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					The Chronicle Herald                                                                                                                          Saturday, July 17, 2010              E1

                                                                                                                                                                                   SPECIAL ADVERTISING FEATURE


                                                                                                                                                            Bonnie Bobryk Photopgraphy
The NSRBA strategic plan will refocus the association’s direction to better serve its members, continue improving its relationship with government, promote the road
building industry as a career option, and restructure the association’s committees.

Undertaking ‘significant’ changes
Association’s vision to be recognized,
respected as definitive leader
of infrastructure for Nova Scotia
By Ken Cashin                                      The most important change, however,
Special Features Writer                         has been the development of the group’s
                                                first ever formal strategic plan, a process it

        ike in the game of chess, in practi-    began in late 2009.
        cally every undertaking in life, from      The NSRBA strategic plan will refocus
        business to sports to politics, you     the association’s direction to better serve
        have to have a plan. You have to        its members, continue improving its rela-
know what your goals are and how you’re         tionship with government, promote the
going to achieve them. You’ve got to know       road building industry as a career option,
where you’re going.                             and restructure the association’s commit-
   Over the last few years the Nova Scotia      tees.
Road Builders Association (NSRBA) has              “The vision of the Nova Scotia Road
undertaken a number of significant chang-       Builders Association is to be recognized
es. It has relocated its office and hired an    and respected as the definitive leader of
administrative assistant and executive          infrastructure for Nova Scotia,” says                                                                        Bonnie Bobryk Photography
director.                                       NSRBA president Brad Scott.
                                                   “Our mission is to promote best prac-
                                                                                                 The NSRBA Board of Directors. Back Row, (from left to right): John Flemming, Yuri
   The organization has also revamped its
website and taken steps to raise its profile    tices focused on improving infrastructure        Power, Steve MacKenzie, Trevor Chisholm, Andrew Lake. Front Row (left to right):
by promoting greater awareness of what          in the province and our core purpose is to       Donald Chisholm, Grant Feltmate - Executive Director; Ron Dunn - Vice President;
the association does and highlighting the       be the collective voice of the road building     Brad Scott - President; Carol Ingraham - Administrative Assistant, Pat Gray, Rick
significant role it plays in driving the Nova                                                    Bezanson. Missing from photo: Greg MacDonald and Ken Thomas - Immediate
Scotia economy.                                 See CHANGES / E5                                 Past President.

    Dr. H. W. Doane*                H. H. Latimer*                C. A. Maier*                   R.G. Steed                 Aubrey Martell             Ron Legere
    D. F. MacIsaac*                 D. R. MacKay*                 R. K. Chappell*                J. G. Flemming             Tim McSorley               Gary Rudolph
    W. P. Bickle*                   W. W. Spicer*                 L. D. Hopkins*                 S. W. Weeks*               Gerry Holle*               Barry Hunter
    G. C. Hault*                    L. H. Langley                 P. W. Ross*                    Dave McKenna               Elmer Thomas               John Flemming
    D. H. Norman*                   H. W. Doane Jr.               J. T. Douglas*                 Vic Lunn*                  Fred Benere                Wally Caldwell
    M. H. McManus*                  A. O. Parsons*                F. A. Martell*                 John Chisholm              Jack Eisener               Carl Baillie
    P. S. Parsons*                  D. W. Latimer                 R. E. Bayard                   Dan Arbing*                Greg Burke                 Don Maillet
    F. C. Hudson*                   J. S. Stevens*                A. M. Dechman                  Eric Barker                D. J. Campbell             Paul White
    J. D. Harnett*                  J. A Domville*                R. F. Titus*                   Haluk Alemdar              Cecil Vance                Ken Thomas

                                                                                                       For NSRBA Membership and
                                                                                            other information, please call 405-3497
E10          Saturday, July 17, 2010                                                                                                                      The Chronicle Herald

Road builders take up the challenge
Idea for hockey event
was launched in 2003
during play at the
annual golf tournament
By Ken Cashin
Special Features Writer

         eam building is important in every
         organization. It helps bring individ-
         ual members together and enables
         them to work with a single focus,
for everyone’s benefit.
   In a large, diverse group like the
150-member strong Nova Scotia Road
Builders Association (NSRBA), which
encompasses many sectors of the econo-
my, from engineering firms and paving
contractors to energy, insurance, and tele-
communications companies, team building
is absolutely essential.
   In addition to organizing annual events
for its members like the curling bonspiel in
January and golf tournament in July, the
NSRBA hosts a yearly hockey tournament                                                                                                                                     Contributed
called the Challenge Cup.                        Challenge Cup: Paul White, left, of Nova Construction (a Past President of NSRBA) presents Pat Gray of Dexter Construc-
   It takes place every January at the an-       tion, current NSRBA board member and captain of the South Atlantic Cats, with the Challenge Cup.
nual general meeting. Now in its seventh
year, the three-day tournament consists of
four teams. Originally the event pitted
NSRBA members from the north of the
province against those from the south, but,
as of this year, the Challenge Cup also
includes a team from the N.S. Department
of Transportation and Infrastructure Re-
newal, as well as a mixed team.
   Sponsorship for the event comes from
Atlantic Explosives Ltd., Atlantic Tractors
and Equipment Ltd., Wallace Equipment
Ltd., and Bluewave Energy.
   Organizer John Flemming, an NSRBA
director, says the hockey activity is great
for team building.
   “In our industry, as big as it is, with the
many types of companies that do road
building work, our individual members
don’t often get to see and interact with one
another as much as they’d like,” says Flem-
ming. “The Challenge Cup gives people an
opportunity to get together to network and
   The heavy construction field is by its
very nature competitive, says Flemming,
and the hockey gives association members
an opportunity to engage in friendly com-
petition away from the real world of busi-
ness. “It’s a good excuse,” he jokes, “to
vent your frustrations on the ice instead of                                                                                                                               Contributed
in the field.”                                   Curling Champions: Premier Darrell Dexter, left, presents Steve Carruthers and Blair Landry, Ocean Contractors Limited,
   The idea for the hockey event was
launched in 2003 during play at the annual       curling bonspiel champions, with their trophy. The bonspiel is held in January.
golf tournament.
   “It started as a friendly rivalry between
the north and the south. Now it’s one of
our most highly-anticipated annual events.
People really look forward to it — it has
even increased participation at our AGM.”
   Flemming says the Challenge Cup has
also opened up event participation to more
people, as not everyone plays golf or curls.
   “We’re very proud of our industry and
the work we do,” he says.
   “Road building is highly competitive, but
our members respect one another and play
fair. We have a good group.”

      “It started as a
 friendly rivalry between
the north and the south.
    Now it’s one of our
 most highly-anticipated
     annual events.”
         John Flemming
                                                 Golf Champions: (left to right) David Brien, Michelin; Roger Scott, Miller Tirecraft; Rob MacKinnon, Michelin and Dave
        An NSRBA director                        Johnson, Regional Tire Distributors, were winners of the 2010 Road Builders golf tournament.

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The Chronicle Herald                                                                                                                                 Saturday, July 17, 2010             E11

                                                                                                                                                                      Bonnie Bobryk Photography
Traffic flows through the Armdale Roundabout in HRM. Today, Canada has about 200 roundabouts. France has more than 20,000 and Britain has 30,000.

Round, round we go
All around the world roundabouts are being used as traffic                                                                                        different cost, especially if other infra-
                                                                                                                                                  structure gets tied into it.
                                                                                                                                                     “Compared to signals, roundabouts have
control measures, Canada just coming online                                                                                                       comparable price numbers,” says Boddy.
                                                                                                                                                  “The real savings are with bridges and
                                                                                                                                                  other infrastructure around the round-
By Melanie Furlong                               conflict points, or possibilities of vehicle-      on Margeson Drive, are being installed in     abouts. Because of the way they handle
Special Features Writer                          to-vehicle or vehicle-to-pedestrian conflict.      HRM. More roundabouts in Antigonish,          traffic, we’re able to keep our bridges
                                                 Slower operating speed in the roundabout           New Glasgow, Stellarton, and Milford are      narrower. There are less construction costs

           number of roundabouts planned         combined with exposure to risk improves            planned for the coming year, with Stellar-    and less long-term maintenance costs.”
          for Nova Scotia in 2010 will make      the overall safety of the intersection.            ton expected to be operation soon.               Roundabouts also mean less energy
          transportation safer for all road         “At a set of signals, drivers will try to get      “The program is in place now and is        consumption on signals and reduced idling
          users, says Keith Boddy, senior        through a yellow light and may have a              on-going. Budgets change, but we save a       cuts down on greenhouse gases.
highway design engineer for the Depart-          collision. In a roundabout, you’ll hit the         lot of money installing them and each and        “On a very measurable study done at an
ment of Transportation and Infrastructure.       centre island or the grass instead of hitting      every one of them has their own business      HRM intersection, it shows we can reduce
   “The international evidence that round-       someone in a head-on or t-bone collision.”         case analysis.                                greenhouse gases by 300 tonnes a year.”
abouts are safer is overwhelming,” he says.         Today, Canada has about 200 round-                 “For example, in Milford we’re saving         Nova Scotia has three roundabout lega-
   “It’s been proven time and again that         abouts. France has more than 20,000 and            millions of dollars of Nova Scotian tax-      cy projects in Armdale, Port Hastings and
roundabouts are safer for all road users,        Britain has 30,000. Boddy says all around          payers’ money because we don’t have to        Pictou as well as three new modern round-
including cyclists, pedestrians and drivers      the world roundabouts are being used as            install temporary infrastructure. We’re       abouts in Avonport, Sydney and Windsor
to varying degrees. All road infrastructure      traffic control measures and Canada is just        installing permanent infrastructure and       which were built over the last four years.
has its inherent risks, but roundabouts          coming online.                                     we’re removing what’s there now.”             Various roundabouts are also planned by
have less exposure to risk for all users.”          In Nova Scotia, six new roundabouts,               Costs for a roundabout can run from $1     municipalities in Debert, Bridgewater and
   Boddy says this is because there are less     three on Larry Uteck Boulevard and three           million to $1.5 million, but each job has a   Halifax.

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     Industrial Cold Milling
                          a division of Miller Group Inc.
                                                                                                             Serving Nova Scotia in Partnership
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                                               ✦ Rumble Strips                                        Bridges                                         • Stormwater Treatment
                                                                                                    • Box Culverts                                      Solutions
                                               ✦ Chip Seals
                                                                                                    • Corrugated Metal Pipe                           • Retaining Walls
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                                               ✦ Foamed Asphalt Stabilization                          Sales Office
                                                                                                       283 Main Street
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                                                                                                       Phone: (902) 843-3157
           Berry Mills, NB Tel: (506) 857-0112 Fax: (506) 867-0490                                     Fax: (902) 843-3187
           Dartmouth, NS Tel: (902) 468-1448 Fax: (902) 468-1921                             
E12         Saturday, July 17, 2010                                                                                                                                     The Chronicle Herald

                                                                                                                                                         Photos by Joseph Robichaud Photography
Surface treatments are very thin, typically less than 20 mm compared to conventional hot mix asphalt, which is machine intensive and is placed in layers of up to 75
mm. Surface treatments are something the industry intends to offer long-term to municipalities and government.

Affordable road
By Melanie Furlong                              whereby layers of stone are evenly distrib-
Special Features Writer                         uted or embedded in emulsion which is
                                                spread in advance on the road surface.

           s municipalities across the prov-       “The chip-sealing operation essentially
           ince look for ways to deal with      sprays the emulsion on the existing riding
           costly road improvements, Micro-     surface at a prescribed spread rate, then
           Surfacing and Chip Sealing are       applies a constant feed of12 mm clear
rising to the forefront of affordable op-       stone on top. You carefully spread the
tions. Gary Rudolph, director of Aggre-         stone on the emulsion and quickly end up
gates and Pavement Rehabilitation for           with a riding surface of consistent texture
Dexter Construction, says these options         and ride once it is rolled.”
have been around for a while, but are
getting more and more important as mu-             The entire operation is relatively quick
nicipalities look for ways to extend the life   and traffic is allowed to travel on the new
of existing roads and infrastructure.           surface within a short timeline.
                                                   Surface treatments are very thin, typical-
                                                                                                       A proud member of the Nova Scotia and
   “These surface treatments do a couple of
things,” says Rudolph.                          ly less than 20 mm compared to conven-                New Brunswick Road Builders Association
   “They provide a new riding surface over      tional hot mix asphalt, which is machine
the existing pavement, they improve safety      intensive and is placed in layers of up to 75
by filling in wheel ruts as well as improve     mm. Rudolph says surface treatments are

                                                                                                     SPECIALISTS IN COMMERCIAL,
overall appearance and skid resistance.         something the industry intends to offer
Surface treatments also extend the life-        long-term to municipalities and govern-
cycle of asphalt pavement from                  ment.
approximately15 to 20 years before a total
rebuild or a conventional asphalt overlay is
                                                   “They need to have affordable construc-
                                                tion techniques and materials which pro-          CONSTRUCTION, CONTRACT BONDING,
                                                                                                  MANUFACTURING, SEAFOOD INDUSTRY,
required.”                                      vide safer and longer lasting pavements.”
   With Micro-Surfacing, a very thin layer of      As governments become more and more
5 mm minus aggregate is blended on site         challenged with their capital programs and
with emulsion or specially-designed tar
and evenly spread on the road with special-
                                                the availability of capital money, says Ru-
                                                dolph, they’re going to be looking for in-
                                                                                                   FLEETS AND PERSONAL INSURANCE
ized equipment. Rudolph says it improves        novative ways to extend and spend the
the profile of the road, corrects surface       dollars they have, to do as much as they
imperfections and protects the underlying
                                                possibly can on city streets and provincial
pavement from oxidizing or becoming
brittle.                                        roads.
                                                   “The whole thing is to provide options to
                                                                                                3845 Joseph Howe Drive, Suite 300 Halifax, NS B3L 4H9
   “It’s a very thin layer of material,” says
Rudolph, “utilizing emulsion and fine ag-       the designers of pavements,” he says.             56 Baxter Street, Lower Coverdale, NB E1J 1B4
gregate versus conventional pavement               “As an industry, we’re constantly looking
designs using asphalt cement and a broad-       for ways to be innovative, to provide new           Ph: (902) 454-8641 Fax: (902) 455-2267
er range of aggregate sizes.”                   solutions and products .
   Chip-sealing also improves the ride on          Through sound engineering practices,
roads, protects the existing asphalt and        carefully-selected surface treatments are a
                                                great option for our infrastructure mainte-
addresses surface deficiencies. Chip seal-
ing operations use specialized machines         nance needs.”

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                                  Dartmouth, NS B3B 1Z6
                                  Telephone 902-468-3101 ~ Fax 902-468-3102

           Your Electrical and
       Infrastructure Specialists

                                                                                                 Proud Member of the Nova Scotia
                                                                                                    Road Builders Association
                                                                                                           Since 1974
                                                                                                      Halifax, Nova Scotia   tel   902.435.1291           fax   902.435.1243
The Chronicle Herald                                                                                                                            Saturday, July 17, 2010            E13

                                                                                                                                                                                       All photos by Joseph Robichaud Photography
New technology eliminates human error in determining finish grade and reduces the number of surveyor checks and regrading of surfaces that may have been required
under the conventional system.

Building safer roads
                                                                                                                                             created. “And basically the computer con-
                                                                                                                                             verts it to a language that the machine can
                                                                                                                                             read.” That information is transferred to
                                                                                                                                             the motor grader which has machine con-
                                                                                                                                             trol software. The software combined with
                                                                                                                                             the GPS receivers on the blades provides
                                                                                                                                             the grader operator the information as to
Global position systems being employed to make road bed                                                                                      where he is relative to the finish grade on
                                                                                                                                             his screen, Dunn says.
preparation prior to paving far more efficient                                                                                                  The technology eliminates human error
                                                                                                                                             in determining finish grade and reduces the
                                                                                                                                             number of surveyor checks and regrading
By Tom Peters                                   and 150,000 tonnes of gravels. The job        way construction. A new section of             of surfaces that may have been required
Special Features Writer                         employs about 50 of Weeks’ people and         twinned highway between Mount Uniacke          under the conventional system.
                                                about 50 people indirectly.                   and Windsor, which will also open this            “It saves time in getting material to the

         ova Scotia’s road builders are            The contract is scheduled for comple-      summer, will also incorporate these safety     desired grades. We go with the province’s
         building safer, more durable high-     tion August 31 when traffic will be permit-   features.                                      surveyor and check and confirm that the
         ways and are doing it more effi-       ted to use the new section.                      On the technology side, global position     grades are proper. It has been fairly seam-
         ciently with the aid of global posi-      Dunn says the additional safety features   systems are being employed to make road        less.”
tioning (GPS) technology, says Ron Dunn         being added to the project are rumble         bed preparation prior to paving far more          Weeks is not the first company in the
of S.W. Weeks Construction Ltd., of New         strips on the edges of the pavement which     efficient. In getting gravels graded to the    province with this technology but Dunn
Glasgow. The Weeks company is presently         will warn motorists when they are getting     required design surface, Dunn says Weeks       says it is becoming more commonplace.
working on an approximately $6.5 million        to close to the edge and guardrails with      Construction is using machine-control             With regard to highway durability, Dunn
provincial highway contract east of New         energy absorbing ends. “If you run into       technology that runs off a global posi-        says a major component in the life of as-
Glasgow, paving on a new 7.4 kilometre          them they absorb the energy of the vehicle    tioning system. “Our motor grader is           phalt is the ability to achieve specified
twinned section of highway. The work also       (impact) without causing extensive dam-       equipped with machine control and both         compaction. With more modern equipment
includes signs and guardrail installation.      age to the guardrail or the vehicle,” he      corners of the blade levelling the gravel      being used in building highways “we are
   Dunn, project manager and estimator for      says. These two features have been avail-     have GPS receivers.”                           better equipped to achieve those compac-
Weeks, says materials include approxi-          able in the province for the past few years      The province’s required design surface is   tion levels which gives the asphalt more
mately 37,000 tonnes of hot asphalt mix         but are becoming more common in high-         put into Weeks’ computer and a model           life,” he says.

      Proud Members
           of the
        Nova Scotia
  Road Builders Association

                                                                                                                     “Serving the Maritimes”

                                                                                                        • Asphalt Paving - Commercial/Residential
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E14          Saturday, July 17, 2010                                                                                                                                                               The Chronicle Herald

                                                                                                                                                                                                   Joseph Robichaud Photography
Hydroseeding: Workers drive alongside the road with a man at the cannon on top of a truck. The truck has a pump of its own that allows it to spray up to 120 feet away. An
even coat is put on the ground and the mulch used is designed to hold the seed in place until it germinates.

Landscaping our roadways
Hydroseeding is the mechanical means of
seeding the area along the shoulder used instead
of liming, fertilizing and sodding an area
By Melanie Furlong                                         gallons of water, fertilizer, mulch, lime and
Special Features Writer                                    seeds. Along Nova Scotian highways those
                                                           seeds are usually the Nova Scotia Highway

         nce the bulldozers, graders and                   mix which consists of seven or eight
         pavers have done their work on                    brands of seeds including clover, tall fes-
         Nova Scotia’s roads and highways,                 cue or Kentucky bluegrass.
         someone has to look after the                        “That’ll do approximately 5,000 square
shoulders.                                                 yards,” says McDonell.
   Elmsdale Landscaping Limited, a com-                       “We drive alongside the road with a man
mercial hydroseeding and mulching con-                     at the cannon on top of the truck. The
tractor, is often responsible for the impor-               truck has a pump of its own that allows us
tant job of seeding the overturned soil.                   to spray up to 120 feet away. We put a nice                                                                                             Joseph Robichaud Photography
   Collin Logan, corporate controller for                  even coat on the ground and the mulch we                    Landscaping work underway in Bedford.
Elmsdale Landscaping Ltd., says seeding                    use is designed to hold the seed in place
the soil not only makes the landscape more                 until it germinates.”                                       this case Dexter Construction, to do each                 hay to make it sticky so it doesn’t blow
attractive, it protects the highway from                      Once they spray the seed in place,                       area as they finish with it,” he says. “Ninety            away. It hangs on to the ground a lot bet-
wash-outs and the environment from ero-                    they’re finished the job. Grass appears                     per cent of the time, we’re on closed roads               ter.” The company has four Bowie hydro-
sion. Hydroseeding is the mechanical                       anywhere from three to four weeks later.                    that are safe for us to travel on.”                       seeders that they use on different projects
means of seeding the area along the shoul-                    McDonell says hydroseeding the shoul-                      Hydroseeding usually starts at the end of               in the Maritime provinces.
der used instead of liming, fertilizing and                ders of highway 104 between New Glas-                       May and they can seed up until the end of                    They have on-going projects at the Hali-
sodding an area.                                           gow and Truro was one of their biggest                      October.                                                  fax Stanfield International Airport, ditching
   Paul McDonell, hydroseeder superin-                     recent highway projects and took about                        “In the fall, we put hay over the hydro-                projects along new subdivisions and roads
tendent for Elmsdale Landscaping Ltd.,                     four months.                                                seed to keep it from eroding. We have hay                 across Nova Scotia, Ski Martock, and vari-
says their Bowie hydroseeders hold 3,000                      “We work closely with the contractor, in                 blowers that will mix a tackifier with the                ous others.

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                                                                                needed to install an individual                                Level 3 Approved barriers in Atlantic                Fax: (902) 883-1273
                                                                                                                                               Canada – AVAILABLE FOR SALE OR
                                                                                wastewater treatment system.                                   RENTAL.
E6          Saturday, July 17, 2010                                                                                                                                           The Chronicle Herald

              “The excavation of materials and
             placement of fill is the most costly

                                                                                                                                                                                                          Bonnie Bobryk Photography
               and time consuming process in
                     road constructions”
                                   Ron Dunn
                          S. W. Weeks Construction Ltd

Road building step-by-step process
Nova Scotia’s
unique geography,
geology present
many challenges
for construction
By Ken Cashin
Special Features Writer

          s members of the motoring public,
          most people are quite familiar with
          Nova Scotia’s highways and by-
          ways. We use them every day for
practically everything we do.
   What many people may not know, how-

ever, is how roads are built. Although it
may look simple, road building is a com-
plex, time consuming process. It requires
many kinds of engineering expertise during
the design and construction and usually
involves the cooperation of various trades      the desired grade,” explains Ron Dunn of             “The excavation of materials and place-                mental regulations. If blasting is required,
people.                                         S. W. Weeks Construction Ltd. “And, the           ment of fill is the most costly and time                  permits must be obtained.
   During the design another challenge is to    placement and compaction of materials or          consuming process in road construction,”                     In addition to the challenges of tight
obtain the necessary permits from various       fill is required when land is lower than the      he says.                                                  deadlines, other challenges involve Mother
government agencies, which is also time         desired grade. Fill consists of either the           “There are some public misconceptions                  Nature. Nova Scotia has many lakes, rivers,
consuming and exacting. And, Nova Sco-          previously- excavated materials, or new           about the road construction process. Peo-                 and streams, and other sensitive areas

tia’s unique geography and geology also         material brought in.                              ple sometimes think road building takes                   which road builders must take great care
present many challenges for construction.           “All disturbed material — either the fill     much longer than it should to complete.                   to leave undisturbed. The province has in
Road builders must take great care not to       or the native material left behind after          This may be due in large part to the slow                 place many strict environmental regu-
disturb the province’s many bodies of           excavation — must be compacted. Basical-          phases of construction that occur early on                lations that contractors must adhere to.
water and other sensitive environmental         ly, what this means is that the land that the     in the process, like clearing and excava-
areas.                                          road will be built on must be strong              tion. Many times people also question why                 New Technology
                                                enough to support the road and its traffic        traffic needs to be re-directed when no
Steps in the road building process              without settling or shifting. After the road                                                                  Dunn says one of the newest devel-
                                                                                                  actual construction is being done at that                 opments in road building is the use of
   There are many steps required in the         has been sufficiently compacted, a gran-          particular moment. There are often many
construction of a road and each step is         ular subbase is placed to add additional                                                                    Global Positioning System (GPS) tech-
                                                                                                  reasons for this, including the safety of the             nology. It allows road builders to model
completed according to the design that          strength to the road’s structure.”                workers.”
meets the needs of the planned route. The           The last step is laying the finish material                                                             existing conditions and the finished prod-
first step is the clearing and grubbing of      of the road’s surface, which is what the                                                                    uct on computer, which provides greater
the area where the road will be built. This     traffic will ultimately drive on. This layer      Permits and Environmental Protection                      precision and control.
entails removing all trees, shrubs, roots       usually consists of asphalt; however de-             All land that the road will pass through                 “With GPS we can take information
and other organic material.                     pending on the needs of the road, it may be       must be owned or purchased by the devel-                  about multiple surfaces and input that into
   After this process is complete, the land     made of concrete or a combination of the          oper. If any excavation is required there                 the excavators and other road building
must be levelled to meet the design grade       two products.                                     must be verification of the utilities which               machines. This allows us to be less reliant
for each section of road.                           Dunn says the most difficult road build-      may be found in that area. If the road pas-               on surveying stakes, as the machines know
   “Removal of excess material or excava-       ing process is probably excavation and            ses over or near any body of water, precau-               exactly where they are in relation to the
tion is needed when the land is higher than     placement of fill.                                tions must be taken to satisfy environ-                   desired design grade and finished surface.”

   By the numbers
                                                                                                  $780,000 to local trucking contractors;                  structure. Tourists cannot travel to attrac-
                                                                                                  Nova Scotian sub-contractors would get                   tions, goods can’t be moved, and busi-
                                                                                                  $150,000; rental equipment like trucks                   nesses can’t be developed.”
                                                                                                  and dozers would be $400,000; room and                      Feltmate says Canada, and Nova Scotia
                                                                                                  board for employees, $160,000; fuel costs                in particular, has a huge infrastructure
   By Melanie Furlong                            creates. That includes an estimated 5,000        would be $1,480,000; royalties to local                  deficit.
   Special Features Writer                       direct and 2,500 indirect jobs with a pay-       landowners for aggregate, $160,000; and,                    “Insufficient spending has been com-
                                                 roll estimated at $375 million. Feltmate         construction material purchases of pipe,                 mitted to this vital area for several years.
     Road building has a widespread impact       says the average wage and benefits are           concrete, hay and Geotextiles, would add                 The recent infrastructure stimulus spend-
   on Nova Scotia’s economy, says Grant          high.                                            up to $630,000.”                                         ing, to help move our economy out of the
   Feltmate, president of the Nova Scotia          Spin-offs from the economic impact               When road building construction of                     recession, has been a help, but it is no
   Road Builders Association.                    are less obvious.                                bridges, marine and sewer water mains,                   where near sufficient relative to the
     “Some effects of the industry are more        For example,” he says, “if you had a           or roads is complete, citizens are left with             needs that have been accumulated over
   obvious than others,” he says.                typical $8 million grading contract, $1.7        extremely valuable assets.                               many years. It is crucial that all levels of
     Most visible are the thousands of well-     million of that would go out in wages,             “An economy cannot be developed                        government increase their spending
   paying jobs the road building industry        which equals 80,000 man-hours of labour;         without proper road building infra-                      directed at infrastructure.”

                                                                                                                                             Engineering and Environmental
                                                                                                                                             Design and Consul ng Services
                                                                                                                                                               tel: (902) 421-7241 • fax: (902) 423-3938
                                                                                                                                                                email: • web:

The Chronicle Herald                                                                                                                    Saturday, July 17, 2010           E7

Today’s machines ‘light years’ ahead
of past road building equipment
John Deere 764
High Speed Dozer
billed as ‘the
world’s first high
speed dozer’
By Ken Cashin
Special Features Writer

         oad building is perhaps one of
         man’s earliest forms of construc-
         tion. Paths leading to water and
         food sources have been traced
back as far as 4,000 B.C. in the form of
paved stones and later as logs and bricks.
   From the time of the first earth-moving
machines of the modern era, like the Otis
Shovel of the 19th century, and long before
that with the use of horse-drawn plows,
the road building process has involved
planning, clearing, levelling, laying materi-
als, and maintenance.
   While the theory of road building hasn’t
changed much, the machinery to do it with
certainly has.
   “The machines of today are light years
ahead of where they were even a few dec-
ades ago,” says Yuri Power of Wallace
Equipment Ltd. “The construction indus-
try’s earth-moving requirements have great-
ly evolved. We’re seeing an increased de-
mand for faster and more productive
   Power says newly-designed ADTs, craw-
ler dozers, excavators and various other
road building machines are more powerful,
efficient, and versatile than ever. The new-
er equipment, he points out, can save time
and money and help to build better roads.
   One of the most state-of-the-art new
machines is the John Deere 764 High
Speed Dozer. Billed as “the world’s first
high speed dozer,” the 764 HSD offers
outstanding productivity and comfort
while increasing uptime and reducing daily
operating costs.
   The 764 HSD finishes grades and dozes                                                                                                                            Contributed
up to twice as fast as a traditional crawler.
Its articulated-frame steering and four-         The 764 HSD finishes grades and dozes up to twice as fast as a traditional crawler. Its articulated-frame steering and four-
track oscillating undercarriage make the         track oscillating undercarriage make the 764 HSD highly manoeuvrable, reducing the need to transport it on trailer for short
764 HSD highly manoeuvrable, reducing            distances.
the need to transport it on trailer for short
   Another key feature is its long-life rub-     isolates the operator from powertrain
ber tracks, which enable it to traverse hard     noise and vibration — at just 72 dBa, it’s
surfaces like concrete without damage.           refreshingly quiet.
                                                    “The 764 HSD’s wide-open ground-level
   Described as a one-of-a-kind machine,
the 764 HSD can finish grade within 2⁄10th of    access to dipsticks, see-through fluid reser-        With over 40 years of experience and
                                                 voirs, and sight gauges make quick work of
25mm and grade at 8MPH with TopCon 3D
MC2. It boasts a top speed of 16 MPH,            the daily routine,” says Braswell. “Coolers          a large number of people, Municipal
allowing quicker access to the next task.        are housed in a unique box configuration
   The 764 HSD is standard equipped with         that’s isolated from engine heat, for in-
                                                 creased efficiency, durability, and easier
                                                                                                      Group is the largest civil contractor
medium-duty Category 4 drawbar and
flow-adjustable rear hydraulics, making it a     core clean-out.”
                                                    He says the high speed dozer performs
                                                                                                      in Atlantic Canada. We maintain our
highly versatile taskmaster that works well
with a wide variety of pull-type attach-
ments such as land levellers, disks, and
                                                 in many different applications and envi-
                                                 ronments.                                            leadership position through our belief
compaction wheels.
   “The benefits of the 764 HSD are com-
                                                    “The 764 HSD is being used throughout
                                                 North America — from Ft. McMurray,                   it’s not just about moving the most earth
                                                                                                      or building the longest bridge. It’s about
pletely over the top,” says Doug Braswell,       Alberta to New Mexico,” he says. “They’re
product consultant with John Deere.              increasing productivity and saving money
                                                 for our customers.”
“There’s nothing like it.”
   Highly fuel-efficient, its Tier 3-certified                                                        building trust. Delivering quality work.
John Deere PowerTech™ 6.8-L engine
provides power without compromise in all            “The construction                                 Meeting commitments. And having the
conditions, delivering up to 210 hp at a low
1,800 rpm.                                              industry’s                                    resources to be the best in our business.
   In addition to its performance, the 764
HSD offers greater comfort for the oper-               earth-moving
ator, improved operator and bystander
safety, and easier maintenance.                    requirements have
   “Its wide expanse of front glass, large
side and rear windows, and narrow, low-              greatly evolved.”
profile forward console allow virtually
unrestricted all-around visibility,” says                 Yuri Power
   The Cab-forward design, he points out,           Wallace Equipment Ltd.

                                                                                                        Dexter Construction
                                                                                                         Company Limited
                           (902) 895-1611
                                                                                                     is proud to be a member
      66 Atlantic Central Drive, PO Box 340, Truro N.S. B2N 5C5                                          and a supporter of
                                                                                                       The Nova Scotia Road
                                       MUNICIPAL READY-MIX LTD.                                         Builders Association
                                        P.O. BOX 237, SYDNEY N.S.

                                                                                                 Dexter Construction Company Limited
       Concrete – Asphalt – Gravel – Excavation
                                                                                                      PO Box 48100, Bedford, Nova Scotia, Canada B4A 3Z2
           Phone 564-4541 Fax 562-6057                                                           Tel: 902-835-3381 Fax: 902-835-7300
                                                                                                                    Dexter Construction Company Limited
    Visit Our Web Site at:                                                                        A Member of the Municipal Group of Companies.
E8           Saturday, July 17, 2010                                                                                                                                    The Chronicle Herald

More than just motor vehicles
Due to growing
demand, more and
more tenders these
days are calling for
the provision of
bicycle lanes
By Ken Cashin
Special Features writer

             hen you hear the term road
             building in Nova Scotia, the
             first thing you think about is
             usually cars and trucks, the
main types of vehicles that utilize our
roads. However, the highways, byways and
streets in Nova Scotia are traveled by more
than just motor vehicles. Due to growing
demand, more and more tenders these
days are calling for the provision of bicycle
lanes. While the number of existing on-
street bikeways may be few at present, the
prospects for future development are en-
   While the province is still in the early
days of policy planning, HRM approved an
Active Transportation Plan in 2006 that
lays out an extensive network of connec-
tions including bike lanes.
   HRM’s David McCusker, manager, Re-
gional Transportation, says whenever the
municipality undertakes major street work
on a road identified as part of the bike
route network, it strives to include bike
lanes in the street design.
   In some cases, he says, it’s simply not
possible to add bike lanes, in which case
other options are taken, such as widening
curb lanes, signing a route, or other mea-
sures to improve biking.
   “There’s a consensus of opinion by
health care professionals, urban planners
and other professions that regions like
HRM need an action plan to accommodate
a more active lifestyle by a larger segment
of the population in an environmentally-
and financially-sustainable manner,” says
McCusker. “Developing an Active Trans-
portation Plan is one of the building blocks
being undertaken by HRM to meet these
needs,” he says.
   The purpose of the Active Transporta-
tion Plan is to build upon the existing
system of on and off road pedestrian, trail
and cycling facilities, link them together in
an integrated network that also supports
transit use, and design existing programs
to promote, educate and encourage more
people of all ages to choose active trans-
portation modes more often.
   “We’re striving to develop a region-wide,
visible and connected network of on- and
off-road facilities that are convenient,
accommodate the needs of existing and
future users, and promote an increase in
non-motor vehicle travel, particularly for
short distances,” he says.
   “This network will be supported by                                                                                                                                       Bonnie Bobryk Photography
various programs, policies, and strategies
that will help and encourage active trans-        While the number of existing on-street bikeways may be few at present, the prospects for future development are encour-
portation year round and improve quality          aging. The Halifax Regional Municipality approved an Active Transportation Plan in 2006 that lays out an extensive network
of life for both residents and visitors to the    of connections including bike lanes.
region. It will help position HRM as one of
the most desirable municipalities in which        challenging,” says McCusker.                       “We’ve adopted a 25-year plan that will        a recent study), the city is adding many
to live, work and visit in North America.”           “In very few cases, it’s possible to widen   see an extensive network of bike routes           off-road trails that accommodate biking for
                                                  the street just enough to add bike lanes,       develop. Rather than building that network        transportation and not just recreation. The
The challenges                                    such as the case with Main Street in Dart-      route by route, we find it much more eco-         Chain of Lakes Trail being built this year is
   The Active Transportation Plan aims to         mouth where widening of the existing            nomically efficient to build it opportunis-       a good example.
have all new collector and arterial streets       street was done. In some cases the existing     tically, which means we will build sections          The key issues for drivers and cyclists,
constructed in HRM include a bike lane.           street width is not fully utilized and a bike   of a route at the same time as a street           says McCusker, will be mutual respect for
For new streets, the challenge will be            lane can be added without interfering with      rehabilitation project or an adjacent devel-
primarily the additional cost for the extra                                                                                                         and awareness of one another, as well as
                                                  existing uses, as was the case with adding      opment project.“
street width to accommodate the bike lane.        bike lanes to South Park Street.                   In the short term, he says, the bike net-      knowledge of the rules of the road.
This will be particularly noticeable on              In most cases, however, bike lanes can       work may look disjointed, but, overtime,             “A key safety message for cyclists is to
overpasses and underpasses where extra            only be added if an existing traffic lane or    the pieces will begin to connect and a            become a part of the traffic flow and stay
width can be very expensive.                      parking lane is reallocated for bikes.”         network will result.                              there,” says McCusker, who is a cyclist
   Redesigning an existing street can be             While the Active Transportation Plan            HRM currently has 70 km of bike lanes.         himself.
equally difficult. “No two streets are the        looks promising and is perhaps long over-       While it has less on-street bike lane kms            “Switching from street to sidewalk and
same, but adding a bike lane to an existing       due, McCusker points out that change will       per road way lane kms than several other          back again just to get around traffic is not
street in an urban area is normally very          not come overnight.                             Canadian cities (it ranked 18th out of 23 in      safe and not respectful.”

                                                 Proud member of the Nova Scotia                                                     WILL-KARE PAVING
                                                                                                                                     & CONTRACTING LTD.
                                                    Road Builders Association
                                                          113 Elmsdale Road,
                                                                                                                                                 Serving Central Nova Scotia, Canada Since 1974
                                                         Elmsdale, NS B2S 1K7
                                                         Phone: (902) 883-2291                                      Your Paving Specialists serving
                                                   Toll Free: (800) 219-SODS (7637)
                                                          Fax: (902) 883-2761                                        Truro and surrounding areas.
           • Hydroseeding
           • Hay mulching
                                                   Ensuring construction work proceeds in an                                  TRURO, NS
                                                   environmentally friendly manner throughout                            Phone: (902) 897-7283
           • Sediment Control
           • Land Revegitation                                 Eastern Canada.


  97 Troop Ave                                                 Phone: (902) 468-6486
  Dartmouth, NS B3B 2A7                                           Fax: (902) 468-4919                        
The Chronicle Herald                                                                                                                                            Saturday, July 17, 2010                      E9

Road building machines getting cleaner
By Melanie Furlong
Special Features Writer

         he latest technology and
         emission controls are
         making road building
         machines so clean that air
going into the engines will soon
be dirtier than the exhaust.
   Gordon Munro, product sup-
port manager for Wallace Equip-
ment, the John Deere Construc-
tion and Forestry dealer for the
Maritimes, says there have been
huge changes to emission con-
trols of diesel engines and how
much nitrogen oxide and partic-
ulate matter, or soot, they put out.
   “All the technology is changing
for every machine that’s going to
be sold in North America within
the next five years,” says Munro.
“John Deere is a market leader in
Off-Highway Emissions Solutions,
and our company is investing

heavily in training and tooling to
support the new engines being
   Environmental regulatory
agencies like the U.S. Environ-
mental Protection Agency (EPA)         loaders, came later, the pace of        from five to 15 per cent more.
and Environment Canada (EC)
focus on four types of engine
emissions: carbon monoxide,
                                       cleanup and rate of improvement
                                       have been more aggressive for
                                       non-road equipment than for
                                                                               That’s quite expensive to get this
                                                                               new technology. However, we
                                                                               have to do it to meet the new
                                                                                                                           NOVA SCOTIA ROAD
hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides,
and particulate matter. As more
focus is placed on health and
                                       on-road engines.
                                          “I think we’ve all been behind
                                       trucks that are blowing out huge
                                                                                  Munro says these machines
                                                                               will be costlier and require more
                                                                                                                         BUILDERS ASSOCIATION
environmental issues, govern-          amounts of black smoke,” says           maintenance, but that one engine                           Membership List 2010
mental agencies throughout the         Munro. “That’s going to be a thing      from 1995 puts out more pollu-
                                                                                                                        3091592 Nova Scotia Limited                     Leica Geosystems Ltd.
world are enacting more stringent      of the past. In four to five years,     tion than 20 engines will in 2015.       A. C. L. Construction Limited                   Liebherr Canada
laws to reduce these emissions.        you’re not going to see that any-          “After 2015, the standards will       Aberdeen Paving Limited                         Lockhart Truck Center
   Because so many diesel en-          more.”                                  change again and the amount of           Aggregate Equipment (Atlantic) Ltd.             Mac Williams Engineering Limited
gines are used in trucks, the EPA         The improved engines will have       fuel used will be reduced,” he           Alfred J. Bell & Grant Limited                  Maccaferri Canada Ltd.
and its counterparts in Canada,        exhaust filters that go through         says. “Automobiles have done the         Allnorth Consultants Ltd                        Mackays Truck & Trailer Ltd.
Europe and Japan first focused         cleaning cycles every 1,000 hours.      same thing so we don’t get smog          Allstar Rebar (Nova Scotia) Ltd.                Maritime Fence Ltd.
                                                                                                                        Allterrain Contracting Inc.                     Maritime Testing (1985) Ltd.
on setting emissions regulations       Those filters will have to be re-       and dirt in the atmosphere and           ALPA Equipment Company Ltd.                     Martin Marietta Materials Canada Ltd.
for the on-road market. While the      moved and replaced every 4,000          this technology will change our          Alva Construction Limited                       McAsphalt Industries Ltd.
worldwide regulation of non-road       to 6,000 hours.                         lives. It will improve the air we        AMEC Earth & Environmental Ltd.                 McLennan Sales Division of EMCO Ltd.
diesel equipment, such as bull-           “The cost of the machinery is        breathe for our children and             Archibald Drilling & Blasting (1986) Limited    McNally Construction Inc.
dozers, excavators, backhoes and       probably going to be anywhere           children’s children.”                    Atlantic Road Construction & Paving Ltd         Miller Tire Services
                                                                                                                        ARMTEC Limited                                  Modern Enterprises Ltd.
                                                                                                                        Arrow Construction Products Ltd.                Municipal Ready-Mix Ltd.

Good corporate citizens
                                                                                                                        Atlantic Explosives Ltd.                        Norquip Supply Ltd
                                                                                                                        Atlantic Industries Limited                     Northeast Equipment Ltd
                                                                                                                        Atlantic Tractors & Equipment Ltd.              Northern Contracting Limited
                                                                                                                        Axis Mobility Limited                           Nova Construction Company Ltd.
                                                                                                                        B. Spicer Construction Ltd.                     Nova Enterprises Limited
                                                                                                                        Barrett Enterprises Limited                     Nova International Ltd.
By Tom Peters                                                                                                           Basin Contracting Limited                       Ocean Contractors Ltd.
Special Features Writer                                                                                                 Bird-Stairs                                     Ocean Paving Limited
                                                                                                                        Black & McDonald Ltd.                           On-Grade Inc. Survey
   Protecting the province’s envi-                                                                                      Bluewave Energy                                     & Machine Control Systems
ronment is an ongoing concern                                                                                           Bourque Security Services NS                    Ormac Industrial Supply Inc.
and priority for the Nova Scotia                                                                                        Brenntag Canada Inc.                            OSCO Concrete
                                                                                                                        Britney Conveyor Ltd.                           P. Clarke & Co. Inc.
Road Builders Association.                                                                                              Canadian Salt Company Ltd.                      Parts for Trucks
   The industry works with gov-                                                                                         Capital Cad Supplies Ltd.                       R. S. T. Industries Ltd.
ernment and other industry stake-                                                                                       Casey Concrete Ltd.                             Reinforced Earth Company Ltd.
holders, following policies and                                                                                         Castonguay                                      Reliant Traffic Control
procedures to ensure the safety                                                                                         CBCL Limited                                    Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers (Canada) Ltd.
of natural habitat and other as-                                                                                        Chapman Bros. Construction Ltd.                 Roadtec Inc.
                                                                                                                        Classic Freight Systems Ltd.                    Rockico Truck & Trailer Sales Ltd.
pects of the environment , says                                                                                         Conestoga-Rovers & Associates Ltd.              Roto-Mill Inc.
Andrew Lake of Truro, an associ-                                                                                        Conrad Bros. Limited                            S. W. Weeks Construction Ltd.
ation director.                                                                                                         Consbec Inc.                                    Sackville Trenching Ltd.
   Lake, project manager at Will-                                                                                       Costin Paving & Contracting Limited             Safety First - SFC Ltd
Kare Paving and Contracting Ltd.                                                                                        Craig Manufacturing Limited                     Sancton Equipment Inc.
and responsible for environ-                                                                                            Creighton Rock Drill Ltd.                       Seaboard/Harmac Transportation Group
                                                                                                                        Cubex Limited                                   Shaw Group Limited
mental issues for the association,                                                                     Contributed      Cumberland Paving & Contracting Ltd.            SMS Equipment Inc.
says there is less tolerance from a    The road-building industry works with government and other indus-                D. W. Matheson & Sons Contracting Ltd.          Sojourn Signs
very knowledgeable public on           try stakeholders following policies and procedures to ensure the                 Dexter Construction Company Ltd                 Soleno Inc.
matters relating to the environ-                                                                                        Downeast Communications                         Source Atlantic
                                       safety of natural habitat and other aspects of the environment.                  Dyno Nobel Limited                              South Shore Ready-Mix
ment and therefore the industry
                                                                                                                        Earthmover Atlantic Ltd.                        Stanhope Simpson Insurance Ltd.
must be more vigilant.                                                                                                  East Coast International Trucks Inc.            Stantec Consulting Ltd.
   “You try to be good corporate       development only if there was a         the environment.                         Eastern Fence Erectors                          Steele Ford Lincoln
citizens and put infrastructure in     compensation package in place,             Lake says the Departments of          Elmsdale Landscaping Limited                    Strescon Ltd.
place to try and manage the envi-      Nunn says.                              Environment and Transportation,          England Paving & Contracting Ltd.               Strictly Sales & Service Inc.
ronment,” he says.                        “If given permission to alter a      through Dalhousie University             Fairley and Stevens Ford Lincoln                Strongco Equipment Limited
   One major concern of the in-        wetland then they (industry)            Center for Water Resources Stud-         Fraser & Hoyt Insurance Ltd.                    The Cat Rental Store/Hewitt Rentals
                                                                                                                        Gary Parker Excavating Ltd.                     Trans East Trailers Ltd.
dustry, for example, is the protec-    would have to compensate by             ies, puts on sedimentation and           Gateway Materials Ltd.                          Trout River Industries
tion of wetlands which are often       creating new wetland elsewhere          erosion control classes annually         GE Canada Equipment Financing GP                Turf Masters Landscaping Ltd.
home to birds and other wildlife       or adding land to a wetland some-       to educate people in the field on        GEMTEC Limited                                  United Rentals of Canada Inc.
plus act in some cases, as natural     where. It might even be a draft         proper techniques to controls            GEOCON Atlantic Ltd.                            Universal Truck & Trailer
filtration systems.                    proposal for financial compensa-        these two things. Further, the           Gerald Battist Trucking Ltd.                    Urquhart-MacDonald & Associates
   The province has put forth a        tion to a wetland development           department has a water course            Gillis Truckways Inc. (Trailer Sales)           V. J. Rice Concrete Ltd.
                                                                                                                        Grant Thornton                                  Wade Atlantic
proposal to create a new wet-          group.” The government spokes-          alteration program which certi-          Graymont Eastern Canada                         WAJAX Industries Limited
lands policy and the road builders     man says the proposed policy is         fies contractors on the proper           Heritage Gas Limited                            Wallace Equipment Ltd.
have been tracking that process.       presently in the draft stage and        methods of installing culverts or        Hertz Equipment Rental                          Weightronic Canada Inc.
   “The government’s commit-           road builders and contractors           small structures on stream cross-        Higgins Construction                            Wilcraft Concrete Services
ment was to create a new wet-          have been involved in the consul-       ings.                                    Holcim (Canada) Inc.                            Will-Kare Paving & Contracting Ltd.
                                                                                                                        Howard E. Little Excavating Limited             Wilson Equipment Ltd.
lands policy and it is based on the    tation process.                            Lake says it all goes back to         HSBC Bank of Canada                             Wolseley Engineered Pipe Group
concept of no net loss of wet-            Lake says industry “always get       awareness of wetlands and the            Imperial Oil Ltd.                               Wolseley Waterworks
lands,” said Bruce Nunn, spokes-       painted with the brush of the           environment in general whether           Industrial Cold Milling
man for the provincial depart-         worst guy in the industry so there      association members are doing            Inspec-Sol Inc.
ment of environment. It is a com-      is a lot of pressure on companies       work on highway projects or              Irving Oil Commercial GP
plex problem to develop a policy       to keep up with the changes and         private contracts.                       J. R. Eisener Contracting Ltd.
                                                                                                                        K & M Inspection Consultants Ltd.
whereby certain ecologically           challenges” they face on a daily           “The rules apply to everybody         K&D Pratt Group Inc.
sensitive wetlands would be off        basis. In that light, the association   so you have to be aware so you           L. S. W. Wear Parts Limited
limits to any change while other       is proactive in distributing in-        don’t get yourself into any diffi-       Lafarge Canada Inc.
wetlands could be affected by          formation to members related to         culty,” he says.

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E2           Saturday, July 17, 2010                                                                                                                                The Chronicle Herald

                                                                                                                                                               Photos by Bonnie Bobryk Photography
At any given time through peak construction months on Nova Scotia’s highways there are hundreds of workers involved in the building or upgrading of the province’s
highway infrastructure. In 2008 the provincial government introduced a law that called for double speed fines in a temporary work zone.

Slow down through construction zones
Workers’ safety and that of motoring public is paramount                                                                                           pass certified government courses in order
                                                                                                                                                   to work in those jobs.
                                                                                                                                                      The requirements for these position are
                                                                                                                                                   stringent, says Davis. They are adminis-
By Tom Peters                                         “Being aware of and reducing your            Work’ signs and the ‘Construction Ends’         tered by the provincial department and are
Special Features Writer                            speed in a construction zone will increase      signs. Between these signs a fine equiv-
                                                                                                                                                   standard requirements across the province.
                                                   reaction time and create a safer environ-       alent to double the regular applicable
                                                                                                                                                      Davis says overall impact of the stronger

         t any given time through peak             ment for workers and motorists. It could        penalties could be given.
         construction months on Nova               also be the difference between a near miss         A new sign, ‘Speed Fines Double in Work      direction toward worker safety has been a
         Scotia’s highways there are hun-          and a fatality,” he says.                       Areas’ was created to warn motorists in         major benefit.
         dreds of workers involved in the             In recent years both government and          advance of the work area of the doubled            There is a greater willingness on the part
building or upgrading of the province’s            industry have worked co-operatively to          fines, Davis says.                              of the department to entertain speed zone
highway infrastructure.                            increase safety for all.                           “These laws were passed to help protect      reduction and there is a noticeable differ-
   Their safety and that of the motoring              “In Nova Scotia the construction indus-      the safety of the workers and the motoring      ence in enforcement of these new regu-
public is paramount.                               try is highly regulated and boasts some of      public. Also, speed limits are often reduced    lations by police agencies, he adds.
   “Conditions in a construction zone can          the country’s most stringent regulations        on Nova Scotia’s busiest and fastest high-         In 2007 the Department of Transporta-
change in an instant. Work zones are con-          and programs for safety and traffic con-        ways to further increase the level of safety
                                                                                                                                                   tion released a new traffic manual and
gested and distracting and a driver’s atten-       trol,” says Davis.                              in the work area,” he adds.
tion, speed and reaction time are key fac-            In 2008 the provincial government in-           In addition to the speed fine changes,       Davis says there is co-operation between
tors in safely manoeuvring a work site,”           troduced a law that called for double speed     the Department of Transportation and            the province and industry to ensure this
says Aaron Davis, general manager of               fines in a temporary work zone. The tem-        Infrastructure Renewal stipulates that          manual meets the needs and requirements
Eastern Traffic Services, a division of Mu-        porary work area is designated as the           workers carrying out jobs in the aspect of      of those affected by it and changes to the
nicipal Contracting, Bedford.                      portion of roadway between the ‘Road            traffic safety control must undergo and         manual are made when warranted.

                                                                                                      John Flemming, centre, president of Ocean Contractors Ltd. of Halifax, was
                                                                                                      presented with the Canadian Construction Association’s Roadbuilders
                                                                                                      Award of Recognition for outstanding service and contribution to the road
                                                                                                      building and heavy construction sector.

                                                                                                      Flemming CAA winner
                                                                                                      By Tom Peters                                senior estimator and project manager.
                                                                                                      Special Features Writer                      In 2008, he assumed the presidency of
                                                                                                                                                   Ocean Contractors while retaining
                                                                                                         Receiving the Canadian Construction       responsibility for the estimating and
                                                                                                      Association’s Roadbuilders Award of          project management divisions.
                                                                                                      Recognition is not only a “great person-        Within the industry, he has also been
                                                                                     Contributed      al achievement,” it is also recognition of   a leader and extremely active member
                                                                                                      the company, says John Flemming,             of the road building community at both
F-shape barriers have three primary uses on provincial highways, including provid-                    president of Ocean Contractors Ltd. of       the national and local levels. In 2004, he
ing workplace protection by preventing errant vehicle entry into the worksite.                        Halifax. Flemming was presented with         became president of the Nova Scotia
                                                                                                      the award in March. It is given for out-     Road Builders Association; in 2005 he

Setting the new standard for                                                                          standing service and contribution to the
                                                                                                      road building and heavy construction
                                                                                                      sector. Those nominated are judged on
                                                                                                      their contribution to business, support
                                                                                                                                                   joined the board of directors of the
                                                                                                                                                   Canadian Construction Association and
                                                                                                                                                   is the current chair of the association’s
                                                                                                                                                   finance committee. In 2006, he joined
NSTIR workplace control                                                                               of association activities and local com-
                                                                                                      munity involvement.
                                                                                                         Flemming says the award also high-
                                                                                                                                                   the board of directors of the Construc-
                                                                                                                                                   tion Association of Nova Scotia and
                                                                                                                                                   became a member of its executive com-
                                                                                                      lights the fact, “we are running a suc-      mittee in 2009. He is also a past director
Contributed                                        between them, and must be securely fas-
                                                                                                      cessful outfit here and success breeds       of the Urban Design Institute of Nova
                                                   tened together in accordance with the
                                                   NCHRP 350 Test level 3 design provisions.          success, so it means quite a bit.”           Scotia.
   A safety barrier may seem like a pretty
                                                      F-shape barriers are new to Nova Scotia.           Flemming has a Civil Engineering             Flemming’s enthusiasm, knowledge
simple thing. That is until it’s all that stands
                                                   They didn’t exist anywhere within the              degree from Dalhousie University and         and willingness to give back to his com-
between you and a vehicle travelling at 80
                                                   province before 2009. This “F-shape” is a          after graduation in 1992, moved to the       munity have made him a favourite with
kilometres per hour. In 2009 the Minister of
                                                   new generation of the safety shape that is         Pacific coast to work as an estimator        volunteer organizations.
Transportation and Infrastructure Renewal
                                                   intended to further limit vehicle damage           for two prominent construction firms:           He currently serves on the board of
‘published’ the minimum standards for
                                                   upon impact. The lower sloped face redi-           JJM Construction and Concord Pacific.        the Holiday on the Harbour Charity Ball
traffic control at temporary workplaces on
                                                   rects vehicles under low-impact condi-                He returned to Nova Scotia in 1998        and the Nova Scotia Construction Curl-
or near the roads within the province.
                                                   tions. During moderate to severe impacts,          and joined the family business as its        ing Association.
   At that time it was determined that the
acceptable standard for portable anti-             some energy is dissipated when the vehicle
intrusion barriers in Nova Scotia would be         is lifted off the pavement.
the Portland Cement Concrete F-shape                  The F-Shape reduces this lift, which
barrier meeting NCHRP 350 Test Level 3             promotes better vehicle stability while
standards (crash test certified). These            maintaining vehicle redirection. In crash
pre-approved F-shape barriers must be              tests, the F-Shape has proven to be more
constructed and installed copying a design         successful in preventing rollover of smaller
certified as meeting NCHRP 350 Test level          vehicles. The F-Shape has been found to be
3, or be tested to that standard.                  more effective overall than the Jersey
   F-shape barriers have three primary uses        Shape barrier. The barriers main purpose is                                                                  • Twice the speed
on our provincial highways, including              to contain and redirect the vehicle, and not
providing workplace protection by pre-             allow the vehicle to under-ride, nor over-                                                                   • Twice the accuracy
venting errant vehicle entry into the work-        ride (flip) the barrier installation.
site; to provide protection to errant drivers         These concrete F-shape barriers will                                 Automated High Speed Dozer System
by redirecting them from a hazard; as well         protect construction workers by creating a
as for separating two-way traffic. A proper                                                          Find out more about it. (902) 252-3390 See for yourself
barrier installation mustn’t have any gaps         See STANDARD / E5
The Chronicle Herald                                                                                                                             Saturday, July 17, 2010             E3

On the job
The industry can
expect it will need to
replace one in five of
its current workforce
within five years
By Melanie Furlong
Special Features Writer

         he labour outlook for the road
         building industry in Nova Scotia is
         both promising and challenging,
         says Grant Feltmate, executive
president of the Nova Scotia Road Builders
Association. Due to the demographics
associated with this industry there will be
a significant number of quality job opportu-
nities available soon,” says Feltmate.
   “The challenge exists with the same
outlook that faces many Nova Scotian
industries going forward. There is project-
ed to be a substantial shortage of available
labour relative to positions available.”
   A recent study completed in cooperation
between the provincial Department of
Labour and Workforce Development and

                                                                                                                                                                                         Bonnie Bobryk Photography
the Nova Scotia Road Builders Association,
entitled ‘Understanding the Workforce
Development Needs of Nova Scotia’s Road
Building Industry,’ produced a detailed
examination of the challenges ahead.
   “We found that given the retirement
outlook and the current rate of industry
leavers, the industry can expect it will need
to replace one in five of its current work-
force within five years,” says Feltmate.
   One of the objectives of the industry, in
successfully competing for the available
labour pool in the future, is to get the
message out that working in the road-
building industry is a career and not a job
of last resort.
   Many of those working in our industry
start at a young age and work their way up
to very good positions over time,” he says.

                                                                                                                                                                                      Bonnie Bobryk Photography
“Wages throughout the industry are attrac-
tive. The industry is unique and many
people stay in it for a very long time.”
   Road building work tends to be labelled
as seasonal. In fact, says Feltmate, this is
quite misleading.
   Although there are a limited number of
months in the year, due to weather, when
road building can take place and, in partic-
ular, the paving component, the industry
takes advantage of all available hours
during the “open” months to get their work      year and thus have careers in road build-      enable those completing the training, antic-     “Road building careers have changed
completed, says Feltmate. “The result is        ing, not just a short-term job.”               ipated to have a co-op nature to it, to have   over the years with technology, similar to
the long hours worked during these                 The labour study highlighted a few areas    the competencies and experience neces-         other fields. Modern, large equipment
months easily equal a full-time job in more     upon which the industry must concentrate       sary to make them excellent candidates for     operation often has a significant amount of
typical employment circumstances. A large       as it goes forward. One is the need for        employment within the industry. Training       computerization involved and this has
percentage of employees return, year after      training specific to the industry. This will   courses are already in place.                  made it much more dynamic.”
E4          Saturday, July 17, 2010                                                                                                                                     The Chronicle Herald

                                                                                                                                                                                               Bonnie Bobryk Photography
A look inside the NSRBA                                                                                                                               What is the NSRBA?
                                                                                                                                                      • Founded in 1947, NSRBA repre-
                                                                                                                                                      sents contractors working in Nova
                                                                                                                                                      Scotia who are engaged in road,
                                                                                                                                                      bridge, heavy civil, marine, sewer
Founded in 1947, the association and its members play an                                                                                              and water main construction. The
                                                                                                                                                      interests of suppliers to the industry
                                                                                                                                                      are met through associate member-
integral part in building the province                                                                                                                ship.
                                                                                                                                                          • NSRBA is the only organization
                                                                                                                                                      representing the road-building sector
By Ken Cashin                                                                                                                                         in N.S.
Special Features Writer                                                                                                                                   • Our 150 member companies
                                                                                                                                                      directly and indirectly employ ap-
                                                                                                                                                      proximately 7,500 individuals annual-

        here’s no denying it, when it comes
        to infrastructure, you can’t get any                                                                                                          ly.
        more basic than a community’s                                                                                                                     • Our work impacts significantly
        roads and bridges. The very founda-                                                                                                           on the service and supply industry.
tion of our transportation system, they                                                                                                                   •We are distinct from the con-
impact everything we do, from where we                                                                                                                struction industry; we have unique
go, to how we get food on the table —                                                                                                                 working conditions and needs.
they’re absolutely essential.
   What people may not be as fully aware                                                                                                              Industry realties
of, however, is the significant impact road                                                                                                           • Our sector is highly competitive.
building has on our local economy. One of                                                                                                               • The industry is seasonal. Early
the province’s largest employers, repre-                                                                                                              tender calls are critical to timely
senting a wide cross section of professions                                                                                                           tender completion.
and trades, the sector employs more than                                                                                                                • Safety is a top priority for the
7,500 people annually, with an estimated                                                                                                              industry.
payroll of $375 million.                                                                                                                                • Employees are highly valued.
   Represented by the Nova Scotia Road                                                                                                                  • They expect, wish and are often
Builders Association (NSRBA), the indus-                                                                                                              required to work long hours.
try is made up of 150 member companies                                                                                                                  • They are often away from home
engaged in road, bridge, heavy civil, ma-                                                                                                             for extended periods.
rine, and sewer and water main construc-                                                                                                                • They originate from both rural
tion. Founded in 1947, the association and                                                                                                            and urban communities; from every
its members play an integral part in build-                                                                                                           county, town and village in the prov-
ing the province, its roads, and its crucial                                                                                                          ince.
infrastructure components.                                                                                                                              • Their payroll and benefits sub-
   NSRBA membership encompasses many                                                                                                                  stantially exceed minimum stan-
sectors of the economy, from engineering                                                                                                              dards.
firms and paving contractors to energy,
insurance, and telecommunications com-                                                                                                                Spin-offs of road building
panies. People employed in road building                                                                                                              • Approximately 7,500 persons,
range from engineers and architects to                                                                          Joseph Robichaud Photography          directly and indirectly earning an
surveyors, project managers, heavy equip-                                                                                                             estimated $375 million in wages, are
ment operators and safety managers, to         Road building has a long and storied history in Nova Scotia, going back more than
                                               a century and today the industry remains strong and healthy and is one of prov-                        employed annually by the sector;
name just a few.                                                                                                                                      and these numbers will grow as
   “Our industry represents a significant      ince’s most modern and progressive sectors.                                                            funding increases.
economic driver,” says NSRBA president                                                                                                                   • Economic benefits accrue to
Brad Scott.                                                                                                                                           communities and families across
                                               Industry Capacity, Needs and                    essary spending over each of the next 10
   “Spending on infrastructure generates a                                                     years is in excess of $400 million. Normal-            N.S.
huge amount of direct and indirect em-         Challenges
                                                                                               ized capital budgets are significantly less               • Goods and services required by
ployment. The investment provides long-           The ongoing challenge facing the indus-      than this level.”                                      contractors are purchased locally
term benefits to Nova Scotia by enhancing      try, says Scott, is to secure from govern-         The province has committed to establish             wherever possible, assisting small
the transportation of people and goods. It     ment a sustainable, long-term funding           a rolling five year capital plan this year,            businesses province wide; a typical
also enhances Nova Scotia’s ability to         strategy for the province’s roads.              which Scott says is also a step in the right           paving job brings increased revenues
attract tourists and corporate trading part-      He points out that while present funding     direction.                                             to the local market.
ners.”                                         levels have increased in recent years, they        “We’re supportive of this initiative and               • Improves sustainability of Nova
   Road building has a long and storied        remain insufficient to halt the deterioration   hopeful that it will facilitate improved               Scotia’s rural communities and busi-
history in Nova Scotia, going back more        of existing infrastructure and meet new         capacity utilization in future years. Stable           nesses.
than a century and today the industry          highway needs.                                  and sufficient funding is essential.”
remains strong and healthy and is one of          For the construction season last year,
province’s most modern and progressive         the Nova Scotia Department of Trans-
sectors. The NSRBA works with govern-          portation and Infrastructure Renewal
ment to standardize road building pro-         (NSTIR) saw its largest ever capital pro-
cesses and develop environmental and           gram of $325 million. The road-building
safety regulations. The association also       industry produced one million tonnes of
partners with other local industry associ-     asphalt and replaced 17 bridges. The work
ations and educational institutions to de-     included paving 150 km of 100 series high-
velop training programs.
   And, every June the NSRBA is part of a
                                               ways and 500 kms of trunks, routes and
                                               local roads.
                                                                                                          Proud supporter of the
transportation department campaign ad-
vising highway motorists to slow down
                                                  For 2010, NSTIR has projected a capital
                                               budget of $310 million. This level of spend-        NOVA SCOTIA ROAD BUILDERS ASSOCIATION
near construction. “One of our overarching     ing is higher than in past years due to fed-
objectives is to ensure that our industry      eral infrastructure funding. Scott says that
takes a highly professional approach that      while this level of funding is encouraging,                                    SERVICES                           PRODUCTS
results in the best quality highways pos-      it still falls short of what’s needed even to                                  • Superior Customer Service        • Shell Branded Lubricants
sible for Nova Scotians,” says Scott.          repair our roads and bridges, let alone to                                     • Extensive Delivery Network       • Diesel
   “The association also provides a single     upgrade them for future needs.                                                 • Cardlock                         • Gasoline
forum for members to discuss important            “Nova Scotia has an accumulating infra-                                                                        • Marine Gas Oil
                                                                                                                              • Petroleum Delivery Specialists
industry issues and communicate their          structure deficit. The province has 14,000
positions on these issues to key stakehold-    km of paved roads which last an average of                                     • Account Management               • Heating Oil
ers.” Scott says road building has an excit-   20 years. We would have to repave 700 km                                       • Flexibility and Customization    1-888-690-2244
ing future in Nova Scotia, with a projected    each year just to maintain the existing road
increase in employment and more work           system.
expected in the public sector resulting from      “Our province also has 4,100 bridges,
infrastructure renewal programs announced      many of which are above the national               Delivering More. For You.                               
by federal and provincial governments.         average in age. NSTIR estimates that nec-
The Chronicle Herald                                                                                                                                                      Saturday, July 17, 2010           E5

Road builders giving back                                                                                                                                                        Standard
                                                                                                                                                                                 continued from / E2
                                                                                                                                                                                 high level of containment,
                                                                                                                                                                                 and by restraining stray
Building a                                                                                                                                                                       vehicles from entering a
                                                                                                                                                                                 work zone. F-shape con-
strong                                                                                                                                                                           crete barriers allow con-
                                                                                                                                                                                 struction sites to operate
                                                                                                                                                                                 safely in close proximity to
community                                                                                                                                                                        busy roadways. Precast
                                                                                                                                                                                 concrete barriers are useful
means more                                                                                                                                                                       for redirecting vehicles into
                                                                                                                                                                                 new traffic patterns during
                                                                                                                                                                                 different phases of con-
than just                                                                                                                                                                        struction. Whether it’s a
                                                                                                                                                                                 temporary or permanent
construction                                                                                                                                                                     barrier installation, F Shape
                                                                                                                                                                                 traffic barriers reduce the
                                                                                                                                                                                 risk of head-on collisions
                                                                                                                                                                                 from out-of-control vehicles
By Tom Peters                                                                                                                                                                    crossing over the median.
Special Features Writer                                                                                                                                                          The weight of barriers and
                                                                                                                                                                                 the interlocking design

         uilding a strong communi-                                                                                                                                               provide sufficient inertia to
         ty means more than just                                                                                                                                                 redirect an impacting vehi-
         construction for the Nova                                                                                                                                               cle without requiring at-
         Scotia Road Builders                                                                                                                                                    tachment to the highway.
Association. It also means helping                                                                                                                                               F-shape barriers also re-
people.                                                                                                                                                                          duce the risk of erratic
   The association membership                                                                                                                                                    vehicles deflecting back
works to support local charities                                                                                                                    Bonnie Bobryk Photography    into the traffic stream after
and two in particular are the          Cheque presentation: Guy Kendziora (left) of McAsphalt Industries Ltd. in Dartmouth; Brad Scott,                                          a barrier collision.
Sackville Bedford Developmental        president of the NSRBA; Anna Weagle, program director for the Sackville-Bedford Developmental                                                Shaw Precast Solutions
Centre and the Turkey Club             Centre and B.J. Harvey, with Atlantic Cat/Cat Rentals, Dartmouth, present a cheque to the Centre                                          offers an F-shape barrier
Society.                                                                                                                                                                         with a JJ hook that meets
   Guy Kendziora, with McAsphalt       on behalf of their members.
                                                                                                                                                                                 or exceeds all NSTIR re-
Industries Ltd. in Dartmouth and                                                                                                                                                 quirements. Advantages of
B.J. Harvey with Atlantic Cat/Cat      address some debt and pull us up.                                                                                                         a JJ Hook barrier include
Rentals, Dartmouth, co-chaired         There is also part of it that goes                                                                                                        the fastest setting times of
both silent and live auctions at       for children’s toys and equip-                                                                                                            any system available, small-
the association’s annual meeting       ment,” Weagle says. “This is so                                                                                                           er installation crews re-
in Halifax and raised $15,370 for      timely. They will never know how                                                                                                          quired for placement, im-
the Sackville-based develop-           timely this is.”                                                                                                                          proved worker safety be-
mental centre.                            Harvey says items for the auc-                                                                                                         cause no hands are ever
   In the previous two years           tion were donated by the associ-                                                                                                          required between the bar-
Kendziora and Harvey spearhead-        ation’s membership.                                                                                                                       riers, and the ability to
ed events that raised $80,000 for         And why does the association                                                                                                           provide the tightest radius
the Children’s Wish Foundation         do it?                                                                                                                                    of any other connection
and $5,930 for the STAR program           “We just want to give back to                                                                                                          hardware, allowing reduced
in Truro that provides recre-          the community,” Kendziora says.                                                                                                           traffic congestion
ational games, activities and             The Turkey Club Society of the                                                                                                            The JJ Hook barrier also
sports for children with special       Halifax Regional Municipality                                                                                                             offers advantages in that
needs.                                 received $5,000 last year from the                                                                                                        there are no pins, bolts, or
   Anna Weagle, program director       road builders which was a signif-                                                                                          Contributed    loose hardware required.
for the Sackville Bedford Devel-       icant contribution to the $60,000                           Turkey Club: Ron Legere (left), tournament chair with Jack                    This ensures a proper in-
opmental Centre, located in the        the society raised.                                         Cruickshank, Head Turkey, and Ken Thomas, 2009 NSRBA presi-                   stallation every time, and
lower level of the Sackville Kins-        Jack Cruickshank, chair of the                                                                                                         there is no worry about
                                                                                                   dent. The Turkey Club Society of the Halifax Regional Municipal-              vandals or scavengers
men Centre on First Lake Drive,        society that is made up of volun-
says the donation is very much         teers, says the $5,000 raised                               ity received $5,000 last year from the road builders.                         potentially removing hard-
appreciated.                           through a road builders’ golf                                                                                                             ware before a project is
   “It is absolutely awesome. It is    tournament chaired by Ron Leg-                                 Cruickshank said one of the           The society also supports boys       complete. The barriers are
the biggest fundraiser we have         ere of Industrial Cold Milling,                             biggest benefactors of the society,   and girls clubs, Hope Cottage and       self-aligning, automatically
had in many years.”                    Dartmouth, is “a real boost for us                          which supports organizations that     other organizations.                    ‘hooking’ into place. JJ
   And the timing couldn’t have        because the total we raise for                              help needy families, is the Parker                                            Hooks are also the only
                                                                                                                                            The society would not have           system with identical ends
been better. The centre, which is      Christmas is $60,000. We have                               Street Food and Furniture Bank        reached its $60,000 goal if it
licensed for 30 children per day       very little expenses and I think                            in Halifax.                                                                   which means crews are
and historically offers programs       that is one of the reasons the road                            “We give them a cheque for         wasn’t for the road builders.           never required to rotate the
for children with additional           builders support us. We keep                                $25,000 when they are packing         “They are the largest contributor       barriers during the installa-
needs, has been struggling fi-         expenses below five per cent and                            Christmas boxes for families.         to the Turkey Club and we are           tion process.
nancially so the “fundraiser came      let them know where we spend                                They decide where the money is        more than tickled with it,” Cruick-
at a time when we were able to         the money.”                                                 spent.”                               shank says.
                                                                    Joseph Robichaud Photography

   Continued from / E1                 ciation structure will be when
                                       the structure supports the
   industry in Nova Scotia.”           association’s core purpose and
      Early discussions in the         mission, appropriate commit-
   development of the plan cen-        tees are in place, the executive
   tered on the key areas the          director has sufficient param-
   association must focus on in        eters to operate with reason-
   order to be successful as it        able independence, and when
   moves forward. Those dis-           there are ample candidates,
   cussions led to the devel-          from the members, to serve.
   opment of five key focus            The action plan for restructur-
   areas: association structure,       ing the association will be the
   industry liaison, public profile,   introduction of a structured
   labour and workforce devel-         meeting schedule with annual
   opment, and member services.        dates. Scott says that, overall,
      Scott points out that for        specific projects being under-
   each focus area the plan estab-     taken this year include by-law
   lished strategic directives,        amendments, committee res-
   success indicators, and action      tructuring, membership re-
   plans. In the focus area of         view, formalization and in-
   association structure, for          creased NSTIR/government
   example, the strategic direc-       meetings, and the completion
   tion will be to revise the proto-   of a workforce development
   cols for board membership,          needs study.
   realign committees to meet             “The NSRBA is on target
   current association needs, and      with this plan,” says Scott.
   give the executive director            “It will function as a guide
   guidelines within which to          for 2010 operations and give
   operate.                            us direction and focus for the
      Success indicators of asso-      foreseeable future.”

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