BRIEFING INFORMATION FOR FLYING INTO OR IN THE
VICINITY OF GLASGOW AIRPORT OR IT’S CONTROL ZONE
Due to the increasing number of inadvertent infringement of controlled airspace in the vicinity of
Glasgow airport, NATS Glasgow has compiled this brief with associated pictures (VRPs
referenced in BLUE have an associated picture at the end of this brief – with more to be added at a
later date), for information and guidance to aid pilots operating in and around the vicinity of
Glasgow International. The information has been compiled from a number of voluntary sources
from the General Aviation community that regularly use this airspace and as such its accuracy and
reliability cannot be guaranteed. The CAA, who will not be responsible for its adequacy,
accuracy or for any omissions therein, has not validated the content.
IT is the responsibility of the pilot in command to carry out a comprehensive pre-flight
planning and brief based on current data from an approved source, which may include
NOTAMS (http://www.ais.org.uk/) and appropriate weather (http://www.metoffice.com/).
Lateral limits and Vertical Dimension of Glasgow Class ‘D’ Control Zone (CTR)
560400N 0042000W - 560130N 0040435W - 554125N 0041017W - 553700N 0042847W -
554428N 0045035W - 554600N 0044951W - 555500N 0045200W - 560400N 0042000W SFC to
6000 ft ALT
Glasgow Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ)
Circle radius 2.5 nm centred on longest notified runway (05/23) 555218N 0042601W. SFC to
2000 ft aal
ARP Co-ordinates and site at AD - Lat: 555219N Long: 0042559W Runway intersection.
ATS unit callsign - Glasgow Approach
Transition Altitude - 6000 ft
Direction and distance from city - 6 nm West of Glasgow
Magnetic Variation/Annual Change - W5.1° (2005) – 0.16° decreasing
Address- Glasgow Airport, Paisley,
0141-887 1111 (Glasgow Airport Ltd)
0141-840 8000 (NATS Ltd)
0141-848 4141 (Airfield Ops)
Type of Traffic Permitted - IFR/VFR
PPR - All pleasure, training and non-business General Aviation traffic is subject to prior
notification to Air Traffic Control, Tel: 0141-840 8029.
The filing of a flight plan does not constitute permission to use Glasgow Airport.
Aerodrome Administrative Information
AD/ATC - H24
Customs and Immigration - H24
Fuelling - H24
Handling - H24
Security - H24
De-icing - H24
Fuel/oil types - AVTUR JET A-1. AVGAS 100LL. Oil; 57, 80, 100, 120 and Turbine 9
Hangar space for visiting aircraft- Nil
Repair facilities for visiting aircraft- Limited by arrangement
Remarks - All operators, including Executive and Private General Aviation, must make prior
arrangements with a handling agent for ground handling of all flights.
The Business Aviation Centre is operated H24 by Signature (122.35), who provide GA aircraft
handling. Tel: 0141-887 8348. Visiting Aircraft will be expected to park on the GA apron at area
ATC Communications Frequencies
• Glasgow Approach 119.10
• TWR Glasgow Tower 118.80
• Glasgow Ground 121.70
• RAD Glasgow Radar 119.10/119.30
• ATIS 129.575 - can also be heard by telephoning 0141 887 7449
• FIRE Glasgow Fire 121.60
Services offered by Glasgow Air Traffic Control
A major factor in the provision of radar services to aircraft outside regulated airspace is that both
pilots and controllers should be fully aware of exactly the service being provided, when it
commences and terminates, and of their individual responsibilities.
Provision of a service is normally subject to controller workload and other specific conditions.
1. Flight Information Service
2. Radar Information service - Radar Controllers may provide a Radar Information Service
to flights to the extent that they determine
3. Radar Advisory Service - Radar Controllers will normally provide a Radar Advisory
Service to arriving and departing IFR flights in Class F and G airspace. Controllers may
use the minimum levels permitted in the terrain clearance criteria specified in their
instructions and Radar Vectoring Area procedures where applicable. Radar Advisory or
Information Services will not normally be provided to locally based light aircraft operating
on General Handling exercises to the north of the Scottish TMA. Controllers may provide
a RAS to other flights as follows:
i. North of the 05/23 centreline - not below 5,500ft
ii. South of the 05/23 centreline - not below 4,000ft
4. Radar Control Service
SSR Codes Allocated by Glasgow ATC
Glasgow is allocated codes 1730-1737 and 1740-1747. A/c transiting in or around the Glasgow
CTR may be allocated one of these to aid in identification and separation from other Aircraft. The
Strathclyde Police helicopter is allocated 0057, and the SECC Helimed Helicopter is allocated
VFR and SVFR Routes and Procedures for Light Aircraft and Helicopters
Aircraft wishing to enter the CTR or TMA under IFR direct from the FIR must observe the normal
procedure for joining Controlled Airspace.
Pilots inbound to Glasgow under VFR must contact Glasgow Approach Control prior to entering
the Glasgow Control Zone and may be required by ATC to route via the published Visual
Reference Points. (See Page 7)
VFR flights in the Control Zone will be given routeing instructions and /or altitude restrictions in
order to integrate VFR flights with other traffic.
Pilots of VFR flights are reminded of the requirement to remain in VMC at all times and to
comply with the relevant parts of the Low Flying Rules, they must advise ATC if at any time they
are unable to comply with the instructions issued.
All fixed wing aircraft operating on VFR or SVFR clearances inbound to or outbound from
Glasgow Airport will normally be routed along one of the published entry/exit lane routes, (UK
AIP AD2-EGPF-1-12) or via the Visual Reference Points detailed below, . The permitted
exceptions are aircraft engaged on photo survey details, ambulance aircraft, aircraft in emergency,
circuit training aircraft and aircraft operating from remote landing sights.
Transit of the Glasgow Control Zone by aircraft on VFR or SVFR clearances will be at the
discretion of the Approach Controller and subject to the prevailing traffic and weather conditions.
Helicopter traffic in the Glasgow Control Zone will normally be allowed to operate on direct
routeings subject to the prevailing traffic and weather conditions.
Standard VFR Entry and Exit Routes for Light Aircraft
From the North
• Outbound Runway 23 or 27
South of the south bank of the River Clyde to abeam Dumbarton, then either West of the
River Leven to Alexandria or continue on to Greenock.
• Outbound Runway 05 or 09
North of the north bank of the River Clyde to Dumbarton, then either East of the River
Leven to Alexandria or continue on to Ardmore point.
• Inbound Runway 23 or 27
East of the River Leven from Alexandria to Dumbarton Joining the inbound route from
Ardmore point north of the north bank of the River Clyde to Erskine Bridge.
• Inbound Runway 05 or 09
West of the River Leven from Alexandria to Dumbarton Joining the inbound route from
Greenock south of the south bank of the River Clyde to Bishopton.
From the South Inbound or Outbound for all Runways
• To and from Prestwick
Aircraft can expect to be instructed to route via Barrhead and Kilmarnock.
• To and From Cumbernauld
Aircraft can expect to be offered a routing to fly via the Glasgow City Centre – Kingston
Bridge (as this avoids conflict with the runway ‘23’ approach track), and then direct to
Cumbernauld. Pilots are reminded that under Rule 5 (Low Flying), section 2d they are
required to fly at such a height as to allow them to land clear of a congested area in the
event of a power plant failure. If any doubt exists then a prudent routing should be
requested via East Kilbride.
• To and From East Kilbride
Aircraft can be expected to route via Barrhead and then direct to East Kilbride.
Aircraft on all routes can be expected to be instructed not to fly above 2,000ft QNH.
Special VFR Clearances
A clearance may be requested for Special VFR flight in IMC or at night within the Glasgow
Control Zone and will be given whenever the traffic situation permits. These flights are subject to
the general conditions laid down for Special VFR flights.
When issued a Special VFR clearance will include routeing and maximum altitude instructions
and may not necessarily be confined to the Entry/Exit Lanes detailed below.
Pilots holding a Private Pilots Licence (Aeroplanes) are reminded of the visibility requirements of
Special VFR flights laid down in Schedule 8 of the Air Navigation Order 2000 and in the related
notification at ENR 1-4-6, note 4, which may require them to request routeing via the notified
Pilots are reminded that they must at all times when operating on Special VFR clearance, remain
clear of cloud and in sight of the surface and in flight conditions which will enable them to
determine their flight path and keep clear of obstacles. Due to the nature of the terrain in the
vicinity of Glasgow Airport radar vectoring will not normally be applied to aircraft operating on
Special VFR clearance.
Pilots are reminded that a Special VFR clearance applies only to flight within the CTR and does
not extend to flight within the surrounding Airspace of the Scottish Terminal Control Area.
The following entry-exit lanes have been established to enable aircraft to operate to and from
Glasgow Airport in IMC but not under IFR. Specific rules apply to these routes that differ from the
rule applicable to the remainder of the Control Zone.
All fixed wing SVFR aircraft inbound to or outbound from Glasgow Airport will normally operate
along one of these published lanes under the conditions stated below.
Both the entry-exit lanes and the Aerodrome Traffic Zone are notified under Schedule 8 of the Air
Navigation Order and permit PPL holders to operate in IMC without an IMC rating in flight
visibility of at least 3 km.
• A main lane 3 nm wide, with centre-line the middle of the River Clyde, extending from
the North Western boundary of the Glasgow Control Zone following the course of the
River Clyde to the point at which it joins the Glasgow Aerodrome Traffic Zone.
• A branch lane, 3 nm wide, extending from 555954N 0043440W (a point on the northern
boundary of the Glasgow Control Zone near Alexandria VRP), southwards, with centre-
line based on the River Leven, to Dumbarton, thence to 555550N 0043345W (a point on
the River Clyde where the main lane is joined).
• A lane 3 nm wide, centred on the A726 road extending from the Eastern edge of the
Glasgow Control Zone at East Kilbride VRP to the Glasgow Aerodrome Traffic Zone.
Use of the lanes is subject to clearance by Glasgow ATC and the carriage of the Glasgow
Approach Control frequency.
Aircraft using the lanes will be cleared not above 3000 ft (Glasgow QNH).
An aircraft using a lane shall keep the centre-line on its left, unless otherwise instructed by ATC
for separation purposes. In these circumstances ATC will pass traffic information to the aircraft
Aircraft using the lanes when the reported visibility at Glasgow Airport is in excess of 4 km may
be instructed by ATC, dependant upon the runway-in-use at Glasgow Airport to route:
• Between Glasgow Airport and Greenock/Ardmore Point; north of the north bank or south
of the south bank of the River Clyde
• Between Glasgow Airport and Loch Lomond (Alexandria); north of the Clyde/east of the
Leven or south of the Clyde/west of the Leven
• Between Glasgow Airport and East Kilbride, north of the A726 or south of the A726
When required, aircraft may be expected to hold. This predominantly takes place in the following
• Erskine North Aircraft will hold north of the north bank of the Clyde, centred on the
northern approach road to the Erskine Bridge and not to extend more than half a mile to
the east of the Bridge.
• Bishopton Aircraft will hold in the triangle bounded by the M8 motorway, the Erskine
Bridge approach road and the south bank of the River Clyde.
• Dumbarton Aircraft will hold on the north bank of the River Clyde, and on whichever
side of the River Leven their entry clearance specifies.
Visual Reference Point’s
Published (UK AIP AD 2-EGPF-1-13)
• Alexandria GOW R333/8
• Ardmore Point GOW R311/10
• Baillieston GOW R100/12
• Barrhead GOW R162/5
• Bishopton GOW R321/3
• Dumbarton GOW R322/6
• East Kilbride GOW R130/11
• Erskine Bridge GOW R354/3
• Greenock GOW R299/11
• Inverkip Power Station GOW R282/15
• Kilmacolm GOW R288/6
• Kilmarnock GOW R192/16
• Kingston Bridge GOW R103/6
• Balfron GOW R022/12
• Carron Valley Reservoir GOW R059/15
• Cumbernauld Aerodrome GOW R076/17
• Strathaven GOW R142/16
• Largs GOW R258/16
• Strathclyde Country Park
• West Kilbride GOW R238/19
High ground in the vicinity
• Kilpatrick Hills 1316’ GOW R001/6
• Gleniffer Braes 779’ GOW R194/4
• Earl’s Seat 1897’ GOW R034/10
• Earls Hill TV Mast 2021’ GOW R054/17
• Black Hill TV Mast 1913’ GOW R100/19
• Corse Hill 1234’ GOW R155/13
• Hill of Stake 1713’ GOW R265/11
• Kirk O’ Shotts TV Mast 1681’ GOW R101/20
• Goat Fell 2868’ GOW R249/30
• Ben Ime 3318’ GOW R338/25
• Ben Lomond 3196’ GOW R349/20
• Ben Lawers 3983’ GOW R018/41
• Ben Nevis 4409’ GOW R350/59
‘Restricted’ and ‘Prohibited’ airspace in the vicinity:
Danger Area Max Alt Operational Hours
D601 4000ft 0800-2359 Daily or as notified
D602 2500ft as notified
P611 Coulport / Faslane Surface to 2200ft
R504 Shotts Surface to 2800ft applicable to helicopters only
R515 Hunterston Surface to 2000ft circle radius 2nm centred on 554317N0045338W
Advice on Transiting Around the Glasgow Control Zone
Due to the mixed classifications and various level bandings of the airspace which surrounds the
Glasgow control zone, pilots are encouraged to contact Air Traffic Control for a FIS. Air Traffic
Regulations require that unknown contacts observed on the radar display are to be avoided by
5nm, and this can increase pilot/controller workload in the busy TMA environment.
In order to assist ‘visiting’ VFR pilots to adequately flight plan their routing the following
paragraphs detail common routings used by locally based VFR pilots which allow them to
circumnavigate the Glasgow control zone.
Some pictures of the points used for navigation (highlighted in Blue) are available at the end of
this document, others will be added to this site to aid in flight planning as they become available.
• To the East:
Northbound, Route from Strathaven Town East of Strathaven Airfield towards Strathclyde
country park, this is a large body of water East of Hamilton sitting adjacent to the M74
Motorway. Remaining East of the motorway continue to route northbound Towards the
Baillieston railway interchange. North of this point two large blue and white topped Gas
Tanks (GOWR090/13.5) should become visible Route towards the Cumbernauld overhead
from this point.
Using this route, in the distance, Shotts mast will remain out to the East, and as you route
towards Cumbernauld the high ground to the North will become visible.
• To the North:
At Cumbernauld Airfield route toward Carron Valley reservoir. This large body of water
clearly defines the boundary of the Glasgow control zone. Keeping this to the south of
your aircraft and following the road which marks its northern edge will take you through
the valley towards Balfron. Care must be taken at this point as half way to Balfron the
road takes a more southerly track in the CTR.
From Balfron, Loch Lomond is nearly always visible, if not a course directly westbound to
Drymen is recommended.
Alexandria VRP is situated at the southern tip of Loch Lomond, remaining North of this
and routing over the high ground to the West will take you North of Ardmore point a very
distinctive feature in the river Clyde, to Helensburgh. Routing across the mouth of the
river Clyde from this point to the Northern most point of land on the South bank will take
you West of Greenock.
• To the West :
This is the strongest Featured area of the Glasgow control zone as the edge of controlled
airspace is clearly defined. Simply by remaining to the West of the coastline you will
remain outside controlled airspace. The only area that pilots of A/c need to be wary of is
the Hunterston power station restricted airspace.
This routing will take you past Inverkip PowerStation and Largs.
In poor weather conditions, this is the preferable transit route for VFR aircraft, avoiding
built up areas and high ground to the East and South of the Control Zone.
It is of note that in the vicinity of Largs, aircraft that are low level may find it difficult to
maintain two way contact with either Prestwick or Glasgow ATC due to the high ground
around the coastline.
• To the South
From the coastline at West Kilbride, in order to remain clear of both Prestwick and
Glasgow controlled airspace, Aircraft need to route to Kilwinning. (Keeping the A78/ A71
on the right hand side of the aircraft will achieve this), and then to the southern end of the
Following the A71 will enable aircraft to remain clear of the Glasgow control zone. This
routing is clearly defined by numerous towns along the route (Newmilns and Darvel) and
is used as the preferred method of transiting between the Kilmarnock area and Strathaven
airfield as it is defined by two hill lines either side of the route (the Darvel valley). The
entrance to the valley is clearly marked at Wither End by the Darvel mast South of the
town, and a large rock outcrop South west of Strathaven).
If you are intending to route through the Glasgow control zone or are flying in the vicinity of
Glasgow operations and are unsure of what routing you might be asked to fly, why not contact
Glasgow ATC on 0141 840 8029 for advice and information.
Non R/T Aircraft
Only in exceptional circumstances will aircraft be permitted to use the airport without the
necessary R/T frequencies. This will be at the discretion of the Air Traffic Control Watch Manager
and will depend on suitable weather conditions, traffic situation, length of the flight, and on the
pilot receiving a thorough briefing prior to departure from another aerodrome.
1. EGPH Edinburgh ATC 0131 333 6239
Edinburgh Approach 121.2
NDB ‘EDN’ 341
NDB ‘UW’ 368
2. EGPG Cumbernauld ATC 01236 722822
Cumbernauld Radio 120.6
NDB ‘CBN’ 374
Cumbernauld Aerodrome is 17nm NE of Glasgow Airport and below the Scottish TMA.
IFR aircraft inbound to Cumbernauld may receive assistance from Edinburgh or Glasgow,
depending on which is most convenient, to enable them to continue to Cumbernauld
visually. The method for handling IFR flights inbound to Cumbernauld will depend on the
weather, if it is night or day, and the route of the aircraft. Glasgow does not provide an
Approach Control Service for Cumbernauld; the emphasis is to position the aircraft at a
point where the flight can continue to Cumbernauld visually, without ATC assistance, as
soon as practical. Aircraft that are intending to route through the Glasgow Local Area and
request assistance inbound to Cumbernauld will be treated as Glasgow IFR arrivals and
routed for a convenient instrument approach. Pilots should be asked to 'advise when able
to continue visually to Cumbernauld.' IFR aircraft routeing to Cumbernauld outside
controlled airspace will be instructed to remain outside controlled airspace but if this is not
acceptable to the pilot they can be given joining instructions and treated as above.
If outside the Glasgow Control Zone, pilots may be cleared to leave controlled airspace in
descent when they advise that they wish to continue visually. If inside the Glasgow
Control Zone pilots may be cleared to leave the CTR IFR, VFR or SVFR, as requested by
the pilot, when they advise that they wish to continue visually. Under these circumstances
pilots are responsible for their own terrain separation.
Some pilots may elect to cancel their IFR flight plan and continue VFR.
IFR departures from Cumbernauld should contact Glasgow ATC before departure. This
will allow, whenever possible, ATC to issue a clearance to enable the aircraft to climb into
regulated airspace. Cumbernauld IFR departures will contact Glasgow Approach after
It is important that any clearance to enter or leave controlled airspace is explicitly stated.
3. EGPK Prestwick ATC 01292 511107
Prestwick Approach 120.55
NDB ‘PIK’ 355
NDB ‘PW’ 426
4. Strathaven Grass Field 01357 520 235 - Gliding activities at this strip are normally
limited to weekends and occasional summer evenings. Maximum number of gliders in use
is usually 4. In summer 2006, microlight activity may increase in this area.
5. SECC Heliport 0141 204 4802
6. Hospital Southern General - A helicopter-landing site has been established at the
Southern General Hospital. It is for use by casevac helicopters and is available 24 hours a
Darvel Valley – long-range view
Rock on exit of Darvel Valley
Further view up Darvel Valley
Carron Valley Reservoir
Overhead Cumbernauld (EGPG)
Gas tanks near Cumbernauld