POETIC DEVICES

Document Sample
POETIC DEVICES Powered By Docstoc
					                               POETIC DEVICES

Use this reference sheet to help you remember the different kinds of poetic
devices. This will help you with your analysis of poetry and your own
personal poetry writing.

Alliteration
    A tongue twister
    The repeating of beginning consonant sounds
    Used to create „music‟ in poetry
    Example: “Galoshes” by Rhoda Bacmeister
             Susie’s galoshes
             Make splishes and sploshes
             And sloshes and sloshes
             As Suzie steps slowly
             Along in the slush.
    Example: “Anamalia” by Graeme Base
             Two tigers taking the 10.30 train to timbuktu


Assonance
   The repetition of vowel sounds either at the beginning or in the middle of the
     words
   Used to create „music‟ in poetry
   Example: “The Hayloft” by R.L. Stevenson
     Till the shining scythes went far and wide
     And cut it down to dry.
   Example: “Autumn” by Thomas Hood
     I saw old Autumn in the misty morn.


Metaphor
   A figure of speech that compares 2 things without using the word like or as
   Gives you a clear picture in your head
   Example: “Fog” by Carl Sandburg
     The fog comes
     On little cat feet.
   Example: The storm was a threatening giant.
Onomatopoeia
   The use of a word whose sound makes you think of its meaning.
   Adds fun and power to the poem‟s words
   Example: “Galoshes” by Rhoda Bacmeister
    Susie’s galoshes
    Make splishes and sploshes
    And sloshes and sloshes
    As Suzie steps slowly
    Along in the slush.

Personification
    A figure of speech in which a nonhuman thing(an object, an idea, or an
      animal) is given human characteristics
    Adds interest in writing and gives you a new way of looking at something
    Example: “Summer Grass” by Carl Sandburg
     Summer grass aches and whispers.
     It wants something; it calls and sings; it pours
        Out wishes to the overhead stars.

Repetition
   The repeating of a word or phrase to add rhythm or to focus on an idea
   Adds emphasis to what is being said
   Example: excerpt from “The Raven” by Edgar Allen Poe
     While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
     as of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door…

Rhyme (End Rhyme)
   The rhyming of words at the ends of lines of poetry

Rhyme Scheme
   The pattern of end rhymes found in traditional forms of poetry. Rhyme
    scheme is identified by designating each end rhyme sound a letter of the
    alphabet starting with „A.‟

Rhythm (Meter)
   The pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in a line of a poem.
     Rhythm is the basic beat in a line of poetry.
Simile
    A figure of speech that compares two things using the terms like or as.
    Example: He jumped as quick as lightening.

Stanza- A division in a poem named for the number of lines it contains.
     couplet = 2-line stanza              sestet = 6-line stanza
     triplet = 3-line stanza              septet = 7-line stanza
     quatrain = 4-line stanza             octave = 8-line stanza

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:40
posted:11/25/2011
language:English
pages:3