Climatograms That Define a Biome

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					Climatograms
That Define a Biome




 By: Lori Chen
     Marie Patrick
Key Terms             Biome
                       biotic
                        community
                       dominant
                        plants and
                        animals
                       unique
                        climate
Biomes of the World
           BIOMES
 Tundra
 Coniferous Forest
 Deciduous Forest
 Desert
 Grassland
 Rainforest
Key Terms
                                                                                     Climatogram
                                   Tropical Deciduous
                                                                                        graph
                         36
                         34
                                                        36
                                                        32
                                                                                        shows a biome’s
                         32                             28
                                                                                         monthly
Te m pe r atur e (cm )




                                                              Pr e cipitation (C*)
                         30                             24
                         28                             20
                                                                                         temperature
                         26                             16
                         24                             12
                         22                             8
                         20                             4
                                                                                         and
                         18                             0
                         16                             -4
                         14                             -8                           
                         12                             -12
                         10
                          8
                          6
                                                        -16
                                                        -20
                                                        -24
                                                                                         precipitation
                          4
                          2
                          0
                                                        -28
                                                        -32
                                                        -36                              data
                              J F M A M J J A S O N D
                                                                                        in a single year
                                        Months
Key Term                       Abiotic Factors
                                      Physical or NONLIVING
                                      component of an ecosystem


  Rocks, Sand, Cliffs
                        Snow, Rain,
Wind                       Hail




                                                  Sun, Heat, Cold
Tundra
    Permafrost (permanent layer of frost)
    Little rain or snowfall
    Least diverse biome
    Flat terrain
    Constant low temperature
Coniferous Forest
(TAIGA)
   Spruce and Fir Trees (Cone Plants)
   Mosses, lichens, small shrubs
   Winter snowfall
   Short, warm summer days
   Snow completely thaws
Deciduous Forest
   Distinct 4 seasons
   Trees lose leaves in the Fall
   Richest Soil
   Oaks, Maple, Hickory, Chestnut
   Abundant snow and rainfall
   Squirrels, Deer, Birds, Fox, Skunk
Desert
   Extreme temperatures
   Little precipitation
   Poor, dry conditions
   Thorny plants, cacti
   Rodents, insects, reptiles, camels
Grassland
   Tall, Mixed or Short grass
   Deep, porous soil
   Low-medium precipitation
   Wolves, grasshoppers, jackrabbits,
    badgers, rattlesnakes, birds,
   Low winter temperatures
Rainforest
   Most Diverse
   Minimal season variation
   Rainfall, Humidity, Precipitation High
   Vegetation is dense
   Broad leafed plants
   Insects, fungi, monkeys, birds, frogs
Purpose of Lab
   Graph data of temperature and
    precipitation
   Compare biomes
   Analyze San Diego biome data
   Analyze a set of unknown data
Climatogram
 36                                                     36
                                                        32

 31
                       Chaparral                        28    C°
                                                        24
                                                        20
 26
                                                        16
                                                        12
 21                                                     8
                                                        4
 16                                                     0
                                                        -4

 11                                                     -8
                                                        -12
                                                        -16
 6
                                                        -20
                                                        -24
 1                                                      -28
      J   F    M   A   M   J   J    A   S   O   N   D   -32
 -4                                                     -36


              Precipitation        Temperature
Steps to do the Lab

Graph the San Diego data on graphing
 paper
Use Microsoft Excell to do steps a~d
 (on page 601)
Graph your assigned “Unknown” from
 page 601 (a-l)
Study your graph and label the
 appropriate biome it belongs too
How to use Excell

 Turn on the power of the computer
 Move the mouse to “Start” and click
 one time, holding the button down
 Drag the mouse to “Programs”, then
 over to “Microsoft Excel” and release
 You are in “Microsoft Excel”
Making a Data Table
 1. Type the initials of the months in
the first column
 2. Type in the monthly precipitation
in the second column
 3. Type in the monthly temperature
in the third column
  Example of      J            5         9
                  F            6         4
  Data Table      M            2         2
                  A            7         9
Graphing Your Data (1)
1. Select all of the data and hit the chart
wizard icon
2. Click on the “Custom Types” tag
3. Select the “Line-column on Two Axes”
4. Click next twice
5. Select no legend and type in the
necessary info.
6.Click finish
Graphing Your Data (2)
1. Double click on the left Y axis bar and
under “Scale” put in the following values:
   Minimum: 0         Major unit: 2
   Maximum: 36        Minor unit: 1

2. Double click on the right Y axis bar and
under “Scale” put in the following values:
   Minimum: -36       Major unit: 4
   Maximum: 36        Minor unit: 1
             REFERENCES
   Isla’s Semester II - Biology Instruction
    Packet (IP)
   Biological Science - An Ecological
    Approach - SEVENTH EDITION
    (textbook)
   Microsoft Encarta 98 Encyclopedia
   Microsoft Excel

				
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posted:11/25/2011
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