VERB TENSE II- TENSE CONSISTENCY

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					VERB TENSE II- TENSE
CONSISTENCY
Review Simple Tense

   Present Tense: Base verb + -S (unless the verb is irregular verb)
     She _______ to the library every two weeks to check out
     a new library book.

    Past Tense: Base verb + -ed (unless the verb is irregular)
     My Aunt Margie ______ in Oregon before she moved to
    Tennessee.

   Future Tense: will or be + going + to + base verb
    Example:
    Perfect Tense
  Perfect Tense- Present Perfect: Have or has + -ed verb form (past participle)
She _______out at that gym for the past two years. (She began attending that
   gym two years ago and is still going there).



    Perfect Tense- Past Perfect: had + -ed verb form (past participle)
    I had already finished my homework when my friend called me and invited
     me to go see a movie.



   Perfect Tense- Future Perfect: I will have already arrived at school by the
    time my roommate wakes up to start getting ready for her 11:00 class.
Review of Simple and Perfect Tenses



  She talks                 She had talked

  She talked                  She will talk


  She will have talked       She has talked
Progressive Forms
         Consist of a form of the verb to be
     + present participle of the verb in –ing form

 Each of the 6 tenses also have progressive forms. This just
 means the action is in progress.
 Progressive forms are not used with verbs describing mental
 activities. i.e. believe, know, and think.
      Present Progressive
Consist of a form of the verb to be + present participle of the verb in –ing form


                                                     Describes an action that is
                                                  occurring right now


                                                  Example: I am sitting on this
                                                  chair, listening to an English
                                                  tutor.
      Past Progressive
Consist of a form of the verb to be + present participle of the verb in –ing form
        Talking about an event that occurred during a specific time
      frame.
      Example: I was washing my car while my brother and his friend
      were playing ball in the street.

        Also used with simple past to show when one action was in
      progress while another action occurred.

      Example: I was taking notes when my professor was giving a
      lecture.
   Future Progressive
Consist of a form of the verb to be + present participle of the verb in –ing form



      Describes an action that
  will occur during a period of
  time in the future.
  Example: She will be hiking
  tomorrow at noon.
    Present Perfect Progressive
Consist of a form of the verb to be + present participle of the verb in –ing form
        Describes the duration of an event that
      began in the past and continues through to
      the present.
      Example: I have been watching this movie
      for over an hour.
      Past Perfect Progressive
Consist of a form of the verb to be + present participle of the verb in –ing form

                                                        describe the duration
                                                      of an action that began
                                                      in the past and continues
                                                      into the present.

                                                      Example: She had been
                                                      waiting for 30-minutes
                                                      when her professor
                                                      finally showed up to their
                                                      meeting.
    Future Perfect Progressive
Consist of a form of the verb to be + present participle of the verb in –ing form
      Describes an action that has been in progress for a duration of
   time before another event in the future.
   Example: By the time I finish my degree in English, I will have been
   living in Seattle for six years.
Review Progressive Form
   Present progressive: I am writing right now.
   Past Progressive: I was writing when I received an e-mail from my
    professor.

   Future Progressive: I will still be writing my paper when the movie
    starts.
   Present Perfect Progressive: I have been writing my paper for 3
    hours.

   Past Perfect Progressive: I had been doing research before I
    realized what my thesis would be.
   Future Perfect Progressive: Next week I will have been in this class
    for 4 weeks.
Controlling Shifts in Verb Tense
If the time frame for each action is the same, keep the
verb tense the same.

As I try to swim, my brother laughed.

As I try to swim, my brother laughs.
Controlling Shifts in Verb Tense
If all the verbs in the sentence happened in the same
time frame, keep them in the same tense.

 Today at the barbecue, we ate hamburgers and enjoyed
  good conversation while the children watch a movie.

  Today at the barbecue, we ate hamburgers and
  enjoyed good conversation while the children watched
  a movie.
Controlling Shifts in Verb Tense
The verb tense changes even though the time frame
for each action or state is the same.

 Last month I had bought a new cell phone, but later
 decided I wanted a different color.

 Last month we bought new cell phone, but later
 decided we wanted a different color.
Do shift verb tenses when…
Showing a change in time from one action or state to
another.

My daughter loved the ring her father and I bought
 her.
My daughter loves the ring her father and I bought
 her.
Do shift verb tenses when…
 Showing a change in time frame from one action or
 state to another.

 Before they reached Los Angeles, they already
 passed Santa Barbara.

 Before they reached Los Angeles, they had already
 passed Santa Barbara.
     Practice
1.    If the pest control company moved out of the area, I will
     have to find a new company to get rid of the ants in my
     kitchen.
2.    While the alligator swims towards the lake’s shore, the
     people ran away.
3.   By the time I began my speech, the audience had already
     finished eating their lunch.
4.   Just after her career began to take off, country singer
     Patsy Cline is killed in a plane crash on March 5, 1963.
Answers
1. If the pest control company has moved out of the area, I
  will have to find a new company to get rid of the ants in
  the kitchen.

2. While the Alligator swims towards the lake’s shore,
  the people run away.
3. By the time I began my speech, the audience had already
  finished eating their lunch.
4. Just after her career began to take off, country singer
  Patsy Cline was killed in a plane crash on March 5, 1963.
Practice
5.   The mother will wash her child’s hands as soon as the
     child has finished eating her peanut butter and jelly
     sandwich.
6.   Everyone thinks the trip would be fun.
7.   Larry explained to his mother that he has finished all
     his homework.
8.   Suzy wants to show her little brother the post cards
     she bought in New York before 9/11.
9.   While he was giving his speech, Roy stood tall,
     spoke loudly, and had addressed his audience.
    Answers
5. Correct

6. Everyone thinks the trip will be fun.

7.Larry explained to his mother that he had finished all his
 homework.

8. Suzy wants to show her little brother the post cards she
 had bought in New York before 9/11.

9.While he was giving his speech, Roy stood tall, spoke
 loudly, and addressed his audience.
        Shel Silverstein
If you are a dreamer, came in. If you
are a dreamer, a wisher, a liar, a
hoper, a prayer, or had been a magic-
bean-buyer. If you're a pretender,
come sit by my fire, for we had some
flax-golden tales to spin. Come in!
Come in!
        Shel Silverstein
If you are a dreamer, come in. If you
are a dreamer, a wisher, a liar, a
hoper, a prayer, a magic-bean-buyer.
If you're a pretender, come sit by my
fire, for we have some flax-golden
tales to spin. Come in! Come in!
Resources
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_tensec.
                            html


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