
x    Entered into a new seven year performance based waste contract with Cleanaway
x    Expanded our recycling service to accept plastic bottles and containers numbered 1 to 7
     (compared to 1 to 3 under previous contracts) and ushered in later collection start times in
     neighbourhood streets


                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

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KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
WASTE

2006/2007
x    Extended bulk rubbish removal under the new contract to a quarterly service for all
     residents, aimed at deterring illegal dumping
x    Held the South Parramatta Neighbourhood Blitz to remedy illegal dumping and help restore
     community pride
x    Undertook a two month CBD trial of ten futuristic “BigBelly” bins

2007/2008
x    Entered into a regional tender with two other councils for a waste disposal contract to
     process and dispose of waste in a more sustainable manner.
x    Conducted custom waste and recycling workshops to schools and the general community
     across the LGA
x    Modified the cleansing team’s schedule to increase the time spent in high profile areas and
     developed work method statements that include protection of the environment and noise
     reduction strategies

2008/2009
x    Awarded a tender to WSN Environmental Solution to build an AWT (Alternate Waste
     Treatment) facility and have it in operation by 2011/12
x    Managed 23 sharps bins across the LGA. The sharps program collected approximately
     448kgs of used injecting needles, a significant increase on the previous year
x    Increased promotion of waste and recycling workshops resulting in much greater uptake
x    Worked with staff to establish a new office waste system at six of our sites, which
     significantly increased our level of recycling, reduced the volume of organic and reusable
     waste going to landfill and reduced our greenhouse gas emissions


AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING

2004/2005
x    Achieved Milestone 5 in the Cities for Climate Protection Program which aims to reduce all
     greenhouse gas emissions
x    Implemented energy saving strategies within Council's Darcy Street office and Council
     chambers resulting in a drop in energy use from 1244 MJ/m2/yr to 805 MJ/m2/yr
x    Placed energy efficiency specifications in tender briefs to potential developers for the Civic
     Place Redevelopment
x    Implemented the three CBDs Greenhouse Initiative Project with recruitment of nine
     commercial tenancies in the Parramatta CBD
x    Appointed a consultant to undertake a feasibility study for a free CBD shuttle bus, with
     Department of Infrastructure Planning & Natural Resources (DIPNR) funding Council for
     the feasibility study
x    Continued to link local and regional cycleways

2005/2006
x    Continued to develop the environmental assessment of industry program involving working
     in partnership with local industry to raise environmental awareness and to reduce pollution
     including air emissions



                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                      15
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING

2005/2006
x    Developed a Climate Action Plan (CAP) to guide climate change management actions in the
     LGA for the period 2006 to 2011
x    Continued involvement with the Cities for Climate Protection Program commencing CCP
     PLUS which aims to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases from both Council
     operations and the broader community
x    100 residents participated in the GreenHome sustainable living education program providing
     information and skills to reduce ecological footprint at home
x    60 households participated in the EcoSmart home environmental audit program with six
     other Western Sydney Councils
x    Increased the amount of garden waste diverted from landfill through Council’s kerbside
     collection service thereby reducing methane production
x    Developed a Fleet Policy, including participation in the GreenFleet program to offset
     greenhouse gas emissions generated by Council’s vehicle fleet
x    Implemented further energy efficiency measures in Council’s facilities and purchased 10
     percent GreenPower for public lighting in Parramatta
x    Constructed the 65 metre Subiaco Creek Bridge at Rydalmere to continue linking the
     Parramatta Valley Cycleway

2006/2007
x    Received a $222,000 grant from DECC under the Climate Action Grants Program titled
     Sustainable Movement Around Town (SMArT) Options for Parramatta
x    20 businesses from Parramatta's city centre signed up to participate in the pilot Sustainable
     Business Improvement Program
x    Began recruiting businesses for the Sustainability Advantage program being led by the
     NSW Department of Environment & Climate Change (DECC)
x    Participated in Earth Hour and over the weekend reduced its energy consumption by 40%.
x    Converted a 9-tonne garbage truck from diesel to compressed natural gas, in partnership
     with the Australian Greenhouse Office Green Energy
x    Worked at incorporating environmentally sustainable design principles into the
     redevelopment of Civic Place, with a minimum 4.5 star energy efficiency rating for the new
     Council administration building to be constructed in 2010
x    Retrofitted all major buildings with new energy efficient lighting
x    Retrofitted one of Council’s Child Care Centres to act as a model and learning for
     sustainable design
x    Learning Programme forum and Energy Olympics conducted for Council staff and
     management
x    Energy Smart Homes - Education kits and awareness campaign developed for residential
     sector
x    Council undertook an extensive roll out of a network of on and off road cycleways

2007/2008
x    Achieved Milestone 5 Plus in the Cities for Climate Protection Program
x    Continued implementation of energy saving strategies within Council’s Darcy Street office
     and Council chambers
x    Continued participation in 3CBDs program and Earth Hour events


                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                 16
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING

2007/2008
x    Purchased 25 per cent GreenPower for Council buildings and 10% GreenPower for street
     lighting
x    Trialled GoGet CarShare Scheme in the Parramatta City Centre, with car sharing ‘pods’
     now located at Civic Place and Lennox Bridge

2008/2009
x    Increased our GreenPower purchase for Council buildings to 100 per cent
x    Retrofitted lights in our main administration building to reduce energy consumption from
     lights by about one third
x    Installed solar panels on one of our childcare centres and set up online monitoring so that
     our community can track the amount of clean energy we’re generating
x    Reduced CO2-e emissions by 39,331 tonnes through community paper recycling and
     garden waste collection schemes
x    Offset 640.7 tonnes of CO2 emissions from our passenger car fleet
x    Encouraged staff to choose E10 fuel over regular unleaded for fleet vehicles and reduced
     our greenhouse gas emissions by 26 tonnes
x    Worked with staff to participate in Earth Hour for the third year running
x    Ran the inaugural Commuter Challenge to assist people travelling to work in Parramatta to
     arrive by more environmentally responsible means
x    Launched our free city bus service “the Loop”



BIODIVERSITY

2004/2005
x    At the annual Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust (UPRCT) awards the Vineyard
     Creek Bushcare group won an award for restoration work along Vineyard Creek, as did the
     McCauley Girls School for wetland construction on their school grounds
x    Partnered with Nursery & Garden Industry Grow Me Instead program aimed at reducing the
     planting of weed-potential nursery and garden plants that readily colonise bushlands
x    Worked in partnership with Corrective Services, UPRCT, and The Children’s Hospital at
     Westmead to rehabilitate bushland along Toongabbie Creek/Hospital Farm Reserves and
     hospital grounds adjacent to Toongabbie Creek and Parramatta River
x    Continued partnership with Coca-Cola Amatil to landscape and revegetate walking tracks
     along the Toongabbie Creek Reserves

2005/2006
x    Established a continuous green corridor along Duck River from the adjoining of remnant
     fragmented sites
x    Completed an additional stage of the walking trail through Quarry Branch Reserve, linking
     Hammers Road to Moxhams Meander and Churchill Drive Northmead with the assistance of
     the Green Corps
x    Completed 400 metres of the Toongabbie Creek Reserve walking track
x    Installed interpretive signs at George Kendall Reserve to raise awareness of native
     grasslands and locally-rare wattles




                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   17
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
BIODIVERSITY

2006/2007
x    A Tide to Table grant matched by Councils Waterways program allowed expanded
     restoration of the newly declared Saltmarsh endangered community at unnamed reserve,
     Broughton street Parramatta
x    A Powerful Owl pair was observed with young in one of our bushland areas at Vineyard
     Creek
x    The walking track program targeted The Ponds Walk to improve the track surface.
x    Completed Stage 1 boardwalk for wheelchair access to Toongabbie Creek at Redbank
     Road Northmead, providing access for those families at Ronald McDonald House and the
     Children's Hospital
x    Finalised a Platypus Recovery Plan and conducted further platypus surveys for Toongabbie
     Creek
x    Completed construction of two Fish Ladders located at Charles Street Weir and Ross Street
     Causeway (also known as Kiosk Weir) adjoining Parramatta Regional Park.
x    Commissioned a consultant to provide interpretative signage for the new fish ladders being
     installed at weirs along the Parramatta River

2007/2008
x    Managed and implemented key grant-funded projects including the Campbell Hill
     Threatened Species demonstration project with NPWS to develop best practise guidelines
     for working in the Nationally Endangered Ecological community Cumberland Plain
     Woodland
x    Undertook noxious weed removal at Galaringi and Cox Park reserves, and continued
     restoration along Toongabbie Creek, Edna Hunt Sanctuary and Quarry Branch Creek
x    Undertook bushland regeneration at Backhousia Reserve Toongabbie
x    Undertook track upgrades in Cox Park Reserve and the Ponds Walk
x    Improved the habitat for the Powerful Owl at Vineyard Creek Reserve in partnership with the
     Vineyard Creek Park/Bushcare Committee, utilising funds received from the NSW
     Environmental Trust
x    Handed out 2,276 native seedlings at special events such as Wentworthville Estate Family,
     Spring Nursery Open Day, Wattle Day, the Autumn Nursery Open Day and World
     Environment Day
x    Remediated past asbestos dumping sites at Lake Parramatta and Model Farms Reserve.
x    Increased primary weed removal and planting in Milson Park while maintaining the
     revegetation projects at the lower end of Finlayson Creek

2008/2009
x    Completed the Redbank track boardwalk through funding from NSW Department of
     Planning Sharing Sydney Harbour Access Program and Coca-Cola Amatil
x    Removed noxious weeds and continued bushland regeneration along the Parramatta River,
     Ponds/Subiaco Creek, Vineyard Creek, Toongabbie Creek, Duck River, Terry’s Creek,
     Finlaysons Creek, Milsons Creek, Coopers Creek, Quarry Branch Creek and Lake
     Parramatta
     Undertook feral animal control in several bushland reserves targeting rabbits, foxes,
     introduced honeybees and European wasps.




                                          State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                               18
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
BIODIVERSITY

2008/2009
x    Undertook large scale remediation of asbestos contamination on A’Becketts Creek and
     within Duck River Bushland, including several minor asbestos clean ups in Model Farms
     Reserve, Ponds/Subiaco Reserve and Horlyck Reserve
x    Upgraded the stairs, track surface and outdoor classrooms in Galaringi Reserve, and
     implemented other track improvements on the Ponds Walk
x    Continued restoration of grasslands and bushland remnants at Waddangalli Woodland
     Guildford


WATER

2004/2005
x    Carried out riparian and creekline litter removal at four sites in Granville and Dundas, as
     well as servicing of our stormwater pollutant traps
x    Carried out a Waterways Prioritisation Assessment and Waterways Rehabilitation Projects
     at 10 sites including Ponds, Vineyard, Toongabbie and Coopers creek and Duck River
x    Implemented the Aquatic Noxious Weeds Program across six sites including Lake
     Parramatta
x    Acquired three flood-affected properties in Wentworthville
x    Secured the Mighty Duck River Restoration Collective Environmental Trust Grant for Mona
     Street Wetland Stage 2
x    Conducted an aquatic macro invertebrate survey at 20 sites across Council


2005/2006
x    A Rehabilitation and Maintenance Master Plan was prepared for Quarry Branch Creek
     Catchment
x    Installed two new litter booms in Toongabbie Creek and Duck River
x    Carried out Waterways Rehabilitation Projects at 15 sites including Ponds, Vineyard,
     Toongabbie and Parramatta River and Duck River
x    Partnered with NSW Maritime and Silverwater Periodic Detention Centre in a Joint Fore
     shore Cleaning Program that targeted litter on estuarine foreshore land at George Kendall
     Reserve and Morton Street Parramatta
x    In partnership with the Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust, obtained Green Corridors
     funding for remnant vegetation improvements, removal of exotic trees at Lake Parramatta
     and Quarry Branch Creek Riparian Restoration
x    Received an Envirofund Grant of $13,958 for saltmarsh restoration at George Kendall
     Reserve, Ermington
x    In April 2006 the Cox’s Gudgeon – a native freshwater fish – was sighted in Parramatta’s
     Quarry Branch Creek
x    Completed stormwater drainage works for Naranghi Street, Toongabbie and Wellington
     Road, Granville
x    Undertook flood mitigation works on the existing earth embankment in McCoy Park,
     Toongabbie




                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   19
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
WATER

2005/2006
x    Installed sandstone capping to facilitate site access at an unnamed reserve on Broughton
     Street, Parramatta
x    Restored riverbank vegetation along the Parramatta River at the Frog Pond and Gas Works
     Bridge, Parramatta and Ponds Creek at Moffatts Drive and Rumsey Crescent, Dundas

2006/2007
x    Undertook regular servicing of numerous in-stream, underground and end-of-pipe
     stormwater pollution traps as part of the Waterways Maintenance Program
x    Carried out monthly riparian and creek line litter removals at 16 sites throughout the City
     and annual servicing of 24 sediment basins
x    Carried out Waterways Rehabilitation Projects at 17 sites within the Ponds, Vineyard,
     Toongabbie, Quarry Branch, Parramatta River and Duck River catchments
x    Completed significant improvements to the existing creek channel through Victor Brazier
     Park (Excelsior Street) at Guildford, including planting of over 300 native tubestock
x    Hosted the inaugural River Beats Festival in November 2006 in order to celebrate water and
     activate the Parramatta River
x    Received a $1.9 million Environmental Trust Grant under the NSW Government’s Urban
     Sustainability Grant for Sustaining the Parramatta River. Installed 2 fish ladders on the
     Charles Street and Ross Street weirs
x    Introduced a Stormwater Management Service Charge (Stormwater Levy) dedicated to
     stormwater maintenance and monitoring
x    Adopted the Lower Parramatta River Floodplain Risk Plan and Brickfield Creek Floodplain
     Risk Management Plan
x    Received a Australian Government Community Water Grant in conjunction with Scout
     Association of Australia NSW for installation of water efficient devices at Scout facility and
     stormwater rehabilitation in Impeesa Reserve
x    Completed the Toongabbie Creek Platypus Recovery Plan including volunteer surveys

2007/2008
x    Serviced 50 stormwater litter traps and 30 sediment basins reducing over 300 tonnes of
     litter, sediment and excessive organic matter from ending up in the Parramatta River
x    Commenced application of water sensitive urban design to the revitalisation of Church
     Street Parramatta, Guildford and Granville
x    Carried out Waterways Rehabilitation Projects at 10 Parramatta sites including Ponds
     Creek, Vineyard Creek, Toongabbie Creek, Coopers Creek, Duck River, Terry’s Creek and
     Quarry Branch Creek
x    Began preparation of the Ponds Subiaco Creek Waterway Rehabilitation and Maintenance
     Masterplan
x    Coordinated the completion of the Parramatta River Estuary data compilation study,
     identifying over 670 references on estuary-related issues covering seven local government
     areas between Parramatta and Cockatoo Island (confluence with the Lane Cove River).
x    Completed upgrades to Boronia Park, Epping, including surface water harvest, storage and
     reuse, and an improved oval drainage/irrigation system
x    Reconstructed 40 drainage pits and installed 350 metres of new drainage pipes




                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                  20
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
WATER

2008/2009
x    Adopted the Ponds Subiaco Creek Waterway Rehabilitation and Maintenance Masterplan,
     the Parramatta River Foreshore Plan (2009-16), the Environmental (Waterways)
     Improvement Program (2009-13) and the Parramatta River Estuary Data Compilation Study
x    Installed stormwater pollutant traps at Westmead (in Parramatta Park), Toongabbie (Pendle
     Hill Creek), Granville (Duck River reserve) and Parramatta CBD (along Church Street)
x    Supervised contractors removing weeds and vines at Archer Park, Ermington, with funding
     received through NSW Department of Primary Industries to protect the Endangered
     Ecological Community, Coastal Saltmarsh
x    Contractors continued to clean and maintain over 80 stormwater pollution assets removing
     over 400 tonnes of waste
x    Completed an upgrade to Council’s native plant nursery to improve water efficiency and re
     use of captured rainwater and groundwater seepage
x    Stabilised drainage lines on Ponds/Subiaco Creek, Vineyard Creek and Quarry Branch
     Creek using sandstone ‘armouring.’


HERITAGE

INDIGENOUS HERITAGE

2004/2005
x    An Aboriginal Archaeological Test Excavation was carried out in James Ruse Reserve,
     Harris Park at the site of a proposed skate park development site.
x    Organised the Sydney Indigenous Film Festival and convened the ‘Wallawa’ (‘Stop Here’),
     Parramatta local Indigenous community’s Day of Celebration as part of NAIDOC Week
x    Jointly curated a major exhibition Wingari: Contemporary Aboriginal Art of Western Sydney
     for NAIDOC Week
x    Attracted 30 people to Council’s Tracing your Aboriginal Ancestry Workshop
x    Established the Arrunga Bardo Traditional Aboriginal Bush Food Garden in the Lake
     Parramatta Reserve featuring plants used by the Burramattagal people for food,
     medicinal and ‘hardware’ purposes

2005/2006
x    Prepared and exhibited proposed amendments to Parramatta Local Environmental Plan
     1996 (Heritage and Conservation) and Sydney Regional Environmental Plan No 28 –
     Parramatta for the increased protection of Aboriginal sites.
x    Undertook a detailed Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal archaeological survey as part of the
     Quarry Branch Creek Waterways Rehabilitation and Maintenance Master Plan.

2006/2007
x    Held a Sorry Day ceremony and tree planting where an Unequivocal Apology to the
     Aboriginal people plaque was unveiled by the Lord Mayor;
x    Held Burramatta Flag Raising and NAIDOC Family Fun Day highlighting the strong
     connection to Country held by the Darug people and other ATSI communities living in
     Parramatta.




                                          State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                 21
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
HERITAGE

INDIGENOUS HERITAGE

2006/2007
x    Completed work on Lake Parramatta Children’s Garden design and development; and
     contributed to Westmead Children’s Hospital Aboriginal Garden, a peaceful space for
     patients recuperating at the hospital and their families

2007/2008
x    Filled the position of Natural Resource Officer (Aboriginal Heritage)
x    Organised a bushwalk, planting and Indigenous workshop with four primary schools and
     over 50 Indigenous students attending the Lake Parramatta day
x    Organised a Koori Family Day at Richell Park Wentworthville
x    Implemented a survey report of all Aboriginal heritage sites in the Parramatta Local
     Government Area
x    Organised four outings with migrant groups at Lake Parramatta Reserve, conducting
     bushwalks and Aboriginal heritage activities as part of the Operation Bluetongue program
x    Partnered with the Western Sydney Aboriginal Landcare and Dyin Caribere Aboriginal
     Woman’s Landcare group to deliver environmental and Aboriginal heritage education and
     awareness programs
x    Completed a study which identifies the distribution of a sand sheet known to contain highly
     significant evidence of Aboriginal occupation along the Parramatta River near the
     Parramatta CBD

2008/2009
x    Adopted names for two previously unnamed reserves at Broughton Street, Parramatta and
     Barbers Road, Guildford to Baludarri Wetland and Waddangalli Woodland respectively
x    A detailed Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal archaeological survey was undertaken as part of
     the creation of Ponds Creek Waterway Maintenance and Rehabilitation Masterplan
x    Held a Sorry Day tree planting at Lake Parramatta


NON-INDIGENOUS HERITAGE

2004/2005
x    Commissioned a consultant's assessment of suggestions for inclusion, correction and
     removal of the lists of heritage items in Parramatta's heritage plans
x    Organised the third Parramatta Heritage Awards
x    Won a Parramatta Heritage Award 2005 (Civic category) for the Parramatta and Granville
     town halls
x    Helped over 4400 people who accessed the Local Studies Collections Library at Parramatta
     Heritage & Visitor Information Centre (PHVIC)
x    Increased newspaper collection on microfilm, organised map collection, produced five new
     Local Studies subject guides
x    We were awarded a Federal Department of Communication, Information Technology and
     the Arts grant of $42,919 for the exhibition development of Drawn Together
x    Hosted the Miles Franklin, Janmabhoomi Karmabhoomi and Parramatta Treasures
     exhibitions




                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   22
KEY ACHIEVEMENTS
HERITAGE

NON-INDIGENOUS HERITAGE

2005/2006
x    Completed monument restoration, interpretation and landscape improvement works at All
     Saints Cemetery and Walter Lawry Methodist Memorial Park
x    Organised and ran numerous exhibitions and workshops at the PHVIC

2006/2007
x    Undertook studies in Toongabbie and Epping which recommended the heritage listing of
     additional properties and the creation and extension of conservation areas in Epping
x    Held two information workshops for owners of heritage listed properties, in conjunction with
     Keep Australia Beautiful
x    Developed information on a wide range of heritage issues to be included on Council's
     website
x    Carried out further restoration work on the historic Hambledon Cottage in James Ruse
     Reserve, Parramatta
x    Completed landscaping works and the construction of a pathway connecting Hambledon
     Cottage and Experiment Farm Cottage, under the Harris Park Cultural landscaping
     program

2007/2008
x    Completed Stage 6 Conservation Works of the Parramatta Town Hall
x    Commenced restoration of headstones and monuments at All Saints Anglican Cemetery
     North Parramatta and carried out landscaping, signage and restoration of monuments at St
     Patrick’s Cemetery
x    Developed Delivered to your Door and Women Transported: Life in Australia’s Convict
     Female Factories exhibitions during 2008
x    completed a major research project, History of Parramatta City Council Administrative
     Structure.1861-2000
x    The PHVIC partnered with Casey and Lowe to present an archaeology day public program
     in conjunction with Archaeology Week and the National Archaeology Conference

2008/2009
x    Developed new wayfinding signs that will help pedestrians to navigate and explore the City
     on foot
x    PHVIC digitised early Council rate and valuation books and launched a new public
     engagement program within the Local Studies Library: Conversations in the Library
x    The interactive DVD learning resource associated with the Women Transported exhibition
     won a Museums Australia Multimedia and Publications Design Award
x    Installed an 8m Sentry Box and story walls as part of Parramatta River Foreshore Cycleway
     between Parramatta Ferry Terminal and Gasworks Bridge
x    Undertook preservation works to heritage listed oak trees at Hambledon Cottage




                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    23
SUSTAINABILITY
Ecologically Sustainable Development (ESD) can be defined as:

     “using, conserving and enhancing the community's resources so that ecological processes, on
     which life depends, are maintained, and the total quality of life, now and in the future, can be
     increased” (Australia's National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development 1992
     (NSESD))

ESD relies on the implementation of the following key principles:

   x integrating economic and environmental goals in policies and activities;
   x ensuring that environmental assets are properly valued;
   x providing for equity within and between generations;
   x dealing cautiously with risk and irreversibility ; and
   x recognising the global dimension.

The current lifestyle and levels of consumption of resources in the Parramatta Local Government
Area and Western Sydney are unsustainable in the long term. According to the Western Sydney
Region State of the Environment Report 2000, the area of land needed to support the lifestyles of
the Western Sydney population is twelve times that of the size of the region itself.

Conscious of its responsibilities,
Parramatta City Council has been
working to position itself as a
regional leader in environmental
performance. Council developed
Ecologically Sustainable
Development (ESD) principles,
strategies and conditions for
incorporation into Amendment 5 of
the Sydney Regional Environmental
Plan – Parramatta (SREP 28) in
2002, guiding development in the
Parramatta region. At the same time,
Council has been placing renewed
emphasis on cleaning up its own act
with regards to consumption of water
and energy, generation of
greenhouse gas emissions and
waste disposal.

Council has a “Green Team” consisting of staff across all areas of the organisation with an interest
in sustainability. A dedicated email group has been set up to allow sharing of ideas and information
and as the group involves staff from areas other than the environmental teams of Council, the
sustainability message is being carried throughout the organisation.

In 2006, we developed our Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery (WARR) Plan to provide a
framework for addressing reduced consumption and associated waste generation; increased
recycling levels; and the use of new equipment/technology to help reduce energy and paper use.
The plan also provided the basis for Council’s new waste contracts in the same year.




                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    24
SUSTAINABILITY
                                 Council entered into a regional tender with two other councils in
                                 2008 for a disposal contract to process and dispose of waste in a
                                 more sustainable manner and in 2009, Council awarded the
                                 tender to WSN Environmental Solution to build an Alternate Waste
                                 Treatment (AWT) facility to be in operation by 2011/12. The AWT
                                 facility will conservatively see 70 per cent of Parramatta’s
                                 putrescibles waste diverted from landfill. This is ahead of the State
                                 diversion target of 66% by 2014 set under the provisions of the
                                 NSW Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Strategy 2003
                                 (and retained under the 2007 Waste Strategy), providing a long
                                 term sustainable and cost effective waste solution to our
                                 community.

                                   As directed by its Management Plan 2005/06 – 2008/09, Council
                                   continued providing environmental education programs to
                                   residents, schools and businesses. Programs have included the
                                   Lord Mayor Environment Awards, School Environmental
                                   Enhancement and Development, Greenhomes and Energy
Sustainability Education Package. Council has dedicated Environmental Education and Waste
Education Officers to specifically provide environmental education to the community. Additionally,
Council’s new waste contractors provide waste education to the community as part of their contract
with Council.

Council has an environmental education trailer fitted out with a solar panel that provides enough
power to run a television, DVD/video player and computer. The trailer is used by staff to promote
environmental awareness at major community events.

The State Government’s Urban Sustainability Program aims to facilitate projects of significant
environmental benefit to NSW, delivered by local government organisations in partnership with other
government agencies, local businesses, community organisations and householders. Funded by the
NSW Environmental Trust, Parramatta City Council has been fortunate to receive three significant
grants for major sustainability projects. Each of these spans a three year period and include:

     x Sustaining the Parramatta River ($1.943 million) - a water sensitive urban design
       demonstration and community building project involving seven councils fronting the
       Parramatta River and Monash University
     x Camellia – Silverwater, a model for Industrial Sustainability ($1.320 million) - with our
       partners Auburn Council and local businesses, Council will focus on delivering long term
       sustainable business and environment outcomes for this industrial precinct
     x Sustainable Water Management in the Duck River Catchment ($1.829 million) - in
       partnership with Auburn (lead) and Bankstown councils and the University of South
       Australia, the project will examine the current and
       future (sustainable) integrated water demands for
       council assets within the catchment.

To usher in a new accountable commitment to its
environmental performance, Council has renewed its
emphasis on integrating key environmental priorities into
Council’s core functions, services and facilities by
developing individual environmental plans for Council
business units that integrate sustainability and
environmental targets into their unit plans.


                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    25
SUSTAINABILITY
Council is working towards sustainable
procurement by incorporating environmental
considerations into our tendering process,
asking companies about their business and
product sustainability and using this to inform
our decision-making.

The purchase of 10 per cent accredited
GreenPower for street lighting and an
increase for all other electricity to 100 per cent
GreenPower as well as significant retrofitting
of Council’s buildings has significantly
reduced our greenhouse gas emissions.

The Jubilee Park Childcare Centre’s
Environmental Sustainability Project has
involved the installation of solar panels and
introducing appliances to reduce energy and
water consumption. This innovative trial project is now being expanded into Northmead’s
Redbank, Granville’s Frances Fisk and Ermington’s Possum Patch Childcare Centres, starting with
the installation of solar hot water systems, and an education program for children and their families.

Photovoltaic solar panels have also been installed at Dundas Childcare Centre, and Council will
monitor their energy generation online. Retrofitting of other Council buildings and facilities and new
processes have greatly reduced our consumption of water and energy and reduced the amount of
waste we produce.

                                                     Council recently reopened Parramatta Swimming
                                                     Centre following a significant period of
                                                     refurbishment. The pool now uses approximately
                                                     half the volume of water it was consuming prior to
                                                     the works. Working with Sydney Water and the
                                                     Department of Commerce, Council continues to log
                                                     water use at Granville Swimming Centre and also
                                                     started monitoring Parramatta Swimming Centre, to
                                                     ensure early identification of any leaks.

                                                     Council continues to work with staff to participate in
                                                     Earth Hour and Ride to Work Day each year. In
                                                     2009, we also held seven ‘coffee breaks’ around
                                                     Council to get the fair trade message out to staff,
                                                     with over 100 staff participating.

Under the current State of the Environment reporting with regards to land, air, water, biodiversity,
waste, noise and Indigenous and non-Indigenous heritage, a number of the programs implemented
by Parramatta to improve the quality of its environmental sectors overlap.

For example improvements in public transport have benefits for air quality, land use and ultimately
biodiversity. Similarly tighter pollution control measures on development sites have benefits for
water and air quality and for biodiversity.

A more detailed discussion on Council’s progress towards ESD is discussed in each of the
environmental areas examined in this report.

                                                State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                         26
SUSTAINABILITY
COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY


                                    How do you feel about the following statement:
                   The City of Parramatta provides residents with a balance between Community
                                 life, the Environment and Economic development
     80%
     70%
     60%
     50%
     40%
     30%
     20%
     10%
      0%
                                            Neither Agree nor
            Strongly Disagree   Disagree                        Agree       Strongly Agree   Don't know Can't Say
                                                disagree
     2005          4%             12%             28%           41%              13%                 2%
     2006          4%             11%             25%           49%              9%                  2%
     2007          4%             11%             26%           47%              11%                 2%
     2008          2%             7%              24%           52%              13%                 2%
     2009          2%             8%              24%           48%              13%                 3%



    Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007); n=537 (2006); n=538 (2005)

Source: PCC Management Plan Survey


What does this mean?
Most residents agreed or strongly agreed in 2009 that Parramatta provides residents with a bal-
ance between Community life, the Environment and Economic Development (61%). Results were
similar to previous years and indicate that the community views Council to be integrating the key
principles of sustainability into the services we provide.




                                                   State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                    27
LAND

PRESSURE

Urban development and consolidation
places great pressure on our land. Land
degradation through the removal of trees
and excavation for building sites can result
in soil erosion and exposure of acid-
sulphate soils. Additionally, former
activities within the Parramatta Area have
resulted in parcels of land becoming
contaminated.




INDICATOR

                                Urban Consolidation Indicator
              No. Subdivisions approved as percentage of total DA’s determined
                          2004/2005    2005/2006     2006/2007   2007/2008   2008/2009   Trend
    No. DA’s
                             1812        1463          1390        1141        1126
    determined
    No. Subdivision
    Certificates Issued
                             142          107           122        103         113
    (incl. by Private
    Certifier)
    No. Subdivisions
    approved as % of
                             7.84         7.31          8.78       9.03        10.04
    total DA’s
    determined



Parramatta Local Government Area (LGA) has very few green field (previously undeveloped) lots
and therefore development is largely focused on redeveloping existing sites. This indicator has been
selected to demonstrate the changes in building type from low density (single buildings/ dwellings)
to medium or high density. Whilst Development Application (DA) numbers may fluctuate annually
based on various economic forces, the total number of new subdivisions as a proportion of the total
number of DA’s determined has steadily increased indicating greater urban consolidation. Such
development places increased pressure on our natural environment with the potential for soil
erosion to occur during the building process as a result of poor soil and sediment controls being
implemented. However, the redevelopment of many of these sites does provide an opportunity for
contaminated lots to be remediated as part of the DA process.



STATE

Urban development and revitalisation continued to place pressure on Parramatta’s finite land
resources and open space. The demand for housing has intensified urban consolidation, resulting
in smaller building blocks and an increase in high rise buildings.


                                                 State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                  28
LAND
The Department of Planning’s Sydney Metropolitan Strategy identifies Parramatta as one of six
Regional Cities, which are critical to the economic growth of NSW and following the anticipated
employment and services growth, will need to accommodate more people and jobs as well as
undergo urban development and renewal. Based on a highly competitive commercial office
market, retail, public space, and a range of facilities including cultural, medical, education,
tourism, and recreation, the intent
is to strengthen Parramatta’s role
as a regional city and
successful second CBD for
Sydney.

Projections show that the city’s
population is set to grow by 40,000
people by 2031. The
challenge is to plan for
sustainable development in
addressing population distribution,
accessibility, environmental
quality, travel patterns, transport
choices, residential quality and the
character of residential areas          Source:http://forecast.id.com.au/Default.aspx?id=265&gid=10&pg=30041
throughout the Council area.
                                        Figure 1. Projected Population for Parramatta LGA
Other pressures on our land include contamination from chemical manufacture, service stations,
landfill sites and railway yards. Such impacts continue to constrain development, requiring costly
site remediation before re-use. Soil erosion from building sites remains an ongoing problem and
places pressure on our waterways. Similarly, acid sulphate soils located generally around
Parramatta and Duck Rivers have the potential to impact on the natural environment and new
construction materials when exposed to air during excavation.

These pressures need to be carefully managed to protect our open space and natural features
from degradation. A map of Parramatta’s open space (including bushland reserves) and
waterways is inserted overpage (see Map 1).

HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?

    Destination                                         Strategy
    1 - Land and water that is protected respected      LW1 - Protect and rehabilitate high priority
    and sustained                                       waterways and manage major impacts on
                                                        medium and low priority waterways

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected      LW2 - Protect and rehabilitate core bushland
    and sustained                                       areas and manage major impacts on corridors
                                                        and remnant bushland
    1 - Land and water that is protected respected      LW3 - Reduce human impacts on Parramatta’s
    and sustained                                       unique diversity of plants and animals

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected      LW4 - Protect and manage significant natural
    and sustained                                       landscape features and soil types

    3 - Businesses that are dynamic, prosperous         B3 - Encourage ethical businesses which act
    and socially responsible                            responsibly towards the community and natural
                                                        environment

    4 - Neighbourhoods that are liveable and            N4 - Improve the integration of the natural and
    distinctive                                         built environments



                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                               29
LAND
RESPONSES

Land Use Planning
During 2005/2006 Council prepared a Residential Development Strategy (RDS) to set the general
direction for the future location, density and character of housing throughout the Parramatta LGA.
Council sought public comment on the general future housing needs of the LGA and the identified
21 “study areas” (that are close to public transport, shops and community facilities) for
investigation for possible increase in housing growth.

In 2006/2007, Council worked closely with the Department of Planning’s Cities Taskforce unit to
deliver strategies and detailed planning controls for the Parramatta City Centre. The successive
suite of planning instruments, including the Parramatta City Centre Vision (PCCV), draft Local
Environment Plan (LEP), draft Development Control Plan (DCP), and Civic Improvement Plan
(CIP) were adopted by Council.

Since 2007 Council has been preparing a comprehensive draft LEP for land located outside of the
Parramatta City Centre LEP. This draft plan has been prepared in accordance with the State
Government’s Standard Instrument (LEPs) Order 2006, commonly known as the “Standard LEP”.
The draft LEP is based on the strategies outlined in the RDS and represents a sustainable and
staged approach to managing population growth and meeting NSW State government’s objectives
and dwelling yield targets. The draft LEP consolidates and when finalised will replace Parramatta
LEP 2001, Sydney Regional Environmental Plan No. 28 and the Parramatta Heritage and
Conservation LEP 1996. Council has submitted the draft plan to the NSW Department of Planning
seeking approval to proceed to public exhibition. Council anticipates that the exhibition period will
be in early 2010.

Council has also been preparing a draft comprehensive DCP containing more detailed design
guidelines to accompany the draft Parramatta LEP. This is another key step in advancing towards
a streamlined and comprehensive planning framework for the Parramatta LGA.

The intention of the LEP and DCP consolidation is to reduce the number of plans applying within
each LGA and to make it easier for businesses and the community to identify the controls that
apply to a site. Council’s land use team will continue to focus on delivering a comprehensive LEP
and DCP by the end of 2010.

Managing Soil and Sediment from Building Sites
Council’s Environmental Health Officers, Development Control Officers
and Rangers continue to deal with matters of poor soil and sediment
control on building sites. All active development sites are required as part
of their Development Consent to have appropriate control measures in
place at all times to prevent soil and sediment from being discharged from
the site. However, inadequate controls on many sites and poor
maintenance of these controls continue to result in sediment washing into
stormwater drains during rain events. Additionally, lack of measures to
remove soil and sediment from heavy vehicles entering and leaving these
sites results in dust and dirt being tracked onto the road. Poor cleaning and
maintenance often results in this material ending up in stormwater drains
during rain.

Council Officers are regularly involved in investigating the discharge of sediment laden water into
stormwater drains and waterways from building sites. In recent years, there has been several
large scale developments occur across the LGA. The standard procedure for developing these
sites usually involves exposing soil across the majority of the site. Topography, poor process and
inadequate sediment controls have resulted in many of these sites being issued with Clean Up
and Prevention Notices under the Protection of the Environment Operations Act 1997 and Penalty
Infringement Notices being issued for water pollution.

                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     INDEX
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Parks
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Parcel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Railway Station
                                                                                                                                               RA WS
                                                                                                                                                              O N RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Railway Line
PARRAMATTA           30 Darcy Stre et Parramatta NS W 21 50
                     PO Bo x 32 Parr amatta NSW 2 124
CITY COUNCIL         Phon e 980 6 500 0 Fax 9806 5917 DX 82 79 Parra matta                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Watercourse
                     Map s Upd ated an d Pu bli sh ed by In formati on




           ;
                     Syste ms, Parr amatta Ci ty Co uncil
                     Cop yrig ht Parrama tta Cou ncil 2006
                     Base data sup pli ed from NS W Dep artment o f Lan ds

               N
                     Projection - Ma p Grid o f Austral ia (MGA94)
                     Data - Geocen tric Datum of Australi a (GDA94)                                                                                                                                                                                                     Open Space
                     Whi le every effor t has been ma de to en su re the
                     co rrectness o f the in fo rmatio n on th is map at the
          1:45,000   time of its Pro ductio n, Parrama tta Ci ty cou ncil does                                                                                                                                                                              Map 1 Open Space Map
                     not wa rrant the infor mation or pl ans do n ot co ntai n
                     errors and the Coun ci l shal l be in no way liab le for
                     any loss, d amage o r in ju ry as a re su lt of any such er rors.
LAND
Council requires the management of soil and water from development sites to be carried out in
accordance with the requirements of “The Blue Book” - Managing Urban Stormwater: Soils and
Construction (Landcom, 2004). Council’s DCP stipulates requirements for soil management on
development sites and draws information directly from this document.

                                        Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD)
                                        Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) is the integration
                                        of urban planning and development with the management,
                                        protection and conservation of the water cycle as a whole.
                                        It is a best practice approach to stormwater management
                                        providing improvement of water quality entering
                                        Parramatta’s waterways, opportunities for stormwater and
                                        greywater harvesting and reuse, and reductions in potable
                                        water demand.

                                        Council was fortunate to receive a significant grant in
                                        2007 under the NSW Environmental Trust Urban
                                        Sustainability Program – Working Together to Sustain the
                                        Parramatta River. This 3 year project involves WSUD
                                        demonstration sites and research and training to assist
                                        Council in implementing WSUD. The project is being
                                        undertaken at a catchment level with six other Councils
                                        fronting the Parramatta River as well as Monash
                                        University.

Council has already completed a number of WSUD projects. Specifically, WSUD technologies
have been incorporated into streetscape upgrades for Church St in Parramatta CBD to provide
increased stormwater retention times and improved water quality as well as providing a more
vibrant, attractive and safer streetscape for surrounding businesses and users of the area. The
design elements primarily aim to divert and filter polluted stormwater through a special soil mix
within a series of garden beds. These have been combined with permeable paver car parking
bays to soak up water and thereby decrease the amount of runoff and pollution reaching the
Parramatta River. The diversion of stormwater into the garden beds also reduces the need to rely
on town water for garden irrigation.

Additional projects have been undertaken in Guildford Laneway and South Street Granville. A
case study of the Guildford Laneway project is included in this section.

                       Tree Preservation
                       Council has a Tree Preservation Order (TPO) which applies to all land
                       within the Parramatta LGA and stipulates that approval is required to
                       prune or remove all trees which are equal to or greater than 5m in height,
                       unless they are exempt under the TPO. It is the legal tool Council uses to
                       secure new plantings and preserve existing trees and gardens on private
                       and public land across the LGA. It helps us to establish green corridors
                       and maintain natural aesthetic values within the urban environment.

                         Council’s Tree Management Officers physically inspect and assess every
                         application for tree removal or pruning, as well as any breaches of the
                         TPO. Where breaches occur, Council officers have to interview a number
                         of witnesses and collect evidence, with a decision to proceed with legal
action resting on whether the breach can be proved by Council ‘beyond any reasonable doubt’.
While this can be a difficult process, Council was awarded nearly $17,000 for breaches of its Tree
Preservation Order in 2005/06. Compounding the costs to offenders, they are also often required
to replant a mature tree to compensate for the illegally removed species.

                                           State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    31
LAND
                                  City of Trees Program
                                  The City of Trees Program focuses on planting and managing
                                  trees in our public areas and improving our streetscapes. Under
                                  the City of Trees program for 2005/06, Council planted
                                  approximately 350 semi mature trees, focusing on Victoria Road
                                  Parramatta, between Church Street and James Ruse Drive, and
                                  Hassall Street between Harris Street and James Ruse Drive.
                                  Chanticleer pear trees—renowned for their autumn colouring
                                  and 11 super advanced Port Jackson Figs were planted in
                                  Hassall Street, as well as Brush Box. Over time, the well
                                  established Port Jackson Figs will complete the existing avenue
                                  of fig trees along Hassall Street between Hambledon Cottage
                                  and Parramatta.


                                 Good rains during 2007/08 enabled Council to continue with
                                 significant plantings under this program in spring and autumn,
                                 focusing particularly on the planting and maintenance of
advanced trees along Bridge and High Street, Epping. A street tree audit was completed during
this year, recording what species of trees are growing in the LGA in order to build up a knowledge
database. Based on this audit we began developing a list of recommended replacement species
for each street. In 2008/2009, street and parks planting of trees increased significantly to more
than 700. A large planting season in autumn 2009, focused on Guildford and the Parramatta
CBD, and meeting the many residential requests received for the greening of our suburbs.

Land Contamination
Land contamination in the Parramatta area is associated with current and past industrial land use.

Council’s records show the contaminated sites within Parramatta are typically associated with
activities including chemical manufacture, chrome plating, oil production, asbestos manufacture,
railway yards, service stations, former landfill sites, and waste storage and treatment facilities.

In the past industrial activities that generated chemicals and waste by-products were left
unchecked and unregulated. Waste was often buried and/or dispersed through the soil at affected
sites. This resulted in the soil and receiving waters (ground water/creeks) being contaminated
from toxic chemicals. These contaminants pose a threat to human health and surrounding natural
ecosystems.

Today a comprehensive legislative framework is in place to
enable Council to regulate and manage contaminated land.

Parramatta City Council manages land contamination
through the planning and development consent process
under the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979
and various planning instruments including the Parramatta
Local Environmental Plan, State Environmental Planning
Policy No. 55 – Remediation of Land and the Managing Land
Contamination – Planning Guidelines. Council’s planning
and development process will determine what remediation is
needed to make the land suitable for the intended use.

The NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water also regulates land
contamination which poses a significant risk of harm to human health and the environment under
the Contaminated Land Management Act 1997.


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                      32
LAND
Council’s property information system records all contaminated sites listed under Section 59 of the
Contaminated Land Management Act 1997. This requires contamination to be specified on any
Section 149 certificate issued for a property under the Environmental Planning and
Assessment Act 1979.

Council’s records indicate at present that there are 345 contaminated parcels of land in the
Parramatta LGA. A map of contaminated land within Parramatta LGA is included at the end of this
section (see Map 2).

Acid Sulphate Soils
Acid sulphate soils are naturally occurring in both coastal and inland settings. Such soils contain
iron sulphides which when left undisturbed, are harmless. However the excavation of such soils
result in the sulphides reacting with oxygen in the air, forming sulphuric acid.

In Parramatta LGA, acid sulphate soils are concentrated around the Parramatta and Duck Rivers.
Urban development and infrastructure works in these locations pose the greatest threat to the
creation of acid from acid sulphate soils. This acid can result in habitat degradation, contaminate
water, result in fish kills and corrode steel and concrete.

The Parramatta LEP 2001 specifically addresses how the various classes of acid sulphate soils
shall be dealt with where disturbance of such soils is likely for activities including drainage or
construction works. In most of these cases, Council would require development consent to be
issued for any works and which addresses management of acid sulphate soils.

COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY



                 How satisfied are you with Parramatta City Council's efforts in the
                  following areas: Reducing Human impacts on the Environment
     80%
     70%
     60%
     50%
     40%
     30%
     20%
     10%
     0%
                                               Neither Satisfied nor
            Very Dissatisfied   Dissatisfied                           Satisfied   Very Satisfied   Dont' Know Can't Say
                                                   Dissatisfied
     2005         6%               16%                 30%               34%            5%                  9%
     2006         8%               18%                 29%               31%            4%                 10%
     2007         6%               16%                 30%               34%            5%                  9%
     2008         2%               11%                 32%               34%            4%                 17%
     2009         3%               13%                 32%               31%            3%                 15%



  Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007); n=537 (2006); n=538 (2005)
Source: PCC Management Plan Survey

 What does this mean?
 Around a third of respondents surveyed in 2009 were satisfied with Parramatta City Council’s
 efforts at reducing human impacts on the environment (34%). This is a slight reduction on
 previous years. This may reflect the community’s better awareness and higher expectations
 surrounding environmental issues. It may also indicate that Council needs to re-evaluate how we
 communicate with our residents on environmental matters and actions that Council is
 undertaking.


                                                        State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                           33
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      INDEX
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Contaminated Land
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Parcel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Railway Station
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Railway Line
                                                                                                                                               RA WS
                                                                                                                                                              O N RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Road Centrelines
PARRAMATTA           30 Darcy Stre et Parramatta NS W 21 50
                     PO Bo x 32 Parr amatta NSW 2 124
CITY COUNCIL         Phon e 980 6 500 0 Fax 9806 5917 DX 82 79 Parra matta                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Watercourse
                     Map s Upd ated an d Pu bli sh ed by In formati on




           ;
                     Syste ms, Parr amatta Ci ty Co uncil
                     Cop yrig ht Parrama tta Cou ncil 2006
                     Base data sup pli ed from NS W Dep artment o f Lan ds

               N
                     Projection - Ma p Grid o f Austral ia (MGA94)
                     Data - Geocen tric Datum of Australi a (GDA94)                                                                                                                                                                                                    Contaminated Land
                     Whi le every effor t has been ma de to en su re the
                     co rrectness o f the in fo rmatio n on th is map at the
          1:45,000   time of its Pro ductio n, Parrama tta Ci ty cou ncil does                                                                                                                                                                                         Map 2 Contaminated Land Map
                     not wa rrant the infor mation or pl ans do n ot co ntai n
                     errors and the Coun ci l shal l be in no way liab le for
                     any loss, d amage o r in ju ry as a re su lt of any such er rors.
LAND

  CASE STUDY—WATER SENSITIVE URBAN DESIGN INCORPORATED
                INTO GUILDFORD LANEWAY
Energy conservation, water quality improvements, water conservation, low impact and durable
materials and the enhancement of community life were key sustainable design principles estab-
lished for the Guildford Laneway project.

The project demonstrates energy conservation principles through the use of a solar powered
lighting system and through management of the micro-climate. The growing condition of the
remaining deciduous trees has been improved though the removal of adjacent hard surfaces and
compacted base course materials. A mass planting bed has been placed at the base of each tree
to maximise root mass, increase soil volume, improve soil quality and subsequently amplify the
shading capacity of each tree canopy during hot summer months.

                                  During autumn, leaf drop is collected in each mass planting
                                  bed providing a humus layer and reducing the need for
                                  additional landscape resources. Deciduous trees also
                                  maximise solar exposure to the site during winter.

                                  Water quality and conservation principles have been
                                  demonstrated through the collection, filtration and absorption of
                                  surface runoff prior to entering the local stormwater system.
                                  The quality of stormwater is improved as it is directed from the
                                  main street of Guildford, through a system of sediment traps,
                                  sandstone pools and bio-filtration swales located within each
                                  mass planting bed.

                                  By guiding stormwater through each mass planted bed, water
                                  is absorbed through root up-take, reducing the need to irrigate,
                                  reducing runoff and therefore conserving water.

                                  Existing materials scheduled for removal have been deposited
                                  at Council’s depot for reuse within the Local Government Area.
                                  These materials include base course, pavers, seating and bins.
                                  Recycled, durable products were used in the project, and
                                  include polypropylene drainage cells, recycled mulch and road
                                  base.

                                  Community life has been enhanced through the upgrade of this
                                  important laneway in Guildford which was once a heavily and
                                  hazardously paved, dark canopied and unsafe thoroughfare.
                                  The implementation of important social, economic and
                                  environmental initiatives via a creative, practical and innovative
                                  design framework has engaged the community and
                                  encouraged public use of the space.

                                  This project has been assisted by the New South Wales
                                  Government through its Environment Trust.




                                          State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                  34
NOISE

PRESSURE

Pressures responsible for intensifying
noise levels in the LGA include urban
development and construction, domestic
and neighbourhood noise, commercial and
industrial noise, increased volume of road,
rail and air traffic, and noise from
recreation and public venues.




INDICATOR
                        Number of noise complaints received by Council
                        2005            2006             2007             2008           Trend
    Number of           103              133              132             116
    complaints


There is no clear trend visible in the numbers of noise complaints received by Council. There was
however some difficulty in reporting on this indicator as several different teams deal with a large
variety of noise issues including noise generated by construction sites operating outside their hours
of consent and noise created by barking dogs, roosters and other animals. As a result, not all
complaints were reported purely as noise issues and therefore may not be reflected in these
numbers.


STATE

The intensification of land use has and will continue to generate increased levels of noise across the
LGA. As individual householders, business and industrial enterprises seek maximum use of their
land, isolation or distance to nearby sensitive receptors can no longer be utilised to improve noise
levels, turning the focus to new noise amelioration strategies.

Increasing residential density has been mostly satisfied by such developments being located along
busy road and rail transport corridors, exposing occupants to elevated noise levels. Various
legislation, policies and Australian Standards are applied by Council officers at both early planning
stages and in regulating noise from existing sources to ensure that noise does not exceed
guidelines and a suitable level of amenity is maintained.

In NSW, the key documents for controlling noise are the Protection of the Environment Operations
Act 1997, the Protection of the Environment Operations (Noise Control) Regulation 2008 and the
Industrial Noise Policy 2000. Noise complaints received by Council mostly involved barking dogs,
construction works, domestic noise sources (stereos and electronic equipment, air conditioners,
swimming pool pumps, intruder alarms), noise from roosters and other birds, noise from industrial
sources and noise from backyard business operations. Council Officers regulate these matters by
issuing appropriate letters and Notices requiring rectification of the offending noise.


                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    35
NOISE
Community awareness of environmental noise has increased and there is a higher expectation for
Commonwealth, State and Local Government to reduce noise levels. Given the large number of
services that Council provides, combined with the number of locations of its buildings, depots and
active worksites, Council receives very few complaints about its own activities in relation to noise.

The Resident’s Panel have been questioned over the last five years in relation to garbage collection
noise in the CBD. Community Consultation data provided below shows that there has been a trend
towards disagreement with the statement “I am disturbed by noise from Garbage collection before
6am”.


COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY



                         Please answer the following questions on CBD Maintenance:
                         I am disturbed by noise from Garbage collection before 6am
      80%
      70%
      60%
      50%
      40%
      30%
      20%
      10%
       0%
                                                Neither Agree nor
             Strongly Disagree    Disagree                                Agree        Strongly Agree   Don't know Can't Say
                                                    Disagree
      2005         19%              25%               16%                  10%              7%                 23%
      2006         21%              28%               21%                  9%               8%                 13%
      2007         26%              23%               13%                  4%               6%                 28%
      2008         18%              28%               26%                  2%               5%                 21%
      2009         25%              21%               12%                  3%               3%                 34%


     Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007); n=537 (2006); n=538 (2005)

Source: PCC Management Plan Survey


What does this mean?
In 2009 only 6% of respondents were disturbed by noise from garbage collection before 6am,
indicating that Council is clearly taking steps to minimise noise from its services.


HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?

     Destination                                                    Strategy
     3 - Businesses that are dynamic, prosperous                    B4 - Encourage ethical businesses which act
     and socially responsible                                       responsibly towards the community and natural
                                                                    environment

     4 - Neighbourhoods that are liveable and dis-                  N5 - Create clean and attractive streets and
     tinctive                                                       public places particularly around neighbourhood
                                                                    centres




                                                       State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                               36
NOISE
RESPONSES

Council’s Own Actions
With the introduction of Council’s new waste contract in 2006, later start times were implemented
for collections in residential areas to reduce noise impact. In addition, during the 2007/2008
period, Council’s Cleansing Team developed Work Method Statements for their operations which
addressed a variety of environmental impacts including noise. This is of particular importance in
the CBD areas where there is a combination of high density residential and commercial properties
and many cleansing services are required to be performed overnight.

Noise Associated with Development
Council requires the submission of an acoustic
report for any Development Application submitted for
development along major transport corridors (road
and rail) and any other noise generating industries or
activities. This is to ensure that design standards are
incorporated into the development to control noise
and vibration impacts on sensitive receivers in
accordance relevant legislation and policy.

In 2005, Council adopted its new Development
Control Plan (DCP) which sets planning standards
for any new development and requires the
consideration of acoustic amenity amongst other
things. The new Child Care Centres DCP which
came into effect in 2007 now requires the
submission of an acoustic report with any application
for a new child care centre to ensure that noise
impact is carefully considered and appropriate
controls implemented to prevent impact on
surrounding neighbours.

Appropriate conditions are placed on development
consents issued by Council to ensure that the
development incorporates the required design
elements to protect residents and the environment
from noise. In addition, the development consent
specifies permitted hours of work to ensure that
neighbouring properties are not excessively impacted by noise from the development while it is
under construction. Council’s Rangers and Development Control Officers investigate alleged
breaches of these conditions and undertake enforcement action as necessary, including the issue
of Penalty Infringement Notices.

Domestic Noise
Council continues to respond to a variety of complaints about domestic noise sources. The move
from single to multi unit dwellings means that neighbours are living closer together than ever
before and that distance is no longer an option to attenuate noise. In particular, Council receives
many complaints about noise from sound equipment (stereos and televisions) and air
conditioners. Residents are encouraged to attempt resolving these issues directly with their
neighbour prior to Council intervention. Residents of medium to high density housing are also
advised to work with their strata managers to resolve noise issues within their complex.




                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                      37
NOISE
In 2008, new Noise Regulations came
into force in NSW, making changes to
the permitted hours of operation for
certain domestic noise sources.
Effectively, the changes to the
legislation:

x    Increased the times of restriction
     for the use of sound equipment
     and musical instruments during
     which they may not be used if
     they can be heard in a
     neighbouring residence.
x    Reduced the time periods an
     alarm may sound before a higher
     penalty is incurred.
x    Set restrictions on the use of heat
     pump water heater systems.


Noise from Licensed Premises
Both Council Officers and NSW Police continued to respond to noise complaints about liquor
licensed premises. Generally, the Police are the after hours response to complaints about such
premises, however many complaints were also lodged with Council about music from these
premises affecting nearby residential receivers.

Noise from these premises is controlled by Council by both good initial planning (submitting
acoustic reports to demonstrate the proposal will meet noise criteria) and regulating the premises
to ensure that they do not exceed criteria set by the Liquor Administration Board. Before
midnight, noise from these venues is limited to five decibels above background noise levels and
after midnight, noise from these venues must not be audible within any habitable room of a
residential premise. As the Parramatta CBD continues to expand and incorporate a greater
residential component, the potential for noise impacts on these residential receivers becomes
greater.

In the 2008/2009 period, Council received numerous noise complaints about several liquor-
licensed premises in the Parramatta CBD from both residents and NSW Police. Council’s
Environment and Development Control Team joined forces with NSW Police to undertake
inspections of the major bars/ hotels in a “blitz” style operation to examine all aspects of these
premises and ensure that they were operating in accordance with their development consents.
This process was highly successful in uncovering reasons for the noise complaints, including
premises working outside of their hours of consent and using sections of their premises in a
manner which they did not have consent for. Council Officers continue to work with the residents,
police and the licensed premises to ensure that noise is appropriately regulated.




                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                     38
WASTE


    PRESSURE

    Pressures include limited local landfill,
    over consumption and packaging,
    intensified urban development,
    increasing population and lack of
    community awareness about recycling.




    INDICATOR

                                    Amount of Waste Diverted from Landfill
          Service         2004/05          2005/06         2006/07         2007/08+         2008/09         Trend
       Garbage             36,858          35,175           31,543          32,883           33,040
       Recycling           13,571          13,250           13,965          15,458           13,968
       Garden Waste         6,179           7,353           11,856          13,171           13,058
       Clean Up             1,370           1,504           4,447            4,780            4,692
       Diversion
       from Landfill±      34.9%            36.9%           45.1%            46.6%            45%

Council is working to increase the amount of waste diverted from landfill through a combination of
community education, better provision of services and the implementation of state of the art
technologies.

STATE

Parramatta’s expanding residential population, workforce and business activity compounded by
Australia’s consumerist society continues to generate increased volumes of waste, presenting a
considerable challenge for Council.

As demand for goods and services and the volume of waste generated by consumers rises, the
availability of local and regional landfill disposal options decreases. This has a direct impact on
waste disposal methods and available landfill lifespan. Increasing the amount of waste diverted to
recycling and/or reuse continues to be difficult due to the composition of consumer product
packaging and poor separation of materials by consumers.

The trend away from single swellings towards medium and high density housing in the Parramatta
area has boosted housing affordability and brought an increased population. As a result, increased
volumes of waste are generated every year in our Local Government Area (LGA) and puts
significant strain on Council’s ability to provide adequate waste services to these properties.
+
  The Alternate Waste Treatment (AWT) trial occurred during this period. However, the figures are not represented in the
  presented data
±
  Diversion percentage excludes Clean Up tonnages


                                                     State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                      39
WASTE
 Increased development throughout the LGA has been implicated in increased incidence of illegal
 dumping of building materials, including asbestos wastes. This is believed to be due to the special
 requirements relating to disposal of these materials and the associated high costs.

 Internationally, Australia is ranked second only to the USA in volumes of municipal waste generated
 per capita.¹

 As the availability of landfill options decreases, the costs of disposal increases and Council is
 striving to achieve environmental sustainability, alternatives must be sought to the waste issue.

 Educating the community about waste generation and Council services continued to be complicated
 by the continuous turnover of rental properties and the high percentage of persons from non-English
 speaking backgrounds (NESB) settling in the area. Coupled with the lack of consistency in collection
 services between councils, education of new residents remains an on-going issue.

 However, despite the challenges faced, Council’s efforts in recent years have resulted in increasing
 diversion of waste from landfill. New technology will see this trend continue in future years also.

HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?

     Destination                                           Strategy
     4 - Neighbourhoods that are liveable and dis-         N5 - Create clean and attractive streets and
     tinctive                                              public places particularly around neighbourhood
                                                           centres

     4 - Neighbourhoods that are liveable and dis-         N6 - Reduce the consumption of non-renewable
     tinctive                                              and scarce resources



RESPONSES

What’s New in Waste?
Council worked on a Total Waste and Resource Management solution and re-tendered its waste
collection contracts in 2006, with the aim of reducing the amount of waste going to landfill and
increasing the volume of recycling. Research was carried out on the most sustainable methods of
long-term waste disposal and a review was conducted of Council’s waste collection and disposal
contracts in light of latest technologies. This review identified the preferred mix of services we can
offer to the community and how the required service mix should be delivered. It also considered
system improvements required to support the proposed service arrangements, for example,
modifications to education, planning codes, and information management systems.

Continuing our focus on delivering an optimum waste service, Council entered into a regional tender
with two other councils in 2008 for a disposal contract to process and dispose of waste in a more
sustainable manner. In 2009, Council awarded the tender to WSN Environmental Solution to build
an Alternate Waste Treatment (AWT) facility and have it in operation by 2011/12. This AWT facility
is the latest innovation in the waste industry and will conservatively see 70 per cent of Parramatta’s
putrescible waste diverted from landfill. This is ahead of the State diversion target of 66% by 2014
set under the provisions of the NSW Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Strategy 2003 (and
retained under the updated 2007 Waste Strategy).

¹ See Institute for Sustainable Future (2005) Beyond Recycling An Integrated Waste Management Framework for Local
Government at http://www.lgsa.org.au/resources/documents/Beyond_Recycling_Part_A.pdf, pg 26; For comparative fig-
ures the nation averages approx. 500kg per capita. Parramatta is roughly the same if you divide the total tonnage by
base service.

                                                    State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                       40
WASTE
Council’s Own Actions
In 2004/2005 Council prepared a Waste Avoidance
and Resource Recovery (WARR) Plan to
incorporate actions to improve community
awareness of consumption and waste avoidance;
step up enforcement; maximise reuse and recycling;
meet waste reduction targets; and develop
partnerships to realise these goals. The plan
encompasses the triple bottom line principle that
ensures that Parramatta’s environmental, economic
and social sectors are all taken into consideration.

In September 2008, Council implemented a new
in-house waste system for its major buildings,
including the Darcy Street Administration Building,
Council Chambers, Central Library, Morton Street
Depot and Parramatta Heritage and Visitor Information Centre.

In accordance with our WARR Plan, the new system established that waste and recycling are the
responsibility of the person who produces it. All staff members in the participating buildings were
therefore provided with wastepaper bins, while the majority of general waste bins were removed
from the office. All waste and recycling other than paper must now be taken to central collection
points for correct disposal by the staff.

The new system has resulted in significant improvements in recycling. Whereas previous studies
indicated that approximately half the waste to landfill was composed of recyclable materials,
particularly paper, the majority of paper is now being recycled and other recyclable waste is being
disposed of correctly the majority of the time.

In addition to the above Council has also introduced paper desk bins to the branch libraries to assist
in waste separation at source, particularly at the loans desk. Additionally, Council has introduced
recycling at our Riverside Theatres and our Connection Arcade Shopping Mall.

                                     Education and Campaigns
                                     Council’s ongoing environmental education and awareness
                                     campaigns continue to minimise waste, encourage greater
                                     recycling and reduce illegal dumping of rubbish. Waste
                                     education initiatives Council took part in 2004/2005 included a
                                     Coles Care Campaign on steel can recycling that involved
                                     displays at three shopping centres and supplying two schools
                                     with compost bins and supporting information. In 2005/2006 we
                                     undertook an Anti Plastic Bag Campaign which involved
                                     displays at shopping centres across the LGA and handing out of
                                     5000 calico bags. Council also ran a No Butts about Church
                                     Street campaign where materials such as personal ashtrays (for
                                     distribution to patrons) and table ashtrays were distributed to
                                     restaurants along Church Street.

In September 2006, a group of residents in the South Parramatta area approached Council’s Lord
Mayor about tackling illegal dumping and other issues in a “Neighbourhood Blitz”. On the day,
Council staff worked with the residents to remove rubbish, tidy nature strips and repair damaged
infrastructure, amenities and public places. Full details of this event are provide in the Case Study in
this section.

                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

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WASTE
Parramatta City Council in conjunction with its waste and recycling contractor ran a truck art
competition during 2007/2008 for primary school aged students that attended the primary schools in
the Parramatta Local Government Area (LGA). The winning artwork was enlarged and turned into a
decal for one of the recycling trucks that service the Parramatta LGA. In addition, 11 other artworks
were selected to form a waste education calendar that was produced and disseminated to all
members of the community.

Council along with our waste contractor identified food waste as an increasing problem in the
Parramatta local government area. The primary goal of the Parramatta Food Waste Diversion
Project in the 2008/2009 period was to maximise waste diverted from landfill and increase resource
recovery. To encourage residents to achieve this outcome, workshops were offered on a variety of
waste and recycling themes. Worm farms and compost bins were provided free of charge to
residents that attended at least two workshops including a workshop entitled ‘Natures Recyclers’
that provided them with core advice on how to worm farm and compost. Results of this project were
positive and demonstrate that expansion of the strategy will assist in diverting food waste from
landfill.

Introduced in 2009, residents now have the opportunity to get up to 20% discount on worm farms
and compost bins if they attend two ‘kNOw Waste’ workshops conducted by Transpacific
Cleanaway’s Education team.

Other educational activities that Council participate in regularly include:

x     Spot checking of recycling and garden waste bins presented for collection. The amount of
      contamination letters issued by our inspection officers are gradually decreasing as we
      increase community waste education.
x     Offering friendly advice and waste related information at Council’s major public events
      throughout the year.
x     Providing custom waste and recycling workshops. In 2008/09 we conducted 29 workshops
      across the Parramatta LGA, with feedback indicating that participants not only enjoyed the
      workshops but learnt something new.


Cleansing Services
Council’s cleansing teams continue to provide a variety of waste and street cleaning services that
ensure the health and safety of the City. Minimising the impacts of litter and waste on the public
domain, the City’s stormwater systems and the natural environment, those services include:

x     cleaning streets and collecting park bins;
x     collecting litter from footpaths and
      roadways;
x     cleaning storm water pits;
x     mechanical street sweeping of the CBD’s
      industrial and residential areas;
x     weed spraying and removal from
      footpaths and roadways; and
x     collecting and disposing of illegally
      dumped domestic, commercial, industrial
      and hazardous waste.




                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                     42
WASTE
                                 On average the team cleans around 30 to 50 kilometres of streets
                                 every week with each Parramatta street swept on a schedule four
                                 times a year. By night, the team cleans high profile areas such as
                                 the Parramatta City Centre and areas surrounding shopping
                                 centres, as well as industrial areas which are not affected by noise
                                 at these times. The night shift workers operate two large road
                                 ‘brooms’, each facilitated by a small team working together
                                 preparing the areas for sweeping before the road broom arrives.

                                 The cleansing team is supported by 16 ute-based ‘flying crews’
                                 who service any other cleansing issues that arise daily across
Parramatta. This includes assisting the Environmental Health Team or other agencies in providing
clean up support to any major spills which occur on our roads or public areas in order to protect our
waterways from pollution. The team also continues to work on cleaning storm water drainage to
reduce road waste contamination and minimising and/or preventing flooding in lower lying areas of
the City.

During 2008/09 the Cleansing Team reviewed all of its operations as part of ‘City Operations Making
Business Improvements’. The reform initiatives identified will be implemented in the later part of
2009 and include process changes which reduce double handling of waste, allow identification and
data collection of illegally dumped waste and review work scheduling and commencement times.
This will result in a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions from our vehicles which will further be
improved as we introduce a ‘Fit for Purpose’ program for our fleet/plant.

We have also identified further improvements involving sorting a variety of waste for recycling and
reuse including street sweepings (already in operation), spoil and other construction materials. This
will require further investigation and development during 2009/2010.


Clean Up Australia Day
Parramatta averages about 30 clean up sites and approximately
4 tonnes of rubbish is collected on average each year.
Participants of Clean Up Australia Day typically include
community groups, school students and local businesses.
Volunteer numbers at this event are gradually increasing with
each year, indicating the rising community interest in keeping
Parramatta’s environment clean and tidy.

Illegal Dumping
Catching illegal dumping continues to be difficult for Council with a range of unwanted matter
regularly dumped at all hours of day and night. The types of illegally dumped materials can vary
greatly, but most commonly include general household waste, large domestic items such as
whitegoods and mattresses, building materials, garden organics,
clinical and hazardous wastes, abandoned cars and car parts.

On the ground monitoring and complaints received by Council
have identified some common features amongst areas which are
known “hot spots” for illegal dumping. Typically, multi-unit
dwellings, parks, bushland and vacant lots, industrial and
commercial areas and roads with little or no through traffic are
common areas for illegal dumping. Council deals with these
matters through a combination of education and enforcement.


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    43
WASTE
Waste generated by new developments
Under the requirements of Council’s DCP, development applications which involve demolition,
construction or a change of use of a building are to include a Waste Management Plan. The
objectives of the waste management plans are to maximise reuse and recycling of building and
construction materials, household generated waste and industrial/commercial waste and minimise
the overall environmental impacts of waste. They also aim to encourage building designs and
construction techniques that will minimise future waste generation and ensure on-going waste
management is sufficient for the life of the development.

Council’s DCP encourages the principles of reduce, reuse, recycle in dealing with demolition,
construction and operational wastes. It is a requirement with any development application lodged to
indicate to Council the location of waste storage areas and the details of any contractor who will
provide a service to the property, during any stage of its life cycle. This serves to prevent any public
health and environmental hazards from arising by inadequate separation, storage and collection of
wastes.

Officers in Council’s Environmental Health and Protection team comment on the adequacy of the
information provided and place suitable conditions on development applications to ensure that
waste is suitably managed and appropriate records kept regarding, reuse, recycling and disposal of
materials. This also allows waste to be tracked to prevent the illegal dumping of waste materials,
including unwanted fill and hazardous items such as asbestos which are costly to dispose of to
landfill and are frequently found dumped on roadsides, public reserves and vacant blocks as a
result.


COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY


                             What is your level of satisfaction with Parramatta City Council's
                                           provision of waste services to you?

      80%
      70%
      60%
      50%
      40%
      30%
      20%
      10%
       0%
                                                 Neither Satisfied nor
             Very Dissatisfied    Dissatisfied                           Satisfied   Very Satisfied   Dont' KnowCan't Say
                                                     Dissatisfied
      2005          2%               10%                 12%               52%           22%                  2%
      2006          2%                9%                 12%               50%           26%                  0%
      2007          4%                6%                 11%               54%           24%                  1%
      2008          3%                5%                 9%                55%           26%                  2%
      2009          2%                5%                 7%                49%           35%                  1%


     Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007); n=537 (2006); n=538 (2005)
Source: PCC Management Plan Survey

What does this mean?
84% of respondents stated that they were satisfied or very satisfied with waste services in 2009.
Overall, the community has consistently viewed Council’s provision of waste services as something
we do well.



                                                          State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                            44
WASTE
      CASE STUDY—SOUTH PARRAMATTA NEIGHBOURHOOD BLITZ
                                         In September 2006, a group of residents in South
                                         Parramatta who were fed up with illegal dumping and a
                                         lack of community pride in their area joined forces with
                                         Parramatta City Council to trial an innovative idea in order
                                         to tackle those problems during a one day “Neighbourhood
                                         Blitz”. During the Blitz, council staff and residents collected
                                         dumped rubbish and junk mail, tidied up nature strips,
                                         cleared fallen branches and removed dumped shopping
                                         trolleys.

                                         All participants on the day went into the draw to win
                                         Greater Union Gold Class tickets and gift vouchers worth
                                         $50 from Bunnings Warehouse. Council supplied
                                         participants with gloves, vests, sunscreen and garbage
                                         bags and a barbeque lunch was held after the Blitz for
                                         everyone involved. The first 40 people to register also
                                         received a free T-shirt. Funding for the day’s event came
                                         from the Lord Mayor’s Community Spirit Budget.

The idea for the Blitz was initiated during a meeting between the Parramatta City Lord Mayor Clr
David Borger and local residents who make up the Noller Park Committee, concerned about the
amount of litter and rubbish being dumped in South Parramatta.

The Noller Park Committee provided a great amount of support for the event, both prior to and on
the day. They door knocked the area advising of the upcoming Blitz and encouraging people to take
part. In addition, they co-ordinated volunteers on the day to ensure that the whole South Parramatta
area was covered in the Blitz.

Prior to the day, Council undertook a number of activities in order to improve the condition of the
area. This included painting all the seats in the area, repairing potholes in roads, repairing damaged
signs, removing trip hazards from footpaths, graffiti removal, general parks maintenance,
resurfacing cricket pitches, installing new footpaths and removing trolleys and rubbish.

All participants were given a calico bag full of goodies and useful information on positive things they
can do for the environment, as well as a native seedling.

Council and the community continued to work together after the Blitz to maintain the area in its
improved condition. Overall, 57 local residents participated in the Blitz and collected 2.1 tonnes of
waste. The event resulted in a great sense of community spirit and community pride and fostered
the development of a close relationship between Council and the community.




                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                        45
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING

PRESSURE

There are many substances in the air
which may impair human health as
well as the health of plants and
animals, or reduce visibility. Urban air
pollution arises from emissions from
motor vehicles, major industry,
commercial operations and domestic
activities. Air pollutants include dust,
odours, vapours and greenhouse
gases. The amount of greenhouse
gases in our atmosphere is the key
driver behind climate change.


INDICATORS

              No. of days Regional Air Quality Index (Sydney North-West) was in the
                                    Poor –Hazardous Range
                          2005/2006        2006/2007     2007/2008     2008/2009          Trend
           No. Days
           Regional
           Air Quality
           Index was
           in Poor-           16              19             7             12
           Hazardous
           Range

Air quality data for the Sydney North-West Region (which incorporates Parramatta) can fluctuate
significantly based on weather conditions. Additionally, severe bushfires can have considerable
impact on our air quality during summer months. However, there has been a slight trend towards a
reduction in the number of days during which Regional Air Quality was in the Poor-Hazardous
range.



          CO2 Emissions (tonnes) from Council facilities, public lighting and fleet
                  2004/2005     2005/2006      2006/2007     2007/2008      2008/2009         Trend
  CO2
  emissions
                   19454.8         21020.7         19062.9       18007.9        11705.7
  (tonnes)


Council has reduced it’s CO2 emissions by approximately 40% since 2004/2005. This has been
accomplished via a range of strategies which are detailed in the Reponses for this section, the
most significant of which was to increase our purchase of accredited GreenPower in 2008/2009 to
100% for all of our electricity needs (with the exception of 10% purchase of GreenPower for street
lighting).




                                                State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                      46
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING
STATE

Air quality is a regional issue and cannot be clearly defined by the boundaries of the Parramatta
LGA. The NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (DECCW) monitors air
quality on a regional basis and reports the results as a Regional Air Quality Index (RAQI). The
nearest air quality monitoring site to Parramatta is Prospect which places Parramatta within the
Sydney North West Monitoring Region although Parramatta does sit close to the boundaries of both
other regions, being Sydney South West and Sydney East.

The RAQI is an indication of how polluted the air is, the associated health effects and the impacts
on sensitive groups. An air pollution health alert is issued by DECCW and the Bureau of
Meteorology when pollution levels are expected to be in the poor to hazardous range the following
day. It provides 24-hour summaries, reporting monthly RAQI values and annual exceedances and
by providing a search function for public access to the air quality database.


Figure 2: Air Quality Index and Health Alerts
                   AQI                        What action should people take?
                   VERY GOOD
                                              Enjoy activities
                   0-33
                   GOOD
                                              Enjoy activities
                   34-66
                                              People unusually sensitive to air pollu-
                   FAIR                       tion:
                   67-99                      Plan strenuous outdoor activities when air
                                              quality is better
                                              AIR POLLUTION HEALTH ALERT
                   POOR
                                              Sensitive Groups: Cut back or reschedule
                   100-149
                                              strenuous outdoor activities
                                              AIR POLLUTION HEALTH ALERT
                                              Sensitive groups: Avoid strenuous outdoor
                   VERY POOR
                                              activities
                   150-200
                                              Everyone: Cut back or reschedule strenuous
                                              outdoor activities
                                              AIR POLLUTION HEALTH ALERT
                                              Sensitive groups: Avoid all outdoor physi-
                   HAZARDOUS
                                              cal activities
                   200+
                                              Everyone: Significantly cut back on outdoor
                                              physical activities

                   Source: NSW Department of Health

 Parramatta's air quality continues to be affected by pollutants generated throughout the Greater
 Sydney metropolitan area. Vehicle exhausts, poor soil management on construction sites, spray
 drift, chemical use and domestic and industrial odours contribute to air pollution. These activities
 result in a wide range of pollutants such as greenhouse gases, photochemical smog, fine
 particulate pollution, carbon monoxide, sulphur, lead, dust and odours being discharged into our
 atmosphere. While industry and motor vehicles are generally the greatest contributors to local air
 pollution, most air quality complaints received by Council continue to be related to odours and
 dust.

 The range of complaints received includes odour from putrescible waste, sewerage, smoke from
 backyard burning and wood heaters, industrial chemicals and dust. The cumulative effect on air
 quality from these emissions are unknown, however these air emissions create significant
 localised impacts.


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                        47
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING
During the winter months, Council receives numerous complaints regarding smoke from domestic
wood heaters. These matters are usually managed through the provision of education materials to
residents about the proper use of their heater. Odour complaints tend to have a poor resolution rate
due to difficulties in identifying and tracking the source, however Council has been working to
improve its processes for identifying these odours.

The atmosphere and global warming are issues of regional and international significance; however
Council is developing local initiatives to assist in improving the quality of our atmosphere and reduce
global warming in Western Sydney. This involves both Council looking at its own operations to
reduce greenhouse gas emissions and also working with the community to tackle climate change
issues. Council is working hard to promote more sustainable modes of transport, reduce the number
of vehicles travelling to the CBD each day to improve air quality and mitigate the impacts of climate
change.

HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?

    Destination                                         Strategy
    3 - Businesses that are dynamic, prosperous         B4 - Encourage ethical businesses which act
    and socially responsible                            responsibly towards the community and natural
                                                        environment
    4 – Neighbourhoods that are liveable and            N6 - Reduce the consumption of non-renewable
    distinctive                                         and scarce resources

    6 – People and places that are linked by            TC3 - Increase the number of people using
    sustainable transport and communication             public transport, particularly for journeys to work
    networks
    6 – People and places that are linked by            TC4 - Increase the number of people walking
    sustainable transport and communication             and cycling, particularly for journeys within the
    networks                                            neighbourhood
    7 – A city that is innovative and inspirational     II4 - Develop Parramatta as a leading city for
                                                        research and development and technological
                                                        innovation


RESPONSES

Parramatta Climate Action Plan
The Parramatta Climate Action Plan (CAP) 2006 was prepared as part of Council’s commitment to
the Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) Program. This is a global initiative developed to assist local
government reduce energy use and greenhouse gas emissions from their own operations and
within the community. The CAP was developed with community and stakeholder input, to guide
climate change management actions for the period from 2006 to 2011 in the Parramatta LGA. The
Plan sets targets for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from Council operations and from
the Parramatta LGA. It also defines the role of various departments across PCC and the role of
partnerships with the community in achieving the greenhouse gas reduction goals.

To work towards the targets, the CAP identifies 5 Climate Action Principles which guide the policy
setting and implementation of Council initiatives that relate to climate change. The Plan also
defines 29 specific initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Parramatta LGA.




                                                  State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                              48
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING
Since Council adopted its five year CAP, we have completed a number of identified actions, with
the aim of further reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the Parramatta Local Government Area.
For example, Council completed a ‘sustainable building retrofit’ at Jubilee Childcare Centre to
achieve savings in energy, water and waste. Since this initial fit out, Council has retrofitted many of
our other buildings with energy efficient technologies.

Council also continued to implement and support programs targeting energy efficiency such as ‘City
Switch’ for commercial office space and ‘Fridge Buy Back’ for residents. Each March, Council
promotes and participates in Earth Hour, and most recently developed a flyer that will inform
residents of the various sustainability initiatives and products Council offers to help make homes
more sustainable.

Further, Council provides Rainwater Tank information packs and Solar Hot Water System
information packs for residents. Both packs are available at Council’s Customer Contact Centre
and were distributed at various sustainability events held throughout the year such as World
Environment Day celebrations and National Tree Day.

Council achieved Milestone 5 plus in the Cities for Climate Protection Program during the
2007/2008 reporting year. Council continues to reduce CO2 emissions from its fleet, offsetting
640.7 tonnes of emissions from our passenger car fleet during 2008/2009. In the same year, staff
were encouraged to choose E10 fuel over regular unleaded when filling fleet vehicles, reducing our
greenhouse gas emissions by 26 tonnes. Council is currently in the process of reassessing its fleet
policy and creating a green travel plan for staff and visitors to reduce the number of motor vehicles
coming to Council workplaces and increase the use of alternative, more sustainable travel options.

During the 2008/2009 reporting year, Council continued to purchase 10 per cent accredited
GreenPower for street lighting and increased our GreenPower purchases for all other electricity to
100 per cent. This has significantly reduced our CO2 emissions. Combined with our on-going
commitment to reduce energy consumption and install energy efficient technologies, Council will
continue to reduce emissions from our own facilities and through the services we provide.

                                      Parramatta Transport Planning
                                      Improved transport management has been on the agenda with
                                      the drafting of the Parramatta City Centre Transport Plan in
                                      conjunction with the NSW Department of Infrastructure,
                                      Planning and Natural Resources, the Department of Transport
                                      and the Roads and Traffic Authority. The plan will go to
                                      Council for adoption and public exhibition in the latter part of
                                      2009.

                                       Council’s Land Use and Transport Unit continued to
                                       develop partnerships which will assist in the delivery of
Council’s services, including with the Department of Planning, NSW Housing, NSW Transport &
Infrastructure (T&I), Roads & Traffic Authority (RTA), Sydney Metro, Bicycle NSW, South West Area
Health Service (SWAHS), Premier’s Council for Active Living (PCAL), Department of Environment,
Climate Change and Water (DECCW), public transport operators and the Property Council.

Council also continues to make submissions to the State Government seeking to influence future
public transport delivery in the form of better public transport options to the Parramatta LGA and
Western Sydney. We specifically recommended improvements to the proposed West Metro route,
currently in the planning phase. Council’s submission suggested investigating the Carlingford Line
for conversion to Metro.



                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                      49
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING
Council continued working with the RTA on strategic bus corridors. Parramatta Transport
Interchange was opened in February 2006 in the heart of Parramatta’s City Centre. The interchange
links rail services with the Western Sydney Transitway (Bus) Network, local bus routes and other
transport services. Significantly improving public transport access to Parramatta, the interchange
has been designed to allow easy movement between transport services and easy access to
Parramatta CBD. New bus routes have now been introduced as a result. A solar powered bus
shelter has also been installed on the northern side of Victoria Road, west of Brickfield Street, North
Parramatta.

COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY


                                    Which is your main form of Transport?


     100%


      80%


      60%


      40%


      20%


      0%
                           Car as      Car as
             Boat   Bus                           Bicycle   Ferry   Motorcycle   Mo-Ped   Taxi   Train   Walk
                           Driver     Passenger
      2007   0%     7%      68%          5%        0%       0%         1%         1%      0%     13%     4%
      2008   0%     7%      66%          6%        1%       0%         0%         0%      0%     14%     5%
      2009          8%      65%          5%        1%       1%         0%                        13%     6%



     Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007)
Source: PCC Management Plan Survey

What does this mean?
Modes of transport used in 2009 are consistent with 2008. Over a three-year period, there has
been a slight trend of ‘car as a driver’ declining and an increase in walking. The overlying reasons
respondents gave for choosing their form of transport were ‘convenience/comfort’, ‘owning a car’,
‘length of travel time’, and ‘car needed for work’. These answers reflect the high proportion of
respondents who drive as their main form of transport. Council is addressing this issue with a
range of sustainable transport options and improved transport management.

SMArT Options for Parramatta
Council received a $222,000 grant from the Department of Environment & Climate Change
(DECC) in 2006 under the Climate Action Grants Program. The Grant, titled Sustainable
Movement Around Town (SMArT) Options for Parramatta, aims to reduce greenhouse gas
emissions by promoting the "smarter" movement of people to and within Parramatta. It
encourages the use of public and active transport to reduce car trips around Parramatta. The
program comprised of an assessment of the major barriers to people using SMArT forms of
transport; a marketing campaign about the use of SMArT transport options, including the free
shuttle bus service within Parramatta; development of SMArT Employer - working with major
employers representing over 9,000 employees to promote SMArT transport options in Parramatta;
and introduction of GoGet SMArT, the first car sharing trial in Western Sydney.


                                                     State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                50
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING
The Loop Bus Service
On 29 August 2008 Council launched its
free city bus service “The Loop”. The
Loop is a free transport solution that
connects tourists, residents and
commuters to the commercial, retail and
recreational landmarks of the City Centre.
As part of it’s route, The Loop has stops
adjacent to the Parramatta Transport
Interchange and at the Parramatta Ferry Terminal, linking it to existing public transport routes. The
service is funded through parking meter income and sponsorship from Westfield and Parramatta
Leagues Club. The Loop’s diesel engine buses were specifically selected because of their lower
air pollutant emissions, better performance and low fuel consumption.

In February 2009 a passenger survey was undertaken that revealed 98% of the 922 respondents
were satisfied with the service. The popularity of the service grew dramatically throughout the year
and the 500,000th passenger was conveyed in May 2009. A review of the service was undertaken
and as a result Council resolved to alter the route to better service facilities on the western edge of
the CBD, particularly Parramatta Swimming Centre, Parramatta RSL and Parramatta Park
(commenced late August 2009). A trial of extended hours for Thursday evenings was also
approved. In addition to the regular service the Loop has been utilised to encourage public
transport at events such as New Year’s Eve, Australia Day and Lunar New Year celebrations.




Linking our Cycleways
Working in collaboration with the RTA, we continued to implement a network of safe,
environmentally-friendly bicycle routes and facilities for commuters and recreational cyclists.
Council adopted the Parramatta Bike Plan 2009 in the early half of the year. This plan sets out
priority cycleway routes for implementation throughout the Local Government Area. Major new
connections completed include a 3 metre wide, 460m long, off-road shared pathway from Bright
Park, Granville to Blaxcell Street, South Guildford.

Important links have also been made to the Parramatta Valley Cycleway. This route winds along
dedicated shared bike paths, less busy streets and the Parramatta River foreshore. New bridges
and pathways now link South Street Rydalmere to Thomas Street in Parramatta. Parramatta City
Centre foreshore pathways have been created linking The Gasworks Bridge to Marsden Street.
On completion the Parramatta Valley Cycleway will connect Parramatta Park, the University of
Western Sydney and the boat ramp at Melrose Park.


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                     51
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING
COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY



                     How likely would you be to increase your usage of Parramatta Cycleways if the
                                                           following occurred


          100%
            90%             23%                      23%                    23%                       22%                  21%

            80%
                            9%                       9%                     7%                        10%
            70%
                                                                                                                           23%
                                                                            11%
            60%             20%                      19%                                              17%
    %




            50%
                                                                            23%                                            18%
                                                                                                      16%
            40%             17%                      18%

            30%                                                                                                            12%
                                                                            14%                       14%
                            12%                      11%
            20%                                                                                                             7%

            10%             16%                      17%                   19%                       18%                   15%
             0%
                      Cycleway signage        More cycle           There were showers          More on-road cycle   More off-road cycle
                       was improved       racks/lockers were       and other facilities at      lanes were made      paths were built
                                                 made                your destination
                          Very Unlikely   Unlikely     Neither likely nor unlikely    Likely     Very Likely   Don’t Know Cant Say
        2009 N=742



Source: PCC Management Plan Survey


What does this mean?
The largest proportion of respondents (41%) stated they were most likely to increase their use of
cycleways if more off-road paths were built. ‘Availability of facilities’ was the least important factor,
with only 18% of respondents indicating they would be more likely to use cycleways if these were
available to them. Council is continuing to work on developing a network of safe cycleways.


 Sustainable Business in Parramatta LGA
 In early 2007, 20 businesses from Parramatta's city centre signed up to participate in the pilot
 Sustainable Business Improvement Program. A joint initiative between Parramatta City Council,
 the Greater Western Sydney Economic Development Board (GWSEDB) and the NSW Department
 of State and Regional Development (DSARD), the program was aimed at reducing the
 environmental impact of small business under Council’s Sustainable Business Management
 Program. Businesses underwent auditing, attended training and made practical changes to their
 work environments and operational choices. The workshops, run by Village Green, focussed on
 energy, water usage and waste reduction, as well as the marketing of sustainable practice within
 businesses. Eight businesses succeeded in completing the program and qualified for an eco-
 retrofit that included light bulbs, aqua-locks and other upgrades valued at $100 per business.

 Council held its inaugural Sustainable expo in 2007 as part of Small Business September, to
 promote sustainability to the business community. The Sustainable expo was organised to bring
 together diverse companies to work towards accelerating local action that will impact on global
 warming with a new, strong focus on practical solutions and positive collaboration across the
 government, business and non-profit sectors.




                                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                                          52
AIR QUALITY & GLOBAL WARMING
Council’s Environmental Assessment Officer continues to works with businesses in the LGA under
it’s auditing program to prevent pollution and improve environmental performance. This program
involves auditing small to medium sized industrial businesses and addresses a variety of
environmental matters, including the discharge of air pollutants (eg. dusts and particulates,
odours, vapours/ gases) from premises such as panel beaters, spray painters, manufacturing
industries and various others. Our Environment & Development Control Team respond to
nuisance complaints from residents regarding odours, dusts, smoke and other air pollutants from
domestic, commercial and industrial sources.

Council has engaged several businesses in
the Rosehill area to participate in the
Sustainability Advantage program being led
by the DECCW. This program aims to assist
businesses in adding value and realising
potential economic and environmental savings
through sustainability. A second cluster of
businesses in the Camellia/ Silverwater area
is due to commence in late 2009.

Council is also part of the City Switch Green
Office Program (formerly 3CBD’s Program),
both as a participant and as a program
manager working with tenants of commercial buildings in the CBDs of Parramatta, North Sydney
and City of Sydney to improve energy efficiency.

Funded by the NSW Environmental Trust, Parramatta City Council has also been fortunate to
receive several significant grants in recent years. Spanning a three year period and with funding of
$1.32 million, the Camellia – Silverwater - A model for Industrial Sustainability project is well
underway. Working with our partners Auburn Council and local businesses, Council will focus on
delivering long term sustainable business and environment outcomes for this industrial precinct.




                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                  53
BIODIVERSITY

PRESSURE

There are many pressures placed on
Parramatta’s biodiversity as a result of
human activities such as increasing
urban development, including
competing demands for open space,
stormwater and water pollution,
invasion by introduced plants and
animals, vandalism and impact from
over use of our natural environment.




INDICATOR

                                  Land Under Bush Regeneration
                2004/2005       2005/2006     2006/2007     2007/2008       2008/2009      Trend
     No.          133.44         144.84        151.47         162.97         174.12
   Hectares


Council is working hard to restore native bushland across the LGA with the assistance of our
bushcare volunteers and contractors. We are continuing to increase the amount of works
undertaken annually as demonstrated by the indicator above.


                           No. of Plants Produced by Council’s Nursery
              2004/2005        2005/2006     2006/2007     2007/2008      2008/2009      Trend
    No.         40056            41732         60996         73639          77087
   Trees

There has been a significant increase in the number of plants produced each year by Council’s
nursery. The nursery supplies plants for National Tree Day, World Environment Day, our Free Tree
Giveaways for residents, bushland regeneration and parks as well as various other special events
throughout the year. These plants make an important contribution to restoring the biodiversity of
Parramatta.


STATE

Parramatta’s biodiversity has markedly declined since the arrival of non-Indigenous people over 200
years ago and the magnificent forests that once enshrouded the Sydney Basin have largely
disappeared. Indiscriminately cleared for farming during the colonial period and later in response to
demand for housing and industry, the total area of native vegetation under Council’s management is
now just 326.3 hectares. This is just 5.42 percent of the city’s total area of 61sq km. Within this
remnant are wetlands, remnant canopy trees and 11 different vegetation or ecological communities
of which eight are of State or national significance.


                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   54
BIODIVERSITY
                                     Protection and enhancement of native vegetation corridors on
                                     public and private land remain critical for the protection of the
                                     City and suburb’s remaining biodiversity. Terrestrial and aquatic
                                     biodiversity have both been severely impacted by stormwater
                                     volume and quality (including sewage, fertilisers and industrial
                                     pollution). Human impacts in the Local Government Area are on
                                     the increase, ranging from illegal dumping and clearing to
                                     encroachments and spread of garden escapees.

                                     Our seven core areas of bushland vary from good condition
                                     (Duck River Bushland) to fair (Galaringi). The bushland corridors
                                     along our creeks vary in quality from fair (Duck River) to poor
                                     (Lower Subiaco Creek). The majority of our smaller isolated
                                     bushland remnants and minor corridors are in poor condition
                                     because Council’s management resources focus by necessity on
                                     larger reserves. While efforts are underway to reverse the
                                     damage of industrial impacts and urban run-off, Parramatta’s
                                     riparian corridors remain in fair to poor condition.

At 90 hectares Lake Parramatta is one of the largest Council-managed reserves. Other significant
pockets of natural bushland we manage include Moxham and Cox parks, Campbell Hill, Third
Settlement, Edna Hunt and Galaringi reserves as well as Vineyard Creek and Duck River Bushland.
The centrally-located Parramatta Park is separately managed by the Parramatta Park Trust.
Looking after and rehabilitating relatively small pockets and corridors of natural bushland is further
complicated by the ongoing urban impacts of stormwater runoff, sewage overflows and dumping of
rubbish and soils.


HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?

    Destination                                      Strategy
    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW1 - Protect and rehabilitate high priority
    and sustained                                    waterways and manage major impacts on
                                                     medium and low priority waterways

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW2 - Protect and rehabilitate core bushland
    and sustained                                    areas and manage major impacts on corridors
                                                     and remnant bushland

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW3 - Reduce human impacts on Parramatta’s
    and sustained                                    unique diversity of plants and animals

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW4 - Protect and manage significant natural
    and sustained                                    landscape features and soil types

    3 - Businesses that are dynamic, prosperous      B3 - Encourage ethical businesses which act
    and socially responsible                         responsibly towards the community and natural
                                                     environment

    4 - Neighbourhoods that are liveable and         N4 - Improve the integration of the natural and
    distinctive                                      built environments




                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                       55
BIODIVERSITY
RESPONSES

Restoring Vegetation Communities
Recognising the importance and diversity of the 65 kilometres of waterways and 326 hectares of
remnant vegetation that Council manages, we adopted the Natural Areas Plan of Management in
October 2006. Council have continued to deliver the actions within the Natural Areas Plan of
Management, the Open Space Plan, the Waterways Maintenance and Rehabilitation Master Plans,
the Biodiversity Plan and local area plans of management.

The Bushland restoration program aims to protect and improve the quality of our larger core areas
of bushland, and subsequently to link these to each other and the Parramatta River. These core
areas will be linked via pockets of remnant bushland along our creeks, with any gaps being in-filled
with native vegetation to produce a natural corridor for the movement of flora and fauna including
native birds, reptiles and mammals. The bushland restoration program requires an annual report to
be supplied for each project with weed densities and photographic record provided.

In 2005/2006, a milestone was reached with the linkage of small remnants along Duck River by a
relatively continuous corridor of native vegetation, currently maintained at low weed levels.

In 2006/2007 a significant increase in funding for corridor maintenance allowed a greater focus on
Parramatta's seven core areas of bush with significant expanded areas of bushland regeneration in
all of these, but particularly Lake Parramatta below the dam and the treatment of Coral trees around
the lake edge. Campbell Hill Reserve West had a focus on the grassland areas with broad acre
mowing of the mixed weed and native grasses to allow easier treatment of the weed grasses.




With a continuing focus on the Parramatta River and a Tide to Table grant matched by Councils
Waterways program, the newly declared Saltmarsh endangered community, had restoration
expanded successfully at a newly named reserve, Baludarri Wetland at Broughton Street,
Parramatta. The majority of the weeds were also removed from the saltmarsh that fringes George
Kendall Riverside Park, Ermington.

The waterways restoration program complements bushland restoration, with the plan to reduce
stormwater impacts on Parramatta’s surviving remnant bushland and improve water quality as well
as silt and litter removal.

After uncovering more of the vulnerable Downy Wattle (Acacia pubescens) in the Waddangalli
Woodland reserve, we set up a slashing and weed control trial to help guide our restoration of larger
native grassland remnants. Encouraging the spread of grasses once native to the Parramatta LGA
was also on the agenda at one of the City’s oldest cemeteries, All Saints North Parramatta, which
provides refuge for around 20 native grass species. We reared 14,000 tubestock from harvested
Kangaroo Grass seed heads to facilitate grassland re-establishment at the cemetery and other
reserves.

A map of vegetation communities is included as an insert to this section (see Map 3).

                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   56
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                                                                                                                                                                                                JA M ES R
                                                                                                                                           P I TT
                                                                                                                                                                   PAR                                                                                                                                                                    INDEX
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Veg etation Com mun ities
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Artificial Wetland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Blue Gum High Forest
                                                                                                                                                                                   W ES                                                                                                                                   Castlereagh Ironbark Forest
                                                                                                                                                                                          TE
                                                                                                                                                                                               RN                                                                                                                         Castlereagh Scribbly Gum Woodland
                                                                                                                                                                                                      M                                                                                                                   Castlereagh Shale-Gravel Transition Forest
                                                                                                                                                                                                               W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Y                                                                                                    Castlereagh Swamp Woodland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cleared
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal Enriched Sandstone Moist F orest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal Enriched Sandstone Sheltered Forest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal F lats Swamp Mahogany Forest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal F reshwater R eedland
                                                                                                                                                         D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal Sandstone Gallery Rainforest
                                                                                                                                                    LE R




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal Shale-Sandstone F orest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Coastal Warm Temperate-Dry Rainforest
                                                                                                                                                D VI L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cumberland Riverflat Forest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cumberland Shale Hills Woodland
                                                                                                                                              W OO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cumberland Shale Plains Woodland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Cumberland Sw amp Oak Riparian F orest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Estuarine Mangrove F orest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Estuarine Reedland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Estuarine Saltmarsh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Estuarine Swamp Oak F orest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Sydney Turpentine-Ironbark F orest
                                                                                                                                               RA WS
                                                                                                                                                              O N RD                                                                                                                                                      Urban Exotic/Native
PARRAMATTA           30 Darcy Stre et Parramatta NS W 21 50
                     PO Bo x 32 Parr amatta NSW 2 124                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Water
CITY COUNCIL         Phon e 980 6 500 0 Fax 9806 5917 DX 82 79 Parra matta                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Weeds and Exotics

                     Map s Upd ated an d Pu bli sh ed by In formati on




           ;
                     Syste ms, Parr amatta Ci ty Co uncil
                     Cop yrig ht Parrama tta Cou ncil 2006
                     Base data sup pli ed from NS W Dep artment o f Lan ds

               N
                     Projection - Ma p Grid o f Austral ia (MGA94)
                     Data - Geocen tric Datum of Australi a (GDA94)                                                                                                                                                                                    Vegetation Communities
                     Whi le every effor t has been ma de to en su re the
                     co rrectness o f the in fo rmatio n on th is map at the
          1:45,000   time of its Pro ductio n, Parrama tta Ci ty cou ncil does                                                                                                                                                                              Map 3 Vegetation Communities Map
                     not wa rrant the infor mation or pl ans do n ot co ntai n
                     errors and the Coun ci l shal l be in no way liab le for
                     any loss, d amage o r in ju ry as a re su lt of any such er rors.
BIODIVERSITY
Bushcare Program
Council’s Bushcare program involves over 200 community volunteers caring for the local
environment with Council providing equipment, training, advice, public liability insurance and
networking with interested people. Our regular Bushcare Groups volunteer their services every
month and are dedicated and work tirelessly throughout the year. Council’s groundbreaking
Volunteer Policy and Charter was initiated in the 2004/2005 reporting year. Council also produces
the quarterly Bushcare News Bulletin for volunteers.

                                  Habitat Reconstruction
                                  Habitat reconstruction works were targeted on two sites on the
                                  Parramatta River during 2005/2006. To sustain a large population
                                  of small birds at the George Kendall Riverside Reserve, Council
                                  carried out a staged removal of weeds and replaced them with
                                  native grasses and dense bird habitat plantings. The second site
                                  involved organising 400 volunteers to plant 5000 native trees,
                                  shrubs and ground cover to restore habitat between Redbank and
                                  Briens Road, Northmead on National Tree Day.

                                  Rehabilitation work carried out on Duck River Bushland and
                                  Campbell Hill Pioneer reserves in the Duck River catchment
                                  progressed to the point where they now require only minimum
                                  maintenance. A continuous green corridor has now been
                                  established along Duck River from the adjoining of remnant
                                  fragmented sites.

                                  A Powerful Owl pair was seen with young in one of our bushland
areas and were spotted several times again through 2006/07 by residents and our Bushcare
groups. Improving the habitat for the Powerful Owl at Vineyard Creek Reserve, Telopea remained a
priority during 2007/08 after many sightings of a pair of owls and a fledgling. In partnership with the
Vineyard Creek Park/Bushcare Committee, we received an Environmental Trust grant for the
restoration of this vulnerable species’ habitat.

Fish Ladders
In 2006/07 Council completed the construction of two Fish Ladders
located at the Charles Street Weir and the Ross Street Causeway
(also known as Kiosk Weir) adjoining Parramatta Park. The
vertical-slot fishways will enable at least 9 native fish species to
migrate up and down stream through an inclined baffled passage.
A third Fish Ladder at Marsden Street weir was completed in June
2009, incorporating a hydraulically controlled lock or chamber that
floods and drains periodically. A fourth fishway on the upstream
weir is expected to be completed by August 2010. Further
information on the fish ladders can be found in the Water sector of
this document.

Platypus Recovery Plan
Following alleged sightings of a platypus by Council’s bushland regeneration contractors working in
Coopers Creek and a separate sighting by a consultant working in Quarry Branch Creek in late
2005, Council finalised the Toongabbie Creek Platypus Recovery Plan in May 2007. The plan
guides Council’s stream rehabilitation activities to improve the platypus habitat and introduce
measures that conserve the local population including control of flood flows and litter, water quality
improvement, erosion, weed control, revegetation and reduction of fox and carp populations. Further
information on this can be found in the Water sector of this document.


                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                     57
BIODIVERSITY
Controlled Burns
Approximately 10 hectares of the northern section of Lake Parramatta Reserve was burnt under
controlled conditions in 2005/06 by the NSW Fire Brigades. The controlled burns had the dual aims
of reducing fuel loads and stimulating the ecology of the northern section after a long interval
between fires. Taking advantage of the burn, Council carried out woody weed control along the
edge of Hunts Creek to remove weed species most likely to colonise the new burnt areas before
native species could rejuvenate. In addition, approximately three hectares of Vineyard Creek
Reserve was prepared for a broad acre Spring burn by felling large woody weeds that were
consumed as part of the fuel.

Two small burns were also performed in 2006/07 at Third Settlement and Backhousia Reserves
totalling around half a hectare.

Bikes Damaging Bushland Reserves
During 2006/2007 there was an explosion in dirt bike jump construction in the Toongabbie/ Winston
Hills area severely impacting upon one of our core bushland areas at Quarry Branch Creek. Over 12
bike jump areas were built creating significant damage to the endangered plant community found in
these reserves. Physical damage to the vegetation occurred resulting in the loss of potential to
regenerate these areas. Soil disturbance was significant and there was concern that large amounts
of sediment could enter the waterways as the jumps were located below the 1 in 10 year flood
levels.

In response to the enormous pressure that dirt bike jumps were creating on the endangered
bushland in the Winston Hills area, negotiations started with the creators of the jumps. To cater for
this expanding sport, a dedicated area has now been nominated in Winston Hills in an old quarry
where the impacts will be minimal and the sport can be monitored.

Construction of Walking Tracks
Major highlights included the opening of a bushland walking track between Hammers Road and
Moxhams Road, Northmead in 2004/2005.

In 2005/2006 assisted by a Green Corp team, we completed another stage of the walking trail
through Quarry Branch Reserve, linking Hammers Road to Moxhams Meander and Churchill Drive,
Northmead. Council also completed 400 metres of the Toongabbie Creek Reserve walking track.

In order to improve public safety, during 2006/2007 we constructed stairs and boardwalks at Duck
River, Toongabbie, Vineyard Creek and the Ponds Walk, and completed Stage 1 of a wheelchair
access boardwalk at Redbank Road Northmead adjacent to Ronald McDonald House and the
Children’s Hospital at Westmead to provide patients and carers with time out in a natural setting.

Council’s Nursery and Free Tree Giveaways
Each year Council’s nursery produces between 60,000 and 80,000
native and exotic plants. Twice annually, Council provides free tree
giveaways to residents. Plants are also grown for special events
including National Tree Day, NAIDOC Week, Wattle Day, Australia Day
and World Environment Day. The majority of plants are comprised of
native tubestock grown for Council’s annual bushland restoration program.

Community Education and Participation
While corporate Parramatta is knocking at our door to organise planting
events, events for groups such as Trees for Mum, who plant on Mothers Day in memory of those
lost to their family, continue to increase in popularity. Groups from Scouts, Guides and local schools
continue to undertake revegetation projects in their local areas.

                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    58
BIODIVERSITY
In February 2006 Council commissioned a consultant to provide interpretive signage for the new fish
ladders being installed at weirs along the Parramatta River. Completed in 2008, the educative
artwork was installed at key locations along the river adjacent to the Charles Street, Marsden Street
and Ross Street weirs.

In 2004/2005 Council undertook a biodiversity education project for culturally and linguistically
diverse communities, using funding from the Environmental Trust.

During 2005/2006 Council installed interpretive signs at the George Kendall Reserve to raise
awareness of native grasslands and locally-rare wattles.

George Kendall Riverside Park has been the main focus for our National Tree Day events over a
number of years, with over 400 plus participants including students from local schools planting more
than 5000 native tubestock annually. Additionally, each year we supervise hundreds of volunteers
plant thousands of seedlings at various other reserves for corporate planting days, Aboriginal
cultural events and various other community events.

Each year schools within the Parramatta LGA ask Council for assistance with landscape works
within their grounds under the Schools Environmental Enhancement and Development (SEED)
Program. Under this long running program we provide landscape materials or in-kind support to help
schools raise environmental awareness amongst students.

COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY


                      How would you rate the condition of bushland managed by Council
     80%

     70%

     60%

     50%

     40%

     30%

     20%
     10%

      0%
                                             Neither Poor nor
              Very Poor         Poor                             Good             Very Good   Don't know Can't Say
                                                  Good
     2005        2%              8%               14%            51%                16%               7%
     2006        2%              12%              22%            44%                10%              10%
     2007        2%              10%              20%            48%                12%               9%
     2008        1%              7%               21%            46%                16%              10%
     2009        1%              9%               17%            45%                14%              12%

     Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007); n=537 (2006); n=538 (2005)

Source: PCC Management Plan Survey


 What does this mean?
 59% of respondents rated the condition of bushland managed by Council as being good or very
 good which is similar to previous year’s results. Given the considerable pressures on our native
 bushland, Council will continue working to protect and regenerate these areas as well as keep the
 community informed on the value of these areas and the works Council is undertaking.




                                                    State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                     59
WATER

PRESSURE

The key pressures on water quality in
the Parramatta Local Government Area
include stormwater runoff and soil
erosion; legal and illegal chemical
pollution and discharges; littering and
illegal dumping; contaminated soil,
sediments and groundwater and urban
development impacting on our
waterways.




INDICATOR

                           Lineal Metres of Creek Corridor Maintained
                 2004/2005      2005/2006      2006/2007     2007/2008      2008/2009     Trend
     No.           16605          17595          22300         27780          32900
    metres


Creek maintenance includes litter removal, aquatic weed control and vegetation maintenance as
well as other unspecified works that may be required. Council has significantly increased annual
works since 2004/2005 in order to counteract human pressures on our waterways.



STATE

Parramatta’s 65 km of waterways continues to be affected by pollutants that include litter, nutrients,
sediment, toxicants and bacteria transported as a result of stormwater discharges, sewerage
leakages and overflows.

The ongoing expansion of hard surfaces through construction activity accelerates run off and soil
loss. High levels of suspended solids are present within our waterways following wet weather
events, impacting on light levels penetrating the water and often smothering bottom life. Due to
Parramatta’s geographical location, the majority of waterways and catchments arise from the
adjoining Council areas of Bankstown, Auburn, Holroyd, Blacktown, The Hills and Ryde which
complicates water management.

Introduced plant and animal species compound the pressures on our waterways, impacting on
recreation activities such as swimming and fishing. Significant flood mitigation works continue to be
implemented in the upper catchments but will not flood-proof the City, given the large portion of
urban development within the floodplain.




                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    60
WATER
Council conducted two macro invertebrate (aquatic insects) surveys: the first in 2002/03 and the
second in 2004. These types of surveys can be used to indicate in-stream water quality. Table ??
outlines the known water quality condition of the streams sampled in the City, ranked by best to
worst condition. Some data is missing where particular streams could not be sampled, due to lack of
water at the time of sampling.




          Figure 3: Condition of Streams in Parramatta

The data indicates that most of the streams in Parramatta are in poor shape but a good number
are improving. A problem for the waterways is the degree of urbanisation – this brings many
impacts to our waterways such as loss of habitat and its associated cleansing functions, increased
runoff and pollution. Water quality was monitored at 12 sites across the LGA between 1990 and
2008. Twenty five water quality variables were sampled in surface and bottom water. Results of
the study (Laxton, 2008) showed that water quality improvement was variable with pollutant
concentration influenced by rainfall events, catchment land use and seasonality. Council has
employed a contractor to conduct a repeat biological monitoring program in 2009/2010, the results
of which will be compared to the original surveys and correlated against impervious catchment
area.

Council also maintains 438 km of stormwater discharge drainage pipes and puts in place stormwa-
ter drainage and flood mitigation measures to minimise impacts of flooding, maintain safe access
and protect life and property during heavy rain.




                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                 61
WATER




  Figure 4: Changes to annual mean total suspended solids concentration in surface and bottom
  water of Upper Parramatta River estuary and major tributaries 1992-2007 (Laxton, 2008)

  (Upper) Mean 1-4 = Mean of surface water total suspended solids conc. at Stations 1-4 (estuary) Station 11 – Upper
  Duck River (estuarine)
  (Middle) Station 5 = Toongabbie Creek, Station 6 = Darling Mills Creek, Station 7 = Lake Parramatta, Station 8 =
  Upper Parramatta River at Marsden Weir, Station 12 = Upper Duck Creek
  (Lower) Station 9 = Duck River at Shell Outfall, Station 10 = Shell biotreater effluent


The concentration of total suspended solids can be used as an indication of how much sediment is
entering our waterways. There appears to have been a slight decline in concentrations at many of
the sampling stations which is likely due to better regulation of soil and sediment controls on
building sites. Note that Station 10 is capturing data on suspended solids in industrial effluent..



                                                    State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                       62
WATER
HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?

    Destination                                      Strategy
    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW1 - Protect and rehabilitate high priority
    and sustained                                    waterways and manage major impacts on
                                                     medium and low priority waterways

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW2 - Protect and rehabilitate core bushland
    and sustained                                    areas and manage major impacts on corridors
                                                     and remnant bushland

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW3 - Reduce human impacts on Parramatta’s
    and sustained                                    unique diversity of plants and animals

    1 - Land and water that is protected respected   LW4 - Protect and manage significant natural
    and sustained                                    landscape features and soil types

    3 - Businesses that are dynamic, prosperous      B3 - Encourage ethical businesses which act
    and socially responsible                         responsibly towards the community and natural
                                                     environment

    4 - Neighbourhoods that are liveable and         N4 - Improve the integration of the natural and
    distinctive                                      built environments



RESPONSES

Strategies, Plans & Policies
In 2007/08 Council continued to implement the Environmental Improvement Program for
Waterways. Projects such as catchment modelling, drainage construction, stormwater asset
assessment and floodplain risk planning and mitigation are currently covered by Council’s Roads,
Paths, Access and Flood Mitigation Program (RPA&FM). The objectives, goals and planned
projects of the RPA&FM Program are closely integrated with the suite of projects under the
Environment Program, involving waterways master planning and rehabilitation, water quality
improvement and sustainable water initiatives.

Council also coordinated the completion of the Parramatta River Estuary data compilation study,
identifying over 670 references on estuary-related issues covering seven local government areas
between Parramatta and Cockatoo Island (confluence with the Lane Cove River). The next stage
involves investigation into areas we have identified as lacking in supporting data or background
information. Completion of this work will allow us to formulate the Parramatta River Estuary
Management Plan in 2010.

In 2005, the Quarry Branch Creek Waterways Rehabilitation Masterplan was completed and under
the Environmental Improvement Program, we developed a further four-year Implementation Plan
for the Suburban Infrastructure (Environment) Special Rate that identified future priorities and
projects with a primary emphasis on waterways.

In line with the Rivers of Opportunity strategy for the waterways, Council is spending in excess of
$3 million on the City’s waterways using funds raised from grants, our Special Rate and the Storm-
water Management Service Charge introduced in 2006/07. Council’s Environment
Improvement (Healthy Waterways) Program has been devised to strategically allocate prioritised
improvement works on our drainage and waterway assets.

                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                       63
WATER
During 2007/2008, Council completed 60 per cent of the Upper Devlins Creek Master Drainage
Plan, primarily due to delays in gaining access through private properties to the drainage systems
in order to carry out detailed field surveys. The plan identifies overland flow problem areas; flow
surcharging locations resulting from insufficient underground drainage pipe capacity and pit inlet
capacity and strategies for combating localised flooding. Guided by the NSW Government’s
Floodplain Development Manual (April 2005) the study identifies options based on a cost benefit
analysis for Council’s forward works program.

In the 2008/2009 financial year, Council adopted the Ponds Subiaco Creek Waterway
Rehabilitation and Maintenance Masterplan, the Parramatta River Foreshore Plan (2009-16), the
Environmental (Waterways) Improvement Program (2009-13) and the Parramatta River Estuary
Data Compilation Study. Stage 2 of the Parramatta River Estuary Program also commenced with
consultants engaged to conduct further field work on identified data gaps and sensitive
environmental areas.

In May 2009, Council also adopted the Parramatta River Foreshore Plan, which describes actions
that will be taken to improve the river foreshore between 2009 and 2016.

Funded by the NSW Environmental Trust, Parramatta City Council has been fortunate to receive
three significant grants under the Urban Sustainability Program between 2007 and 2009. Each of
these span a three year period and include:

     x Sustaining the Parramatta River ($1.943 million) - a water sensitive urban design
       demonstration, staff capacity building and leadership project involving seven councils
       fronting the Parramatta River and Monash University;
     x Camellia – Silverwater, a model for Industrial Sustainability ($1.320 million) - with our
       partners Auburn Council and local businesses, Council will focus on delivering long term
       sustainable business and environment outcomes for this industrial precinct; and
     x Sustainable Water Management in the Duck River Catchment ($1.829 million) – in
       partnership with Auburn (lead) and Bankstown councils, the project will examine the
       current and future (sustainable) integrated water demands for council assets within the
       catchment.

Native Fish Identified in Quarry Branch Creek
In April 2006 the Cox’s Gudgeon – a native freshwater fish – was sighted
in Parramatta’s Quarry Branch Creek. Native to the southeast coast and
ranging from Brisbane to Victoria, the Gudgeon can grow to 19 cm but is
commonly 15 cm long. Identified by the Department of Primary Industries,
this species prefers flowing upland waters including rapids and is capable
of scaling small waterfalls and rock structures by gripping and climbing.
With only a small number of populations known to exist in Western
Sydney, the species is threatened by introduced fish such as carp;
habitat degradation including waterway sedimentation and removal of
large woody debris; and rapid fluctuations in water level due to
accelerated runoff.

The presence of the Cox’s Gudgeon is a good sign for the water quality
of Parramatta’s Quarry Branch Creek. It gives the community and Council
encouragement for further stream health
improvements and is a positive result of the dedicated Waterways Improvement Program.




                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   64
WATER
Platypus Sighting
In late 2005 Council’s bush regeneration contractors thought they saw a platypus frolicking in
Coopers Creek. At about the same time a consultant investigating sites for the Quarry Branch
Creek Master Plan reported a second sighting in Quarry Branch Creek near Moxhams Road. Dr.
Tom Grant, an international platypus expert was called in and concluded that the well-vegetated
banks of Toongabbie Creek could potentially support platypus. Council staff and Bushcarers
travelled to Berrima in March 2006 with Dr. Grant to familiarise themselves with what platypus look
like in the wild, to improve the accuracy of the identification.

The following weekend Council staff and community members surveyed stretches of Toongabbie
and Quarry Branch Creeks at dusk and dawn in the hopes of spotting platypuses. Unfortunately
none were spotted.

In 2006, work started on a Platypus
Recovery Plan to address and introduce
measures to conserve any local
populations, including development
controls for relevant study areas within
Council’s revised Residential Development
Strategy 2006. A second platypus survey
was carried out in March 2007 resulting in
no positive sightings on this occasion,
however regular surveys will continue.

Finalised in May 2007, Council staff have
since been implementing high priority
actions identified within the Toongabbie
Creek Platypus Recovery Plan. These
have included targeted fox baiting, weed
removal and tree planting in specific creek bank locations.

Fish Ladders
We completed Stage 1 of our Fish Ladders Project in 2007/2008, with the construction of fishways
on the Charles Street and Ross Street (Kiosk) weirs, and Marsden Street and Upstream weirs to
follow. The works are jointly funded by Council, NSW Fisheries, the Department of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Forestry, the former Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust, the Sydney
                                Metropolitan Catchment Management Authority and CSR Building
                                Products Ltd.

                               The fish ladders will be the main mechanism for re-establishing
                               upstream fish migration for adult populations. They will provide
                               access to food and aquatic habitats for up to 9 native species
                               obstructed by weirs installed across the Parramatta River in the
                               1800s.

                               Council contractors also completed the installation of artwork, sign-
                               age and interpretation adjoining three of the fish ways.

                               A Development Application for the fourth upstream fish way was
                               approved in 2008. Detailed estimates and call for tenders are
                               expected in early 2010.




                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   65
WATER
Flood Mitigation Works
We continued to put in place stormwater drainage and flood mitigation measures to minimise
impacts of flooding, maintain safe access and protect life and property during heavy rain. In 2006,
the Catchment Management Team were key players in formulating and developing Council's
Floodplain Risk Management Policy .This policy will ensure all future and existing developments on
flood prone lands are more consistent and manageable from the floodplain management
perspective.

The Catchment Management Team also took on the role of custodian of Council's flooding
information, encompassing the updating and ongoing review of flood prone land throughout the City.
The team reviewed and prepared flood studies of Parramatta's 11 waterways, including sub-
catchment management plans for stormwater infrastructure maintenance and subsequent
enhancement.
Parramatta’s flood information (flood levels, inundation and hazard maps) are incorporated into
Council's GIS system for better presentation, displaying, storing and future updating purposes. This
data is crucial for assessing development applications and site specific Section 149 Certificates
under the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979.

From August to November 2005, Council undertook works on the existing earth embankment in
McCoy Park, Toongabbie with the aim of increasing the embankment’s safety capacity should it
overtop during an extreme flood event. The 567 metre long cut-off wall was constructed by digging a
trench along the centreline of the existing earth embankment, placing reinforcement, and pouring
1684 cubic metres of concrete to form a continuous wall within the embankment.

During 2005/06 Council also
developed a flood risk
management study and plan for
Lower Parramatta River
Catchment and for Brickfield
Creek.

Council’s North Wentworthville
Floodplain Management Study identified the need to construct $1.63 million worth of culverts to
reduce flooding impacts during a 100 year average recurrence interval (ARI) event in the catchment.

As a result the Briens Road culverts were constructed between August and December 2005 at
Finlaysons Creek, Wentworthville. Designed to cost-effectively alleviate flooding on properties along
Mayfield Street and Briens Road, the culverts provide immediate passage of floodwater during high
flood situations from Coopers Creek anabranch to Toongabbie Creek. The project involved
approximately 7000 cubic metres of excavation, with 48.5 tonnes of steel reinforcement and over 40
cubic metres of concrete used on base slab and wingwalls and fulfils Council's flood mitigation
objective.

Over the past 4 years, Council has purchased a total of 5 flood affected properties in accordance
with its floodplain risk management process. These properties were located at Wentworthville,
Toongabbie and Ermington.

During 2006/07 we commenced a $290,000 program of maintenance and upkeep of Council’s
bridges and culverts under the Federal Government Roads to Recovery Program. We completed
the Claycliff Creek Master Drainage Plan which identified overland flow problem areas; flow
surcharging locations resulting from insufficient underground drainage pipe capacity and pit inlet
capacity and strategies for combating localised flooding.


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                     66
WATER
In 2006/2007 as part of the $250,000 Camellia Trunk Drainage Improvement Works, we carried out
a CCTV camera inspection, removed major debris blockages from a 1,200mm diameter pipe,
constructed an on-line drainage inlet pit to restore the drainage system capacity, and liaised with
local industries, internal Council areas and the Department of Environment, Climate Change and
Water (DECCW).

During 2007/08, we reviewed and updated flood prone land throughout the City, based on existing
flood studies and sub-catchment management plans for stormwater infrastructure maintenance and
enhancement. We completed further flood mitigation works at Ollie Webb Reserve, Parramatta
(flood detention basin, upper Clay Cliff Creek) and Lister Street, Winston Hills (levee bank, upper
Toongabbie Creek). Design and investigation works were completed for identified problem sites on
Subiaco Creek (Eastwood), Bogalara Creek (Old Toongabbie) and Duck Creek (Granville).

Water Conservation
Council’s Development Control Plans and Residential Development Strategy incorporate provisions
for Integrated and Sustainable Water Cycle Management including Water Sensitive Urban Design
(WSUD). In 2008/2009, Council staff strengthened these provisions with the new Council wide LEP
and DCP due out in early 2010. WSUD incorporates water reuse and efficiency, water quality
improvement, flow attenuation/ control and the promotion of natural systems into urban design.

Council trialled the use of recycled water from the Shell refinery for street trees and garden beds
during 2004/2005, but because of salinity problems, limited such use to non-horticultural purposes
such as cleaning pathways.

As a first of its kind in NSW in 2005/2006, Council in conjunction with Barry Bros. Specialised
Services installed a water recycling plant at Doyle Ground sportsground complex, one of Council’s
largest and busiest sporting facilities used by 20,000 people a year for AFL, touch football and
cricket. The centrally-located plant processes groundwater seepage extracted from underground
service pits around Sydney that is otherwise wasted. It can produce up to 150,000 litres a day and is
currently treating 30-50,000 litres a day. The recycled water is used on the sportsground via a state-
of-the-art $800,000 irrigation system. The Doyle Ground recycling plant was commended as an
example of Water Sensitive Urban Design in the Sydney Region.

During 2006/2007 Council’s Sustainable Water Program contributed towards the diversion of
stormwater drainage from Woodville Road to a new dam at Woodville Golf Course to be used for
irrigation of tees and greens. Council also completed upgrades to Boronia Park, Epping, including
surface water harvest, storage and reuse, and
an improved oval drainage/irrigation system.
We estimate that this facility alone will save
Council over 1 million litres of water per year,
significantly reducing our ecological footprint.
This pilot water saving project for playing
fields was designed to trial the success of
recapturing water for reuse in the irrigation
system.

In 2008/09, we completed an upgrade to
Council’s native plant nursery to improve
water efficiency and reuse. Stage 1 works
included the placement of two rainwater tanks
and associated pumps with a total storage
capacity of 37,000 litres.


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                      67
 WATER
 This storage is in addition to the existing 80,000 litre sub-surface vault which is charged by ground
 water. Further works included the retrofit of flow restricting tap washers, dual flush toilets and water
 efficient shower heads. The harvested water will be used to supplement irrigation of the 85,000
 native plant tubestock which we grow annually for Council and community use. Stage 2 works are
 planned for 2010/11 whereby the existing facility roof will be replaced and more tanks will be
 supplied and connected to harvest roof rainwater.

 Water Consumption
 Council through its various sustainability and education programs works with residents and busi-
 nesses in the LGA to reduce water use. Council itself adopted a Water Savings Action Plan in 2007
 and joined the Sydney Water Every Drop Counts Program whereby the diagnostic rated Council at 3
 stars. Sydney Water also offers a variety of water conservation programs to assist residents and
 businesses to reduce water consumption. The introduction of Level 3 water restrictions by Sydney
 Water in June 2005 has brought about a noticeable reduction in water use across the “houses”,
 “industrial” and “other” property types. See Figure 5 below.

 Figure 5: Water consumption in Parramatta LGA


               Average Water Consumption (kL) per property
       Property
                       2004/2005        2005/2006        2006/2007         2007/2008        2008/2009
          Type
          Houses               225              226              217              207               215
       Units/Flats             165              166              169              165               168
        Industrial           4,794            4,664            4,857             4346              4028
     Commercial              1,637            1,408            1,766             1543              1675
            Other            1,405              865              845              976               681
  Source: Sydney Water

The dramatic decrease in the “industrial” and “other” sectors is likely due to the uptake by these
sectors of water efficiency measures through Sydney Water and a variety of other government
programs. Water supply and sewer discharge costs for these properties are often significant and the
implementation of such measures not only provides a cost saving for these properties but also
provides a competitive edge in the marketplace with members of the public increasingly aware of
environmental issues.

Stormwater Management Service Charge (SMSC)
The capital and operational costs associated with stormwater infrastructure throughout the City of
Parramatta for 2008/09 was $3.3 million. This cost includes maintenance and upgrade of drainage
systems, management of natural riparian areas and the cleaning of pollution control devices within
the public domain. As systems are upgraded and improved, additional maintenance burdens arise
which necessitate the dedication of a sustained source of funding for stormwater management.

In 2006/07 Council introduced a Stormwater Management Service Charge in accordance with the
Local Government Amendment (Stormwater) Act 2005. This charge generates $1.2M in funding and
provides service enhancements including drainage infrastructure and pollution control device
maintenance, stormwater asset condition assessment, creek rehabilitation works associated with
stormwater discharges, stormwater re-use in community facilities and stream health monitoring.



                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                          68
WATER
                                                     Riverbeats Festival
                                                     The Riverbeats Festival is an annual event held
                                                     on the shores of the Parramatta River. Since the
                                                     inaugural event in 2006, Riverbeats has grown
                                                     to become a 2 week festival. The focus of
                                                     Riverbeats is to highlight the importance of water
                                                     and our natural environment whilst celebrating
                                                     the creativity and culture of our city. Each year,
                                                     the festival hosts a youth symposium known as
                                                     The Water Project. Led by the Sleek Geeks
                                                     featuring Dr Karl Kruszelnicki and Adam
                                                     Spencer, the symposium is open to schools
                                                     across Sydney who learn about the environment
                                                     in an entertaining way.

Additionally, the Riverbeats festival hosts a Carp Fish-out, the Loy Krathong Thai water festival, an
arts festival and the Riverbeats Live event on the banks of the Parramatta River. The Live event is
an impressive display of vision and sound with a cleverly crafted lighting and pyrotechnics show,
focusing the community’s attention on our river.

Waterways Maintenance and Restoration
In 2007/08, Council tendered and awarded a three year contract for stormwater and drainage asset
maintenance. An integral part of this contract was the inspection, maintenance and reporting on
existing pollution control devices. In 2008/09, Council contractors continued to clean and maintain
over 80 stormwater pollution assets. These devices served to prevent over 400 tonnes of litter,
sediment and excessive leaf matter from entering our waterways.

Council’s contractors currently stockpile, sort and screen the solid material collected in the traps
thereby allowing the recovery and reuse of 90% of the material for backfill and new turf growing
across the local government area. This process is estimated to save Council around $40,000 per
year in tipping and soil purchase charges.

Council manages the Lake Parramatta Dam according to requirements set down by the NSW Dam
Safety Committee. During 2005/06 a Surveillance Report and Dam Break Study were finalised and
a Dam Safety Management Plan prepared in draft format for stakeholder review. In 2008, Council
installed automatic seepage and flow monitoring equipment with real time data available via its
telemetry system.

In 2007/08, Council commenced the Stage 1 restoration of 95 metres of degraded sea wall along
the southern bank of the Parramatta River between Alfred Street and Queens Wharf Reserve. In the
process of excavation, the original historic sea wall from the 1790s serving the Byrnes Mill was
uncovered. Stage 2 was completed in 2008/09 involving the re-construction of a further 85 metres of
collapsed river wall.

Council undertakes numerous activities to measure and improve the health of our waterways. Up
until July 2008, Council engaged contractors to monthly sample water quality at 11 stations on the
Parramatta and Duck rivers, Toongabbie, Darling Mills, Duck creeks, and Lake Parramatta. This
Water Quality Monitoring Program was a continuation of the long term program established by the
Upper Parramatta River Catchment Trust in 1990. In 2008/09, officers temporarily halted the water
quality monitoring program to conduct a review of Council’s monitoring requirements. A new aquatic
biological sampling program will commence in 2009/10.



                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                       69
WATER
The creek line (riparian) maintenance program of works targets the maintenance of high priority
waterway corridors, including weed control, bush regeneration, bank and bed stabilisation and litter/
debris removal.

We service seven litter booms monthly on the Ponds/Subiaco, Greystanes, Darling Mills,
Toongabbie creeks and Duck River, and remove litter from 3.65 kilometres of waterways across 17
sites.

Council removes exotic tree species from selected waterway sites and maintained riverbank
vegetation on major creek lines, targeting vines and exotic vegetation. Our aquatic weed program
targeted infestations in Lake Parramatta Reserve, Parramatta and Duck rivers, Darling Mills,
Toongabbie, Vineyard, Pendle, Coopers and Ponds/ Subiaco creeks over the past 3 years.

As part of our waterways enhancement program during 2005/2006, Council staff supervised Juncus
acutus removal from a local salt marsh and undertook restoration activities along the Parramatta
River after the salt marsh community was declared an Endangered Ecological Community (EEC).
This salt marsh EEC is an important fish breeding habitat on the Parramatta River. Funded by the
Recreational Fishing Trust Grant through Oceanwatch Australia, in conjunction with George Kendall
Riverside Bushcare group Council have made significant progress on establishing salt marsh in the
LGA, expanding salt marsh habitat at Pemberton Street Reserve, Parramatta.

A map is included as an insert to this section identifying Sydney Foreshore Vegetation Communities
(see Map 4).

COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY


                       How satisfied are you with Parramatta City Council's efforts in the
                                following areas: Reducing our impact on water
          50%

          40%

          30%

          20%

          10%

           0%
                                                    Neither satisfied nor                                Don’t Know Cant
                 Very Dissatisfied   Dissatisfied                           Satisfied   Very Satisfied
                                                        Dissatisfied                                           Say
          2007          5%              19%                26%               33%             6%               11%
          2008          5%              13%                21%               40%             6%               15%
          2009          4%              16%                29%               30%             4%               16%




        Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007)
Source: PCC Management Plan Survey

What does this mean?
There were significantly lower levels of satisfaction with Parramatta City Council’s efforts to reduce
our impact on water this year than last year, with only 34% stating they were satisfied or very
satisfied this year compared with 46% last year. Again, Council is expending significant resources
on water related issues, and hopes that this will be reflected in improved figures in future years.



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                                                                                                                                                                                       WE                                                                                                                                                   INDEX
                                                                                                                                                                                            ST
                                                                                                                                                                                                 E
                                                                                                                                                                                                     R                                                                                                         Sydney Foreshore Vegetation
                                                                                                                                                                                                         N
                                                                                                                                                                                                               M                                                                                               COMMUNITY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Y                                                                                      Beach
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Building/road
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Coastal sandstone gully forest - sandstone shale transition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Estuarine Mangrove
                                                                                                                                                              D                                                                                                                                                       Estuarine fringe forest - Swamp Oak floodplain forest (EEC)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Estuarine saltmarsh (EEC)
                                                                                                                                                         LE R


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Estuarine saltmarsh - Phragmites reedland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Estuarine saltmarsh - brackish wetland
                                                                                                                                                     D VI L




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Garden/w eeds
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Over water man made hard surface
                                                                                                                                                  W OO




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Rock
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Sydney turpentine ironbark forest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Turf/man made hard surface
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Unvegetated
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Parcel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Railway Station
PARRAMATTA           30 Darcy Stre et Parramatta NS W 21 50
                     PO Bo x 32 Parr amatta NSW 2 124
                                                                                                                                                     RA WS
                                                                                                                                                                   O N RD                                                                                                                                             Railway Line
CITY COUNCIL         Phon e 980 6 500 0 Fax 9806 5917 DX 82 79 Parra matta                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watercourse

                     Map s Upd ated an d Pu bli sh ed by In formati on




           ;
                     Syste ms, Parr amatta Ci ty Co uncil
                     Cop yrig ht Parrama tta Cou ncil 2006
                     Base data sup pli ed from NS W Dep artment o f Lan ds

               N
                     Projection - Ma p Grid o f Austral ia (MGA94)
                     Data - Geocen tric Datum of Australi a (GDA94)                                                                                                                                                                                        Foreshore Vegetation
                     Whi le every effor t has been ma de to en su re the
                     co rrectness o f the in fo rmatio n on th is map at the
          1:45,000   time of its Pro ductio n, Parrama tta Ci ty cou ncil does                                                                                                                                                                              Map 4 Foreshore Vegetation Map
                     not wa rrant the infor mation or pl ans do n ot co ntai n
                     errors and the Coun ci l shal l be in no way liab le for
                     any loss, d amage o r in ju ry as a re su lt of any such er rors.
WATER
COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY



                  What is your level of satisfaction with the cleanliness of waterways in
                                            the Parramatta area?
        50%


        40%


        30%


        20%


        10%


         0%
                                                  Neither Satisfied nor
               Very Dissatisfied   Dissatisfied                           Satisfied   Very Satisfied   Dont' KnowCan't Say
                                                      Dissatisfied
        2008         4%               22%                 25%               37%            4%                  8%
        2009         7%               24%                 26%               29%            3%                 10%


      Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008)

Source: PCC Management Plan Survey


  What does this mean?
  Unfortunately, significantly fewer participants were satisfied or very satisfied with the cleanliness
of waterways this year compared to last year (32% in 2009 down from 41% in 2008). Parramatta’s
waterways are affected by a range of human activities which have left many of them polluted and
may be reflected by these results. However Council is working diligently to improve the condition
of our waterways and hopes that this will be reflected in improvements in future years.




                                                         State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                             71
HERITAGE

PRESSURE
Pressures that threaten the integrity and
longevity of Parramatta’s extensive
Indigenous and Non-Indigenous heritage
include urban consolidation resulting in
demolition of and damage to heritage
sites; encroachments by unsympathetic
development and transport infrastructure;
natural deterioration and damage
resulting from human activities including
recreation and vandalism, and lack of
community awareness, appreciation and
respect for cultural heritage.



INDICATOR
           Number of Visitors to Parramatta Heritage and Visitor Information Centre
                  2004/2005       2005/2006      2006/2007      2007/2008      2008/2009     Trend
    No. of           61006          69682          53737          48433          46492
    visitors

Whilst the trend indicates decreased visitor numbers, it should be noted that in the 2006/2007 and
2007/2008 reporting years, new methodologies were implemented in order to collect more robust
data.

INDIGENOUS HERITAGE
                                    STATE

                                    Parramatta acknowledges the Traditional owners and
                                    custodians of this land, the Darug people. The name
                                    Parramatta is derived from the Aboriginal word “Burramatta”,
                                    meaning “the place where eels lie down to breed”.

                                    Parramatta Council Area has a lower percentage of
                                    indigenous persons when compared to the greater western
                                    Sydney region. However, as Parramatta and Toongabbie were
                                    the locations of the 2nd and 3rd settlements following the arrival
                                    of Europeans, great pressure has been placed on the
indigenous population and their culture since this early time. For this reason, Council is committed
to preserving the history and heritage of indigenous Australians.

Parramatta’s Indigenous heritage includes physical artefacts, archaeological sites and rock
engravings as well as contemporary places and communities that maintain and sustain strong
spiritual and cultural links. While 44 Indigenous sites have been registered by the NSW National
Parks & Wildlife Service throughout Parramatta, these continue to be impacted by urban
development, natural weathering and erosion and recreational pressures. A lack of community
appreciation and respect for Indigenous culture exerts additional pressure, with vandalism
compounded by staffing constraints.

                                              State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                     72
HERITAGE
To reduce damage to Indigenous sites and increase community awareness, we aim to raise com-
munity appreciation of the heritage of our original and contemporary Indigenous community by
organising interpretive activities, exhibitions and events throughout the year.

Council continues to build relationships with Indigenous communities, relying on the advice of its
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (ATSI) Advisory Committee.

A map of Aboriginal Heritage Sensitivity is included as an insert overpage (see Map 5).

HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?
    Destination                                             Strategy
    5 - A community that is diverse and cohesive            DC1 – Acknowledge and respect the Aboriginal
                                                            community as the traditional custodians of
                                                            Parramatta

    5 - A community that is diverse and cohesive            DC2 - Protect and celebrate Parramatta’s rich
                                                            multilayered built and cultural heritage

    5 - A community that is diverse and cohesive            DC3 - Support and promote community groups
                                                            which create community interaction and
                                                            cohesion

    7 - A city that is innovative and inspirational         II1 - Fulfil Parramatta’s regional responsibilities
                                                            by providing high level cultural facilities to
                                                            western Sydney


RESPONSES

ATSI Committee
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Advisory (ATSI) Committee provides culturally
appropriate advice and makes recommendations to Council on a wide range of issues. The
Committee has met regularly since 2004 on a monthly basis and focuses on providing planning
advice and assistance in delivering a range of events/ activities. It also provides advice to Council
on work it is undertaking itself which is of particular relevance to Indigenous peoples, such as the
recent naming of two previously unnamed reserves to Baludarri Wetland and Waddangalli Wood-
land.

The committee has played a supporting role in a number of projects including the Bushfood
Project, Preservation and Protection of Heritage Items at Lake Parramatta and the Parramatta
River Fishways Project. In 2005/2006, the committee made recommendations regarding the
Protecting Our Places grant for the Lake Parramatta Bush Garden, and the creation of a ranger
position for Lake Parramatta. The Committee was involved in a plaque being placed at Lake
Parramatta to recognise the work done on the Bush Garden by Mr Peter Castles who maintained
it until his passing.

The ATSI Committee was involved in the design and development of the Lake Parramatta
Children’s Garden. They were also involved with Westmead Children’s Hospital Aboriginal
Garden, a peaceful space for patients recuperating at the hospital and their families.

In 2007, four members attended the 2007 Local Government Aboriginal Network (LGAN)
Conference in September 2007 and assisted Councillors and Council officers to present our bid to
host the LGAN Conference in 2009. Parramatta City Council will now be hosting the 2010 LGAN
Conference.

                                                      State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                  73
HERITAGE
One of the most significant works each year of the Committee is their input into the planning and
delivery of Council’s NAIDOC events, in particular Burramatta Family Fun Day and the NAIDOC
Flag Raising Ceremony.

                                       Events and Exhibitions
                                       To reduce damage to Aboriginal sites and increase
                                       community awareness, Council aims to raise community
                                       appreciation of the heritage of our original and
                                       contemporary Aboriginal community by organising
                                       interpretive activities, exhibitions and events throughout the
                                       year.

                                       Council’s Parramatta Heritage Centre jointly curated with
                                       representatives of the Aboriginal Artists Community of
                                       Western Sydney the successful Wingari - Contemporary
Aboriginal Art of Western Sydney that opened in June 2004 as part of NAIDOC week. The
Heritage Centre’s exhibition program attracted almost 7000 visitors between January and March
2005, almost 40 per cent of the centre’s total attendance.

NAIDOC celebrations are held every year and have included events such as the Sydney
Indigenous Arts Festival, Indigenous Flag Raising, launch of a new Bush Food Garden,
Indigenous Games, a seminar about Tracing Aboriginal Ancestry and Wallawa, Parramatta’s
Indigenous Day of Celebration.

In recognition of the Stolen Generation, a well-attended tree planting ceremony was held at Lake
Parramatta during the 2005/2006 reporting year. In the following year an Unequivocal Apology to
the Aboriginal people plaque was unveiled by the Lord Mayor at Lake Parramatta. Council now
marks each Sorry Day with a service outside the Parramatta Town Hall followed by a tree planting
ceremony in the Lake Parramatta Sorry Day Garden. In 2009 Sorry Day events included the
unveiling of a second plaque in the Sorry Day Garden marking the efforts of former Councillor Phil
Russo in moving the original Council motion in 1999 to apologise to the Stolen Generation.

Forming new partnerships
Forming new partnerships were high on Council’s agenda during 2007/08. We organised four
outings with migrant groups at Lake Parramatta Reserve, conducting bushwalks and Aboriginal
heritage activities as part of the Operation Bluetongue program. Council also engaged with Local
Aboriginal Land Councils in the Parramatta LGA, forging first time partnerships with some of these
Land Councils.

We established working partnerships with local public schools, organising Aboriginal heritage and
environmental education programs/activities. In October 2007 Council organised a bushwalk,
planting and Indigenous workshop with four primary schools and over 50 Indigenous students
attending the Lake Parramatta day. Due to its success we ran the event again in May 2008 at
Quarry Branch Creek (Winston Hills). During this same period, Council partnered with the Western
Sydney Aboriginal Landcare and Dyin Caribere Aboriginal Woman’s Landcare group to help
deliver environmental and Aboriginal heritage education and awareness programs.

For the last 3 years, Council has provided funding to an Aboriginal Women’s Group through our
Community Grants program to develop a partnership with the Catchment Management Authority
in order to regenerate a section of land in Parramatta Park. Council has also worked in partnership
with Ermington West Public School on a program funded by the NSW Department of Education to
plant trees at the school, with a number of Aboriginal children from various schools involved and
Aboriginal cultural activities provided to children.


                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                    74
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              INDEX
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Area of Aboriginal Association
                                                                                                                                                         D




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     High Sensitivity
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     High Sensitivity - Recorded Site
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Low Sensitivity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Medium Sensitivity
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     No Sensitivity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Street Names
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Parcel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Railway Station
                                                                                                                                               RA WS                                                                                                                                                                 Railway Line
                                                                                                                                                              O N RD
PARRAMATTA           30 Darcy Stre et Parramatta NS W 21 50
                     PO Bo x 32 Parr amatta NSW 2 124
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Road Centrelines
CITY COUNCIL         Phon e 980 6 500 0 Fax 9806 5917 DX 82 79 Parra matta                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Watercourse
                     Map s Upd ated an d Pu bli sh ed by In formati on




           ;
                     Syste ms, Parr amatta Ci ty Co uncil
                     Cop yrig ht Parrama tta Cou ncil 2006
                     Base data sup pli ed from NS W Dep artment o f Lan ds

               N
                     Projection - Ma p Grid o f Austral ia (MGA94)
                     Data - Geocen tric Datum of Australi a (GDA94)                                                                                                                                                                                                     Aboriginal Sensitivity
                     Whi le every effor t has been ma de to en su re the
                     co rrectness o f the in fo rmatio n on th is map at the
          1:45,000   time of its Pro ductio n, Parrama tta Ci ty cou ncil does                                                                                                                                                                              Map 5 Aboriginal Heritage Sensitivity Map
                     not wa rrant the infor mation or pl ans do n ot co ntai n
                     errors and the Coun ci l shal l be in no way liab le for
                     any loss, d amage o r in ju ry as a re su lt of any such er rors.
HERITAGE
Council adopts Aboriginal Names for Reserves
In the 2008/2009 reporting period, Council adopted the Aboriginal names Baludarri Wetland and
Waddangalli Woodland for two previously unnamed reserves at Broughton Street, Parramatta and
Barbers Road, Guildford. Baludarri which means ‘leather-jacket’ fish in the Darug language, was a
Burramattagal who was one of the first indigenous Australians to develop friendly relations with
early colonists, including Governor Phillip. He assisted the governor’s expedition up the
Hawkesbury River by acting as an interpreter and on return to Sydney he bartered fish caught
near Port Jackson heads in exchange for food and other goods with settlers and officers at
Parramatta. Waddangalli recognises the native Acacia decurrens (Green wattle) which was
important to the Aboriginal peoples who originally inhabited the area and used it for a variety of
food, medicinal, tool and hunting purposes.

Planning for Aboriginal Heritage Conservation
In 2005/2006, prepared and exhibited proposed amendments to Parramatta Local Environmental
Plan 1996 (Heritage and Conservation) and Sydney Regional Environmental Plan No 28 –
Parramatta for the increased protection of Aboriginal sites. The amendments reflect changes to
the development assessment system requiring consideration of the impact of development on
known or potential Aboriginal archaeological sites or sites of cultural or historical significance to
Aboriginal people.

Since 2007 Council has been preparing a draft comprehensive Local Environment Plan (LEP) in
accordance with state government requirements. When finalised, this document will consolidate
and replace the Parramatta LEP 2001, Sydney Regional Environmental Plan No. 28 and the
Parramatta Heritage and Conservation LEP 1996.

As part of the creation of the Quarry Branch Creek Waterways Rehabilitation and Maintenance
Master Plan in 2005/2006 a detailed Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal archaeological survey was
undertaken. An additional 14 sites were discovered and listed on the Aboriginal Heritage
Information Systems administered by the NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and
Water (DECCW). All Waterways Rehabilitation Masterplans are now required to contain an
Aboriginal and European heritage study component.


NON - INDIGENOUS HERITAGE
                             STATE

                             Parramatta’s non-Indigenous heritage sites, including an extensive
                             collection of 19th and early 20th century buildings, continue to face
                             pressure from office, retail and residential developments and transport
                             corridor upgrades. Council continued to promote heritage in the
                             Parramatta LGA, greatly enhanced by its partnership with the Heritage
                             Advisory Committee and heritage agencies such as NSW Heritage
                             Office and NSW branch of the National Trust. Council’s activities have
                             a major beneficial impact on the environment by protecting and
                             enhancing Parramatta's heritage through heritage grants, heritage
                             awards, policies and planning controls and importantly, the Parramatta
                             Heritage & Visitor Information Centre (PHVIC).

                               Although some 1000 properties and items are listed as of national,
state or local significance, and 11 conservation areas registered, many properties suffer from
neglect and Council’s Cultural Assets Collection remains at risk through the lack of resources for
storage, conservation and documentation of non-Indigenous items. The major challenge for Council
is to adequately protect and recognise Parramatta’s rich heritage, given budget and staffing
constraints, development pressures and neglect of many properties.


                                             State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                        75
HERITAGE
Parramatta City Council's management of its heritage sites and items is guided by the Heritage
Strategy 1993, the Local Environmental Plan 1996 (Heritage and Conservation), the Parramatta
Heritage Development Control Plan 2001 and the Regional Environmental Plan No 28 - Parramatta.

With support from local historical societies and its Heritage Advisory Committee, Council promoted
and maintained its heritage assets, including the historic Parramatta and Granville town halls,
Hambledon Cottage and the Parramatta Heritage and Visitor Information Centre.


HOW DOES THIS FIT IN WITH PARRAMATTA TWENTY25?

    Destination                                             Strategy
    3 - Businesses that are dynamic, prosperous             B3 - Develop and promote Parramatta as THE
    and socially responsible                                place to visit

    5 - A community that is diverse and cohesive            DC2 - Protect and celebrate Parramatta’s rich
                                                            multilayered built and cultural heritage

    7 - A city that is innovative and inspirational         II1 - Fulfil Parramatta’s regional responsibilities
                                                            by providing high level cultural facilities to west-
                                                            ern Sydney

    7 - A city that is innovative and inspirational         II2 - Develop a range of creative industries and
                                                            opportunities for artistic expression



RESPONSES

Parramatta Heritage Planning
Council employs a part time advisor to assist property owners on heritage matters prior to the
lodgement of their DA. The Heritage Advisory Service continues to ensure that Parramatta’s
heritage assets are protected and treated sensitively when adapted for contemporary uses.

In the 2005/2006 year, proposed amendments to the Parramatta Local Environmental Plan 1996
(Heritage and Conservation) and Sydney Regional Environmental Plan No 28 - Parramatta were
prepared and exhibited providing for increased protection of Aboriginal sites in the Local
Government Area. The amendments reflect changes to the development assessment system
requiring consideration of the impact of development on known or potential Aboriginal
archaeological sites or sites of cultural or historical significance to Aboriginal people.

Relevant staff ensured that the heritage provisions in the development of the draft Parramatta City
Centre Plan and draft Parramatta Local Environmental Plan 2008, as well as accompanying
development control plans, adequately reflected and protected Parramatta’s unique heritage. A
map of heritage and conservation areas are included as an insert to this section (see Map 6).

Parramatta Heritage and Visitor Information Centre
Showcasing the City’s heritage and culture, the Parramatta Heritage and Visitor Information Centre
(PHVIC) continued to provide access and insights into Parramatta’s people and places, past,
present and future. Bounded by Church Street north and the Parramatta River, the centre promotes
regional tourism and heritage while supporting the community’s creative expression and lifelong
learning. The centre also incorporates a Local Studies Family History Library which continues to
deliver workshops assisting people with tracing the history of their house, family or Aboriginal
heritage.


                                                      State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                   76
HERITAGE
                        During the 2007/2008 period the centre was delighted to receive
                        accreditation from Aurora’s Accredited Visitor Information Centre Network.
                        This formal acknowledgement that Council’s service delivery meets industry
                        standards entitles us to use Aurora’s industry accepted brand, recognised
                        Australia wide. During this same year PHVIC staff conducted two surveys to
                        determine the demographics and visitation patterns of centre visitors to help
                        guide the services we deliver. The PHVIC have also partnered with the
                        Fairfield Business Education Partnership Inc to provide a Structured
                        Workplace Learning venue. The centre benefits from student assistance with
                        our service delivery, and from the increased pool of tourism trained students
                        suitable for recruiting as casual staff.

Council continues to produce and distribute its key tourism guide Discover Parramatta. With an
annual circulation of 75,000 copies, this document was thoroughly updated and revised in 2007.

PHVIC has continued digitalising our special resources including a very rare 1844 Town Map and a
wonderful hand painted 1930s map of Parramatta Park. Copies of these maps are now available for
viewing and purchase. A comprehensive inventory of Council’s heritage assets revealed that the
oldest records in Council’s possession are the 1840s minutes of the Parramatta Market Trust,
throwing new light on the development of a rural market town that has become the heart of Sydney.

During 2008/09 PHVIC digitised microfilmed copies of early Council rate and valuation books, with
more records than ever going under the scanner. Digitising our early records improves public
access and paves the way for providing remote online access by interested users.

Parramatta Cultural Events and Stories
During 2007/08 Council worked with the Historic Houses Trust NSW, the National Trust NSW,
Parramatta Park Trust, NSW Department of Planning (Heritage Office), and the Parramatta and
Districts Historical Society to identify and prioritise key actions that will transform Parramatta into an
exciting cultural and heritage tourism destination, in essence a living museum, over the next
decade.

Research of current visitation and potential markets, and a preliminary review of heritage tourism in
Parramatta, will help us identify opportunities to increase visitation over the next five to 10 years.
Such planning will directly contribute to one of the strategies in Parramatta Twenty25 of
transforming the City into a place that people want to visit, assisted by a Federal Government grant
of $500,000 which will help fund tourism planning and development in 2009/10.

The Arts team developed the major temporary interpretive artwork Lines
in the Landscape, installed in Parramatta Park in May 2008, and deliv-
ered a Wayfinding Signage Strategy in April 2009 to provide a new City
hand-held map and a series of pedestrian signs that will dramatically
improve finding one’s way on foot to cultural sites. Fifty four signs will be
introduced across the City Centre and through Harris Park in late 2009,
supported by the City map brochure.

In 2007/2008 the Parramatta Heritage and Visitor Information Centre partnered with Casey and
Lowe to present an archaeology day public program in conjunction with Archaeology Week and the
National Archaeology Conference. In the first in a series of annual events in relation to Archaeology
Week, special guest speaker, archaeologist Mary Casey from Casey and Lowe, talked about her
recent excavations including the early hospitals of Parramatta. The well received event attracted 75
participants and tapped into the community’s interest in Parramatta’s layered history, in particular
the early colonial stories.


                                               State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                        77
HERITAGE
The Parramatta Stories program advanced a number of major planning and development projects in
order to bring Parramatta’s heritage to life and build the City’s tourism profile. The program also
continued to investigate the potential for new technologies and advancements in digital media in
interpreting our heritage and culture.

                            Parramatta Stories raised the bar for heritage interpretation by
                            commissioning a series of new artworks for the river foreshore. Created
                            by historian Michael Flynn and artists Susan Milne and Greg
                            Stonehouse, the Sentry Box, Windmill Shadow, Harrisford Pears and
                            Story walls were designed in 2008/09 to reveal stories of life on the
                            riverbank in Parramatta’s early colonial days.

                            The installation of the 8m Sentry Box and story walls as part of
                            Parramatta River Foreshore Cycleway between Parramatta Ferry
                            Terminal and Gasworks bridge has already been completed. The sentry
                            box is a re-interpretation of a colonial military Sentry Box which used to
                            stand near this spot in the 1790s. These artworks are designed to
                            remind us of a harsh period when Parramatta was a military garrison
                            town and to provide insight and reflection on the heritage and stories of
                            the river foreshore.




             CASE STUDY— CONVICT WOMEN TOUR AUSTRALIA
A Visions of Australia grant funded the research and development of Council’s latest touring exhibi-
tion Women Transported: Life in Australia’s Convict Female Factories. Of the 11 colonial ‘female
factories’ established in NSW and Tasmania, Parramatta’s remains the best preserved. The suc-
cessful exhibition was made possible with the support and assistance of dedicated community vol-
unteers; the Tasmanian Female Factory Research Group; and students and teachers from the Uni-
versity of Western Sydney (UWS) and Macquarie University. In addition, our Archives Officer intern-
ship with the Powerhouse Museum on aspects of museum management contributed to the Ticket of
Leave component of the Women Transported exhibition. The original research carried out by volun-
teers profiled more than 800 female convicts and identified over 3,000 women who lived and
worked in the Parramatta Female Factory from the early 1800s. The extensive community involve-
ment confirms that the Parramatta Heritage Centre is a leader in community-based exhibition devel-
opment.

One of Council’s most successful exhibitions, Women Transported: Life in Australia’s Convict Fe-
male Factories attracted over 11,000 visitors to PHVIC. Now touring Australia, the exhibition contin-
ues to break records and attract media attention including Time magazine and the Irish Daily Mail.
The significant contribution made by our volunteers, local historians and community members were
instrumental to the exhibition’s ongoing success.

The education kit developed for Women Transported enables young children, school students and
adults to learn about and recreate convict times and crafts, using fun and intriguing games and re-
sources.

We were delighted that our Women Transported interactive DVD was awarded first place in its cate-
gory at the Museums Australia Multimedia and Publication Design Awards (MAPDAs), a category
that attracted 400 entries Australia wide.


                                            State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                   78
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     INDEX
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LEP 1996 Heritage - Heritage Items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          !   !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      LEP 1996 Heritage - Conservation Items
                                                                                                                                                                                 !   !



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Parcel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Railway Station
                                                                                                                                               RA WS
                                                                                                                                                                 O N RD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Railway Line
PARRAMATTA           30 Darcy Stre et Parramatta NS W 21 50
                     PO Bo x 32 Parr amatta NSW 2 124
CITY COUNCIL         Phon e 980 6 500 0 Fax 9806 5917 DX 82 79 Parra matta                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Watercourse
                     Map s Upd ated an d Pu bli sh ed by In formati on




           ;
                     Syste ms, Parr amatta Ci ty Co uncil
                     Cop yrig ht Parrama tta Cou ncil 2006
                     Base data sup pli ed from NS W Dep artment o f Lan ds

               N
                     Projection - Ma p Grid o f Austral ia (MGA94)
                     Data - Geocen tric Datum of Australi a (GDA94)                                                                                                                                                                                                          Heritage Areas
                     Whi le every effor t has been ma de to en su re the
                     co rrectness o f the in fo rmatio n on th is map at the
          1:45,000   time of its Pro ductio n, Parrama tta Ci ty cou ncil does                                                                                                                                                                                                     Map 6 Heritage Map
                     not wa rrant the infor mation or pl ans do n ot co ntai n
                     errors and the Coun ci l shal l be in no way liab le for
                     any loss, d amage o r in ju ry as a re su lt of any such er rors.
HERITAGE
COMMUNITY CONSULTATION SURVEY



                       Thinking about quality of the following, please list your level of
                                     satisfaction - Heritage Resources
     80%

     70%

     60%

     50%

     40%

     30%

     20%

     10%

      0%
                                                Neither Satisfied nor
             Very Dissatisfied   Dissatisfied                           Satisfied   Very Satisfied   Dont Know Can't Say
                                                    Dissatisfied
      2005          1%               4%                 20%               43%           17%                 15%
      2006          1%               2%                 21%               44%           20%                 11%
      2007          0%               1%                 21%               42%           15%                 21%
      2008          1%               1%                 16%               49%           17%                 16%
      2009          0%               2%                 18%               37%            9%                 32%

    Base: n=742 (2009); n=600 (2008); n=688 (2007); n=537 (2006); n=538 (2005)

Source: PCC Management Plan Survey


What does this mean?
47% of respondents said that they were satisfied with Heritage Resources in 2009 compared with
66% last year, a decrease of 20%. There was a significant increase in respondents saying they
didn’t know (up 18%). However, given these results, there appears to be an opportunity to better
educate our community on Parramatta’s rich cultural heritage as well as how Council is protecting
and promoting heritage items.




                                                         State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                                           79
GLOSSARY
ACID SULPHATE SOILS Soils               consumption                         LGA Local Government Area
containing iron sulphides which
can cause environmental          ENDANGERED ECOLOGICAL                    PCC Parramatta City Council
degradation and corrosion in     COMMUNITY An assemblage of
concrete and steel if disturbed  species occupying a particular area      PHOTOCHEMICAL SMOG A
                                 that is facing a high risk of extinction visible haze forming in the lower
AIR POLLUTION An emission                                                 atmosphere through the action of
into the air of any impurity     EMISSIONS A discharge                    sunlight on pollutants
                                 (substances or noise)
AWT (ALTERNATE WASTE                                                      POINT SOURCE POLLUTION
TREATMENT) A technology          EROSION The removal of solids When a pollutant comes from an
which enables greater diversion  (sediment, soil, rock and other          identifiable specific location
of waste from landfill by        particles) in the natural
separating waste streams         environment                              REMEDIATION Rehabilitation of
                                                                          a section of the environment that
BIODIVERSITY The variety of      FLOODPLAIN The land adjacent has been polluted or degraded
plants, animals and microscopic  to a body of water or water
organisms, the genes they        course that is subject to flooding RIPARIAN (ZONE) The banks of
contain, and the ecosystems that                                          a waterway (river or creek)
they are part of                 GLOBAL WARMING An
                                 increase in earth's atmospheric          RAQI Regional Air Quality Index
CATCHMENT The land area          and oceanic temperatures widely
drained by a river and its       predicted to occur due to an             SoE State of the Environment
tributaries                      increase in the greenhouse effect
                                                                          SPECIES A group of organisms
CO2 (CARBON DIOXIDE) A gas GREENHOUSE EFFECT The                          which are biologically capable of
produced during respiration,     natural warming of the earth’s           breeding and producing fertile
decomposition of organic         atmosphere as a result of gases offspring. This is the smallest unit
material and combustions; an     which impede the escape of heat of classification for plants and
important greenhouse gas         radiation                                animals

CONTAMINATION The                       GREENHOUSE GASES                    UPRCT Upper Parramatta River
introduction of pollutants into an      Atmospheric gases which             Catchment Trust
environment that causes harm to         enhance the natural greenhouse
the ecosystem                           effect including carbon dioxide,    URBAN CONSOLIDATION Re-
                                        methane, chlorofluorocarbons,       fers to a diverse set of
DA Development Application              nitrous oxide, ozone and water      planning policies intended to
                                        vapour                              make better use of urban
DCP Development Control Plan                                                infrastructure by encouraging de-
                                        DIPNR Department of                 velopment which increases the
ESD (ECOLOGICALLY                       Infrastructure, Planning and        number of houses or units within
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOP-                    Natural Resources                   existing urbanised areas
MENT) An approach to using,
conserving and enhancing                DECCW Department of                 WETLANDS Land areas along
natural resources so that               Environment Climate Change &        fresh and salt water that are
ecological processes, on which all      Water                               flooded all or part of the time
life depends, are maintained, and
the total quality of life, now and in   HABITAT The area where              WSUD (WATER SENSITIVE
the future, can be increased.           organisms or a community of         URBAN DESIGN) The integration
                                        organisms live                      of urban planning and
ECOSYSTEM Communities of                                                    development with the
organisms and their physical en-        LANDFILL Solid or liquid            management, protection and
vironment interacting as a unit         material disposed of by burial in   conservation of the water cycle as
                                        the ground                          a whole
ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT A
measure of direct and indirect          LEP Local Environment Plan


                                                   State of the Environment Report 2009

                                                                                                              80
         FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THIS STATE OF THE
            ENVIRONMENT REPORT 2009, PLEASE CONTACT:




                                  Parramatta City Council
                           30 Darcy Street Parramatta NSW 2150
                             PO Box 32 Parramatta NSW 2124

                                Telephone: (02) 9806 5050
                                    Fax: (02) 9806 5929
                           Email: council@parracity.nsw.gov.au


           State of the Environment Report 2009 available online at
                          www.parracity.nsw.gov.au




ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Photography by Karen Steains and Amanda James

     Front cover (centre, top)
     Pages 51, 53, 67, 78


Remaining photos from Parramatta Council collection
       Parramatta City Council
30 Darcy Street Parramatta NSW 2150
  PO Box 32 Parramatta NSW 2124

     Telephone: (02) 9806 5050
         Fax: (02) 9806 5929
Email: council@parracity.nsw.gov.au

				
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