Venetian Masks The Carnival in Venice By the mid 17th Century the Venice Carnival was the most famous throughout Europe The carnival was seen as an opportunity for all the social classes to meet. The rich mixed so closely with the poor it became essential for people to conceal their identity with a mask. The Venetian Carnival was originally used as a pre lent festival. It was an opportunity for people to forget the problems that existed within society. The most popular type of mask to be worn was the Bauta which was a half mask worn with a black cape and black tricorn hat. The Bauta is quite ghostlike and was favoured by the Kings and Princes as this meant they could move freely among the city. Doctor of the Plague This mask was one of the most important of the Carnival. The mask design was an invention of a French doctor named Charles de Lorme as a precauton against the plague when visiting the infected. The long beaked nose was filled with cotton-wool and essences and the eye-holes were sealed with crystal. Many of the masks represented different towns, personalities or traditions of the people of Italy. Pulcinella White A witty but cruel and dishonest character from Naples. A fat bellied hunchback. Large nose resembles that of a parrot's beak. Carries a stick. Zanni Red Regularly coarse , poor and ignorant ; ingenuous , fool and hardworking ; if they are intelligent , they are villainous and thieves . The "Zanni" represents the emigrant peasants , those who settled down in cities ; they used to be land slaves but then became servants in port-cities. Pantalone Old miser of Venice. Chases ladies. Very gullible and taken advantage of by everyone. Large protruding nose. Very agile. Bacchus is the roman name of Dioniso, the ancient greek god of wine. But perhaps the most famous of all masks was the… The Jester The Jester / clown figure is represented and understood worldwide. It is traditional for the masks to have music scores and gold leaf as the two main sources of decoration. What characteristics can be seen on this Venetian mask? Rich Colours Pattern Work Attention to Detail Use of Sheet Silver Music and Gold Any more?? But most of all…………. Have a sense of fun, exhuberance and Carnival!! What design qualities will your mask show? Your mask could be………….. Influenced by the patterns seen on existing Venetian masks Your mask could be……. Themed. Base the decoration on a particular starting point i.e. Nature, the Sea, yourselves!! Your mask could be……. Based on an emotion…. Have more than one face to represent several emotions. Your mask could be……. Based on a talent i.e. Music Your mask MUST be…….. Made well Attention to detail Have 3d objects or shapes coming off the cast of your face Look Professional Be of a high quality Colourful All construction be finished by 3.30pm GOOD LUCK!!!!
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