GRADE INSIGNIA OF THE UNITED STATES AUXILIARY SERVICES GRADE INSIGNIA OF THE UNITED STATES AUXILIARY SERVICES

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					              GRADE INSIGNIA
        OF THE UNITED STATES
          AUXILIARY SERVICES

              THE U.S. MARITIME SERVICE



THE NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION
            & COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY



           THE U.S. PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE



          THE U.S. ARMY TRANSPORT SERVICE

     AND TRANSPORTATION CORPS WATER DIVISION



  THE U.S. NAVY MILITARY SEA TRANSPORTATION SERVICE



         THE U.S. ARMY MINE PLANTER SERVICE



                         By
                          1
                                    Preston B. Perrenot, 2010, Revised in 2011



Contents

INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................3


GRADE INSIGNIA OF TH E UNITED STATES ARMY TRANSPORT SERVICE & H ARBOR BOAT SERVICE
           1899 – 1945 .................................................................................................................................8


GRADE INSIGNIA OF TH E UNITED STATES ARMY TRANSPORTATION CORPS WATER DIVISION
           1945 – 1949 ............................................................................................................................... 66


THE UNITED STATES ARMY MINE PLANTER SERVICE 1918 - 1954 .............................................................. 75


UNITED STATES MARITIME SERVICE GRADE INSIGNIA SINCE 1936 ............................................................. 83


UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE GRADE INSIGNIA........................................................................ 92


NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION AND U.S. COAST & GEODETIC SURVEY
           GRADE INSIGNIA....................................................................................................................... 115


SOURCES.............................................................................................................................................. 128
                               INTRODUCTION
        This book covers the lesser known uniformed services of the United States Government that
have contributed to victory in war as well as prosperity in peace. In a few cases, I’ve had to make an
“educated guess” because of the scarcity of historical information on some these organizations. For
that, I apologize in advance and welcome any information and corrections that a reader with
knowledge might deem appropriate. The Army Transport Service and the Army M ine Planter
Service should be part of the army book but I decided to publish them separately to keep the costs of
both books to a minimum. With that, I hope that the reader will find the contents of these books
informative and enjoyable.


        There is no definitive date on when the concept of rank identification came into being but it
probably occurred when groups of warriors grew large enough that not everyone knew each other.
In this case, there was a need to identify the leaders on the battlefield. These methods may have
been as simple as feather in a helmet or a particular weapon carried only by leaders. In any case,
rank identification more than likely pre-dates uniforms.


        In ancient cultures, such as the Assyrians and Egyptians, military rank was tied directly to
royal titles so the rank methodology was whatever trappings the nobility wore. Basically, you could
tell the leaders by the quality of their clothes.


        The Roman Republican and Imperial armies developed fairly standardized armor and
military dress even though the concept of uniforms was unknown to them. For example, legionaries
wore red cloaks while senior commanders were known to wear white cloaks and helmet plumes.


        In the middle ages the king or queen’s knights and noblemen served in capacities that are
akin to what modern day military officers do. It was easy to identify them as they generally were the

                                                    3
ones in armor. M ost common soldiers could not afford armor. The custom of blazoning the armor
with a family coat of arms was so that the person in the armor could be easily identified by both
friend and foe.


       During the European Renaissance Period, armies began wearing uniforms and those uniforms
themselves became the principal method of identifying the rank. As the rank increased, so did the
gold lace, finery and accoutrements. By the late 1700s, this system of uniforms had expanded from
identifying the wearer as a member of a national army to identifying the wearer of a unit within the
army. As a result, the basic uniforms of officers and enlisted men began to become similar in style
and color. Officers simply wore more gold or silver lace than the enlisted men, which was the state
of affairs when the American colonies rebelled against Great Britain in 1776. Those men who took
up arms in the American cause were, for the most part, educated in England and, if they had any
prior military experience, it was in the British Navy. Consequently, the American Continental Navy
adopted the British military structure, organization, and rank insignia system.


       It should be noted that there are two very important terms when discussing authority and
responsibility in the military. Rank refers to a soldier’s status and authority in relation to other
soldiers. Grade is used for personnel and pay purposes. A particular Sergeant has been a Sergeant
for three years. Thus, he or she is a higher rank than any sergeant that has less than three years as a
sergeant. Terms like Petty Officer, Captain, Colonel, etc. are grades within the hierarchal structure
in which the grades themselves can outrank one another. So, the terms “rank and grade” wind up
being used interchangeably.


       The words “Sergeant”, “Captain”, “Lieutenant” etc. are titles used by military organizations
around the world to identify a member of that organization’s grade within the organizational
structure. When we hear these words, we know what or who they identify and how they fit into the
structure. What most of us do not know is how these words originated and what they really mean.
Since these titles are words, the study of their meaning is just etymology.


       The word chevron is a French word used to describe two straight lines that meet at an angle.
In this case, a rafter or roof. In heraldry, a chevron is an Honorable Ordinairie and has been
recognized as a symbol of strength and honor since the 12th century. In the middle ages, two pieces
of wood were affixed to the front or back of warrior’s shield to provide support and reinforce the
shield. As a military insignia, chevrons were first used by the French and British armies in the 18th
century as good conduct or years of service chevrons.


         In fact, the first use of chevrons in the American military was not as grade insignia but
service stripes. In 1782, General George Washington, Commander of the American Continental
Army ordered that men who had “served for three years with bravery, fidelity and good conduct”
could wear a badge of honor. This badge was described as “a narrow piece of white cloth in angular
form.” M ore often than not, this wound up being a chevron. Today, enlisted sailors wear angled
bars or “hash marks for every four years of service on the lower sleeves of the dress and service
coats.


         The French word Warant, means authorization. The English created the Warrant Officer as a
military grade in the 11th century when English ports began providing ships and crews to the crown
for military purposes. The crews of these ships were led by the M aster who was assisted by the
Boatswain, Carpenter, and Cook. These early billets were recognized as the “ship’s officers”. The
agreement between the ports and the crown stipulated that English soldiers, under command of
commissioned English army officers, would embark on the ships for transport or seaborne warfare.
The battle and tactics were the responsibility of the commissioned army officers while the ship’s
officers were concerned with running the ship. Since these members of the crew normally answered
to the ship owner, it was necessary to place them under the authority of the government when acting
in that capacity.    The crown granted them a Warrant and made them subordinate to the
commissioned army officers.


         When the Royal Navy was established, the crown began commissioning naval officers to
handle tactics and strategy as well as run the ship. But the warrant officers stayed on in their
particular areas of expertise. Warrant Officers were part of the Continental Navy but would not be
officially recognized until the U.S. Navy was born in 1797. In European militaries, the term Warrant


                                                 5
Officer has evolved into a senior non-commissioned officer grade that does not serve in a line unit,
but in the U.S. Navy, the original tradition lives on.


         In French, Lieutenant means assistant. In the early navies, there were only two officer grades
on a ship. The Captain and his assistant, the Lieutenant.


         The word Captain may be a derivation of the word Chieftain or the Latin word Capitaneus
which comes from an older Latin word, Caput, meaning Head. Or Headman, in this case. The term
Captain is also used as an adjective. It is applied to commanding officer of a ship, regardless of their
grade.


         A Commander describes a person who gives commands or has command over others. The
word “command” is derived from the Latin word mandare which literally means “to give into one’s
hand” or to put some in charge of something. In Spanish, the word “mandar” means to send or to
order. The term first made its way into the naval lexicon in the 17th century with the Royal Navy
term “M aster and Commander.” At that time, a M aster and Commander was an officer under the
captain who was in charge of sailing the ship. In time, it would be shortened to commander and this
officer could also be placed in command of smaller vessels that did not rate a full captain.


         The term Lieutenant Commander appears to be one of those rare instances where the Royal
Navy adopted something from the U.S. Navy. During the Revolutionary War, the grade of Senior
Lieutenant was created to identify the captain of a small 10-20 gun vessel. This term would go
through two evolutions (Lieutenant Commanding and Lieutenant Commandant) before becoming
Lieutenant Commander in 1862. The British did not adopt the term until 1914.


         The grade of Commodore was developed by the Dutch in middle of the 17th century and
described a captain who had command of more than one ship. The British eventually adopted the
title, as did the Americans. The grade of Commodore has had the status as a permanent grade only a
few times in the U.S. Navy’s history. Today, it is used as an honorific to identify the captain who
commands a flotilla or group of ships.
       The word Admiral comes from the Arabic word amir-al-bahr which means commander of
the seas. It first became known to the west in the 11th century. The Italians shortened into the Italian
translation “Amiral”, which is where the rest of Europe got it.


       Petty Officers can trace their lineage back to the old French word, petit, meaning something
small. Over the years, it came to mean minor, secondary or subordinate. In the navy, a Petty Officer
was an enlisted assistant to the warrant officer. This is how the terms Gunner’s M ate, Boatswain’s
M ate, Carpenter’s M ate, etc. came about. The term “M ate” identified the assistant. As navies grew
and became more professional, the role of the Petty Officer increased in responsibility and
importance. By the time, they became “M aster’s M ates” in the U.S. Navy, they were responsible for
the training and discipline of the crew as well as their regular duties. Today, a petty officer in the
navy is equivalent to a Non-Commissioned Officer in the land forces.




                                                   7
 GRADE INSIGNIA OF THE UNITED
STATES ARMY TRANSPORT SERVICE
    & HARBOR BOAT SERVICE
          1899 – 1945
             THE ARMY TRANS PORTATION AND HARBOR BOAT S ERVIC E

       The United States Army Transportation Service was established in 1899 after the landings in
Cuba during the Spanish-American War. The navy of the time was equipped for fighting at sea and
not for the transport of large numbers of troops and equipment. The army established the ATS under
control of the Quartermaster Corps and was made up of civilian contract employees and cargo
vessels. The Harbor Boat Service was established in 1904 as a companion service to the ATS and
was primarily concerned with ferry boats and other small craft.


       After the end of the Spanish-American War, the ATS and the HBS fell into decline so that by
the outbreak of World War I, there were less than ten vessels available to transport men and
equipment to Europe and the navy took over operation of the ATS. By November of 1917, however,
there were over 500 ships in its fleet. After the war, the ATS was again placed under army control
and used to transport personnel and supplies to the army’s growing overseas garrisons. In 1943, the
ATS was transferred from the Quartermaster Corps to the newly created Transportation Corps where
it was reorganized and remained until 1949. In that year, the vessels of the ATS were assigned to
the navy’s U.S. M ilitary Transport Service and the ATS was disbanded.


       Army Transport Service personnel were, for the most part, civilian contractors hired by the
army so the rank titles reflected the titles used by civilian shipping lines rather than military titles.
As a result, there were a lot of titles assigned to the same insignia and the system became confusing
to one who was used to the simplicity of the army rank system. For that reason, I have grouped the
grades according to their equivalency with the army ranks but that should not be construed as any
suggestion that ATS officers had “relative” rank with army officers since I have been unable to
locate any information that states that.




                                                   9
                       ATS & HBS OFFICER’S UNIFORMS , 1899 - 1912


       The uniforms worn by officers of the Army Transportation Service were more similar to the
uniforms worn by navy officers than those of the army. ATS officers wore the same navy blue, high
collared, fly front undress jacket that navy officers of the period wore.        ATS officers used a
distinctive hat badge, collar, branch insignia and grade was determined by lustrous black lace on the
lower sleeves. ATS officers wore the gold letters “USAT” on the collars with their corps device
behind the letters.


       The Harbor Boat Service was established in 1904 for the purpose of handling small craft.
There were no uniform regulations for the HBS in 1904 so it is presumed that they wore the same
uniforms as the ATS.      In 1912, however, HBS officers received distinctions of their own to
distinguish them from ATS officers. Harbor Boat Service officers wore the same collar insignia as
the Army Transport Service with the letters “ATS” removed. Additionally, HBS M asters and Chief
Engineers wore only two stripes like an ATS Second Officer and Second Engineer, respectively. To
distinguish the HBS from ATS Officers, the HBS officers were authorized to wear a gold anchor or a
three bladed propeller above the black sleeve stripes. HBS officers also wore a different hat badge
than ATS officers.


                       ATS & HBS OFFICER’S UNIFORMS , 1899 – 1912


       The only significant change to the officer’s uniform in 1912 was the redesign of the collar
insignia. The two top grades, M arine Superintendent and Superintending Engineer, wore letters, a
device, and a star so it was quite crowded on that collar. The insignia were changed so that the
device had the letters “ATS” with the device. If the device was gold, the letters were silver and vice-
versa. HBS officers wore their collar devices without letters.
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
               1899 - 1912




                   11
13
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
               1912 - 1930




                   15
17
                       ATS & HBS OFFICER’S UNIFORMS , 1930 - 1945


       By 1930, the high collared fly-front jacket had been replaced by the double-breasted open
collared navy blue coat. The collar insignia was redesigned so that the letters “ATS” were worn on
the upper lapels and the service device was worn on the lower lapels in the same fashion as army
officers wore the “U.S.” insignia and the branch insignia. All of the collar insignia were gold except
the stewards who wore silver.


       The sleeve lace remained the same except for a change was made to distinguished licensed
officers from other officers. Licensed officers were defined as those of the line or “in line for
command.” These officers wore the same number of sleeve stripes but their top stripe formed into a
lozenge or diamond. Officers of the Harbor Boat Service wore the letters “T.C.” (Transportation
Corps) in lieu of the ATS letters.


       In 1933, the ATS was authorized to wear the dress white coats and the khaki service coats
that were worn by the army and the navy. Along with these garments came a change in the way
officers displayed rank. The distinction for licensed officers was replaced by the much wider
distinction of “Sea Officer;” that is, officers who serve at sea. Sea officers were ordered to wear
shoulder boards with gold or silver stripes on them on the khaki and white coats. These shoulder
boards had colored backgrounds behind the stripes to distinguish certain officers.       Engineering
officers wore red, clerks and Quartermaster officers wore light blue, line officers wore no
background color and stewards wore no color but were distinguished by their silver stripes. On the
navy blue service coats, sea officers wore gold or silver stripes with no background color. Non-sea
officers, or Port Officials, continued to wear the lustrous black braid stripes on the navy blue coat,
white stripes on the white coat, and brown stripes on the khaki coat. For some reason, HBS officers
were not considered sea officers and wore the rank distinctions of the port officials. The insignia of
the senior officers (M arine Superintendent, Superintending Engineer, and their assistants) remained
unchanged from the previous regulations.
                                                 19
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
               1930 - 1933
21
23
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
               1933 - 1934
25
27
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
               1934 - 1938
29
31
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
               1938 - 1942
33
35
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
               1942 - 1945




                   37
39
41
ATS & HBS OFFICER GRADE INSIGNIA PLATES
      SLEEVE MARKINGS 1933 - 1945
43
            TABLE OF GRAD E INS IGNIA - ATS OFFICERS 1899 – 1945

                                   MARIN E S UPERINTENDENT

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                     Gold USAT, anchor and five
1912     lustrous black braid, placed                            point star
1912 –   ¼” apart under a gold five                              Gold anchor with silver ATS
1930     point star                                              letters and a gold five point
                                                                 star
1930 –   One 1 ½” wide stripe of        None                     Upper lapels: Gold and blue
1942     lustrous black braid                                    ship’s wheel with gold ATS
1942 –   One 1 ½” wide stripe and       None                     letters superimposed
1945     one ½” stripe of lustrous                               Lower lapels: Gold anchor
         black braid, placed ¼” apart

                                   S UPERINTENDING ENGIN EER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                     Gold USAT, three bladed
1912     lustrous black braid, placed                            propeller and five point star
1912 –   ¼” apart under a gold five                              Gold three bladed propeller
1930     point star                                              with silver ATS letters and a
                                                                 gold five point star
1930 –   One 1 ½” wide stripe of        None                     Upper lapels: Gold and blue
1942     lustrous black braid                                    ship’s wheel with gold ATS
1942 –   One 1 ½” wide stripe and       None                     letters superimposed
1945     one ½” stripe of lustrous                               Lower lapels: Gold three
         black braid, placed ¼” apart                            bladed propeller

                          ASSOCIATE MARINE S UPERINTENDENT

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1942 -   One 1 ½” wide stripe of        None                     Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1945     lustrous black braid                                    letters
                                                                 Lower lapels: Gold anchor

                        ASSOCIATE S UPERINTENDING ENGINEER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1942 -   One 1 ½” wide stripe of        None                     Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1945     lustrous black braid                                    letters Lower
                                                                 lapels: Gold three bladed
                                                                 propeller
                                                 45
                         ASS IS TANT S UPERINTENDING ENGIN EER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS                    COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                   Gold USAT, three bladed
1912     lustrous black braid, placed                                          propeller
1912 –   ¼” apart under a gold five                                            Gold three bladed propeller
1930     point star                                                            with silver ATS letters
1930 –   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                   Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1942     lustrous black braid, placed                                          letters
         ¼” apart                                                              Lower lapels: Gold three
                                                                               bladed propeller

                          ASS IS TANT MARIN E S UPERINTEND ENT

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS                    COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                   Gold USAT and anchor
1912     lustrous black braid, placed
1912 –   ¼” apart under a gold five                                            Gold anchor with silver
1930     point star                                                            ATS letters
1930 –   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                   Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1944     lustrous black braid, placed                                          letters
         ¼” apart                                                              Lower lapels: Gold anchor



                           GRADES EQUIVALENT TO A COLONEL

                                                MAS TER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS                    COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                   Gold USAT and anchor
1912     lustrous black braid, placed
1912 –   ¼” apart under a gold five                                            Gold anchor with silver
1930     point star                                                            ATS letters
1930 –   Four ½” wide stripes of                                               Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1933     lustrous black braid, placed                                          letters
         ¼” apart, the top stripe                                              Lower lapels: Gold anchor
         forming a lozenge
1933 –   Four ½” wide gold lace         Black hard shoulder boards with gold
1945     placed ¼” apart (1)            ATS button and four ½” wide gold
                                        stripes on it
                                           CHIEF ENGINEER

 TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                          SHOULDER BOARDS                  COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 -    Four ½” wide stripes of lustrous       None                                     Gold USAT and three
1912      black braid, placed ¼” apart                                                    bladed propeller
1912 -    Four ½” wide stripes of lustrous                                                Gold three bladed
1930      black braid, placed ¼” apart under a                                            propeller and silver
          gold five point star                                                            ATS letters
1930 –    Four ½” wide stripes of lustrous                                                Upper lapels: Gold
1933      black braid, placed ¼” apart                                                    ATS letters
1933 –    Four ½” wide gold lace placed ¼”       Black hard shoulder boards with gold     Lower lapels: Gold
1945      apart (1)                              ATS button and four ½” wide gold         three bladed propeller
                                                 stripes on a red background

                                         CHIEF S TEVEDORE

 TIME         SLEEVE MARKINGS                    SHOULDER BOARDS                        COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –    Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                      Gold USAT and anchor
1912      lustrous black braid, placed
1912 –    ¼”                                                                       Gold anchor with silver ATS
1930                                                                               letters
1930 –                                                                             Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1938      Four ½” wide gold lace                                                   letters
          placed ¼” apart (1)                                                      Lower lapels: Gold anchor

                                 ASS IS TANT CHIEF S TEVEDORE

 TIME         SLEEVE MARKINGS                    SHOULDER BOARDS                        COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –    Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                       Gold USAT and anchor
1912      lustrous black braid, placed
1912 –    ¼”                                                                        Gold anchor with silver
1930                                                                                ATS letters
1930 –    Four ½” wide gold lace                                                    Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1938      placed ¼” apart (1)                                                       letters
                                                                                    Lower lapels: Gold anchor

                                            PORT S TEWARD

   TIME                  SLEEVE MARKINGS                       SHOULDER                 COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD                                                         BOARDS
1899 – 1912    Four ½” wide stripes of lustrous black       None                    Gold USAT and anchor
1912 – 1930    braid, placed ¼”                                                     Gold anchor with silver
                                                                                    ATS letters
1930 – 1938    Four ½” wide gold lace placed ¼” apart                               Upper lapels: Gold ATS
               (1)                                                                  letters
                                                                                    Lower lapels: Gold anchor


                                                    47
                                 QUARTERMAS TER AGENT (2)

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                      SHOULDER BOARDS                         COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1930 -   Four ½” wide stripes of        None                                         Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1933     lustrous black braid, placed                                                letters
         ¼”                                                                          Lower lapels: U.S. Army
         Four ½” wide gold lace                                                      Quartermaster Corps branch
         placed ¼” apart (1)                                                         insignia
1933 -   Four ½” wide stripes of        Black hard shoulder boards with gold
1934     lustrous black braid, placed   ATS button and four ½” wide gold
         ¼”                             stripes on a light blue background
         Four ½” wide gold lace
         placed ¼” apart (1)


                GRADES EQUIVALENT TO A LIEUTENANT COLONEL

                                           CHIEF OFFICER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                      SHOULDER BOARDS                         COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1938 -   Three ½” wide gold lace        Black hard shoulder boards with gold         Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1945     stripes, under a ¼” wide       ATS button and three ½” wide gold lace       letters
         gold lace strips placed ¼”     stripes, under a ¼” wide gold lace strips    Lower lapels: Gold anchor
         apart (1)                      placed ¼” apart

                                         S TAFF ENGINEER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                      SHOULDER BOARDS                         COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1942 -   Three ½” wide gold lace        Black hard shoulder boards with gold         Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1945     stripes, under a ¼” wide       ATS button and three ½” wide gold lace       letters
         gold lace strips placed ¼”     stripes, under a ¼” wide gold lace stripe,   Lower lapels: Gold three
         apart (1)                      on a red background, placed ¼” apart         bladed propeller
                             GRADES EQUIVALENT TO A MAJOR

                                           FIRS T OFFICER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                      SHOULDER BOARDS                      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 –   Three ½” wide stripes of       None                                      Gold USAT and anchor
1912     lustrous black braid, placed
1912 –   ¼” apart under a gold five                                               Gold anchor with silver ATS
1930     point star                                                               letters
1930 –   Three ½” wide stripes of                                                 Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1933     lustrous black braid, placed                                             letters
         ¼” apart, the top stripe                                                 Lower lapels: Gold anchor
         forming a lozenge
1933 –   Three ½” wide gold lace        Black hard shoulder boards with gold
1945     placed ¼” apart (1)            ATS button and three½” wide gold
                                        stripes on it

                                        FIRS T ENGIN EER (3)

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                      SHOULDER BOARDS                      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1899 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       None                                      Gold USAT and three bladed
1912     lustrous black braid, placed                                             propeller
1912 -   ¼” apart under a gold five                                               Gold three bladed propeller
1930     point star                                                               and silver ATS letters

                                  FIRS T ASS IS TANT ENGINEER

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                      SHOULDER BOARDS                      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1930 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       None                                      Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1933     lustrous black braid, placed                                             letters Lower lapels: Gold
         ¼” apart                                                                 three bladed propeller
1933 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       Black hard shoulder boards with gold      Gold three bladed propeller
1945     gold lace, placed ¼” apart     ATS button and three ½” wide gold lace    and silver ATS letters
                                        stripes, on a red background, placed ¼”
                                        apart

                     QUARTERMAS TER C LERK ON TRANS PORT (4)

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                      SHOULDER BOARDS                      COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1930 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       None                                      Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1933     lustrous black braid, placed                                             letters Lower lapels: Crossed
         ¼” apart                                                                 gold quills
         Three ½” wide gold lace
         placed ¼” apart (1)



                                                    49
                                 TRANS PORTATION AGENT (5)

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS                        COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1942 –   Three ½” wide gold lace        Black hard shoulder boards with gold       Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1945     placed ¼” apart (1)            ATS button and three ½” wide gold lace     letters Lower lapels: U.S.
                                        stripes, on a light blue background,       Army Transportation Corps
                                        placed ¼” apart                            branch insignia

                                 QUARTERMAS TER AGENT (5)

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS                        COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1934 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       Black hard shoulder boards with gold       Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1942     gold lace, placed ¼” apart     ATS button and three ½” wide gold lace     letters Lower lapels: U.S.
         (1)                            stripes, on a light blue background,       Army Quarterm aster Corps
                                        placed ¼” apart                            branch insignia




                                 QUARTERMAS TER AGENT (5)

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS                        COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1934 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       Black hard shoulder boards with gold       Upper lapels: Gold ATS
1942     gold lace, placed ¼” apart     ATS button and three ½” wide gold lace     letters Lower lapels: U.S.
         (1)                            stripes, on a light blue background,       Army Quarterm aster Corps
                                        placed ¼” apart                            branch insignia




                                          CHIEF S TEWARD

 TIME      SLEEVE MARKINGS                     SHOULDER BOARDS                        COLLAR INSIGNIA
PERIOD
1930 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       None                                       Upper lapels: Silver ATS
1933     lustrous black braid, placed                                              letters Lower lapels: Silver
         ¼” apart                                                                  cres cent
1933 -   Three ½” wide stripes of       Black hard shoulder boards with silver
1945     silver lace, placed ¼” apart   ATS button and three ½” wide silver lace
                                        stripes, placed ¼” apart
                          GRADES EQUIVALENT TO A CAPTAIN

                                         S ECOND OFFICER

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                 SHOULDER BOARDS                 COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1899 – 1912   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous     None                      Gold USAT and anchor
1912 – 1930   black braid, placed ¼” apart                                  Gold anchor with silver ATS
              under a gold five point star                                  letters
1930 – 1933   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous                               Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
              black braid, placed ¼” apart, the                             Lower lapels: Gold anchor
              top stripe forming a lozenge
1933 – 1945   Two ½” wide gold lace placed        Black hard shoulder
              ¼” apart (1)                        boards with gold ATS
                                                  button and two½” wide
                                                  gold stripes on it

                                     S ECOND ENGINEER (6)

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                 SHOULDER BOARDS                 COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1899 - 1912   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous     None                      Gold USAT and three bladed
              black braid, placed ¼” apart                                  propeller
1912 - 1930   under a gold five point star                                  Gold three bladed propeller and
                                                                            silver ATS letters

                               S ECOND ASS IS TANT ENGIN EER

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                 SHOULDER BOARDS                 COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1930 - 1933   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous     None                      Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
              black braid, placed ¼” apart                                  Lower lapels: Gold three bladed
                                                                            propeller
1933 - 1945   Two ½” wide stripes of gold         Black hard shoulder       Gold three bladed propeller and
              lace, placed ¼” apart               boards with gold ATS      silver ATS letters
              (1)                                 button and two ½” wide
                                                  gold lace stripes, on a
                                                  red background, placed
                                                  ¼” apart

                             FREIGHT C LERK ON TRANS PORT

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                 SHOULDER BOARDS                 COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1930 - 1933   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous     None                      Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
              black braid, placed ¼” apart                                  Lower lapels: Crossed gold quills




                                                   51
                                            S ECOND S TEWARD

   TIME                SLEEVE MARKINGS               SHOULDER BOARDS                     COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1930 - 1933        Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous   None                          Upper lapels: Silver ATS letters
                   black braid, placed ¼” apart                                    Lower lapels: Silver crescent
1933 - 1945        Two ½” wide stripes of silver     Black hard shoulder
                   lace, placed ¼” apart             boards with silver ATS
                   (1)                               button and two ½” wide
                                                     silver lace stripes, placed
                                                     ¼” apart

                                       S ECOND CABIN S TEWARD

   TIME                SLEEVE MARKINGS               SHOULDER BOARDS                     COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1930 - 1933        Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous   None                          Upper lapels: Silver ATS letters
                   black braid, placed ¼” apart                                    Lower lapels: Silver crescent

                                        ELECTRICAL ENGIN EER

   TIME                SLEEVE MARKINGS               SHOULDER BOARDS                     COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1942 - 1945        Two ½” wide stripes of gold       Black hard shoulder           Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
                   lace, placed ¼” apart             boards with gold ATS          Lower lapels: Gold three bladed
                   (1)                               button and two ½” wide        propeller
                                                     gold lace stripes, on a
                                                     red background, placed
                                                     ¼” apart

                             QUARTERMAS TER C LERK (S ENIOR) (7)

 TIME         SLEEVE MARKINGS                         SHOULDER BOARDS                                 COLLAR
PERIOD                                                                                               INSIGNIA
1934 –        Two ½” wide gold lace    Black hard shoulder boards with gold ATS button and        Upper lapels: Gold
1942          placed ¼” apart (1)      two ½” wide gold lace stripes, on a light blue             ATS letters
                                       background, placed ¼” apart                                Lower lapels:
                                                                                                  Gold crossed quills

                               TRANS PORTATION CLERK (S ENIOR)

   TIME                SLEEVE MARKINGS               SHOULDER BOARDS                     COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1942 – 1945        Two ½” wide gold lace placed      Black hard shoulder           Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
                   ¼” apart (1)                      boards with gold ATS          Lower lapels: Gold crossed quills
                                                     button and two ½” wide
                                                     gold lace stripes, on a
                                                     light blue background,
                                                     placed ¼” apart
                            MAS TER, HARBOR BOAT S ERVICE

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                SHOULDER BOARDS                COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1912 – 1930   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous    None                     Gold USAT and anchor
              black braid, placed ¼” apart                                Gold anchor
              under a gold anchor
1930 – 1945   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous                             Upper lapels: Gold TC letters
              black braid, placed ¼” apart                                Lower lapels: Gold anchor

                      CHIEF ENGINEER, HARBOR BOAT S ERVIC E

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                SHOULDER BOARDS                COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1912 – 1930   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous    None                     Gold USAT and anchor
              black braid, placed ¼” apart                                Gold three bladed propeller
              under a gold three bladed
              propeller.
1930 – 1945   Two ½” wide stripes of lustrous                             Upper lapels: Gold TC letters
              black braid, placed ¼” apart                                Lower lapels: Gold three bladed
                                                                          propeller

                  GRADES EQUIVALENT TO A FIRS T LIEUTEN ANT

                                          THIRD OFFIC ER

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                SHOULDER BOARDS                COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1899 – 1912   One ½” wide stripe of lustrous     None                     Gold USAT and anchor
1912 – 1930   black braid, under a gold five                              Gold anchor with silver ATS
              point star                                                  letters
1930 – 1933   One ½” wide stripe of lustrous                              Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
              black braid, forming a lozenge                              Lower lapels: Gold anchor
1933 – 1945   One ½” wide gold lace stripe (1)   Black hard shoulder
                                                 boards with gold ATS
                                                 button and one ½” wide
                                                 gold stripe on it

                                      THIRD ENGIN EER (8)

   TIME           SLEEVE MARKINGS                SHOULDER BOARDS                COLLAR INSIGNIA
  PERIOD
1899 - 1912   One ½” wide stripe of lustrous     None                     Gold USAT and three bladed
              black braid, under a gold five                              propeller
1912 - 1930   point star                                                  Gold three bladed propeller and
                                                                          silver ATS letters




                                                  53
                               THIRD ASS IS TANT ENGINEER

    TIME          SLEEVE MARKINGS               SHOULDER BOARDS                    COLLAR INSIGNIA
   PERIOD
1930 - 1933   One ½” wide stripe of lustrous    None                         Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
              black braid                                                    Lower lapels: Gold three bladed
                                                                             propeller
1933 - 1945   One ½” wide stripe of gold lace   Black hard shoulder          Gold three bladed propeller and
              (1)                               boards with gold ATS         silver ATS letters
                                                button and one ½” wide
                                                gold lace stripe, on a red
                                                background

                        QUARTERMAS TER C LERK (JUNIOR) (9)

    TIME          SLEEVE MARKINGS               SHOULDER BOARDS                    COLLAR INSIGNIA
   PERIOD
1934 - 1942   One ½” wide stripe of gold lace   Black hard shoulder          Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
              (1)                               boards with gold ATS         Lower lapels: Gold crossed quills
                                                button and one ½” wide
                                                gold lace stripe, on a
                                                light blue background

                          TRANS PORTATION CLERK (JUNIOR)

    TIME         SLEEVE MARKINGS                SHOULDER BOARDS                    COLLAR INSIGNIA
   PERIOD
1942 – 1945   One ½” wide stripe of gold lace   Black hard shoulder          Upper lapels: Gold ATS letters
              (1)                               boards with gold ATS         Lower lapels: Gold crossed quills
                                                button and one ½” wide
                                                gold lace stripe, on a
                                                light blue background

                                        THIRD S TEWARD

    TIME         SLEEVE MARKINGS                SHOULDER BOARDS                    COLLAR INSIGNIA
   PERIOD
1930 – 1933   One ½” wide stripe of lustrous    None                         Upper lapels: Silver ATS le
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: This book covers the history of the grade insignia worn by officers, enlisted personnel and cadets of the United States' other Uniformed Services. The U.S. Army Transport Service of World War II, The U.S. Army Transportation Corps Water Division, the National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration, The U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey, the United States Public Health Service, The United States Maritime Service and the U.S. Navy Military Sea Transport Service. 132 pages ISBN-13: 978-1452890296 BISAC: History / Military / General Published by Createspace.com Fully Revised in 2011
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PARTNER Preston Perrenot