the Hatchery Visit by chenmeixiu


									          I   Extending Hatchery
                      Your            Visit

              Legends 6r Stories of the 23rd
 Unit 7       Century

              Hatchery Times

the Hatchery Visit
After the Hatchery Visit
Unit 7
               Columbia River Salmon:
         Legends & Stories of the 23rd Century
                                    This activity was adapted from:

                                       Best of the Best Activity
                                               Kris Pfaff
                                Puget Sound Marine Habitats Institute.

                                   Used with permission from
                       FOR SEA Marine Science Society of the Pacific Northwest
                                  and L A . Kolb, Poulsbo, WA.

Key Concepts:
     +   1 Hope for the future is often
         expressed in stories.

     + 2. Facts,knowledgeandunder
         standing of natural resources
         can be used creatively to shape
         solutions to natural resource problems.

Teaching Information
  Many stories and legends have been told about the salmon of the Columbia River. Most of
these stories originate with Native Americans of the region. One such story tells how Coyote,
the greatest of the animal people, created the Columbia River and”peopled” it with salmon:

                            How Salmon Come to the Columbia River
                From a story recorded in William K. Peery’s book A d There Were Sa/mon,
                                 Binfords and Mort, Portland, OR, 1949,

     Speelyi, the Coyote god, felt sorrow in his heart for the Indian people. They lived along
   the great Wauna, the river we call the Columbia. They lived too on the bays and small
   streams along the coast, as well as the inland plains. Coyote was sorry for the Indian
   people because they spent so much time being hungry.

     The Wauna had a stream bed but no water. Coyote asked Neahcanie (who built the
   world) if he could put water in the dry channel. Neahcanie told him it was perfectly all
   right. Coyote put water in the river. But this did not satisfy Coyote. Still the people did
  Once the story Bine is ~ e w e ~ hawe students write it for the Readers’ Theater, using a
                                    ~ ~ e ~ ,
narrator and any characters they wish. Refer to the example “Why the Salmon

 Finally, hold a eaders’ Theater.                         e s ~ e it
                                     se props as s ~ ~ ~ above, or do ~ without props.

 60r the class:

     0   stools for thereaders

     e   material for props as needed by the students.
                        Readers’ Theater Example

     ( )Narrator
     (2) Raven
     (3) The Fog Princess
     (4) Raven’s Friend

  NARRATOR:       Raven liked to eat fish. But in order to eat fish he must first catch them.
                  On this day, Raven is fishing in his canoe with his friend, Gitsanuk.

                  Look at this, Gitsanuk. Another Bullhead! More bones to choke on! With all
                  the water in this stream, one would hope for better fish.

  GITSANUK:        Look Raven, the fog approaches quickly. We should head for shore.

  RAVEN:           It is too late. I cannot see to guide the canoe. The fog surrounds   us.

  FOG PRINCESS: Do not be afraid. I will see you safely to shore.
  RAVEN:          Who are you? How did you get in our canoe?
  FOG PRINCESS: Give me your hat.
  NARRATOR:       Raven and Gitsanuk watched in amazement as the Fog Princess (for that is
                  who she was) gathered all the fog in Raven’s hat. When the fog was all
                  contained, the sun shone again and Raven beached the canoe safely.
  RAVEN:           You have saved us with your magical powers. There is no one as good or
                   beautiful as you. Will you stay with us and be my wife?
  FOG PRINCESS: Yes, Raven. I will be your wife and my wedding gift to you shall be    a new
                fish so delicious that you have never tasted another like it. Gitsanuk, bring
                a bucket of water. Now watch as I dip my fingers into it.
  GITSANUK:        Look, a golden fish. I shall build a fire.

  RAVEN:          Yes, we must cook it at once.

  GITSANUK:        See how well the new fish roasts. The smell    is truly wonderful.

  RAVEN:           And the taste is more wonderful still. Wife bring us more of these fish.

  FOG PRINCESS: Your hunger is now cared for. I cannot produce that which is not needed.

  RAVEN:           I said I want more fish! Unless you produce them   at once, I shall be angry
                   at you!
The End
                Columbia River Salmon:
         Legends and Stories of the 23rd Century
                                      making an outline your story.
   For hundreds of years, people      Then, make up characters for the
have lived in the watershed of the    story. They can be real or
Columbia River. All that time         imaginary. They can be animals
they have told stories and legends or plants. They can be magic and
about salmon. What stories and        powerful beings, or objects that
legends will people tell about the    come alive. They can be aliens,
salmon in the 23rd century? How       scientists, ordinary people, or
will the salmon be saved? Will the    anything and anyoneyou can think
water-shed once again be as it was? of. Use your knowledge of
Will it be free of pollution? Will it salmon and watershedsto guide
be full of salmon and other fish?     your imagination.

  Writing Your O w n Play             When you have outlined a story,
  Think about thesequestions.       write it with speaking parts. Use
Then, pretending you live in the    “Why The Salmon Return Each
23rd century, write a short story   Year” as a guide. Hold a Readers’
about how the salmon and the        Theater to present your stories.
watershed was saved. Start by
Unit 7
                                   Hatchery Times
                                Portions of this activity were adaptedfrom:

                                          Project WILD Aquatic
                          Western Regional Environmental EducationCouncil; &
                       US. Fish and Wildlife Service, Sport Fish Restoration Program
                                            1983,     1985,    1992
                          For more information contact Informationand Education:
                               Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
                                            600 Capital Way N
                                        Olympia WA 98501-1091

Key Concepts:
 + Fish Hatcheries play a big part in managing fish and fisheries.
 + Fish hatcheries are part of a diversity of issues related to salmonids and their habitats.
 + Studentscandevelop their ownopinionsconcerningfishandfishmanagement,andthe
role     of

Teaching Information
  In this activity, students produce a newspaper that features their studyof fish and fish
hatcheries. They use their experiences prior to the hatchery visit, what was learned at the visit,
and entries in their journals to produce articles for the paper. They gain experiences at
coordinating what they have learned with other students, and recommendations about hatcheries
and their role in fisheries.

  In any classroom there is a wide range of learning styles and skills that includeart ability,
graphic sense, design capabilities, creative writing, composition, research and decision making.
This means that such an effort has a high likelihood of addressing many of the diverse skills
possessed by various classmates.

  1 Using an actual newspaper as a model, discuss the various parts of a newspaper. Help the
     students recognize that in addition to news articles, many special interests, departments
     and various formats exist in most newspapers. Comics, sports reports editorials,
     commentary, home making articles, want ads, political cartoons, food and nutrition
     features, entertainment information, business columns, weather predictions, daily
     horoscopes, advertisements and many other sections are available. Ask each student or
     group of students to choose and write a section.

       As an alternative, you could modify the activity to develop a television news broadcast
       where the students are all a part of oral and visual reporting.

  2. To begin the research phase,ask the students to gather information and ideas          for their
chosen sedion. Be sure to remind them of the areas you want to cover in the
n e ~ ~ these may ~ r ~ articles about fish and fish hatcheries, fish habitat,water,
              ~ a ~ include
              pics and issues. Show students how tocreditsourcesthey        use. Each
scctIc~n                                 a i ~     m io~
        should include a c o ~ ~ i ~ of t ~ ~ o r~ a t andthestudents     o
on whattheylearneintheirstudy         of fish andhatcheries,the hatcheuy visit, and any
research do.
       they            Note: Theuse of tape            word
                                              recorders,        processors, software,
cameras,andother     eqaei rnent is encoura
Try to set the stage for both serious and
                            in Hatchery Pond
            udity Critical to Hatcheries
4   Living with the Fish- t Home at the Hatchery

                        ts for ~ o m ~ e ~ ~ t o r s

o ~                    ~          about ~ ~ ~ ~ i t s e
            ~with ~ r a ~ ~ ~ the rway fishing use to be              ~         ~
+ ~     ~        ~ in o ~ ~
            m stories r first person form, from the point of wiew of the fish

                                                  t i ~ ~
                            ueatesand ~ r ~ egins, encourage students to share their
work with each other. ln this way, interests can merge and different talents can
     eep the students on track, making sure their writing is accurate even though they may
have chosen humor or satire as their approach.

                                     ~ e         r ~ , ~ ~ ~ o ~
When enough work is ~ o ~ ~begin the t~ ~ o d phase of the paper (or preparation
for the news ~ r o ~ ~At this s t ~ artwork can be done to a c c o ~ the~ ~ ~ The
                           c ~ point, ~                                     p stories.
artwork can be in color or black and white and can inwashe computer graphics. I psssibk,
the stories should be typed or written neatly in a specific column format (3-1/2 or 4-inches
wide works well).

The next step is the layout and desi n. A small group should be assigned the responsibility
but with input fro

Once the ~       ~    ~is ~so ~~~ ~~e tmay, ~ e v e ~ ~ i ~possibiliiy of hawing copies made
                                    you ~e      n r      the a ~ e
for each student, and of course the staff at the hatchery. Most communities have Bast copy
facilities that can print oversized papers (It might be useful to check ahead of time to be
suae the format can be copied).
Culminate the actiwi with discussion of each auticle orffeature, e ~ ~ h a what can ~ n ~
                                                                                $ ~ ~ be
learned about fish and fish hatcheries from its content. Circulate the finished newspaper -
for ~      ~ by posting copies on school or~o r ~ a~ i ~ a bulletin boards.
                    a        ~      ~                ~       ,t ~ o n ~ ~
         Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife Hatcheries

Arlington Fish Hatchery       Chelan Fish Hatchery           Elochoman Fish Hatchery
17619 McGovern Rd             80 Fish Hatchery Rd            1318 Elochoman Valley Rd
Arlington WA 98223            Chelan WA 98816                Cathlamet WA 98612
(360) 435-3206                (509) 682-5514                 (360) 795-3 608

Baker Lake SpawningBeach      Columbia Basin Fish Hatchery   Elwha Channel Fish Hatchery
PO Box 117                    6785 Road K NE - #A            326 Crown Z Water Rd
Concrete WA 98237             Moses Lake WA 98837            Port Angeles WA 98362
(360) 853-8341 ext 2071       (509) 765-7714                 (360) 457-2630

Barnaby Slough Pond           Colville Fish Hatchery         Fallert Creek Fish Hatchery
PO Box 35                     390 N Hofstetter               1404 Kalama River Rd
Rockport WA 98283             Colville WA 991 14             Kalama WA 9 8 625
(360) 873-2000                (509) 684-7424                 (360) 673-4400

Beaver Creek Fish Hatchery    Coulter Creek Fish Hatchery    Ford Fish Hatchery
28 Beaver Creek Rd            E 41 Coulter Creek Rd          PO Box 70
Cathlamet WA 98612            Belfair WA 98528               Ford WA 99013
(360) 795-3620                (360) 275-5712                 (509) 258-4269

Bellingham Fish Hatchery      Cowlitz Salmon Hatchery        Forks Creek Fish Hatchery
1700 Silver Beach Rd          2284 Spencer Rd                1986 State Route 6
Bellingham WA 98226           Salkum WA 98582                Raymond WA 98577
(360) 676-2138                (360) 985-7424                 (360) 934-5457

Bingham Creek Fish Hatchery   Cowlitz Trout Hatchery         Roaring River Fish Hatchery
W 3914 Fish Hatchery Rd       1182 Spencer Rd                42255 Fish Hatchery Dr.
Elma WA 98541                 Winlock WA 98596               Scio, OR 97374
(360) 426-2369                (360) 864-6121                 (503) 394-2496

Bogachiel Fish Hatchery       Dungeness Fish Hatchery        Fox Island Pens
2944 Bogachiel Way            1261 Fish Hatchery Rd          335 Island Blvd
Forks WA 98331                Sequim WA 98382                Fox Island M A 98335
(360) 374-6232                (360) 683-4255                 (253) 549-2861

Cedar River Fish Hatchery     Eastbank Fish Hatchery         Garrison Fish Hatchery
PO Box 829                    13246 Lincoln Rock Rd E        Drwr A-9601 Steilacoom Blvd
Ravensdale WA 98051-0829      E Wenatchee WA 98802           Tacoma WA 98498-7213
(425) 432-3478                (509) 884-8301                 (253) 589-7246

Chambers Creek Fish Hatchery Eells Springs Fish Hatchery     George Adams Fish Hatchery
8315 Phillips Rd SW          W 7570 Eells Hill Rd            W 40 Skokomish Valley Rd
Tacoma WA 98498              Shelton WA 98584                Shelton WA 98584
(253) 589-7234               (360) 427-2188                  (360) 427-2161
Goldendale Fish Hatchery      Lake Aberdeen Fish Hatchery   Methow Fish Hatchery
130 Hatchery Lane             4203 Aberdeen Lake Rd         44C Wolf Creek Rd
Goldendale WA 98620-9802      Aberdeen WA 98520             Winthrop WA 98862
(5 09) 773
         -4422                (360) 533-1663                (509) 996-3144

Grays River Fish Hatchery     Lake WenatcheeKhiwawa         Minter Creek Fish Hatchery
PO Box 129                    Fish Hatchery                 12710 12dCfhAve Ct KPN
Grays River WA 98621          2640 Kinnikinnick Dr          Gig Harbor WA 98329
(360) 465-2446                Leavenworth WA 98826          (253) 857-56977
                              (509) 763-2828
Hoodsport Fish Hatchery                                     Mossyrock Fish Hatchery
PO Box 606                    Lake Whatcom Fish Hatchery    249 Fish Hatchery Rd
Hoodsport WA 98548              18
                              3 9 South Bay Dr              Mossyrock WA 98564
(360) 877-5222                Sedro Woolley WA 98284        (360) 983-3486
                              (360) 595-2411
Humptulips Fish Hatchery                                    Naches Fish Hatchery
PO Box 129                    Lakewood Fish Hatchery        3410 S Naches Rd
Humptulips WA 98552           7723 Phillips Rd SW           Naches WA 98937
(360) 987-2215                Tacoma WA 98498               (509) 965-1495
                              (253) 589-7016
Hupp Springs Fish Hatchery                                  Naselle Fish Hatchery
13827 124th Ave Ct NW         Lewis River Fish Hatchery     290 N Valley Rd
Gig Harbor WA 98329           4404 Lewis River Rd           Naselle WA 98638-8534
(253) 8.57-5011               Woodland WA 98674             (360) 484-7716
                              (360) 225-7413
Hurd Creek Fish Hatchery                                    Nemah Fish Hatchery
9 11 Fasola Rd                Lyons Ferry Fish Hatchery     415 N Nemah Rd E
Sequim WA 98382               PO Box 278                    South Bend WA 98586
(360) 683-1738                Starbuck WA 99359-0278        (360) 875-6147
                              (509) 646-3454
Hssaquah Salmon Hatchery                                    North Toutle Fish Hatchery
125 W Sunset Way              Marblemount Fish Hatchery     PO Box 73
Issaquah WA 98027             8319 Fish Hatchery Lane       Toutle WA 98649
(425) 391-9094                Marblemount WA 98267          (360) 274-7757
                              (360) 873-4241
Malama Falls Fish Hatchery                                  Omak Fish Hatchery
3900 Kalama River Rd          McAllister Fish Hatchery      PO Box 32
Kalama WA 98625               101 19 Steilacoom Rd SE       Omak WA 98841
(360) 673-4825                Olympia WA 98513-9622         (509) 826-0200
                              (360) 459-6325
Kendall Creek Fish Hatchery                                 Palmer Ponds
6263 Mt Baker Hwy             McKernan Fish Hatchery        32915 §E 309thSt
Deming WA 98244               W 41 1 Deyette Rd             Palmer WA 9 805 1
(360) 599-2841                Shelton WA 98584              (360) 886-2221
                              (360) 427-2 163
Klickitat Fish Hatchery                                     Priest Rapids Fish Hatchery
301 Fish Hatchery Rd          Merwin Fish Hatchery          PO Box 937
Glenwood WA 98 6 19-9102      111 Merwin Hatchery Crt       Mattawa WA 99349
(509) 364-3310                Ariel WA 98603-9727           (509) 932-448 1
                              (360) 225-6201
Puyallup Fish Hatchery          Soos Creek Fish Hatchery       Wallace River Fish Hatchery
1416 14th SW                    13030 Auburn-Blk Diamond       14418 383rd SE
Puyallup WA 98371               Rd                             Sultan WA 98294
(253) 840-4593                  Auburn WA 98092                (360) 793-1382
                                (253) 931-3950
Reiter Ponds                                                   Washougal Fish Hatchery
45300 Reiter Rd                 Speelyai Fish Hatchery         15632 Washougal River Rd
Goldbar WA 9 8251               11001 Lewis River Rd           Washougal WA 98671
(360) 793-0475                  Ariel WA 9 8 603               (360) 837-3311
                                (360) 231-4210
Ringold Springs Fish Hatchery                                  Wells Fish Hatchery
1871 Ringold River Rd           Spokane Fish Hatchery          H C 88 Azwell Rt Box 2A
Mesa WA 99343                   W 2927 Waikiki Rd              Pateros WA 98846
(509) 269-4448                  Spokane WA 99208               (509) 923-2728
                                (509) 625-5169                 (509) 923-2471
Samish Fish Hatchery
555 Old 99                      Tokul Creek Fish Hatchery      Whitehorse Pond
Burlington WA 98233             37501 SE Fall City-            PO Box 430
(360) 724-3131                  Snoqualmie Rd                  Darrington WA 98241
                                Fall City WA 98024             (360) 436-1259
Shale Creek Fish Hatchery       (425) 222-5464
1423 Pavel Rd
Beaver WA 98305                 Tucannon Fish Hatchery
(360) 327-3246                  2303 Tucannon Rd
                                Pomeroy WA 99347
Sherman Creek Fish Hatchery     (509) 843-1430
3825 Mellenberger Rd
Kettle Falls WA 99141           Tumwater Falls Fish Hatchery
(509) 738-6971                  114 Deschutes Way SW
                                Tumwater WA 98501
Similkameen Pond                (360) 586-2801
PO Box 1665
Oroville WA 98844               Turtle Rock Fish Hatchery
(509) 476-3130                  13246 Lincoln Rock Rd
                                E Wenatchee WA 98802
Skamania Fish Hatchery          (509) 664-2894
3 9 Steelhead Rd
Washougal WA 98671              Vancouver Fish Hatchery
(360) 837-3131                  12208 SE Evergreen Hwy
                                Vancouver WA 98683-6632
Skookumchuck Fish Hatchery      (360) 892-258 1
10500 Skookumchuck Rd SE
Tenino WA 98589                 Voights Creek Fish Hatchery
(360) 264-21 12                 19 112 Pioneer Way
                                Orting WA 98360
Sol Duc Fish Hatchery           (360) 893-6440
1423 Pavel Rd
Beaver WA 98305
(360) 327-3246
                                       Other Valuable Resources

Now, let’s say that you’ve got your fish hatchery visit planned and scheduled, you’ve done some
pre-visit activities with your students orgroup, and you have already decided that you want to do
more. NO PROBLEM! Below are several resources that wl help you enrich, extend and enlarge
your study of Washington’s watersheds and aquatic resources.

                                                                    CURRICULUM AND ACTIVITY GUIDE
This program helps educators raise fish right in their
own classrooms! Raising fish is one of those magical          Project WET is a collection of innovative, water-related
activities that facilitates interdisciplinary learning        activities that are hands-on, easy to use and fun!
catches kids’ interest in the real world. The Salmon in       Activities incorporate a variety of formats: large and
Your Classroom manual includes: who to contact to             small group learning, whole-body activities, laboratory
get started, incubator designs, monitoring egg develop-       investigations, discussion of local and global topics,
ment, releasing the fry, and much more. For further           and involvement in community service projects. Project
information, visit the WDFW website at www.wa.aov/            WET is available only through teacher workshops.
wdfw/. Click on Educator Resources, then Salmon in            Workshops are watershed specific, tailored to local
the Classroom. Scroll down and click on “application to       needs, and aligned with the state Essential Academic
obtain salmon eggs ” to submit a program application.         Learning Requirements. For more information about
The Program Manager can be contacted at (360) 586-            workshops, contact Rhonda Hunter at (360) 407-6147.
                                                                      WATER YOU DOING? CD, VIDEO,
             PROJECT AQUATIC WILD                                         TEACHER’S MANUAL

Aquatic WILD is a grade K-12curriculum that is time-          This is a creative and eye-catching water quality
tested in Washington. Units include:awarenessand              education program designed by Seattle Public Utilities
appreciation of aquatic wildlife, wildlife values, ecologi-   for the students and teachers of Seattle middle
cal principles, aquatic management and con-servation,         schools. For more information or to order, call (206)
aquatic trends and issues, and responsible human              386-9746.
actions (stewardship). Workshops are held periodically
throughout the state. For information, contact WDFW
                                                                   THE STREAM SCENE: WATERSHEDS,
at (360) 586-3105.
                                                                         WILDLIFE AND PEOPLE
               DISCOVER WETLANDS:
                                                              Stream Scene is a nationally known curriculum pro-
               A CURRICULUM GUIDE                             duced by ODFW that enables educators to do a com-
                                                              plete study of a stream, from classroom work to in-
The Washington State Department of Ecology produces           stream surveys. Designed for grades 6-12, it has been
this excellent collection of activities focused on            used successfully at all grade levels. Units include:
Washington’s wetlands and their value, plus human             water cycle, riparian areas, stream hydrology, water
impacts to them. Includes field studies and illustrated       quality, aquatic organisms, and many appendices.
plant and animal identification cards. For more infor-        Stream Scene can be purchased from ODFW. Work-
mation on this and other DOE publications, contact            shops are held and presentations given regularly.
Jean Witt in the Publications Officeat (360) 407-7472.
       ids in the Creek” Aquatic ~ a c r o ~ ~ v e ~ e ~ r a t e
             Stream Study provides information that is
intended to be used on a stream field trip to find                              n $ o ~ e d
                                                            ~ ~ ~ ~ - s ~ oAngler Education COWSQS are taught
pollution tolerant and intolerant ~ ~ c r o ~ n ~ e ~ e ~ r a ~ e s . by volunteer instructors. Some courses are
Uhe Classroom Exercise section containsfun a d              offered through school programs, while most are held
to reinforce field trip learning. A Student Work            during evenings or on weekends. For information,
entitled “Stream Environments Correcting damaged                            ler Education Program at (360) 586-
fish habitats,” is allso included. For this free curricu-
lum, call Bonneviile Power Administration’s PortUand
office at I-800-622-4520. $ i t ~ o ~ a nresource materi-
als are available.

Another very well done Bonneville Power Ad~inistra-
tion educational product. Uhe activities and experi-
ments are simple, yet they introduce students to the
               o science. Very “”Hands On,” this guide
has won praise from parents and teachers alike. For
more information, call 1-800-622-4520.

~     ~    ~   ~     r
                workshops, written guidelines,~
                          e    ~    ~   ~          i
                                               and data n      ~
collection forms are available through WDFW. For
information or to order, calU (360) 586-3107.

This organization produces some excellent educational
materials with strong locan emphasis. “’Discovery Puget
Sound” is directed at grades 4-6; Salmon in the
Sound,” at grades 6-8; and “The Changing Sound,”
grades 9-12. For more information, call (368) 779-

Located at 1483 Alaskan Way, Pier 59, on the Seattk
w a t e d r ~ n t the SeattSe Aquarium has long been a
                             ~ ~ p ~ ~ ~
leader in ~ e v e and presenting educational
Every household and property owner is responsible for our land andwater. Consider howYOU manage your
home and property to make it a healthy   living space for you and your family; a valuable asset; and a place
which protects your fish and wildlife legacy.

Your goal is to protect your land and
                                    quality of life while helping salmon. This assessment guides your choices
to achieve this goal.

Salmon and other fish are in decline in the Northwest. We must act now to save salmon and protect our
lifestyle. Salmon are one link in a complex food chain and depend on a healthy environment to maintain their
populations. If salmon disappear, so will other species, and our quality of life will change. The decline of
salmon is a warning to us to act nowto maintain and restore the natural environment which sustains      us.


This assessment has been designedto make you aware of your practices that increase the risk of hurting
salmon and degrading our qualityof life.

Take action now by completing the “Action Plan” worksheet located at the endof this booklet.
                   How doyour personal actions,at home, at work or anywhere in
                     your community, affect salmon and your quality of life?

                          Use this guide to look at the effects your lifestyle has on salmon and other fish.
                          Check what best describes your actions in each category.

                          Enter the number of checks for each risk factor.
                                                 (low risk to salmon)

                                                 (moderate risk to salmon)

                                                 (high risk to salmon)

                           Fill in the planning chart on page 18 with your identified high risk activities
                           which can degrade salmon.

A Salmon Saver Activity is one that helps salmon and protects ourquality of life.
A Salmon FriendlyActivity is one that has a neutral effect on salmon and quality of life.
A Salmon Threatening Activity is one that harms salmon and degrades quality of life.

                              Note: If you have checked activities which harm salmon,
                  you can learn how to do things differently through the “Get Help” groupslisted.
Get help from:
Q Cooperative Extension

Q Public Utility Districts

Q City Water Utilities

                              .. . .-
                                - .     .
                              ess as              water
                                            Minimizeuse       on Reduce
                                                              gardens. lawn
                                            watering during summer.Use drip irrigation in
Get help from:                              garden.
o Conservation District
o Cooperative Extension                     Maintain an organic lawn or reduce the
                                                                                 size of
                                            your lawn.

                                            Grow native plants that useless water.

Get help from:
 e WDFW Backyard
   Sanctuary Publications
 4   Cooperative Extension
 4   Local plant nurseries
 4   Conservation Districts
     often have an annual
     native plant sale a t
     wholesale prices.
 e City water utilites
     County Environmental
                            .- "
                               .          .
                                          .             .      .. .

0               Use as little householdwater forwashing,
                cleaning, flushing, etc. as possible.                                                                                                                               0Do                 not take into accounthouse-
                                                                                                                                                                                                     hold wateruse.                                                                                                                             Saver

u               Limit bath and showertime.                                                                                                                                                          Use more than 60 gallons per
                                                                                                                                                                                                    person per day.                                                                                                                             Friend
                Reduce toilet flush volume by installing a
                displacement device and save up to 12,000                                                                                                                                                              full
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Take long showers at blast                                                                                                                  Threat
                gallons of water per year.

0                     water
                                                                     use on
                                                                               and                                                                                                                         water
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Use more than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     necessary on

13              Water lawn and plantsearly morning and evening
                when more water absorbed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I        Friend
                Turn off water at first sign the ground is saturated
0                                         to
                to allow time for water be absorbed.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Threat

.................................................................................................................................   ................. .............................................................................................................................. - ..............................   .....................    ..........................

                  Use some native plants in landscaping.                                                                                                                                             Remove native plantspecies and
                                                                                                                                                                                                     plant lawns.                                                                                                                               Saver
                  Use mulching lawn mower.

0                 Set lawnmower to 2-3"height get
                                              to    deeper
                  healthier grass roots whichretain moisture.
                                                                                                                                                                                      a              Appy lots of water to landscape


                                     Survey household electrical and follow
                                     family plan to reduce.
Get help from:
                                     Schedule electricaluse for non-peak periods.
o Local utilities can survey
  your energy use and make
  suggestions to reduce it.

4   Local non-profit groups
    e.g. Energy Outreach

4   Energy Extension at
    Cooperation Extension

                                     Use Integrated Pest Management. (Get help
                                     from cooperative extension or conservation
Get help from:                       Be happy with less-than-perfect plant speci-
+ Cooperative    Extension     @     mensandlawn.
Q   Conservation District
e The Toxics Coalition
Q   Local weed board                 Avoid use of weed killers. Pull weeds by hand.
+ 1-800-RECYCLE (to                   Use naturalsubstitutes
    find out how to dispose)

                                     Store chemicals where there’s n o chance for
                                     them to pollute surface or ground water.
                                     Store chemicals in original containers which are
                                     sealed and covered.

                                      Dispose of chemicals at designated hazardous
0     Minimizeelectricity use.                                                                                                                                    Make no effort to reduce electricity
                                                                                                                                                                  use.                                         Saver
L]    BUY     energy efficient electrical appliances.
                                                                                                                                                                  Leave lights on inunoccupied
                                                                                                                                              IJ                  rooms.


we:                                                                                                                                                     Wh:
      Seldom use pesticides and weed killers.
                                                                                                                                                        0                 Do not follow chemical application
0     Follow label instructions carefully.
                                                                                                                                                                          Use weed killers to control weeds.

      Use pest-resistant plants in landscaping.                                                                                                         0                                                      Threat
0                                                                                                                                                        *r3:
 * re +
sws a :
a     Never put left-over chemicals down drain.                                                                                                         0                                         disposal
                                                                                                                                                                          Do not follow storage and
            ..-... ...................................................
                   I                                                     ..............................................................................................

             Intekated Pest Management Hints:
             + Monitor pest PO ulations and use pesticides as a                                                                                                              I
                last resort after t r s t trying all other methods.
             + Plant pest resistant varieties.
             + Maintainhealthyplantsand full ground cover to
                minimize pests and weeds.
                                   Use home compost on garden, instead of

Get helD from:                     commercial fertilizers.

Q   Cooperative Extension          Keep use of nitrogen fertilizers to abare
o Conservation District            minimum.

                               I Test soil to make sure you use appropriate
                               D fertilizer.
                                   Use slow release natural fertilizers.

                                   Use only low phosphate detergents for all
                                   household purposes.
    Hint: Usually liquid
    detergents contain less        Provide suggestions to grocery stores to stock
    phosphate than powders.    0   low phosphate detergents.

v Hint: Electric dishwashing
  detergent often contains
  high phosphorus.

Get help from:
o City and County Health
    Department on septic
    system maintenance
D   Seldom use fertilizers.                            Pay little attention to fertilizer
                                                       application guidelines.              Saver
    Follow label instructions carefully.

                                                   D   Use petroleum-based fertilizers.     Friend


            .. .          .
                      -. . .. .   ..   ,

    Look for detergents labeled low phosphate at       Disregard phosphate content of
    local grocery store andbuy when available.         detergents.



     Pump every 3-5years.
                                                   c7   Unsure when (or if) last pumping
     Inspect every few years.
                                                        occurred or where
                                                                         drainfield is
D    Use garbage disposal on a limited basis.      a    Use garbage disposal regularly.

@ Keep deep rooted plants off septic drainfield.
                                                   0 Pour
                                                    hazardous                 down
                                                                    chemicals Threat
                                                     household drains.
                                             Never dump waste materialsin storm drains -
Get help from:                               especially oils, paints, antifreeze, or household
                                             chemicals of any kind.
e City & County
    Stormwater Department                                          local hazardous waste
                                             Take hazardous waste to
4   Cooperative Extension               (D disposal facility.

                             ....   .

                                             Drain rainwater from roof to yard where it is
                                             absorbed and kept off street or drainfield.
Get help from:
o Conservation Districts
o Cooperative Extension                 n
                                        I    Sweep driveways and sidewalks withbroom, not
                                             the hose.

Q   Stormwater/surface
    water authority
                                        D    Maintain your neighborhood stormwater pond (in
                                             newer housing developments).

                                             Wash car on lawn; water won’t drainto street or
Get help from:                               storm drains. Orgo to a commercial car wash
e Regional Transit                           where waste wateris recycled.
4 State Department of
                                        0    Check for oil & radiator leaks often and repair
                                             them at once.
e Stormwaeer/surface water                                                         bicycling as
                                             Use mass transit, car pools, walking or
    authority                                often as possible.

                                             Use telecommuting whenpossible.
ere         materials possible, waste
         Prevent,                                                                                   Saver
         from reaching stormdrains.


                                                       D   Dispose of oil, paint and household
                                                           waste down stormdrains.

          Minimize paved area on property.                 Cover property with lawn or leaves
                                                           bare soil.                               Saver

      0   Limit size of yourdriveway and patio to no
          bigger than necessary.                       D  native
                                                       vegetation.                                  Friend
                                                           Maintain wide concrete asphalt
                                                       0   driveway.                                Threat

      0whenmechaniccheckfor oil radiator leaks
                 car is serviced.
                                      &                0   Wash vehicle in driveway or on street.
                                                           Do not check vehicle for leaks.

      0Carcar. oruse mass transit sometimes. O r
       fuel-efficient                                      Drive to work
                                                                 alone.                             Friend

          Keep                    for
              your vehicle(s) tuned maximum                    a
                                                           Drive gas guzzler.                       Threat
        B e
                                  Maintain native streamside vegetation    -the riparian
Get help from:                    zone- as habitat for fish and wildlife, to filter
e Conservation Districts          pollutants and minimize erosion.
v Watershed Councils         63   Replant with native plants if streamside plants have
                                  been removed -as wide a buffer as possible.
e Cooperative Extension
                                  Use natural ground cover or porous materials such
                                  as gravel or bark instead of asphalt and concrete
                                  for paths anddrivesways.

                                  Ensure roof runoff soaks into the ground.Avoid
                                  piping to ravines or streams as it causes erosion.

                             BI3 trees and shrubs.slope and bank erosion by leaving
                                 Minimize steep

                                  Fence livestock away from stream, wetlands or
Get help from:                    lakes.
o Cooperative Extension
                                  Consult local government recommendations on
4 Conservation District           Best Management Practices to handle animal waste.
o City and County
  Utilities                       Use best management practices for pastures and
                             6    livestock facilities to minimize erosion and runoff

                             a    Scoop up all pet feces and flush down toilet.

Get help from:
e Cooperative Extension
  have suggestions for pet
  waste disposal.
  City & county
  Environmental Health
a   Maintain native vegetation at stream side.
                                                    Landscape right up to the streamside,
                                                    wetland or lake shore.                    Saver

0   Check often forsigns of erosion and pollution
    -follow up with remedies possible.
                              if                    Remove native plants along shore line.    Friend
                                                    Pave paths leading to and around
0   Keep lawn and grass clippings off waterway
    banks and buffers. Use curbside pickup or       0
                                                    streams, wetlands and lakesides.          Threat
    compost clippings away from streams and




0    Minimize animal access to streams.             0   Allow livestock to stand in stream.



                                                                            Keep a close watch for evidence of oil and other
Get help from:                                                              contamination in waterways, and report such
                                                                            occurences t o authorities.
Q All Department of
  Ecology regions have a
  24 hour response line.
  Central WA, Yakima:
  (509) 575-2490
  Eastern WA, Spokane:
  (509) 456-2926
  Northwest WA, Bellevue:
  (425) 449-7000
  Southwest WA, Lacey:
  (360) 407-6300

                                                            ..... .............. .............                          . . .. . .
                                                                                                 . .............. ....... .. . .. . . .......................................” . .” . .
                                                                                                                                                                               .       .   ..   . .....”......

Get help from
                                                              a              Take stewardshipclasses and volunteer on
                                                                             stewardship projects.

                                                                              Assess the health of streams, wetlands or lakes.
   WDFW publication:
   Fish and Streams” and
   “Restoring the
 o Conservation Districts
 4 Watershed Councils                                                    a Riparianareaplanting
 o Local Stream Team                                                     a Water and habitat monitoring
 e Adopt-A-Stream                                                        a Aquatic insect surveys
 8 Cooperative Extension
   Volunteer Programs,
                                                                          0 Giving presentations to schools and adults
                                                                                        on how they can make a difference.
   4H, Master Watershed
                                                                          a             Helping with stream, wetland or lake
                                                                                        enhancement projects
                                                                          a             Instream restoration with permits and
                                                                                        technical expertise creating habitat in
                                                                                        streams for fish using logs and gravel

 o Websites:
 http:/ Mapping)
 http:/ (Watch Over Washington)
Report spills.



                                                     D   Ignore evidence of spill, expecting
                                                         someone else to report.

Seek assistance to assess the health of local            Believe salmordfish are someone
watershed for salmon.                                    else’s problem.                        Saver

Know where the streams are located and what
fish use them. Periodically walk the stream to       D   Are unaware of local streams; their
                                                         location, or the fish that use them.
check on water level and the presence of fish, and
to look for anythingunusual.

Know where water from property
                                                     c   Do not know where water
                                                         from property.
                                                                               drains           Threat

Watch for environmental changes in your
                                                     0   Do not know whata watershed is.


Minimize your impactoutdoors whenrecreating.
Do not ride throughstreams on bikes. Stay on
                        streamside plants.
trails and do not trample

Avoid vehicle travel off road and on muddy
Get help from                  Assess community practices according to these
Q   WDFW publication o n       guidelines.
    “Restoring the
    Watershed”                 Educate your communityby offering training on
                               what to do.
e Watershed councils
Q   Salmon Enhancement         Get out on the streams and restore the habitat.
e Sportsman groups             Regularly contribute volunteer hours to a project
e Cooperative Extension        that improves the environment.
  Volunteer Programs
  (see website)                Participate in the running of a volunteer
+ Local Stream   Teams
+Save Our Stream&
 other organizations
8   Regional Fisheries
    Enhancement Groups
e WDFW Website http
e Conservation Districts
  “Earth Team,” etc.

                                   Check local growth management plans for
Get help from:                     that reflect good practices.
Q   Department of
    Community Trade and            Seek changes in plans to make streams safe for
    Economic Development           fish.
o Check local city and
    county growth
    management plans for      Ll   Keep neighborhood associations informed on
                                   watershed health & neighborhood practices that
    ordinances which affect        could improve it.
... . .... .
     . .

D              Hope tofind more time to volunteer for
               groups saving the salmon.
                                                   local                 D No Action is   Saver
                                                                            An Action!
               Contribute a few volunteer hours money to a
0              project that improves the environment.                                     Friend


               Read thegrowthmanagement plansand support local            ]
                                                                         c No Action is   Saver
               officials in developing policy which positively affects       Action!
               the environment.
               Participate in a neighborhood association.

                                         -        -
Trees:                                                Trees:
    Sitka spruce                                         Ponderosa pine
    Red Alder                                            Douglas fir
    Black Hawthorn                                       Englemand Spruce
    Oregon Ash                                           Black Cottonwood
    Black cottonwood                                     Western Red Cedar
    Western hemlock                                       Quaking Aspen
    Douglas fir                                           Oregon White Oak
    Western Red Cedar
    Grand Fir                                         Shrubs:
    Aspen                                                Douglas hawthorne
    River Birch                                          Serviceberry
                                                         Woods rose
Shrubs:                                                  Chokecherry
   Serviceberry                                          Golden currant
   Red-osier dogwood                                     Elderberry
   Ninebark                                              Willow
   Snowberry                                             Red-osier dogwood
   Tall Oregon-grape                                     Snowberry
   Oceanspray                                            Rabbitbush
   Red-flowering current                                 Mock Orange
   Evergreen huckleberry                                 Bitterbrush
   Hazelnut                                           Grass cover:
   Vine Maple                                            Upland grass mix for Eastern WA.
   Nootka Rose                                           Blue fescue
   Hardhack                                              Great Basin wild rye
   Black twinberry                                       Idaho fescue
   Red Elderberry

                   For information on tree and shrub species and planting guidelines:
                      Contact the Community Forestry Program: 1-800-523-TREE,
                            or Washington Dept. of Natural Resource Urban,
                      and WDFW Urban Wildlife Program 425-775-1311 Ext. I10

                                                      + *
                                                     ( h +
,   .......................... ......... ... ... .   ........ . .   .     .    ..   . ...


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