Physical Science by YIMO682

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									   Table of
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  Physical
Science Game




               Physical Science

                  Mrs. Williams
   Table of
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  Physical
Science Game
                  Table of Contents
   •   Game
   •   Websites
   •   Properties of Matter
   •   Physical Change
   •   Chemical Change
   Table of
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  Physical
Science Game
                 Properties of Matter
   • All living and nonliving things are made of
     matter.
   • Matter is anything that has mass and
     takes up space.
   • It is described by its properties.
       – What are properties?
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                           Properties
   • You can use your five senses to identify
     the properties of matter.
   • Some properties we use to identify matter
     are:
       – color
       – texture
       – shape
       – size
       – state of matter: is it a solid, liquid, or gas?
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               Is it a solid, liquid, or gas?
       Matter is made up of tiny particles that are too
        small to see.
       The state of matter depends on how the
        particles move and the way they are
        arranged.
       There are three states of matter:
                     solid, liquid and gas
         Water is a material that is found in all three
                        states in nature.
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                Three states of matter
   • The state of water depends on its
     temperature:
       – Water is a liquid.
       – Ice is a solid.
       – Steam, or water vapor, is a gas.
   • When water changes from one state to
     another, this is a physical change.
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                 Physical Change
   • Matter goes through a physical change
     when it changes the way it looks without
     becoming new kind of matter.
   • A change in size, shape, or state of matter
     is a physical change.
   • Breaking a pencil, tearing a piece of paper
     are physical changes.
   • Physical changes are reversible, unlike
     chemical changes.
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               Chemical Change
   • In a chemical change, one kind of matter
     changes into a different kind of matter.
   • The substance is changed in some way to
     make a new substance with different
     properties.
   • Baking bread batter, mixing baking soda
     and vinegar are examples of chemical
     changes.
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               Chemical Change: Baking
   • When you bake bread, you mix ingredients
     together to make batter.
   • The batter is a mixture of flour, baking powder
     and eggs, but the heat from the oven makes the
     chemical change happen.
   • Then bread forms. What about the flour, baking
     powder and eggs that made the batter? Can you
     separate these materials from the bread?
   • Materials that have gone through a chemical
     change cannot be changed back to the original
     kind of matter.
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               Other chemical changes                                Contents


   • Some chemical changes happen quickly:
       – Fire burns wood
           • Gas and ashes cannot change back to wood.
       – Mixing vinegar and baking soda
           • When mixed, they form a gas. The gas cannot be changed
             back into vinegar and baking soda.
   • Some chemical changes happen slowly:
       – An iron nail rusts
           • Water helps iron combine with oxygen from the air. This
             causes the iron to change into rust. The rust is a different
             kind of matter. This rust cannot change back into iron.
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               Physical Science Game
Science Game
   States of    Physical   Chemical    Properties    Vocabulary   Science Mix
    Matter      Change     Change     of Materials      100
                                                                       Matter


     100                     100          100                          100
                  100
   States of    Physical   Chemical   Properties     Vocabulary   Science Mix
    Matter      Change     Change        200            200        Physical Change


     200          200        200                                       200

   States of    Physical   Chemical   Properties     Vocabulary   Science Mix
                                                                     Life Science
    Matter      Change     Change        300            300
                             300                                       300
      300         300
   States of    Physical   Chemical   Properties     Vocabulary   Science Mix
    Matter      Change     Change        400            400
                                                                  Science Processes


     400          400        400                                       400

   States of    Physical   Chemical   Properties     Vocabulary   Science Mix
    Matter      Change     Change        500            500
                                                                   Chemical Change


     500          500        500                                       500
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               • Correct!
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                   to
                  Game
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Science Game


               Try Again Next Time!




                         Back
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   Table of
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  Physical
                      100 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                         States of Matter
   Explain that matter has different states (e.g., solid, liquid and gas) and
        that each state has distinct physical properties.
   Mike put an icicle in a glass on a windowsill.
   In about an hour, the icicle changed into a liquid.
   Finally, after three days, there appeared to be
       nothing in the bottom of the glass.

   What states of matter did the icicle pass through?
       A. Liquid, then gas, then solid.
       B. Gas, then liquid, then solid.
       C. Solid, then liquid, then gas.
   Table of
  Contents     200 Physical Science:
  Physical
Science Game   States of Matter
    Explain that matter has different states (e.g.,
    solid, liquid and gas) and that each state has
              distinct physical properties.

  Which of the following shows a change in
    an object’s state of matter?
      A. placing a popsicle in the oven
      B. putting a magnet into the freezer
      C. cutting up a piece of paper
   Table of
  Contents       300 Physical Science:
  Physical
Science Game       States of Matter
   •    Explain that matter has different states (e.g., solid, liquid and gas)
        and that each state has distinct physical properties.



   Which of the following is true?
       A. Gases do not take the shape of their containers.
       B. Liquids do not take the shape of their containers.
       C. Solids do not take the shape of their containers.
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                         400 Physical Science:
  Physical
Science Game
                            States of Matter
        •Explain that matter has different states (e.g., solid, liquid and gas)
          and that each state has distinct physical properties.


        Which picture shows molecules of gas?




                       A.                  B.                 C.
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  Physical
                    500 Physical Science:
Science Game
                      States of Matter
   • Explain that matter has different states (e.g., solid, liquid
     and gas) and that each state has distinct physical
     properties.
   Which of these can cause a liquid to change
    to a solid?
    A. raising its temperature
    B. boiling it
    C. pouring it through a filter
    D. lowering its temperature
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  Physical
                          100 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                          Properties of Materials
  • Describe objects by the properties of the materials from which they are made
     and that these properties can be used to separate or sort a group of objects


  • The picture at the right shows a coat.


  If the coat was folded, which of these would be the
     only thing changed?

  •   A.   Its stickiness
  •   B.   Its softness
  •   C.   Its shape
  •   D.   Its color
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  Physical
                       200 Physical Sciences:
Science Game           Properties of Materials
   • Describe objects by the properties of the materials from which they
     are made and that these properties can be used to separate or sort
     a group of objects (e.g., paper, glass, plastic and metal).

   Which of these is the best description of this group of objects?
     A. paper materials
     B. liquids
     C. red materials
     D. rough materials                  Spiky shell
                                                                Tree bark




                                            Gravel           Sandpaper
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  Physical
                       300 Physical Sciences:
Science Game           Properties of Materials
   • Describe objects by the properties of the materials from which they
     are made and that these properties can be used to separate or sort
     a group of objects (e.g., paper, glass, plastic and metal).

   Which mixture could you separate with a magnet?
     A. sugar and water
     B. iron filings and salt
     C. sawdust and woodchips
     D. pepper and salt
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  Physical
                              400 Physical Sciences:
Science Game                  Properties of Materials
   •    Describe objects by the properties of the materials from which they are made and
        that these properties can be used to separate or sort a group of objects (e.g., paper,
        glass, plastic and metal).


       A.                          B.                             C.




            What group does                  A.
                                             B.
                                             C.
            this object belong in?
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  Physical
                          500 Physical Sciences:
Science Game              Properties of Materials
   •    Describe objects by the properties of the materials from which
        they are made and that these properties can be used to separate
        or sort a group of objects (e.g., paper, glass, plastic and metal).

   Which physical property of these objects is the same?

   A.   Color
   B.   texture
                                                   comb           fossil
   C.   state of matter
   D.   smell



                                Hello Kitty hat
                                                                  shirt
                                                    ice
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  Physical
                 100 Physical Sciences :
Science Game
                    Physical Change
   • Identify characteristics of a simple physical change (e.g.,
     heating or cooling can change water from one state to
     another and the change is reversible).


   Which of the following describes a physical
     change that takes place in a piece of
     bread?
   A. Bread is sliced by a machine.
   B. Bread is burnt up in the toaster.
   C. Mold begins growing on the bread.
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  Physical
                         200 Physical Sciences:
Science Game               Physical Change
  •      Identify characteristics of a simple physical change (e.g., heating or
         cooling can change water from one state to another and the change is
         reversible).
  You want to eat an apple for lunch. You rinse the
     apple with water. Then you cut the apple into
     smaller pieces. Finally, you put the apple in your
     mouth and chew it up.
      Which of the following is a physical change only?
  A. When you cut the apple up.
  B. When your stomach acid breaks down the apple.
  C. When your stomach growls because you’re
     hungry.
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  Physical
                     300 Physical Sciences :
Science Game
                        Physical Change
   • Identify characteristics of a simple physical change (e.g., heating or
     cooling can change water from one state to another and the change
     is reversible).

       Choose the physical change:

         A. Stomping on a ball of clay
         B. Cooking an omlette
         C. An iron nail rusts.
         D. Pouring vinegar into a bottle of baking soda.
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  Physical
                    400 Physical Sciences :
Science Game
                       Physical Change
   • Identify characteristics of a simple physical change (e.g., heating or
     cooling can change water from one state to another and the change
     is reversible).

   When popcorn pops, a physical change happens.
   Which of the following describes what happens to make popcorn pop?
     A. Heat makes the popcorn kernel freeze.
     B. Heat makes gas inside the popcorn kernel turn into a solid.
     C. Heat makes liquid inside the kernel turn into a gas, which
     expands and makes the kernel bust open.
     D. Heat never makes the popcorn pop.
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  Physical
                     500 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                        Physical Change
   • Identify characteristics of a simple physical change (e.g., heating or
     cooling can change water from one state to another and the change
     is reversible).

   Which sentence is correct?
     A. A chemical change can be reversed.
     B. A chemical and a physical change can both be reversed.
     C. A physical change can be reversed.
     D. Neither a physical change, or a chemical change can be
     reversed.
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  Physical
                   100 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                        Temperature
   • Compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed (e.g.,
     rubbing, heating and bending of metal).

   Which one does not produce heat?
     A. A frying pan
     B. friction
     C. the sun
     D. fire
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  Physical
                    200 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                         Temperature
   • Compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed (e.g.,
     rubbing, heating and bending of metal).

   When the liquid rises in a thermometer, what has happened?

      A. The thermometer has made heat.
      B. The temperature has stayed the same.
      C. The temperature has decreased.
      D. The temperature has increased.
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  Physical
                     300 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                          Temperature
   •   Compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed
       (e.g., rubbing, heating and bending of metal).
   Which sentence about heat is true?

       A.   Heat always moves from objects with lower temperatures to objects
            with higher temperatures.
       B.   Heat always moves from objects with higher temperatures to objects
            with lower temperatures.
       C.   Heat sometimes moves from objects with lower temperatures to
            objects with higher temperatures.
       D.   Heat does not usually move.
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  Physical
                       400 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                            Temperature
   •   Compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed (e.g., rubbing,
       heating and bending of metal).
        A puddle of water on the sidewalk feels warm when you
          touch it.
        Which statement best explains why the water feels
          warm?
          A. Heat moved from the puddle to the sidewalk.
          B. Burning fuel warmed the puddle.
          C. Energy from the sun warmed the puddle.
          D. Friction from the rainwater caused the puddle to
          get warm.
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  Physical
                     500 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                          Temperature
   • Compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed (e.g.,
     rubbing, heating and bending of metal).

   A carpenter cuts a piece of wood with a saw. She moves the saw back
      and forth very fast. When she is done, the edge of the saw feels hot.

   What has made the saw hot?
     A. melting
     B. conduction
     C. burning
     D. friction
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  Physical
                      100 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                        Chemical Change
   • Identify characteristics of a simple chemical change.
   When a new material is made by combining two or more materials,
   it has chemical properties that are different from the original materials
       (e.g., burning paper, vinegar and baking soda).

   Which is an example of a chemical change?
     A. Cutting bread in half.
     B. A black t shirt feels hot when it is in the sun.
     C. A candle wick burns.
     D. Cheese melts on a cheeseburger.
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  Physical
                       200 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                         Chemical Change
   •     Identify characteristics of a simple chemical change.
   When a new material is made by combining two or more materials,
   it has chemical properties that are different from the original materials
         (e.g., burning paper, vinegar and baking soda).

   •    What can you do to wood to cause a chemical change?

       A.   Break it
       B.   Burn it
       C.   Cut it
       D.   Saw it
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  Physical
                     300 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                       Chemical Change
   • Identify characteristics of a simple
     chemical change.
   When a new material is made by combining two or more materials,
   it has chemical properties that are different from the original materials
       (e.g., burning paper, vinegar and baking soda).


  Which of the following sentences describes a chemical
   change instead of a physical one?

  A. A silver bracelet gets twisted into a new shape.
  B. A silver bracelet gets melted into liquid silver.
  C. A silver bracelet turns black when it is worn.
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  Physical
                        400 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                          Chemical Change
   •      Identify characteristics of a simple chemical change.
   When a new material is made by combining two or more materials,
   it has chemical properties that are different from the original materials (e.g.,
          burning paper, vinegar and baking soda).
   •     Which is a sign that a chemical change is
         happening?
       A. A beaker becomes cold when you mix two
          chemicals in it.
       B. A liquid forms bubbles when it reaches a high
          temperature.
       C. Water changes color when you add food coloring.
       D. A car door feels hot if you touch it on a summer
          afternoon.
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  Physical
                     500 Physical Sciences:
Science Game
                       Chemical Change
   • Identify characteristics of a simple chemical change.
   When a new material is made by combining two or more materials,
   it has chemical properties that are different from the original materials
       (e.g., burning paper, vinegar and baking soda).
   Which sentence describes a chemical
    change?
    A. Water in a kettle.
    B. A student crumples a piece of paper.
    C. An ice cube melts.
    D. An iron fence rusts.
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                      100 Vocabulary
   •    What is matter?

       A.   nothing that you can see
       B.   liquid
       C.   gas
       D.   any thing that has mass and takes up space
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                       200 Vocabulary
   •    Which of these is a physical property of
        matter?

       A.   size
       B.   happiness
       C.   intelligence
       D.   popularity
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                     300 Vocabulary
   •    What is the name for small particles that
        make up all living and non-living things?

       A.   matter
       B.   molecule
       C.   property
       D.   temperature
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                  400 Vocabulary
   • What does the word “state” mean in the
     term “state of matter” ?

      A. a country or nation
      B. a growth or developmental stage
      C. a formal way of doing something
      D. form of a substance
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                        500 Vocabulary
   •    Fill in the blank:

       Matter is anything that has mass and takes up
         ___________.

       A.   molecules
       B.   space
       C.   time
       D.   eyeballs
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  Physical
                      100 Science Mix:
Science Game
                           Matter
   • True or false:
   All living and nonliving things are made up of
     matter.



               True              False
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  Physical
                      200 Science Mix:
Science Game
                      Physical Change
   •    Which of these is a physical change?

       A.   burning a match
       B.   sharpening your pencil
       C.   digesting food
       D.   a nail rusting
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  Physical
                      300 Science Mix:
Science Game
                        Life Science
   •    Which of these is true?
       A.   Mosses and spores have seeds.
       B.   Ferns and conifers have seeds.
       C.   Conifers and flowering plants have seeds.
       D.   Flowering plants have spores.
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                    400 Science Mix:
Science Game
                 Thinking like a scientist
   •    Which step comes first?

       A. Research the problem
       B. Gather Materials
       C. Identify a problem or question
       D. Brainstorm
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                500 Science Mix:
  Physical
Science Game
                Chemical Change
   • In a chemical change, one kind of matter
     changes into a different kind of matter.
   Which is an example of a chemical change?
     A. Baking bread batter in the oven.
     B. Ice melting into water.
     C. Scraping paint off of a building.
     D. Putting an icicle in the freezer.
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  Physical
Science Game
                          Websites
   • Chemical and Physical Changes
       – http://www.ric.edu/faculty/ptiskus/chemical/
   • Solids, Liquids, Gases
       – http://www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/liquids/ch
         aracter.html

								
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