Women in the Workplace Jacqueline Ebert History of Women in the Workforce • For the past century women have been progressing from domestic housewives to important career women. • Mid to late 1800s women were limited to jobs such as teaching, inn-keeping, and taking care of the family business if the husband died. Women in the Workforce • With the invention of the typewriter, by 1900 stenographers and typewriters were 75% female. • The largest turning point for women in the workforce was due largely to WWII when the men got shipped overseas and women received job opportunities like working in war factories, service sector, and becoming nurses. • At the beginning 12 million women were working, by the end of the war 18 million women had jobs. Percent 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 0% Healthcare Health Personal care Education, Office and Health Food Financial Community Business Sales and Arts, design, Legal Life, physical Building and Management Production Other Computer and Professions Material Supervisors, Farming, Fire fighting, Drafters, Farmers and Occupations % Female Occupations Motor vehicle Rail, water Architects, Installation, Aircraft and Supervisors, Construction Extraction Percent of Women in Different % Female Sources • (http://www.nps.gov/pwro/collection/website /rosie.htm) • “Dimensions--Measuring Georgia’s Workforce,” Volume XXVIII, Number 10, October 2002 Data; Georgia Department of Labor, Workforce Information & Analysis, Atlanta, GA.
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