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					    The Judiciary




          Chapter 14




1
    The Power of the Federal Courts

       The unique American judicial experience
       Judicial review
        –   Strict-constructionist approach
        –   Judicial activism




2
    Structure of the Court

       Constitutional courts
       District courts
       Courts of appeals
       Selecting judges
        –   Senatorial courtesy
        –   “Litmus test”




3
    The Supreme Court

       Jurisdiction
       Writ of certiorari
        –   Four judges agree to hear an appeal; 96% denied
       In forma pauperis and fee shifting
       Standing




4
    Map 14.1: U.S. District and
    Appellate Courts




5
Federal Courts




 6
    Florida’s Court System

       County courts
       Circuit courts
       District courts
       Supreme Court




7
    Criminal Procedure

       Arrest
       Indictment
       Arraignment
       Trial
       Verdict and sentence
       Appeal
       Parole

8
Table 14.2: How Partisanship Affects
Judicial Attitudes




9
Figure 14.3: Patterns of Public
Confidence in the Court



        Source: Updated from The Gallup Poll: Public
         Opinion 1991 (Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly
         Resources, Inc., 1992), 213.




10
Figure 14.1: Female and Minority Judicial
Appointments, 1963-2000




Source: Harold W. Stanley and Richard Niemi, Vital Statistics
 on
11 American Politics, 2001-2002 (Washington, D.C.:
Figure 14.1: Female and Minority Judicial
Appointments, 1963-2000 (cont’d)




Source: Harold W. Stanley and Richard Niemi, Vital Statistics
 on
12 American Politics, 2001-2002 (Washington, D.C.:
Figure 14.1: Female and Minority Judicial
Appointments, 1963-2000 (cont’d)




Source: Harold W. Stanley and Richard Niemi, Vital Statistics
 on
13 American Politics, 2001-2002 (Washington, D.C.:
     Table 14.1: Chief Justices of the
     United States




14
Table 14.3: Supreme Court Justices in
Order of Seniority, 1999




15

				
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posted:11/24/2011
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