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					                                  1


-aː            see -ya
ʔa-            to add grease to one's
               cooking
-a (1)         primary deictic suffix           EW, cf. Boas 308
-a (2)         question mark suffix             EW
-a (3)         on rock                          Boas 309
-a (4)         ear                              Boas 309
-a (5)         to be ready to, to try to, to    Boas 309
               try to get, to be ready to get
ʡb-            mother
ʡbaukʷ         vocative of: 'a\bukv             HS
ʡbayat         to have a mother                 HS
ʡbukʷ          mother                           EW, HS, PIC
ʡgʷani         grandmother                      EW, HS, PIC
ʡi             exclamation of pleasant          EW, HS
               surprise
ʡiʡikqu        plural of: to reconcile (as a    HS
               couple), to make up after
               quarreling, to make peace
ʡiʡika         plural of: to do sth.            HS
               properly
ʡiʡikalut      plural of: to respect, to        HS
               esteem
ʡiʡikanakʷla   plural of: to do sth.            HS
               cautiously, circumspectly,
               or gradually
ʡiʡikiqla u    plural of: flag                  HS
ʡiʡikstwala    plural of: flying high (as a     HS
               bird or plane)
ʡiʡixpcwa      plural of: good-natured,         HS
               kindhearted
ʡiʡixpcwaqs    plural of: good-natured          HS
               woman, kindhearted
               woman
ʡiʡixpc ini    plural of: generosity,           HS
               kindness, friendliness
ʡiʡixstus      plural of: generous              HS
ʡiʡugʷalaci    plural of: sympathetic           HS
               person
ʡiʡukʷ         plural of: to pity, to have      HS
               mercy
ʡiʡulm         plural of: toy, plaything        HS, PIC
ʡiʡuχʷa        plural of: an unidentified       HS
               inedible small cockle-like
               clam
ʡiʔaʡukʷasa    plural of: to beg s.o. to do     HS
                                   2


                 sth.
ʡiʔaʔamlaqʷa     plural form of: to speak in a   HS
                 low voice, to whisper
ʡiʔaʔamɬaɬχtai   plural of: to make a            HS
                 laughingstock of s.o. (e.g.
                 through sneering), to mock
                 s.o.
ʡiʔaʔanaɬxnala   plural of: to shiver or gasp    HS
                 for breath (as when
                 entering cold water)
ʡiʔaʔanix        plural of: eyebrows             HS
ʡiʔaʔa aʣu       plural of: stepfather           maybe
ʡiʔadaχʷcwa      plural of: loud speaking        HS
                 person
ʡiʔagnakʷla      plural of: to improve           HS
                 gradually, to get better
                 gradually
ʡiʔagu ala       plural of: to run at full       HS
                 speed (as an engine)
ʡiʔagʷa          plural of: who?                 HS
ʡiʔak            plural of: all, every, each,    HS
                 everything, anything;
                 entire(ly), complete(ly); to
                 finish sth. up completely
ʡiʔakcwa         plural of: empty of contents    HS
ʡiʔakqalm        plural of: simply all           HS
                 (everything, etc.), just all
                 (etc.)
ʡiʔak a          plural of: to win (a game,      HS
                 contest, election), to be a
                 winner; to be able to
ʡiʔakuɬna        plural of: top side of a        HS corrected
                 horizontal log
ʡiʔakuɬnals      plural of: top side of a        HS corrected
                 horizontal log outdoors
ʡiʔakuɬnaƛi      plural of: top side of a        HS corrected
                 horizontal log in the water
ʡiʔakuɬnis       plural of: top side of a        HS corrected
                 horizontal log on the beach
ʡiʔala           plural of: to bury, funeral     HS
ʡiʔalaʔa as      plural of: grave, cemetery,     HS
                 graveyard
ʡiʔalkʷ          plural of: knight, valet,       HS
                 attendant of a chief
ʡiʔallas         plural of: sea cucumber         HS
ʡiʔallyas        plural of: graveyard,           HS
                                   3


               cemetary
ʡiʔaluɬχsa     plural of: new, renewed, or        HS
               remodeled flat thing; to
               remodel a boat
ʡiʔalxʷcwa     plural of: to bleed heavily        HS
               (as when a vein has been
               cut)
ʡiʔalχla (1)   plural of: to have killed          HS
               accidently
ʡiʔalχla (2)   plural of: to chew                 HS
ʡiʔalχskana    plural of: to hit or slap s.o.'s   HS
               hand (as to prevent the
               person from using his
               hand)
ʡiʔaɬʔit       plural: to be after s.o. in a      HS
               row, to be second,
               following, next
ʡiʔamagaci     plural of: toilet, W.C.            HS
ʡiʔamala       plural of: damming off,            HS
               shutting in
ʡiʔamba        plural of: to lead, to be first    HS
               in a row or on a list, to be
               ahead of others
ʡiʔamba (2)    forebears, ancestors               HS
ʡiʔambiɬ       plural of: 'a\mbilh                HS
ʡiʔambiɬ (2)   ancestors, forebears               HS
ʡiʔamcm        plural of: sth. with a thick       HS
               body (such as e.g. a box,
               pot)
ʡiʔamlala      plural of: to joke                 HS
ʡiʔamlyas      plural of: playground              HS
ʡiʔamɬahls     plural of: to be (in the act       HS just lhels
               of) playing outdoors
ʡiʔamɬls       plural of: to play outdoors        HS
ʡiʔamqʷa       plural of: to stutter              HS
ʡiʔamta        plural of: to go after sea         HS
               eggs
ʡiʔamucikʷ     plural of: skilled person,         HS
               person who does his work
               without mistakes
ʡiʔam aχla     plural of: to pray, to praise      HS
               (the Lord)
ʡiʔamukʷ       plural of: introverted,            HS not sure
               taciturn
ʡiʔamχu (1)    plural of: mute person             HS
ʡiʔamχu (2)    plural of: turtleneck              HS
                                   4


                sweater
ʡiʔanca         plural of: to shove, to move     HS
                towards sth. little by little;
                to play chess or checkers
ʡiʔanis         plural of: paternal or           HS
                maternal aunt
ʡiʔan           plural of: cloud                 HS
ʡiʔanxʷa        plural of: bruised               HS
ʡiʔaniqa        plural of: to gather             HS
                firewood
ʡiʔaqa          plural of: to appear on the      HS
                scene, to arrive, to come in
ʡiʔaqmalaƛi     plural of: showing on the        HS
                water (said of s.o.'s face)
ʡiʔasɢmista     plural of: to turn the face,     HS
                the boat, or oneself around
ʡiʔasɢmxʔit     plural of: to turn oneself       HS
                away from sth., to turn the
                face away from sth.
ʡiʔata          plural of: straining (as         HS
                when defecating)
ʡiʔatla (1)     plural of: cheering, yelling     HS
ʡiʔaƛst ala     plural of: travelling close to   HS
                the shore
ʡiʔaƛsχƛaiɬ     plural of: (in the) landward     HS
                part of the longhouse, (in
                the) back room
ʡiʔaƛa          plural of: to build a canoe      HS
                up in the woods
ʡiʔaƛsgyu       plural of: good canoe-           HS
                builder
ʡiʔauχʷƛmiƛla   plural of: carrying things       HS
                on one's back into the
                house
ʡiʔauχʷƛncsla   plural of: carrying sth. on      HS
                the back down to the beach
ʡiʔa   akla     plural of: working slow          HS (also without l)
ʡiʔa   akʷa     plural of: to chew tobacco       not heard, ok
ʡiʔa   aʣu      plural of: stepfather            HS
ʡiʔa   inas     plural of: slow working          HS
                person
ʡiʔa m          plural of: father                HS
ʡiʔa mp         plural of: father                HS esp sentence
ʡiʔa asa        plural of: to urinate (said of   HS
                a female)
ʡiʔaʣi          plural of: frog                  Bella Bella
                                  5


ʡigaqʷa        easy to split (said of wood)     HS
ʡigaqʷala      (continued) loud noise           HS
ʡigaqʷala..    loud sound (as of an object      HS
               dropping, or as the report
               of a gun)
ʡigaqʷgaɬ      something falls on the floor     HS
               and you hear it
ʡigickʷlis     sandy beach                      not sure; maybe
ʡigiɬa         to clean                         HS
ʡigis          sand                             HS
ʡigisbalis     location just south of tlg\vis   PIC
ʡigislis       sandy beach                      not sure
ʡigisχsala     loaded with sand (said of        HS
               boat)
ʡigiʣis        sandy beach                      HS, PIC
ʡigm           useful, handy                    HS
ʡigm.nukʷ      to employ a handyman, to         HS
               have a useful thing
ʡignakʷla      to improve gradually, to get     HS
               better gradually
ʡik-           good, nice, well, fine,          Check
               causing satisfaction
ʡik            good, nice, well, fine,          EW, HS
               causing satisfaction
ʡika           to fix up, to make neat and      HS
               trim (also: oneself), to dress
               up, to clean oneself
ʡ ka u         good (i.e. dressy) clothes       HS
ʡikcut         to clean a surface               HS ind
ʡikila         to take good care of             HS a-ikila
ʡikimacinuxʷ   expert, good at doing things     HS
ʡiki a         "to improve oneself by           DS
               cleansing and fasting; a
               dance or part of a dance,
               perhaps the preparation for
               the dance; ""to treat well, to
               observe taboos and to be
               careful in ordinary
               pursuits"""
ʡikla          to take care, to keep away       HS a-i
               from trouble or danger (as
               one is supposed to do for a
               certain time after the death
               of e.g. a close friend)
ʡikliɬa        to clean house                   HS ind
ʡikmala        pretty face(d)                   Check
                                   6


ʡ kqu           to reconcile (as a couple),      HS
                to make up after quarreling,
                to make peace
ʡiku            something good                   HS
ʡikut           to clean sth. (e.g. berries),    BC505
                to clean sth. out
ʡikwa           to win (a game, contest,         Check
                election), to be a winner; to
                be able to
ʡikwapika       to win finally                   Check
ʡikwapikaxʔit   to start to win finally          Check
ʡik-.           up, high up, above, heaven,      Check
                supreme (in space or rank)
ʡika.           to do sth. properly              HS
ʡikai           to float high on the water       HS
ʡikakʷ          (sth. that is) well done (e.g.   HS
                a job)
ʡikala          high, something which is         EW
                high up
ʡikalut         to respect, to esteem            HS
ʡikanwa         top side of a drum, barrel,      HS
                or box
ʡikanakʷla      going higher and higher          HS
                gradually
ʡikanakʷla      to do sth. cautiously,           HS
                circumspectly, or gradually
ʡikaqa          above sth., higher than sth.     HS
ʡikaqis         higher up on the beach, on       HS
                a higher place on the beach
                that s.o. else
ʡikaqls         higher up on the ground          HS
                outdoors
ʡikaqla u       flag                             HS a-i Ka
ʡikaqla upiq    flagpole                         HS
ʡikas           place that is high; ground       HS Bella Bella
                that is high
ʡikastwala      to travel high up on the hill    HS corrected
                or mountain
ʡikaƛla         high above sth. (a surface, a    HS
                body)
ʡikaʣi          top side of sth. flat (e.g.      HS
                paper, cloth, plywood)
ʡikaʣiliɬ       upstairs                         PIC
ʡikaʣiɬ         upper room                       HS
ʡikba           higher (in place or rank)        HS
                than; to be at the end of a
                                  7


               series; top of a vertical pole
ʡikgila        to travel high up                HS
ʡikima         favourite food                   HS
ʡikimanukʷ     to have or eat one's             HS
               favourite food
ʡikimas        to be able to do sth., to be     HS
               familiar with, to know how
               to do sth.
ʡikimastusla   person knowing how to do         HS other word
               things, expert
ʡikini         goodness                         HS
ʡikiqla        to be glad (happy) with, to      HS
               enjoy
ʡikiqʷgʷiɬ     ceiling of a room                HS
ʡikiqʷgʷiɬχs   ceiling of a boat cabin          HS
ʡikiqʷti       upper lid                        HS
ʡikista        upper part of one's body         HS
ʡikiχʡit       to become glad (happy)           HS
               with, to start to enjoy
ʡikiχʷst iɬ    above the doorway in the         HS
               house
ʡikk ala       high above the top of sth.       HS
ʡikqm          high (as a building)             Check
ʡikqmas        height of a building             Check
ʡiksɢm         round and/or bulky (big)         HS
               thing that is high (as e.g. a
               mountain)
ʡiksɢms        round and/or bulky               Check
               (clumsy) thing that is high
               and on the ground outdoors
ʡiksɢmiɬ       round and/or bulky               Check
               (clumsy) thing that is high
               and indoors
ʡiksɢmis       round and/or bulky               Check
               (clumsy) thing that is high
               and situated on the beach
ʡikstwala      flying high (as a bird or        Check
               plane)
ʡikuɬna        top side of a horizontal log     Check
ʡikuɬnals      top side of a horizontal log     Check
               outdoors
ʡikuɬnaƛi      top side of a horizontal log     Check
               in the water
ʡikuɬnis       top side of a horizontal log     HS
               on the beach
ʡikutais       top side of a seine or gillnet   HS
                                 8


ʡikxʔit       to make higher, to raise, to     Check
              heighten, to elevate
ʡikxskʷaiɬ    upstairs                         HS see other
ʡikxssukʷla   not very high                    Check
ʡikxʷsti iɬ   upstairs                         HS
ʡikχʡit       to start to go higher up         Check
ʡiɬʡikimas    plural of: to be able to do      Check
              sth., to be familiar with, to
              know how to do sth.
ʡiɬʔak        plural of: good, fine, well,     Check
              O.K.
ʡip-          to pinch                         Check
ʡipa          to pinch                         EW, HS ind
ʡiqʷa         to dodge, to get out of the      EW, HS
              way, to evade
ʡiqʷanyala    to avoid obstacles (as in a      HS not seen
              slalom)
ʡiqʷla        dodging, getting out of the      HS
              way, giving room
ʡiqʷla        to make a person move his        Check
              head out of the way (as by
              pretending to be going to
              punch him in the eye)
ʡs            plural of: to belong to him,     HS
              her, or it; to be his or hers
ʡ sgila       plural of: to have gone          HS
              quite a ways
ʡ siqʷa       plural of: to travel on the      HS
              other (the opposite) side of
              the channel
ʡ sutm a      plural of: (on) the other (the   HS
              opposite) cheek
ʡiwa          to round a point, to pass in     DS
              front, in a ceremonial
              context (the other side of a
              point (of land)?)
ʡix-ʡipa      to pinch repeatedly              HS ind
ʡixʔaɢis      kindhearted person               Check
ʡixʔaka       to eat good food                 Check
ʡ xbiƛa       to pretend to be good            HS
ʡ xdmala      clothing                         HS
ʡ xgilakʷ     should be good, ought to be      HS
              good
ʡixʔit        to improve, to become            Check
              good
ʡ xnala       good omen (especially a          HS
                                 9


              twitching of the right arm),
              to have a good omen
ʡixpa         good or sweet taste, to have     WL, PIC
              a good or sweet taste
ʡixpaʡimas    fruit; goodies (e.g. cookies)    BC505: DS, PIC
ʡixpaʔala     to make sweeter                  WL
ʡixpala       good or sweet smell,             Check
              smelling good or sweet
ʡixpaps       expression of sth. sweet         WL
ʡixpaxsila    too sweet                        WL
ʡixpaxstakʷ   kind of sweet taste              WL
ʡixpaχdala    wasp                             Check
ʡixpcwa       good-natured, kindhearted        Check
ʡixpcwaqs     good-natured woman,              Check
              kindhearted woman
ʡixpc ini     generosity, kindness,            Check
              friendliness
ʡ xpɢwala     friends together                 HS
ʡ xpɢwalut    one's friend, person well-       HS
              disposed towards one
ʡixpsta       syrup, molasses, sweet           Check
              water
ʡixpuɬxala    good-smelling breath             Check
ʡixpxit       become sweet                     WL
ʡixstu        clear (as water); bright         HS
              colour(ed)
ʡ xstus       generous                         HS
ʡixstwa       clear (as water)                 Check
ʡixstakʷ      apparently good (well, fine,     HS
              nice, O.K.), in good
              condition (this word is used
              when talk is about a
              persoNs well-being)
ʡ xsu         something good (you're           HS meaning not right
              good)
ʡ xsukʷla     still not very good, just a      HS
              little bit better
ʡ xtqila      still good                       HS
ʡiχsda        to want to pour grease into      Check
              sth.
ʡiχʷʔit       to start to dodge, to start to   Check
              evade
ʡlakila       to tan or dress elk or deer      DS
              skin for use as a dance robe
ʡllkʷ         a servant or attendant of a      DS
              chief; the speaker at a feast,
                             10


            who acts as master of
            ceremonies; a hereditary
            position
ʡmagaci     toilet, W.C.                   PIC
ʡmlaci      game house??                   PIC
ʡmlyas      play ground                    DS, PIC
ʡmɬsta      (water) play??                 PIC
ʡms         thick or blocked up            DS
ʡmsɢm       thick box or body; term        DS
            used when you have
            spiritual power but you
            conceal it; possibly a
            persoNs name
ʡmiqa       to gather and cut firewood     BC508: DS
ʡnis        aunt                           DS
ʡniqa       to gather firewood             PIC
ʡqla        wide, open                     DS
ʡsutχti     (on) the other (the            HS
            opposite) corner of the
            mouth (of a person or of a
            bay, lake, or inlet)
ʡsχƛaʡis    (on) the other (the            HS
            opposite) side of the beach,
            village, or island
ʡubatu      to whisper into the ear        EW, HS
ʡubayu      wood chisel                    HS
ʡulm        toy, plaything                 EW, PIC
ʡuːkʷa      plural of: to stop             HS
ʡuwa        go ahead! proceed! do!         EW, HS
ʡwmp        father                         EW, PIC
ʡƏbukʷa     name of Kitty Thompson         DS
            (HS) Fred AndersoNs first
            wife, now Jeanette
            Chartrand
ʡƏbuːgʷa    "formerly the name of the      DS
            mother of Bobby Beans,
            and Edward Thompson,
            who was Roy Hanuse's
            wife's father; now the name
            of Josephine Hanuse; from
            'a\bukv ""mother"""
ʡƏbuːkʷmi   """principal mother,"" a       DS
            maNs name from the story
            C’uumqlaqs, located at
            HauYat"
ʡƏdaɢa      "formerly name of Kitty        Check
                                 11


                Carpenter-Hanuse, now
                Barbara Hanuse; also
                female child's name in
                story; refers to ""aunt,""
                probably from Kw"
ʡƏgʷani         name of the grandmother in      DS
                the story of Y’a'xzi, John
                JohnsoNs story; name of
                Hilda Smith, from Captain
                Johnson, now Alvina
                Johnson
ʡIgaχʷcwaqs     "name of the third child of     DS
                N’auzuis, an original
                ancestor of the Oowekeeno;
                a name of Tommy
                Hailhamas, now Shirley
                Walkus; ""loved voice"""
ʡIgisbalis      "a sand beach at Grief Bay,     DS
                Calvert Island; a good
                seaweed site; ""sandy
                beach point"""
ʡIkaʡulisanaɬ   "the weather spirit dance of    DS
                the DhWlax\a series of
                dances; when the dancer
                wears a scowling face, the
                weather is bad, when the
                dancer wears a friendly
                face, the weather is good;
                ""making good all over"""
ʡIkaχiɬ         name of a Bella Bella man       DS
                killed by Mimaqva in the
                story of the war between
                the Oowekeeno and
                Heiltsuk
ʡIkmuya         a dance name of Jack            DS
                Johnson, from the Ha\ilikla
                Dance, the Healing Dance,
                a dance of the DhWlax\a
                Series
ʡIkcwis         "a mountain on the              DS
                Sumx\ulh with a hole in the
                top, i.e. iTs volcanic; place
                where a shaman lived, from
                the story of Y’aakas;
                ""place for improving
                oneself"""
                                 12


ʡIkki as        "name of shaman from the        DS
                story of Y’aakas; he lived
                at 'A|iKCwis; one who has
                improved himself, i.e. by
                purifying himself, ""one
                who has gone to a higher or
                top level"""
ʡIwakas         name of a point of land on      Check
                Owikeno Lake between the
                Dus and the Dalik
ʡIwanu          name of a man from K’vii,       DS
                who goes seal hunting with
                his three brothers, the story
                of their adventures
ʡIxcmɢa         "formerly the name of           DS
                Maggie Ngiazi, sister to
                Lilly George who married
                Louis Chamberlain; name
                of Patricia Thompson,
                Barbara Johnson; name
                came from the 'Uuyalitx\v
                of Goose Island; name of
                the sister of the Sun; sister
                of Raven ""Well-shining-
                woman"""
ʡIxʷʔmgila      Abalone-Shell-Maker             DS
ʡƏlagmiɬ        name Lucy Jones, sister of      DS
                Captain Johnson, from
                C’yu, now Charlotte
                Anderson; name of the wife
                of Chief K’vix\lag\lakv of
                the 'WiKm?, location ?;
                name of the
                daughter/princess of
                T’haqvagila, chief at
                Nuxvns, who marries into
                the N’aKvaxdnx\v
ʡƏlakila uɢʷa   name of Lizzie Walkus,          DS
                Dorothy Smith, Patricia
                Thompson, Alvina
                Johnson; name of a woman
                from Kingcome Inlet or
                Village Is. who married
                George Lewis of Rivers
                Inlet; name of the daughter
                of T’hagvagila, chief of
                                        13


                       Nuxvns, who marries into
                       the N’aKvaxvdnx\v
ʡƏli inuχʷ             "name of Robert Bernard        DS
                       given at a potlatch just
                       before his death; ""good
                       hunter"""
ʡƏlixʷa                Orion, the sea hunter          DS
ʡƏlixʷmi               "name of Simon Walkus          DS
                       Jr., Roy Hanuse Sr., Roy
                       Hanuse Jr.; name of the sea
                       hunter of the chief of the
                       'Uuyalitx\v, Wauyala; ""a
                       sea-mammal hunter"""
ʡƏmakƛ aslasu          "name of the chief of the      DS
                       sea-lions located at
                       W’awis, or Virgin Rocks,
                       west of Calvert Island;
                       ""defecating on the roof of
                       a house"""
ʡƏma nχi               "refers to the position of     DS
                       the youngest brother in the
                       family, who had certain
                       hereditary privileges, such
                       as being speaker for his
                       elder brother; the youngest
                       one in the family;
                       ""youngest child"""
ʡƏmlyasa-s Hnuwaqawa   the playground of              DS
                       Nnuwaqawa; refers to a
                       plateau on the Sumx\ulh
                       River
ʡƏnicaɢa               name of Kitty Harry, wife      DS
                       of Chief Albert Harry;
                       name of Agnes Moore
ʡƏqlis                 formerly name of Joseph        DS
                       Chamberlain, then Peter
                       Chamberlain
ʡƏqƛaʡi                Hakai Pass opposite K’vii      DS
                       River; an opening or
                       widening
ʡƏqʷa                  name of Annie Edgar            DS
                       Johnson, first wife of Jack
                       Johnson
ʡƏsdas                 "name of a gambler, in a       DS
                       story similar to the Y’a'xzi
                       story; ""presumably
                              14


            derived from Carrier
            sources"""
ʡƏskaniqs   mythical name of a mouse;       DS
            from the story of
            Ha\nThikvnas; name of
            Mouse-Woman, story of
            the Heiltusk K’awaQa or
            Cannibal-Woman
ʡƏsxʷlm     a large creek flowing into      DS
            Owikeno Lake, at the
            mouth of which was an old
            village site, associated with
            the Hanuse and Bernard
            families, anglicized as
            Ashlum Creek on the map;
            associated by kin ties with
            Nuxvns
ʡƏƛaqym     "term used for high ranking     DS50
            dances of the C’aiqa Series
            which are done with a
            disappearance into the
            woods; refers also to a
            minor dance of the C’aiqa
            Series; masks and other
            dance paraphernalia which
            were obtained from
            BaxvbakvalaNusiwa;
            ""gone into woods"
ʡƏƛɢʷis     "a fish camp at Morgan          DS50
            Bay near Darby Channel; a
            beach near K’itit, at the
            foot of Owikeno Lake; a
            village site on Nalau Island
            opposite K’vii, home of the
            'AthiQvitx\v (Heiltsuk);
            ""beach near the forest"""
ʡƏƛqʷitχʷ   name of the people from         DS50
            'Athig\vis, on Nalau Island
            or N’ulu; general name for
            inland people, or people up
            the inlet
ʡƏƛa        "formerly the name of           DS49
            Alfred Lewis-Thompson,
            now Charles Johnson;
            name of a man from
            Nuxvns, from the story of
                             15


            Lhalha (Heiltsuk), a
            cannibal woman; a Bella
            Bella maNs name, from the
            story of a fight with the
            Haida; ""up in the woods,
            toward the land"""
ʡUmxʔit     "name of a man from            DS51
            Nuxvns, from the story of
            Lhalha (Heiltsuk), a
            cannibal woman; a Bella
            Bella maNs name, from the
            story of a fight with the
            Haida; ""to become a
            father"""
ʡUmagila    "name of a shaman from         DS51
            C’yu, who is cured by
            wolves; name of Charlie
            George from Smiths Inlet,
            husband to Martha George,
            from Rivers Inlet; ""to
            cause the pain to cease"""
ʡUːkʷila    "the one who revives the       DS50
            unconscious novice dancer;
            possibly a maNs name;
            ""foremost shaman""?"
ʡƏ a at     name from story of how         DS51
            Rivers Inlet got its river,
            Raven travels to Fort
            Rupert and gives the names
            Waanukv, PlNakvlaglis,
            and 'A|waWat to the
            Kvagvulh tribe
ʡƏxadi      "name of a fortified hill on   DS51
            an island close to the mouth
            of Ellerslie Channel; name
            of a village site at the
            mouth of the Sumx\ulh; ""a
            clearing"""
ʡƏ uɬtala   "owner of the best goat        DS51
            hunting spot on the Gldala;
            name of Patricia
            Thompson, presently Ron
            Humchitt from Bella Bella;
            name of a consultant for
            Boas; ""good coming from
            him"""
                                        16


ʡƏ xcmɢa               Abalone-Woman                   DS135
ʡƏʣi                   "name fo the Cannibal-          DS52
                       Woman; synonymous with
                       ZunuQva (Kwagvulh),
                       K’awaQa (Ha\ilhzaqv), and
                       Lhalha (Ha\ilhzaqv);
                       ""scary thing"""
ʡƏʣiɢat                "a place at the head of         DS52
                       'Asxvlm where there are
                       many frogs; also 'A|zig\aCi:
                       a cave above the old
                       sawmill site at the head of
                       Rivers Inlet, reference is to
                       a rock formation that looks
                       like a skeleton; ""having
                       frogs"""
ʔaː                    to add grease to one's          EW, HS
                       cooking
ʔaʡibala               to pinch in passing             HS
ʔaʡikwaɢis             to compete with s.o., to        HS
                       have a contest
ʔaʡika                 to try to make a good job of    HS
                       sth., to try one's best
ʔAʡikuqʷa              name of one of the sons of      DS
                       Nnuwaqawa, from the story
                       of BaxvbakvalaNusiwa,
                       located as Sumx\ulh, chief
                       is P’aaslalh; possibly to do
                       with improving oneself, not
                       confirmed
ʔaʡinix                eyebrow                         EW, HS
ʔaʡipa                 to set oneself to pinching      HS
ʔAʡmlyasas Hnuwaqawa   playground of Hnuwaqawa         DS187
ʔAʡmɬila               "place where Raven tries to     DS
                       make a salmon; related to
                       amlha ""to play"""
ʔaʡnɢʷala              cloud, to be cloudy             EW, HS, PIC
ʔaʡnt                  herring eggs                    EW, HS, PIC
ʔaʡuqʷa ax             jellyfish, sea nettles,         EW, HS
                       medusae
ʔaʔaca                 to (try to) catch a rat         WL
ʔaʔaga                 to go ahead and finish up       HS
                       entirely
ʔaʔagaχλa              to be out to kill all           HS
ʔaʔaguɬcwa             plural of: all out of the       HS
                       container
                                   17


ʔaʔaguɬtiwa       plural of: to empty the         HS
                  canoe, to go all out of the
                  boat
ʔaʔaguƛa          to make sure one gets all of    HS
                  sth.
ʔAːikakʷ          "formerly Captain Adam          Check
                  Johnson, now David
                  Martin; ""results from
                  doing one's best"" from
                  'aiK ""to try one's best"""
ʔaːikast aɬ       "refers to the spirits of the   DS
                  DhWlaXa series of dances
                  as heavenly or coming
                  down from above; ""from
                  above"" or ""from on
                  high"""
-aʔail            see -ila                        Check
-aʔaila           see -ila                        Check
ʔaʔaluɬ           plural of: new, fresh (as a     HS
                  supply of sth.)
ʔaʔalχʔa          to commit a murder or to        HS
                  beat up somebody
                  repeatedly
ʔaʔalχʔaca        to be a murderer; to be fond    not known
                  of beating people up
ʔaʔalχila         to kill animals as one          Check
                  encounters them
-aʔam             see -m                          Check
ʔaʔamlaqʷa        to speak in a low voice, to     HS
                  whisper
ʔaʔamɬaɬχtaʔi     to make a laughingstock of      HS
                  s.o. (e.g. through sneering),
                  to mock s.o.
ʔaʔamɬaɬχtala     to speak mockingly of s.o.      HS
ʔaʔamɬcistala     to make fun of s.o.             HS sounDS ok not
                                                  sur
ʔaʔamɬcistala u   to jumble up s.th. (as a        HS
                  child playing with sth.)
ʔaʔamɬʔuta        to coax s.o. into playing       HS
ʔaʔamɬʣaqʷa       to tell a joke to s.o.          HS
ʔaʔamusʔit        to do sth. perfectly            HS
ʔaʔamu a          plural of: to acquire sth.      no
                  freely out of s.o. else's
                  surplus
ʔaʔamu nχʷ        plural of: surplus one gives    no ok
                  away freely (as e.g. one's
                                    18


                  surplus of salmon)
ʔaʔam a a         to (try to) get the smallest     WL
                  one
ʔaʔanakʷa         to ask for payment, to try to    HS BB
                  get payment
ʔaʔanaɬxnala      to shiver or gasp for breath     HS
                  (as when entering cold
                  water)
ʔaʔanaq           name of an unidentified          not heard
                  duck with a long tail
ʔaʔanɢʷalaxʔit    to become foggy                  HS
ʔaʔanɬ            herring eggs                     HS not sure
ʔaʔanɬ-ʔaʔant-a   to eat herring eggs              often shortened
ʔaʔanxʷsinista    bruised all over                 not heard before; ok
ʔaʔanχʷsila       to travel in the fog             sounDS okay,
                                                   unheard
ʔaʔaƛgila         to go further and further        HS
                  inland or up into the bushes
-aʔau             see -u'                          Check
ʔaʔauɢʷanu        hellebore plant                  Not heard; ok
ʔaʔaukʷacala      always on the verge of           WL
                  stopping
ʔaʔaukʷila        hold sth. back from moving       WL
ʔaʔaukʷasa        to beg s.o. to do sth.; please   HS
                  help
ʔaʔaukʷkʷ         pitiful, compassionate,          HS ok
                  merciful
ʔaʔaulm.nukʷa     person who always                HS
                  ridicules people or things
-aʔauɬ            see -ulh                         Check
ʔaʔauχƛa a        to try to carry on one's back    HS
ʔaʔauχʷstala      hellebore in water,              HS
                  medecine grown in water
ʔaʔauχʷsuli       Indian or False hellebore        EW, HS; BC80: DS
                  (Veratrum viride); grows
                  near the water line,
                  poisonous to animals;
                  medicine for arthritis and
                  rheumatism; used in funeral
                  ritual
-aʔa              see -u'                          Check
ʔaʔa aka          to take one's time in doing      HS
                  sth., slowly doing sth
ʔaʔa aʣu          stepfather                       not heard
-aʔa              see -u'                          Check
-aʔa .            see -u'                          Check
                                   19


ʔaʔa akaqa       plural of: above sth., higher    HS
                 than sth.
ʔaʔa akaswala    walking whole bunch              HS
                 together
ʔaʔa aƛaʣ lisa   plural of: to travel through     HS
                 the inside passage
ʔaʔa a u         plural of: long-line for         HS
                 fishing halibut, halibut
                 skate
ʔaʔa a           to try to pour grease into       HS
                 sth. stealthily
ʔabaiƛa          person who is gentle and         unheard of
                 loved by all the children
-abiʣ            calf (of leg)                    Boas 313
ʔablcas          apple tree (Malus                BC100: EW, HS, rh
                 sylvestris): English loan
                 with tree suffix
ʔabls            domesticated apples (Malus       BC100: EW, HS, rh
                 sylvestris): English loan
ʔabn             maggot                           HS
ʔac-             meaning unclear (a kind of       Check
                 bear)
-aci             receptacle (box, dish,           Boas 319
                 house, canoe, etc.)
ʔad-             dear one (term of                Check
                 endearment, always used in
                 direct address and limited
                 to males)
-ad              to have, having                  Boas 316
ʔadabaɬciʣa      sinew at the instep              HS
ʔadai            son! (term of endearment,        EW, HS
                 always used in direct
                 address and limited to
                 males)
ʔadaχʷcwa        loud speaking person             HS
ʔadi             son! (term of endearment,        EW, HS
                 always used in direct
                 address and limited to
                 males)
ʔadigaɬkani      sinew at the back of the         HS
                 hand
ʔadmgʷli         sandhill crane                   EW, HS
ʔadnakʷla        to increase the volume of        HS
                 sound (e.g. of one's voice)
ʔag-             all, every, every one            Check
ʔag-.            all, in full, every, any, each   Check
                              20


ʔagaiɬ      all indoors                      HS without a
ʔagala      all together                     HS
ʔagaliɬ     all together indoors             HS
ʔagankʷla   to carry all in the hands        HS
ʔagaƛla     all on sth. (a surface, a        HS
            body)
ʔagaƛlut    to put all on sth. (a surface,   HS
            a body)
ʔaga is     all across                       HS
ʔagaχa      all off (as berries from the     HS
            bushes)
ʔagaχλa     plural of: wiped out,            HS
            exterminated, rooted out
ʔagaχλa     wiped out, exterminated,         HS
            rooted out
ʔagaχls     all fallen off onto the          HS
            ground outdoors (as leaves
            in the fall)
ʔagiƛ       all into the house               HS
-agnsa      to happen to meet s.o.           Boas 319
            while ...ing
ʔaguɬcwa    all out of the container         HS
ʔaguɬtiwa   to empty the canoe, to go        HS
            all out of the boat
ʔaguɬta     all out at sea, all offshore     HS
ʔaguɬtiɬ    all out of the room              HS
ʔagusa a    sth. that is all gone            HS
            (although it used to be
            present)
ʔagut (1)   to take all out                  HS
ʔagut (2)   to walk (run) as fast as one     HS
            can, to run an engine at full
            speed, to use all one's
            strength in doing sth.; all
            out, not stopping
ʔaguƛ       to have obtained (acquired)      HS
            all
ʔaguƛnχʷ    all taken                        HS
ʔagu ala    to run at full speed (as an      HS
            engine)
ʔag ls      all outdoors                     HS
ʔag axci    all having left, all leaving     HS
ʔagʷ-       meaning unclear                  Check
            (grandmother?)
ʔagʷa-      who?                             Check
ʔagʷa       who?                             EW, HS
                                21


ʔagʷaxƛa       bearing which name?             HS
ʔagʷla         to move to another place on     Check
               the rocky beach (as e.g.
               when picking seaweed)
ʔaɢas          female friend of a woman        EW, HS
               (i.e. the one who is talked
               to)
ʔaɢiga         a secret girlfriend everyone    nEW; maybe ok
               nevertheless already knows
               one has
ʔaɢiɬ          wide or spacious room           HS
ʔaɢiɬʔimxʔit   to become wide (said of a       HS ind
               room)
ʔaɢis          wide on the beach               HS ind
ʔaɢm.nukʷ      to have sth., to reveal         HS
ʔaɢmukʷ        sth. shown                      HS
-ai            see -i'                         Check
ʔai- (1)       nice, good, fine,               Check
               understandable, correct
ʔai- (2)       meaning unclear (urinate:       Check
               woman?)
ʔaikast aɬ     spirits of the DhWlax\a         DS66
               dances that come down
               from above
ʔaiks          ten                             Bella Bella
-aila          see -ila                        Check
ʔaiqʷ-         to dodge, to get out of the     Check
               way, to evade
ʔa χʡit        plural of: to appear            Check
               somewhere, to turn up,
               show up, come into view;
               to make a (sudden) display
               (as e.g. the sun through the
               clouds)
ʔa χba         plural of: visible (said of     Check
               the end of sth. (as e.g. the
               bow of the boat coming out
               of a pass or the end of a
               nail that has gone through
               the wood)).
ʔa χstu        plural of: hole, opening,       Check
               passage, eye
ʔak            all, in full, every(thing),     EW
               any(thing), each; entire(ly),
               complete(ly); to finish sth.
               up completely
                                  22


-ak             disposition                      Boas 319
-aka            to happen                        Boas 320
ʔakcwa          empty of contents                Check
ʔakgls          all have left                    Check
ʔakglim (1)     reason why all have left         Check
ʔakglym (2)     lupine (a kind of plant)         Check
ʔakɢmi          full high tide                   Check
ʔakɢu           all together (as for a           HS
                meeting, a job)
ʔakɢuƛi         all assembled on the water       HS
                (as boats)
ʔakɢwa          all together, to gather          Check
                people together
ʔakɢ iɬ         all together indoors (as a       Check
                family)
ʔakkƛa          all taken off a surface (e.g.    HS
                off the float)
ʔakqalm         simply all (everything,          Check
                etc.), just all (etc.)
ʔakqalm ʔagʷa   everyone                         Check
ʔakqalm mas     everything                       Check
ʔakqalm i       everywhere                       Check
ʔaksta          all (i.e. everyone,              Check
                everything, or: completely)
                in the water
ʔakstals        all on the ground outdoors       Check
                (as leaves in fall)
ʔakstqa         to use up all (e.g. all one's    Check
                bullets), to turn loose all
ʔakstut         to pay in full                   Check
ʔakstut.        to set the whole net into the    HS
                water, to put all of sth. into
                the water
ʔakxʔit         to become complete               Check
ʔakxsi          all broken into pieces (as a     Check
                bowl)
ʔakxs aiɬ       all in the other room (as        HS
                when all have gone from
                the living room to the
                kitchen)
ʔakxs als       all going up to the woods        Check
ʔakxs alsla     all up in the woods              Check
ʔakxƛalis       all in the fire                  Check
ʔakxƛalisamas   to have put all in the fire      Check
ʔakχs           all aboard                       HS
ʔak ut          to pour grease (or any thick     HS
                                23


              liquid) on top of another
              liquid
ʔakʣaqʷla     all talking, singing,           Check
              whistling, performing,
              giving sound
ʔakʷ          grease added to someting        Check
-akʷ (1)      beforehand, in advance          Boas 320
-akʷ (2)      at intervals of time or space   Boas 320
ʔal-          see 'al-                        Check
ʔal- (1)      meaning unclear (tan deer       Check
              skin?)
ʔal- (2)      meaning unclear (to hunt        Check
              for sea mammals?)
ʔal- (3)      secure, stable, lingering,      Check
              motionless, fast, tight
ʔal- (4)      to bury                         Check
-ala          -ing, continuative (Cont)       Check
ʔala          to bury, funeral                EW
-ala (2)      to do in return                 Boas 322
-ala (3)      to join in                      Boas 322
ʔalaʔas       burying place                   HS ind
ʔalaʔa as     grave, cemetery, graveyard      HS ind
ʔalagm        dancing robe with buttons       Check
              around the edges and made
              out of elk skin
ʔalaixʔilm    to come to a stop on the        HS not sure
              water
ʔalaixʔit     to come to a stop (said of a    HS maybe
              boat); to become well-
              ballasted (said of a boat)
ʔalakila      to tan a deer or elk skin       EW
ʔalala        to linger, to stay in balance   EW
              (like a boat)
-alas         material for                    Boas 322
ʔala ayu      ballast of a boat               Check
ʔalc-         sea cucumber, sea slug          Check
ʔalca         to go and pick sea slugs,       EW, HS
              sea cucumber
ʔalcχsa       to go and pick sea slugs,       hs
              sea cucumber on a boat
ʔalgʷat ala   bleeding of the ear             HS
ʔalgʷm        blood                           HS
ʔalgʷmbiƛa    fake blood (as used on          HS
              stage); used in dances
-alism        to die of                       Boas 322
ʔali aci      seal hunter's canoe             Check
                               24


ʔali nχʷ      the catch of a hunter for sea   HS
              mammals
ʔali inuχʷ    expert sea mammal hunter        Check
ʔalixʷa       to hunt for sea mammals         EW
ʔalkʷ-        blood, to lose blood, to        Check
              bleed
ʔalkʷ         knight, valet, attendant of a   not used often
              chief
ʔalkʷa        blood, to lose blood, to        EW, HS
              bleed (as when hurt)
ʔalkʷiɬba     to have a bleeding nose         HS
ʔalkʷiɬbala   bleeding from the nose          HS
ʔalkʷɬ        soiled or stained with s.o.     HS
              else's blood
ʔalkʷmala     bleeding from the face          HS
ʔalkʷu ala    blood coming out                HS
ʔalla         placed firmly on the rock or    HS
              the stove
ʔallakʷ       buried in a grave               HS
ʔallas        sea cucumber                    HS
ʔallaxʷƛn     grave pole                      not heard, ok
ʔallis        motionless in space (as         HS
              clouds in the sky),
              motionless on the beach
ʔallyas       graveyard, cemetary             HS
ʔalmiɬ        still, yet still                HS
ʔalsʔaca      to eat sea cucumbers            HS
ʔalst is      slack tide (as before the       HS
              changing of the direction of
              the tide)
ʔaluɬ         new, fresh (as a supply of      Check
              sth.)
ʔaluɬʔaχƛa    new hollow thing (such as a     Check
              canoe, a dish)
ʔaluɬcm       round and/or bulky thing        Check
              (e.g. a cooking stone) that
              is new or that has been
              renewed, remodeled,
              renovated
ʔaluɬliɬa     to renew, remodel, or           Check
              renovate the inside of a
              house or room
ʔaluɬl lkʷ    (sth.) repaired, remodeled,     Check
              or renovated inside the
              house of the room
ʔaluɬχsa      new, renewed, or                HS
                                  25


                remodeled flat thing; to
                remodel a boat
ʔal lʣu         new surface, new flat thing,     Check
                new coating
ʔalxʷcwa        to bleed heavily (as when a      HS
                vein has been cut)
ʔalxʷʔit        to start bleeding                HS
ʔalxʷpiga       blood at the shin                HS
ʔalxʷpikla      bleeding from the shin           ok
ʔalxʷskanala    bleeding from the hand or        HS
                forearm
ʔalχ- (1)       to kill, murder, beat up         Check
ʔalχ- (2)       to chew                          Check
ʔalχa           to kill, murder; to beat up      EW, HS
ʔalχʡit         to start to kill; to start to    HS
                beat up
ʔalχʡiχsda      to want to kill; to want to      HS
                beat s.o. up
ʔalχʔasa        to murder; to beat up            not sure
ʔalχʔa ukʷ      murdered person                  not sure, maybe
ʔalχkʷ          killed; beaten up                HS
ʔalχla          to chew                          EW, HS
ʔalχla (1)      to have killed accidently        HS
ʔalχla (2)      to chew                          HS
ʔalχskana       to hit or slap s.o.'s hand (as   ok
                to prevent the person from
                using his hand)
ʔalχʷkʷ         somebody done in                 HS
ʔalaci          coffin                           HS ind
ʔalakʷa a       marks of bleeding (as on         HS
                clothing)
ʔals            firmly in or on the ground       HS
                outdoors
ʔalxʷbis        blood (as from a wound)          HS
ʔalxʷsinista    covered all over with blood      not sure; ok
ʔalxʷsisla      bleeding from the foot or        HS
                leg
ʔalxʷstu        colour of blood, having the      HS
                colour of blood
ʔalxʷstuxʷʔit   to assume the colour of          HS
                blood
-aɬ             easily                           Boas 322
ʔaɬ-            not far from the present,        Check
                contiguous in time, next,
                second, following, new,
                again, recent, just, recently,
                                26


              lately
ʔaɬ           not far from the present,        EW
              contiguous in time, next,
              second, following, new,
              again, recent, just, recently,
              lately
-aɬa (1)      a little more, somewhat          Boas 323
-aɬa (2)      continued position               Boas 323
ʔaɬalis       later, in the future             Check
ʔaɬʔaɬa (1)   later, in the future             Check
ʔaɬʔaɬa (2)   to do over and over again        Check
ʔaɬanyala     later, in the future             Check
ʔaɬcista      to go back around again (as      Check
              e.g. for picking up people
              who did not show up)
ʔaɬcmi        to yell after s.o. (as when      Check
              he is leaving)
ʔaɬcmiga      sinew at the back                Check
ʔaɬʔit        to be after s.o. in a row, to    Check
              be second, following, next
ʔaɬkm         just now, very recently, just    Check
              a little while ago
ʔAɬkʷutm      name of the wife of Joseph       DS
              Chamberlain, she was also
              known as Tallio Jennie;
              name of the Creator in
              Bella Coola mythology
ʔaɬʔm         just a while from now,           Check
              recently, currently
ʔaɬʔmƛ        in a short while                 Check
ʔaɬʔmxt       just a while ago, to have        Check
              done or undergone quite
              recently
ʔAɬnakʷla     Oowekeeno man, father of         DS
              the girl who marries
              HiMazalas, from Goose
              Island and thus obtains the
              abalone shell names
              Qvixaqs and 'A|ixCmg\a
ʔAɬqiː        a place across the bay from      DS
              K’vii; from the story of
              Y’a'xzi
ʔAɬqʷila uc   formerly a name of Peter         DS
              Chamberlain, now Ralph
              Chamberlain; Nuxalk name
ʔAɬqiχa       name of late Peter               DS
                                        27


                       Chamberlain, a Bella Coola
                       name; name of the
                       youngest son of Chief
                       Kvstauylkv of N’ulu, from
                       the story of Xvmik?,
                       similar to the Y’a'xzi story
ʔaɬu                   newly wed couple                Check
ʔam- (1)               sealed, blocked, solid,         Check
                       watertight, screened off,
                       pinched off, tapered,
                       beginning with or ending in
                       a point, centering around or
                       spreading out from a point
ʔam- (2)               to defecate                     Check
ʔam- (3)               small                           Check
ʔam-.                  meaning unclear (craft?)        Check
ʔama                   to make watertight; to dam      EW
                       off (as e.g. a beaver)
ʔamagasχa n            nickname for halibut            Check
ʔamagiɬ                to defecate in bed              Check
-amak                  on surface of water             Boas 315
ʔamaka                 to defecate                     EW
ʔamakχtwa              to defecate while doing sth.    Check
                       else (esp. while running)
ʔamakiχsda             to need or want to defecate     Check
-amala                 along bank of river             Boas 315
ʔamala                 damming off, shutting in        Check
-amas                  to cause                        Boas 315
ʔamastu                kindling                        HS ind
ʔamastugʷila           to make kindling                HS
ʔamastu u              kinding already chopped up      HS
ʔamaxʔit               to begin to defecate            Check
ʔamaymniχʷ his λaʔus   "lit., ""tiny-tiny-little       BC8, 52: HS, rh
                       trees,"" badge mnium
                       (Plagiomnium insigne);
                       discutient (used to reduce
                       swelling)"
ʔamaymniχʷs λaʔus      "lit., ""tiny-tiny-little       BC9
                       trees,"" Plagiomnium
                       insigne"
ʔama nχi               youngest child in the           Check
                       family
ʔamba                  to lead, to be first in a row   HS
                       or on a list, to be ahead of
                       others
ʔambiɬ                 to lead, to be first in a row   HS
                                  28


                or on a list, to be ahead of
                others
ʔamckʷla        thick (as e.g. fog or snow),    HS
                dense, heavy (as e.g.
                underbrush or forest)
ʔamckʷs         dense (as a forest)             HS
ʔamcm           sth. with a thick body (such    HS
                as e.g. a box, pot)
ʔamɢmiɬ         screened off (as the            HS
                fireplace when a board or
                screen is put in front of it)
ʔamɢʷm          material for making             EW, HS
                watertight
ʔami            small                           EW, HS ind
ʔamixsila       too small                       WL
ʔamlaɢʷnakʷla   to quiet down gradually, to     HS
                fade gradually (said of
                sound)
ʔamlaqʷa        to become silent or quiet       HS
                (said of one's surrounding)
ʔamlaqʷla       to speak in a low tone, to      HS
                speak quietly; to give a
                quiet sound (said of a
                motor)
ʔamlaqʷta       to quiet down; to stop (said    HS
                of a voice)
ʔamlilas        gymnasium                       HS
ʔamlnχ          time to play                    HS
ʔamlyas         playground                      HS
ʔamɬ-           to play                         Check
ʔamɬa           to play                         EW, HS
ʔamɬahls        to be (in the act) of playing   not right
                outdoors
ʔamɬakala       sound of playing                HS
ʔamɬʔamɬls      to play outdoors repeatedly     HS
ʔamɬata         to eat sea-urchins              WL
ʔamɬʔatiχsda    to want to eat sea-urchins      WL
ʔamɬʔit         to begin to play                HS
ʔamɬls          to play outdoors                HS
ʔamɬls..        to be playing outdoors          HS
ʔamɬʔut         playmate                        HS
ʔamɬwls         to go to play outside           HS
ʔammba          first (in a row or series)      EW, HS (one m)
-amnqʷla        some are doing something        Boas 315
ʔamqʷ-          blocked, sealed                 LR
ʔamqʷa          to stutter                      EW, HS
                                   29


ʔams            thick (box, snow, a layer of      EW, HS
                something), dense (fog,
                brush)
ʔams-           thick (box, snow, a layer of      Check
                sth.), dense (fog, brush)
ʔamsʔams        plural of: thick                  HS
ʔamsʔamstu      plural of: thick and flat (as     HS
                a book)
ʔamsɢm          thick in shape (as a box)         HS
ʔamstu          thick (as a book)                 HS
ʔamta           to go after sea eggs              HS
ʔamtm           sea egg (not voiced d)            HS
ʔamucikʷ        skilled person, person who        Check
                does his work without
                mistakes
ʔamus           decoration                        EW
ʔamusa          to practice a craft (e.g.         Check
                carving)
ʔamusʔidakʷ     accomplishment of a               Check
                skilled person
ʔamusʔit        to start practicing a craft, to   Check
                become skillful
ʔamu a          to acquire sth. freely out of     Check
                s.o. else's surplus
ʔamu nχʷ        surplus one gives away            Check
                freely (as e.g. one's surplus
                of salmon)
ʔamχ            sealed, watertight, solid,        EW, HS
                blocked off
ʔamχ-           sealed, watertight, solid,        LR
                blocked off
ʔamχa           to make a boat watertight         HS
ʔamχulm         putty                             HS
ʔam aʡu         small little one/thing            WL
ʔam -           to pray, praise, honour, pay      Check
                tribute
ʔam aχʔauɬtut   to pray a person of high          HS
                rank to come out of the
                canoe
ʔam aχaxsala    pastoral prayer (for              HS
                prosperity, good health,
                etc.)
ʔam aχla        to pray, praise, honour, pay      EW, HS
                tribute
ʔam aχla.       to pray, to praise (the Lord)     HS
-am             used for names of plants;         Boas 314
                                 30


               also see -m
-ama           old and useless                 Boas 315
-amala.        to quarrel about                Boas 315
ʔamala..       to have a premonition           EW, HS not sure
ʔamalikla      to be bothered by a ghost;      Check
               to have a premonition or
               presentiment of sth.
ʔamaɬ          to hear; to attain awareness    EW
               of sth. (e.g. the presence of
               a burglar after one has
               intently listened to the
               strange sounds in the
               house)
ʔamaɬʔa        to hear; to attain awareness    Check
               of sth. (e.g. the presence of
               a burglar after one has
               intently listened to the
               strange sounds in the
               house)
ʔamaɬcila      to perceive a noise (as         Check
               when a ghost or a burglar is
               in the house)
ʔamaɬla        to perceive a noise (as         Check
               when a ghost or a burglar is
               in the house)
ʔamanχ         ribbon (as in a girLs hair)     not heard
ʔamastu u      kindling                        PIC
ʔamastwa       kindling                        Check
ʔamastwagila   to make kindling                Check
ʔamaχtba       (to have a) stuffy nose (as     sounDS right
               when having a cold)
ʔamaʣu         bat (animal); caNt see          HS sounDS right
ʔamdm          sea urchin, sea egg             EW, HS
ʔamdmklasu     called 'aMdm                    WL
ʔamit          to begin to show maggots,       Check
               to become maggoty, to
               become maggot-infested
ʔamiχ...       variant of 'amYax\...           Check
ʔamkʷ          dam                             HS
ʔamlala        to joke                         HS
ʔamlala u      joke                            HS
ʔamlalinuχʷ    joker, person good at           not sure, ok
               joking
-amnqa         to make the motion of an        Boas 314
               active without performing
               it, to make motion from a
                              31


            distance
ʔamt-       sea urchin, sea egg              Check
ʔamta       to gather sea urchins            HS
ʔamukʷ      introverted, taciturn            not sure
ʔamχλa      watertight; an unidentified      HS
            kind of box used for
            cooking
ʔamχu (1)   mute person                      HS
ʔamχu (2)   turtleneck sweater               HS
ʔan- (1)    to pay salary, to pay what is    Check
            due
ʔan- (2)    rockslide, landslide             Check
ʔan- (3)    fire                             Check
ʔan- (4)    to insist, keep on trying,       Check
            persevere
ʔan- (5)    meaning unclear (spruce?)        Check
ʔan- (6)    meaning unclear (aunt?)          Check
ʔan- (7)    eyebrow                          Check
-ana        perhaps, maybe                   Boas 317
ʔana (1)    to pay (e.g. a salary)           Check
ʔana (2)    to slide (rocks, land)           EW
-anaʔisa    to do to each in order           Boas 317
ʔanaɬla     to coax somebody into            EW
            doing something
ʔanana      expression of pain or            Check
            unpleasant surprise: Ouch!
            Hell!
ʔanana      ouch! damn!                      EW
ʔananaʡu    an expression of affection       HS
ʔananai     "expression of fear or woe:      HS
            ""Woe!"""
-anaqa      to act so as to extend over      Boas 317
            several in order
ʔanaxʷa     if (proclitic)                   EW
ʔanaχʷa-    if (proclitic)                   Check
ʔanaχʷa     when, if                         Check
ʔanc-       to move little by little, to     Check
            shove, to slide (land)
ʔanca       to shove, to move towards        EW, HS
            sth. little by little; to play
            chess or checkers
ʔancliɬ     to move over a bit indoors       HS
            (as people making room for
            s.o. else)
ʔancliɬa    to move sth. from one place      HS
            on the floor of the house to
                                    32


                  another
ʔanclut           to move sth. from one place      HS
                  on top of the rock (or the
                  stove) to another
ʔancƛlut          to move sth. from one place      HS
                  on a surface (e.g. a table) to
                  another
-an               names of animals                 Boas 317
ʔanis             aunt (maternal or paternal)      EW
ʔani as           Sitka spruce tree (Picea         EW; BC68
                  sitchensis)
ʔani asla         place studded with spruce        Check
                  trees
ʔanɬʔata          to eat herring eggs              HS ind
ʔanm              payment                          Check
-anm (1)          nominal suffix (Nom)             Boas 317
-anm (2)          obtained by                      Boas 317
ʔanp-             heartburn, to have               Check
                  heartburn
ʔanpa             heartburn, to have               EW, HS
                  heartburn
ʔanpla            to have heartburn                HS
ʔanq-             to strip berries off the         Check
                  branches with the fingers
ʔanqa             to strip berries off the         EW, HS
                  branches with the fingers
ʔanqkʷ            stripped from a branch with      HS
                  the fingers (as berries)
ʔanqʷ-            cloud, fog                       Check
ʔanqʷala          to be cloudy                     HS
ʔansʔit           to make a slight move, to        HS
                  start to move over (up) a
                  bit; to make a move in a
                  game of chess or checkers
ʔant- (1)         herring eggs                     Check
ʔant- (2)         to gnaw (said of a beaver or     Check
                  other rodent)
ʔanta             to gnaw (as a beaver)            not sure
-anu              instrument (Instr)               Boas 317
ʔanu-             meaning unclear (cloud?)         Check
-anuma            to come to                       Boas 317
ʔanu              cloud                            Check
ʔanu ʣudanakʷla   getting cloudy gradually         Check
ʔanu ʣut          to get cloudy (at once)          Check
ʔanu ʣ ala        overcast sky                     Check
ʔAnuχaym          formerly a name of Peter         DS
                                 33


                Chamberlain, now Teddy
                Chamberlain; Nuxalk name
                (Anaheim)
ʔAnuχʷima       formerly a name of Peter       DS
                Chamberlain, now Teddy
                Chamberlain; formerly the
                name of Maggie Bernard
                from Agnes Moore, now
                name of Theresa Bernard-
                Johnson; Nuxalk name
                (Anaheim)
ʔanxit          (Sitka spruce) pitch used to   EW, HS; BC69
                start a fire
ʔanxʷ-          bruise, bruised                Check
ʔanxʷa          bruise, bruised                EW, HS
ʔanxʷʔit        to begin to bruise, to         HS
                become bruised
ʔanxʷskana      bruised hand or forearm        HS
ʔanxʷstu        bruised eye, black and blue    HS
                eye
ʔan at          to have an aunt                Check
ʔanʣnakʷla      to move away gradually (as     HS
                when one tries to keep
                sitting out of the sun)
ʔangʷiɬa        to pay in advance              HS
ʔaniɢnχʷ        firewood gathered and cut      HS, BC508: DS
ʔanini          (process of) payment of        Bella Bella
                wages
ʔaninq          to gather firewood             BC68
ʔaniqa          to gather firewood             EW, HS
ʔaniqinuxʷ      person good at gathering       HS
                and cutting firewood
ʔaniχʡit        to start gathering firewood    HS
ʔanqʷalis       low hanging clouds             HS
ʔanqʷaχisla     to hang low (said of           HS
                clouds), low hanging
                clouds
ʔanqʷnχ         foggy season                   HS
-anu. (1)       a long stretched out object    Boas 311
                and attached to something
-anu. (2)       nominal (plant names)          Boas 317
ʔanukʷa         to keep trying, to insist      HS
ʔanuxʷʔit (1)   to start doing sth. over       HS
                again, to give sth. another
                try
ʔanuxʷʔit (2)   to start getting fire          not sure
                             34


ʔanwa       to use a torch (to light the    EW, HS
            way, carry fire)
ʔanwm       torch to gather fire with       HS
ʔanwmu      small torch to get fire with    HS
ʔap-        to go after abalone             Check
-ap         underneath, bottom              Boas 313
ʔap-. (1)   maggoty, infested with          Check
            maggots
ʔap-. (2)   all                             Check
ʔapa        maggoty                         EW
ʔapa.       to go after abalone             EW
ʔapla       in maggoty condition            Check
ʔaput       to walk or run as fast as one   Check
            can, to use all one's
            strength in doing sth., to
            run an engine at full speed
-ap (1)     each other, one another         Boas 314
-ap (2)     nape of neck, behind            Boas 314
-aq         see -yaq                        Check
ʔaq-        to gape (said of a hole,        HS
            mouth), to be wide open
-aq (1)     crotch                          Boas 320
-aq (2)     to carry along                  Boas 320
-aq (3)     to pass one                     Boas 320
ʔaq-. (1)   to talk (?)                     Check
ʔaq-. (2)   to arrive, appear on the        Check
            scene, show up, loom up,
            become visible, unfurl
ʔaqa        to arrive, appear on the        EW
            scene, show up, loom up,
            become visible, unfurl
-aqa        to go in a certain direction    Boas 311
ʔaqa.       to open wide (as e.g. a         Check
            mouth), to widen
ʔaqanyala   to open and shut the mouth      Check
            repeatedly
ʔaqla       visible, clear, obvious         Check
ʔaqla.      to gape (said of a hole,        EW
            mouth), to be wide open
ʔaqm        to show (said of a face)        Check
ʔaqm.       (having a) broad face           Check
ʔaqmala     showing (said of a face,        Check
            e.g. when it sticks through
            the open window)
ʔaqmalaƛi   showing on the water (said      Check
            of s.o.'s face)
                               35


ʔaqmalis     showing on the beach (said       Check
             of s.o.'s head)
ʔaqmkƛai     to show or emerge from the       HS corrected
             water (said of a face)
ʔaqq alis    showing on the beach (said       Check
             of the top of s.o.'s head)
ʔaqq alism   to show the head                 Check
             completely
ʔaqta        to become audible (as a          Check
             plane coming in)
ʔaqta.       big or wide mouth, to have       Check
             a wide mouth
ʔaqtala      to be faintly audible (as e.g.   Check
             the voice of s.o. crying for
             help far away)
ʔaqχs        wide boat                        Check
ʔaq u        having a wide forehead           HS
ʔaqʣu        wide surface (table)             HS ind
ʔaqʣuxʷʔit   to become wide (e.g. a           HS ind
             table)
ʔaqas        wide outside                     HS
-aqs         back and forth                   Boas 320
ʔaqs         wide field                       Check
ʔaqχdala     showing, visible (said of        Check
             s.o.'s posterior)
ʔaqχtba      wide at the end                  Check
-as          "interrogative suffix for the    Check
             2nd person corresponding
             to ""Are you ...? Do you
             ...?"" Its presence excludes
             the use of the 2nd person
             subject suffix (Rath 1981)"
ʔas-         one side, the other, the         Check
             opposite
ʔas          to belong to him, her, it,       EW
             them
-as (1)      subject in a question: you       EW
             (2SubjInter)
-as (2)      place of                         Boas 318
-as (3)      nominal (Nom)                    Boas 317
-as (4)      suffix used for terrestrial      BC415
             vascular plants; trees,
             bushes, and a number of
             herbs
ʔas-.        to use the longline to catch     Check
             halibut
                               36


ʔasa         to use the longline to catch    EW, HS
             halibut
ʔasa.        shoo! (an exclamation used      EW
             to chase a dog away)
ʡsala        situated or happening on        EW
             the other side, yonder, far
ʡsaliɬ       further to the other side       Check
             (said of sth. in the house)
ʡsanucχλi    (on) the other or the           Check
             opposite side of one's hips
ʡsanusba     (on) the other or opposite      Check
             side of a point (e.g. a point
             of land)
ʡsanuƛmi     (on) the other or the           Check
             opposite side of a face
ʡsanwa       (on) the other side, (on) the   Check
             opposite side
ʡsanwls      (on) the other or the           Check
             opposite side of the house
             or the hill
ʡsanuʣi      (in/on) one's side              Check
ʡsaqa        farther towards the other       Check
             side than
ʡsaqanyala   to move zig-zag                 Check
ʡsaqaxʔit    to get further to the other     Check
             side than
ʡsaqls       further towards the other       Check
             (opposite or adjacent) side
             of sth. outdoors (such as a
             house or a hill)
ʔasʔasa      to use the longline             HS ind
             repeatedly (for halibut
             fishing)
ʡsaχʡit      to turn away from sth. and      Check
             move or go towards sth.
             else, to go or move the
             other way
ʡsaʣi        (on) the reverse side of a      Check
             flat object
ʡsba (1)     to be named after s.o.          Check
ʡsba (2)     (on) the other or the           Check
             opposite end of sth. linear
             (e.g. a street)
ʡsbaʔals     (on) the other or the           Check
             opposite end of the lot of
             ground or the village
                                37


-asdi         dried meat of                    Boas 319
ʡsgila        to have gone quite a ways        Check
ʡsgliɬ        to have moved into another       Check
              room or to the other side of
              a room
ʡsgliɬa       to move sth. on the floor        Check
ʡsgnakʷla     moving further and further       Check
              away
ʡsɢamanyala   to go zig-zag with the boat,     Check
              to move oNe head in
              various directions
ʡsɢmala       turning the other way            Check
ʡsɢmista      to turn the face, the boat, or   Check
              oneself around
ʡsɢmxʔit      to turn oneself away from        HS
              sth., to turn the face away
              from sth.
ʡsiɢʷiɬ       the other or the opposite        Check
              side of the interior of the
              house or the room
ʡsiɢʷis       (on) the other (the              Check
              opposite) side of the beach
              or the point
ʡsiqʷa        to travel on the other (the      Check
              opposite) side of the
              channel
ʡsiqʷtai      the other (the opposite) side    HS
              of the mouth of the bay
ʡsiqwa        (on) the other (the              Check
              opposite) side of a flat
              surface (e.g. a table)
ʡsiqwis       (on) the other (the              Check
              opposite) side of a flat
              beach or flat land
ʡsiqʷa.       (on) the other (the              Check
              opposite) side (shore) of
              the water (passage, inlet)
ʡsiqʷs        (on) the other (the              Check
              opposite) side of the street
              or field
ʡs sta        to turn over                     Check
ʡs stala      reverse side                     Check
ʡsistaut      to turn over a flat thing        HS
              (e.g. a book page)
ʡsiχʷcwiɬ     (on) the other (the              Check
              opposite) side of the
                                 38


                interior of the house of the
                room
ʡs χʷstaʡis     (on) the other (the             Check
                opposite) side of a body of
                water (e.g. a lake, bay,
                inlet)
ʡs χʷst a       (on) the other (the             Check
                opposite) side of an
                opening or hole (e.g. a
                door, a window, one's eye)
ʡs χʷst iɬ      (on) the other (the             Check
                opposite) side of a doorway
                inside the house
ʡs χʷst ls      (on) the outdoor side of the    Check
                doorway; the other (the
                oppposite) side of the road
ʡs χʷƛaliɬ      (on) the other (the             Check
                opposite) side of the fire in
                the longhouse
ʔaska           to catch rats                   EW, HS (no 2nd 7)
ʡska            to move something farther       Check
                away than intended
ʔaskaniqs       rat                             WL
ʡskaniqs        rat, mouse                      Check
ʔaskaniqskaʡu   a large rat                     WL
ʔaskaniqsʔu     a small rat                     WL
ʡskaxʔit        to start to move further        Check
                away than intended, to get
                further away than intended
ʔaska.          to catch rats                   HS witout K
ʡsnχanyala      year after year, during a       Check
                number of years
ʡsnχ            (in) another year that the      Check
                present one
ʡsudaχsi        (on) the far side of the        Check
                doorway
ʡsuɬbaʡila      (on) the other side of a        Check
                point of land
ʡsuɬkani        (on) the other forearm or       Check
                hand
ʡsuɬna          other (the opposite) side of    Check
                sth. long (such as one's
                body)
ʡsutgiwa        (on) the other (the             Check
                opposite) side of the bow of
                a canoe
                              39


ʡsutmi       (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) side of one's own
             or s.o. else's face
ʡsutnχi      (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) edge of sth., the
             other (the opposite, far)
             side of the road
ʡsutχƛalis   (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) side of the
             fireplace
ʡsutʣ a      (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) side of a flat
             surface (such as a table)
ʡsutm a      (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) cheek
ʡsuts        (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) side of the field
ʡsutχdi      (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) side of the rear
             end
ʡsutχλai     (on) the other (the             HS
             opposite) side of the stern
             of the boat
ʡsxʔit       to move further away            Check
ʡsχƛaʡiɬ     (on) the other (the opposite,   Check
             adjacent) part of the house
             (e.g. the adjacent room)
ʡsχƛaʔals    (on) the other (the             Check
             opposite) side of a ridge
             outside (e.g. the hill)
ʔat-         meaning unclear: used for       LR
             sandhill crane
ʔat-.        sinew, tendon, muscle, to       Check
             strain (vocal cords,
             muscles), to strain at stool
             or childbirth
ʔata         to strain (vocal cords,         EW
             muscles, at stool, or in
             childbirth), sinew, tendon,
             muscle; to bear down with
             the abdominal muscles (as
             when defecating)
ʔaːtaxsala   to shout about                  hs
ʔatla (1)    cheering, yelling               Check
ʔatla (2)    straining (as when              Check
             defecating)
                             40


ʔatlakala    sound of shouting, cheering   Check
ʔatskni      sinew at the back of the      Check
             neck
-atus        down river                    Boas 317
ʔatgaɬ       loud sound (as of an object   Check
             dropping or a shout)
ʔatm         sinew                         Check
ʔatmsɢmiga   to yell after s.o.            Check
ʔatχawa      sinew at the throat           Check
ʔaƛ-         away from the open (hence     Check
             away from the centre of the
             house and towards the wall,
             away from the beach and
             towards the land, away
             from the sea and towards
             the mainland, inland,
             shorewards, behind the
             house)
ʔaƛ          next, following, happening    Check
             in the near future
ʔaƛahls      landwards, towards the        Check
             woods (said in regard of
             sth. outdoors)
ʔaƛala       landwards, towards the        EW
             woods; away from the open
             (hence away from the
             centre of the house and
             towards the wall, away
             from the beach and towards
             the land, away from sea
             and towards mainland,
             inland, shorewards, behind
             the house
ʔaƛalis      landwards, towards the        Check
             woods (said in regard of
             sth. on the beach)
ʔaƛanut      to travel on or along the     Check
             mainland side of an island
ʔaƛan a      (on the) landward side or     Check
             (at the) back of a house;
             (on the) mainland side of
             an island
ʔaƛan is     (on the) mainland side of     Check
             an island
ʔaƛan ls     (on the) landward side of     Check
             the longhouse or hill; (at
                              41


             the) back of the house
ʔaƛaqa       further up landwards (than      Check
             s.o. else)
ʔaƛaqis      further landwards (said         Check
             with reference to sth. on the
             beach)
ʔaƛaqla      going further inland            Check
ʔaƛaqls      further landwards (said         Check
             with reference to sth.
             outdoors); at the house next
             door
ʔaƛaqut      to go further landwards         Check
             than s.o. else
ʔaƛaχʡit     to turn towards the             HS
             mainland, to start steering
             landwards
ʔaƛaʣi       (on the) landward side of a     Check
             house; (in the) passage
             nearest to the mainland
ʔaƛaʣ lisa   to travel through the inside    no but ok
             passage
ʔaƛbaƛi      (at the) landward or            Check
             mainland end of a series of
             things (e.g. boats, islands)
             in the water
ʔaƛgila      to travel inland; inland-       HS ind
             bound
ʔaƛɢmiɬ      to sit indoors facing the       Check
             wall; to sit with the back
             towards the fireplace in the
             center
ʔaƛiqʷitχʷ   inland people                   Check
ʔaƛiχʷcwa    (on the) landward side of a     Check
             body of water
ʔaƛmiɬ       in the house and facing the     Check
             wall
ʔaƛst ala    travelling close to the shore   Check
ʔaƛsχƛaiɬ    (in the) landward part of       HS
             the longhouse, (in the) back
             room
ʔaƛuɬnis     landward side of sth. long      HS
             and cylindrical on the
             beach (such as a log, a long
             island)
ʔaƛutnχi     (on the) landward side of a     Check
             boardwalk
                                    42


ʔaƛ.              in the forest, to be up in the   EW
                  woods, to do something in
                  the woods (esp. boat-
                  building)
ʔaƛ-.             to be in the woods               Check
ʔaƛa              to build a canoe up in the       Check
                  woods
ʔaƛakʷ            dug-out                          Check
ʔaƛakala          sound of canoe-building          Check
ʔaƛsgyu           good canoe-builder               Check
ʔaƛsmx            people living in the woods       Check
ʔaƛuɬcut          to hollow sth. out (e.g. a       Check
                  bowl)
ʔau-              see 'aw-                         Check
-au               see -u'                          Check
ʔau- (1)          to care for, provide, satisfy    Check
                  (?)
ʔau- (2)          meaning unclear (chew            Check
                  tobacco?)
ʔaugʷalaci        sympathetic person               Check
ʔaukʷ             to pity, to have mercy           HS
ʔaukʷa            to stop (engine)                 EW, HS
ʔaukʷal ala       to stop repeatedly (said of      HS
                  an engine)
ʔaukʷanakʷla      slowing down to a stop           WL
ʔaukʷaƛi          to stop on the water (said of    WL
                  a canoe)
ʔaukʷaut          to stop sth.                     Check
ʔaukʷaxʔaukʷaka   to stop repeatedly               Check
ʔaukʷis           stop on the beach                WL
ʔaukʷls           stop on the ground               WL
ʔaukʷla           to cause to have mercy           Check
ʔaulm.nukʷ        to have a toy, to have sth.      Check
                  as toy; to ridicule sth., to
                  make fun of sth.
-auɬ              see -ulh                         Check
ʔauɬ-             to play                          Check
ʔaum-             to ease or stop (said of         Check
                  pain)
ʔauma             to stop (pain)                   EW
ʔaumaʔala u       medicine against pain; pain      Check
                  reliever, pain killer
ʔaumala           not hurting too much (said       Check
                  of pain)
ʔaup- (1)         to use a wood chisel             Check
ʔaup- (2)         to whisper                       Check
                                    43


ʔaupa              to use a wood chisel           EW
ʔauqsuli           poison                         BC80: Boas93
ʔauqʷ-             stinging, poisonous            Check
ʔauqʷ-.            hellebore                      Check
ʔauːkʷ             to pity                        EW, HS
ʔau a-             go ahead! proceed! do!         Check
ʔau aχƛxʔit        plural of: to lift sth. onto   Check
                   one's back and carry it
ʔau aχʷƛulm        plural of: suspenders; thing   Check
                   used as packsack
ʔauxʷ              please! please help!           Check
ʔauxʷʔaukʷa        stop off and on (repeatedly)   WL
ʔauxʷʔit           to have mercy, to give a       Check
                   helping hand
ʔauχʷa             an unidentified inedible       Check
                   small cockle-like clam
ʔauχʷλiƛla         carrying sth. on one's back    Check
                   into the house
ʔauχʷƛa            to carry on one's back         HS
ʔauχʷƛala          carrying sth. on one's back    Check
ʔauχʷƛala u        packstrap                      Check
ʔauχʷƛmusdisla     carrying things landwards      Check
                   from the beach on one's
                   back
ʔauχʷƛmxs alsla    carrying things on one's       Check
                   back up to the woods
ʔauχʷƛmiƛla        carrying things on one's       Check
                   back into the house
ʔauχʷƛmncsla       carrying things on one's       Check
                   back down from the woods
                   to the beach
ʔauχʷƛncsa         to carry sth. on the back      Check
                   down to the beach
ʔauχʷƛncsla        carrying sth. on the back      Check
                   down to the beach
ʔauχʷƛulm          suspenders; thing used as      Check
                   packsack
ʔauχʷƛusdisla      carrying sth. landwards        Check
                   from the beach on one's
                   back
ʔauχʷƛxʔit         to lift sth. onto one's back   Check
                   and carry it
ʔauχʷƛxs aʔalsla   carrying sth. on one's back    Check
                   up to the woods
ʔa a (1)           "used when handing over        Check
                   sth. to s.o., in which case
                              44


              the word means ""Here you
              are!"""
ʔa a (2)      Used in commands and          Check
              exhortations; used to lend
              emphasis to requests and
              polite commands
              introduced by the word
ʔa a (3)      Used in purposive clauses     Check
              introduced by qn, in which
              case the allomorph L or La
              is placed between 'a\wa and
              the factualizing suffix.
ʔa a (4)      Used in sentences in the      Check
              first connective mood; used
              in sentences in the second
              connective mood, in which
              case 'a\wa is normally
              followed by the perfective
              suffix
ʔa   akla     working slowly                EW
ʔa   akʷa     to chew tobacco               Check
ʔa   akʷkʷ    chewing tobacco               Check
ʔa   a at     to have a father              Check
ʔa   a u      thing for skimming,           Check
              skimmer
ʔa aʣu        stepfather                    HS
-aw .         left behind                   cf. Boas 313
ʔa inas       slow working person           EW
ʔa m          father                        EW
ʔa mxʔit      to become a father            Check
-a            see -u'                       Check
-a .          see -u'                       Check
-a ..         see -u'                       Check
ʔa aχʷλiƛla   plural of: carrying sth. on   Check
              one's back into the house
-a ilala      across on rock                Boas 313
-a iɬ         across                        Boas 313
-a is         across on the ground          Boas 313
ʔa isʔilm     to settle (said of dirt)      Check
ʔaxʔalis      plural of: motionless in      Check
              space (as clouds in the
              sky), motionless on the
              beach
ʔaxʷa         to skim (off foam)            EW
ʔaxʷlqʷ       foam (as e.g. on the waves,   Check
              or from soap)
                                 45


ʔaxʷlqʷƛai      foam on the surface of the      HS
                water
ʔaxʷlqʷut       to skim off foam (as when       Check
                cooking)
-aχ             down; also -yaq or -ax\a        Boas 321
-aχa            also, likewise, again (found    Check
                preceded by -m and/or
                followed by -dha or -Ta
                (Rath 1981)
ʔaχʡ daut       to reveal, exhibit, or          Check
                display sth.
ʔaχʡidaut       to widen sth. (also: a          Check
                perspective); to make sth.
                clear or visible; to explain,
                clarify, or reveal sth.
ʔaχʡ t          to appear somewhere, to         Check
                turn up, show up, come into
                view; to make a (sudden)
                display (as e.g. the sun
                through the clouds)
ʔaχʡit          to open (as e.g. a mouth), to   Check
                widen (as e.g. a view)
ʔaχba           visible (said of the end of     HS
                sth. (as e.g. the bow of the
                boat coming out of a pass
                or the end of a nail that has
                gone through the wood)).
ʔaχba           wider at the end                Check
ʔaχbaʔals       flared (as trouser legs)        Check
ʔaχpastu        to get within eyeshot           HS not seen
ʔaχs staʡisla   wide (as e.g. a bay)            HS
-aχsm           woman                           Boas 322
ʔaχstu          hole, opening, passage, eye     Check
ʔaχstut         to widen a hole, opening, or    Check
                passage
ʔaχʷ-           thrush                          Check
ʔaχʷ-.          to foam, to skim off foam       Check
ʔaχʷa-          if                              Check
ʔaχʷa.          see 'anax\va                    EW
ʔaχʷʔaχʷni      thrush                          EW
ʔa -            see 'ai-                        Check
ʔa a-           to bend, fold, double (sth.     Check
                or oneself), to go in a loop
                (as when rounding a point
                of land)
-ayaguɬ         to have been                    Boas 311
                                 46


-ayak           in surface water                Boas 312
ʔa aka          to bend, fold, double           EW, HS nEW
                (something or oneself), to
                go in a loop (as when
                rounding a point of land)
ʔa ak aχsi      to bend, fold, double over      Check
                an edge (as when bending
                over the edge of a canoe)
ʔa aknt         to bend (hang, double, fold)    Check
                sth. over sth. long (as e.g.
                fish over a stick)
ʔa asa          to urinate (said of a           EW
                woman)
ʔa asbis        urine of a female               Check
ʔa asɢmt        to hit sth. round and/or        Check
                bulky (as e.g. a rock, drum,
                box) with the waist
ʔa asʔit        to start urinating (said of a   Check
                female)
ʔa asps         incessantly urinating           Check
                female
ʔa astisla      to round a lake, to go          Check
                around a lake
ʔa auhu         exclamation when the fish       Check
                jumps
ʔa a istisla    to round a body of water        Check
                (such as a lake or bay) with
                a canoe
ʔa axʔit        to round a point                Check
ʔa aχinala      to carry sth. folded over the   Check
                shoulder (as one's jacket
                when it is warm, or as a
                rope)
ʔa a u          long-line for fishing           PIC
                halibut, halibut skate
-a aʣ aɬ        used to be, used to do          Boas 311
-ayu            instrument (Instr), passive     Boas 312
                (this suffix becomes -Yu
                after vowel sounds)
ʔa   uxʷʔidas   turning-point                   Check
ʔa   uxʷʔit     to round a point                Check
ʔa    ista      to round a point                Check
-a              Interrogative mood              EW
-a   .          see -i'                         Check
-a   a          left over                       cf. Boas 312
ʔa   asɢmala    plural of: turning the other    HS
                               47


               way
ʔa nuχʷ        person good at long-lining    Check
               for halibut
ʔa us          to have heard and             Check
               understood sth.
ʔa us.         to understand (language,      EW
               meaning)
ʔa ut          to put grease in cooking      Check
               water (as when preparing
               salmon stew)
ʔaʣ- (1)       sasquatch                     Check
ʔaʣ- (2)       meaning unclear (in various   Check
               terms of endearment)
ʔaʣi           sasquatch; the child-         EW
               snatching monster with the
               basket
ʔaʣida         term of address used for an   EW
               elder sibling
ʔaʣidaɢa       an address possibly used      Check
               for one's elder sister
ʔaʣiɬba        a kind of bear, ressembling   EW
               a grizzly but smaller
               (meaning unsure)
baːkʷu         to meet and talk              EW
babika         to try to light something     HS
babla          jealous (sexually)            Check
bablasqikʷ     given to (sexual) jealousy    Check
bada           butter                        PIC
badaʣu u       butter knife?                 PIC
bagʷana        skate (fish)                  EW
bagʷnχʷ        food gathered and             Check
               preserved for the winter
bakʷ- (1)      skate (fish)                  Check
bakʷ- (2)      to gather and preserve        Check
               things
bakʷ- (3)      to stay filled                Check
bakʷ- (4)      meaning unclear (used in      Check
               cannibal figure)
bakʷalistala   to talk now about this, now   Check
               about that
bakʷla         to gather and preserve        EW
               things for winter
bakʷlaʔas      place where food is           Check
               gathered
bakʷlas        place where food is           Check
               gathered
                                  48


bakʷlinuχʷ       person good at gathering        HS maybe
                 and preserving things for
                 winter
bakʷalaʔala      to make a person talk           Check
bakʷalaʔalacwa   person who makes one talk,      Check
                 person who likes to talk
                 about anything
bakʷalanyala     officer, boss, commander,       Check
                 manager; to drill
bakʷalista       to talk in circles              Check
baːkʷaxsala      to talk nonsense (as when       hs
                 delirious)
bakʷnχ           season for gathering and        Check
                 preserving food
baɬʔit           to start to spread the arms     Check
                 (as for measuring by
                 fathom)
bankʷuba         Vancouver                       HS
baqʷ-            to separate things that are     Check
                 joined together (e.g. a pen
                 and its cap)
baqʷa            to separate things that are     EW
                 joined together
basbuli          Nootka, wild rose (Rosa         BC111: DS
                 nutkana) hip
basbuli as       Nootka, wild rose (Rosa         BC111: DS
                 nutkana) bush: dance
                 symbol
baƛ-             measure, fathom, to             Check
                 measure by using the
                 extended arms or fingers
baƛa             to measure, fathom,             EW
                 measure by using the
                 extended arms or fingers
baƛgi ala        spreading out from the          Check
                 front (as trolling poles from
                 the front part of the boat)
baƛi             fathom                          Check
baƛla            spreading out the arms (as      Check
                 for measuring a fathom)
baxʷ-            to rise, swell, increase in     Check
                 size, take shape
baxʷbagʷaci      a mythical box with             DS53
                 unlimited contents;
                 synonymous with K’awaCi,
                 a box that contains an
                                     49


                    endless supply of food,
                    ceremonial regalia where
                    also stored in this box
baxʷbakʷa           to stay filled                  EW
Baxʷbakʷalanusiwa   the Cannibal-From-the-          EW, DS53
                    North-End-of-the-World,
                    who is defeated by the sons
                    of Nnuwaqawa; name of
                    the cannibal spirit who
                    possesses the Ha\maCa
                    dancer or Tanis; name of
                    the cannibal in the story of
                    Cuumqlaqs; refers to the
                    eating of humans by a spirit
baxʷbuɬila          deep in the water at the        Check
                    bow (said of a canoe)
baxʷcwa             person who always gathers       Check
                    and preserves food
baxʷnakʷla          rising gradually, gradual       EW
                    rising of sth., (fig:) taking
                    shape gradually
baxʷpxʷa            sth. that keeps rising no       Check
                    matter how much is taken
                    off
baχʷʔit             to (start to) separate things   Check
                    that normally go together
                    (as a pen and its cap)
bi-                 abandoned place                 Check
bibla               plural of: to forbid, to stop   Check
                    a person from doing sth.
biblxʷla            plural of: person from Bella    Check
                    Coola
biblxʷlaχsm         Bella Coola woman               Check
bibna               plural of: close to sth.        Check
bibnala             plural of: keeping close to     Check
                    sth.
bibnalaƛla          plural of: keeping close to a   Check
                    surface (such as a float) or
                    a body; (fig:) to be closely
                    related to s.o.
bibngla             plural of: close to the         Check
                    (rocky) shore
bibnɢwala           plural of: keeping close        Check
                    together
bibut               plural of: boat                 Check
bibwa               plural of: to flee, to fly      Check
                                50


             from, to escape
bics         any old and abandoned             DS53
             village, desolate and
             seldom used place; also a
             place name, location
             uncertain, home of
             Waawalis, possibly the
             flats at Gldala
bigaqla      sparks (from a fire)              Check
bik-         to transfer fire                  Check
bika         to transfer fire                  EW
bikla        igniting, lighting with a         Check
             match
bikχtut      to light sth. at the top (e.g.    Check
             an oil lamp)
bikχtwala    sth. lighted at the top part      Check
             (as a candle)
bipgaqla     plural of: sparks (from a         Check
             fire)
bipka        plural of: to ignite, to light    Check
             fire (as with a match), to
             light a pipe
bipkχtut     plural of: to light sth. at the   Check
             top (e.g. an oil lamp)
bipkχtwala   plural of: sth. lighted at the    Check
             top part (as a candle)
bipxcut      plural of: to light the           Check
             contents of sth., to light a
             pipe
bipxstu      plural of: cross-eyed             Check
bs           rarely used camping place,        EW
             old abandoned village
b saus       cannery                           Check
bix-         to glow, sparkle,                 Check
             phosphoresce
bixa         phosphorescence (as from          Check
             salmon in the salt water)
bixbaut      to light the end of sth.          HS
bixcut       to light the contents of sth.,    Check
             to light a pipe
bixʔit       to start to ignite (light) with   Check
             a match
bixla        to glow, sparkle,                 EW
             phosphoresce; refers to
             bioluminescence caused by
             various marine
                               51


            dinoflagellates (Division
            Pyrrhophycophyta)
            including Noctiluca spp.
            (Noctilucales), Gonyaulax
            spp., Pyrocystis spp.,
            Pyrodinium spp.
bixstu      cross-eyed                        EW
bkʷ-        human, human behaviour            Check
bl-         to forbid, to prevent s.o.        Check
            from doing sth.
bla         to forbid, to prevent             EW
            somebody from doing
            something
blanukʷ     to have sth. forbidden            Check
            (stopped), to let people
            forbid (stop) sth.
bliks       bricks                            Check
bliqs       cone (of tree)                    EW
bl ala      language of the Bella             Check
            Coola; to speak the Bella
            Coola language
blxʔit      to (start to) forbid, to (start   Check
            to) stop s.o. from doing sth.
blxʷ-       from Bella Coola                  Check
blxʷla      from Bella Coola                  EW
blus        to be in Bella Coola              Check
bns-        bashful                           Check
bnsla       bashful                           EW
bn-         close, to fit closely             Check
bn-.        see bN-                           Check
bna         close to sth.                     Check
bnala       keeping close to sth.             Check
bnalaƛla    keeping close to a surface        Check
            (such as a float) or a body;
            (fig:) to be closely related
            to s.o.
bngla       close to the (rocky) shore        Check
bnɢu        close together                    Check
bnɢut       to put things close together      EW
bnɢuxʷʔit   to get close together             Check
bnɢwala     keeping close together            Check
bnxʔit      to get close to sth.              Check
bu-         to leave, flee, abandon           Check
budaʔau     small boat                        HS
bugʷnukʷ    to have a book                    Check
bukʷ        book                              Check
                                 52


bukʷkasʔu      books??                         PIC
bukʷnukʷ       to have a book                  Check
bukʷxʷʔit      to become a book                Check
buliƛχut       to bend one's head and          Check
               stick it into a narrow
               (throat-like) opening
buɬ-           to hang the head down           Check
buɬa           to hang the head down; to       HS ind
               somersault
buɬbuɬa        to bend over repeatedly         HS ind
buɬciwa        to bend the head and stick      Check
               it through sth.
buɬcut         to bend the head and stick      Check
               it through sth.
buɬʔit         to let one's head hang, to      Check
               become loaded down at the
               bow (as a canoe)
buɬla          loaded down at the bow (as      EW
               a canoe), hanging one's
               head down
bupxʷʔit       plural of: to (start to) fly    Check
               from or escape from sth., to
               get away from what one
               fears
bupxʷls        plural of: girl bearing an      Check
               illegitimate child
bupxʷlym       plural of: illegitimate child   Check
buqʷ- (1)      bud, knob                       Check
buqʷ- (2)      to fart                         Check
buqʷq a        toque                           PIC
buqʷq ala      wearing a toque                 Check
buqi           one's navel, belly button       Check
buqʷala        to fart                         EW
buqʷalaglsla   car, truck??                    PIC
buqʷχλa        person who always farts         Check
buqʷχʷλa       person who always farts         HS
bus-           to swell (esp. when             Check
               pregnant)
busi           "cat (from English              PIC
               ""pussy""?)"
busipaɬʔu      cat (dislike)                   WL
buspqʷχλa      plural of: person who           Check
               always farts
bustnɢmɬ       Boston hat                      Check
bus aʡu        a small cat                     WL
but            boat                            Check
                                 53


butksƛa        cute boat                        Check
buxʷ-          illegitimately pregnant          Check
buxʷʔit        to (start to) fly from or        HS
               escape from sth., to get
               away from what one fears
buxʷls         illegitimately pregnant          EW
buxʷlym        illegitimate child               Check
buχʷbuqʷa      unidentified sea anemone         EW
bwa            to leave, flee, abandon          EW
bwala          fleeing, flying from,            Check
               escaping from
b ikʷ          pregnant                         EW
b ixʷʔit       to become pregnant               Check
bya            beer                             Check
byaxbyagilas   pub                              Check
byaxbyaka      to drink beer                    Check
-c             invisible (Invis); see also -s   EW
caːtu          to separate, divorce, split      EW
               up
cacaus         church-building                  HS
caca ayu       container for catching drips     Check
               from a leaking roof
caca ayu       shotgun pellets                  EW
cacca ayu      plural of: container for         HS
               catching drips from a
               leaking roof
caccut         plural of: to pour liquid into   Check
               a container, to fill a
               container with liquid
caci ayu       small fishing net on a stick     PIC
cacliqa        to be skeptic                    Check
cacqwlsa       plural of: to chase out of       Check
               the house
cactu          plural of: to go one's own       Check
               way, to part company, to
               split
cacuχʷλi       rain barrel                      Check
cacxʷa         plural of: to drip               Check
cacxʷat a      to make an earring out of        Check
               mother-of-pearl (from
               abalone shells)
cacyusu        plural of: to spill liquid       Check
cac a          to dip for fish                  WL
cac akʷ        plural of: pancake, flapjack     Check
cac ayu        dip net (for herring); pellets   WL, PIC
               (for a shotgun)
                                      54


cac   ayucwala      shotgun                          Check
cac   ayugila       make a dip net                   WL
cac   ayugilaχʷ     suppose to be a dip net          WL
cac   ayugiliχsda   to want to make a dip net        WL
cac   a uƛ          going to be a dip net            WL
cac   ut            plural of: to make a             HS
                    pancake
cacut               to pour liquid into a            Check
                    container, to fill a container
                    with liquid
cacwa               to fill a container with         Check
                    liquid
caɢayu              plunger for chasing the fish     Check
                    back into the seine
caɢinakʷ            (s.o.) chased home               Check
caɢinakʷa           to chase s.o. home               Check
caɢiƛa              to chase into the house          Check
caɢm                means to chase the kids          Check
                    home
cahiƛa              to pour water into the house     Check
caikʷ               split/poured on sth.             WL
caina               chinese                          HS
cainakala           Chinese language, to speak       HS
                    Chinese
caixʷsmkʷ           an unidentified small light-     HS not heard
                    coloured bird with little
                    dark spots all over the body
caka                to hop                           Check
cakla               hopping                          OLP5
cakla (1)           to hop                           EW
cakla (2)           to scratch (like a dog)          EW
cakulscam           "roughly September, when         BC371: Drucker
                    people work at preserving
                    salmon, ""moon when there
                    are no more berries""
                    (Drucker 1950:270)"
cakwala             to rub inner cedar bark          Check
                    together (as to make the
                    wooly substance called:
                    hikv
camicaʔala          to dissuade                      Check
canata              a hoop game                      EW
caqa                to chase away                    EW
caqaχayu            to be chased down and            Check
                    away from sth., to get fired
                    from employment
                                55


caqaχut       to chase sth. down and           Check
              away from sth., to fire s.o.
              from employment
caqla         chasing away                     Check
caqmaχayu     to be chased down and            Check
              away from sth., to get fired
              from employment (said of a
              group of people)
caqmuya       to chase a group of sth. out     Check
caqmwlsa      to chase a group of sth. out     Check
              of the house
caquya        to chase out                     Check
caqwisa       to chase (e.g. ducks) out of     Check
              the hiding place on the
              beach
caqwlsa       to chase out of the house        Check
casa          to pour water on, throw out      EW, OLP5
              water
casaχla       pouring down (said of            Check
              liquid)
casʔit        to empty a pail, to pour         WL
              liquid out at once, to start
              to pour liquid out
casla         pouring, dumping out (said       WL
              in connection with liquid)
casmcut       to fill containers with liquid   Check
casmcwa       to fill containers with liquid   Check
casmt         to pour water on the face        Check
castaut       to pour liquid overboard         HS
castut        to extinguish fire by            Check
              pouring water over it
casƛala       to pour liquid (e.g. water,      Check
              grease) over the fire
casƛalaxʔit   to start to pour liquid over     Check
              the fire
casƛalisa     to pour liquid (e.g. water,      Check
              grease) on the fire
casut         to pour liquid out, to pour      Check
              water outside the house
caswlsa       to pour water out of the         Check
              house
catu          to go one's own way, to          Check
              part company, to split, to
              separate (as one person
              from another)
catut         to separate                      Check
                                56


causkn        become too dry                   WL
cawaci        container for catching drips     Check
              from a leaking roof
caxʔit        to start to hop                  Check
caxsχƛaqa     to hop over sth. (e.g. sticks)   Check
caxʷa         to leak, drip                    EW
caxʷai        mother-of-pearl (as in an        HS
              abalone shell)
caxʷaisɢm     blanket set with shells          HS maybe
caxʷi         mother of pearl                  EW
caxʷʔit       to start to drip (as water       Check
              from a leaky roof)
caxʷla        dripping of water                Check
caχʡit        to start to chase away           Check
cayaci        funnel                           Check
cayaka        to try to rub or knead, to       HS
              prepare for rubbing or
              kneading
cayuqʷa       to beg habitually                Check
cayusawa      one's spills of liquid           Check
cayusu        to spill liquid                  Check
cayusumas     s.o. causing sth. to spill       WL
ca akʷ        pancake, flapjack                Check
ca uqʷa.      plural of: to beg habitually     Check
ca ut         to make a pancake                HS
cbaci         wooden object??? (e.g.           PIC
              duck)
ccila         to do what somebody else         EW
              does or did
ccxstwa       to wipe the eyes                 HS
ccwala        hunting???                       PIC
cd lkʷ        dolphin                          EW
cgaci         bowl?                            PIC
-ci           see -si or -xsi                  Check
cicaina       plural of: chinese               HS
cicainaχsm    Chinese woman                    HS
ciccainaχsm   plural of: Chinese woman         HS
ciccxstwa     to wipe the eyes                 HS
cicka         plural of: to rub clothes or     Check
              cedarbark, to mix dough, to
              knead
cicliqa       plural of: to deny, to doubt,    Check
              to disbelieve
cicnaci       plural of: water main, water     Check
              pipe, gutter
cicnala       plural of: sound of water        Check
                                  57


               running, sound of a creek
cicqa          plural of: dirty                  Check
cicta          plural of: to tilt, list (as a    Check
               boat)
cictanyala     plural of: to roll (as a boat     Check
               on the water), to rock from
               one side to another
cictsamas      plural of: to cause to lean       Check
               over or to be in listing
               position on the ground
               outdoors
cicxaχla       plural of: waterfall, cataract    Check
cicxʔit        plural of: to (start to) dip up   Check
               water, to serve water
cicxls         plural of: overflow or            Check
               flooding of a creek or river;
               inundation
cicxlsla       plural of: brook                  Check
cicxl ukʷ      plural of: driven away by         Check
               flooding (as people who
               house is near a swelling
               creek)
cicxʷa         plural of: to make fine           Check
               chips with an adze
cicχsis        dirty feet                        Check
cicχskana      dirty hands                       Check
cicχʷpa        plural of: sour taste, tasting    Check
               sour
cicχʷpaʡimas   sour fruit or berries             BC505: DS
cicya          plural of: to go and get          Check
               water outdoors
cidiɬ          in listing position indoors       Check
cidiɬa         to list or tip over sth.          Check
               indoors (e.g. a box)
cidis          in listing position on the        Check
               beach (as e.g. a boat)
cidisa         to list (tilt) sth. (such as a    Check
               boat) on the beach
cigʷa u        shovel                            PIC
ciɢʷuɬ         boiled, curdled, coagulated       EW
               blood
cikƛai         to skim on water                  HS
cikʷa          to shovel                         EW, PIC
cilis          domesticated cherries             BC111: lj; PIC
               (Prunus): English loan
ciɬa           to ravel, to fray (as e.g.        Check
                               58


             fabric)
ciɬba        ravelled, ruffled or bushy at    Check
             the end (as rope)
c ɬcdis      plural of: in listing position   Check
             on the beach (as e.g. a boat)
ciɬʔit       to start to ravel or fray, to    Check
             become bushy
ciɬla        bushy, fraying, ravelling        Check
ciɬla.       rough, frayed, unravelled,       EW
             ruffled, bushy
ciɬqya       unruly hair                      Check
cimani       horse clam                       EW
cinaci       water main, water pipe,          Check
             gutter
Cinisi       a creek now called Genesee       DS54, PIC
             Creek just past the First
             Narrows of Owikeno Lake;
             location of the
             Ha\nThikvnas story;
             associated with the Johnson
             family; refers to a small
             creek flowing
cinala       sound of water running,          Check
             sound of a creek
cisla        water bug                        EW
cita         to tilt, lean, list, to slope    EW
citanyala    to roll (as a boat on the        Check
             water), to rock from one
             side to another
citi         to list on the water             HS
cits         leaning over, tilted, or in      Check
             listing position on the
             ground outdoors
citsamas     to cause to lean over or to      Check
             be in listing position on the
             ground outdoors
cixaχilala   steep waterfall or cataract      Check
cixaχla      waterfall, cataract              Check
cixʔit       to (start to) dip up water, to   Check
             serve water
cixla        flowing of water; brook,         PIC
             stream
cixla..      running, flowing, flooding       EW
             (water); brook, stream
cixls        overflow or flooding of a        Check
             creek or river; inundation
                                59


cixlsla        brook                           Check
cixl ukʷ       driven away by flooding         Check
               (as people who house is
               near a swelling creek)
cixsistalakʷ   waterpower, hydroelectric       Check
               power
cixstala       waterfall pouring into a        Check
               lake or the sea
ciχa           to melt tallow                  EW
ciχʷa          sour (esp. crabapples)          EW
ciχʷʔit        to turn sour                    Check
ciχʷpa         sour taste, tasting sour        Check
ciχʷpaɬχta     sour taste in one's mouth, to   Check
               have a sour taste in one's
               mouth
-ck            see -sk                         Check
cka            to rub something                EW, HS
               (excluding body parts),
               scrub, knead
-cki           see -ski                        Check
ckʣu           board for rubbing,              HS
               washboard
ckʷa           rock fence, fish trap made      EW
               of stones
cla            basket (of any kind)            Check
cla..          to cut through water            EW
clcli          a scarlet coloured berry        BC121
               (unidentified by Compton
               1993:121): fruits eaten (?)
cliqa          to deny, to doubt, to           Check
               disbelieve
cliqa.         to deny, to doubt, to           EW
               disbelieve
clχa           to hail, spell of hail, sleet   EW
clχa.                                          Check
clχbis         hail (i.e. the substance)       Check
clχʷpa         having a fermented taste        EW
Cmkχta         "name of a boy, from an         DS54
               'A|zi story told by Hilda
               Smith for Maggie Bernard;
               name of a woman, from the
               story of Y’aakas, belonging
               to Albert Harry; ""split-
               lip"" or ""missing teeth"""
cmkʷa          to crumble something up         EW
cmxʷcmxʷa      kitchen sink?                   PIC
                              60


cmxʷla       to flow, run on (as water      Check
             through a hose)
cmxʷla.      to flow (water)                EW
cmχʷsala     flowing into the boat (said    Check
             of water)
cmχʷsalakʷ   water washed into the boat     Check
cmic         bored and fed up with          EW
             something
cmica        bored and fed up with sth.     Check
cmicala      in the state of being bored    Check
             and fed up with sth.
cmicxʔit     to become bored and fed up     Check
             with sth.
cncaχsm      Chinese woman                  HS
cnɢaci       frying pan                     PIC
cnɢayu       lard, fat used for frying      Check
cnqa         to fry                         EW
cnqkʷ        sth. fried                     Check
cnqla        frying                         Check
cnqxʷ        fried fish                     WL
cnχʡit       to (start to) fry              Check
cnχʷ         greaves, cracklings (of fat)   EW
cnyas        prickly currant, swamp         BC104: lj
             black gooseberry (Ribes
             lacustre) (EW: deviLs club
             (oplopanax horridum))
cn as        prickly currant, swamp         EW; BC104
             black gooseberry (Ribes
             lacustre) (EW: deviLs club
             (oplopanax horridum)); a
             wet and slow burning
             branch, from the Bear Story
             belonging to Jack Johnson;
             synonymous with wiQas
cpa          meaning not remembered         EW
             but had something to do
             with cedar bark
cqa (1)      to shred cedar bark            BC64: Boas93
cqa (2)      dirty, soiled                  Check
cqm          dirty face(d)                  Check
cqms         soil                           EW
cqʷlc        whetstone                      EW
csa          meaning not remembered         EW
             but had something to do
             with splitting branches or
             roots
                               61


cta         to pull apart, split (cedar       EW
            roots, twigs, bark)
-cu         see -su                           Check
cuccista    plural: drought                   Check
cucista     drought                           Check
cuckʷla     plural of: brittle, easy to       Check
            break (as cornflakes)
cucpala     plural of: red-breasted           Check
            robin
cucsa       dry, dried up, dried out,         Check
            brittle
cucu        whipped soaberry foam             BC94
cukʷa       to crumble or break to            Check
            pieces (said of sth. brittle
            such as corn flakes)
cukʷla      brittle, easy to break (as        Check
            cornflakes)
cukʷla.     brittle, easy to break            EW
cupala      red-breasted robin                Check
cupali      robin                             EW
cuqʷa       to beg, to go and ask for         EW
            something
cuqʷla      asking or begging to do a         Check
            favour
cuqʷqla     sleet                             EW
cusa        dried out, brittle                EW
cusaɬχta    dry mouth, to have a dry          Check
            mouth
cusʔit      to become dry, dried out or       WL
            brittle (as cornflakes)
cusʔitʣ a   finally become dry                WL
cuskn       become too dry                    WL
cusla       dry, dried out, brittle (as       Check
            cornflakes)
cuxʷa       to chip out with an adze          EW
cuxʷʔit     to start to crumble or break      Check
            to pieces (said of sth. brittle
            such as cornflakes)
cuxʷsi      to break to pieces (said of       Check
            sth. brittle such as
            cornflakes)
cuxʷs a     to break sth. brittle to          Check
            pieces
cuxʷs ut    to break sth. brittle to          Check
            pieces
cuχʷʔit.    to (start to) ask a favour        Check
                              62


cuylla       to make sth. cry                WL
cu uxʷs a    to crumble away (as sth.        Check
             brittle, e.g. biscuit), to
             break or crumble sth. brittle
             into pieces
cwayu        adze with blade curved          HS
             lengthwise and used in the
             final stage of canoe making
cwinakʷla    getting dry                     WL
cxdma        washboard                       Check
cxʔit        to start to rub bark or         Check
             clothers (over a board), to
             start to knead or mix dough
cxʷa (1)     to adze off fine chips          EW
cxʷa (2)     rock fence                      EW
cxʷʔit       to start to make fine chips     Check
             with an adze
cxʷla        making fine chips with an       Check
             adze
cχa          to split, crack (said of        EW
             wood)
cχʡit        to become dirty                 Check
-cχʷ         see -sx\v                       Check
cχʷa         to flap (as fish)               Check
cχʷʔit.      to start to flap (as fish)      Check
cχʷla.       flapping (as a fish)            EW
Cχʷlis       name of Maggie Ngyazi           DS54
cya          to dip up, to use the bailer    EW, PIC
cyala        serving liquid or particled     Check
             solid (such as berries)
cyala u      dipper; box to serve berries    Check
             to the chiefs after the final
             dance of the potlatch
cyausla      to ladle over                   HS no
c lʣu        rough (said of lumber)          Check
cymcwa.      to dip up liquid or particled   Check
             solid (such as berries)
cymχsala     to brail fish from the net to   Check
             the boat
cymχsala u   brailer, dip net                Check
cyulm        brailer, dip net                Check
caː          flow of water, creek            DS55
             flowing
caʡiχ        (plural of: ?) rope made of     SW115;BC120:EW,
             nettles (and probably also      HS
             fireweed)
                                     63


caːla               tide, flow of the tide          EW
Caːlaliɬanaɢa       "name of a princess of          DS55
                    Chief Yax\thn; possibly a
                    name found in the Alfred
                    Lewis-Thompson family;
                    ""the wash or wake of a
                    whale"""
Caccaglis           name of the creek at the top    DS56
                    end of K’itit, Indian
                    Reserve #1
caccχc ainuχʷ       plural of: basketball player    HS bb
caccχmala           plural of: person who           HS
                    always picks out the easy
                    jobs
cacɬcm his ɢulali   salmonberry (Rubus              BC114: EW, HS, rh
                    spectabilis) (dark ruby fruit
                    form)
cacɬcms ɢulali      salmonberry (Rubus              BC114: EW, HS, rh
                    spectabilis) (dark ruby fruit
                    form)
cacaɢa              to hunt for mountain goat       EW, HS
cacanakʷla          to stagger, to be unable to     Check
                    walk straight
cacanakʷla u        to stagger about (as a drunk    Check
                    person); to be taken by the
                    tide gradually
cacaym              eel-grass (Zostera marina       EW; BC82
                    L.), and possibly surf-grass
                    (Phyllospadix spp.); used to
                    collect, and eaten with,
                    herring roe
Cacglisla           a point of land between         DS55
                    Cinisi Creek and the Dus
                    Falls where several creeks
                    enter the lake
cacigʷlaqʷa         to sing (said of a bird)        Check
cacikaɬma           to instigate a fight            Check
cacikaɬqnwa         to butt in on a fight           Check
caciqaχudayu        an unidentified kind of trap    Check
cacixʷcayu          ??                              PIC
cacixʷmqa           to be tired of waiting          Check
caciχsiʣuda u       an unidentified sort of trap    HS
caclkalaca          to gather boughs and roots      BC63: DS
                    for making baskets
caclka              to get feathers [reduplicated   EW
                    form]
                                 64


cacmgila       pointing?                       WL
cacmsila       director; to give directions    Check
               }
cacmtila       to hold oneself up on the       Check
               toes
cacma          to try to point                 HS
caculaq        salmonberry (Rubus              BC114
               spectabilis) (dark ruby fruit
               form)
cacuɬm         chickadee (small bird with      Check
               a black head)
cacuɬma        chickadee (small bird with      Check
               a black head)
cacusi         pimple                          Check
cacusm         pimple on the face              EW
cacχc a        basketball game                 Check
cacχc ainuχʷ   basketball player               HS BB
cacχc ayu      basketball ball                 Check
cacχmala       person who always picks         Check
               out the easy jobs
cacχsmcwala    sack, bag                       Check
cac aswala     brothers and sisters in one     Check
               family together
cagnakʷla      thawing gradually (as ice)      Check
Cagʷala        name of a river called          DS55
               Chuckwalla today, it flows
               into the bay at Gldala; the
               name refers to the incident
               in the story of
               Ha\nThikvnas where he
               kills a large number of
               goats at the head of the
               C’agvala River by kicking
               them off a cliff
Cagʷalitχʷ     name for the people from        DS56
               the village at the mouth of
               the C’agvala
caɢaci         container for catching drips    Check
               from a leaking roof
Caɢnukʷ        a rock formation that looks     DS55
               like a goat on the
               Sumx\ulh, its eye and head
               turn and follow you as you
               pole up the river
caɢʷa u        instrument for stretching       Check
               shoes, etc.; accordion
                                  65


caɢʷisa         to stretch a line before        Check
                using it
cahuːsɢmalis    waves, breakers                 SW122,123
caiɢaci         house for Indian dancing,       HS
                esp. for the Cannibal
                dancer
caiɢm           song text (of any kind)         HS, SW195
caiɢmgila       to make a song text             HS
caiɢmgilinuχʷ   composer of song texts          HS
caiqa           shaman, medicine man;           EW, HS
                Indian dancer
Caiqa.          name of a series of dances      DS56
                called the ShamaNs series,
                which features the
                Ha\maCa Dance as its
                highest ranking dance;
                name is applied to the
                initiates of the ShamaNs
                Series of dances; name of
                the winter ceremonials of
                the Kwakwaka'wakw
Caiqilakʷ       a potlatch given when one       DS56
                is possessed of the C’aiqa
                spirits without going
                through the usually
                required minor dances, this
                was a special privilege or
                suya'a\ima of one of the
                families; refers to the
                dancer who is being
                initiated into the C’aiqa
                Series
caiqmɬ          head wear for a dancer or a     HS
                shaman
caiqala         incantation of a shaman         HS
caista          turning of the tide             HS
caistayu        turned by the tide or the       HS
                back eddy
caiƛ            to come in (said of the tide)   HS
caiƛla          coming in of the tide           HS
caiχ            rope made of nettles            EW, HS
caiχʡit         to become a dancer              HS
caiχila         to make a rope (in the old      HS
                days of nettles)
cakaχla         to lose weight                  Check
cakn            point of a salmon or seal       EW
                                  66


                 spear
cala             flow, running of the            Check
                 tidewater, tide
camanyala        to point here and there         Check
caːmaxsalagliɬ   to point around indoors         hs
caːnaxsala       to proceed all over the         hs
                 place
canuqʷa          to hush a whimpering child      EW
canakʷla         running of a river or of the    Check
                 tide
canakʷla u       drifted with the tide or the    Check
                 river water
canit            tail of a fish                  EW
capaχ            cedar branches (or leaves?);    EW; BC411
                 scale-leaved conifers
capχu            hair hanging wet on the         EW
                 neck
caq              mountain goat                   EW, HS, rh
caqa             to drip                         EW, HS ind
caqla            dripping (of water)             Check
caqms            outer cedar bark                BC63
caqmta           to throw to each other (as      Check
                 when playing ball)
caqwala          to strike stones together, to   Check
                 pack haphazardly (clothes,
                 food, etc.)
caqxʔit          to become a goat                HS ind
caqʷa            to stretch, make taut, play     EW, HS ind
                 the accordeon
caqʷkʷ           accordion                       HS
caqala           sound of water dripping         Check
caqʷla           to cause to stretch             Check
caqʷla u         instrument for stretching,      Check
                 stretcher (as put in shoes)
cauɬtayu         taken offshore by the tide      Check
cauyala          going out of the tide           HS
cawmta           to give to each other           Check
Caxcaglis        creek/river west of Nuxvnc      PIC
caxʔida u        to become adrift in a back      Check
                 eddy or a river
caxins           birch tree (Betula              BC88: Curtis
                 papyrifera)
caxʔit.          to start to flow, run (as the   Check
                 water of a back eddy or a
                 river at the change of the
                 tide); to start melting
                                   67


caχʡit          to start to drip (said of         Check
                water)
caχcaɢa         to eat goat meat                  HS ind
caχila          to make a rope                    Check
caχm            fireweed (Epilobium               BC106
                angustifolium L.); young
                stems eaten; fibrous tissue
                for cordage (?)
caχstagila      to cook goat meat                 HS ind
caχtalaƛi       riptide at the mouth of a         Check
                bay
caχʷcaqʷa       to stretch sth. repeatedly;       HS ind
                elastic
caχʷʔit.        to start stretching, to           Check
                become stretched
ca a            younger brother or sister;        EW
                first, second, and third
                cousin, great-great-
                grandfather
ca asla         youngest in the family            Check
cbaci           grease dipping dish, bowl         Check
                where food is dipped into
                grease
ccistut         to wind sth. around sth.          HS
ccn             tidal rapids; name of Drany       EW, HS ind, DS57
                Inlet, refers to the swift tide
                at the narrow mouth of the
                inlet
ccnaχtala       inlet with rapids in the          Check
                mouth
cgʷinakʷ        (probably:) the shorter one       Check
                of the two lines or the
                shorter part of the one line
                connecting a boat to two
                parallel beaches
cgʷis           unable to hold one's breath       Check
                long
cɢiƛa           to throw into a house             Check
cɢm             offering (as in a collection),    Check
                contribution, donation
ciccn           plural of: tidal rapids           HS
ciccxʔaliɬ.     plural of: to report in turns,    HS
                to tell stories in turns
ciccxʔaliɬmta   plural of: to tell stories to     HS
                each other
c c stala       winding rope around sth.          Check
                                 68


c cmt          to wind sth. (e.g. a thread)    Check
               into a ball
c cmkʷ         ball or clew of wound           Check
               thread
cicχʷpaʡimas   plural of: sour fruit or        HS
               berries (of any kind)
c caiχʡidayu   magical tricks displayed in     DS57
               a dance; refers to the power
               of a shaman
cica asla      plural of: youngest in the      Check
               family
ciccmt         plural of: to wind sth. (e.g.   Check
               a thread) into a ball
ciccnaχtala    plural of: inlet with rapids    HS not sure
               in the mouth
cicgilaɢa      plural of: seagull              PIC
cicɢiƛa        plural of: to throw into a      Check
               house
cickʷχt        plural of: short person         HS ind
ciclgm         plural of: long feather         Check
ciclkalas      plural of: boughs, limbs or     Check
               roots of cedar for making
               baskets
ciclχʡit       plural of: to (begin to)        Check
               crack or split (as wood or
               chinaware); to begin to
               shine (as sth. being
               polished)
cicm           plural of: index finger         Check
cicma          plural of: to point             Check
cicmkla        plural of: to ration, to be     Check
               sparing, to use or distribute
               sparingly
cicnalagls     plural of: to walk around in    Check
               a procession or parade
               outdoors
cicnɬtka       plural of: to be startled,      Check
               surprised, shocked or
               staggered
cicnit         plural of: tail of a fish       Check
cicqaχa        plural of: to drop (said of     Check
               things)
cicqaχut       plural of: to throw things      Check
               down from a higher level
cicqla         plural of: to cause to throw    Check
               (money), to collect money
                                  69


cicskn          plural of: wren                  Check
cicspala        plural of: to smell sour (as     Check
                clothes from not drying);
                smell of unwashed clothes
cicwa           plural of: to give               Check
cicxʔaliɬ       to tell news or stories in       EW
                turns
cicxʔaliɬmta    to tell stories to each other    Check
cicxʔit. (1)    plural of: to wake up            Check
cicxʔit. (2)    plural of: to become singed      Check
cicxpala        plural of: smell of burned       Check
                hair or feathers
cicxʷmt         plural of: to stab s.o. in the   Check
                face
cicxʷpat        shell of shellfish, layers of    Check
                barnacle shells as found on
                some beaches
cicχla          plural of: slack (as a rope)     Check
ciduɬ           yearling seal                    EW
cigayu          eraser                           Check
cigilaɢa        seagull                          EW, PIC
cikaχut         to erase sth., to rub sth. off   Check
cikʷa           clams (esp. butter clams)        EW, PIC
cikʷagila       place with lots of clams         WL
cikʷaxcikʷaka   to eat clams                     WL
cikalaci        warship                          Check
cikalyas        battlefield, theater of war      Check
cikaɬcista      to riot, a riot                  Check
cikaɬdmkna      battle dress, soldier's          Check
                uniform
cikaɬʔit        to start a war or a fight        Check
cikaɬla         war, fighting, to be at war,     Check
                to be fighting
cikaɬla.        war, fighting                    EW
cikaɬmɬ         war hat                          Check
cikʷ            bird                             EW, HS
cikʷxʷsala      birds of all species             HS
ciɬ. ala        rumours                          EW
c ɬckʷ          plural of: bird                  Check
c ɬdma          cormorant rock                   Check
ciɬiɬ           meaning uncertain, term          DS57
                applied to the high ranking
                C’aiqa dancers, who are
                still considered taboo and
                under the power of the
                spirit; the dancer must
                              70


             observe certain restrictions,
             and continue to wear bark
             rings
Ciɬ aliɢa    "name of Hilda Smith from       DS57
             Willie Seaweed at Fort
             Rupert; ""to cause
             rumours"""
ciɬχʷa       to cause rumours                ew
cina         lean (meat)                     EW
cinagʷm      string for playing string       Check
             games (i.e. caTs cradle)
cinakʷa      to play caTs cradle, game       EW
             of caTs cradle (string
             games)
cinakʷini    way of playing caTs cradle      Check
ciniqa       squeaking noise (as when a      EW
             nail goes over a window)
cipχsi       to slip apart (legs when        EW
             walking)
ciqa         to walk across a narrow         EW
             rock or edge
ciqʷa        to make a short cut across      EW
             land
ciqʷla       crossing an overland            Check
             passage
ciqʷsχƛals   to cross an overland ridge,     Check
             to walk over to the other
             side of a hill or a mountain
ciqʷɬʔit     to begin to miss the point      Check
             of what is said, to begin to
             fail to understand what is
             said
ciqʷɬkn      baffled, stupefied by what      Check
             was said
ciqʷt        to miss the point of what is    Check
             said, to misunderstand sth.
ciqʷtla      failing to understand           Check
ciqʷtla.     to cause s.o. not to            Check
             understand what is said (as
             by speaking a foreign
             language)
cisa         to put (store) away, to put     Check
             in safekeeping, to preserve;
             to take care of; to wind up a
             string
cisa (1)     to wind up, tangle up           EW
                              71


cisa (2)     to put away (in safe           EW
             keeping), store away,
             preserve
cisbaut      to wind or wrap sth. around    HS
             the end of sth.
cisdma       spool                          Check
cisʔit       to start to store away,        Check
             preserve, put in
             safekeeping, take care of
             sth., to start ot wind up a
             string
cisla        to take care of, to            DS57
             safeguard, to look after;
             attendant (as of a shop)
cislamas     to place in safekeeping, to    Check
             give in custody
Cislayacki   """the keeper of all living    DS58
             things"" who is addressed
             when praying to the sun the
             first thing in the morning;
             lit. ""the one who is
             invisible and who keeps all
             absent things"""
citawi       cormorant (t glottalized?)     EW
citawi       cormorant                      HS, EW, rh, PIC
citawixdma   cormorant rock                 Check
cixcakʷa     to eat clams                   Check
cixcas       clearing in the forest (with   EW
             moss)
cixʔida u    thrown by the thorns of a      Check
             bull
cixʔit (1)   to push or throw with the      EW
             horns (bull)
cixʔit (2)   to erase, rub off              EW
cixsqʷnc     "an unidentified place in      DS59
             Rivers Inlet which means
             ""to take a shortcut
             across"""
Cixstu       name of a man from             DS58
             Nuxvns who loved
             'A|lagMilh, the princess of
             T’haqvagila, he is captured
             by a Lhalha, or Cannibal-
             Woman
cixʷcikʷ     four-wheeled vehicle,          Check
             wagon, carriage, cart
                                 72


ciχa.          to stop raining                 EW
ciχʡit         to stop raining at once, to     Check
               have stopped raining
ciχla.         no more rain falling but        Check
               still overcast
ciχnakʷla      to stop raining gradually       Check
ciχʷʔit.       to begin to cross an            Check
               overland passage
ciχʷpaʡimas    sour fruit or berries (of any   HS
               kind)
c χʷsχƛaʔals   to cross an overland ridge,     Check
               to walk over to the other
               side of a hill or mountain
Ciyu           Tzeo River                      BC376
ciʣapala       ball of hair on the back of     Check
               one's neck
ciʣnakʷla      to hoard, collect, amass,       Check
               keep putting away things as
               they come in
ckla           awake; watchman,                EW
               policeman
ckʷ            short                           EW, HS ind
ckʷi           to walk through the village     EW
               inviting people to a feast
ckʷic          sea egg, sea urchin             Check
ckʷm           short face(d)                   Check
ckʷmit         stump (of a tree)               BC507: DS check
ckʷa.          shallow                         Check
ckʷicckʷica    to eat sea eggs                 Check
ckʷicckʷisa    to eat sea eggs                 Check
ckʷiːsa        to get sea urchins, sea eggs    EW, HS not heard
ckʷisa         to gather sea eggs              Check
ckʷudiɬ        short side of the house         Check
ckʷχt          short (said of a person)        HS ind
ckʷχu          "name of a portage on the       DS59
               Sumx\ulh, exact location
               unknown; ""short neck"""
ckʷχʷu         short neck(ed)                  HS
cla            basket made of red-cedar        EW, PIC
               bark, spruce root; berry
               basket
clclk          long feather                    SW92,93
clcltla        clothing torn in many           EW
               pieces
clclx          long feather                    SW92
clgm           long feather                    Check
                                   73


cliχcliqastu    having shining or                 HS
                flickering, flashing eyes
cliχcliqastu.   to flash with the eyes (as a      EW
                bird when blinking)
                [reduplicated form]
clkalas         withes, boughs, limbs or          BC63
                roots of red-cedar for
                making baskets
Clkigila        name of the Cannibal-             DS57
                Woman who when dead
                and cut up became frogs;
                synonymous with 'A|zi;
                refers to the basket on the
                back of the Cannibal-
                Woman when she stowed
                her victims
clkila          to make a basket                  EW; BC63
clkʷa           to stream out, stream             EW
                towards, wind off (rope,
                net)
clkʷla          paying out rope, setting out      Check
                a net
clkʷli          round worms                       Check
clkʷlinukʷ      to have worms                     EW
clkʷɬla         seasick, nauseated, feeling       Check
                like vomiting
clqa            to crack, split (wood, china,     EW
                canoe)
clqla           to be shiny, shining;             Check
                cracking, splitting (as
                wood, china)
clqla.          to shine, polish                  EW
clqla u         polish, polishing solution,       Check
                or any means to make shiny
clsclta         to rip repeatedly                 HS ind
clta            to tear                           HS ind
cltka           to have a wrinkled skin (as       EW
                after being in the water too
                long)
clta            heart of a tree                   BC507: check
clxʷʔit         to start to string out rope, to   Check
                start to set out the net
clχʡit          to (begin to) crack or split      Check
                (as wood or chinaware); to
                begin to shine (as sth. being
                polished)
                                   74


clχclqa          to flicker [reduplicated        EW
                 form]
cɬcm             to burst open (said of sth.     Check
                 round and/or bulky, such as
                 a paper bag or a box)
cɬcgʷis          plural of: unable to hold       Check
                 one's breath long
cɬckʷ            plural of: short                Check
cɬckʷa           plural of: shallow              Check
cɬckʷas nqista   short pants                     Check
cɬckʷχu          plural of: short neck(ed)       HS
cɬcmt            to burst sth. round and/or      Check
                 bulky (e.g. a balloon)
cɬcxʷsm          a greenish kind of sea          Check
                 urchin with short needles
                 and resembling a CKviC)
cɬcxʷs apa       short sleeves, having short     Check
                 sleeves
cɬʔit            to start to split with the      Check
                 grain (as cedar), to begin to
                 show cracks (as ice or a
                 board)
cɬtxa            to squirt (clam), to spout      EW
                 (hose)
cɬxa             to squirt                       Check
cɬxʔit           to (start to) squirt            Check
cm               index finger                    Check
cma              to point                        hs
cma (1)          to point, to poke with the      EW
                 finger
cma (2)          church, to go to church,        EW
                 christian
cmala            pointing                        Check
cmcmɢmi          fingernails                     Check
cmcmɢmixsiʣa     toenails                        Check
cmcmxsgyani      fingernails                     HS ind
cmcmxskana       fingernails                     EW, HS (maybe)
cmdaq            smoked oolichen                 EW, HS ind
cmdiga           dorsal fin of a fish or a       HS ind
                 killer whale
cmkla            to ration, to be sparing, to    Check
                 use or distribute sparingly
cmkla.           to be careful with food,        EW
                 ration, distribute sparingly
cmɬʔit           to lift oneself on the toes     Check
cmm              index finger                    EW, HS ind
                             75


cmqʷa      to bolt food, to swallow        EW
           whole (e.g. pills)
cmqʷkʷ     (sth.) swallowed without        HS
           chewing (as e.g. a pill)
cmqʷla     swallowing without              Check
           chewing
cmqudli    eel                             Check
cmta       to stand on tiptoes (to         EW
           stretch while standing)
cmtila     to put a stick through          PIC
           several fish (to dry them)??
cmtilakʷ   long stick poked through        PIC
           several fish (to dry them)
           ??
cmtla      stretching oneself while        Check
           standing, standing on the
           tip of one's toes
cmxcasa    to feel for lice or nits with   Check
           one's finger tips
cmxʔit     to start to point               Check
cmχʷʔit    to swallow at once without      Check
           chewing
cmit       to start to dip grease from a   Check
           dish
cmxsut     to stick the finger through     Check
           sth.
cna        to walk in a group, go in       EW
           the same direction as
           others, to move in a
           procession, to march, to
           parade
cnala      to walk around in a group,      Check
           marching, parading;
           procession
cnalagls   to walk around in a             Check
           procession or parade
           outdoors
cnayu      hose                            HS maybe
cnca       to have goose bumps (to         EW
           sweat, to perspire?)
cncla      to make bubbles in the          Check
           water (as fish)
cnɬtka     scared (of the unknown),        EW
           shocked, shocked by
           electricity, startled
cnsʔit     to (start to) perspire, sweat   Check
                              76


cnta        lean salmon                      EW
cnukʷ       roasted salmon                   Check
cnuya       to start out of the house in a   Check
            group or in procession
cnxʔit      to begin marching or             Check
            parading, to begin walking
            (said of a procession of
            people)
cnakʷla     to parade, to march;             Check
            procession
cniƛla      entering the house (said of      Check
            a procession of people)
cpa         to dip food (in oil, syrup, or   EW
            water)
cqa (1)     to throw stones                  Check
cqa (2)     to donate sth. to s.o.           Check
cqa iɬa     to throw stones across the       Check
            house or the room
cqa isa     to throw stones across a         Check
            space (esp. the beach)
cqaχa       to drop (said of things)         Check
cqaχla      dropping down (said in           Check
            connection with things)
cqaχut      to throw things down from        Check
            a higher level
cqla (1)    throwing stones                  Check
cqla (2)    donating sth. to s.o.            Check
cqmaχa      to drop down from a higher       Check
            level (said of a group of
            things)
cqncsa      to throw down to the beach       Check
cqqyaut     to throw sth. toward the         HS bella bella
            head
cqsχƛaqut   to throw sth. over to the        Check
            other side of sth.
cqwlsa      to throw out of the house        Check
cqχsut      to throw sth. into the boat      Check
cqla        to cause to throw (money),       Check
            to collect money
cskn        wren; stories related how        EW; DS 58
            Wren likes to nest in graves
            and hence, people must
            continue to die; mythical
            name for the Wren who
            defeats the Grizzly Bear;
            formerly the name of
                                   77


                 Captain Johnson, given to
                 Agnes Chamberlain; given
                 to Peter White of Bella
                 Bella
cspala.          to smell sour (as clothes        Check
                 from not drying); smell of
                 unwashed clothes
cspala           to smell unwashed, to smell      EW
                 sour (fish, from not being
                 properly dried)
cta.             to split something, crack,       EW
                 burst, fissure
cucɬ             person with a boil, to have      Check
                 gotten a boil
cuclaq           "dark red (""black"")            Check
                 salmonberry"
cucɬa            plural of: black                 Check
cucɬcms ɢulali   blackberries                     PIC
cucɬcmalas       black currant                    Check
cucɬma           to blacken one's face            Check
cucɬmaχsm        black woman                      Check
cucta            plural of: fresh (food)          Check
cucuma           barnacles                        EW
cucuxʷs a        to brush the teeth               Check
cucuxʷs a u      toothbrush                       Check
cucuχʷma         washing (face) ??                OLP5
cucuʣ a          to wash a flat surface (such     Check
                 as a window)
cucxʷƛma         plural of: grandchild            SW138,139
cucχʷga          to wash the inside of things     HS
                 (e.g. of a pail), to do dishes
                 [no rounding on g]
cucχʷgaci        sink                             PIC
cucχʷgʷaci       basin for washing, sink          HS
cucχʷma          to wash the face                 Check
cucχʷmaci        basin for washing the face       Check
cucχʷmailas      washroom, bathroom               HS
cucχʷsisa        to wash the feet                 Check
cucχʷskana       to wash the hands                Check
cucχʷƛala        washing fur, branches, or        Check
                 leaves
cucχʷƛut         to wash fur, branches, or        Check
                 leaves
cucχʷƛuxʷʔit     to start washing fur,            Check
                 branches, or leaves
cucχʷƛ a         to wash fur, branches, or        Check
                                  78


                 leaves
cuɢʷa u          soap                           PIC
cula             to blacken                     Check
cuɬa             black                          EW
cuɬcm            bottle                         Check
cuɬʔit           to become black                Check
cuɬla            coloured black                 Check
cuɬm             black face(d), (having a)      Check
                 black complexion
cuɬna            charcoal                       Check
cuɬpa            taste of burned food           Check
cuɬpala          smell of burned food           Check
cuɬqya           black hair(ed)                 Check
cuɬq aʔalakʷ     person with blackened hair     Check
cuɬq aʔala u     black hair dye                 Check
cuɬtu            coloured black; black          HS, SW48
                 colour
cupax            glove, mitten                  EW
cuqʷala          rattling noise, jingling       EW
cuqʷala-s saɢi   rattling dress?? (in           PIC
                 ceremonial dance)
cusai            boil, pimple                   EW, HS
cusaiɢm          to have a boil on the face     HS
cuta             fresh (said of food)           EW
Cuːmqlaqs        name of Johnny CaroLs          DS59
                 daughter, mother of Nora
                 Webber; name of the
                 woman of the Stikine tribe
                 who gives birth to three
                 mountains, and also to four
                 dogs, who are transformed
                 into humans; name of
                 Peggy Housty, Bella Bella
cuːʣu            grater                         PIC
cu aχsi          totem pole                     PIC
cuxʷʔit          to make a gift, to hand over   SW91
                 a gift
cuxʷƛma          grandchild                     Check
cuxʷƛma.         grandchild                     EW
cuxʷƛmaɢis       vocative of: Cuxvthmaqs        Check
cuxʷƛmaqs        granddaughter                  Check
cuχʷa            "to wash, launder; to give a   EW
                 feast ""to wash off"" an
                 event"
cuχʷaχlisa       November, flushing of          BC371: lj, HS, rh
                 dead salmon from the
                                 79


                creeks by storm activity
cuχʷcɢʷat a     wax in the ears                 Check
cuχʷʔit.        to start washing                Check
cuχʷla          washing                         Check
cuχʷliɬa        to wash the floor               Check
cuχʷpaɬχtut     to wash the mouth with          HS
                water
cuχʷsa          to wash the boat                Check
cuχʷsala        washing the boat                Check
cuχʷsʔit        to start washing the boast      Check
cuχʷsut         to wash the boat (as after      Check
                delivering the fish)
cwa             to give                         Check
cwaci           "sifter? (""tamis"")"           PIC
C agilakʷ       "name of an original            DS59
                ancestor from C’yu;
                formerly the name of John
                Thompson, given to Ron
                Humchitt; ""made to
                give"", ""to give away a
                great deal in a potlatch"""
cwala           giving                          Check
cwaχsi          totem pole outdoors             EW
cwaχsigila      to make a totem pole            Check
cwayu.          dagger, spear                   Check
c at            bracelet, handcuffs             EW
c ata           to put on a bracelet, to        Check
                handcuff
c atkʷ          wearing a bracelet,             Check
                handcuffed
c ata.          copper bracelet, handcuffs      Check
c aχsi          "general term for totem         DS59, PIC
                poles; ""something placed
                in the ground in front of the
                house"""
c i             things given, gift, present     Check
c nχ            "to give; winter, ""the         BC371: lj, HS, rh
                season of giving"": period
                from December to February
                when the winter ceremonial
                dances took place"
c   nχ (1)      to give                         EW
c   nχ (2)      winter                          Check
c   nχʡit       to become winter                Check
c   nχanakʷla   becoming winter gradually       Check
c   nχla        the time of the winter          DS60
                              80


             Ceremonial Dances, when
             the snow comes down the
             mountain
c yala       gift one receives because       SW73
             one happens to be present
cxa          to singe, to roast on an        EW
             open fire, to burn feathers
             or seal skin off, to burn
             salmon skin
cxagila u    toaster                         PIC
cxcwiɬ       inside totem poles, indoor      EW; BC63
             houseposts [reduplicated
             form]
cxʔit (1)    to wake up                      Check
cxʔit. (2)   to become singed                Check
cxla         singeing, burning seal skin     Check
             or bird feathers off, burning
             salmon skin; roasting in an
             open fire
cxpala       smell of burned hair or         Check
             feathers
cxʷa.        to stab, stick into             EW
cxʷdakʷut    to stab s.o. in the belly       Check
cxʷʔit..     to start to stab                Check
cxʷla..      stabbing                        Check
cxʷmt        to stab s.o. in the face        Check
cxʷmkʷ       stabbed in the face             Check
cxʷsɢu       short penis                     Check
cxʷsila      too short                       Check
cxʷsm        thing that is round and/or      Check
             bulky and that is short:
             short box, short house,
             short hill
cxʷsmigut    to stab in the back             Check
cχa.         to slacken a rope               EW
cχʡit (1)    to throw a stone                Check
cχʡit (2)    to become slack (as a rope)     Check
cχʡit (3)    to make a donation to s.o.      Check
cχʔas        a bush of: Cx\sa'am             Check
cχʔauɬtaut   to throw sth. off the shore     HS bella bella
cχcqa        to put the shot for distance;   Check
             the game of shot put
cχcut        to throw sth. into sth.         Check
cχla.        slack (as a rope)               Check
cχm          loose and on one's face (as     Check
             skin)
                               81


cχmala        easy to do                      Check
cχmxʔit (1)   to become easy to do            Check
cχmxʔit (2)   to get loose skin on one's      Check
              face
cχsaʔam       low bush blueberries            Check
cχstaut       to throw sth. into the water,   HS bella bella
              to throw sth. overboard
cχsχƛaqut     to throw sth. over to the       Check
              other side of sth.
cχsχƛaut      to throw sth. over a ridge      HS bella bella
cχs aʔalsa    to throw sth. upwards           Check
              outdoors
c aqʷa        person who does not eat         Check
              very much
Cyu           "name of the Tzeo River at      DS58, PIC
              the very top of the lake, an
              overland trail connected the
              C’yuWitx\v with the
              DaLyuWitx\v of South
              Bentick; ""the aristocrats of
              the lake villages"""
C uqʷimuχʷ    name of the people at the       DS58
              mouth of the K’syaNwa
              River not far from C’yu
Cyu itχʷ      people from C’yu                DS58
c m           intestines, guts; name of       EW, DS58
              Roy Hanuse, refers to the
              guts of a whale
-d            see -xd                         Check
Daː           formerly name of Maggie         DS61
              Bernard now Hilda Smith
daːla (1)     to bewitch; name of Nora        DS61
              Carol-Webber, from her
              grand-father Johnny Carol
              or Collar
daːla (2)     money, dollar(s)                DS61
daːlaci       purse, wallet, cash box         PIC
daʔalala      sound of laughter               Check
daʔalalism    to laugh excessively, to        Check
              laugh oneself to death
              (silly, etc.)
dabayu        towline                         Check
dabis         log tied up on the beach        BC506: DS
              (and e.g. going to be used
              as fuel)
dabndnakʷla   becoming dark                   WL
                                  82


dabnɬ-dabnta     become dark off and on         WL
dabnɬʔit         become dark                    WL
dabnt            dark (as the night)            EW
daci             magical box containing         Check
                 puppets on parallel sticks
                 the ends of which stick out
                 of the box and can be used
                 to let the puppets rotate
dadabiniƛa       bat                            EW
dadacukʷ         having a coat on               Check
dadacwa          coat                           EW, PIC
dadapilaƛi       to set an open net against     Check
                 the tide
dadapa           to go looking for wood log;    HS
                 to try to tow in, to try to
                 salvage logs or driftwood
dadapiniƛa       bat                            EW
dada a           to try to jump, getting        HS
                 ready to jump
dada asila       to be just about to jump       Check
dada iƛa         to try to jump into houses     HS
dadaxʷaɢis       jumping contest                Check
dadaxʷsqala      skipping (rope)??              OLP5
dadiqʷa          to be out to make baited       Check
                 deadfalls
dadnidma         to pull in a playful way       Check
dadnsaχla        pulling off red cedar bark     Check
dadnsaχut        to pull off red cedar bark     Check
dadnxs alica     to use the dragseine           Check
dadnxs alicayu   dragnet for fishing            Check
dadn aca         to get inner red-cedar bark    BC63
dadna            to try to pull or haul         HS
daduɢʷala        to foresee                     Check
dadukʷa          to try to troll                HS
daduqʷla         "to be a spectator, to watch   EW, DS61
                 (a show); name used to
                 refer to the attendants of
                 the dancers in the Winter
                 Ceremonials; ""the women
                 accompanied the songs by
                 humming"""
daduqʷlaʡilas    theatre                        HS
daduqʷlaʔas      place where one watches        Check
                 sth.
daduqʷlamas      to show                        Check
daduqʷliχsda     to want to see                 HS
                                 83


daduqʷnala     to run into, to see sth.         Check
               unexpectedly
daduqʷa        to watch, to look at, to try     HS
               to see
daduqʷlaci     armpit                           Check
daduχʷsila     to watch, to observe, to         Check
               keep an eye on sth.
daduχʷsi ala   to look through sth. (e.g. a     Check
               crack or a knothole)
dadwabiga      plural of: quill on the back     Check
               of fish such as rock cod or
               red cod
dadyuɬ         cedar bark blanket of            EW; BC63
               moderate size for everyday
               use
dadyuɬa        to keep mopping up after         Check
               s.o.
dad nuxʷ       plural of: diver                 Check
dakʷda         doctor, physician                Check
dalaʡilas      bank                             HS
dalakʷ         bewitched                        Check
dalalas        silver                           Check
Dalik          name of a creek that flows       DS61, PIC
               into Owikeno Lake, across
               from Q’vapx\
Dalyu          head of South Bentick            DS61
               Arm; name of Bella Coola
               village, referred to as Talio,
               home of the DaLyuWitx\v;
               people from this village
               were closely related to the
               people from C’yu
Dalyu itχʷ     people of Talio, at the head     DS58,61
               of South Bentick Arm;
               these people were closely
               related to the people from
               C’yu
daɬ            inedible seaweed (Porphyra       BC46
               schizophylla, fallax, and
               torta)
daɬa           to unfold                        EW
daɬcm          person who always laughs         Check
daɬdaɬa        unfolding bed                    EW
daɬʔit         to start to laugh                Check
daɬla          to laugh                         EW
Daɬlaɬ         name for the Laughing            DS61
                                  84


                 Spirit Dance; a dance of the
                 C’aiqa Series; a dance and
                 mask of Roy Hanuse Sr.
damit            to start towing                HS ind
dandan           bell                           Check
dapa             to tow                         EW, HS ind
dapinwa          tug-boat                       Check
dapla            towing                         Check
daplaxʔit        to start towing over a         Check
                 distance
daplisla         """beam-trawling"" along       Check
                 the sea bottom"
daplisla u       "instrument (such as a net)    Check
                 for ""beam-trawling"""
daplut           to tow a boat ashore           HS maybe
dapinuχʷ         tow boat                       PIC
daput            to tow a boat to some other    Check
                 place on the beach
dapχdi           to tow another boat            Check
daqa             to get sheets of red-cedar     BC63: DS
                 bark for roofing
daqaɬ            ooligan net (made out of       Check
                 nettle fibers)
daqaɬila         to make an ooligan net         Check
daqi             sheets of red cedar bark for   BC63: DS
                 making herring egg boxes
                 for roofing
daqina           sheets of red cedar bark for   BC63: DS
                 making herring egg boxes
                 for roofing
dasa             to dive, go under the          EW, HS
                 surface of the water
dasana           lahel game                     Check
daːsaxsala       to swim about                  hs
dasdaʔalm.nukʷ   to be laughed at               Check
dasdasa          to dive for sth. repeatedly    HS ind
dasdigʷnaɬ       young sawbill duck             EW
dasdigʷnas       duckling                       EW
dasgyu           witchcraft                     EW
dasʔida u        taken for a dive               Check
dasʔida unukʷ    to take s.o. for a dive, to    Check
                 have s.o. take a dive
dasʔit           to take a dive for sth.        Check
dasla            to swim                        Check
datbayu          plural of: towline             Check
datdacwa         plural of: coat                Check
                                   85


datdapilaƛi       plural of: to set an open net   Check
                  against the tide
datdapa           plural of: (several people)     HS
                  to try to tow in, to try to
                  salvage logs or driftwood
datdnxs alica     plural of: to use the           Check
                  dragseine
datdnxs alicayu   plural of: dragnet for          Check
                  fishing
datduɢʷala        plural of: to foresee           Check
datduχʷsila       plural of: to watch, to         Check
                  observe, to keep an eye on
                  sth.
datpa             plural of: to tow               Check
datpinwa          plural of: tug-boat             Check
datpla            plural of: towing               Check
datplisla         "plural of: ""beam-             Check
                  trawling"" along the sea
                  bottom"
datplut           plural of: to tow a boat        HS maybe
                  ashore
datpwala          towing each other (as           Check
                  boats)
datpwanyala       towing each other here and      Check
                  there in the group (as boats
                  travelling)
datpχdi           plural of: to tow another       Check
                  boat
datqa             plural of: to get cedar bark    Check
                  for roofing
datqaɬ            plural of: ooligan net (made    Check
                  out of nettle fibers)
datsa             plural of: to dive for sth.     Check
datsana           plural of: lahel game           Check
datsdigʷnas       plural of: duckling             Check
datsʔit           plural of: to take a dive for   Check
                  sth.
datsla            to swim under the surface       Check
                  of the water
dauqʷaxsala       to look around, to look all     HS
                  over a place
dawabiga          quill on the back of fish       Check
                  such as rock cod or red cod
Daxdamyalana      name for the Drying Rack        DS62
                  Spirit Dance, a dance of the
                  C’aiqa Series
                                   86


daxdapa          to tow repeatedly                HS ind
daxtbis          plural of: log tied up on the    BC506: EW, PIC
                 beach (and e.g. going to be
                 used as fuel)
daxʷaɢis         sea louse                        Check
daxʷanyala       to jump from place to place      Check
daya a           to try to jump                   HS never seen
daya asila       to get ready to jump             Check
da nuxʷ          diver                            Check
di               tea                              Check
didala (1)       plural of: to bewitch            Check
didala (2)       plural of: money, dollar(s)      Check
didalaci         plural of: purse, wallet,        Check
                 cash box
didalala         plural of: sound of laughter     Check
didaɬla          plural of: to laugh              Check
didastwa         plural of: to wipe the eyes      HS ind
didiːxdigaci     plural of: tea cup               HS
didlxskana       plural of: white eruption of     Check
                 the hand as a result of
                 wetness
didmpa           plural of: salt, taste of salt   Check
didna            plural of: to pull, to haul (a   Check
                 rope or net)
didnamncsla      plural of: to pull (haul)        Check
                 things towards the beach
didnkƛai         plural of: to fish with the      Check
                 seine; seine boat
didnkƛa ainuχʷ   "plural of: person good at       Check
                 the seine, ""highliner"""
didnkƛa ayu      plural of: seine or any          Check
                 instrument for seining
didnkƛ aci       plural of: seine boat            Check
didnm            plural of: buoy line (going      Check
                 to the longline)
didnulm          plural of: winch                 Check
didnχsala        plural of: pulling the seine     Check
                 aboard
didn as          plural of: red cedar             Check
didnuɬtiwala     plural of: to pull the seine     Check
                 off the boat onto the float
didwis           plural of: to jump onto the      Check
                 beach
did iƛ           plural of: to jump into the      Check
                 house
didwnt           plural of: name                  Check
                             87


did as      plural of: yellow cedar         Check
didya       plural of: to wipe sth. held    Check
            in the hand
didyaka     plural of: to sharpen by        Check
            wiping with a file
didyakas    plural of: whetstone,           Check
            grindstone
didyaχla    plural of: wiping sth. off      Check
            (e.g. sth. on the blackboard)
didyaχut    plural of: to wipe sth. off     Check
digilaci    teapot                          Check
digita      to wipe the body for            WL
            purification; sponge bath
diglilm     (any) instrument for wiping     PIC
            the floor, mop
digliɬa     to wipe the floor, to wipe      Check
            sth. on the floor of the
            house
diɢmt       to wipe face                    WL
diɢm u      towel                           PIC
diɢʷa u     pile driver                     Check
diɢʷm       pole                            PIC
diɢʷn ɬ     posts placed beside sth.        Check
            inside the house (as e.g. the
            posts used for making a
            canopy)
diː         tea (Thea sinensis):            BC119, PIC
            introduced beverage item;
            English loan
diːgilaci   tea pot                         PIC
diː as      yellow-cedar tree, yellow-      BC61
            cypress (Chamaecyparis
            nootkatensis); natural role
            in myth or story; wood
            used for implements,
            containers, and carved
            items; inner bark used for
            clothing
diː as      yellow-cedar tree, yellow-      BC61
            cypress (Chamaecyparis
            nootkatensis); natural role
            in myth or story; wood
            used for implements,
            containers, and carved
            items; inner bark used for
            clothing
                                88


diːxdigaci    tea cup                          PIC
diːxdika      to drink tea                     HS ind
diːxtdigaci   plural of: tea cups              HS
dikgiɬa       to wipe the wall or the          HS not sure
              ceiling
dikɬχsa       to wipe the floor or the         Check
              walls of the boat
dikƛlut       to wipe sth. on a (relatively    HS, WL
              large) surface (e.g. on a
              float, dock, sidewalk)
dikas         whetstone, grindstone            Check
diknt         to wipe sth. long                WL
diqʷa         to drive in (piles or            EW
              wedges)
diqʷkʷ        peg(s), pole(s), or pile(s)      HS
              driven into sth.; deadfall
diqʷla        driving poles into sth.,         Check
              making a baited deadfall
diqʷmptaisa   to drive pegs or poles into      Check
              the surface of the beach
diqʷmptalsa   to drive pegs or poles into      Check
              the ground
diqʷinuχʷ     good trapper, person good        Check
              at making baited deadfall
diqʷm a       cheek meat of fish               EW
disɢmt        to wipe sth. round               WL
distut        wiping the eyes                  HS ind
distwa        to wipe the eyes                 HS ind
ditgita       plural of: to wipe the body      Check
              for purification
ditglilm      plural of: (any) instrument      Check
              for wiping the floor, mop
ditgliɬa      plural of: to wipe the floor,    Check
              to wipe sth. on the floor of
              the house
ditgʷanm      plural of: person, human         HS ind: bb?
              being
ditɢma        to wipe the face                 Check
ditɢmi        towel                            Check
ditɢʷm        posts                            PIC
ditɢʷn ɬ      plural of: posts placed          Check
              beside sth. inside the house
              (as e.g. the posts used for
              making a canopy)
ditkga        to wipe the inside of sth., to   Check
              wipe dishes
                                 89


ditkgayu       dish cloth                       PIC
ditkƛlut       plural of: to wipe sth. on a     HS
               (relatively large) surface
               (e.g. on a float, dock,
               sidewalk)
ditqʷa         plural of: to drive piles into   Check
               sth., to make a baited
               deadfall
ditqʷmptalsa   plural of: to drive pegs or      Check
               poles into the ground
ditqʷinuχʷ     plural of: good trapper,         Check
               person good at making
               baited deadfall
ditqʷm         plural of: dirt (for             Check
               witchcraft)
ditsa          plural of: to push with the      Check
               hand
ditsɢma        to wipe the outside surface      Check
               of sth. round and/or bulky
               (e.g. a box, barrel, can,
               suitcase)
ditstwa        to wipe the window, to           Check
               wipe tears from the eyes
ditxskana      to wipe the hands                Check
ditxskana u    cloth for wiping the hands       Check
ditxskani      cloth for wiping the hands       Check
di as          yellow-cedar tree                EW
dixdika        to wipe repeatedly               HS ind
dixdikiχsda    to want to drink tea             Check
d xdus         rabbit                           Check
dixʔit         to start wiping                  WL
dixƛ asa       to wipe sth. off the roof        Check
dixʷ           yellow-cedar bark                HS maybe; BC61
dixʷalas       golden crown sparrow             Check
d χtɢʷis       posts in water??                 PIC
diχʷʔit        to start to drive piles into     Check
               sth.; to start to make a
               baited deadfall
d χʷpta        to drive a peg or pole into a    Check
               surface
d χʷptaʔalsa   to drive a peg or pole into a    Check
               surface of the ground
d χʷtɢʷilm     posts put inside a house (as     Check
               for making a tent)
d χʷtɢʷiɬa     to put posts inside a house      Check
d ʣut          to wipe the top of the table     pic
                             90


d ʣu u      cloth to wipe the top of the   PIC
            table with
dlgm        soft roe (milk) of fish        EW
dlxa        white eruption on skin         EW
            (because of dampness)
dlxʔit      to get a white eruption of     Check
            the skin because of
            dampness (as after wearing
            rubber gloves)
dlxla       covered with dampness-         Check
            caused white skin eruption
dlxnakʷla   to get a white eruption of     Check
            the skin gradually because
            of dampness (as after
            wearing rubber gloves)
dlxsis      dampness-caused white          Check
            skin eruption on the feet
dlxskana    white eruption of the hand     Check
            as a result of wetness
-dm         see -xdm                       Check
dmgʷiɬ      to bend the knee in bed        Check
dmkʷa       to bend the knee or elbow      EW, HS ind
dmkʷla      bending the knee or arm        Check
dmpa        salt, taste of salt            Check
dmpaʔala    to salt sth.                   Check
dmpaxʔit    to become salty of taste       Check
dmxʷdmkʷa   to bend repeatedly (knee)      HS ind
dmxʷʔit     to begin to bend (knee)        HS ind
dmχla       droning                        EW
dmxs        saltwater, sea; salt           EW, PIC
dmxsdaxsa   to drink salt water            Check
dmxtgʷiɬ    plural of: to bend the knee    Check
            in bed
dna         to pull, haul, drag            EW
            something with a rope
dnacm       sth. that is round and/or      BC63: DS
            bulky (such as a box) and
            that is made of red cedar
            bark
dnala       pulling                        HS
dnamncsla   to pull (haul) things          Check
            towards the beach
dnas        inner bark of red cedar        BC63: DS
dnaxdnaka   to pull or haul repeatedly     HS not right
dna acm     cedar bark basket              BC63
dna u       pull machine (for pulling in   PIC
                                 91


               gillnet)
dnkƛai         to fish with the seine; seine    Check
               boat
dnkƛa aci      seine boat                       PIC
dnkƛa ainuχʷ   "person good at the seine,       Check
               ""highliner"""
dnkƛa ayu      seine or any instrument for      PIC
               seining
dnɬʔit         to start to talk or laugh        Check
               loudly
dnm            buoy line                        EW
dnncsa         to pull down to the beach        Check
dnpiq          crane??                          PIC
dntla          speaking or laughing loudly      EW
dntla u        the talk of the town             Check
dntlym         rumour                           Check
dntla.         to make people talk or           Check
               laugh loudly, to give reason
               for easy talk
dnulm          winch                            Check
dnuɬtiwala     to pull the seine off the        Check
               boat onto the float
dnusdisa       to pull (with rope) from the     Check
               water up to the beach
dnwaci         palette of a painter             EW
dnxdnka        to pull or haul repeatedly       HS ind
dnxʔit         to start pulling or hauling in   HS ind
dnxs alisa     to pull out of the water and     Check
               up landwards to the beach
dnχa           to stop spawning (said of        EW
               herring)
dnχsala        pulling the seine aboard         Check
dnyas          young red-cedar tree             BC63
dn acm         cedar bark basket                BC63
dn acs         place with lots of red cedar     WL
dn as          young red cedar tree when        EW; BC63
               used for bark
dnala          hooting noise                    EW
dnuɬtiwala     to pull the seine off the        Check
               boat onto the float
du (1)         and, together with               EW, HS ind
               (proclitic)
du (2)         to announce, to proclaim         DS63
dudlmxit       plural of: to sleepwalk          Check
dugʷaci        troller                          PIC
dugʷa u        trolling-spoon                   PIC
                                    92


Duɢʷalisla         "name of Evelyn Windsor,       DS62
                   and Jennifer Carpenter and
                   Louisa Walkus; also a
                   Heiltsuk name; ""looking
                   upriver"""
duɢʷas             gun sight                      Check
duɢʷa u.           binoculars                     Check
dukʷa              to troll; LyalLs American      EW, BC120: HS, rh
                   stinging nettle (Urtica
                   dioica): harmful with
                   contact; young plants eaten;
                   fibrous tissue for cordage,
                   bow strings, nets
dukʷla             trolling                       Check
dukʷinuxʷ          good troller                   Check
duliχpa            peppery taste                  EW
dulmka             to become dizzy                Check
dulmxit            to have a nightmare, dizzy     EW
dulu               to win (in a game or           EW
                   contest)
duqʷa              to look for sth.               Check
Duqʷanaqa          "name of John Thompson;        DS62
                   ""looking past or into"""
duqʷanyala         to look here and there         Check
duqʷaχla           looking downwards              Check
duqʷla             to see, look                   EW
duqʷlaxʔit         to start seeing                Check
duqʷlaxʔitsukʷla   to begin to see a little bit   Check
duqʷls             to search, look for sth.       Check
                   outdoors
duqʷlsla           to look around outdoors        Check
Duqʷlisla          "name of the son of            DS62
                   Kanilhmi; from the story of
                   Galg\mkas'u which begins
                   at K’vaMwa then connects
                   with the Nass and Skeena
                   Rivers, the story is
                   associated with the
                   Q’vuqvaYaitx\v, a tribe of
                   the Heiltsuk; ""looking
                   ashore"""
duqʷɬ              to be seen or sighted          Check
duqʷmi             to look or stare at a          Check
                   persoNs face
Duqʷmisu           "name of the son of Kanilh;    DS63
                   from the story of
                                    93


                 Galg\mkas'u, which begins
                 at K’vaMwa then connects
                 with the Nass and Skeena
                 Rivers, the story is
                 associated with the
                 Q’vuqvaYaitx\v, a Heiltsuk
                 tribe; ""looking at one's
                 face"""
duqʷmχta         to see off                        Check
duqʷm axci       to see off                        Check
duqʷpi           to watch s.o. until he is out     Check
                 of sight
duqʷ lsla        looking out of the house          Check
duqʷlamas        to show                           Check
duqʷqa           to look among things              Check
duqʷs            to have good eyes                 Check
duqʷχλa          to look back                      Check
duqʷχʷλa         to look back                      HS
Dus              a river and waterfalls            DS63
                 flowing into Owikeno Lake
                 across from 'Asxvlm, the
                 name refers to the roar of
                 the falls; an old village site;
                 cat??
dusa             numb, slightly intoxicated        EW
dusmala          dizzy from liquor                 Check
dutgʷa u         plural of: trolling-spoon         Check
dutɢʷas          plural of: gun sight              Check
dutɢʷa u.        plural of: binoculars             Check
dutɢʷa ust a     glasses, spectacles               Check
dutɢʷa ust ala   to wear glasses                   Check
dutilala         to report news                    Check
dutilalmta       to exchange news, to report       Check
                 news to each other
dutiɬ            news                              EW
dutkʷa           plural of: to troll               Check
dutkʷinuxʷ       plural of: good troller           Check
dutqʷa           plural of: to look for sth.       Check
dutqʷaχla        looking downwards                 Check
dutqʷ lsla       plural of: looking out of the     Check
                 house
dutsa            numb                              Check
dutxʷa           plural of: nettle                 Check
dutχʷsi ala      transparent                       Check
dutχʷʔuɬtala     plural of: to look out from       Check
                 the shore
                                  94


Duːs            a river and waterfalls           PIC
                flowing into Owikeno Lake
                across from 'Asxvlm, the
                name refers to the roar of
                the falls; an old village site
duxʷa           LyalLs American stinging         EW; BC120
                nettle (Urtica dioica):
                harmful with contact;
                young plants eaten; fibrous
                tissue for cordage, bow
                strings, nets
duxʷdukʷa       to troll repeatedly              HS ind
duxʷduqʷama u   sth. given as a token of         Check
                remembrance (spelling
                mistake?)
duxʷʔit         to start to troll                Check
duxʷpiq         crane??                          PIC
duχʷʔa          to catch sight of what one       Check
                is looking for
duχʷʔaƛla       to catch sight of sth.           Check
                missing
duχʷcas         person who always stares         Check
duχʷcm          person who always stares         Check
duχʷcsut        to look among things             Check
duχʷduqʷamas    to give a token of               Check
                remembrance
duχʷduqʷasu     sth. kept as a token of          Check
                remembrance
duχʷʔit.        to take a look, to glance at     Check
duχʷsi ala      looking through sth., to X-      Check
                ray
duχʷsi ala u    apparatus for X-raying           Check
duχʷsi a u      apparatus for X-raying           Check
duχʷsusti ala   looking upwards                  Check
duχʷsut         looking through sth., to X-      Check
                ray
duχʷtqʷs        plural of: to have good eyes     Check
duχʷʔuɬtala     to look out from the shore       Check
du la           to anaesthetize                  Check
du la u         anaesthetic                      Check
dwis            to jump onto the beach           Check
d iƛ            to jump into the house           EW
dwndat          to have a name                   Check
dwnt            name                             EW
dwntaxsala u    randomly chosen name             Check
dwntila         to bestow a name upon s.o.       Check
                               95


dwntaχsi      name given as marriage gift     Check
              when marrying a chief's
              daughter
dya           to wipe                         EW, HS ind
dyaka         to sharpen by wiping with a     Check
              file
dyala         wiping                          Check
d aƛlut       to wipe sth. onto sth.          WL
dyaχaut       to wipe sth. off                lw
dyaχla        wiping sth. off (e.g. sth. on   Check
              the blackboard)
dyaχut        to wipe sth. off                Check
d a..         beloved, dear one               EW
-λ            see -dha                        Check
-λa           contrary to what one would      Check
              expect (Rath 1981)
λa            to split with a wedge           Check
λaː           to wedge, to split with a       EW
              wedge
λaʡus         tree(s) (around 20              HS
              generically labelled
              species); to stand on the
              ground outside (said of
              people)
λaːhuxʷsila   "name of a ceremony             DS64
              where a shaman acquires
              his power; ""attending the
              shaman"""
λaʔausxsala   trees in general, the tree in   Check
              an area
λabas         clam digging place              Check
λAba aba      "a point of land at the         DS64
              mouth of Rivers Inlet,
              location?, mentioned in the
              story of the war between
              the Oowekeeno and the
              Heiltsuk; ""clam beach"""
λaba u        "digging stick, made of a       BC102, PIC
              hard wood such as yew and
              having one flattened end,
              used to dig clams and also
              clover ""roots"""
λaba ugʷila   to make a clam fork             Check
λabit         clam beach                      Check
λAλagila      name of Ned Wesley              DS64
λaλanut       woodpecker                      BC104
                                 96


λaλapika        woodpecker                      HS ind
λaλa ala        to come to a stop and go on     WL
                again (as when seeing sth.
                while walking and wanting
                to take a good look)
λaλaxs a        to split wood up with a         Check
                wedge repeatedly
λaλiχsistala    pointing out people's           Check
                ancestors and places of
                origin
λaλlaxila       plural of: to steer a boat      Check
λaλlaxilaci     plural of: pilot-house of a     Check
                boat, wheelhouse
λaλlaxilaknwa   plural of: skipper, captain,    Check
                steersman, helmsman
λaλlaxila u     plural of: rudder, steering     Check
                wheel
λaλlaχiƛayu     plural of: newspaper            Check
λaλnut          plural of: wedge                Check
λaλuxʷsila      people assisting the shaman     EW
                with his incantations
λaλ asila       plural of: to purify oneself    Check
                ritually (as before going out
                hunting or fishing)
λaλ aχsi        plural of: to stand outside     Check
                the door (said of animate
                beings)
λaλ iɬ          plural of: to stand on the      Check
                floor of the house, in the
                room (said of animate
                beings)
λaλ is          plural of: to stand on the      Check
                beach (said of animate
                beings)
λAλ asila       "name of one who gives a        DS64
                Dhyala potlatch, P’aaslalh
                used this name, it was also
                used by the Thompson and
                Anderson families, the
                name is also in Bella Bella;
                name of Dasdnalagilaakv
                (a.k.a. Waakas); ""to invite
                people from another village
                to a potlatch"""
λaɢa            basking shark                   Check
λaɢma           to chop a tree down with an     HS
                                97


               axe, to fell a tree
λaɢmgʷaci      log barrier in water to keep    PIC
               other logs from floating
               away??
λaɢmkʷ         a log or tree thaTs been        BC506: DS
               felled
λahu wa        to stand in the middle of       Check
               sth. (said of people)
λakala         rock cod                        EW
λalaxila       to steer the boat, steersman,   EW
               captain
λalaxilaci     pilot-house of a boat,          Check
               wheelhouse
λalaxilaknwa   skipper, captain, steersman,    Check
               helmsman
λalaxila u     rudder, steering wheel          Check
λalaxilinuχʷ   skipper, captain, steersman,    PIC
               helmsman
λalaxillks     skipper, captain, steersman,    Check
               helmsman
λalaχiƛayu     newspaper                       Check
λamit          to start digging clams          Check
λanudaci       container for wedge             Check
λanut          wedge                           Check
λapa           to dig for clams or cockles     EW, OLP1
λapalis        to be busy digging for          Check
               clams
λApaχla        "name of Charles Johnson        DS64
               from his uncle, first
               husband of Victoria
               Walkus; ""going down with
               the tide"" (while digging
               clams)"
λas            standing pole                   EW
λastut         to rewedge sth.                 Check
λaƛλapika      plural of: woodpecker           HS
λaƛλaxs a      plural of: to split wood up     Check
               with a wedge repeatedly
λaƛɢma         plural of: to chop a tree       Check
               down with an axe, to fell a
               tree
λaƛpa          plural of: to dig for clams     HS maybe
               or cockles
λaƛxʷls        plural of: to stand up          Check
               outdoors, to arise outdoors
               (said of animate beings)
                                98


λaƛχʷaχtis     plural of: to stand on the      Check
               beach at the mouth of the
               river (said of animate
               beings)
λaƛχʷba        plural of: to stand at the      Check
               end of sth. linear and
               horizontal (such as the end
               of the wharf or the end of a
               log) (said of animate
               beings)
λaƛχʷbaila     plural of: to stand on top of   HS not heard
               a point of land (said of
               animate beings)
λaƛχʷimiɬ      plural of: to stand in front    Check
               of or beside sth. or s.o. in
               the house (as for protecting
               or supporting)
λaƛχʷi ala     plural of: to stand on top of   Check
               a cliff (said of animate
               beings)
λaƛχʷliɬ       plural of: to stand up          Check
               indoors, to get up from bed;
               to volunteer for sth.
λaƛχʷsala      plural of: standing upright     Check
               on the deck of the boat
λaƛχʷsmila     plural of: to stand on a rock   Check
               or boulder (said of animate
               beings)
λaƛχʷsmls      plural of: to stand on top of   Check
               a hill (said of animate
               beings)
λaƛχʷu         to stand together on a          HS
               surface (said of animate
               beings)
λaƛχʷus        to stand together on the        Check
               ground outside (said of
               animate beings)
λaƛχʷut        to set sth. upright against     Check
               sth. else (said of animate
               and inanimate things)
λaƛχʷuχʷs      to stand together on the        Check
               boat (said of animate
               beings)
λaƛχʷ alaƛla   to stand together on a          Check
               surface (said of animate
               beings)
                                  99


λaƛχʷ iɬ        to stand together indoors      Check
                (said of animate beings)
λaƛχʷ is        to stand together on the       Check
                beach (said of animate
                beings)
λaƛχʷ aχsi      plural of: to stand at the     Check
                edge of sth. extended (e.g.
                the edge of a boat or the
                bank of a river) (said of
                animate beings)
λaƛχʷ aχs lis   plural of: to stand on the     Check
                bank of a river (said of
                animate beings)
λa agi a        to stand at the bow of the     Check
                boat
λa asila        purifying by bathing or        EW, DS64
                rubbing with hemlock
                boughs, for hunting or
                fishing expeditions
λa aχsi         to stand outside the door      Check
                (said of animate beings)
λa igiɬ         stand beside s.o. indoors      WL
λa iɬ           to stand on the floor of the   WL
                house, in the room (said of
                animate beings)
λa is           to stand on the beach (said    WL
                of animate beings)
λa nakʷla       said of animal who doesNt      WL
                walk upright
λa a            to stand on a rocky shore      DS64
                (said of animate beings);
                name for a meeting to
                assign tasks for the dance
                of the potlatch
λa as           place where one stands on      Check
                the shore
λaxλaka         to spit up wood repeatedly     HS ind
                with a wedge
λaxλapa         to dig for clams or cockles    HS ind
                repeatedly
λaxλus          plural of trees: forest        PIC
λaxλus          plural of: tree; to stand on   BC507: EW, HS, rh
                the ground outside (said of
                people)
λaxʔit          to start wedging               Check
λaxs ut         to split sth. up with a        Check
                                100


               wedge
λaxƛpa         plural of: to dig for clams     HS ind
λaxʷliɬ        sleeping, getting into/out of   OLP5
               bed?
λaxʷls         to stand up outdoors, to        Check
               arise outdoors (said of
               animate beings)
λaχʷa          to stand                        DS64
λaχʷaχtis      to stand on the beach at the    Check
               mouth of the river (said of
               animate beings)
λaχʷba         to stand at the end of sth.     HS
               linear and horizontal (such
               as the end of the wharf or
               the end of a log) (said of
               animate beings)
λaχʷbaila      to stand on top of a point of   HS maybe
               land (said of animate
               beings)
λaχʷbals       to stand at the end of the      Check
               street or village (said of
               animate beings): plural
               form identical?
λaχʷcwa        to stand inside a box (said     Check
               of animate beings)
λaχʷc as       place for s.o. or sth. to       Check
               stand in (such as a dodger)
λaχʷdma        thing to stand on (such as a    Check
               scaffolding)
λaχʷimalaƛla   to stand in front of or         Check
               beside sth. or s.o. on a
               surface (as for protecting or
               supporting)
λaχʷimiɬ       to stand in front of or         DS65; PIC
               beside sth. or s.o. in the
               house (as for protecting or
               supporting); name of the
               attendants who accompany
               the novice dancers in the
               minor dances
λaχʷimis       to stand in front of or         Check
               beside sth. or s.o. on the
               beach (as for protecting or
               supporting)
λaχʷʔit        stand up                        WL
λaχʷi ala      to stand on top of a cliff      Check
                                101


               (said of animate beings)
λaχʷlaƛla      to stand on a surface (such     Check
               as a wharf, a scaffolding)
               (said of animate beings)
λaχʷliɬ        to get up, get out of bed, to   EW
               volunteer
λaχʷlis        to stand up on the beach        Check
               (said of animate beings)
λaχʷɬχs        to stand up (arise) in a boat   Check
               (as after sleeping)
λaχʷmls        to stand on top of a hill       Check
               (said of animate beings)
λaχʷna         to stand on sth. long (such     Check
               as a log) (said of animate
               beings)
λaχʷnaƛi       to stand on a long thing on     Check
               the water (e.g. a log) (said
               of animate beings)
λaχʷs          to stand (i.e. be upright) on   Check
               a boat
λaχʷsala       standing upright on the         Check
               deck of the boat
λaχʷsmigut     to stand on s.o. else's back    Check
λaχʷsmila      to stand on a rock or           Check
               boulder (said of animate
               beings)
λaχʷsmiɬ       stand on top of rock            WL
               indoors
λaχʷsmis       stand on top of rock on         WL
               beach
λaχʷsmls       stand on top of hill/rock on    WL
               ground
λaχʷstais      to stand still in the water     HS maybe
               (said of animate beings)
λaχʷst a       to stand in the way, to         Check
               obstruct the view, to hinder
               sth. from passage; to stand
               by the window and look out
λaχʷt a        stand on top of tree/pole       WL
λaχʷƛ as       to stand on the roof (said of   Check
               animate beings)
λaχʷ aχsi      to stand at the edge of sth.    Check
               extended (e.g. the edge of a
               boat or the bank of a river)
               (said of animate beings)
λaχʷ aχs lis   to stand on the bank of a       Check
                                  102


                 river (said of animate
                 beings)
λaχʷ ms          to stand beside or in front      Check
                 of sth. or s.o. on the ground
                 outside (as for protecting or
                 supporting)
λaχʷ a           mast of a boat; to stand on      Check
                 a boaTs cabin
λiλa             plural of: to split with a       Check
                 wedge
λiλaɢmkʷ         plural of: log??                 PIC
λiλapika         plural of: woodpecker            HS ind tentative
λiλapikala       sound of many                    HS ind
                 woodpeckers
λiλma            plural of: to have sores         Check
λiλmɢm           plural of: sore on the face      Check
λiλnbut          plural of: to bite the end of    HS
                 sth.
λiλniga          plural of: pin for locking       Check
                 the door inside, bolt
λiλnigut         plural of: to lock the door      Check
                 inside the house with a pin
λiλnu a          plural of: to pull sth. out      Check
                 with the teeth
λiλ lainuχʷ      plural of: a person who          Check
                 always tries again
λiλ laχacwalas   overshoes, rubbers,              Check
                 galoshes
λiλ lstaut       plural of: to put the line       HS
                 into the water again, to set
                 out the net again
λiλ lut          plural of: to bring forth        Check
                 again (e.g. a forgotten
                 name, song, story), to
                 interpret, to translate
λiλ lxʔit        plural of: to do sth. again,     Check
                 to repeat again
λiλ lstu         plural of: to wake up and        Check
                 fall asleep again; to stand in
                 for, to replace, to fill in
λiλ lstwa        plural of: a replacement,        Check
                 fill-in, or stand-in; great-
                 grandchild
λiλ ala          plural of: to invite people      Check
                 from another village to a
                 potlatch
                              103


λiλ anχʷ     plural of: people from other    Check
             villages who are invited to
             a potlatch
λigʷumas     to lend                         Check
λigʷuxʷʔit   to start borrowing              Check
λigʷ ala     borrowing                       Check
λigʷ amas    to borrow for a while           Check
λigʷ amas.   to borrow for a while           Check
λigʷ nχʷ     sth. borrowed                   Check
λikʷu        to borrow                       EW, HS
λikʷu.       to borrow                       HS
λiqa         to name, to call somebody       EW, HS ind
             something
λiqila       to give a name to s.o.          HS ind
λiqkʷ        brave, a brave person           HS
λiqkʷmi      """brave person""; the          DS66
             mythical name of the Deer,
             who obtained fire for
             mankind"
λiqla        to sum up names, to keep        Check
             mentioning names
λisƛqkʷ      plural of: brave, a brave       HS
             person
λiƛgʷu       plural of: to borrow            Check
λiƛqa        plural of: to name s.o. after   Check
             s.o. (usually a decease
             person)
λiƛqila      plural of: to give a name to    HS ind
             s.o.
λiƛqla       plural of: to sum up names,     Check
             to keep mentioning names
λiƛqʷqila    plural of: to give a name to    HS ind
             s.o.
λiƛχa        plural of: to shove, slide,     Check
             slip sth. long (e.g. canoe);
             to plane
λiχʡit       to call a name                  HS ind
λiχλiqa      to call s.o.'s name             HS
             repeatedly
λiχλiqasu    repeating s.o.'s name,          HS
             calling a persoNs name
             every once in a while
λlχʔaχdut    to slide (slip) sth. into the   Check
             bottom part of a stack of
             papers (or e.g. a deck of
             cards)
                             104


λma (1)     scab, sore                      EW
λma (2)     to call a name                  Check
λma aʔau    little sore                     Check
λmɢm        sore on the face                Check
λmi         sore, mark of smallpox          HS
λmxʔit      to get sores                    Check
λna         to grip with the teeth (as a    Check
            fish the bait or a dog the
            stick)
λnala       to bite, grip with the teeth    EW
            or with tongs
λnamu a     to pull things out with the     Check
            teeth
λnbaut      to bite the end of sth.         HS
λniga       pin for locking the door        Check
            inside, bolt
λnigut      to lock the door inside the     Check
            house with a pin
λnika       to bar or bolt the door (i.e.   EW
            use bar across the back)
λnikla      bolting the door                Check
λnixʔit     to start bolting the door       Check
λnu a       to pull sth. out with the       Check
            teeth
λnxʔit      to take between the teeth       Check
λuλal       cousin, nephew, niece           Check
λugʷala     one with supernatural           EW, HS, DS66
            power, i.e. shaman; dance
            to obtain supernatural
            power; those who have
            danced high ranking dance
            of C’aiqa Series; cannibal
            spirits of C’aiqa Series,
            anyone possessed by them;
            dances given by
            Nnuwaqawa and
            Masmasalanwa
λugʷalaci   name of a house on K’itit,      DS66
            where the C’aiqa dances
            were performed, the house
            belonged to George Lewis,
            or G|vux\vakas who was a
            shaman
λugʷi       good luck; supernatural         HS, DS66
            power
λukʷa       to prepare for the              EW
                              105


            acquisition of supernatural
            power
λula        (to do) again                    HS ind
λuƛgʷala    plural of: to find a treasure;   Check
            person with supernatural
            powers (as e.g. a shaman);
            dance to obtain the right to
            use one's supernatural
            power
λ ala       nearby                           EW
λ l         nephew, niece, cousin            EW
λ lnukʷ     to have a cousin, nephew,        EW
            niece [No schwa beween /l/
            and /n/]
λwlxʔit     to begin again                   HS ind
λ la        again, to do sth. again          HS
λ laχa      """once more down from           DS66
            heaven""; series of dances
            (spirits of these dances
            come down from above),
            the highest ranking dance
            of which is the Warrior
            Dance or Wawinalalh;
            dance given by
            Nnuwaqawa and Masma;
            dance in the story of how
            Raven obtains the Herring"
λ laχti     interpreter                      Check
λ lglis     to start again on the beach      Check
λ linuχʷ    a person who always tries        HS
            again
λ lista     to go on yet another trip (as    Check
            a ferryboat)
λ lqila     to drone at the feast (i.e. a    Check
            ritual function performed
            by men. Women droning
            are said to: Qilaqvla; to
            initiate, to christen, baptize
λ lqilakʷ   men in charge of ritual          Check
            droning at a feast; initiated
            men
λ lut       to bring forth again (e.g. a     Check
            forgotten name, song,
            story), to interpret, to
            translate
λ luya u    one's interpretation (i.e.       Check
                              106


             performance, presentation)
             of a song or story
λ lxλ lka    to repeat, to do over and        HS ind
             over again
λ lxʔit      to do again, again               EW
λ lʣaqʷ      to speak, sing, whistle,         Check
             perform, make sound again
λ lstaut     to put the line into the         HS
             water again, to set out the
             net again
λ lstu       to wake up and fall asleep       Check
             again; to stand in for, to
             replace, to fill in
λ lstwa      a replacement, fill-in, or       Check
             stand-in; great-grandchild
λ lχƛaut     to have another serving          HS bella bella
λ ala        "to invite people from           EW, DS65
             another village to a
             potlatch; name of a potlatch
             given at the end of a
             DhWlax\a dance, given
             usually at the buying-out
             ceremony of a wife; ""to
             give a potlatch"""
λ alapiq     potlatch pole; a totem pole      DS65
             with a sphere on top,
             referred to also as dhyaPiq;
             one acquired the right to
             erect this pole after a
             dhyala potlatch
λYala uqʷs   """one who has given a           DS65
             dhyala potlatch""; name of
             Maggie Bernard, given to
             Hilda Smith and Janice
             Bernard"
λ anχʷ       people from other villages       Check
             who are invited to a
             potlatch
λ apiq       potlatch pole; a totem pole      DS65
             with a sphere on top,
             referred to also as
             dhyalaPiq; one acquired the
             right to erect this pole after
             a dhyala potlatch
λ asula      "to potlatch in conjunction      DS65
             with someone else (EW);
                                 107


                ""to potlatch together""?"
λ lχa           plural of: to shove, slide,     Check
                slip sth. long (e.g. canoe);
                to plane
λ lχʔausdisa    to slide, drag, shove a boat    Check
                away from the water and up
                the beach
λ lχaχut        plural of: to slide down sth.   Check
λ lχs alaut.l   plural of: to slide, shove      Check
                sth. long (such as a boat) up
                a rocky shore
λ lχaχla        plural of: sliding              Check
                downwards
g-              and further, and then           EW
                (syntactic element always
                followed by personal
                subject suffixes)
-g              see -ga                         Check
-ga             primary deictic: here with      Check
                me (D1i)
ga              this one here with me           EW
gaː             this (near speaker) - deictic   EW
                root
gaːla           "before, first, first to,       EW, DS68
                ahead; (in certain syntactic
                constructions) when; ""the
                first one""; name of Albert
                Harry"
Gaːlaɢa         """the first one""; name of     DS68
                Gladis Hailhamas, daughter
                of Mary Johnson-
                Hailhamas; name of Evelyn
                Windsor as a child, from
                Albert Harry"
gaːlaxsala      to crawl aimlessly              WL
gac             this invisible one here with    Check
                me
gacda           emphatic variant of gac         Check
gacdana         emphatic variant of gac         Check
gacqʷ           this invisible one here with    Check
                me
gacqʷana        emphatic variant of gaqv        Check
gacχʷ           this invisible one here with    Check
                me (proclitic)
gada            emphatic variant of ga          Check
gadana          emphatic variant of ga          Check
                               108


gagaχiƛnala   to come in unexpectedly         Check
gagiχʔa       to get ready for grinding or    HS
              filing, to be about to grind,
              to try to grind
gagla         to crawl, be about to crawl,    WL
              prepare for crawling (as a
              baby)
gagla.                                        Check
gagyanwala    plural of: to have noticed      Check
              sth. before, to be aware of
              sth.
gagyanwala.   see gagyanwala                  Check
gahiλas       entrance                        Check
gahiλas.      entrance                        EW
gahisla       to camp                         Check
gaibala       working off or going            Check
              through each one out of a
              series or a row of things (as
              when begging and going
              from house to house)
gaiglaƛa as   disembarkation point            Check
gaixʔidas     place from where one            Check
              starts, starting point
gaixʔit       to start from; starting from,   Check
              since
gala          to be first to do sth., to be   Check
              before or ahead of s.o. or
              sth. in some respect; to do
              sth. or to be sth. first off
              (before anything else), for
              the first time, or as soon as
              sth. else happens
galabnkʷla    to learn in phases              Check
galagiwa      forebears, ancestors            Check
galglis       forebears, ancestors (lit:      Check
              first in space, first in the
              universe); to be the first to
              leave the beach
galgla        to arrive on the beach first    Check
Galɢa         """first woman""; name of       DS68
              the child of Lalxmilh and
              the Bear, the story belongs
              to Edith Beans and is told
              by Jack Johnson; name of
              Edith Beans"
Galɢm         """the first one""; name of     DS68
                                   109


                 one of the children of
                 Lalxmilh and the Bear, the
                 story belongs to Edith
                 Beans and is told by Jack
                 Johnson; similar versions
                 occur in Heiltsuk"
Galɢmaχiskasʔu   """the great one who first        DS69
                 came down from the sky"";
                 name of an original
                 ancestor transformed from
                 a Qvulus into a human at
                 K’vaMwa"
Galɢmaχisla      first to descend to earth on      DS69
                 the beach; name of an
                 original ancestor at Rivers
                 Inlet, this name connects
                 Rivers Inlet with the
                 Skeena River, the Nass
                 River, Fort Simpson, and
                 the Q’vuqvaYaitx\v, a
                 Heiltsuk tribe
Galɢmkasʔu       The Magnificent Primeval          hr36,43, DS69
                 One: first to descend to
                 earth; name of an original
                 ancestor at Rivers Inlet, this
                 name connects Rivers Inlet
                 with the Skeena River, the
                 Nass River, Fort Simpson,
                 and the Q’vuqvaYaitx\v, a
                 Heiltsuk tribe
galka            to be the first to arrive         Check
galkƛi           to be the first to go away on     Check
                 the boat
galɬknmas        to make too long                  Check
galnca           to be first to dive; to dive      Check
                 first (before sth. else), for
                 the first time, or as soon as
                 sth. else happens
Galqslaglis      """the first to eat""; name       DS70
                 for a HamaCa dancer,
                 given by Tommy
                 Hailhamas to his daughter
                 (EW); a high ranking dance
                 of the DhWlax\a Series"
galstut          to be the first to set the net,   Check
                 to be first to put the line
                                110


               into the water
galxʔit        to become the first, first to,   EW
               ahead
gal axci       to be first to go away; to go    Check
               away first off, for the first
               time, or as soon as sth. else
               happens
gamula         black cod hook made out of       EW
               yew wood
-ganm          see -ganm                        Check
-ganm.         perhaps, it could be that ...,   Check
               possibly, probably (Rath
               1981)
gana           emphatic variant of gA           Check
gaqʷ           this one here with me            Check
gaqʷana        emphatic variant of: gaqv        Check
gaslyn         gasoline (English)               Check
gawiqa         (to go and get) seafood (of      EW
               any kind)
gawiqnm        any seafood                      Check
gaχ            come!                            EW
gaχʡini        reason for coming                Check
gaχatusla      coming down the river            Check
gaχʔauɬcwala   coming out of sth. (e.g. a       Check
               box, bay, inlet)
gaχa is        to come over from across         Check
gaχa ls        to come over from across         Check
               the street or the field
gaχaχiɬ        to come over from across         Check
gaχaχiɬla      coming downstairs                Check
gaχaχla        coming down                      Check
gaχinakʷ       to come back home                Check
gaχinakʷla     coming this way gradually        Check
gaχis          to come to the beach             Check
gaχiƛ          to come in, enter the house      EW
gaχka          to come here, to arrive here     Check
gaχla          to come in (by boat)             Check
gaχlala        coming in by boat                Check
gaχmxs iɬ      to come into the room (said      Check
               of a group of people)
gaχncs         to come down to the beach        Check
gaχpta         to come up the inlet or bay      Check
               (lit: the pit -namely in the
               coasline-)
gaχs           to come aboard the boat          Check
gaχsiwa        measles, pimples, or any         Check
                                 111


               skin eruption
gaχstu         to come towards a hole, an       Check
               opening, or one's eye
gaχstukʷ       attained, reached by sth.        Check
               (said in connection with a
               hole, an opening, or one's
               eye)
gaχsustiwiɬ    to come upstairs                 Check
gaχs aiɬ       to come into the room            Check
gaχwls         to come out of the house         Check
gaχ axc ut     to bring sth. here               Check
gaχʷ           this one here with me            Check
               (proclitic)
gaχʷulisa      to come to a flat beach or       Check
               an open plain
gayaɢas        place one has been to (but       Check
               is now back from), place of
               origin of a person or thing
gayalas        cause or reason for getting      Check
               hurt
gayanwala      to have noticed sth. before,     Check
               to be aware of sth.
gayanwala.     see gayanwala                    Check
gayaqla        from, starting from,             Check
               proceeding from, since
gaː axsala     to leave things about (as        hs
               children their toys)
ga nʣas        place on the beach where         Check
               sth. went down in the water
ga uλas        place of origin, where one       EW
               gets something
gayuɬtaƛa as   embarkation point                Check
ga u aʔa as    place where one comes out        Check
               (e.g. the place where a
               hunter leaves the forest and
               enters into the open)
gayuyala       one's coming out of a bay        Check
               or inlet; north wind
ga as          cupboard?                        PIC
gaʣaci         container for gas                PIC
gi             see g-                           Check
gic            see g-                           Check
gicut          to put sth. into or as if into   HS ind
               a container
gicwa          to be contained in sth.,         HS
               placed inside sth., placed in
                                112


              a container, things or
              people in a container or
              container-like thing
gic as        containment, container            HS
g galɢm       """those who are first"" in       DS68
              receiving gifts or food at a
              potlatch; name of a sept
              group of the Oowekeeno
              who are ""always given
              seats of honour at the head
              of the house and said to
              derive from the Grizzly
              Bear""; first and original
              ancestors"
gigalkƛi      plural of: to be the first to     HS
              go away on the boat
gigalstut     plural of: to be the first to     HS
              set the net, to be first to put
              the line into the water
gigaqiɬ       among people indoors              HS
gigaqls       among the people of a             HS
              village
gigaχstalis   rain here but sunshine there      HS not known
gigiludan     plural of: horse                  HS
gigla         plural of: to go on all fours,    HS
              to crawl (as a baby)
gigluƛa       plural of: to rob, to steal       HS
giglaliɬ      to stay at s.o. else's house      Check
giglm         plural of: weasel                 HS
gigl a        plural of: canoe                  HS
gig m         plural of: a maNs sister-in-      HS in sentence
              law, a womaNs brother-in-
              law
gig mp        plural of: a maNs sister-in-      HS
              law, a womaNs brother-in-
              law
giʔi...       see gY...                         Check
gik           tooth, teeth                      EW
gikaƛa        teething pain                     Check
gikcut        plural of: to put sth. into or    Check
              as if into a container
gikcwa        plural of: to be contained in     Check
              sth., placed inside sth.,
              placed in a container,
              things or people in a
              container or container-like
                                113


               thing
gikc as        plural of: containment,         Check
               container
gikilakʷ       false teeth                     EW
gikilinuxʷ     dentist                         Check
gikpxsyala     to feel that sth. is between    Check
               one's teeth
gikχa          plural of: to grind, to file,   Check
               to rub against each other
               (as e.g. file and knife)
giludan        horse                           EW, HS, rh
-giɬ (1)       ground, reason, cause,          Check
               motive for sth. (Rath 1981)
-giɬ (2)       to be the beneficiary,          Check
               addressee, recipient, or
               victim of sth. (Rath 1981)
ginuʣut        to stick sth. into one's        Check
               pocket
gs             to be on the ground outside     EW
gisa           to make love to one's sister-   EW
               in-law
gisgalɬknmas   plural of: to make too long     Check
gisglt         plural of: long, tall           Check
gisgluƛikʷ     plural of: robber, habitual     Check
               thief
giskca         a kind of edible shellfish      Check
giƛ            my dear fellow! (endearing      Check
               address used by both men
               and women towards men)
giƛa           dear, beloved; name of the      EW, DS70
               man from the story of
               Q’vuqvaYaitx\v; name of
               the son of MiQnc, from the
               story of Waawalis, located
               at Xvnis, a village of the
               'W’iThitx\v of the Heiltsuk
Giƛaɢa         name of Mabel                   DS71
               Chamberlain-Wesley
gi ala         to make love to one's sister-   Check
               in-law
gi ya          leftover (e.g. food)            Check
gi yala        to leave over                   Check
giχa           to grind, to file, to sharpen   EW
giχʡit         to start to grind, file, rub    Check
               things against each other
g ʣut          to place sth. or s.o. on a      HS ind
                              114


             relatively small surface
             (e.g. a table)
gla          to crawl, to go on all fours     EW
glaglanuƛ    gooseberry plant (Ribes          BC103: Olson54
             divaricatum)
glala        going on all fours, crawling     Check
             (as of a baby)
glalagliɬ    crawling around indoors          Check
glalaglis    crawling around on the           Check
             beach
glalagls     crawling around outdoors         Check
glalakƛla    crawling around on a             Check
             relatively large surface (e.g.
             a float, sidewalk)
Gldala       """long river""; the Kilbella    DS70
             River; Indian Reserve #2 of
             the Oowekeeno, located at
             the mouth of Gldala; a
             similar name, Kildala Arm,
             is found at Kitimat"
gldis        person who can hold his          Check
             breath for a long time
gldisba      long nose(d)                     Check
gldiƛ        long inlet                       Check
glistilala   crawling around the island       Check
             along the shore
gliχsda      to want to crawl                 WL
glkna        to crawl along a log             Check
glɬʔit       to become longer (taller)        Check
glɬkʷudiɬ    longer side of the interior      Check
             of the house
glnakʷla     crawling                         WL
glt          long, tall                       EW
gltaχa       overcoat                         Check
gltm         long face(d)                     Check
gltuyala     longer than the rest,            Check
             sticking out
gltχt        tall (said of a person)          Check
gltχu        long neck, having a long         Check
             neck
gluƛa        to rob, steal (i.e. obtain by    EW, DS70
             crawling)
Gluƛlaɬ      the Thieving Dance, a            DS70
             dance of the C’aiqa Series,
             the dancer goes throughout
             the village stealing food;
                                 115


               the Robbing-Spirit-Dance
gluƛikʷ        robber, habitual thief            Check
gl a           canoe                             EW, PIC
gl ala         going by canoe, using a           Check
               canoe
glxglka        to crawl repeatedly               WL
glxʔit         to start to go on all fours, to   WL
               start crawling (as a baby)
glχʷa          to knuckle with a rubbing         EW
               motion
gliƛla         an unidentified kind of           Check
               grass
glɬbalila      long point of land;               Check
               (Kilbella river???)
glm            weasel, ermine                    EW, HS, rh
gltsɢu         long spout, long penis            Check
gminuχʷ        clan, fellow clansmen             EW, DS70
gminuχʷas      one's clan of origin              Check
gminuχʷʔut     fellow-clansman                   Check
gna            to get more (money), to add       EW
               to what one already has
gnc            see g-                            Check
gnca (1)       how many?                         EW
gnca (2)       to belong to s.o., to be s.o.'s   Check
               property, to be in s.o.'s
               possession, to have an
               owner
gncacɢnakʷla   how many lines?                   Check
gncacq         how many long things              Check
               (such as canoes)?
gncacqila      what time?                        Check
gncacqla       how many boats going              Check
gncacqwala     how many boats going              Check
               together?
gncagila       how many items caught?            Check
gncaɢwala      how many together?                Check
gncaiƛuƛ       how many cupfuls                  Check
               (glassfuls, servings)?
gncaiχsa       how many flat things              Check
gncaiχƛa       how many hollow things            Check
               (such as cups, glasses)?
gncakɬba       how many layers of                Check
               clothing on?
gncakɬbaiɬ     how many blankets on the          Check
               bed?
gncalagls      how many people working           Check
                                  116


                 outside?
gncapinixʷls     how many days?                   Check
gncapnalaƛla     what day of the month?           Check
gncapna is       how many times across?           Check
gncapngʷusti a   how many times up to the         Check
                 mountain?
gncapnista       how many round trips?            Check
gncapnistisla    how many times around the        Check
                 bay, inlet, lake, pond, field,
                 village?
gncapnistlsla    how many times around the        Check
                 house?
gncapnk          how many arMs lengths            Check
                 (spans, yards, fathoms)?
gncapns          what day, what date?             Check
gncapnsta        how many times into the          Check
                 water?
gncapnstaut      put how many times into          HS
                 the water?
gncapnstqa       how many shots fired, how        Check
                 many ones turned loose?
gncapnsχƛa       how many times over the          Check
                 ridge?
gncapnsχƛais     how many times to the            Check
                 other side of the lake, pond,
                 bay, field, village?
gncapnsχƛls      how many times on the            hs
                 ground outdoors (...over the
                 hill?)?
gncapnsχƛaqa     how many times beyond            Check
                 the ridge?
gncapnxs als     how many times up into the       Check
                 woods
gncapnʣaqʷ       how many talks, speeches,        Check
                 songs, whistles,
                 performances?
gncasɢm          how many round and/or            Check
                 bulky (clumsy) things (e.g.
                 silver dollars, stones)?
gncasɢmaχut      how many blocks cut off?         Check
gncasɢms         how many round and/or            Check
                 bulky things on the ground
                 (such as houses)?
gncasɢmʣ ala     how many dollars (does the       Check
                 bill say)? what is the face
                 value (of the bill)? (lit: how
                                    117


                   many round and/or bulky
                   things (i.e. silver dollars)
                   expressed on the flat
                   surface (i.e. the bill))
gncasɢmis          how many round and/or           Check
                   bulky things on the beach
                   (such as cords of wood)?
gncaχʔanχ          how many years old? how         Check
                   old?
gncaχs             how many on board the           Check
                   boat
gncaχsi            into how many pieces?           Check
gncaχs ut          torn into how many pieces?      Check
gncukʷ             how many?                       HS
gncaiɬ             how many people in the          Check
                   house?
gnɬut              to add money to an account      EW
gnugʷa             see g-                          Check
gnxʔit             to start helping a person out   Check
                   with money, to add on to
                   the money s.o. else already
                   has (so that he can put up a
                   bigger potlatch or pay cash
                   for his purchases)
gnʣat              to own                          Check
gncaː              to own, to belong to            EW
gntkʷ              see g-                          Check
gu                 see g-                          Check
guχʷ               see g-                          Check
guχʷc              see g-                          Check
gu ala             to be careful                   EW
G agiƛaxstuɢʷmiɬ   name of the eldest son of       DS70
                   N’auzwis, an original
                   ancestor from the Sumx\ulh
g alaƛla           being or placed on a            Check
                   relatively large surface or
                   in a framework
g a                dear, loved one (placed on      EW
                   the rock or the stove?)
g aiƛla            entering the house              EW
g as               placed for sth. on the          Check
                   ground outdoors
g ilm              sth. that has been placed in    Check
                   a house or room (as e.g. a
                   pawn in a pawnshop)
g iɬ               in the house or room,           Check
                                 118


               indoors
g iɬa          to place sth. on the floor, to   Check
               pawn
g is           placed on the beach              Check
g isa          to place sth. on the beach       Check
g las          place for putting away or        Check
               stashing goods, depository,
               repository
g m            sibling in law of the            EW
               opposite sex
g mcani        precise meaning unknown.         Check
               Term remembered as used
               by a grandmother for her
               son-in-law
g mp           sibling in law of the            EW
               opposite sex
g ukʷ          see gYyukv                       Check
g ukʷ          lonesome, blue                   Check
-gʷ            see –ga                          Check
-gʷa           see –ga                          Check
gʷaː           to lower the price               EW
Gʷaʡiχdas      name of a chief at K’itit,       DS75
               his name means that he
               gave so many feasts that
               people got sore behinds
               from sitting; name of
               Johnny Carol; refers to
               chafed behinds from sitting
               too long at a feast
gʷaːχut        to lower the price               EW
gʷada          quarter (i.e., the coin)         Check
Gʷagʷadaχla    """to descend again and          DS75
               again""; formerly the name
               of Captain Johnson now
               Norman Johnson, the name
               possibly refers to the spirits
               of the DhWlax\a Dances
               which descend from
               heaven"
gʷagʷanxs a    to divide what one has into      HS
               equal portions
gʷagʷasaqla    coming this way                  Check
gʷagʷasaχʡit   to come this way                 Check
gʷagʷla        to get provisions for a trip     Check
               (e.g. by buying them)
gʷagʷulaqs     picnic                           Check
                                  119


gʷagʷuma        a kind of small owl               HS ind
Gʷagʷumabala    coastal location between          PIC
                Ha\yuugva and K’vii??
gʷagʷ aƛa       to try to help                    HS
gʷak a          (on) this side of the top of      Check
                sth. (e.g. the cabin of the
                boat)
gʷak aiɬ        (on) this side of the top of      Check
                sth. indoors
gʷak als        (on) this side of the top of      Check
                sth. outdoors
gʷakʷgʷanxs a   plural of: to divide what         HS
                one has into equal portions
gʷakʷgʷla       plural of: to get provisions      HS
                for a trip (e.g. by buying
                them)
gʷakʷgʷnala     to weigh sth.                     HS
gʷakʷgʷulaqs    plural of: picnic                 HS ok
gʷakʷgʷ aƛa     plural of: to try to help         HS
gʷakʷsaqa       plural of: closer to this side    Check
                than sth. or s.o.
gʷakʷsu ala     tears running out of the          Check
                eyes
gʷakʷsχƛa       plural of: (on) this side of      Check
                the ridge
-gʷanm          see -ganem                        Check
-gʷanm.         see -ganm                         Check
gʷanala         to weigh with scales              EW
gʷanala..       to weigh sth.                     HS
gʷanalakʷ       (sth.) weighed                    Check
gʷanala u       scales for weighing               Check
gʷanaxsa        to estimate, judge by what        Check
                means to achieve the goal;
                to gauge how much of the
                various components are to
                be mixed
gʷaːnaxsala     to try all sorts of means to      HS
                achieve the goal (without
                being certain if they are
                going to be effective)
gʷasa           to fray, chafe, rub               EW
gʷasala         situated here, this side, on      EW
                this side
gʷasaliɬ        situated or happening (a          Check
                bit) closer to this side of the
                house or the room
                                 120


gʷasalls       situated or happening (a          Check
               bit) closer to this side of the
               hill or of the exterior of the
               house
gʷasanusbila   (on) this side of a steep         Check
               point of land
gʷasanusbis    (on) this side of a point of      Check
               land on the beach
gʷasanuƛmi     (on) this side of a face          Check
gʷasan a       (on) this side of sth.            Check
gʷasan ls      (on) this side of the hill        Check
gʷasaqa        closer to this side than sth.     Check
               or s.o.
gʷasaʣi        (on) this side of a flat thing    Check
               (such as a door, wall, sheet)
gʷasba         (on) this end of sth. linear      Check
               and horizontal (such as a
               ruler, street, board)
gʷasbais       (on) this end of the beach        Check
gʷasbals       (on) this end of the lot of       Check
               ground, the street, or the
               village
gʷasgliɬ       to move this way indoors          Check
gʷasglis       to move this way on the           Check
               beach
gʷasɢmista     to turn s.o.'s face around        Check
               this way
gʷasɢmistut    to turn a persoNs head            Check
               towards oneself
gʷasɢmxʔit     to turn s.o.'s face this way      Check
gʷasiɢʷala     (on) this side of sth.            Check
gʷasiɢʷis      (on) this side of the bay,        Check
               lake, inlet, creek, field, or
               village
gʷasiqʷa       to travel on this side of the     Check
               channel
gʷasiqʷχs      (on) this side of the fairway     Check
               (channel) in the water
gʷasiqwis      (on) this side of the fairway     Check
               (passage) on the beach
gʷasiqʷa.      (on) this side of the water       Check
gʷasiqʷs       (on) this side of the field       Check
gʷasiχʷƛala    (on) this side of the fire        Check
gʷasiχʷƛaliɬ   (on) this side of the             Check
               fireplace
gʷaskɬχs       to have moved nearer (said        Check
                                121


               of sth. on the boat)
gʷast          to come down (tears)             EW
gʷast ala      with tears in the eyes           Check
gʷasudaχsi     (on) this side of the            Check
               doorway (that one is
               looking at from outside)
gʷasuɬna       (on) this side of sth. long      Check
               and cylindrical (such as a
               log, the human body)
gʷasutχs       (on) this side of the boat       Check
gʷasutχtai     (on) this side of the mouth      Check
               of a bay
gʷasutʣ ls     (on) this side of the fairway    Check
               (passage) outdoors
gʷasutm a      (on) this side of the face       Check
gʷasutm ais    (on) this side of the corner     Check
               of the bay
gʷasuts        (on) this side of the open       Check
               area on the ground outside
gʷasutχdi      (on) this side of one's hips     Check
gʷasxʔit       to move nearer, to move          Check
               this way
gʷasχƛa        (on) this side of the ridge      Check
gʷasχƛais      (on) this side of the ridge      Check
               separating two parallel
               beaches (e.g. the beaches of
               a long island), (on) this side
               of the village
gʷasχƛalitχʷ   people from this side of the     Check
               sound
gʷasχƛals      (on) this side of the hill       Check
-gʷauɬ         see -gvulh                       Check
gʷaxʔit        to dash back, to move back       Check
               suddenly (as a fish
               swimming)
gʷaχut         to lower the price of sth.       Check
Gʷaʣis         name of the Fire Dancer          DS75
               given by T’haqvagila to
               M’axva in marriage to his
               daughter,
               T’haqvagilaYug\va; refers
               to making fire by rubbing
               two sticks together
gʷidanwa       descendants of GviNu; a          DS76
               sept of the 'WiKinux\v who
               originally came from the
                               122


              north, probably Tsimshian
gʷigʷ latwa   golden earrings                 Check
gʷigʷ a       plural of: to awaken s.o.       Check
gʷikʷɬa       plural of: to dismantle, tear   Check
              down, take apart, demolish
              sth. (such as a house, an
              engine)
gʷikʷɬʔit     plural of: to start to          Check
              dismantle, tear down, take
              apart, demolish sth.
-gʷiɬ         see -gilh                       Check
gʷiɬa         to decompose, demolish,         EW
              disintegrate, dismantle,
              take apart, scatter
gʷiɬʔit       to start to dismantle, tear     Check
              down, take apart, demolish
              sth.
gʷiɬla        dismantling, taking apart,      Check
              tearing down, demolishing
              sth.
Gʷinu         name of the man who came        DS76
              from the north to settle at
              Sumx\ulh, originally from
              the Tsimshian; name of a
              Raven man from the
              Tsimshian town of
              Gilanagi; name of Agnes
              Moore's and Kimsquit
              JimmYs son, also called
              T’halhba
gʷitla        belonging to more than one      EW
              clan; Tsimshian people
gʷitala       Tsimshian language, to          Check
              speak the Tsimshian
              language
gʷixʔit       to start to awaken s.o.         Check
gʷlkʷm        deaf, hard of hearing           EW
gʷmʣa         "bud of cottonwood tree         BC116: lj
              (Populus balsamifera), also
              referred to as ""maple"":
              buds mixed with mountain
              goat fat as ointment for
              sores; buds used in hair
              dressing; sap from buds
              used as binding agent"
gʷmʣas        cottonwood tree (Populus        BC116: lj
                              123


              balsamifera): buds mixed
              with mountain goat fat as
              ointment for sores;
              cambium, secondary
              phloem (inner bark) eaten;
              buds used in hair dressing;
              sap from buds used as
              binding agent
Gʷna          name of a man from             DS75
              Klemtu, a hunter who
              travels to Calvert Island;
              name of Agnes Moore's
              son, nephew of Ned
              Wesley; name of the
              youngest son of
              Nnuwaqawa (a.k.a.
              Waakas), after he met
              BaxvbakvalaNusiwa (a.k.a.
              ThuYa), he became chief of
              the C’yuWitx\v
gʷn m         to disintegrate [irregular     EW
              stress?]
gʷuckʷ        covered with frost             EW
gʷudisa       to pile cordwood up on the     Check
              beach
gʷud ukʷ      piled up on the beach (as      BC508: DS
              cordwood), pile of
              cordwood on the beach
gʷugʷat       to own a house                 Check
gʷugʷatxʔit   to become a home owner         Check
gʷugʷi        leg, foot                      EW, HS ind
gʷugʷiɬ       to be in a house               Check
gʷugʷis       home, cottage??                PIC
gʷukʷ         to live in a place, reside,    EW, PIC
              dwell, settle
gʷukʷai       float-house                    Check
gʷukʷaχtis    house at the mouth of a        Check
              river
gʷukʷgi ala   boat with the cabin on the     Check
              bow
gʷukʷgʷi      plural of: leg, foot           HS
gʷukʷila      to build a house               Check
Gʷukʷilnk     """dreaming of building a      DS76
              house""; name of a chief at
              K’itit, name of his house is
              MinaCi, name of his sept is
                                   124


                   Wawikm"
gʷukʷkʷhls         plural of: village             village
gʷukʷkʷ as         plural of: village             HS
gʷukʷla            to camp, dwell, reside         EW
                   somewhere, a camp
gʷukʷlaʔas         where one person lives         HS
gʷukʷlaiɬ          to live in a house             Check
gʷukʷlals          village                        Check
Gʷukʷlaxdnχʷ       people from a settlement       DS76
                   and grave site above K’itit
gʷukʷlilms qinaχ   house slippers                 Check
gʷukʷlut           "fellow resident, fellow       HS, DS76
                   villager; the term refers to
                   the people below the
                   nobility, the
                   ""commoners"""
gʷukʷxʷdma         plural of: village,            Check
                   settlement, inhabited world,
                   environment
gʷukʷs             house on the ground            Check
gʷukʷχλala         see gvuKvx\vdhala              Check
gʷukʷχʷλala        boat with a cabin on the       HS
                   stern
Gʷukʷ as           a settlement and grave site    DS76
                   above K’itit; yard of one's
                   house, lot of ground with
                   houses, construction site,
                   village site
gʷulaci            smoke house, lunch box         PIC
gʷula u            salmon trap in the creek       Check
gʷula ugʷila       to make a salmon trap in       Check
                   the creek
gʷulilm            provisions for s.o. staying    Check
                   behind; one's will,
                   testament
gʷuliɬa            to leave provisions            Check
                   (victuals) for s.o. staying
                   behind; to will sth. to s.o.
gʷulm              rock piles to preserve         PIC
                   fish??
gʷulukʷ            "traveling provisions,         Check
                   victuals, ""grub"""
gʷulukʷ.           snacks for trip                HS
gʷulnχ             cloud                          PIC
-gʷuɬ              long ago (Rath 1981)           Check
gʷuɬa              to gather and preserve         HS
                                 125


                staple food (such as meat,
                berries); (esp.) to gather
                and smoke salmon
gʷuɬa (2)       to gather and preserve food      EW
                staples (meat, berries, and
                especially salmon), to
                prepare food for later, make
                travelling provisions, to
                will something to
                somebody
gʷuɬcustiwala   to stack things on top of        Check
                each other (as when one
                keeps adding cordwood to
                a pile)
gʷuɬʔit         to start to pile up things; to   Check
                start to gather and preserve
                food (esp. salmon)
gʷuɬla          gathering and preserving         Check
                staple food; gathering and
                smoking salmon
gʷuɬʔnkʷ        store houses??                   PIC
gʷuma           see gvumag\a                     Check
gʷumaɢa         ratfish                          EW
gʷumaqis        ratfish oil                      Check
gʷusi           "Irish white potato              HS ind; BC119: DS
                (Solanum tuberosum):
                introduced food, tubers
                eaten (possibly from
                English ""good seed""?)"
gʷuskʷsa        to eat potatoes                  Check
Gʷustis         name of the rapids on the        DS77
                K’vii River where the
                Haida raiders were
                ambushed by 'A|iKakv, or
                Captain Johnson
gʷuta           to stack, pile things up         EW
gʷutkʷ          things piled up                  Check
gʷutla          piling up things                 Check
gʷuxʷbaƛla      factory??                        PIC
gʷuxʷdma        village, settlement,             Check
                inhabited world,
                environment
gʷuxʷʔ t        plural of: to become a           Check
                house
gʷuxʷʔit        to become a house                Check
gʷu akʷ         raft made of logs                Check
                               126


gʷ llalas      gold, golden                  Check
gʷ aλm         help, assistance, things      Check
               given in assistance
gʷ aɬʔit       to start helping, assisting   Check
gʷ aƛa         to help, assist               EW
gʷ aƛini       the kind of help given, the   Check
               way of assisting
gʷ a           to awaken, to wake            EW
               somebody up
ɢaʔaiɬ         at a house and for a long     Check
               time
ɢaʔais         at a place outdoors and for   Check
               a long time
ɢaːkaxsala     to talk nonsense (said of     hs
               women)
ɢaːχ           to croak (crow or raven),     EW
               cry of crow or raven
ɢaʔaχta        to eat breakfast              Check
ɢaʔaχti        breakfast                     Check
ɢaʔaχtigila    to cook breakfast             Check
ɢacχ           """starfish""; name of        DS72
               Bobby Beans"
ɢacχ           starfish                      EW, PIC
ɢacχidala      name of the father of         DS72
               Mazlx, story of the Wren
               and the Grizzly Bear
ɢacχsistalaɬ   name of the son of            DS72
               Waawalis
ɢaλaχsut       to lock the door of the       Check
               house from outside with a
               hook
ɢaλa u         hook, gaff                    WL, PIC
ɢaλiga         hook for locking the door     Check
ɢaλisʔilm      snagged at the bottom of      Check
               the sea (as when jigging)
ɢaλm           fish hook                     WL, PIC
ɢaλmganm       maybe a fish hook             WL
ɢaλmgila       make a fish hook              WL
ɢaλmgilaxʷ     suppose to be a fish hook     WL
ɢaglis         happening or done on the      Check
               beach in the morning (e.g.
               low tide early in the
               morning)
ɢaglsla        to go out early in the        EW
               morning
ɢagmlaχa       name of a Chief of the        DS72
                                127


               Q’vuqvaYaitx\v; his sister
               daughter marries Githa of
               Rivers Inlet
ɢagʷai         vocative form of g\akv           Check
ɢaɢa           child's term for the child-      EW
               snatching monster with the
               basketchild lhalha
ɢaɢaʔampχʷ     plural of: grandparent           Check
ɢaɢadli        house fly                        EW
ɢaɢaλala       to hook onto sth.                WL
ɢaɢakalas      fiancee                          Check
ɢaɢaka ala     to try to get a wife             HS
ɢaɢaka         to try to get one's a bride or   EW, HS
               wife back by giving a
               potlatch
ɢaɢalutalis    name of a place at the           DS72
               mouth of Gldala River
               associated with the Hanuse
               Family
ɢaɢasla        great-grandparents               Check
ɢaɢaslanyala   great-great-grandparents         Check
ɢaɢaƛuda       "bogeyman who                    Check
               disembowels people,
               ""hook-man"""
ɢaɢaƛa         to try to gaff sth.              HS, WL, PIC
ɢaɢaƛayu       gaff for catching salmon         Check
ɢaɢaƛinuχʷ     good at hooking, gaffing,        PIC
               fishing
ɢaɢaχiliɬ      to stand indoors with            Check
               spread legs
ɢaɢiɢma        to be in the way                 Check
ɢaɢina         to remove lice from the hair     Check
               with a fine comb
ɢaɢinayu       extra fine comb for              Check
               removing insects
ɢaɢlsla        to go out before daybreak        Check
ɢaɢm           grandparent                      EW
ɢaɢmp          grandparent                      EW
ɢaɢniɬa        plural of: supper, dinner        Check
ɢaɢuca         to take shelter form rain or     Check
               wind
ɢaɢulaɢas      American red raspberry           BC112: DS
               (Rubus idaeus) bush
ɢaɢulaɢm       American red raspberry           BC112: DS
               (Rubus idaeus)
ɢaɢulaɢmas     American red raspberry           BC112: DS
                                128


              (Rubus idaeus) bush
ɢaɢʷit        the worm that causes             Check
              shellfish to become
              poisonous
ɢakʷ          endearing term used by           Check
              men and women for close
              relatives
ɢala.         to call somebody names, to       EW
              call s.o. down
ɢaɬɢaƛa       to hook, gaff, crochet           HS ind
              repeatedly
ɢaɬɢniqa      to go after abalone              Check
ɢaɬɢniq       abalone                          PIC
ɢaɬʔit        to give a pull with a hook,      WL
              to start gaffing, hooking, or
              crocheting
ɢaɬpiq        pole for hooking                 Check
ɢaniɬa        supper                           EW
ɢanuλnakʷla   twilight, getting night          Check
              gradually
ɢanuλ m       low tide in the evening          Check
ɢanuƛ         night                            EW
ɢaqλaχsut     plural of: to lock the door      Check
              of the house from outside
              with a hook
ɢaqλa u       plura of: hook, gaff             Check
ɢaqɢaka       plural of: to try to get a       HS
              bride (esp. through
              organizing the proper sort
              of feast)
ɢaqɢasla      plural of: great-                Check
              grandparents
ɢaqɢaƛa       plural of: to try to gaff sth.   HS
ɢaqɢaƛayu     plural of: gaff for catching     Check
              salmon
ɢaqɢina       plural of: to remove lice        Check
              from the hair with a fine
              comb
ɢaqƛa         plural of: to hook, gaff, or     Check
              crochet
ɢaqƛu         to hook together (things)        Check
ɢaqƛ ala      to be hooked together, to        Check
              walk arm in arm
ɢaqxʷa        plural of: to hand up sth.       Check
              (e.g. a coat, laundry), to
              hang sth. on or over sth.
                                129


ɢaqχʡit        plural of: to take a step        Check
ɢaqχsχƛaqa     plural of: to step over and      Check
               beyond sth.
ɢaqʣaχ         plural of: starfish              Check
ɢaqʣaχsmala    running fast swinging out        Check
               one's arms and legs (so that
               one resembles a running
               starfish)
ɢasɢalanyala   to call a person many            Check
               unpleasant names
ɢatuxʷʔit      to get together                  HS ind
ɢaƛa           to gaff, to hook, to crochet     EW, HS ind
ɢaƛamta        to hook each other; an           Check
               eagle feathers game where
               the one whose feather
               burns up first is the loser
ɢaːƛaxsala     to hook here and there           WL; hs corrected
ɢaƛkʷ          sth. hooked or crocheted         WL
ɢaƛkʷ.         thing hooked                     WL
ɢaƛlut         to pull sth. ashore with a       HS
               hook
ɢaƛnχa         to hook or crochet at the        Check
               edge of sth.; the finger
               pulling game
ɢaƛut          to unhook sth., to use a         Check
               hook to remove sth.
ɢaƛxʷ          thing that has been hooked       WL
ɢaƛa.          to get snagged (as when          Check
               jigging)
ɢaƛaxʔilm      snagged at the bottom of         Check
               the sea
ɢaƛinuχʷ       s.o. good at hooking             WL
ɢaukʷ          laundry, clothes line??          PIC
ɢaxsala        to carry fish by hooking         EW
               one finger in the gill
ɢaxsʔit        to pick up fish by the gill      Check
               with the finger
ɢaxsmuɬtiwa    see g\a'xsMulhtiwa               Check
ɢaxsmusdisa    see g\a'xsMusdisa                Check
ɢaxsmuɬtiwa    to carry fish by the gill with   Check
               the finger from the boat up
               to beach (several times)
ɢaxsmusdisa    to carry fish by the gill with   Check
               the finger landwards and
               away from the beach
               (several times)
                              130


ɢaxsuɬtiwa   to carry fish by the gill       Check
             from the boat up to the
             beach
ɢaxʷa        to hang                         EW
ɢaxʷʔalut    to pick up sth. and hang it     Check
             on or over sth.
ɢaxʷdma      clothes line??                  PIC
ɢaxʷʔit      to start to hang things up      Check
ɢaxʷlaƛla    to be hanging on or over        Check
             sth. (as a coat or as
             laundry)
ɢaxʷlaƛlut   to hang sth. (e.g. a piece of   Check
             laundry) on or over sth., to
             fold laundry over a line
ɢaχa         to stride, straddle, stand      EW
             with the legs apart
ɢaχʡit       to take a step                  Check
ɢaχɢaχa      to stride , to stalk            Check
ɢaχsχƛa      to step over sth., to step      Check
             over a ridge
ɢaχsχƛaqa    to step over and beyond         Check
             sth.
ɢa ...       see g\Y...                      Check
ɢaʣaχ        starfish                        Check
ɢaʣaχʡit     to sign (a paper) with a        Check
             cross
ɢiʔas        to lie across the road (log,    EW
             etc.)
ɢicu         to beg                          HS not heard
ɢiɢaʔaχta    plural of: to eat breakfast     HS
ɢiɢiana      plural of: to come              HS ind
ɢiɢimas      things that last a long time    Check
ɢiɢina       plural of: Come!                HS no
ɢiɢiqs       eye                             EW
ɢiɢiχtwala   plural of: having sth.          HS
             crosswise at the top (said of
             sth. long and vertical);
             Christian cross
ɢiɢi χawa    plural of: thing that is        HS
             crosswise in the throat or
             on the neck, bow tie, log
             jam at the mouth of a river
ɢiɢlala      plural of: to wait for sth.     HS
ɢiɢlaɬ       plural of: sth. waited for      HS
ɢiɢlmnkʷ     guitar                          Check
ɢiɢlqa       plural of: to grasp with the    HS
                                 131


              fingers, lift container (e.g. a
              pail, a pan, a coffin); to
              push water away with the
              hands (as when
              swimming), to paddle in
              the water with the hands, to
              crawl (as when learning
              how to swim)
ɢiɢlsla       to stay outdoors for a long        Check
              time; doing sth. outdoors
              for a long time
ɢiɢlɢiɬa      plural of: to place a              HS
              container on the floor
ɢiɢlpa        plural of: to pull towards         HS
              oneself, to beckon with the
              finger, to pull the trigger of
              a gun
ɢiɢlχa        plural of: to loosen or            HS also other word
              tighten a bolt or screw
ɢiɢmχsm       plural of: one's left hand         HS
ɢiɢwaka       plural of: to bestow a name        HS maybe ceremony
              on a person
ɢiɢyaxsiχa    plural of: to thank s.o.           Check
ɢiɢ as        plural of: to lie across (as a     HS nEW
              dead tree on a road)
ɢ ɬɢini       kidneys                            Check
ɢm            come here! (dance term)            EW
ɢina          come!; louse                       EW
ɢini          salmon roe, salmon eggs            EW
ɢinigila      to cook fish eggs                  WL
ɢinixɢinika   to eat fish eggs                   WL
ɢipi          birthmark                          Check
ɢipm          freckled face, to have             EW
              freckles on the face
ɢiqkala       plural of: woman speaking          HS ind
ɢiqsa         plural of: to trip s.o. (as in     Check
              football)
ɢ s.          on the ground for a long           Check
              time
ɢisa.         to trip up, to trip sth. or s.o.   EW
              (as in football)
ɢisdm         petioles of cow parsnip            EW; BC84
              (Heracleum lanatum);
              stems and petioles peeled
              and eaten; dance symbol
ɢisdn         petioles of cow parsnip            BC84
                                  132


                 (Heracleum lanatum)
ɢ sqpm           to have freckles in the face    HS not heard
ɢisqsamu         to trip, to stumble (as when    Check
                 one's foot gets under a root
                 across the trail)
ɢ stala          in or on the water for a long   HS ind
                 time
ɢixa.            to have lice, lousy             EW
ɢiχs             in the canoe for a long time    Check
ɢ χtwala         having sth. crosswise at the    HS made up
                 top (said of sth. long and
                 vertical); Christian cross
ɢlaːχs           to wait on the boat             EW
ɢlala.           to wait for sth.                Check
ɢlaɬ             sth. waited for                 Check
ɢlaχs            to stay behind on the boat      Check
                 (as to look after it)
ɢlɢapwala u      term used to refer to gifts     DS72
                 given in a traditional
                 wedding ceremony
ɢlɢaχsut         to put a container outside      Check
                 the door
ɢlɢiɬ            container placed on the         HS
                 floor
ɢlɢiɬa           to place a container on the     HS
                 floor
ɢlɢis            container placed on the         Check
                 beach
ɢlɢisa           to place a container on the     Check
                 beach
ɢlɢlpnχi ƛuːχʷ   "name of Marshall Windsor       DS72
                 from Simon Walkus, refers
                 to pushing back the
                 glaciers; ""hanging on to
                 the edge of the ice"""
ɢlmit            to give a pull towards          Check
                 oneself with the hands, to
                 pull the trigger of a gun, to
                 beckon a person with the
                 finger that he should come
                 over
ɢlpa             to grasp, hold on, pull         EW
                 towards oneself (esp. with a
                 hooked finger or hand, e.g.
                 gun)
ɢlpaχut          to pull sth. down towards       Check
                             133


            oneself with the hands
ɢlpkʷ       sth. pulled towards oneself      Check
            with the finger; automatic
            gun
ɢlpla       pulling towards oneself          Check
            with the finger, beckoning
            with the finger
ɢlpliɬa     to pull sth. towards oneself     Check
            indoors
ɢlpƛla      to pull sth. towards oneself     Check
            on a surface
ɢlqa        to grasp with the fingers,       EW
            lift container (e.g. a pail, a
            pan, a coffin); to push
            water away with the hands
            (as when swimming), to
            paddle in the water with the
            hands, to crawl (as when
            learning how to swim)
ɢlqaχila    to lift a container from the     Check
            stove or from the rock
ɢlqla       pushing water away with          Check
            the hands; lifting a
            container
ɢlqlaƛla    container placed on a            Check
            surface; to place a
            container on a surface
ɢlqlaƛlut   to put a container on a          Check
            surface
ɢlqnχa      to place a container on the      Check
            edge of sth.; container
            placed on the edge of sth.
ɢlqnχut     to put a container on the        Check
            edge of sth.
ɢlqχs       container placed aboard the      Check
            boat
ɢlqχsa      to put a container aboard        Check
            the boat
ɢlqχsut     to put a container aboard        Check
            the boat
ɢlqʣut      to put a container on a flat     Check
            surface
ɢlqa.       to put a container on the        Check
            stove or one the rock or on
            the shore
ɢlqima      little fin on the back of        Check
                             134


            salmon
ɢlqut       to put a container on the       Check
            stove or one shore
ɢlu-ɢlu     a mask with a long curved       DS72
            beak, owned by Mabel
            Chamberlain, it represents
            a spirit who dwelt in the
            house of the Cannibal,
            BaxvbakvalaNusiwa
ɢluɢlu      mask with a long, raven-        EW
            like beak
ɢluqwalis   Crooked-Beak-of-the-Sky,        DS73
            resident of the house of
            BaxvbakvalaNusiwa,
            represented by a long
            curved beak head mask; a
            mask given in marriage
            from T’haqvagila of the
            Oowekeeno to M’axva of
            the N’aKvaxdnx\v, the
            Seymour Inlet people
ɢluʣiɬba    nose ornament made of           EW
            abalone shell, name of a
            mask with a curved beak
ɢlwat       water lily                      EW
ɢlxɢlbas    trigger of a gun; ledge to      Check
            hang on to (as when
            climbing a mountain)
ɢlxʷa       """to cause to vomit""; this    DS73
            is done to purify the Tanis,
            or Cannibal Dancer, and
            the Warrior Dancer, this is
            done by inserting a finger
            or feathers into the throat"
ɢlχa        to use a bolt or screw (to      EW
            loosen or tighten a bolt or
            screw?)
ɢlχʡit      to start pushing water with     Check
            the hands (as when
            swimming or when
            paddling with the hands);
            to pick up a container (as to
            move it)
ɢlχʔant     to put a container on a log     Check
ɢlχaχut     to take off a bolt or screw     Check
ɢlχcut      to put a container inside       Check
                                  135


                 another container
ɢlχɢlɢm          belly fin of a fish             Check
ɢl u             rack for drying or smoking      EW
                 fish
ɢliɬ             to wait at home (as e.g. the    Check
                 hunters' wife who is not
                 allowed to leave the house
                 during the hunter's absence)
ɢliχ             pitch of a tree (used as        Check
                 chewing gum after
                 cooking)
ɢlmsistala       to pull sth. in order to turn   Check
                 it; to steer a boat
ɢlmsistalakʷ     things that is pulled by        Check
                 hand in order to turn it;
                 steering wheel, rudder
ɢlmsistalinuχʷ   steersman, helmsman,            Check
                 skipper
ɢlmsmi           to hold on tightly to sth.;     Check
                 steersman, helmsman,
                 skipper
ɢlqaχilut        to lift a container from the    Check
                 stove, to take one's cooking
                 off the stove
ɢluɬc sta        to somersault                   Check
ɢluɬcista        to somersault                   EW, DS73
ɢluɬc stala      somersaulting; to twirl (as a   Check
                 drum major's baton);
                 coming down the hillside
                 end over end (as a log)
ɢlχstuliɬa       to put a container by the       Check
                 door or the window
ɢmis             to lie on the beach             Check
ɢms              to lie on the ground            EW
ɢmχ χʷstu        left-hand side of an            Check
                 opening or hole; one's left
                 eye
ɢmχsm            one's left hand                 Check
ɢmχudiɬ          left-hand side of a house       Check
ɢmχudnuʣi        left-hand side of sth. (e.g.    Check
                 of one's body, a boat)
ɢmχuɬna          left-hand side of sth. long     Check
                 (such as a log)
ɢmχut            left-hand side                  EW
ɢna.             to carry on the arm             Check
ɢnaiƛla          see g\Nithla                    Check
                              136


ɢnala         carrying on the arm; a         EW, DS73
              game, like tug-of-war
              played on the fourth night
              of the DhWlax\a Dances
ɢnamusdisla   carrying things on the arm     Check
              away from the beach and
              towards the land
ɢnamxs lsla   carrying things on the arm     Check
              up to the woods
ɢnamiƛla      carrying things on the arm     Check
              into the house
ɢnamncsla     carrying things on the arm     Check
              into the house
ɢnancsla      see g\NnCsla                   Check
ɢnausdisla    see g\Nusdisla                 Check
ɢnicgaɬ       to make a screeching noise     Check
              (said of a bird)
ɢnisla        screeching of a bird           EW, DS74
ɢnislaʣ is    """Screecher-in-the-Sky"";     DS74
              name of the Thunderbird,
              the story of RaveNs son
              Kyulh, who is taken by the
              Thunderbird; name of the
              Thunderbird in the story of
              the origin of Goose Island;
              name also of a dance of the
              DhWlax\a Series"
ɢnislʣ a      thunderbird                    Check
ɢnm           girl, woman, wife,             EW
              daughter; to be of female
              sex
ɢnm.ala       big wave, swell                EW
ɢnm.mala      big wave, swell of water       Check
ɢnm.mu        girl                           PIC
ɢnxʔit.       to (start to) carry on the     Check
              arm
ɢnxs alsla    carrying sth. on the arm up    Check
              to the woods
ɢniƛla        carrying on the arm into the   Check
              house
ɢnncsla       carrying on the arm down       Check
              to the beach
ɢnusdisla     carrying on the arm away       Check
              from the beach
ɢucs          place sheltered against rain   Check
              and wind
                             137


ɢuda         type of bird ????              EW, HS, rh (3)
ɢuɢʷlas      plural of: salmonberry bush    Check
ɢuɢʷlimas    berries or fruit of any kind   Check
ɢuɢʷma       plural of: propeller; paddle   HS
             (as for a canoe)
ɢukʷ         (sth.) hung up (e.g.           Check
             laundry)
ɢulaiɢas     name of a Salmon-Berry-        DS74
             Woman
ɢulali       salmonberry (Rubus             EW, HS: BC114
             spectabilis); any berry
             (around 28 generically
             labelled species)
ɢulnχ        "July, ""salmonberry           BC370: lj, HS, rh
             time"""
ɢulas        salmonberry (Rubus             HS; BC114
             spectabilis) bush: used as
             personal name, fruits and
             sprouts eaten; dance
             symbol; leaves used as
             undermat for drying berries
             and hemlock cambium
ɢum          fish scales                    EW, HS not familiar
ɢuma         paddle; propeller              EW, HS ind, PIC
ɢup          see g\Wm                       Check
ɢuqʷχʷa      plural of: to scoop up loose   HS
             things (such as seed, sand,
             or berries) with one's hand
ɢusla        shelter                        EW
ɢuslls       shelter against wind           Check
             outdoors
ɢuwali       ripe salmon berries            DS74
ɢuxʷɢʷla     """a camping place"";          DS74
             name of a place at the
             mouth of Rivers Inlet, exact
             location not known"
ɢuχʷa        to scoop up loose things       EW, HS ind
             (such as seed, sand, or
             berries) with one's hand
ɢuχʷaxsala   to scatter loose things (as    Check
             seed or sand) with one's
             hand
ɢuχʷcwa      to scoop loose things with     Check
             the hand into a container
ɢuχʷɢuχʷa    to scoop repeatedly            HS ind
ɢuχʷɢʷls     trailing wild, five-leaved     BC113: rh
                              138


             creeping raspberry (Rubus
             pedatus)
ɢuχʷmausla   to scoop loose things up        HS not sure
             with the hand and put them
             in other containers
ɢuχʷmcwa     to scoop loose things into      Check
             containers with one's hand
ɢuχʷmqs      to scoop loose things up        Check
             with the hand and bring
             them to the mouth (several
             times)
ɢuχʷqs       to scoop loose things up        Check
             with the hand and bring
             them to the mouth (e.g.
             berries)
ɢuχʷusla     to scoop up loose things        HS
             (such as seed, sand, or
             berries) with one's hand
             from one container into
             another
ɢwaka        to bestow a name upon           EW, HS not heard
             somebody
ɢ m          scales of fish                  Check
ɢyala        a long time, late, to be or     EW
             stay a long time
ɢyalagliɬ    doing sth. indoors for a        Check
             long time
ɢyanakaci    thank you, goodbye              EW
ɢyaxsiχa     to thank s.o.                   Check
ɢyn          louse                           EW
ɢ ...        see g\Y...                      Check
ɢ a.         to be on the rock for a long    Check
             time; crosswise on the rock
ɢ aiga       crossbar                        Check
ɢ aigut      to put a crossbar on, to lock   Check
             the door inside the house
             with a bolt
ɢ as.        to lie across (as a dead tree   Check
             on a road)
ɢ aχawa      """something lodged cross-      DS74
             wise in the neck""; name of
             Pierce Bay near
             Addenbroke Point, name
             refers to a geographical
             feature there"
ɢ χawa       thing that is crosswise in      Check
                               139


               the throat or on the neck,
               bow tie, log jam at the
               mouth of a river
ɢ χdut         to put sth. crosswise on the   Check
               stern of the boat, to kick
               s.o. in the pants playfully
ɢ χsmkʷ        log cabin                      Check
ɢʷaʔals        ready, finished on the         Check
               ground outdoors (as after
               building a house or after
               burying s.o.)
ɢʷadm          red huckleberry                EW;
               (Vaccinium parvifolium)        BC101:EW,HS,rh
ɢʷaɢalalnχʷ    sth. ordered                   Check
ɢʷaɢlna        to go after (spruce) pitch     BC69
ɢʷaɢʷm a       to paint the cheeks with       Check
               ochre
ɢʷaɢʷaɢma      to paint the face with red     Check
               ochre
ɢʷaɢʷaɢmkʷ     painted with red ochre (said   Check
               of the face)
ɢʷaɢʷala       to try to end or finish sth.   HS
ɢʷaɢʷalala     to order (as in a store or     Check
               from a catalogue)
ɢʷaɢʷata       to get red huckleberries       Check
ɢʷaɢʷa a       to try to get ravens           HS BB
ɢʷaɢʷa a       to try to get ravens           HS
ɢʷaɢʷica       to try to cook salmon          HS
               without soaking first
ɢʷaɢʷika       to try to catch a whale        HS
ɢʷaɢʷna        to go after pitch              Check
ɢʷaɢʷnaɬcila   to midwife, a midwife          Check
ɢʷalas         lizard                         EW, HS, rh
ɢʷaliɬ         finished, ready, settled in    Check
               the house (as after moving
               house)
ɢʷalis         finished, ready on the         BC371: lj, HS, rh
               beach; autumn, fall season;
               October, completion of fish
               spawning
ɢʷalnakʷla     to bring to an end or come     Check
               to an end gradually (e.g. a
               job)
ɢʷalusa a      accomplishment                 Check
ɢʷalusu        to accomplish sth.             Check
ɢʷalas         Rocky Mountain maple tree      EW; BC82
                               140


              (Acer glabrum); wood used
              as material for spoons
ɢʷaɬ          finished, completed, ready;      EW, HS ind
              to stop, end, quit, finish
              doing sth.
ɢʷaɬcwala     to stop, end, quit, finish       Check
              packing things in a
              container (such as a box, a
              suitcase); to stop, end, quit,
              finish loading a gun; to be
              ready, finished, settled, all
              set inside sth.; to have
              finished putting on clothes
ɢʷaɬɢʷaɬa     to stop and start again          Check
              repeatedly; to send a
              messenger with an oral
              message
ɢʷaɬlaƛla     ready, finished                  Check
ɢʷaɬmudiɬ     """there is nothing more"";      DS78
              term used to announce the
              beginning of the
              nawalaxvsista potlatch"
ɢʷaɬʔnkʷa     beaten (as in a contest)         Check
ɢʷaɬna        ready, finished (said of a       Check
              programme, process,
              routine, schedule or
              procedure one goes
              through), through with sth.
              or s.o.
ɢʷaɬnala      ready, finished (said of         Check
              one's arranging, scheduling,
              programming things)
ɢʷaɬnalamas   to finish, complete one's        Check
              arranging, programming,
              scheduling of things
ɢʷaɬnalas     deadline                         Check
ɢʷaɬnamas     to finish, complete a            Check
              programme, process,
              procedure
ɢʷaɬpika      to give up (drop, quit,          Check
              resign) finally (at long last)
ɢʷaɬqʷta      to eat red huckleberries         BC101: DS
ɢʷaɬut        to fire s.o. from                HS
              employment
ɢʷaɬu akʷ     (s.o.) fired from                HS
              employment
                                     141


ɢʷams              ochre                            EW
ɢʷani              ladle (spoon) made of            HS nEW
                   mountain sheep horn
ɢʷaqʷɢʷalala       plural of: to order (as in a     HS BB
                   store or from a catalogue)
ɢʷaqʷɬ             plural of: to stop, end, quit,   Check
                   finish doing sth.; to stop,
                   end, quit happening or
                   being the case
ɢʷaqʷɬcwala        plural of: to stop, end, quit,   Check
                   finish packing things in a
                   container (such as a box, a
                   suitcase); to stop, end, quit,
                   finish loading a gun; to be
                   ready, finished, settled, all
                   set inside sth.; to have
                   finished putting on clothes
ɢʷaqʷɬukʷ          (things) matched or              Check
                   corresponding to each
                   other, persons having an
                   agreement, appointment
                   (etc.) with each other
ɢʷaqʷɬwala         to correspond to sth., to be     Check
                   matched with sth., to be
                   bound by promise, pledge,
                   appointment, agreement,
                   contract, or bethrothal;
                   having an appointment
                   (date, agreement, etc.)
ɢʷaqʷχnis          plural of: dog salmon (no        HS, PIC
                   rounding on x\)
ɢʷata              to pick red huckleberries        BC101: DS
ɢʷatas             huckleberry plant                BC101
                   (Vaccinium parvifolium)
ɢʷaxɢʷliɬ          ready, in readiness, all set     Check
                   (as for a task)
ɢʷaxɢʷliɬla        to get sth. ready, to put in     Check
                   readiness
ɢʷaχnis            dog salmon                       EW, PIC
ɢʷaχsm             time when the dog salmon         BC371: lj, HS, rh
                   arrive in September
ɢʷaχʷɢʷalanusiwa   Raven-at-the-North-End-          DS78
                   of-the-World; a mythical
                   cannibal creature who
                   resides in the house of
                   BaxvbakvalaNusiwa, he
                               142


               stands watch as the door of
               the house and tears at the
               eyes of the corpse; name of
               part of the cannibal dance
               and song of Lila Walkus
ɢʷaχʷla        croaking (as of a raven)      EW
ɢʷa anyala     to give orders as the         Check
               occasion demands (i.e. not
               according to a
               preconceived scheme)
ɢʷa anyalas    order to be carried out as    Check
               they are given; one's boss,
               foreman, superior,
               supervisor
ɢʷa axsala     to give orders as the         Check
               occasion demands (i.e. not
               according to a
               preconceived scheme)
ɢʷa axsalas    order to be carried out as    Check
               they are given; one's boss,
               foreman, superior,
               supervisor
ɢʷa aχ         bread, flour                  EW
ɢʷa aχ         flour                         PIC
ɢʷic as        limit, measure, bounds of     Check
               sth.
ɢʷiɢmas        facial expression, the kind   Check
               of expression one has on
               the face
ɢʷiɢʷasila     to be in a bad situation      HS
ɢʷiɢʷaxʔit     to start to eat bread         HS
ɢʷiɢʷna        plural of: to pay a debt      Check
ɢʷiɢʷ i        plural of: raven              Check
ɢʷiɢʷ ala      plural of: so, thus           Check
ɢʷiɢʷ m        plural of: whale              Check
ɢʷiʔi...       see g\vY...                   Check
ɢʷika          """bringing back what one     DS78
               goes out to seek""; a term
               used during the marriage
               ceremony, it is a sum of
               money, or other wealth,
               given to the groom to
               finalize the marriage
               ceremony"
ɢʷikila        to create a whale             Check
ɢʷikila uɢʷa   """Whale-Making-              DS78
                                143


               Woman""; name of Lila
               Hanuse; name of Peter
               ChamberlaiNs Aunt Martha
               who married Charlie
               George of Smiths Inlet"
ɢʷikala        noise                           Check
ɢʷikis         whale oil                       EW
ɢʷikmgilakʷ    """made into a whale"";         DS78
               name of Valerie Shaw from
               Margaret Shaw from
               Skookum Charlie's wife
               (Smiths Inlet)"
ɢʷimalas       one's disposition towards       Check
               sth., the way one feels
               about sth.
ɢʷimwalas      name of Oowekeeno man           DS79
               from the story of the war
               between the Heiltsuk and
               the Oowekeeno
ɢʷinagʷas      the path one takes              Check
ɢʷ nakʷla      to follow in a direction        Check
ɢʷ nakʷlas     direction taken                 Check
ɢʷipalas       the kind of smell of sth.       Check
ɢʷipas         the kind of taste of sth.       Check
ɢʷiqʷɢmas      see g\viqvg\vMas                Check
ɢʷiqʷɢʷasila   plural of: to be in a bad       HS
               situation
ɢʷiqʷɢʷaxʔit   plural of: to start to eat      HS
               bread
ɢʷiqʷɢʷmas     plural of: facial expression,   HS
               the kind of expression one
               has on the face
ɢʷiqʷkala      plural of: noise                Check
ɢʷiqʷxʔit.     see g\viqvxv'it                 Check
ɢʷiqʷxsilas    see g\viqvxvsilas               Check
ɢʷiqʷxʷʔit.    plural of: to take place,       HS
               happen, or occur thus; to
               take place, happen, or
               occur accordingly
ɢʷiqʷxʷsilas   bad situation in which one      HS no
               is involved, mess
ɢʷiqʷχila      see g\viqvx\vila                Check
ɢʷiqʷχila..    plural of: to bake bread        HS
ɢʷiqʷχʷa       to eat bread                    HS no
ɢʷiqʷχʷɢʷaχa   plural of: to eat bread         HS
ɢʷiqʷχʷʔit     to start to eat bread           HS no
                                 144


ɢʷisa           dried salmon that has not      EW
                been soaked yet, to eat
                (cook?) unsoaked dried
                salmon
ɢʷisɢʷisa       to eat smoked salmon that      Check
                has not been soaked first
ɢʷisqʷ          dark brown robin               Check
ɢʷistχʷ         a small brownish bird          EW
ɢʷixʔida        to take place, happen, or      Check
                occur thus; to take place,
                happen, or occur
                accordingly
ɢʷixʔit.        to take place, happen, or      Check
                occur thus; to take place,
                happen, or occur
                accordingly
ɢʷ xs           similar to, of the same kind   Check
                as, bearing a resemblance
                to, to be like sth. else
ɢʷ xsa          similar to, of the same kind   Check
                as, bearing a resemblance
                to, to be like sth. else
ɢʷ xsas         similarity, resemblance,       Check
                likeness, analogy
ɢʷ xsdm         the kind, sort, class,         Check
                category, or species of sth.
ɢʷ xsdmas       the kind, sort, class,         Check
                category, or species of sth.
ɢʷ xstu         similar in colour, of the      Check
                same kind of colour
ɢʷ xst as       colour, the kind of colour     Check
                of sth.
ɢʷiχaci         flour container??              PIC
ɢʷiχɢʷaχa       to eat bread                   HS
ɢʷiχila         to bake bread                  Check
ɢʷiχilaʔailas   bakery                         Check
ɢʷiχililas      bakery                         Check
ɢʷiχilinuχʷ     baker                          Check
ɢʷi axci        to leave, go away, depart,     Check
                start off in a certain way
ɢʷi axc as      transportation                 Check
ɢʷlxsmala       raincoat                       PIC
ɢʷlxstut        to put pitch on (wound,        EW
                hole, opening)
ɢʷlik           gum, pitch of a (Sitka         EW
                spruce) tree
                                145


ɢʷliq         spruce pitch, chewing gum        Check
              made out of spruce pitch
ɢʷlix         spruce pitch, chewing gum        BC64: DS
              made out of spruce pitch;
              used as medicine
ɢʷna          to pay a debt, to repay          EW
ɢʷnai         ash (as e.g. in the fireplace)   Check
ɢʷnbaut       to make a partial payment        HS
              on a loan (i.e. down
              payment or installment
              payments, and in money or
              otherwise)
ɢʷnba u       payment on a loan (down          Check
              payment or installment
              payments, and in money or
              otherwise)
ɢʷni          ashes (of a fire)                EW
ɢʷnm          money or any object used         Check
              to pay a debt
ɢʷnʣm         bud of cottonwood                EW; BC116
              (Populus balsamifera):
              buds mixed with mountain
              goat fat as ointment for
              sores; buds used in hair
              dressing; sap from buds
              used as binding agent
ɢʷnaɬla       to be in labour                  Check
ɢʷnyaci       oven furnace                     PIC
ɢʷuɢʷlχdi     marrow                           EW
ɢʷuɢʷmi       face                             EW
ɢʷulat        having tallow                    WL
ɢʷulisdi      trout                            EW
ɢʷulnχ        roughly September, when          BC371: lj, HS, rh
              people work at preserving
              salmon
ɢʷuluqʷ       animal fat, suet, tallow         EW
ɢʷuluχʷ       tallow                           WL
ɢʷuluχʷnukʷ   to have tallow                   WL
ɢʷuɬqʷɬa      to eat tallow                    WL
ɢʷunakʷla     to become thin, lean,            Check
              skinny, slender gradually
              (as when losing weight)
ɢʷuqʷɢmi      see g\vuqvg\vmi                  Check
ɢʷuqʷɢʷmi     plural of: face                  HS
ɢʷuqʷχʷa      plural of: slender, thin,        HS
              lean, skinny
                                  146


ɢʷuχʷa            skinny, lean, slender          EW, HS (no gl stop)
ɢʷuχʷa            slender, thin, lean, skinny    DS79
ɢʷuχʷakas         name of George Lewis who       DS80
                  was a shaman, his son was
                  Sam Lewis, his daughter,
                  Alice married Simon
                  Walkus, he lived at
                  'Asxvlm, he carved the sea-
                  monster Q’vumuQva, used
                  in a dance of the same
                  name; name given to
                  Charles Johnson
ɢʷuχʷʔit.         to become slender, thin,       Check
                  lean, or skinny
ɢʷu ala           regular(ly)                    Check
ɢʷ i              raven                          EW, HS, rh, PIC
ɢʷ iɢmɬ           raven mask                     Check
ɢʷ ixdanχʷ        raven crest                    Check
ɢʷ ixdnχʷ         name of the Raven clan of      DS79
                  K’vii River
ɢʷ la             regularly                      EW
ɢʷ yanalaɬ        the Raven Dance, a dance       DS79
                  of the DhWlax\a Series
ɢʷ ala            so, thus, in such a way, of    EW
                  such a kind, to do thus
ɢʷ alaglyas       one's behaviour in a place     Check
ɢʷ alaƛla         to be in a certain position    Check
                  or situation with respect to
                  a surface or a background
ɢʷ alaƛlagila     to make a schedule of          Check
                  operations
ɢʷ alaƛlagilakʷ   schedule of operations;        Check
                  maxim, guide law, or
                  regulation for doing sth.,
                  rule of conduct
ɢʷ alaƛlas        the position or situation of   Check
                  sth.
ɢʷ alaƛlasila     to make a schedule of          Check
                  operations
ɢʷ alaƛlasilakʷ   schedule of operations;        Check
                  maxim, guide law, or
                  regulation for doing sth.,
                  rule of conduct
ɢʷ anχʷ           things acquired, caught,       Check
                  received, obtained
ɢʷ ndas           place where one has got,       Check
                                 147


                caught, obtained, acquired
                sth.; way of getting,
                obtaining, catching,
                acquiring sth.
ɢʷ nta          to get, catch, acquire,         Check
                obtain sth.
ɢʷ uλas         place where sth. is got,        Check
                caught, acquired, obtained;
                way of getting, catching,
                acquiring, or obtaining sth.
ɢʷ ugʷiɬ        "name of Maggie Bernard         DS79
                given to Margaret
                Thompson; ""so heavy it
                cannot be lifted,"" a chief's
                wife name of the Raven
                sept of the Heiltsuk"
ɢʷ ukʷ (1)      weighing heavy                  EW, DS79
ɢʷ ukʷ (2)      salmon cooked without           Check
                soaking first
ɢʷ uƛ           one's kind of catch or          Check
                acquisition; to get, catch,
                acquire, or obtain a certain
                kind of thing
ɢʷ uxʷʔit (1)   to become heavy, to begin       Check
                to weigh heavy
ɢʷ uxʷʔit (2)   to change into salmon           Check
                cooked without soaking
                first (as by miracle)
ɢʷ ininukʷ      """to do sth. to better         DS79
                oneself,"" i.e. to give a
                potlatch, to display one's
                suya'a\ima; an Oowekeeno
                term for potlatch"
ɢʷ is           the kind of position of sth.    Check
                on the beach; the kind of
                emotional state one is in
ɢʷ la           regularly                       EW
ɢʷ las          law, any rule or regulation     Check
                that has force of law
ɢʷ lasdmala     fixed set of laws, system or    Check
                body of law, jurisprudence
ɢʷ m            whale                           EW, HS, rh
ɢʷ m.mu         small whale                     WL
ɢʷ maɬ          name of the Whale Dance         DS79
                of the DhWlax\a
ɢʷ mdanχʷ       whale crest                     Check
                               148


ɢʷ mkaʡu      large whale                     WL
ɢʷ maxdnχʷ    the people of the whale         DS79
              clan, at K’vii River
ɢʷ naʔiχsda   to desire, need, or intend to   Check
              do a kind of thing
ɢʷ ni         way of going about sth.,        Check
              treatment, kind of action,
              kind of procedure or
              process; stage in a
              procedure or process, point
              when sth. occurs
ɢʷ u          thing meant, mentioned,         Check
              indicated, or referred to;
              what one talks about, one's
              subject-matter or topic
ħiʡxcas       plural of: singing for the      PIC
              dancers
Ħbaɢaci       name of Willie Scott, who       DS81
              married Johnny CaroLs
              daughter, he lived on the
              saw-mill side, at the head
              of Rivers Inlet; his dance or
              ceremonial name in the
              C’aiqa Series the female
              names refer to male sexual
              organs, the masculine
              names to female organs
Ħhaːbis       """hairy place""; name of a     DS84
              fish camp near Arthus Pt., a
              legend states that you are
              not supposed to utter the
              name when passing the
              place, otherwise a bear will
              rise up from the water and
              pull you down"
ħiʡlχʡinuχʷ   plural of: killer whale,        Check
              blackfish
ħiʡmgila u    plural of: cooking utensil      PIC
Ħicgʷuna      child's name for Paul Wina      DS84
ħiħnɢaq       geese; plural of: goose         PIC
Ħiːɬʣaqʷ      """those who speak              DS84
              correctly""; name of the
              language spoken by the
              Bella Bella people, and part
              of Klemtu"
ħiligilaqʷa   """one who makes a              DS85
                                149


               healing sound""; name of
               one who completes a third
               cycle of four Ha\maCa
               Dances, a very rare
               occurrence"
ħilika         name for the healers or          DS85
               attendants to the high
               ranking dancers; name of
               the four days of the highest
               dances of the C’aiqa Series;
               name for a cure by a
               shaman
ħilikila       the Tamer, a mythical            DS85
               being who resides in the
               house of
               BaxvbakvalaNusiwa; name
               of a dance in the DhWlax\a
               Series, the Healing Dance,
               people in the audience
               become possessed by
               spirits, they are healed or
               cured by the dancer
Ħilixstaxsta   """to consume healing            DS85
               water""; a dance of the
               C’aiqa Series, the Dancer
               goes throughout the village
               receiving food"
ħiɬ            to set right, to heal            DS85
Ħiɬamas        """he who makes things           DS86,186
               right""; first, eldest of four
               brothers from whom the
               'WiKinux\v trace their
               ancestry (1800); formerly
               Tommy Hyclamas, given to
               Danny Windsor;
               Nnuwaqawa's youngest; a
               chief from Seymour Inlet;
               carver Will Seaweed, from
               Blunden Harbour"
Ħiɬatusla      """setting right down the        DS86
               river""; name of the
               Transformer, a mythical
               being who could transform
               everything; name of Raven
               (Cuni, Heiltsuk)"
Ħiɬayu         """good or right""; the term     DS86
                              150


             for one's soul, ""that thing
             which causes you to be
             alive"""
Ħiɬmlisa     """setting right                DS86
             shoreward""; name of the
             Transformer, a mythical
             being who could transform
             everything; name of Raven
             (Cuni, Heiltsuk)"
Ħimasala     """chief all over""; Teddy      DS86
             Walkus from Maggie
             White-Windsor; Ray
             Johnson from Edith Beans;
             also Heiltsuk name"
ħi nχ        valley??                        PIC
ħlχ-         killer whale                    LR
Ħlχa         """to go after killer           DS81
             whales""; name of RaveNs
             wife, from the story of
             Raven and Dog"
ħlχʡinuχʷ    killer whale, blackfish         HS ind, EW, rh
Ħlχʔaxdnχʷ   refers to killer whale; the     DS82
             Killer Whale clan of K’vii
             River, their crest is the
             killer whale
Ħlχis        refers to killer whale; name    DS82
             of Minnie Johnson-Martin;
             name of the daughter of
             P’nis'it, who is taken away
             by a killer whale; name of
             the X|visdNilh, after she is
             returned by the killer
             whale, her brother becomes
             T’halhba, story is located at
             QvaqvMi
Ħlχtwis      refers to killer whale; name    DS82
             of a mountain across from
             the flats of Sumx\ulh,
             which has the shape of a
             killer whale, it may be seen
             when descending the
             Sumx\ulh
Ħmaca        the name of the Cannibal        DS82
             Dance, the highest ranking
             dance of the C’aiqa Series
ħmcʣu        dining table                    PIC
                              151


Ħmitɢmi       name of Ben Hanuse             DS82
ħmsa          to eat                         EW
Ħmsiwa        name of the Cannibal           DS82, PIC
              Spirits which possess the
              Ha\maCa dancer; name
              also of the mask worn by
              the Ha\maCa dancer
ħmʣaci        dishes, plates, bowls          PIC
ħmʣis         picnic??                       PIC
Ħmʣit         """one who receives            DS83
              food""; Elizabeth Walkus,
              from Nuxvns; Alex
              Chartrand; Kvagvulh
              Chief; name given to
              Galg\max\isla by
              'WiKinux\v; name given by
              'Uuyalitx\v to T’haqvagila
              ('WiKinux\v), to
              T’haqvasgm (Gvasla), to
              Swid (N’aKvaxdnx\v)"
ħmgila        to cook                        OLP5, PIC
ħmgilaʡilas   (any) place where one          PIC
              cooks, a kitchen
ħnbaƛi        row boat??                     PIC
ħnɢaq         goose                          EW, HS, PIC
Ħnƛikʷnas     name of an original            DS84
              ancestor of the 'WiKinux\v;
              name of the Archer
ħnχaci        mirror??                       PIC
Ħyaɬilaqs     Woman-Setting-Right;           DS84
              Peace-Maker; name of the
              Swan, from the story of
              Dasdnalagilakv; name of
              the woman attendants of
              the first ancestors; name of
              the sister of C’uwmqlaqs
ħynχ          summer                         BC370: lj, HS, rh
Ħyustislas    name of a chief's wife from    DS87
              Blunden Harbour, she was
              half sister to Kitty
              Carpenter-Hanuse
Ħ uːgʷa       name of a fish camp on the     DS87, PIC
              island at the mouth of
              Illahie Inlet, you are not
              supposed to use the name at
              the place or misfortune
                                   152


                  follows
haʔa              yes                             EW
haːɬaqa           to try to get your payment      HS
haʔam             pigeon                          HS
haʔamaʣaχʷsu      plural of: to feed on berries   Check
                  (as when in the woods)
Haːnaɢaca         """a hollow thing""; name       DS81
                  of a mythical monster fish
                  who swallows a canoe; part
                  of a dance belonging to
                  Simon Walkus Jr.; a
                  monster fish found in
                  Owikeno Lake, from the
                  story of Waawalis; a sea
                  monster in the story of
                  Ha\lx\is, located at
                  QvaqvMi"
haʔanaɢaqa        plural of: to hunt for geese    Check
haːpila           to drown somebody by            EW, HS
                  keeping his head under
                  water
haːqʷila          to walk with a stoop            EW, HS
haːta             to go after black cod           EW
haːtla            to be persistent, a pest to     EW
                  others
haʔa as           plural of: boards split off a   Check
                  tree, shakes from a log
haːxcwala         yawning                         EW
haʔa al a         plural of: to try to hire       HS
haʔa aɬcma        plural of: to pack sth.         Check
                  securely, to repackage sth.
                  because s.o. has done a
                  poor job
haʔa   aɬlamas    see haYalhlamas                 Check
haʔa   aɬtka      see haYalhtka                   Check
haʔa   aɬxs (1)   plural of: beautiful, pretty    Check
haʔa   aɬxs (2)   plural of: without stage        Check
                  fright
haʔa anyala       plural of: to hide around       Check
haʔa asbis        plural of: breath, air          Check
haʔa askʷasila    plural of: to be engaged for    Check
                  marriage, to be about to get
                  married
haʔa asla         plural of: to breathe           Check
haʔa asxʷqnwa     plural of: marriage             Check
                  proposal, to ask in marriage
                                153


haʔa axti      plural of: head (of person,      Check
               animal, or fish)
haʔa asxʷʔit   plural of: to get married        Check
habaɢi         pubic hair of a female           Check
habaχstwa      eyelashes                        Check
habliqʷs       cone (as of tree)                Check
hacsxa         to sneeze                        Check
hacxa          to sneeze (probably              EW
               onomatopoeic)
hacχdi         tail of an animal                EW
hadani         black cod                        EW, PIC
Hagʷagʷiɬ      to do with urinating; name       DS84
               of the urinating dance, a
               dance of the DhWlax\a,
               water is consumed and
               concealed in a seal-skin
               bag and then let go on the
               audience; this dance was
               done by Roy Hanuse Sr.
haɢʷiga        to lie face down on s.o.'s       Check
               back (as to prevent him
               from getting up)
haɢʷiɬ         to lie face down in bed          Check
hahamba        to try to hold the end of sth.   HS
               long
hahanɢa a      to hunt geese, to try to get     HS
               goose
hahanƛa        to try to shoot with bow         HS
               and arrow
haiʔabaɢi      plural of: pubic hair of a       Check
               female
haiʔabaχstwa   eyelashes                        Check
haiʔabliqʷs    plural of: cone (as of tree)     Check
haiʔacsxa      plural of: to sneeze             Check
haiʔacχdi      plural of: tail of an animal     Check
haiʔailamiɬ    "plural of: to prepare           Check
               oneself for sth., to become
               attentive, to make way for
               sth.; ""Attention!"",
               ""Excuse me!"""
haiʔaiɬckʷa    plural of: to untangle or        Check
               unravel sth. (e.g. a rope)
haiʔaiɬcqla    plural of: to fit through a      Check
               hole or opening
haiʔaiɬʣaqʷ    plural of: Heiltsuk; native      HS
               (of any place or country);
                                   154


                  Indian
haiʔaiɬʣaqʷla     plural of: to speak Heiltsuk;   Check
                  to speak one's native
                  language
haiʔaiƛala        plural of: to adjust the        Check
                  firewood, to stoke an open
                  fire (as when it is not
                  burning well)
haiʔalulu         plural of: butterfly            Check
haiʔal a          to hire                         Check
haiʔalaka.        plural of: to try to do sth.    HS
                  fast, quickly; to rush, hurry
                  in doing sth.
haiʔalala.        plural of: to be unwilling or   Check
                  reluctant to do sth. because
                  one feels it is too difficult
haiʔalwala        plural of: back eddy, swirl     Check
                  of water
haiʔaɬʔauƛ        plural of: to have a            HS
                  satisfying catch
haiʔaɬca          plural of: in time (for doing   Check
                  sth.)
haiʔaɬcala        plural of: capable of           Check
                  reaching sth., to be within
                  reach
haiʔaɬglilalism   plural of: overwhelmed          Check
                  with happiness
haiʔaɬgliɬ        plural of: happy with sth.,     Check
                  enjoying sth.
haiʔaɬla          plural of: to rest              Check
haiʔaɬlamas       to have enough (e.g. for        Check
                  paying the bill)
haiʔaɬmaχa        plural of: fortunate, lucky     Check
haiʔaɬtgnakʷla    plural of: to recover from      Check
                  sickness gradually
haiʔaɬtka         plural of: to recover from      Check
                  sickness
haiʔamgila        plural of: to cook              Check
haiʔamsa          to eat; things eaten, food      HS
                  one is eating
haiʔamsni         plural of: pubic hair of a      Check
                  male
haiʔamcχzas       plural of: dining area on a     Check
                  boat, cooking and dining
                  area of a small ship
haiʔamʣa u        plural of: flatware; fork,      Check
                                155


               knife, spoon; cutlery
haiʔamʣilas    plural of: restaurant, cafe      Check
haiʔamʣiɬ      plural of: to eat in a           Check
               restaurant
haiʔamdikla    plural of: to carry a child      Check
               on one's back
haiʔanba       plural of: having a boat at      Check
               the end (said of e.g. the net
               or a wharf)
haiʔanca       plural of: to sink (as e.g. a    Check
               boat)
haiʔanλm       plural of: arrow (to shoot       Check
               with)
haiʔanɢaq      plural of: goose                 Check
haiʔaninuχʷ    plural of: to ask for a ride;    Check
               to cry for mother or father
               (as a child)
haiʔaniqla     plural of: to growl (as a        Check
               dog, wolf, bear)
haiʔaniqu      plural of: to growl at each      Check
               other, to fight together (said
               of animals such as dogs,
               wolves)
haiʔankʷa      plural of: to curse a person     Check
               magically
haiʔanqla      plural of: to hold the           Check
               blanket folded over the arm
               (as a woman); to carry in
               the apron
haiʔanƛa       plural of: to shoot with bow     Check
               and arrow
haiʔanχλls     plural of: rain barrel           Check
haiʔapila      plural of: to drown s.o. by      Check
               keeping his head
               underwater
haiʔapχtaʔai   plural of: beard                 Check
haiʔaqʷsʔilm   plural of: to fall on the face   Check
               down on the ground
               outdoors
haiʔata        plural of: to go after black     Check
               cod
haiʔausa       plural of: to count, to tally    HS
haiʔausla      plural of: calendar              Check
haiʔauta       plural of: to leave, abandon     Check
               s.o. (e.g. one's husband or
               wife)
                                156


haiʔauːχʷla    plural of: to toot               HS ind ???
haiʔaχʷa       plural of: to climb a tree,      Check
               pole, steep rock
haiʔaχʷʔit     to make a bow, to bend           Check
               oneself (as out of
               politeness); to begin to
               climb
haiʔa anyala   plural of: to hide around        Check
haiʔa a        plural of: to hide oneself       Check
haiʔa lχut     plural of: to clear the throat   Check
haida          Haida, a haida person, the       Check
               haida people
haidakala      Haida language, to speak         Check
               the Haida language
haidaχsm       Haida woman                      Check
haihaɬaqa      plural of: to order (in a        Check
               catalogue)
haiʔi...       see haYa...                      Check
hailigʷiɬa     to hire beforehand               Check
hailika        "to cure s.o. (esp. by taking    Check
               out ""bad medicine"")"
hailikinuχʷ    "healer, expert in taking out    Check
               ""bad medicine"""
hailiɬa        to make up the bed (as e.g.      Check
               a nurse), to make things
               comfortable in the house
               (as e.g. by assigning people
               their places), to serve sth.
               to a visitor
hailiɬlks      usher, chambermaid               Check
hailis         well attached to the beach,      Check
               well secured in its position
               on the beach (as e.g. a boat
               that has been braced)
haili nχʷ      person hired                     Check
hailuqʷala     (to be) talkative, a             Check
               chatterbox
hailya         to hire, get help                EW
hailyakinwa    person who hires                 Check
haila          well attached to the rock        Check
hailala        angry                            Check
hailamiɬ       "to prepare oneself for sth.,    Check
               to become attentive, to
               make way for sth.;
               ""Attention!"", ""Excuse
               me!"""
                                 157


hailwn          bachelor, unmarried man         Check
haiɬʔa          satisfactory, enough,           Check
                fitting, sufficient
haiɬʔakʷ        well-adjusted to, well-fit      Check
                for
haiɬanaqa       to arrive at the right          Check
                moment accidentally
haiɬaqa         cousin                          Check
haiɬʔauƛ        to have a satisfying catch      Check
haiɬʔau asta    lukewarm water                  Check
haiɬa ut        to correct sth.                 Check
haiɬcista       to take a turn for the better   Check
haiɬckʷa        to untangle or unravel sth.     HS
                (e.g. a rope)
haiɬckʷkʷ       (sth.) untangled or             HS
                unraveled
haiɬcma         to pack sth. securely, to       Check
                repackage sth. because s.o.
                has done a poor job
haiɬcqla        to fit through a hole or        Check
                opening
haiɬcxʷʔit      to become untangled (as         Check
                rope)
haiɬca          in time (for doing sth.)        Check
haiɬcais        capable of reaching the         Check
                bottom of the sea (as e.g. a
                fishing line)
haiɬcala        capable of reaching sth., to    Check
                be within reach
haiɬglilalism   overwhelmed with                Check
                happiness
haiɬglilm       thing or person causing         Check
                enjoyment or amusement
haiɬgliɬ        happy with sth., enjoying       Check
                sth.
haiɬkiɢʷiɬ      right-hand side of the          Check
                interior of the house
haiɬkiχʷst a    one's right eye                 Check
haiɬkm          good sign                       Check
haiɬkʷudnuʣi    right-hand side of sth. (e.g.   Check
                of one's hips or of the hull
                of a boat)
haiɬkʷuɬna      right-hand side of sth. long    Check
                and cylindrical (such as
                one's body or a log)
haiɬkʷut        right hand side                 EW
                                        158


haiɬlamas              to have enough (e.g. for         Check
                       paying the bill)
haiɬlaƛla              well attached onto a surface     Check
haiɬlaƛlut             to secure sth. precarious on     Check
                       a surface, to batten, to moor
haiɬmaχa               fortunate, lucky                 Check
haiɬmsta               to happen to have good           Check
                       luck when setting the net or
                       pulling the line in the water
haiɬmstqa              to happen to have good           Check
                       luck when shooting
haiɬm axci             to leave, move away,             Check
                       depart, start off at the right
                       moment (e.g. before an
                       accident happens), to
                       escape narrowly
haiɬsɢmʣ ala           ten dollar bill                  Check
haiɬtglalism           see hailhglilalism               Check
haiɬtglilm             see hailhglilm                   Check
haiɬtgliɬ              see hailhglilh                   Check
haiɬtgnakʷla           to recover from sickness         Check
                       gradually
haiɬtka                to recover from sickness         Check
haiɬt iɬ               plainly distinguishable;         Check
                       heard, understood, or
                       discerned clearly
haiɬt iɬa              to make sure sth. is             Check
                       discerned, heard, or
                       understood clearly
haiɬusɢm               ten round and/or bulky           Check
                       things; ten silver dollars
haiɬusɢmʣ ala          see hailhsg\mzwala               Check
haiɬuxʷkɬbiɬ           to have, have on, or use ten     HS
                       (layers of) blankets; ten
                       (layers of) blankets
haiɬuxʷpɢngʷusti a     ten trips upward, to make        HS
                       ten trips upward
haiɬuxʷpɢngʷusti ala   going upward ten times; to       HS (la dropped)
                       be ten (people) high up on
                       the hill or mountain
haiɬuxʷpɢnsta          ten times into the water and     HS
                       out again (as with the net or
                       the line)
haiɬuxʷpinixʷls        ten days                         HS
haiɬuxʷpna             ten times; to do sth. ten        HS
                       times
                                     159


haiɬuxʷpnalaƛla     tenth day of the month          HS
haiɬuxʷpna is       ten trips across, to make...    HS
haiɬuxʷpncqla       ten boats travelling            HS
haiɬuxʷpnista       ten round trips, to make ...    HS
haiɬuxʷpnkstais     ten times one hundred           HS
haiɬuxʷpnstqa       ten shots; to shoot ten times   HS
haiɬuxʷpnsχƛa       ten jumps or trips over to      HS
                    the other side of sth., to
                    make ...
haiɬuxʷpnsχƛais     ten trips over to the other     HS
                    side of the field, village,
                    island, lake, inlet; to make
                    ...
haiɬuxʷpnsχƛals     ten trips over the hill, to     HS
                    make...
haiɬuxʷpnsχƛis      ten trips over to the other     HS ais better
                    side of the field, village,
                    island, lake, inlet; to make
                    ...
haiɬuxʷpnsχƛls      ten trips over the hill, to     HS
                    make...
haiɬuxʷpnxʔit       ten times, to do sth. ten       HS
                    times
haiɬuxʷpnxs als     ten trips up to the woods; to   HS
                    make ...
haiɬuxʷpnxs alsla   going up to the woods ten       HS
                    times; to be ten (people) up
                    in the woods
haiɬuxʷpnxs ls      ten trips up to the woods; to   HS
                    make ...
haiɬuxʷpnxs lsla    going up to the woods ten       HS
                    times; to be ten (people) up
                    in the woods
haiɬuxʷpnχsa        to put ten things aboard the    HS
                    boat; ten flat things (e.g.
                    sheets, halibuts)
haiɬuxʷpnʣaqʷ       ten speeches, whistles,         HS
                    noises, performances; to
                    speak, whistle, perform,
                    make noise ten times
haiɬxs (1)          beautiful, pretty               Check
haiɬxs (2)          without stage fright            Check
haiɬxsʣaqʷala       sounding nice                   Check
haiɬxʣnakʷla        becoming pretty gradually       Check
haiɬχsala           to put things in the boat in    Check
                    the right place
                                  160


haiɬʣaqʷ         Heiltsuk; native (of any         HS
                 place or country); Indian
haiɬʣaqʷla       to speak Heiltsuk; to speak      Check
                 one's native language
haiɬʣaqʷlinuχʷ   person who always speaks         Check
                 his native language; good
                 speaker of Heiltsuk
haiɬʣaqʷaχsm     Heiltsuk woman; Indian           Check
                 woman; native woman
haiɬʣaχʷsistut   to translate into the native     Check
                 language; to translate into
                 Heiltsuk
hainamiɬ         see hayLaMilh                    Check
ha shailala      plural of: angry                 Check
haiskʷ           married                          EW
haiskʷaliɬ       married to s.o. but not          Check
                 moving out of the parental
                 home
haiskʷamas       to perform the marriage          Check
                 ceremony for a couple, to
                 marry a couple
haiskʷa          married to a foreigner,          Check
                 married to a person from
                 another tribe
haisn            sockeye salmon                   Check
haisxʷdmkna      wedding dress                    Check
haisxʷʔit        to get married                   Check
haiƛala          to adjust the firewood, to       Check
                 stoke an open fire (as when
                 it is not burning well)
haiƛala u        poker for stoking the fire       Check
haixʔit          to hide oneself, go into         Check
                 hiding
ha xliɬla        to set everything in the         Check
                 house in its proper place
ha xlcχλaʔals    clear underbrush, clear spot     Check
                 outdoors
ha xls           clear underbrush, clear spot     Check
                 on the ground outdoors
haixti           head                             EW
hai a...         see haYa...                      Check
hakʷa            to be stuck in a place, to be    EW
                 forced to stay
halayu           death bringer (i.e., a kind of   Check
                 club)
halista          to change one's mind, back       EW
                               161


             out of something
halsaχla     to be on the edge of sth.        Check
             and on the verge of falling
halsla       almost, barely, hardly; on       EW
             the verge of doing sth.,
             about to do sth.
haltxtm      not really wanting to do         Check
             sth. and therefore taking a
             break every so oftem
halulu       butterfly                        Check
halχa        to go after killer whale         Check
halaka       to do quickly                    EW
halakaɢis    to compete in speed of           Check
             doing sth. (e.g. eating or
             working)
halakla      doing sth. quickly, fast         Check
halakχta     to eat fast                      Check
halaka.      to try to do sth. fast,          HS
             quickly; to rush, hurry in
             doing sth.
halala       unwilling or reluctant to do     EW
             something because one
             feels that it is too difficult
halaxʔit     to do quickly, in a short        Check
             time
halista.     to change one's mind, to         Check
             back out of sth.
halka        to stop trying, to give up       HS
halwala      back eddy, swirl of water        EW
halwistala   eddy, whirling or swirling       Check
             around of water
haɬaqa       to pay (salary), to pay for      EW
haɬaqa..     pay someone for wages            HS
haɬaqa.      to ship by mail or freight,      EW
             to send
haɬla        to rest                          EW
haɬlaʔas     place or time to rest            Check
haɬlaxdm     resting place                    Check
haɬlaxdma    resting place                    Check
ham          cry of the cannibal              EW
ham          pigeon                           Check
hamaca       Cannibal dancer, member          EW, PIC
             of the Hamatsa society
hamacimaca   to go to get food, to get        Check
             groceries
hamacla      to serve food                    Check
                                 162


hamala          to keep something (e.g.         EW
                candy) in the mouth
hamasawa        scraps left over after          Check
                preparing or eating a meal
hamasa ala      to go to find                   Check
hamaswala       to eat together                 Check
hama yala       a limpet (great keyhole         Check
                limpet?)
hamaʣaχsu       to feed on berries, to eat      EW
                berries straight from the
                plant
hamaʣaχʷsu      to feed on berries (as when     Check
                in the woods)
hamba           to hold the end of sth. long    HS
                (as e.g. a pen) between
                one's lips
hambut          to put the end of sth. long     HS
                into the mouth
hamcimas        food, eatables                  hs
hamcimasxsala   various sorts of food           hs
hamcχλai        food scraps, left overs after   Check
                cooking or eating
hamdikla        to carry a child on one's       Check
                back
hamdixʔit       to take a person on one's       Check
                back to carry him
hamknai         to keep sth. long crosswise     Check
                between the lips (as e.g. a
                finger or a pen)
hamsɢmi         to keep a round thing (of       Check
                any kind) in the mouth
hamsʔit         to start eating                 Check
hamsmɬ          face mask of a Cannibal         Check
                dancer
hamtla          to carry somebody on one's      EW
                back
hamuli          periwinkle, limpet              EW
hamumu          butterfly                       EW
hamcχzas        dining area on a boat,          Check
                cooking and dining area of
                a small ship
hamχa           to say ha\m, to utter the       Check
                Cannibal cry
hamχaxʔit       to start to say ha\m            Check
hamʣa u         flatware; fork, knife, spoon;   Check
                cutlery
                                  163


hamʣilas         restaurant, cafe                 Check
hamʣiɬ           to eat in a restaurant           Check
hamʣlkʷ          person who is always             Check
                 eating, a glutton, to be
                 gluttonous
hamʣnc           chance food, food acquired       Check
                 accidentally
hamgila          to cook                          EW, HS
hamgilaci        cooking pot                      PIC
hamgilaχzas      galley, cooking are on the       Check
                 boat
hamm             see ha'em                        Check
hamsni           pubic hair of a male             Check
hana             to be somewhere (said of         EW
                 hollow object), to put a
                 hollow object somewhere,
                 to can, to put things into a
                 container
hanaɢaqa         to hunt for geese                HS
hanai            to lie moored (said of boat)     Check
hanalagla        to be alongside the (steep)      Check
                 shore (as when a boat is
                 drifting around near the
                 shore)
hanamuɬcwa       to unpack things, to unload      Check
                 a gun
hanba            having a boat at the end         Check
                 (said of e.g. the net or a
                 wharf)
hanca            to sink (as e.g. a boat)         Check
hanλmaci         quiver (for arrows)              Check
hanλa u          arrow (to shoot with)            Check
hanλm            arrow (to shoot with)            Check
hanλmba          arrow head                       Check
hanɢaːq          goose                            DS109
hanɢaqla (1)     to hold up the apron or skirt    Check
                 (as when collecting berries)
hanɢaqla (2)     sound of geese                   Check
haniɢidma        to play with a toy boat; a       Check
                 toy boat
hanina           go on, go ahead                  EW
haninuxʷ         to ask for a ride, to ask to     EW
                 go along, to ask for mother
                 or father (said of a child)
haninuχʷʔiχsda   to wish to ask s.o. for a ride   Check
haninuχʷsmi      to mourn the loss of a           Check
                              164


             relative
haniqala     growl                            HS ind
haniqla      to growl (dog, wolf, bear)       EW, WL
haniqu       to growl at each other, to       Check
             fight together (said of
             animals such as dogs,
             wolves)
haniqwala    growling and fighting            Check
             together (as dogs, wolves);
             dog fight
hankʷa       to curse, to wish ill luck on    EW
             somebody
hankʷila     to pleat the hem of one's        EW
             apron or dress to form a
             sort of container for
             carrying things
hanɬʔit      to fire an arrow from a bow      Check
hann aƛi     to float beside the island (as   Check
             a boat)
hanqla       to hold the blanket folded       EW
             over the arm (as a woman);
             to carry in the apron
hanƛa        to shoot with a bow and          EW, HS
             arrow
hanƛkʷ       (sth.) shot with bow and         Check
             arrow
hanƛla       shooting with bow and            Check
             arrow
hanuɬcwa     to unpack or unload a            Check
             container, to take a bullet
             out of the gun
hanχa        to look at one's reflection      EW
             (in water or mirror)
hanχs        skiff or any small boat          Check
             aboard another boat
hanaɢuƛai    together on the water (said      Check
             of boats)
haniɬ        to be indoors (said of a boat    Check
             inside a boat shop)
hanis        to be on the beach (said of      Check
             a boat)
hanχλaʔals   rain barrel                      Check
hanχhanɢis   brant goose                      Check
hap          cry of the cannibal              EW
hapila       to drown s.o. by keeping         Check
             his head underwater
                               165


hapiti        body hair                        Check
hapχtaʔai     moustache, chin-beard            EW
haqʷila       to stoop, to walk with a         Check
              stoop
haqʷla        to lie face down                 EW
haqʷ mχs      to lie face down over sth. in    Check
              the canoe (as e.g. to protect
              it with one's body)
haqʷs         to lie face down on the          EW
              ground outdoors
haqʷsʔilm     to fall on the face down on      Check
              the ground outdoors
hasbis        breath, air                      Check
hasila        to cook stew with potatoes       Check
              and salmon or corned beef,
              to make hash
hasilakʷ      the stew or hash one has         Check
              made
haskn         exhausted, out of breath (as     Check
              after running)
hasla         to breathe                       EW
haslχλi       spirit                           Check
haspa         sour, having an aged taste       EW
              (food)
haspaʔala     to hang fish outside for         Check
              aging
haspaʔalakʷ   cured fish                       Check
haspala       odour of aged meat or fish       Check
hasut         to breathe out, to expire air,   Check
              to ventilate sth., to air sth.
              (e.g. a room)
hatla         steep                            EW
hata          to go after black cod            Check
hatla         to be a pest (to other           Check
              people), to be obnoxious
hauʔasa       plural of: to count, to tally    Check
hauʔasaχut    plural of: to deduct money,      Check
              to withdraw money from an
              account
hauʔasinwa    plural of: tallyman              Check
hauʔasla      plural of: calendar              Check
hauʔata       plural of: to leave, abandon     Check
              s.o. (e.g. one's husband or
              wife)
hauʔatayu     plural of: to be left behind     Check
hauʔa nuχʷ    plural of: tallyman              Check
                                166


haucistut       to add up, to keep the         Check
                books
haucʣu          calendar                       WL
haudm           abandoned, left by husband     Check
                or wife
Hauhaukʷ        name of a mythical bird,       DS87
                enormous in size, with a
                long beak which it inserts
                into the rectum of its
                victims and withdraws the
                entrails; a mythical
                cannibal bird who resides
                in the house of
                BaxvbakvalaNusiwa, also a
                mask/carving representing
                this creature
hauʔinuχʷ       see hauYnux\v                  Check
haulalis        small tide (plural form?)      Check
haulalas        one's youth                    Check
haulaɬ          small, little; younger than    Check
                (plural form?)
haulaɬcmala     small person                   Check
haulaɬcwala     small waves on the water       Check
haulaɬnχi       youngest child                 Check
haulaɬtu        small in size                  Check
haulaɬtugʷila   to cut into small pieces, to   Check
                make small in size
haulaɬt is      gravelly beach; small tide     Check
haulaɬxsila     too small                      Check
hauma           to obtain information (by      EW
                watching, listening,
                questioning)
haumaχa         spider                         EW
haumaχtut       to ask permission from s.o.    Check
haumiɬ          to hear; to understand what    Check
                is said
haumiɬʔa        to succeed in hearing or       Check
                understanding sth.
haumiɬayu       things heard                   Check
haumiɬwala      to hear each other; to         Check
                understand each other's talk
haumuya         to be the spectator; to meet   Check
                the boat, to watch the
                unloading of a boat
hausa           to count, to tally             EW
hausabiƛa       pretend to count               WL
                                 167


hausaxsala      counting any old way            WL
                (unorderly)
hausaχut        to deduct money, to             Check
                withdraw money from an
                account
haushausa       count repeatedly                WL
hausi           day or date (as on the          Check
                calendar)
hausinwa        tallyman                        Check
hausʔit         to begin to count               WL
hausiχsda       want to count                   WL
hausla          calendar                        Check
hauta           to leave, abandon, depart       EW
hautaut         to leave sth. behind            Check
hautayu         to be left behind               Check
hauʔu nuχʷ      plural of: tallyman             Check
hau ma          plural of: to ask a question    Check
hau maχtut      plural of: to ask permission    Check
                from s.o.
hau miɬ         plural of: to hear; to          Check
                understand what is said
hau muya        plural of: to be the            Check
                spectator; to meet the boat,
                to watch the unloading of a
                boat
hau sa          plural of: to count, to tally   Check
hau saχut       plural of: to deduct money,     Check
                to withdraw money from an
                account
hau sinwa       plural of: tallyman             Check
hau sla         plural of: calendar             Check
hau ta          plural of: to leave, abandon    Check
                s.o. (e.g. one's husband or
                wife)
hau tayu        plural of: to be left behind    Check
Hauxʷ-hauxsƛa   a berry picking spot in Ka-     BC371: DS
                tit Reserve No. 1
hauyayu         tallying machine                WL
hau nuχʷ        tallyman                        Check
hau u           raft                            EW
ha akʷu         log jam                         Check
hawaniɢm        board to cover tied-up          PIC
                canoes (to form a platform
                upon which to move the
                slabs of the longhouse)
hawaniqa        to tie canoes together and      Check
                               168


              cover them with boards (to
              form a platform upon
              which to move the slabs of
              the longhouse)
ha aniqkʷ     canoes tied together and        PIC
              covered with boards
hawaniχʡit    to begin to tie canoes          Check
              together and cover them
              with boards
hawas         lumber, shakes split off tree   EW; BC508: DS
hawasila      to split off shakes, to split   Check
              boards from trees
hawat                                         Check
hawatu        to divorce, to separate in      HS ind
              marriage
hawata        to prepare for leaving          Check
hawa akʷ      raft                            Check
ha ikʷ        (sth.) counted, tallied         Check
hawinakʷla    week?; counting as sth. is      WL
              coming
hawinakʷla.   counting as sth. is coming      WL
hawmɢmt       to ask a person sth. to his     Check
              face
hawmsila      to ask questions, to            Check
              interview
hawmsqikʷ     inquisitive                     Check
ha aswa       to add up                       Check
ha inuχʷ      "person good at climbing        Check
              trees or poles (as a ""high-
              rigger"")"
haxcas        singing for the dancers         PIC
haxcwala      to yawn                         Check
haxhanai      plural of: to lie moored        Check
              (said of boat)
haxhaniɬ      plural of: to be indoors        Check
              (said of a boat inside a boat
              shop)
haxhanis      plural of: to be on the         Check
              beach (said of a boat)
haxʷmait      sea lion (occurs only in        EW
              mythology)
haxʷmit       walrus                          EW
haxʷ a        to howl (dog, wolf, coyote)     EW
haxʷ aɬa      to howl after the master        Check
              (said of a dog)
haχʷa         to climb (tree, rope, or        EW
                                169


               steep rock)
haχʷhaχʷni     thrush (bird)                   Check
haχʷʔit        to make a bow, to bend          Check
               oneself (as out of
               politeness); to begin to
               climb
haχʷsi a       to bend oneself and stick       Check
               the head through sth.
haχʷʔut        afterbirth                      Check
haχʷʔut        after-birth                     EW
haya           mock encouragement and          EW
               anxious encouragement
Hayaglaɬ       name of Maggie Bernard's        DS87
               uncle, husband to Lucy
               Jones, now Alex Chartrand
hayal a        to try to hire                  HS
hayal lks      person who hires                Check
hayala         to expect to happen, to         EW
               expect to hear
hayalakla      plural of: doing sth.           Check
               quickly, fast
hayaɬglila     to try to have fun, to be out   HS
               to have pleasure
hayaɬtglila    see hayalhgliLa                 Check
hayamut        shadow                          EW
hayama         to deny having done             EW
               something
hayanaχʷsila   to recompense (pay for)         Check
               with food, etc, for services
               rendered
Hayas          """breathing place""; name      DS87
               of a small creek flowing
               into Owikeno Lake west of
               the First Narrows"
hayaskʷasila   to be engaged for marriage,     Check
               to be about to get married
ha asxʷqnwa    marriage proposal, to ask in    Check
               marriage
hayaxca        to try to sneeze                HS
hayaxcas       plural of: singing for the      Check
               dancers
ha a.          to hide oneself                 Check
ha acwa        person who always hides         Check
               himself
ha aɬut        to make peace with s.o.         Check
ha anyala      to hide around                  Check
                              170


ha ls       well attached to the ground      Check
            outdoors, well secured in
            its position on the ground
            outdoors, to be in a good
            area of position on the
            ground outdoors
ha lχut     to clear the throat              Check
ha mta      to hide from each other, to      Check
            play hide-and-seek, a game
            of hide-and-seek
ha nuχʷ     person good at hiding            Check
            himself
hi          to be the case, to exist, to     EW
            live, to be in reach,
            available [used in various
            syntactic contexts, e.g. at
            the end of sentence
            constituents that express
            the focus of the speaker's
            attention]
hiba        to die instantly                 HS
hicayu      breaker for cedar bark           BC65: Boas93
higiwiɬla   """to go straight away from      DS88
            the front of the house"";
            name of a dance of the
            C’aiqa Series connected
            with the Ha\maCa Dance,
            the dancer by-passes minor
            dances, and becomes
            eligible to dance the
            Ha\maCa Dance"
higliɬ      to do sth. indoors straight      Check
            away
higlis      to do sth. straight away on      Check
            the beach
higls       to do sth. outdoors straight     Check
            away
hiɢmala     to wear a mask                   Check
hiɢmlkʷ     person with a mask on the        Check
            face
hiɢmɬ       mask                             EW, HS, PIC
hiʔigliɬ    plural of: to do sth. indoors    Check
            straight away
hiʔiglis    plural of: to do sth. straight   Check
            away on the beach
hiʔigls     plural of: to do sth.            Check
                                171


               outdoors straight away
hiʔiɢmɬ        plural of: mask                  Check
hiʔiɢu         coveralls; to come upon          Check
               one another at the
               crossroads
hiʔiɢwala      sticking together                Check
hiːkʷ          shredded inner red-cedar or      EW; BC61, 63
               yellow-cedar bark, cedar
               ring
hiʔipa         plural of: to make a cedar       Check
               bark mat (i.e. one with a
               special kind of weave)
hiʔisab a      plural of: underneath sth.,      Check
               the bottom of a container
hiʔisab ls     plural of: underneath the        Check
               house, a basement
hiʔisla        to hold one's breath             HS not sure
hiʔiƛ          to go straight into the house    Check
hiʔiƛla        going straight into the          Check
               house
hiʔixala       swift, speedy, fast; fastness,   Check
               swiftness, rapidity
hiʔixs alsla   plural of: going straight up     Check
               to the woods
hiʔiχʷalis     plural of: yx\valis              Check
hika           to go somewhere straight         HS
               away
hikƛai         to leave straight away (said     Check
               of a boat)
hikʷ           shredded cedar bark (used        Check
               to start a fire and as gun
               cotton)
hilaɢʷm        meaningful talk, a               Check
               statement or assertion, what
               one says about sth.
hilala         see yla'la                       Check
hilanyala      to go back and forth (said       Check
               e.g. of a child who now
               stays with the parents, now
               with the grandparents)
hilaqʷa        meaning, meaningfulness          EW
hilaqʷ us      """talking together""; name      DS88
               of a dance of the DhWlax\a
               Series, ""making a
               supernatural sound, a
               preliminary dance to
                              172


             becoming a Ha\maCa
             dancer; name of Mathew
             Johnson Sr."
hiliɬa       to get sth. done the same       Check
             day
hilista      to return straight away, on     EW
             the same day
Hilistala    """return in one day"";         DS88
             name of killer whale
             messenger, from the story
             of 'Aywanu, a man from
             K’vii; a killer whale
             messenger from the story
             of Gvna"
hilamiɬ      to prepare oneself for          EW
             something to happen
himas        chief                           EW
Himasila     """to make a chief""; name      DS89
             of Danny Windsor and
             Robert Windsor Jr."
Himasilakʷ   a maNs name given to Nora       DS89
             Carol-Webber, grand-
             daughter of Johnny Carol;
             name of Ray Johnson, from
             Edith Johnson-Beans
Himaskas     real Chief, mythical name       DS88
             of Raven, from the story of
             how Raven liberates the
             sun; his other name is
             K’viKvax\awa
Himaskasʔu   real Chief, mythical name       DS89
             of Raven, from the story of
             Raven and the
             Thunderbird; name of Alex
             Chartrand, HiMaskas'u-
             Ha\mzit, from Maggie
             Bernard's uncle, Hayaqlalh,
             who was the husband of
             Lucy Jones, the sister of
             Captain Johnson
hinakʷla     to proceed without stopping     Check
             anywhere
hipa         to make a cedar bark mat        HS
             (i.e. one with a special kind
             of weave)
hipkʷ        cedar bark mat (with a          Check
                                173


               special kind of weave), the
               binding of a basket
hipχtala       weaving at the top edge of     BC65: DS
               the basket
hipχλaʔaiɬ     the binding around the         BC65: DS
               bottom edge of the basket
his            of, with                       Check
hisa           to put onto the ground         Check
               straight away (i.e., without
               touching other places)
hisabuliɬa     to go under sth. in the        Check
               house
hisabulisa     to go under sth. on the        Check
               beach (e.g. under a rock)
hisabwa        underneath sth., the bottom    Check
               of a container
hisabwagliɬ    to move to a position          Check
               underneath sth. indoors
hisabwagls     to move to a position          Check
               underneath sth. outdoors
hisabwakɬχs    to move to a position          Check
               underneath sth. on the boat
hisab akƛi     to move to a position          Check
               underneath sth. on the
               water (as e.g. when a diver
               goes underneath the boat)
hisab akƛla    to move to a position          Check
               underneath sth. on a
               relatively large surface or
               body
hisab akƛ as   to move to a position          Check
               underneath sth. on the roof
               (as e.g. a bug that crawls
               underneath the shingles)
hisab aƛi      underneath sth. on the         Check
               water, the bottom of the
               boat that is in the water
               (plural form)
hisab aƛla     underneath sth. on a           Check
               relatively large surface or
               body
hisab axƛ as   underneath sth. on the roof    Check
               (e.g. underneath the
               shingles)
hisab ilƛ      underneath the furniture in    Check
               the house or room (plural
                               174


              form?)
hisabwis      underneath sth. on the           Check
              beach (e.g. underneath the
              wharf or underneath a log),
              bottom of the boat on the
              beach
h sabwls      underneath something             EW
              outdoors, underneath a
              house, basement
hisabwls      underneath the house, a          Check
              basement
hisaiga       buried under sth. (as e.g.       Check
              when a pile of books has
              collapsed over one)
hisakɬmwa     buried under sth. (as e.g.       Check
              when a pile of books has
              collapsed over one)
hisalaƛi      situated or happening            Check
              underneath the surface of
              the water
hisalaƛla     situated or happening            Check
              underneath a relatively
              large surface or body (such
              as a float, a boardwalk)
hisalaxƛ as   situated or happening on         Check
              the roof (as e.g. a load of
              shingles that has been
              placed there)
hisas         underneath sth. on the           Check
              ground outdoors
hisʔilm       to land on the ground            Check
              straight away (without
              hitting other places)
histiɬa       to make one complete             DS86
              circuit - as in a dance
hisut         to put sth. onto the ground      Check
              straight away (without
              pausing or hitting other
              places)
hʔi ini       see hYiWini                      Check
hixala        swift, speedy, fast; fastness,   Check
              swiftness, rapidity
hixatus       to ride swiftly down the         Check
              river in a vessel, to ride the
              rapids
hixaχis       to ride swiftly downwards        Check
                                175


              with the tide or the rapids
hixʔit        to gain speed                    Check
hixs alsla    going straight up to the         Check
              woods
hixyudiɬ      sth. heaped up or piled up       Check
              on the floor of the house
hixyut        ocean swell                      Check
hʔiχʷa        plural of: to dance              Check
hʔiχʷaini     plural of: style of dancing      Check
hʔiχʷalis     plural of: dancing on the        Check
              beach (as when guests
              arrive)
h yaqla       plural of: passing sth.          Check
              straight away, going right
              by
h yaqɬkn      plural of: to overdo sth., to    Check
              go too far in doing sth.
h yaqɬnala    plural of: to overestimate       Check
              one's capacity to do sth., to
              get into unexpected trouble
h yuta        plural of: to be accustomed      Check
              to or trained in sth.
h yutla       plural of: to train s.o. in      Check
              sth., to accustom s.o. to sth.
hi aɢayu      see hiYg\ayu                     Check
hi aɢlm       plural of: tool, implement,      Check
              means to an end
hi   aɢmɬ     see hi'ig\mlh                    Check
hi   aɢu      see hi'ig\u                      Check
hi   aɢwala   see hi'ig\wala                   Check
hi   aibm     plural of: person sent on an     Check
              errand
hi aiɢaɬa     plural of: maNs brother-in-      Check
              law
hi aiɢʷiɬ     plural of: to lie on the floor   Check
              (said of a log)
hi aiɢʷis     plural of: to lie on the         Check
              beach (said of a log)
hi aiɢʷm      plural of: gift received on      Check
              any occasion (not only at
              potlatch), things distributed
              among people
hi aipa       plural of: to send on an         Check
              errand
hi aiqɬʔut    plural of: one's partner in      Check
              doing sth.
                                     176


hi aiχʡla           plural of: to cause sth. to      Check
                    melt, to melt sth.
hi aiχalas          plural of: thing to be           Check
                    melted, lead (the metal)
hi aiχla            plural of: molten, melted,       Check
                    thawed out (as lead, butter,
                    ice)
hi aiχʷʔida u (1)   plural of: things given as       Check
                    presents
hi aiχʷʔida u (2)   plural of: stake (for gain or    Check
                    loss)
hi aiχʷʔit (1)      plural of: to start to           Check
                    distribute things
hi aiχʷʔit (2)      plural of: to make a bet (as     Check
                    a bookmaker), to start to
                    stake, wager sth.
hi aiχʷiƛa          plural of: to call s.o. into     Check
                    the house, to say yau to s.o.
                    in order to make him come
                    into the house
hi aiχʷlsa          plural of: to call s.o. who is   Check
                    outdoors to make him
                    come, to say yau outdoors
hi aiχʷ lsa         plural of: to call s.o. out of   Check
                    the building, to say yau in
                    order to make s.o. come out
                    of the building
hi alagliɬ          plural of: to move               Check
                    aimlessly around indoors
hi alaglis          plural of: to move               Check
                    aimlessly on the beach
hi alagls           plural of: to move               Check
                    aimlessly around outdoors
hi alakɬχs          plural of: to move               Check
                    aimlessly on the boat
hi alakƛi           plural of: to move               Check
                    aimlessly on the water
hi alakƛla          plural of: to move around        Check
                    on a relatively large surface
                    (e.g. float)
hi alakƛ as         plural of: to move around        Check
                    on the roof
hi alkʷa            plural of: to get hurt,          Check
                    injured (as in an accident);
                    to hurt oneself accidentally
hi apa              plural of: to send s.o.          HS
                               177


hi aqa        see hiYqa                        Check
hi au         plural of: hello!, hi!           Check
hi auχʷiƛa    plural of: to call s.o. into     Check
              the house, to say yau to s.o.
              in order to make him come
              into the house
hi auχʷlsa    plural of: to call s.o. who is   Check
              outdoors to make him
              come, to say yau outdoors
hi auχʷ lsa   plural of: to call s.o. out of   Check
              the building, to say yau in
              order to make s.o. come out
              of the building
hi ɢayu       plural of: knitting              Check
              instrument, needles for
              making a fishnet
hi   ɢu       see hi'ig\u                      Check
hi   ɢwala    see hi'ig\wala                   Check
hi   lχa      plural of: to rub                HS
hi   lχulm    plural of: linament              Check
hi   qa       plural of: to knit               Check
hi   uisa     plural of: to sip                Check
hi   usa      plural of: to eat with a         HS
              spoon, to eat stew
hi uta        see hi'iuta                      Check
hi utla       see hi'iuTla                     Check
hmk- (1)      to buzz, mumble                  LR
hmk- (2)      grouse                           LR
hmkls         grouse                           EW, HS, rh (3)
hmkala        sound of buzzing                 EW, HS
hmxma         to punch in the face             Check
hn            I (first person)                 EW
hna           to sing along with               Check
hna.          to sing along with others        EW, HS BB
hnaːla        to dare, have courage            EW
Hnaːnu        name of Jim Thompson             DS110
              from Albert Thompson
hnala         singing along with               Check
hnaɬa         to be singing along with         Check
Hnuwaqawa     """Wise-One""; formerly          DS110
              the name of Lizzie Walkus,
              now Evelyn Walkus-
              Windsor; name of an
              original ancestor associated
              with villages at Nuxvns,
              Sumx\ulh and C’yu;
                            178


            together with
            M’asMasalanwa, he created
            the world; chief who
            defeats
            BaxvbakvalaNusiwa"
Hnwaqta     """Wise-Speaking-              DS110
            Woman""; formerly name
            of Kitty Hanuse, now Hilda
            Smith and Heather
            Bernard"
huck        coward                         EW, HS
hucla       to scare                       EW
huɢʷiƛ      to run into the house (with    HS
            a group of people)
huliɬ       hump on the floor of the       Check
            house or room
huɬa        to heap up, rise, uprising,    EW, HS
            riot (a wave)
huɬhuɬa     to heap up repeatedly, to      HS ind
            rise and fall repeatedly (as
            e.g. waves over a rock, or
            as blanket when it is
            pushed up and down from
            underneath)
huɬʔit      to start to heap up            HS
huɬla       heaping full                   Check
huɬu        to rise up and fuse into one   Check
            mass (as e.g. waves over a
            rock), to fight one's own
            people (as e.g. in a civil
            war)
huɬuya      overflow from sth. rising      Check
            (such as dough)
huɬwala     fighting together (said of     Check
            people who normally form
            one group, e.g. relatives),
            an uprising
huqʷa       to vomit, throw up             HS
huqʷa (1)   to vomit                       EW
huqʷa (2)   to run fast with a group       EW
huqʷla      running with a group of        Check
            people; vomiting
huqʷiχsda   to want or need to vomit, to   Check
            feel like vomiting
huqʷla.     to cause to vomit, to make     Check
            oneself vomit
                               179


huƛm          club (as used for killing       Check
              fish)
huːhuːχʷa     to keep on tooting              HS
huʔuqʷa       plural of: to run (with a       Check
              group of people); to vomit,
              throw up
huːχʷhuːχʷa   to toot repeatedly              HS ind
huːχʷla       to toot (factory whistle,       EW, HS
              lighthouse)
huχʷa         to hear a whistle               HS
huχʷbaudala   running to the end of sth.      Check
              long and horizontal (e.g. a
              wharf, a spit)
huχʷhuχʷa     to toot repeatedly (as e.g. a   HS ind
              boat in the fog)
huχʷla        tooting (as of a factory,       Check
              boat, or lighthouse)
huχʷlinuχʷ    person who is always            Check
              tooting the horn
huχʷs a       to break sth. into pieces by    Check
              hand (e.g. a loaf of bread)
Hwilaɬ        refers to sth. scary or         DS89
              making a disturbing noise;
              name for Land Otter
              Dance, a dance of the
              DhWlax\a Series; name for
              land otter (K’vla), other
              name for Land Otter Dance
              is given as K’vlalalh
H aːtuslis    name of a place on the          DS88
              C’yu River, refers also to
              the Keet Creek, which
              flows into the K’syaNwa at
              the top of Owikeno Lake
hyala         constant, constantly            HS
hyalagls      to move around outdoors         EW
hyaqa         to go straight past sth.        HS
hyaqla        passing sth. straight away,     Check
              going right by
hyaqɬ         thus, accordingly, in line      EW
              with something, thaTs it!
hyaqɬkn       to overdo sth., to go too far   Check
              in doing sth.
Hyatuslis     creek between K’syaNwa          PIC
              and C’yu
hya isla      going straight across (as       Check
                               180


              e.g. when crossing the
              channel by boat)
hyaχa         straight down from a higher     DS88
              level; coveralls, overalls
hyaχʡit       to start to go straight past    Check
              sth.
hymbala       square course mat               Check
hymbalagila   to make a square coarse         Check
              mat
hynca         to sink immediately, go         EW
              straight down
hynclala      sinking straight down in the    Check
              water
hyuɬʔa        to have grown used to sth.      Check
hyuɬʔala      to become used to or            Check
              accustomed to sth.
hyut          trained in, accustomed to       EW
hyuta         to be accustomed to or          Check
              trained in sth.
hyutla        to train s.o. in sth., to       Check
              accustom s.o. to sth.
h aqla.       see hi'iaqla                    Check
h i ini       plural of: style of dancing     Check
h nχ          summer                          EW
h yaqla       see hi'iaqla                    Check
ʔi            eeek! yechch!                   Check
-             nominal ending (Nom)            Boas 323
- (1)         interrogative suffix for the    Check
              1st and 3rd person. Can be
              followed by 1st or 3rd
              person subject suffixes.
              However, 3rd pers subj
              suffixes -i and -ic are
              replaced by -l-i, l-ic. (Rath
              1981)
-i (1)        subject: (the) one(s) over      EW
              there, near neither you nor
              me; under discussion, being
              talked about (3Subj); see
              also -ya
- (2)         "Factualizing suffix: ""the     Check
              fact that ..."". Not followed
              by subject suffixes. (Rath
              1981)"
-i (2)        primary deictic: absent,        Check
              gone
                                181


-id            owner                           Boas 325
ʔidas          oarlock                         HS
ʔidasdma       hole in which to put the        Check
               oarlocks
ʔida u         oar                             PIC
-iλ            astonishing!                    Boas 330
ʔiɢas          health resort, sanatorium       HS
ʔiː            exclamation expressing a        EW
               negative experience
ʔiʔidas        plural of: oarlock              Check
ʔiʔida u       plural of: oar                  Check
ʔiʔimas.       plural of: cork of a net,       Check
               buoy
ʔiːs           clitic used to introduce        EW
               adjuncts with comitative
               meaning (comitative covers
               agentive, instrumental,
               comparative, explicative,
               and possessive)
ʔiʔita         plural of: to row               Check
ʔiː ak         plural of: bad                  HS
-ik (2)        back                            cf. Boas 326
-il            see -ila                        Check
-ʔil           see -ila                        Check
ʔil...         see Yl...                       Check
-ila           perfective suffix indicating    Check
               that something exists or is
               the case by way of
               transitional stage in or end
               point of events (Rath 1981)
-ʔila          see -ila                        Check
-il.           see -ila                        Check
-ila.          see -ila                        Check
-ilala         here and there                  Boas 327
-iɬ            on the floor, in the house      Boas 328
ʔiɬ...         see Ylh...                      Check
-iɬba          outside of nose, point of       Boas 330
               land
ʔiɬʔit         to start to row                 HS
ʔiɬʔita        to row repeatedly               HS ind
ʔiɬ- aikimas   plural of: to be unable to do   Check
               sth., not knowing how to do
               sth.
-ima           able to be..., ...able          Boas 324
ʔimas          buoy, net-cork                  EW
-imas          classes or characteristic       Boas 324
                                 182


                 condition of things
ʔimasnχi         corkline of a net              Check
-im              near-by (usually in            Boas 324
                 combination with locative
                 suffixes)
-inas            nominal suffix (Nom)           Boas 325
-inikaɬa         on top of one another          Boas 325
-init            obtained by                    Boas 325
-inuxʷ           a person who does an act       Boas 326
                 habitually, professionally;
                 an habitual action; tribal
                 name
-ina             with, to join in               Boas 326
-inakʷ           stem suffix                    Boas 325
-inu             to do to one passing by        Boas 325
-iq (1)          in body, mind; to think of     Boas 327
-iq (2)          nearly; like: for colours      Boas 328
ʔiqa             to treat with modern or        EW, HS
                 traditional medecine
ʔiqla            treating with medicine         Check
ʔiqlks           nurse                          Check
ʔiqimas          talisman, lucky charm          Check
-is              in an open space;              Boas 328
                 specifically: on the beach;
                 or more generally: in the
                 world; also at the bottom of
                 the water; on the bottom
                 inside the body
-ʔis             to do to each in order         Boas 311
-is (1)          in an open space, on the       Boas 326
                 beach
-is (2)          inside of body                 Boas 326
-is (3)          inside or outside of           Boas 326
                 stomach
ʔisa             to stay with s.o.              HS
ʔisdaitχʷ        person, people, or tribe       HS (also BB)
                 from 'Isda
ʔisdaitχʷkʷala   (to speak) Heiltsuk as         HS
                 spoken by the people from
                 'Isda
ʔisdaχsm         a woman from 'Isda             Check
ʔIsditχʷ         people from 'Isda; name of     DS90
                 a Heiltsuk tribe, who
                 resided at Dean Channel,
                 and at Kimsquit, these
                 people were closely
                                 183


                associated with the Nuxalk;
                also refers in some way to
                people from the settlements
                at the top of the lake
ʔisʔit          to begin to stay with s.o.      Check
-isla           in succession, in regular       Boas 326
                order
ʔisla           to stay, remain, wait with      EW
                s.o.
ʔita            to row                          EW, HS ind
-iƛ (1)         transitive (Trans)              Boas 330
-iƛ (2)         going along                     Boas 330
ʔix...          see Yx...                       Check
ʔixa            happening soon (but not         Check
                unexpectely), to be about to
                happen (as expected)
ʔixaglala       near to the shoreline           Check
ʔixaka          to be near one's destination    Check
ʔixala          near to, about to, almost       EW
ʔixaq amas      to bring close to overtaking    Check
ʔixastuliɬa     to come or put close to the     Check
                doorway
ʔixʔit          to start waving, to raise the   Check
                arm (as e.g. for waving or
                for lifting sth.)
-ixsd           to desire                       Boas 327
ʔixsilistχaki   expression of disgust           Check
ʔiχʡit          to give a treatment with        Check
                medicine
ʔiχnduɬ         female who has                  Check
                menstruated for the first
                time
ʔiχnɬʔit        to begin to menstruate          Check
ʔiχnta          refers to a menstruating        EW, DS90
                woman; a maNs ceremonial
                name, the feminine names
                of the C’aiqa Series always
                refer to male sexual organs,
                the masculine name to the
                female organs
ʔiχsa           medicine                        Check
ʔiχsaʡilas      drugstore, pharmacy             HS
ʔiχsaci         container for medicine          Check
ʔ yala          plural of: to wave with the     Check
                hand
ʔi aidala       plural of: to go in the         Check
                                   184


                 reverse direction (as e.g. an
                 engine)
ʔi aigm          plural of: disease, sickness,    Check
                 epidemic
ʔi aigmkalakʷ    plural of: afflicted with a      Check
                 disease
ʔi aigmsu        plural of: to be afflicted       Check
                 with a disease
ʔi aignakʷla     plural of: to deteriorate, get   Check
                 worse gradually; to spoil,
                 go bad gradually; to spoil,
                 go bad gradually
ʔi aika          plural of: to spoil sth.         Check
ʔi aikiqla       plural of: to make mad,          Check
                 angry; to enrage
ʔi aikla         plural of: to spoil or ruin      Check
                 sth. purposely (e.g. the
                 good job s.o. has done, or a
                 love)
ʔi aikqmt        plural of: to frown              Check
                 (suddenly), to show an
                 angry face
ʔi   aikqu       to become enemies                Check
ʔi   aika ax     plural of: perishable            Check
ʔi   aikiqla     plural of: sad, disappointed     Check
ʔi   aikiqmala   plural of: a sad face, a         Check
                 person with a sad face
ʔi aiɬcugʷm      plural of: hated, despised,      Check
                 or detested person or thing
ʔi aiɬcukʷ       plural of: to have, despise,     Check
                 dislike, detest
ʔi aixpa         plural of: tasting bad           Check
ʔi ak            plural of: bad                   HS
ʔi ala           plural of: to wave with the      Check
                 hand
ʔi atu           to get back together again       HS
                 (as a married couple)
ʔi lxa           plural of: to spill              HS ind
ʔi wmsqikʷ       plural of: person given to       Check
                 visiting people
ʔi χʷsm          plural of: reef covered by       Check
                 tide water
k-               see g-                           Check
-k (1)           subject: (the) one(s) here       EW
                 with me (3SubjProx1)
-ka              non-..., un-... (Rath 1981)      Check
                               185


-ka          see -ka                           Check
kaː          to carry a tray (on the           EW
             palms of one's hands)
kaʔams ut    to split layers apart (e.g.       Check
             layers of wood)
Kaːnwis      """to stand beside""; name        DS91
             given to M’axva as his
             winter dance name by
             T’haqvagila, when M’axva
             married his daughter"
kaːqu        to collide                        EW
-kaʔau       see -kaW                          Check
-kaʔa        see -kaW                          Check
-kaʔa        see -kaW                          Check
-kaʔa .      see -kaW                          Check
kabudaci     oven? (bread pan, oven            PIC
             pan?)
kabukʷ       (sth.) put in the oven, (sth.)    Check
             roasted in the oven
kabut        to roast sth. in the oven         Check
kabwa        container with a flat             Check
             bottom; to be in the oven
             (as loaves of bread making)
kacnaq       wooden spoon                      BC83
kaca         willow? (Cornus sericea)          BC92: rh
kacas        tree that is fit to be used for   BC82
             making wooden spoons
             (maple)
kacnaɢaci    spoon basket (made of red-        BC63
             cedar bark)
kacnaɢaci    spoon basket                      Check
kacnaq       wooden spoon                      Check
kacxsyala.   strongly bent chin                Check
kadaqla      nodding, bobbing, moving          EW
             up and down (as a boat, or
             with one's head)
kadaχʡit     to nod yes, to nod assent, to     Check
             start making an up and
             down movement (as a boat,
             or with the head), to (start
             to) bob
kadiɬ        long on the floor of the          Check
             house
kadis        log??                             PIC
kaɢnuʣakʷ    hit in the middle by another      Check
             vessel or vehicle
                              186


kaɢu ut       to hit another vessel in the   Check
              middle
kaʔi          expression of scorn            Check
Kaka          """holding a bowl, palms       DS91
              up, in a ceremonial way"";
              formerly the name of Edith
              Johnson-Beans, now Irene
              Jackson, and Rose Johnson;
              formerly name of Victoria
              Walkus-Thompson; name
              of Dorothy Walkus, from
              Simon Walkus; name of
              Annie Walkus of Smiths
              Inlet"
kakacumalas   a woodland flower              Boas91:222
              (unidentified in Compton
              1993:121)
kakadaqla     nodding (as after hearing      Check
              bad news)
kakadikayu    unbaited deadfall              Check
kakkadikayu   plural of: unbaited deadfall   Check
kaklna        to tend to lead, to be leaky   Check
kaknka        to try to get punk (a dry      HS nEW
              spongy substance found on
              old trees and used to ignite
              fire)
kakqʣut       to collide with a flat thing   Check
              (such as the table)
kaktu         plural of: to meet a person    Check
kakt iɬa      to put logs, branches or       Check
              one's feet together
              crosswise
kaku a        to try to shave or scrape      HS
kakxba        to carry sth. by its ends      Check
              with one person at each end
              (as e.g. a stretcher)
kala          to hold a dish up by the       Check
              bottom (as when serving),
              to hold sth. up on the palms
              of one's hand
-kamniχʷ      plural of: -kaW                Check
kams ut       to split layers (e.g. of       EW
              wood) apart
kanana        punk (pancake-like growth      Check
              on old trees)
kanani        shelf fungus (Fomes);          BC49
                              187


             pigment used for paint
Kaniluɬ      formerly name of Elizabeth      DS91
             Walkus form Nuxvns,
             maiden name was Ha\mzit,
             now Dawn Walkus-
             Hopkins and Florence
             Hanuse
Kaniɬ        """chief's wife""; refers to    DS91
             holding up a bowl of food
             as in a ceremony; name of
             the sister of Galg\mkas;
             ""belonging to the
             nobility"""
Kaniɬkaʡu    great chief's wife; married     DS92
             woman; term used for new
             bride of the nobility, or
             upper class
Kaniɬkas     formerly name of Edith          DS92
             Johnson-Beans now Alvina
             Johnson; name of April
             Windsor given by Maggie
             Windsor; name of the wife
             of Nnuwaqawa; name also
             in Bella Bella
Kaniɬkasʔu   name of Patricia                DS92
             Thompson-Johnson from
             Alfred Lewis-ThompsoNs
             wife
Kaniɬma      name of Tom Smith Jr.           DS92
             from Evelyn Walkus-
             Smith, now Fred Smith
Kaniɬmi      "name of Susan Johnson,         DS92
             wife of Captain Johnson,
             then to Mary Johnson, her
             daughter, who married
             Thomas Ha\ilhamas; name
             is also found in Bella Bella;
             ""principal Chief's wife"",
             story of Galg\mkas"
kapa         to lift a lid, blanket, etc.    EW
kap ala      """the lid is partially         EW, DS93
             open""; term used for
             people living together,
             common-law; or to give
             child a recognized father"
kaqla        heading to or colliding with    Check
                                188


             the shore
kaqlala      heading ashore, colliding          EW
             with the shore
kaqu         to collide (as vehicles or         Check
             vessels)
kaqχdakʷ     hit at the rear by another         Check
             vessel or vehicle
kasilinuχʷ   person good at making              Check
             wooden spoons
kasla        to have a strong bend (as a        EW
             tree or some people's chin)
-kasʔu       see -kasW                          Check
-kasʔ        see -kasW                          Check
-kas         used to indicate the plural        Check
             but can also have honorific
             meaning (Rath 1981)
kata         to be somewhere (said of           EW
             something long, such as a
             log), to use a long thing or
             put it somewhere
kataχala     to slide timbers downhill          Check
kataχlsa     to lay timbers or poles            Check
             pointing downhill
katu         to meet somebody                   EW
katus        to meet a person outdoors          Check
kats         long thing lying on the            Check
             ground outdoors
katsa        to put a long thing on the         Check
             ground outdoors
-ka          augmentative, etc. suffix          Check
             used for the singular; used
             in myths in the names of
             personified animals (Rath
             1981)
kaxbaut      to lift the end of sth., to tilt   HS not remembered
             sth. by the end
kaxʔit       to start lifting with the          Check
             hands, to (start to) lift a
             canoe
kaxla        to lift, hold up, or carry on      EW
             the hands and/or the
             forearms
kaxla (1)    to carry sth. while exerting       Check
             force with the forearms (as
             when carrying a load on the
             forearm, or as when
                               189


              moving a table)
kaxla (2)     to praise                       Check
kaxliɬa       to lift with the hands from     Check
              the floor
kaxlisa       to lift with the hands from     Check
              the beach
kaxlsa        to lift with the hands from     Check
              the ground
kaxƛala u     pot                             PIC
kaxƛalisa     to put the kettle on the        Check
              fireplace
kaxƛaludaci   cooking pot                     Check
kaxƛalut      to put the kettle over the      Check
              fire
kaxƛlaut      to lift sth. with the hands     HS not remembered
              from a flat surface
kaxχsa        to lift sth. that is on the     Check
              boat by hand
Kaxχti        a place name on Owikeno         DS93
              Lake; a big slide where
              Ha\nThikvnas crossed over
              to the C’agvala
kaχʔaƛla      to collide with a surface       Check
              (e.g. a dock)
kaχʔauɬtala   heading seawards                Check
kayapa        to try to jam or tuck           HS
kbas          button hole, wedging place      Check
kbiƛa         to tuck sth. into sth. or       Check
              between two things, to stuff
              sth. under a mattress
kbiƛla        tucking in, putting sth.        Check
              between two things
kbm           thing used for jamming or       Check
              tucking, button
kbnusla       to have sth. in the pocket;     Check
              contents of the pocket
kbnuʣut       to put sth. into the pocket     Check
Kdakaʡu       """big girl""; name of          DS93
              Patricia Thompson-
              Johnson"
kdau          form of address for one's       EW, HS
              female child - a vocative
              form
-ki           subject: (the) one(s) absent,   EW
              gone (3SubjGone)
kic           pearly substance (as used       EW
                                 190


               for buttons and decorating)
k c stalakʷ    blanket with pearly buttons       Check
               along the edge (as used in
               dancing)
kicm           "December, ""the month of         BC371: lj, HS, rh
               Christmas"""
kikabudaci     plural of: bread pan, oven        Check
               pan
kikaχawa       rubbing together (as of two       Check
               boats)
kikaχwala      rubbing together (as of two       Check
               boats)
kikbiƛa        plural of: to tuck sth. into      Check
               sth. or between two things,
               to stuff sth. under a
               mattress
kikbiƛla       plural of: tucking in,            Check
               putting sth. between two
               things
kikbm          plural of: thing used for         Check
               jamming or tucking, button
kikbnusla      plural of: to have sth. in the    Check
               pocket; contents of the
               pocket
kikbnuʣut      plural of: to put sth. into the   Check
               pocket
kiklisdyn      Christians                        Check
kikla          plural of: to amaze, to           Check
               impress, to show off
kiklasqikʷ     plural of: given to showing       Check
               off
kikɬla         plural of: to be amazed           Check
kikmxskanut    plural of: to tuck sth. in        Check
               s.o.'s heand secretly, to tip
               s.o. (e.g. a waiter)
kikpa          plural of: to tuck, jam,          Check
               wedge, or button up sth.
kikχʔnainuχʷ   plural of: violin player          Check
kikχs a        plural of: to saw into pieces     Check
kiqsawa        fruit                             BC505: DS
kisa           to strike (match)                 EW
k skca         an unidentified edible            EW
               shellfish
kixʷa          fair or light in colour (e.g.     EW
               hair)
kixʷq a        blond or light brown hair,        Check
                                  191


               having blond or light
               brown hair
kiχa           to use a saw                       EW, OLP5, PIC
kiχʔana        see kix\'na                        Check
kiχʔanainuχʷ   see kix\'nainux\v                  Check
kiχʔana u      see kix\'naYu                      Check
kiχʔaχλaut     to saw in the trunk of the         HS
               tree or of the stern of a
               canoe
kiχaχut        to saw sth. off                    Check
kiχcaχstala    to use a ripsaw                    Check
kiχi           piece or block cut off with        Check
               a saw, cutting mark made
               with a saw
kiχkʷ          (sth.) sawn, lumber, board         BC508: DS
kiχʔna         to play the violin                 EW
kiχʔnainuχʷ    violin player                      Check
kiχʔna u       violin                             Check
kiχna.         see kix\'na                        Check
kiχnainuχʷ     see kix\'nainux\v                  Check
kiχna u        see kix\'naYu                      Check
kiχs a         to saw into pieces                 Check
kiχs ayu       saw (the tool)                     Check
kiχs ut        to cut metal with a saw, to        Check
               saw sth. to pieces
kk             see g-                             Check
kkc            see g-                             Check
kki            see g-                             Check
-kl            see -kla                           Check
-kla           to refer to sth. as ..., to call   Check
               sth. (a) ..., to use the word
               '...' for sth. (Rath 1981)
klxa (1)       to leak (said of canoe,            EW
               kettle), leaky, a leak
klxa (2)       circular (as an opening)           EW
klxʔit         to begin a leak                    Check
kla            to amaze, to impress, to           Check
               show off
klasqikʷ       given to showing off               Check
kɬla           to be amazed                       Check
kmqs           something collapsed                EW
               outside (e.g. a house)
kmta           to gnaw                            EW
kmχskana       to jam or bruise the hand or       EW
               the fingers
kmit           to start to tuck, jam or           Check
                              192


             button up
kmstut       to tuck or jam into a hole or   Check
             opening, to stuff up an
             opening
kmxskana u   sth. tucked into the palm of    Check
             the had, tip (as given to a
             waiter)
kmxskanut    to tuck sth. in s.o.'s heand    Check
             secretly, to tip s.o. (e.g. a
             waiter)
kmχsis       to jam or bruise the foot or    Check
             toes
knca         to loathe, to be disgusted      EW
             with something
kncmala      (to have a) loathing            Check
             expression
kncala       sound of loathing               Check
knɢatut      to put the head near s.o.       Check
             else's ear
knɢatwa      to bend the head towards a      Check
             persoNs ear; to whisper in
             the ear
knkla        to shake the head (as to say    EW
             no)
knqaχa       to bow the head                 EW
knqaχla      to keep the head bent down      Check
knqlaƛla     to bend the head onto a         Check
             surface, to put one's head
             face down on the table
knsʔit       to start to loathe              Check
knχʡit       to (begin to) bow one's         Check
             head
kpa          to plug (hole), tuck in, jam    EW
             in, to button up, insert
             (lever)
kpmut        to unbutton, untuck, or         Check
             unwedge things
kpmuya       things becoming released        Check
             from being tucked up,
             buttoned up, wedged into,
             or jammed into sth.
kput         to unbutton, unwedge, or        Check
             untuck sth.
kpuya        to get out of a jam or to       Check
             become unbuttoned, to
             come out of a wedged-in
                                  193


                 position
kpm ala          to keep sth. in the cheek        Check
                 (such as candy or chewing
                 tobacco)
kpm ut           to tuck something in the         HS
                 cheek
-ksa             away without definite aim        Boas 321
ksu              see g-                           Check
Ktχanis          a dance said to originate        DS93
                 from a northern group who
                 immigrated to Rivers Inlet,
                 probably the Gitskan-
                 Tsimshian or the upper
                 Skeena, the dance was part
                 of the DhWlax\a Series
kukʷlali         dried clams                      Check
kukʷsa           plural of: to shave or scrape    HS
                 with a knife
kukʷsna          plural of: to scrape a pole      Check
kukʷsχta         to shave around the mouth        Check
kukʷsχtayu       razor for shaving                Check
kusa             to shave, scrape off with a      EW, HS ind
                 knife (skin, fur, fish scales)
kusaχla          scraping or shaving off          Check
kusita           to shave all over the body       Check
kuskusa          to shave repeatedly              HS ind
kusna            to scrape a pole                 Check
kuyayu           scraper, any instrument for      Check
                 shaving or scraping
k ikʷ            (s.o. or sth.) shaved            Check
kxc              see g-                           Check
Kyuɬ             name of the son of Real          DS93
                 Chief or Raven; name of
                 the son of Raven
-kʷ              see -k                           Check
-kʷa             see -ka                          Check
-kʷa             see -ka                          Check
kʷaʔabikʷabika   to drink coffee                  Check
-kʷaʔau          see -kaW                         Check
kʷaʔauda u       musical instrument               Check
kʷaʔauta         to play a musical                EW
                 instrument
kʷaʔautinuχʷ     musician                         Check
-kʷaʔa           see -kaW                         Check
-kʷaʔa           see -kaW                         Check
-kʷaʔa .         see -kaW                         Check
                               194


Kʷaː alaqs     Bluejay-Woman, from the       DS98
               story of Mink who visits
               his father the Sun; name of
               Peter Chamberlain
kʷabi          coffee                        Check
kʷabi          coffee (English loan)         PIC
kʷabigila      to make coffee                Check
kʷabigilaci    coffee pot                    PIC
kʷabikʷabika   to drink coffee               HS
kʷab aci       coffee jar                    PIC
Kʷagʷuɬ        the people from Fort          EW, DS98
               Rupert, who speak
               Kwakwala
kʷaiɢa         robin???                      HS, EW, rh, PIC
kʷaiɢa.        bluejay                       DS98
Kʷaikʷas       mythical name of Bluejay,     DS98
               from the story of Raven
               and Squirrel
kʷakʷata       to hunt for goldeneyes        HS
kʷakʷbaci      coffee or tea cup             PIC
kʷakʷikʷa      to try to whistle with the    HS
               fingers
kʷakʷnqa       to hunt for mink              EW, HS
kʷakʷ lχλai    one's rear end (vulgar        Check
               word)
kʷakʷχcudas    plural of: toilet, W.C.       Check
kʷakʷala       to speak Kwakwala (the        EW
               language of the Kwakiutl
               and related tribes)
-kʷamniχʷ      plural of: -kaW               Check
Kʷamwa         Locality near modern          BC23
               Oweekeno Village where
               Oowekeeno trace their
               ancestry
kʷasa          to trample, stamp the feet,   EW
               push with the feet
kʷasʔit        to start trampling            Check
kʷasla         trampling                     Check
-kʷasʔu        see -kasW                     Check
-kʷas          see -kasW                     Check
-kʷasʔ         see -kasW                     Check
-kʷa           see -kaW                      Check
kʷaχcudas      toilet, W.C.                  Check
kʷa aɢa        bluejay                       EW
kʷa alaqs      bluejay                       Check
kʷd n          goldeneye duck                EW, HS, rh
                                   195


-kʷi              see -ki                          Check
kʷik ab a         plural of: man shirt             Check
kʷikʷa            to whistle with the fingers      EW
kʷikʷaʔauda u     plural of: musical               Check
                  instrument
kʷikʷaʔauta       plural of: to play a musical     Check
                  instrument
kʷikʷaʔautinuχʷ   plural of: musician              Check
Kʷikʷasalaɬ       the Spitting Dance; terms        DS98
                  used for the attendant to the
                  novice dancers or mzilha,
                  part of the C’aiqa Dance
                  Series
kʷikʷa alaqs      plural of: bluejay               Check
kʷikʷaʣiɬba       puffin                           EW
kʷikʷlalaƛla      plural of: to lie on a surface   Check
                  (said of animate beings)
kʷikʷls           plural of: to lie on the         Check
                  ground outside (said of
                  animate beings)
kʷikʷlxƛ as       plural of: to lie on the roof    Check
                  (said of animate beings)
kʷikʷlʣ a         plural of: to lie on a flat      Check
                  surface (said of animate
                  beings)
kʷikʷlʣ iɬ        plural of: to lie on the bed     Check
kʷikʷla           plural of: to lie on the         Check
                  ledge, to lie on the rocks
                  (said of animate beings)
kʷikʷliɬ          plural of: to lie in the         Check
                  house, in the room, or on
                  the bed (said of animate
                  beings)
kʷikʷlis          plural of: to lie on the         Check
                  beach (said of animate
                  beings)
kʷikʷluɬtiwala    plural of: to sleep away         Check
                  from the boat on the shore
kʷikʷms a         plural of: to break (a stick)    Check
                  into many pieces
kʷikʷnca          plural of: to take a steam       Check
                  bath, to steam wood (for
                  bending), to put a poultice
                  on a wound, to bake yeast
                  bread; stem bath, poultice,
                  yeast dough
                                196


kʷikʷnxʷla     plural of: rumbling,             Check
               rumbling sound
kʷikʷqala      plural of: to scold,             Check
               reprimand, abuse, revile
kʷikʷsa        plural of: to spit               Check
kʷikʷsʔit      plural of: to (start to) spit    Check
kʷikʷslabis    plural of: droplets of water,    Check
               spray of water
kʷikʷt         groundhog, marmot                Check
kʷikʷta        plural of: to break (said of a   Check
               wave), to tumble down
               (said of the crest of a wave)
kʷikʷƛmɢmala   plural of: log with the roots    Check
               still on it
kʷikʷƛmɢmi     plural of: big snag, an          Check
               uprooted fallen tree
kʷikʷ msis     plural of: broken foot or        Check
               lower leg
kʷikʷ mskana   plural of: broken hand or        Check
               forearm
kʷikʷ ms apa   plural of: broken upper arm      Check
kʷikʷ ms ut    plural of: to break sth. in      Check
               two, to break wood in half;
               to break the law
kʷiɬʔit        to start breaking (said of a     Check
               wave)
kʷiɬkʷita      to break repeatedly (said of     Check
               waves); surf, breakers
kʷiqa          to sting; to hate                EW
kʷiqla         stinging (as (of) a wound);      Check
               hating, despising s.o.
kʷiqala        to scold, reprimand, abuse,      Check
               revile
kʷisa          to spit                          EW
kʷisʔit        to (start to) spit               Check
kʷisla         spitting                         Check
kʷistχʷ        phlegm, what one spits out       Check
kʷita          to break (said of waves)         EW, HS not sure
kʷiχa          to crack open (nuts or           EW
               shells)
kʷiχʡit (1)    to start hating, disliking a     Check
               person; to start stinging (as
               a wound)
kʷiχʡit (2)    to start cracking nuts or        Check
               shells
-kʷl           see -kla                         Check
                               197


-kʷla         see -kla                         Check
kʷla          to lie somewhere, to lie         EW
              down (said of animate
              beings)
kʷlala        lying on sth. (said of           WL
              animate beings)
kʷlalaƛla     to lie on a surface (said of     Check
              animate beings)
kʷlc aʔas     bed for a baby                   PIC
kʷlc as       bed for a baby                   Check
kʷli          bed                              WL
kʷlkstals     to lie on the ground             Check
              outdoors (said of animate
              beings)
kʷlk a        to lie on the roof of the        Check
              cabin of the boat
kʷlkʷ         sth. that is being laid on       WL
kʷlkʷaχλls    to lie on the floor (said of     Check
              animate beings)
kʷlsɢmiɬayu   mattress                         Check
kʷlxdma       bed                              Check
kʷlxʔit       to lie down on sth. (said of     Check
              animate beings), to go to
              bed
kʷlχdi        musk bag of animals such         Check
              as mink or skunk
kʷlχsala      to lie on a boat (said of        Check
              animate beings)
kʷla          to lie on the ledge, to lie on   Check
              the rocks (said of animate
              beings)
kʷlilas       bedroom                          HS ind, PIC
kʷliɬ         to lie in the house, in the      Hs ind
              room, or on the bed (said of
              animate beings)
kʷliɬa        to lay s.o. in bed               WL
kʷlis         to lie on the beach (said of     WL, PIC
              animate beings)
kʷliʣas       laying place on the beach        WL
kʷls          to lie on the ground outside     WL
              (said of animate beings)
kʷluɬtiwala   to sleep away from the boat      Check
              on the shore
kʷlxƛ as      to lie on the roof (said of      Check
              animate beings)
kʷlyas        laying place on the ground       WL
                                  198


kʷɬa           to scatter, become                 Check
               separated (said of salmon
               eggs when ready to be laid)
kʷɬa (2)       to collapse (said of a pile of     EW
               something), become
               separated (salmon eggs
               when about to be laid),
               disintegrate
kʷɬaχa         to collapse, tumble down           Check
               outdoors (said of things
               piled up or e.g. a pile of
               snow)
kʷɬaχls        to collapse, tumble down           Check
               outdoors (said of things
               piled up or e.g. a pile of
               snow)
kʷɬʔit         to start scattering, to start to   Check
               separate (as salmon eggs)
kʷɬla          snowslide; separating of           Check
               salmon eggs
kʷɬta          to tumble down into the            Check
               water (said of things piled
               up)
kʷɬwa          to lie on a flat surface (said     Check
               of animate beings)
kʷɬwiɬ         to lie on the bed                  Check
kʷms a         to break (a stick) into many       Check
               pieces
kʷnca          to use steam (to bake,             EW
               poultice, steam the ribs of a
               canoe, take a steam bath)
kʷnɢaci        den of mink                        Check
kʷnikʷ         stool or counter, container,       PIC
               bread ???
Kʷnkʷnxʷliga   Thunderbird??                      PIC
kʷnxʷa         to vibrate, to cause               Check
               rumbling
kʷnxʷla        to rumble                          EW
Kʷnxʷla uɢʷa   refers to the rumbling             DS98
               sound of thunder; name for
               the Thunderbird; name for
               Susan Walkus-Johnson Sr.,
               the name was shortened to
               Kvyn, then anglicized into
               Queenie, the name now
               belongs to Janet Boss
                                   199


kʷnχpala          to smell like mink               EW
kʷn aci           steam box, old-fashioned         EW
                  box stove
kʷna              mink                             EW, WL, PIC
kʷnχdi            musk bag of animals              EW
Kʷskʷs            refers to bluejay; mythical      DS98
                  name of bluejay, the sister
                  of Raven, from the story of
                  how Raven obtained the
                  salmon, story is located at
                  Nuxvns
kʷslabis          droplets of water, spray of      Check
                  water
kʷslab at         to contain water droplets        Check
                  (said of the air)
kʷsls             ??                               WL
kʷspala           smell of urine                   EW
kʷt a             cover, lid                       EW
kʷƛɢm             uprooted, windfallen tree        EW; BC507:DS
                  (with roots still on it)
kʷƛɢm.            windfallen tree (with roots      BC506: DS
                  still on it)
kʷƛɢmaqmi         uprooted tree                    BC507: DS
kʷƛmɢmala         log with the roots still on it   Check
kʷƛmɢmi           big snag, an uprooted fallen     Check
                  tree
kʷƛmχλala         log with the roots still on it   Check
kʷubnucχλa        broken hip                       Check
kʷubnakʷla        starting to break (said of       WL
                  wood)
kʷugʷis           pearl shell                      EW
Kʷugʷisila        """to make pearl shells"";       DS99
                  formerly name of Danny
                  Walkus, now Ted Walkus"
Kʷugʷisila uɢʷa   refers to mother-of-pearl        DS99
                  shell; formerly name of
                  Dorothy Walkus from
                  Simon Walkus, now Lori
                  Walkus; formerly name of
                  Patricia Thompson-
                  Johnson, now Patricia
                  Bloompied
kʷukʷapa a        broken remains of sticks         WL
kʷukʷap a         break two sticks together        WL
kʷukʷiʣaci        "cookie jar (from English        PIC
                  ""cookie"")"
                                  200


kʷukʷms a       to break a stick into many       Check
                pieces
kʷukʷpa         plural of: to break a stick      Check
kʷuɬʔit         to begin to break a branch       Check
kʷumita         going up and down on a           OLP5, PIC
                teeter-totter?
kʷumitla        to rock, to seesaw               EW
kʷumit          to start to break (as a stick)   WL
kʷupa           to snap, to break (said of a     EW
                stick or long stick-like
                thing)
kʷupaχa         break off (said of a             WL
                branch/plank)
kʷupaχut        break a branch off               WL
kʷupla          breaking of a stick              Check
kʷupxʷ          broken stick                     WL
kʷupχtu         broken at the top (said of       Check
                sth. long and vertical, as a
                tree)
kʷupala         sound of stick breaking          WL
kʷupgaɬ         sond of a stick breaking         WL
kʷupχu          broken neck, to have a           Check
                broken neck
kʷuta           to suspect, guess                EW
kʷuƛa           to bend something long           EW
                (e.g. a piece of wire); to
                break a branch
kʷuƛla          breaking a branch                Check
kʷuːla          to warm sth. up, heat sth.       WL
                up
kʷuːnakʷla      becoming warm/heated             WL
kʷuxʷa          warm, hot                        EW
kʷuxʷamas       sth. that gives/causes heat      WL
kʷuxʷanukʷ      hot spring                       Check
kʷuxʷaxsila     too hot                          WL
kʷuxʷʔit        to get hot, warm                 Check
kʷuxʷla         continuing to be warm or         Check
                hot
kʷuxʷsta        warm or hot (said of water)      Check
kʷuxʷstaʡla     to heat water                    Check
kʷuxʷstaʡlaci   kettle                           PIC
kʷuxʷstabut     to drink sth. hot                Check
kʷuxʷstaci      thermos flask, hot water         Check
                bottle
kʷuxʷstanukʷ    to have hot water, to have       Check
                hot springs
                                  201


kʷuxʷs ut       to chop apart lengthwise          Check
                with an axe in a single cut
kʷuxʷχtala      warm or hot (said of the          Check
                weather)
kʷuχawa         winter jacket??                   PIC
kʷ ab a         man shirt                         Check
kʷ as           whale's blowhole; place           EW, DS99
                where heat comes out on a
                roof; name of the house at
                K’itit, the chief of the
                house was ThathiliTha of
                the Wawikm Sept
kʷ ala          barbecue grill                    PIC
kʷ mba          broken at the end (said of        Check
                sth. long and horizontal, as
                a pole)
kʷ msi          to break in two (as e.g. a        Check
                piece of wood)
kʷ     msis     broken foot or lower leg          Check
kʷ     mskana   broken hand or forearm            Check
kʷ     msmiga   broken back                       Check
kʷ     msyut    to break wood in two              WL
kʷ     ms apa   broken upper arm                  Check
kʷ     ms ut    to break sth. in two, to          Check
                break wood in half; to
                break the law
kʷxʷa           hot                               HS
kʷxʷla          hot air blowing out               EW, HS not heard
kʷχʷa           to fart noiselessly               EW
kʷχʷbis         noiseless fart, cushion           HS
                creeper
kʷi aci         spittoon, cuspidor                Check
kʷ uqʷ          an (unidentified) small light     Check
                grey diving sea bird
kaː.            to gather sand or gravel for      EW
                the floor
Kaʡuχʷdi        the name for Fish Egg             DS94, PIC
                Inlet, a seal hunting place,
                belonging to Gva'a\ix\das
                or Johnny Carol; name of
                the place where Mimaqva
                was shooting seals in the
                story of the war between
                the Oowekeeno and the
                Heiltsuk
kaːlaƛla        refers to one's soul or spirit;   DS94
                                202


              term used at a funeral to
              refer to the soul or spirit of
              the deceased, a different
              term is used when the soul
              is alive
Kaːna iɢa     name for Crow-Woman,             DS94
              from the story of Raven
              and Grebe, located at K’vii
kaʔaniɬʔilm   to slip accidently indoors       Check
kaːqa         crow; name for Crow-             EW, HS, rh; DS94
              Woman, from the story of
              Raven and Grebe, located
              at K’vii
Kaːqalaɬ      name for the Crow Dance,         DS94
              a dance of the DhWlax\a
Kaːqaslaɢa    name for Crow-Woman,             DS94
              from the story of Raven
              and his sisters
-kaʔau        term used for respect; also      HS ind
              used if really mad at s.o.
kadabulisa    to paint the bottom of the       Check
              boat on the beach
kadayu        pencil, pen, paintbrush          Check
kaiχʷaxsala   run about aimlessly              WL
kakla         raised (said of one's            EW
              eyebrows)
kakakila      to hold the eyebrows raised      Check
kakala        to try to get asleep             HS
kakatawa      ink or paint spills; pieces of   Check
              paper, ink, paint, etc.,
              which are left after writing
              or painting
kakatisila    to read                          OLP5
kakatma       to put make-up on the face       Check
kakiχʷaɢis    to have a race on foot, to       Check
              run a race
kakiχʷsmi     to run after s.o., to pursue,    Check
              to chase
kakkila       see KaKakila                     Check
kaklla        plural of: to sleep with         Check
              anaesthetic, to anaesthetize
kakn a        to try to catch crabs            HS, WL
kakn ayu      crab trap                        WL
kakpa         plural of: to gnaw               Check
kakt...       see KaKat...                     Check
kakta         plural of: to paint or write     Check
                              203


kaktaut      plural of: to paint on the      Check
             rocks
kala         to sleep with anaesthetic, to   Check
             anaesthetize
kalastu      sword fern leaves when          BC56
             used to line oolichan bins
kalax        Sword Fern (Polystichum         EW; BC56
             munitum); leaves used as
             undermat for cleaning fish
             and as liner for oolichan
             bins and pits; rootstocks
             used as food (?); leaves
             used as part of shamanistic
             costume in tsaika ritual
kala u       any means of putting one to     Check
             sleep (e.g. anaesthetic,
             sleeping pills)
kalilas      hotel or any sleeping place     Check
kaliɬ        to take a nap indoors           Check
kaliɬʔa a    to oversleep                    Check
kalla        see Ka'la                       Check
kalla u      see Ka'laYu                     Check
kaɬa         to sleep, to dream              EW, DS95
kaɬai        dream                           Check
kaɬdmkna     pyjamas, nightgown              Check
Kaɬkaɬamas   the Sleeping Dance, a           DS95
             dance of the C’ayqa Series,
             called also the Sleep-
             Bringing-Spirit Dance
kaɬktakʷ     plural of: writing on the       Check
             rock, marks on the rock
kaɬla        to dream                        Check
kaɬtala      paint                           Check
kaɬχs        to take a nap in the boat       Check
kamaʣn       small waterfall                 EW
kamumu       tiny pink clams                 EW
kana         salt-water bullhead (fish)      EW
Kanaχsala    refers to a bullhead fish;      DS95
             name of a house at K’itit,
             entrance is through a hole
             in a totem pole carved with
             a bullhead, owned by
             Yaaqalh'nala; name of a
             dance owned by Simon
             Walkus Jr.
kapa         to gnaw                         EW, DS95
                                  204


kapala           the (continued) sound of         Check
                 gnawing
Kapalaɬ          name for the Rat-Spirit          DS95
                 Dance, the dancer tears and
                 gnaws at things which are
                 replaced, a dance of the
                 C’ayqa Series
kapgaɬ           sound of gnawing which           Check
                 becomes audible
kapi             humpback salmon, pink            EW, DS95
                 salmon
kapyat           place having humpback            Check
                 salmon
Kapyatχ          name for Hardy Inlet where       PIC
                 lots of humpback salmon
                 are found
Kapyatχʷ         name for Hardy Inlet where       DS95
                 lots of humpback salmon
                 are found
kaqa (1)         crow                             Check
kaqa (2)         black rock cod                   Check
kasa             to pinch with the                Check
                 fingernails
kasa             to pinch with the                EW
                 fingernails
kasʔit           to give a pinch with the         Check
                 fingernails, to start to pinch
                 with one's nails
kaskaciʣa        claws of the foot (as of a       Check
                 bear)
kaskas           talons or claws (as of an        Check
                 eagle, a hawk, of a bear)
kata             to write, paint, draw            EW
                 pictures
kataisa          an (unidentified) sort of        Check
                 gesture in the lahel game
katas alas       writing tablet                   Check
katausa          to draw figures                  Check
katausla         drawing, a drawing               Check
katayu           writing implement, pen           hs ind
kati             paper (of any kind), letter      Check
                 (written to s.o.)
katigilaʔailas   pulp mill                        Check
katikcwa         to write or to mail a letter     Check
katinwa          accountant, bookkeeper           Check
katinwaci        Band Office                      PIC
                                   205


katkʷ             (sth.) written or painted       Check
katmkʷ            painting                        PIC
katmxʷs ʔ ikala   Oowekyala booklet?              OLP1
katakʷ            writing on the rock, marks      Check
                  on the rock
katut             to paint on the rocks           HS
katwi             a writing or drawing            Check
kaut              to throw out the ashes (of      Check
                  the wood stove), the gravel
                  (of the smoke house), or
                  the sand (on the floor of the
                  longhouse)
Kawaci            refers to a container; a        DS95
                  mythical box which
                  contains an endless supply
                  of food; also a box which
                  contains one's suya'a\ima or
                  dance paraphernalia which
                  suggests that it is without
                  end; name of a box affixed
                  to a mortuary pole called
                  TagLym
kawaqi            see 'ana'nay                    Check
kaxa              to slide with the feet, to      Check
                  scoot along, to make a slip
kaxaχa            to slip or slide down from      Check
                  sth. (said of people)
kaxaχla           slipping or sliding down        Check
                  from sth. (said of people)
kaxaχlaʔas        childreNs slide                 Check
kaxʔit            to make a slip (as a person     Check
                  on the road), to start
                  slipping or sliding
kaxʔit.           to lift the eyebrows            Check
kaxls             to slip or slide outdoors       Check
                  (said of people)
kaxmaχla          sliding down from sth.          Check
                  (said of several people)
kaʣalaci          ant                             Check
kbayu             tongs                           Check
kdlχla            dizzy, pepper                   EW
kgaci             frame for stretching skins      Check
kɢaci             log transporter??; container    PIC
                  for packing?; fish packing
                  boat?
kɢiƛla            carrying into the house         Check
                                206


kibaci         elderberry basket; home-         BC90: DS
               made basket for storing
               things
kibaɬ          red elderberry (Sambucus         BC90
               racemosa) fruit
kibaɬkibata    to eat elderberries              HS; BC90
kibaɬta        to make home brew                BC90
kibat          red elderberry (Sambucus         HS; BC90
               racemosa) fruit
kida           little finger                    EW
kidaxsiʣa      one's little toe                 Check
kidayu         herring rake                     Check
Kidis          refers to a grassy place;        DS96, PIC
               name for Shotbolt Creek
               and Bay in Rivers Inlet;
               name for a grassy beach,
               from the story of the Mucus
               Boy, location?
kidm           grasses and grass-like           BC81, 411
               plants (i.e. Poaceae,
               Cyperaceae, Juncaceae &
               Zosteraceae); remedy for
               stinging needle; also
               herring rake??
kiga           to caulk a boat                  EW
kigabulisa     to caulk the bottom of a         Check
               boat on the beach
kigulm         caulking cotton                  Check
kiː (2)        no (not as it could, used to,    EW
               or should be, not there any
               more, deprived of, lacking,
               missing something)
kiʔinuχʷ       person good at carving           Check
kika           to caulk a boat                  EW
k kʷ           carving, something carved        EW
kikaɢawa       debris left after carving        PIC
kikka          plural of: to put skins on a     HS
               stretch board
kiklpa         plural of: to twist, to wring,   Check
               wash laudry, laundry
kiklut         plural of: to stick the          Check
               tongue out
kiklx          plural of: metal, iron           Check
kiklχsmxsiʣa   hide or rags wrapped             EW
               around one's leg
kiklaq         plural of: natural crystal       Check
                                   207


kiklqa           plural of: to lick with the      Check
                 tongue
kiklqʷa          plural of: to urinate (said of   Check
                 a man)
kiklχsmxsiʣa     plural of: rag or hide           Check
                 wrapped around one's leg
kikɬa            to brush clothes, to sweep       Check
                 with a broom, to shake sth.
                 off (e.g. dust)
kiknaxʷ          plural of: crab                  Check
kiknis           plural of: to feel cold          Check
kiknka           plural of: to comb the hair      Check
kikput           plural of: to pull sth. out      Check
                 with tongs, to tong or
                 tweeze sth. out
kiksqas          plural of: lazy                  Check
kikta            plural of: to catch herring      Check
                 with a rake
kiktmʣ alis      plural of: grass flat on the     Check
                 beach
kiktmʣ ls        see KiKTmzWls                    Check
kiktmʣ ls        plural of: grass flat in the     Check
                 woods
kikus            ghost, spook, spectre            Check
kikχmala         plural of: closed (said of       Check
                 the eyes)
kikχʷa           plural of: to run away (as a     Check
                 child after mischief)
kikχʷbalsla      plural of: running along a       Check
                 straight street
kikχʷbudala      plural of: running to the        HS
                 end of sth. long and
                 horizontal (e.g. a float, a
                 wharf)
kikχʷʔit         plural of: to start running      Check
kikχʷla          plural of: running, to be on     Check
                 the run, to run on
kikχʷsistisla    plural of: running around a      Check
                 bay, lake, or inlet
kikχʷsusti ala   plural of: running upwards       Check
                 (as on a mountain or hill)
kikχʷʔusdisla    plural of: running up from       Check
                 the beach
kikya            plural of: to dress or fillet    Check
                 fish, to carve
kinagʷaci        crab catcher??                   PIC
                             208


Kinawalaɢa   refers to crabs; name of the   DS96
             Crab-Woman, from the
             story of the Mink and the
             Crab-Woman, the story
             explains why crabs are
             stabbed in the back
kinaxʷ       crab                           EW, WL, OLP
kipa         to pick elderberries           EW
kipas        red elderberry (Sambucus       BC90
             racemosa) bush;
             supernatural role in myth as
             magical object; fruits eaten
kipasla      patch of elderberry bushes     Check
kipaʣis      patch of elderberries          BC90: DS
kisa. (1)    to drain water off             Check
kisa. (2)    deprived of, ...-less          Check
kisaxʔit     to become deprived of          EW
kistiqyala   not long ago                   HS
Kisʔu        refers to the spirits of the   DS96
             Winter Ceremonial Dances;
             these are considered as part
             of one's suya'a\ima;
             Heiltsuk name for Crests or
             privileges
kisu         winter dances                  EW
kisuƛ        to get no catch                EW
kisχsala     empty boat, nothing aboard     Check
kita         to catch herrings with a       EW
             rake
Kitit        refers to a grassy place;      DS97
             name of a small island at
             the foot of Owikeno Lake;
             the main winter village of
             the Oowekeeno from about
             1900-1935, with
             approximately 12 long-
             houses; name of present-
             day village / Indian
             Reserve #1 north bank of
             the Wannock River
kitamis      grassy beach, grass flats on   Check
             the beach
kitm         grasses and grass-like         EW; BC81
             plants (i.e. Poaceae,
             Cyperaceae, Juncaceae &
             Zosteraceae); remedy for
                               209


              stinging needle
kitms         grass on the field              Check
kitmsɢm       grass on sth. round and/or      Check
              bulky
kitmʣ alis    grass flat on the beach         Check
kitmʣ ls      see KiTmzWls                    Check
kitmʣ ls      grass flat in the woods         Check
kiwalisla     running upstream along the      Check
              river
ki inuχʷ      professional runner, good       WL
              at running
kixʔit        to start to caulk               Check
kiχʔaƛla      to bump the forehead            Check
              against sth.
kiχkiqa       hammer of a gun                 Check
kiχla         running                         EW
k χstaliɬa    to wash one's hair              EW
kiχʷa         to run away, escape, flee       EW
              from
kiχʷaisla     to run along the shore          Check
kiχʷalisla    running upstream along the      Check
              river
kiχʷatus      to run downstream               Check
kiχʷatusa     to run downstream               Check
kiχʷatusʔit   to start running                Check
              downstream
kiχʷatusla    running along the river         Check
              downstream
kiχʷa iɬ      run across the room             WL
kiχʷa is      run across a beach (as          WL
              between islands)
kiχʷa isla    running across                  Check
kiχʷa ls      run across a meadow             WL
kiχʷaχiɬla    running downstairs              Check
kiχʷaχla      running downwards (as           Check
              from a mountain or hill)
kiχʷbalsa     to run to the end of sth.       Check
              long and horizontal
              outdoors (e.g. a street)
kiχʷbalsʔit   to begin to run to the end of   Check
              sth. long and horizontal
              outdoors (e.g. a street)
kiχʷbalsla    running along a straight        Check
              street
kiχʷbudala    running to the end of sth.      HS
              long and horizontal (e.g. a
                                210


               float, a wharf)
kiχʷbut        to run to the end of sth.       HS
               long and horizontal (e.g. a
               float, a wharf)
kiχʷcaχstala   to run the length of sth.       Check
               (e.g. a street, a row of
               bottles, a canoe)
kiχʷʔit        to start running                WL
kiχʷkiχʷa      run, stop, run (repeatedly)     WL
kiχʷla         running, to be on the run, to   OLP5
               run on
kiχʷlagliɬ     running indoors                 Check
kiχʷlaglis     running on the beach            Check
kiχʷlagls      running outdoors, to be on      Check
               the run outdoors
kiχʷlakɬχs     running on the boat             Check
kiχʷliɬ        to run indoors (i.e.            Check
               suddenly, as after sitting)
kiχʷliɬa       to run away indoors (as         Check
               with sth.)
kiχʷliɬʔit     to begin to run indoors (as     Check
               with sth.)
kiχʷliɬla      running indoors                 Check
kiχʷls         to run (away) outdoors (i.e.    Check
               suddenly, after sitting or
               lying)
kiχʷlsa        to run away outdoors (as a      Check
               thief after stealing)
kiχʷlala       to run along the (steep)        Check
               shore
kiχʷncs        to run down to the beach        Check
kiχʷncsa       to run down to the beach        Check
kiχʷncsʔit     to begin to run down to the     Check
               beach
kiχʷʔnt        run along a cylindrical long    WL
               thing/log
kiχʷnakʷla     running                         WL
kiχʷsistala    running around sth. (e.g. an    WL
               island), running in a circle
kiχʷsistisla   running around a bay, lake,     Check
               or inlet
kiχʷsi isla    running through a passage       Check
               on the beach or the field
kiχʷsi lsla    running through a mountain      Check
               pass
kiχʷsmi        to pursue, to chase, to run     Check
                                   211


                 after
kiχʷsusti ala    running upwards (as on a          Check
                 mountain or hill)
kiχʷsusti iɬla   running upwards indoors,          Check
                 running upstairs
kiχʷsχƛaisla     running to the back of the        Check
                 village
kiχʷsχƛalsla     running across the hill           Check
kiχʷs alsla      running up to the woods           Check
kiχʷʔusdisla     running up from the beach         Check
kiχʷ ls          to run out of the house           Check
ki ala           away, gone                        Check
kka              to stretch skins                  EW
kkala            squeaking noise                   EW
kklms            """tongue on ground,""            BC51
                 ?Cone-headed Liverwort
                 (Conocephalum conicum)"
klaci            dustpan                           PIC
klakʷ            home-made clam fork               EW
klayu            brush, whisk, broom, any          PIC
                 instrument for brushing
kla u            broom                             PIC
klbaci           washtub                           Check
klɢʷiɬ           to urinate in bed (said of a      Check
                 male)
klka             to bind, bandage, tie with a      EW
                 string or a ribbon
klkakut          to bind or tie things             Check
                 together
klkakwa          to tie together                   Check
klm              tongue                            EW
klmn             twisted log                       Check
klpa             to twist, wring, turn, do         EW
                 laundry
klpaχut          to twist sth. off (e.g. a twig)   Check
klqa             to lick with the tongue           EW
klqʷa            to urinate (said of a male)       EW
klqʷχλa          see KlQvx\vdha                    Check
klqʷχʷλa         incessantly urinating (said       HS
                 of a male)
kltla            reluctant to go out because       EW
                 of the weather
kltlainuχʷ       weather prophet                   Check
kltla u          barometer                         Check
klupanakʷla      tide going down                   HS ind
klut             to stick the tongue out           EW
                               212


kluyala       to hold the tongue out           Check
klxkaxa       to eat sth. raw (e.g.            Check
              shellfish)
klχa.         to extinguish, put out a fire    EW
              or light
klχʡit (1)    to begin to lick                 Check
klχʡit (2)    to begin to extinguish fire      Check
              or the light
klχsm         woolen blanket, HudsoNs          EW
              Bay blanket
klχulm        fire extinguisher                Check
klχʷʔit       to start to urinate (said of a   Check
              male)
Klχʷklqʷa     refers to a man urinating        DS96
              repeatedly; name of the
              waterfalls at 'U'x\vdha'a\is
              or the old Rivers Inlet
              Cannery site
klaq          natural crystal                  EW
klmxs ut      to break sth. by twisting        Check
klx           metal, iron                      Check
klx (1)       raw (meat or fish)               EW
klx (2)       iron, metal                      EW
klxsmala      parcel or bundle tied up         Check
klxsmt        to bind a string around a        Check
              parcel, to tie up a bundle
klxstwala     sth. or s.o. with a bandage      Check
              or a blindfold
klxst alakʷ   (s.o.) blindfolded, (sth.)       Check
              bandaged (as e.g. one's eye)
klxstwalas    bandage (as on a wound)          Check
klχsmxsiʣa    rag or hide wrapped around       Check
              one's leg
klχʷbis       urine of a male                  Check
kɬa           to move (brush, sweep,           EW
              shake) particles from a
              surface
kɬaʔausa      to pour particles (e.g. flour,   HS not sure
              sugar, berries) over into
              another container; to shake,
              sweep, or whisk particles
              over onto sth.
kɬcut         to pour, sweep, whisk            Check
              particles into sth. (e.g.
              ashes into the garbage pail)
kɬʔit         to begin to sweep, shake, or     Check
                              213


              brush away (e.g. dust)
kɬlilm        broom                          Check
kɬliɬa        to sweep the floor             Check
kɬuyaci       dustpan                        Check
kɬu aʣu       dustpan                        Check
kmqla         smooth or calm water on        EW
              the ocean
kmta          to draw one's lips between     EW
              one's teeth
kmtla         holding the lips back          Check
              between the teeth
Kmχkʷitχʷ     refers to a canyon; the        DS96
              people from Kimsquit
kmit.         to pick up sth. with tongs     Check
kmstu         to show discontent by          EW
              closing eyes or turning the
              face away
knalism       frozen to death,               Check
              overexposed to cold
knis          to feel cold                   EW
knka          to use a comb or rake          EW
knklsla       raking up leaves               Check
knklsla u     a rake                         Check
knknit        comb                           Check
knnqu         having one's head,             EW, HS
              shoulders, or arms against
              someone else's (as in
              wrestling or football)
knq           wet, damp                      EW
knqu          biggest sort of crab           Check
knwat         to have crabs                  Check
knxkaxʷa      to eat crabs                   Check
knxkaxʷa      to eat crabs                   WL
knxs al ukʷ   hair combed backwards          Check
knxʷa         to catch crabs                 EW
knxʷila       to cook crabs                  WL
knʣi          gill of a fish                 EW
kpla          holding under the arm; with    EW
              tongs
kput          to pull sth. out with tongs,   Check
              to tong or tweeze sth. out
kpxƛala u     cedar tongs to fix wood on     BC64: DS
              fire
kqa           to deliver goods, to           Check
              transport goods
kqa (2)       to be somewhere (said of a     EW
                                   214


                  pile or load of things), to
                  put, move, or deliver a pile,
                  load, or cargo of things
kqa isla          carrying or transporting        Check
                  things across
kqa ala           see KqYala                      Check
kqinwa            fish packer                     Check
kqla              transporting or delivering      Check
                  goods
kqncsla           carrying or transporting        Check
                  things down to the beach
kqχsala           to load a freighter             Check
kq ala            deck load (e.g. of fish)        Check
ks                not the case now, not any       EW
                  more [proclitic]
ksa               wrinkled                        EW
ksanuχχλi         (on) one side of the lower      Check
                  part of the body, (on) one
                  side of the hips
ksaʣi             one side of something flat      EW
                  (e.g. a door, sheet of paper)
ksaʣi             to be thinking of one side      EW
                  of the matter only
ksʔila            not any more                    Check
ksiqʷa            (on) one side of a stretch of   Check
                  water or land
ksksm             wrinkled face, to have a        Check
                  wrinkled face
ksksyu            wrinkled forehead, to have      Check
                  a wrinkled forehead
ksliɬ             to change one's mind, to        Check
                  back out of sth.
ksqas             lazy                            EW
ksuɬna            (on) one side of a long         Check
                  object (e.g. one's body or a
                  tree)
ksutqla           to use one arm or hand only     Check
ksutqla u         revolver                        Check
ksutχtbaʔalis     (on) one side of the mouth      Check
                  of a river or inlet
ksutχtbaʔal ukʷ   one's hair parted on one        Check
                  side of the head
ksutχtbalis       see KsuTx\tba'a\lis             Check
ksutχtbal ukʷ     see KsuTx\tba'a\lyukv           Check
ksutχtbalis.      see KsuTx\tba'a\lis             Check
ksutχtbal ukʷ.    see KsuTx\tba'a\lyukv           Check
                             215


Ksyanwa     name of a river flowing         DS97, PIC
            into the top basin of
            Owikeno Lake, referred to
            as Inziana River on the
            map, also called Indian
            River; an important village
            site is located where the
            river flows into the lake
kta         to move (dump, pour,            EW
            sprinkle, whisk, brush
            away) a particled solid (e.g.
            ashes, berries)
kƛaɬ        long flat chief's dish with     EW, PIC
            carved ends
kucm        non existent indeed; not the    Check
            case indeed (see Kus)
kudauɬula   "cedarbark; ""cedar bark        BC63, EW
            that sticks to the tree"""
kudis       any kind of log, lying down     BC506: DS
kulm        roof beam, rafter               EW
kumas       not existing yet; not the       Check
            case yet
kus         nonexistent; not, not the       Check
            case
kus ʔagʷa   nobody                          Check
kus macu    unconcerned, indifferent,       Check
            uncaring
kus mas     nothing, irrelevant matter      Check
kus i       nowhere                         Check
kusa (2)    to bend (finger, body)          EW
kusaɢawa    less than                       Check
kusʔidas    time or place of one's          Check
            passing away, time or place
            of the vanishing of sth.
kusʔidut    to banish sth.                  Check
kusʔila     see Kus                         Check
kusʔit      to become extinct, to           Check
            vanish, to disappear
ku ila      variant of: Kus'ila             Check
kuχla       bending oneself, bending        EW
            something
kuʣnakʷla   becoming extinct gradually,     Check
            to die out gradually
kxa         to split the end of             EW
            something (e.g. an arrow),
            to insert something heavy
                                216


kxcwala        a fur on a stretch board       Check
kxknus         refers to crab; name for a     DS97
               land crab, if captured
               properly it serves as a lure
               or good luck charm for
               hunting
kχʡit          to make a delivery of          Check
               goods, to start transporting
               goods
kχʔaudisla     transporting goods away        Check
               from the beach
kχʔauɬtiwala   unloading a freighter          Check
kχmala         closed (said of the eyes)      EW
kχstala u      crane??                        PIC
kχs alsla      transporting goods up to       Check
               the woods
kya (1)        to carve (meat), to dress or   EW, PIC
               fillet (fish)
kya (2)        no!                            Check
Kyana axcisu   refers in some way to          DS96
               carving; name of Hilda
               Smith, from Albert and
               Victoria Thompson; name
               of Ben Hanuse's wife's
               mother from Smiths Inlet
K asugʷilakʷ   """made to be carved"";        DS96
               formerly name of Victoria
               Walkus - Thompson now
               Lucy Johnson"
kyat           to be poor, to have nothing    Check
k aʣli         type of bird ???               HS, EW, rh, PIC
kyumas         not yet                        EW
kyus           not the case, non-existent     EW
k uʣ lsla      running on a field             Check
k nuχʷ         see Ki'inux\v                  Check
kʷaː           motion of sitting (as a        WL
               dance)
kʷaʡilas       locality where one sits,       HS ind, PIC
               waiting room, one's living
               room
kʷaʡiɬ         to sit (indoors)               WL, OLP5
kʷaːgi a       sitting at the bow of canoe    WL
Kʷaːg aχtwis   """sitting on a fish weir"",   DS100
               a maNs name in the story
               of the origin of the
               Wawikm Sept; chief of
                                217


              KvaMwa, a house at K’itit,
              now Adam Hanuse"
kʷaʔaiɬ       to sit indoors; to dwell         HS ind
kʷaʔaiɬʔa a   to be left behind or alone       Check
              indoors by s.o.
kʷaʔaiɬdm     occupied (as a house)            Check
kʷaʔais       to sit on the beach              HS ind
kʷaʔaisʔa a   to be left behind or alone       Check
              on the beach by s.o.
kʷaːkʷmɬtwa   hummingbird??                    PIC
kʷaːla        "sitting; term is used to        EW, DS100
              refer to the marriage
              ceremony ""seated
              together"""
kʷaʔams ut    to tear paper or cloth apart     kk
kʷaːs         mussel                           EW
kʷaʔa as      place on the ground where        Check
              one sits
kʷaː wa       sitting at the middle of         WL
              canoe
kʷaba         to sit at the end of sth. long   HS ind
              and horizontal (e.g. a log or
              a wharf); bead (front sight)
              of a gun
kʷabaila      to sit on a steep point          Check
kʷabals       to sit on the end of a ridge     Check
kʷabaƛla      to sit on the end of a wharf     HS ind
kʷabusu       to cause paper or cloth to       Check
              tear
kʷabwls       to sit under the house           HS ind
kʷacwalilas   settee                           Check
kʷagi a       to sit in the bow of a canoe     HS ind
kʷagi ala     to sit in the bow of a canoe     Check
kʷagi ila     to sit on top of a cliff         Check
kʷagyaχtwa    to sit on a pole                 HS ind
kʷaɢmiɬ       person who sits in front of      Check
              the chief and receives
              things for him
kʷai          bedroom wall?? (bed??)           PIC
kʷaiɬ         sit indoors                      HS
kʷaista       to sit up (as from a lying       Check
              position)
kʷaistiɬ      to assume a sitting position     HS ind
              in bed, to sit up in bed
kʷakala       become seated (on sth.)          WL
kʷakstaiɬ     to sit on the floor of the       Check
                                 218


                house
kʷakstals       to sit on the ground             Check
                outdoors
kʷak aχsi       to sit on the side of the boat   Check
                or the bank of the river
kʷak a          to sit on the roof of the        Check
                cabin
kʷakʷkʷla       plural of: to hunt for land      HS
                otter
kʷakʷkʷqayu     plural of: window                HS not sure
kʷakas          mature tree                      BC64: EW, not rh
kʷakna          to sit on a log                  HS ind
kʷaknaiɬ        to sit on a log indoors          HS ind
kʷaknais        to sit on a log on the beach     Check
kʷaknals        to sit on a log outdoors         HS ind
kʷaknaƛi        to sit on a log in the water,    Check
                to sit on the float
kʷakʷagila      to squat                         HS ind
kʷakʷaista a    to try to sit up                 HS ind
kʷakʷaslca      to hunt for wolves               HS
kʷakʷaslcayu    wolf trap                        Check
kʷakʷaχλls      to sit among the trees           Check
kʷakʷɢa iɬ      to sit together indoors          Check
kʷakʷɢa is      to sit together on the beach     Check
kʷakʷɢus        to sit together on the           Check
                ground outdoors
kʷakʷɢuχʷs      to sit together on a boat        Check
kʷakʷɢ alaƛla   to sit together on a surface     Check
kʷakʷiχla       manager, one who orders          EW
                how things are to be done
kʷakʷla         to hunt for land otter           HS
kʷakʷlayu       otter trap                       Check
kʷakʷɬʔit       plural of: to start to pull      Check
                towards oneself with a
                stick, to strike a match
kʷakʷms a       to tear fabric or paper into     Check
                pieces
kʷakʷmta        hummingbird                      Check
kʷakʷmit        plural of: to start to tear a    HS
                mat, paper, or fabric, to
                become torn (as fabric)
kʷakʷpa         plural of: to tear a mat,        Check
                fabric, or paper
kʷakʷpaχut      plural of: to tear sth. off      Check
                (e.g. a sheet off a writing
                tablet or a piece of cloth off
                                 219


                the bolt)
kʷakʷpnχut      plural of: to tear the edge of   Check
                sth.
kʷakʷqayu       window                           Check
kʷakʷqay aci    window frame                     Check
kʷakʷta         plural of: to pull a stick       Check
                towards oneself, to strike a
                match
kʷakʷuxʷsm      stone with holes (as used        Check
                for cooking seaweed)
kʷakʷxaɬχtai    see KvaKvxvalhXtai               Check
kʷakʷxʷaɬχtai   plural of: slime in the          HS
                mouth
kʷala           sitting                          Check
kʷalaƛla        to sit on a surface (such as     HS ind
                a boardwalk, a bench)
kʷalaƛliɬ       to sit on a surface indoors      Check
kʷalaƛut        to seat a child on sth. small    HS ind
kʷala           to sit on a rock                 Check
kʷalaci         den of otter                     Check
kʷalas          place where sea lions sit        Check
kʷaɬʔit         to start to pull towards         Check
                oneself with a stick, to
                strike a match
kʷaɬuyaχƛi      slime coming out of one's        EW
                mouth
kʷamista        to fix the studs around sth.     Check
                (e.g. around a window), to
                put the window frame on
kʷamit          to start to tear a mat, paper,   Check
                or fabric, to become torn
                (as fabric)
Kʷamwa          """the seat of the eagle"";      DS100, PIC
                name of the mountain
                behind the present village;
                name of the mountain in
                the story of Galg\max\is,
                where a Qvulus and a
                NanKva were sitting, ""in
                the beginning of the
                world""; name of a house at
                the village of K’itit"
Kʷanuƛmi        """sitting at the side"";        DS100
                name of the father of
                G|nislazwis or Screecher-
                in-the-Sky, the
                               220


              Thunderbird, from the story
              of Kyulh, RaveNs son and
              the war with the
              Thunderbird, the story is
              located at K’vii; name of
              chief of Raven sept of the
              'W’iThitx\v (He)"
kʷanχiʔiliɬ   to sit on the edge of the bed    Check
kʷanχiliɬ     see Kvanx\Ylilh                  Check
kʷanχ liɬ     see Kvanx\Ylilh                  Check
kʷapa         to tear a mat, fabric, or        Check
              paper
kʷapa (1)     to tear fabric (e.g. a mat) or   EW
              a flat thing
kʷapa (2)     to separate, split up,           EW
              divorce
kʷapaisla     going around tearing pieces      Check
              of cloth from a bolt and
              giving them to the women
kʷapaχut      to tear sth. off (e.g. a sheet   Check
              off a writing tablet or a
              piece of cloth off the bolt)
kʷapla        tearing a mat, paper, or         Check
              fabric
kʷapnχut      to tear the edge of sth.         Check
kʷaptls       to sit in a hole in the          HS ind
              ground??
kʷaqʷums a    to tear apart                    HS
kʷas          mussel                           Check
kʷas          to sit on the ground             HS ind
              outdoors
kʷasɢmiga     to sit on the back of a          Check
              person or animal, to ride a
              horse
kʷasɢmila     to sit on a steep boulder        Check
kʷasɢmiɬ      see Kvasg\Milh                   Check
kʷasɢmis      see Kvasg\Mis                    Check
kʷasɢmls      to sit down, take a seat on      Check
              sth. round and/or bulky
              outdoors (e.g. a box, hill,
              rock)
kʷasɢmt       to sit down, take a seat on      Check
              sth. round and/or bulky
kʷasɢmiɬ      to sit on sth. round and/or      Check
              bulky indoors (e.g. on a
              box)
                                  221


kʷasɢmis         to sit on top of sth. round     Check
                 and/or bulky (e.g. a rock or
                 a box) on the beach
kʷaskʷasa        to limp                         Check
kʷastaʔa ukʷ     picture, photograph             Check
kʷastalicinuχʷ   photographer                    Check
kʷastalisa       to take a picture               Check
kʷastalym        camera                          Check
kʷastwa          to sit by the door, window      Check
                 or any opening or hole
kʷastwiɬ         to sit by the door or           HS ind
                 window
kʷastwls         to sit on a trail               HS ind
kʷata            movement of pulling             EW
                 towards oneself with a
                 stick, to strike a match
kʷataɬmut        """passing over""; a term       DS101
                 used in the marriage
                 ceremony to designate the
                 goods or wealth returned to
                 the bride's family after the
                 groom has doubled it"
kʷatla           pulling a stick towards         Check
                 oneself
kʷatlaut         to pull sth. towards the        Check
                 shore with a stick
kʷat a           to glue, stick, weld, solder    Check
                 things together
kʷaxa            scum, slime, saliva, mucus      EW
kʷaxaɬχti        slime in the mouth              HS
kʷaxdma          chair                           PIC, hs ind
kʷaxkʷaʔais      plural of: to sit on the        HS
                 beach
kʷaxɬχti         slime in the mouth              HS
kʷaxsa           to gather mussels               Check
kʷaːxsala        sit anywhere (as not in         WL; hs
                 order)
kʷaxƛ as         to sit on the roof              Check
kʷaχdaʡiliɬ      sitting at the foot of a bed    WL
kʷaχdaliɬ        to squat indoors                Check
kʷaχdalis        to squat on the beach           Check
kʷaχdalls        to squat outdoors               Check
kʷaχdiʔiliɬ      to sit at the foot end of the   Check
                 bed
kʷaχdiliɬ        see Kva'x\dYlilh                Check
kʷaχdiɬ          sitting at s.o.'s feet          WL
                                222


kʷaχd liɬ     see Kva'x\dYlilh                  Check
kʷaχλaʔi      to sit at the stern of the        HS ind
              canoe
kʷaχλau       red-cedar wood (e.g. for          BC64
              kindling, etc.) or big red-
              tree cedar
kʷaχλls       to sit at the foot of a tree      HS ind
kʷaχs         to sit in a boat                  HS ind
kʷaχsala      to sit in a canoe                 Check
kʷaχsi        to sit outside the door           Check
kʷaχtis       to sit on the beach at the        Check
              edge of the water
kʷaχtwa       to sit on top of a tree (as       Check
              e.g. a bird)
kʷaʣut        to seat s.o. on a relatively      Check
              small flat surface
kʷaʣ a        to sit on a flat surface (such    HS ind
              as a table); in a box
kʷaʣ iɬ       see Kva'zWilh                     Check
kʷaʣ iɬ..     to sit on a relatively small      HS ind
              flat surface indoors (e.g. on
              a bed)
kʷc           leather, hide                     EW
kʷcla         to make lighter in weight         Check
kʷcna         skin of a mammal                  Check
kʷcxsiʣa      leather slippers, moccasins       Check
kʷdm          glue                              Check
kʷɢaci        window                            HS ind, PIC
kʷɢmaci       mythical box containing           DS102
              daylight (after opening by
              Raven, light could escape)
kʷɢnakʷla     to grow light in the              Check
              morning gradually, to dawn
kʷiba         plural of: to sit at the end of   Check
              sth. long and horizontal
              (e.g. a log or a wharf); bead
              (front sight) of a gun
kʷibaila      plural of: to sit on a steep      Check
              point
kʷibals       plural of: to sit on the end      Check
              of a ridge
kʷicɬ         grazed (as one's skin by a        Check
              bullet)
kʷicwalilas   plural of: settee                 Check
kʷigi ila     plural of: to sit on top of a     Check
              cliff
                                 223


kʷiɢanm         choice made                      Check
kʷiɢanmɬ        thing preferred, one's           Check
                preference
kʷiɢas          catalogue                        Check
kʷiɢmiɬ         plural of: person who sits in    Check
                front of the chief and
                receives things for him
Kʷiː            sitting on the water; Koeye      DS101
                River and lake on the map;
                settlements were half
                Oowekeeno and half
                Heiltsuk; place named in
                the story of Kiyulh, and the
                war between the
                Thunderbird and the mock
                whale; location of the story
                of Y’a'xzi and his three
                brothers
kʷiːɬ           plural of: to sit indoors        EW, HS
                (people)
kʷiːs           plural of: to sit on the         HS ind
                ground outdoors
kʷiːst a        plural of: to sit by the door,   HS ind
                window or any opening or
                hole
kʷikstaiɬ       plural of: to sit on the floor   Check
                of the house
kʷikstals       plural of: to sit on the         Check
                ground outdoors
kʷik aχsi       plural of: to sit on the side    Check
                of the boat or the bank of
                the river
kʷik a          plural of: to sit on the roof    Check
                of the cabin
kʷikʷa.         to squirm about                  EW
kʷikʷanyala     to squirm, wriggle or twist      Check
                in various directions
kʷikʷat a       plural of: to glue, stick,       Check
                weld, solder things together
kʷikʷla         squirming, wriggling,            Check
                twisting
kʷikʷm          distorted face, to have a        Check
                distorted face (as a child
                that is about to cry)
kʷikʷ aχs akʷ   old style kindling, carved       BC508: DS
                (shaved) off pieces of wood
                                    224


kʷikna            plural of: to sit on a log       Check
kʷiknaiɬ          plural of: to sit on a log       Check
                  indoors
kʷiknais          plural of: to sit on a log on    Check
                  the beach
kʷiknals          plural of: to sit on a log       Check
                  outdoors
kʷiknaƛi          plural of: to sit on a log in    Check
                  the water, to sit on the float
kʷikwaqa          plural of: to split wood         Check
kʷikʷaʔis         plural of: to sit on the         HS ind
                  beach
kʷikʷalaƛla       plural of: to sit on a surface   Check
                  (such as a boardwalk, a
                  bench)
kʷikʷalaƛliɬ      plural of: to sit on a surface   Check
                  indoors
kʷikʷaqʷχƛa a     "lichen, Old MaNs Beard          BC50
                  Lichen (Usnea longissima),
                  Common Witch's Hair
                  (Alectoria sarmentosa);
                  ""tree moss,"" ""something
                  that grows in the tree,
                  especially wild crabapple
                  tree""; used to wipe slime
                  when cleaning salmon"
kʷikʷas           plural of: to sit on the         HS ind
                  ground outdoors
kʷikʷastu iɬ      plural of: to sit by the door    HS ind
kʷikʷast ls       plural of: to sit on a           HS ind
                  pathway
kʷikʷaχʔanχλals   see KviKvnx\'a\nx\dhals          Check
Kʷikʷaχawa        mythical name of Raven           DS102
                  who liberates the sun from
                  M’niis; Raven is called the
                  Tranformer, story explains
                  why crows and cormorants
                  are painted black
kʷikʷaχλls        plural of: to sit among the      Check
                  trees
kʷikʷaʣ iɬ        plural of: to sit on a bed       HS ind
                  indoors
kʷikʷba           plural of: to sit on the end     HS ind
                  of sth.
kʷikʷɢaci         plural of: window                HS
kʷikʷɢuχʷs        plural of: to sit together on    Check
                                   225


                  a boat
kʷikʷɢ alaƛla     plural of: to sit together on   Check
                  a surface
kʷikʷkʷmala       to be about to cry (as upon     HS nEW
                  hearing sad news)
kʷikʷlaƛlut       plural of: to stick sth. onto   Check
                  a surface
kʷikʷlxʔit.       plural of: to begin to swim     Check
                  (said of fish or seals)
kʷikʷɬʔalut       plural of: to stick, glue,      Check
                  weld, or solder sth. onto
                  sth.
kʷikʷɬtut         plural of: to stick, glue,      Check
                  weld, solder sth. over a
                  hole, an opening, a wound,
                  or one's eye
kʷikʷmta          plural of: to suck              Check
kʷikʷnq           plural of: wet                  Check
kʷikʷnχʔanχλals   dew                             Check
kʷikʷnqχƛu        plural of: wet leaves or        Check
                  branches
kʷikʷnqχƛ ls      plural of: wet underbrush       Check
kʷikʷqa           plural of: to pick out, to      Check
                  choose, select, elect, vote
                  for
kʷikʷqla          day after day; plural of day,   Check
                  daylight, daytime
kʷikʷqqla         see KviKvQvqla                  Check
kʷikʷqʷqla        to select (pick out) things     HS
                  from a large collection
kʷikʷsls          plural of: wolf                 Check
kʷikʷta (1)       plural of: sticky               Check
kʷikʷta (2)       plural of: to pry open          Check
kʷikʷuːkʷ         plural of: skunk cabbage        HS
kʷikʷuxʷst a      to slash branches on a trail,   Check
                  to blaze or reblaze a trail
kʷikʷ ax          plural of: chin                 Check
kʷikʷxʷa          plural of: to suck              HS
kʷikʷxʷst a       plural of: to suck the eye      Check
kʷikʷχa           plural of: to wink              Check
kʷikʷ nχ          snowing season                  Check
kʷilas            plural of: locality where       Check
                  one sits, waiting room,
                  one's living room
kʷiɬ              plural of: to sit indoors; to   Check
                  dwell
                                  226


kʷiɬʔa a         plural of: to be left behind    Check
                 or alone indoors by s.o.
kʷ ɬcustut       to pry sth. up with a pole      Check
kʷiɬdm           plural of: occupied (as a       Check
                 house)
kʷiɬʔit.         to start to pry open            Check
kʷinu iɬ         sitting next an object (as a    WL
                 box)
kʷiqa.           to choose, select, elect,       EW
                 decide
kʷiqkʷ           (sth.) chosen, selected,        Check
                 elected
kʷiqla.          selecting, electing,            Check
                 choosing, voting
kʷis             plural of: to sit on the        Check
                 beach
kʷisa            to snow                         EW, PIC
kʷisʔa a         plural of: to be left behind    Check
                 or alone on the beach by
                 s.o.
kʷisbis          snowflakes                      Check
kʷisɢmiga        plural of: to sit on the back   Check
                 of a person or animal, to
                 ride a horse
kʷisɢmila        plural of: to sit on a steep    Check
                 boulder
kʷisɢmiɬ         see Kvisg\Milh                  Check
kʷisɢmis         see Kvisg\Mis                   Check
kʷisɢmls         plural of: to sit down, take    Check
                 a seat on sth. round and/or
                 bulky outdoors (e.g. a box,
                 hill, rock)
kʷisɢmt          plural of: to sit down, take    Check
                 a seat on sth. round and/or
                 bulky
kʷisɢmiɬ         plural of: to sit on sth.       Check
                 round and/or bulky indoors
                 (e.g. on a box)
kʷisɢmis         plural of: to sit on top of     Check
                 sth. round and/or bulky
                 (e.g. a rock or a box) on the
                 beach
kʷisʔit.         to start snowing                Check
kʷiskʷailmgila   to pass (kill) the time         Check
kʷista           plural of: to sit up (as from   Check
                 a lying position)
                                 227


kʷistiɬ        plural of: to assume a            Check
               sitting position in bed, to sit
               up in bed
kʷ stwiɬ       plural of: to sit by the door     HS
               or window
kʷ stwls       plural of: to sit on a trail      HS not sure
kʷita.         to pry open or loose, to          EW
               lever up
kʷitaχa        to pry off                        Check
kʷitaχakʷ      sth. pried off                    Check
kʷitaχut       to pry sth. off                   Check
kʷitla         prying                            Check
kʷitliɬa       to pry indoors                    Check
kʷitχdi        to scull a boat                   Check
kʷixdma        plural of: chair                  Check
kʷixʷʔit       to start to squirm, wriggle,      Check
               or twist
kʷiχa (2)      to request something, ask a       EW, DS102
               favour
kʷiχʡit. (1)   to make a request for help        Check
kʷiχʡit. (2)   to start selecting, electing,     Check
               choosing, voting
kʷ χλaʔai      plural of: to sit at the stern    Check
               of the canoe
kʷ χλaʔals     plural of: to sit at the foot     Check
               of a tree
kʷiχi          thing requested                   Check
kʷiχla         requesting, asking for help,      Check
               coaxing s.o. into doing sth.
Kʷiχlagilakʷ   "refers to councillor or          DS102
               advisor; the mythical name
               of Wren, from the story of
               the Wren and the Grizzly
               Bear; ""made to give
               advice"", name of the chief
               of the 'WiKm, his wife was
               'A|lagMilh; name of the son
               of the Sun, the mother's
               name is Wllx"
kʷiχlaiχsda    to want to request or to ask      Check
               for help
kʷiχsala       plural of: to sit in a canoe      Check
kʷ χsi         plural of: to sit outside the     Check
               door
kʷiχtwa        plural of: to sit on top of a     Check
               tree (as e.g. a bird)
                               228


kʷiχulm       to be given in marriage by      EW
              one's parents
kʷiχʷa        to smile                        EW
kʷi as        plural of: place on the         Check
              ground where one sits
kʷ ʣ a        plural of: to sit on a flat     HS ind
              surface (such as a table)
kʷ ʣ iɬ       see Kvi'zWilh                   Check
kʷ ʣ iɬ.      plural of: to sit on a          Check
              relatively small flat surface
              indoors (e.g. on a bed)
kʷkʷukʷ       skunk cabbage                   HS no right BB
kʷkʷχʷstukʷ   kindling                        HS uses other word
kʷkʷχʷs akʷ   sth. chopped up, kindling       HS
kʷla (1)      land otter                      EW, HS, rh
kʷla (2)      to show signs of life (as       EW
              developing fish eggs)
kʷla.         land otter                      Check
kʷlaːla       swimming                        EW
kʷlala.       swimming of fish or seal        Check
kʷlaƛlut      to stick sth. onto a surface    Check
              (such as a wall or skin)
kʷlmas        cottonwood tree (Populus        BC116: DS
              balsamifera): buds mixed
              with mountain goat fat as
              ointment for sores;
              cambium, secondary
              phloem (inner bark) eaten;
              buds used in hair dressing;
              sap from buds used as
              binding agent
kʷl as        northern black cottonwood       EW
kʷlxʔit.      to begin to swim (said of       Check
              fish or seals)
kʷlwn         black bud of the                EW
              cottonwood
kʷlwnas       cottonwood tree                 Check
kʷlwnas.      northern black cottonwood       EW
kʷɬʔalut      to stick, glue, weld, or        Check
              solder sth. onto sth.
kʷɬcmt        to stick, glue, weld, or        Check
              solder sth. onto a round
              and/or bulky thing (such as
              a box)
kʷɬʔit..      to become sticky                Check
kʷɬʔnt        to stick, glue, weld, or        Check
                              229


             solder sth. onto sth. long
             and cylindrical (such as
             pencil, a log)
kʷɬtut       to stick, glue, weld, solder    Check
             sth. over a hole, an
             opening, a wound, or one's
             eye
kʷɬtu u      material for sticking           Check
             (gluing, welding, etc.) on a
             hole or opening; Band Aid,
             plaster
kʷmisʔilm    creek that is completely        Check
             dry, cooking water that has
             dried up, cooking that is
             charred
kʷmɬʔit      to start to suck                Check
kʷmsa        to char, to scorch (clothes),   EW
             to burn (cooking)
kʷmsʔit      to become charred (as food      Check
             in a pan)
kʷmsla       almost dry creek                Check
kʷmsƛala     to become dried out and         Check
             burned (as one's cooking),
             to boil down (as jam)
kʷmta        to suck                         EW
kʷmtkʷ       (over)ripe Indian (Pacific)     BC109: DS
             crabapple (Malus fusca):
             brown and soft but still
             really sour.
kʷmtla       sucking                         Check
kʷm a        to be burned (said of food      Check
             in the pan on the stove)
Kʷma         refers to whale or bullhead;    DS101
             name of Roy Hanuse Sr.
kʷmɬcmis     leech; lamprey                  Check
kʷna nχʷ     "slab (as used for building     BC508: DS
             a ""slab house"")"
kʷnaxʷa      to split boards off a log       EW; BC64: DS
kʷnɬut       to eviscerate, to remove        EW
             guts
kʷnɬutxʔit   to start to take out guts, to   Check
             eviscerate
kʷnq         wet                             Check
kʷnqa        to dampen, to wet               Check
kʷnqχƛu      wet leaves or branches          Check
kʷnqχƛ ls    wet underbrush                  Check
                               230


kʷnqʣu         wet flat surface (e.g. a       Check
               board, a table)
kʷnqs          wet or marshy ground,          Check
               swamp, bog
kʷnχʡit        to become wet; to start        Check
               wetting or dampening
kʷnʣi          gill (of a fish)               Check
kʷna           otter???                       EW, HS, rh
kʷnχsdana      sth. caused by dampness        Check
               (e.g. rheumatism)
kʷpa           to cut bark crosswise (for     EW
               peeling)
kʷpkʷ          bark cut crosswise             HS maybe
kʷps           loose dirt (not mud)           EW, HS
kʷpsps         nice fine dirt, store-bought   HS
               good earth
kʷpstu         muddy in appearance,           Check
               looking muddy
kʷpstu..       to get a grain in the eye      HS ind
kʷqa           daylight, to dawn, to          EW, HS ind
               become light in the
               morning
kʷqla          day, daytime, daylight         DS102
kʷqlaxsila     too bright                     WL
kʷqʣut         to flash a light over a flat   Check
               surface; daybreak; to
               become daylight on the
               horizon
kʷs            light (in weight)              EW
kʷslcaxdanχʷ   wolf crest                     Check
kʷsls          wolf                           EW, HS, rh
kʷslsdmkna     wolf skin used as a coat,      Check
               coat made out of wolf skin
kʷslsdmknala   to wear wolf skin used as a    Check
               coat, coat made out of wolf
               skin
kʷslsila       place frequented by wolves     Check
kʷsʔu          small and light in weight      Check
kʷta           to stick on, to be sticky      EW
kʷtla          keeping sticky                 Check
kʷtχuli        "black twinberry (fruit),      EW; BC89
               twinberry honeysuckle
               (Lonicera involucrata),
               ""Indian tobacco"";
               harmful in some way with
               contact or consumption (lit.
                                   231


                  ""stuck-in-one's-throat-
                  (berry)"""
kʷtχul as         plant with inedible berries      Check
kʷudm             nail                             Check
kʷugʷa u          axe                              PIC
kʷugʷiɬ           to set a flat thing on edge of   EW
                  the floor
kʷugʷiɬa          to put sth. flat on its edge     Check
                  indoors (e.g. by leaning it
                  against the wall)
kʷugʷiƛ           to eclipse (as the sun or        Check
                  moon)
kʷugʷm            weave at the side of the         HS not sure ok
                  basket
kʷugʷnakʷla       axe                              Check
kʷukʷa            to chop with an axe              EW
kʷukʷa ayu        gillnet                          PIC
kʷukʷa a ugʷila   to make a gillnet                Check
kʷukʷa udaci      fishing boat                     PIC
kʷukʷa ut         to fish with the gillnet         Check
kʷukʷkʷat a       plural of: to nail together      HS
kʷukʷkʷqla        weave at the sides of the        HS
                  basket; corners
kʷukʷakʷa a       wood chips, debris left after    Check
                  chopping
kʷukʷatut         to nail things together          Check
kʷukʷat a         to nail together                 Check
kʷukʷdm           plural of: nail                  Check
kʷukʷkʷa          plural of: to chop with an       HS
                  axe
kʷukʷkʷa ayu      plural of: gillnets??            PIC
kʷukʷlym          instrument for chopping on       Check
                  the ground; mattock
kʷukʷs            to stand a board on its edge     Check
                  on the ground outside
kʷukʷspiga        plural of: shin                  Check
kʷukʷta           plural of: to nail               Check
kʷukʷtlaƛlut      plural of: to nail sth. onto a   Check
                  surface
kʷukʷxʷs a        to chop a log or stick           HS
                  lengthwise into pieces with
                  an axe
kʷukʷxʷs aiχsda   to desire to chop wood up        HS
                  lengthwise
kʷukʷχλaliɬa      weave at the bottom of the       HS
                  basket
                                   232


kʷukʷχλal lkʷ      to weave at the bottom of     Check
                   the basket
kʷukʷχʷs a.        to chop into pieces, to       HS check again
                   make kindling
kʷulis             keel of a boat                Check
kʷulm              roof beam, rafter             Check
kʷuluxʷsm          square can                    EW
kʷul lkʷ           A-frame shelter or tent       Check
                   around the bed
kʷul ukʷ           A-frame shelter or tent on    Check
                   the beach
kʷul ukʷ.          A-frame shelter or tent on    Check
                   the ground outside
kʷuɬʔaƛlut         to nail sth. onto a surface   HS
kʷuɬqya            house with a ridged roof,     Check
                   the ridge or peak of a roof
kʷuɬχsakʷ          A-frame shelter or tent in    Check
                   the boat
kʷumaci            dried cockles                 WL
Kʷumasa            term used for investment      DS102
                   marriages, these marriages
                   were for the purpose of
                   acquiring wealth or
                   prestige, and were not
                   intended to be long lasting
kʷumasa (1)        marriage of convenience,      EW
                   investment marriage
kʷumasa (2)        to dry clams                  EW
kʷumasila          to dry cockles                WL
kʷumaskʷumasa      to eat dried cockles          WL
kʷumit             to throw a flat thing         Check
                   sideways
kʷupmt             to throw a flat thing         EW
                   sideways into the face
kʷuskʷɬʔnkʷ        long thing having edges       Check
                   and corners
kʷuspiga           shin                          EW
kʷuspigaqnu        to hurt the shin              Check
kʷuspigaqnukʷnaɬ   to have hurt one's shin       Check
Kʷuspiginuχʷ       """hurt in the knee while     DS103
                   goat hunting""; name of
                   Ben Hanuse"
kʷuta.             to nail                       EW
kʷutla             nailing                       Check
kʷutlaƛlut         to nail sth. onto a surface   Check
kʷuta..            quill (as on a porcupine)     Check
                                 233


kʷuːkʷ          skunk cabbage (Lysichiton       EW, HS; BC76
                americanum); used
                medicinally by bears;
                leaves used to line berry
                baskets and as drinking
                cups
kʷuxʷani        butter clam                     EW
kʷuxʷʔit.       to start chopping with an       Check
                axe
kʷuxʷsiʣaiɬ     baseboard                       Check
kʷuxʷskanakʷ    to have become chopped in       Check
                the hand
kʷuxʷst a       to slash branches on a trail,   Check
                to blaze or reblaze a trail
kʷuxʷst alakʷ   blazed trail                    Check
kʷuʣu           backbone of fish, humans        Check
                and animals
kʷ   a          to split open clams             EW
kʷ   ala        shucking clams                  Check
kʷ   aqa        to split wood                   EW, HS, PIC
kʷ   ax         chin                            Check
kʷ   axʔit      to start shucking clams         Check
kʷ   aχs ut     to split a piece of wood or a   Check
                stick lengthwise with an
                axe
kʷ aɬla         to purchase a bride             EW, DS102
kʷ aɬm          to purchase with intent to      DS103
                marry; a payment made to
                the bride's family, from the
                grooMs family at the
                announcement of the
                wedding
kʷxʷa.          to suck the skin (as when       EW
                hurt)
kʷxʷʔit         to start to suck                HS
kʷxʷla.         sucking                         Check
kʷxʷst a        to suck the eye                 Check
kʷxʷut          to suck out, esp. to suck out   Check
                the magic poison
                administered by a bad
                shaman
kʷχa            to flash with a light; to       EW
                blink, to wink
kʷχʡit          to become daylight              HS ind
kʷχʡit (1)      to become morning               Check
kʷχʡit (2)      to start to wink                Check
                               234


Kʷχkʷɢm       instrument for flashing          DS103
              light; name of Captain
              Adam Johnson
kʷχkʷqa       to go off and on repeatedly      HS ind
              (as a beacon)
kʷχkʷqs       just about daylight, early       Check
              dawn (as when one begins
              to see one's way outdoors)
kʷχla         winking; to have one eye         Check
              closed (as when aiming)
kʷχstu        blind on one eye, having         Check
              one eye shut, one-eyed
kʷχta         flash of lightning               Check
              thunderbolt
kʷ agi a      plural of: to sit in the bow     Check
              of a canoe
kʷ alaƛla     plural of: to sit on a surface   Check
              (such as a boardwalk, a
              bench)
kʷ alaƛliɬ    plural of: to sit on a surface   Check
              indoors
kʷ amista     plural of: to fix the studs      Check
              around sth. (e.g. around a
              window), to put the
              window frame on
kʷ aχtis      plural of: to sit on the         Check
              beach at the edge of the
              water
kʷ nχiʔiliɬ   plural of: to sit on the edge    Check
              of the bed
kʷ   nχiliɬ   see Kvynx\Ylilh                  Check
kʷ   nχ liɬ   see Kvynx\Ylilh                  Check
kʷ   a        plural of: to sit on a rock      Check
kʷ   as       plural of: place where sea       Check
              lions sit
kʷʣiga        skin of or leather from the      Check
              back
la            clitic used to introduce         EW
              adjunts with locative or
              ablative meaning (ablative
              covers partitive, objective,
              classificatory, comparative)
la            see la'a                         Check
-la (1)       to order, cause an action        Boas 307
-la (2)       to live at (used with place      Boas 307
              names)
                               235


la.           yes                              HS
laː           yes                              EW
laʔa          yes                              EW, HS
laʔaiλm       (sth.) taken into the            Check
              building (e.g. a person
              escorted)
laʔaiɬʔit     to start to go into the          Check
              building
laʔaini       one's purpose when going         Check
              somewhere
laʔaiqla      to consider going, to have       Check
              going in mind
laʔais        to touch the bed of a body       Check
              of water (as e.g. with a
              boat); to set, go down (said
              of the sun); sunset
laʔaisʔit     to start to touch the bed of a   Check
              body of water (as e.g. with
              a boat); to set, go down
              (said of the sun); sunset
laʔaiƛ        to enter the building or         Check
              room
laʔaiƛiχsda   to want to enter a place         Check
laʔalɢu       see laLg\ug\u                    Check
laʔalqɬ       see lalqlh                       Check
laʔalqɬi      see lalqlhi                      Check
laːχa         down, to go down, to be          EW
              down, to change to down
              position, to move
              downwards
laʔa as       garden, plantation               Check
laʔa ukʷ      (sth.) planted in the ground     Check
laba          to go to the end                 Check
labals        to go to the end of the          Check
              village
labudala      to be on the way to the end      HS
              of sth.
labut         to go to the end of sth.         HS
lacaχstala    to go the length of sth. (as     Check
              e.g. when going through a
              narrow place, through the
              village (to invite people), or
              from the stern of the canoe
              to the bow)
lacinuχʷ      farmer                           Check
lacusas       solstice moon                    BC371: Drucker
                                 236


lacut           to put sth. into a container     Check
lacwa           to go into sth.                  Check
lacwala (1)     going into a long inlet          Check
lacwala (2)     putting sth. into a container    Check
lac aƛi         to go into the bay, harbour,     Check
                or inlet
lacwis          to go into the bay, harbour,     Check
                or inlet
lagila          to land somewhere                HS ind
laglis          to arrive at the beach from      Check
                the sea
lagla           to arrive at the (steep) shore   Check
                (as by boat)
laglala         heading towards or arriving      Check
                at the shore
lagʷusti a      to go up                         Check
lagʷusti ala    climbing, going upwards          OLP5
                (as on a mountain or on a
                ladder)
lagʷusti iɬ     to go upstairs                   Check
lagʷusti iɬla   going upstairs                   Check
lagʷusti iʣm    ascension; to be taken           Check
                upwards
laɢmlisa        to catch up with another         Check
                boat
laɢmlisaƛi      to catch up with another         Check
                boat
laɢmt           to go ahead of sth.              Check
laɢu            to go (fit) together (as e.g.    Check
                the pieces of a jigsaw
                puzzle), to fuse together
laiga           to go with s.o.                  Check
laiglsa         to go behind the house, to       Check
                go to the back of the house
                (from outside)
lainakʷ         to go home                       Check
lainakʷla       going along or proceeding        Check
                in a certain direction
lainakʷini      way of going home                Check
laʔiqla         see la'a\iqla                    Check
lais            rice                             PIC
la s            rice (Oryza sativa)              HS
                (borrowing from English)
laista          to go around sth.                Check
laistilala      going around the island          Check
                while following its shore
                               237


laistiɬla     going around in the house        Check
laistlsla     going around the hill or the     Check
              house
laitaxsala    to search here and there, to     hs
              scout
laka          to go to, be headed toward,      Check
              get to, reach, or arrive at/in
              sth.; to, towards
lakais        to reach, arrive at, or be       Check
              headed towards sth.
              outdoors
lakals        to reach, arrive at, or be       Check
              headed towards sth.
              outdoors
lakasu        to be approached by; one's       Check
              destination
laka u        reason for going                 Check
              somewhere or seeing s.o.
lakyaχsut     to go to the edge of the boat    Check
              or the bank of the river
lakʷanyala    different varieties of sth.      PIC
lalaca        to try to plant                  HS
lalaglχλi     to be involved in sth., to be    Check
              implicated
lalagʷaχʡit   to move in the wrong             Check
              direction
lalaɢmt       to go towards the front of       Check
              sth.
lalakɬmwa     to become involved in sth.       Check
lalaqa        to intrude upon sth., to get     Check
              mixed (contaminated) with
              another substance
lalaqɬ        to become mixed or               Check
              contaminated with sth., to
              be afflicted with a disease
lalaqʷ ayu    things that should not be        Check
              eaten, poison
lalaƛliɬa     to go to the top of a surface    Check
              indoors
lalaƛlut      to put sth. on top of a          Check
              surface
lalauƛasgyu   person (esp. a witch doctor)     Check
              who tries to get hold of
              pieces of clothing or bodily
              waste
lalaxsiwa     to have a hard time going        Check
                                 238


                through a series of holes
lalaxʷi a       kerchief                         Check
lalaxʷmas       person who always does           Check
                things the wrong way (and
                e.g. goes to the store but
                returns with the wrong
                item)
lalis           to go upstream; to go south      Check
lalisla         going upriver; going south       Check
lalitnala       to find sth. by chance           Check
lalita          to try to search, to prepare     HS
                for searching
laliƛnala       to go in unexpectedly            Check
laliƛa          to try to enter a building or    HS
                room, to try to get in
laliχʔa         to try to get a cedar log        HS
lalqɬ           plural of: to become mixed       Check
                or contaminated with sth.,
                to be afflicted with a
                disease
lalqɬi.         plural of: people or things      Check
                that have become mixed
                together in an undue way
laluɬtiwala a   to try to get off the canoe      HS not sure about wa
laluƛa          to try to get or catch sth.      HS
laluƛa lks      refers to taking hold of sth.;   DS104
                term used to designate
                those who obtain the corpse
                for the Tanis in the
                Ha\maCa Dance
lal a           to try to roll                   HS
Lalxmiɬ         refers to an encounter;          DS104
                name of Edith Johnson;
                name of the woman who
                marries the Bear from the
                Bear story of Edith Beans,
                told by Jack Johnson; name
                of the woman who marries
                the Bear
lalaɢu          see laLg\u                       Check
lalaɢwanyala    see laLg\waNyala                 Check
lalakʷ          (sth.) steam-cooked              Check
lalaqɬi         see laLqlhi                      Check
lalaut          to cook by steaming, to put      HS
                sth. on stones for steam-
                cooking
                               239


lalɢu         plural of: to go (fit)          Check
              together (as e.g. the pieces
              of a jigsaw puzzle), to fuse
              together
lalɢwanyala   to put together again sth.      Check
              that has been taken apart
laliχʔa.      plural of: to try to get a      HS ok but not sure
              cedar log
lalqɬ.        plural of: to be                Check
              contaminated with, to have
              become mixed with other
              people or things in some
              undue way
lalqɬi        plural of: people or things     Check
              that have become mixed
              together in an undue way
laɬa          to follow behind s.o., to       Check
              accompany
lam           rum                             Check
lamadu        lamb                            Check
lamalis       going upstream (said of a       Check
              group); going south (said of
              a group)
lamatusla     going downriver (said of a      Check
              group)
lama is       to go across (said of a         Check
              group)
lamcwa        to put things in a container    Check
lamiga        to go with s.o. (said of a      Check
              group of people)
lamka         to reach a place (said of a     Check
              group), to arrive
              somewhere (said of a
              group)
lamstala      putting things into the         Check
              water
lamstukʷ      holes, openings, eyes into      Check
              which things have been
              stuck
lamuya        to take things out of sth.      Check
lamxs lsla    going up to the woods (said     Check
              of a group)
lam axci      to go away, depart, start off   Check
              (said of a group)
lamiƛ         to enter (said of a group)      Check
lamuɬtiwa     to go out of the canoe (said    Check
                             240


            of a group)
lamusdis    to go up from the beach          Check
            (said of a group)
lanca       to go underwater                 HS ind
lancut      to put sth. underwater           Check
lancs       to go down towards the           Check
            beach
lancsla     going down towards the           Check
            beach
lanslanca   to go under water                HS ind
            repeatedly; submarine,
            diver
laplait     ecclesiastic, minister,          Check
            clergyman
laps        person who goes                  Check
            everywhere not to miss
            anything
lapsʔit     to become a person who           Check
            goes everywhere not to
            miss anything
lapta       to go in or through sth. (e.g.   Check
            a hole in the ground, the
            ear, an inlet), to penetrate,
            to perforate
laptala     going in or through sth.,        Check
            perforating, penetrating
laqa        to pass, go by, or go            Check
            beyond sth.
laqla       passing sth., going beyond       Check
            sth.
laqls       to pass, go by, or go            Check
            beyond sth. outdoors; to go
            next door
laqɬ        to be contaminated with, to      Check
            have become mixed with
            other people or things in
            some undue way
laqɬi       people or things that have       Check
            become mixed together in
            an undue way
laqut       to move sth. past or beyond      Check
            sth. (as when moving a
            deck of cards to the other
            side of an adjacent deck)
laqya       to go to the head (e.g. of       Check
            the bay)
                             241


laqs        to put in one's mouth            Check
laqsa       to put in one's mouth            Check
laqʷakʷ     having eaten inedible            Check
            things, poisoned
laqʷut      to poison sth. or s.o.           Check
las         to go into the ground (as a      Check
            plane crashing), having
            reached the ground (as
            branches), having become
            positioned on the ground
            outside
lasa        to plant                         HS
lasa        to put in the ground, to         Check
            plant
lasɢma la   to cause to follow behind        Check
lasɢmi      to pursue, go after, or          Check
            follow s.o.
lasɢmiga    to pursue, go after, or          Check
            follow s.o.
lasɢmigut   to mount the back of a           Check
            person or animal
lasɢmt      to go to the top of sth.         Check
            round and/or bulky (e.g. a
            hill)
lasɢm la    see lasg\maYla                   Check
lasʔit      to start to put in the ground,   Check
            to start to plant
lasta       to go into the water             Check
lastaut     to put sth. into the water       HS
lastu       the time or moment for sth.      Check
lastuliɬa   to go to the doorway inside      Check
            the house
lasχƛaut    to lift sth. and move it over    HS not sure
            sth. else
latus       to go downstream; to go          Check
            north
latusla     going downstream; going          Check
            north
laudayu     instrument (such as tongs)       Check
            for taking things out
lauhis      going out of a bay, harbour,     Check
            or inlet
lauɬcwala   taking things out of a           Check
            container; going out of a
            long inlet
lauɬcwis    to go out of a bay, harbour,     Check
                              242


             or inlet
lauɬtala     heading for the sea             Check
lauɬtiɬ      to go out of one room and       Check
             into another room
laus         to move over to sth. (e.g. to   Check
             another boat), to go over
             from one group to another
laut         to remove sth.                  Check
lauƛ         to get, catch, receive,         Check
             obtain, acquire
lauƛla       getting, catching, receiving,   Check
             etc.
lauƛnχʷ      things caught, one's catch;     Check
             person caught by the law or
             by the police
lauχʷla      to drop dead, to die            Check
             suddenly, to get a heart
             attack
lau aƛi      to go out of an inlet           Check
lauyls       to go outside the house (as     Check
             through the doorway)
lauylsla     plural of: to go outside the    Check
             house (as through the
             doorway)
lau lʣm      to be taken outside by s.o.     Check
             or sth.
lau a        to go out of sth.               Check
lawisla.     going out of a bay, harbour,    Check
             or inlet
lawls        see lauyls                      Check
lawlsla      see lauylsla                    Check
la is        to cross a channel              Check
la isla      (the) crossing (of) a           Check
             channel
la      ls   to cross the street, field,     Check
             road, or clearing
laxcsut      to intervene (as in a fight),   Check
             to go in between sth.; to put
             sth. between things
laxdm        place to stay, one's            Check
             whereabouts
laxsi        having come apart, to be        Check
             broken (as a marriage)
laxsihu u    (to have a) cut or wound in     Check
             the waist
laxsiwa      to go through, to puncture;     Check
                                  243


                  to win over or surpass s.o.
                  (as in an election or
                  contest), to pass (as a
                  bylaw); a cut, wound or
                  puncture
laxsiwabu         (to have a) cut or wound in    Check
                  the chest
laxsiwagiɬ        reason for going through       Check
                  (passing, etc.) sth.
laxsiwaɢm         (to have a) cut or wound on    Check
                  the face
laxsiwala         going or cutting through       Check
                  sth. (e.g. a passage),
                  winning over or surpassing,
                  passing; wounding
laxsiwamas        to cause to go through         Check
                  (pass, etc.)
laxsiwanus        (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the side of one's body
laxsiwapiga       (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the shin
laxsiwaqya        (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the head
laxsiwasɢmiga     (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the back
laxsiwastu        (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the eye
laxsiwatu         (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the ear
laxsiwaxdaks      (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the belly
laxsiwaxsɢu       (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the penis
laxsiwaxsis       (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the foot
laxsiwaxskni      (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the back of the head
laxsiwaxskana     (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  the hand and/or the forearm
laxsiwaxstkn      (to have a) wound or cut       Check
                  somewhere on the body
laxsiwaxstknala   (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                  one's trunk
laxsiwaxsya       "tooth that ""cuts"" through   Check
                  (as babYs first teeth)"
laxsiwaxs apa     (to have a) wound or cut on    Check
                                   244


                 the upper arm and/or
                 shoulder
laxsiwaχawa      wound or cut in the neck or       Check
                 throat
laxsiwaχλa       puncture at the stern of the      Check
                 boat
laxsiwaχλalis    puncture through the              Check
                 bottom of sth. (e.g. a
                 bucket)
laxsiwaχina      (to have a) cut or wound on       Check
                 the shoulder
laxsiwaχt        (to have a) cut or wound on       Check
                 the backside
laxsiwaχta       (to have a) cut or wound on       Check
                 the mouth
laxsiwaχtamu     (to have a) cut or wound on       Check
                 the knee
laxsiwaχu        (to have a) cut or wound on       Check
                 the neck or throat
laxsiwis         to go through a narrow            Check
                 passage
laxsiwisba       (to have a) cut or wound in       Check
                 the nose
laxsiwisla       going through a narrow            Check
                 passage in the water
laxsiwm a        (to have a) cut or wound on       Check
                 the cheek
laxstaʔaiɬ       see la'xsta'a\ith                 Check
laxstaʔais       to go into the water of the       Check
                 beach
laxstaʔaiƛ       to go to bed                      Check
laxs aiɬ         to go into another room           Check
laxs als         to go up to the woods             Check
laxs ut          to part sth., to divide sth. in   Check
                 two
laxƛalisa        to put into the fire              Check
laxƛ as          to go to the roof                 Check
laxʷi a          kerchief                          Check
laxʷsm           shawl                             EW
laxʷsta anyala   different, assorted,              Check
                 variegated colours
laχa             to go down from a higher          Check
                 level, to descend, to go off
laχamas          to let sth. go down (e.g. a       Check
                 fish one has caught but not
                 securely enough)
                                245


laχλaʔals       to go among the trees          Check
laχλls          variant of la'x\dha'a\ls       Check
laχiɬ           to go downstairs               Check
laχla           going down from a higher       Check
                level, descending
laχla           to go down from the rocky      Check
                shore
laχs            to go into the boat, to go     Check
                aboard
laχsa           to take aboard the boat        Check
laχsʔilm        to have been put (placed)      Check
                aboard the boat
laχsiwa         cape with a hood               EW
laχta           to go to the mouth of the      Check
                river, creek or inlet
laχtala         going to the mouth of the      Check
                river, creek or inlet
laχtis          to go edge of the water at     Check
                the mouth of the river,
                creek or inlet
laχtut          to reach the mouth of the      Check
                river, creek or inlet (from
                either the sea or the
                mainland)
laχut           to take sth. down              Check
laχʷm.nukʷ      to take s.o. with one aboard   Check
                the boat
la axci         to go away                     Boas
la axc aiχsda   to want to go away             Check
la axc ayu      to be sent away or             Check
                dismissed
la axc ut       to remove sth.                 Check
la qla          see laYqla                     Check
laʣaqʷ          to start speaking              Check
lɢʷilaci        stove                          PIC
lɢʷilas         stove, burner in the stove,    Check
                fireplace
lɢʷiɬ           fire on the floor of the of    Check
                the building (e.g. the
                smokehouse)
lɢʷiɬa          to build a fire indoors, to    Check
                light a fire in the stove
lɢʷis           fire on the beach              Check
lɢʷisa          to build a fire on the beach   Check
-li             subject in a question: (the)   EW
                one(s) over there, near
                             246


            neither you nor me; under
            discussion, being talked
            about (3SubjInter)
libayu      "gambling sticks, ""Indian      Check
            dice"""
lickʷ       fish soup (as used to be        Check
            eaten with an Indian spoon
            out of one pot)
lickʷila    to make fish soup               Check
liɢis       rock on the beach               Check
liɢʷiƛa     to put sth. between two         Check
            things, tuck in
liɢʷiƛla    putting sth. between two        Check
            things, tucking in
Liɢʷm       refers to rolling down;         DS104
            name of 'AlhKvutm, the
            wife of Joseph
            Chamberlain, who was
            from Bella Coola
lilaqʷ a    to fold two things together     Check
lilaiga     plural of: to go with s.o.      Check
lilainakʷ   plural of: to go home           Check
lilalaut    plural of: to cook by           HS
            steaming, to put sth. on
            stones for steam-cooking
lilaɬa      plural of: to follow behind     Check
            s.o., to accompany
lilamka     plural of: to reach a place     Check
            (said of a group), to arrive
            somewhere (said of a
            group)
lilanca     plural of: to go underwater     HS ind
lilancut    plural of: to put sth.          Check
            underwater
lilancs     plural of: to go down           Check
            towards the beach
lilaps      plural of: person who goes      Check
            everywhere not to miss
            anything
lilaqa      plural of: to pass, go by, or   Check
            go beyond sth.
lilatusla   plural of: going                Check
            downstream; going north
lilaut      plural of: to cook by           HS
            steaming, to put sth. on
            stones for steam-cooking
                                 247


lilauƛ         plural of: to get, catch,         Check
               receive, obtain, acquire
lilaxstaʔaiɬ   plural of: la'xsta'a\ith          Check
lilaxstaʔaiƛ   plural of: to go to bed           Check
lilaχa         plural of: to go down from        Check
               a higher level, to descend,
               to go off
lilaχla        plural of: going down from        Check
               a higher level, descending
lilmsma        plural of: to wrap or fold        Check
               sth. so that it assumes a
               round and/or bulky shape
lilmsmala      plural of: sth. wrapped or        Check
               folded into a round and/or
               bulky thing
lilmsmkʷ       plural of: (sth.) wrapped         Check
               around sth.
-liɬ           to go around in the house         Boas 329
liɬʔit         to start searching                Check
limit          to begin to gamble with           Check
               sticks, to begin to roll or
               wrap sth.
limnala        wrapping or rolling up in         Check
               cedar bark (as e.g. certain
               belongings when playing
               the game of: lipa, things
               wrapped or rolled in cedar
               bark)
limndayu       wrapper??                         PIC
limndmas       to let or cause s.o. to roll or   Check
               wrap sth. into a long thing
               (as e.g. tobacco into a
               cigarette)
limnkʷ         sth. rolled or wrapped into       Check
               a long and cylindrical form,
               a hand-rolled cigarette
limnt          to roll or wrap sth. into a       Check
               long and cylindrical form,
               to roll a cigarette
lipa           to roll dice                      EW
lipla          rolling the dice, wrapping        EW
               something up, to carry
               something wrapped up
lipinuχʷ       gambler                           Check
lipχdi         diaper                            Check
lipχdut        to put diapers on                 Check
                                 248


liqi           reef, rock in the water          EW
liqʷa          to roll up, fold in (said of a   EW, HS ind
               flat thing)
liqʷla         folding sth. flat                Check
lisa           to eat fish soup with an         Check
               Indian spoon
lisʔit         to start to eat fish soup        Check
lislanslanca   plural of: to go under water     HS ind
               repeatedly; submarine,
               diver
-lism          see -lism                        Check
-lism.         a fair time ago (Rath 1981)      Check
-lism.         see -lism                        Check
lita           to rummage in search of          EW
               something, to uncover
litliɬ         to search indoors                Check
litlis         to search on the beach           Check
litls          to search outdoors               Check
litƛai         to search on the water           Check
lixa           to roll, turn over (said of a    EW
               cylindrical thing)
lixaχut        to roll down sth. large and      Check
               cylindrical (e.g. a log or
               human body)
lixa u         roller? (for bread dough)        PIC
lixcukʷ        person rolled over by a log      Check
lixʔit         to start to roll a large         Check
               cylindrical object (e.g. a
               log, a human body)
lixla          rolling a large cylindrical      Check
               object
lixlipa        to roll repeatedly (said of      HS ind
               waves)
lixlsa         to roll sth. large and           Check
               cylindrical on the ground
lixʔn          large and cylindrical thing      BC506: DS
               (e.g. a log, pole, round
               stick)
lixʔnu         small pole                       Check
lχ             red cedar                        EW
liχ            red-cedar tree                   BC64: heiltsuk?
l χlɢis        plural of: rock on the beach     Check
l χlqaʔai      plural of: reef, rock in the     Check
               water
liχʷʔit        to start to fold                 Check
liχʷliɢʷas     hinge                            Check
                                 249


liχʷliɢʷm      hinge                             Check
liχʷliqʷa      to fold repeatedly;               HS ind
               breakers, surf
l χʷsmt        to bundle up sth. (e.g.           Check
               blankets), to fold or roll sth.
               up into a pellet
lka            to play the stone throwing        EW
               game
-lks           one who does an act for           cf. Boas 307
               others, or whose duty it is
               to do a thing
-lkʷ           having the habit of               Boas 307
lkʷa           different                         Check
lkʷila         to do sth. in a strange,          Check
               peculiar, unusual, different,
               or foreign way; to do evil,
               to have a tendency to do
               things wrong
lkʷilinuχʷ     wrongdoer, person with a          Check
               tendency to do things
               wrong
lkʷla          different, strange, foreign,      EW
               wrong, evil
lkʷlilini      different condition,              Check
               difference
lkʷliɬ         change                            Check
lkʷl lnakʷla   gradual change (as of one's       Check
               behaviour or the seasons)
lkʷs           different                         HS
lkʷsʔit        to become different               HS ind
lkʷ uɬ         from a different origin;          Check
               stanger, person from
               another village, foreigner
lmxʷa          dry (enough to be ironed)         EW
lmχʷa (2)      precise meaning not               EW
               remembered but had to do
               with limping or being
               infirm
-lq            to think of                       cf. Boas 307
lqʷa           wood, firewood                    PIC
lqʷaʔailas     woodshed                          EW
lqʷila         to make a fire, set fire to       EW
               something
lqʷila (1)     to put wood in the stove          Check
lqʷila (2)     to burn food or clothing as       Check
               an offering
                                250


lqʷla         to camp, campsite, to stop        EW, PIC
              over
lqʷχsa        see lqvx\vsa                      Check
lqʷχsut       see lqvx\vsut                     Check
lqʷχʷsa       to light the stove in the boat    Check
lqʷχʷsut      to light a fire in the stove of   Check
              the boat
lqʷ a         camp site                         PIC
lqakʷ         pilot bread, hardtack             Check
lqʷaut        to build a fire on the rocks      Check
lqʷsa         to build a fire on the            Check
              ground outdoors
-ls           outside                           Boas 307
lubiɬ         unoccupied (said of a             Check
              building)
lubis         empty on the beach;               Check
              unoccupied on the beach
luɢʷa u       long-line hook for black          BC75
              cod fishing, made of yew
              tree
lulmcwa       plural of: empty inside           Check
              (said of a container)
Lulukʷs       name of Moses Edgar               DS104
lulχʷsisla    stroller                          PIC
luluχʷsm      plural of: round                  HS ind not sure
luɬa          haunted, bothered by a            Check
              ghost
Luɬaɬ         name for the Ghost Dance,         DS104
              a dance of the C’aiqa Series
luɬʔit        to become haunted etc.            Check
luɬlakʷ       (somebody) made a ghost           EW
              dancer, partially paralysed
              (i.e. possessed)
luɬlakʷ (1)   s.o. made a ghost dancer          Check
luɬlakʷ (2)   having become partially           Check
              paralyzed
lumasa        to scorch                         EW
lumasʔit      to start to get scorched (as a    Check
              piece of cloth)
lumit         to become empty                   Check
lupa          contentless (as a boat, or as     Check
              a person with an empty
              stomach)
lupla         hole (e.g. in clothing)           EW
lupχs         empty (said of a boat)            Check
lupχsala      empty boat                        Check
                              251


lupsʔilm     to become deserted (said of      Check
             a village), to become a
             ghost town
luqʷa        to fish for black cod (by        EW
             longlining)
luqʷas       Western or Lowland               EW; BC71
             hemlock tree (Tsuga
             heterophylla)
luwaq        refers to hemlock bark; a        DS104
             mixture of hemlock bark,
             sugar, and oolichan grease
             used as eyes in a wooden
             skull, which are eaten in a
             dance
luxʷlubiɬ    plural of: unoccupied (said      Check
             of a building)
luxʷlubis    empty on the beach;              Check
             unoccupied on the beach
Luχsiwalis   "refers to ""rolling             DS105
             through""; name of the
             channel between Hecate
             and Calvert Islands"
luχʷa        to roll (said of a round         EW, HS
             thing)
luχʷaχa      to roll a round object (e.g. a   Check
             drum)
luχʷaχla     rolling down (said of a          Check
             round object such as a
             drum)
luχʷba       flywheel of an engine,           Check
             wheel at the end of an axle;
             thing that is rounded at the
             end (as an eraser)
luχʷbala     wheelbarrow                      PIC
Luχʷbalis    "refers to rolled rocks,         DS105
             possibly ""Boulder Point"";
             name of a Heiltsuk village
             at the head of Kwakshua
             Channel, Pruth Bay,
             mentioned in the story of
             Gvna"
luχʷcukʷ     rolled over by a rock            Check
luχʷgʷis     boulders on the beach,           Check
             rocky beach
luχʷkʷla     boulders; place with             Check
             boulders
                                 252


luχʷkʷa        boulders on a rocky shore        Check
luχʷkʷs        rocky ground strewn with         EW
               boulders
luχʷla         rolling (as of a drum);          Check
               truck, car; (trouble, worry)
Luχʷliɬ        refers to rolling in space;      DS105
               name for the Thunderbird
               Dance, a dance of the
               DhWlax\a Series; a dance
               of John Thompson
luχʷlsa        to roll sth. from one place      Check
               outdoors to another
luχʷlsla       rolling from one place           Check
               outdoors to another; car,
               truck
luχʷluqʷa      to eat inner hemlock bark        Check
luχʷsista      to roll over (as a can or as a   Check
               person falling back in his
               chair)
luχʷsistala    to turn around (as a wheel),     Check
               to revolve
luχʷsm         round thing (such as a           Check
               drum)
luχʷsmɢm       round face(d)                    Check
luχʷsmsɢm      person or thing that is          Check
               round and/or bulky in
               shape
luχʷsmxʔit     thousand                         Check
luχʷχdala      see lux\vx\vdala                 Check
luχʷχʷdala     stern-wheeler                    Check
lwaɬ           ghost                            DS104
lwaq           "edible hemlock ""sap""          EW; BC71: DS
               (cambium)"
lwax-lwaglis   milky way                        EW
lwlbiɬ         plural of: unoccupied (said      Check
               of a building)
lwlbis         plural of: empty on the          Check
               beach; unoccupied on the
               beach
lwlχʷa         plural of: to roll a round       Check
               object (e.g. a drum)
lwlχʷlsa       plural of: to roll sth. from     Check
               one place outdoors to
               another
l a            firmament (?)                    EW
L asɢm         """the sky is the roof"";        DS105
                                 253


                name of a house at K’itit;
                name of the chief is
                Thaakwalis"
l axl aglisla   northern lights                 Check
l lpχs          plural of: empty (said of a     Check
                boat)
l lxl glis      Milky Way                       Check
l lxl lglis     milky (said of water) [no       EW
                /«/ appears between /x/ and
                /l/]
l mcwa          empty inside (said of a         Check
                container)
l msut          to make a hole in a surface     Check
lxʔit           to start playing the stone      Check
                throwing game
lxlkʷa          to limp                         Check
lxsut           to peck a hole through          Check
                stone
lxʷʔit          to faint; to become             EW
                different, strange, peculiar,
                unusual
lxʷpaxʔit       to change in taste (as food)    Check
lxʷpxʔit        to change in taste (as food)    Check
lxʷstu          different in colour             Check
-lχ             """-ish"", kind of"             Boas 308
lχa             to peck stone (as in making     Check
                designs); to hold the stone
                for s.o. to peck it
lχʷʔit.         to build a campfire             Check
lχʷ-lɢʷis       refers to fire wood on the      DS105
                beach; this term refers to
                the many houses on both
                sides of the Wannock
                where the people from the
                lake came to fish for
                oolichans
lχʷ-lqʷis       place of driftwood, a place     BC508: DS, pc
                on the beach north of
                Sawmill Island where
                driftwood from Owikeno
                Lake collects on the shore;
                a place to gather driftwood
                for firewood
lχʷsk n         soapberries, soopolallie        BC94: lj
                (Shepherdia canadensis)
lylbayu         "plural of: gambling sticks,    Check
                                   254


                 ""Indian dice"""
lylɬʔit          plural of: to start searching     Check
lylmnala         plural of: wrapping or            Check
                 rolling up in cedar bark (as
                 e.g. certain belongings
                 when playing the game of:
                 lipa, things wrapped or
                 rolled in cedar bark)
l lqʷa           plural of: to fold                Check
lylta            plural of: to search, to look     Check
                 for
l lxʔn           plural of: large and              Check
                 cylindrical thing (e.g. a log,
                 pole, round stick)
lymsma           to wrap or fold sth. so that      Check
                 it assumes a round and/or
                 bulky shape
lymsmala         sth. wrapped or folded into       Check
                 a round and/or bulky thing
lyn              a kind of song, to sing this      Check
                 kind of song
l lɢʷilas        plural of: stove, burner in       Check
                 the stove, fireplace
l lɢʷiɬa         plural of: to build a fire        Check
                 indoors, to light a fire in the
                 stove
l lɢʷisa         plural of: to build a fire on     Check
                 the beach
l lkʷla          plural of: different, strange,    Check
                 peculiar, unusual, foreign,
                 alien
l lkʷl lnakʷla   plural of: gradual change         Check
                 (as of one's behaviour or
                 the seasons)
l lkʷ uɬ         plural of: from a different       Check
                 origin; stanger, person from
                 another village, foreigner
l lpa            "plural of: to roll the           Check
                 ""Indian dice""; an Indian
                 game"
l   lpinuχʷ      plural of: gambler                Check
l   lqʷa         plural of: wood, firewood         Check
l   lqʷila (1)   to put wood in the stove          Check
l   lqʷila (2)   plural of: to burn food or        Check
                 clothing as an offering
l lqʷsa          plural of: to build a fire on     Check
                             255


            the ground outdoors
l ltliɬ     plural of: to search indoors    Check
l ltls      plural of: to search            Check
            outdoors
l lxa       plural of: to roll a large      Check
            cylindrical object (e.g. a
            log, the human body)
l lχa.      plural of: to peck stone (as    Check
            in making designs); to hold
            the stone for s.o. to peck it
l lχʷʔit    plural of: to start to fold     Check
l msmkʷ     (sth.) wrapped around sth.      Check
l msmt      to wrap sth. around sth.        Check
-l          see -La                         Check
-l.         see -La                         Check
-la         reportedly, as they say, as     Check
            the story goes, as another
            person puts it (Rath 1981)
-la         see -La                         Check
lacaχla     coming off (said of a           EW
            pocket)
lalapila    to hold open with one's         Check
            thumbs (e.g. a sack)
lamit       to start to spread open with    Check
            one's thumbs (as e.g. a deck
            of cards)
lapa        to spread apart with the        EW
            thumbs
laps        sifter?? composter??            PIC
lɢaci       box to make mortar in           Check
lɢayu       putty knife                     Check
lɢm         putty                           Check
liluxʷʔit   plural of: to faint             HS
llχstwa     to putty the boat seam by       Check
            seam
lqa         to be, to handle (said of       EW
            moist materials such as
            putty, berry cake, bread
            dough, etc.); to mash and
            dry berries, to spread
            berries on a surface for
            drying, to putty
lqaʔausla   carbon paper                    Check
lqaχa       Western thimbleberry            BC112
            (Rubus parviflorus) fruit;
            drop off (said of a mushy
                             256


            substance, such as overripe
            berries)
lqaχlas     thimbleberry bush               Check
lqaχmas     Western thimberry (Rubus        BC112: lj, nl
            parviflorus) bush: fruits and
            sprouts eaten; leaves used
            to make beverage tea;
            leaves probably used as
            undermat for drying berries
            and hemlock cambium
lqaχmas     Western thimberry (Rubus        EW; BC112
            parviflorus) bush: fruits and
            sprouts eaten; leaves used
            to make beverage tea;
            leaves probably used as
            undermat for drying berries
            and hemlock cambium
lqaχmaʣis   Western thimberry (Rubus        BC112
            parviflorus) bush: fruits and
            sprouts eaten; leaves used
            to make beverage tea;
            leaves probably used as
            undermat for drying berries
            and hemlock cambium
lqgʷaci     box to put slugs of dried       Check
            seaweed in
lqkʷ        seaweed in plugs; sun-dried     Check
            berries
lqmqs       to throw berries or berry-      Check
            like things into one's mouth
lukʷs       to be different                 HS ind
lukʷsʔit    to become different             HS ind
luxʷʔit     to faint                        HS ind
lχsiwa      to be wet through from rain     Check
            (as clothes)
lχstut      to putty a seam of the boat     Check
lχstwa      ointment on the eye;            Check
            mortar, putty, or any
            muddy subtance in an
            opening or on a surface
ʔlχstwa     to putty the boat seam by       Check
            seam
lχʷukʷala   sound of coughing               Check
lχʷ a       to cough                        EW
l lɢayu.    putty knife                     Check
l lɢm       plural of: putty                Check
                                  257


l lχʷ a         plural of: to cough               Check
ɬaʔalɢaχsi      plural of: veranda; shed          Check
                above the door
ɬaʔalɢiɬa       to build a tent or curtain off    Check
                an area indoors
ɬaʔalɢ lkʷ      plural of: (sth.) sheltered       Check
                indoors (as by a tent), (sth.)
                curtained off indoors
ɬaʔalɢ ukʷ      plural of: (sth.) sheltered by    Check
                a tent, shed or shelter on
                the beach
ɬaʔalqi ala     plural of: to wear a hat or       Check
                cap with a visor, to have an
                eyeshade on
ɬaʔalqχsakʷ     plural of: (sth.) sheltered in    Check
                the boat (as by a tent)
ɬaʔalxʷa        plural of: to tighten (a line),   Check
                to wind up (a watch)
ɬaʔalxʷʔit      plural of: to start to tighten    Check
                a rope, to start to wind up a
                clock or watch
ɬaʔalxʷla       plural of: tight (as a rope),     Check
                blowing hard (as the wind)
ɬaɢaχsi         veranda; shed above the           Check
                door
ɬaɢiɬa          to build a tent or curtain off    Check
                an area indoors
ɬaɢis           a tent                            PIC
ɬaɢisa          to build a tent, shed, or         Check
                shelter on the beach
ɬaɢu      aƛi   name of a chief at K’itit,        DS106
                chief of the wawikm sept,
                the name refers to an
                overhanging rock near
                K’vii; name of the man
                from K’vii, cause of the
                war between the
                Oowekeeno and the
                Heiltsuk; name of chief of
                the Blackfish clan of the
                'Isditx\v
ɬaɢ lkʷ         (sth.) sheltered indoors (as      Check
                by a tent), (sth.) curtained
                off indoors
ɬaɢym           tent                              PIC
ɬaɢ ukʷ         (sth.) sheltered by a tent,       Check
                               258


              shed or shelter on the beach
ɬaiq          name of a creek which           DS106, PIC
              flows into Moses Inlet,
              referred to as Clyaq on the
              map, the name also refers
              to the head of the inlet and
              the inlet in general;
              formerly a fishing and
              trapping camp site
ɬaknxʷ        to be surprised by events,      EW
              to wonder what could be
              the case
ɬaknxʷʔit     to become bewildered            Check
ɬaknxʷkʷala   to sound impressive (as a       Check
              persoNs message)
ɬalaɢat       over-hanging rock               Check
ɬalaqila      to overhang (as a lean-to       Check
              roof), to stick out of the
              hillside (as a rock)
ɬalaukʷa      variant of lhaluKva             Check
ɬalaxʷalas    fiance                          Check
ɬalukʷaɢis    competition in strength         Check
ɬalukʷalas    maple tree                      BC82: Curtis
ɬalukʷa       to use all one's strength       Check
ɬal nχ        month or season of strong       Check
              winds; October
ɬalχʷcwa      seed or pit in fruits           Check
ɬalacla       tiring, causing one to get      Check
              tired
ɬalaɢat.      plural of: over-hanging         Check
              rock
ɬalas         time or place of dying          Check
ɬalasa        to be tired                     Check
ɬalasʔit      to become tired                 Check
ɬalukʷaɢis.   plural of: competition in       Check
              strength
ɬaɬa          name of the Cannibal-           DS106
              Woman in the story of
              C’ixstu, the story is located
              at Nuxvns yet the name is a
              Heiltsuk one
ɬaɬimnca      to be out to find things, to    HS not sure
              try to salvage things
ɬaɬlasila     to be about to die              Check
ɬaɬ-ɬimnca    plural of: to be out to find    HS not heard
              things, to try to salvage
                               259


              things
ɬaɬ-ɬlasila   plural of: to be about to die   HS ok
ɬaɬnisla      plural of: to groan, to moan    Check
ɬanca         one day from today              EW
ɬanicala      sound of moaning,               HS ind
              groaning
ɬanisla       to groan, to moan               HS ind, EW
ɬaniƛ         see lhaYnith                    Check
ɬansƛac       tomorrow                        EW
ɬaqa          to build a shelter (shed,       EW
              tent, etc.)
ɬaqiwa        visor (as on a hat),            Check
              eyeshade
ɬaqiwala      to wear a hat or cap with a     Check
              visor, to have an eyeshade
              on
ɬaqkʷ         to be in a tent, (sth.)         Check
              sheltered by a tent
ɬaqla         making a tent, shed, or         Check
              shelter
ɬaqlaƛlakʷ    (sth.) on a surface and         Check
              sheltered (as by a tent or
              shed on the float)
ɬaqlaƛlut     to build a tent, shed, or       Check
              shelter on a surface (such
              as a float)
ɬaqqyala      to have a cover on the head     Check
ɬaqχsakʷ      (sth.) sheltered in the boat    Check
              (as by a tent)
ɬaqχsut       to build a tent, shed, or       Check
              shelter in the boat
ɬaqsa         to build a tent, shed, or       Check
              shelter on the ground
              outdoors
ɬaqym         tent or shed on the ground      Check
              outdoors
ɬaq ukʷ       log house??                     PIC
ɬaukʷ         strong, having strength,        Check
              forceful; hard, heavy (as
              wind)
ɬaukʷala      to insist upon, to coerce       Check
ɬaukʷimas     strong person                   Check
ɬaukʷla       to strengthen                   Check
ɬauxʷʔit      to become strong                Check
ɬauxʷstkn     person with a strong body       Check
ɬawis         angry?; name of the large       DS106
                                   260


                rock in the Wannock River
                opposite the old light plant
                where the water is always
                boiling or angry; to be in a
                difficult or precarious
                positin on the beach (as a
                boat)?
ɬa a            to be in a difficult or            Check
                uncomfortable position on
                the shore
ɬa alaci        "bowl used by a ""good             Check
                doctor"" when removing
                the bad medicine
                administered to one by a
                ""bad doctor"""
ɬa ini          hard, difficult to do;             EW
                valued, favourite, dear one
ɬa ini (1)      valued thing                       Check
ɬa ini (2)      to be hard or difficult to do      Check
ɬa ininukʷ      to value, appreciate or love       Check
                sth.
ɬa ininukʷmta   to appreciate value,               Check
                appreciate or love sth.
ɬa inixsila     too difficult, too hard            Check
ɬa nm           husband                            Check
ɬaxʷa           to tighten (a line), to wind       Check
                up (a watch)
ɬaxʷai          power, strength                    Check
ɬaxʷʔit         to start to tighten a rope, to     Check
                start to wind up a clock or
                watch
ɬaxʷla          tight (rope), strong (wind),       EW
                rough (sea)
ɬaxʷmala        hard work, difficult work          Check
ɬaxʷstu         tight (as a knot), strong,         Check
                heavy (as a force); to be
                hard put to do sth.
ɬaxʷst is       under strain (as a line)           Check
ɬaxʷst isila    to make tight (e.g. a rope),       Check
                to put under strain, to put in
                a difficult situation
ɬaχa            to itch, itchy                     EW
ɬaχʡit (1)      to become itchy                    Check
ɬaχʡit (2)      to start to make a tent,           Check
                shed, or shelter
ɬaχʷnalut       to restrict or restrain sth., to   Check
                                 261


               tighten the line on (around)
               a pole
ɬa niƛ         to enter the wrong house          Check
ɬgʷiƛla        inhaling                          Check
ɬila nm        plural of: husband                Check
ɬiɬgʷiƛla      plural of: inhaling               Check
ɬiɬimncila     plural of: to find sth.           Check
               accidentally
ɬiɬmalaƛlut    plural of: to tie sth. to sth.,   Check
               to moor a boat to the float
ɬiɬmala u      plural of: mooring line           Check
ɬiɬma as       plural of: anchorage,             Check
               harbour, moorage
ɬiɬmba         plural of: moored (tied up)       Check
               to the end of sth. (e.g. to
               the wharf)
ɬiɬmlaqut      plural of: to tie ropes or        Check
               boats together
ɬiɬmlaɢuƛai    plural of: tied to each other     Check
               on the water (said of boats)
ɬiɬmnuʣut      plural of: to tie a boat          Check
               alongside another boat
ɬiɬmqlaƛla     plural of: to tie on to sth.;     Check
               sth. (e.g. a rope, a boat) tied
               to sth.
ɬiɬmstut       plural of: to close a window      Check
               curtain, to draw the curtain
ɬiɬmstwa       plural of: window curtain         Check
ɬiɬmχʔaƛlaut   plural of: to tie sth. to sth.,   Check
               to moor the boat to the float
ɬiɬmisa        plural of: to moor a boat on      Check
               the beach
ɬiɬmqut        window curtain                    Check
ɬiɬmχa         plural of: to inhale smoke        Check
ɬiɬndayu       plural of: handkerchief or        Check
               any tissue used for blowing
               the nose
ɬiɬntχʷbala    plural of: snot hanging out       Check
               of the nose; turkey
ɬiɬnbis        plural of: soft beach             Check
ɬiɬnpa         plural of: soft                   Check
ɬiɬnta         plural of: to blow the nose       Check
ɬimnc          sth. found accidentally           Check
ɬimncila       to find sth. accidentally         Check
ɬinma          to take back lent out             EW
               property
                               262


ɬs            people lying on the ground      EW
              outside
ɬisila        to find something               EW
              accidentally
ɬiskʷs        young cedar                     EW
ɬisɬanisla    plural of: to groan             HS ind
ɬ sɬaukʷ      strong, having strength,        HS
              forceful; hard, heavy (as
              wind)
ɬ sɬaukʷala   plural of: to insist upon, to   Check
              coerce
ɬisɬl         plural of: dead                 Check
ɬisɬlxsis     plural of: (to have a) numb     Check
              or paralyzed lef or foot
ɬisɬlxskana   plural of: (to have a) numb     Check
              or paralyzed leg or foot
ɬita          ragged                          EW
ɬi a          cedar-bark mat (generic         EW, PIC
              carpet?)
ɬi asɢm       inner red cedar bark hat        Check
ɬi asqia      red-cedar bark hat              BC64: DS
ɬixa          to feast                        EW
ɬixʷila       to make a cedar-bark mat        EW
ɬixʷχtala     to pleat cedar boughs (as       Check
              when making baskets)
ɬiχʔala       rattling sound of fluid in      Check
              the lungs (as when having
              pneumonia)
ɬiχla         fringe                          EW
ɬkʷa          to slide something out (e.g.    EW
              a drawer)
ɬkʷaχayu      to be jilted, to be turned      Check
              down because one is too
              old (said of a woman)
ɬkʷaχut       to slide sth. flat out and      Check
              take it down
ɬkʷla         fishing for halibut with a      Check
              handline
ɬkʷlais       halibut fishing camp            Check
ɬkʷla u       halibut hook and line;          Check
              halibut gear
ɬkʷmut        to pull or slide things out     Check
              (e.g. drawers)
ɬkʷut         to pull sth. out (as a          Check
              drawer)
ɬkʷu a        having slid out (as a           Check
                                263


              drawer)
ɬkʷani        old woman                        EW
ɬkʷan u       little old lady                  Check
ɬkʷɢnu        the Halibut Fisherman (a         Check
              mythological character)
ɬkʷ s         bow to shoot with                Check
ɬkʷisa        to hold one's breath as long     Check
              as one can (as to stop
              hiccups)
ɬkʷ ʣm        bow string                       Check
ɬlmxt         variant of: lhnmxt               Check
ɬlqʷ          basin, dish, soup bowl           Check
ɬl            dead, inactive, paralysed        EW, HS ind
ɬlaiqla       impending death                  Check
ɬlaiχsda      to wish to die                   Check
ɬlgʷaɬ        to be bereaved                   Check
ɬlkʷuɬʔn      paralyzed on one side of         Check
              one's body
ɬlmas         to cause to die                  Check
ɬluya         stillborn                        Check
ɬlxʔit        to become dead                   HS ind
ɬlxsis        (to have a) numb or              Check
              paralyzed lef or foot
ɬlxskana      (to have a) numb or              Check
              paralyzed leg or foot
ɬma           to cover with a curtain; to      EW
              tie up, to moor
ɬmai          to anchor                        Check
ɬmaixʔilm     having become anchored,          Check
              moored
ɬmala         covered with a curtain;          Check
              tying up, mooring
ɬmalaƛla      sth. tied to sth., boat          Check
              moored to the float; to tie
              sth. to sth., to moor a boat
              to the float
ɬmalaƛlakʷ    sth. tied to sth., boat          Check
              moored to the float
ɬmalaƛlut     to tie sth. to sth., to moor a   Check
              boat to the float
ɬmala u       mooring line                     Check
ɬmala walas   mooring line                     Check
ɬma as        anchorage, harbour,              Check
              moorage
ɬmba          moored (tied up) to the end      Check
              of sth. (e.g. to the wharf)
                               264


ɬmdu         Klemtu                            Check
ɬmd aχsm     woman from Klemtu                 Check
ɬmd itχʷ     person or people from             Check
             Klemtu
ɬmɢmiɬ       curtain (as used on the           Check
             stage)
ɬmi          to anchor, to moor, to tie up     EW
             boat
ɬmlaqut      to tie ropes or boats             Check
             together
ɬmlaqwala    tied together (as two             Check
             canoes)
ɬmlaɢuƛai    tied to each other on the         Check
             water (said of boats)
ɬmnuʣi       to be moored (tied up)            Check
             alongside another boat; to
             moor (tie up) alongside
             another boat
ɬmnuʣut      to tie a boat alongside           Check
             another boat
ɬmqa         to tie or bind (with rope);       Check
             tied to the shore (as rope, a
             boat)
ɬmqla        tying or binding (as with         Check
             rope)
ɬmqlaƛla     to tie on to sth.; sth. (e.g. a   Check
             rope, a boat) tied to sth.
ɬmqlaƛlut    to tie sth. (rope, a boat) to     EW
             sth.
ɬmqχsut      to secure movable thing           Check
             aboard the boat by tying
             them up
ɬmqa.                                          Check
ɬmqudinuχʷ   skiff man                         Check
ɬmqut        to tie a line or a boat to the    Check
             shore
ɬmsa         to sip noisily                    EW
ɬmxʔit (1)   to close (draw) the curtain       Check
ɬmxʔit (2)   to start mooring, typing up       Check
ɬmχa         to inhale smoke                   EW
ɬmχʔalut     to tie sth. to sth., to moor      Check
             the boat to the float
ɬmχʔaƛlaut   to tie sth. to sth., to moor      Check
             the boat to the float
ɬmʣ ila      to tie up to a cliff              Check
ɬma          to moor, tie up to the            Check
                               265


               (steep) shore
ɬmilm          curtain, wall-hanging (as      PIC
               used in ceremonies)
ɬmiɬ           curtain (as used on the        Check
               stage)
ɬmisa          to moor a boat on the beach    Check
ɬmstut         to close a window curtain,     Check
               to draw the curtain
ɬmstwa         window curtain                 PIC
ɬmstwala       to be closed over (as a        Check
               curtained window)
ɬmstwiɬ        curtain door??                 PIC
ɬm lkʷ         curtained room; people         Check
               behind the curtain
ɬna            to lose, lost, forgotten       EW
ɬnbis          soft beach                     Check
ɬndayu         handkerchief or any tissue     Check
               used for blowing the nose
ɬngls          to lose one's way outdoors     Check
ɬnɬʔit         to start to blow the nose      Check
ɬnmxt          salal bush                     EW
ɬnmit          to become soft                 Check
ɬnnχ           wild crabapple (Malus          EW, HS ind; BC109
               fusca) fruit (Curtis
               1970:332 hlinnh)
ɬnnχaci        crabapple box                  BC109: DS
ɬnpa           saggy, loose, soft, wrinkled   EW
ɬnps           soft ground                    Check
ɬnqa           to peel bark from a tree       EW
ɬnstikinala    to be paralyzed                HS ind
ɬnta           to blow the nose               EW
ɬntla          blowing the nose               Check
ɬntlaxsukʷla   blowing the nose a bit, but    Check
               not enough
ɬntlaʣ a       blowing the nose finally       Check
ɬntχʷ          snot                           Check
ɬntχʷbala      snot hanging out of the        Check
               nose; turkey
ɬntχʷu ala     snot hanging out of the        Check
               nose
ɬnxɬngls       to lose one's way in the       Check
               woods
ɬnxɬnkƛai      to lose one's way on the       Check
               water
ɬnχ            wild crabapple (Malus          PIC
               fusca) fruit
                               266


ɬnχ.mas      wild crabapple tree (Malus        BC109: EW, DS
             fusca): bark chewed to
             suppress thirst; fruits eaten;
             wood used for spoons
ɬnχa         to get wild crabapples            Check
ɬnχɬaχa      to eat crabapples                 Check
ɬnχɬnχis     "lingonberry, mountain            BC101
             cranberry (Vaccinium vitis-
             idaea); lit. ""Pacific
             crabapple on the ground
             out in the open"""
ɬnχpta       to go inland to get               Check
             crabapples
ɬnχɬnχis     cranberries                       Check
ɬqa          to go for, to pick seaweed,       EW, BC47
             dulse
ɬqila        to cook seaweed, as with          BC47: sj, HS
             dried salmon roe
ɬqilaχa ls   to be out in a seaweed            Check
             camp
ɬqʷa         to eat the inside of sea eggs     EW
             (urchins)
ɬqst         edible seaweed (Porphyra          BC46: EW, HS, rh
             abbottae)
ɬudaci       toboggan, slide                   PIC
ɬudas        slide                             PIC
ɬuɢʷiɬa      to set the table (as for          Check
             dinner)
ɬupa         mud                               HS ind
ɬups         muddy ground                      HS ind
ɬuqʷa        "potlatch term for ""to give      Check
             bowls"""
ɬuqʷ         dish, bowl, basin                 EW
ɬuqʷaci      cupboard for dishes               Check
ɬuxʷa        almost (happening)                EW
ɬuxʷʔit      to start putting a dish, bowl,    Check
             or basin somewhere
ɬwlɢʷiɬa     plural of: to set the table (as   Check
             for dinner)
ɬxɬkʷa       chest of drawers                  PIC
ɬxɬ a        broad leaved seaweed;             Check
             shallow water kelp
ɬxsla        person eating a lot; fierce       Check
             person
ɬxsmai       plural of: to anchor              Check
ɬxʷʔit       to draw or slide sth. out         Check
                               267


             (e.g. a drawer, or a card
             from a deck); to span the
             bow
ɬχʡit        to start to gather seaweed        Check
ɬχɬqa        to eat seaweed                    Check
ɬχʷɬqʷacwa   brain [reduplicated form]         EW
ɬyltaχla     ragged                            Check
ɬ nsʔit      component of: lhyns'idya          Check
             the day before yesterday
ɬ lkʷla      plural of: fishing for halibut    Check
             with a handline
ɬ lkʷut      plural of: to pull sth. out (as   Check
             a drawer)
ɬ lkʷani     plural of: old woman              Check
ɬ lɬqila     plural of: to cook seaweed        Check
ɬ l a        plural of: inner red cedar        Check
             bark mat
ɬ lxsla      plural of: person eating a        Check
             lot; fierce person
ɬ lxʷila     plural of: to make a inner        Check
             red cedar bark mat
ɬ lχɬ lqa    plural of: to eat seaweed         Check
-ʔm          see -m                            Check
-m (1)       nominal formative suffix          Boas 301
             (Nom)
-m (2)       small, diminutive (Dim)           Boas 301
-m (3)       passive, instrument               Boas 301
-m (4)       exclusively; real(ly); just       Boas 302
             only, common
-m (5)       plural (PL) of place (Loc)        Boas 302
             suffixes
-ma          to play, a little                 Boas 303
ma- (1)      bedding                           LR
ma- (2)      lie flat                          LR
ma- (3)      hair                              LR
Maʡyas       "refers to ""feather              DS117
             shedding""; name of the
             lake that enters into the
             Dalik Creek, so called
             because of the ducks found
             there shedding their
             feathers"
maːcqwa      put two strands together          WL
maʔalag u    twelve                            HS
maʔaliɬ      two people in the house, to       Check
             be two indoors
                                  268


maʔalukʷ         two, both, second                Check
maʔalukʷila      to make two                      Check
maʔamglis        plural of: fish (of any kind)    no
maʔamɢayu        plural of: tweezers              HS
maʔamk aiɬ       plural of: bedspread             Check
maʔamlqʷla       plural of: to remember           Check
maʔamlxʷla       plural of: to smile              Check
maʔamɬaisla      plural of: to swim along the     Check
                 shore
maʔamɬa is       plural of: to swim across        Check
maʔamɬcistala    plural of: swimming around       Check
                 an island
maʔamɬcistisla   plural of: swimming around       Check
                 the bay, lake, or inlet
maʔamɬʔit (1)    plural of: to fly away, to       Check
                 take off, to start flying
maʔamɬʔit (2)    plural of: to start swimming     HS
                 (on the surface of the
                 water)
maʔamɬla         plural of: swimming (on          Check
                 the surface of the water)
maʔamɬlakƛi      plural of: to swim (to save      Check
                 one's life)
maʔamɬla         plural of: to swim ashore        Check
                 (as from a boat)
maʔamɬlala       plural of: swimming ashore       Check
maʔamɬʔuɬta      plural of: to swim off the       Check
                 shore and out to the sea; to
                 fly off the shore and out to
                 the sea
maʔamqa          plural of: to pluck (a bird),    Check
                 to tweeze (hair off the
                 skin), to pull seaweed off
                 the rocks
maʔamqkʷ         plural of: (sth.) plucked        Check
maʔamta isla     plural of: flying across         Check
maʔamtla         plural of: to fly; airplane,     Check
                 helicopter
maʔamtlacwala    plural of: to go by plane, to    Check
                 be inside the plane
maʔamtls         plural of: to fly off from the   Check
                 land
maʔamt a         to fly over, above sth.          Check
maʔamtinuχʷ      plural of: flyer, pilot          Check
maʔamƛa          plural of: to shake hands        Check
maʔamƛamta       plural of: to shake each         Check
                                   269


                 other's hand
maʔamƛla         plural of: to lead a person      Check
                 by the hand; to lead a song
                 service
maʔamucqwala     boats travelling four by         Check
                 four
maʔamuɢʷ ala     to march four by four            Check
maʔamxamta       plural of: to box (as in the     Check
                 ring)
maʔamxamtinuχʷ   plural of: boxer                 Check
maʔamxca         plural of: ashamed, shy          Check
maʔamxstu        plural of: to be blinded by      Check
                 glare, to squint (as when
                 the light is too bright)
maʔamχla         plural of: losing hair or fur;   Check
                 falling out of hair or fur
maʔamʣaiqʷla     plural of: salmonberry           Check
                 blossom
maːχa            to lose hair                     EW
maːʣis           matches?? (Engl)                 PIC
mabwa            bedding underneat the            HS ind
                 blanket
mabwa            sheet, blanket underneath        Check
mabwiɬ           bottom sheet                     HS ind
macis            match, matches (Engl)            Check
mac χau          two trands, as red-cedar         BC64: EW
                 fish line
macɢais          two strands (as string)          WL
macɢnakʷla       two strands used at the          WL
                 same time
macq             two long and cylindrical         Check
                 things (e.g. trees, logs,
                 bottles, cigarettes)
macqila          two o'clock                      Check
macqla           two boats travelling             Check
macqtu           having two ends at the top       Check
macquƛi          two long and cylindrical         Check
                 things (also boats) together
                 in the water
macqwala         two boats travelling             Check
                 together
macχ             two long and cylindrical         WL
                 things (e.g. trees, logs,
                 bottles, cigarettes)
macχstu          two blocks (log)                 WL
maglis           fish of the sea bottom           EW
                                      270


maɢayu              tweezers                          Check
maɢʷala             dark (as the night)               Check
maɢʷnakʷla          to get dark gradually (as in      Check
                    the evening)
maiɬa               to move one end of a plank        EW
maiɬʔit             to start moving the end of a      Check
                    plank
maiɬliɬa            to lift a plank by one end        Check
                    and move the plank by
                    turning it over
maiɬma ɬa           to move the end of a plank        Check
                    little by little
maiɬʔultaliɬa       to lift the end of sth. in the    Check
                    house and move this end
                    away from the wall
maimaʔalukʷ         plural of: two, both,             Check
                    second; two by two, two at
                    a time
maimacquƛi          plural of: two long and           Check
                    cylindrical things (also
                    boats) together in the water
maimacqwala         plural of: two boats              Check
                    travelling together, boats
                    travelling together two by
                    two
maimacqwala.        boats travelling together         Check
                    two by two
maimaɬci            plural of: to split, divide,      Check
                    break in halves
maimaɬc staʔaisla   plural of: flying around the      Check
                    world
maimaɬc a           plural of: to split, break,       Check
                    divide sth. in halves
maimaɬc ut          plural of: to divide sth. into    Check
                    halves, to halve sth.
maimaɬmiɬ           plural of: male or female         Check
                    bigamist
maimaɬwala          plural of: two people             Check
                    walking or marching
                    together
maisa               to spear cockles from the         Check
                    canoe
mai lχdala          to lift part of one's posterior   Check
                    by leaning the body
                    sideways (so that one can
                    take away what one is
                                       271


                     sitting on)
mak-                 near                              LR
makiʔiɬ              bed spread                        HS ind
maklis               fish of the sea bottom            EW
mak aiɬ              bedspread                         Check
mak iɬ               comforter, bedspread              EW
makʷ-                nibble, tug at the line           LR
makʷa                to jerk (as e.g. a fishing line   Check
                     when the fish bites)
makʷla               jerking, nibbling, tugging at     EW
                     the line (fish when biting),
                     jigging for deep sea fish
malagyaχtwa          refers to the wind blowing        DS117
                     over the top of something;
                     name of the Southeast-
                     Wind-Spirit Dance, a dance
                     of the C’aiqa Series
malaka               orange sky                        EW
malaxst              crabapples (Malus fusca)          BC109: Boas
malaχdi              (juice of any) fruit              EW
malaχtut             to put on a braided type of       Check
                     binding (to finish the
                     basket)
maliɢayu             bullroarer                        Check
maliqa               to swing in a circle              EW
maliχʡit             to swing sth. away                Check
maliχʔauɬtut         to swing sth. off the shore       Check
maliχsistala         to swing around                   Check
maliχskanala         to swing the arms back and        Check
                     forth (while walking)
maliχstu             reddish                           EW
maɬ-                 two                               LR
maɬ- (1)             swing                             LR; check
maɬ- (2)             swim                              LR
maɬ- (3)             reddish                           LR
maɬ- (4)             fruit, juice?                     LR
maɬaʔaucg u          seventeen                         Check
maɬaʔaupnkstais      seven hundred                     Check
maɬaʔaupnχsa         seven flat things (e.g.           Check
                     halibuts, sheets)
maɬaʔaus             seven                             Check
maɬaʔauspngʷusti a   seventy                           Check
maɬaʔauspnk          even fathoms, yards, arMs         Check
                     lengths
maɬaisla             to swim along the shore           Check
maɬa is              to swim across                    Check
                                    272


maɬʔaχƛa          two hollow things (e.g.           Check
                  cups, pots, glasses)
maɬʔaχƛaut        two hollow things (e.g.           Check
                  cups, dishes) filled with
                  liquid, two cupfuls,
                  spoonfuls, etc.; to have
                  (receive, get, etc.) two
                  servings of sth.
maɬʔaχƛauƛiχsda   to want to have a second          Check
                  serving
maɬci             to split, divide, break in        Check
                  halves
maɬc staʔaisla    flying around the world           Check
maɬcistala        swimming around an island         Check
maɬcistisla       swimming aound the bay,           Check
                  lake, or inlet
maɬcukʷaus        seventy                           Check
maɬcχƛaʔals       to fly to the other side of a     Check
                  hill or mountain; to fly over
                  sth.
maɬc a            to split, break, divide sth. in   Check
                  halves
maɬc ut           to divide sth. into halves, to    Check
                  halve sth.
maɬcwa            two inside the container          Check
maɬdana           to eat two things                 Check
maɬʔida u         to be flown away by               Check
maɬila            to catch, get, receive,           Check
                  obtain, acquire two items
                  (e.g. two animals, furs,
                  salmon)
maɬʔit (1)        to fly away, to take off, to      HR123
                  start flying
maɬʔit (2)        to start swimming (on the         Check
                  surface of the water)
maɬkɬba           two layers of clothing, to        Check
                  have, have on, or use two
                  layers of clothing
maɬkɬbaʔaiɬ       two blankets; to have, have       Check
                  on, or use two blankets
maɬla             swimming                          EW
maɬla             two people working                EW
                  together
maɬlagls          two people outdoors, to be        Check
                  two outdoors
maɬlakƛi          to swim (to save one's life)      Check
                                   273


maɬlakƛla         to swim (to save one's life)     Check
maɬla             to swim ashore (as from a        Check
                  boat)
maɬlala           swimming ashore                  Check
maɬlaχƛauƛiχsda   see ma'lh'ax\thauThix\sda        Check
maɬmadm           wings of a bird                  Check
maɬmiɬ            male or female bigamist          Check
maɬnχla           period of two years              Check
maɬpinixʷls       two days                         Check
maɬpna            to do sth. twice                 Check
maɬpnalaƛla       second day of the month          Check
maɬpna is         two trips acoss; to make ...     Check
maɬpngʷusti a     two go up twice                  Check
maɬpnista         two round trips; to make         Check
                  two round trips
maɬpnistisla      two trips around a field,        Check
                  inlet, lake; to make ...
maɬpnistlsla      two trips around the house;      Check
                  to make...
maɬpnk            two fathoms, yards, arMs         Check
                  lengths
maɬpnkstais       two hundred                      Check
maɬpnxʔit         twice; to do sth. twice          Check
maɬpnxstaut       see ma'lhPnstaut                 Check
maɬpnxs aʔals     two trips up to the woods;       Check
                  to make ...
maɬpnʣaqʷ         to speak (sing, whistle,         Check
                  perform, make noise)
                  twice; two songs (whistles,
                  noises, gun reports, etc.)
maɬpns            Tuesday                          Check
maɬpnsta          twice into the water and out     Check
                  again
maɬpnstaut        to set the net twice, to pull    Check
                  the line into the water twice
maɬpnstqa         two shots; to shoot (fire,       Check
                  release, turn sth. loose)
                  twice
maɬpnsχƛaʔais     two trips to the other side      Check
                  of the island, the field, the
                  bay, or the village; to make
                  ...
maɬpnsχƛaʔals     two trips over the hill or the   Check
                  village and back; to make
                  ...
maɬpnsχƛals       see ma'lhPNsx\tha'a\ls           Check
                                   274


maɬƛai            to swim on the surface of        Check
                  the water
maɬʔuɬta          to swim off the shore and        Check
                  out to the sea; to fly off the
                  shore and out to the sea
maɬwala           two people walking or            Check
                  marching together
maɬχs             two aboard the boat (e.g.        Check
                  two people)
maɬχsa            two flat things (e.g. sheets     Check
                  of paper, halibuts)
mam               bed?; blanket, bedding,          EW, HS ind, PIC
                  bedcover
mamacqwala        two cyl. things together         WL
mamalma           to swim for pleasure             EW
mamalmaʔailas     swimming pool                    Check
mamalmabiɬa       to pretend to swim               WL
mamalmagilaxʷ     suppose to swim                  WL
mamalmaxdmkna     bathing suit, swim suit          Check
mamalmaxʔit       to begin to swim (for            WL
                  pleasure)
mamalmilas        see mamalma'a\ilas               Check
mamaɬika          swallow (bird)                   EW, PIC
mamanala          to punch s.o.'s first away in    Check
                  order to avoid being hit
mamana            to try to punch                  HS
mamaxma           hawk (bird)                      Check
mama uɬcila       to deliver a baby                Check
mama uɬcilinuχʷ   midwife                          Check
mama uƛχa ls      to be away to deliver a          Check
                  baby
Mamaʣ a           name of a Heiltsuk man           DS117
                  who, in the war with the
                  Oowekeeno tries to take the
                  life of Waakas, but is
                  prevented by Q’vlagililh
mamgʷat a         earrings, ear ornaments          Check
mamgʷat ala       to wear earrings, ear            Check
                  ornaments
mamlcila          to keep one's head turned to     EW
                  the side; to keep aiming
mamnukʷ           to have a blanket (for           EW
                  bedding) [no schwa
                  between /m/ and /n/]
mamukʷa a         to look for a place to tie up    Check
mamxma            bird???                          HS, EW, rh (3)
                               275


mamya a       to fish; to try to get fish     WL
mam a         to fish                         PIC
mam aʡini     meaning has to do with          PIC
              fishing??
mam aʔanχ     fishing season                  Check
mam asila     to work on fish, to butcher     Check
              fish
mam ayu       fishing gear                    Check
mam nχ        see mamYa'a\nx\                 Check
mamiɬ         bedding                         HS
mamliqa       plural of: to swing in a        Check
              circle
mamwak        plural of: sea lion             Check
mamwalas      plural of: Douglas fir          Check
manas         prairie, flat country           Check
manis         to bask in the sun              Check
manx          shy, bashful                    Check
manyas        summer seat, sunbath            EW
mapla         garment worn on the chest       Check
maq-          to pluck, tweeze, snatch        LR
              away
maqa          to pluck, tweeze, snatch        EW; BC47: sj, HS
              away, snap apart (rope); to
              pluck seaweed off the rocks
maqaχut       to pluck sth. off, to break a   Check
              piece off sth.
maqiwa        pulling seaweed with            BC46,369
              herring roe on it; February
              (Drucker 1950:270)
maqkʷ         (sth.) plucked                  Check
maqʷ-         dark                            LR
maqʷla        dusk                            EW
mas- (1)      eat a side-dish                 LR
mas- (2)      stripe                          LR
masa          to eat as a side-dish           EW
maska         part of the back                Check
masm          two round and/or bulky          Check
              things; two silver dollars
masmasʔlano   An entity which came            BC23
              down from heaven to create
              various aspects of the
              natural and cultural world
              of the Oweekeno
Masmaslanwa   name of an original             DS117
              ancestor, creator of many
              things in conjunction with
                                     276


                    Hnuwaqawa: oolichans,
                    trails, berries, men/women,
                    canoes, paddles, stone axe,
                    fire drill, carving, painting,
                    mock whale used by Raven
                    to get revenge on
                    Thunderbird
masmaχut            to cut off two blocks with a     Check
                    saw
masmgila            to get, catch, receive,          Check
                    obtain, acquire two items
masmgʷusti a        twenty                           Check
masmgʷusti aʣ ala   twenty dollar bill               Check
masmis              two round and/or bulky           Check
                    things on the beach; two
                    cords of wood on the beach
masmnkʷla           to carry two round and/or        Check
                    bulky things (e.g. ducks,
                    deer)
masms               two round and/or bulky           Check
                    things on the ground
                    outside (e.g. houses)
masmʣ ala           two dollar bill                  Check
mat-                to fly                           LR
mata                airplane                         PIC
mata isla           flying across                    Check
maːtaxsala          to fly around (as when lost)     hs
matla               to fly; airplane, helicopter     EW
matlacwala          to go by plane, to be inside     Check
                    the plane
matla-s n snaːq     flying mallard ducks             PIC
matlis              to fly away from the beach       Check
matls               to fly off from the land         Check
matsχƛals           see ma'lhcx\tha'a\ls             Check
matƛai              to fly off from the water (as    Check
                    a bird or an airplane)
matƛa ala           flying over the water            Check
mat a               to fly over, above sth.          Check
matgaɬ              sound of flying off              Check
matinuχʷ            flyer, pilot                     Check
maƛ-                shake hands                      LR
maƛa                to shake hands, take by the      EW
                    hand
maƛamta             to shake each other's hand       Check
maƛamtala           shaking each other's hand        Check
maƛamtaxʔit         to start shaking each other's    Check
                                 277


               hand
maƛamtxʔit     to start shaking each other's    Check
               hand
maƛla          to lead a person by the          Check
               hand; to lead a song service
mauχʷa         cat; to mew                      Check
mauχʷaxʔit     to become a cat                  Check
mauχʷʔit       to start to mew                  Check
mauχʷla        mewing                           Check
mauχʷmauχʷls   bobcat                           Check
mawak          sea lion                         Check
mawaka         sea lion                         EW
mawakaʔais     sea lion fat                     Check
mawakis        sea lion fat                     Check
mawalas        Douglas fir                      Check
max- (1)       take avoidance action            LR
max- (2)       flat, even                       LR
maxamta        to box (as in the ring)          Check
maxamtinuχʷ    boxer                            Check
maxc           to be ashamed, shy, or           EW
               embarrassed
maxca          ashamed, shy                     Check
maxcakʷ        (s.o.) made ashamed or shy       Check
maxcila        to make ashamed, shy             Check
maxcxʔit       to become ashamed                Check
maxstu         to squint (as when blinded       EW
               by glare)
maxʷ- (1)      douglas fir                      LR
maxʷ- (2)      sea lion                         LR
maxʷʔit        to start jerking (as a fishing   Check
               lline when the fish bites)
maχa           to lose hair or fur              Check
maχʡit         to break (e.g. a rope), to       Check
               start plucking or breaking a
               piece off sth.; to start to
               lose hair or fur
maχatlaglis    to bob up and down on the        EW
               beach like a sandpiper
maχla (1)      plucking; breaking a piece       Check
               off
maχla (2)      losing hair or fur; falling      Check
               out of hair or fur
maχsi          to break (as a rope)             Check
maχʷ- (1)      douglas fir                      LR
maχʷ- (2)      sea lion                         LR
maχʷ- (3)      bob up and down                  LR
                               278


maχʷada      a small bird (probably a         Check
             sandpiper)
Maχʷadaci    bobbing up and down;             DS118
             name of a mountain goat
             hunting place near the first
             narrows on Owikeno Lake
maχʷadli     small bird resembling a          EW, HS, rh
             sandpiper
maχʷata      to bob                           EW
mayas        raccoon                          EW, HS, rh, PIC
mayaskasu    plural of: raccoon               HS
mayastwala   to have a stripe across the      Check
             eyes (as a raccoon)
ma uλaci     womb                             Check
ma uλm       new-born; to be born             Check
ma uɬʔit     to (start to) give birth         Check
ma uƛa       to give birth                    EW
maʣ-         blossom?                         LR
maʣaiqʷla    salmonberry blossom              Check
maʣaiχʷʔit   to become salmonberry            Check
             blossom
maʣigʷlla    salmon berries in bloom          DS118
maʣiqʷla     salmonberry blossom; any         EW; BC114: HS, rh
             blossom
Maʣlx        name of the son of Raven,        DS118
             from the story of the Wren
             and the Grizzly Bear; name
             of the son of Q’s'idLa,
             story of the Wren and the
             Grizzly Bear
maʣm         Indian cheese (made from         EW
             salmon eggs)
mcgni        fish heart                       Check
mcɬ          thing one wants, wishes, or      Check
             desires
mdm          twin, twins                      EW
mi- (1)      fish, swim                       LR
mi- (2)      poke, impregnate                 LR
mi- (3)      leaf, blossom (Heiltsuk)         LR
miʔamlqʷla   plural of: to think of, to try   HS tentative
             to remember
micɬ         what one smells, thing(s)        Check
             smelled
mica         to kiss                          EW
micamta      to kiss each other               Check
micam ut     to kiss s.o. on the cheek        Check
                                 279


micaxʔit         to start to kiss, to give a    Check
                 kiss
Midawis          name of a creek flowing        DS118, PIC
                 into the foot of Owikeno
                 Lake, called Medowse on
                 the map; the site of the old
                 federal fish hatchery
Miː aps          mythical name of the           DS118
                 mouse, in the story of
                 Ha\nThikvnas, told by
                 Simon Walkus
mimanuɬ          baby mountain goat             Check
Mimaqʷa          name of an Oowekeeno           DS118
                 man who is the hero in the
                 story of the war with the
                 Heiltsuk
mimaƛ ala        to hold hands while            Check
                 walking, to walk hand in
                 hand
mimis            to have a good sense of        Check
                 smell
m mkala          plural of: sound of buzzing    HS
mimucqwala       four and four at a time        WL
mimulxʷ          a red berry (swamp             BC95: Olson53
                 cranberry) which grew on
                 creepers (Arctostaphylos
                 uva-ursi: Kinnikinnick,
                 Bearberry); fruits eaten (?)
                 [Nuxalk loan?]
mimyaχƛa a       leaves (of any plant)          Check
mimaisa          plural of: to spear cockles    Check
                 from the canoe
mimaliχʡit       plural of: to swing sth.       Check
                 away
mimaliχʔauɬtut   plural of: to swing sth. off   Check
                 the shore
mimaliχsistala   plural of: to swing around     Check
mimaliχskanala   plural of: to swing the arms   Check
                 back and forth (while
                 walking)
mimam            plural of: bed                 HS ind
mimanx           plural of: shy, bashful        Check
mima uƛa         plural of: to give birth       Check
mimkʷaʔainuχʷ    plural of: basketball player   Check
mimla            plural of: to twist inner      Check
                 cedar bark to make rope
                               280


mimlayu      plural of: thing (of any          Check
             kind) used for stirring
mimlgiwala   plural of: to use the pit-        Check
             lamp
mimlala      plural of: to use (any kind       Check
             of) light at night
mimlxʔit     plural of: to flash a light, to   Check
             press the switch of a
             flashlight
mimnaci      plural of: drum (of any           Check
             kind)
mimnak       plural of: excrements,            Check
             manure, ordure
mimnaχsi     plural of: to knock on the        Check
             door
mimnɬʔit     plural of: to have had            Check
             enough of sth., to become
             discontented with sth.
mimulaχʷla   plural of: bubbling up            HS
mimwaci      plural of: bathtub                Check
mimwilas     plural of: bathroom               Check
mimya        plural of: fish; salmon           Check
mimyaisila   plural of: fish patrol guard      Check
minaci       porcupine house                   EW
miqʷ-        dirty                             LR
miqʷa        dirty, muddy (said of             EW, DS119
             water); to darken, when
             they sky becomes dark
Miqnc        the house of the porcupine,       DS118
             name of a house on K’itit,
             name of the chief is
             Gvukvilnk; name of a chief
             in the story of Waawalis,
             his son is the lover of
             Waawalis' wife, and is
             killed by him; man who left
             Gldala, after accidentally
             killing his wife
mis-         smell                             LR
misa         to scent, to smell sth.           Check
misla        smelling sth.                     EW
misls        measles, to suffer from           Check
             measles
mismasa      to eat meat                       Check
mismisa      to sniff up the smell             Check
             repeatedly
                               281


mit-         extend a long thing              LR
mit          porcupine                        Check
mita         to twist fibres (nettle, bark,   EW
             hair) on one's thigh
mitn         meeting                          Check
mix-         porcupine                        LR
mixt         porcupine                        EW, HS, rh
miʣilas      meat shop                        Check
mk- (1)      pick stems off crabapples        LR
mk- (2)      bullroarer                       LR
-mka         one at a time (usually used      Check
             with numerals in plural
             form)
mka          to pick the stems off            EW
             crabapples
mkʷaʡinuχʷ   basketball player                HS
ml-          twist                            LR
mla          to twist inner cedar bark to     EW
             make rope
mlayu        thing (of any kind) used for     Check
             stirring
mlc- (1)     look sideways                    LR
mlc- (2)     aim                              LR
mlcla        to aim                           Check
mlkʷ         rope made by twisting            BC64: DS
             inner cedar bark
mlmaɢut      to splice a line together        Check
mlmaɢwa      to splice a line together        Check
mlqʷ-        think, remember, recall          LR
mlqʷla       to think of, remember,           EW
             recall
mlsʔit       to take aim, to point a rifle    Check
             at
mlxʷ-        to smile                         LR
mlxʷla       to smile                         EW
ml-          flash a light                    LR
mla          to flash with a flashlight       Check
mlala        to use (any kind of) light at    Check
             night
mlala u      flashlight, lantern              Check
mlayu        spotlight, lantern               Check
mlcmiga      to aim at the back               Check
mlgiwala     to use the pit-lamp              Check
mlgiwala u   pit-lamp                         Check
mlkʷ         twisted rope (made out of        Check
             inner cedar bark)
                                    282


mlkʷila          to make rope by twisting           Check
mlxʔit           to flash a light, to press the     Check
                 switch of a flashlight
mɬ-              mix                                LR
mɬ- (1)          stir                               LR
mɬ- (2)          sockeye salmon                     LR
mɬ.-             wind off mainland                  LR
mɬa              to stir, to mix by stirring        Check
mɬaʔainuχʷ       Windman (a mythological            Check
                 character)
mɬaʔa as         east                               Check
mɬatusla         southeast wind                     Check
mɬaχλala         wind from behind;                  Check
                 southeasterly wind
mɬa ala          southeasterly wind                 Check
mɬcis            twitching of the foot, to          Check
                 have a ...
mɬc stakʷ        mixed                              Check
mɬcistaut        to mix sth. with sth.              Check
mɬc apala        twitching of the shoulder          Check
                 and/or upper arm; to have
                 a...
mɬik             sockeye salmon                     EW, PIC
mɬʔit            to give a stir to sth., to start   Check
                 mixing by stirring; to feel a
                 (sudden) twitching
mɬkana           twitching of the hand              Check
                 and/or forearm, to have ...
mɬla             stirring, mixing by stirring       EW
mɬtu             twitching of the eye; to           Check
                 have a ...
mɬuyala          wind out of the inlets,            EW
                 northeast wind, chinook
                 wind
mnaci            drum (of any kind)                 PIC
mnak             manure, excrement                  EW
mnak his tut a   "puffball (Bovista pila,           BC47: rh
                 Bovista plumbea), lit.
                 ""excrement of stars"""
mnapaxʔit        to start punching in the           Check
                 neck
mnaput           to give s.o. a punch in the        Check
                 nape of the neck
mnatut           to give a punch in the ear         Check
mnaχsi           to knock on the door               Check
mnayu            drumstick                          Check
                            283


mngaci      anus                           Check
mniɬbut     to give a punch in the nose    Check
mnk-        excrement, manure              LR
mnɬ- (1)    overheat                       LR
mnɬ- (2)    satiated                       LR
mnɬʔit      to have had enough of sth.,    Check
            to become discontented
            with sth.
mnɬusa      to burp, belch                 Check
mnɬusʔit    to expel gas from the          Check
            stomach, to burp, to belch
mnɬusla     belching, burping              EW
mnbut       to give s.o. a punch in the    Check
            chest
mnut        to give s.o. a punch on the    Check
            temple
mnχλaɬmut   to give s.o. a punch in the    Check
            heel
mqʷ-        onion                          LR
mqʷcli      onion, wild (Allium            EW; BC76, PIC
            cernuum) or domesticated
            (Allium cepa); bulbs eaten
mqʷci       onion                          Check
mqʷsila     to get onions                  Check
ms- (1)     to crave                       LR
ms- (2)     marten                         LR
msʔit       to start wanting, desiring     Check
            sth.
msla        to crave, desire, long for     Boas, EW
            something
msms        uvula                          Check
msƛɢn       marten                         EW, HS, rh
msƛqʷni     skunk                          Check
mt- (1)     to twitch                      LR
mt- (2)     bear twins                     LR
mt- (3)     bullroarer                     LR
mta         to twitch, to suffer from      EW
            twitching
mtaɬtwala   twitching around the eyes      Check
mtaɬχta     a twitching of the mouth, to   Check
            have a ..., a twitching
            mouth
mtaɬχtala   twitching of the mouth, to     Check
            have a twitching of the
            mouth
mtχinala    twitching shoulder, to have    Check
                                           284


                         a...
mtχta                    twitching of the mouth, to        Check
                         have a...
mtm ala                  twitching cheek, to have a        Check
                         ...
mu-                      four                              LR
mucɢnakʷla               four rows or streets              Check
mucqla                   four boats travelling             Check
mudana                   to eat flour                      Check
mudas                    balsam fir, Pacific Silver        BC68
                         Fir (Abies amabilis)
muːgʷila                 to get, catch, receive,           Check
                         obtain, acquire four items
                         (e.g. four animals, furs,
                         salmon)
muɢʷm                    thing given to s.o. to hide       Check
muːɢʷ ala                four people walking               Check
                         together
mukʷ-                    tie a rope                        LR
mukʷa                    to tie a rope to something,       EW
                         to tie a knot in a rope, to
                         hand somebody
mukʷasu                  name of a dance where the         DS120
                         dancer is beheaded by a
                         rope, then slowly, (it takes
                         all night) the head and body
                         are joined together again
mukʷi                    knot                              Check
mukʷi ala                wearing sth. (as a ribbon)        Check
                         tied to the forehead
mukʷlaƛlut               to tie sth. (a boat, rope, log)   Check
                         to a surface (e.g. a dock)
mukʷɬba                  four layers of clothing; to       Check
                         have, have on, or use ...
mukʷɬbiɬ                 four layers of blankets; to       Check
                         have, have on, or use ...
mukʷq aut                to tie sth. to the top of the     Check
                         head
mukʷχsut                 to secure movable things          Check
                         aboard a ship by tying them
                         up
mukʷχawa                 see muKvx\vawa                    Check
mukʷχut                  to hang a person by the           Check
                         neck
mukʷχʷa a                necktie                           HS
mula atala-s kiχsi ayu   chainsaw                          PIC
                                 285


muliqʷla        to bubble up                     EW, HS ind
muliχʷʔit       to start to bubble up            Check
muliχʷmuliqʷa   to bubble up continually         Check
mul-            grateful                         LR
mula            grateful                         EW
muɬ-            bubble up                        LR
mumakʷala       tying things together with       Check
                rope
mumakʷut        to tie things together with      Check
                rope, to tie two ropes
                together
mumakʷ a        to tie two things together       Check
                with rope
mumakʷ anyala   to tie many pieces together      Check
                with rope
mumasila        to spoil, destroy, damage,       EW
                hurt, abuse, be careless or
                rough with
mumuliqʷla      to bubble up                     Check
mumuliχʷla      bubbling (as of a hot spring     Check
                of water)
mumamukʷ        plural of: four                  Check
mummuliχʷla     plural of: bubbling (as of a     Check
                hot spring of water)
mupinixʷls      four days                        Check
mupinixʷlsla    during four days                 Check
mupnalaƛla      fourth day of the month          Check
mupna is        four trips across; to make ...   Check
mupngʷusti a    to go up four times              Check
mupnɢu          to be together four times        Check
mupnista        four trips, to make ...          Check
mupnistisla     four trips around a field,       Check
                lake, inlet, bay or village;
                to make ...
mupnistlsla     four trips around the house,     Check
                to make ...
mupnk           four yards, fathoms, arMs        Check
                lengths
mupnkstis       four hundred                     Check
mupns           Thursday                         Check
mupnsta         four times into the water        Check
                and out again
mupnstqa        four shots, to shoot, fire,      Check
                release, let go, turn sth.
                loose four times
mupnstut        to set the net four times, to    Check
                              286


             pull the line in the water
             four times
mupnsχƛis    four trips to the other side    Check
             of the bay, field, island,
             village and back; to make
             ...
mupnsχƛls    four trips over the hill or     Check
             the village and back; to
             make...
mupnxʔit     four times; to do sth. four     Check
             times
mupnxstut    variant of muPnstut             Check
mupnxs ls    four trips up to the woods;     Check
             to make ...
mupnʣaqʷ     to speak, sing, whistle,        Check
             perform, cause noise four
             times; four sounds, songs,
             whistlings, noises,
             performances, gun reports
muqʷ- (1)    hide                            LR
muqʷ- (2)    animal?                         LR
muqʷa        to hid something, keep          EW, DS119
             something secret
muqʷkʷ       (sth.) hidden or kept secret    Check
muqʷla       to hide sth. (as in one's       Check
             clothes)
muqʷs        animal                          EW
muqʷʣi       pregnant animal                 EW
mus-         destroy                         LR
musɢm        four round and/or bulky         Check
             things; four silver dollars
musɢmaχut    to cut off four blocks with a   Check
             saw
musɢms       four round and/or bulky         Check
             things on the ground
             outside (e.g. houses)
musɢmis      four round and/or bulky         Check
             things on the beach; four
             cords of wood on the beach
musɢmnkʷla   to carry four round and/or      Check
             bulky things (e.g. deer,
             ducks)
mut-         balsam fir                      LR
mutaxsti     camas (Camassia spp.);          BC77: Curtis
             bulbs eaten (?)
mutas        balsam fir, Pacific Silver      EW; BC68
                                 287


                Fir (Abies amabilis);
                medicine for colds
muːcɢais        four strands                     WL
muːcɢnakʷla     four strands at a time           WL
muːcqwala       four together at a time          WL
muːcχ           four cylindrical things          WL
muːcχstu        four blocks (cords)              WL
Muːdana         name of Peter                    DS120
                Chamberlain, from his
                grand-uncle who was a
                shaman; name of the first
                cannibal dancer, previously
                he ate dogs; name of the
                son of Pudhas, an
                Oowekeeno chief
muːkʷ           four                             HS
muːpna is       four times across                WL
muːpnaχa        four times down                  WL
muːpngʷusti a   four times up                    WL
muːpnista       four round trips, to make        EW
                four round trips
Muːʣiɬ          name of Ada Hanuse-Clegg         DS120
muwala          group of four doing sth.;        Check
                four persons together
muwalagls       four persons outdoors, to be     Check
                four outdoors
mu iɬ           four people in the house, to     Check
                be four indoors
muxʷʔidakʷ      sth. (such as rope) with a       Check
                knot tied in it
muxʷʔit         to tie a knot                    Check
muxʷsukʷ        forty                            Check
muχʷ-           hump-backed                      LR
muχʷʔit.        to give sth. stolen to s.o. to   Check
                hide, to let s.o. hide what
                one has stolen, to let s.o.
                keep sth. secret
muχʷʔnχ         four years, four seasons         Check
muχʷs           four people aboard the           Check
                boat, to be four aboard
muχʷsm          hump                             Check
muχʷʔunχ        see mux\'nx\                     Check
mwaci           bathtub                          Check
mwilas          bathroom                         Check
mwiχsa          four flat things (e.g. sheets    Check
                of paper, halibuts, slabs)
                                288


mwiχƛa         four hollow things (e.g.         Check
               dishes, cups, glasses)
mwiχƛuƛ        four hollow things (e.g.         Check
               glasses, dishes, cups) filled
               with liquid; four cupfuls,
               bowlfuls, etc.; to have (get,
               receive, etc.) four servings
m mgʷat a      see mamgvatwa                    Check
mwmstuqunala   wearing white-spot clothes       HS ind
m mkʷa         plural of: to tie with rope      Check
m mkʷχut       plural of: to hang a person      Check
               by the neck
m mqʷkʷ        plural of: (sth.) hidden or      Check
               kept secret
m mqʷla        plural of: to hide sth. (as in   Check
               one's clothes)
m mqʷs         plural of: animal                Check
m mqʷʣi        plural of: pregnant animal       Check
m mxʷʔidakʷ    plural of: sth. (such as         Check
               rope) with a knot tied in it
m mxʷʔit       plural of: to tie a knot         Check
mx-            punch                            LR
mxa            punch, strike with the fist,     EW
               knock (on the door), beat (a
               drum)
mxanusla       punching in the hip              Check
mxanuʣut       to give s.o. a punch in the      Check
               hip
mxʔaƛla        to hurt one's hand by            Check
               hitting sth.
mxdakʷut       to give s.o. a punch in the      Check
               belly (stomach)
mxla           beating; to beat the drum        OLP5
mxlakinwa      see mxlakNwa                     PIC
mxlaknwa       person playing the bass          PIC
               drum
mxmka          bullroarer                       EW
mxmt           to give s.o. a punch in the      Check
               face
mxmta          bullroarer                       EW
mxpigaut       to give s.o. a punch in the      Check
               shin
mxqyaut        to give s.o. a punch on the      Check
               top of the head
mxs-           rainbow                          LR
mxsaqʷ         rainbow                          EW, PIC
                              289


mxsknaxʔit    to start punching in the      Check
              back of the head
mxsknut       to give s.o. a punch in the   Check
              back of the head
mxsmigut      to give s.o. a punch in the   Check
              back
mxsmlisa      to hit (punch) in the chest   Check
              cavity under the sternum
mxstut        to give s.o. a punch in the   Check
              eye
mxs aput      to give s.o. a punch in the   Check
              arm
mxχtamut      to give s.o. a punch in the   Check
              knee
mxyut         to give s.o. a punch in the   Check
              face
mxʷ-          fast, quick                   LR
mxʷaɬχtala    speaking fast                 Check
mxʷla         fast worker; quick action     EW
mχ-           long feather of eagle         LR
mχuc          long feather of eagle         EW
mχʷ- (1)      wet                           LR
mχʷ- (2)      rinse                         LR
mχʷla.        wet, damp                     EW
mχʷsta        to bathe                      OLP5
mχʷstaʡilas   bathroom                      PIC
mχʷstaxʔit    to take a bath, to start to   Check
              bathe
mχʷstxʔit     see mx\vstax'it               Check
mya           fish (esp. salmon)            EW
myaʡu         small fish                    WL
myaci         canned salmon, container      Check
              for fish
myaganm       maybe a fish                  WL
myagila       draw/carve a fish             WL
m agilaxʷ     suppose to be a fish          WL
              (drawing)
myaisila      fish patrol guard             Check
myakaʡu       big fish                      WL
Myalaɬ        name for the Salmon           DS118
              Dance, a dance of the
              C’aiqa Series, in the dance
              a dead salmon comes alive
M anukʷ       Owner-of-Salmon               DS
myas          meat, flesh                   Check
myasɢm        "June, ""fish moon,"" in      BC370: lj, HS, rh
                                    290


                  reference to the time when
                  the first sockeye arrive;
                  also the time when
                  hemlock cambium was
                  gathered and dried"
Myasila           name of the Salmon Chief,        DS118
                  from the story of how the
                  salmon first came to Rivers
                  Inlet; name of the Salmon
                  Chief, in these stories,
                  twins are strongly
                  associated with the salmon
myasmyasa         to eat meat                      Check
myaxmyaka         to eat fish                      WL
m axm akƛi        a kind of spring salmon          Check
                  (occurs all year round)
m axm akƛla       a kind of spring salmon          Check
                  (occurs all year round)
myaxmyakiχsda     to want to eat fish              WL
myaxstakʷ         like a fish                      WL
myaxstalaxstakʷ   looks like a fish                WL
mymcɢwala         kissing each other               Check
-m a              cheek                            Boas 303
m mcla            plural of: to aim                Check
m mkala           plural of: sound of buzzing      Check
m mɬa             plural of: to stir, to mix by    Check
                  stirring
m mɬcistakʷ       plural of: mixed                 Check
m mqʷla           plural of: to hide sth. (as in   Check
                  one's clothes)
m   mqʷla.        plural of: to remind             Check
m   msla          plural of: to want, to desire    Check
m   msƛɢn         plural of: marten                Check
m   mxa           plural of: to hit with the       Check
                  hand, to punch
m mxʔaƛla         to hurt one's hand by            Check
                  hitting sth.
m mxla            plural of: beating; to beat      Check
                  the drum
m mxlakinwa       see mYmxlakNwa                   Check
m mxlaknwa        plural of: person playing        Check
                  the bass drum
m mxmt            plural of: to give s.o. a        Check
                  punch in the face
m mxsaqʷ          plural of: rainbow               Check
m mxʷaɬχtala      plural of: speaking fast         Check
                                291


m mxʷla         plural of: fast worker;        Check
                quick action; plural of: to
                smile
m mχʷla.        plural of: damp (as a cloth)   Check
m mχʷsta        plural of: to bathe            Check
m mχʷstxʔit     see mYmx\vstax'it              Check
m mʣilas        meat shop                      Check
ma-             what?                          LR
ma              What? Pardon?                  EW
-ma.            to play, a little              Boas 303
maʔamɬtiɢwala   plural of: to know each        Check
                other
maʔamɬtyala     plural of: to know a person    Check
                (by sight or by name)
maʔamχʷa        plural of: to stick the        HS
                tongue out downwards
maːs            what?                          EW
macitχʷ         from which tribe?              Check
magʷa           having fog patches             DS121
Maɢʷala         name of a large river          DS121, PIC
                flowing into Owikeno
                Lake, joined by the
                Nuxvns, called Machmell
                on the map; name of an
                important village located at
                the junction of the Nuxvns
                and the M’ag\vala
maɢʷala.        Indian name of Machmell        EW
                River
maiska          to say what? to mean what?     Check
makʷ-           dragonfly??                    LR
makʷaɢadli      dragonfly                      Check
makʷls          windfallen tree                BC507: DS, rh
maɬ-            recognise?                     LR
maɬ             where? to which place?         Check
maɬtiɢwala      to know each other             Check
maɬtika         to recognize                   Check
maɬtiɬ          recognized, know, well-        Check
                known
maɬtixʔit       to come to recognize           Check
maɬtya          to make recognizable (as       Check
                e.g. by putting on a trade
                mark)
maɬtyala        to recognise                   EW
maɬt axʔit      to start to make               Check
                recognizable
                                 292


mamakʷaɢadli   dragonfly                        EW
mamaɬt a       to try to recognize              HS
mamaɬt as      marker                           Check
mamaɬt asa     to mark (e.g. the trees with     Check
               blaze marks)
mamaqa         "to try to throw; to try to or   HS, DS121
               make ready for the magical
               practice of ""shooting
               power""; name of the
               Thrower, a spirit who
               resides in the house of
               BaxvbakvalaNusiwa"
mamastqa       to try to discard, abandon,      HS
               release, turn loose sth.
mamiλaχʡit     to (start to) move in the        Check
               wrong direction
mamikas        possessions, household           EW
               goods
mamlqʷa        to think of                      Check
mamnaɢm        plural of: to have the same      Check
               face as, to resemble s.o. in
               face
mamnaka        plural of: to arrive             Check
               simultaneously
mamnaxca       to try to get, find, or          HS
               produce sth. that is similar
               to sth. else, to try to match
               sth. with sth.
mamnaxʔit      plural of: to do sth. at the     Check
               same time (as)
mamnaxs        plural of: to resemble, to be    Check
               similar or identical to, to be
               the same as
mamnaxstu      plural of: having the same       Check
               colour as
mamna axci     plural of: to leave              Check
               simultaneously
mamniqa        to be different from the rest    Check
               (as when an only girl
               among boys, or vice versa)
mamnitus       partner (as in business or       Check
               marriage); person who is
               always by himself
mamniƛ         plural of: to enter              Check
               simultaneously
mamnls         plural of: to be outdoors        Check
                                     293


                     simultaneously
Mamnsɢmu akasʔu      "refers to the originating     DS121
mnsɢmqyalis          from a mountain ""coming
                     from the top of the
                     mountain""; name of Susan
                     Walkus; also a Heiltsuk
                     name"
mamnwls              plural of: to go out of the    Check
                     house simultaneously
mamn   a             nine                           Check
mamn   acqila        nine o'clock                   Check
mamn   agyu          nineteen                       Check
mamn   ag ugʷila     nineteen o'clock               Check
mamn   apngʷusti a   to go upward nine times;       Check
                     ninety
mamn apnk            nine yards, fathoms, spans,    Check
                     arMs lengths
mamn apnkstis        nine hundred                   Check
mamn apnχsa          nine flat things (e.g.         Check
                     halibuts, sheets)
mamnʣlaqʷa           to mimic a voice               EW
mamulaq              """white maNs""                BC114
                     salmonberries (Rubus
                     spectabilis) (golden fruit
                     form)"
mamyaɬa              one's friends                  Check
mamyaɬa.             plural of: friend              HS
mana-                even, equal                    LR
manaʔaiɬ             to sit down simultaneously     Check
managla              to arrive at the shore         Check
                     simultaneously (as boats,
                     places)
managʷusti a         to go upward                   Check
                     simultaneously
managʷusti iɬ        to go upstairs                 Check
                     simultaneously
manaɢm               to have the same face as, to   Check
                     resemble s.o. in face
manaɢwala            travelling, moving, walking    Check
                     together at the same time
                     (as when going all together
                     through a passage instead
                     of one by one)
manaka               to arrive simultaneously       Check
manasɢm              similar or identical to sth.   Check
                     (said of sth. round and/or
                             294


             bulky, such as a box, a
             house)
manastqa     to shoot at the same time      Check
manaxala     parallel to, at the same       Check
             distance from, at the same
             speed as
manaxcm      similar or identical to sth.   Check
             (said of sth. round and/or
             bulky, such as a box, a
             house)
manaxʔit     to do sth. at the same time    Check
             (as)
manaxs       identical, to resemble         EW
manaxstu     having the same colour as      Check
manaχa       to go downwards, descend       Check
             simultaneously
manaχiɬ      to go downstairs               Check
             simultaneously
manaχs.      to be level with the other     Check
             things in the boat; to get
             into the canoe
             simultaneously
mana axci    to leave simultaneously        Check
manaʣaqʷ     to talk, sing, whistle,        Check
             perform, cause noise
             simultaneously
manikinuχʷ   name of a lineage of           DS121
             Oowekeeno, a man from
             Bella Bella married into the
             ManiKinux\v lineage
manima       """those close to you"";       DS121,185
             basic social unit; one's
             extended family lineage,
             going back to an original
             ancestor"
maniƛ        to enter simultaneously        Check
maniχtwis    """people at the head of the   DS122
             valley""; name given to a
             Bella Bella man from a
             high ranking woman of the
             ManiKinux\v; the name in
             some way refers to a story
             of a man who races the
             shadow of the sun down the
             mountain as the sun goes
             down"
                              295


manls         to be outdoors                 Check
              simultaneously
manwls        to go out of the house         Check
              simultaneously
maqʷ-         fog                            LR
maqʷa         having fog patches             EW
mas           thing, matter, something,      Check
              anything; (with preceding
              la) somewhere, anywhere
masbiƛa       to pretend to be what?         Check
masdm         essence, nature of sth.        Check
masila        to do what? doing what?        Check
masmasa       to eat what?                   Check
mastukʷ       "some sort of thing, ""sort    Check
              of something""; (preceded
              by: la) some sort of place
              or time, ""sort of
              somewhere"", ""sort of
              sometime"""
maƛ-          recognise?                     LR
maƛtyala      to know a person (by sight     Check
              or by name)
ma aisa       to transport from one side     Check
              of the field, beach, island,
              village to another
ma anyalaci   ferryboat                      Check
Maxpiq        name of the totem pole,        DS122
              belonging to David
              Bernard, located at the head
              of the Waanukv at
              GvuKvyas, a wooden ball
              is at the top of it; similar
              poles are found in Bella
              Coola
maxʷ-         potlatch                       LR
Maxʷa         name of David Bernard,         DS122
              now William Bernard;
              name of the chief of the
              N’aKvaxdnx\ or Seymour
              Inlet people, who marries
              T’haqvagilayugva,
              daughter of T’haqvagila,
              chief of Nuxvns
maxʷlaglis    name (meaning unclear;         EW
              has to do with potlatch)
maχʷ-         stick the tongue downwards     LR
                              296


maχʷa        to stick the tongue              EW
             downwards (to show love
             or contempt depending on
             context)
mayaɬa       close friend                     EW
mayaɬaxʔit   to turn into a friend            Check
mayaɬʔit     to turn into a friend            Check
ma axdnχʷ    what crest?                      Check
mckʷ         (sth.) shrunken (as wool)        Check
mgʷa u       hammer                           EW, PIC
mɢaci        garbage pail                     PIC
mi-          one                              LR
miλnakʷla    to be moving gradually           Check
mik-         possessions??                    LR
miɬcukʷ      to disapprove of what has        Check
             been said; (things) having
             missed the container
miɬcwa       mistake, to make a mistake;      Check
             to miss (fail to get into) the
             container (as drips from the
             tap)
miɬʔit       to move to another place         Check
miɬm ƛls     to move about outdoors           Check
             without sense of direction
m ɬtwa       incorrect, improper; to have     Check
             missed the trail
m ɬtwala     busy doing sth. incorrectly      Check
             or improperly
mimaƛu       misaligned, mismatched,          EW
             not fitting together, failing
             to meet; to miss an
             appointment
mimaƛucwa    misaligned, mismatched           Check
             (etc.) inside sth.; out of
             joint, sprained
mimlqya      plural of: grey hair or grey     Check
             beard, to have ...
mimlqʷa.     plural of: to wet with the       Check
             tongue (e.g. an envelope or
             one's finger); to chew food
             for baby
mimnaqa      plural of: to pick up, gather,   Check
             or collect things selectively
             (e.g. stamps)
mimniɢwala   marching or walking              Check
             together in a single file
                                297


mimniʔiɬ       plural of: by oneself in the    Check
               house; together with one in
               the house
mimniʔis       plural of: by oneself on the    Check
               beach; together with one on
               the beach
mimniɬ         see MiMnYlh                     Check
mimnis         see MiMnYs                      Check
Mimnsɢmnkʷla   """carrying one at a time"";    DS123
               mythical name of onw of
               the sons of Thunderbird
               who is sent to carry the
               mock whale made by
               Raven, but perishes trying
               to lift it"
mimnukʷ        one out of each group;          Check
               plural of: one
mimn a         plural of: by oneself, alone,   Check
               solo, soloist; partner
mimnca         plural of: to measure           Check
mimnci         plural of: boundary;            Check
               reserve, territory, habitat
mimncidm       plural of: tape measure (as     Check
               used by a tailor)
mimncita       plural of: to measure for       Check
               clothing, to take one's
               clothing
mimnclsa       plural of: to survey land; to   Check
               rehearse, try sth. out
               outdoors
mimnclym       plural of: long tape for        Check
               measuring (as used by
               surveyors)
mimncma        to make faces at s.o., to       Check
               grimace
mimncmamta     to make faces at each other,    Check
               to grimace at each other
mimncƛa ut     plural of: to make a trial      Check
               run of a new boat or engine
mimncut        plural of: to try on clothing   Check
mimnqa         plural of: to be stuck or       Check
               stay behind in a place
mimnqa ya      plural of: to stay behind       Check
               when others leave (as when
               one has missed the boat or
               plane)
                                298


mimnqaxʔilm    plural of: to be stranded on    Check
               the rock (as a boat)
mimnsɢmnkʷla   plural of: to carry one         Check
               round and/or bulky thing at
               a time (e.g. a duck, deer,
               block of wood)
mimnsʔit (1)   plural of: to try, to attempt   Check
mimnsʔit (2)   plural of: to start to          Check
               measure
mimnskana.     plural of: to motion with       Check
               the hand (as to give
               instructions)
mimnʣa u       plural of: ruler for            Check
               measuring, tape measure
mimnʣisa       plural of: to sound, to         Check
               fathom, to measure depth
               or e.g. the level of fuel in
               one's tank
mimsʔit        plural of: to shrivel up, to    Check
               shrink
mimwa          plural of: to fetch with a      Check
               boat, to ferry (people or
               cargo)
miƛ- (1)       to miss a shot, dodge, avoid    LR
miƛ- (2)       move, shift                     LR
miƛ- (3)       wrong, mistaken                 LR
miƛ- (4)       tease, bully, harrass           LR
miƛa           to miss a shot, to dodge,       EW, DS123
               avoid, or escape from
               something, to dislike
               contact; name of a dance of
               the DhWlax\a Series,
               whistle found in the box
               made by M’asMasalanwa;
               name of one of the Winter
               Ceremonial Dances; name
               of a man who travels to the
               moon ...
miƛagila       name of the spirits of the      DS123
               DhWlax\a Dance Series;
               dance of the DhWlax\a
               Series; name of a
               supernatural being who
               lives in the sky, from the
               story of Xvmik
miƛila         to tease, bully, harrass,       EW
                            299


            provoke, do mischief
miƛliɬa     to move sth. or oneself        Check
            indoors
miƛliɬla    moving sth. or oneself         Check
            indoors; sth. that shifts
            position in the house
miƛlisa     to move sth. or oneself on     EW
            the beach
miƛlisla    moving sth. or oneself on      Check
            the beach; sth. that shifts
            position on the beach (e.g.
            gravel, a group of logs)
miƛlsa      to move sth. or oneself        Check
            outdoors (as to another
            place)
miƛlsla     moving sth. or oneself         Check
            outdoors; sth. that shifts
            position outdoors
miƛƛlut     to move sth. on a surface      HS
miƛχtumas   to choke on food or liquid     Check
miƛs        person who always misses       Check
            the target, a poor marksman
mi mƛlsa    plural of: to move sth. or     Check
            oneself outdoors (as to
            another place)
mkʷ- (1)    round and/or bulky object      LR
mkʷ- (2)    to hammer                      LR
mkʷ- (3)    throw                          LR
mkʷa (1)    to hammer                      EW
mkʷa (2)    to throw                       EW
mkʷaχut     to hammer sth. downwards,      Check
            to break a piece off a stone
            with a hammer
mkʷila      changing of a boYs voice       Check
            when becoming a man
mkʷala      sound of hammering             Check
mkʷinuχʷ    blacksmith                     Check
mkʷχu       to choke on something          EW
            solid
mkʷχwala    see MKvx\vwala                 Check
mkʷχʷu      choke (as on food)             Check
mkʷχʷ ala   having a lump or a chunk       Check
            of sth. in the throat
ml-         grey                           LR
mla.        grey (said of hair)            Check
mli         grey strand of hair            EW
                               300


mlnuƛm        (to have) grey sideburns         Check
mlnuƛmi       a persoNs grey sideburns         Check
mlq-          grey hair                        LR
mlqqya        grey hair, grey haired           EW
mlqya         grey hair or grey beard, to      Check
              have ...
mlqʷ- (1)     moisten the fingers with the     LR
              tongue
mlqʷ- (2)     chew food for baby               LR
mlqʷa         to moisten the fingers with      EW
              the tongue
mlqʷa.        to wet with the tongue (e.g.     Check
              an envelope or one's
              finger); to chew food for
              baby
mlqʷmqs       to chew food for baby            Check
mlxʔit        to get hair (on the head or      Check
              in the beard)
mlχʷʔit       to chew food for the baby,       EW
              give food on the tip of the
              tongue
mlχʷqʷut      to put chewed food in            Check
              babYs mouth
mlχʷbaut      to lick the end of sth.          Check
mmnuyaswala   to be s.o.'s brother; brothers   Check
              together
mmnaqqa       to select what one wants         Check
mmxʷs a       to break sth. into pieces        Check
              with a hammer, to hammer
              sth. to pieces
mn- (1)       gather, pick                     LR
mn- (2)       one                              LR
mnaqa         to gather, pick things up        EW
              selectively
mnaqkʷ        bucket??                         PIC
mnaqls        to pick up, gather, or           Check
              collect things selectively
              outdoors
mnaqmuya      to select sth. out of many       Check
              things
mnaquya       to select sth. out of sth.       Check
mnaqqa        to select what one wants         Check
mnc- (1)      measure                          LR
mnc- (2)      try, attempt, test               LR
mnca          to measure                       EW
mnci          boundary; reserve,               PIC
                                301


               territory, habitat
mncidm         tape measure (as used by a      Check
               tailor)
mncita         to measure for clothing, to     Check
               take one's clothing
mncitaxʔit     to start to take one's          Check
               measure (as for clothing)
mncitkʷ        person whose measure is         Check
               taken
mnckʷ          (sth.) measured                 Check
mncliɬa        to try out indoors, to          Check
               rehearse indoors
mnclsa         to survey land; to rehearse,    Check
               try sth. out outdoors
mnclym         long tape for measuring (as     Check
               used by surveyors)
mncƛa ut       to make a trial run of a new    Check
               boat or engine
mncʣu          measuring board                 Check
mncʣut         to measure a flat surface       Check
mncɢais        one strand                      WL
mncɢis         one strand of thread            Check
mncɢnakʷla     one row of things, one          Check
               street
mncq           one long thing (e.g.            Check
               cigarette, log, tree, bottle)
mncqgyu        eleven long things (such as     Check
               boats, bottles, cigarettes)
mncqila        one o'clock                     Check
mncqla         one boat travelling             Check
mncqlaƛla      one cylindrical th. on the      WL
               boardwalk
mncqs          one cylindrical th. on          WL
               ground
mncut          to try on clothing              Check
mncχskana      one finger-width                Check
mncχstala      one cylindrical th. in the      WL
               water
mncχsustiwls   thing that is long and that     Check
               rises up outdoors (e.g. a
               tree)
mnɢnakʷla      to stay behind one after        Check
               another at places along the
               way (instead of travelling
               on with the rest)
mnicwa         single, alone, by oneself       Check
                               302


              (itself) inside sth.
mnidana       to eat one thing                Check
mnigila       to get, catch, receive,         Check
              obtain, or acquire one item
              (e.g. one animal, fur, or
              fish)
mniɢwala      walking by oneself (esp.        Check
              outdoors)
mniʔiɬ        by oneself in the house;        Check
              together with one in the
              house
Mniːs         """by oneself in open           DS122
              space""; name of the Sun,
              the story of Raven
              obtaining the Sun, located
              at K’vaMwa, the daughter
              of the Sun is
              Thalag\aYug\va"
mniʔis        by oneself on the beach;        Check
              together with one on the
              beach
mnikɬba       one layer of clothing; to       Check
              have, have on, or use ...
mnikɬbiɬ      one blanket; to have, have      Check
              on, or use ...
mniɬ          see MniYlh                      Check
mniɬ ya       left by oneself indoors, left   Check
              alone in the house
mnis          see MniYis                      Check
mni ya        the only one left (of what      Check
              one had)
mniχs         by oneself aboard the boat;     Check
              together with one aboard
              the boat
mniχƛa        variant of MNx\tha              Check
mniχƛuƛ       see MNx\thauth                  Check
-mniχʷ        diminutive, hypocoristic,       Check
              appreciative, and
              apologetic suffix for the
              plural (Rath 1981)
mniyalagliɬ   doing sth. by oneself           Check
              indoors
mniyalaglis   doing sth. by oneself on the    Check
              beach
mniyalagls    doing sth. by oneself           Check
              outdoors
                               303


mniyalakɬχs   doing sth. by oneself            Check
              aboard the boat
mni alakƛi    doing sth. by oneself on the     Check
              water
mni alakƛla   doing sth. by oneself on a       Check
              relatively large surface (e.g.
              a float)
mni a         by oneself, alone, solo,         Check
              soloist; partner
mni a yala    the only person left             Check
mnqa          to be stuck or stay behind       Check
              in a place
mnqʣ ala      see MnqzwiLa                     Check
mnqʣ ila      to get stuck in a steep place    Check
mnqa ya       to stay behind when others       Check
              leave (as when one has
              missed the boat or plane)
mnqaxʔilm     to be stranded on the rock       Check
              (as a boat)
mns- (1)      imitate                          LR
mns- (2)      motion, gesture                  LR
mnsɢm..       one round and/or bulky           EW
              thing (e.g. a box), one
              silver dollar
mnsɢmaχut     to cut off one block with a      Check
              saw
Mnsɢmqyalis   """one, alone at the top of      DS123
              the mountain""; name of
              Martha Chamberlain-
              Lawson"
mnsɢms        one round and/or bulky           Check
              thing on the ground
              outdoors (e.g. a house,
              mountain)
mnsɢm ya      round and/or bulky thing         Check
              that is the only one left
mnsɢmʣ ala    one dollar bill                  Check
mnsɢma        one tribe in a village,          Check
              village with one tribe
mnsɢmis       one round and/or bulky           Check
              thing on the beach, one
              cord of wood
mnsɢmnkʷla    to carry one round and/or        Check
              bulky thing at a time (e.g. a
              duck, deer, block of wood)
mnsʔit        to try, attempt, test,           EW
                                304


               rehearse, practise
mnsʔit (1)     to try, to attempt               Check
mnsʔit (2)     to start to measure              Check
mnskana        to motion with the hand          EW
mnukʷ          one, single; (an)other,          Check
               (an)other one
mnuxʷʔit       to come to terms; to unite       Check
mnuxʷʔmkasʔu   unite family?                    DS
mnuya          a maNs brother                   Check
mnuyaqs        a womaNs sister                  Check
ʔmnuyaqswala   see MMnuyaqsuala                 Check
ʔmnuyaswala    see MMnuyasuala                  Check
mnxsukʷgʷ u    ninety                           Check
mnχʔanχ        one year, one season             Check
mnyagyu        eleven                           Check
mnyala         fellow worker, colleague,        Check
               ally
mnʣa u         measuring spoons (for            PIC
               cooking); ruler for
               measuring, tape measure
mnʣisa         to sound, to fathom, to          Check
               measure depth or e.g. the
               level of fuel in one's tank
mnʣ m          sounder (for measuring           Check
               depth)
ʔmnaqqa        see MMnnNaQqa                    Check
mnsmncsa       to measure the ground with       Check
               surveyor's tapeline
mnsmncsla      measuring the ground with        Check
               surveyor's tapeline
mnsmnʣisa      to sound an area, to             Check
               measure depth repeatedly
mnχsa          one flat thing (e.g. a sheet     Check
               of paper, a halibut)
mnχƛa          one (single) hollow thing        Check
               (e.g. a dish, pot, cup, glass)
mnχƛaut        one hollow thing (e.g. a         Check
               cup, dish) filled with liquid;
               one cupful, bowlful,
               glassful, etc. of sth.; to
               have (receive, get, etc.) one
               serving
mq- (1)        throw away, discard              LR
mq- (2)        throw power                      LR
mq- (3)        to be way off when               LR
               crossing from one point to
                              305


             another??
mqa          to shoot power, transfer         EW, HS
             magical power
mqa is       to be way off when               EW
             crossing from one point to
             another
mqqa ut      to throw on the head             HS
ms- (1)      wither, shrivel up               LR
ms- (2)      to pry                           LR
ms- (3)      to drop?                         LR
msa          to shrivel, shrink               Check
msaqmt       """throwing the spirit back      DS121
             and forth""; name of a
             ceremony at the beginning
             of a feast, as a way of
             welcoming guests; term is
             also used to throw a curse
             on to someone as in
             witchcraft"
msʔit        to wither, shrivel up            EW
msla.        shriveling, shrinking            Check
mstɢm        abandoned, released, turned      Check
             loose, discarded (as things,
             or e.g. as people by the law,
             or by their parents when
             coming of age)
mstqa        to drop something, let go of     EW
             something
mstqla       slipping out of one's hand       Check
             in phases (as a line)
mstquya      to abandon, drop, etc. sth.      Check
             accidentally
mstχʡit      to (start to) abandon, drop,     Check
             etc.
mu-          to pile, load, transport         LR
muc-         round the mouth                  LR
mucla        to round the mouth               EW
mucq         four long strip-like things      Check
             (e.g. logs, trees, cigarettes,
             bottles)
mucqila      four o'clock                     Check
muλiɬ        heap on the floor                Check
muλis        heap or pile of sth. on the      Check
             beach
muɢʷabuƛai   an (unidentified) diving         Check
             duck with white belly
                                 306


muɢʷncla       greyish                          Check
muɬ-           ferment                          LR
muɬa           to ferment or rise (like         EW
               yeast or fermenting berries)
muɬʔit         to become a lump or heap         Check
muɬmƛs         plural of: lump on the           Check
               ground outside; small hill
muqʷ-          scrotum                          LR
muqʷ- (1)      white                            LR
muqʷ- (2)      scrotum                          LR
muqʷa.         white, discoloured, bland,       EW
               stale
muqʷχt         see MuQvx\vt                     Check
muqʷχʷt        fox (lit: white-tipped tail)     Check
musʔit         to round the mouth, to           Check
               pucker the lips
muƛ-           lump                             LR
muƛa           to have risen, to have           Check
               become a lump
muƛla          heaping full                     EW
muƛs           lump on the ground               Check
               outside; small hill
muχʷ-          scrotum                          LR
muχʷ-          scrotum                          LR
muχʷdli        scrotum                          EW
muχʷdli (1)    scrotum                          Check
muχʷdli (2)    "to catch nothing, ""to get      Check
               skunked"""
muχʷʔn         white (said of sth. long,        Check
               such as a pole, an animal,
               the human body)
muχʷpstaiɬa    to soak sth. salty in fresh      Check
               water
muχʷpstaliɬa   to soak sth. salty in fresh      Check
               water
muχʷpxʔit      to get stale, to start to lose   Check
               salt content through
               soaking
muχʷsm         white (said of a round           Check
               and/or bulky thing such as
               a box, a whale, moutain)
muχʷstu        white colour(ed)                 Check
muχʷstukʷn     dressed in white                 Check
muχʷʔun        see Mux\v'n                      Check
mwa            to transport (esp. by boat)      EW
mwa isa        to ferry across the channel      Check
                              307


M a           """fetching by canoe""; two    DS124
              canoes are lashed together
              with planks to make a
              platform, the possessed
              dances on the platform,
              brought back to village to
              dance and be purified;
              hawaniqkv is the term used
              to refer to canoes tied
              together and covered by
              boards"
m mɬʔit       plural of: to become a lump    Check
              or heap
m mqʷa        plural of: white               Check
m mqʷtaƛai    white crests on the waves      Check
m mqʷtaxʔit   to become white-crested        Check
              (said of waves)
m mqʷχt       see MWmQvx\vt                  Check
m mqʷχʷt      white spring salmon; plural    Check
              of: fox (lit: white-tipped
              tail)
m mxʷs a      to break sth. into pieces      Check
              with a hammer
m mχʷsm       plural of: white (said of a    Check
              round and/or bulky thing
              such as a box, a whale,
              moutain)
m mχʷstu      plural of: white colour(ed)    Check
ʔmxʷs a       see MMxvsYa                    Check
mxʷs ut       to break sth. in two with a    Check
              hammer
mχʡidayu      sth. thrown away; refuse       Check
mχʡit         to throw away, dispose of      Check
mχʔit         to discard, throw away,        EW
              drop
mχstaut       to throw sth. away into        Check
              water
mχstaut.      to throw sth. in the water     HS
mχʷstaci      bathtub                        PIC
m mgʷa u      plural of: hammer              Check
m mkʷa        plural of: to hammer           Check
m mɬcukʷ      plural of: to disapprove of    Check
              what has been said; (things)
              having missed the container
m mɬcwa       plural of: mistake, to make    Check
              a mistake; to miss (fail to
                              308


             get into) the container (as
             drips from the tap)
m mɬʔit      plural of: to move to           Check
             another place
m mstqa      plural of: to abandon, drop,    Check
             discard, release sth., to let
             sth. slip out of one's hand
m mstqla     plural of: slipping out of      Check
             one's hand in phases (as a
             line)
m mƛa        plural of: to miss a shot, to   Check
             fail to hit the target
m mƛliɬla    plural of: moving sth. or       Check
             oneself indoors; sth. that
             shifts position in the house
m mƛlisla    plural of: moving sth. or       Check
             oneself on the beach; sth.
             that shifts position on the
             beach (e.g. gravel, a group
             of logs)
m mƛƛlut     plural of: to move sth. on a    HS
             surface
m mƛs        plural of: person who           Check
             always misses the target, a
             poor marksman
m mχʡidayu   plural of: sth. thrown away;    Check
             refuse
m mχstaut    plural of: to throw sth.        Check
             away into water
m mɬtwa      plural of: incorrect,           Check
             improper; to have missed
             the trail
mʣnakʷla     to decrease in size             Check
             gradually, to shrivel
             gradually
-n           nominal ending (Nom)            Boas 304
-n.          subject: I (this form is used   EW
             only at the end of a word)
             (1sSubj)
ʔna          sling, to use the sling         EW, HS ind
naːla        to dare, have courage           EW
naʔanɢayu    plural of: tumbler              Check
naʔanɢilas   plural of: pub, beer parlour    Check
naʔanɢiqa    plural of: whirlpool            Check
naʔanɢm      plural of: pail                 Check
naʔanɢmsta   plural of: dipper for           Check
                               309


              drinking
naʔankla      plural of: wiggling the         Check
              hands (as when dancing)
naʔankχλai    plural of: tail of a bird       Check
Naːs          name automatically given        DS107
              to an eldest son of an eldest
              son; name of David
              Bernard's eldest son,
              Robert, as a child
nac           nut, nuts                       Check
naɢaci        cup                             PIC
naɢayu        tumbler                         Check
naɢilas       pub, beer parlour               Check
naɢiqa        whirlpool                       Check
naɢlkʷ        person who always drinks        Check
              (water or anything)
naɢm          pail                            PIC
naɢmksƛaʔau   a cute pail                     Check
naɢmsta       dipper for drinking             Check
nai           snow                            EW
naka          to wiggle the hands (as         Check
              when dancing)
nakla         wiggling the hands (as          Check
              when dancing)
nakχλai       tail of a bird                  Check
ʔnal ala      to use the sling repeatedly     HS ind
nal u         what one sings along with       EW
              others
naɬa          to be singing along with        Check
naɬila        place with lots of lingcod      WL
naɬm          ling cod                        EW, PIC
naɬmxnaɬmka   to eat lingcod                  WL
naɬmxƛa       called a lingcod                WL
naɬut         to catch a lingcod              WL
Namaʣiɬbala   name of Lucy Jones; refers      DS108
              somehow to the nose
nan           grizzly bear; name of Ray       EW, HS, rh
              Johnson
Nan.nalaɬ     name of the Grizzly Bear        DS108
              Dance, a dance of the
              C’aiqa Series
nana          "a form of baby talk            Check
              meaning: ""Do not touch or
              you will get hurt"""
nanana        to hunt for grizzly bear        HS
nanapa        to try to hit sth.              HS
                               310


nanasila u    variant of nanaxsilaYu          Check
nanaskʷmala   to hang over one's face         Check
              (said of hair)
nanaxsila u   snowshoes                       Check
nanaχƛa a     snow on the branches            Check
nanaχƛa ala   branches covered with           Check
              snow
nanila        telltale                        Check
naniɬaɬgiwa   announcement, heralding         Check
naniɬtubala   to act up, to show off          Check
nanisnaqa     to hunt for mallards            HS
naniχʔa       to try to pull s.o. or sth.     HS
nankala       sound of a grizzly bear         Check
Nankyuplis    name of a supernatural          DS107
              being who travels in a large
              canoe, when he appears in
              late winter, the children are
              bathed in ceremony
              involving cedar bark rings,
              he gives permission for
              things to grow in the new
              year; possibly a winter star
              constellation
nankʷa        to sing a hymn or dance         HS ind; EW; DS107
              song; name of a mythical
              bird, from the story of
              Galg\maxis, which begins
              at K’vaMwa in Rivers
              Inlet, and connects with the
              people from the Nass River
              and teh Q’vuqvaYaitx\v, a
              tribe of the Heiltsuk
nankʷabiƛa    pretending to sing              WL
nankʷakala    sound of singing                WL
nankʷganm     maybe singing                   WL
nankʷiχsda    to want to sing                 WL
Nankʷla       name of Sampson Edward,         DS107
              who was an uncle to Roy
              Hanuse, he was paralyzed
              on one side
nanqawa       traces, remains, leftovers of   Check
              drinks (in the cups and
              glasses, or in the form of
              drunk people lying about)
nanqkʷimas    soft drinks, lemonade           Check
nansdana      to be attacked, harassed by     Check
                                   311


                  a grizzly bear
nanukʷ            to be anxiously expecting        EW
                  somebody who is late, to be
                  worried when somebody is
                  late
nanuɬcila         to cheat                         Check
nanuɬcilasqikʷ    person given to cheating         Check
nanuɬisila        to be doing sth. crazy           WL
Nanuwaqayu        name of Roy Hanuse's             DS108
                  father
nanwlqla          crazy, insane                    WL
nan lqlaʔailas    mental home, asylum              Check
nanwlqlilas       mental home, asylum              Check
nanxʷsm           dates (from the palm tree)       Check
nanana.           plural of: to hunt for grizzly   HS maybe
                  bear
nananipa          plural of: to try to hit sth.    HS
nanaqa            plural of: to drink              Check
nanila.           plural of: telltale              Check
naniɬaɬgiwa.      plural of: announcement,         Check
                  heralding
naniχʔa.          plural of: to try to pull s.o.   HS not sure
                  or sth.
nanukʷ.           plural of: concerned about       Check
                  a person
nanuɬcila.        plural of: to cheat              Check
nanuɬcilasqikʷ.   plural of: person given to       Check
                  cheating
nanwaci           plural of: white and black       Check
                  butterball ducks
nanwaɢm           lullaby                          Check
nan alakʷ         plural of: sth. or s.o. that     Check
                  has supernatural power, sth.
                  that results from the
                  application of supernatural
                  power or that has been
                  exposed to supernatural
                  power; ceremonial wooden
                  horn or flute
nanwaqa           to sing a lullaby                Check
nanwlqla.         plural of: crazy                 Check
nan lqlaʔailas.   plural of: mental home,          Check
                  asylum
nanwlqlilas.      plural of: mental home,          Check
                  asylum
naqa              to drink, to swallow a           EW, OLP5
                                 312


                liquid
naqkʷ           liquor                          Check
naqbu           thirsty                         HS
naqbwalism      extremely thirsty               HS
naqχλai         traces, remains, leftovers of   Check
                drinks
naq ukʷ         den or lair of a bear           Check
nas             snow on the ground outside      PIC
naskaχdi        to waggle the rear end          EW
nawaci          black and white butterfly       EW
                duck
nawala          to work magic                   EW
na alakʷ        name of the spirits from the    DS108
                story of Y’aakas; name is
                applied to items possessed
                with supernatural power
                such as the whistles of the
                C’aiqa Dance Series, the
                spirits of the DhWlax\a
                Dances; term for
                supernatural power
nawalakʷala     sound of the ceremonial         Check
                horn (flute)
na alaxʷsista   """power is now present"";      DS108
                name of a potlatch given at
                the end of a feast when all
                the food and gifts are
                seemingly gone, and the
                hosts' ancestors arrive and
                do their dances"
naxʔit          to start wiggling the hands     Check
                (as in dancing)
naxʷ            vagina; an (unidentified)       Check
                flounder-like fish
naxʷ (1)        vulva                           EW
naxʷ (2)        unidentified flounder-like      EW
                fish
naxʷq a         Trilby hat                      Check
naxʷq ala       to wear a Trilby hat            Check
naχps           alcoholic person                Check
naχƛala         pine tree with snow??           PIC
                fence??
nbis            sth. that is on the beach       Check
                (e.g. a house) and that has
                collapsed
nbm             piece of rock with a hole       Check
                                313


               and used to crush the
               enemYs head
-nc            subject: we (including you)     EW
               (1PL.INCL.SUBJ)
-ncis          down to beach                   Boas 304
-ʔnga          in a dream                      Boas 305
Ng aʣi         name of Maggie George,          DS108
               sister of Tenth of George,
               wife of Johnny Carol
ngʷm           any in-law                      Check
ngʷmp          any in-law                      EW
ngʷulm         gifts to the parents in-law     Check
               by the bridegroom
ngʷ at         to have an in-law               Check
nɢʷanu         soapberry bush                  Check
-n             to go to visit relatives or     Boas 304
               home
nicayu         a straight hemlock stick,       BC72: Curtis
               barked and pointed, and
               used in taking small octopi
nigls          to lean on one side (house)     EW
nigʷaci        lamp                            PIC
nigʷis         to do work on the beach at      Check
               night by the light of a
               lantern
nigʷisa        to light a lantern or torch     Check
               on the beach at night
nigʷmsɢmbala   point of land with a light on   Check
               it
nigʷmaci       lantern, oil lamp, night        Check
               lamp
nigʷnakʷla     to travel by night              Check
nika           to retaliate, take revenge      EW
nikʷ           night or dark                   EW, DS109
nikʷa          to catch salmon at night; to    EW, DS109
               act (travel, do any work) at
               night; name of a sockeye
               creek between the Dus and
               the Dalik, water is dark or a
               milky colour
nikʷai         to travel by night              Check
nikʷkʷ         (at) night                      Check
nikʷla         to travel by night              Check
nilm           to be told on, to be            Check
               reported; thing or person
               reported
                                  314


nilini           way of telling, reporting       Check
niɬa             to report, tell on somebody     EW
                 (pejorative meaning)
niɬtu            proud, snooty                   Check
Ninaca           name of a fish camp on          DS109, PIC
                 Penrose Island at the mouth
                 of Rivers Inlet
ninuhinuχʷ       singer                          Check
ninuwaqla        mature, elder, older person     Check
ninuya           to sing                         Check
ninuyagila       to compose tune and words       Check
                 of a song
ninuyagilanuχʷ   composer of tune and            Check
                 words of songs
ninuya u         song                            Check
ninya            earthquake                      Check
n nakʷla         to start leaning over           Check
                 gradually (said of a house)
ninaɬa           plural of: to be singing        Check
                 along with
ninaɬm           ling cod                        Check
ninanqkʷimas     plural of: soft drinks,         Check
                 lemonade
Ninanqs          Bear-Woman; name of             DS109
                 Mabel Thompson, from her
                 father, Alfred [stress]
ninaqbu          plural of: thirsty              HS
ninaxʷ           plural of: vagina; an           Check
                 (unidentified) flounder-like
                 fish
ninaχps          plural of: alcoholic person     Check
ninilm           plural of: to be told on, to    Check
                 be reported; thing or person
                 reported
ninuhinuχʷ.      plural of: singer               Check
ninusa           plural of: to tell a story or   Check
                 legend
ninuwaqla.       plural of: mature, elder,       Check
                 older person
ninuwaqala       plural of: to talk wisely (as   Check
                 elders)
ninuwaqχt        plural of: bass or baritone     Check
                 voice
ninwnɬχta        to stop talking, to shut up     Check
                 one's mouth
ninynɬa..        plural of: to report, tell a    Check
                             315


             person
niqʷa        murky, muddy, dirty (said      EW
             of water)
nis          to be mine                     EW
Nisnaːq      a mallard duck; name for       DS109
             the Goose Dance, a dance
             of the DhWlax\a Series, the
             word for goose is hang\aaq;
             refers to the shuffling
             movement of the dance
n snaːq      mallard duck [reduplicated     EW, PIC
             form]
n snaq       mallard (duck)                 Check
nisnaq       mallard duck                   HS, HS, rh
n snaqxʔit   to become a mallard            HS ind
n snunu      plural of: promiscuous         Check
             male
n snunuqʷs   plural of: promiscuous         Check
             female
nispiq       a willow hook, a pole for      DS109
             tethering salmon, also a
             totem pole which tells the
             story of how the salmon
             came to Rivers Inlet,
             presently located at Stanley
             Park, belonged to Chief
             WaaKas
nixʔit       to begin to lean over or       Check
             collapse (as a house)
niχa         to pull (hair)                 EW
niχla        pulling                        PIC
niχstaut     to pull into the water (by     Check
             the hair)
niχʷpa       taste of dirty salt water      Check
ʔnka         sling, to use the sling        EW
nkʷa         to pick salal berries          EW; BC96: DS
ʔnkaut       to select a berry picking      Check
             spot
ʔnkut        to select a berry-picking      EW
             spot
nkʷas        salal bush (Gaultheria         BC96
             shallon); branches used to
             whip soapberries; fruits
             eaten
nkʷas        salal plant                    Check
nkʷɬ         salal berry (Gaultheria        BC96
                             316


            shallon)
nkʷt        salal berries (Gaultheria       BC96
            shallon)
nɬla        to sing along with others       EW
ʔnm         sling                           SW36
nmaɬ        a short while                   EW
nmaɬʔit     a short time, a short while;    Check
            to be away for a short time
nmaɬla      done in a short while           Check
nmit        to (start to) break through a   Check
            surface; to start to collapse
            or cave in (as a roof)
nmsiwa u    instrument for breaking         Check
            through a surface; person
            who has fallen or broken
            through a surface (e.g. a
            wall)
nmsut       to break through a surface      Check
            (e.g. a wall)
npa         to hammer; to break             EW
            through a surface (e.g. wall,
            a deadfall); to collapse or
            cave in (as a roof)
npχʷs a     to hammer sth. into pieces      HS ind
nps         something that has              EW
            collapsed on the ground
            outside (e.g. a house)
npsa        to break down a house           Check
npsʔilm     to have collapsed or to be      Check
            broken down on the ground
            outdoors (as a house)
ʔnqla       to moan, groan                  EW
ʔnqlakala   sound of grunting or            Check
            moaning
nqʷa        to pick soapberries             EW
ʔnqala      sound of grunting or            HS
            moaning
nqʷas       soapberry, soopolallie          BC94
            (Shepherdia canadensis)
            bush
-ns         found unexpectedly              Boas 304
-nsa        under water, in deep water      Boas 304
nsnaq       mallard (duck)                  Check
nsnχ        plural of: flexible             Check
nsnχit      double-jointed, having          Check
            flexible limbs
                             317


nsnχlaƛla   "plural of: to have flexible     Check
            limbs (as a baby), to be
            ""double-jointed"""
-ntkʷ       subject: we (excluding you)      EW
            (1pExclSubj)
-nƛa        "object of verb or               EW
            preposition ""la"": me
            (1sObj)"
-nƛa.       """la"" personal pronoun: I,     Check
            me"
-nƛnc       "object of verb or               EW
            preposition ""la"": us
            (including you)
            (1pInclObj)"
-nƛntkʷ     "object of verb or               EW
            preposition ""la"": us
            (excluding you)
            (1pExclObj)"
nugʷa       I (first person), to be me       EW
-nugʷa      subject: I (1sSubj)              EW
nugʷanc     (it is) we (i.e. listener        Check
            included)
nuʔinuχʷ    see nuYnux\v                     Check
-nukʷ       to have, own, use, employ,       Check
            possess sth.; to have sth. for
            s.o. to do, use, enjoy; to
            have sth. done (Rath 1981)
ʔnukʷa      to insist, keep on trying,       EW
            persevere
nukʷi       fur seal                         EW
nulaɬpiq    "name of a totem pole,           DS111
            belonging to one who had
            attained the rank of
            ""Nulhilakv"", or ""made-
            a-fool"", the totem pole
            depicts a man holding a
            knife, and wearing a cedar
            head ring"
nulaχsm     promiscuous woman                EW
nuɬa        to behave in an odd, crazy,      EW, DS110
            or foolish way, as if
            possessed
nuɬcista    to act the fool                  EW, WL
nuɬilakʷ    """made a fool""; those          DS111
            who have danced the
            Nunlhcistalalh; council of
                                318


               elders who organized and
               managed the Winter
               Ceremonial Dances;
               potlatch for title and
               exempts from taboos of the
               C’aiqa Series; name of the
               fourth son of Nnuwaqawa"
nuɬʔit         to do mischief                  WL
nuɬkala        sound of foolish talk [/lh/     EW
               doesNt cause /K/ to drop
               here]
nuɬla          foolish, crazy, nonsensical     Check
nuɬmgliɬ       said of a dancer/person         WL
               when beginning to do the
               crazy act
nuɬnuɬa        to do sth. crazy off and on     WL
               (uncontrolable mind)
nuɬχta         to stop talking, be             EW
               quietened down, shut one's
               mouth
numaca         grandfather???                  PIC
numaca ax      to look old for one's age       Check
numas          old person, elder; old, aged,   HS ind
               elderly
Numaskas       """wise old one""; name of      DS112,186
               an original ancestor, the
               second or third? youngest
               of four brothers to whom
               all Oowekeeno are related,
               associated with the
               settlements at K’itit and
               Zawyas; name is found in
               the Chamberlain family,
               now belongs to Peter
               White"
numaʣiɬa       """covetous noses""; a          DS108
               name of the young dancers
               who are hidden during the
               dances in the long-house"
nunɬcistalaɬ   name for the Fool Dance,        DS111
               or Fire Throwing Dance, a
               high ranking dance of the
               C’aiqa Series, a dance of
               Jack Johnson; name of one
               of the spirits who reside in
               the house of
                              319


             BaxvbakvalaNusiwa
nunɬʔit      to do sth. crazy                 WL
Nunuma       """wise old man""; name of       DS112
             Carpenter - Hanuse, father
             to Henry, Mary, Roy, Ben,
             Ada, and John Hanuse;
             name of the late Tom Smith
             Sr."
nunmaca ax   plural of: to look old for       Check
             one's age
nunmas       plural of: old person, elder;    Check
             old, aged, elderly
nunu         promiscuous male                 Check
nunuqʷs      promiscuous female               Check
nunyma       plural of: glacier               Check
nusa         to tell stories, legends,        EW, DS112
             myths
nuspiq       a willow hook, a pole for        BC92: DS
             tethering salmon, also a
             totem pole which tells the
             story of how the salmon
             came to Rivers Inlet
nuta         to be poisoned by shellfish      EW
nuːla        to try and get s.o. to do sth.   WL
             crazy
nuwaqla      mature, wise                     DS108, 110
-nuxʷ        see -nukv                        Check
Nuxʷnc       Neechanz River and the           PIC
             village situated at its
             mouth; many stories are
             located here, a Raven story,
             story of
             BaxvbakvalaNusiwa, story
             of C’ixstu
Nuxʷns       Neechanz River and the           DS112
             village situated at its
             mouth; many stories are
             located here, a Raven story,
             story of
             BaxvbakvalaNusiwa, story
             of C’ixstu
nuym         story, legend, history which     DS112
             accounts for the origin of
             one's suya'a\ima
nuyma        glacier                          Check
nu nuχʷ      storyteller                      Check
                                320


nwaqi           thoughts of the mind, one's    SW126
                thinking
nwaqicwa        person with a resourceful      Check
                mind, inventive person
nwaqigila       to ponder, to think            Check
n aqigilaxʔit   to occur to one, to come to    Check
                mind
nwaqla          "mature, elder, older          EW
                person; ""old chap"""
nwaqala         to talk wisely (as elders)     Check
nwaqaχsi        to send an elder (mature)      Check
                person along with the
                younger ones
nwaqχt          bass or baritone voice         Check
nwaχʡit         become mature                  Check
n ngʷa          plural of: (it is) I           Check
n ngʷnc         plural of: (it is) we (i.e.    Check
                listener included)
n ngʷntkʷ       plural of: (it is) we (i.e.    Check
                listener excluded)
nwnɬcista       plural of: to behave           Check
                nonsensically, to act as a
                jester
nwnɬʔit         to do sth. crazy               Check
nwnɬkala        sound of foolish talk          Check
nwnɬkgaɬ        to start to speak foolishly,   Check
                to utter sth. foolish
nwnɬm           the initiated ones, those      DS110
                who have danced once or
                twice and are allowed into
                the dance house; those who
                have danced twice; name of
                an important ceremonial
                dance of the
                Kwakwaka'wakw
nwnta           plural of: to be poisoned by   Check
                shellfish
ʔnxʔit          to sling a stone away, to      DS173
                start using the sling
nxla            naughty, mischievous; to       EW
                beat a person up?
nxlacwa         mischievous, naughty           Check
Nx-ngʷiːc       name of the Nicknaqueet        DS112, PIC
                Creek flowing into the head
                of Rivers Inlet; the site of
                the Oowekeeno village
                              321


             X|visiQva; the site of the
             Victoria Sawmill (1882-
             1923)
ʔnxʔnka      to use the sling repeatedly     HS ind
nxʷsk n      soapberries, soopolallie        BC94: nj
             (Shepherdia canadensis)
nχ           flexible, elastic               EW
-nχ (1)      season                          Boas 305
-nχ (2)      edge of a flat or long thing    Boas 305
nχa          to buck the wind, paddle        EW
             against the wind or the tide
nχʡit        to start to buck against the    Check
             tide or the wind
nχla.        bucking the wind or the         Check
             tide
nχlaƛla      "to have flexible limbs (as     Check
             a baby), to be ""double-
             jointed"""
nχnakʷla     to buck against the wind or     Check
             tide
nχʷnɢʷa u    soapberry spoon                 Check
nχʷsganu     soapberry bush                  Check
nχʷsk        soapberry, soopolallie          BC94: EW
             (Shepherdia canadensis)
nχʷskas      soapberry, soopolallie          Check
             (Shepherdia canadensis)
             bush
nχʷstkn      soapberries [Nuxalk loan,       EW, BC94:rh
             cf. nuXski]
nya          to wobble                       EW
nyala        to wobble (as a table)          Check
n ngʷmaci    plural of: lantern, oil lamp,   Check
             night lamp
nynka        "plural of: to retaliate, to    Check
             take revenge, ""pay back""
             for injustice done"
n nkʷai      plural of: to travel by night   Check
nynɬa..      plural of: to report, tell a    Check
             person
nynɬtkʷala   to boast, to brag or vaunt      Check
nynɬtu       plural of: proud, snooty        Check
ʔnyusa       name given to the child of      DS115
             X|aNyusmig\a because of
             his use of the sling shot
n ngls       plural of: to lean to one       Check
             side (as a house)
                               322


n ngʷm        plural of: any in-law           Check
n ngʷmp       plural of: any in-law           Check
n nkʷa        plural of: to pick salal        Check
              berries
n nɬtkʷala    plural of: to boast, to brag    Check
              or vaunt
n npa         plural of: to hammer, to        Check
              break through a surface; to
              collapse or cave in
n nxʔit       plural of: to begin to lean     Check
              over or collapse (as a
              house)
n nxla        plural of: to beat a person     Check
              up
n nxlacwa     plural of: mischievous,         Check
              naughty
n nχa         plural of: to buck (go          Check
              against) the wind or the tide
n nχla.       plural of: bucking the wind     Check
              or the tide
n nχnakʷla    plural of: to buck against      Check
              the wind or tide
naʡnga        to pick berries                 EW, SW139, PIC
naːla (2)     day, daylight, season,          EW
              weather, world, universe,
              firmament
Naːlaʡiɬ      """Weather-Woman"";             DS113
              formerly name of Lila
              Walkus, presently name of
              Lila Hanuse; name of the
              daughter of the Chief who
              owns the sun,
              N’aalagamalis, which is
              synonymous with M’niis
              ""Owner of the Sun"""
naʔankut      plural of: to check one's       Check
              traps
naʔanxʷ lsa   plural of: to take everything   Check
              out (of the house)
naːs          an eldest soNs eldest son       EW
Naːƛ igalis   name of both of the             DS113, SW189
              beaches at Open Bight,
              near Cranston Point at the
              mouth of Rivers Inlet
Naːƛ is       name of a village near the      DS113
              C’yu River, location
                              323


             uncertain
nakut        to check one's traps            Check
Nakʷaxdnχʷ   name of a Kwakwala              DS114
             speaking tribe from
             Seymour Inlet, reference is
             to a marriage between these
             people and the Oowekeeno
nala         cycle, season, firmament,       DS113
             day, weather
nalalis      farther upstream; farther to    SW136
             the south
nalaqa       on the upstream of sth.; on     SW136
             the southern side of sth.
nalaqaƛi     on the upstream side of sth.    Check
             on the water; on the
             southern side of sth. on the
             water
nalaqaƛla    on the upstream side of sth.    Check
             on a surface (e.g. sth. on
             the boardwalk); on the
             southern side of sth. on a
             surface
nalaqla      situated on the upstream        Check
             side of sth.; situated on the
             southern side of sth.
nalaχʡit     to become situated              Check
             upstream; to become
             situated in the south
nalba        farthest upstream (as a         Check
             group of things), upstream
             end or point of sth.;
             southern end or point of
             sth. long
nalbaƛi      farthest upstream in the        Check
             group of things on the
             water (e.g. in the group of
             boats); southern end of the
             passage in the water
nalbiɬ       farthest upstream side of       PIC
             house, upstream end or
             point of house; southern
             end or point of house
Nalbis       a point of land or beach        DS113
             upriver; name of a
             graveyard site above the
             old village of K’itit, at the
                                     324


                   foot of the Owikeno Lake
nalgila            to travel far upstream, to        EW
                   travel south
Naliɢʷiɬ.          refers to being upriver; a        DS113, SW177
                   designation for seating
                   people at a feast in a long-
                   house, namely the upriver
                   side of the house, which
                   was for those considered
                   second in rank
nalkʷ              upstream part of a river;         SW93,178,136
                   southern part of a river
Nalkʷitχʷa as      name of a settlement at a         DS114
                   beach above K’itit Village,
                   the people from there are
                   referred to as N’alKvitx\v,
                   term may also be used to
                   refer to the people who
                   lived up the lake
naludiga           refers to being upriver;          DS114
                   name of a portage about 12
                   miles up the Sumx\ulh
                   River
nana               to try to hit with a sling        HS
nanaɢm             berry basket                      EW
nanakila           to keep an eye on                 EW
                   something or somebody
nanakilaci         fish patrol boat, coast guard     Check
                   boat
nanakilaknwa       fish patrol guard                 Check
nanaka             to try to use the sling; to try   HS hard
                   to say
nanalaqla          to go upstream; to go south       Check
nanalasila         to travel in bad weather          Check
nanalaχʡit         to start to go upstream; to       Check
                   start to go south
nanana..           variant of NaNNa                  Check
nananayu           variant of NaNNayu                Check
nanaqbwa           basket worn on the chest          Check
nanaxʷlilaʔailas   location where wholesale          Check
                   business is conducted
nanayu             sling                             Check
nankilaknwa        see NaNakilakNwa                  Check
nanna              see Na'Na                         Check
nannayu            plural of: sling                  Check
nanulaslaqagila    month of April                    Check
                                325


naqʷla         weather, world, universe        EW
naqʷs          moonlight                       EW
naqʷus         moonlit night                   Check
naskʷ          salal berries                   EW
naskʷas        a bush of Naskv                 Check
nasnwa         to go to get fire               EW
               [reduplicated form]
naƛa           wolverine                       EW
naƛaya         wolverine                       Check
Nauʣ is        """covering the whole           DS114
               sky""; name of an original
               ancestor, from the
               Sumx\ulh, transformed
               from a Qvulus into a man;
               name of a top ranking
               chief, from Sumx\ulh;
               formerly the name of
               Tommy Hailhamas and
               Danny Walkus"
Naxalis        place name                      SW136
naxʷ lsa       to take everything out (of      Check
               the house)
naxʷ lsa (2)   to take everything out of       EW
               the house [Due to the
               preceding rounded
               obstruent /u«l/ cannot be
               pronounced [ul]]
naχa           to climb a mountain for         EW, DS114
               mountain goat; name of a
               part of the wedding
               ceremony, where a man
               climbs a plank to obtain his
               wife, who is at the top,
               several people attempt to
               get her but only the groom
               succeeds, this indicates that
               the bride is of high rank
Naχalis        name of a creek past the        DS115
               third Narrows on Owikeno
               Lake, a good goat hunting
               place
naχnakʷla      climbing a mountain             Check
               gradually for mountain goat
nλilas         couch                           PIC
nλiɬ           to lean backwards or lie on     HS ind
               the back indoors
                                326


ʔnλiɬ          to lie on one's back in the     Check
               house
nλis           "to lean backwards or lie       DS115
               on the back on the beach;
               name of a mountain near
               the Dus Falls on Owikeno
               Lake which has a long
               gradual slope to it, a female
               mountain who had a fight
               with a male mountain,
               hence the long ""scratch""
               marks on it"
ʔnλis          to lie on one's back on the     Check
               beach
niganm.musta   probably??                      SW126
nik (1)        to say, to tell                 EW
nik (2)        to approve, give permission     EW
nikʷa.         to carry on the shoulder        Check
nikʷla.        carrying on the shoulder        ew
nik            penis; siphon (clam)?           EW, SW75
nikala         sound of creaking               EW
ninalgila..    plural of: to go far            Check
               upstream; to travel far
               south
ninaƛaya       plural of: wolverine            Check
ninaxʷalas     plural of: relative             SW79
ninya.         plural of: to string up beads   Check
               or fish
nisa           to poke devilfish               EW
               (underneath boulders in
               order to get halibut bait)
nix            to say                          SW79,187
nixla          saying??                        SW138
nix-nika       to say repeatedly               EW
nixʷʔit        to take sth. on the shoulder    Check
               to carry it
nk             to say, to tell (enclitic)      Check
nka            steam from a hotspring          EW
nkχtwa         to say while doing sth.         Check
               (enclitic)
nkala          to sound like saying ...        Check
               (enclitic)
nkgaɬ          to sound like the utterance     Check
               of ..., to utter (enclitic)
nɬc sta        to bend over backwards          Check
ʔnɬc sta       to bend over backwards          Check
                               327


nɬʔit         to start to lean back (as in a   Check
              chair) or to lie on one's
              back, to start to lay things
              on their back (e.g. split fish
              on the side with the skin)
nƛa           to lean back (as in a chair)     EW
              or to lie on one's back, to
              lay things on the back (e.g.
              split fish on the side with
              the skin)
nƛla          leaning back (as in a chair)     Check
              or to lie on one's back, to
              lay things on the back (e.g.
              split fish on the side with
              the skin)
nƛs           to lean backwards or lie on      Check
              one's back on the ground
              outdoors, to lay things on
              the back on the ground
              outdoors
ʔnƛs          to lie on one's back on the      Check
              ground outside
nula          elder brother or sister          EW, DS115
nulaɢmi       "oldest of the offspring;        SW51,53,77,BC371
              January, ""the eldest
              month"""
nulaɢmixsta   April: this month, with its      BC371: lj, HS, rh
              storms and weather
              changes, wants to be the
              eldest
nulasla       eldest of the brothers or        Check
              sisters
nulmtala      practice of alternating          DS115
              eldest brothers of equal
              rank when giving gifts at a
              feast
Nulu          name of Nalu Pass, south         DS116
              of Hunter Island, the people
              from there were referred to
              as N’ulitx\v, a Heiltsuk
              tribe
nula. (1)     plural of: elder brother or      Check
              sister
nula. (2)     to lean with the shoulder        Check
              against a rock
nulaɢmi.      plural of: oldest of the         Check
                             328


            offspring
nulaxʔilm   to strike a rock accidentally   Check
            (as e.g. with the side of the
            boat), to lean against the
            shore accidentally
nuɬa.       to push or lean with the        EW
            shoulder or the side
nuɬamta     to push each other with the     Check
            shoulder
nuɬʔit.     to give a push with the         Check
            shoulder
nuɬla.      pushing with the shoulder       Check
nuɬlaƛla    to lean against a relatively    Check
            large surface or body (e.g. a
            wall, tree)
nuɬnuɬa     to push with the shoulder       Check
            repeatedly
nunla.      plural of: elder brother or     Check
            sister
nunlaɢmi    plural of: oldest of the        Check
            offspring
nusi        moon                            DS116
nusi        moon, month                     EW
Nusnuslis   name of the Moon from the       DS116
            story of M’itha, who stays
            with the Moon after
            bringing several kinds of
            birds down to earth
Nuta is     name of the narrows at the      DS116
            top of the river Waanukv
Nuχʷlk      a present day name of the       DS116
            Bella Coola people; may
            also be referred to as
            N’ux\lKmx\v, the people
            from the North Bentick
            Arm
nwa         to light the way with a         EW
            torch
n nɬa       plural of: to push with the     Check
            shoulder
n nɬamta    plural of: to push each         Check
            other with the shoulder
n nɬʔit     plural of: to give a push       Check
            with the shoulder
n nɬlaƛla   plural of: to lean against a    Check
            relatively large surface or
                               329


              body (e.g. a wall, tree)
nxnka         to say repeatedly (enclitic)     Check
nxʷagila      to go on a short journey, to     Check
              make a short trip
nxʷagla       to be close to the shore         Check
nxʷaglala     going along close to the         Check
              shore
nxʷaglaxʔit   to get close to the shore        Check
nxʷaka        to come near, to approach        Check
              closely
nxʷakƛai      to come near by boat             Check
nxʷakƛa ala   close to the surface of the      Check
              water (as a bird flying just
              above the water)
nxʷala        in the vicinity, near to,        EW
              close to sth.; closely related
              or connected to s.o. or sth.
nxʷalaƛi      near sth. on the water           Check
nxʷaɬa        closely behind one, close to     Check
              the stern (as the boat one
              tows)
nxʷaɬʔit      to get close behind one, to      Check
              get close to the stern (as the
              boat towed behind one's
              own boat)
nxʷanakʷla    to get closer to sth.            Check
              gradually, approaching sth.
              gradually
nxʷapta       shallow pit or puncture,         Check
              superficial penetration
nxʷaptals     shallow pit outdoors             Check
nxʷaq a       about to catch up with           SW52,53
nxʷas         near the ground outside          Check
nxʷasɢm       low round and/or bulky           Check
              thing
nxʷasta       to be close to the water         Check
nxʷast ala    to pass close to s.o. or sth.    Check
nxʷaƛi        near sth. on the water           Check
nxʷaχla       low                              Check
nχʷa          if, when; lest, for fear that,   Check
              otherwise ... (enclitic)
nya.          to string up (fish, beads),      EW
              thread (needle, rope)
nyatusa       to drag salmon downstream        Check
              on a rope through their gills
nyatusla      dragging salmon                  Check
                                330


               downstream on a rope
               through their gills
n nɬcista      plural of: to bend over          Check
               backwards
n nɬʔit        plural of: to start to lean      Check
               back (as in a chair) or to lie
               on one's back, to start to lay
               things on their back (e.g.
               split fish on the side with
               the skin)
n nsa          plural of: to get devilfish by   Check
               poking underneath boulders
               (esp. in order to use it as
               halibut baits)
n nƛa          plural of: to lean back (as      Check
               in a chair) or to lie on one's
               back, to lay things on the
               back (e.g. split fish on the
               side with the skin)
n nxʷagila     plural of: to go on a short      Check
               journey, to make a short
               trip
n nxʷala       plural of: in the vicinity,      Check
               near to, close to sth.;
               closely related or connected
               to s.o. or sth.
n nxʷanakʷla   plural of: to get closer to      Check
               sth. gradually, approaching
               sth. gradually
n nxʷaptals    plural of: shallow pit           Check
               outdoors
n nxʷaχla      plural of: low                   Check
pa-            flat                             LR
pa             to split boards; to lay a        Check
               boardwalk
paː            to lay a boardwalk; lumber       EW; BC508: DS
               cut and ready to go
paʔaiɬa        to put the floor in the house    Check
paːkʷu         coiled Salish basket             EW
Paːlakʷ        name of a girl who is            DS125
               orphaned in a story
               belonging to Jack Johnson,
               she recovers her parents
               through the use of
               supernatural powers; name
               of Janet Johnson-Boss
                                 331


paʔauɬtalakʷ   float, wharf, dock               Check
paː ilislakʷ   bridge                           PIC
paː islakʷ     board laid across sth.,          Check
               bridge
paː akʷ        float                            PIC
paλabu         skiff                            PIC
paλiɬ          thing laid down flat             Check
paλisba        flat nose(d)                     Check
pagiwa         board across the bow of the      Check
               canoe and serving as a seat;
               floor board at the bow of
               the canoe
paɢagiwa       board at the bow of the          Check
               boat
paɢagiwiɬ      board (e.g. a gable board)       Check
               placed at the head of the
               house (i.e., at the far end of
               the house)
paɢagyu        board at the bow of the          Check
               boat
paɢiɬa         board (as used e.g. to cover     Check
               sth.)
paɢis          board that is flat on the        Check
               beach
paɢisa         to lay a board flat on the       Check
               beach
paɢm           board (as used e.g. to cover     Check
               sth.)
pais           flounder                         EW
paiskƛa ala    skipping along over the          Check
               water (as a stone)
paispaisa      to eat flounders                 Check
pak a          top of the boat                  Check
pak aut        to put the lid on the box; to    Check
               cover a box with sth. flat
Palakku        name referring somehow to        BC64: Olson54
               a plank
palnakʷla      gradual rising of a river        Check
paɬ            board that has been split        Check
paɬ-           rise, flood, overflow            LR
paɬa           to flood, to overflow            DS125
paɬcm          beetle; things that is round     Check
               and flat (as a flat whiskey
               bottle)
paɬla          flooding river                   EW
Paɬpaɬlis      flooding repeatedly (said of     DS125
                               332


             a beach or flats), here it
             probably refers to
             overflowing with wealth as
             in giving a potlatch; name
             of Carpenter-Hanuse, Roy
             Hanuse's father, received
             the name after a dance that
             he performed
paɬpuƛus     Black rasberry, blackcap          BC112: Curtis
             (?Rubus leucodermis)
paɬtu        flat layer of sth., flat layer-   Check
             like thing
paɬtuxʷʔit   to turn into a flat layer of      Check
             sth., to become a flat thing
panuƛmi      veranda, sun porch                Check
papa         pepper (from English)             PIC
papaica      to fish for flounders             Check
papλabu      plural of: skiff                  Check
papλisba     plural of: flat nose(d)           Check
papgiwa      plural of: board across the       Check
             bow of the canoe and
             serving as a seat; floor
             board at the bow of the
             canoe
papica       to stagger, be about to fall      Check
             down
papɬcm       plural of: beetle; things that    Check
             is round and flat (as a flat
             whiskey bottle)
papɬla       plural of: flooding river         Check
papɬtu       plural of: flat layer of sth.,    Check
             flat layer-like thing
papqa        plural of: to lay shingles on     Check
             a roof
papqa ut     plural of: to lay a board flat    Check
             on the water
papqlaƛlut   plural of: to lay a board flat    Check
             on a relatively large surface
             (e.g. a wharf, float)
papqut       to put two flat things            Check
             together to make one
             thicker one
papqwa       to put two boards on top of       Check
             each other
papqʣut      plural of: to put a board on      Check
             a flat surface (e.g. over
                                333


              another board)
papqsa        plural of: to lay a board flat    Check
              on the ground
papsχtu       plural of: to thin off the        Check
              tops of the vertical limbs of
              the basket before binding
              them together
papƛa         plural of: to flatten sth.        Check
              (e.g. dough)
papƛga        plural of: flat dish or plate     Check
papƛm         plural of: flat face(d)           Check
papƛq a       plural of: flat head(ed), the     Check
              Flathead people
papƛχλa       plural of: flat stern             Check
papχʔant      plural of: to lay a board flat    Check
              on sth. long (e.g. a log)
papχsmt       plural of: to put the sidings     Check
              on a house, to make a
              vessel out of planking
papχstut      plural of: to cover a hole        Check
              (e.g. in the wall or the
              window) with sth. flat (e.g.
              a board)
papχstwa      plural of: to cover a hole        Check
              (e.g. in the wall or the
              window) with sth. flat
              (such as a board)
paq-          flat                              LR
paqa          flat, to be flat, to put a flat   EW
              object somewhere (e.g. to
              lay shingles on a roof)
paqanyala     see paqNyala                      Check
paqanyala u   see paqNyalaYu                    Check
paqa isa      to lay a board flat across        Check
              sth. (e.g. across two logs)
paqaχa        to come loose (said of a          Check
              board)
paqa ...      see paqY...                       Check
paqa ut       to lay a board flat on the        Check
              water
paqgiwa       board at the bow of the           Check
              boat
paqgyu        board at the bow of the           Check
              boat
paqi          board flat on the water           Check
paqkʷ         (sth.) having boards on it        Check
                               334


paqlaƛlut     to lay a board flat on a         Check
              relatively large surface (e.g.
              a wharf, float)
paqnyala      to put boards here and there     Check
paqnyala u    boards put on here and           Check
              there (as to keep a
              construction in shape)
paqtaut       to cover an opening with a       Check
              board (e.g. the sink or the
              smoke hole in a roof)
paqtut        to put a board at the top of     Check
              a vertical long thing (e.g. a
              chimney)
paqƛai        board flat on the water          Check
paqƛa ala     flat on the water (said of a     Check
              board)
paqƛa ut      to put a board flat on the       Check
              water
paqut         to take a board out              Check
paquyala      board sticking out               Check
paqya         dandruff                         Check
paq ala       wooden box with a lid            Check
paq alagila   to make a wooden box with        Check
              a lid
paq aut       to put the lid on the box, to    Check
              cover a box with the lid
paq ayu       to lay a board flat on the       Check
              water
paqʣut        to put a board on a flat         Check
              surface (e.g. over another
              board)
paqbwa        sth. flat covering one's         Check
              chest; armour
paqbwala      having sth. flat covering        Check
              one's chest; armoured (as a
              knight)
paqs          sth. flat on the ground          Check
paqsa         to lay a board flat on the       Check
              ground
paqsʔit       to become positioned flat        Check
              on the ground (as a board)
paqχλai       box or boat with a flat          Check
              bottom
pas- (1)      peel off                         LR
pas- (2)      flounder                         LR
pasa          to peel off inner bark of red    EW
                               335


             cedar
pasʔit       to start to separate the inner   Check
             bark of cedar from the
             outer bark
pasla        separating the inner bark of     Check
             cedar from the outer bark
pasχtu       to thin off the tops of the      Check
             vertical limbs of the basket
             before binding them
             together
paƛ-         flat                             LR
paƛa         to flatten                       EW
paƛga        flat dish or plate               Check
paƛm         flat face(d)                     Check
paƛq a       flat head(ed), the Flathead      Check
             people
paƛχλa       flat stern                       Check
pauɬtala     wharf, dock, quay                PIC
pauɬtalakʷ   wharf, dock, float               Check
pa isa       to lay a board flat across       Check
             sth. (e.g. across two logs)
paχa         flakes from the skin             Check
paχʔant      to lay a board flat on sth.      Check
             long (e.g. a log)
paχcut       to lay a flat thing in a         Check
             container
paχqya       variant of paqya                 Check
paχsmi       wall board                       Check
paχsmt       to put the sidings on a          Check
             house, to make a vessel out
             of planking
paχsmkʷ      vessel made out of               Check
             planking
Paχsta       """flat in the water"" like      DS125
             water lillies; name of a
             swamp behind Zawyas or
             Oolichan Town"
paχstut      to cover a hole (e.g. in the     Check
             wall or the window) with
             sth. flat (e.g. a board)
paχstwa      to cover a hole (e.g. in the     Check
             wall or the window) with
             sth. flat (such as a board)
paχƛ as      roofing, shingles?               PIC
paχƛ asa     to put the (flat) roof on a      Check
             house
                                   336


pcini           easy                               EW
pcinixʔidut     to simplify sth.                   Check
pcinixʔit       to become easy or simple to        Check
                do
pgʷanm          person                             EW, HS
pgʷis           merman, mermaid                    EW
picχawa         gullet, windpipe                   Check
picχu           to have a hoarse voice             Check
piːkʷ           to have been dampened              WL
pik-            to whistle, make a high-           LR
                pitched sound, marmot
pipais          plural of: flounder                Check
pipauɬtalakʷ    plural of: wharf, dock, float      Check
pipa isa        plural of: to lay a board flat     Check
                across sth. (e.g. across two
                logs)
pipa islakʷ     plural of: board laid across       Check
                sth., bridge
pipa akʷ        plural of: float                   Check
pipcini         plural of: easy or simple to       Check
                do
pipcinixʔidut   plural of: to simplify sth.        Check
pipgʷanm        plural of: person                  HS ind
pipgʷis         plural of: merman,                 Check
                mermaid
pipkʷala        plural of: to talk, to speak       Check
pipkʷallks      plural of: spokesman for a         Check
                chief, speaker (as in
                Parliament)
pipkʷgʷaɬ       plural of: to say a word, to       Check
                utter sth., to start talking, to
                begin a conversation
pipkʷs          plural of: man-like animal         Check
                with a hairy body,
                sasquatch
pipna           plural of: to fill a container     Check
pipnis          plural of: red hot stones,         Check
                metal, or coal; embers from
                a fire
pipnɢʷalism     plural of: extremely               Check
                satiated, bloated, filled up
                (as with food)
pipnqʷla        plural of: keeping satiated,       Check
                saturated, filled up, bloated
                (as with food)
pipqʷca         plural of: sleepy, drowsy          Check
                                  337


pipsliɬla       plural of: tidying up the        Check
                house
pipslsla        plural of: to clear an area      Check
pipulskutumis   faces half-covered with          BC51: drucr50:290
                moss
pipwalism       plural of: to be starved         Check
pip is          plural of: hungry                HS
pip iχu         plural of: a swollen throat,     Check
                to have ..., to swell up (said
                of the throat)
pipχʷʔit        plural of: to start to           Check
                whither, drop leaves (said
                of a deciduous plant)
pipχʷnakʷla     plural of: changing colour       Check
                gradually (as leaves in the
                fall)
p s-            to go astray (Heiltsuk)          LR
pis- (1)        soft, pliable                    Check
pis- (2)        to stagger, waver, move          Check
                back and forth
p sʔit          to go astray, to fly with a      Check
                wobble (as an arrow)
p sla           to use a whistle (as a           Check
                policeman or a referee)
p sla u         whistle (as of a policeman       Check
                or a referee)
pispisa         to wobble to the target (as      Check
                an arrow)
pisplstu        plural of: thin and flat         Check
piχʷ-           to soak, dampen, sprinkle        LR
                water
piχʷa           to dampen, to soak               Check
piχʷʔit         to become damp (as a             Check
                cloth); to start to soak sth.;
                to start to make sth. damp
piχʷla          to be damp                       Check
piχʷstala       to be in water for soaking       Check
piχʷstaliɬa     to soak in water                 Check
piχʷstaut       to put sth. in the water for     Check
                soaking
piʣaci          bladder                          EW
pkʷ- (1)        cedar roots                      LR
pkʷ- (2)        human                            LR
pkʷ- (3)        to borrow a boat??               Check
pkʷu            to borrow a boat                 EW
pkʷumas         to lend                          Check
                                   338


pkʷuxʷʔit         to start to borrow a boat, to    Check
                  borrow a boat
pkʷ ala           borrowing a boat                 Check
pkʷ amas          to borrow a boat for a while     Check
pkʷ nχʷ           borrowed canoe                   Check
pkʷahlks          """performing dutifully"";       DS126
                  name of a spokesman for a
                  chief"
pkʷala            to talk, to speak                hs
pkʷalakinwa       see pKvalakNwa                   Check
pkʷalaknwa        toastmaster                      Check
pkʷalas           language; capable of             Check
                  speaking a language
pkʷalaχacwala     to talk into the phone, to       Check
                  telephone
pkʷalaχacwalasu   radio?                           PIC
pkʷala u          to be told, narrated; talk,      Check
                  discourse, speech by s.o.
pkʷallks          spokesman for a chief,           Check
                  speaker (as in Parliament)
pkʷallksʔit       to become a spokesman for        Check
                  a chief, to become the
                  speaker (as in Parliament)
pkʷgʷaɬ           to say a word, to utter sth.,    Check
                  to start talking, to begin a
                  conversation
pkʷli             one's soul; the term puwani      DS126
                  is used to refer to a ghost as
                  distinguished from the
                  souls of the living
                  according to Olson, but the
                  term is not recognized
                  today
Pkʷs              man-like animal with a           DS126
                  hairy body, sasquatch;
                  name of a dance in the
                  DhWlax\a Series; his penis
                  is so long he must carry it
                  around rolled up; name of a
                  dance of Kwakwala
                  speaking people at Alert
                  Bay, the wild man of the
                  woods
plawas            flowers (English loan)           BC506: EW, HS, rh
plba              flat point or end                Check
plbala            having a thin and flat point     Check
                                339


               or end
plbaut         to flatten the end of a pole     Check
               (or e.g. a pen)
plbaxʔit       to become flat (said of the      Check
               end or point of sth.)
plk-           to skip rocks on the water       Check
plka           to skip rocks                    EW
plk a          thin top layer, thin lid of a    Check
               pot or box
Plnakʷla       name of Chief Charles            DS125
               Waakas
Plnakʷlaglis   name given by                    DS125
               Qvulus/Raven, from the
               head of Rivers Inlet to the
               Fort Rupert People, from
               the story of how Rivers
               Inlet got its river
plq-           to flatten with a hammer, to     Check
               be somewhere (said of a
               flat object)
plqga          flat dish                        EW, PIC
plqdiɬ         dinner plate                     Check
plsɢm          thin box                         Check
plstu          thin and flat                    Check
pl             thin and flat (as a layer or     EW
               sheet of something)
pl-            thin and flat (as a layer or     Check
               sheet of sth.)
plstu          thin and flat                    Check
pɬpƛa          to eat fins                      HS (not used but ok)
pn-            to fill sth. up                  Check
pna            to fill something up             EW
pnc-           blister, to be blistered         Check
pnca           blister, to be blistered         EW
pncɬ           having a blister, to be          Check
               blistered
pncut          to fill a container with fluid   Check
pncwa          to fill with fluid               Check
pncwala        filled with fluid                Check
pnɢʷalism      extremely satiated, bloated,     Check
               filled up (as with food)
pniga          to warm the back                 Check
pnigaxʔit      to start to warm the back        Check
pnigiɬ         to warm the back indoors         Check
pnigis         to warm the back on the          Check
               beach
                           340


pnigls    to warm the back outdoors       Check
          (e.g. in the sun)
pnikla    warming the back                Check
pnikliɬ   warming the back indoors        Check
pniklis   warming the back on the         Check
          beach
pniklls   warming the back outdoors       Check
pnis      red hot stones, metal, or       Check
          coal; embers from a fire
pnɬʔit    to become satiated,             Check
          saturated, filled up, bloated
          (as with food)
pnqa      filled with food (said of a     Check
          person)
pnqla     filled with food (said of a     Check
          person)
pnqʷ-     satiated with food              Check
pnqʷa     satiated (with food)            EW
pnqʷla    keeping satiated, saturated,    Check
          filled up, bloated (as with
          food)
pnqʷala   sound of burping                Check
pnƛ-      stout, big with child,          Check
          paunchy, to become stout;
          satiated, full (of food)
pnƛa      satiated, full (of food)        EW
pnƛla     keeping satiated, saturated,    Check
          filled up, bloated (with
          food)
pnuɬcut   see pNulhCut                    Check
pnuɬcwa   see pNulhCwa                    Check
pnut      to fill a bottle                Check
pnxʔit    to start filling a container    Check
pnχʡit    to become filled with food      Check
          (said of a person)
pnχʷʔit   to become satiated (with        Check
          food)
pnɬ       having a blister, to be         Check
          blistered
pnɬaʔai   blister                         Check
pnuɬcut   to empty a container or         Check
          bottle, to pour liquid out of
          a container
pnuɬcwa   to empty a container or         Check
          bottle
pqʷ-      to become sleepy, drowsy        Check
                             341


pqʷc        drowsy, sleepy                  EW
pqʷca       sleepy, drowsy                  Check
pqʷcalaci   sth. that makes one sleepy      Check
pqʷcaxʔit   to become sleepy or             Check
            drowsy
pqʷci (1)   sleepiness                      Check
pqʷci (2)   moth                            Check
pqʷcxʔit    to become sleepy or             Check
            drowsy
ps- (1)     to soak, to clean and soften    Check
            by soaking
ps- (2)     to clear, to clean; easy        Check
psa         to clean and soften by          EW, WL
            soaking; to soften and clean
            herring eggs by soaking; to
            clear the way (as when
            walking through the bush)
psila       to clear an area                EW
psʔit       to become dampened              WL
psla        area that has been cleared      Check
psliɬa      to clean a house                HS ind
psliɬla     tidying up the house            Check
pslisa      to clear or clean up the        Check
            beach
pslisla     cleaning up or clearing the     Check
            beach
pslsa       to clear ground, land           Check
pslsla      to clear an area                Check
pstalilkʷ   to be (in sth.) soaking         WL
pstaliɬa    to soak dried herring spawn     WL
pstaut      to clean by soaking (e.g.       WL
            herring eggs)
pt-         to give or take medecine        Check
pti         medecine                        EW
pƛ-         fin; palm (of hand), sole (of   Check
            foot)
pƛa         fin (of fish or sea mammal)     EW
pu- (1)     to starve, to lack food         LR
pu- (2)     deep                            LR
pucis       swollen foot, to have a         Check
            swollen foot, to swell (said
            of the foot)
pucisla     to have a swollen foot          Check
Pucgaɬ      name of Edna Wesley-            DS126
            Johnson
Puλas       """to make a full belly,"" to   DS127
                             342


            give large feasts; last great
            Oowekeeno Chiefs, died
            about 1890; Pudhas was
            half Nuxalk, half
            Oowekeeno; Pootlass
            brought to Oowekeeno by
            King family at Native
            Brotherhood feast in 1942;
            from Guilford Is. woman,
            or Fort Rupert"
puʔilakʷ    see puYlakv                      Check
puʔila u    see puYlaYu                      Check
pukʷ        (sth.) blown with the mouth      Check
puːnakʷla   to start to blow with the        Check
            mouth gradually, to move
            sth. along by blowing it
            with the mouth
pupcis      plural of: swollen foot, to      Check
            have a swollen foot, to
            swell (said of the foot)
pupsa       plural of: to swell              Check
pupsʔit     plural of: to (start to) rise    Check
            (as bread), to get swollen
pupskana    plural of: swollen hand, to      Check
            have a swollen hand
pupstu      plural of: (to have a)           Check
            swollen eye, to swell (said
            of the eye)
pupsχtamu   plural of: a swollen knee, to    Check
            have a swollen knee, to
            swell (said of the knee)
pupxʷa      plural of: to blow with the      Check
            mouth
pupxʷaχut   plural of: to blow sth. off      Check
            (e.g. off the table)
pupxʷla     plural of: blowing with the      Check
            mouth
pupxʷstut   plural of: to blow out a         Check
            candle, to blow sth. out of
            the eye
pupxʷut     plural of: to blow sth. out      Check
            of the mouth (e.g. inhaled
            smoke, or water)
pus-        hunger                           LR
pusa        to swell                         Check
pusʔit      to (start to) rise (as bread),   EW
                                343


              to get swollen
puskana       swollen hand, to have a          Check
              swollen hand
puskanala     to have a swollen hand or        Check
              forearm
puskani       a swollen hand or forearm        Check
pusla         swelling                         Check
pusm          a swollen face, to have a        Check
              swollen face, to swell (said
              of a face)
pusmala       to have a swollen face           Check
puspsiɬ       muscle-bound                     Check
pusqa         very hungry feeling (as          Check
              when starved), to feel very
              hungry
pusqala       feeling very hungry              Check
pusqaxʔit     to become very hungry, to        EW
              get a very hungry feeling
pustu         (to have a) swollen eye, to      Check
              swell (said of the eye)
pustuxʷʔit    to get a swollen eye, to         Check
              begin to swell (said of the
              eye)
pustwa        a swollen eye                    Check
pustwala      to have a swollen eye            Check
pusχtamu      a swollen knee, to have a        Check
              swollen knee, to swell (said
              of the knee)
pusχtamwa     a swollen knee                   Check
puƛ-          satiated, full                   LR
puƛla         satiated, full                   EW
puːkʷs        name applied to those who        DS127
              are not initiated into the
              dance series, and hence not
              allowed into the dance
              house
puxʷ-         to inflate, blow with the        LR
              mouth
puxʷa         to inflate, blow with the        EW
              mouth
puxʷaχut      to blow sth. off (e.g. off the   Check
              table)
puxʷʔit       to start to blow with the        Check
              mouth
puxʷla        blowing with the mouth           Check
puxʷlainuχʷ   person good at blowing           Check
                                       344


                     with the mouth
puxʷla u             bellows                          Check
puxʷms               stomach                          Check
puxʷns               bladder                          WL
puxʷns qn papa ayu   lit. bladder used as floater     PIC
puxʷstut             to blow out a candle, to         Check
                     blow sth. out of the eye
puxʷut               to blow sth. out of the          Check
                     mouth (e.g. inhaled smoke,
                     or water)
pu as                "Indian tea, Labrado Tea,        BC96: lj, nj, rh
                     ""Hudson Bay Tea""
                     (Ledum groenlandicum);
                     cold and sore throat
                     remedy; leaves used to
                     make beverage"
pu la                to bake yeast bread              Check
pu lakʷ              loaf of yeast bread              Check
pu la u              yeast, baking powder             Check
pwala                starving; famine                 EW
pwalism              to be starved                    Check
pwaxtm               person who is always             Check
                     hungry
pwinakʷla            to rise gradually (as bread)     Check
p a                  deep                             EW
p icinuχʷ            person who is always             Check
                     hungry
p   is               hungry                           DS126
p   iχawa            a swollen throat                 Check
p   iχawi            a swollen throat                 Check
p   iχu              a swollen throat, to have ...,   Check
                     to swell up (said of the
                     throat)
P iʣit               "given as ""one whom one         DS127
                     has to get hungry from"";
                     name of the eldest son of
                     Hnuwaqawa from the story
                     of BaxvbakvalaNusiwa; his
                     other names are given at
                     Twixmi, and Q’unuyuthi"
p iʣlkʷ              person who is always             Check
                     hungry
px-                  to warm, to heat, hot (like      Check
                     metal)
pxa                  to warm, to heat, hot (like      EW
                     metal)
                            345


pxʔnala     to sunbathe??                 PIC
pxsmala     to warm up the hill or        Check
            mountainside (as the sun)
pxsmigut    to warm the back              Check
pxsmiklls   to warm the back outdoors     Check
pχ-         to quiet the cannibal         LR
pχ-.        to cut (?)                    Check
pχa.        cedar strips                  EW
pχcas       person who can quiet the      Check
            Cannibal
pχla        to quiet the cannibal         EW; DS127
Pχlalaɬas   name of the Shaman            DS127
            Dancer, a supernatural
            being who is found in the
            house of
            BaxvbakvalaNusiwa,
            reference is to a marriage
            between the Oowekeeno
            and the N’aKvaxdnx\v
pχʷ-        to wither (plant, etc.)       LR
pχʷa        to wither (plant, etc.)       EW
pχʷʔit      to start to whither, drop     Check
            leaves (said of a deciduous
            plant)
pχʷnakʷla   changing colour gradually     Check
            (as leaves in the fall)
pχʷsʔit     (probably:) to start to       Check
            whither, drop leaves (said
            of deciduous plants in an
            area)
pyanu       piano                         Check
pa- (1)     to feel for sth.              LR
pa- (2)     to work                       LR
paʡinuχʷ    good at working               WL
paʡyas      garden                        HS, PIC
paʔailas    workshop, workroom            Check
paʔaini     one's work; kind of work,     Check
            business or concern
paːla       to work, to work on           EW
            something, to fix, repair
            sth.; workers, crew
paːlagliɬ   to be working indoors         WL
paːlaglis   to be working on the beach    WL
paːlagls    to be working outdoors        WL
paːlakɬχs   to be working onboard         WL
paːlaxs     work                          WL
                                   346


paʔanχ            season to work                  Check
Paːslaɬ           """Potlatch-Dancer"",           DS128
                  always giving feasts;
                  formerly chief Albert
                  Harry, now Percy Walkus;
                  ""a top ranking chief of the
                  river settlements""; chief of
                  the Sumx\ulh, in the story
                  of BaxvbakvalaNusiwa;
                  creek/glacier which
                  connect with the Machmell
                  River"
paʔa i            product, work done              Check
paːxsala          work anywhere (here and         WL
                  there)
pacs              bent to the ground (as a        Check
                  branch)
pacwa             steady, industrious, or hard    DS128
                  working person
Pacwalas          name of George Lewis, he        DS128
                  lived with 'Abuugva at
                  X|visiQva, the village at the
                  head of Rivers Inlet on the
                  Sawmill side, related to
                  Sampson Edward
pacwaqs           steady, industrious, or hard    Check
                  working woman
pagliɬa           to change the model or          WL
                  shape of sth., to remodel,
                  reshape
pagʷusti a        to raise the hand (as in        Check
                  voting)
paikʷ             (sth.) bent                     Check
paixʷaxsala       to feel around with the         Check
                  hands (as when walking in
                  the dark), to grope
paixʷaxsalagliɬ   to feel around with the         Check
                  hands indoors, to grope
                  indoors
paka              to touch with the hands         Check
pakinwa           handyman, repair man            WL
pak a.            to touch the top surface of     Check
                  sth. with the hand; to fix
                  (repair) the top surface of
                  sth.
pak aliɬa         to feel one's way in the        Check
                                  347


                 house by touching the top
                 surface of things; to fix
                 (repair) the top surface of
                 sth. in the house
pakʷ             blind, blind person; person      Check
                 who has undergone magical
                 treatment
palaʔas          place where one works            Check
palagiɬ          reason for working; to           Check
                 stand in for s.o.
palalas          jobs to be done                  Check
palas            variant Pala'as                  Check
palaƛludaʔaini   way of putting sth. onto sth.    Check
palaƛludini      see Palathluda'a\ini             Check
palaƛlut         to fix sth. onto sth., to        Check
                 arrange sth. on sth.
palm             cotton-wool                      EW
palms            "a type of moss used to          BC51: LJ
                 wipe the slime from fish;
                 ""white moss"" (? Alectoria
                 sp., Usnea sp. or Sphagnum
                 sp.)"
palnt            revenue, benefit, or profit      Check
                 from working
pala             to put one's hand on the         Check
                 rock or the stove
paɬ-             cotton-wool                      LR
paɬpƛs           plural of: strung out on the     Check
                 ground outdoors (as a root)
pamgʷusti a      to raise the hands (said of a    Check
                 group of people, e.g. when
                 voting)
pamnca           to reach for things in the       Check
                 water
panca            to reach for sth. in the         Check
                 water with one's hand
pancla           reaching for sth. in the         Check
                 water
panusla          to have one's hand in one's      Check
                 side pocket
panuʣi           hand one has in one's side       Check
                 pocket
panyala          to improve upon the poor         Check
                 job s.o. else has left behind,
                 to rearrange things here and
                 there
                                   348


pan alakʷ        things rearranged                Check
pappagila        plural of: to have the hands     HS
                 stretched out
pappala ala      plural of: to apply for a job,   HS
                 to look for a job
pappɢwa          plural of: to put together       HS
                 sth. taken apart without
                 nailing (as a jigsaw puzzle)
papp ainuχʷ      plural of: halibut fisherman     HS
papagila         to have the hands stretched      Check
                 out
papagliɬa        plural of: to change the         Check
                 model or shape of sth., to
                 remodel, reshape
papala ala       to apply for a job, to look      Check
                 for a job
papa ayu         floaters (for fish net)          PIC
papaxʷila        to be floating (as a cork)       Check
papcwa           plural of: steady,               Check
                 industrious, or hard
                 working person
papgʷusti a      plural of: to raise the hand     Check
                 (as in voting)
papɢawa          what is left after working       Check
                 (e.g. the logging site)
papɢwa           to put together sth. taken       Check
                 apart without nailing (as a
                 jigsaw puzzle)
papɢwala         sth. that has been put           Check
                 together; to cooperate
papixʷnala       to touch something               Check
                 unexpectedly
papka            plural of: to touch with the     Check
                 hands
papkinwa         plural of: handyman, repair      Check
                 man
paplca           to go after moss                 BC51
papsla           plural of: crooked, bent         Check
papsχtwala       plural of: bent at the top       Check
papugʷaʔainuχʷ   halibut fisherman                HS
papu a           to fish for halibut              WL
papuxʷsila       to slice halibut                 Check
pap a            to fish for halibut              EW
pap ainuχʷ       halibut fisherman                Check
pap axʔit        to start to fish for halibut     Check
papxdmkna        plural of: working clothes       Check
                              349


papxʔit (1)   plural of: to reach with the   Check
              hand
papxʔit (2)   plural of: to start working    Check
paqʷ-         moldy                          LR
paqʷɢmt       "to make the face look         EW
              ""moldy"""
pas-          to bend sth. stiff             LR
pasa          planting?                      OLP5
pasa          to bend something stiff; a     EW
              stiff thing that has been
              sent
pasanyala     pliable                        Check
pasba         crooked at the end             Check
pasbala       crooked at the end             Check
pasbaut       to bend the end of sth.        Check
pasʔilm       bent down to the ground        Check
              under a weight (as snow
              covered branches)
pasʔit        to become bent (as a twig)     Check
pasla         crooked, bent                  Check
pasta         to put the hand in the water   Check
pasusʔilm     to be flattened out on the     Check
              ground (as a house)
pasut         to bend sth. outward           Check
paswa         to fold over (double) sth.     Check
              and flatten it out (e.g. a
              strip of paper)
pasχtu        bent top of sth. long and      Check
              vertical (such as a tree)
pasχtuxʷʔit   to become bent at the top      Check
pasχtwa       things with a bent top (as a   Check
              tree)
pasχtwala     bent at the top                Check
paƛ-          to string out                  LR
paƛu ala      sth. hanging out of sth. (as   Check
              a shirt tail out of pants)
paƛs          something strung out on the    EW
              ground (e.g. a root)
paƛsa         to string sth. out on the      Check
              ground outdoors (e.g. a
              line)
paxʔaƛlaut    to fix sth. on a surface       Check
paxdmkna      working clothes                Check
paxdmknalkʷ   wearing working clothes        Check
paxdmkni      working clothes                Check
paxdma        work bench                     Check
                                      350


paxʔit              begin to work                    WL
paxʔit (1)          to reach for something with      EW
                    the hand
paxʔit (2)          to start to work                 EW
paxsala (1)         odd jobs, casual labour; to      Check
                    work here and there all
                    over the place
paːxsala (2)        to grope in the air              Check
paxsiwa             to put the hand through sth.     Check
paχacwala           having the hand inside sth.      Check
                    (as in one's pocket, a box, a
                    pail)
paχλaliɬa           to work on (fix, arrange,        Check
                    make) the bottom of sth.
                    (e.g. a basket)
paχʷʔit             to change colour (said of        Check
                    leaves in the fall)
pa u                tool, instrument                 PIC
pa aci              toolbox                          Check
paʣut               to touch a flat surface (e.g.    Check
                    a table, a window) with the
                    hand, to attach sth. to a flat
                    surface
pd-                 dark                             LR
picm                thing that is round and/or       Check
                    bulky and that is hard
picms qit           """safety hat"", ""hard          Check
                    hat"""
picala              to talk with harsh sounds        Check
picas               gumwood; Western yew             BC75
                    (Taxus brevifolia) tree?
                    (hard tree?)
pics                hard ground                      Check
piɢnakʷla           to get moldy gradually           Check
pipaːla             plural of: to work; workers      Check
pipaixʷaxsala       plural of: to feel around        Check
                    with the hands (as when
                    walking in the dark), to
                    grope
pipaixʷaxsalagliɬ   plural of: to feel around        Check
                    with the hands indoors, to
                    grope indoors
pipanca             plural of: to reach for sth.     Check
                    in the water with one's
                    hand
pipaχacwala         plural of: having the hand       Check
                               351


             inside sth. (as in one's
             pocket, a box, a pail)
pipcm        plural of: thing that is          Check
             round and/or bulky and that
             is hard
pipɢnakʷla   plural of: to get moldy           Check
             gradually
piplca       plural of: to become moss-        Check
             covered
piplup       "plural of: sister-in-law         Check
             (according to Franz Boas
             the precise meaning is:
             ""husband's sister"" and
             ""womaNs brother's
             wife"")"
pipɬʔit      plural of: to start to blink,     HS ind
             to blink once
pipqa        plural of: to taste               Check
pipqla       plural of: tasting, to have       Check
             the taste of sth.
pipqala      plural of: sound of               Check
             smacking lips
pipsa        plural of: to dent                HS ind
pipsʔit      plural of: to sag (as a           Check
             pudding), to become dented
pip isʔilm   plural of: to have been           Check
             floating near the beach (but
             not moving any more)
pipxla       plural of: groove in wood,        Check
             saddle in the mountains; to
             make grooves in wood
pipxptala    plural of: indentation, dent,     Check
             groove (as in a can, in one's
             arm)
pipxʷa (1)   plural of: to feel for sth.       Check
             with the fingers (as when
             one has dropped a needle
             and is trying to find it in the
             dark)
pipxʷa (2)   plural of: to float, to drift,    Check
             to be buoyant
pipxʷʔit     plural of: to start floating      Check
pipxʷla      plural of: floating; to be        Check
             high on the water
pipxʷlakƛi   plural of: to float around at     Check
             sea
                                352


pipxʷnakʷla    plural of: to start floating    Check
               gradually, to emerge on the
               surface of the water
               gradually
pipχsm         greyberry, stink currant        Check
pipʣis         plural of: hard beach           Check
piq-           moldy                           LR
piqa           moldy                           EW
pis-           hard                            LR
pisa           hard                            EW
pisaxsila      too hard                        Check
p spʣis        plural of: hard beach           Check
pisχti         binding at the top edge of      BC65: DS
               the basket
pixʷ-          to grope                        LR
pixʷa          to grope, feel with the         EW
               hands, to palpate (sick
               person)
pixʷʔit        to (start to) feel for sth.     Check
               with the fingers
pixʷita        to search a person; to feel a   Check
               person (as when blind)
pixʷla         feeling for sth. with the       Check
               fingers
pixʷʔna        to feel with the fingers        Check
               along sth. long (such as a
               railing or a log)
pixʷʔnala      feeling along the railing       Check
               with the fingers
pixʷsistiɬla   feeling one's way along the     Check
               wall indoors
piχʡit         to become moldy                 Check
piχpala        moldy smell                     Check
piʣis          hard beach                      Check
pk-            dent, beat copper               LR
pka            to dent                         EW
pkʷ-           to gather (said of birds), to   LR
               swim in a school
pkʷa           to gather (said of birds), to   EW
               swim in a school (fish, etc.)
pl-            moss                            LR
plc            moss-covered                    Check
plc-           moss-covered                    LR
plca           to become covered with          EW
               moss
plmcs          land covered with moss          Check
                               353


plms          moss (Bryophyta, such as         EW; BC50, 51
              Sphagnum spp. and some
              lichens); supernatural role
              in myth or story; used to
              wipe slime from salmon
plplskutmls   moss on one side of face in      BC51: Boas32:170
              woods
plq-          blunt, dull                      LR
plspiga       moss on tree trunk               BC51
plwat         to have a sister-in-law          Check
pl at         having a sister-in-law           EW
plxʷ-         sister-in-law                    LR
plχ-          fog                              LR
plχla         fog                              EW, PIC
plχʷ-         sister-in-law                    LR
plup          "sister-in-law (according to     EW
              Franz Boas the precise
              meaning is: ""husband's
              sister"" and ""womaNs
              brother's wife"")"
plupaɢa       a kinship term referring to a    Check
              female; precise meaning
              not known
plupxʔit      to become a sister-in-law        Check
pl m          sister-in-law                    EW
plyat         to have a sister-in-law          Check
pɬ-           blink                            LR
pɬa           to blink                         EW, HS ind
pɬʔit         to start to blink, to blink      HS ind
              once
pɬpɬa         to blink repeatedly              HS ind
pɬtqa         to blink (as while aiming)       Check
pniɬ          pit in the floor of the house    Check
              (as e.g. the fireplace of the
              longhouse)
pniɬa         to make a pit in the floor of    Check
              the longhouse (as for
              building a fire)
pniɬʔit       to become a pit in the floor     Check
              of the longhouse
pnis          pit in the surface of the        Check
              beach
pnisa         to dig a pit in the surface of   Check
              the beach (as for building a
              fire)
Pnisʔit       to become a pit in the           DS128
                             354


            surface of the beach; name
            of a man from QvaqvMi, a
            killer whale story
pns         pit in the ground outdoors      Check
pnsa        to dig a pit in the ground      Check
            outdoors
ppakn       overworked                      hs
ppaknxʔit   to become overworked            Check
pq-         to taste                        LR
pqa         to taste                        EW
pqla        tasting, to have the taste of   Check
            sth.
pqala       sound of smacking lips          Check
ps- (1)     dented                          LR
ps- (2)     potlatch                        LR
psa         dent, to dent                   EW, HS ind
psaʔai      indentation, a corner of the    EW
            house
psʔit       to sag (as a pudding), to       Check
            become dented
psla        kind of potlatch                EW
psplq       blunt, dull                     EW
psp u       ear                             EW, HS ind
ps ala      dented at the top               Check
pt-         dented                          LR
pta         dented                          EW
ptkla       getting dark                    EW
pƛs         to bend down to the ground      Check
            (as branches)
pu-         halibut                         LR
pukʷ-       white spot on the skin;         LR
            halibut
pukʷit      person with white spots on      EW
            the body
pukʷuƛ      to have caught a halibut        WL
puliqʷla    bubbling up                     EW
puliχʷʔit   to start bubbling up            Check
puɬ-        to bubble up, splash up         LR
puːnakʷla   to float along                  Check
pupuxʷt     slices of dried halibut         Check
puwi        halibut                         EW
puxʷpukʷa   to eat halibut                  WL
pwai        halibut                         Check
pwayu       floater (for fish net)          PIC
pwi         halibut                         WL, PIC
p inukʷ     to have a halibut               WL
                                  355


pwis            to be afloat near the beach      Check
p isʔilm        to have been floating near       Check
                the beach (but not moving
                any more)
pwixpwika       to eat halibut                   WL
px-             dented                           LR
pxa             to make grooves or notches       Check
                in wood
pxla            groove in wood, saddle in        Check
                the mountains; to make
                grooves in wood
pxla (2)        dented, grooved                  EW
pxpta           dent, groove, indentation;       Check
                to make a dent, groove,
                indentation
pxptala         indentation, dent, groove        Check
                (as in a can, in one's arm)
pxptaut         to make a groove in sth.         Check
pxʷ-            to float                         LR
pxʷa            to float, to drift, to be        Check
                buoyant
pxʷaʔai         to float on the water, to be     Check
                afloat
pxʷaʔaixʔit     to start floating higher (as a   Check
                boat being unloaded)
pxʷa a          to have found sth. floating      Check
                (after searching), to have
                succeeded in finding sth.
                floating
pxʷʔidanakʷla   to start floating gradually,     Check
                to emerge on the surface of
                the water gradually
pxʷʔit          to start floating                Check
pxʷla           floating; to be high on the      EW
                water
pxʷlakƛi        to float around at sea           Check
pxʷnakʷla       to start floating gradually,     Check
                to emerge on the surface of
                the water gradually
qaːχ            rabbit                           EW
qait            hat, cap                         EW, HS ind
qaka            to cut off heads of fish,        EW, DS129
                animals, or people; to
                behead, to decapitate
qakla           cutting off heads of fish,       Check
                animals, or people;
                              356


             beheading, decapitating
Qakɬχi       name of the place where         DS129
             Ha\nThikvnas crossed over
             from Owikeno Lake to the
             head of the C’agvala River,
             supposedly a huge rock
             slide; given also as kaxx\ti
qakmut       to cut off heads; to cut        Check
             things out of sth.
Qakqyasu     name of the Beheaded            DS129
             Dancer, a dance of the
             C’aiqa Series
qakut        to cut off heads; to cut        Check
             things out of sth. (e.g. with
             an adze)
qakʷa        to suffer a loss (as in a       EW
             game)
qakʷkn       variant of qaKvkvn              Check
qakʷkʷn      to be completely beaten in      Check
             the game
qakʷxʔit     variant of qaKvxv'it            Check
qakʷxʷʔit    to begin to lose in the game    Check
qalakʷa      to cook fish by laying it       EW
             beside the fire
qalatla      wake of a fish streaking by     EW
             under water, streak in water
qalisaχi     "willow, Common Red-            BC92,118: hr181
             Osier Dogwood (Cornus
             sericea); wood for arrows,
             frames for stretching
             beaver skins, fishing hook
             and salmon tethering pole;
             lit., ""walk along the
             shore"" referring to Yakas'
             willow walking stick"
qama         toy                             Check
qamila       deer                            EW, HS, rh
qaniqas      balsam tree                     Check
qanχaxsala   to kick about                   hs
qapla        to rise and come towards        EW
             one (said of steam, haze,
             smell), steam, smell, air
qaps         spring salmon                   Check
qaput (1)    to butt-fit containers (so as   Check
             to make one closed
             container)
                                  357


qaput (2)        to air out sth.                 Check
qapwa            to mix two ingredients (as      Check
                 flour and sugar); to butt-fit
                 two containers
qapwala          mixed together (as flour        Check
                 and sugar); butt-fitted (as
                 two containers)
Qaqabisila       """he who turns canoes          DS129
                 upside down""; name given
                 by Y’a'xzi to his youngest
                 brother, in the Y’a'xzi story
                 from K’vii, he upsets the
                 returning canoes of his
                 tribe; formerly Jack
                 Johnson, now Norman
                 Johnson"
qaqabm           small spring salmon             Check
qaqakawa         heads cut off and lying         Check
                 around (as after butchering
                 fish)
qaqapa           to try to, prepare for, or be   HS
                 on the verge of turning over
                 a container or container-
                 like thing (such as a cup, a
                 basin, a canoe); to try to
                 catch spring salmon
qaqawaɬcila      to be listening                 Check
qaqawaɬt iɬayu   radio; doctor's stethoscope     Check
qaqawata         to try to hear (e.g. if the     HS
                 plane is coming already)
qaqiɬila         to keep the head bent           Check
                 sideways
qaqiqila         to keep the head bend           EW
                 sideways
qaqkʷkʷn         plural of: to be completely     Check
                 beaten in the game
qaqmla           to hunt for deer                HS, WL
qaqmlagls        to hunt for deer in the         Check
                 woods
qaqmlaisla       to hunt for deer along the      Check
                 shore
qaqmila          plural of: deer                 HS
qaqnχsmasu       a football                      Check
qaqnayu          a kind of trap with a noose     Check
qaqnχala         to kick s.o. when passing       Check
                 him
                                  358


qaqnχsma        to play football; a football      PIC
                game
qaqnχsmaʔa as   football field                    Check
qaqnχsmayu      a football                        Check
qaqpla          plural of: to rise up and         Check
                come towards one (said of
                the haze, steam, or smell of
                sth.)
qaqps           plural of: spring salmon          Check
qaqqawata       plural of: to try to hear (e.g.   HS
                if the plane is coming
                already)
qaqqiɬila       plural of: to keep the head       Check
                bent sideways
qaqqmla         plural of: to hunt for deer       HS
qaqquχʷa ala    plural of: to use empty           Check
                shells for digging cockles
qaqqnc          plural of: heron crane            Check
qaqtiwa         plural of: bangs                  HS
qaquχʷa ala     to use empty shells for           Check
                digging cockles
qaqanis         heron, crane; name of Kitty       EW, sd129
                Hanuse or 'A|dag\a
qaqnc           heron crane                       Check
qaqu            rack or pole frame for            Check
                frying herring eggs
qatiwa          bangs                             HS
qawadayu        hearing aid or any                Check
                instrument for hearing,
                stethoscope
qawaɬʔa         to come to hear (after            HS not sure
                trying), to succeed in
                hearing
qawaɬʔaƛla      to come to hear (after            HS
                trying), to succeed in
                hearing
qawata          to use a hearing aid or           Check
                stethoscope
qawatwala       to hear each other; to            Check
                understand each other's
                language
qawats          person with sharp ears            EW
qaχa            to clear the throat of            EW
                something caught in it
qaχʡit          to start to clear the throat of   Check
                sth. caught in it
                          359


qaχla    clearing the throat of sth.     Check
         stuck in it
qaχmca   to be stuck in the throat (as   Check
         a fishbone)
qayayu   stilts                          Check
qbaci    garbage pail                    Check
qbusu    to spill solids accidentally    Check
qc                                       Check
qcit     a flounder-like fish,           Check
         probably a sole
qclc     an unidentified sole-like       Check
         fish with black stripes that
         is dried and eaten by the
         Chinese
qcm      knife for cutting salmon        EW
qcukʷ    sth. coiled into a container    Check
         (e.g. a rope)
qcus     rack for drying things          EW
         (seaweed, fish slices, etc.)
qcut     to coil a line into a           Check
         container
qduχʷ    a small kind of seal            Check
qɢiga    an (unidentified) white         EW, DS129
         diving duck, heron? (its cry
         is QQQQa); name of the
         mythical bird, the first
         people were transformed
         when they saw the sun into
         these birds
Qɢiga.   name of the mythical bird,      DS129
         the first people were
         transformed when they saw
         the sun into these birds
qɢnm     plural of: girl, woman,         HS
         wife, daughter; to be of
         female sex
-qi      "object of verb or              EW
         preposition ""la"": (the)
         one(s) over there, near
         neither you nor me, under
         discussion, being talked
         about (3Obj)"
qi       this over there, that over      Check
         there
qic      this invisible one over         Check
         there, that invisible one
                             360


            over there
qicda       emphatic variant of: this       Check
            invisible one over there,
            that invisible one over there
qicdana     emphatic variant of: this       Check
            invisible one over there,
            that invisible one over there
qicqʷ       this invisible one over         Check
            there, that invisible one
            over there
qicqʷa      emphatic variant of: this       Check
            invisible one over there,
            that invisible one over there
qicqʷana    emphatic variant of: this       Check
            invisible one over there,
            that invisible one over there
qicχʷ       this invisible one over         Check
            there, that invisible one
            over there
qida        emphatic variant of: this       Check
            one over there; that one
            over there
qidana      emphatic variant of: this       Check
            one over there; that one
            over there
qikma       a species of shellfish with a   EW
            thick shell and attached to
            the rocks on one side
qiɬa        to beckon with the head, to     Check
            wobble the head from side
            to side
qiɬc lwaɬ   "a small white inedible         Check
            mushroom (lit: ""ghosTs
            hat"")"
qiɬcmiɬ     pillowcase                      Check
qiɬʔit      to make a beckoning             Check
            movement with the head, to
            put on a hat; to become a
            hat
qiɬla       beckoning with the head         Check
qiɬχtai     embroidery on a pillowcase      Check
qiɬχti      embroidery on a pillowcase      EW
qinaχ       shoe(s)                         Check
qinuɬ       pillow, shredded wheat          EW, HS ind, PIC
qinuɬ (1)   pillow                          Check
qinuɬ (2)   shredded wheat                  Check
                                    361


qinuɬcmi          pillow case                       HS ind
qinuɬila          to make pillows                   HS ind
q qait            plural of: hat, cap               HS
q qaitkʷ          plural of: person that has        HS
                  put on a cap or hat
qiqbusu           plural of: to spill solids        Check
                  accidentally
qiqcm             knife for cutting salmon          Check
qiqkala           plural of: to speak (said of      HS no
                  a woman)
qiqlkʷstaiɬ       plural of: to lie on the floor    Check
                  of the house (said of
                  animate beings)
qiqlgʷiɬ          plural of: to lie indoors         Check
                  (said of animate beings)
qiqlgʷis          plural of: to lie on the          Check
                  beach (said of animate
                  beings)
qiqlkʷa           plural of: to lie on sth. (said   Check
                  of animate beings)
qiqlkʷkʷ          plural of: thing one lies on      Check
                  (e.g. a mat)
qiqlkʷlaƛla       plural of: to lie on a surface    Check
                  (e.g. the boardwalk)
qiqlkʷstals       plural of: to lie on the          Check
                  ground (said of animate
                  beings)
qiqlkʷχs          plural of: to lie in the boat     Check
                  (said of animate beings)
qiqlkwa           plural of: to lie on a flat       Check
                  surface (e.g. a board, a
                  table) (said of animate
                  beings)
qiqlxʷstais       plural of: to lie in the water    Check
                  (said of animate beings)
qiqlxʷsistaʔaiɬ   plural of: to move from a         Check
                  sitting to a lying position;
                  to lie in a circle indoors
qiqlχa            plural of: to cut with            Check
                  scissors
qiqlχʡinuχʷ       plural of: barber                 Check
qiqlχilaci        plural of: nest                   Check
qiqlχilakʷ        plural of: hatched egg,           Check
                  cooked egg
qiqlχiɬdma        plural of: sewing pattern         Check
qiqlχs a          to cut into pieces with           Check
                                 362


               scissors; plural of: to cut a
               piece off sth. with scissors
qiqlχulm       plural of: scissors               Check
qiqɬa          plural of: to beckon with         Check
               the head, to wobble the
               head from side to side
qiqms staƛi    plural of: to capsize, to tip     Check
               over on the water
qiqmukʷ        plural of: seaweed made           Check
               crispy by heat and
               pulverized
qiqmit         plural of: to start to tip        Check
               over, overturn, upset a
               vessel
qiqmkla        plural of: too big to fit into    Check
               the opening, unable or
               incapable of passing
               through sth.
qiqmxʷa        plural of: to chop seaweed        Check
               when it is crispy
qiqnaχ         plural of: shoe(s)                Check
qiqnχawala     plural of: to wear sth.           Check
               around one's neck (e.g. a
               necklace or a necktie)
qiqnχa         plural of: to kick; to put on     Check
               shoes
qiqnχʔaƛla     plural of: to stub one's toe,     Check
               to bump the foot
qiqnχaχlsa     plural of: to kick sth. or s.o.   Check
               down to the ground
qiqnχilinuχʷ   plural of: shoemaker              Check
qiqnχsiwisa    plural of: to kick the soccer     Check
               ball through the goal
qiqnχsmi       overshoes, rubbers,               Check
               galoshes
qiqnχstaut     plural of: to kick sth. into      Check
               the water
qiqpai         plural of: to capsize, tip        Check
               over (said of a boat)
qiqput         plural of: to empty a             Check
               container by overturning or
               tilting it
qiqpwlsa       plural of: to upset a vessel      Check
               so as to let its contents go
               out of the house (e.g.
               through the doorway)
                             363


qiqp ala    plural of: container with a      Check
            lid on it
qiqp aut    plural of: to put the lid on     Check
            the container
qiqpsa      plural of: to turn sth. upside   Check
            down on the ground outside
            (as e.g. to empty it)
qiqsa (1)   to rub the finger over a         Check
            surface (as e.g. to collect
            dust or a daub of paint,
            grease, cream), to wipe out
            a dish with the finger, to
            paint with the finger
qiqsa (2)   plural of: to coil a line        Check
qiqsʔit     plural of: to start coiling      Check
            sth. (e.g. a line)
qiqsu       plural of: you, it is you        Check
qiqta       plural of: to bend; joint        Check
            (finger, elbow)
qiqtu       variant of qiqx\tu               Check
qiqus       plural of: to be yours, to       Check
            belong to you
qiqwayu     plural of: knife for scraping    Check
            the inner bark of a tree
qiqxa       plural of: to use a hoop or a    Check
            safety belt (as e.g. an
            electrician climbing a pole)
qiqxiwa     plural of: head band, hair       Check
            band
qiqxiwala   plural of: to wear a head        Check
            band
qiqxsmi     plural of: hoop made out of      Check
            cedar bark
qiqxʷa      plural of: to have sexual        Check
            intercourse
qiqxʷaliɬ   plural of: to cohabit indoors    Check
qiqχba      plural of: forked at the end     Check
qiqχla      plural of: having a forked       Check
            shape
qiqχtu      plural of: forked at the top     Check
            (as e.g. a tree)
qiqʷ        this one over there, that one    Check
            over there
qiqʷa       more emphatic variant of:        Check
            this one over there, that one
            over there
                                364


qiqʷana        more emphatic variant of:        Check
               this one over there, that one
               over there
q sa           to wipe a dish out with the      EW
               finger
q sʔit         to start to rub the finger       Check
               over a surface (as e.g. to
               collect dust or a daub of
               paint, grease, cream), to
               start to wipe out a dish with
               the finger, to start to paint
               with the finger
q sla          rubbing the finger over a        Check
               surface (to gather a daub of
               paint, grease, etc.), painting
               with the finger
qita           to put on a hat or cap           Check
qitkʷ          person that has put on a cap     Check
               or hat
qitkʷinuχʷ     person always wearing a          Check
               hat or cap
qiχa (1)       to fade (colour)                 EW
qiχa (2)       to beckon with the head, to      Check
               nod backwards (as to
               indicate to s.o. that he
               should come over
qiχʡit (1)     to become faded (as a            Check
               colour)
qiχʡit (2)     to make a beckoning              Check
               movement with the head
qiχʔit         to beckon                        EW
qiχnakʷla      to fade gradually (said of a     Check
               colour)
qiχstu         faded colour, having a           Check
               faded colour
qiχstunakʷla   to fade gradually (said of a     Check
               colour)
qiχstuxʷʔit    to start fading, to become       Check
               faded (said of a colour)
qiχʷ           this one over there, that one    Check
               over there
-qk            "object of verb or               EW
               preposition ""la"": (the)
               one(s) here with me
               (3ObjProx1)"
-qki           "object of verb or               EW
                               365


              preposition ""la"": (the)
              one(s) absent, gone
              (3ObjGone)"
qki           this gone one, that gone        Check
              one
qkida         emphatic variant of: this       Check
              gone one, that gone one
qkidana       emphatic variant of: this       Check
              gone one, that gone one
qkiqʷ         this gone one, that gone        Check
              one
qkiqʷa        more emphatic variant: this     Check
              gone one, that gone one
qkiqʷana      more emphatic variant: this     Check
              gone one, that gone one
qkiχʷ         this gone one, that gone        Check
              one
qkla          tight, obstructed, causing      EW
              an obstruction
qkʷi          duck blind                      EW
qkala         to speak (said of a woman)      EW, HS ind
qkgaɬ         to start to speak, to utter     Check
              sth. (said of a woman)
qlgʷilas      locality where a sick person    Check
              is kept in isolation, private
              ward in a hospital
qlgʷiɬ        to lie in bed (said of          EW
              animate beings)
qlgʷis        to lie on the beach (said of    Check
              animate beings)
qlkʷa         to lie on sth. (said of         Check
              animate beings)
qlkʷaχalisa   to lay sth. onto the lowest     Check
              ledge around the fire pit in
              the longhouse
qlkʷkʷ        thing one lies on (e.g. a       Check
              mat)
qlkʷla        lying on sth. (said of          Check
              animate beings)
qlkʷlaƛla     to lie on a surface (e.g. the   Check
              boardwalk)
qlkʷstaiɬ     to lie on the floor of the      Check
              house (said of animate
              beings)
qlkʷstals     to lie on the ground (said of   Check
              animate beings)
                                 366


qlkʷχs          to lie in the boat (said of      Check
                animate beings)
qlkwa           to lie on a flat surface (e.g.   Check
                a board, a table) (said of
                animate beings)
qlkʷs           to lie on the ground outside     Check
                (said of animate beings)
qlkʷ as         place where one lies on the      Check
                ground outside
qlulu           strawberry (Fragaria):           BC108: EW
                Nuxalk loan
qluluχʷ         strawberry (Fragaria):           BC108: lj, nj
                Nuxalk loan
qlxʷa           to preserve food by pouring      EW
                grease over it
qlxʷʔit (1)     to lie down, to assume a         Check
                lying position, to begin to
                lie on sth. (said of animate
                beings)
qlxʷʔit (2)     to begin to preserve food        Check
                by pouring grease over it
qlxʷsistaʔaiɬ   to move from a sitting to a      Check
                lying position; to lie in a
                circle indoors
qlχa            to cut with scissors, to use     EW
                scissors
qlχʡinuχʷ       barber                           Check
qlχʡit          to start to cut with scissors    Check
qlχbaut         to cut off the end of sth.       Check
                with scissors
qlχdma (1)      bare island (as where            Check
                seagulls lay their eggs),
                nesting place of seagulls
qlχdma (2)      sewing pattern                   Check
qlχilaci        nest                             Check
qlχilacigila    to make a nest                   Check
qlχilakʷ        hatched egg, cooked egg          Check
qlχilas         barber shop, hairdresser's       Check
                shop
qlχiɬdma        sewing pattern                   Check
qlχla           cutting with scissors            Check
qlχm            egg of a bird                    Check
qlχmi           eggs; to lay eggs (said of a     EW, PIC
                bird)?
qlχmyn          egg                              Check
qlχmynu         small egg                        Check
                               367


qlχsistala    to cut around sth. with          Check
              scissors (e.g. around a
              pattern), to trim the hair
qlχs a        to cut a piece off sth. with     Check
              scissors
qlχs ut       to cut sth. in half with         Check
              scissors
qlχulm        scissors                         Check
qlxʷstaʔais   to lie in the water (said of     Check
              animate beings)
qɬqta         double up like a jackknife       Check
              repeatedly (as e.g. one's
              elbow); elbow
qmka          too big to fit into the          Check
              opening
qmkla         too big to fit into the          EW
              opening, unable or
              incapable of passing
              through sth. (e.g. through a
              narrow pipe)
qmɬila        place with a lot of deer         WL
qmɬqaɬa       to eat deer meat                 WL
qmɬut         to have caught a deer            EW
qmɬuƛ         to get (catch, receive,          WL
              obtain, acquire) a deer
qmukʷ         seaweed made crispy by           BC47
              heat and pulverized for
              consumption
qm ala        sound of chopping sth.           Check
              crispy or brittle
qmxʔit        to become too big to fit into    Check
              the opening
qmxʷa         crispy, brittle (as seaweed      EW
              after curing)
qmxʷʔit       to start to chop crispy          Check
              seaweed
qmxʷla        chopping crispy seaweed          Check
qmit          to start to tip over,            Check
              overturn, upset a vessel
qms staƛai    to capsize, to tip over on       Check
              the water
qms staut     to turn sth. upside down         Check
qmuɬcut       to empty out a container by      Check
              tipping it over
qn            for, for the sake of, for the    Check
              benefit of, as for, pertaining
                              368


             to, about, concerning, in
             order to, for the purpose of
             (proclitic used to introduce
             adjunts that specify the
             addressee, beneficiary,
             victim, or intention implied
             by the predicate of the
             sentence
qna          """it (red-cedar bark) sticks   BC64: rh
             right on the tree"" (and is
             difficult to peel)"
qnc          our (including you); by us      Check
             (including you), through us
             (including you); we
             (including you) (in
             subordinate clauses)
qnca         to adze                         EW
qncabala     adze                            Check
qnckʷ        (sth.) adzed or chopped         Check
             with an adze
qncla        adzing                          Check
qnqacawa     wood chips left over from       Check
             adzing
qntkʷ        our (excluding you); by us,     Check
             through us (excluding you);
             we (excluding you)
             (subordinate clauses)
qnχa         to kick, to put on shoes        EW
qnχʡit       to start to kick, to start to   Check
             put on shoes
qnχʔaƛla     to stub one's toe, to bump      Check
             the foot
qnχʔaχdut    "to kick s.o.'s behind, to      Check
             ""kick s.o. in the pants"""
qnχaχlsa     to kick sth. or s.o. down to    Check
             the ground
qnχaχut      to kick sth. down from a        Check
             higher level
qnχilinuχʷ   shoemaker                       Check
qnχla        kicking; putting on shoes       Check
qnχlilm      house slippers                  HS ok
qnχpigaut    to kick s.o. in the shin        Check
qnχsiwisa    to kick the soccer ball         Check
             through the goal
qnχstaut     to kick sth. into the water     Check
qnχawala     to wear sth. around one's       Check
                               369


              neck (e.g. a necklace or a
              necktie)
qnχut         to hang or tie sth. around       Check
              the neck (e.g. a necklace)
qpa           to be or to be put in an         EW
              upside-down position (said
              of a hollow vessel), to
              upset, empty out, capsize,
              tip over
qpaʔai        to capsize, tip over (said of    Check
              a boat)
qpla (1)      overturning, tipping over of     Check
              a vessel, upsetting a vessel
              (as e.g. to dump out its
              contents)
qpla (2)      first quarter of the moon        Check
qplaƛla (1)   overturning, tipping over of     Check
              a vessel onto a surface
qplaƛla (2)   first quarter of the moon        Check
qput          to empty a container by          Check
              overturning or tilting it
qpuyala       to be open from within (as       Check
              e.g. a container)
qpwlsa        to upset a vessel so as to let   Check
              its contents go out of the
              house (e.g. through the
              doorway)
qpχtamwa      knee cap                         Check
qp a          lid of a container               Check
qp ala.       container with a lid on it       Check
qp aut.       to put the lid on the            Check
              container
qpsa          to turn sth. upside down on      Check
              the ground outside (as e.g.
              to empty it)
qqa           to give the hunting cry          EW
              (said of dogs chasing
              something)
qqla          giving the hunting cry (said     Check
              of dogs chasing sth.)
qs            my; by me, through me; I         HS
              (in subordinate clauses)
              (proclitic)
qsa           to coil, wind                    EW
qsʔit         to start coiling sth. (e.g. a    Check
              line)
                              370


qsla         coiling                         Check
qsmcukʷ      several ropes coiled into a     Check
             container
qsu          it is you                       EW
qs m         you indeed                      EW
qta          to bend; joint (arm or          EW, HS not sure
             elbow)
qtu          see qx\tu                       Check
qu           this one near you, that one     Check
             near you
qucum        blossom moon, May               BC505: Drucker
             (Drucker 1950:270)
qucut        to dip sth. out of a dish or    Check
             bowl
quda         emphatic variant of: qu         Check
qudana       emphatic variant of: qu         Check
quɢʷnakʷla   to drift away gradually         Check
qulidaut     to bend sth. rigid (such as     Check
             metal)
quɬa         bent (said of sth. rigid such   Check
             as metal)
quɬʔit       to become bent (said of sth.    Check
             rigid, stiff)
quɬla        bend, crooked, warped           EW
quɬχtwala    bent at the top (said of sth.   Check
             rigid, as e.g. a tree)
quqʷ         this one near you, that one     Check
             near you
quqʷa (1)    to drift                        EW
quqʷa (2)    more emphatic variant of:       Check
             quqv
quqʷana      more emphatic variant of:       Check
             quqv
quqʷatusla   drifting downstream             Check
quqʷla       drifting (as with a boat)       Check
quqʷlakƛi    to drift around on the water    Check
quqʷɬla      plural of: crooked, bent        Check
             (said of sth. rigid)
quqʷχʷa      plural of: to scrape            HS ind
qusla        crooked, winding in             EW
             different directions (rope,
             boat, etc.)
quχʷa        to scrape                       EW, HS ind
quχʷ         this (near you), that (near     Check
             you)
quχʷa.       to scrape moving the            Check
                               371


              scraper towards oneself
quχʷc         this invisible one near you,    Check
              that invisible one near you
quχʷcda       more emphatic variants of:      Check
              qux\vc
quχʷcdana     more emphatic variants of:      Check
              qux\vc
quχʷcqʷ       this invisible one near you,    Check
              that invisible one near you
quχʷcqʷa      more emphatic variants of:      Check
              qux\vcqv
quχʷcqʷana    more emphatic variants of:      Check
              qux\vcqv
quχʷcχʷ       this (invisible near you),      Check
              that (invisible near you)
quχʷʔit (1)   to start to scrape towards      Check
              oneself (with a scraper)
quχʷʔit (2)   to start to drift away          Check
quχʷla        scraping while moving the       Check
              scraper towards oneself
qwayu         knife for scraping the inner    BC71,116
              bark of a tree
qxa           to bind, fasten, secure with,   EW
              or as if with, a hoop, noose,
              or ring, to wear a band
qxʔit         to start using a hoop or a      Check
              safety belt
qxiwa         head band, hair band            Check
qxiwala       to wear a head band             Check
qxla          using a hoop or a safety        Check
              belt
qxsmala       surrounded or kept together     Check
              by a hoop or a string
qxsmi         hoop made out of cedar          Check
              bark
qxsmt         to put a hoop around sth.       Check
qxʷa          to have sexual intercourse      Check
qxʷaliɬ       to cohabit indoors              Check
qxʷmkʷila     to win by luck (as e.g. in a    Check
              game)
qχʡit         to start to give the hunting    Check
              cry (said of dogs)
qχba          forked at the end               Check
qχbaut (1)    to make a forked end            Check
qχbaut (2)    "to ""point both ways"" in a    Check
              lahel game"
                               372


qχla.         having a forked shape            EW
qχtu          forked at the top (as e.g. a     Check
              tree)
q ukʷ         (sth.) coiled (as e.g. a line)   Check
-qʷ           "object of verb or               EW
              preposition ""la"": (the)
              one(s) here with you, there
              with you, concerning you
              particularly (3ObjProx2)"
Qʷac          mythical name of a mouse,        DS49
              from the story of K’vii'itx\v
qʷaka         to split open (?)                EW
qʷakʷm a      dimple                           Check
qʷaqa         to cut open (fish, game)         EW
Qʷaqasu       name for the                     DS134
              Disemboweled Dancer, a
              dance of the C’aiqa Series,
              the dancer is cut open, and
              then healed in the course of
              the dance
qʷaqla        eviscerating,                    Check
              disemboweling
qʷaqut        to disembowel                    DS134
qʷaqʷani      childreNs swing, to use the      EW, OLP5, PIC
              swing
qʷaqʷani      swing, to use a swing (as        Check
              children)
qʷaqʷa alas   "Common dandelion plant          BC86
              (Taraxacum officinale)
              when fruiting, i.e. when
              their ""seeds"" can be
              blown away"
qʷaqʷla       to hunt for beaver               EW, HS
qʷaqʷla as    willow tree                      Check
Qʷaqʷmi       """hole at a point"";            DS134, PIC
              Oowekeeno Reserve #3,
              ""Cock-mi"", an important
              campsite for gathering sea
              foods; location of:
              slaughter of the
              Oowekeeno by the
              Heiltsuk, story of P’nis'it,
              story of Q’lWakv; not
              Kwakume Point
              (Q’vaqmit), Heiltsuk"
qʷaqʷqʷla     plural of: to hunt for beaver    HS
                                    373


qʷaqʷqʷuta         plural of: to fill a container   Check
qʷaqʷuta           to fill a container              Check
qʷaqʷu alas        dandelion                        Check
qʷaqʷ ukʷa         to be on the point of boiling    Check
                   (as water)
qʷasa              to be startled                   EW
qʷasqʷkʷm a        plural of: dimple                Check
qʷauqʷtakn         plural of: overloaded,           Check
                   overflowing
qʷautakn           overloaded, overflowing          Check
qʷau lkʷ           prostitute                       Check
qʷa iɬ             (sth.) brought out in the        Check
                   open in the house or room;
                   easy to see, reach, or grab
                   in the house or room
qʷa iɬa            to bring out in the open in      EW
                   the house or room; to make
                   easy to see, reach, or grab
                   in the house or room
Qʷaxila            name of Sam Lewis                DS135
qʷaχʡit            to start to split or cut open    Check
                   the abdomen of fish,
                   humans or animals; to start
                   to eviscerate or disembowel
qʷaχʷa             to take or bring out goods       Check
                   that have been stored for a
                   long time
qʷaχʷba            sewing needle                    EW
qʷaχʷʔit           to start to take or bring out    Check
                   goods that have been stored
                   for a long time
qʷaχʷla            taking or bringing out           Check
                   goods that have been stored
                   for a long time
Qʷɢʷaucaχsmalaɢa   mythical name of the             DS135
                   Sawbill Duck Woman;
                   name of RaveNs wife, from
                   the story of Raven
                   obtaining the Herring; a
                   sawbill duck also figures in
                   the origin story of
                   Sumx\ulh people
qʷɢʷaus            swan                             EW, DS135
qʷɢʷuqʷ            swan                             EW, PIC
qʷɢʷuχʷ            swan                             HS, EW, rh (3)
qʷicχu             squeaky voice                    EW
                                  374


qʷilastu         blue, turquoise                  EW
qʷilis           juice of berries, home brew      EW
qʷilisa (1)      to let juice settle (so it       Check
                 becomes clear)
qʷilisa (2)      to untie a rope on the beach     Check
qʷiɬa            to untie, to loosen (a rope)     EW
qʷiɬaχa          to loosen, to come loose         Check
                 (said of a rope)
qʷiɬaχut         to untie a rope, unravel a       Check
                 knot
qʷiɬʔit          to start to untie a rope, to     Check
                 start to unravel a knot
qʷiɬla           untying a rope, unravelling      Check
                 a knot
qʷina u          key to unlock sth.               Check
qʷiqʷa           to work something loose          EW
                 (by wiggling it back and
                 forth)
qʷiqʷla          working sth. back and forth      Check
                 (as to loosen it), wriggling,
                 wrenching, wiggling
qʷiqʷlsa         to wriggle sth. out outdoors     Check
qʷiqʷlχʷsis      plural of: to sprain the foot    Check
                 or ankle, to have a sprained
                 foot or ankle; a sprained
                 foot or ankle
qʷiqʷlɢʷnucχλa   plural of: to sprain the hip,    Check
                 a sprained hip
qʷiqʷlqʷχina     see qviqvLqvx\viNa               Check
qʷiqʷlqʷχtamu    see qviqvLqvx\vtaMu              Check
qʷiqʷlqʷχʷina    plural of: to sprain the         Check
                 shoulder, to have a sprained
                 shoulder, a sprained
                 shoulder
qʷiqʷlqʷχʷtamu   plural of: to sprain the         Check
                 knee, to have a sprained
                 knee; sprained knee
qʷiqʷlqʷχu       see qviqvLQvx\vu                 Check
qʷiqʷlqʷχʷu      plural of: to sprain the         Check
                 neck, to have a sprained
                 neck; sprained neck
qʷiqʷɬa          plural of: to untie a rope, to   Check
                 unravel a knot
qʷiqʷmstu        plural of: coloured brown,       Check
                 of brown colour
qʷiqʷna u        plural of: key to unlock sth.    Check
                               375


qʷiqʷqʷa      plural of: to work sth. (such   Check
              as a post) back and forth in
              order to loosen it, to
              wriggle, wiggle, wrench
              sth.
qʷiqʷxʔit     see qviqvxv'it                  Check
qʷiqʷxʷʔit    plural of: to unlock sth.       Check
qʷiqʷχʡit     to become powdery (as           EW
              chalk being pulverized)
qʷ sdn        tongs or tweezers made of       EW
              cedar
qʷ stn        a species of bird               EW
qʷixa         to unlock something             EW
Qʷixaqs       "Box-Opening-Woman;             DS135
              formerly Maggie Ngiyazi
              and Sally Anderson; from
              the story of how the
              Oowekeeno obtained the
              Abalone names from
              Thiqix the chief of Goose
              Island, the other name
              mentioned is, 'A|ixCmg\a
              ""Abalone Woman"""
qʷixʔit       to unlock sth.                  Check
qʷixsm        powdery blueberry               BC99
              (Vaccinum ovalifolium)
qʷiχa         to unlock                       DS135
qʷlɢʷnucχλa   to sprain the hip, a sprained   Check
              hip
qʷlqʷa        to sprain, wrench               EW
qʷlqʷla       wrenching, spraining            Check
qʷlqʷχina     see qvlqvx\viNa                 Check
qʷlqʷχtamu    see qvlqvx\vtaMu                Check
qʷlqʷχʷina    to sprain the shoulder, to      Check
              have a sprained shoulder, a
              sprained shoulder
qʷlqʷχʷtamu   to sprain the knee, to have a   Check
              sprained knee; sprained
              knee
qʷlqʷχu       see qvlQvx\vu                   Check
qʷlqʷχʷu      to sprain the neck, to have a   Check
              sprained neck; sprained
              neck
qʷlxa         cream (as used on hands or      Check
              face)
qʷlxmla       to use face powder              Check
                               376


qʷlxmla u      face powder                    Check
qʷlxstu        brown, colour of dust          EW
qʷlχʷʔit       to start spraining,            Check
               wrenching
qʷlχʷskana     to sprain the hand, forearm,   Check
               or wrist; to have a sprained
               hand, forearm, or wrist;
               sprained hand, forearm, or
               wrist
qʷlχʷʔuɬcwa    to get out of joint (as a      Check
               body part), to wrench of
               sprain a body part
qʷlmstunusla   flowing with a rusty colour    EW
qʷlχʷsis       to sprain the foot or ankle,   Check
               to have a sprained foot or
               ankle; a sprained foot or
               ankle
qʷlχʷs apa     to sprain the upper arm,       Check
               elbow, or shoulder, to have
               a sprained upper arm,
               elbow or shoulder; a
               sprained upper arm, elbow
               or shoulder
qʷlχʷs ut      to break sth. by bending it    Check
               back and forth, to wrench
               sth. in order to break it
qʷmʣa          leaf (bud) of cottonwood       BC116: DS
               tree (Populus balsamifera):
               buds mixed with mountain
               goat fat as ointment for
               sores; buds used in hair
               dressing; sap from buds
               used as binding agent
qʷmʣapala      smell of cottonwood            BC116: DS
               (Populus balsamifera) in
               spring
qʷmbis         dry snow                       Check
qʷmit          to turn into powder (as        Check
               snow or as rotten wood)
qʷmstu         brown                          EW
qʷpa           powdery snow, wood that        Check
               has turned into powder (as
               by rot)
qʷpla          dry and powdery snow           EW
qʷplala        dry snow swirling on top of    Check
               the mountain
                                377


qʷplsla         dry and powdery snow           EW?
                swirling outdoors
qʷqʷla          going after swans              Check
qʷsqʷs          low mountain (dwarf)           BC98
                blueberry (Vaccinium
                ?caepitosum); fruits eaten
qʷuɢʷiga        humpback, person with a        Check
                hump on the back, to have
                a hump on the back
qʷuln           beaver                         EW, HS, rh
Qʷulnalaɬ       name for the Beaver Dance,     DS135
                a dance of the DhWlax\a
                Series
Qʷulus          mythical bird (white           DS136
                eagle?) who was
                transformed into an original
                ancestor, the crest of a
                family from Sumx\ulh;
                mythical bird, brother of
                Thunderbird, transformed
                into a Raven, then into
                human (story of how
                Rivers Inlet gets its river)
Qʷulusn         mythological bird with         EW, DS136
                slanting beak, brother of
                thunderbird; body of
                Qvulus, a mythical bird
                who is transformed into a
                man
qʷul n          beaver                         Check
qʷuna           thumb                          EW
qʷunaxsiʣa      one's big toe                  Check
qʷunaxskani     thumb                          Check
qʷuqʷa          to swell up, become a lump     Check
qʷuqʷanuɬciʣa   basal knob on the ankle        Check
qʷuqʷgʷit       having a lump on the body      Check
                (as a person or a tree)
qʷuqʷkʷ         (sth.) lumped up               Check
qʷuqʷla         lumped or bulging              EW, DS136
qʷuqʷl n        plural of: beaver              Check
qʷuqʷɬai        a lump                         Check
qʷuqʷna         plural of: thumb               Check
Qʷuqʷpik        name of a place at the         DS136
                mouth of the Gldala River
                where trees are affected by
                a disease which causes
                                  378


                  them to bulge; Indian
                  spaghetti or Tx\vsus was
                  grown there
qʷuqʷsa           plural of: to put eagle's      Check
                  down feathers on s.o.'s
                  head (as to make peace)
qʷuqʷta           plural of: full, loaded        Check
qʷuqʷuxam alaka   spirit-of-budding plants, an   BC506: EW
                  Oweekeno dance (Drucker
                  1940)
qʷuqʷdn           "hollow stem of cow            BC84: DS
                  parsnip; ""Indian rhubarb
                  when iTs large"""
qʷuqʷχawa         see qvuQvx\vawa                Check
qʷuqʷχu           see qvuQvx\vu                  Check
qʷuqʷχʷa a        lump in the neck or throat,    Check
                  AdaMs apple
qʷuqʷχʷu          to have a lump in the neck     Check
qʷus              down feathers of eagle         Check
qʷusa             to put eagle's down feathers   Check
                  on s.o.'s head (as to make
                  peace)
qʷusamta          to put down feathers on        Check
                  each other's head
qʷusʔit           to start to put eagle's down   Check
                  feathers on s.o.'s head
qʷusla            putting eagle's down           Check
                  feathers on s.o.'s head
qʷutinukʷ         (s.o.) having a blanket on,    Check
                  (s.o.) having acquired a
                  dowry (symbolized by the
                  blanket he wears)
qʷutix            blanket (used as clothing)     DS136, PIC
qʷutixa           "to put a blanket on s.o. or   DS136
                  oneself; cover the wife
                  when her family ""buys her
                  out""; to bestow upon s.o. a
                  dowry consisting of
                  privileges and property
                  symbolized by a blanket to
                  wear; when the sockeye
                  turn red, ready for
                  spawning ""they have
                  blankets now"""
qʷutixila         to make a blanket              Check
qʷutixʔit         to start to put a blanket on   Check
                               379


             s.o. or oneself; to start to
             bestow upon s.o. a dowry
             consisting of privileges and
             property symbolized by a
             blanket to wear
qʷutixnukʷ   to have a blanket to wear;       Check
             to have a dowry consisting
             of privileges and property
             symbolized by a blanket to
             wear
qʷut nkʷ     (s.o.) having a blanket on,      Check
             (s.o.) having acquired a
             dowry (symbolized by the
             blanket he wears)
qʷuta        full                             EW
qʷuːs        down, fluffy substance           EW, HS ind; DS137
Qʷuːskas     """great feather down"";         DS137
             formerly the name of
             Victoria Walkus-
             Thompson, now Dawn
             Walkus-Hopkins; totem
             pole owned by Victoria
             Thompson, located at
             Q’a'x\sawa, on the island
             across from Rivers Inlet
             Cannery"
qʷuχʷʔit     to start to swell up, to start   Check
             to turn into a lump
qʷuχʷsmiga   a humpback                       Check
Qʷu at       name of the channel              DS137
             connecting Elizabeth
             Lagoon with Fish Egg
             Inlet, a place where the
             feathers are floating on the
             water
qʷ ikʷ       blooming, blossoming;            EW; BC505: DS
             headdress with feather
             down; person wearing a
             headdress with feather
             down; apple and cherry
             trees in blossom
qʷ iqla      to worry                         EW
qʷ iqala     to sound worried (as one's       Check
             voice)
qʷ lχt       muskrat                          Check
qʷxʷʔit      to start to cohabit              Check
                                380


qʷχʷ          powder                            EW
qʷχʷʔit.      to start to go after swans        Check
qaʔaiɬ        many people in the house,         Check
              to be numerous in the
              house
qaʔais        to be numerous in a place         Check
qaʔauɬʔala    to come to know, to attain        Check
              knowledge of sth. (after
              trying)
qaʔauɬʔaƛla   to come to know, to attain        Check
              knowledge of sth. (after
              trying)
qaʔauɬʔit     to pick up knowledge of           Check
              sth., to come to know or
              understand, to begin to
              know or understand
qaʔauƛ        to know                           hs
qaʔauƛnukʷ    to have knowledge of sth.,        Check
              to be knowledgeable
qaʔauƛini     education, science                Check
qaʔauƛinuχʷ   learned person, scholar           Check
qaʔauƛiχsda   to want or need to know           Check
qaʔauƛnχʷ     knowledge obtained                Check
qaʔauxʷcma    to cross-examine,                 Check
              interrogate (as in court); a
              trial, a court case
qaʔa m        means of putting or               Check
              keeping sth. in proper
              position (as e.g. a
              carpenter's level; a brace,
              buttress, prop, or support of
              sth.; the stabilizer of a boat)
qabili        pupil of the eye                  Check
Qabilis       name of a clam beach and          DS130
              camp at Schooner Retreat
              near the mouth of Rivers
              Inlet; name of a place at the
              mouth of Rivers Inlet;
              mentioned in the story of
              the war between the
              Heiltsuk and the
              Oowekeeno
Qacistala     name of the father of             DS130
              Mazlx, from the story of
              Wren and the Grizzly Bear;
              name of the son of
                             381


            Waawalis, from the story of
            the adventures of Waawalis
qacugʷm     to be admired or liked by       Check
            people
qacukʷ      to like, admire, appreciate,    hs
            approve of sth. or s.o.
qacukʷmta   to like each other              hs
qacwa       correct, right; to do sth.      Check
            without making a mistake,
            irreproachably
qadayu      chisel                          Check
qagiwiɬ     (in) the centre of the rear     Check
            side (i.e. the back wall) of
            the longhouse
qagliɬ      (in) the centre of the house    Check
            (esp. the longhouse), (in)
            the right or proper place in
            the house
qagliɬa     to upright sth. indoors (not    Check
            necessarily in the centre of
            the house)
qaglis      (in) the centre of the beach,   Check
            (in) the proper or right
            place (e.g. the right
            channel), in the water near
            the beach
qagls       (in) the right or proper        Check
            place on the field, (in) the
            centre of the field
qaglu wa    (in) the centre of sth. long    Check
            (e.g. the boat), halfway the
            length of sth.
qaglu wls   (in) the centre of one of the   Check
            two long sides of the
            longhouse
qagyu       to hit right or proper place    Check
            on the field, (in) the centre
            of the field
qag ukʷ     bangs of hair on the            Check
            forehead, hair parted on top
            of the head and combed
            downwards so as to reach
            the centre of the forehead
qagʷit      son of a couple; (endearing     Check
            term for) any person one
            likes
                               382


qagʷusti a    straight upward from,           Check
              directly above, right above
qaɢmiɬ        to pay attention to sth., to    Check
              do as one is supposed to, to
              observe rules, to mind or be
              concerned with sth.
qaɢu          to meet s.o. accidentally       Check
qaikas        big                             WL
qaikʷ         overripe berry                  EW
qaʔiχʡit      to come to one's mind           EW
qaka          to find                         EW
qakalakʷ      sth. that has been found        Check
Qakasuɢa      name of Jessie Hanuse's         DS130
              aunt from SmiThs Inlet
qakstais      (in) the centre of the          Check
              channel
qakstalisla   travelling in the middle of     Check
              the channel
qakwala       to clench the teeth             Check
qakʷu         "slave; term used for           EW; DS130
              slaves, who did the
              domestic chores, according
              to Olson, they were ""few
              in number"" for the
              Oowekeeno"
qakʷuqʷs      female slave                    Check
qakʷuƛnχʷ     captured as a slave             Check
qaknt         to place sth. in the centre;    Check
              to get sth. straight, to find
              out what is true in certain
              rumous; to hit sth. long
              (e.g. a log) in the centre
qakna         (in) the right or proper        Check
              position on the skids
qakʷχλai      see QaKvx\vdhai                 Check
qakʷχλaiqs    youngest girl in the family     Check
qakʷχʷλai     youngest boy in the family      Check
qala          to hear news about sth.         HS
qala          to persuade s.o. of sth.; to    Check
              influence the character
              development of a new-born
              child by magical means
-qalaʔam      see -QalaM                      Check
qalaci        chamber pot                     EW
qalaɢwa       famous, known to                Check
              everyone, well-known
                              383


-qalam       simply, only, merely,            Check
             exactly, just, literally (Rath
             1981)
qalapala     braided hair on the back of      Check
             the neck, to wear one's hair
             in a braid on the back of the
             neck
qallks       pilot (as on a boat), guide      hs
-qalm        see -QalaM                       Check
qalla        see Qa'la                        Check
qaɬ          news one has heard               Check
qaɬa         to braid, to plait               EW
qaɬc ut      to cut sth. into pieces with a   Check
             chisel
qaɬdma       device resembling a              Check
             spinning wheel which is
             used for braiding cotton or
             wool
qaɬʔit (1)   to start to braid or plait       Check
             rope or hair
qaɬʔit (2)   to start to chisel               Check
qaɬla        braiding, plaiting               Check
qaɬqps       plural of: good shot, good       HS
             marksman
qamiqas      cottonwood tree (Populus         BC116: nj, DS
             balsamifera): buds mixed
             with mountain goat fat as
             ointment for sores;
             cambium, secondary
             phloem (inner bark) eaten;
             buds used in hair dressing;
             sap from buds used as
             binding agent
qamit        braiding, plaiting               Check
qamla        to hit right away with a         Check
             bullet
qanas        sea prune, cryptochiton          EW, WL
qanaskaʡu    a large sea prune                WL
qanisxa      to regurgitate (as e.g. after    Check
             eating rancid oil_
qantaxsala   to shoot carelessly              WL
qanistala    circling (as of a bird), a       Check
             circle
qanistisla   soaring around a bay or          Check
             inlet
qanixʔit     to start to soar                 Check
                                  384


qanya           to soar, sail in the air          Check
qanyala         soaring (as a bird)               Check
qan axʔit       to start to soar                  Check
qanyaχa         to soar down (as e.g. a bird)     Check
qanyaχla        soaring down                      Check
qapa            to hit a target, to be to the     EW
                point (words), follow a
                route
qapkʷ           (sth.) hit by sth. (as e.g. the   Check
                target)
qapla           hitting a mark with a bullet,     Check
                stone, spear, arrow, etc.
qaps            good shot, food marksman          Check
qaqqacwa        plural of: to imitate, copy,      HS
                replicate, reduplicate; to
                demonstrate
qaqqaxsicayu    plural of: steel trap             HS
qaqqɢu          plural of: a meeting              HS
qaqqntn         plural of: accidentally hit       HS
                by a bullet
qaqquƛa         plural of: to learn, study,       HS
                try to understand
qaqya (1)       (in) the middle of the head       Check
qaqya (2)       noon                              Check
qaqyaiɬ         (in) the centre of the head       Check
                of the longhouse (i.e. part
                farthest away from the
                entrance)
qaqyaliɬ        middle-aged                       Check
qaqa            to agree with, consent to         Check
                sth.
qaqacwa         to imitate, copy, replicate,      HS ind
                reduplicate; to demonstrate
qaqac aʔalakʷ   copy, replica                     Check
qaqac abiƛa     to pretend to                     HS ind
qaqaknala (1)   to come across sth.               Check
                unexpectedly
qaqaknala (2)   to bite on sth. unexpectedly      Check
qaqaka (1)      to try to find                    HS maybe
qaqaka (2)      to try to bite                    HS
qaqakna         to make sure sth. is in the       Check
                right or proper position on
                the skids
qaqakʷa         to try to get a slave             HS
qaqakʷanχʷ      slave obtained                    Check
qaqalis         see QaQLis                        Check
                                  385


qaqamila         to copy; to be nosey            Check
qaqanis          heron                           PIC
qaqanyala        obedient                        Check
qaqapa           to try to hit a target          HS
qaqapca          to try to hit the bulLs eye,    HS
                 to shoot at a target
qaqapcasu        bulLs eye                       Check
qaqaqa           (in) the middle, centre, or     Check
                 core of sth.; right between
                 things
qaqaqiɬ          (in) the middle, centre, or     Check
                 core of things indoors; right
                 between things indoors
                 (e.g. a child between his
                 parents)
qaqaqls          (in) the middle, centre, or     Check
                 core of things outdoors;
                 right between things
                 outdoors (e.g. shrubs,
                 houses)
qaqasa           to go and hunt sea otters       HS
Qaqawa           a meeting place; name of a      DS131
                 point of land at the mouth
                 of Rivers Inlet, location?,
                 from the story of the war
                 between the Heiltsuk and
                 Oowekeeno
qaqaxsica        to catch animals with a         Check
                 steel trap
qaqaxsicayu      steel trap                      Check
qaqaχdi          (in) the middle, centre, core   Check
                 of sth. (e.g. of fruit, fish,
                 animals), inside sth., the
                 inside of sth.
qaqaχd ls        (in) the middle, centre, core   Check
                 of the trees, right among
                 the trees
qaqa a           see QaQYa                       Check
qaqa waχta ayu   see QaQYwax\taYayu              Check
qaqa waχti       see QaQYwax\ti                  EW
qaqbili          plural of: pupil of the eye     HS
qaqcukʷmta       plural of: to like each other   HS
qaqdayu          plural of: chisel               HS
qaqg ukʷ         plural of: bangs of hair on     HS ?
                 the forehead, hair parted on
                 top of the head and combed
                                    386


                   downwards so as to reach
                   the centre of the forehead
qaqgʷit            plural of: son of a couple;     Check
                   (endearing term for) any
                   person one likes
qaqɢu              to come together                HS
qaqɢuliga          bridge of the nose              Check
qaqɢwala           facing each other (as e.g.      Check
                   points across the water), to
                   be in line, aligned
qaqinakʷa (1)      careful                         Check
qaqinakʷa (2)      try to make a straight line     HS
qaqista            to inquire                      Check
qaqixʷbala         a liar, to be in the habit of   Check
                   lying
qaqkʷχλai          see QaQKvx\vdhai                Check
qaqkʷχλaiqs        plural of: youngest girl in     Check
                   the family
qaqkʷχʷλai         plural of: youngest boy in      Check
                   the family
qaqlis             giant kelp (Macrocystis         BC45
                   integrifolia); used to
                   collect, and eaten with,
                   herring roe
qaqɬa              plural of: to braid or plait    Check
                   rope or hair
qaqɬcukʷ           ladder, stepladder              Check
qaqɬcukʷaχls       ladder leading downwards        Check
                   outdoors
qaqɬcuxʷsusti a    ladder leading upwards          Check
qaqɬcuxʷsusti iɬ   ladder to a higher floor        Check
qaqntn.nala        to have shot sth.               WL
                   accidentally
qaqntnala          to hit with a bullet            Check
                   accidentally
qaqnta             to hunt with firearms, to try   HS; WL, PIC
                   to shoot
qaqntn             accidentally hit by a bullet    HS not heard
qaqpa              plural of: to hit a mark with   Check
                   a bullet, rock, spear, or
                   arrow
qaqqacwa a         to try to copy                  HS ind
qaqta              plural of: to chisel            Check
qaqtu              meeting                         HS
qaquɬtusla         person who knows how to         Check
                   do everything
                                 387


qaqusaɢis       to have a boat race              Check
qaqutila        to make a brace, prop or         Check
                support for sth.
qaqutila u      brace, prop or support for       Check
                sth.
qaquƛa          to learn, study, try to          HS
                understand
qaquƛaʡilas     school                           PIC
qaquƛaʔailas    school building,                 Check
                schoolhouse
qaquƛaci        school building,                 Check
                schoolhouse
qaquƛamacini    teaching method                  Check
qaquƛamas       to teach; a teacher              Check
qaquƛamaʣilas   school building,                 Check
                schoolhouse
qaquƛilas       school building,                 Check
                schoolhouse
qaquyaɢidma     (to travel by) canoe??           PIC
qaqyuƛa         to get as much or as many        Check
                as possible
qaq a           to try to get many               HS
qaq waχta ayu   answer (as e.g. to a             Check
                question)
qaq waχti       to answer; an answer             EW
qasa            sea otter                        EW
qasa (1)        to level up (e.g. a house), to   Check
                straighten sth. up
qasa (2)        sea otter                        Check
qasa.           to eat any kind of meat          HS ind
qasɢmala        having a full round shape        Check
qasɢmlisa       to hit sth. round and/or         Check
                bulky on the beach (e.g. a
                rock) right on the top
qasɢmls         (in) the right or proper         Check
                place on top of a hill or on
                an island; (on) the top of a
                hill, (in) the centre of an
                island
qasɢml ukʷ      sth. round and.or bulky on       Check
                the beach which has been
                hit right on the top
qasɢml ukʷ      sth. round and.or bulky on       Check
                the ground outdoors which
                has been hit right on the top
qasɢmt          to hit or touch upon sth.        Check
                             388


             round and/or bulky (e.g. a
             rock)
qastu        to get hurt in the eye;       Check
             straight into the hole,
             opening, or eye
qastumas     to turn oneself where it      Check
             already hurts
qastut       to put sth. back in its       Check
             original position (e.g. a
             book on the shelf); to set
             one's watch
qasut        to put sth. back in its       Check
             original position (e.g. a
             book on the shelf); to set
             one's watch
qata         to cut with a chisel, to      EW
             chisel
qatla        chiseling                     Check
qatu         meeting                       HS
qatugʷliɬ    to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together indoors (said of
             people)
qatugʷlis    to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together on the beach (said
             of people)
qatugʷls     to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together outdoors (said of
             people)
qatukʷɬχs    to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together on the boat (said
             of people)
qatukʷƛi     to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together on the water (said
             of people)
qatunakʷla   to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together gradually
qatunyala    to reassemble, gather or      Check
             meet together again (as
             from being dispersed)
qatus        to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together on the ground
             outdoors
qatuƛi       to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together on the water
qatuχʷs      to assemble, gather or meet   Check
             together on the boat
                            389


qatwa       to call people together, to   Check
            assemble people
qatwala     assembled, gathered           Check
            together (as a number of
            people)
qatwls      variant of QatWls             Check
qat iɬ      to assemble, gather or meet   Check
            together indoors
qat is      to assemble, gather or meet   Check
            together on the beach
qat ls      assembled, gathered           Check
            together outdoors (as a
            number of people)
qata        a species of edible sea       EW
            anemone
qauƛ        to know                       HS ind
qawaqa      to smell (as e.g. clams,      Check
            cockles, mussels when
            going bad)
qawaχʡit    to start to smell (said of    EW
            shellfish going bad)
qawaχpala   smell of spoiling (as e.g.    Check
            clams, cockles, and mussels
            when going bad); to smell
            from spoiling shellfish
qawis       dried up after the tide has   Check
            gone out (as e.g. a rock,
            log)
qawisa      to put sth. on the beach to   Check
            dry up (e.g. a log, a boat)
qawisdma    "grid iron to keep the boat   Check
            in position on the beach,
            ""boat cradle"""
qa abu      seasick                       Check
qa iɬ       straight across a space       Check
            indoors
qa is       straight across from sth.     Check
qa isla     being or going straight       Check
            across
qa ls       straight across the field     Check
qa lχλa     boat with a straight stern    Check
qaxcsawa    right between two things      Check
qaxcsu      right in the middle between   Check
qaxcsut     to go between two persons     Check
            or things
qaxqlis     giant kelp (Macrocystis       BC45: DS
                               390


              integrifolia): used to
              collect, and eaten with,
              herring roe
qaxsi         half, halfway, a half            Check
qaxsiʔilis    halfway (said of the tide)       Check
qaxs ala      divided exactly in two;          Check
              half-moon
qaxs lis      see QaxsYlis                     Check
qaxs ut (1)   to divide something up in        EW
              halves
qaxs ut (2)   Saturday                         Check
qaxʷa         to become visible, to show       Check
              itself (as e.g. a rock after
              the tide has gone out)
qaxʷʔit       to start become visible, to      Check
              start show itself (as e.g. a
              rock when the tide goes
              out)
qaxʷla        becoming visible, showing        Check
              itself (as e.g. a rock when
              the tide goes out)
qaxʷsm        sth. round and/or bulky that     EW
              has become visible after the
              tide has gone out (such as
              e.g. a rock); to emerge from
              the water, reef, place that is
              high and dry
qaχa          straight below, straight         Check
              downward from
qaχλala       to travel with the wind or       Check
              the tide
qaχla         straight down,                   Check
              perpendicular to
Qaχsawa       name of island in                PIC
              Oweekeno territory
Qaχsawa       name of the village on the       HS, DS131
              island at the head of Rivers
              Inlet across from the old
              Rivers Inlet Cannery site,
              the Oowekeeno people
              lived there while working
              at the cannery; Hilda Smith
              was born here
qaχtbal ukʷ   hair parted in the middle,       Check
              hair combed from the
              middle to the sides
                                    391


qa uqʷa             overripe berry                 EW
qa aiqla            to think of sth. or s.o.       Check
qa aiχʡit           to come to think of sth.       Check
qa ala              to think of something          EW
qa ayu              compass                        Check
qaʣ a               middle centre of a flat        Check
                    surface (such as a table, a
                    boardwalk, a road); to walk
                    in the middle of a flat
                    surface
qcgiwa              turnbuckle on the stern of     Check
                    the boat which keeps the
                    sides together, bow stem of
                    a boat
qckʷ                hair seal meat that has been   PIC
                    cut up
qckʷila             to cook meat                   WL
qckʷilaxʷ           cooked meat                    WL
qcxʷ                meat                           WL
qcxʷqckʷa           to eat meat                    WL
qcχλaʔai            turnbuckle on the stem or      Check
                    stern of a boat which keeps
                    the sides together
qdiɬ                person(s) staying at the       EW
                    house; group of people
                    indoors
qdis                group of people on the         Check
                    beach
qdm                 patch (as used for mending     Check
                    clothes)
qgatut              to bite the ear                Check
qgayu               pliers                         Check
qgis                transparent to the bottom      Check
                    (said of a body of water)
qgna                halibut hook                   PIC
qi                  poor                           Check
qiccmsʔ a gʷuxʷʔu   little hemlock branch house    BC71: hr
qics                hemlock needles (or            EW; BC71
                    needles of pine, spruce,
                    etc.)
qicwa               much, many, a lot of sth. in   Check
                    a container or container-
                    like thing
qicwala             containing much, many, a       Check
                    lot
qic alaxʔit         to become filled with many     Check
                                    392


                  things (as an ooligan net)
qiga              midnight                          Check
qigʷa u           deer whistle                      Check
qigʷnχʷ           deer that is deceived by the      Check
                  hunter's whistle
qiɢwala           many cooperating or               Check
                  travelling together
qiː               poor, pitiful                     EW, HS
qiʔima            a lot of sth., a multitude or     Check
                  manifold
qikackʷ           hurt very badly                   Check
qikacm            thing that is big and round       Check
                  and/or bulky
qikacukʷla        big but a little too big; a bit   Check
                  on the big side
qikas             big, large, important,            HS ind
                  considerable
qikasa            to make bigger, to blow up        Check
                  (an event); to assume larger
                  proportions
qikasʔidmas       to make bigger, greater,          Check
                  larger, more important; to
                  magnify, enlarge
qikasʔidmaʣa u    instrument for making             Check
                  bigger; magnifying glass
qikasʔit          to become big, great, large,      Check
                  important
qikaskaʡus busi   cat???                            HS, EW, rh
qaikaskn          too big, too great, too large,    Check
                  too important
qikla             not noticed, not given heed       Check
                  to
qikɬba            many layers of clothing; to       Check
                  have, have on, or use many
                  layers of clothing
qikɬbaiɬ          many blankets, to have,           Check
                  have on, or use many
                  blankets
qikʷa             to lie, to tell a lie, to         EW
                  deceive; to call deer with a
                  whistle
qikʷla            telling a lie, calling deer       Check
                  with a whistle
qikʷ lsa          to tell a lie to s.o. who is      Check
                  indoors so he will come
                  out; to whistle for one's
                                  393


                sweetheart who is inside
                the house
qikʷs           liar                              Check
qilaqʷla        to sing hau... (said of           Check
                women)
qilaqʷlagliɬ    to sing hau... in the house,      Check
                to drone in the hosue (said
                of women)
qilaχʷcas       women in charge of                Check
                singing: hau...; droning
                women; initiated women
qiɬqkʷs         plural of: liar                   HS
qima            to troll                          Check
qimulm          trolling spoon                    Check
qinm            much, many                        EW
qinmcɢnakʷla    many rows, many streets           Check
qinmcq          many cylindrical things (as       Check
                sticks, cigarettes, bottles,
                logs)
qinmcqla        many boats travelling             Check
qinmcqwala      many boats travelling             Check
                together
qinmpna is      many trips across                 Check
qinmpinixʷls    many days                         Check
qinmpna         many times                        Check
qinmpnista      many round trips, to make         Check
                many round trips
qinmpnistisla   many trips around the             Check
                village, field, lake, inlet; to
                make...
qinmpnistlsla   many trips around the             Check
                house; to make...
qinmpnk         many arMs lengths,                Check
                fathoms, yards
qinmpnsta       many times into the water         Check
                and out again
qinmpnstqa      to shoot many times; many         Check
                shots
qinmpnstut      to set the net many times,        Check
                to pull the line in the water
                many times
qinmpnsχƛis     many times over the field,        Check
                the village, the island, the
                lake, the bay
qinmpnsχƛls     many times over the hill or       Check
                the village
                                394


qinmpnxʔit     many times, to do sth.          Check
               many times
qinmpnxstut    to set the net many times,      Check
               to pull the line in the water
               many times
qinmpnʣaqʷ     to sound, sing whistle,         Check
               cause noise many times;
               many sounds, songs, etc.
qinmsɢm        many round and/or bulky         Check
               things
qinmsɢms       many round and/or bulky         Check
               things on the ground
               outdoors (e.g. houses)
qinmsɢmis      many round and/or bulky         Check
               things on the beach (such
               as cords of wood)
qinmxʔit       to increase in number           Check
qinmxsukʷla    a lot but still not enough      Check
qinmχʔanχ      many years                      Check
qinmχsa        many flat things (as sheets,    Check
               halibuts)
qinmχƛa        many hollow things (as          Check
               cups, glasses, pots, pails)
qinmχƛuƛ       many hollow things (e.g.        Check
               cups, dishes) filled with
               liquid; many cupfuls,
               spoonfuls, etc.; to have
               (receive, get, etc.) many
               servings of sth.
qinakʷ         far spent (said of the          Check
               season); late in the season
q nakʷla       to increase in number           Check
               gradually
qinakʷla (1)   to go straight ahead (when      Check
               walking or travelling)
qinakʷla (2)   to run out of money             Check
               gradually
qiqlcnχi       plural of: lead line of a net   Check
qiqncɬ         plural of: sth. or s.o.         Check
               scalded
qiqqxʷs apa    plural of: vest, waistcoat,     Check
               sleeveless sweater
qiqaʔauƛ       plural of: to know              HS
qiqala         plural of: to hear news         HS
               about sth.
qiqallks       plural of: pilot (as on a       HS ok
                                   395


                 boat), guide
qiqaɬ            plural of: news one has          Check
                 heard
qiqaqqacwa a     plural of: to try to copy        HS ind
qiqatunakʷla     plural of: to assemble,          Check
                 gather or meet together
                 gradually
qiqa is          plural of: straight across       Check
                 from sth.
qiqa      lχλa   plural of: boat with a           Check
                 straight stern
qiqa ayu         plural of: compass               Check
qiqcgiwa         plural of: turnbuckle on the     Check
                 stern of the boat which
                 keeps the sides together,
                 bow stem of a boat
qiqcwala         plural of: containing much,      Check
                 many, a lot
qiqdm            plural of: patch (as used for    Check
                 mending clothes)
qiqgʷa u         plural of: deer whistle          Check
qiqgʷnχʷ         plural of: deer that is          Check
                 deceived by the hunter's
                 whistle
qiqi             plural of: poor; name of a       DS132
                 place referring to
                 QvaqvMi, location?, story
                 is similar to that of
                 Q’lWakv and the two killer
                 whales, only the father's
                 name is given as P’nis'it
Qiqi.            name of a place referring to     DS132
                 QvaqvMi, location?, story
                 is similar to that of
                 Q’lWakv and the two killer
                 whales, only the father's
                 name is given as P’nis'it
qiqiʔima         plural of: a lot of sth., a      Check
                 multitude or manifold
qiqinakʷla (1)   plural of: to go straight        Check
                 ahead (when walking or
                 travelling)
qiqinakʷla (2)   plural of: to run out of         Check
                 money gradually
qiqista          plural of: to learn, find out    Check
                 (e.g. the details of sth.), to
                                   396


                realize that sth. is the case
qiqka           plural of: to bite                  Check
qiqkla          plural of: biting; to hold          Check
                sth. with the teeth
qiqkut          plural of: to extract a tooth;      Check
                to take the animal out of
                the trap
qiqku akʷ       plural of: (sth.) gripped           Check
                with or as if with the teeth
                and pulled out
qiqkʷa          plural of: to lie, to tell a lie,   Check
                to deceive; to call deer with
                a whistle
qiqka           plural of: stone on which           Check
                the game of lka is played
qiqkala         excuses, pretexts (as for           Check
                avoiding a job); having
                many pretexts, etc.
qiqlanuɬ        plural of: suspenders               Check
qiqlaqʷla       plural of: to sing hau...           Check
                (said of women)
qiqlaqʷlagliɬ   plural of: to sing hau... in        Check
                the house, to drone in the
                hosue (said of women)
qiqlkʷ          plural of: braided or plaited       Check
qiqlptigiɬ      bowls?                              PIC
qiqlca (1)      plural of: to lubricate, oil,       Check
                put grease on
qiqlca (2)      plural of: to weight sth. (as       Check
                to sink it)
qiqlcita        plural of: to grease the            Check
                body
qiqlcinuχʷ      plural of: grease monkey,           Check
                person who greases the
                engines
qiqlsna         plural of: to grease a pole         Check
qiqlus          plural of: sth. that is on the      Check
                ground outdoors and that is
                coiled; coiled snake
qiqlxʷcukʷ      plural of: having coiled            Check
                things (such as worms)
                inside, to be wormy
qiqɬʔit (1)     plural of: to (start to) lift a     Check
                person with one's arms (e.g.
                a child or sick person)
qiqɬʔit (2)     plural of: to start to patch,       Check
                                  397


                 to start to mend clothes
qiqɬla           plural of: to hold or carry a   Check
                 person (e.g. a child) with
                 one's arms
qiqmkʷala        sound of chewing sth.           Check
                 brittle
qiqmsli          plural of: unripe berries       Check
qiqna (1)        to sew                          Check
qiqna (2)        plural of: to stop running      Check
                 (said of the sap of a tree.
                 Stoppage makes it
                 impossible to peel off the
                 bark)
qiqnm.malas      plural of: thread               Check
qiqndiga         plural of: gun, rifle           Check
qiqndiga atala   plural of: to use a gun         Check
qiqndulm         plural of: bullet               Check
qiqnɬacut        plural of: to add sth. to the   Check
                 contents of a container
qiqnɬʔit         "plural of: to do a blasting,   Check
                 to fire a shot, to start
                 shooting with a firearm, to
                 ""take a crack"" at sth."
qiqnqχu          plural of: bad feeling in the   Check
                 throat from eating rancid
                 oil or fat, to have a ...
qiqnsɢmt         plural of: to sew a pillow      Check
                 cover; to bundle sth. up, to
                 make a package out of sth.
qiqnta           plural of: to shoot with a      Check
                 firearm
qiqnti           plural of: bullet wound         Check
qiqs             to eat too much                 Check
qiqsa            plural of: to eat the meat      Check
                 and fat of sea mammals
                 (such as sea lion, whale,
                 porpoise)
qiqsʔala         plural of: to bump the knee     Check
qaiqskn          to have taken an overdose,      Check
                 to have eaten too much
qiqta            plural of: to patch, mend       Check
                 clothes
qiqtxʷsm         plural of: patchwork quilt      Check
qiqtχtai         plural of: labret, chin         Check
                 ornament of a chief's wife
qiqtχtala        plural of: to wear a labret     Check
                               398


qiqƛacqwala   boats travelling six by six,    Check
              to be six in each file (said
              of long things, such as
              boats); plurals of: six boats
              travelling together
qiqƛaɢwala    to be six in each file; to      Check
              march six by six; plural of:
              six people walking together
qiq a         plural of: waterpool on a       Check
              rock
qiq is        plural of: pond                 Check
qiqxa         plural of: to eat herring       Check
              eggs
qiqxʷs apa    vest, waistcoat, sleeveless     Check
              sweater
qiqyat        plural of: rich, prosperous     Check
qiq alism     plural of: to be extremely      Check
              poor or distressed
qiq uχʷ       plural of: costly, expensive    Check
qisa          to gather, pick stink           EW
              currants
qisɢm         sth. that is big and round      Check
              and/or bulky (as a rock, an
              apple); big tide
qisɢmalis     big spring tide                 Check
qisina        stink currant, greyberry        EW; BC103
              (Ribes bracteosum) fruit
qisʔit        to start to go after            Check
              greyberries
qisla         going after greyberries         Check
qismcs        needles (of hemlock) in         EW
              one's throat; to eat needles
qismas        stink currant, greyberry        BC103
              (Ribes bracteosum) bush
qispala       smell as from the armpit        Check
qisq          big (said of more than one      Check
              thing); parents
qisqatu       rabbit                          Check
qisqcwala     big waves                       Check
qisqmcχλa     plural of: always lazy          Check
              (reluctant) to do sth.
qisqnukʷ      to have parents                 Check
qisqsa        to eat greyberries              BC103: DS
qisqstu       large-sized, big-sized          Check
qista         to learn, find out (e.g. the    Check
              details of sth.), to realize
                                399


             that sth. is the case
q stala      many in the water                  Check
q st ala     copious, abundant, to a            Check
             large degree
qixcsu       between many things                Check
q xq is      plural of: pond                    HS
qixsi        to die in great numbers            Check
Qixƛalaɢa    """many over the fire"";           DS132
             name of Ada Hanuse-
             Clegg, from Ned Wesley"
qixʷʔit      to start to tell a lie, to start   Check
             to call deer with a whistle
qixʷs alsa   to seduce women up in the          Check
             woods, to arrange a date up
             in the woods with a
             sweetheart
qiχa (1)     to go after driftwood              EW
qiχa (2)     mosquito                           EW
qiχʡit       to start to gather driftwood       Check
qiχagila     place with a lots of               Check
             mosquitoes
qiχat        driftwood                          BC508: lj, HS, rh
qiχla        gathering driftwood                Check
qiχsala      many, much, a lot, on              Check
             board the boat
qi alism     to be extremely poor or            Check
             distressed
qiʣaqʷla     many people speaking,              Check
             whistling, performing,
             making noise; the noise of
             many
qka          to bite (mosquito)                 PIC
qkaχut       to bite sth. off                   Check
qkkʷ         "dried and pounded salmon          Check
             eggs, ""Indian cheese"""
qkkʷila      "to make ""Indian                  Check
             cheese"""
qkla         holding in the mouth (dog)         EW
qklaƛla      to hang on to sth. with or as      Check
             if with the teeth (as a
             person or as an outboard
             motor)
qkma         rock clam, scallop                 EW
qkut         to extract a tooth; to take        Check
             the animal out of the trap
qku akʷ      gripped with or as if with         Check
                               400


              the teeth and pulled out
qkʷa          cut off, severe, amputate        EW
qka           stone on which the game of       Check
              lka is played
qkχdala       vessel with an outboard          Check
              motor
qkχdi         outboard motor                   Check
qkχλaʡi       boat motor                       PIC
qkχλala       motor boat                       PIC
qkχu          to bite the neck (as a dog)      Check
qlanuɬ        suspenders                       Check
qlaχn         fence                            EW
qlaχngila     to make a fence                  Check
qlaχsistakʷ   stockade                         Check
qlaχsistut    to enclose with a fence or       Check
              stockade
qlc           Old Bella Bella                  Check
qlca (1)      oil, gas, to oil, grease, to     EW
              lubricate
qlca (2)      to weight sth. (as to sink it)   Check
qlcita        to grease the body               Check
qlckʷ         (sth.) greased, lubricated,      Check
              oiled
qlcla (1)     lubricating, oiling, greasing    Check
qlcla (2)     weighting sth. (as to sink it)   Check
qlcnχi        lead line of a net               PIC
qlcinuχʷ      grease monkey, person who        Check
              greases the engines
qlibaχsi      padlock                          EW
qlibaχsut     to lock sth. with a padlock      Check
qlibiɬ        sth. dangling indoors            Check
qlibis        sth. dangling on the beach       Check
qliplagliɬ    sth. that swings back and        Check
              forth while suspended
qlips         sth. dangling outdoors (as       Check
              duck hung out to cure)
qlkʷ          braided or plaited               Check
qlptgiɬ       bowl                             PIC
qlqlcnχi      plural of: lead line of a net    PIC
qlsʔit (1)    to start to lubricate, grease,   Check
              smear, oil sth.
qlsʔit (2)    to start to weight sth. (as to   Check
              sink it)
qlsʔnt        to grease sth. long (such as     Check
              a pole)
qlsna         to grease a pole                 Check
                               401


Ql akʷ       something coiled, as rope;        DS131
             name of Ben Hanuse; name
             of a man from QvaqvMi,
             mentioned in the story of
             the two killer whales, he
             and his sister X|visdNilh
             are taken to YaQvs near
             Bella Coola, on their return
             they receive the names
             T’halhba and Ha\lx\is
qlxskanala   to have the hand and/or           Check
             forearm in a sling
qlxʷcukʷ     having coiled things (such        Check
             as worms) inside, to be
             wormy
qlxʷmcwa     to coil things inside a           EW
             container
ql awis      anchor                            EW, PIC
qlʣm         lubricating oil                   Check
qlʣmaci      container for lubricating         Check
             oil, oil syringe
qlʣncaut     to drop the anchor; to            Check
             weight sth. in order to sink
             it
qlʣncut      to weight something in            EW
             order to sink it
qlaʔaiƛla    long inlet                        Check
qlaχacwala   deep (as a pit)                   Check
qlcwala      long bay                          Check
qlcwis       long inlet                        EW
qlptala      far down in the ground            EW
             (pole)
qlstaut      to drop the anchor in the         Check
             water
qlsχƛa       to cross a long ridge             Check
qlus         sth. that is on the ground        Check
             outdoors and that is coiled;
             coiled snake
qlwis        sth. that is on the beach and     Check
             that is coiled or resembles
             sth. coiled
qɬa          to lift, pick up, hold, carry a   EW
             person (esp. a baby)
qɬcustut     to take a person, baby, pet,      Check
             doll in the arms and move
             it upwards
                             402


qɬcut       to lift a person (esp. a baby)   Check
            into the crib or cradle
qɬʔit (1)   to (start to) lift a person      Check
            with one's arms (e.g. a
            child or a sick person)
qɬʔit (2)   to start to patch, to start to   Check
            mend clothes
qɬla        to hold or carry a person        Check
            (e.g. a child) with one's
            arms
qɬlagliɬ    to carry the baby in the         Check
            arms indoors
qɬχsa       to lift a person into the        Check
            canoe
Qmacluxʷs   name of Kimsquit Jimmy,          DS131
            first husband to Agnes
            Moore
qmcχλa      always lazy (reluctant) to       Check
            do sth.
qmcχt       lazy, reluctant, not feeling     EW
            like doing sth.
qmdms       small dead hemlock tree          Check
            without bark on it and that
            gives off sparks when
            burned
qmkʷa       to bite something hard or        EW
            brittle; to eat (said of
            animals)
qmkʷla      chewing sth. noisily             Check
qmkʷala     sound of chewing sth.            Check
            brittle
Qmkʷalaɬ    to bite something hard and       DS131
            brittle; name of the
            Chewing-Spirit-Dance, a
            dance of the C’aiqa Series,
            the dancer destroys
            property which is replaced
qmsla       small dead hemlock which         BC71: jr
            gives sparks in fire, from a
            story?
qmsli       unripe berries                   BC505: DS
qmukʷ       meaning uncertain but had        EW
            to do with making bits and
            pieces out of something
qmuχʷa      to howl (as a dog, wolf,         Check
            coyote)
                                 403


qmxʷʔit        to start to chew sth. brittle    Check
               noisily
qmsli          unripe berries                   Check
qmsli          unripe berry or fruit            EW
qna            to sew, to stitch                EW
qna (1)        to sew                           Check
qna (2)        to stop running (said of the     Check
               sap of a tree. Stoppage
               makes it impossible to peel
               off the bark)
qnala (1)      sewing                           Check
qnala (2)      the stopping of the running      Check
               of the sap of a tree
qnca           to go after sea prunes           WL
qnca (1)       to gather sea prunes             EW
qnca (2)       to mend (nets), to darn          EW
               (socks)
qnca (3)       to scald                         Check
qncaliɬ        mending a net or clothes         Check
               indoors
qncila         to cook sea prunes               WL
qncla (1)      mending a net, darning           Check
               socks, etc.
qncla (2)      scalding                         Check
qncɬ           sth. or s.o. scalded             Check
qncm           to scald the face                EW
qncs           straight down towards the        Check
               beach (as e.g. a path
               leading from one's house)
qndiga         gun, rifle                       Check
qndiga atala   to use a gun                     Check
qndm           "dynamite, ""stumping            Check
               powder"""
qndulm         bullet                           Check
qndulmuɬcut    to take bullets out of a gun,    Check
               to unload a gun without
               firing
qnisla         to screech                       HS ind
qnista         to go back and forth often       Check
qnɬacut        to refill a container with       EW
               something, to add
               something to the contents
               of a container
qnɬaut         to add sth. to sth., to refill   Check
               sth.
qnɬcaxstut     to shoot the length of sth.      Check
                              404


             (e.g. along a row of bottles
             placed on a log)
qnɬʔit       "to do a blasting, to fire a   WL
             shot, to start shooting with
             a firearm, to ""take a
             crack"" at sth."
qnɬʔitbiƛa   to pretend to shoot            WL
qnɬqndm      cannon, dynamite               Check
qnɬqnta      to shoot repeatedly            HS ind
qnm.malas    thread                         Check
qnqaʣukʷ     (sth.) embroidered             Check
qnqaʣ a      to sew designs on a flat       Check
             surface, to embroider
qnqχu        bad feeling in the throat      EW
             from rancid oil or fat
qnsɢmt       to bundle something up,        EW
             make a package out of
             something
qnsʔit (1)   to start to mend a net, darn   Check
             socks, etc.
qnsʔit (2)   to start to scald              Check
qnskana      to scald the hand, to have a   Check
             scalded hand; a scalded
             hand
qnsqaca      to eat sea prunes              WL
qnta         to use a firearm, to shoot     EW, HS
qntamta      to shoot each other            Check
qntaχut      to shoot sth. down with a      Check
             firearm (e.g. ducks)
qnti         bullet wound                   Check
qntkʷ        (sth.) shot with a firearm     WL
qntla        shooting with a firearm        Check
qntlla       to have shot sth.              WL
qntmuɬcwa    to empty the gun by firing     Check
qntwlsa      to shoot out of the house      Check
             with a firearm
qntxsa       to blast away without          Check
             aiming at anything
qntxʷ        shot                           WL
qntinuχʷ     person good at shooting        Check
             with the gun, a good shot,
             good marksman, good
             hunter with the gun
qnxʔit       to start to sew                Check
qnʣa u       needle for mending nets        Check
qnʣm         mending twine                  Check
                             405


qnʣulm      mending twine                   Check
qnala       crackling sound (as e.g.        Check
            when eating herring eggs)
qp ɬ        one's knowledge, things         Check
            one knows
qp s        having a retentive mind         EW
            (and, for example, able to
            learn a song quickly)
qpyala      to know something               EW
qqa         to come loose (as the bark      Check
            of cedar in May and June)
qsa         to eat the meat and/or fat of   EW
            sea mammals
Qsaʡu       """child eating meat"";         DS133
            name of Ben Hanuse; name
            of a chief of the Q’vax\cu,
            a Heiltsuk tribe"
qsaiχsda    to desire to eat the meat or    Check
            fat of sea mammals
qsaliɬ      to eat the meat or fat of sea   Check
            mammals indoors
qsʔala      to bump the knee                Check
qsʔaƛla     plural of: to bump the knee     Check
qsʔit       to start eating the meat or     DS130
            fat of sea mammals
qskala      to chew gum                     Check
qsla (1)    eating the meat and fat of      Check
            sea mammals
qsla (2)    rib of a boat, the bow crook    Check
            of a boat
qslaƛla     to rest on the elbow            EW
qsqcs       to kneel on the ground          Check
            outside
qsqslaƛla   to kneel on a flat surface      Check
qsqʷiɬ      to kneel indoors                Check
qta         patch, to patch                 EW
qtla        patching, mending clothes       Check
qtxʷsm      patchwork quilt                 Check
qtχtaʔai    labret, chin ornament of a      Check
            chief's wife
qtχtala     to wear a labret                Check
qtas        to crowd together (in the       Check
            house, on the field)
qƛaʔaiɬ     to be six people indoors        Check
qƛaʔaiχƛa   six hollow things (e.g.         Check
            cups, dishes, glasses)
                                        406


qƛaʔaiχƛauƛ            six hollow things (e.g.          Check
                       cups, glasses) filled with
                       liquid; six cupfuls,
                       glassfuls, etc.; to have (get,
                       receive, etc.) six servings
qƛacɢais               six strands                      WL
qƛacɢnakʷla            six rows, streets, lines         Check
qƛacq                  six long things (such as         WL
                       boats, trees, cigarettes,
                       bottles)
qƛacqila               six o'clock                      Check
qƛacqla                six boats travelling             Check
qƛacqwala              six boats travelling together    WL
qƛacqwala.             six cyl. things together         WL
qƛacχ                  six cylindrical things           WL
qƛacχstu               six blocks (cords)               WL
qƛagila                to get (catch, receive,          Check
                       obtain) six items (e.g. six
                       animals, six salmon)
qƛagyu                 sixteen                          Check
qƛag uƛ                to get (acquire, obtain,         Check
                       receive) sixteen items (e.g.
                       sixteen furs, sixteen
                       salmon)
qƛaɢwala               six people walking together      Check
qƛakɬba                six layers of clothing; to       Check
                       have, have on, or use six
                       layers of clothing
qƛakɬbaiɬ              six blankets; to have, have      Check
                       on, or use six blankets or
                       layers of blankets
qƛalagls               plural of: six persons           Check
                       outdoors, to be six outdoors
qƛalagls               six persons outdoors, to be      Check
                       six outdoors
qƛapna is              six trips across; to make ...    Check
qƛapinixʷls            six days                         Check
qƛapna                 six times                        WL
qƛapnagyu luχʷsmxʔit   sixteen thousand                 Check
qƛapnalaƛla            sixth day of the month           Check
qƛapna is              six times across                 WL
qƛapnaχa               six times down                   WL
qƛapngʷusti a          six trips up the mountain,       WL
                       to make ...
qƛapnista              six round trips; to make ...     WL
qƛapnistisla           six trips around the field,      Check
                                    407


                   village, lake, inlet; to
                   make...
qƛapnistlsla       six trips around the house;      Check
                   to make...
qƛapnk             six fathoms (yards)              Check
qƛapnkstais        six hundred                      Check
qƛapnsta           six times into the water and     Check
                   out again
qƛapnstqa          six shots; to shoot six times    Check
qƛapnstut          to set the net six times, to     Check
                   put the line in the water six
                   times
qƛapnsχƛais        six trips over the field, the    Check
                   island, the village, the lake,
                   the bay
qƛapnsχƛals        six trips over the hill or the   Check
                   village
qƛapnxʔit          six times; to do sth. six        WL
                   times
qƛapnxstut         see QThaPnstut                   Check
qƛapnxs als        six trips up to the woods        Check
qƛapnʣaqʷ          to speak, sing, whistle,         Check
                   perform, make noise six
                   times; six speeches, songs,
                   etc.
qƛasɢm             six round and/or bulky           Check
                   things; six silver dollars
qƛasɢmaχut         to cut off six blocks with a     Check
                   saw
qƛasɢms            six round and/or bulky           Check
                   things on the ground
                   outdoors (e.g. houses)
qƛasɢmʣ ala        six dollar bill                  Check
qƛasɢmis           six round and/or bulky           Check
                   things on the beach (e.g. six
                   cords of wood)
qƛaukʷ             six                              EW
qƛaxsukʷ           sixty                            Check
qƛaxs luχʷsmxʔit   six thousand                     Check
qƛaχʔanχ           six years                        Check
qƛaχs              six people aboard, to be six     Check
                   aboard
qƛbucɢais          seven strands                    WL
qƛbucɢnakʷla       seventh time (moving)            WL
qƛbucqwala         seven at a time                  WL
qƛbucχ             seven cylindrical things         WL
                                  408


qƛbucχa\it       become seven together           WL
qƛbucχstu        seven block (cords)             WL
qƛbupna          seven times                     WL
qƛbupna is       seven times across              WL
qƛbupnaχa        seven times down                WL
qƛbupngʷusti a   seven times up                  WL
qƛbupnista       to go seven times back and      WL
                 forth
qƛbupnxʔit       to do sth. seven times          WL
qucistala        travelling around sth. on       Check
                 the water (e.g. around an
                 island), paddling around
                 sth.
qucistisla       travelling around a lake or     Check
                 bay by boat, paddling
                 around a lake or bay
quda             horned grebe; name for the      EW, DS132
                 grebe or helldiver, a bird
                 that does not fly well, from
                 the story of Raven and
                 Grebe, located at K’vii
qudabwis         founding pile for sth. on the   Check
                 beach (such as a dock)
qudabwls         foundation pile of the          Check
                 house
qudm             brace, support, prop            Check
qudnusa          to prop up, brace, support      Check
                 the side of sth. (e.g. of a
                 canoe in order to keep it
                 upright on the beach)
qudnuʣi          prop, brace, support for the    Check
                 side of sth. (e.g. the boat
                 that is to be kept upright on
                 the beach)
qukʷa            to bend sth.                    Check
qukʷi            the bubbling of herrings        EW
qukʷkʷ           crooked knife for carving       Check
qukʷla           bending sth.                    EW
quɬa             fish weir                       EW
quɬʔit           to start to brace, shore up,    Check
                 support sth. with a pole
quɬka            to get heartburn                EW
quɬla            crooked                         EW
quɬqcut          to look for a place to spawn    EW
                 (said of herring)
quɬta            straight out to the sea from    Check
                                 409


                 where one is
quɬtls           straight out to the sea from   Check
                 one's house
Quminwaqs        name of a cannibal dancer,     DS133
                 a story of C’uumqlaqs;
                 name of a supernatural
                 being who dwells in the
                 house of
                 BaxvbakvalaNusiwa, name
                 of a supernatural being
                 with fire streaming out of
                 his/her body, located at
                 Kynoch; name taken by
                 Qva'xlalh (Cannibal Dance)
Quminwaslaɬ      Skull Dance (C’aiqa): skull    DS132
                 headdress is worn; first
                 dance in four to become
                 Ha\maCa Dancer; appears
                 to be scalped, his blood
                 excites the Cannibal
                 Dancer; dance of Roy
                 Hanuse; name given by
                 T’haqvagila at Waanukv to
                 M’axva (N’aKvaxdnx\v)
                 by marriage
quminwaχs        wolf/howl-wail-of-ghost        BC55: rh
                 dance
quminwaχslaɬ     wolf/howl-wail-of-ghost        BC55: rh
                 dance, skull dance
qumuχʷa          variant of Qmux\va             Check
qumχʷa           to howl                        DS133
qupa             to copulate                    EW
qupaiʣla         an (unidentified) fair-sized   Check
                 beach bird with a long beak
                 and a wiggling rear end
qupn             small fin on the back of a     EW
                 fish near the tail
quqʷa            calm weather                   Check
Quqʷagila uɢʷa   Calm-Making-Woman;             DS133
                 name of the second child of
                 Nauzwis, an original
                 ancestor; name of April
                 Windsor, from the
                 Hailhamas family to the
                 family of Simon Walkus,
                 now Cherlyn Walkus
                                 410


quqʷla          calm, free from wind (said       EW
                of the weather)
quqʷlaƛi        calm anchorage                   Check
quqʷaqʷu        slack tide                       Check
quqʷaqʷ ala     slack tide                       Check
quqʷdab is      plural of: founding pile for     Check
                sth. on the beach (such as a
                dock)
quqʷdab ls      plural of: foundation pile of    Check
                the house
quqʷdnusa       plural of: to prop up, brace,    Check
                support the side of sth. (e.g.
                of a canoe in order to keep
                it upright on the beach)
quqʷdnuʣi       plural of: prop, brace,          Check
                support for the side of sth.
                (e.g. the boat that is to be
                kept upright on the beach)
quqʷsa          plural of: to travel on          Check
                water; to paddle
quqʷsʔuɬta      plural of: to paddle out to      Check
                the sea, to go offshore with
                a boat
quqʷta          plural of: to brace, shore       Check
                up, support with a pole; to
                push sth. with a pole to
                keep it in place
quqʷtχtala      plural of: deadfall with a       Check
                baited stick to hold it up;
                cylindrical net used as a
                trap for animals or ooligans
                and kept open with two
                sticks
quqʷxʷsmiɬ      to curl up in one's bed          Check
qus             lake                             DS133
qus             pond, pool, puddle, lake         EW
qusa            to paddle, travel on water,      EW
                go by boat
qusaisla        to travel along the shore        Check
                with a boat
Qusa-s aːnukʷ   "name of Owikeno Lake,           DS133,186
                ""the lake belonging to the
                Wannock"""
qusatusla       travelling downriver with a      Check
                boat, paddling downriver
qusa isla       travelling across by boat        Check
                               411


quːsaxsala    to paddle about without any      Check
              particular direction (for
              pleasure, or as when on has
              lost one's bearings)
qusbaƛa ala   travelling on the water and      Check
              to the end of sth.
qusʔit        to become a lake                 Check
qusʔit        to start travelling on the       Check
              water, to start paddling
qusla         travelling on the water,         Check
              paddling
quslakƛi      travelling on the water;         Check
              paddling
qusmlisla     travelling on the water and      Check
              in front of sth.; paddling in
              front of sth. (e.g. the
              village)
qusq alakƛi   to go for a pleasure ride on     Check
              a boat
qusƛai        to go forward with a boat,       Check
              to start travelling with a
              boat
qusʔuɬta      to paddle out to the sea, to     Check
              go offshore with a boat
qusʔuɬtaƛai   to paddle offshore, to go        Check
              offshore with a boat
quta          to make use of a pole (to        EW
              shore up, support, poke,
              push)
qutla         bracing, shoring up,             Check
              supporting sth. with a pole
qutχtala      deadfall with a baited stick     Check
              to hold it up; cylindrical net
              used as a trap for animals
              or ooligans and kept open
              with two sticks
qutχti        spreading stick (as used         PIC
              when wedging logs or
              opening a trap or net)
Quːmqwmgila   name of a chief from             DS133
              Nuxvns who visits the
              chiefs of the East and the
              North; name of Chief
              Waakas from Nuxvns
quwls         to walk right out of the         Check
              house
                              412


quxʷa         to bend, to be crooked         EW
quxʷʔidaut    to bend sth. rigid (e.g.       Check
              metal)
quxʷʔit       to start to bend sth.          Check
quxʷqʷas      plural of: lake                Check
quxʷsmiɬ      to curl up in one's bed        Check
quχʷcwala     calm, still water in a         Check
              container or container-like
              thing (such as a basement,
              a bay, a lake)
quχʷʔit.      to become calm, still, tame    Check
quχʷs         water in the canoe; bilge      Check
              water
quχʷstaʔais   calm, still, or placid water   Check
              in the bay, lake or inlet
quχʷtu        lake on top of the mountain    Check
quyalisla     travelling upriver with a      Check
              boat; paddling up the river
quyamala      travelling against the tide,   Check
              current or rapids with a
              boat
quyayu        to go from place to place      Check
              on the water
quyls         to walk right out of the       Check
              house
qu u          half a dollar; half-loaded     Check
quʣ ala       covered with water (said of    Check
              a flat surface, such as a
              board)
qwmχa         to howl                        EW
qwmχʷa        to howl                        EW
qwwmkala      howling sound                  EW, WL
q a           waterpool on a rock            Check
q iɬ          pool of water on the floor     Check
              of the house
q is          pond                           Check
q iχdi        to follow s.o. travelling on   Check
              the water, to paddle behind
              s.o.
q ls          pool of water outdoors         Check
qxa           to eat raw herring eggs        EW
qxbaut        to bite the end                Check
qxʔit (1)     to start to bite               Check
qxʔit (2)     to start to eat herring eggs   Check
qxla          eating herring eggs            Check
qxʔna         clothespin?                    PIC
                               413


qxna          to keep sth. long (such as      Check
              e.g. one's finger) between
              one's teeth
qxs ut        to bite sth. in half; to cut    Check
              metal in half with pliers
qyadayu       riches, wealth                  Check
qyas          late at night                   Check
qyat          rich, prosperous                Check
qyaχs         many people aboard the          Check
              boat
qyncs         far down (said of the tide)     Check
qyuɬcwa       far spent (said of the          Check
              morning), late in the
              morning
qyusdis       high up on the beach (said      Check
              of the tide)
q uƛ          to get, acquire, obtain,        Check
              catch a lot
q uχʷ         costly, expensive               Check
qʷaʔalqʷ      effeminate man, sissy           EW
qʷaːχ         hemlock branches; ritual        EW; BC71
              name for hemlock
qʷaːχaxsala   weeds; growing all around,      BC507: lj, rh
              all over the place (i.e., the
              set of things growing
              randomly in an area)
Qʷadaclaɢa    mythical name of Snail-         DS138
              Woman, the sister of Raven
qʷadas        snail                           EW, HS, rh
qʷagliɬ       to get up indoors (as e.g.      Check
              from bed) (said of a group
              of people)
qʷagnakʷla    to arise one after another      Check
              (said of people)
qʷaɢat        to have split smoked            EW
              salmon
qʷaɢina       dogfish                         EW
qʷaɢlmna      to go after (spruce) pitch      BC69: DS
qʷaɢʷina      dogfish                         Check
qʷaɢʷis       mud shark                       Check
qʷaʔila       to cause to cry                 Check
qʷaʔilacwa    person who always causes        Check
              a baby to cry
qʷaʔilaxʔit   to start to make cry            Check
qʷais         my friend!                      EW
qʷaka (2)     to take salmon out of the       EW
                                 414


                trap
qʷakliɬ         to get up indoors (as e.g.       EW
                from bed) (said of more
                that one person, e.g. a
                couple)
qʷakliɬa        to make people get up            Check
                indoors (as e.g. from bed)
                (said of more that one
                person, e.g. a couple)
qʷaklis         to get up on the beach (said     Check
                of more that one person,
                e.g. a couple)
qʷaklisa        to make people stand up on       Check
                the beach (said of more that
                one person, e.g. a couple)
qʷakls          to get up outdoors (said of      Check
                a group of people)
qʷakl lnakʷla   to get up one at a time (said    Check
                of a group of people
                indoors)
qʷak a          to stand on top of a boat, to    Check
                stand on the cabin of a boat
                (said of a group of people)
Qʷalaxlasu      name of Nora Webber,             DS138
                daughter of Willy Scott
qʷaɬa           to pick sprouts                  EW
qʷaɬa           to pick sprouts (e.g. of         BC114
                salmonberry thimbleberry)
qʷaɬʔit         to start to pick sprouts (e.g.   Check
                of salmonberry)
qʷaɬla          picking sprouts                  Check
qʷaɬm           edible sprouts of                BC112, 114
                thimbleberry (or
                salmonberry)
qʷaɬm           salmonberry sprouts              Check
qʷaɬubaci       ashtray                          Check
qʷaɬupa         to burn to cinders               EW
qʷaɬwm          ash                              Check
qʷaɬ mxʔit      to turn to ash                   Check
qʷams           brown, moss-like                 EW
qʷan            lupin-roots (Lupinus); roots     BC102: Curtis
                eaten (?)
Qʷapχ           "name for Ambock creek,          DS138, PIC
                flows into Owikeno Lake,
                former village site, Joseph
                Chamberlain trapped there;
                                 415


                name of a Bella Coola
                village located east side of
                the mouth of creek flowing
                into the bay at head of
                South Bentick Arm;
                ""name from Rivers
                Inlet"""
qʷaqa.          to scream, yell, shout          Check
qʷaqla          screaming (as when hurt),       EW
                yelling, shouting
qʷaqlaχtwa      yelling, shouting,              Check
                screaming while doing sth.
                (esp. while walking)
qʷaqt a         to yell, shout, or scream       Check
                while doing sth.
qʷaqʷqʷaxsiʣa   plural of: toes                 Check
qʷaqʷut         to disengage sth. from sth.     Check
                (as when pulling out the
                clutch so as to let the
                engine idle)
qʷaqgaɬ         to give a scream or shout       Check
                (as when scared by sth.)
qʷaqʷaidma      to cry as part of a game or     Check
                role
qʷaqʷaxsiʣa     toes                            Check
qʷaqʷaxskani    fingers                         Check
qʷaqʷaχa        to eat the meaty backbone       EW
                of barbecued salmon
qʷaqʷaχʡimas    vegetables (store-bought)       BC507: DS
qʷaqʷaχaɢmɬ     umbrella                        Check
Qʷaqʷaχmalaɬ    "name of the dance              DS138
                ""Spirit-of-the-Budding-
                Plants"", a minor dance of
                the C’aiqa Series"
qʷaqʷdas        plural of: snail                Check
qʷaqʷɢʷis       plural of: mud shark            Check
qʷaqʷis         dogfish oil                     Check
qʷaqʷitila      to embrace                      Check
qʷaqʷla         to save s.o. from danger        Check
qʷaqʷlba        to try to make it to the end,   HS
                to try to go all the way
qʷaqʷqa         see Qvaqvaqva                   Check
qʷaqʷqla        see QvaQvqvla                   Check
qʷaqʷq ala      see QvaQvqvwala                 Check
qʷaqʷqʷa        plural of: to scream, yell,     Check
                shout
                                 416


qʷaqʷqʷla       plural of: screaming (as         Check
                when hurt), yelling,
                shouting
qʷaqʷqʷ ala     to scream, yell, shout           Check
                together with s.o.
qʷaqʷqgaɬ       see QvaQvQvgalh                  Check
qʷaqʷqʷgaɬ      plural of: to give a scream      Check
                or shout (as when scared by
                sth.)
qʷaqʷsa         plural of: to cry, to weep, to   Check
                mourn
qʷaqʷsʔit       plural of: to start to cry,      Check
                weep, mourn
qʷaqʷuɬcista    fence??                          PIC
qʷaqʷχa         see QvaQvx\va                    Check
qʷaqʷχnakʷla    see QvaQvx\vNakvla               Check
qʷaqʷχwala      see QvaQvx\vwala                 Check
qʷaqʷχʷa        plural of: to grow (as e.g. a    Check
                plant or a child)
qʷaqʷχʷnakʷla   plural of: unfolding             Check
                gradually (said of the
                leaves of a plant)
qʷaqʷχʷ ala     to grow up together with         Check
                s.o.
qʷas            to stand upright on the          EW
                ground outdoors (said of
                trees or people); grove of
                trees, group of timbers;
                forest, jungle
qʷasa           to cry, weep, wail; term         EW, DS138
                refers to mourning songs
                sung at a memorial potlatch
qʷasʔit         to start to cry, weep, mourn     Check
qʷasla          crying, weeping, mourning        Check
qʷasmɬ          crying mask, mourning            Check
                mask
qʷasχtwa        to cry while doing sth. (e.g.    Check
                walking)
qʷasχtwakala    sound of s.o. crying while       Check
                doing sth. (e.g. while
                walking)
qʷatacwa        overcrowded inside sth.;         Check
                brimful, overcrowded (as a
                suitcase)
qʷataiɬ         overcrowded in the house         Check
qʷatauya        crowded out                      Check
                                      417


qʷatauya u           to be crowded out               Check
qʷatiɬ               crowded together in a           EW
                     house
qʷats                crowded together on the         EW
                     field
qʷatχs               overcrowded on the boat         Check
qʷaxqʷaiɬ            barrel                          Check
qʷaxqʷaisla          a kind of plant that grows      Check
                     along the shore
qʷaxqʷiɬ             barrel                          EW
qʷaχ                 hemlock branches                BC71: DS
qʷaχa                to grow, to grow up             EW, DS138, BC506
qʷaχʡit              to grow                         BC506: Boas28
qʷaχʡit (1)          to start to grow (as humans,    Check
                     animals, plants), to awaken
                     (said of a plant in the
                     spring)
qʷaχʡit (2)          to start to scream, yell,       Check
                     shout; to give a scream
qʷaχʡnχ              "spring season (lit:            PIC
                     ""growing season"")??"
qʷaχʔala             to make grow                    Check
qʷaχʔas (1)          place where sth. grows          Check
qʷaχʔas (2)          growth, plant on the field      Check
                     or in the garder
qʷaχaxsala           weeds; growing all around,      BC411: lj, nl
                     all over the place (i.e., the
                     set of things growing
                     randomly in an area)
qʷaχʔa ukʷ           sth. one has grown (as in a     Check
                     garden)
qʷaχiɬ               stairway, something on a        EW
                     slope
qʷaχisla             (sth.) growing on the beach     Check
qʷaχla               an (alder) leaf; plant or       BC86,87: rh
                     growth (in general)
qʷaχla               leaf                            BC506: HS, SW160
qʷaχnx               spring                          BC507: DS
Qʷaχʔnχ              spring                          BC369: olp; DS
qʷaχnakʷla           unfolding gradually (said of    Check
                     the leaves of a plant)
qʷaχqʷaχa            umbrella                        PIC
qʷaχqʷaχaɢmɬ         umbrella                        Check
qʷaχqʷaχaɢmɬc lwaɬ   ghosTs umbrella (i.e. small     Check
                     white inedible mushroom)
qʷaχsi               split smoked salmon             EW
                                 418


qʷaχsm          "May, ""the month when           BC370: HS, lj, rh
                everything starts to grow"""
qʷaχƛaʡu        stick                            BC64: DS
qʷa alism       worn out with crying             Check
qʷa a u         mourning song                    Check
qʷa ala         sound of crying                  Check
qʷa alagliɬ     sound of crying in the           Check
                house
qʷa la          see Qva'ila                      Check
qʷa lacwa       see Qva'ilaCwa                   Check
qʷa laxʔit      see Qva'ilax'it                  Check
qʷdisba         a scar on the nose, a scarred    Check
                nose, to have a scar on the
                nose
qʷdisbala       to have a scar on the nose       Check
qʷ ckʷ          (sth.) squeezed; (esp.)          Check
                squeezed berries
qʷicxʷqʷickʷa   to eat fresh squeezed            Check
                berries
qʷicχut         to strangle s.o., to squeeze     Check
                s.o.'s neck
qʷida u         long stick used to lift fish     PIC
                net??
qʷidu wa        to hug around the waist          Check
qʷilaɢ iɬ       to marry a relative              Check
qʷilaka         to help oneself (e.g. to         Check
                food); self, oneself; to do
                sth. oneself
qʷilaχa         to fall by itself (tree, etc.)   EW
qʷilaχʡit       to start falling down (said      Check
                of a tree or anything tall)
qʷilaχcukʷ      (s.o.) accidentally hit by a     Check
                falling tree
qʷiliɢwala      to fight one's own people        Check
                (as e.g. relatives or as
                fellow-citizens in a civil
                war)
qʷilusu         to break, crack (as glass,       Check
                china, a window, rock, box)
qʷiɬa.          to break, crumble, grind up,     EW
                crush, shatter, mince
qʷiɬci          to break, crack in two (as       Check
                glass, china, a window,
                rock, box)
qʷiɬc a         to break, crack in two (as       Check
                glass, china, a window,
                                419


               rock, box)
qʷiɬciyut      to break sth. (e.g. a cup) in    Check
               two
qʷiɬʔit (1)    to start to break, crack, to     Check
               become broken (glass,
               chine, box)
qʷiɬʔit (2)    to start to embrace              Check
qʷiɬla.        breaking, cracking (glass,       Check
               china, box)
qʷiqʷa.        to loosen something by           EW
               working it back and forth
qʷiqʷxʷsm      powdery blueberry                BC99
               (Vaccinum ovalifolium)
qʷiqʷaʔalqʷ    plural of: unmanly               Check
               character, effiminate man
qʷiqʷaɬawa     sth. that has been broken,       Check
               cracked, crushed to pieces
               (such as glass, china)
qʷiqʷaɬwa      to bang two things (such as      Check
               cups, glasses, boxes)
               against each other to break
               them into pieces
qʷiqʷaɬwala    broken, cracked, crushed         Check
               things together (e.g. broken
               cups)
Qʷiqʷaslaɬ     name of the Beggar               DS139
               Dancer, one of the
               supernatural spirits who
               dwells with the cannibal
               BaxvbakvalaNusiwa; one
               of the dances of the C’aiqa
               Series
qʷiqʷat ala    embracing or hugging each        Check
               other
qʷiqʷla.       plural of: to live, be alive,    Check
               survive
qʷiqʷlakʷ      plural of: life                  Check
qʷiqʷlba       plural of: to come to an         Check
               end, to end (e.g. day,
               movie); to reach the end of
               sth. (e.g. story)
qʷiqʷlχʷsis.   plural of: to have a ticklish,   Check
               oversensitive, touchy foot,
               to be afraid to touch sth.
               with the foot; a ticklish foot
qʷiqʷlaλiɬa    plural of: to hide sth. or do    Check
                                420


               sth. secretly indoors
qʷiqʷlaλisa    plural of: to hide sth. or do   Check
               sth. secretly on the beach
qʷiqʷlca       plural of: rotten (said of      Check
               wood)
qʷiqʷlɢʷnusa   plural of: to tickle s.o.'s     Check
               side
qʷiqʷlms       plural of: affected with dry    Check
               rot (as wood, tree)
qʷiqʷɬa.       plural of: to scratch (as       Check
               when itchy)
qʷiqʷɬci       plural of: to break, crack in   Check
               two (as glass, china, a
               window, rock, box)
qʷiqʷɬc a      plural of: to break, crack in   Check
               two (as glass, china, a
               window, rock, box)
qʷiqʷm         plural of: middle finger        Check
qʷiqʷma        plural of: landslide,           Check
               avalanche, rockslide
qʷiqʷmxsi a    "plural of: non-Indian,         Check
               ""white man"", neo-
               American"
qʷiqʷmcut      plural of: to pour particled    Check
               solid (e.g. sand, flour,
               sugar) into sth.
qʷiqʷmɬcut     plural of: to stick sth. long   Check
               into a container
qʷiqʷmnala     plural of: rumbling in the      Check
               stomach
qʷiqʷmta       plural of: to poke with a       Check
               stick, to vaccinate, to give
               an injection
qʷiqʷnɢʷas     plural of: throat               Check
qʷiqʷpa        plural of: to sprinkle          Check
               particled solid (e.g. salt,
               pepper, flour, sand, dust,
               crumbs)
qʷiqʷpaχla     plural of: to drift, whirl      Check
               down (said of leaves in
               autumn)
qʷiqʷpla       plural of: dust flying          Check
               around
qʷiqʷsa        plural of: to squeeze, to       Check
               wring
qʷiqʷsla       plural of: to drizzle           Check
                                421


qʷiqʷtila      plural of: scar, healed sore     Check
qʷiqʷtm        plural of: scar on the face, a   Check
               scarred face, to have a scar
               on the face
qʷ sa          to squeeze with the hand         EW
qʷisʔit        to start to squeeze              Check
qʷ sla         squeezing, wringing              Check
qʷisqʷnk       plural of: fat, stout            Check
qʷ sut         to squeeze the fluid out of      Check
               sth.
qʷita          to embrace                       EW
qʷitita        to hug s.o.'s (whole) body       Check
qʷitla         hugging, embracing               Check
qʷitbut        to hug s.o.'s chest              Check
qʷitχawa       to hug around the neck           Check
qʷitχwa        to hug around the neck           Check
qʷ ʣas         the part of an object (e.g. of   Check
               a paddle) where it is
               gripped
qʷla           to live, be alive, survive       EW, DS138
qʷlaci         boiling box                      EW, hs ind
Qʷlagagila     "name of a shaman, ""he          DS139
               who gives the sick the
               thought of making an effort
               to live"""
Qʷlagliɬ       """alive in the house"";         DS139
               name of a Heiltsuk man
               who saves the life of a
               Waakas in a raid by the
               Heiltsuk"
qʷlakʷ         life                             Check
qʷlamas        to be still alive                Check
qʷlancs        person who has revived           Check
               after having almost died;
               (also:) person who has
               risen from the dead (as in
               legends)
qʷlau a        to get off alive, to make a      Check
               narrow escape
qʷlaxʔidut     to revive sth., to bring sth.    Check
               back to life
qʷlaxʔit       to regain consciousness, to      Check
               come to after fainting, to
               revive
qʷlaxstknala   lively                           Check
qʷlaχλi        left over alive (of all          Check
                                422


              others)
qʷlca         rotten (said of wood)            EW
qʷlcla        rotting, rotting on, keeping     Check
              rotten (said of wood)
qʷlɢʷnus      to have a ticklish side          Check
qʷlɢʷnusa     to tickle s.o.'s side            Check
qʷlkʷ         fish mulligan, salmon stew,      Check
              bouillabaisse
qʷlqʷa.       to tickle, to be afraid to       EW
              touch, to be ticklish
qʷlqʷla.      tickling                         Check
qʷlqʷla       to suffer from fear of           Check
              heights
qʷlsʔit       to become affected with          Check
              dry rot, to start to rot (said
              of wood)
qʷlχʷʔit.     to start to tickle (as a body    Check
              part), to start to tickle sth.
qʷlχʷskana.   to have a ticklish,              Check
              oversensitive, touchy hand,
              to be afraid to touch sth.
              with the hand; a ticklish
              hand
qʷlʣnakʷla    to dry-rot gradually; to rot     Check
              slowly (as wood)
qʷlaλiɬa      to hide sth. or do sth.          Check
              secretly indoors
qʷlaλisa      to hide sth. or do sth.          Check
              secretly on the beach
qʷlaλ lkʷ     (sth.) hidden or done            Check
              secretly indoors
qʷlakn        covered with sth. over the       Check
              whole length (as a tree with
              knots, one's body with
              bruises)
qʷlaɬʔit      to start to hide sth. or do      Check
              sth. secretly
qʷlas         all over the ground              Check
              outdoors
qʷlaƛa        to hide sth., to do sth.         EW
              secretly, to keep sth. secret,
              to work or operate in secret
              (as an undercover agent)
qʷlaƛla       to keep sth hidden, doing        Check
              sth. secretly, to keep secret
qʷlaƛls       to hide sth. outdoors            Check
                               423


qʷlaƛa.       to hide sth. or do sth.          Check
              secretly on the rocky shore
qʷlaƛs        hidden or done secretly on       Check
              or in the ground outdoors
qʷlaƛsa       to hide sth. or do secretly      Check
              on or in the ground
              outdoors
qʷlaƛ ukʷ     (sth.) hidden on or in the       Check
              ground outdoors
qʷlba         to come to an end                EW
              (ceremony, story, etc.)
qʷlbaʔas      place or time at which one       Check
              ends or where sth. comes to
              an end; end point
qʷlbais (1)   to come to an end (day)          Check
qʷlbais (2)   to have covered the whole        Check
              beach, to have come to the
              end of the beach (as after
              digging for clams)
qʷlbas        variant of QvLba'a\s             Check
qʷlbaut       to bring sth. to an end; to      Check
              finish sth.
qʷlkn         body covered all over (e.g.      EW
              with bruises)
qʷlms         having dried rot (said of        EW
              wood)
qʷlχʷsis.     to have a ticklish,              Check
              oversensitive, touchy foot,
              to be afraid to touch sth.
              with the foot; a ticklish foot
qʷlχʷsta      to be afraid of water (as        Check
              when it is too hot or too
              cold)
qʷɬa          to scratch (an itch)             EW
qʷm           middle finger                    Check
qʷma          landslide, avalanche,            Check
              rockslide
qʷmaχut       to lower sth.                    Check
qʷmcukʷ       (sth.) buried under a slide      Check
qʷmda u       fork, injection needle           PIC
qʷmdisa       to stick a pole or a stick       Check
              upright into the ground of
              the beach
qʷmdiƛa       to poke into sth.                Check
qʷmdiƛχu      to get a bone stuck in the       Check
              throat
                                424


qʷmdiƛχut      to stick sth. long into the     Check
               throat
qʷmkasʔu       exclamation of a whaler or      Check
               swan hunter
qʷmɬcut        to stick sth. long into a       Check
               container
qʷmɬʔit        to start to poke or prick       Check
               with a stick, to start to
               vaccinate, give an injection
qʷmm           middle finger; to stick out,    EW, HS ind; DS139
               to be taller than the rest;
               name for the small round
               mountain, just east of
               Moses Inlet, in Rivers Inlet,
               and the bay at the foot of it
Qʷmmgilakʷ     formerly the name of            DS139
               Albert Thompson and John
               Thompson, now the name
               of Paul Thompson
qʷmmkasʔu      exclamation of whalers or       EW
               swan hunters
qʷmms          liver                           EW, HS (short m)
Qʷmmxlaglis    formerly Lynn Windsor,          DS139
               now Dawn Walkus-
               Hopkins, from Maggie
               Windsor
qʷmmxsi a      white man                       EW, HS ind
qʷmnala        rumbling in the stomach         Check
qʷmqʷac ala    friends together, each          EW
               other's friend
qʷms           liver                           Check
qʷmta          to poke into something,         EW
               pierce, vaccinate
qʷmtla         poking with a stick,            Check
               vaccinating, giving an
               injection
qʷmxa          to roll down (like rocks); to   EW
               slide (e.g. avalanche)
qʷmxʔit        to start to slide (as an        Check
               avalanche)
qʷmxla         sliding (as an avalanche)       Check
qʷmxsi a       "non-Indian, ""white            Check
               man"", neo-American"
qʷmxsi akala   English language, to speak      Check
               English
qʷmxsi axʔit   to become a non-status          Check
                               425


              Indian, to lose the status of
              Indian
qʷmcut        to pour particled solid (e.g.    Check
              sand, flour, sugar) into sth.
qʷmit (1)     to start to sprinkle particled   Check
              solid (sand, flour, ash, dust)
qʷmit (2)     to cool down (said of a          Check
              person in a bad temper); to
              dissipate (said of one's bad
              temper)
qʷmɬptalisa   to put a pole or stick           Check
              vertically into the surface
              of the beach
qʷmɬqʷmdis    poles driven into the beach      Check
qʷmɬqʷmdisa   to drive poles into the          Check
              beach
qʷms sta      to crumble, break into           Check
              small splinters
qʷmstu.       dirt in the eye; to have ...     Check
qʷmuɬcwa      to spill particled solic (such   Check
              as flour, sugar, salt, sand)
              out of a container
qʷnɢʷas       throat                           Check
qʷnista       to go back and forth often,      EW
              to be always on the go
qʷnk          fat, stout                       EW
qʷnkla        to make fatter                   Check
qʷnm          yew wood wedge; an               EW
              instrument with a
              sharpened edge used to
              make shakes or take bark
              off a tree
qʷnqʷa        to swallow after chewing         EW
qʷnqʷla       swallowing after chewing         Check
qʷnχʷʔit      to start to swallow after        Check
              chewing
qʷniɬ         often                            EW
qʷnxsmala     short and fat (said of a         Check
              person)
qʷpa.         to scatter (ashes, etc.), to     EW
              drop (crumbs)
qʷpaχla       to drift, whirl down (said of    Check
              leaves in autumn)
qʷpaχɬbala    dropping crumbs, grains of       Check
              sand, or any particles of
              solid
                               426


qʷpla.       dust flying around                Check
qʷpɬmwa      trail of crumbs or powder         Check
             dropped by s.o.
qʷpɬmwala    dropping crumbs or grains         Check
             of sth.
qʷqʷa        to take apart things that fit     EW
             together
qʷqʷaχla     pulling or plucking off (e.g.     Check
             leaves)
qʷqʷla.      pulling or plucking sth. out      Check
             of sth.
qʷqʷlsa      to pull out sth. outdoors         Check
             (e.g. a shrub or stake)
qʷqʷut       to pull sth. out (e.g. a stick,   Check
             tooth, pen out of its cap)
qʷqʷu ala    pulling or plucking out           Check
             (e.g. nails)
qʷqʷaskn     worn out with crying              Check
qʷqʷɬcmiga   to scratch all over the itchy     Check
             back
qʷqʷɬma      to scratch an itchy back          Check
qʷsla        drizzle                           EW
qʷta         wound that has healed, scar       Check
qʷtila       scar, healed sore                 EW
qʷtilaɢm     scar on the face, a scarred       Check
             face, to have a scar on the
             face
qʷtm         scar on the face, a scarred       Check
             face, to have a scar on the
             face
qʷtm a       scar on the cheek, a scarred      Check
             cheek, to have a scarred
             cheek
qʷuda u      spoon for eating berries          BC94: DS
             (flat wooden spoon),
             soapberry spoon
qʷuliɬ       to be bent forwards or on         Check
             all fours on the floor of the
             house and with one's head
             pointing down
qʷuliɬʔilm   to have tripped forwards in       Check
             the house
qʷulis       to be bent forwards or on         Check
             all fours on the beach with
             one's head pointing down
qʷulisʔilm   to have tripped forwards on       Check
                                    427


                   the beach
qʷuɬa (1)          to bend or fall forwards        EW
qʷuɬa (2)          to cook fish mulligan or        Check
                   salmon stew
qʷuɬʔit (1)        to start to bend forwards       Check
                   with the head pointing
                   down (as to somersault
                   forward)
qʷuɬʔit (2)        to start eating thickened       Check
                   berries
qʷuɬʔit (3)        to start to cook fish           Check
                   mulligan or salmon stew
qʷuɬla (1)         bending forwards with the       Check
                   head pointing down (as
                   when somersaulting or
                   bending over a railing)
qʷuɬla (2)         cooking fish mulligan or        Check
                   salmon stew
qʷuɬqʷqʷs          plural of: mountain             Check
qʷuɬqʷuɬa (1)      to somersault forward           Check
                   repeatedly
qʷuɬqʷuɬa (2)      to eat fish mulligan or         Check
                   salmon
qʷuɬqʷuɬaiχsda     to want to eat fish mulligan    Check
qʷuɬta             to fall forwards or dive        Check
                   head first into the water
qʷuɬχs             to be bent forwards or on       Check
                   all fours on the floor of the
                   boat with one's head
                   pointing down
qʷuɬχsʔilm         to have tripped or fallen       Check
                   head first in the canoe
Qʷumaɢisanugʷuƛa   name taken by the Qvulus        DS140
                   at K’vaMwa, this story
                   connects Rivers Inlet with
                   the people of the Skeena
                   and Nass Rivers, and the
                   Q’vuqvaYaitx\v, of the
                   Heiltsuk
Qʷumanakʷla        "gradually becoming             DS140
                   bigger, richer; Paul
                   Thompson; name of an
                   Oowekeeno man who tells
                   the story ""The Jealous
                   Brother""; chiefs of:
                   'WiThitx\v (Heiltsuk);
                                   428


                  'Uuyalitx\v, formerly
                  'A|lixvmi; at N’ulu;
                  'Isditx\v; Raven clan of
                  'W’iThitx\v; John Humchitt
                  in BB"
Qʷumanakʷlaglis   """moving as a rich one         DS140
                  through the world""; name
                  taken by DasdnalgiLakv,
                  he was half eagle, half man,
                  also took the name
                  Waakas; name of chief
                  from Thacza, or Roscoe
                  Inlet"
qʷumaqlsa         to remove a stump from the      Check
                  ground
qʷumaqmi          stump                           EW (rh: bb)
Qʷumugʷa          """riches of the sea""; chief   DS141
                  of all the sea spirits and
                  hence sea creatures; sea
                  monster who is benefactor
                  to Y’a'xzi, he provides a
                  house, food and Y’a'xzi
                  marries his daughter; name
                  of a dance of the DhWlax\a
                  Series dance ""monster-
                  under-the-sea-dance"""
Qʷumuxʷskala      """getting rich""; name of a    DS141
                  man from the north who
                  married into the Qvulus
                  lineage at Sumx\ulh; name
                  also used by Heiltsuk"
qʷuqʷa.           to hoist something up           EW
Qʷuqʷaʔitχʷ       "name for the Calm-Water        DS141
                  People, a Heiltsuk tribe
                  located at Ellerslie Channel
                  and several other locations;
                  Heiltsuk QvuQvai ""calm
                  water"""
Qʷuqʷa aitχʷ      person, people or tribe from    DS63
                  Q’vuqvai (Heiltsuk)
qʷuqʷkʷ.          thing with a handle for         Check
                  carrying (as a pail, oil
                  lantern)
qʷuqʷla.          carrying sth. by its handle,    Check
                  hoisting sth.
qʷuqʷliɬa         to lift sth. by its handle      Check
                                    429


                   indoors, to hoist sth.
                   indoors
qʷuqʷlsa           to lift sth. out with a hoist,   Check
                   to lift sth. by its handle
                   outdoors
qʷuqʷmgʷuɬtiwa     to hoist things up to a          Check
                   higher level, to lift things
                   by the handle and move
                   them upwards
qʷuqʷmuɬtiwa       to lift things from the boat     Check
                   with a derrick (crane)
qʷuqʷmuɬtiwa u     crane, derrick, hoist or any     Check
                   device for hoisting things
                   off the boat
qʷuqʷqʷuni         plural of: one's neck            Check
qʷuqʷaqʷu          slack tide (as before the        EW
                   changing of the direction of
                   the tide)
qʷuqʷaqʷ ala       to be or to stay slack (said     Check
                   of the tide)
qʷuqʷmaqmi         plural of: stump of a tree       Check
qʷuqʷni            neck                             EW
qʷuqʷs             mountain                         EW, PIC
Qʷuqʷsililagilis   name of the second son of        DS141
                   Hnuwaqawa
qʷuqʷsʔit          to become, develop into a        Check
                   mountain
Qʷuqʷskas          """great mountain""; name        DS142
                   of Susan Walkus from
                   Simon Walkus; formerly
                   name of Kitty Thompson,
                   sister of Albert Thompson,
                   now Jeanette Chartrand;
                   name of Agnes
                   Chamberlain"
qʷuqʷta.           plural of: to eat berries        Check
                   thickened into a jam or
                   cake, to eat soaked berry
                   cake
qʷuqʷuni           one's neck                       Check
qʷuqʷχmuɬcwa       plural of: to undress, to        Check
                   take off one's various
                   clothes
qʷuqʷχʷc as        clothes, clothing (as e.g. in    Check
                   one's wardrobe)
qʷuqʷχʷmcwa        plural of: to dress, to put on   Check
                                   430


                 one's various clothes
qʷuqʷχʷsgʷis     plural of: broken clouds          Check
qʷuqʷχʷsi is     plural of: breaking through       Check
                 of the sun, breaking up of
                 clouds
qʷuta.           to eat berry cake or berries      EW
                 boiled until jam-like
                 consistency is obtained
qʷutkʷ           berries thickened into a          Check
                 cake or jam
qʷutla           eating berries thickened          Check
                 into a jam or cake
qʷuχʷa           to dress                          Check
qʷuχʷcut         to put on a garment               WL
qʷuχʷcwa         to put on clothing                Check
qʷuχʷcwala       to wear clothing                  Check
qʷuχʷgʷuti a     to hoist sth. to a higher         Check
                 level, to lift sth. by its
                 handle and move it
                 upwards
qʷuχʷib a        under garment                     WL
                 (slip/petticoat)
qʷuχʷʔit.        to start to hoist; to grab sth.   Check
                 by its handle (as to carry it)
qʷuχʷmcukʷ       dressed                           EW
qʷuχʷmcut        to put on one's various           Check
                 clothes
qʷuχʷmcuxʷʔit    to start to put on one's          Check
                 clothes, to start dressing; to
                 become the dressed person
qʷuχʷmcwa        to dress, to put on one's         WL
                 various clothes
qʷuχʷmc ackʷla   to get dressed first (i.e.        Check
                 before doing sth. else)
qʷuχʷmuɬcwa      to undress, to take off one's     Check
                 various clothes
qʷuχʷsgʷis       broken clouds                     Check
qʷuχʷsi is       breaking through of the           Check
                 sun, breaking up of clouds
qʷuχʷsusti a     to hoist sth. to higher level,    Check
                 to lift sth. by its handle and
                 move it upwards
qʷuχʷsustut      to hoist sth. to higher level,    Check
                 to hoist the flag; to lift sth.
                 by its handle and move it
                 upwards
                                  431


qʷuχʷʔuɬcut      to take off a garment            WL
qʷuχʷʔuɬcwa      to undress, remove clothing      Check
qʷuχʷʔuɬtiwa     to hoist sth. off the boat       Check
                 onto the float or wharf
qʷuχʷʔuɬtiwa u   derrick, crane, hoist or any     Check
                 device for hoisting a thing
                 off the boat; to be hoisted
                 off the boat
qʷuχʷ a          outer clothing                   WL
qʷ ab a          undershirt, underwear            Check
qʷ is            clear sky                        Check
qʷ ls            to be bent or on all fours       Check
                 outdoors with one's head
                 pointing down
qʷ lsʔilm        to have tripped forwards on      Check
                 the ground outside
Qʷxlaɬ           "formerly Evelyn Walkus-         DS134
                 Smith, presently Hilda
                 Smith from Simon Walkus;
                 daughter of Hnuwaqawa,
                 who resides as wife to
                 BaxvbakvalaNusiwa, she
                 teaches her father all the
                 details of the Cannibal
                 Dance, and takes the name
                 Q’uminwaus ""Rich
                 Woman"""
qʷχʷʔit..        to start to pull or pluck sth.   Check
                 out of sth.
qʷχʷsi is        sun breaks through the           EW
                 clouds
qʷχʷs ut         to pull or pluck two things      Check
                 apart (as when pulling a
                 pen out its cap)
qʷ lkʷ           (sth.) broken, cracked (as a     Check
                 window, cup)
-s (1)           on the ground outside of         Boas 328
                 the house
-s (2)           belonging to                     Boas 303
-s (3)           you (2Subj)                      EW
-s (4)           excelling in the use of          Check
                 senses, always in some
                 bodily or mental condition
-s (5)           continuously, all the time       Boas 304
-s (6)           left-hand adjunct suffix         Check
                 (Rath 1981)
                               432


-s (7)        see -xsi                        Check
sa            see la (6)                      Check
sa.ʔ ugʷila   see sa'Yugvila                  Check
saʔaiɬ        spread out indoors, carpet,     Check
              linoleum
saʔaiɬa       to spread sth. out indoors,     Check
              to cover the floor with
              carpet or linoleum
saːla         wise, sensible, temperate       EW
saʔa lkʷ      floor covered with carpet or    Check
              linoleum
sabut         to put on an apron              Check
sabwa         apron                           Check
sabwala       to wear an apron                Check
saci          wisdom                          Check
sacinukʷ      to have wisdom                  Check
sacm          very old large spring           EW
              salmon
sagʷm         "bracken fern (?Pteridium       EW; BC58
              aquilinum); natural role in
              myth and story; rhizomes
              eaten (?); ""root""
              (rhizome) used as punk to
              keep fire"
sagʷm         hair seal                       EW, PIC
saipawa       offal                           Check
saka (1)      supplementary, additional,      EW
              extra; to extend the time or
              add on to the money
              needed for doing sth.
saka (2)      to use a vehicle (boat, car,    Check
              plane...)
sakla         to use a vehicle (boat,         EW
              place, etc.) for travelling
sakla (1)     extending the time or           Check
              adding on to the money
              needed for doing sth.
sakla (2)     using a vehicle (of any         Check
              kind)
sakʷila       to boil seal meat               Check
sakʷuƛ        to get (catch, obtain) a seal   Check
sakʷuƛ        to get (catch, obtain) a seal   Check
sakʷ s        hair seal fat                   Check
sala          wise, sensible                  Check
saliqti       lips (of one's mouth)           EW
saliqʷti      lips (of one's mouth)           EW
                            433


sala.      ring finger                      EW
salala     love song, song of               EW
           mourning, lament, dirge, to
           sing a love song, etc.
salala u   song of pleasure                 Check
salau      ring finger                      Check
salidana   "deer fern, incl. Sword Fern     EW; BC56,411
           (Polystichum munitum);
           ""ferns"" (in general?)"
salu       ring finger                      EW
sam        jam (as e.g. on bread)           Check
samʣ ala   to put jam on one's bread        Check
samit      to start skinning an animal;     Check
           to start to lift the blanket,
           curtain, veil, robe
sanapat    fish-line, kelp                  BC46: curtis70:333
sandi      Sunday                           Check
sankʷ      glove                            Check
sankʷkʷ    (s.o.) gloved                    Check
sapa       to skin an animal, to lift the   Check
           blanket, curtain, or robe
sapa (2)   to skin, turn back (blanket),    EW
           open (curtain), unveil, turn
           (page of a book), scalp,
           remove the surface layer of
           something
sapaχut    to take the blanket, curtain,    Check
           robe or veil off sth. or s.o.,
           to strip sth. or s.o. of sth.
sapkʷ      (sth.) skinned, a carcass        Check
sapla      lifting a blanket, curtain,      Check
           robe, or veil; skinning an
           animal
sapmt      to unveil the face               Check
sapʣ a     to cut offal from a fur          Check
saqa       to put on the apron              Check
saqla      to wear an apron                 Check
saqya      kerchief, something spread       EW
           on the head
saqʷa      to chafe the skin off            EW
saqbwa     apron with special chest         Check
           covering
saqpa      to put on the apron with the     Check
           special chest covering
saqpla     to wear the apron with the       Check
           special chest covering
                                      434


sas_paːla            do you work now?                EW
sasɢmt               to wrap sth. around sth.; to    Check
                     change pillow cases
sasm                 offspring (of one couple)       EW
sasmnukʷ             to have children (of a          Check
                     couple); to have young
                     ones (of a couple of
                     animals)
sasmʣat              to have children (of a          Check
                     couple); to have young
                     ones (of a couple of
                     animals)
saspa                plural of: to skin an animal,   Check
                     to lift the blanket, curtain,
                     or robe
saspʣ a              plural of: to cut offal from    Check
                     a fur
sastwiɬ              door mat                        Check
sa ati               to use a means of transport     EW
saxa                 to appropriate, to lay one's    EW
                     hands on
saxʔit (1)           to (start to) extend the time   Check
                     or add on to the money
                     needed for doing sth.
saxʔit (2)           to start to use a vehicle       Check
                     (boat, plane, car)
saxʔit (3)           to become wise, sensible        Check
saxsiwa              to become conscious of          Check
                     things (as a child at a
                     certain age), to reach the
                     age of discretion; to sober
                     up, to gain consciousness
saxƛ as              cloth or e.g. black tar paper   Check
                     used for roofing
saxʷskʷaqa aquɬdya   chewed fernroot                 BC58:Boas28:36,225
saχʡit               to be chafed off (as skin)      Check
saχʷa                to be left alone by others      EW
saχʷʔit              to become isolated from         Check
                     one's group or family
saχʷla               to live in isolation from the   Check
                     group
sa agʷma             to hunt for hair seal           HS
sa akƛuda            labour strike                   Check
sa akʷa ala          to look for game to shoot       Check
sayaka               to try to spear                 HS
sa axʷsila           to butcher a seal               Check
                               435


sa ugʷila      plural of: to hang on to, to   Check
               hold steady
sa ugʷila      to hang on to, to hold         Check
               steady
sa ugʷilaɬχs   to hold on to the canoe or     Check
               to sth. in the canoe
sa ugʷills     to hold on to sth. outdoors    Check
sa ukʷa        to try to grab                 HS
sa wala        to catch hold of               Check
saʣut          to spread a cloth out on a     Check
               flat surface
saʣ a          sth. flat (such as a cloth)    Check
               covering a flat surface,
               table cloth
saʣ iɬ         table cloth                    Check
sbayu          flashlight                     HS ind
sdup           stove                          hs
sd lkʷ         dolphin                        Check
sgayu          spear, harpoon                 PIC
sgayupiq       harpoon shaft, pole for the    Check
               spear
sglit          unidentified item sold in      PIC
               box??
sgncaut        to throw or push the spear     Check
               into the water
sgʷuna         schooner                       Check
-si (1)        """his""-adjunct personal      EW
               pronoun: (the) one(s) over
               there, near neither you nor
               me, under discussion, being
               talked about (3Adj)"
-si (2)        see -xsi                       Check
sicaχstala     poling or punting the length   Check
               of sth. (e.g. along a row of
               things)
sidis          to push into the ground of     Check
               the beach with a pole, to
               poke into the surface of the
               beach
s glit         cigarette                      Check
siki           """one who cures"", from       DS189
               the Oowekyala term
               ha\ilikila"
s kʷla         crooked                        EW
sikʷsgʷis      low bush mountain              BC99
               blueberry fruit (Vaccinium
                                    436


                   ?membranaceum)
sikaɢanusla        see siKag\Nusla                 Check
sikaɢm             cane, walking stick, crutch     Check
sikaɢnusla         to use a crutch                 Check
sikaqa is          to pole-vault across            Check
sikaqla            to walk with a cane             Check
sikaqmncs          name of a caTs cradle           Check
                   pattern
sikaχsikaɢayu      pole for vaulting               Check
sikaχsikaχsχƛaqa   to pole-vault repeatedly        Check
sikaχsχƛa          to pole-vault                   Check
sikaχsχƛaqa        to pole-vault to the other      Check
                   side of sth.
sikʷas             (Alaskan) blueberry bush        EW; BC97: HS
                   (Vaccinium ?alaskaense)
siɬa               to move in a winding            Check
                   manner (as a snake), to
                   slither
siɬila             place with many snakes          Check
siɬʔit (1)         to start to move in winding     Check
                   manner, to start to slither
siɬʔit (2)         to start to poke through an     Check
                   opening with a stick or
                   stick-like thing
siɬla              moving in a winding             Check
                   manner, slithering
siɬm               snake                           EW
sinat              plan, purpose, reason           EW
sinatala           reason for speaking             Check
siqa               to dry                          EW
siqkʷ              (sth.) dried                    Check
siqla              drying sth. (in the sun or in   Check
                   the dryer)
sisa               purple                          BC100
sisagʷm            plural of: hair seal            Check
sisaipawa          plural of: offal                Check
sisai ati          plural of: to use a vehicle     Check
                   (of any kind: boat, plane,
                   car)
sisakʷimas         animal, quadruped               EW, HS, rh
sisala             plural of: wise, sensible       Check
sisankʷ            glove                           Check
sisaxsya           to pick teeth                   Check
sisaxsya u         toothpick, pin for pinning      Check
                   up things
sisaʣut            plural of: to spread a cloth    Check
                                  437


                out on a flat surface
sisgayu         plural of: spear, harpoon         Check
siska           plural of: to spear, to           Check
                harpoon
siskacɢnakʷla   five at a time                    WL
siskacqwala     boats travelling five by five     WL
siskacqwala.                                      Check
siskaɢanusla    see sisKag\Nusla                  Check
siskaɢnusla     plural of: to use a crutch        Check
siskaɢwala      plural of: five people            Check
                walking together
siskinuχʷ       plural of: person who is          Check
                always spearing
sisla           plural of: to drill a hole, to    Check
                bore, to light a fire by
                drilling with sticks
sislm           plural of: drill, auger           Check
sislxsut        plural of: to bore through        Check
                sth.
sisɬʔalut       plural of: to blame s.o.          Check
sisms           plural of: mouth                  Check
sisnat          plural of: reason                 Check
sisndn          plural of: louse eggs, nits       Check
sisniɬa         plural of: to promise             Check
sisnqa          plural of: to peel the bark       Check
                off a young cedar
sispa           plural of: to flash, to focus     Check
                a flashlight on sth.
sispƛa ala      plural of: reflection of light    Check
                on the water
sispa.          plural of: echo; reflection       Check
                of light
s stala         to stick into the water (as       Check
                the top of a fallen dead
                tree)
sisugʷlsa       plural of: to take, lift, grab,   Check
                pick up sth. outdoors
siswala         plural of: to carry or hold in    Check
                the hand
siswiba         plural of: to carry sth. by       Check
                both ends (one hand at
                either end)
sisxa           plural of: to peel the outer      Check
                layer off a fruit or thorny
                plant
sisxsba         plural of: sharp                  Check
                                438


sisxsma        to peel an orange without a      Check
               knife
sisya          plural of: to pole, to push      Check
               with a pole
sisyulm        plural of: pole for poling       Check
sisyuɬ         mythological double-             EW
               headed serpent
sisyuɬtala     plural of: poling away from      Check
               the shore
sisywmt        name for the rocks west of       DS143
               Calvert Island, also called
               Wawis
sis a..        plural of: hair of the head      Check
sita           to poke, push through an         EW
               opening
sitla          poking through an opening        Check
               with a stick or stick-like
               thing
sitχtala       grey cod                         Check
sixa           to peel (fruit, sprouts, etc.)   EW
sixʔit (1)     to start to push with a pole     Check
sixʔit (2)     to start to peel the outer       Check
               layer off a fruit or thorny
               plant
sixla          peeling the outer layer off a    Check
               fruit or thorny plant
s xsgʷis       low bush blueberry               Check
               (growing on mountain tops)
Sixʷik         name of the creek east of        DS143
               Qvapx\, referred to as
               Sowick on the map
Sixʷiƛ         creek located between            PIC
               Q’vapx\ and 'Asxvlm
siχʡit         to start to dry sth. (in the     Check
               sun or in the dryer)
si aɢuƛa ayu   pike pole (as used to push       Check
               logs out of a boom)
-sk            """his""-adjunct personal        EW
               pronoun: (the) one(s) here
               with me (3AdjProx1)"
ska            to spear, to harpoon             EW
-ski           """his""-adjunct personal        EW
               pronoun: (the) one(s)
               absent, gone (3AdjGone)"
skla           spearing, harpooning             Check
skmɬla         name for a chant or              DS143
                                      439


                     mourning song sung by the
                     men
skaʔaiɬ              to be five (people) indoors      Check
skaʔaiχsa            five flat things (e.g. sheets    Check
                     of paper, halibuts, slabs of
                     lumber)
skaʔaiχƛa            five hollow things (e.g.         Check
                     bowls, cups, glasses)
skaʔaiχƛaut          five hollow things filled        Check
                     with liquid; five cupfuls,
                     glassfuls, servings of sth.;
                     to have (get, receive) five
                     servings
skacɢais             five strands                     WL
skacɢnakʷla          five rows, five streets          Check
skacq                five long things (such as        Check
                     e.g. bottles, trees,
                     cigarettes)
skacqila             five o'clock                     Check
skacqla              five boats travelling            Check
skacqwala            five boats travelling            Check
                     together
skagila              to get (catch, obtain,           Check
                     receive, acquire) five items
                     (e.g. five animals, five furs)
skagyu               fifteen                          Check
skaɢwala             five people walking              Check
                     together
skakɬba              five layers of clothing (e.g.    Check
                     underwear plus shirt plus
                     sweater plus jacket plus
                     rainwear); to have, have on,
                     or use five layers of
                     clothing
skakɬbaiɬ            five blankets or layers of       Check
                     blankets, to have, have on,
                     or use five blankets or
                     layers of blankets
skalagls             five people outdoors             Check
skapinixʷls          five days                        Check
skapna               five times                       WL
skapnalaƛla          fifth day of the month           Check
skapna is            five trips across                WL
skapnaχa             five times down                  WL
skapngʷusti a        five times upwards; fifty        WL
skapngʷusti aʣ ala   fifty dollar bill                Check
                                    440


skapnista          five round trips, to make...    WL
skapnistisla       five trips around the field,    Check
                   village, lake, inlet, bay; to
                   make...
skapnistlsla       five trips around the house;    Check
                   to make...
skapnk             five arMs lengths; five         Check
                   fathoms, yards, spans
skapnkstais        five hundred                    Check
skapns             Friday                          Check
skapnsta           five times into the water       Check
                   and out again
skapnstaut         to set the net five times, to   Check
                   put the line in the water
                   five times
skapnsχƛais        five trips over the field,      Check
                   island, village, lake or bay
skapnsχƛals        five trips over the hill or     Check
                   the village
skapnxʔit          to do sth. five times           WL
skapnxʔit.         five times across               WL
skapnxstaut        to set the net five times       Check
skapnxs als        five trips up to the woods      Check
skapnʣaqʷ          to sound (sing, speak, cause    Check
                   noise) five times; five
                   songs, speeches, etc.
skasɢm             five round and/or bulky         Check
                   things; five silver dollars
skasɢmaχut         to cut off five blocks with a   Check
                   saw
skasɢms            five round and/or bulky         Check
                   things on the ground
                   outdoors (e.g. houses)
skasɢmʣ ala        five dollar bill                Check
skasɢma            five tribes in the village      Check
skasɢmis           five round and/or bulky         Check
                   things on the beach (e.g.
                   five cords of wood)
skaukʷ             five                            EW
skaxs luχʷsmxʔit   five thousand                   Check
skaxsukʷ           fifty                           Check
skaxsukwala        fifty dollar bill               Check
skaχʔanχ           five years                      Check
skaχs              five people aboard, to be       Check
                   five aboard
skinuχʷ            person who is always            Check
                                441


              spearing
sla           to drill a hole, to bore, to      EW
              light a fire by drilling with
              sticks
slala         drilling, boring, lighting a      Check
              fire by drilling with sticks
slibackʷ      having slippers on                Check
slibas        slippers (English)                Check
slista        to circle around                  Check
slistala      circling around                   Check
slistalagls   circling around outdoors          Check
slm           fern sprout; drill, auger?        EW, BC54
              Wood Ferns (Dryopteris
              spp.)
slmit         to start to twist or turn sth.    Check
              around
slpa          to twist, to turn (as in          EW
              drilling)
slpla         twisting or turning sth.          Check
              around (as in drilling)
slpta         to drill a hole                   Check
slptaut       to drill a hole in sth.           Check
slsa          purple                            EW
slup          sloop                             Check
slut          to drill sth. out                 Check
slxʔit        to start to bore, to start to     Check
              drill, to start to light a fire
              by drilling with sticks
slxslbas      doorknob                          Check
slxslbm       doorknob                          Check
slgyut        to drill a hole in the bow of     Check
              the boat
slmba         bit (for drilling)                Check
slmsistala    to crank, to rotate               Check
slxsudala     boring through sth.               Check
slxsut        to bore through sth.              Check
slxsutxʔit    to start to bore through sth.     Check
sɬʔalut       to blame s.o.                     Check
sɬla          to have others do one's           EW
              work
smgaci        box for cooking oolichan          DS143, PIC
              grease; name of Ben
              Hanuse
smgiɬdm       bricks??                          PIC
smka          to extract oil from               EW, DS143
              oolachens
                              442


smkla        extracting oil from ooligans     Check
smms         mouth                            EW, HS ind
sms          mouth                            Check
smsnukʷ      to have a mouth                  Check
smxʔit       to start to extract oil from     Check
             ooligans
smyat        to have a mouth                  EW
smit         to start to flash                Check
smsmala      sunny side (as of a              Check
             mountain)
sna          to ponder, plan, think over;     EW
             to ask for a return of what
             has been borrowed from
             one?
snala        whole, complete, intact,         EW
             undamaged
snala (1)    asking for a return of what      Check
             one has borrowed from one
snala (2)    to be intact, whole,             Check
             undamaged
sndn         nits, louse eggs                 EW
snqa         "to peel off bark of red         EW; BC64: rh
             cedar (""when iTs easy to
             pull off"")"
snqla        peeling bark off a young         Check
             cedar
snsɢmala     sth. that is round and/or        Check
             bulky (as a box) and that is
             whole, intact, undamaged,
             or unopened
snta         to have lice in the hair         Check
sntn         lice                             HS
snxʔit       to start to ask for the return   Check
             of what was borrowed from
             one
snχʡit       to start to peel bark off a      Check
             young cedar
sniɬa        to promise                       Check
spa          to flash, reflect, beam out,     EW
             echo, reach (said of light or
             sound)
spaʔai       reflection of light in water     Check
Spixnunsta   Bella Coola word; name for       DS143
             Sea Lion Island, west of
             Namu, a place where four
             brothers originated, an
                                  443


                 origin story of K’vii, the
                 four brothers were Waakas,
                 Ha\mzit, Galastakv,
                 'Uulithimut, and a sister
                 named T’haqvagila
spla             to beam (as sun or moon),       Check
                 to shine on; beam (as from
                 sun or moon)
spƛa ala         reflection of light on the      Check
                 water
spʣ a            motion picture, movies,         Check
                 film
Spa              to echo; name of the Echo       DS143
                 Dance, a dance of the
                 DhWlax\a Series, the
                 dancer imitates sounds and
                 changes masks which
                 includes the spring salmon,
                 frog
spa.             echo; reflection of light       Check
spuli            rose hips                       Check
sqʷa             to pry off chips                EW
sss...sχʔaχsya   "to say ""ssss"" through the    Check
                 teeth, to ""whistle""
                 through the teeth"
-staukʷ          see -xsTukv                     Check
-stauxʷ          see -xsTukv                     Check
-stukʷ           see -xsTukv                     Check
-stuxʷ           see -xsTukv                     Check
-su              to be ...ed, to undergo         Check
                 ...ing; thing or person that
                 is ...ed; thing or person
                 with a certain
                 characteristic; there is ...,
                 there exists ...; ... takes
                 place (Rath 1981)
-su              you (2Subj)                     EW
suba             to take sth. by the end         Check
suda wada        soda, pop (English)             PIC
Sudaːɬ           name of Agnes Moore -           DS144
                 from a marriage to a
                 kimsquit man, called
                 Kimsquit Jimmy, she was
                 also referred to as
                 'AniCag\a, Kimsquit
                 Jimmy was referred to as
                              444


            Q’maCluxvs
sugʷa       sugar (English loan)              PIC
sugʷaci     sugar jar                         PIC
sugʷliɬa    to take, lift, grab, pick up      Check
            sth. off the floor
sugʷlisa    to take, lift, grab, pick up      Check
            sth. off the beach
sugʷlsa     to take, lift, grab, pick sth.    Check
            off the ground outdoors
sugʷlaut    to take, lift, grab sth. from     Check
            the rocky shore
suɢʷaɢi     loin cloth                        Check
sukʷa       to take hold of with the          Check
            hand; to pick up, lift, grasp,
            grab with the hand
sukʷɬχsa    to pick up, lift, grab out of     Check
            the canoe with the hand
sukʷƛa ut   to pick up, lift, grab out        Check
            from the water with the
            hand
sukʷƛla     to pick up, lift, grab from a     Check
            surface
sukʷχsa     to pick up, lift, grab sth. in    Check
            the boat
suɬcut      to pick up, lift, grab sth. out   Check
            of a container
Sumχuɬ      "name of the Shumahalt            DS144, PIC
            River, spelled Sheemahant
            on the map, an important
            village site, ""about 1880
            there were six large houses
            and about three hundred
            people at this place"""
sumiɬ       to hold sth. or s.o. down on      Check
            the floor of the house (as in
            a fight)
sup u       to grab, lift, grasp, pick up,    Check
            take while on one's way
suqʷs       to be glad, pleased,              EW
            satisfied with, grateful for
susɢʷaɢi    plural of: loin cloth             Check
susqʷs      plural of: thankful, glad to      Check
            have sth., to be grateful for
            sth.
suʔuɬcut    plural of: to pick up, lift,      Check
            grab sth. out of a container
                                445


suxʷʔit       to take, grab, pick up, grasp     Check
              with the hand
suxʷsukʷa     to take, grab, pick up, lift,     Check
              grasp repeatedly with the
              hand
suyaʡima      """those things that you can      DS144
              take hold of to raise
              yourself up""; term used for
              one's prerogatives, which
              include names or titles,
              dances, masks, hunting,
              and fishing rights, and the
              legends or nuym that
              validate them"
swa           to take, grab, fetch              Check
swala         to carry, get, take, hold in      EW
              one's hand
s alaƛla      to carry sth. in a                PIC
              ceremony??
swaχiɬa       to take down indoors              Check
swaχut        to take sth. down                 Check
swiba         plural of: to take sth. by the    Check
              end
swiglsa       plural of: to take, lift, grab,   Check
              pick up sth. outdoors
swika         plural of: to take hold of        Check
              with the hand; to pick up,
              lift, grasp, grab with the
              hand
swikɬχsa      plural of: to pick up, lift,      Check
              grab out of the canoe with
              the hand
s ikƛa ut     plural of: to pick up, lift,      Check
              grab out from the water
              with the hand
s ikƛla       plural of: to pick up, lift,      Check
              grab from a surface
swmχs         to keep s.o. or sth. down on      Check
              the floor of the boat
-s            see -su'                          Check
s a..         thunder                           EW
s akala       sound of thunder                  Check
s lχλaliɬa    to weave the bottom of the        Check
              basket
s lχλal lkʷ   weaving pattern at the            Check
              bottom of the basket
                            446


s lχλ lkʷ   weaving pattern at the         Check
            bottom of the basket
s uɬcut     see sulhCut                    Check
sxʔit       to throw a spear or            Check
            harpoon; to start spearing,
            harpooning
sxsba       sharp                          Check
sxsbaʔala   to sharpen a knife             Check
sxsbaba     sharp point                    Check
sxsbabaut   to sharpen a hook or pole      Check
sxskla      thorn                          Check
sxskas      spruce needles                 Check
sxsmigut    to spear s.o. in the back      Check
sxsxʔn      see sxsx'in                    Check
sxsxʔ n     to have thorns along the       Check
            stem (as deviLs club, or a
            rose bush)
sχa         sth. that crawls               Check
sχʡit       to start to crawl (as an       Check
            insect)
sχʔaχsya    see sss...sx\'a\x\syA          Check
sχla        crawling (as of an insect or   EW
            worm); a bug, insect, worm
sχlsla      crawling outdoors (as of a     Check
            worm or insect)
sχm         Chinook canoe, race canoe;     EW, (EW, HS, rh)
            (loons??? - vol. 3)
-sχʷ        """his""-adjunct personal      EW
            pronoun: (the) one(s) here
            with you, there with you,
            concerning you particularly
            (adjunct suffix)
            (3AdjProx2)"
sya         to pole, to push with a pole   EW
syakaunaɬ   creeping juniper, common       BC62: Boas28:225
            juniper (Juniperus
            communis); used in
            ShamaNs ceremonies
syakaq      punting pole                   PIC
syakʷnaɬ    (Alaskan) wild blueberry       BC97, PIC
            (Vaccinium ?alaskaense)
syakʷnat    (Alaskan) wild blueberry       BC97
            (Vaccinium ?alaskaense)
syala       pushing with a pole            Check
syalisla    poling, punting upstream       Check
sya u       punting pole                   Check
                              447


syncsla      sticking downwards to the       Check
             beach (as a dead tree)
syulm        pole for poling                 Check
syuɬtala     poling away from the shore      Check
syuɬtut      to pole sth. offshore           Check
s a.         hair of the head                Check
s acwa.      thick hair(ed)                  Check
s agilakʷ    wig                             Check
s uɬtut.     plural of: to pole sth.         Check
             offshore
-t           see -xd                         Check
taː          to wade                         EW
taʡiʣa u     rain boots??                    PIC
taːʡisla     wading along the beach          WL
taːla        wading                          Check
taːlaglis    to wade around on the           Check
             beach; wading on the beach
taːlisla     wading upriver                  WL
taːniɢu      close to each other (as two     EW
             people passing)
taːniɢwiɬ    to be closely related to        EW
             one's spouse (e.g. cousins)
taːniɢ iɬ    """close together""; term       DS145
             used to refer to the practice
             of second-cousin
             marriages, highly desirable
             from the point of view of
             reinforcing one's
             suya'a\ima"
taːput       to crush something              EW
taːsaxsala   push here and there             WL
taːsɢmi      to follow wading                Check
taːtusla     wading downstream               WL
taː axsala   to walk aimlessly               WL
taː is       to wade across                  WL
taːxʔit      to begin to wade                HS
taɢaɬ        oolichan net                    PIC
taɢʷm        covering sheet (e.g. to keep    Check
             the sun out of the canoe)
tainuχʷ      person who always wades         Check
taisla       wading along the beach          Check
taistala     wading around an island         Check
taistisla    wading around a bay, lake,      Check
             or inlet
taiχsda      to want to wade                 Check
takstala     wade in the water               WL
                              448


Taltmx       Bella Coola word?;              DS145
             formerly the name of John
             Thompson, now Paul
             Thompson; name is also
             found among Heiltsuk; the
             story of G|agmlaxa
             connects this name with
             Rivers Inlet
tamaqʷa      to drip                         Check
tamaqʷala    sound of dripping               Check
tanis        term used to refer to the       EW, DS145
             Ha\maCa Dancer during
             the dance; also used for
             those who have already
             reached the rank of
             Ha\maCa Dancer
taput        to crush, squeeze, squash       Check
             sth., together
tapuya       to squeeze out (e.g. salmon     Check
             eggs when ripe)
taqila       to make an oolachen net         EW
taqwa        to press, push, squeeze         Check
             together with one hand
taqʷa        to cover (especially a sheet)   EW
taqʷla       covering (as with a sheet)      Check
taqʷmala     having the face covered         Check
             with a sheet or blanket
taqʷmt       to cover the face (as with a    Check
             sheet or blanket)
tasta        to step into the water          Check
             accidentally
tastaʔais    to stand still in the water     Check
taswa        to press, push, squeeze         Check
             together with both hands
tasxʣm       to be pushed away               Check
             carelessly, to be brushed
             aside
tataca       to try to push                  HS
tatapa       to try to crush, burst,         HS
             squeeze, squash
tatasaχuta   to try to push sth. or s.o.     HS
             down from a higher level
tatasila     to hold back by pushing         Check
tatayala     to put hand out to stop sth.    WL
             coming at you
tata a       to try, to be ready to push     WL
                                449


              sth.
tatiχas       a small yellow bird,             Check
              possibly a waxwing
tatmqʷa       to be out to plunge              Check
tatqwa        plural of: to press, push,       Check
              squeeze together with one
              hand
tattasaχuta   plural of: to try to push sth.   HS
              or s.o. down from a higher
              level
tattasila     plural of: to hold back by       Check
              pushing
tatχʷsmt      plural of: to cover sth.         Check
              round and/or bulky (e.g. a
              box) with a sheet, canvas, a
              blanket, etc.
tauɬdis       to wade towards the beach        Check
              from the water
tauɬta        to walk off the shore into       Check
              the water
tauɬta.       wade out seawards                WL
taː axsala    to roam, wander aimlessly        Check
tawisla       walking, strolling along the     Check
              beach
tawngila      "to walk around, ""to do         Check
              the town"", to tour"
ta iλas       entrance of a building           Check
taxsʔis       wade towards land                WL
taxsta        to step into the water           Check
              accidentally
taxtnis       plural of: Cannibal dancer       Check
taxtwisla     walking, strolling along the     Check
              beach
taχʷʔit       to start to cover (as with a     Check
              sheet)
taχʷsmi       sheet or sheet-like thing        Check
              over a round and/or bulky
              thing (e.g. over a box)
taχʷsmt       to cover sth. round and/or       Check
              bulky (e.g. a box) with a
              sheet, canvas, a blanket,
              etc.
ta aqʷa ax    a kind of small octopus          Check
tayaqχduda    to catch salmon by the tail      Check
tay a         to try to walk (as a baby)       HS
ta ukʷnala    walking into a person            Check
                               450


              accidentally
ta wala       to meet a person coming in       Check
              by boat, or plane
tc staʔalsa   to push sth. or s.o. over        Check
              with the hands outdoors
tcustut       to give sth. or s.o. a hoist     Check
tca           to warm oneself by the fire      EW
              or stove
tcaxʔit       to start to warm oneself by      Check
              the fire or the stove
tcxʔit        to start to warm oneself by      Check
              the fire or the stove
tgʷanm        person, human being              Check
tgʷanmpala    human smell                      Check
tgʷanmxʔit    to become a person               Check
tibl          table (English)                  Check
tigʷusa a     thing one has lost               Check
tigʷusu       to lose sth.                     Check
tiːnakʷla     pushing gradually                WL
tikʷa         to drop, fall (said of things)   Check
tikʷaχa       plural of: to drop, fall (said   Check
              of things)
tikʷaχacwa    to fall down from a higher       Check
              level and into sth. (said of
              things)
tikʷaχiɬ      to drop down from a higher       Check
              level indoors (said of
              things)
tikʷaχla      dropping down from a             Check
              higher level (said of things)
tikʷaχls      to drop down from a higher       Check
              level outdoors (said of
              things)
tikʷla        dropping of things               Check
tikʷmstala    dropping into the water,         Check
              dropping overboard (said of
              a group of things)
tikʷu a       to come just into sight, to      EW
              hang in the distance
tikʷa.        to drop on a rock                EW
tili          bait                             Check
tiɬa          to bait                          EW
tiɬas         saskatoon berry                  BC108: EW
              (Amelanchier alnifolia)
              bush
tiɬʔit        to start to bait                 Check
                               451


tiɬla         baiting                         Check
t ɬm          saskatoon berry                 BC108: EW
              (Amelanchier alnifolia)
              fruit
tiniqa        to become covered with          EW
              sweat or dew
tiniqlsla     steam rising form the           Check
              ground in the early mornin
              sunshine
tiniqm        sweat on the face, sweating     Check
              face, to have sweat on the
              face
tiniqmala     to have sweat on the face       Check
tiniqʣu       damp walls, steamed             Check
              windows
tiniƛa        to push s.o. into the           Check
              doorway
tiniƛla       pushing into the doorway        Check
tiniχbis      dew, sweat                      Check
tinakʷla      to push along                   Check
tiqala        (continuous) sound of a         Check
              gun firing, of fire crackers,
              or of explosions
tiqgaɬ        sound of a shot, explosion,     EW
              or firecracker
titaː         plural of: to wade              Check
titaːstusla   plural of: wading               Check
              downstream
titaː is      plural of: to wade across       Check
titaisla      plural of: wading along the     Check
              beach
titaistala    wading around an island         Check
titaiχsda     plural of: to want to wade      Check
titaqwa       plural of: to press, push,      Check
              squeeze together with one
              hand
titauɬta      plural of: to walk off the      Check
              shore into the water
titawaxsala   plural of: to roam, wander      Check
              aimlessly
titca         plural of: to warm oneself      Check
              by the fire or the stove
titiƛa        plural of: to push s.o.         Check
              inside, to push the door in
titli         plural of: bait                 Check
titlɢʷab a    plural of: underwear            Check
                               452


titlqʷ        plural of: soft (as a cloth or   Check
              pillow)
titlχʷcwa     plural of: thing that is soft    Check
              inside, sock, stocking
titɬa         plural of: to bait               Check
titmχs ut     plural of: to break wood         Check
              lengthwise with the hands
titmɢʷa u     plural of: plunger for           Check
              chasing the fish back into
              the net
titmkʷa       plural of: to eat cured          Check
              salmon eggs
titmqʷa       plural of: to kick with the      Check
              feet when swimming
titmqʷla      plural of: kicking with the      Check
              feet when swimming
titmqʷinuχʷ   plural of: good plunger          Check
titniqa       plural of: to sweat, to be       Check
              covered with dew (as
              plants), to become steamed,
              to steam up (as the
              window)
titniqmala    plural of: to have sweat on      Check
              the face
titniχbis     plural of: dew, sweat            Check
titqisiwa     to put the hand on the           EW
              forehead (as in thinking)
titqisiwil    to put the hand on the           Check
              forehead indoors (as when
              in thought)
titqbwa       plural of: chest                 Check
titqgaɬ       plural of: (sudden) sound of     Check
              a shot, report of a gun or
              explosion
titqila       to advise                        Check
titqɬit       plural of: to be itching all     Check
              over the body
titqʷa        plural of: octopus               Check
              (devilfish?)
titsliɬa      plural of: to push over on       Check
              the floor
titslsa       to push over the ground          Check
              outdoors
titstaut      plural of: to push sth. into     Check
              the water
titsxala      plural of: splashing             Check
                                 453


titsxʔit        plural of: to make a splash,    Check
                to start splashing
tittlχʷcwa      plural of: pair of socks or     Check
                stockings
titwa           plural of: to walk              Check
titwalagls      plural of: walking outdoors,    Check
                to walk around outdoors
titwaχlsla      plural of: walking              Check
                downwards outdoors (as on
                a hillside)
titwistala      plural of: walking around       Check
                sth. (e.g. on island)
titwistlsla     plural of: walking around       Check
                the hill or the house
tit abwlsla     plural of: walking              Check
                underneath sth.
titxʷa          plural of: to jump              Check
titxʷaʔaus      plural of: to jump from one     Check
                boat to another
titxʷaus        variant of titxva'a\us          Check
titxʷaχa        plural of: to jump down         Check
                from a higher level
titxʷaχiɬ       plural of: to jump down         Check
                from a higher level indoors,
                to jump downstairs
titxʷʔit        plural of: to start to jump     Check
titxʷla         plural of: jumping              Check
titxʷlisla      plural of: to throb (as one's   Check
                heart when frightened), to
                keep jumping
titxʷsta        plural of: to jump into the     Check
                water
titxʷsusti iɬ   plural of: to jump upwards      Check
                indoors
titxʷsχƛaqa     plural of: to jump over and     Check
                beyond sth.
titxʷs aʔais    plural of: to jump up onto      Check
                the beach
titxʷs ala      plural of: to jump up onto a    Check
                rock
titxʷuɬtiwa     plural of: to jump from a       Check
                boat onto a float
titxʷʔuɬtiwa    plural of: to jump from a       Check
                boat onto a float
titχʔa          plural of: algae on the rock    Check
titχbiƛa        plural of: to pretend to do     Check
                                454


titχis        plural of: algae in the water     Check
              near the beach
titχsmt       plural of: to make a fist         Check
titχstu       plural of: coloured green,        Check
              green in appearance
tityayu       plural of: planer                 Check
tiːƛa         to push s.o. inside, to push      Check
              the door in
t xsa         to splash                         Check
t xsala       splashing                         ew
t xsʔit       to make a splash, to start        Check
              splashing
t xsla        see ti'sxala                      ew
tixʷʔit (1)   to lose sth.; to have lost        EW
              one's way
tixʷʔit (2)   to start to drop, fall (said of   Check
              things)
t xʷsta       to drop into the water, to        Check
              drop overboard (said of
              things)
t xʷstala     dropping into the water,          Check
              dropping overboard (said of
              things)
t xʷstaƛi     to drop onto the water and        Check
              start floating (said of
              things)
t xʷstqa      to drop sth. out of one's         Check
              hand accidentally
tixʷs ala     to jump up onto a rock            Check
tixʷtikʷa     to move along unsteadily,         EW
              to bounce along
tiχʔa         algae on the rock                 Check
tiχa (1)      green, yellow; any type of        BC45: rh
              green algae (Chlorophyta),
              like Sea Hair
              (Enteromorpha intestinalis)
              or Sea lettuce (Ulva
              lactuca)
tiχa (2)      to suffer from indigestion        Check
tiχʡit (1)    to turn green or yellow           Check
tiχʡit (2)    to start to crack (said of a      Check
              board)
tiχaci        bile bag (as of a fish)           EW
tiχʔala       to make green or yellow           Check
tiχʔana       sth. that is long and             Check
              cylindrical (as a log) and
                                 455


                green or yellow
tiχis           algae in the water near the     Check
                beach
tiχla           having a green or yellow        Check
                colour
tiχlas          green mountain                  Check
tiχlasɢm        sth. that is round and/or       Check
                bulky and green or yellow
tiχlaxʔit (1)   spring season                   Check
tiχlaxʔit (2)   to turn green or yellow         Check
tiχm            pale face(d)                    Check
tiχʔna          see tix\'a\na                   Check
tiχsm           sth. round and/or bulky         EW
                (clumsy) that is green or
                yellow; green mountain,
                green rock
tiχstu          coloured green, green in        Check
                appearance
t χtχʔa         green algae growing on          BC45: jr, not conf
                rocks
t χtχis         plural of: algae in the water   Check
                near the beach
tka             to bump, bounce, flick          EW
                away with the fingers
tkla..          female with a big belly (as     EW
                when pregnant)
Tkʷus           name of a village of the        DS146
                Gvasla people from Smiths
                Inlet
tki             belly                           EW, DS146
tks             person with a big belly         Check
tkχdi           belly of a whale near its       DS146
                tail, a house on K’itit was
                so named for K’itit was
                said to be a dried up whale,
                and the names of the
                houses corresponded to the
                different parts of the whale
tlɢʷab a        underwear                       Check
Tlɢʷis          """soft beach""; name of a      DS145, PIC
                settlement on the island in
                K’vii River; name of a
                beach on the northwest
                corner of Calvert Island"
tlɢʷisa         to eat beforehand (before a     EW
                trip or before main course)
                              456


tlqʷ         soft                             EW, HS ind
tlqʷa        to soften, make soft as a        DS146
             pillow
tlqʷila      to make soft; name of Hilda      DS146
             Smith from Peter
             Chamberlain
tlqʷilakʷ    material that has been soft      Check
             (e.g. inner bark of cedar)
tlqu         soft cloth                       Check
tlqʷsa       to lay down branches or          Check
             moss in order to make a
             soft spot, to soften a place
             on the ground
tltlɢʷnuʣi   side tires to protect sides of   PIC
             boat
tlχʷcwa      thing that is soft inside,       Check
             sock, stocking
tlχʷʔit      to start to soften               Check
tmɢʷa u      plunger for chasing the fish     PIC
             back into the net
tmkʷa        to cure salmon eggs, to eat      EW
             cured salmon eggs
tmkʷkʷ       cured salmon eggs                Check
tmqa         to snap, crack (wood or ice)     EW
tmqʷa        to kick with the feet when       EW
             swimming, to plunge into
             the water to chase the fish
             back into the net
tmqʷla       kicking with the feet when       Check
             swimming
tmqʷinuχʷ    good plunger                     Check
tmtmspiga    pitch blisters on balsam fir     BC68,116: DS
             or buds of cottonwood
tmxstu       stye                             EW
tmxʷ.mas     gooseberry bush [no vowel        EW
             appears between /xv/ and
             /M/]
tmxʷʔit      to start to eat cured salmon     Check
             eggs
tmxʷmali     gooseberries (Ribes              BC104: lj
             divaricatum) fruit
tmxʷ ala     gooseberries (Ribes              BC104: DS
             divaricatum) fruit
tmxʷ ali     (Coastal blank)                  BC104: EW
             gooseberries (Ribes
             divaricatum)
                             457


tmχs ut     to break wood lengthwise         Check
            with the hands
tmit        to start to burst or crush (as   Check
            eggs, balloons), to start to
            burst, crush, or squeeze out
            sth.; to push the switch of a
            flashlight, to switch on a
            flashlight
tnxa        to vibrate, to quake             EW
tnxʔit      to start to vibrate, to quake    Check
tnxla       vibrating, quaking               Check
tnʣaci      the ceremonial house of the      EW, DS145
            cannibal dancers
tp-         crush, burst, break, shatter     Check
            (said of brittle things such
            as china, bone, shell)
tpa (1)     to crush, burst, break,          EW
            shatter (said of brittle
            things such as china, bone,
            shell)
tpa (2)     to squeeze                       EW
tpkʷ        something squeezed               EW
tpla        crushing, bursting,              Check
            squeezing, squashing
tput        to squeeze out (salmon           EW
            eggs, toothpaste)
tqʷa        covered with dirt, dust, soil    EW
tqʷla       covering sth. with soil, dirt,   Check
            earth; interring
tqani       lake trout                       EW
tqbwa       chest                            EW
tqila       to advise                        EW
tqilagliɬ   giving advice indoors (as in     Check
            an office)
tqilaxʔit   to start advising                Check
tqila u     advice                           Check
tqlatu      itchy ear, to have an...         Check
tqlbu       itchy chest, to have an...       Check
tqlχu       itching throat, to have an...    Check
tqɬa        to itch                          EW
tqɬc s      itchy leg or foot, to have       Check
            an...
tqɬit       to be itching all over the       Check
            body
tqɬʔit      to become itchy                  Check
tqɬqya      itching head, to have an...      Check
                              458


tqʷa         octopus                          EW, PIC
tqʷm         dirt (for witchcraft)            Check
tsa          to push, press against           EW
tsakus       fern root (?Dryopteris           BC60: Boas/Hunt
             expansa)
tsaχut       to push sth. down from a         Check
             higher level
tsʔidiχsda   want to push                     WL
tsimiɬ       to hold s.o. down on the         Check
             floor by pushing
tsʔit        to give a push, to start         WL
             pushing with the hands
tsla         pushing                          Check
tslaxʔit     to start to push over a          Check
             distance
tsliɬa       to push over on the floor        Check
tslsa        to push over the ground          Check
             outdoors
tsmiƛa       to push (a group of) things      Check
             or people into the house
tspta        to push into a pit, to push in   Check
             order to perforate or
             puncture
tsptaut      to push sth. into a hole, to     Check
             puncture or perforate sth.
tstaliɬa     to push s.o. into bed            Check
tstaut       to push sth. into the water      Check
tstsa        push repeatedly                  WL
tsƛlaut      to push sth. over a surface      Check
             (such as a table, float, dock,
             wharf)
tswlsa       to push out of the house         Check
             with the hand, to push out
             through the doorway
ts aʔaiɬa    to push into the bedroom         Check
tsyamiɬa     to push (a group of) people      Check
             into the bedroom
ttxstu       bulging eyes, to have...         Check
tuba         to walk to the end of sth.       Check
             long and horizontal; to
             walk ahead of the others
tubalsla     walking from one street          Check
             end to another
tubaudala    to walk to the end of a long     Check
             wharf or a spit of land
tubwlsla     walking underneath sth.          Check
                                459


tugliɬ          """to stand up to walk"";      DS146
                name for a puberty
                potlatch, for males"
Tugʷila         beginning of one's Indian      DS146
                dances; name of the
                younger brother of
                Muudana, who was Peter
                ChamberlaiNs great-uncle;
                term used for the second
                series of the Ha\maCa
                Dances
tugʷliɬ         to take a walk indoors (as     Check
                after sitting)
tugʷlis         to take a walk on the beach    Check
                (as after sitting)
tugʷls          to take a walk outdoors (as    Check
                after sitting)
tugʷlaisla      walking to the shore (as       Check
                when the boat is moored at
                the end of the wharf so that
                one has to walk the length
                of the whole wharf before
                one reaches the shore)
tugʷlala        walking to the shore (from     Check
                a wharf or from a boat that
                is moored at some distance
                from the shore)
tugʷusti ala    walking upwards (as on a       Check
                ladder)
tugʷusti iɬla   walking upwards indoors,       Check
                walking upstairs
tugʷusti lsla   walking upwards outdoors       Check
                (as on a hillside)
tukʷɬχs         to take a walk on the boat     Check
                (as after sitting)
tukʷ a          walk on top of sth.            WL
tukʷala         sound of footsteps             Check
tukʷna          to walk on sth. Long (e.g. a   Check
                log or rope)
tukʷnala        walking on sth. long (e.g.     Check
                log)
tukʷnt          to walk on sth. long (such     Check
                as a log)
tukʷnxʔit       to start to walk on sth.       Check
                Long (e.g. log)
tumuɬ           track, footprint               Check
                                  460


tumut            track, footprint                Check
tunusbut         to walk around a point of       Check
                 land
tunakʷla         walking in one direction        Check
tusχƛais         to walk to the other side of    Check
                 the island, field, village,
                 lake, bay or inlet
tusχƛaisla       walking to the other side of    Check
                 the island, field, village,
                 lake, bay or inlet
tusχƛals         to walk to the other side of    Check
                 the hill or the house
                 (outside)
tusχƛalsla       walking over a hill,            Check
                 walking to the other side of
                 the house (outside)
tutbalsla        plural of: walking from one     Check
                 street end to another
tutbaudala       plural of: to walk to the end   Check
                 of a long wharf or a spit of
                 land
tutgʷlaisla      plural of: walking to the       Check
                 shore (as when the boat is
                 moored at the end of the
                 wharf so that one has to
                 walk the length of the
                 whole wharf before one
                 reaches the shore)
tutgʷusti ala    plural of: walking upwards      Check
                 (as on a ladder)
tutgʷusti lsla   plural of: walking upwards      Check
                 outdoors (as on a hillside)
tutkʷala         plural of: sound of             Check
                 footsteps
tutkʷna          plural of: to walk on sth.      Check
                 Long (e.g. a log or rope)
tutmuɬ           plural of: track, footprint     Check
tutmut           plural of: track, footprint     Check
tutsχƛaisla      plural of: walking to the       Check
                 other side of the island,
                 field, village, lake, bay or
                 inlet
tutxʷʔit         plural of: to take a walk, to   WL
                 start to walk
tutxʷs alsla     plural of: walking up to the    Check
                 woods
                                  461


tuʔut             to walk s.o. home              Check
tuxʷcs            to walk between things         Check
tuxʷcsa           to walk between things         Check
tuxʷcsala         walking between things         Check
tuxʷcsaxʔit       to start to walk between       Check
                  things
tuxʷcsʔit         to start to walk between       Check
                  things
tuxʷcsut          to walk between things         Check
tuxʷʔida u        (s.o.) taken for a walk        Check
tuxʷʔida unukʷ    to have s.o. take a walk       Check
                  (e.g. as a policeman a
                  prisoner in jail)
tuxʷʔit           to take a walk, to start to    HS
                  walk
tuxʷsi    a       to walk through                Check
tuxʷsi    ala     walking through                Check
tuxʷsi    axʔit   to start to walk through       Check
tuxʷsi    is      to walk through a passage      Check
                  on the beach
tuxʷsi isla       walking through a passage      Check
                  on the beach
tuxʷsi ls         to walk through a mountain     Check
                  pass
tuxʷsi lsla       walking through a              Check
                  mountain pass
tuxʷsχƛa...       variant of: tusx\tha...        Check
tuxʷs alsla       walking up to the woods        Check
tuxʷtb lsla       plural of: walking             Check
                  underneath sth.
tuyaχλlsla        walking among the trees        Check
tuy lχλlsla       walking among the trees        Check
tuʣ lsla          walking on a field; crossing   Check
                  an open space
twa               to walk                        EW, DS146
twaiχsda          to want to walk                Check
twala             walking                        Check
twalagliɬ         walking indoors, to walk       Check
                  around indoors
twalaglis         walking on the beach, to       Check
                  walk around on the beach
twalagls          walking outdoors, to walk      Check
                  around outdoors
twalakɬχs         walking on the boat, to        Check
                  walk around on the boat
twalisla          walking upstream               Check
                             462


twatusla     walking downstream             Check
twa iɬ       walk across the room           WL
twa is       walk across                    WL
twa isla     walking across                 Check
twaχiɬla     walking down indoors,          Check
             walking upstairs
twaχiɬlakʷ   stairs                         PIC
twaχla       walking downwards              Check
twaχlakʷ     gangway or ramp leading        PIC
             down
twaχlsla     walking downwards              Check
             outdoors (as on a hillside)
twi          road                           PIC
twigila      to build a road                Check
twinakʷa     to walk s.o. home              Check
twinaxʷʔit   to start to walk s.o. home,    Check
             to take s.o. for a walk home
twistala     walking around sth. (e.g. on   Check
             island)
twistisla    walking around a bay, lake,    Check
             inlet, field, village
twistlsla    walking around the hill or     Check
             the house
Twixmi       name of Simon Walkus Jr.;      DS147
             name of John Thompson;
             name of the eldest son of
             Hnuwaqawa, he took the
             name Q’vumuyuthi and
             PWizit; name of the head
             mountain goat hunter, a
             Kwatna story; name of the
             eldest son of Hnuwaqawa
t iʣ lsla    plural of: walking on a        Check
             field; crossing an open
             space
t lkʷ        person who is always           WL
             walking
twms         to escort s.o.                 Check
tw u         small road                     Check
t abwa       walk under s.th.               WL
t abwlsla    walking underneath sth.        Check
t iλas       place where one walks in,      Check
             entrance
t ini        a persoNs way of walking       Check
t inuχʷ      good at walking                WL
t iχsda      want to walk                   WL
                             463


txa (1)     ready, opened up, to get the    EW
            original round shape back
            through soaking (said of
            dried herring spawn after
            soaking)
txa (2)     to hoot (said of an owl)        Check
txa (3)     to flick sth. away with the     Check
            fingers
txʔida u    springboard                     Check
txʔit (1)   to start to open the eyes       Check
txʔit (2)   to start to hoot (as an owl)    Check
txʔit (3)   to start to flick sth. away     Check
            with the fingers; to start to
            bounce, to make a bounce
txla        having the eyes open            EW
txla (1)    to be open (eyes)               Check
txla (2)    hooting (owl)                   Check
txla (3)    flicking sth. away with the     Check
            fingers
txtka       to bounce repeatedly            HS
txtxni      horned owl                      EW, HS
txʷa        to jump                         EW
txʷaʔaus    to jump from one boat to        Check
            another
txʷa is     to jump across                  Check
txʷa yls    to jump across a field          Check
txʷa ls     plural of: to jump across a     Check
            field
txʷaχa      to jump down from a             Check
            higher level
txʷaχiɬ     to jump down from a             Check
            higher level indoors, to
            jump downstairs
txʷaχls     to jump down from a             Check
            higher level outdoors
txʷba       jumping at the end of sth.      Check
            long and horizontal
txʷbaut     to jump onto the end of sth.    Check
            long and horizontal
txʷcaχsta   to jump along a row of          Check
            things (e.g. a row of bottles
            placed on the ground), to
            jump the length of sth. (e.g.
            the length of a canoe)
txʷcsut     to jump between things          Check
txʷʔit      to start to jump                Check
                                  464


txʷla            jumping                          Check
txʷlagliɬ        jumping indoors                  Check
txʷlaglis        jumping on the beach             Check
txʷlagls         jumping outdoors                 Check
txʷlakƛla        jumping on a surface (table,     Check
                 boardwalk, dock, float)
txʷliɬ           to jump indoors                  Check
txʷlis           to jump on the beach             Check
txʷlisla         to throb (as one's heart         Check
                 when frightened), to keep
                 jumping
txʷls            to jump up outdoors (as e.g.     Check
                 to run away)
txʷsmt           to jump onto sth. round          Check
                 and/or bulky (e.g. rock)
txʷsta           to jump into the water           Check
txʷsusti iɬ      to jump upwards indoors          Check
txʷsχƛaqa        to jump over and beyond          Check
                 sth.
txʷs aʔais       to jump up onto the beach        Check
txʷƛla           to jump up on a surface          Check
                 (such as the boardwalk)
txʷuhiɬ          to jump out of the room          Check
txʷuɬtiwa        to jump from a boat onto a       Check
                 float
txʷʔuɬtiwa       to jump from a boat onto a       Check
                 float
txʷ ls           to jump out of the house         Check
                 (e.g. through the doorway)
tχ               thus (interjection)              EW
tχb ƛa           to pretend to do                 Check
tχsmt            to make a fist                   Check
tχʷʔit.          to start to cover with dirt,     Check
                 earth, soil; to start to inter
tyayu            planer                           Check
tyncut           to push sth. into sth.           Check
-t.              see -Ta                          Check
-ta              of course (Rath 1981)            Check
taʔaiɢm          obscured, out of sight           Check
taʔaikgaiɬ       to be just out of sight or       Check
                 obscured (as the bottom of
                 a partly filled basket or the
                 floor of the boat when
                 being loaded)
taʔaikgaiɬamas   to cause to be out of sight,     Check
                 obscured
                                     465


taʔaixʔidanakʷla   to go out of sight (etc.)        Check
                   gradually
taʔaixʔit          to begin to disappear out of     Check
                   sight, to start to become
                   obscured
taːstmkʷa          kingfisher bird; name of the     DS148
                   grandmother of Roy
                   Hanuse's wife Jesse; name
                   also in Bella Bella
taːstmkʷa          kingfisher                       EW, HS, rh. PIC
taːx               gunpowder                        EW
tagiɬ              bed mat, mattress                Check
tagiɬa             to put sth. soft (e.g. a cloth   Check
                   or a mattress) on the floor
                   of the house
tagisa             """to drop into one's            DS148
                   stomach""; term used for
                   the wedding feast; to put
                   sth. soft on the beach?"
taɢanakʷla         see Tag\Nakvla                   Check
taɢiɬa.            to scatter people or things      Check
                   indoors
taɢnakʷla          to spread, scatter gradually     Check
taka               to use padding, use sth. soft    EW
takla              putting soft things or           Check
                   material between fragile
                   objects
takʣut             to put a cloth on the table      Check
takʷa              to count sticks (like those      EW
                   used by the Chinese)
takʷla             counting sticks                  Check
talucaq            to take a dried fillet of fish   Check
                   along with one as travelling
                   provision
talus              thin fillet of dried fish (cut   HS ind, PIC
                   parallel to the backbone)
talus.                                              Check
talusila           to make thin fillets of fish     HS ind
                   (for drying), to work on
                   thin fillet of dried fish
talustalusa        to eat dried fish fillets        HS ind
taɬa               to slice fish                    EW, PIC, WL
taɬa.                                               WL
taɬʔit             to start to make fish fillets    Check
                   for drying
taɬla              making fish fillets for          Check
                              466


             drying
taɬtukʷ      fish sliced parallel to the      Check
             backbone
tamamas      old moldered canoe that is       Check
             beyond repair
taqa         to spread, scatter               EW, DS148
taqanyala    see TaqNyala                     Check
taqla        scattering people or things,     Check
             spreading things out
Taqlym       name of a mortuary pole,         DS148
             belonging to Charles
             Walkus, which depicted a
             man standing holding a box
             in his hands
taqnyala     miscellaneous, consisting        Check
             of more than one sort of
             thing
taqʣut       to scatter, spread sth. over a   Check
             flat surface
tasa         to shiver (as from cold)         Check
tasanyala    to bang rocks together here      Check
             and there
tasʔit       to start to shiver               Check
tasla        shivering                        EW
tastamakʷa   variant of TasTmKva              Check
tastmkʷa     kingfisher                       Check
tasut        to strike some stones            Check
             together
taswa.       to strike stones together        Check
taswala      striking stones together         Check
tasχtala     trembling of the mouth (as       Check
             when cold)
tatmsila     to become tense (as when         Check
             anxious)
tatticila    plural of: quarry (e.g. for      Check
             limestone)
tattikʷa     plural of: to fish for trout     Check
             with a pole
tattlxʷsma   plural of: baseball game         Check
tattnca      plural of: to look for a cool    Check
             spot
tattχs a     plural of: to divide sth. up,    Check
             to split sth. up
tattχs ut    plural of: to divide, split      Check
             sth. up
tatuskʷa     to get withes of red-cedar       BC64: DS
                                        467


tatagʷn a             handle of a basket                Check
taticila              quarry (e.g. for limestone)       Check
tatica                to gather stones, rocks           Check
tatikʷa               to fish for trout                 EW
tatikʷa u             rod for fishing trout             Check
tatinila              to try to lie or lean back        HS
                      indoors (i.e. sth. is in the
                      way or prevents it every
                      time)
tatipila              to keep one's feet on sth.        WL
tatipnala             to step, tread on sth.            Check
                      accidentally
tatisa ala            to go to get rocks, stones        Check
tatixila              to lean back against the          WL
                      back of the chair
tatlqya               bare-headed                       Check
tatlus                plural of: thin fillet of dried   Check
                      fish (cut parallel to the
                      backbone)
tatlxsis              bare-footed                       PIC
tatlxʷsma             baseball game                     Check
tatlxʷsmasu           baseball ball                     Check
tatlxʷsmayu           baseball bat                      Check
tatlχλakʷ             fish tail                         HS not familiar
tatlχλaxʷtatlχλakʷa   to eat fish tails                 Check
tatɬa                 plural of: to slice fish          Check
                      parallel to the backbone
tatmcila              to repair an old canoe            Check
tatmsila              to tense oneself                  EW
tatnca                to look for a cool spot           Check
tatuskʷa              to get cedar limbs                Check
tatusnala             to cut into sth. while            WL
                      cutting sth. else
tatuyala              to meet the cut from the          WL
                      other end
tatuyaɬa              to cut along with s.o. at a       WL
                      lower part or behind
Tatwyas               refers to the sand, forming       DS148
                      a wave pattern; name of a
                      spring salmon pool at the
                      mouth of Gldala River,
                      owned by the Hanuse
                      family
tatχsi                to split up, divide up,           Check
                      scatter (as e.g. a school of
                      herrings)
                                 468


tatχs a          to divide sth. up, to split    Check
                 sth. up
tatχs ut         to divide, split sth. up       Check
tatyala          to await, to meet somebody     EW
                 coming in
tat a            to get stones for ballast      Check
tat ala.         plural of: out of sight,       Check
                 disappeared or obscured
tat anakʷla      plural of: to disappear out    Check
                 of sight gradually, to
                 become obscured gradually
tat aχtanakʷla   plural of: to fade gradually   Check
                 (as sound)
-taukʷ           see -xsTukv                    Check
tausaxsala       to cut carelessly              WL
-tauxʷ           see -xsTukv                    Check
tax              gun powder                     Check
taxʔit (1)       to start to put soft things    Check
                 between fragile objects
taxʔit (2)       to become, change into gun     Check
                 powder
taxsiʣa          insole                         Check
taxtaka          to doze, be drowsy             Check
taxtgiɬ          plural of: bed mat, mattress   Check
taxʷʔit          to start using counting        Check
                 sticks
taχ.             stiff, rigid                   EW
taχa             to turn something the right    EW
                 side up
taχʡit           to start to place a hollow     Check
                 object with the open side
                 up
taχʡit           to start to scatter, spread    Check
                 things or people
taχla            to have the side with the      Check
                 opening up
taχlaƛla         to have the side with the      Check
                 opening up
taχlaƛlut        to put the open side of a      Check
                 hollow object up
taχstaliɬa       to soak dried herring spawn    Check
ta a             to be or to go out of sight,   EW, DS148
                 disappear, be hidden
Ta agilakʷ       formerly name of Elizabeth     DS148
                 Walkus, wife of Waakas,
                 now Lila Hanuse; formerly
                                 469


                name of Evelyn Walkus-
                Smith, now Charlotte
                Anderson
ta ala          out of sight, disappeared or    Check
                obscured
ta anakʷla      to disappear out of sight       Check
                gradually, to become
                obscured gradually
ta apastu       to go out of eyeshot            Check
ta aχtanakʷla   to fade gradually (as sound)    Check
ta ulm          obstruction of sight            Check
tbulm           small baited fishhook           PIC
tci             to break in half                Check
tc a            to break, smash sth. in half    Check
tc ut           to break, smash sth. in half    Check
tgʷa u          talon (as of an eagle or        Check
                hawk)
tgʷn            a canoe that has been given     EW
                a certain kind of aging
                treatment (esp. funeral
                canoe)
tɢit            to be blamed for sth., to be    Check
                accused of sth.
tɢu wa          waist, small of the back        Check
tibam