Introduction to OSHA - PowerPoint by 22zklI

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									Introduction
to OSHA
    Occupational
    Safety and
    Health
    Administration
OSHA’s mission
   Encourage employers and
    employees to reduce workplace
    hazards and to implement new
    or improve existing safety and
    health programs




                                 1a
OSHA’s mission
 Providefor research in
 occupational safety and health
 to develop innovative ways of
 dealing with occupational
 safety and health problems




                                  1b
OSHA’s mission
 Establish separate but
 dependent responsibilities and
 rights for employers and
 employees for the achievement
 of better safety and health
 conditions



                              1c
OSHA’s mission
 Maintain  a reporting and
  recordkeeping system to
  monitor job-related injuries and
  illnesses
 Establish training programs to
  increase the number and
  competence of occupational
  safety and health personnel
                                 1d
OSHA’s mission
 Developmandatory job safety
 and health standards and
 enforce them effectively

 Providefor the development,
 analysis, evaluation and
 approval of state occupational
 safety and health programs

                                  1e
OSH Act coverage
 Employers


 Employees




                   2a
OSH Act coverage
 Not   covered
  • self-employed persons
  • farms at which only immediate
    member of the farm employer’s
    family are employed
  • workplaces already protected by
    other federal agencies under other
    federal statutes

                                    2b
OSH Act coverage
 Coverage may be under a state
 job safety and health plan




                              2c
Requirements of the
General Duty Clause
 Whatis the General Duty
 Clause?
 Howdoes OSHA use the
 General Duty Clause?
 Stepscompany is taking that go
 beyond compliance with OSHA
 standards
                              3a
Workplace inspections
 Authority


 Normally    notice is not given

 Employees’    representative must
 be informed


                                    4a
Inspection priorities
 Imminent   danger

 Catastrophes   and fatal
 accidents

 Employee   complaints


                             5a
Inspection priorities
 Programmed    inspections

 Follow-up   inspections

 Records   review



                              5b
Procedures for
Inspections
 Inspector’s   credentials

 Opening   conference

 Inspection   process

 Closing   conference


                              6a
Citations
 Informsemployers and
 employees of the regulations
 and standards alleged to have
 been violated

 The   employer must post a copy



                                 7a
Citations
        by employees may be
 Appeals
 made on:
 • decision not to issue a citation
 • time allowed for abatement of a
   hazardous condition
 Employees  may not appeal a
 citation, but may submit a
 written objection
                                      7b
Citations
 Employers   may appeal citation




                                    7c
Penalties
 Categories   of Violations
 •   serious
 •   other-than-serious
 •   willful
 •   repeat
 •   failure to abate



                               8a
Penalties
 Additionalviolations for which
 citations and penalties may be
 issued
  • falsifying records
  • assaulting a compliance officer




                                      8b
Contesting a citation
 Informalconference request
 may be made prior to deciding
 to contest
  • obtain a better explanation of the
    violations cited
  • obtain a more complete
    understanding of the specific
    standards which apply

                                     9a
Contesting a citation
 Informalconference request
 may be made prior to deciding
 to contest
  • negotiate and enter into an
    informal Settlement Agreement
  • Discuss ways to correct the
    violations
  • Discuss problems with the
    abatement dates

                                    9b
Contesting a citation
 Informalconference request
 may be made prior to deciding
 to contest
  • Discuss problems concerning
    employee safety practices
  • Resolve disputed citations and
    penalties
  • Obtain answer to any other
    questions

                                     9c
Contesting a citation
 Notice   of Contest must clearly
 state:
  • what is being contested
    – the citation
    – the penalty
    – the abatement date
    – any combination of these
  • which violations on the citation
    are being contested

                                       9d
Employer
responsibilities
 Meet the general duty
 responsibility to provide a
 workplace free from recognized
 hazards that are causing or are
 likely to cause death or serious
 physical harm to employees,
 and comply with standards,
 rules and regulations issued
 under the Act
                                10a
Employer
responsibilities
 Be familiar with mandatory
 OSHA standards and make
 copies available to employees
 for review upon request

 Inform   all employees about
 OSHA

                                 10b
Employer
responsibilities
 Examine workplace conditions
 to make sure they conform to
 applicable standards

 Minimize   or reduce hazards




                                 10c
Employer
responsibilities
 Make sure employees have and
 use safe tools and equipment
 (including appropriate personal
 protective equipment), and that
 such equipment is properly
 maintained



                               10d
Employer
responsibilities
 Use color codes, posters, labels
 or signs when needed to warn
 employees of potential hazards

          or update operating
 Establish
 procedures and communicate
 them so that employees follow
 safety and health requirements

                                10e
Employer
responsibilities
        training required by
 Provide
 OSHA standards (e.g., hazard
 communication, lead, etc.)




                                10f
Employer
responsibilities
        medical examinations
 Provide
 when required by OSHA
 standards




                               10g
Employer
responsibilities
 Report to the nearest OSHA
 office within 8 hours any fatal
 accident or one which results in
 the hospitalization of three or
 more employees




                               10h
Employer
responsibilities
 Keep  OSHA-required records of
 work-related injuries and
 illnesses, and post a copy of the
 totals from the last page of
 OSHA No. 300A from February
 1st through April 30th each year
 (this applies to employers with
 11 or more employees)

                                10i
Employer
responsibilities
   Post, at a prominent location
    within the workplace, the OSHA
    poster (OSHA 2203) informing
    employees of their rights and
    responsibilities (in states
    operating OSHA-approved job
    safety and health programs, the
    state's equivalent poster and/or
    OSHA 2203 may be required)
                                       10j
Employer
responsibilities
 Provideemployees, former
 employees, and their
 representatives access to the
 Log and Summary of
 Occupational Injuries and
 Illnesses (OSHA No. 300) at a
 reasonable time and in a
 reasonable manner

                                 10k
Employer
responsibilities
 Provideaccess to employee
 medical records and exposure
 records to employees or their
 authorized representatives




                                 10l
Employer
responsibilities
   Cooperate with OSHA compliance
    officer by furnishing names of
    authorized employee reps who may
    be asked to accompany the officer
    during an inspection (if none, the
    officer will consult with a number
    of employees about safety & health
    in the workplace.)

                                    10m
Employer
responsibilities
 Notdiscriminate against
 employees who properly
 exercise their rights under the
 Act




                                   10n
Employer
responsibilities
 Post OSHA citations at or near
 the worksite involved. Each
 citation, or copy thereof, must
 remain posted until the violation
 has been abated, or for three
 working days, whichever is
 longer


                                10o
Employer
responsibilities
 Abatecited violations within
 the prescribed period




                                 10p
Employer rights
   Seek advice and off-site
    consultation as needed by
    writing, calling or visiting the
    nearest OSHA Office (OSHA will
    not inspect merely because an
    employer requests assistance)



                                   10q
Employer rights
 Beactive in industry
 associations involved in job
 safety and health




                                10r
Employer rights
 Request and receive proper
 identification of the OSHA
 compliance officer prior to
 inspection

 Be advised by the compliance
 officer of the reason for an
 inspection

                                 10s
Employer rights
 Have an opening and closing
 conference with the compliance
 officer

 Accompany   the compliance
 officer on the inspection



                               10t
Employer rights
     a Notice of Contest with the
 File
 OSHA area director within 15
 working days of receipt of a
 notice of citation and proposed
 penalty




                               10u
Employer rights
 Applyto OSHA for a temporary
 variance from a standard if
 unable to comply because of
 the unavailability of materials,
 equipment or personnel needed
 to make necessary changes
 within the required time


                                10v
Employer rights
 Apply to OSHA for a permanent
 variance from a standard if the
 employer can furnish proof that
 their facilities or method of
 operation provide employee
 protection at least as effective
 as that required by the standard


                               10w
Employer rights
   Take an active role in developing
    safety & health standards through
    participation in OSHA Standards
    Advisory Committees, through
    nationally recognized standards-
    setting organizations and through
    evidence and views presented in
    writing or at hearings

                                   10x
Employer rights
 Beassured of the
 confidentiality of any trade
 secrets observed by an OSHA
 compliance officer during an
 inspection




                                10y
Employer rights
 Submit a written request to
 NIOSH for information on
 whether any substance in your
 workplace has potentially toxic
 effects in the concentrations
 being used



                               10z
Employee
responsibilities
    Read the OSHA poster at the
    jobsite

 Comply   with all applicable
    OSHA standards




                                   11a
Employee
responsibilities
 Followall employer safety and
 health rules and regulations,
 and wear or use prescribed
 protective equipment while
 engaged in work

 Reporthazardous conditions to
 the supervisor

                                  11b
Employee
responsibilities
 Report  any job-related injury or
  illness to the employer, and
  seek treatment promptly
 Cooperate with the OSHA
  compliance officer conducting
  an inspection if he or she
  inquires about safety and health
  conditions in your workplace
                                 11c
Employee
responsibilities
 Exercise your rights under the
 Act in a responsible manner




                                   11d
Employee rights
 Rightto seek safety and health
 on the job without fear of
 punishment




                               11e
Employee rights
 Employersmay not punish
 workers for exercising rights
 such as:
 • complaining to an employer, union,
   OSHA, or any other government
   agency about job safety and health
 • filing safety or health grievances


                                   11f
Employee rights
 Employersmay not punish
 workers for exercising rights
 such as:
 • participating on a workplace
   safety and health committee or in
   union activities concerning job
   safety and health



                                   11g
Employee rights
 Employersmay not punish
 workers for exercising rights
 such as:
 • participating in OSHA inspections,
   conferences, hearings or other
   OSHA-related activities




                                    11h
Employee rights
 Review copies of appropriate
 OSHA standards, rules,
 regulations, and requirements
 that the employer should have
 available at the workplace




                                 11i
Employee rights
 Request information from your
 employer on safety and health
 hazards in the area, on
 precautions that may be taken,
 and on procedures to be
 followed if an employee is
 involved in an accident or is
 exposed to toxic substances

                              11j
Employee rights
 Receive  adequate training and
  information on workplace safety
  and health hazards
 Request the OSHA area director
  to conduct an inspection if you
  believe hazardous conditions or
  violations of standards exist in
  your workplace
                                11k
Employee rights
 Have your name withheld from
 your employer, upon request to
 OSHA, if you file a written and
 signed complaint




                               11l
Employee rights
 Beadvised of OSHA actions
 regarding your complaint and
 have an informal
 review, if
 requested, of any
 decision not to
 inspect or to issue
 a citation

                                11m
Employee rights
 Have your authorized employee
 representative accompany the
 OSHA compliance officer during
 the inspection tour




                              11n
Employee rights
 Respond to questions from the
 OSHA compliance officer,
 particularly if there is no
 authorized employee
 representative accompanying
 the compliance officer



                                  11o
Employee rights
 Observe any monitoring or
 measuring of hazardous
 materials and have
 the right to see
 these records, as
 specified under
 the Act


                              11p
Employee rights
 Have your authorized
 representative, or yourself,
 review the Log and Summary of
 Occupational Injuries (OSHA No.
 300) at a reasonable time and in
 a reasonable manner



                               11q
Employee rights
 Request a closing discussion
 with the compliance officer
 following an inspection




                                 11r
Employee rights
 Submit a written request to
 NIOSH for information on
 whether any substance in your
 workplace has potentially toxic
 effects in the concentration
 being used, and have your name
 withheld from your employer if
 you so request

                              11s
Employee rights
 Object to the abatement period
 set in the citation issued to your
 employer by writing to the
 OSHA area director within 15
 working days of the issuance of
 the citation



                                 11t
Employee rights
 Benotified by your employer if
 he or she applies for a variance
 from an OSHA standard, and
 testify at a variance hearing and
 appeal the final decision




                                11u
Employee rights
 Submit information or comment
 to OSHA on the issuance,
 modification, or revocation of
 OSHA standards and request a
 public hearing




                              11v

								
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