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									1. ------IND- 2011 0076 SK- EN- ------ 20110228 --- --- PROJET

Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development of the Slovak Republic
             Section for Road Transport, Roads, and Investment Projects




                                                                          TP X/2011




                      TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS




  INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF ROADS.
         TUNNELS — TECHNICAL EQUIPMENT




                              effective from: xx.xx.2011




                                      June 2010
TP X/2011                                                 Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment



                                                       TABLE OF CONTENTS

1     Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 4
    1.1     Object of the technical specifications ...................................................................................... 4
    1.2     Purpose of the regulations ....................................................................................................... 4
    1.3     Use of the technical specifications .......................................................................................... 4
    1.4     Preparation of the technical specifications .............................................................................. 4
    1.5     Distribution of the technical specifications ............................................................................. 4
    1.6     Effectiveness of the technical specifications ........................................................................... 5
    1.7     Replacement of previous regulations ...................................................................................... 5
    1.8     Related and cited legal regulations .......................................................................................... 5
    1.9     Related and cited standards ..................................................................................................... 6
    1.10 Related and cited technical regulations ................................................................................... 6
2     Terms and definitions ...................................................................................................................... 7
3     Authorities ensuring the administration and safety of operation of tunnels .................................... 9
4     Technical and safety equipment of a tunnel .................................................................................. 10
5     Tunnel Operating Documentation ................................................................................................. 11
    5.1     General .................................................................................................................................. 11
    5.2     Tunnel safety documentation ................................................................................................ 14
    5.3     Tunnel Book (technical part) ................................................................................................. 14
      5.3.1      Maintenance plan .......................................................................................................... 14
      5.3.2      Operator’s office documentation ................................................................................... 15
         5.3.2.1 Book on the Progress of Operator Services ............................................................... 15
         5.3.2.2 Book of Longer-duration Faults ................................................................................ 16
      5.3.3      Maintenance records...................................................................................................... 16
    5.4     Set of traffic operating states ................................................................................................. 16
    5.5     Set of technical operating states ............................................................................................ 17
    5.6     Extraordinary and emergency modes in a tunnel .................................................................. 18
6     Maintenance of the technical equipment of a tunnel ..................................................................... 18
    6.1     General .................................................................................................................................. 18
      6.1.1      Maintenance plan of individual technical devices ......................................................... 19
      6.1.2      Maintenance planning ................................................................................................... 21
         6.1.2.1 Extraordinary maintenance work .............................................................................. 22
         6.1.2.2 Maintenance of devices owned by other entities ....................................................... 22
      6.1.3      Organisation of maintenance ......................................................................................... 22
      6.1.4      Direction of traffic during maintenance work ............................................................... 22
         6.1.4.1 Establishing maintenance areas ................................................................................. 23
    6.2     Monitoring of technical equipment ....................................................................................... 23
      6.2.1      Inspections of the technical equipment of a tunnel ....................................................... 24
         6.2.1.1 Routine inspections ................................................................................................... 24
            6.2.1.1.1 Basic routine inspection ...................................................................................... 24
            6.2.1.1.2 Main routine inspection ....................................................................................... 24
         6.2.1.2 Main inspections........................................................................................................ 24
            6.2.1.2.1 Initial main inspection ......................................................................................... 25
         6.2.1.3 Extraordinary inspections .......................................................................................... 26
         6.2.1.4 Assessment of the state of technical equipment of a tunnel ...................................... 26
      6.2.2      Checks of technical equipment...................................................................................... 26
         6.2.2.1 Checks of electrical devices ...................................................................................... 27
         6.2.2.2 Checks of electrical fire detection and alarm systems ............................................... 27
         6.2.2.3 Checks of fire stops ................................................................................................... 28
         6.2.2.4 Checks of water supply points, fire hoses, and fire hydrants .................................... 28
         6.2.2.5 Checks of portable fire extinguishers ........................................................................ 28
         6.2.2.6 Checks of ventilation ................................................................................................. 29
         6.2.2.7 Checks of variable-message traffic signs .................................................................. 29
      6.2.3      Technical inspections and technical tests of technical devices ..................................... 29

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 Inspections, maintenance and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment                                                                TP X/2010



7 Repairs .......................................................................................................................................... 30
8 Renovation .................................................................................................................................... 30
9 Environment .................................................................................................................................. 30
10      Safety during maintenance work ............................................................................................... 30
11      Annex 1 Template for the form ‘book of the presence of personnel of other organisations in the
tunnel operator’s office’ ........................................................................................................................ 30
12      Annex 2 Template for the form ‘daily record of the progress of services in the operator’s
office’ 31
13      Annex 3 Template for the form ‘extraordinary work in tunnel and in adjacent road sections’ 32
14      Annex 4 Daily record of faults detected during daily inspections and their fixing ................... 32
15      Annex 5 Daily record of notifications received and sent .......................................................... 33
16      Annex 6 Book of Longer-duration Faults ................................................................................. 33
17      Annex 7 Maintenance timetable................................................................................................ 35
18      Annex 8 Record of main/extraordinary inspection ................................................................... 36




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 TP X/2011                             Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment




1   Introduction
The technical and safety equipment of a tunnel ensures the smooth and safe passage of road vehicles
through the tunnel, enables the tunnel to be maintained, safeguards the tunnel against environmental
damage, protects the health and property of road users and of the tunnel administrator and employees,
and adds to the comfort of a journey. The technical equipment secures the reliable functioning of the
tunnel as a whole, not only in normal operation, but also in emergencies. Early detection of a
developing event can save lives as well as material values. It is therefore important that tunnel
equipment operates reliably and without problems. This is achieved by regular maintenance and
repairs.

1.1 Object of the technical specifications
These technical specifications set out the fundamental prerequisites and principles of maintenance and
the basics of keeping documentation on maintenance of road tunnel technical equipment. They do not
lay down any specific means of maintenance. Selection of the method of maintenance is the
responsibility of the tunnel administrator, but it must meet specified requirements. The requirements
stem from the applicable laws, regulations, and standards established in the STN system and, where
appropriate, EN, IEC, ISO, IEEE, and IETF, as well as from documents supplied by the contractor for
the technical and safety equipment.

These technical specifications set out general, basic requirements for the maintenance of
technical and safety equipment and should therefore be used in accordance with other
applicable legislation.

The technical specifications also set out the means of archiving documents relating to the planning and
performance of maintenance. Records of individual maintenance activities carried out on technical and
safety equipment devices (e.g. records of the passing of expert inspections and tests) are drawn up in
accordance with the applicable legislative regulations.

1.2 Purpose of the regulations
The purpose of these technical specifications, together with section C-1, which applies to the
maintenance, inspection, and repair of tunnel structures, is to create a comprehensive set of principles
for the operation and maintenance of road tunnels.

1.3 Use of the technical specifications
The technical specifications relate to tunnels located on the following roads:
1. motorways and fast roads, and
2. first-class roads.
Where necessary, however, they can also be used for tunnels on local fast roads and second- and third-
class roads, as appropriate.

The technical specifications are intended for:
1. road tunnel administrators,
2. operators and owners,
3. contractors for technical and safety equipment.

1.4 Preparation of the technical specifications
The technical specifications were drawn up by Amberg Engineering Slovakia, s.r.o., Bratislava, on the
basis of an order from the Slovak Road Administration (SSC). Responsible authors — Iveta
Šnauková, PhD. and Martin Bakoš, PhD.

1.5 Distribution of the technical specifications
The technical specifications are available in electronic form on the website of the Ministry of
Transport, Construction, and Regional Development of the Slovak Republic (MDPT SR) at

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 Inspections, maintenance and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment                   TP X/2010



http://www.mindop.sk (Transport, transport infrastructure, road infrastructure, technical regulations)
or at http://www.ssc.sk — technical regulations.

1.6 Effectiveness of the technical specifications
The technical enter into force, after approval, on the date indicated on the title page.

1.7 Replacement of previous regulations
These technical specifications do not replace any existing regulations.

1.8 Related and cited legal regulations
 [Z1]   Act No 135/1961 Coll. on roads (Roads Act), as amended;
 [Z2]   Act No 278/1993 Coll. on state road administration, as amended;
 [Z3]   Act No 129/1996 Coll. on certain measures to accelerate the preparation for construction of
        motorways and roads for motor vehicles, as amended;
 [Z4]   Act No 42/1994 Coll. on the civil protection of the population, as amended;
 [Z5]   Act No 8/2009 Coll. on road traffic and amending and supplementing certain acts, as
        amended;
 [Z6]   Act No 364/2004 Coll. on water and amending Act No 372/1990 Coll. on offences, as
        amended (Water Act), as amended;
 [Z7]   Act No 523/2003 Coll. on public procurement and amending Act No 575/2001 Coll. on the
        organisation of government activities and organisation of the central state administration,
        as amended;
 [Z8]   Act No 314/2001 Coll. on protection against fire, as amended;
 [Z9]   Act No 50/1976 Coll. on land planning and the building code (Building Act), as amended;
 [Z10]  Act No 124/2006 Coll. on occupational health and safety protection and amending and
        supplementing certain acts;
 [Z11]  Act No 17/1992 Coll. on the environment, as amended;
 [Z12]  Act No 24/2006 Coll. on environmental impact assessments and amending and
        supplementing certain acts;
 [Z13]  Act No 478/2002 Coll. on air protection and amending Act No 401/1998 Coll. on air
        pollution charges, as amended (Air Act);
 [Z14]  Act No 168/1996 Coll. on road transport, as amended;
 [Z15]  Act No 222/1996 Coll. on the organisation of local state administration and amending and
        supplementing certain acts;
 [Z16]  Regulation No 35/1984 Coll. implementing the act on roads, as amended;
 [Z17]  Act No 8/2009 Coll. on road traffic and amending and supplementing certain acts;
 [Z18]  Act No 126/2006 Coll. on public healthcare and amending and supplementing certain acts,
        as amended;
 [Z19]  Regulation No 478/2008 Coll. on the properties, specific operating conditions, and regular
        inspections of fire stops;
 [Z20]  Regulation No 121/2002 Coll. of the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic on fire
        prevention, as amended;
 [Z21]  Regulation No 508/2009 Coll. of the Slovak Republic laying down details for ensuring
        health and safety when working with pressure, lifting, electrical and gas technical devices,
        and laying down technical devices considered to be reserved technical devices;
 [Z22]  Regulation No 719/2002 Coll. of the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic laying
        down the properties, operating conditions, and regular inspections of portable fire
        extinguishers and mobile fire extinguishers, as amended;
 [Z23]  Regulation No 726/2002 Coll. of the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic laying
        down the properties of electrical fire signalling, and the operating conditions and regular
        inspections thereof;
 [Z24]  Act No 129/2002 Coll. on the integrated rescue system, as amended;
 [Z25]  Act No 124/2006 Coll. on occupational health and safety protection and amending and
        supplementing certain acts, as amended;
 [Z26]  Regulation No 169/2006 Coll. of the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic on the

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 TP X/2011                              Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment



             specific properties of fixed fire extinguishing devices and semi-fixed fire extinguishing
             devices and on the operating conditions and regular inspections thereof;
 [Z27]       Regulation No 605/2007 Coll. on inspections of fire safety electrical devices, as amended;
 [Z28]       Regulation No 344/2006 Coll. of the Government of the Slovak Republic on the minimum
             safety requirements for tunnels in the road network;
 [Z29]       Regulation No 699/2004 Coll. of the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic on
             providing water to buildings for fire-fighting;
 [Z30]       Regulation No 276/2006 Coll. of the Government of the Slovak Republic on the minimum
             health and safety requirements for work with display units.

1.9 Related and cited standards
 STN EN 61140          Protection against electric shock. Common aspects for installation and
 (33 2010)             devices
 STN 33 2000-3         Electrical installations in buildings. Part 3: Establishing basic
                       characteristics
 STN 33 2000-4-41      Low-voltage electrical installations. Part 4-41: Ensuring safety. Protection
                       against electric shock
 STN 33 2000-5-54      Low-voltage electrical installations. Part 5-54: Selection and construction
                       of electrical devices. Earthing systems and protective conductors and
                       conductors for protective connection
 STN 73 6100           Road terminology
 STN 73 7507           Road tunnel design
 STN 73 0001           Eurocode terminology
 STN 33 1500           Electrical regulations. Revisions to electrical devices
 STN 33 2000-6         Low-voltage electrical installations. Part 6: Revisions
 STN EN 60204-1        Safety of machine devices. Electrical devices of machines. Part 1: General
 (33 2200)             requirements
 STN EN 13460          Maintenance. Maintenance documentation
 (95 0103)
 STN 92 0801           Pressure tests of fire hoses

1.10 Related and cited technical regulations
 [T1]    TP 9C-1/2005 Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Tunnels — structures
 [T2]    TP SSC 07/2000 Guidelines for the maintenance of motorways, SSC: 2000;
 [T3]    TP 05/2007 Catalogue of technologies for repairing basic types of roadway defect, MDPT
         SR: 2007;
 [T4]    TP 03/2006 Documentation for road construction, MDPT SR: 2006;
 [T5]    TS 1003 Documentation for tunnels, MDPT SR: 2003;
 [T6]    TP 04/20006 Fire safety of tunnels, MDPT SR: 2006;
 [T8]    TP 03/2004 Organisation of the road network, MDPT SR: 2004;
 [T9]    Principles for the use of portable road signs, MDPT SR: 1997;
 [T10]   TP 05/2004 Corrosion protection of the steel structures of bridges, MDPT SR: 2004;
 [T11]   TS 0903 Basic motorway map. Preparation, maintenance, and renewal, MDPT SR: 2003
         — currently undergoing approval by the MDPT SR;
 [T12]   TP 04/2007 Catalogue of defects of bridges on motorways and first-, second- and third-
         class roads, MDPT SR: 2007 + Amendment 1/2007 for TP 9B/2005;
 [T13]   TP 10/2005 Catalogue of defects of bridges on roads, MDPT SR: 2005;
 [T14]   TP 09/2008 Technical devices, infrastructure, and systems of roads, MDPT SR: 2008;
 [T15]   TP 10/2008 Intelligent transport systems and technical devices for transport, MDPT SR:
         2008;
 [T16]   TP 9A/2005 Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Motorways, fast roads, and
         roads, MDPT SR: 2005.




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 Inspections, maintenance and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment                                  TP X/2010



2    Terms and definitions
The basic terms relating to roads are set out in STN 73 6100, and terms relating to tunnels are listed in
STN 73 7507 and in other related and cited standards (see section 1.9).
In addition to those terms, the following definitions are used in these technical specifications:

right tunnel tube (RTT) — a tunnel tube in which motor vehicles pass in the direction of the
stationing of the road

left tunnel tube (LTT) — a tunnel tube in which motor vehicles pass in the opposite direction to the
stationing of the road

tunnel operator’s office — the relevant office in which a tunnel operator’s station is located

tunnel operator’s station — the place of operation of an operator (operator’s panel) in an operator’s
office

technical equipment of a tunnel — a set of electrical devices, technical devices, and the monitoring
and control system

technical device — electronically controlled computer systems equipped with sensors and/or
actuating devices and telemetry interfaces for remote monitoring and control; they include, for
example, tunnel ventilation, tunnel lighting, variable-message traffic signs, weather stations, etc.

monitoring and control systems — information systems for collecting data from technical devices,
processing, archiving and visualisation of data, as well as for managing the operation of technical
devices — Central Tunnel Control System (CRS)

electrical device — a device for converting any form of energy into electrical energy, transmitting
electrical energy, converting electrical energy into another form of energy, or storing electrical energy

technical electrical device — an electrical installation comprising all installed technical electrical
devices, including electricity distribution

safety equipment of a tunnel — a set of devices designed to increase the level of protection of
persons and of the tunnel structure and adjacent buildings prior to the occurrence of adverse events or
the consequences thereof

NOTE: In relation to the technical specifications, passive safety equipment means equipment that increases the level of
protection of persons and of the tunnel structure in the case of an adverse event — e.g. SOS boxes, hydrants, etc.

technical equipment of a tunnel — an umbrella term for the technical and safety equipment of a
tunnel

administration of a tunnel — for the purposes of this regulation, administration of a tunnel means
the keeping of the administrative documentation of a tunnel and the structural and technical
maintenance and repair of a tunnel; the basic document for administering a tunnel is the Tunnel
Administration Documentation

operation of a tunnel — for the purposes of this regulation, operation of a tunnel means the activities
securing the safety passage of traffic in a tunnel and adjacent sections under normal circumstances and
activities securing an increased level of protection of persons and structures during adverse events; the
basic document for the optimal operation of a tunnel is the Tunnel Operating Documentation

maintenance — all activities performed over the operating life of a tunnel aimed at maintaining its
technical equipment in a condition where it can perform its required functions such that, in accordance


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 TP X/2011                                   Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment



with the relevant legislation, it does not disrupt the safety and smooth flow of traffic; the components
maintaining technical equipment devices are:
              regular checks of devices,
              technical inspections and technical tests of electrical and technical devices,
              measurement and adjusting of devices,
              monitoring of electricity consumption,
              monitoring the operating hours of individual devices,
              preventive replacement of worn parts,
              routine maintenance,
              servicing,
              repairs arising from the operation of the devices,
              cleaning of the technical and safety equipment of a tunnel,
              inspections of technical equipment.

NOTE:
In relation to the technical specifications, the term ‘maintenance’ means inspections, checks, technical inspections and
technical test, routine maintenance work, and servicing.

monitoring activity — an umbrella term for inspections, checks, technical inspections and technical
tests, and formal inspections; monitoring activity is a component of maintenance

routine maintenance — activities carried out by the administrator of technical and safety equipment;
these include, for example, cleaning variable-message traffic signs and the sensors of various technical
devices, checking the correct functioning of systems, routine software activities, etc.; routine
maintenance does not include activities that must be performed by trained personnel

servicing activity — a maintenance activity that can only be performed by a professional servicing
undertaking

checking of technical equipment devices of tunnels — performed on individual devices and pieces
of apparatus in accordance with the applicable legislation

checking of an electrical device — an activity performed on an electrical device to ascertain the
technical state of that electrical device (e.g. by testing, measuring, inspection, etc.)

technical inspection and technical test (revision) — an activity that verifies the technical state of a
device and that focuses on the safety of the technical device

inspection of the technical equipment of a tunnel — a basis for the administration of a tunnel; this
above all involves visual checking that the technical equipment has not been damaged and checking
the running of individual devices

fault — an adverse state of a device in which it does not meet the requirements on its functional
ability; in the technical equipment of a tunnel, a fault typically develops dynamically, i.e. faults and
failures of technical equipment occur suddenly

functional ability — the ability of a device to reliably perform the prescribed purpose of use for
which it is intended, if it is used in the prescribed manner

repair — a non-investment activity undertaken to preserve or restore the functionality of devices that
fall outside the definition of maintenance; its purpose is to prevent, in good time, excessive disruption
to the technical and functional characteristics and an unreasonable curtailment of the operating life of
structures, structural elements, devices, and equipment



                                                           8
 Inspections, maintenance and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment                                   TP X/2010



3     Authorities ensuring the administration and safety of operation of tunnels
Road administration authority — ensures adherence to all aspects of tunnel safety in accordance with
[Z1] within the meaning of Article 4 of [Z24], progressively from the preparation of the tunnels,
through their operation, until the end of their operating lives. Pursuant to Article 3(3) of [Z1], the
function of the central road administration authority for motorway and road tunnels is performed by
the Ministry of Transport, Posts, and Telecommunications of the Slovak Republic.

Inspection body — conducts formal inspections, evaluations and tests of tunnels at least once every
six years. The inspection body verifies that tunnels satisfy the provisions of section 3 of [Z28]. In
terms of functioning, it must be wholly independent of the tunnel administration, and operate with a
high level of professionalism and quality of work. The function of inspection body may be performed
by the administration authority.

NOTE:
The content and documentation of formal inspections are not the subject of these technical specifications.

Tunnel administrator — is the public or private entity designated in section 3d(5) of [Z1]. The
administrator is responsible for the administration of the tunnel at the design stage and during its
construction, entry into operation, and operation. It is, inter alia, responsible for permanently securing
the conditions for the safe, smooth, and economical operation of the tunnel. It prevents the progressive
deterioration of the functional ability of the tunnel due to aging and the effects of traffic and climatic
factors.
The tunnel administrator appoints a safety engineer and secures qualified operating personnel.
In cooperation with the safety engineer, the tunnel administrator organises training and drills for the
operating personnel and emergency services in accordance with [Z28] (section 5.2.1). The safety
engineer verifies the professional competence of the operating personnel.

Safety engineer — a person entrusted with the safety of tunnels. The safety engineer coordinates all
preventive and safety measures aimed at ensuring the safety of users and service of tunnels. The safety
engineer carries out his or her responsibilities in accordance with section 5 of [Z28].

Operating personnel — ensure the all-day operation of a tunnel. The operating personnel comprise
staff who monitor the operation of a tunnel (tunnel operators) and staff who carry out maintenance of
a tunnel (Figure 1).
                                                             Tunelový technik
                                                             Tunnel engineer

                                               Tunnel prevádzky
                                              Personáloperating                   Personál
                                                                                 Maintenance
                                                    tunela
                                                  personnel                        údržby
                                                                                  personnel

                            Operátorské pracovisko
                            Operator’s office

                                        Traffic                 Operátor
                                                               Technical
                                    Operátor dopravy
                                       operator               technológie
                                                                operator

                       Figure 1 Organisational structure of the operating personnel

The types and number of operating personnel depend on the length and equipment of a tunnel, the
road traffic intensity, and the types and scope of the tasks they are required to perform. According to
these criteria, it will be determined whether a tunnel has continuous service or all-day monitoring, or
operates without personnel. In tunnels without service, the transmission of data and conditions to a
permanently staffed unit must be ensured.

The tasks of a tunnel operator are:



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 TP X/2011                             Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment



                Traffic operator — monitors traffic in the tunnel and in adjacent sections under
                 normal conditions and, in emergencies, assists in rescues in accordance with a defined
                 procedure described in the relevant operations cards for emergencies and as directed
                 by the rescue officer in charge.
             Technical operator — controls the state and functioning of the technical equipment in
                 the tunnel in order to ensure its faultless operation. He or she informs the traffic
                 operator of the actual state of the equipment and notifies the maintenance personnel of
                 any required repairs or maintenance of technical equipment.
Before handing over a tunnel for use, the operating personnel must be trained in the presented
operating regulations, manuals, instructions, and other related documentation. The personnel must be
retrained periodically.

The activities of the operating personnel are directed by the tunnel engineer. The tunnel engineer must
be familiar in detail with the operating documentation. The duties of the tunnel engineer are:
              to update the operating documentation and inform the tunnel administrator of new
                 knowledge that should be applied as a part of the update;
              to make records of checks, faults, and repairs in the tunnel;
              to ensure the regular maintenance of the technical equipment of the tunnel;
              to inform the tunnel administrator of all faults and negative findings affecting the
                 safety of tunnel users.
The tunnel engineer also manages and checks the personnel of external organisations carrying out
maintenance.

4   Technical and safety equipment of a tunnel
The technical equipment of tunnels ensures the safe passage of vehicles and safety of persons moving
through the tunnels. It includes:
Electricity supply devices:
              high-voltage devices and distribution,
              low-voltage devices and distribution,
              small-voltage devices and distribution,
              UPS,
              transformers,
              batteries and accumulators,
Fire-fighting devices:
              electrical fire detection and alarm systems,
              hydrants and fire water mains,
              fire stops (flaps, doors, hatches),
              fixed fire extinguishing equipment,
              portable fire extinguishing equipment,
Ventilation:
              axial fans,
              jet fans,
Lighting:
              roadway lighting,
              fire emergency lighting,
              cable distributors,
Traffic management systems:
              variable-message traffic signs (VMS),
              static traffic signs,
              light signals,
              devices for the detection of traffic events [T15],
              traffic equipment,
              meteorological equipment,

                                                   10
 Inspections, maintenance and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment                       TP X/2010



            video monitoring,
            central management system,
Communication devices:
            tunnel radio,
            radio communications,
            traffic radio,
            emergency calls devices,
and other equipment not specified above relating to ensuring the running of the tunnel operator’s
office.

The administrator is responsible for the proper functioning of the technical equipment of a tunnel. The
administrator uses and operates the technical equipment of a tunnel on the basis of the Tunnel
Operating Documentation.
The technical equipment contractor is responsible for the prescribed tests, checks, technical
inspections, and technical tests. The tests, checks, technical inspections, and technical tests are carried
out in accordance with the applicable legislation.

5    Tunnel Operating Documentation

5.1 General
The Tunnel Operating Documentation is a part of the Tunnel Administration Documentation. It is
administered separately for each tunnel. It is kept in the tunnel operator’s office and by the
administrator.

The Tunnel Operating Documentation comprises a set of generally applicable basic documents
governing the organisation, relationships, and activities of the operation of the tunnel. It specifies in
detail all the activities in the tunnel in normal, standard, special, extraordinary, and emergency modes
arising in reaction to the situations that occur.

The Tunnel Operating Documentation also resolves issues concerning the safety, maintenance, and
repair of the technical equipment of a tunnel. It must be kept in the tunnel operator’s office in such a
way that it is permanently available to the tunnel operator and maintenance personnel. One copy is
kept by the tunnel administrator.

The Tunnel Operating Documentation is part of the actual construction documentation. If the tunnel is
in trial operation, the administrator is authorised to modify the operating documentation during that
period.
From the perspective of the technical equipment of a tunnel, trial operation of a tunnel is divided into
trial operation before authorisation for the use of the tunnel and after authorisation for the use of the
tunnel. After completion of trial operation and its evaluation, additional modifications may be made to
the equipment. This process is repeated until the prescribed results are achieved and the technology is
capable of regular operation.

Continuous updating of the operating documentation of a tunnel is carried out by the tunnel engineer.
The purpose of the operating documentation is to:
            address the safety of a tunnel at the strategic and operational levels,
            provide a description of the organisational links and competencies in the operation of
                a tunnel,
            provide a description of the technical equipment of a tunnel and the means of its
                operation,
            provide a description of traffic situations and their handling,
            provide a description of the state of the technical equipment and its operation,
            provide a description of normal, special, extraordinary, and emergency modes and the
                means of handling them,


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                determine the means of maintenance provision,
                to specify the training of operating personnel.

 Studies, EIA, etc.

                           Start of construction preparation of the tunnel
  Zoning decision



  Planning permission
                             Start of construction of structural part of tunnel




                           Start of construction of technical part of tunnel




   Handover and            Completion of construction
   takeover of             of structural part of tunnel        Start of warranty period
   construction part                                           of structural part

   Handover and               Completion of
   takeover of                construction of                                            Handover of
   technical part             structural part                                             operating
                                                         Start of warranty period       documentation
                                                         of technical part
                                                                                  Modification of


                                Start of use



                                                                                                          Maintenance
                                                                                  documentation

   Trial operation               of tunnel
                                                                                  operating




                                                  End of warranty periods               Modified
   Regular operation                              of tunnel and start of                operating
                                                post-warranty period                  documentation



         Figure 2 Periods in the preparation, implementation, and operation of a tunnel


The operating documentation comprises the following parts (Figure 3):
             fire protection documentation,
             safety documentation,
             a Tunnel Book (technical part),
             a set of traffic operating states,
             a set of technical operating states,
             extraordinary and emergency modes in the tunnel.




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                                          Tunnel Operating Documentation



                                                                                                         Extraordinary and
    Fire              Safety             Tunnel Book           Set of traffic       Set of operating
                                                                                                        emergency status in
documentation      documentation       (technical part)      operating states            states
                                                                                                              tunnel


                      Strategy
                                        Description of        Standard traffic
                    management                                                         Standard          Activity of dispatcher
                                         equipment                mode
                     documents



                      Operating          Principles for        Special traffic      Special technical       Initial phase of
                       records          servicing entry           mode                   mode                 intervention



                   Records of drills    Organisational      Extraordinary traffic    Extraordinary
                                                                                                        Hazardous substances
                     carried out            links                  mode             technical mode



                      Prepared
                                         Provision of        Emergency traffic        Emergency              Means of
                      analysis
                                          personnel              mode               technical mode         communication
                     documents



                        Other            Occupational
                                                                                                            Operating plan
                    documentation           safety



                                         Occupational
                                                                                                          Operations cards
                                           hygiene



                                                                                                        Extraordinary technical
                                       Servicing training
                                                                                                           and traffic mode



                                       Operator service                                                  Emergency technical
                                         regulations                                                      and traffic mode



                                       Maintenance plan


                                       Operator’s office
                                        documentation


                                         Maintenance
                                           records


                                           Actual
                                         construction
                                        documentation


                                            Other
                                        documentation


                        Figure 3 Breakdown of Tunnel Operating Documentation

NOTE:
A comprehensive description of the individual sections of operating documentation is not covered by these technical
specifications. The technical specifications only briefly outline the content of the various sections. Those parts of the
operating documentation that have a direct bearing on the maintenance of technical equipment in tunnels are elaborated in
greater detail.




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5.2 Tunnel safety documentation
The safety documentation under [Z28] describes the preventive and protective measures necessary to
ensure the safety of users, taking into account people with reduced mobility, disabled people, the
character of the roads, the layout of structures and their surroundings, the nature of the traffic, and the
scope of actions of the emergency services. The safety documentation further declares that a tunnel
meets the minimum safety requirements at the design stage, entry into operation, and operation
pursuant to [Z28].

The administrator provides one copy of the documentation to the safety engineer.

The documents drawn up as a part of the safety documentation of an operated tunnel are divided into
three groups:
             Strategy management documents - anti-risk measures plan,
                                                     - emergency services intervention plan,
                                                     - emergency plan.
             Operating records — the type of extraordinary incident or emergency situation (e.g.
              fault, accident, fire, etc.) and the principal cause leading to its occurrence (e.g.
              oversized vehicle, damaged tyres, lighting failure, etc.) are recorded. In the case of a
              relatively serious or extensive extraordinary incident (an accident with injuries or
              fatalities or a fire) in a tunnel, the tunnel administrator will immediately inform the
              safety engineer and Ministry of Transport, Posts and Telecommunications.
             Records of drills conducted — the safety engineer and emergency services shall
              jointly evaluate such exercises, prepare a report, and propose appropriate measures.
             Prepared analysis documents — these contain analyses of serious incidents and
              accidents and analyses of safety drills carried out and the resulting lessons drawn. The
              results stemming from the analyses are incorporated into the strategy management
              documents.
             Other documents stemming from legal regulations.

In the tunnel safety documentation, changes to the building safety arrangements and technical
equipment of a tunnel are monitored and evaluated.

The administrator secures the continuous updating of safety documentation and provides a copy to the
safety engineer.

5.3 Tunnel Book (technical part)
A Tunnel Book (technical part) is a part of the Tunnel Book in which records are made of the
structural part of a tunnel. A Tunnel Book (technical part) is a set of documents describing:
              the competencies of the entities involved in the operation of the tunnel,
              the general system for servicing the technical equipment of the tunnel and its
                  technical state,
              a description of the tunnel management system (contractors’ servicing manuals),
              general instructions for occupational health and safety.

Documents that relate directly to the maintenance of the technical equipment of a tunnel also form part
of a Tunnel Book. They are:
             a maintenance plan;
             operator’s office documentation — the Book on the Progress of Tunnel Operator
               Services and the Book of Longer-duration Faults;
             maintenance records.

5.3.1 Maintenance plan
A maintenance plan (section 6.1) is a basic set of documents for the maintenance and repair of
technical equipment in tunnels. A maintenance plan is drawn up by the administrator on the basis of

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the operating documentation of the individual technical devices, relevant instructions of the
administrator, user manuals, subsequent operating experience, and the applicable legislation. A
maintenance plan is regularly updated on the basis of the actual state of the technical equipment
ascertained. It includes four documents (Figure 7):
              an inspection plan — the time interval between individual inspections is set by the
                  administrator (section 6.2.1);
              a checking plan — the time interval between checks of the technical equipment of a
                  tunnel stems from the requirements of the applicable legislation, unless otherwise
                  stated in the operating documentation of the relevant technical and safety devices
                  (section 6.2.2); the contractor for the technical devices draws up a checking plan; the
                  plan also sets out who carries out the checks and who is responsible for the scope of
                  the checks;
              a technical inspections and technical tests plan — technical examinations and
                  technical tests of individual devices of technical equipment are performed at the time
                  intervals given by the applicable legislation unless otherwise provided by the
                  contractor in the operating documentation of the individual technical and safety
                  devices (section 6.2.3); the technical contractor shall draw up an individual technical
                  inspections and technical tests plan for each tunnel in accordance with the operating
                  documentation of the individual technical and safety devices; the plan also sets out
                  who carries out the checks and who is responsible for the scope of the checks;
              a service activities and routine maintenance (hereinafter referred to as ‘maintenance’)
                  plan — is drawn up by the technical contractor on the basis of the approved operating
                  conditions of the technical devices of the tunnel; it must set out the deadlines for the
                  routine maintenance and service activities, together with the operating lives of the
                  individual technical devices; the maintenance programme also contains a list and
                  detailed description of the maintenance activities.

Each of the documents above contains (section 6.1.2):
             the maintenance requirements,
             a maintenance timetable,
             the means of ensuring the flow of traffic during maintenance.

Because the scope of maintenance is known in advance, it is possible for the administrator to draw up
a Maintenance Plan (short term) for the following calendar year. The administrator submits the
Maintenance Plan to the appropriate road administration authority every year no later than end of
November.

5.3.2 Operator’s office documentation
The operator’s office documentation consists of:
            books on the progress of tunnel operator services,
            books on longer-duration faults,
            books on the presence of personnel of other organisations in the tunnel operator’s
                office — Annex 1,
            working shift plan,
            a directory of important telephone numbers for the tunnel operator’s office,
            a list of persons authorised to enter the tunnel operator’s office,
            notices of operators and computer system operators on the provision of information
                through the mass media and other media,
            a list of the names of operating personnel,
            operating manuals.

5.3.2.1 Book on the Progress of Operator Services
This is used to record all activities and incidents in a tunnel and the tunnel operator’s office. It is kept
at the tunnel operator’s station and must be accessible at all times for inspection by the administrator’s


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inspection body. The progress of services is entered in the book, which records all important incidents
and events occurring during a shift, extra work carried out in the tunnel and in adjacent sections,
notifications received and sent, and faults detected during daily inspections and their fixing. The
persons authorised to make entries in the book are: all operators, the head of the operator’s office, and
the tunnel engineer. Templates of the following forms are provided in the annexes to the technical
specifications:
              ‘daily record of the progress of services in the operator’s office’ form (Annex 2),
              ‘extra work carried out in the tunnel and in adjacent sections’ form (Annex 3),
              daily record of the faults detected during daily inspections and their fixing (Annex 4),
              daily record of notifications received and sent (Annex 5).

NOTE:
Where necessary, the book on the progress of operators’ services can contain forms other than those listed above.

5.3.2.2 Book of Longer-duration Faults
The Book of Longer-duration Faults is a separate document that facilitates spot checks on a tunnel. All
faults are recorded here that cannot be fixed within 24 hours. The means of recording longer-duration
faults is set out in Annex 6. Recorded here are the time of origin or detection of the fault, the device in
which the fault occurred, a description of the fault, and who fixed the fault and when.
Part of a record can also be a recommendation to close the tunnel. The basic document for issuing a
decision to close a tunnel is the Information Statement for Individual Technical Devices (section
6.1.1).
The book is kept at the tunnel operator’s station and must be accessible at all times for inspection by
the administrator’s inspection body. The persons authorised to make entries in the book are: all
operators, the head of the operator’s office, and the tunnel engineer.
The tunnel engineer will specify how often and by what means the fixing of persistent faults will be
checked. These data will be stated in the Book of Longer-duration Faults.

5.3.3 Maintenance records
This set is divided into two parts (Figure 7):
              Records of monitoring activities — records of checks, inspections, and technical
                 inspections and technical tests are kept here. Records of checks and of technical
                 inspections and technical tests are drawn up in accordance with the applicable
                 legislation valid for the individual devices. Templates of forms for records of main
                 and extra inspections are given in Annex 8. The person who carries out the check,
                 inspection or technical inspection or technical test is responsible for the record.
                 Records are drawn up not later than one week after the performance of the monitoring
                 activity. Records are kept in the tunnel archive, which is located in the tunnel
                 operator’s office.
              Records of service activities — the person carrying out the service activity is
                 responsible for drawing up the record. The record is submitted to the administrator not
                 later than one week after the completion of the service activities. The record is kept in
                 the tunnel archive, which is located in the tunnel operator’s office.

5.4 Set of traffic operating states
The set of traffic operating conditions is a basic set of documents that describe the traffic system in the
tunnel and the adjacent parts of a road that relates to tunnel traffic. All of the expected traffic states
that can occur during the operation of the tunnel are set out and resolved here. These are:
              Standard traffic mode — characterised by the safe and smooth flow of traffic in the
                  tunnel and in adjacent sections,
              Special traffic mode:
                       Special mode without police involvement — occurs where the operator
                          controls technical devices manually or checks certain devices, but the safety
                          of tunnel users is not compromised. This state must be described in the
                          operations cards of the operators. Operators proceed in accordance with these
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                            documents. In the special mode without police involvement, it is not
                            necessary to close the tunnel.
                        Special mode without police involvement:
                                - not requiring the personal participation of the police — traffic
                                    problems (e.g. the formation of congestion) are resolved by changing
                                    algorithms from the police control room;
                                - requiring the personal participation of the police — the police
                                    organises traffic management due to traffic problems (minor traffic
                                    accident, stopping of vehicles), but the participation of other units of
                                    the integrated rescue system are not required. This mode also includes
                                    the redirection of traffic into one tube.
                            This state must also be described in the operations card of operators.
                            Operators and other components involved in an intervention proceed in
                            accordance with these documents. They set out the means of recording an
                            incident. In the special mode with police involvement, it is not necessary to
                            close the tunnel.
                 Extraordinary traffic mode — this is an extraordinary incident [Z4] in which the
                  health and lives of road users or of operating personnel are endangered and the
                  attendance of other units of the integrated rescue system is necessary. The officers in
                  charge of the relevant units then direct all rescue work. This state must also be
                  described in the operations cards of operators. Operators proceed in accordance with
                  these documents, and the documents govern the work of all units involved in the
                  intervention. They set out the means of recording an incident and of managing the
                  intervention. In the extraordinary mode, it is always necessary to close the tunnel and
                  divert traffic.
                 Emergency traffic mode — this is an extraordinary incident [Z4] in which not only the
                  health and lives of road users or of operating personnel are endangered, but the tunnel
                  itself, the broader surroundings or the environment are affected. In this mode, the
                  attendance of other units of the integrated rescue system is necessary. These units then
                  direct all rescue work. This state must also be described in the operations cards of
                  operators. Operators proceed in accordance with these documents, and the documents
                  govern the work of all units involved in the intervention. They set out the means of
                  recording an incident and of managing the intervention. In the emergency mode, it is
                  always necessary to close the tunnel and divert traffic.

5.5 Set of technical operating states
The set of technical operating states is a basic set of documents that governs the operation (method of
managing changes, checking activities, procedures, time and method of carrying out planned
inspections) of the structural and technical parts of a tunnel and a defined section of the road system
before and after the tunnel. It sets out all modes applicable to the operation of the tunnel. The set of
technical operating states is divided into:
              Standard technical mode — characterised by the problem-free activity of the technical
                 equipment. Typical for this mode is the faultless, automatically controlled operation
                 of the technical equipment.
              Special technical mode — in this mode, the following are described:
                   - the activities of operators and services in a tunnel in the case of faults and the
                       work necessary to fix the faults,
                   - the activities carried out on technical devices during inspections, maintenance,
                       and service activities.
                 The special technical mode is divided into two parts:
                       Special mode without police involvement — this includes failure of the main
                          and backup electricity power source in the case of connection to an
                          uninterruptible power supply.
                       Special mode with police involvement — this includes the necessity of
                          redirecting traffic if a traffic sign is not working.


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                 This mode may also be described in the operations card of operators. Operators and
                 other units involved in an intervention proceed in accordance with these documents.
                 They set out the means of recording an incident. In the special mode, it is not
                 necessary to close the tunnel.
                Extraordinary technical mode — this is characterised by the failure or poor
                 performance of important systems. The measures taken in this mode are aimed at the
                 repair of devices and their return to service. This mode requires extraordinary
                 measures such as the increased monitoring by dispatchers, the presence of other
                 service personnel and the installation of temporary signs. In the extraordinary mode, it
                 is not necessary to close the tunnel.
                Emergency technical mode — this includes states of the technical equipment that are
                 of the nature of an emergency (e.g. the failure of the whole ventilation system). The
                 measures taken in this mode are aimed at the repair of devices and their return to
                 service. The emergency mode usually leads to the closure of the tunnel or the need to
                 adopt special measures enabling the passage of traffic through the tunnel.

5.6 Extraordinary and emergency modes in a tunnel
This is a set of documentation laying down the principles of behaviour of operators in the
extraordinary and emergency modes. It takes the principles set out in Extraordinary Mode and
Emergency Mode drawn up in the Set of Traffic Operating States and the Set of Technical Operating
States and adds further strategy documents (primary and backup lines of communication between
units involved in resolving non-standard states, operative plans to ensure rescue operations in a tunnel,
etc.).

6    Maintenance of the technical equipment of a tunnel

6.1 General
Maintenance of the technical equipment of a tunnel is an activity that substantially affects traffic
safety and the operating life and safety of technical equipment. Its aim is to maintain or adjust the
equipment to the prescribed condition. Maintenance of the technical equipment of tunnels includes the
maintenance of the technological equipment of road sections before and after a tunnel in accordance
with [T16]. Definitive regulations concerning maintenance may be drafted only after the technical
devices of a tunnel have been implemented and tested.

 Maintenance can be divided into:
           preventive maintenance — maintenance carried out at predetermined intervals with
              prescribed criteria; it aims to reduce the likelihood of a fault or restricted functionality
              of the technical equipment of a tunnel;

             NOTE:
             Preventive maintenance includes routine maintenance work and work associated with planned service
             activities.

                maintenance after a fault — this is carried out after a fault has been identified; it aims
                 to return the technical and safety equipment to a state in which it can perform the
                 required function.

             NOTE:
             Maintenance after a fault includes repair work that has not been planned in advance.

             NOTE:
             These technical specifications set out the tasks and obligations relating to preventive maintenance
             (hereinafter referred to as ‘maintenance’) of motorways and road tunnels.

The operating documentation of a given tunnel sets out the maintenance system and timetable of that
tunnel.

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An administrator is obliged to draw up a basic Maintenance Plan separately for each tunnel (section
5.3.1). The documents used in the preparation of a tunnel maintenance plan (short term) are:
              the Tunnel Operating Documentation (section 5),
              the operator’s office documentation (section 5.3.2),
              maintenance records (section 5.3.3),
              the maintenance plan of the individual technical devices.
If maintenance affects the operation of several tunnels reciprocally, these connections are taken into
account in the maintenance regulations of the tunnels.
The maintenance personnel ensure timely and regular maintenance.

6.1.1 Maintenance plan of individual technical devices
The technical contractor is obliged to draw up a maintenance plan for each technical device. The
maintenance plan of technical devices is part of the Description of the Devices section of the Tunnel
Book (technical part). The maintenance plan of the individual technical devices is incorporated into
the maintenance plan of the whole tunnel.

The contractor submits the maintenance plan of the individual technical devices to the administrator
for approval.

In the maintenance plan of the technical devices, the contractor sets out:
             the deadlines and scope of regular checks and technical inspections and technical tests
                of the relevant devices,
             the operating life of the relevant devices, and the time of renovation of the devices; it
                is possible, from the perspective of safety and financial cost, to base the planning of
                routine maintenance, service activities, and expected renovations on a:
                - periodic maintenance mode (Figure 4), where the intervals for routine maintenance,
                  servicing activities, and renovation are set regardless of the actual state of the
                  devices.

                                           Operating life of the device
                                                                               Renewal
        Technical state [%]




                                  100 %




                              x
                                           T1                   T2                  Tx
                                      ∆t              ∆t                  ∆t             Time

               Levels of intervention:
               X             – probability of faultless operation,
               ∆t            – routine maintenance time interval,
               T1 , T2, etc. – time of planned servicing activities,
               Tx            – proposed time of renovation of the device.

Figure 4 Recommended graph for drawing up a periodic plan of routine maintenance, servicing
              activities, and planned renovation of a particular technical device




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                                   - maintenance of devices based on reliability (Figure 5) — the routine maintenance
                                    and servicing activities system is best designed in such a way that maintenance costs
                                    are kept at a minimum, but also such that the reliability of a given device is not
                                    impaired

                                                         Operating life of the device
       Technical state [%]




                                                                                                        Renewal
                                    100 %




                             x
                                                             T1                  T2                               Tx
                                               ∆ t1                  ∆ t2                  ∆ t3                           Time

              Levels of intervention:
              X                – probability of faultless operation,
              ∆t1 , ∆t2 , etc. – routine maintenance time interval taking into account the actual state of the
                               device,
              T1 , T2, etc. – time of servicing activities, taking into account the actual state of the
                               device,
              Tx               – proposed time of renovation of the device.

     Figure 5 Recommended graph for drawing up a plan of routine maintenance, servicing
 activities, and planned renovation of a particular technical device in which account is taken of
                                  the actual state of the device

                                   - where necessary, other maintenance modes may be used.

The technical contractor will represent graphically the actual levels of intervention stemming from the
selected maintenance system.

The technical contractor is obliged to draw up an Information Statement for Individual Technical
Devices that are a part of a given set for each technical set. Figure 6 shows a template for an
information statement. Information statements will be used as supporting documentation when
deciding on the necessity of closing a tunnel and when faults appear in individual technical devices.

                                                    Information statement for the set .......
                                                                                                                  Necessity of closing
                                                                                      Consequences of             tunnel until fault is
     Device                                 Fault                 Cause
                                                                                           fault                         fixed
                                                                                                                   Yes           No




                                 Figure 6 Template for an information statement for a particular device



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6.1.2 Maintenance planning
Maintenance planning is one of the most important activities associated with the operation of a tunnel
and consequently helps to optimise operating costs.

Maintenance planning is drawn up within the following time frames:
           short-term — regular (routine) maintenance work within a time frame of one year;

               medium-term — planning of maintenance measures for a period of one to five years.
                The maintenance programme includes the following improvements to the long-term
             maintenance plan:
                 annual levelling out of periodic spikes in relation to traffic and workload —
                     maintenance services and operations and maintenance budget,
                 division of extensive maintenance tasks into sub-tasks (project, preparation,
                     execution of work) and division of activities according to deadline planning over
                     several years,
                 taking into account overspending from long-term planned maintenance measures,
                     for example checking activities.
              long-term — planning the renovation of technical equipment; prepared with regard to
                the reference operating life of the technical equipment; a long-term maintenance plan
                (for about 10 years) is drawn up on the basis of the best variant of an optimised
                maintenance concept. Where possible, this contains:
                 a general determination of the maintenance tasks and the time for carrying them
                     out (in the list of maintenance requirements);
                 the financial cost of carrying out the maintenance tasks;
                 the use of maintenance services;
                 regulation of traffic during the work;
                 other provisions necessary for implementing the plan as a whole.
                Long-term maintenance plans are drawn up as framework plans with regard to the
                necessity of renewing technical devices after the end of their operating lives since
                these measures require a relatively large one-off investment and thorough preparation
                (project preparation, securing supplies and installation work, securing road transport,
                etc.).

Short-term maintenance planning for tunnels (one-year time frame) consists of the following parts
(Figure 7):
             securing maintenance requirements in a given planning period resulting from safety
               requirements during maintenance work, the plan for ensuring the best use of
               technology during the maintenance, and the local conditions in relation to the tunnel
               structure (materials, dimensions, access to the various areas of the tunnel and to
               technical equipment, etc.);
             Maintenance timetable — a detailed description of the planned work from the
               perspective of the planned implementation time, technology, human needs (a draft
               maintenance timetable form is presented in Annex 7); it is also necessary to include
               sufficient reserves for unplanned activities resulting from system failure, equipment
               failure, and the removal of any damage;
             ensuring the flow of traffic in the tunnel during maintenance — all maintenance work
               is carried out with a view to ensuring the movement of traffic or placing the minimum
               restrictions on it and avoiding the stopping and standing of vehicles in the tunnel,
               having a minimal environmental impact, and ensuring the safety of maintenance
               personnel and road users;
             an assessment of the maintenance options — where possible, various maintenance
               options are assessed and the best is chosen as the basis for the maintenance plan.

A detailed annual plan is the basis for weekly and monthly maintenance work planning.


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Maintenance planning is continuously updated and adapted to the recommendations resulting from
checks and inspections carried out and to the recommendations recorded in the Book of Longer-
duration Faults.

In addition to the costs of planned preventive maintenance, maintenance planning must include
unforeseen costs of extraordinary maintenance and costs associated with making good the effects of
vandalism and theft. These costs are determined on the basis of monitoring tunnel traffic and expert
estimates.

6.1.2.1 Extraordinary maintenance work
Even despite preventive maintenance, unforeseen faults occur. The Maintenance Plan must specify
the persons or organisations responsible for activities associated with fixing unforeseen situations, and
define availability levels and the connections between them. If a technical operator loses control of a
management system due to a fault and therefore loses an overview of the state of traffic management
and the state of technical equipment in terms of not endangering road users, it is necessary to follow
the Extraordinary or Emergency Mode in a Tunnel.

6.1.2.2 Maintenance of devices owned by other entities
Owners or administrators of devices and networks owned by other entities shall conclude a contract
with the tunnel administrator specifying the terms and conditions of their maintenance in relation to
the operation of the tunnel. The owners or administrators of devices owned by others draw up
maintenance plans for their devices. This must form part of the Tunnel Maintenance Plan.

6.1.3 Organisation of maintenance
Maintenance comprises activities undertaken by the tunnel administrator itself and activities that are
contracted out by the tunnel administrator. The method depends on the choices made by, and options
available to, the tunnel administrator. Where maintenance is carried out on a contractual basis, the
contractor is obliged to perform the appropriate inspection activities to ensure that the safety and
traffic-technical characteristics of the tunnel are maintained.

For maintenance, it is appropriate to choose days and parts thereof in which there is a low traffic
load. For operational reasons and for better safety of operating personnel and road users, it is
appropriate to carry out such work mainly at night.

6.1.4 Direction of traffic during maintenance work
The carrying out of maintenance in the traffic area of a tunnel requires the implementation of a
number of preliminary and pre-agreed measures, such as the restriction of traffic. More detailed
descriptions of traffic measures are provided in the Traffic Code in the Special Traffic Mode part.

The cross-sectional arrangement of tunnel communications, length of the tunnel, whether the traffic is
one-way or two-way, technical equipment of the tunnel, intensity and composition of traffic, extent of
maintenance work, and other factors have crucial impacts on proposed traffic measures during
maintenance. Based on these impacts, the restriction of traffic or complete closure of the tunnel with a
signed detour will be proposed in accordance with the approved operating states of the tunnel.

When working in a tunnel during its operation, it is necessary for the full or partial closure of traffic
lanes, due to the maintenance work planned in advance, always to start before the tunnel. Variable-
message traffic signs, light signalling equipment, and mechanical roadblocks may be used for this
purpose.

Traffic measures for the carrying out of preventive maintenance are temporary, with a limited duration
(e.g. two years), and are used on the basis of conditions specified by the administrator. The tunnel
administrator is responsible for compliance with these conditions.


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6.1.4.1 Establishing maintenance areas
A maintenance area is any temporary obstruction in a tunnel restricting the flow of traffic and usability
of bays in the tunnel used for carrying out maintenance that is not part of the equipment of the tunnel.

It is classed as:
               a fixed site — in the case of relatively long-term work in a limited traffic area of the
                  tunnel, or
               a mobile site — causing a slow-moving obstruction to traffic (cleaning machines,
                  inspection vehicles, etc.).

The marking of maintenance areas is described in the Traffic Code in the Special Traffic Mode
section.

A maintenance area in a tunnel places increased demands on:
            the electricity supply,
            the lighting,
            the ventilation,
            the water supply,
            the removal of waste water from the work site,
            the transport of people, materials, and equipment,
            noise.
These demands must be included in the costs when planning maintenance.

6.2      Monitoring of technical equipment

                                   Monitoring of technical equipment


                                                            Technical inspections         Formal
                Inspections               Checks
                                                             and technical tests        inspections*


      Routine                      In accordance with the   In accordance with the
                                                                                        Every 6 years
      Basic       2 per year        operating regulations   operating regulations of
      Main        1 per year        of individual devices     individual devices


                                     In accordance with       In accordance with
      Main once every 5 years
                                         legislation              legislation


      Extraordinary as necessary


Maintenance
plan
                                                             Technical inspections                      Servicing activities
           Inspection plan            Checking plan         and technical tests plan                    plan ** (determined
                                                                                                           by contractor)



                                         Checking                Requirements for -
      Inspection requirements
                                       requirements               Timetable for -
      Timetable
                                    Checking timetable      Ensuring traffic during -
      Ensuring flow of traffic
                                      Ensuring flow of      - technical inspections
      during inspection
                                    traffic during check         and technical tests




Maintenance records
 Records from monitoring



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                                                                      Records from
                                                                         technical              Records from servicing
          Records from inspections             Records from checks                                    activities
                                                                     inspections and
                                                                      technical tests




* Formal inspections are not the subject of these technical specifications.
** The service activities plan is determined by the technical equipment contractor and has no direct bearing on the
    monitoring activities.

 Figure 7 Overview of monitoring of technical equipment and the documents stemming from it

6.2.1 Inspections of the technical equipment of a tunnel
In an inspection, a visual check of technical equipment is made in order to detect any damage to the
equipment, and the running of the equipment in continuous operation is checked. Inspections are
carried out in accordance with the Checking Plan and Inspection Plan (section 5.3.1), which sets out
the content of individual checks and their timetable.

Devices whose faultless functioning is essential for the safety and smooth flow of traffic in a tunnel
must be checked every day. A record of the daily checks is made in a form that is part of the Book on
the Progress of Operator Services. A template of the form for recording daily inspections is provided
in Annex 4.

6.2.1.1   Routine inspections

6.2.1.1.1 Basic routine inspection
The relevant administrator is responsible for ensuring that routine inspections of road tunnels are
carried out. They are performed by a tunnel service team when it is present in the tunnel. In road
tunnels, a routine inspection is often connected with cleaning work, usually twice a year.

The state of technical devices is visually checked. On road signs, the symbols and information
displayed is checked. No records are made. If any serious damage, safety deficiencies, damage to
equipment or other unusual states are detected, this is reported to the superior operations section. A
record is drawn up from the reports submitted.

6.2.1.1.2 Main routine inspection
A tunnel service team carries out maintenance when it is present in the tunnel or during annual checks.
The ability of all operating sets and equipment to operate is checked. This involves in particular:
               lighting,
               ventilation,
               traffic equipment,
               traffic signalling,
               safety equipment,
               fire-fighting devices,
               traffic management systems,
               communication devices.
Checks may be connected with treatment and repair work — the state of devices (including positive
results) is recorded in summary. Inspection records are kept by the administrator.

6.2.1.2   Main inspections

The purpose, scope, and depth of a main inspection of technical equipment are specified on the basis
of the importance of the technical part and the potential consequences of its failure. Main inspections
are carried out at the following intervals:
              before the entry of a tunnel into operation — initial main inspection,
                                                        24
 Inspections, maintenance and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment                        TP X/2010



              every three years — in the case of operating tunnels,
              after reconstruction.
The tunnel administrator is responsible for adherence to the main inspection intervals. The state of
technical equipment is checked from the perspectives of its reliability and traffic safety. The functions
of the individual devices, operating sets, and technologies as a whole are tested. The tests include a
test of the management system. Its functioning is tested in accordance with a software project. All
links to superior systems are also tested.

Copies of the last valid technical inspections and technical tests are appended to the main inspection
record, together with certifications for all devices in the tunnel, in front of the tunnel and in associated
locations. In a main inspection, technical documents are also examined that are drawn up on the basis
of other regulations (inspection reports, surveys, checks of the state of equipment, etc.) since the
previous main inspection.

Main inspections are carried out by the administrator or a legal person chosen by the administrator.
The following are invited to a main inspection:
             the tunnel administrator,
             the appropriate state road administration authority,
             representatives of other organisations owning equipment,
             specialists from authorised offices.
The subsequent care routine of the technical equipment of the tunnel is determined on the basis of the
results of the main inspection.

The inspection record is kept by the administrator. A template for the form for a main inspection
record is presented in Annex 8.

6.2.1.2.1 Initial main inspection
In an initial main inspection, technical equipment is assessed from the perspective of its preparedness
for safe operation in the tunnel. In an initial main inspection, access to all equipment and wiring must
be enabled. The contractor must document the state of devices that are difficult to access. For
concealed devices and networks that are inaccessible at the time of the main inspection, compliance
with the approved documentation is verified according to the takeover documents of those devices and
networks.
The implementation of technical equipment is checked according to the approved documentation, and
the documentation of the construction actually performed is verified, including data on the capacities
and output of the technical devices.

The initial main inspection is carried out after the functionality tests of the technical equipment of the
tunnel have been carried out.

Authorisation for placing a tunnel into operation shall only be granted after the initial main inspection
has been carried out with a positive result. If the tunnel does not comply with the necessary
requirements, the means of, and deadline for, elimination of the shortcomings will be specified. After
the removal of the shortcomings, a new initial main inspection will be carried out to the extent
necessary.

The safety engineer will make an inspection record.

Before placing a tunnel into operation after reconstruction, an initial main inspection will be carried
out to the same extent as for a new tunnel. The inspection will cover only the reconstructed parts and
their possible links. The inspection will be carried out by the administrator.

The inspection record is kept in the archive in the operator’s office for the relevant tunnel and by the
administrator.



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6.2.1.3 Extraordinary inspections
Extraordinary inspections are carried out:
              after natural disasters,
              after a traffic accident causing extensive damage to parts of the technical equipment,
              after longer-term problems with the technology as a whole or if it has operated in the
                 long term outside the tolerance zone,
              after a fire in the tunnel associated with extensive damage to the technical part.
An extraordinary inspection can only be carried out on the parts of the technical equipment that are the
reason for the inspection. For technical devices that are not included in the extraordinary inspection, it
must be proven that no damage was caused.
A record is drawn up by the person carrying out the extraordinary inspection. A template for the
extraordinary inspection record is provided in Annex 8.
The inspection record is kept in the archive in the operator’s office for the relevant tunnel and by the
administrator.
NOTE:
Records of routine inspections, main inspections, and extraordinary inspections should be drawn up and stored using a set of
digital software tools that support the collection, storage, and comparison of ascertained states of the technical equipment of
a tunnel. The use of such digital records leads to the rationalisation of tunnel inspections.

6.2.1.4 Assessment of the state of technical equipment of a tunnel
The state of technological equipment is assessed on the basis of the Main Inspection and
Extraordinary Inspection. The inspection record (Annex 8) states the classification level achieved.
Each technological set is classified separately and the resulting classification level of the technical
equipment is set by taking into account the seriousness and significance of faults in the individual
technological sets.
The assessment is determined according to a three-step scale:
Complies                 - no obvious or known hidden faults.
Conditionally complies - there are faults that affect the state and functioning of the technical
                            equipment, but they can be fixed without major interventions. The faults
                            do not have an immediate adverse effect on traffic safety in the tunnel,
                            but may affect traffic safety in the future. With this assessment, it is not
                            necessary to close the tunnel, but a deadline must be set for fixing the
                            faults. After the faults have been fixed, a main inspection will be carried
                            out to the extent necessary.
Does not comply          - there are faults that affect the state and functioning of the technical
                            equipment but require the replacement of an important part of the
                            technical equipment or its renovation in order to be fixed. The faults have
                            an immediate adverse effect on traffic safety in the tunnel. With this
                            assessment, immediate correction is required in order to prevent an
                            extraordinary or an emergency situation in the tunnel or its closure. After
                            renovation, a main inspection will be carried out to the extent necessary.

6.2.2 Checks of technical equipment
Checks of individual technical and safety devices are carried out in accordance with applicable legal
regulations. The technical contractor will draw up an individual checking plan for each tunnel. The
plan will state who carries out the checks and who is responsible for their scope.

Unless otherwise specified in the operating documentation of a given device, the frequency and extent
of checks will be based on the relevant applicable legislation.

The technical contractor submits the checking plan to the administrator for approval.

Documentation for technical equipment checks is recorded by the tunnel engineer in accordance with
the relevant applicable legislation. Documents from the previous checks are kept in the Tunnel Book
(technical part) in the section Maintenance Records.
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6.2.2.1 Checks of electrical devices
Checks of fire safety electrical equipment are carried out in accordance with the Regulation
[Z27]. The frequency of checks depends, pursuant to section 3 of the Regulation, on the type of
location in which the device is situated and on the length of time for which people will be held at that
location. The content of the checks depends, pursuant to section 4 of the Regulation, on the particular
environment with a fire or explosion risk in which the device is situated.
Checks are carried out by a person who has proof of designation by the tunnel administrator.

Records of checks carried out and of deficiencies detected and eliminated form part of the Tunnel
Book (technical part) in the section Maintenance Records (section 5.3.3).

6.2.2.2 Checks of electrical fire detection and alarm systems
The prescribed checks are carried out in accordance with section 15 of [Z23]. Electrical fire detection
and alarm systems are checked daily, monthly, quarterly, and annually:
              regular daily check — the aim is to ascertain the functioning of the central unit of the
                  fire detection and alarm system; the check contains a test of the display at rest, the
                  state of signalling of a fire, the state of signalling a fault and the testing state, and the
                  signalling of supply from the principal or alternate power source, in accordance with
                  the records in the fire detection and alarm system operating book;
              regular monthly check — the aim is to ascertain the functioning of the central unit of
                  the fire detection and alarm system, including its ability to signal a fire; this check
                  contains a test of battery connections and attachments, outputs for controlling fire-
                  fighting equipment and equipment displaying individual states, activation of one
                  alarm (each month from a different zone), and activation of a line transmitting the
                  signal to a place with activation of lines to transmit signals to a permanently staffed
                  unit;
              regular quarterly check — the aim is to ascertain the functioning of the central unit of
                  the fire detection and alarm system, including fire detectors and all output devices;
                  this check contains a test of the replacement power supply, a check of the fire
                  detectors including their functioning, cleanliness, and intactness; a functional test of
                  the outputs of control devices, devices displaying the individual states and additional
                  equipment, and a check of the recording of data in the operating book;
              regular annual check — this is the longest test of all; its purpose is to completely
                  revise the fire detection and alarm system (central unit, alarms, wiring, signalling,
                  connected devices); it contains a check of the functioning of the replacement power
                  supply, including the trial operation of the fire detection and alarm system using the
                  replacement power supply, a check of the functioning of the control devices, devices
                  displaying the individual states and additional equipment, and a check of fire
                  detectors including their functional parameters.
Checks of the fire detection and alarm system or its parts are carried out daily, monthly, and quarterly
by the central unit or only by an instructed employee who has been trained by the manufacturer or a
natural person with special certification for the installation and repair of fire detection and alarm
systems. An annual check is carried out only by a natural person with special certification to check fire
detection and alarm system devices. This person may also carry out daily, monthly, and quarterly
checks.
The state of the fire detection and alarm system ascertained by the daily, monthly, and quarterly
checks is recorded in the fire detection and alarm system operating book, together with the date of the
check, and the given name, surname, and signature of the person performing the check. If the central
unit carries out the check or part thereof, the central unit record stored in the fire detection and alarm
system operating book may be considered to be the record. The natural person with special
certification to check fire detection and alarm system devices issues a confirmation that the check has
been carried out. The confirmation must state in particular:
              the confirmation number,
              the given name and surname of the natural person who has special certification to
                  check fire detection and alarm system devices,

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                the number of the special certification of professional competence,
                the name of the fire detection and alarm system owner,
                the manufacturer and type of fire detection and alarm system,
                the actual state of the fire detection and alarm system found in the check,
                the date of the check,
                the signature of the person carrying out the check.

6.2.2.3 Checks of fire stops
Checks of fire stops are carried out in accordance with [Z19].
The administrator of fire stops ensures regular checks of fire stops at least once every twelve months
unless the manufacturer or importer of the fire stops or administrator of the fire stops stipulates a
shorter period in view of environmental impacts.
Checks of fire stops comprise:
              a visual check of the exterior surface, intactness, marking, and tightness of the fire
                 stops with a fire break structure or other structure,
                 a check of the completeness and functioning of the fire stops:
                  automatic closing device,
                  safety mechanism,
                  panic exit closing device,
                  emergency exit closing device,
                  tightness,
                  marking,
                  accompanying documentation.
Checking of fire stops is carried out by persons authorised by the administrator to the extent set out in
the operating documentation.
The state of the fire stops ascertained in the checks is recorded in the operating journal together with
the date on which they were carried out, the legible given name, surname, and signature of the person
carrying out the check, and proposed measures for eliminating shortcomings if any were found.

6.2.2.4 Checks of water supply points, fire hoses, and fire hydrants
Checks of water supply points, fire hoses, and fire hydrants are carried out in accordance with
[Z29]. In a tunnel, the water supply point is an above-ground hydrant.
For fire hoses, functioning is tested by a pressure test in accordance with STN 92 0801.
The following are checked before placing in operation:
              the implementation of water fire extinguishing devices in accordance with the
                 approved project documentation,
              the functioning of all types of pipe protection,
              the functioning of supply points, sealing and connection fittings and shutoff valves,
                 hoses and hose reels,
              free access to water sources, supply points, and hose equipment,
              the operating parameters of supply points and hose equipment,
              the marking of external supply points and hose equipment,
              the readiness of pumping equipment and their attachments,
              the quantity of water in the reservoir,
              the water-tightness of the reservoir.
The administrator secures the checking, not less than once every 12 months, of devices supplying
water for extinguishing fires after they have been handed over for use, unless the manufacturer of the
individual parts sets a shorter period. A record of the check is made in the Fire Protection Book in
accordance with [Z20].

6.2.2.5 Checks of portable fire extinguishers
Checks of portable fire extinguishers are conducted in accordance with Regulation [Z22].
A portable fire extinguisher may be checked, filled, and repaired only by the technical procedure and
using the technical devices designated by the manufacturer.

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A natural person who has special certification of professional competence to repair and fill fire
extinguishers issues a confirmation of the carrying out of the repair and filling of a portable fire
extinguisher or mobile fire extinguisher and of its result, and attaches a label to the outside of the
pressure vessel in respect of the repair and filling of the portable fire extinguisher or mobile fire
extinguisher. A repeated external inspection, internal inspection, and pressure test of the pressure
vessel of a portable fire extinguisher or mobile fire extinguisher, and a test after the repair of the
pressure vessel of a portable fire extinguisher, are carried out under a special regulation [Z21].
A check of a fire extinguisher is carried out on an installed portable fire extinguisher at least once
every 24 months if it was placed on the market under special regulations and unless a shorter period is
set out in the technical documentation with regard to environmental impact.
A natural person with special certification of professional competence to check fire extinguishers
issues a confirmation in respect of the carrying out of a check of a portable fire extinguisher and its
result, and attaches a label to the outside of the pressure vessel in respect of the carrying out of the
check of the portable fire extinguisher.

6.2.2.6 Checks of ventilation
It is recommended that fans be checked about once a year, unless another interval is given by the
manufacturer. The fitting of the fans and free running of the impeller are checked and, where
necessary, the impeller is cleaned of dust deposits.

6.2.2.7 Checks of variable-message traffic signs
It is recommended that checks be carried out twice a year and that they contain the following
activities:
              visual checks of the front plate of the VMS, and possible removal of any large pieces of
               dirt,
              checks of the intactness of rotational VMS radars,
              visual checks of the driver and VMS (especially the intactness of the casing, cleaning
               and lubrication of locks, cleaning and vacuum cleaning of the casing, checking and
               treatment of casing tightness).
All activities associated with the maintenance of the VMS are carried out by a specialist servicing
firm.

6.2.3 Technical inspections and technical tests of technical devices
Technical inspections and technical tests on selected electrical and technical devices are carried out at
the intervals pursuant to the applicable legislation.

The technical contractor draws up a technical inspection and technical test plan and submits it to the
administrator for approval.

Technical inspections and technical tests are carried out by a professionally competent person.
Records of the inspections carried out, which are drawn up in accordance with the applicable
legislation, are kept in an archive of revision reports in the tunnel operator’s office.
A report of a technical inspection and technical test is drawn up in accordance with STN 33 2000-6,
and contains:
               the identification number of the report,
               an identification of the revision engineer,
               an identification of the operator,
               an identification of the device or its part and the device parameters,
               a list of the regulations used in the technical inspection and technical test,
               a list of the submitted documentation (according to the extent of the device),
               the scope of the inspection carried out on the checked device, with a statement of
                  compliance or non-compliance,
               the scope of the test, stating: the device tested, values measured, and an evaluation of
                  the measurements and tests,


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                   a conclusion,
                   an overall statement — complies or does not comply,
                   the date of the technical inspection and technical test,
                   the signature of the revision engineer,
                   the signature of the administrator.


7     Repairs
Repairs of technical equipment are characterised by a broad range of technical modifications of a non-
investment nature. Repairs improve the operability of the technical equipment of a tunnel.

It is not usually possible to plan repairs to technical equipment. A preliminary repair plan is processed
in part on the basis of Maintenance Plans with an Evaluation of the Current Situation and the Fault
Rate of Individual Devices.

8     Renovation
The renovation of technical equipment is characterised by a broad range of technical modifications of
an investment nature. Renovation ensures the functional ability of technical equipment and its return
to faultless operation, creating the conditions for extending the operating life of the technical
equipment.
A preliminary renovation plan is processed in part on the basis of Maintenance Plans with an
Evaluation of the Current Situation and the Fault Rate of Individual Devices.

NOTE:
Renovation is not the subject of these technical specifications.

9     Environment
Activities associated with tunnel maintenance have an impact on the environment. Direct impacts
arise, for example, during the cleaning a tunnel (burden of waste and contaminated water). Indirect
impacts result from temporary closures of road tunnels with traffic detours on substitute
roads (passage of vehicles and additional noise and emission burdens).

The hygiene regulations [Z10], [Z18] and legal regulations [Z11], [Z12], concerning burdens on the
environment, must be complied with.

10 Safety during maintenance work
Maintenance work in a road tunnel means an increased risk of traffic accidents. For tunnel specialists,
this is the risk of an accident at work, and the exposure of workers to the adverse effects of polluting
emissions and increased noise. Organisational measures are therefore necessary to reduce these risks
to the minimum. For the protection of the health of tunnel specialists, it is necessary to check and
adhere to the maximum permissible values for such burdens in accordance with the applicable
legislation (maximum concentration of pollutants in the workplace, limit values for gases, vapours and
dusts) [Z13].

The length of time personnel stay in a tunnel depends on the concentration of CO in the air and the
type of work performed. When maintenance is being carried out, the tunnel administrator ensures that
the permitted limit values for the concentration of pollutants are respected through the appropriate
management of ventilation in the tunnel.


11 Annex 1 Template for the form ‘book of the presence of personnel of other
   organisations in the tunnel operator’s office’



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   Arrivals and departures of visitors to the operator’s
                                                                         Day:                   Page
                         office
 Arrival          Name           Organisation           Position             Purpose of visit     Departure




12 Annex 2 Template for the form ‘daily record of the progress of services in the
   operator’s office’

                                                                                   Day:          Page
      Daily record of the progress of operator’s office services
 1st shift (2nd shift)
 Time of          Technical operator handing over service      Technical operator taking over service
 takeover            Head of shift       Technical operator     Head of shift      Technical operator
 and              Name Signature Name Signature Name Signature Name Signature
 handover of
 service
                Description of extraordinary situations relating to technical equipment persisting at
                time of change of shift:




                  Notice of extraordinary incidents that may be expected in tunnel:




                    Traffic operator handing over service               Traffic operator taking over service
                     Head of shift            Operator                   Head of shift           Operator
                   Name      Signature Name Signature                  Name Signature Name Signature




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               Description of extraordinary situations relating to traffic persisting at time of change of
               shift:




                Notice of extraordinary incidents that may be expected in tunnel:




 Signature of person monitoring keeping of book              Date:
 Head of operator’s office:                               Tunnel engineer:


13 Annex 3 Template for the form ‘extraordinary work in tunnel and in adjacent road
   sections’

                  Extraordinary work in tunnel                             Day:               Page
      Description of activity        Time of start        Time of end of     Responsible             Note
                                       of work                work            employee




14 Annex 4 Daily record of faults detected during daily inspections and their fixing

                                                                   Day:                        Page
              Record of daily inspection checks                    Name:
                                                                   Signature:
   Time of                                                                 Notification of fixing of
               Device       Description of       Notification of fault
 inspection                                                                          fault
               checked      faults detected
(from — to)                                   Time Organisation Name Time Organisation Name




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15 Annex 5 Daily record of notifications received and sent
Page          Person providing                                                     Elimination of reason for
                                                      Content of Sent notification
                notification                                                             notification
                                                        notif.
Date Time Name Organisation Tel.                                 Time To org. Time Name             Means




16 Annex 6 Book of Longer-duration Faults

Template for title page


                                          Book of Longer-duration Faults




                 Tunnel .....................                         Ref. No ...................




    Person responsible for checking fixing of longer-duration faults ....................................
    Time interval of checking fixing of longer-duration faults ..............................................
    Means of checking fixing of longer-duration faults ...........................................................




Template for the form ‘record of persistent faults’




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                                                                                                Page
                        LONGER-DURATION FAULTS
                                                   Recom-
                                                   mended                             Who
 Date of    Fault                                                     Date of                   Means of
                     Device in which   Description closing                           fixed
detection recorded                                                   fixing of                   fixing
                      fault occurred    of fault   of tunnel                          fault
 of fault    by                                                        fault                      fault
                                                                                     (firm)
                                                        Y     N




                                              34
                                                                                                               Day                                                              Mechanism
                              Planned             Responsible                                                                                                       Number of
     Technical set   Device                Firm
                              activities            person                                                                                                          employees
                                                                  Mon              Tue              Wed                Thu              Sat              Sun                    Type    No


                                                                fr.     to   fr.         to   fr.         to     fr.         to   fr.         to   fr.         to
                                                                                                                                                                                             17 Annex 7 Maintenance timetable




35
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                TP X/2010
TP X/2011                      Inspections, maintenance, and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment




18 Annex 8 Record of main/extraordinary inspection


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 Inspections, maintenance and repair of roads. Tunnels—technical equipment         TP X/2010



        RECORD OF MAIN/EXTRAORDINARY*
    INSPECTION OF TECHNICAL PART OF TUNNEL




Name of tunnel:                                                         Ref. No:
Road:
Date of inspection:


Head of inspection:
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………


Other participants in inspection:
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………
Name: …………………………Organisation :…………………………Signature………………




*Delete as applicable




Introduction


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(State basic organisational details of the main/extraordinary inspection, reason for calling and
carrying out the inspection, related circumstances)




Description of location

(State basic technical data)




Documentation submitted during main inspection

(List the documents submitted and the result of the evaluation of their state for the period
since the previous inspection. Where shortcomings are identified, include a proposal for their
resolution and a deadline for their elimination)




Notes:




Description of actual state and evaluation of faults

  Technical set: (state type of technical set, e.g. ventilation equipment)

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                                                                                                    Deadline
     Device           Description of state           Evaluation*             Proposed resolution       for
                                                                                                   elimination




Overall evaluation of technical set

* Evaluation — complies, conditionally complies, does not comply.
  Where the evaluation is ‘conditionally complies’ or ‘does not comply’, the means of fixing the fault
  and date by which the fault is to be fixed must be stated.

Overall evaluation of technical equipment of tunnel

(State an evaluation result of complies, conditionally complies, does not comply.


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Where the evaluation is ‘conditionally complies’, it is not necessary to close the tunnel, but the means
of fixing the faults and date by which the faults are to be fixed must be stated.
Where the evaluation is ‘does not comply’, the tunnel may be closed. The means of fixing the faults
and date by which the faults are to be fixed should also be stated).




Record of the discussion of measures


Statement by Centre for the Administration and Maintenance of Motorways (Fast Roads):
Statement by head of department:
Statement by director of operator:
Opinion of relevant road administration authority:




Inspection record drawn up by
Name:                     Position:                           Signature:                    Date:




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