CRITICAL THINKING by 420qmn

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									CRITICAL
      THINKING
            The Key To Developing
   Effective Problem Solving Skills
The Basics of Critical Thinking
• Critical Thinking is at the foundation of all
  sound arguments.
• College Professors expect students to analyze
  and apply information learned from readings
  and lecture.
• Critical Thinking is required to be successful in
  writing papers and responding to exam
  questions.
         Critical Thinkers…
•   Are open-minded and objective
•   Are non-ethnocentric
•   Are honest with themselves and others
•   Do not manipulate other people
•   Use credible sources and a variety of research for
    evaluation
•   Question situations and assumptions
•   Are not judgmental
•   Are willing to make their own decisions and change
    them as necessary
•   Are creative in their problem solving
        Fact vs. Opinion
FACT: Something that has been
independently and objectively verified;
Something having a real, demonstrated
existence.

OPINION: A belief that is held with
confidence, but not sustained by
positive knowledge or proof.
Fallacies & Deceptive Persuasion
FALLACY:
A false notion. A statement based on a false
or invalid inference.
DECEPTIVE PERSUASION:
An opinion presented with the
intent to persuade others to
accept it as fact.
     Keys To Critical Thinking
•   Be objective and reserve judgment
•   Do not assume – RESEARCH!
•   Use credible sources
•   Ask questions
•   Avoid rigid, concrete thoughts
•   Use emotional restraint
•   Identify fact from opinion
•   Seek truth in argument and persuasion
•   Avoid generalizations
     Why Is This Important?
• Professors know the current research in their
  fields and can easily identify (and deduct
  points for the use of) bad research.
• Responding to essay questions requires
  critical thinking and the use of sound
  arguments to justify your responses.
• Critical thinking improves problem
  solving across academic and career
  disciplines.

								
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