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					      Internship Strategies
         and Resources
    Dilma da Silva         Raquel Romano
    IBM Research            Google, Inc.
dilmasilva@us.ibm.com   romano@google.com

       Yin Lu                Sara Dangel
      Microsoft           Microsoft Research
yinlu@microsoft.com     sdangel@microsoft.com
              About Dilma da Silva
 Education
    1990-1996: PhD in Computer Science, Georgia Institute of Technology
    1987-1990: MSc in Computer Science, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    1983-1986: BS in Computer Science, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
 Work
    Since Oct 2000: IBM TJ Watson Research Center, New York
    1996-2000: Assistant Professor, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
    1987-1990: Lecturer, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
 More on Professional Activities
    Research area: operating systems, distributed systems, parallel
      computing, cloud computing
    CRA-W board member
    Co-founder of Latinas in Computing
 Hobbies
    Reading novels, as often as I can!
    Knitting
 http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/view.php?person=us-dilmasilva
          About Raquel Romano
 Education
    1995-2002: PhD in Computer Science, MIT
    1993-1995: MS in Computer Science, MIT
    1988-1992: BA in Math, Harvard College
 Work
    2007-present: Software Engineer, Google, Inc.
    2004-2007: Postdoc, Lawrence Berkeley National Labs
    2003-2004: Nonprofit work in technology
 More on Professional Activities
    Area of Expertise: Computer Vision and Machine Learning
    Active in Anita Borg Institute, Latinas in Computing, Google Women
     Engineers, Hispanic Google Network
 Hobbies
    Before kids: ice hockey, soccer, skiing, snowboarding, reading
    After kids: reading (when possible), community service & STEM
     outreach
                        About Yin Lu
 Education
    2010-2015: PsyD, Antioch University
    2005-2007: M.Ed in Counseling, UCLA
    2001-2005: B.A. Economics, Accounting, UCLA


 Work
    Microsoft University Recruiting (Yale, Brown,
     Princeton, BU, NCSU, RIT, WashU St. Louis)
    Duke University, Engineer Career Consultant
    UCLA, Generalist Career Consultant
    Metropolitan West Asset Mgmt-Corporate Finance Analyst


 More on Professional Activities
    Industrial Partner programs


 Hobbies
      Mountaineering, cycling, bikram yoga, innovation motivation   4
               About Sara Dangel
 Work Experience
    Microsoft Research since 2003 / Intern Program Team since 2005
    Intern Program hired ~400 PhD Interns for Microsoft Research this year
    Provides on-boarding for Microsoft Research interns
    Coordinates intern training, technical talks, and social events for all
     Microsoft Research Domestic labs (Redmond, Cambridge MA,
     Mountain View, CA)
    Supports the Microsoft Research Female Scholarship program


 More on Professional Activities
    Represents Microsoft Research at gender diversity events (including
     CRA-W, Grace Hopper and Women in Research Dinner Series)

 Hobbies
    Shopping for SHOES!!!
    Cooking & Baking
                     Outline
 Internship Goals

 Internships, Step By Step

 Strategies for succeeding in your internship

 Resources for finding an internship
          Internship Goals
MS and PhD students have overlapping but different
 goals in pursuing internships, affecting:


     Where you apply

     Things to target

     What you accomplish
 Internship Goals for Masters Students
 Possible Goals
      Obtaining marketable experience
      Expanding your network (important for job hunting)
      Expanding your knowledge
      Having fun and making money

 Things to target
      Preferred subfield, e.g. communications, web applications,
       database applications
      Preferred programming environment, e.g. Java v. C++ v. Python
      Areas forming an experience base for later full-time positions

 What you accomplish
      A working program or part of an application
      What else?
  Internship Goals for PhD Students
 Possible Goals
     Working with experts in your area
     Being exposed to real-world motivations for our research
      problems
     Rounding out experts advising you on your dissertation
     Experiencing different research environments
     Expanding your network (important for job hunting)
     Expanding your knowledge
     Having fun and making money




                                                                 Slide 9
  Internship Goals for PhD Students
              (cont’d)
 Things to target
   Select a company or lab that has active research in your
    area of interest : e.g. government labs, communications
    company, software company
   Areas providing credentials for later research positions
   Consult with your research advisor

 What you accomplish
   Experimental prototype/product
   Paper
   Patents
   Part of your dissertation



                                                               Slide 10
      Internships, Step by Step
 Where and when to do an internship

 Preparing for the internship experience

 Finding the right internship opportunity

 Applying

 Interviewing

 Interning!
      When to do an internship?
 Every summer ?

 The first two years of your study?

 The last two years of your study?

 Depends on the current status of your studies:

     First-year grad school internship examples: a
      comprehensive survey, a comparison of approaches,
      hands-on experience with novel/complex systems
     Third-year internship examples: key part of your thesis,
      research question related to or complementing your thesis



                                                              Slide 12
  Where to do an internship?
 Where are the best jobs?
   The best job is the one that makes you happy!
   Think about your interests and passions
   Think long term: where would you like to work
    after graduating?
   Find the industry research groups in your area
    o Find top industry authors in conference
       proceedings
    o Look at company websites and read about
       projects
    o Ask people you know in each company about
       research projects
 Look at the resources at the end of this presentation

                                                    Slide 13
      Preparing for the Internship
                  Experience
 You should always be ready!

 Have a nice web page

 Think about your resume/CV
   How best to present yourself

 Gain good rapport with potential references

 Sign up for mock interviews

 Practice your elevator talk
Finding the Right Internship Experience
 The secret to find the right internship
  1. Networking
    o Through your advisor, research group, cohort, alumni
   2.    Networking
        o In related conferences to your area and general
           conferences like Grace Hopper, CRA-W Grad Cohort,
   3.    Networking
        o Professional groups in your research area (e.g., informal
           Yahoo groups)
        o Professional social websites (e.g. LinkedIn)

 Other resources
    Departmental postings and career fairs
    Local professional groups in your city (e.g., ACM, SWE)
    People you have met at school through other activities
      How to use your network?
 How to move forward with a contact?
     Express interest in his/her project
     Ask about internship opportunities and potential projects
     Have your resume ready!
                                     Don’t be too shy to ask about an internship.
     Ask for tips for applying      You don’t lose anything by asking!
     Discuss your research
      o   At conferences or career fairs: Elevator Talk
      o   Via email: Write a brief description of your interest and point to your
          website and papers

 Elevator Talk: Three-sentence description of your research and
  interests
   the problem you are solving
   why the problem is important
   why your solution separates you from the rest of the pack

          Must get right to the point: the elevator ride is short!
        Applying for an Internship
 Deadline: usually in early February

 Procure good references; tell them why you’re pursuing an
  internship

 Have resume/CV critiqued by
   Career center
   Advisor and peers

 Updated website
   Publications and project descriptions

 Prepare
   Presentations/demos
   Questions to ask current interns and employees

 Be sure to follow up!*
Curricular Practical Training (CPT)

    For international students with F1 status,
     internships count toward CPT time

    Student may be expected to know Visa
     status when applying

    There may be a workaround…
                     Interviewing
 Types of Questions
     Character: What is your greatest strength/weakness
     Research: Tell me about your work
     Creativity: How would you design a spice rack for a blind
      cook?
     Technical (algorithms, coding, design)
      o Given a single coin, generate a function that returns a
        number between 1 and 3 with equal probability
      o Write a function to find the intersection of two sets of
        integers
      o How would you sort a million numbers? What if you have
        limited time? What if you have limited memory?

 Role Play (time permitted)
                    Interviewing
 Do your research – gather information about company,
  products, team(s) etc. prior to interviewing
 Relax!
 Talk it out
   Logical thinking/problem solving
   Coding
 Be yourself
   Show motivation and interest
   General personality fit … but be open
   Careful with arrogance
 Interview them
   Ask informed and clarifying questions
   Ask about a current project & potential intern projects
   Remember your goals
   Negotiation usually comes later, when you have an offer
 Follow up!
Will this be the right internship for you?
  Type of work

  Atmosphere

  People
    Resources
    Cohort

  Project prospects

  Location
                      On the Job!
 “Think of your internship as an extended job interview.”

 Be professional

 Learn the culture

 Procure good contacts

 Make sure you’re doing the work you hoped to do
     What are you learning?

 Distinguish yourself

 Find a mentor outside your group

 Ask for feedback during and after the internship
   Be prepared to provide feedback
             Strategies for Success
 Find out early (decide with your mentor/supervisor) what the
  final requirements are:
     Working program? Experimental setup?
     Paper?
     Talk?

 Work independently & ask for help

 Show initiative

 Discuss your ideas

 Interact with the entire team
    Strategies for Success (cont’d)
 Time is short! You typically only have 10-12 weeks.

 Plan your project in phases
      Each checkpoint should have some deliverable such as a
       survey of the area, an analysis, a design, a program
      If you have to give a final talk that may take up your last
       week
 If you fall behind on an intermediate checkpoint, reevaluate
  your plan with your supervisor/mentor
     •   Can something be shortened or left out?
 If you run out of time for an aggressive timeline, the result of your
  project will be your intermediate deliverable (but you will have a
  result to show!)

 Especially important to have your mentor agree to your plan if
  your mentor is “busy.”
   Strategies for Success (cont’d)
 Meet as many people as you can
      Ask to speak with other researchers/staff in your area of interest (1
       person for 1 hour each week?)
      Attend talks, meetings and other opportunities to network

 Continue your relationship with your mentor/supervisor after
   completing your internship
      External mentor may help you with concerns in graduate school
      Network at conferences
      Help with eventual job search and all-important references
       Networking at Your Internship
 Meeting, lunch, social events, talks, hallway conversations

 Identify people of interest in the organization and ask to spend an hour
   discussing their work and career options. Prepare a set of questions
   such as:
   o   What’s your current project? How did it start? How is it organized
       (how many people, how they work together, who leads, etc.)?
   o   If this is a researcher, use your knowledge of the area or read one of
       her/his papers as background and plan to discuss the area in
       general.
   o   If you are targeting a particular kind of job in the future that this
       person knows about, you might ask:
       •   What education and experience are needed?
       •   What do the jobs normally include?
       •   What is the typical entry level job for a masters or PhD student?
       •   What is the career development path?

 Most full-time people will take time for students if at all possible, so take
   advantage of that to learn more about the field and make contacts.
         Takeaway Message
 Prepare early

 Practice for interviews
   Talking through problems is key
   Ask clarifying questions

 Relax during interviews and be yourself

 Follow up

 Treat the internship as an extended job interview
                                    Resources
   ACM internship listings
     http://www.acm.org/crossroads/resources/internships.html

   Research labs with participants at this cohort (additional options for masters internships are
    noted)
       AT&T – personal contact best for PhD Internships
        o   http://research.att.com/ (select Working with us, then Internships & Fellowships)
       Avaya Labs – personal contact only application route for PhD Internships
        o   http://www.avaya.com (select Avaya Lab on bottom bar, then Locations and
            Careers)
        o   Masters: http://www.avaya.com/usa/ (select Careers on bottom bar)
       Google
       http://www.google.com/jobs/students/us/internships/

       IBM – personal contact best for PhD Internships
        o   http://www.research.ibm.com/about/career.shtml (Co-op and summer on right)
        o   Masters: http://www.ibm.com/ (select Jobs at IBM, then Country, then University)
       Microsoft Research/PhD internships
        o   http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/jobs/intern/apply.aspx (select Careers, then
            Internships)
        Microsoft college internship program:
            https://careers.microsoft.com/careers/en/us/collegeinternships.aspx
       Sandia National Labs
        o  http://www.sandia.gov/careers/stu-interns.html
        o   http://www.sandia.gov/ (select Students, then Student Internship Programs)
   Accenture
                                     Resources
      http://www.accenture.com/Global/Services/Accenture_Technology_Labs/default.htm
      Not sure if they have research-oriented internships. Use the contact on the above link to ask.
      Masters: http://www.accenture.com/ (Click on Careers, Locations, United States, Campus Candidates)

   Alcatel-Lucent (home of Bell Labs)
       http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/ (select Careers at the bottom, then Opportunities for Students)
       PhD opportunities are under Research Partner
       Masters: additional opportunities listed in same location

   D. E. Shaw http://www.deshaw.com/JobOpportunities.html

   eBay (new research lab: http://innovation.ebay.com/research.cfm)
       http://www.ebaycareers.com/university/internship.html (“research” in the keyword and find R&D listing)
       Masters: search all internships

   France Telcom (the Orange Group)
       http://www.francetelecom.com/en/group/recruitment/student_section/links/
       See also http://www.francetelecom.com/en/group/rd/activities/vision/implantations/boston.html,
       http://www.francetelecom.com/en/group/rd/activities/vision/implantations/san_francisco.html )
                                    Resources
   Fujitsu Labs
        http://www.fujitsu.com/us/ (select R&D, then link under Work for Us, can also browse by
         country)
        Masters: http://www.fujitsu.com/ (browse the country of interest)

   GE Labs
       http://ge.com/research/ (select Careers, then Student Opportunities)
       Masters: http://ge.com/ (select For Students, then careers, University Students)

   Genentech
      http://www.gene.com/gene/careers/index.html (select Careers, then University
       Recruiting)

   HP
        http://www.hpl.hp.com/ (select Careers@HP Labs)
        Masters: http://hp.com/ (select Jobs, then Students and Graduates)

   Intel
       http://intel.com/ (select Technology and Research but no explicit internship application
        info)
       http://intel.com/ (select Jobs on the bottom bar, then Student Center)

   Mitsubishi
       http://www.merl.com/ (select Careers, then Internship Program)
                                 Resources
   NEC
      http://www.nec.com/
      Masters: http://nec.com/ (select Jobs)

   Nvidia
       http://www.nvidia.com/page/university_relations.html
       Not clear that they have a research lab, but they do sponsor fellowships and fund
        faculty.

   Nokia
      http://research.nokia.com/ (Follow the link for Careers)
      Masters: http://www.nokia.com/careers

   Oracle/Sun
      http://research.sun.com/ (select Internships)
      Masters: http://research.sun.com/internships/

   Siemens
       http://www.siemens.com/ (Search for Research and Development, search for
        Internships)

   VMware
       http://www.vmware.com/company/jobs/campus/

   Xerox
       http://www.parc.com/ (Select Contact, Careers, Internships)
       Masters: http://www.xeroxcareers.com/ (Select Student Center)

   Yahoo
      http://labs.yahoo.com/Academic_Relations
      http://careers.yahoo.com/university.php (select Interns)
Additional Research Labs (National Labs)
   Argonne National Lab (ARL)
       http://www.anl.gov/ (select Working at Argonne, then Careers and Educational Programs)

   Brookhaven National Lab
        http://www.bnl.gov/education/ (select Students)

   Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (LBL)
       http://www.lbl.gov/ (select Education Outreach, then Student Opportunities)

   Lawrence Livermore National Lab
       https://www.llnl.gov/ (select Jobs, then search by category)

   Oakridge National Lab (ORNL)
       http://www.ornl.gov/ (select Jobs, then ORNL and browse under Internships, Postdoc, Postgrad Research
        Opportunities)

   Pacific Northwest National Lab (PNL)
        http://www.pnl.gov/ (select Jobs, then Science & Engineering Education Programs)

   US Army Research Lab (ARL)
        http://www.arl.army.mil/ (select Outreach Programs, then Internship Co-ops)

   US Naval Research Lab (NRL)
       http://www.nrl.navy.mil/ (select Contact NRL, then Human Resources)
       Unclear how to find an internship. Call HR and ask.

   National Institutes of Health
        http://www.training.nih.gov/student/sip/

   Institute for Defense Analyses
          http://www.ida.org/ (select Careers, then Graduate Students, then Interns)
          Inquire early (before deadline), because you will need to obtain a security clearance
          Also inquire about any opportunities in related organizations

   Note: Fermi National Lab, Los Alamos National Lab, and National Renewable Energy Lab emphasize physical
    sciences but may take interns in some specialized subfields of computer science.
Additional Research Labs (Nonprofits)

    MIT Lincoln Lab
          http://www.ll.mit.edu/ (Select Careers, then Summer Programs)

    Mitre
          http://www.mitre.org/employment/student_opps.html
           Masters: http://www.mitre.org/ (select Employment, then Student
           Opportunities – same as the above)

    SRI
          http://www.sri.com/ (select Careers, then Students)
                                   Resources
   Graduate School Information brochure and other information:

     http://www.cra.org/for-students/

   How to succeed in graduate school: http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds1-2/advice1.html

     http://www.acm.org/crossroads/xrds1-3/advice2.html

   Fellowships (dated but provides useful leads)

    http://people.csail.mit.edu/amy//fellowships.html

   Sample Interview Questions

    http://www.softwareinterview.com/

    http://www.acetheinterview.com/questions/cats/index.php/microsoft_google

    http://www.drizzle.com/~jpaint/google.html

    http://projecteuler.net/index.php?section=problems

    Programming Interviews Exposed: Secrets to Landing Your Next Job

				
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