Critical Stance is� by bljmDR2O

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									                 Critical Stance is…




  

                                Reading like a Writer

                   Questioning the Author’s Decisions

               Comparing/Contrasting (within the text)

                                Evaluating information




Strategies for teaching:                       Skills to be taught:
  o Connect reading and writing                -Examine author’s craft

  o Use reflection journals                     -Impact of literary elements

  o Model “think alouds”                        -Effect of author’s word
                                                 choice, author’s purpose,
  o Use graphic organizers                       author’s decisions

  o Daily analogies                             -Compare and contrast
                                                 within the text
  o QAR’s   (Question, Answer, Response)
                                                -Evaluate information and
  o Questioning the Author                       ideas

  o Literature circles
     Questions to reinforce this skill:

       How was ___different from ___?

       What was an important part of…?

   What did two characters have in common?

 Which statement would the author most likely
                  agree with?

     What is the most likely reason why…?

 What is the most important way that ___was
                similar to ___?

 Do you agree with the author’s opinion of this
                     event?

  Does the author use (irony, personification,
          humor) effectively? Explain.

 What could be added to improve the author’s
               argument? Why?

          Is this information needed?

 What other information would you need to find
          out that you don’t know now?
 Reading Response Journal Prompts For:
            Critical Stance-

   “Sitting on the author’s shoulder…”




 How does the author describe things in this book so
               that you can see them?

    Why do you think the author wrote this book?

   How do you feel about the author’s writing style?
              What would you change?

 What do you think the author’s message is- what do
  you think the author wanted you to learn, or feel, or
                  take away with you?

 How did the author capture your interest (any hooks
                     in the story)?

  Write any questions that you would like to ask the
  author or one of the characters if you could interview
                       him or her.

     How would you change the story if you could
    suddenly be in the book as a character yourself?


 Rewrite this selection with ____as a setting or ___as
  a character.
                               Critical Stance
                          Conferencing Grades 2-4

Student   Why begin     Does the      ___is a       Why is        What is       Which            This        Why did
          the         ending seem    symbol of   ___included in      the     details help   information    the author
 Names
          selection    believable?     what?     the selection?    impact        me          is needed?      choose
          with___?    Why or why                                    of the    understand    Explain why.    this title?
                           not?                                   author’s   the author’s
                                                                    word       point of
                                                                  choice?       view?
                                     Critical Stance
                                Conferencing Grades 3-5
Student Names    What impact     Why does     Why does       What        Techniques        In what     How does the
                    does the     the author   the author      are     author uses for    way could     author make
                 author’s use       use        compare       some     effect?(dramatic   the author      sure the
                       of       flashbacks?   ___to___?    elements       beginning,        make         selection
                foreshadowing                                of the      short, quick     ___more       entertains,
                  have on the                              author’s   sentences, long    believable?     informs,
                   selection?                                style?       sentences,                    persuades,
                                                           Why are        repetition)                      etc.?
                                                              the
                                                           elements
                                                             used?
                          Open-Ended
                Critical Stance Questions for:

                        A Tale of Tails
                      By: Charles Fergus

                  Name_________________

Pre-Reading Questions

1. Why does the author compare animals to humans?

2. Why did the author choose this title?

3. What other information would you like to find out that you don’t
know now?


During Reading Questions

4. Which statement is the main idea of paragraph one?

5. Why does the author have some text in large, bolded font?

6. Why does the author use a dash after the word “too” in the last
paragraph?


After Reading Questions

7. Compare and contrast a red fox’s tail with a beaver’s tail.

8. What is the most likely reason the author includes descriptions of
the animal tails in this selection?

9. What are some things the author does to make sure this
selection informs?

10. What does the author believe is an important reason for quills
on a porcupine’s tail?
11. What are some details the author uses to help you visualize the
images in the selection?

12. How useful would this selection be for a hunter? Why?



Activities

-Write- What kind of research would a person have to do to write
this article?
-Compare/Contrast on a Double Bubble Map of Flip book two
animals and how they use their tales.
                             Open-Ended
                   Critical Stance Questions for:

                    Mrs. Dooley’s Dog Dilemma
                         By: June Swanson

                 Name______________________

Pre-Reading Questions

1. Why did the author choose this title?

2. What do you think the author thinks about dogs?


During Reading Questions

3. What technique does the author use to make her selection colorful?
(precise details, short sentences, figurative language) Give examples.

4. The way that Mrs. Dooley is described suggests that she is…
Explain your answer.

5. The way that Mrs. Dooley is described suggests that she is…
Explain your answer.

6. Is the information about the neighbors’ pets needed? Explain why.

7. What is the main idea of paragraph two?



After Reading Questions

8. What is the message of this ironic selection?

9. What is Mrs. Dooley’s attitude toward the number of her pets?

10. What is the most likely reason that the neighbor’s pets are
included in the selection?

11. Compare and contrast Mrs. Dooley with Mr. Simpson.
12. Does the author exaggerate in this selection? Explain your answer.



Activities

-Give two examples of good descriptions from the story. Illustrate the
descriptions.

-Make a flip book that gives examples of humor the author uses in the
story.
                            Open-Ended
                  Critical Stance Questions for:

                             Kids Can!
                       By: Patricia Bridgman

                  Name____________________

Pre Reading:

  1. By previewing the pictures, what do you think the children in
     this selection able to accomplish?

  2. What is the most likely reason why these were constructed?

  3. What do you think is the author’s attitude toward kids?

  4. What is the impact of the author’s choice of words for the title of
     the selection?

During Reading:

  5. What are some things that the author does to make sure that
     this selection informs?

  6. What are some details the author uses to help you visualize the
     images in the selection?

  7. What technique does the author use to make the selection
     colorful?

  8. Look for these text features: italics, quotes, dash, bold print,
     etc. Why does the author use these text features. What are the
     different reasons?


After Reading:

  9. How useful would this selection be for other students to read?
     Why?

  10. What other information would you need to find out that you
  don’t know now if you were planning a “canstruction” project? Why?
Activities:

1. If you plan to write a selection similar to this one about a charity
project, what steps would you need to take?
Write/ describe /illustrate the four steps.

2. Create a chart to help you identify/describe the reason for text
features used in the reading selection.

Ex:

Text Feature             Example from selection      Reason author used it
Italics                  Elevations                  Important term
Italics                  Any                         Expression/Emphasis
All Caps                 BOOSH                       Expression/Emphasis

Quotes                   “It turned into a long      Tell exactly what someone
                         day”                        said
Quotes                   “Creative Fun”              An expression
Dash                     - a birds eye view          Definition
                             Open-Ended
                   Critical Stance Questions for:

                       “Jared to the Rescue”
                    By: Carole Duncan Buckman

Pre- Reading
What does the word “Rescue” mean? How does the author use the
title to help the reader predict what the reading selection will be
about?

How do the pictures and captions help you make predictions?

What predictions would you make about this story?

During Reading
How does the author let you know how Jared and Jessica feel about
each other? Give specific examples form the text.

What is the author trying to show you when she says “Jared’s Face
turned red?” What else could the author have said?

Was Jared gentle or rough with the kittens? How does the author show
you this? Give specific examples from the text.

How does the author let you know Jared is feeling confident at the end
of the story?

After Reading
Do you think the author did a good job of telling this story?

What parts did you like best? What parts might you have written
differently?

Activity:
Make a chart or flip book that lists these character traits:
Happy, Angry, Embarrassed, Gentle, Excited, etc.
List specific examples from the text where the author shows the
characters showing these character traits.
Ex:

Character Traits    Character     Ex. From Text
Embarrassed         Jared         “Jared’s face turned red”
Gentle              Jared         “He sprinkled the treats on the ground”
                             Open-Ended
                   Critical Stance Questions for:

                       “A Tool Making Crow”
                        By: Jack Myers Ph. D.

Critical Stance

Pre- Reading

What clues does the author give you glancing at this reading selection
to help you make predictions?

What predictions would you make about this reading selection?

How does the author make the text easier to read?


During Reading

In the section “Playful Birds,” do you think the author chose a good
sub-title? Give specific examples from the text.

In the section “Could She Do it Again?” Do you think the author chose
a good sub-title? Give specific examples from the text.

Why does the author use a dash in the next to the last paragraph?

Why does the author write the word “toolmaking” in quotation marks?


After Reading

What kind of research do you think the author had to do to write this
reading selection?

What are some words you think the author might use to describe
crows?


Activity:

On a double-bubble map, or compare/contrast flip chart, compare the
tool making skills of a human to a crow.
                             Open-Ended
                   Critical Stance Questions for:

                         “Pumpkin in a Jar”
                      an international folktale

Pre- Reading Questions

In this story, the characters drink out of an
“old, crude jar”- what do you think the author wants you to picture in
your mind?

During Reading Questions

p. 1 Why does the author write “Philippines” in parentheses?
p. 2 How does the author let the reader know the maiden is
embarrassed to give the king a drink of water?
p. 2 Which character seems most worried about what the drinking
gourd looks like?
p. 2 Which character does the author let you know the thoughts of?
Give an example from the text.
p. 3 Why do you think the author doesn’t tell you how the maiden put
the pumpkin in the jar yet?


After Reading Questions

Why do you think the author chose “Pumpkin in a Jar” as the title for
this story?
How does the author let you know what the word virtuous means?
Why do you think the author wrote this story?
What kind of research or experiences might this author had to have
had to write this story?


Activities
- Act out story in Reader’s Theatre
- Compare and contrast the story to the reader’s theater version on a
double-bubble map or a compare and contrast flip book.

								
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