# Chm 1112 Using Microsoft EXCEL for graphing This was created for users who have not used EXCEL or its components before Data will be generated in this class that requires interpretation and ex

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Chm 1112                Using Microsoft EXCEL for graphing.
This was created for users who have not used EXCEL or its components before. Data will be generated in
this class that requires interpretation and extrapolation that can be aided with EXCEL. If you have
difficulties with using the program after reading through this sheet and practicing see your instructor for
further assistance.

EXCEL is a spread sheet design program with a few database abilities. What that means is it is
primarily designed to arrange and display data. This data can be in the in the form of words, letter,
or numbers. EXCEL is capable arranging this data in an easy readable manner. It has also been
made with the ability to perform complex calculations. There are several mathematical functions
available to process you data.

The data in entered into small boxes call CELLs. Each CELL is recognized by the program and is
able to be manipulated to create the desired output.

Open EXCEL (double click on the icon on the desktop/single click on the icon on the START BAR/single click on the
icon under “START>Programs”)

You will see a spread sheet with no data in the cells. You can click on any cell and use the arrow
keys to navigate around the sheet.

To enter data simply begin typing, and the highlighted CELL will store you data. When you are
done entering data into a CELL you may move to the next CELL using the arrow keys, hitting the
RETURN/ENTER key, or by clicking on a new cell.

Since we will be graphing the data try entering these values and we will create a couple of graphs
then extrapolate.

time (minutes) temperature (Celsius)
0               20
1               25
2               27
3               29
4               35
5               43
6               56
7               58
8               60
9               65
10               68
Simply type these data into the cells as seen.

Once completed, with your mouse click in the upper left most CELL and hold. Then drag down to
the lower right corner CELL. You have now highlighted the CELLs with your data. To graph this
data go to “INSERT>Chart…” and select the XY (SCATTER). This will create a Cartesian Plot
of your data. You will next be able to choose several styles, select the one that has small boxes
with rounded lines connecting them. This graph will create a smooth curve of your data points.
Select next, and you will see a small preview of your graph. EXCEL at this window wants to
know if you want to plot the column with time verses the column with temperature, or if you
would rather plot each row individually. You want to compare columns, so make sure that
columns are selected and then click on next. The next window will help you to label each of the
charts components. It is always helpful to insert a title that is very descriptive like, “Time vs.
Temperature plot of Experiment 15.”
It is also very useful to label both the X and Y axis, like: X= “time(minutes)” and Y=
“temperature(Celsuis).”
Click next again and now you are ready to create a full version of this graph. You have two
options. First is to create the graph as an object in the graph. This will create a little “mini graph”
in the spread sheet. This small chart can be moved, copied, and pasted. Second you can create a
separate individual sheet by slecting “As A New Sheet” and you may now rename the sheet on the

Time vs. Temperature plot of Experiment 15

80

70

60

50
temperature (Celsius)

40                                                                                                              temperature (Celsius)

30

20

10

0
0   2                  4                 6                  8                 10                 12
time (minutes)

If your chart does not look like mine and you have entered all of the correct data values, try again
or see your instructor.
II.   ANALYSIS

When these graphs are created we need to utilize the data for further analysis. You are able to
click on the elements inside each chart you create. One important EXCEL funciton we need to use
is the addition of a trend line also called a best-fit line or a least-squares-fit line.

Begin by graphing the following data on a separate sheet titled “GRAPH 1”.

time (seconds) Temperature (Celsius)
0               20
5               21
10              20
15              23
20              65
25              29
30              28
35              26
40              35
45              39
50              12
55              37
60              88
65              46
70              47
75              48
80              49
85              25
90              76
95              88
100              90

When the graph is created simply RIGHT click on one of the data points on the graph and a menu
will appear. Select “Add a Trendline”, and then a menu of trend line types will appear. We will
be using the linear trend line for our plots. Near the top click on the tab labeled options. This
window wil give you a list of possible options, including show the equation of the trend line, and
forecast/extrapolate in front and behind your data set.

The graph of the preceding data with linear trend line and equaiton should appear as follows.
Time vs. Temperature plot with Best Fit Line

100

90

80

70
y = 0.5205x + 17.403
temperature (Celcius)

60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0   20         40                60                   80      100   120
time(seconds)

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