Document Sample
					UNIT PLAN IN BIOLOGY: Content Matrix
     TOPIC       LEARNING COMPETENCY                                   SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES                              Time      Teaching    Form of     Technolo
    OUTLINE                                                                                                            Frame      Strategy   Evaluation       gy
                                                                    UNIT 1 THE NATURE OF BIOLOGY
 1.0 The Nature of    1. Understand the nature of                                                                    1 week and
 Biology              biology as a science of life                                                                   3 days
 1.1 Different Life   1.1 Identify the unifying ideas      1. Differentiate a living from a non-living thing on      1 period
 Process              in biology                           the basis of particular properties like nutrition and
                      1.2 Explain the different life       metabolism, growth, reproduction, motion and
                      processes                            irritability.
 1.2 The Scientific   1.3 Design simple experiments        1. Describe the steps involved in scientific inquiry      1 period
 Method               following the scientific             or investigation.
                      method                               2. Design an experiment to solve a problem
                                                           3. Explain the different variables used in doing
 1.3 Application of   2. Understand biological             1. Explain biotechnology                                  1 period
 Biological           concepts as applied in               2. Become familiar with local products that are
 Concepts in          technology                           produced using biotechnology
 Technology           2.1 Explain biological concepts      3. Become familiar with some developments in
                      in given technology                  biotechnology (e.g. genetic engineering)
                      2.2 Assess the implications and
                      responsibility of any
 1.4 Filipino         3. Appreciate the contributions      1. Name Outstanding Filipino scientists in the field      1 period
 Scientist in         of Filipino and foreign scientists   of biology.
 Biology              in the development of biology        2. Describe the contributions of outstanding Filipino
                      and biotechnology.                   biologists.
                      3.1 Describe the contributions       3. Recognize the scientific attitudes of diligence and
                      of Filipino and scientists in the    patience of Filipino scientists in the field of biology
                      field of biology and
 1.5 Foreign          3. Appreciate the contributions      1. name foreign scientists in the field of Biology        1 period
 Scientists in        of Filipino and foreign scientists   2. describe the contributions of foreign biologists
 Biology              in the development of biology        3. Recognize the scientific attitudes of diligence and
                      and biotechnology.                   patience of foreign scientists in the field of Biology

1.6 The Compound     4. Know how to operate the          1. Give a brief history on the invention and           3 periods
Microscope           compound microscope                 development of the microscope
                     4.1 Identify the parts of the       2. Identify parts and functions of the compound
                     compound microscope                 microscope
                     4.2 Give uses of the compound       3. Compare the image of objects seen by the
                     microscope                          unaided eye and through the microscope
                     4.3 Name the special tools in
                     research and technology
                                                           UNIT 2: CELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS
2.0 Cell Structure   2. Appreciate the cell as highly                                         2 weeks
and Function         organized structure
2.1 Prokaryotic      2.1 Differentiate prokaryotic       1. Compare prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells            2 periods
and Eukaryotic       and eukaryotic Cells                2. Observe prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells under
Cells                                                    compound microscope
                                                         3. Identify the organelles and their functions of
                                                         prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
2.2 Useful           2.2 Understand how discoveries      1. Identify some cells activities applied in food      2 periods
Technologies from    on cellular structures and          production.
Cells                functions have led to useful        2. Demonstrate some useful technologies in
                     technologies                        promoting food production
                        2.2.1 Point out that the         3. Recognize the ingenuity and practicality of
                     activities of cell organelles are   Filipinos in suing indigenous resources for food
                     used to promote food                production, industries and the like
                     production and health.
2.4 Active and       2.3 Appreciate the cellular         1. differentiate active transport from passive         1 period
Passive Transport    exchange of materials with the      transport
                     environment.                        2. Describe the flow of molecules through a
                        2.3.1 Distinguish between        differentially permeable membrane.
                     active and passive transport        3. Cite situations or examples in which cell
                                                         processes are applied in everyday life
2.5 Osmosis and         2.3.2 Explain how osmosis is     1. Define diffusion and osmosis operationally          1 period
Diffusion            related to diffusion                2. Demonstrate how diffusion and osmosis occur
                                                         3. Investigate the relationship between permeability
                                                         of cell membrane and osmosis
                                                         4. Cite the importance of taking enough amount of
                                                         water regularly.

2.6 Effects of Salt   No competencies on the copy           1. Describe the effects of salt solution on plant     1 period
Concentration on                                               cells
Plant Cells                                                 2. Record observations accurately
                                                                       UNIT 3: LIFE ENERGY
3.0 Life Energy       3.0 Understanding how                                                                       1 week
                      organisms obtain energy
3.1 Food                3.0.1 Describe the cell part     1. Describe the cell structures involved in              1 period
Production in the     involved in obtaining energy       photosynthesis
Leaf                    3.0.2 Describe the energy        2. Relate the structural make – up of each part of the
                      location and function of           leaf to its function
                      chlorophyll pigment                3. Investigate food production in the leaf
                        3.0.3 State the requirement of
3.2 Light Reaction      3.0.4 Describe the energy        1. Describe the organelle where photosynthesis           2 periods
                      location and function of           occurs
                      chlorophyll pigments               2. Identify the requirement and products of
                        3.0.5 Explain light and dark     photosynthesis
                      reactions of photosynthesis        3. Discuss the role of each requirement in
                                                         4. Compare light and dark reactions
3.3 Dark Reaction       3.0.6 Explain light and dark     1. Sequence the events during dark reaction of           2 periods
                      reactions of photosynthesis        photosynthesis
                                                         2. Explain each sequence of event during dark
                                                         3. Enumerate reactants and the products formed
                                                         4. Compare light and dark reactions
                                                         5. Cite factors that hasten to photosynthesis
                                                         6. Appreciate the importance of photosynthesis to
                                                         the living world

                                                                         UNIT 4: ORGAN SYSTEM
4.0 Organ Systems    4.0 Understand the interaction                                                              3 weeks
                     of cells, tissues, organ systems
                     in maintaining the life of an
4.1 Levels of        4.0.1 Illustrate the coordinated     1. Describe the levels of organization of living       2 periods
Organization in      function of cells, tissues, organ    organisms from the simplest to the most complex.
Living Organisms     systems in maintaining the life      2. Illustrate the interactions of cells, tissues and
                     of plants, animals, and human        organ systems in maintaining lives of organisms.
                     beings                               3. Recognize the importance of each organ system
                     4.0.2 Recognize the necessity of     in the overall functioning of the organism.
                     an organized system for proper
                     growth development and
                     survival of the organisms
                     4.0.3 Assess the importance of
                     the body systems in the overall
                     functioning of the organism
4.2 Plant Organ      4.1 Understand the anatomy           1. Describe the structure and function of roots        2 periods
System - Roots       and physiology of plants             2. Describe the two types of root systems
                        4.1.1 Describe the parts and      3. Identify the kinds of specialized roots and their
                     functions of different organ         functions
4.3 Nutrient Needs     4.1.2 Describe the parts and       1. Identify nutrients that are needed by plants        2 periods
of Plants            functions of the different organ     2. Differentiate major from minor mineral needs of
                     systems                              plants.
                       4.1.3 State the requirements of    3. Compare organic and inorganic fertilizers
                     plants for growth and                4. Trace the path of nutrients from the soil to the
                     development                          different plant parts
                       4.1.4. Illustrate absorption and
                     transport of materials and water
                     in plants
4.4 Leaves and         4.1.5 Describe the parts and       1. Identify the external parts of the leaf.            3 periods
Transpiration        functions of different organ         2. Describe the internal parts of the leaf.
                     systems                              3. Describe functions of the leaf.
                                                          4. Explain how plants lose water through the
                                                          5. Explain factors that affect transpiration
4.5 The                4.1.6 Describe the parts and        1. Identify the main parts and functions of the    3 periods
Circulatory System   functions of the different human         circulatory system.
and Lymphatic        organ systems                         2. Differentiate human blood types from each
System               4.2 Appreciate technologies that         other
                     help defective organ systems          3. Trace the circulation of blood through the
                     function properly                        heart, the lungs, and the body.
                        4.2.1 Identify the                 4. Explain how the lymphatic system works
                     technologies that help specific       5. Cite the causes and effects of disease on the
                     defective organ system                   circulatory system
                     functions properly                    6. Describe technologies that help defective
                                                              circulatory organs to function properly
                                                           7. Suggest ways of maintaining a good
                                                              functioning circulatory system
4.6 The Excretory    Same competency with 4.5              1. Relate the structure and function of the        3 periods
System                                                        organs which comprise the human excretory
                                                           2. Explain how filtration of blood and
                                                              formation of urine occur in the kidney.
                                                           3. Describe how the kidney dialysis machine
                                                           4. Cite advantages of a kidney transplant
                                                                      UNIT 5: REPRODUCTION
5.0 Reproduction     5.0 Understand and appreciate                                                            3 weeks
                     the importance of cell division
5.1                  5.0.1 Describe the cell cycle      1. Describe the cell cycle                            3 periods
                     5.0.2 Explain mitosis and          2. Demonstrate what the process of mitosis and
                     meiosis                            cytokinesis accomplishes
                     5.0.3 Differentiate mitosis from   3. Differentiate mitosis from meiosis
5.2                  5.1 Recognize cellular             1. Describe the methods of sexual reproduction in     1 period
                     reproduction among plants,         different organisms
                     animals and human beings           2. Cite the significance of asexual reproduction in
                     5.1.1 Differentiate sexual and     lower forms of organisms
                     asexual reproduction of

5.3 Sexual        Same with 5.1.1.                 1. Differentiate internal fertilization from          1 period
Reproduction in                                        external fertilization
Animals                                            2. Describe how fertilization occurs in different
5.4 Human         5.2 Understand the process of    1. Describe the organ and functions of the male       1 period
Reproductive      human reproduction               and female reproductive systems
System            5.2.1 Identify the parts and     2. Give the functions of the male and female sex
                  functions of the human           hormones
                  reproductive system              3. Explain the menstrual cycle
5.5 Development    5.2.2. Describe the stages of   1. Trace the sequence of events from                  3 periods
and Birth of A    development of the fertilized    fertilization to birth in humans
Baby              embryo and fetus.                2. Describe what happens during fertilization,
                                                   implantation and embryonic development.
                                                   3. Describe the roles of the placenta and
                                                   umbilical cord in pregnancy
                                                   4. Compare and contrast in vitro fertilization and
                                                   in vivo fertilization
                                                   5. Make a poster about prenatal care
                                                   6. Cooperate in a group activity
5.6 Population    5.3 Know the problems and        1. Suggest some ways to treat infertility             2 periods
Growth            issue related to fertility and   2. Define terms related to population growth
                  population growth                3. Explain how a certain area reaches its
                  5.3.1 Analyze some problems      carrying capacity
                  on fertility.                    4. Identify the factors that affect the carrying of
                  5.3.2 Suggest ways of planning   an area
                  population growth                5. Cite advantages and disadvantages of under
                                                   crowding (low population level) and
                                                   overcrowding (high population level)
                                                   6. Suggest ways of planning population growth
5.7 Family        5.3.3 Suggest ways of planning   1. Discuss the advantages of family planning          1 period
Planning          population growth                2. Enumerate and discuss birth control methods
                                                   3. Appreciate the significance of family
                                                   4. Express one’s views on abortion

5.8 Sexually        5.3Demonstrate understanding        1. Demonstrate understanding of the ill effects 4 periods
Transmitted         of the ill effects of human             of human sexually transmitted disease
Disease             sexually transmitted disease            (STDs)
                    5.3.1 Identify the risks of         2. Identify the risks of contamination to various
                    contamination to various                sexually transmitted disease specially AIDS
                    sexually transmitted disease        3. Appreciate the value of reproductive health
                                                        4. Be aware of the value of sensitivity to social
                                                                       UNIT 6 : GENETICS
6.0 Genetics                                                                                              2 weeks
6.1 DNA Structure   6.0 Understand the chromosomal       1. identify the molecules which make up DNA 1 period
                    basis of inheritance and the role    2. Use models to construct a molecule of DNA
                    of DNA as the blueprint of life
                    6.0.1 Explain the chromosomal
                    basis of inheritance
                    6.0.2 Give the importance of
                    DNA in the transmission of traits
                    6.1 Understand the fundamental
                    role of chromosomes and genes
                    in hereditary variations
                    6.1.1 Discuss the relationship of
                    chromosomes and genes
                    6.1.2 Understand the different
                    chromosomal aberrations
6.2 DNA             Same with 6.0 to 6.0.2               1. Use models to construct a molecule of        1 period
Replication                                                 DNA
                                                         2. manipulate models to demonstrate how
                                                            DNA replicates
6.3 Protein         Same with 6.0 to 6.1.2               1. Identify molecules which make up DNA         1 period
Synthesis                                                   and RNA
                                                         2. Demonstrate the concept of complementary
                                                            base pairing using DNA and RNA
                                                         3. Summarize the process of protein synthesis

6.4 Monohybrid       6.2 Demonstrate understanding        1. Demonstrate the inheritance of contrasting     2 periods
and Dihybrid         of the Mendelian Principles of       characteristics in which dominance is exhibited
Crosses              Heredity                             2. Explain the pattern of inheritance of
                     6.2.1 Analyze Mendel’s               monohybrid and Dihybrid crosses
                     experiment on garden peas to         3. Apply Punnett squares in solving
                     illustrate Mendelian Principles of   monohybrid and Dihybrid crosses
                     6.2.2 Identify the traits that
                     follow Mendelian patterns of
                     6.2.3 Solve monohybrid crosses
                     given the phenotypes and
                     genotypes of parents
6.5 Non –            6.2.4 Infer that certain traits do   1. Explain the codominance pattern of             1 period
Mendelian Patterns   not always follow the Mendelian      inheritance
of Heredity:         principles of heredity               2. Illustrate by means of Punnet square a cross
Codominance                                               involving codominant inheritance
6.6 Non –            Same with 6.2.4                      1. Explain incomplete dominance pattern of        1 period
Mendelian Patterns                                             inheritance
of Heredity:                                              2. Illustrate by means of Punnet square a cross
Incomplete                                                     involving incomplete dominance pattern of
Dominance                                                      inheritance
6.7 Non –            Same with 6.2.4                      1. Explain how sex is determined in humans        1 period
Mendelian Patterns                                        2. Explain what sex – linked genes and traits
of Heredity: Sex –                                             are
linked Traits                                             3. Diagram a cross involving sex – linked
6.8 Genetic          6.3 Cite some pressing issues        1. Explain the process of genetic engineering     2 periods
Engineering          concerning advanced                  2. Make a model of Recombinant DNA
                     technologies in genetics             3. Research on the potential benefits and risks
                     6.3.1 Analyze the effects of         of genetically modified food
                     genetic engineering                  4. Prepare and present findings to the class
                     6.3.2 Explain what Genetically       through a debate
                     Modified Organisms or Food are
                     6.3.3 Analyze some problems
                     concerning cloning and gene

                                                                   UNIT 7 : EVOLUTION
7.0 Evolution                                                                                            2 weeks
7.1 Theories of    7.0 Understand the theories of      1. Explain evolution                              2 periods
Evolution          evolution                           2. Describe how and where the first and
                   7.0.1 Explain Darwin’s Theory of    simplest living organisms might have formed
                   Evolution                           3. Discuss the different theories of evolution
                   7.0.2 Differentiate Lamarck’s       4. Explain adaptation, artificial selection,
                   Theory of Evolution from            mimicry
                   Darwin’s theory                     5. Explain various forms of adaptation
                                                       6. Express one’s opinion about the origin of
7.2 Evidences of   7.1 Discuss the direct and          1. Differentiate direct from indirect evidences   3 periods
Evolution          indirect evidences of evolution     2. Describe fossils and how they are formed
                   7.1.1 Distinguish between direct    3. Explain how radioactive dating the age of
                   and indirect evidence of            fossils
                   evolution                           4. Differentiate homologous, analogous and
                   7.1.2 Describe some indirect        vestigial structures from each other
                   evidences of shared ancestry        5. Explain how anatomical structures in
                                                       embryological development serve as evidence
                                                       of evolution.
                                                       6. Explain how biochemicals make – up varies
                                                       on evolutionary relationship among species.
7.3 Patterns of    7.2 Analyze the pattern of          1. Enumerate some characteristics of              1 period
evolution -        evolution of plants, animals and         primates.
Primates           human beings.                       2. Trace the evolution of man and other
                   7.2.1 Give some factors affecting        primates using an evolutionary trace.
                   the pattern of evolution in some    3. Describe similarities and differences of
                   plants, animals, and human               skulls in primates including man.
                   beings.                             4. Identify characteristics that differentiate
                                                            man from other primates
7.4 Effects of     7.2.2 Discuss the effects of some   1. Describe how some technologies affect          3 periods
Technologies on    technologies on the evolution of    evolution of organisms
Evolution          organisms.                          2. Cite certain instances and organisms which
                                                       have been affected by technology
                                                       3. Explain genetic engineering
                                                       4. Describe genetically modified organisms

                                                                 UNIT 8: BIODIVERSITY
8.0 Biodiversity                                                                                          6 weeks
8.1 Biological     8.1 Appreciate the existence of     1. Define taxonomy                                 1 period
System of          diverse forms of living things      2. Identify various early classification of
Classification     8.1.1 Describe the distinguishing       organisms
                   characteristics of the different    3. Name the different levels of classification
                   groups of organisms                 4. Discuss briefly the binomial system of
                                                       5. Classify organisms according to their
                                                           structural similarities by performing simple
8.2 Kingdom        8.2 Appreciate the existence of     1. Describe the characteristics of bacteria        1 period
Monera             diverse forms of living things      2. Classify bacteria according to their types,
                   8.2.1 Describe the distinguishing   relation to air and diseases.
                   characteristics of the different    3. Enumerate their uses
                   groups of organisms
                   8.3 Be aware of the potential
                   value of organisms
                   8.3.1 Evaluate the economic
                   importance of organisms
8.3 Kingdom        Same with 8.2 to 8.3.1              1. Point out the distinguishing characteristics    2 periods
Fungi                                                      of fungi.
                                                       2. Classify fungi on the basis of their spore
                                                           forming structure
                                                       3. Describe the different groups of fungi
                                                       4. Observe the structure of yeast, bread, mold,
                                                       5. Cite the importance of fungi
8.4 Viruses        8.4 Appreciate the existence of     1. Describe the major characteristics of viruses   2 periods
                   diverse forms of living forms of    2. Explain briefly how a virus infects a
                   living things                       bacterial cell
                   8.4.1 Describe some common          3. Become aware of the beneficial and harmful
                   viruses and their effects on host   effects of virus
                   cells                               4. Enhance critical thinking skills and their
                                                       ability to refine an argument

8.5 The Fern        8.5 Appreciate the existence of     1. Describe vascular plants                        1 period
                    diverse forms of living things.     2. Differentiate ferns from higher vascular
                    8.5.1 Describe the distinguishing   plants
                    characteristics of the different    3. Observe the structures of a fern
                    groups of organisms                 4. Enumerate the uses of ferns
8.6 Gymnosperm      Same with 8.5 to 8.5.1              1. State the distinguishing features of            1 period
                                                        2. Compare gymnosperm from angiosperm
                                                        3. Appreciate the uses of a pine tree
8.7 Making A        8.5.2 Evaluate the economic         1. Make an inventory of plants in the area         1 period
Vegetation Map      importance of the organisms         2. Observe the different kinds of plants
(Plant Diversity)   8.5.3 Propose ways to conserve      3. Classify plants according to their structural
                    economically important              similarities
                    organisms.                          4. Show cooperation during the group activity

8.8 Invertebrate    Same with 8.5 to 8.5.3              1. Describe the morphological characteristics      2 periods
Animals                                                    of animal classification
                                                        2. Enumerate the major animal phyla and
                                                           their characteristics
                                                        3. Appreciate the unity in diversity and
                                                           patterns of life on earth
                                                        4. Show cooperation in group or individual
8.9 Sponges and     Same with 8.5 to 8.5.1              1. Describe the distinctive characteristics of     1 period
Cnidarians                                                 sponges and cnidarians

                                                        2. Compare sponges and cnidarians as to:
                                                          a. habitat
                                                          b. general body structure
                                                          c. economic importance

8.10 Three Phyla   8.5 Appreciate the existence of        1. Enumerate the various common worms              2 days
of Worms           diverse forms of living things.        2. Describe the three common worms in terms
                   8.5.1 Describe the distinguishing      of:
                   characteristics of the different          a. mode of nutrition
                   groups of organisms                       b. structure/function
                   8.6 Be aware of the potential             c. habitat
                   value of organisms                     3. Trace the life cycle of a given worm
                   8.6.1 Evaluate the economic            4. Determine some preventive measures for
                   importance of organisms                the transmission of disease caused by worms
8.11 Phylum        8.6.2 Propose ways to conserve         1. Discuss the distinguishing characteristics of   1 period
Mollusca           economically important                 mollusks to:
                                                          2. Compare the classes of mollusks as to:
                                                            a. number of shells
                                                            b. type of feet present
                                                            c. symmetry

                                                          3. Cite the economic importance of mollusks

8.12 Phylum        Same with 8.5 to 8.6.2                  1. Discuss the distinctive characteristics of     1 period
Echinodermata                                                  echinoderms
                                                           2. Realize the importance of autonomy and
                                                               regeneration among echinoderms
                                                           3. Classify the given examples of
                                                           4. Appreciate the economic values of
8.13 Phylum        Same with 8.5 to 8.6.2                  1. Compare arthropoda in terms of                 2 periods
Arthropoda                                                     a. number of legs    b. antennae
                                                               c. body divisions   d. mouth parts
                                                           2. Discuss the economic importance of
                                                           3. Explain the harmful effects of arthropods

 8.14 Chordates     Same with 8.5 to 8.6.2             1. State the distinguishing characteristics of   2 periods
                                                       2. Compare the different classes of chordates
                                                       3. Enumerate the orders of mammals
                                                       4. Realize the importance of conserving the
                                                                  UNIT 9 : ECOSYSTEM
 9.0 Ecosystem                                                                                          1 week
 9.1 Natural and    8.6 Be aware of the similarities   1. Describe the characteristics of natural and   1 period
 Human – Made       and differences of ecosystems      human – made ecosystem
 Ecosystem          8.6.1 Differentiate natural and    2. Cite examples of natural and human – made
                    human – Made Ecosystems            ecosystem
 9.2 managed and    Be aware of the similarities and   Observe the interaction of living things with    1 period
 Unmanaged          differences of ecosystems          their environment in a managed and
 Ecosystem                                             unmanaged ecosystem.
 9.3 Plant and      Similarities and differences of    1. Identify the plant and animals life in        1 period
 Animal Diversity   ecosystems                         controlled (managed) and uncontrolled
 in Managed and                                        (unmanaged) ecosystems




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