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ADS-LOR 29 May-FINAL Powered By Docstoc
					Fraternal Greetings!
       A. Douglas Smith
      Lodge of Research
Original Date: December 09/January 10 (snowed out)
Original Topic: Robert Burns and American Freemasonry
Robert G. Watkins, Jr.
PM Alexandria-Washington #22 – 2007

VM Lodge of Perfection
Alexandria Scottish Rite Bodies - 2009
         Robert Burns
            (1759 – 1796)
literary Bridge Connecting old
    and new world masonic
 2010 is the 251st Anniversary year of birth
      Robert Burns
            1759 - 1796

   Scottish Plowman-Poet of Romantic Period
   Self Education Develops Natural Abilities
   Masonry a Social and Literary Influence
   Wrote Two Volumes of Poetry & Collected Songs
   Poetic Themes: Liberty, Independence, Nature
   Proclaimed Bard of Caledonia in Masonic Lodge
   Poem: Ode to Washington’s Birthday
   Posthumous Resonance With American Masons
Evolution of Burns Memory
              In 18th Century
        Little Name Recognition Outside of Local Region
    Celebrity Among Scottish Masons and Scottish Diaspora

   In 19th and 20th Centuries
      Burns Clubs - 1859 Washington D.C. Extravaganza
        Various Monuments with Masonic Ceremonies
   Carnegie Libraries Worldwide - Provisions for Burns Works

              In 21st Century
               High School Literature Textbook
        250th Birthday Seminar at Library of Congress
       Celebrations in AW#22 , Andrew Jackson - WDC
        Literary Themes
       In Burns Writings
   Scottish Cultural Heritage (History)
   Religious Freedom
   Economic Liberalism
   Concepts of Universal Suffrage
   Love of Nature
    Masonic Tendencies
    In Burns’ Literature
                    1781 - 1796

   Ideas of Social Liberalism
   Republicanism
   Principles of Social Democracy
   Support for American Revolution
   Ode To George Washington
      ? Tam O’Shanter ? Cotters Saturday Night
Masonic Connections
Open New Perspective

   Celebrated Author and “Bard of Caledonia”
   Social Contacts Among Prominent Masons
   Visited numerous lodges
   Financial security
   Masonic Subscriptions Support Publishing
   Travel …collected songs and ballads
                            1 March 1787
Robert Burns Acclaimed Bard of Caledonia in Canongate Killwinnig Lodge
       Synopsis of Burns Life
         At Death In 1796
   Life of Penury and Hardship
   Limited Formal Education – But Gifted
   Masonic Ties Gave Social Prominence
   Two Volumes of Poetry Published
   Chap Books and Songs Widespread
   Controversial Reputation and Heritage
        Posthumous Developments:
    First Burns Club Formed in Scotland - 1801

"To cherish the name of Robert Burns; to foster a
love of his writings, and generally to encourage an
interest in the Scottish dialect and literature.“

   Burns Clubs Worldwide – Annual Dinner Program.
     -Selkirk Grace –Tam O’Shanter -Ode To Haggis –Auld Lang Syne
           (some characteristics of a Table Lodge!)

Very Important Among Scottish Diaspora in U.S.
with Resonance Among American Masons
        The World in 1788
-United States Constitution
     -Ratified on 21 June 1788
     -Bill of Rights
     -First Amendment Rights
     -Freedoms of Speech and Assembly

>First Amendment Special Interest Groups
     -Political        -Economic      -Social/Cultural

       -Examples of Accomplishments:
                  -George Washington Monument
                  -Ronald Reagan Legacy Project
                  -Captain John Smith National Waterway
                  -300+ Burns Clubs of North America
                  -12+ Monuments to Robert Burns
Burns Becomes Cult Figure
 In 19th and 20th Centuries
 (Based on Activities of Interest Groups)

   George Washington
   Abraham Lincoln
   William Robertson Smith
   Andrew Carnegie
“What we have done for
ourselves alone dies with
us; what we have done for
others and the world
remains and is immortal

                Albert Pike
Washington as Depicted in Irish Masonic Literature from 1792
   (an example of how George Washington was perceived)
Burns Established “Mystic Tie” with Ode To George Washington
George Washington
             1732 - 1799

   Upper-Class Land Owning Gentry Parentage
   Tutorial Education – Appointed Surveyor in Virginia
   Becomes Mason in 1752 in Virginia Lodge.
   Colonial-Era Military, Political, and Social Leader
   Masonic Philosophy Central to Personal Values
   Fraternal Ties Guide Professional Relationships
   Masonic Framework to Leadership Abilities
                       George Washington
First President of U.S. and First Master of Alexandria Lodge #22
    Masonic Memorials To Ill. Brother George Washington

                                        Baker Statue of Washington

George Washington National Memorial
           2007 – Traditions of the Lodge
Annual Wreath Laying at Tomb of Ill. Brother George Washington
                   Memorials to Robert Burns in Scotland

Robert Burns Birthplace Museum

                                    Robert Burns Memorial - Alloway
                   Robert Burns

Resonance In American Freemasonry
   Spokesman for Ideal of Equality Among All Men
   Masonic Themes: Morality, Brotherly Love, Relief, Truth
   Masonry as a Social and Philosophic Bond to Brothers
   Proclaimed Bard of Caledonia in Masonic Lodge
   Poem: Ode to Washington’s Birthday
   Created Fraternal Tie With Most Famous Mason
   Posthumous Response From American Masons
         Traditions of Robert Burns In
        American Folklore 1800 - 1911
   First Publications of Burns Works in 1786
       147 American Editions in W.R. Smith Collection From 1787-1911
       George Washington Subscriber to Second Philadelphia Edition

   Burns Clubs and St. Andrews Societies Organized
       Ethnic Celebrations Adopt Burns Music and Poetry

   Monuments with Masonic Dedication Ceremonies
       1888-1911 Ten Burns Monuments Dedicated
       1859 Masonic Centennial of Burns Birthday in Washington D.C.
       Wallace Bruce and Abraham Lincoln Monuments in America and Scotland
       Rob Morris – Poet Laureate of Masonry (second after Robert Burns)

   Carnegie Libraries in America and Scotland
       Conditions For Placing Burns Bust and Works in Every Library
       Cornerstone Laying Ceremonies a Common Feature of Dedication
       William Robertson Smith Burnsiana Collection
American Library Collections
         By and About Robert Burns
                 1788 -1911

 W.R. Smith Burns Collection in Washington D.C.
   178 American Editions
    442 International Editions
 Catalog Statistics Cover Period 1788 – 1911
 Indicate Interest in Burns at that time
 Smith Collection is Most Complete of that Period
 Maintained at AASR (SJ) House of the Temple
 Andrew Carnegie
Libraries in America
1,946 Carnegie Libraries Built between 1881-1928
      -Bust of Robert Burns in Each Library
      -Works of Robert Burns in Each Collection
 Masonic Cornerstone Laying a Common Feature
 Andrew Carnegie and William Robertson Smith Collaboration
 Bequest of Burnsiana Collection to Scottish Rite Library
 Believed Largest Collection of Burns Material at That Period
           American Monuments
        to Robert Burns 1857 - 1911

   About 12 monuments in North America
   All dedicated with Masonic participation
   President Lincoln Was Avid Reader of Burns
   Wallace Bruce Connects Lincoln to Burns
   Abraham Lincoln As Regarded by Freemasons
    •   Our Very Illustrious Brother Abraham Lincoln

   Emancipation Monument to Lincoln in Edinburg
   Monument to Burns in Chicago
Calton Burying Ground, Edinburg, Monument to Lincoln

                         Chicago Monument to Robert Burns
Dedication Ceremonies Conducted by the Grand Lodge of New York
     American Masonic Lodges
      Named For Robert Burns

 A Moving Picture over 250 Years
 Currently About 6 Lodges with Internet Pages
 Continue Masonic Traditions Surrounding Robert Burns
 Alexandria-Washington #22 Lodge Burns Night in 2009
 Andrew-Jackson #120 Lodge Burns Night in 2009
Scottish Rite Temple in 2009
  Auld Lang Syne
  Scottish Knight of St. Andrew
Waco Texas 2009 Tradition of Burns Night Established
Enduring Masonic Interest in Robert Burns
                    In Summary:
   Robert Burns -18th Century Scottish Mason
   Literary Works Reflect Masonic Values
   Esteemed Among American Masons
   Books - Clubs - Monuments – Libraries
    Perpetuate Memory
   American Social Groups Adopt Burns
   …And Thus Thru a Succession of Ages…

I believe we have found the end!

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