ANTH 101, Fall 2005, Exam 1 Page 1 of 5
ANTH 101: Introduction to Biological Anthropology
This exam covers chapters 1-5 in you text and the associated lectures.
Multiple Choice and True/False Questions (2 points each for a total of 30 points)
1. Which of the following is an example of adaptive miss-match?
a. The Sweet Tooth
b. Sickle Cell Anemia
c. Birth defects
d. Bad eyesight
2. Which is NOT true about fish
a. They have true backbones
b. They are likely the result of adaptive radiation associated with an oxygen environment
c. The first to evolve jaws
d. They are the first to have an amniotic egg.
3. Reptiles do NOT have?
a. Internal fertilization
b. An amniotic egg
c. Hetrodontic teeth
d. Eggs that can survive out of water
e. True eyes
4. The process by which two populations become reproductively isolated because they no longer
recognize each others mating ritual is called:
a. Mechanical Isolation
b. Behavioral Isolation
c. Temporal Isolation
d. Allopathic Speciation
e. Estrus Miscommunication
5. Darwin’s theory of natural selection was dependent on the fact that traits inherited parents are
blended to create a unique individual.
ANTH 101, Fall 2005, Exam 1 Page 2 of 5
6. Which of the following evolutionary terms is(are) illustrated in the example of male Soapberry
bugs changing their mate guarding strategy in the context of different sex ratios?
a. phenotypic plasticity
b. density or frequency dependent strategy
d. All of the above
e. A and B only
7. During the making of protein, which of the following is attached to an amino acid and connects
amino acids together to form a chain (protein)?
8. Derived traits are:
c. the result to convergence
d. adaptations to similar evolutionary problems
e. traits that have evolved early in the evolutionary history of that species
9. A phylogeny is an evolutionary family tree
10. Adaptations are designed by natural selection to solve evolutionarily stable problems.
11. Traits found in distantly related species that appear to be adaptations to solve the same
evolutionary problem (have the same function) are:
12. Pleiotrophy refers to cases when one gene influences more than one trait.
13. The proximate function refers to what an adaptation is designed to do, while the ultimate function
of an adaptation is to promote copies of itself.
ANTH 101, Fall 2005, Exam 1 Page 3 of 5
14. Genes are the vehicles of selection while individuals are the units of selection
15. If an male who is homozygous recessive for a trait mates with a female who is homozygous
dominant for the same trait, with regards to that trait:
a. All of their children will look like their father
b. All of their children will look like their mother
c. One quarter will look like their father
d. One quarter will look like their mother
e. Their children will look like a combination of both parents
Matching (2 points each for a total of 20 points)
Match the Term with the Phrase that has the best association. Indicate your answer by writing the
appropriate letter next to each term.
16. Meiosis __ A--varieties of a gene
17. Mitosis __ B--the material that chromosomes are made up of
18. DNA __ C--leads to greater independent assortment
19. RNA __ D--Contains Uracil
20. Alleles __ E--Makes a Haploid cell
21. Crossover __ F--Makes a Diploid cell
Match the term or phrase in column A with the appropriate term or phrase in column B.
22. Spinal Cord__ A—Vertebrate Derived Trait
23. Bilateral Symmetry__ B—Cordate Derived Trait
24. Bony Head (Skull) __
Fill in the Blank (2 points each for a total of 20 points)
26. An animal that lives a phase of its life with gills, and then develops lungs is called an
27. The process where species, like Darwin’s Finches, evolve into multiple species each designed to
fill a different previously unoccupied niche is called
ANTH 101, Fall 2005, Exam 1 Page 4 of 5
(28 &29) An allele that is expressed even if there is only one is ________________ where as an allele
that is expressed only if there are two copies of it is ________________.
(30 & 31) When an individual has the same allele for a trait they are ________________, but when
they have two different alleles they are ____________________ for that trait.
(32 & 33) The process in which sex cells are produced is called _________________, and the
process that produces somatic cells is __________________ .
(34 & 35) Speciation that takes place because of geographic isolation is called _________________,
and when it takes place in the same location is it called ____________________ .
Short Answer Essay (5 points each for a total of 30 points)
36. What are Darwin’s Three Postulates?
37. Briefly explain why a drought led to changes in beak depth of Darwin’s finches.
38. What is the difference between genotype and phenotype?
ANTH 101, Fall 2005, Exam 1 Page 5 of 5
39. What three things are used to determine if a trait possessed by two closely related species is
ancestral or derived?
40. If you did a population study of the distributions of alleles for a given trait and discover that with
regards to that trait the population was in Hardy-Wienburg Equilibrium, what have you learned?
41. Define the term Niche?