Basic Economic Indicators by 8x7c5J

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									                         Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                                                                                     Country Studies                                                                                                                                                                       Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table I: Basic Economic Indicators

                                                                 1980               1981               1982               1983               1984               1985               1986               1987               1988               1989               1990               1991               1992               1993               1994           1995           1996               1997               1998               1999               2000               2001
1.Population
Population
Population ages 0-14, total                                46,318,396         46,933,600         47,557,005         48,188,719         48,828,855         49,477,525         49,847,034         50,219,339         50,594,461         50,972,422         51,353,243         51,211,042         51,069,252         50,927,874         50,786,906     50,646,347     50,310,657         49,977,192         49,645,937         49,316,878         48,990,000         48,825,091
Population ages 15-64, total                               70,300,045         72,171,966         74,093,783         76,066,829         78,092,469         80,172,107         82,090,689         84,055,248         86,066,888         88,126,737         90,235,953         92,346,454         94,506,353         96,716,805         98,978,995    101,294,135    103,418,135        105,586,677        107,800,696        110,061,146        112,369,000        114,316,881
Population ages 65 and above, total                         4,997,559          5,103,743          5,212,263          5,323,170          5,436,520          5,552,368          5,706,495          5,864,976          6,027,934          6,195,500          6,367,804          6,586,617          6,813,024          7,047,291          7,289,694      7,540,518      7,766,665          7,999,673          8,239,753          8,487,120          8,742,000          8,983,051
Population, total                                         121,616,000        124,360,340        127,099,860        129,825,700        132,528,910        135,202,000        137,839,850        140,437,900        142,992,100        145,499,250        147,957,000        150,368,520        152,730,210        155,038,530        157,289,950    159,481,000    161,651,830        163,800,790        165,926,240        168,026,520        170,100,000        172,386,000

2. GDP and Sectoral Contribution
GDP
GDP (current US$)                                     ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############      ############   ############    ############       ############       ############       ############       ############
GDP (constant 1995 US$)                               ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############       ############      ############   ############    ############       ############       ############       ############       ############
GDP per capita (constant 1995 US$)                           4,257              3,980              3,917              3,704              3,819              4,041              4,280              4,353              4,270              4,334              4,079              4,066              3,983              4,116              4,296             4,415          4,474           4,561              4,507              4,486              4,626              4,633

Sectorial Distribution of GDP
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP)                              11.0               10.7                9.0               10.9               11.5               11.5               11.2               10.0               10.1                8.5                8.1                7.8                7.7                7.6                9.9            9.0            8.3                7.9                8.4                7.2                7.4                9.3
Industry, value added (% of GDP)                                 43.8               43.7               45.6               44.0               45.7               45.3               45.2               45.9               43.6               42.7               38.7               36.2               38.7               41.6               40.0           36.7           29.4               29.7               28.8               27.5               28.3               33.9
Services, etc., value added (% of GDP)                           45.2               45.5               45.4               45.1               42.8               43.1               43.7               44.1               46.2               48.8               53.2               56.1               53.6               50.8               50.2           54.3           62.3               62.4               62.8               65.3               64.3               56.8

3. Education
School enrollment, primary (% gross)                             97.8   ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                             99.6   ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                            106.3              106.1              108.6              109.8              112.2          117.6          119.8              124.6   ..                            166.0              162.3   ..
School enrollment, secondary (% gross)                           33.5   ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                             35.4   ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                             38.4               40.5               42.8               42.8               45.1           50.2           55.6   ..                 ..                            103.2              108.5   ..
School enrollment, tertiary (% gross)                            11.1   ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                             11.2               11.2               10.9               11.1               11.3           12.9           14.5               14.8               13.6               14.8               16.5   ..

4. Employment
Employment in agriculture (% of total employment)    ..                             29.3               29.5               27.1               29.8               28.6               25.9               24.6               24.2               23.2               22.8   ..                             28.3               27.4   ..                         26.1           24.4               24.2               23.4   ..                 ..                 ..
Employment in industry (% of total employment)       ..                             24.7               23.4               25.4               21.8               22.1               24.2               23.8               23.3               23.7               22.7   ..                             20.4               20.7   ..                         19.6           19.9               20.0               20.1   ..                 ..                 ..
Employment in services (% of total employment)       ..                             46.1               47.1               47.6               48.4               49.3               50.0               51.6               52.4               53.2               54.5   ..                             51.4               51.9   ..                         54.3           55.7               55.8               56.5   ..                 ..                 ..

5. Saving and Investment
Adjusted savings: net national savings (% of GNI)                 9.5               10.3                6.8                5.3                7.9               10.1                7.6               12.3               14.3               14.7   ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                 ..                          8.6            6.6                6.1                5.4                5.5                6.7                6.1

Source: World Development Indicators 2003




                         09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                                         Country Studies                                                                                                                                         Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table II: Economic Perfomance

                                                                                        1980        1981        1982      1983      1984      1985      1986        1987       1988      1989       1990      1991      1992       1993        1994        1995        1996        1997        1998        1999       2000            2001          2002
1. GNP and domestic absorption
GNP (National Currency Thousands up to 1992 Millions afterwards)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)                                                               -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.4      12.0      60.3      641.0   14,097.1   349,205.0   646,192.0   778,887.0   870,743.0   914,188.0   973,846.0 1,101,260.0      ######### 1,346,030.0
Net Primary Income from Abroad                                                             -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -        -0.0      -0.3      -1.4      -12.4     -355.5    -5,912.8   -10,153.7   -12,227.8   -17,436.2   -21,241.3   -34,106.8   -32,597.3       -45,284.4  -51,943.8
Gross National Income (GNI)                                                                -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.5      11.0      59.0      629.0   13,741.7   343,292.0   636,038.0   766,659.0   853,307.0   892,947.0   939,739.0 1,068,660.0      ######### 1,294,080.0

Domestic Absorption (National Currency Thousands up to 1992 Millions afterwards)
Government Consumption Expend.                                                             -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -         0.1        2.0     10.8      109.4    2,490.1    62,387.9   126,652.0   144,001.0   158,502.0   174,847.0   185,828.0   209,953.0      230,741.0      270,965.0
Househ.Cons.Expend.,incl.NPISHs                                                            -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.2        7.0     37.1      394.3    8,469.9   208,256.0   386,910.0   486,813.0   545,698.0   566,192.0   606,701.0   670,702.0      725,760.0      781,174.0
Exports of Goods and Services                                                              -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -         0.0        1.0      5.2       69.7    1,480.7    33,220.1    49,916.7    54,430.1    65,356.3    67,862.4   100,136.0   117,423.0      158,501.0      208,489.0
Imports of Goods and Services (-)                                                          -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -         0.0        1.0      4.8       53.7    1,282.3    31,993.0    61,314.1    69,310.6    86,000.5    87,768.8   115,154.0   134,079.0      170,403.0      180,554.0
Net Consumption of Goods

2. Resource Balance (USD Millions)
 Goods: Exports f.o.b.                                                                 20,132.0    23,276.0    20,173.0 21,898.0 27,002.0 25,634.0 22,348.0 26,210.0 33,773.0 34,375.0 31,408.0 31,619.0                35,793.0 39,630.0     44,102.0    46,506.0    47,851.0    53,189.0    51,136.0    48,011.0    55,085.6       58,222.6       60,361.8
 Goods: Imports f.o.b.                                                                -22,955.0   -22,091.0   -19,395.0 -15,429.0 -13,916.0 -13,168.0 -14,044.0 -15,052.0 -14,605.0 -18,263.0 -20,661.0 -21,041.0      -20,554.0 -25,301.0   -33,241.0   -49,663.0   -53,304.0   -59,841.0   -57,739.0   -49,272.0   -55,783.3      -55,572.2      -47,240.5
   Trade Balance                                                                       -2,823.0     1,185.0       778.0   6,469.0 13,086.0 12,466.0     8,304.0 11,158.0 19,168.0 16,112.0 10,747.0 10,578.0            15,239.0 14,329.0     10,861.0    -3,157.0    -5,453.0    -6,652.0    -6,603.0    -1,261.0      -697.8        2,650.5       13,121.3
 Services: Credit                                                                       1,737.0     2,265.0     1,809.0   1,724.0   1,947.0   2,086.0   1,816.0   1,952.0   2,279.0   3,132.0   3,762.0   3,319.0        4,088.0   3,965.0     4,908.0     6,135.0     4,655.0     5,989.0     7,631.0     7,189.0     9,498.4        9,322.0        9,551.4
 Services: Debit                                                                       -4,871.0    -5,138.0    -5,397.0 -4,131.0 -3,696.0 -3,790.0 -4,389.0 -4,316.0 -5,302.0 -5,917.0 -7,523.0 -7,210.0                -7,430.0 -9,555.0    -10,254.0   -13,630.0   -12,714.0   -15,298.0   -16,676.0   -14,172.0   -16,660.4      -17,081.3      -14,508.6
   Balance on Goods & Services                                                         -5,957.0    -1,688.0    -2,810.0   4,062.0 11,337.0 10,762.0     5,731.0   8,794.0 16,145.0 13,327.0     6,986.0   6,687.0       11,897.0   8,739.0     5,515.0   -10,652.0   -13,512.0   -15,961.0   -15,648.0    -8,244.0    -7,859.8       -5,108.9        8,164.1
 Income: Credit                                                                         1,406.0     1,382.0     1,487.0     719.0   1,256.0   1,589.0     967.0     568.0     771.0   1,310.0   1,157.0     904.0        1,118.0   1,308.0     2,202.0     3,457.0     5,350.0     5,344.0     4,914.0     3,936.0     3,620.7        3,279.5        3,295.3
 Income: Debit                                                                         -8,424.0   -11,644.0   -14,981.0 -11,726.0 -12,722.0 -12,779.0 -12,089.0 -10,882.0 -12,851.0 -13,856.0 -12,765.0 -10,555.0       -9,115.0 -11,630.0   -11,293.0   -14,562.0   -17,527.0   -21,688.0   -24,531.0   -22,780.0   -21,506.6      -23,022.7      -21,485.8
   Balance on Gds, Serv. & Inc.                                                       -12,975.0   -11,950.0   -16,304.0 -6,945.0     -129.0    -428.0 -5,391.0 -1,520.0     4,065.0     781.0 -4,622.0 -2,964.0          3,900.0 -1,583.0     -3,576.0   -21,757.0   -25,689.0   -32,305.0   -35,265.0   -27,088.0   -25,745.6      -24,852.1      -10,026.4
 Current Transfers, n.i.e.: Credit                                                        308.0       336.0       184.0     145.0     182.0     171.0     134.0     158.0     127.0     238.0     840.0   1,556.0        2,260.0   1,704.0     2,577.0     3,861.0     2,699.0     2,130.0     1,795.0     1,969.0     1,827.7        1,933.7        2,626.9
 Current Transfers: Debit                                                                -164.0      -150.0      -197.0     -34.0     -20.0     -23.0     -54.0     -90.0     -36.0     -17.0     -41.0     -42.0          -71.0    -101.0      -154.0      -240.0      -258.0      -316.0      -359.0      -281.0      -306.6         -296.2         -237.0
Current Account, n.i.e.                                                               -12,831.0   -11,764.0   -16,317.0 -6,834.0       33.0    -280.0 -5,311.0 -1,452.0     4,156.0   1,002.0 -3,823.0 -1,450.0          6,089.0      20.0    -1,153.0   -18,136.0   -23,248.0   -30,491.0   -33,829.0   -25,400.0   -24,224.5      -23,214.5       -7,636.6

3. Competitiveness Indicators
GDP Deflator (2000=100)                                                                    -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -        -           -        0.0        0.1        1.6        36.9        65.5        76.9        83.3        87.3        92.3       100.0          107.4          118.4
Consumer Prices

4. Money ( growth in local currency)
Monetary Aggregates
M1                                                                                         -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -         0.0        0.9      3.9       38.0      847.8    22,772.7    28,492.9    29,807.5    47,362.7    50,707.3    62,744.4    74,352.5       83,706.7      107,846.0
M2                                                                                         -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.2        2.8     19.3      332.7   10,223.0   132,558.0   178,755.0   188,735.0   239,777.0   254,965.0   274,770.0   283,785.0      321,612.0      397,503.0
M3                                                                                         -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.2        2.8     22.1      389.9   11,759.3   154,544.0   225,008.0   285,942.0   340,210.0   376,015.0   468,728.0   556,577.0      625,057.0      688,269.0
M4                                                                                         -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.5        3.8     24.6      447.6   13,937.6   176,449.0   261,176.0   336,148.0   405,946.0   459,308.0   551,092.0   652,093.0      756,181.0      807,523.0

Interest: discount rate
Money Market Rate                                                                          47.3        89.7      120.7     203.2     257.3     281.7     105.2        424.4   1,192.9    6,405.0   15,778.6    847.5    1,574.3    3,284.4     4,820.6        53.4        27.5        25.0        29.5        26.3           17.6           17.5           19.1
Savings Rate                                                                            n.a.         n.a.       n.a.      n.a.      n.a.       254.7     113.8        511.3   1,100.7    3,477.8   21,938.2    689.9    1,254.9    2,743.3     4,206.0        40.3        16.4        16.6        14.5        12.3            8.4            8.7            9.3
Deposit Rate                                                                             115.0        108.0      156.1     154.6     267.6     295.4     109.5        401.0     859.4    5,845.0    9,394.3    913.5    1,560.2    3,293.5     5,175.2        52.3        26.5        24.4        28.0        26.0           17.2           17.9           19.1

5. Government Finances (National Currency Thousands up to 1992 Millions afterwards)
 Revenue                                                                                   -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.1        3.6     15.6      173.6    4,271.6   108,280.0     n.a.        n.a.      213,409.0   237,116.0     n.a.       n.a.           n.a.           n.a.
 Grants Received                                                                           -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -         -          0.0      0.0        0.1        1.9       125.2     n.a.        n.a.            8.5        71.4     n.a.       n.a.           n.a.           n.a.
 Expenditure                                                                               -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          0.0       0.2        4.0     14.7      187.2    5,250.4   117,906.0     n.a.        n.a.      213,484.0   245,032.0     n.a.       n.a.           n.a.           n.a.
 Lending Minus Repayments                                                                  -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -         0.0        0.3      1.2       10.9      338.0    11,768.9     n.a.        n.a.       63,597.3    63,034.4     n.a.       n.a.           n.a.           n.a.
Deficit (-) or Surplus                                                                     -           -           -         -         -         -         -            -          -        -0.1       -0.7     -0.3      -24.4   -1,315.0   -21,269.7     n.a.        n.a.      -63,663.8   -70,879.5     n.a.       n.a.           n.a.           n.a.

Source: IMF International Finance Statistics




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                                             Country Studies                                                                                                                                          Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table III: Balance of payments
USD Millions

                                                1980         1981         1982         1983        1984         1985         1986         1987         1988         1989         1990          1991         1992          1993         1994        1995         1996         1997         1998         1999        2000           2001        2002
1. Current Account
 Goods: Exports f.o.b.                          20,132.0     23,276.0     20,173.0     21,898.0    27,002.0     25,634.0     22,348.0     26,210.0     33,773.0     34,375.0     31,408.0      31,619.0     35,793.0      39,630.0     44,102.0    46,506.0     47,851.0     53,189.0     51,136.0     48,011.0    55,085.6       58,222.6    60,361.8
 Goods: Imports f.o.b.                         -22,955.0    -22,091.0    -19,395.0    -15,429.0   -13,916.0    -13,168.0    -14,044.0    -15,052.0    -14,605.0    -18,263.0    -20,661.0     -21,041.0    -20,554.0     -25,301.0    -33,241.0   -49,663.0    -53,304.0    -59,841.0    -57,739.0    -49,272.0   -55,783.3      -55,572.2   -47,240.5
   Trade Balance                                -2,823.0      1,185.0        778.0      6,469.0    13,086.0     12,466.0      8,304.0     11,158.0     19,168.0     16,112.0     10,747.0      10,578.0     15,239.0      14,329.0     10,861.0    -3,157.0     -5,453.0     -6,652.0     -6,603.0     -1,261.0      -697.8        2,650.5    13,121.3
 Services: Credit                                1,737.0      2,265.0      1,809.0      1,724.0     1,947.0      2,086.0      1,816.0      1,952.0      2,279.0      3,132.0      3,762.0       3,319.0      4,088.0       3,965.0      4,908.0     6,135.0      4,655.0      5,989.0      7,631.0      7,189.0     9,498.4        9,322.0     9,551.4
 Services: Debit                                -4,871.0     -5,138.0     -5,397.0     -4,131.0    -3,696.0     -3,790.0     -4,389.0     -4,316.0     -5,302.0     -5,917.0     -7,523.0      -7,210.0     -7,430.0      -9,555.0    -10,254.0   -13,630.0    -12,714.0    -15,298.0    -16,676.0    -14,172.0   -16,660.4      -17,081.3   -14,508.6
   Balance on Goods & Services                  -5,957.0     -1,688.0     -2,810.0      4,062.0    11,337.0     10,762.0      5,731.0      8,794.0     16,145.0     13,327.0      6,986.0       6,687.0     11,897.0       8,739.0      5,515.0   -10,652.0    -13,512.0    -15,961.0    -15,648.0     -8,244.0    -7,859.8       -5,108.9     8,164.1
 Income: Credit                                  1,406.0      1,382.0      1,487.0        719.0     1,256.0      1,589.0        967.0        568.0        771.0      1,310.0      1,157.0         904.0      1,118.0       1,308.0      2,202.0     3,457.0      5,350.0      5,344.0      4,914.0      3,936.0     3,620.7        3,279.5     3,295.3
 Income: Debit                                  -8,424.0    -11,644.0    -14,981.0    -11,726.0   -12,722.0    -12,779.0    -12,089.0    -10,882.0    -12,851.0    -13,856.0    -12,765.0     -10,555.0     -9,115.0     -11,630.0    -11,293.0   -14,562.0    -17,527.0    -21,688.0    -24,531.0    -22,780.0   -21,506.6      -23,022.7   -21,485.8
   Balance on Gds, Serv. & Inc.                -12,975.0    -11,950.0    -16,304.0     -6,945.0      -129.0       -428.0     -5,391.0     -1,520.0      4,065.0        781.0     -4,622.0      -2,964.0      3,900.0      -1,583.0     -3,576.0   -21,757.0    -25,689.0    -32,305.0    -35,265.0    -27,088.0   -25,745.6      -24,852.1   -10,026.4
 Current Transfers, n.i.e.: Credit                 308.0        336.0        184.0        145.0       182.0        171.0        134.0        158.0        127.0        238.0        840.0       1,556.0      2,260.0       1,704.0      2,577.0     3,861.0      2,699.0      2,130.0      1,795.0      1,969.0     1,827.7        1,933.7     2,626.9
 Current Transfers: Debit                         -164.0       -150.0       -197.0        -34.0       -20.0        -23.0        -54.0        -90.0        -36.0        -17.0        -41.0         -42.0        -71.0        -101.0       -154.0      -240.0       -258.0       -316.0       -359.0       -281.0      -306.6         -296.2      -237.0
Current Account, n.i.e.                        -12,831.0    -11,764.0    -16,317.0     -6,834.0        33.0       -280.0     -5,311.0     -1,452.0      4,156.0      1,002.0     -3,823.0      -1,450.0      6,089.0          20.0     -1,153.0   -18,136.0    -23,248.0    -30,491.0    -33,829.0    -25,400.0   -24,224.5      -23,214.5    -7,636.6

 Capital Account, n.i.e.: Credit                    29.0         34.0         11.0          4.0        10.0          8.0         14.0         10.0          4.0         27.0           36.0        43.0           54.0        86.0       175.0        363.0       507.0        519.0         488.0       361.0       300.2           328.2      464.4
 Capital Account: Debit                             -4.0        -21.0         -6.0         -7.0        -1.0         -1.0         -7.0         -5.0         -1.0         -4.0           -1.0        -1.0    n.a.               -5.0        -2.0        -11.0       -13.0        -37.0        -113.0       -22.0       -27.7          -364.2      -31.5
Capital Account, n.i.e.                             25.0         13.0          5.0         -3.0         9.0          7.0          7.0          5.0          3.0         23.0           35.0        42.0           54.0        81.0       173.0        352.0       494.0        482.0         375.0       339.0       272.5           -36.0      433.0

Current+Capital Account n.i.e.                 -12,806.0    -11,751.0    -16,312.0     -6,837.0        42.0       -273.0     -5,304.0     -1,447.0     4,159.0       1,025.0     -3,788.0      -1,408.0     6,143.0         101.0       -980.0    -17,784.0    -22,754.0    -30,009.0    -33,454.0    -25,061.0   -23,952.0      -23,250.5    -7,203.7

2. Financial Account.
 Direct Investment Abroad                         -367.0       -207.0       -376.0       -187.0        -42.0        -81.0      -143.0       -138.0       -175.0       -523.0       -665.0      -1,014.0       -137.0        -491.0     -1,037.0    -1,384.0        467.0     -1,042.0     -2,721.0     -1,690.0   -2,281.6         2,257.6    -2,482.1
 Dir. Invest. in Rep. Econ., n.i.e.              1,911.0      2,520.0      2,910.0      1,609.0     1,594.0      1,441.0        345.0      1,169.0      2,804.0      1,131.0        989.0       1,103.0      2,061.0       1,292.0      3,072.0     4,859.0    11,200.0     19,650.0      31,913.0     28,576.0   32,779.2        22,457.4    16,590.2
 Portfolio Investment Assets                   n.a.               -3.0         -3.0        -8.0         -4.0         -3.0          1.0   n.a.         n.a.              -30.0        -67.0    n.a.         n.a.             -606.0     -3,052.0      -936.0       -257.0       -335.0       -594.0        258.0   -1,695.7          -795.1      -321.1
   Equity Securities                                 -2.0         -4.0         -4.0        -8.0         -4.0         -4.0          1.0   n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.          n.a.         n.a.             -607.0    n.a.           -168.0         -49.0      -306.0       -553.0       -865.0   -1,953.3        -1,121.2      -388.6
   Debt Securities                                    2.0          1.0          1.0   n.a.        n.a.                1.0   n.a.         n.a.         n.a.              -30.0        -67.0    n.a.         n.a.                 1.0    -3,052.0      -768.0       -208.0         -29.0        -41.0     1,123.0      257.6           326.0        67.5
 Portfolio Investment Liab., n.i.e.                354.0           1.0          2.0      -278.0      -268.0       -234.0       -451.0       -428.0       -498.0       -391.0        579.0       3,808.0      7,366.0     12,928.0      47,784.0   10,171.0     21,089.0     10,393.0      19,013.0      3,542.0    8,650.8           872.1    -4,797.4
   Equity Securities                                -11.0         14.0         16.0        -3.0         -3.0        -11.0          9.0         61.0       189.0         -57.0       103.0         578.0      1,704.0       6,570.0      7,280.0     2,775.0      5,785.0      5,099.0     -1,768.0      2,572.0    3,075.9         2,481.2     1,980.7
   Debt Securities                                 365.0         -13.0        -14.0      -275.0      -265.0       -223.0       -460.0       -489.0       -687.0       -334.0        476.0       3,230.0      5,662.0       6,358.0     40,504.0     7,396.0    15,304.0       5,294.0     20,781.0        970.0    5,574.9        -1,609.1    -6,778.2
 Financial Derivatives Assets                  n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.        n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.          n.a.         n.a.          n.a.         n.a.        n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.             642.0      385.6           566.6       933.2
 Financial Derivatives Liabilities             n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.        n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.          n.a.         n.a.          n.a.         n.a.        n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.            -729.0     -583.0        -1,037.6    -1,289.4
 Other Investment Assets                          -405.0     -1,397.0       -553.0        348.0    -3,325.0        190.0      1,385.0       -401.0     -1,994.0       -894.0     -2,864.0      -3,140.0         -99.0     -2,696.0     -4,368.0    -1,783.0     -3,327.0      2,251.0     -5,992.0     -4,399.0   -2,989.5        -6,585.6    -3,211.5
   Monetary Authorities                              12.0          4.0          4.0         1.0   n.a.         n.a.               71.0   n.a.              -17.0         -5.0         22.0           8.0   n.a.               -34.0   n.a.        n.a.              -44.0        -67.0        -84.0     1,668.0      -17.9         2,430.2         1.9
   General Government                             -638.0       -226.0       -290.0        178.0      -111.0       -100.0         -46.0      -121.0         -98.0        -62.0      -108.0          -17.0        -44.0          29.0   n.a.        n.a.         n.a.           2,146.0          60.0      -880.0      192.5        -1,084.6      -979.4
   Banks                                          -256.0       -598.0          17.0       176.0      -353.0        275.0        687.0         -47.0      -328.0       -591.0     -2,758.0      -3,357.0         -37.0     -2,980.0     -4,077.0      -228.0     -4,610.0      5,133.0      3,383.0       -121.0    1,550.6        -3,561.5     4,334.7
   Other Sectors                                   477.0       -577.0       -284.0         -7.0    -2,861.0          15.0       673.0       -233.0     -1,551.0       -236.0         -20.0        226.0         -18.0        289.0       -291.0    -1,555.0      1,327.0     -4,961.0     -9,351.0     -5,066.0   -4,714.7        -4,369.8    -6,568.7
 Other Investment Liab., n.i.e.                  8,184.0    11,877.0       7,166.0     -5,312.0    -3,461.0     -9,989.0     -9,326.0     -9,959.0     -9,274.0    -10,719.0     -3,413.0      -5,625.0     -3,302.0      -2,823.0    -34,379.0   18,379.0       4,256.0     -5,999.0    -21,556.0    -18,144.0   -4,889.7         2,595.9    -9,330.8
   Monetary Authorities                              69.0        -47.0     1,538.0     -3,950.0    -7,555.0     -6,344.0       -720.0     -1,278.0      3,303.0      1,366.0       -637.0      -1,012.0       -277.0        -140.0       -545.0    -1,652.0     -3,773.0     -1,698.0     -1,704.0     -6,671.0     -200.6          -170.8      -155.8
   General Government                              511.0        324.0      2,031.0      2,297.0     6,573.0      3,397.0       -307.0        259.0     -3,729.0     -6,132.0     -2,715.0      -2,876.0     -1,968.0      -2,622.0    -35,609.0   n.a.         n.a.         n.a.         n.a.             934.0    1,539.7           -26.2      -493.2
   Banks                                         2,969.0      5,691.0      1,528.0     -2,404.0        -50.0    -3,511.0     -3,641.0     -1,730.0     -1,786.0     -2,115.0       -229.0         386.0      1,167.0      -2,269.0     -1,439.0     7,071.0      6,450.0       -897.0     -8,570.0     -5,059.0    1,717.7          -741.2    -3,834.7
   Other Sectors                                 4,635.0      5,909.0      2,069.0     -1,255.0    -2,429.0     -3,531.0     -4,658.0     -7,210.0     -7,062.0     -3,838.0        168.0      -2,123.0     -2,224.0       2,208.0      3,214.0   12,960.0       1,579.0     -3,404.0    -11,282.0     -7,348.0   -7,946.5         3,534.0    -4,847.1
Financial Account, n.i.e.                        9,677.0    12,791.0       9,146.0     -3,828.0    -5,506.0     -8,676.0     -8,189.0     -9,757.0     -9,137.0    -11,426.0     -5,441.0      -4,868.0      5,889.0       7,604.0      8,020.0   29,306.0     33,428.0     24,918.0      20,063.0      8,056.0   29,376.2        20,331.3    -3,908.9

3.Net Errors and Omisions
Net Errors and Omissions                          -340.2       -418.5       -374.6      -586.3       398.6        -530.4         66.4       -805.1       -826.7       -819.5       -296.4        852.3      -1,393.0        -814.8      -441.8      1,446.7     -1,991.6     -3,160.2     -2,910.7       239.6     2,557.1          -498.3      -153.9

4. Overall Balance
   Overall Balance                              -3,469.2        621.5     -7,540.6    -11,251.3   -5,065.4      -9,479.4    -13,426.6    -12,009.1     -5,804.7    -11,220.5    -9,525.4       -5,423.7     10,639.0       6,890.2      6,598.2    12,968.7      8,682.4     -8,251.2    -16,301.7    -16,765.4     7,981.3       -3,417.5   -11,266.4
Reserves and Related Items                       3,469.2       -621.5      7,540.6     11,251.3    5,065.4       9,479.4     13,426.6     12,009.1      5,804.7     11,220.5     9,525.4        5,423.7    -10,639.0      -6,890.2     -6,598.2   -12,968.7     -8,682.4      8,251.2     16,301.7     16,765.4    -7,981.3        3,417.5    11,266.4
 Reserve Assets                                  3,469.2       -621.5      4,654.9       -268.9   -7,169.3         573.5      3,856.5     -1,014.0     -1,249.7       -892.7      -474.5          369.1    -14,670.3      -8,709.4     -7,215.0   -12,919.7     -8,326.1      8,284.3      6,989.7      7,782.5     2,260.4       -3,311.5      -314.0
 Use of Fund Credit and Loans                  n.a.         n.a.             545.7      2,160.2    1,800.7         -62.1       -624.9     -1,150.9       -461.6       -807.8      -771.1         -566.4       -398.7        -503.8       -133.2        -49.0       -70.3         -33.1     4,773.0      4,058.9    -6,795.2        6,729.0    11,580.4
 Exceptional Financing                         n.a.         n.a.           2,340.0      9,360.0   10,434.0       8,968.0     10,195.0     14,174.0      7,516.0     12,921.0    10,771.0        5,621.0      4,430.0       2,323.0        750.0   n.a.            -286.0    n.a.           4,539.0      4,924.0    -3,446.5      n.a.        n.a.
Source: IMF International Finance Statistics




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                           Country Studies                                                                                  Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table IV A: Trade in Goods
US dollars

                IMPORTS                        1980            1981           1982           1983           1984            1985             1986           1987           1988           1989           1990           1991           1992
Total Trade                            24,948,827.9    24,072,515.6   21,061,281.7   17,232,643.3   15,208,709.0    14,329,183.6     15,555,009.6   16,577,812.5   16,054,348.8   19,856,981.4   22,457,696.2   22,976,271.0   22,337,979.7
Food and live animals                   2,139,616.6     1,775,680.2    1,407,296.0    1,342,739.6    1,236,441.3     1,117,929.1      2,136,776.7    1,174,583.0      660,210.9    1,763,811.5    1,963,390.7    2,306,166.5    1,801,203.5
Beverages and tobacco                      19,502.2        15,179.8       13,380.4       13,522.2        9,904.4        15,558.4         30,704.3       20,530.7       26,309.3       45,582.0       52,050.4       72,603.3       77,883.2
Crude materials, inedible, except f       855,092.3       830,416.5      729,021.5      437,920.8      541,450.8       640,960.3        904,427.1      954,711.6    1,082,162.1    1,412,154.4    1,194,549.9    1,237,577.2    1,193,015.8
Mineral fuels, lubricants and relat    10,749,081.5    12,159,463.6   11,276,228.2    9,387,537.1    8,036,735.5     6,766,687.9      4,165,400.9    5,397,054.1    4,836,088.7    5,092,848.1    6,054,825.1    5,504,853.5    5,528,707.7
Animal and vegetable oils and fats        105,608.0        43,632.2       43,677.0       53,878.6      125,741.7        95,734.6        129,901.7       51,087.2       73,707.0      125,077.2       75,151.6      123,640.6      137,860.1
Chemicals                               3,460,772.6     2,269,429.9    1,941,503.3    1,542,970.8    1,695,639.4     1,719,171.4      2,460,411.3    2,591,988.7    2,736,707.2    3,123,560.6    3,515,059.4    3,831,099.6    3,609,406.5
Manufact goods classified chiefly b     2,162,295.0     2,029,552.6    1,470,429.5      865,337.0      850,418.1       789,041.7      1,210,165.1    1,411,446.0    1,299,187.9    2,013,359.4    1,999,438.3    2,112,271.5    1,938,727.4
Machinery and transport equipment       4,860,463.3     4,435,541.9    3,614,933.7    3,034,748.3    2,352,605.1     2,723,766.6      3,846,376.3    4,331,024.4    4,647,231.6    5,052,693.5    6,190,975.7    6,290,777.0    6,737,893.4
Miscellaneous manufactured articles       586,738.7       509,561.7      553,430.4      525,818.2      334,513.6       444,777.9        665,860.7      639,823.7      689,088.3    1,220,957.8    1,410,240.4    1,491,795.0    1,311,529.6
Commod. & transacts. not class. acc         9,657.8         4,057.3       11,381.8       28,170.6       25,259.0        15,555.7          4,985.6        5,563.1        3,655.7        6,937.1        2,014.7        5,486.8        1,752.5
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification SITC Rev 2




                EXPORTS                        1980            1981           1982           1983           1984            1985             1986           1987           1988           1989           1990           1991           1992
Total Trade                            20,132,063.6    23,292,347.9   20,173,040.7   21,897,811.9   27,004,863.5    25,638,744.4     22,382,051.8   26,228,625.6   33,788,497.8   34,378,537.1   31,397,347.9   31,610,434.0   35,955,520.7
Food and live animals                   7,898,964.0     7,936,103.6    6,828,481.0    7,436,110.5    8,667,779.7     7,346,643.4      6,763,365.8    7,004,936.6    8,166,705.5    7,083,117.4    6,617,827.7    6,206,705.1    6,862,913.3
Beverages and tobacco                     308,596.2       385,729.2      486,441.1      477,112.5      475,229.5       466,353.0        424,416.4      448,789.7      576,515.7      602,830.9      673,525.1      883,438.5    1,045,999.0
Crude materials, inedible, except f     3,007,994.7     3,326,509.1    2,798,185.9    2,955,346.2    3,179,364.1     3,344,890.8      2,713,131.5    3,321,514.5    4,076,802.6    4,947,681.5    4,791,889.7    4,530,986.6    4,649,420.4
Mineral fuels, lubricants and relat       357,548.8     1,177,580.3    1,443,523.6    1,158,587.6    1,827,657.2     1,629,663.9        699,366.0      946,312.0      902,940.7      847,885.5      678,134.9      431,540.7      574,267.0
Animal and vegetable oils and fats        690,515.4       878,831.2      541,755.7      597,093.6      860,781.5       838,018.6        262,642.4      440,035.7      446,231.8      530,306.6      492,558.7      339,814.9      413,869.5
Chemicals                                 722,360.5       980,651.0      909,102.6    1,245,731.6    1,710,928.1     1,673,985.1      1,260,489.3    1,608,068.6    2,182,910.0    2,027,637.1    1,979,467.9    1,967,905.9    2,170,612.0
Manufact goods classified chiefly b     2,609,558.6     2,945,281.2    2,519,446.1    3,619,712.5    4,964,404.0     4,603,764.5      4,536,846.5    5,168,873.2    8,850,134.9    9,029,704.6    8,075,274.4    8,968,131.1    9,752,487.2
Machinery and transport equipment       3,392,292.7     4,213,916.6    3,461,206.1    3,033,238.5    3,368,155.1     3,900,034.7      3,851,121.6    5,332,174.2    6,353,009.7    6,848,166.9    5,807,503.8    5,830,793.3    7,443,058.7
Miscellaneous manufactured articles       866,189.1     1,091,878.0      934,495.0    1,082,782.3    1,639,009.7     1,547,596.1      1,690,573.8    1,760,217.3    1,957,250.0    2,148,627.7    1,896,927.4    2,103,712.5    2,741,039.1
Commod. & transacts. not class. acc       278,043.7       355,867.6      250,403.7      292,096.6      311,554.5       287,794.3        180,098.4      197,703.8      275,997.0      312,579.1      384,238.3      347,405.3      301,854.4
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification SITC Rev 2




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                           Country Studies                                                                              Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table IV A: Trade in Goods
US dollars

                IMPORTS                        1993            1994           1995           1996           1997            1998             1999           2000           2001           2002           2003
Total Trade                            27,288,252.9    35,505,457.8   53,736,064.2   56,731,823.7   65,074,272.9    60,793,041.7     51,747,311.8   58,931,004.0   58,509,750.0   49,734,821.3   48,280,478.1
Food and live animals                   2,323,302.0     3,197,993.9    4,795,416.5    5,160,633.5    4,828,625.7     5,096,837.9      3,560,342.3    3,443,052.4    2,938,569.8    2,858,820.3    2,824,959.2
Beverages and tobacco                      82,723.3       141,077.0      356,911.5      280,889.5      314,109.0       241,964.8        162,931.8      162,934.2      177,012.4      155,945.9      148,717.9
Crude materials, inedible, except f     1,645,443.7     1,873,230.9    2,383,230.8    2,589,596.9    2,755,226.2     1,877,570.5      1,671,005.9    1,968,225.6    1,523,664.0    1,467,063.4    1,669,030.6
Mineral fuels, lubricants and relat     5,669,451.7     5,291,495.2    6,512,449.9    7,473,724.0    7,601,307.8     5,656,195.1      5,883,893.3    8,904,585.1    8,448,289.6    7,587,450.5    7,474,696.8
Animal and vegetable oils and fats        212,323.5       346,946.9      396,350.1      400,026.5      355,127.6       427,588.3        263,229.4      233,242.4      161,203.6      197,893.5      168,799.4
Chemicals                               4,509,317.5     5,948,137.5    8,190,042.5    8,851,393.8    9,847,632.2     9,873,428.9      9,541,927.8   10,399,303.6   10,589,220.8    9,929,552.8   10,324,799.3
Manufact goods classified chiefly b     2,402,543.7     3,169,027.7    6,153,595.6    5,881,772.4    6,974,709.0     6,724,279.2      5,154,531.7    6,010,411.5    5,914,702.3    4,837,216.9    4,711,302.9
Machinery and transport equipment       8,764,029.5    13,155,434.0   20,408,155.4   20,950,462.1   27,280,180.1    26,493,189.6     22,157,883.7   24,185,771.4   25,158,354.5   19,420,580.9   17,990,014.9
Miscellaneous manufactured articles     1,677,169.6     2,380,564.8    4,529,426.1    4,876,288.9    5,109,174.5     4,393,823.5      3,325,625.4    3,547,736.5    3,563,672.6    3,269,765.0    2,965,047.2
Commod. & transacts. not class. acc         1,948.4         1,549.7       10,486.0      267,036.0        8,180.8         8,163.8         25,940.5       75,741.4       35,060.2       10,532.1        3,110.0
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification SITC Rev 2




                EXPORTS                        1993            1994           1995           1996           1997            1998             1999           2000           2001           2002           2003
Total Trade                            38,679,358.8    43,355,159.9   46,145,803.8   47,163,502.0   52,477,948.2    50,731,641.5     47,663,719.7   54,907,161.8   57,886,971.6   60,012,629.7   72,757,011.2
Food and live animals                   7,433,645.2     9,203,565.8    9,975,310.3   10,737,781.9   11,434,755.0    10,358,030.3     10,384,801.8    9,230,871.7   11,647,259.0   11,801,487.2   14,088,875.9
Beverages and tobacco                     981,679.9     1,123,863.1    1,272,508.2    1,636,131.2    1,755,404.1     1,624,486.4      1,017,757.1      911,573.9    1,001,402.2    1,041,094.1    1,136,792.5
Crude materials, inedible, except f     4,734,690.6     5,423,291.8    6,070,387.0    5,843,677.4    7,557,694.1     7,746,049.2      6,960,433.5    8,396,588.5    8,564,326.9    8,932,216.3   11,689,243.0
Mineral fuels, lubricants and relat       639,245.5       784,814.8      403,545.7      420,051.9      320,098.9       365,238.3        398,794.7      901,006.9    2,076,156.3    2,934,427.3    3,784,539.5
Animal and vegetable oils and fats        412,535.3       957,031.2    1,234,210.4      880,483.6      763,400.6       979,791.9        796,536.9      475,709.9      623,398.1      889,393.1    1,349,705.0
Chemicals                               2,381,041.7     2,615,789.4    3,100,421.9    3,233,929.2    3,499,724.6     3,326,349.4      3,169,623.2    3,755,052.9    3,388,135.8    3,794,728.5    4,670,797.0
Manufact goods classified chiefly b    10,298,045.7    10,721,897.9   11,709,348.6   11,288,655.7   11,328,636.3    10,290,914.8      9,899,566.9   11,252,595.5   10,379,892.4   11,605,198.9   14,273,351.0
Machinery and transport equipment       8,063,588.9     8,935,040.0    8,802,546.3    9,476,965.8   11,927,747.8    12,491,684.1     11,238,820.5   15,369,581.6   15,443,851.0   14,634,388.6   16,914,826.5
Miscellaneous manufactured articles     3,518,104.0     3,139,348.1    2,951,229.2    3,002,359.1    3,080,890.5     2,915,991.4      2,970,378.6    3,537,865.9    3,573,641.7    3,274,816.7    3,615,737.9
Commod. & transacts. not class. acc       216,782.0       450,517.9      626,296.2      643,466.1      809,596.2       633,105.8        827,006.5    1,076,315.1    1,188,908.3    1,104,878.9    1,233,142.9
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification SITC Rev 2




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                                     Country Studies                                                                                                             Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table IV b:Trade in Services

Units: US Million Dollars

                                             1980       1981       1982       1983       1984       1985       1986       1987       1988       1989       1990       1991       1992       1993    1994      1995      1996     1997      1998      1999     2000      2001      2002

 SERVICES                                    -3134.00   -2873.00   -3588.00   -2407.00   -1749.00   -1704.00   -2573.00   -2364.00   -3023.00   -2785.00   -3761.00   -3891.00   -3342.00   -5590.00 -5346.00 -7495.00 -8059.00 -9309.00 -9045.00 -6983.00 -7162.03 -7759.31 -4957.19
 Total credit                                 1737.00    2265.00    1809.00    1724.00    1947.00    2086.00    1816.00    1952.00    2279.00    3132.00    3762.00    3319.00    4088.00    3965.00 4908.00 6135.00 4655.00 5989.00 7631.00 7189.00 9498.35 9321.96 9551.36
 Total debit                                 -4871.00   -5138.00   -5397.00   -4131.00   -3696.00   -3790.00   -4389.00   -4316.00   -5302.00   -5917.00   -7523.00   -7210.00   -7430.00   -9555.00 -10254.00 -13630.00 ######## -15298.00 -16676.00 ######## -16660.40 ######## -14508.60
   Transportation services, credit             813.00    1087.00     999.00    1106.00    1296.00    1501.00    1147.00    1309.00    1318.00    1349.00    1348.00    1457.00    1924.00    1638.00 2200.00 2600.00 1428.00 1405.00 1862.00 1141.00 1409.26 1421.66 1535.73
   Transportation services, debit            -2750.00   -2779.00   -2455.00   -2018.00   -2056.00   -1861.00   -1973.00   -2096.00   -2358.00   -2801.00   -2991.00   -3112.00   -3284.00   -4055.00 -4300.00 -5800.00 -4151.00 -4874.00 -5090.00 -4213.00 -4304.85 -4388.09 -3494.29
   Travel, credit                              126.00     242.00      66.00      39.00      65.00      66.00      85.00     102.00     117.00    1224.00    1383.00    1002.00     999.00    1041.00    944.00    972.00   718.00    977.00 1317.00 1626.00 1809.85 1730.59 1997.97
   Travel, debit                              -367.00    -407.00    -912.00    -431.00    -218.00    -441.00    -594.00    -286.00    -705.00    -750.00   -1505.00   -1214.00   -1318.00   -1842.00 -2156.00 -3391.00 -4387.00 -5419.00 -5385.00 -3085.00 -3894.06 -3198.62 -2395.80
   Other services, credit                      798.00     936.00     744.00     579.00     586.00     519.00     584.00     541.00     844.00     559.00    1031.00     860.00    1165.00    1286.00 1764.00 2563.00 2509.00 3607.00 4452.00 4422.00 6279.24 6169.71 6017.66
      Communications                           n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.        40.00    n.a.       36.00   227.00    146.00    157.00     29.00    35.73   241.81    135.21
      Construction                             n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.         9.00    n.a.       14.00   n.a.      n.a.      n.a.       16.00   227.58    17.53     11.94
      Insurance                                137.00     109.00      84.00      39.00      37.00      33.00      60.00      29.00     337.00      60.00     115.00      60.00     115.00     161.00    152.00    186.00      2.00    -37.00   n.a.     164.00    312.21   179.55    205.63
      Financial                                n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       251.00    n.a.      827.00   353.00    316.00    323.00   305.00    375.94   317.03    390.20
      Computer and information                 n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.         2.00    n.a.       43.00      4.00      6.00      6.00    16.00    33.97    26.97     36.42
      Royalties and licence fees                12.00      19.00      15.00      11.00      11.00       7.00       4.00       5.00       6.00      12.00      12.00      13.00      12.00      34.00     19.00     32.00     78.00     97.00   142.00   133.00    125.19   112.09    100.26
      Other business services                  584.00     724.00     575.00     453.00     453.00     386.00     456.00     440.00     420.00     425.00     848.00     736.00     952.00     666.00 1502.00 1249.00 1582.00 2449.00 3160.00 3402.00 4568.16 4613.12 4318.72
      Personal, cultural, and recreational     n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.        69.00    n.a.       46.00     61.00   129.00    116.00     41.00    63.04    57.60     57.90
      Government, n.i.e.                        65.00      84.00      70.00      76.00      85.00      93.00      64.00      67.00      81.00      62.00      56.00      51.00      86.00      54.00     91.00    130.00   202.00    501.00    548.00   316.00    537.42   604.01    761.40
   Other services, debit                     -1754.00   -1952.00   -2030.00   -1682.00   -1422.00   -1488.00   -1822.00   -1934.00   -2239.00   -2366.00   -3027.00   -2884.00   -2828.00   -3658.00 -3798.00 -4439.00 -4176.00 -5005.00 -6201.00 -6874.00 -8461.46 -9494.56 -8618.46
      Communications                           n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       -16.00    n.a.      -53.00    -91.00    -84.00  -230.00    -15.00   -32.04 -212.87    -121.64
      Construction                             n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.        -1.00    n.a.       -4.00   n.a.      n.a.      n.a.     n.a.       -0.17     -0.40    -0.22
      Insurance                                -51.00     -65.00    -101.00     -82.00    -150.00    -136.00    -177.00    -242.00    -200.00    -172.00    -184.00    -192.00    -173.00    -206.00   -262.00   -308.00     56.00   239.00    198.00 -294.00    -316.51 -454.78    -625.72
      Financial                                n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.      -478.00    n.a.     -950.00 -432.00    -289.00   -348.00 -574.00    -669.66 -624.44    -622.60
      Computer and information                 n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       -91.00    n.a.     -251.00 -112.00    -205.00   -310.00 -1025.00 -1145.36 -1133.37 -1154.52
      Royalties and licence fees               -38.00     -29.00     -31.00     -26.00     -17.00     -30.00     -34.00     -41.00     -48.00     -70.00     -54.00     -53.00     -55.00    -121.00   -239.00   -529.00 -797.00    -887.00 -1075.00 -1283.00 -1414.58 -1244.32 -1228.79
      Other business services                -1236.00   -1350.00   -1373.00   -1177.00    -838.00    -945.00   -1254.00   -1000.00   -1094.00   -1299.00   -1999.00   -1810.00   -1779.00   -2057.00 -2879.00 -1619.00 -2005.00 -2632.00 -3169.00 -2493.00 -3433.55 -4203.36 -3543.03
      Personal, cultural, and recreational     n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.       n.a.      -289.00    n.a.     -256.00 -281.00    -296.00   -334.00 -375.00    -362.70 -365.05    -308.85
      Government, n.i.e.                      -429.00    -508.00    -525.00    -397.00    -417.00    -377.00    -357.00    -651.00    -897.00    -825.00    -790.00    -829.00    -821.00    -399.00   -418.00   -469.00 -514.00    -851.00   -933.00 -815.00 -1086.89 -1255.96 -1013.10

Source: IMF-BOPS




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                    Country Studies                                         Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table V: Sectorial Distribution Imports
US Dollars

                                                 SECTOR                                                                 Imports
                                                                                                            1990          1996           2003
Agriculture hunting and related service activities                                                          850,440     3,433,141   2,212,564
Forestry, logging and related service activities                                                             25,447        48,061      44,097
Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; services activities incidental to fishing               6,934        38,025      25,313
Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat                                                              582,433       716,584     645,431
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction    4,839,539     3,640,447   4,205,460
Mining of metal ores                                                                                        381,264       404,923     326,278
Other mining and quarrying                                                                                  153,469       184,340     222,011
Manufacture of food products and beverages                                                                1,778,710     4,024,012   1,484,660
Manufacture of tobacco products                                                                               2,438        15,059       4,686
Manufacture of textiles                                                                                     207,363       844,735     501,632
Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of fur                                                   52,829       311,572      89,399
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage,handbags,saddlery,harness and footwear              222,759       435,047     220,434
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of s…        41,816       104,338      62,618
Manufacture of paper and paper products                                                                     339,093     1,100,616     551,241
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media                                                     107,783       435,677     113,507
Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel                                            367,308       751,777   2,580,787
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products                                                            3,445,265     9,333,118   ########
Manufacture of rubber and plastics products                                                                 288,839     1,287,022   1,267,595
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products                                                          182,010       533,065     413,735
Manufacture of basic metals                                                                                 832,773     1,406,086   1,597,935
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment                                    252,212     1,168,788     824,817
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.                                                             2,605,381     7,025,475   5,417,953
Manufacture of office, accounting and computing machinery                                                   470,688     1,777,654   1,320,512
Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus i.e..                                                     771,170     2,188,969   2,656,682
Manufacture of radio, television, and communication equipment and apparatus                               1,190,248     4,534,839   3,856,941
Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks                               815,115     1,959,756   1,873,715
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers                                                   623,169     4,760,232   3,135,450
Manufacture of other transport equipment                                                                    555,042       882,173   1,373,617
Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c.                                                              108,481       689,669     287,279
Electricity,gas,steam and hot water supply                                                                                      9           1
Total Trade                                                                                              22,189,914    54,135,247   ########
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification ISIC Rev. 3

Brazil

Table V: Sectorial Distribution Imports
US Dollars

                                                 SECTOR                                                                 Exports
                                                                                                            1990          1996           2003
Agriculture hunting and related service activities                                                        3,141,225     4,323,758   7,979,704
Forestry, logging and related service activities                                                             19,611       115,951      46,302
Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; services activities incidental to fishing               6,543        14,493      44,883
Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat                                                                  279           194         219
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction          n.a.       13,008   2,121,941
Mining of metal ores                                                                                      2,652,824     2,893,004   3,628,359
Other mining and quarrying                                                                                  193,840       172,908     452,356
Manufacture of food products and beverages                                                                5,531,673     9,438,962   ########
Manufacture of tobacco products                                                                              58,090       486,871      37,794
Manufacture of textiles                                                                                     854,317     1,013,432   1,100,806
Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of fur                                                  184,997       200,894     217,023
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage,handbags,saddlery,harness and footwear            1,483,279     2,333,996   2,776,346
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of s…       425,661     1,029,005   2,074,225
Manufacture of paper and paper products                                                                   1,201,646     1,921,609   2,783,787
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media                                                      37,154        52,200     102,162
Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel                                              2,446        27,104   1,658,816
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products                                                            1,969,464     3,329,278   4,398,324
Manufacture of rubber and plastics products                                                                 387,877       851,779   1,169,009
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products                                                          309,643       686,457   1,129,428
Manufacture of basic metals                                                                               5,083,684     6,508,756   7,488,398
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment                                    350,983       647,772     818,912
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.                                                             1,741,856     3,110,904   4,190,067
Manufacture of office, accounting and computing machinery                                                   171,803       353,685     271,128
Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus i.e..                                                     398,598       841,029   1,113,280
Manufacture of radio, television, and communication equipment and apparatus                                 544,831       622,743   1,948,974
Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks                               132,076       187,220     332,415
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers                                                 2,367,563     3,873,600   7,261,777
Manufacture of other transport equipment                                                                    722,911       799,168   2,313,864
Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c.                                                              215,530       586,535     925,513
Electricity,gas,steam and hot water supply                                                                        1            11           1
Total Trade                                                                                              30,357,205    46,730,385   ########
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification ISIC Rev. 3




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                                    Country Studies                                                             Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table VI: Average Tariffs Changes: Brazil
Average applied tariff levels

Simple Average

                                                   Product Name                                          1988    1989    1990    1991    1992    1993    1994    1995    1996    1997    1998    1999    2000    2001    2002    2003
Agriculture hunting and related service activities                                                              24.08   19.44   13.86   11.04    7.92    7.04     7.1    7.17    7.12    9.57    9.59    9.58    9.25    8.39    8.36
Forestry, logging and related service activities                                                                25.01    19.6   10.19    7.81    5.74    4.21    5.23    5.29    5.29    8.29    8.29    8.29    7.79    6.75    6.75
Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; services activities incidental to fishing                 31.95   23.17   14.27    9.51    9.51    9.27    9.22    9.22    9.22   12.07   12.07   11.83   11.29   10.44   10.44
Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat                                                                   5.71    3.21    1.07    0.71       0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0       0
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction             30       5    1.25    2.38    4.75     2.5    2.13    1.75    1.38     1.5    1.13    0.75       0       0       0
Mining of uranium and thorium ores                                                                                  5       0       0       0       0       0       4       4       4       7       7       7     6.5     5.5     5.5
Mining of metal ores                                                                                             7.46    0.95    0.48    0.71    0.48     0.1    2.19    2.19    2.19    5.19    5.19    5.19    4.69    3.69    3.69
Other mining and quarrying                                                                                      24.86   11.97    7.68    4.03    0.41    0.41    3.95    4.43    4.33    7.23    7.11    7.01    6.58    5.58    5.58
Manufacture of food products and beverages                                                                         39    30.5   24.25    19.1   12.26   11.14   12.04   12.18   12.22   15.21   15.22    15.1    14.7   13.82   13.84
Manufacture of tobacco products                                                                                    85      85      75      65      20   19.11   18.67   18.67   18.33    22.2   21.33   21.33   20.83   19.83   19.83
Manufacture of textiles                                                                                         63.03   36.36   35.77   28.34   16.85   15.49      17   16.85   16.85   19.86   19.86   19.85   19.37   18.44   16.98
Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of fur                                                      81.82   49.84   49.19   39.46      20   19.83   19.83   19.87   19.87   22.85   22.83   22.83   22.33   21.35   19.98
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage,handbags,saddlery,harness and footwear                  46.93   34.11   28.81   23.59   15.59   15.41   16.15   19.21   18.66    21.3   20.45   19.93   19.27   17.63   17.51
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of s…           28.46   21.58   11.76   10.97    7.92    7.44    9.09    9.22    9.22   12.13   12.22   12.22   11.72   10.81   10.81
Manufacture of paper and paper products                                                                         32.52   23.61    13.4    9.67    9.07    7.98   11.93   10.67   11.99   14.98   14.99   14.99   14.47   13.57   13.55
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media                                                         28.49   23.12   14.17   12.14   10.42   10.42   10.97   11.78   11.75    14.2   14.31   14.28   13.75   12.97   12.97
Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel                                                28.82    7.19    3.76    2.45     1.2    7.72    8.65    4.49     3.9    5.45    5.17    4.52    3.16    2.38    2.36
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products                                                                  37.86   24.39   17.87   14.74   11.29     7.8    8.29     8.2    8.33   11.28   11.31   11.21   10.65    9.59    9.51
Manufacture of rubber and plastics products                                                                     56.63   44.88   34.98    28.7   16.37   15.62   15.55   15.39   15.23   18.23   18.27   18.23   17.65   16.48    16.5
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products                                                               39.5   32.28   18.89   15.33   10.44    8.65   10.64   11.63   11.48   14.36   14.11   13.92   13.46   12.39   12.37
Manufacture of basic metals                                                                                     32.39   18.85   14.15   12.09    8.66    8.32   10.29   10.15   10.15   13.16   13.11    13.1    12.6   11.34   10.75
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment                                        45.93   37.53   29.42   25.31   17.82   15.46    16.5   16.43   16.39   19.39   19.29   19.22   18.48   17.55   17.55
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.                                                                   44.94    37.6   28.96    24.6   19.18   19.06   17.64   17.25   16.42   19.27   18.43   17.46   10.77   14.05   14.02
Manufacture of office, accounting and computing machinery                                                       41.77   37.62   33.31   30.09    22.3   22.26   16.92    16.5   15.77   18.41   18.13   17.66   15.12   14.89   14.57
Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus i.e..                                                         43.77   34.57      28   24.76   18.13   17.53   16.18   15.78   15.52   18.46   18.26   18.05   16.35   16.09   16.15
Manufacture of radio, television, and communication equipment and apparatus                                     49.78   47.48    40.8   36.28   22.12   22.06   15.97   19.08   18.28   19.84   18.97   18.31   16.73   16.56   15.38
Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks                                   43.73    38.3   31.83   26.18   17.79   16.91   15.95   15.47   15.22    18.1   17.91   17.52   15.07   15.18   15.17
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers                                                       55.59   56.49   45.16   37.59   27.03   27.03   18.89      33   30.32   28.95   24.98   24.68   23.37   26.02   26.02
Manufacture of other transport equipment                                                                        36.66   36.71   30.38   26.36   16.06   16.06   13.72   15.19   14.37   16.98   16.16   15.29   11.57   12.05   12.05
Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c.                                                                  64.69   63.72   50.43   39.81   20.14   18.01   17.66   21.64   17.65   20.69   20.69   20.69   20.08   19.09   19.07
Electricity,gas,steam and hot water supply                                                                      21.67    1.67       0       0       0       0    0.67    0.67    0.67    1.67    1.67    1.67     1.5    1.17    1.17
Total average                                                                                                   44.02   32.16   25.83   21.15   14.01   12.75   13.05    13.4   13.12   15.95   15.75   15.55   14.19   13.76   13.45
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification ISIC Rev. 3

Trade Weighted Average

                                                   Product Name                                          1988    1989 1990 1991 1992 1993                1994    1995    1996    1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Agriculture hunting and related service activities                                                               21.1 15.67 16.62 13.26 4.66             4.87    5.51    5.18    5.17 7.81 7.88 7.81 7.33 6.63 6.43
Forestry, logging and related service activities                                                                25.77 16.74 13.1 7.49 5.24               3.84    7.62    7.17    7.17 10.31 10.3 10.13 9.47 8.68      8.8
Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; services activities incidental to fishing                 33.32 24.59 14.91 9.92 9.98              9.87    9.79    9.76    9.76 12.73 12.62 12.69 12.11 10.61 11.19
Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat                                                                      0 1.38 1.35 0.93        0               0       0       0       0     0     0     0     0     0     0
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction                    0     0   9.5 18.63            9.93     8.5       7     5.5     6 4.47 2.86       0     0     0
Mining of uranium and thorium ores                                                                                                                          0                                                         5.5
Mining of metal ores                                                                                              5.3    0.02     0         0    0.01       0    2.02       2       2     5     5     5   4.5   3.5   3.5
Other mining and quarrying                                                                                       7.07    2.95     2      2.64    0.05    0.48    1.51    1.77    1.76 4.88 4.55 4.59 4.27 2.56 2.04
Manufacture of food products and beverages                                                                      30.44   22.21 21.61     15.58   10.07    9.35   13.21   13.86   14.21 16.54 17.42 16.47 15.5 14.93 14.57
Manufacture of tobacco products                                                                                    85      85    75        65      20   16.12   14.27   15.67   15.66 22.98 22.52 22.5 22.42 21.1 21.33
Manufacture of textiles                                                                                         51.26   31.59 31.47     23.86   15.24   15.05   16.74   16.53   16.53 19.59 19.43 19.52 19.09 18.06 16.46
Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of fur                                                      78.02   49.46 49.04     39.53      20   19.75   19.89   20.15   20.15 22.98 22.97 22.98 22.48 21.48 20.05
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage,handbags,saddlery,harness and footwear                  34.78   15.73 16.97     12.61   10.89    12.8   15.96   24.01   22.43 22.38 18.42 16.34 16.35 16.04 15.31
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of s…           24.83   20.05  9.68      9.58    1.53    2.69    7.68    9.35    9.35 12.96 12.53 12.17 11.72 10.47 10.77
Manufacture of paper and paper products                                                                         16.42    15.6  7.49      6.27    4.94    4.25     9.3   10.33   10.99 13.62 13.09 12.97 11.74 11.07 10.93
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media                                                         10.54   12.03  5.23      3.63    4.38    6.58    3.76    3.68    3.67   3.9   4.2 4.29    4.6 9.14 6.37
Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel                                                18.94    2.28  0.57      0.19    0.01    8.16   12.13    6.82    5.45 6.03 4.97 3.51 0.74 0.74 0.62
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products                                                                  33.86   21.85 16.55     13.32   10.83    7.07    8.18    8.22    8.43 11.44 11.53 11.2 10.23 8.84     8.6
Manufacture of rubber and plastics products                                                                     51.31   42.08 31.73     26.19    15.5   14.93   15.65   15.16   14.88 17.81 17.85 17.67 16.93 15.86 15.48
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products                                                              39.04   29.55 19.79     14.99   10.59    8.83   10.19   10.56   10.52 13.62 13.14 12.55 12.01 11.21 10.97
Manufacture of basic metals                                                                                     26.18   16.12 11.75      8.68    5.58    6.43    8.99    9.83    9.82 13.06 12.19 11.61    11 10.75 9.87
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment                                        42.53   35.99 28.77     24.97   17.56   14.94    16.5   16.16   16.22 19.13 18.9 19.02 18.17 16.99 17.31
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.                                                                   40.66   32.98 26.27     22.53   18.43   18.42   16.82   15.84    15.1 17.98 17.23 16.32 8.15 12.28 12.53
Manufacture of office, accounting and computing machinery                                                       40.93   33.51 35.95     35.15   25.74   26.52   15.86   15.95   14.94 16.64 15.23 14.57 12.33    12 11.17
Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus i.e..                                                          42.8   31.55 26.42     22.46   17.58   16.77   15.42   15.57   15.33 17.39 17.38 17.94 13.96 12.21 15.67
Manufacture of radio, television, and communication equipment and apparatus                                     49.76   42.84 35.54     33.29   17.69   18.12   12.74   13.81   13.34 14.79 13.88 13.42 11.83 11.22   8.2
Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks                                   35.09   25.82 21.74     18.64    15.9   15.65   14.22   13.39   13.05 15.06 15.11 14.59 10.08 11.47    12
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers                                                       45.38   37.92  35.7     32.47   26.44   27.97    19.3   45.75   41.37 36.6 26.69 25.17 24.6 21.63 20.14
Manufacture of other transport equipment                                                                        21.67    9.06 10.68      7.46   12.18    9.83    8.13    4.94    4.64 6.46 6.62 5.12 2.06 2.78 3.04
Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c.                                                                  57.55   59.12 46.29     38.95   23.23   22.14   18.46    26.5   18.37 21.26 21.12 20.98 20.22 19.16 19.09
Electricity,gas,steam and hot water supply                                                                      56.82             0         0       0       0       0    0.76    0.76 1.04      0     0     0     0     0
Total average                                                                                                   31.92   18.95 16.55     15.69   13.02   13.27   12.69   14.83      14 15.94 13.85 12.65 10.42 9.98 9.53
Source: UN COMTRADE, Classification ISIC Rev. 3




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                                                Country Studies   Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table VII: Average Tariffs Facing Exports of Brazil
Average applied tariff levels

Simple Average

                    Product Name                         1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995                1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003
Agriculture hunting and related service activities          6.4 5.72 6.36 7.32 8.06 7.79 9.73 7.9               9.12   8.72   8.22   9.06   8.76   9.47   9.66   8.54
Forestry, logging and related service activities          3.96 4.08 6.33 3.71 7.3 5.84 7.66 7.64                   7   6.42   7.39   6.69   6.83   6.02   7.53   6.08
                                                          8.53 5.46 incidental to 9.42
Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; services activities7.63 9.23 fishing 7.58 15.3 7.94       5.27   5.58   6.64   6.67   6.04   6.49   6.38   4.39
Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat                0             0 2.5         0 2.5        0 1.25      0      1    1.5      2   3.14    1.3   2.45   0.83
                                                                     0           1.5
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction 0    0      5    3.7      0   5.75   4.88   2.25   3.18    1.3
Mining of uranium and thorium ores                                                                                                                    0
Mining of metal ores                                      1.89 0.35 3.84 1.22 2.96 2.21 2.76 2.33               1.44   2.32    2.9   3.02   2.72   2.22   2.86   2.31
Other mining and quarrying                                1.61 1.79 4.73 2.3 5.94 4.97 5.65 4.91                3.15   4.57    4.7   5.37   4.97    4.7   4.24    3.3
Manufacture of food products and beverages                13.8 12.2 15.3 13.9 14.2              14    16 14.1   14.5   14.8   14.6   15.2   14.3   13.9   13.8   14.2
Manufacture of tobacco products                           52.9 52.9 60.1 66.6 33.1 31.3 44.4 29.9               46.9   64.5   34.9   37.6   38.8   26.3     25   25.6
Manufacture of textiles                                   14.4 12.1 15.2 13.7 12.7 15.5 13.2 14.6               15.3   15.5   15.4   15.6   15.1   12.9   13.9   15.7
Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of17.3 fur     15 17.1        19 15.1 18.6 14.7 17.1        18.7   18.6   18.3   18.1   18.1   16.2   16.8   19.2
                                                          12.9 13.4 16.2 14.6 18.3 17.3
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage,handbags,saddlery,harness and footwear15.6 14.6         14.1   14.9   14.7   15.2   15.1     14   13.8   13.9
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of s… 10.1
                                                          7.35 6.01 7.85 10.8 10.7 10.3 11.5                    8.77   9.82    9.5   9.61   9.83   8.98   9.47    8.2
Manufacture of paper and paper products                   9.73       9 15.8 7.88 12.2 14.1 12.7 11.8            10.4   10.9   11.6   10.7   10.5   9.37    8.7   7.89
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media7.17 6.42 8.02 9.09 9.93 10.8 10.2 10.8                  9.17   9.24   9.11   9.95   9.09   8.62   8.86   8.05
                                                          4.47 5.61 9.53 3.18 4.98 7.46 7.23 7.8
Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel                                                3.73   4.63   5.28   6.28   6.12   5.41    5.9   4.26
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products            7.58 8.68        11 7.73 9.86 10.3 8.58 9.4           7.81   8.67   9.22    9.4   8.85   8.35   7.85   7.68
Manufacture of rubber and plastics products               14.5 10.9 14.7 12.4 13.7 15.9 13.3 13.3               13.4   13.5   12.8   12.9   12.7   12.4   11.4   11.7
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products        12.5 10.4 12.1 11.5            13 13.6 12.3 11.6      10.5     11   10.8   11.2   10.9   10.8   10.7   9.97
Manufacture of basic metals                               6.03 6.5 11.2 6.29 10.3 9.21 8.81 9.56                 7.9   9.13    9.2   9.27   8.53   8.13   7.93   7.36
                                                          10.7 9.83 13.2
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 11.8 12.7 13.8 12.6 12.2               11.2   11.7   11.9   11.7   11.1   10.7   10.3   10.7
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.             7.02 7.98 9.66 8.77 9.93 11.1 9.07 8.2                7.47   8.46   8.13   8.59   7.76   7.29   7.04   7.17
Manufacture of office, accounting and computing machinery 7.32       9 9.7 7.4 8.59 10.8 7.93 8.26              6.25   7.57    5.8   6.61   5.07   4.49   4.51   3.35
Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus i.e.. 9.57 10.4 11.7 11.4 11.5 12.9 10.9 10.6                 9.74   10.7   9.94   10.4   9.42   9.25   8.83   8.82
                                                          7.03 6.75 9.79 10.4 10.1 11.3 9.74 9.33
Manufacture of radio, television, and communication equipment and apparatus                                     7.81   9.16   8.17   8.98   7.41   6.17   6.27   5.03
                                                          5.38 7.19 7.16 8.65 8.97 10.9 8.44 8.93
Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks                                   7.57   8.35   8.12    8.6   7.47   6.69   6.31   6.45
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 12.5 14.6 17.9 11.8 15.7 15.3 14.2 13.1               12.1   11.8   11.9   14.5   12.3   12.4   11.4   11.2
Manufacture of other transport equipment                  6.86 5.64 7.08 7.31 10.4 9.74 8.78 9.93               8.27    8.8   8.68   9.66   8.96    7.7   8.05   7.33
Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c.            7.17 7.71 8.91 13.3 12.8 13.8 12.8 13.3               12.5   13.2   12.2   13.3   13.1   12.5   12.7   12.5
Electricity,gas,steam and hot water supply                                                                  0      0      0      0      1   1.67      0   7.17      0
Total average                                             9.13 8.99 11.6 10.1 11.4 12.3               11 10.8   10.2   10.8   10.7   11.1   10.5   9.87   9.79   9.85
Source: WTIS/Trains UNCTAD Computations

Trade Weighted Average

                    Product Name                         1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995                1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003
Agriculture hunting and related service activities        5.04 3.5 4.01 4.43 4.6 5.45 4.59 2.72                 13.2    8.2   9.04   8.73     15   17.3   20.3   11.3
Forestry, logging and related service activities          5.42 4.37 9.38 3.29 5.92 8.19 3.52 1.53               2.74   3.98   1.59   2.86   5.56   5.58    7.3   10.3
                                                          11.4 8.65 incidental9 fishing 6.92 8.24 5.04
Fishing, operation of fish hatcheries and fish farms; services activities9.14       to 8.7                      4.26   3.45   3.58      3   2.61   2.55   2.92   1.07
Mining of coal and lignite; extraction of peat                0             0 6.5         0 0.03       0 0.02      0   0.19   0.06   0.08   0.42   0.03   0.22   0.01
                                                                     0           1.5
Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas; service activities incidental to oil and gas extraction 0    0      0   0.34      0   0.23   2.65   1.31   1.84      0
Mining of uranium and thorium ores                                                                                                                    0
Mining of metal ores                                      0.55 0.32 0.35 0.1 0.6 0.45 0.65 0.52                 0.22   0.44   0.71   1.04   0.82   0.49   0.69   0.71
Other mining and quarrying                                0.27 1.62 2.87 1.42 2.15 2.31 0.38 1.5                 0.9   1.42   0.91   1.84   0.96   1.52    0.4   1.69
Manufacture of food products and beverages                10.5 9.52 12.3 9.69 12.9 10.7 11.2 11.7               18.2   17.7   11.8   13.6   9.45   10.4   9.77   13.4
Manufacture of tobacco products                             5.6 53.8 46.4 61.8 55.2 34.5 22.1 19.7              20.6   25.8   24.3   28.4   34.9   22.5   15.8   15.7
Manufacture of textiles                                   9.14 10.7 12.4 9.16 10.5 11.2 10.7 11.7               12.9   12.4   13.8   13.7   13.6   9.37   11.2   12.1
Manufacture of wearing apparel; dressing and dyeing of9.61 11.6
                                                           fur             13 12.3 13.1 13.1 12.2 13.1          13.2   13.3   14.8   15.9   15.9   11.6   12.5   12.7
                                                          6.65 8.72 8.08 8.33 8.43 9.46
Tanning and dressing of leather; manufacture of luggage,handbags,saddlery,harness and footwear7.51 8.63         8.54   8.97   8.46   9.04   9.12   7.58   7.72   9.59
Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of s… 4.53
                                                          6.97 6.47 5.12 4.55 5.71 6.1 6.34                     3.43   3.45   3.14   2.99   3.59   3.41   3.47   2.82
Manufacture of paper and paper products                   4.01 3.21 3.35 3.02 4.59 6.14 4.01 4.43               4.35   4.96   5.27    4.1   3.65   3.77   2.63   2.72
Publishing, printing and reproduction of recorded media1.68 3.33 2.18 2.61 4.38 8.45 2.96 5.41                  6.25   5.66   5.53    5.7   5.31   4.02   3.58   2.65
                                                          4.32 6.54 6.31 6.46
Manufacture of coke, refined petroleum products and nuclear fuel                          6 5.33 3.7 4.53       4.42   3.41   5.69   5.52   5.73   6.02   5.24    5.7
Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products            6.91 6.57 8.01 7.13 9.08 8.25 7.49 7.45               6.73   7.48   8.36   8.68   8.13   7.99   6.96   6.84
Manufacture of rubber and plastics products               6.91 5.95 5.43 7.09 9.35 9.12 9.23 10.4               10.6   10.8   10.9   9.99   10.7   10.7   9.64   9.85
Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products        8.66 8.8 9.08 8.85 10.9 10.4 9.53 9.76                9.36   9.85   9.79   9.25   8.64   8.47   7.21    6.7
Manufacture of basic metals                               3.59 4.38 5.4 3.44 6.4 5.6 5.21 4.3                   3.63   4.59   4.36   3.94   3.58   3.77   3.55   2.55
                                                          8.05 7.99 5.7
Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment 8.43 10.7 9.95 9.7 10.2                11.1   11.3   11.9   11.3   10.9   9.85   8.41   7.85
Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.             5.06 4.72 4.3 5.7 7.82 8.86 7.41 6.61                 6.23   7.59   7.33   6.84    6.9   6.78   5.04   5.14
                                                          4.43
Manufacture of office, accounting and computing machinery 4.32 5.07 5.21 3.5 5.69 5.13 4.61                     3.81   6.11   5.42    5.5   5.58   4.56   3.25    2.8
Manufacture of electrical machinery and apparatus i.e.. 6.42 5.45 5.27             6 8.15 9.24 8.97 9.5          9.1   9.34   9.16   8.91   8.69   7.86   6.21    6.2
                                                          11.6 8.54 8.56 10.4 9.75 9.44 9.12 7.11
Manufacture of radio, television, and communication equipment and apparatus                                     5.41   5.47   5.65   5.78   5.55   3.46   2.38   1.97
                                                            5.8 4.77 5.36 5.68 7.36 8.8 7.39 8.91
Manufacture of medical, precision and optical instruments, watches and clocks                                   7.46   7.47   7.08    7.1   6.33   6.49   5.18   5.69
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 10.6 6.34 6.83 6.71 11.2 10.5 10.9 11.6               12.9   14.4   14.6   12.3     13   12.1     10   10.3
Manufacture of other transport equipment                  2.85 2.95 5.09 3.85 6.05 5.21 4.88 4.54               3.68   2.84   1.66   1.13   1.58   1.33   0.65   0.31
Manufacture of furniture; manufacturing n.e.c.            3.34 4.1 4.02 5.06 6.98 7.09 5.63 6.32                 5.7   6.44    6.4   5.61   5.82   5.54   3.23   3.53
Electricity,gas,steam and hot water supply                                                                  0      0      0      0   0.01      0      0   0.02      0
Total average                                             6.09 5.48 6.24 5.45 7.5 7.5 6.61 6.63                 8.97   8.97   8.11   7.54   7.51   7.58   7.29   6.53
Source: WTIS/Trains UNCTAD Computations




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations       Country Studies                                      Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD


Brazil

Table VIII: Production

US dollars: Millions

                  Sector                    1991            1992                1993                1994         1995
Total manufacturing                        255,880.00      223,619.74          251,649.66          274,603.47   289,516.79
Food products                               36,080.00       36,739.18           40,331.87           46,081.65    47,935.69
Beverages                                    3,560.00        3,794.64            4,494.11            5,329.27     6,897.93
Tobacco                                      2,560.00        2,282.75            2,399.00            2,635.70     2,884.49
Textiles                                    13,960.00       10,339.43           11,897.43           12,106.99    11,084.63
Wearing apparel                             14,640.00       11,154.78           14,237.88           14,797.43    10,732.65
Leather products                             n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
Footwear                                     n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
Wood products                                1,920.00        1,655.09            2,394.43            2,081.96     2,000.73
Furniture                                    2,280.00        1,575.87            1,955.66            2,391.68     2,587.00
Paper and products                           8,440.00        7,297.38            7,373.01            8,820.59    11,834.36
Printing and publishing                      4,080.00        3,684.95            4,196.25            5,291.73     7,501.63
Industrial chemicals                        51,960.00       48,705.06           53,695.46           56,295.95    57,641.82
Other chemicals                              n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
Petroleum refineries                         n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
Misc. petroleum and coal products            n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
Rubber products                              3,680.00        3,070.69            3,219.54            3,517.91     3,770.43
Plastic products                             5,680.00        5,149.91            5,141.50            5,893.95     6,332.36
Pottery                                      8,000.00        8,232.18            8,354.23            9,078.68     9,061.02
Glass and products                           n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
Other non-metallic mineral products          n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
 Iron and steel                             33,840.00       25,739.18           28,292.01           28,920.69    29,849.61
 Non-ferrous metals                          n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
 Fabricated metal products                   n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.
 Machinery, except electrical               18,440.00       13,486.29           14,462.92           16,036.29    15,600.43
 Machinery, electric                        18,440.00       14,970.14           18,443.58           18,198.03    19,744.64
 Transport equipment                        23,520.00       22,010.36           26,757.70           32,518.38    39,596.06
 Professional & scientific equipment         4,800.00        3,731.87            4,003.11            4,606.60     4,462.40
 Other manufactured products                 n.a.            n.a.       n.a.                n.a.                  n.a.




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                              Country Studies                                                                                                                         Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table IX: Labour Markets

Units. Thousands

                                             1980     1981          1982        1983        1984        1985         1986         1987         1988         1989          1990       1991     1992         1993       1994     1995         1996         1997         1998         1999       2000     2001       2002
1. General Geographic Indicators
Population                                                                                             98,251.26   101,868.20   104,309.90   107,484.60   110,242.10    113,628.40          113,713.40   116,099.40          120,914.50   123,360.80   125,073.90   127,720.00   130,076.50          137,687.00
Population by Group of Age
<15
15-24
 25-54
 55-64
 >65

2. Labour force participation
Labour Force
Labour force participation rate (%)
Male Labour force participation rate (%)
Female Labour force participation rate (%)

3. Employment to Population
Total Employment                                     45,465.00     47,926.00   48,466.00   50,209.00   53,761.00    55,436.00    57,410.00    58,729.00    60,622.00     62,100.00           65,395.00    66,570.00           69,629.00    67,920.00    69,332.00    69,963.00    71,676.00           75,458.17
Employment to population rate                                                                              54.70        54.40        55.00        54.60        55.00         54.70               57.50        57.30               57.60        55.10        55.40        54.80        55.10               54.80
Unemployment to population rate
Employment to active population rate
Unemployment to active population rate

4. Employment by Sector (%)
Agriculture                                                29.30      29.50       27.10       29.80       28.60         25.90        24.60        24.20        23.20         22.80               28.30        27.40               26.10        24.40        24.20        23.40        24.20               20.60
Industry                                                   24.70      23.40       25.40       21.80       22.10         24.20        23.80        23.30        23.70         22.70               20.40        20.70               19.60        19.90        20.00        20.10        19.30               20.00
Services                                                   46.10      47.10       47.60       48.40       49.30         50.00        51.60        52.40        53.20         54.50               51.40        51.90               54.30        55.70        55.80        56.50        56.50               59.20

5. Employment by Groups of Age
Employment < 15 years (%)
Employment 15-24 years (%)
Employment 25-54 years (%)
Employment 55-64 years (%)
Employment > 65 years (%)

Source: ILO-KILMS




09/09/04
Supporting the Developing Countries on NAMA Negotiations                                                                                                                                                                             Country Studies                                                                                                                                                                                        Trade Analysis Branch UNCTAD




Brazil

Table X: Development Indicators

                                                                  1980            1981            1982              1983              1984              1985              1986              1987              1988              1989                1990                1991              1992              1993            1994             1995              1996              1997              1998              1999              2000              2001
1. Health
Life expectancy at birth, female (years)                                  65.50   ..                       66.50    ..                ..                         67.64    ..                         68.40    ..                ..                             69.42    ..                         70.10    ..              ..                        70.88    ..                         71.40    ..                ..                          72.12            72.36
Life expectancy at birth, male (years)                                    59.82   ..                       60.10    ..                ..                         60.82    ..                         61.30    ..                ..                             61.96    ..                         62.40    ..              ..                        63.06    ..                         63.50    ..                ..                          64.22            64.46
Life expectancy at birth, total (years)                                   62.59   ..                       63.22    ..                ..                         64.15    ..                         64.76    ..                ..                             65.60    ..                         66.16    ..              ..                        66.87    ..                         67.35    ..                ..                          68.07            68.31
Hospital beds (per 1,000 people)                                  ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                          3.56    ..                ..                              3.35    ..                ..                         3.50   ..               ..                          3.11    ..                ..                ..                ..                ..
Health expenditure per capita (current US$)                       ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                            206.00            150.00            142.00           184.00          244.00            319.00            355.00            365.00            351.00            248.00             267.00   ..
Malnutrition prevalence, height for age (% of children under 5)   ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                            15.40   ..                  ..                ..                ..              ..               ..                         10.50    ..                ..                ..                ..                ..
Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people)                                      30.74   ..                       29.50    ..                ..                         27.16    ..                         25.60    ..                ..                             23.56    ..                         22.20    ..              ..                        20.33             19.70             20.60    ..                ..                          19.70            19.40
2. Population&Urbanization
Population growth (annual %)                                               2.23         2.18         2.12         2.06         2.00         1.93         1.87         1.80         1.74           1.68                                                           1.62              1.56              1.50            1.44           1.38                1.35              1.32              1.29              1.26              1.23              1.34              1.21
Population density (people per sq km)                                     14.38        14.71        15.03        15.35        15.67        15.99        16.30        16.61        16.91          17.21                                                          17.50             17.78             18.06           18.33          18.60               18.86             19.12             19.37             19.62             19.87             20.11             20.39
Population, total                                                  ############ ############ ############ ############ ############ ############ ############ ############ ############ 145,499,250.00                                                 147,957,000.00    150,368,520.00    152,730,210.00    ############ 157,289,950.00      159,481,000.00    161,651,830.00    163,800,790.00    165,926,240.00    168,026,520.00    170,100,000.00    172,386,000.00
Poverty headcount, national (% of population)                     ..            ..           ..           ..           ..           ..           ..           ..           ..           ..                                                                      17.40   ..                ..                ..            ..                 ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..
Urban population (% of total)                                             66.81        67.62        68.43        69.26        70.10        70.94        71.69        72.45        73.21          73.98                                                          74.76             75.41             76.07           76.73          77.40               78.08             78.68             79.29             79.91             80.53             81.15             81.69
Urban population growth (annual %)                                         3.81         3.58         3.51         3.44         3.36         3.28         3.06         2.98         2.90           2.83                                                           2.75              2.58              2.51            2.44           2.37                2.31              2.13              2.10              2.08              2.05              2.03   ..
3. Distribution of Income
Income share held by highest 10%                                  ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                  ..                  ..                ..                ..              ..               ..                ..                ..                         48.04    ..                ..                ..
Income share held by highest 20%                                  ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                  ..                  ..                ..                ..              ..               ..                ..                ..                         64.06    ..                ..                ..
Income share held by lowest 10%                                   ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                  ..                  ..                ..                ..              ..               ..                ..                ..                          0.73    ..                ..                ..
Income share held by lowest 20%                                   ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                  ..                  ..                ..                ..              ..               ..                ..                ..                          2.16    ..                ..                ..
Daily newspapers (per 1,000 people)                                       45.08   ..              ..                ..                ..                         48.33    ..                ..                ..                ..                             43.26             55.20             55.65            40.61           45.93             41.08             40.03             42.10             43.13    ..                ..                ..
4. Education
Illiteracy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above)            25.91           25.14            24.39             23.65             22.91             22.18             21.50             20.82             20.15                19.47              18.79             18.18             17.56            16.94           16.33             15.72             15.21             14.70             14.20             13.69              13.20            12.75
Illiteracy rate, adult male (% of males ages 15 and above)                21.98           21.49            20.99             20.50             20.02             19.55             19.05             18.57             18.08                17.60              17.12             16.67             16.22            15.77           15.32             14.88             14.49             14.11             13.73             13.36              12.99            12.64
5. Infraestructures&Technology
Vehicles (per 1,000 people)                                       ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                      87.86                    93.10             86.23            95.91            86.21            85.34             78.90 ..              ..              ..              ..              ..
Electric power consumption (kwh per capita)                              974.66          978.58          1,012.21          1,069.74          1,164.21          1,237.70          1,311.05          1,327.12          1,380.15          1,413.81      1,424.87                 1,447.08          1,457.49         1,504.33         1,538.81         1,608.38          1,661.99        1,743.25        1,792.37        1,817.15        1,877.50 ..
Mobile phones (per 1,000 people)                                  ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                       0.00                     0.05              0.21             1.20             3.73             8.25             15.82           28.46           44.43           89.49          136.56          167.29
High-technology exports (% of manufactured exports)               ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                           5.60          6.10                     5.00              5.10             3.90             4.40             4.50              5.70            6.90            8.80           12.00           17.10           17.90
High-technology exports (current US$)                             ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                  ############# #############            #############     #############     ############    #############    #############     ############# ############# ############# ############# ############# #############
Internet users                                                    ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..              ..                            5,000.00         20,000.00        40,000.00        60,000.00       170,000.00        740,000.00    1,310,000.00    2,500,000.00    3,500,000.00    5,000,000.00    8,000,000.00
Personal computers (per 1,000 people)                             ..              ..              ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                ..                          1.79               2.11          3.11                     4.42              6.36             8.58            11.71            17.33             21.54           26.27           30.15           36.31           50.06           62.85
Television sets (per 1,000 people)                                       123.67          129.12           134.27            139.14            151.32            185.13            193.09            196.69            200.26             210.81        212.82                   213.50            214.25           219.70           224.76           249.78            289.11          316.32          324.19          333.36          343.25          349.19
Source: World Development Indicators 2003




09/09/04

								
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