Yoo Ra Park
1. Introduction: the increasing annual amount consumption of meat per person
Thesis statement: vegetarianism is positive idea for the problem
2. Counter argument#1 + Pro argument #1 to refute it
3. Counter argument#2 + Pro argument #2 to refute it
-omnivorous humans / enough nutrients from vegetables
4. Counter argument#3 + Pro argument #3 to refute it
-ignorance of animals’ quality of life / barbaric techniques to kill animals
5. Counter argument#4 + Pro argument #4 to refute it
-a right to kill animals / respectfulness to animals
6. Conclusion (summary + recommendation+ prediction)
Ex) Daily meal plan
Vegetarianism is beneficial to human health and the environment
According to a statistic that shows the amount of meat that an American consumes
per capita annually, the total of 76 kilograms in 1970 increased to the total of 84 kilogram,
which is a huge growth (Bloch, 2009). As people want more meat nowadays, the astonishing
amounts of animals are killed in a lot of cruel ways to maintain the fresh and tender condition
of the meat. Moreover, eating a bunch of meat is harmful to one’s health due to the large
amounts of cholesterol and fat which can trigger cardiac diseases. At this point, it is
undeniable that we should be concerned about our eating habits for animals’ genocide and our
own health. The public in general tends to believe that vegetarianism is the key solution for
the arising issue. Although it is generally agreed today that meat should be one of the major
food that humans consume because eating meat is natural, humans are omnivorous, animals
are not aware of their quality of life, a vegetarian diet is too expensive, we should accept that
vegetarianism is beneficial in many ways since we should respect animals, other foods can
substitute the nutrients in meat, techniques to kill animals are barbaric, and most importantly,
a vegetarian diet is healthier.
First of all, one argument of the opponents of vegetarianism shows that vegetarian
diet is exceedingly expensive. They claim that processed meats like hamburgers are more
affordable to most people than fresh vegetables. Certainly, one can easily see that salads are
much more expensive that hamburgers or sandwiches with meat nowadays. However, it is
undeniable that health is the most substantial requisite for a better life, and it is impossible to
put a price on it. Lots of researches on the health issue verify that vegetarianism can preserve
health, for instance, “One of the most compelling reasons is personal health. Research
continues to show that those following a vegetarian diet have a low risk of developing
chronic diseases. They enjoy increased longevity and improved overall health status” (James,
1984). According to scientific studies, animal fats are much more likely to cause clogged
arteries than vegetable fats which can lead to fatal diseases. Also, most forms of food-
poisoning by E-coli, BSE, and salmonella are transmitted through meat. As a result, “we are
spending hundreds of billions of dollars on medical care for problems such as heart disease
and cancer which are perfectly preventable on a vegetarian diet” (Barrett, 2007). In this way,
it is very possible that eating vegetables is a lot cheaper than eating meat in the long run.
Secondly, many vegetarians also agree that humans are omnivorous animals who eat
both meat and vegetable. Therefore, the opponents of vegetarianism believe that
vegetarianism cuts half of the natural diet that humans have adapted to, which can destroy the
natural and balanced diet. Nevertheless, experts’ own point of view is that we can get enough
nutrients from eating vegetables. Thus, many kinds of fruits and vegetables provide a variety
of carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, vitamins, and fiber that are necessary to a human body.
According to an scientific report, fruits and vegetables are sources of many nutrients needed
for good health including fiber, minerals (e.g., potassium), and vitamins (e.g., A, C, and
folate) (Barrett, 2007).
The opposing view states that I can agree up to a certain point that we cannot assume
that animals are aware of their quality of life. Modern farming techniques are generally quick
and painless, but critics of this position argue that many of meat-farming techniques leave
animals half-alive and in pain for many hours, which is definitely not quick or painless. Also,
a billion of domestic animals like cows are forced to grow to a massive size and produce
significant amounts milk, which drives them to death (D., 2008). In addition, there are lots of
contests just for killing animals around the world. For example, “killing contests—in which
participants compete for prizes to see who can kill the most animals—are condemned by
hunters and non-hunters alike. They are barbaric celebrations of animal cruelty, and they are
destructive to the environment” and “Canada’s annual commercial seal hunt has opened in
the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, setting the stage for the cruel slaughter and blood-letting
of hundreds of thousands of seals”(Deborah, 2008). Even though this topic is not directly
related to vegetarianism, we should be aware of the fact that our massive consumption of
meat can lead to miserable genocide.
Furthermore, opponents also argue that rights to assert own quality of life are only
applicable to humans because they farm and dominate other creatures. According to Nordin,
(2001), “animals do not have rights comparable to human rights. The moral benevolence that
is in order for animals is not of a kind that could legitimise the use of physical force, or the
threat thereof, against other people or against their property”. At this point, one may wonder
that humans are animals themselves that have shared ancestors. Therefore, we should be
responsible to animals rather than killing and eating them pervasively. L. and E. state,
“veganism is the most important form of political activism that we can undertake on behalf of
animals” (Gary and Anna, 2008).
All in all, the arguments I have presented seem to reveal the positive side of
vegetarianism by emphasizing the four points of the topic: healthy vegetarian diet, various
kinds of nutrients in vegetables, the value of animals’ lives, and responsibility for animals.
What conclusions can be drawn from all this is maybe that we can have better life and also
save a great number of lives by eating vegetables rather than eating meat. To start a vegan
lifestyle, there are some tips to keep in mind: take note of the things that you do not need to
buy to save your money, make sure you are getting a rounded diet-if you find that it has been
a couple of months without a variety in your diet, you can add some new kinds of food to it,
always take a green powder to add in water or a glass of juice so that you can get your green
food anytime. In the future, as the more vegetarians there are, the more farmers will change
their products from meat to vegetable, and the cheaper vegetarian diet will become in a
Barrett, D. (2007). Maximizing the Nutritional Value of Fruits and Vegetables. USDA:
University of California, Davis.
D. (2008). Barbaric Blood-Letting Seal Hunt in Canada.
Retrieved from http://www.lifeinthefastlane.ca/barbaric-seal-hunt-in-canada/offbeat-
Gary L. and Anna E. (2008). Animals Rights. Washington Street, Newark: The abolitionist
Approach. : Rutgers School of law-Newark
James J.(1984). The Future of Vegetarianism.
Retrieved from http://www.compassionatespirit.com/future-of-veg.htm.
The vegetarian Food Pyramid. (2008). Loma Linda, California: Loma Linda University Press.
Michael, B. (2009). Meat Consumption Statistics.
Retrieved from http://www.greenlivingtips.com/articles/321/1/Meat-consumption-
Nordin, I. (2001). Animals Don’t Have Rights. EsterBrooke Street, London: Libertarian
Rosa, K. (2008). Raw Vegan Lifestyle Is Not Expensive.
Retrieved from http://www.thevegetarianbible.com/raw-vegan-lifestyle-is-not-