CRITICAL THINKING The Key To Developing Effective Problem Solving Skills The Basics of Critical Thinking • Critical Thinking is at the foundation of all sound arguments. • College Professors expect students to analyze and apply information learned from readings and lecture. • Critical Thinking is required to be successful in writing papers and responding to exam questions. Critical Thinkers… • Are open-minded and objective • Are non-ethnocentric • Are honest with themselves and others • Do not manipulate other people • Use credible sources and a variety of research for evaluation • Question situations and assumptions • Are not judgmental • Are willing to make their own decisions and change them as necessary • Are creative in their problem solving Fact vs. Opinion FACT: Something that has been independently and objectively verified; Something having a real, demonstrated existence. OPINION: A belief that is held with confidence, but not sustained by positive knowledge or proof. Fallacies & Deceptive Persuasion FALLACY: A false notion. A statement based on a false or invalid inference. DECEPTIVE PERSUASION: An opinion presented with the intent to persuade others to accept it as fact. Keys To Critical Thinking • Be objective and reserve judgment • Do not assume – RESEARCH! • Use credible sources • Ask questions • Avoid rigid, concrete thoughts • Use emotional restraint • Identify fact from opinion • Seek truth in argument and persuasion • Avoid generalizations Why Is This Important? • Professors know the current research in their fields and can easily identify (and deduct points for the use of) bad research. • Responding to essay questions requires critical thinking and the use of sound arguments to justify your responses. • Critical thinking improves problem solving across academic and career disciplines.
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