MLA by kuKl0347

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									            MLA

 Modern Language Association
          Workshop

Part II: The Mechanics of Writing


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Overview

1.   Language
2.   Spelling
3.   Punctuation
4.   Italics
5.   Numbers
6.   Quotations
7.   Basics of scholarly writing


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1. Language

   Match your language to your audience
   Use direct, clear, and persuasive language
   Avoid repetitions and unnecessary words
   Use active verbs whenever possible
   Avoid offensive or biased language




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2. Spelling

   Spelling, including hyphenation, should be
    consistent
   Your computer’s spelling check is not always
    reliable
   A good dictionary is your best resource




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3. Punctuation

   Punctuation makes your sentences clearer
   It makes them easier to read
   Review the basic rules of punctuation
   A good source is the University of Purdue’s
    page on punctuation
    http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/56
    6/01/


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4. Italics

   Italicize the names of books, periodicals, Web
    sites, online databases, films, TV and radio
    broadcasts, operas, works of visual art…
   Italicize foreign words in an English text
   Avoid italicizing for emphasis, particularly in
    research papers



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5. Numbers

   Spell out numbers written in one or two
    words (one, three hundred, three million)
   Use numerals for all others (101 and 1,563)
   Do not begin a sentence with a numeral
   Spell out centuries in lowercase (twentieth
    century)
   Always be consistent throughout your paper


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6a. Quotations
    Prose
     For a quotation of four lines or less: make it
       part of your text and put it in quotation
       marks
     For more than four lines: set them off from

       the text with a new line, one inch from the
       left margin, double-spaced, and without
       quotation marks


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6b. Quotations
    Poetry
     Three lines or less are in quotation marks,
      and part of your text. Use a slash with a
      space on each side to separate them.
     Three lines or more begin on a new line,

      double-spaced, and one inch from the left
      margin.



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6c. Quotations
   Use an ellipsis whenever you omit words
    from the source
   Within a sentence: “I came, … I conquered.”
   At the end: “I came, I saw, ….”
   At the end + reference: “I came, I saw, …”
    (52).
   Use square brackets whenever you add your
    own comment/explanation within the
    quotation.

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6d. Quotations (and punctuation)
   Generally use a colon or a comma before the
    quotation
   For a quote within a quote, use single
    quotation marks within double quotation
    marks
   Usually, commas and periods belong inside
    the quotation marks, whereas all other
    punctuation marks go outside


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7. Basics of scholarly writing
   Start on your project early
   Read the assignment carefully
   Prepare a solid outline
   Pay special attention to the Introduction and
    to the Conclusion
   Avoid generalizations
   Be willing to revise several times


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For more information


   The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research
    Papers (7th edition).

   The MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly
    Publishing (3rd edition).



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