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El subjuntivo con cuando by qfAcYv


									                                           El subjuntivo con cuando
                                                   The subjunctive with cuando

¿ Cuándo se usa el subjuntivo con cuando?
   The subjunctive is also used to talk about the indefinite future with cuando
   The subjunctive is used when the action or state described in a clause 1) begins with
    cuando 2) is used to talk about the future

    Cuando lleguemos a Barcelona, vamos a visitar La Sagrada Familia
    When we arrive in Barcelona, we are going to visit La Sagrada familia

¿Cómo se conjuga el subjuntivo?
   To conjugate a verb in the subjunctive is similar to the command form.
   Take an infinitive verb
   Go to the “yo” form of the verb
   Take off the “o” and add the following endings

                               hablar                  comer                 vivir
yo                             hable                   coma                  viva
Tú                             hables                  comas                 vivas
Él, ella, Ud.                  hable                   coma                  viva
Nosotros              hablemos comamos vivamos
Ellos, ellas Uds.              hablen                  coman                 vivan

¿Qué son las formas irregulares?
   The following are irregular forms of the subjunctive

Dar                   →          dé, des, dé, demos, den
Estar                 →          esté, estés, esté, estemos, estén
Ser                   →          sea, seas, sea, seamos, sean
Ir                    →          vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos,vayan
Saber                 →          sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepan

¿Qué son las formas irregulares
The following verbs are irregular in the present tense -they are either irregular “yo” verbs or are stem changers- and are
  therefore irregular in the subjunctive tense.

   Tener →             tenga, tengas, tenga, tengamos, tengan
   Salir → salga, salgas, salga, salgamos, salgan
   Hacer →             haga, hagas, haga, hagamos, hagan
   Venir → venga, vengas, venga, vengamos, vengan
   Dormir →            duerma, duermas, duerma, duermamos, duerman
   Entender → entienda, entiendas, entienda, entiendamos, entiendan
   Almorzar → almuerce, almuerces, almuerce, almuercemos, almuercen
   Pedir → pida, pidas, pida, pidamos, pidan
   Servir →            sirva, sirvas, sirva, sirvamos, sirvan

¿Cómo se usa el subjuntivo con cuando?
   In Spanish the subjunctive is used to imply uncertainty about the future. Who knows what could
    actually happen in the future!
       Yo voy a hacer las reservaciones cuando vayamos al agencia de viajes

   However, if you are talking about a habitual action in the future, then you will not use the subjunctive.
       Siempre visitamos mis padres cuando vamos a Argentina
¡Vamos a practicar!
You are on the shuttle to your hotel in Mexico. You are talking with another tourist about what you plan to
  do when you get to the hotel. The man you are talking to is from Spain. When you get to the hotel you
  plan to unpack. When you have unpacked you want to find the pool. When you have had a swim you
  are going have a drink in the hotel bar. I will do one sentence; I want you to try and create two more
  sentences using the subjunctive.

Un ejemplo…
When I arrive at the hotel I am going to unpack.

   First, I want to say when = cuando
   Second, conjugate the verb llegar to the “yo” form in the present tense
   Third, take off the “o”
   Fourth, add the correct ending of the subjunctive, which agrees with my subject “yo”. So, it is “e”.
   Fifth, add the rest of the sentence, use the future tense with ir + a + infinitive.

Cuando llegue al hotel, voy a desempacar.

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