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									             Valid ex               Host order              Host Family   # species
Aetobatus flagellum             Myliobatiformes      Myliobatidae             1
Aetobatus narinari              Myliobatiformes      Myliobatidae            29
Aetomylaeus maculatus           Myliobatiformes      Myliobatidae             2
Aetomylaeus nichofii            Myliobatiformes      Myliobatidae             7
Alopias pelagicus               Lamniformes          Alopiidae                3
Alopias superciliosus           Lamniformes          Alopiidae               12
Alopias vulpinus                Lamniformes          Alopiidae               11
Amblyraja georgiana             Rajiformes           Rajidae                  3
Amblyraja radiata               Rajiformes           Rajidae                 12
Anoxypristis cuspidata          Pristiformes         Pristidae                2
Apristurus laurussonii          Carcharhiniformes    Scyliorhinidae           1
Aptychotrema bougainvillii      Rhinobatiformes      Rhinobatidae             1
Aptychotrema rostrata           Rhinobatiformes      Rhinobatidae             1
Aptychotrema vincentiana        Rhinobatiformes      Rhinobatidae             9
Atlantoraja castelnaui          Rajiformes           Rajidae                  2
Bathyraja aleutica              Rajiformes           Rajidae                  1
Bathyraja brachyurops           Rajiformes           Rajidae                  1
Bathyraja eatonii               Rajiformes           Rajidae                  5
Bathyraja interrupta            Rajiformes           Rajidae                  2
Bathyraja maccaini              Rajiformes           Rajidae                  5
Bathyraja minispinosa           Rajiformes           Rajidae                  1
Bathyraja parmifera             Rajiformes           Rajidae                  1
Bathyraja richardsoni           Rajiformes           Rajidae                  2
Bathyraja smirnovi              Rajiformes           Rajidae                  1
Bathyraja spinicauda            Rajiformes           Rajidae                  2
Carcharhinus acronotus          Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           1
Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides   Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           4
Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos      Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           4
Carcharhinus amboinensis        Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           4
Carcharhinus brachyurus         Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae          11
Carcharhinus falciformis        Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           1
Carcharhinus fitzroyensis       Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           1
Carcharhinus galapagensis        Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae           1
Carcharhinus leucas             Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae          27
Carcharhinus limbatus           Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae          21
Carcharhinus longimanus         Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           5
Carcharhinus melanopterus       Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae          15
Carcharhinus obscurus           Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae          20
Carcharhinus plumbeus           Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae          12
Carcharhinus porosus            Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           2
Carcharhinus signatus           Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           4
Carcharhinus sorrah             Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae           3
Carcharias taurus               Lamniformes          Odontaspididae           4
Carcharodon carcharias          Lamniformes          Lamnidae                17
Centrophorus granulosus         Squaliformes         Centrophoridae           4
Centrophorus moluccensis        Squaliformes         Centrophoridae           1
Centroscyllium granulatum       Squaliformes         Etmopteridae             1
Centroscymnus coelolepis        Squaliformes         Somniosidae              1
Cephaloscyllium isabellum    Carcharhiniformes   Scyliorhinidae       1
Cephaloscyllium umbratile    Carcharhiniformes   Scyliorhinidae       1
Cetorhinus maximus           Lamniformes         Cetorhinidae         9
Chaenogaleus macrostoma      Carcharhiniformes   Hemigaleidae         2
Chiloscyllium cf punctatum   Orectolobiformes    Hemiscylliidae       3
Chiloscyllium griseum        Orectolobiformes    Hemiscylliidae       7
Chiloscyllium hasseltii      Orectolobiformes    Hemiscylliidae       2
Chiloscyllium indicum        Orectolobiformes    Hemiscylliidae       11
Chiloscyllium plagiosum      Orectolobiformes    Hemiscylliidae       1
Chiloscyllium punctatum      Orectolobiformes    Hemiscylliidae       8
Chlamydoselachus anguineus   Hexanchiformes      Chlamydoselachidae   1
Dalatias licha               Squaliformes        Dalatiidae           4
Dasyatis akajei              Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           22
Dasyatis americana           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           22
Dasyatis brevicaudata        Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           5
Dasyatis brevis              Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           9
Dasyatis centroura           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           27
Dasyatis fluviorum           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           7
Dasyatis guttata             Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           7
Dasyatis kuhlii              Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           28
Dasyatis lata                Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           5
Dasyatis leylandi            Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           3
Dasyatis longa               Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           12
Dasyatis marmorata           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           2
Dasyatis microps             Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           1
Dasyatis pastinaca           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           29
Dasyatis sabina              Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           6
Dasyatis say                 Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           13
Dasyatis thetidis            Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           5
Dasyatis tortonesei          Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           4
Dasyatis zugei               Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           23
Deania calcea                Squaliformes        Centrophoridae       2
Deania hystricosum           Squaliformes        Centrophoridae       2
Deania profundorum           Squaliformes        Centrophoridae       2
Diplobatis ommata            Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           3
Dipturus batis               Rajiformes          Rajidae              23
Dipturus chilensis           Rajiformes          Rajidae              7
Dipturus laevis              Rajiformes          Rajidae              5
Dipturus nasutus             Rajiformes          Rajidae              6
Dipturus oxyrinchus          Rajiformes          Rajidae              7
Dipturus trachyderma         Rajiformes          Rajidae              3
Discopyge tschudii           Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           1
Etmopterus baxteri           Squaliformes        Etmopteridae         2
Etmopterus granulosus        Squaliformes        Etmopteridae         1
Etmopterus lucifer           Squaliformes        Etmopteridae         1
Etmopterus princeps          Squaliformes        Etmopteridae         1
Etmopterus spinax            Squaliformes        Etmopteridae         1
Eucrossorhinus dasypogon     Orectolobiformes    Orectolobidae        1
Euprotomicrus bispinatus     Squaliformes        Dalatiidae           1
Eusphyra blochii              Carcharhiniformes   Sphyrnidae           3
Furgaleus macki               Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            2
Galeocerdo cuvier             Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae       15
Galeorhinus galeus            Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            19
Galeus melastomus             Carcharhiniformes   Scyliorhinidae       1
Ginglymostoma brevicaudatum   Orectolobiformes    Ginglymostomatidae   1
Ginglymostoma cirratum        Orectolobiformes    Ginglymostomatidae   10
Glyphis gangeticus            Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae       4
Gymnura afuerae               Myliobatiformes     Gymnuridae           1
Gymnura altavela              Myliobatiformes     Gymnuridae           4
Gymnura australis             Myliobatiformes     Gymnuridae           1
Gymnura crebripunctata        Myliobatiformes     Gymnuridae           1
Gymnura japonica              Myliobatiformes     Gymnuridae           1
Gymnura marmorata             Myliobatiformes     Gymnuridae           2
Gymnura micrura               Myliobatiformes     Gymnuridae           11
Hemigaleus microstoma         Carcharhiniformes   Hemigaleidae         4
Hemipristis elongata          Carcharhiniformes   Hemigaleidae         5
Hemiscyllium ocellatum        Orectolobiformes    Hemiscylliidae       1
Hemitriakis japanica          Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            1
Heptranchias perlo            Hexanchiformes      Hexanchidae          3
Heterodontus francisci        Heterodontiformes   Heterodontidae       3
Heterodontus japonicus        Heterodontiformes   Heterodontidae       1
Heterodontus mexicanus        Heterodontiformes   Heterodontidae       1
Heterodontus portusjacksoni   Heterodontiformes   Heterodontidae       3
Heterodontus zebra            Heterodontiformes   Heterodontidae       1
Hexanchus griseus             Hexanchiformes      Hexanchidae          12
Hexanchus nakamurai           Hexanchiformes      Hexanchidae          1
Himantura bleekeri            Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           1
Himantura chaophraya          Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           8
Himantura fai                 Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           1
Himantura gerrardi            Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           1
Himantura granulata           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           1
Himantura imbricata           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           6
Himantura jenkinsii           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           2
Himantura marginata           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           2
Himantura pacifica            Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           2
Himantura pastinacoides       Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           1
Himantura schmardae           Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           7
Himantura toshi               Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           3
Himantura uarnacoides         Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           6
Himantura uarnak              Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           17
Himantura undulata            Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           2
Himantura walga               Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae           25
Hypnos monopterygius          Torpediniformes     Torpedinidae         2
Iago omanensis                Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            1
Isurus oxyrinchus             Lamniformes         Lamnidae             14
Lamiopsis temmincki           Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae       1
Lamna ditropis                Lamniformes         Lamnidae             3
Lamna nasus                   Lamniformes         Lamnidae             7
Leucoraja circularis       Rajiformes          Rajidae              6
Leucoraja erinacea         Rajiformes          Rajidae              4
Leucoraja fullonica        Rajiformes          Rajidae              5
Leucoraja naevus           Rajiformes          Rajidae              8
Leucoraja ocellata         Rajiformes          Rajidae              6
Malacoraja senta           Rajiformes          Rajidae              3
Megachasma pelagios        Lamniformes         Megachasmidae        2
Mitsukurina owstoni        Lamniformes         Mitsukurinidae       2
Mobula hypostoma           Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         1
Mobula japanica            Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         8
Mobula munkiana            Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         2
Mobula thurstoni           Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         5
Mustelus antarcticus       Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            10
Mustelus asterias          Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            7
Mustelus californicus      Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            5
Mustelus canis             Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            19
Mustelus dorsalis          Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            5
Mustelus griseus           Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            1
Mustelus henlei            Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            5
Mustelus lenticulatus      Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            5
Mustelus lunulatus         Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            4
Mustelus manazo            Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            24
Mustelus mento             Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            9
Mustelus mosis             Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            1
Mustelus mustelus          Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            17
Mustelus punctulatus       Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            3
Mustelus schmitti          Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            10
Mustelus whitneyi          Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae            4
Myliobatis aquila          Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         15
Myliobatis australis       Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         8
Myliobatis californica     Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         14
Myliobatis chilensis       Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         7
Myliobatis freminvillii    Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         3
Myliobatis goodei          Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         8
Myliobatis hamlyni         Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         1
Myliobatis longirostris    Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         2
Myliobatis peruvianus      Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         9
Myliobatis tenuicaudatus   Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         1
Myliobatis tobijei         Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae         1
Narcine brasiliensis       Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           2
Narcine entemedor          Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           2
Narcine maculata           Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           3
Narcine tasmaniensis       Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           1
Narcine timlei             Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           2
Narke japonica             Torpediniformes     Narcinidae           2
Nebrius ferrugineus        Orectolobiformes    Ginglymostomatidae   16
Negaprion acutidens        Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae       4
Negaprion brevirostris     Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae       13
Notorynchus cepedianus     Hexanchiformes      Hexanchidae          12
Odontaspis ferox            Lamniformes          Odontapsididae     1
Okamejei cerva              Rajiformes           Rajidae            3
Okamejei hollandi           Rajiformes           Rajidae            2
Okamejei kenojei            Rajiformes           Rajidae            3
Orectolobus maculatus       Orectolobiformes     Orectolobidae      2
Orectolobus ornatus         Orectolobiformes     Orectolobidae      1
Oxynotus centrina           Squaliformes         Oxynotidae         1
Parascyllium ferrugineum    Orectolobiformes     Parascylliidae     3
Paratrygon aiereba          Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   6
Pastinachus sephen          Myliobatiformes      Dasyatidae         46
Platyrhina sinensis         Rhinobatiformes      Rhinobatidae       1
Platyrhinoidis triseriata   Rhinobatiformes      Rhinobatidae       3
Plesiobatis daviesi         Rajiformes           Plesiobatidae      1
Plesiotrygon iwamae         Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   2
Potamotrygon brachyura      Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   1
Potamotrygon circularis     Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   4
Potamotrygon constellata    Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   5
Potamotrygon falkneri       Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   4
Potamotrygon henlei         Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   3
Potamotrygon hystrix        Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   9
Potamotrygon leopoldi       Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   2
Potamotrygon magdalenae     Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   3
Potamotrygon motoro         Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   16
Potamotrygon orbignyi       Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   12
Potamotrygon schroederi     Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   2
Potamotrygon scobina        Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   3
Potamotrygon signata        Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   1
Potamotrygon yepezi         Myliobatiformes      Potamotrygonidae   4
Prionace glauca             Carcharhiniformes    Carcharhinidae     21
Pristiophorus cirratus      Pristiophoriformes   Pristiophoridae    8
Pristiophorus nudipinnis    Pristiophoriformes   Pristiophoridae    1
Pristis perotteti           Pristiformes         Pristidae          2
Pristis zijsron             Pristiformes         Pristidae          3
Psammobatis scobina         Rajiformes           Rajidae            2
Pteroplatytrygon violacea   Myliobatiformes      Dasyatidae         8
Raja asterias               Rajiformes           Rajidae            11
Raja binoculata             Rajiformes           Rajidae            8
Raja brachyura              Rajiformes           Rajidae            10
Raja clavata                Rajiformes           Rajidae            26
Raja eglanteria             Rajiformes           Rajidae            8
Raja inornata               Rajiformes           Rajidae            5
Raja microocellata          Rajiformes           Rajidae            9
Raja miraletus              Rajiformes           Rajidae            3
Raja montagui               Rajiformes           Rajidae            9
Raja radula                 Rajiformes           Rajidae            4
Raja rhina                  Rajiformes           Rajidae            7
Raja stellulata             Rajiformes           Rajidae            6
Raja undulata               Rajiformes           Rajidae            6
Raja velezi                 Rajiformes           Rajidae            1
Raja whitleyi                Rajiformes          Rajidae            3
Rajella bathyphila           Rajiformes          Rajidae            1
Rajella leopardus            Rajiformes          Rajidae            1
Rhina ancylostoma            Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       8
Rhinobatos cemiculus         Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       4
Rhinobatos granulatus        Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       11
Rhinobatos halavi            Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       2
Rhinobatos leucorhynchus     Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       1
Rhinobatos planiceps         Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       6
Rhinobatos productus         Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       9
Rhinobatos rhinobatos        Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       3
Rhinobatos schlegelii        Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       8
Rhinobatos typus             Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       7
Rhinochimaera atlantica      Chimaeriformes      Rhinochimaeridae   1
Rhinoptera adspersa          Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae       1
Rhinoptera bonasus           Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae       12
Rhinoptera javanica          Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae       6
Rhinoptera steindachneri     Myliobatiformes     Myliobatidae       4
Rhinoraja longi              Rajiformes          Rajidae            1
Rhizoprionodon acutus        Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae     14
Rhizoprionodon lalandei      Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae     1
Rhizoprionodon terraenovae   Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae     11
Rhynchobatus australiae      Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       1
Rhynchobatus djiddensis      Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae       49
Rostroraja alba              Rajiformes          Rajidae            7
Scoliodon laticaudus         Carcharhiniformes   Carcharhinidae     4
Scyliorhinus canicula        Carcharhiniformes   Scyliorhinidae     8
Scyliorhinus haeckelii       Carcharhiniformes   Scyliorhinidae     1
Scyliorhinus stellaris       Carcharhiniformes   Scyliorhinidae     5
Somniosus microcephalus      Squaliformes        Somniosidae        5
Somniosus pacificus          Squaliformes        Somniosidae        1
Somniosus rostratus          Squaliformes        Somniosidae        1
Sphyrna lewini               Carcharhiniformes   Sphyrnidae         12
Sphyrna mokarran             Carcharhiniformes   Sphyrnidae         3
Sphyrna tiburo               Carcharhiniformes   Sphyrnidae         2
Sphyrna tudes                Carcharhiniformes   Sphyrnidae         3
Sphyrna zygaena              Carcharhiniformes   Sphyrnidae         19
Squalus acanthias            Squaliformes        Squalidae          14
Squalus blainville           Squaliformes        Squalidae          2
Squalus megalops             Squaliformes        Squalidae          3
Squalus melanurus            Squaliformes        Squalidae          1
Squalus mitsukurii           Squaliformes        Squalidae          2
Squatina australis           Squatiniformes      Squatinidae        1
Squatina californica         Squatiniformes      Squatinidae        2
Squatina japonica            Squatiniformes      Squatinidae        1
Squatina squatina            Squatiniformes      Squatinidae        6
Stegostoma fasciatum         Orectolobiformes    Stegostomatidae    13
Sutorectus tentaculatus      Orectolobiformes    Orectolobidae      4
Sympterygia bonapartii       Rajiformes          Rajidae            5
Sympterygia brevicaudatus   Rajiformes          Rajidae        3
Sympterygia lima            Rajiformes          Rajidae        3
Taeniura grabata            Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae     1
Taeniura lymma              Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae     12
Taeniura meyeni             Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae     1
Torpedo californica         Torpediniformes     Torpedinidae   1
Torpedo fairchildi          Torpediniformes     Torpedinidae   2
Torpedo marmorata           Torpediniformes     Torpedinidae   8
Torpedo nobiliana           Torpediniformes     Torpedinidae   3
Torpedo torpedo             Torpediniformes     Torpedinidae   5
Triakis maculata            Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae      1
Triakis scyllium            Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae      5
Triakis semifasciata        Carcharhiniformes   Triakidae      9
Trygonorrhina fasciata      Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae   8
Typhlonarke aysoni          Torpediniformes     Narcinidae     1
Urobatis halleri            Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    22
Urobatis tumbesensis        Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    2
Urogymnus asperrimus        Myliobatiformes     Dasyatidae     6
Urolophus bucculentus       Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    1
Urolophus concentricus      Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    1
Urolophus cruciatus         Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    1
Urolophus expansus          Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    5
Urolophus jamaicensis       Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    7
Urolophus lobatus           Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    4
Urolophus maculatus         Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    4
Urolophus paucimaculatus    Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    5
Urolophus testaceus         Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    2
Urotrygon chilensis         Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    2
Urotrygon simulatrix        Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    1
Urotrygon venezuelae        Myliobatiformes     Urolophidae    2
Zanobatus schoenleinii      Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae   1
Zapteryx brevirostris       Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae   3
Zapteryx exasperata         Rhinobatiformes     Rhinobatidae   2
Host L (cm) Log10 Host L Latitude rangeLatitude rangeMedian latitude
  72 WD                    11N-19.75N        8.75        15.38
  330WD                     43N-32S         75.00         5.50
  200WD
  65WD                      41N-24S         65.00         8.50
    383     2.583198774     40N-32S         72.00         4.00
    488     2.688419822     46N-40S         86.00         3.00
    760     2.880813592     67N-48S        115.00         9.50
    100      2.00000000     54S-74S         20.00        64.00
    105      2.02118930     33N-72N         39.00        52.50
    470      2.67209786     43N-18S         61.00        12.50
    68       1.83250891     11N-67N         56.00        39.00
    100           2      29.67S-32.37S       2.70        31.02
    120     2.079181246     28S-35S          7.00        31.50
    79      1.897627091     20S-40S         20.00        30.00
    132     2.120573931     20S-40S         20.00        30.00
    161     2.206825876 51.52N-60.72N        9.20        56.12
    64      1.807535028 5.58S-60.82S        55.24        33.20
    100           2         48S-78S         30.00        63.00
    86       1.93449845     32N-63N         31.00        47.50
    120     2.079181246     60S-68S          8.00        64.00
    78       1.89209460 51.75N-60.75N        9.00        56.25
    129      2.11058971 51.25N-61.25N       10.00        56.25
    175     2.243038049     48N-42S         90.00         3.00
                         36.53N-61.65N      25.12        49.09
    170     2.230448921 38.47N-71.08N       32.61        54.78
    200     2.301029996     40N-37N         77.00         1.50
    167     2.222716471     21N-25S         46.00         2.00
    255      2.40654018     29N-35S         64.00         3.00
    280     2.447158031     26N-26S         52.00         0.00
    325     2.511883361     45N-52S         97.00         3.50
    350     2.544068044     42N-43S         85.00         0.50
    135     2.130333768     10S-26S         16.00        18.00
    370     2.568201724     36N-41S         77.00         2.50
    350     2.544068044     42N-39S         81.00         1.50
    275     2.439332694     45N-38S         83.00         3.50
    396     2.597695186     46N-43S         89.00         1.50
    200     2.301029996     35N-25S         60.00         5.00
    420      2.62324929     45N-46S         91.00         0.50
    250     2.397940009     45N-38S         83.00         3.50
    150     2.176091259     32N-36S         68.00         2.00
    280      2.44715803     39N-43S         82.00         2.00
    160     2.204119983     31N-31S         62.00         0.00
    320     2.505149978     45N-48S         93.00         1.50
    792     2.898725182     61N-58S        119.00         1.50
    160     2.204119983     52N-43S         95.00         4.50
    100      2.00000000     32N-40S         72.00         4.00
    28      1.447158031 33.08S-54.8S        21.72        43.94
    120     2.079181246     64N-48S        112.00         9.00
 100         2       34.3S-51.98S      17.68   43.14
 120    2.079181246 22.36N-35.25N      12.89   28.81
 980    2.991226076    75N-58S        133.00    8.50
 100         2         30N-10S         40.00   10.00

  74    1.86923172       34N-10S       44.00   12.00
  60    1.77815125       10N-23N       13.00   16.50
  65    1.81291336       40N-10S       50.00   15.00
  95    1.977723605      35N-10S       45.00   12.50
 121    2.08278537       34N-26S       60.00    4.00
 200    2.301029996      70N-48S      118.00   11.00
 182    2.260071388      65N-47S      112.00    9.00
 200    2.301029996      39N-18S       57.00   10.50
200WD                     36N-4S       40.00   16.00
 430    2.633468456   10.68S-43.37S    32.69   27.03
 187    2.271841607      42N-19S       61.00   11.50
220WD                    45N-35S       80.00    5.00
 130    2.113943352       4S-33S       29.00   18.50
200WD                 20.86N-12.97S    33.83    3.95
  70    1.84509804       29N-31S       60.00    1.00
100WD                 21.5N-21.67N     0.17    21.59
25WD                      4S-21S       17.00   12.50
 260    2.414973348       26N-3S       29.00   11.50
  60    1.77815125     34.14N-5.8S     39.94   14.17
 320    2.505149978
60WD                     61N-35S       96.00   13.00
61WD                     17N-39N       22.00   28.00
100WD                    45N-28S       73.00    8.50
 400    2.602059991      10S-50S       40.00   30.00
80WD                     30N-46N       16.00   38.00
29WD                   37.5N-6.97S     44.47   15.27
 122    2.086359831      65N-48S      113.00    8.50
  84    1.924279286      39N-54S       93.00    7.50
  79    1.897627091      40N-33S       73.00    3.50
  25    1.397940009       28N-2S       30.00   13.00
 285    2.45484486       12N-69N       57.00   40.50
 117    2.068185862   31.5S-38.08S     6.58    34.79
 152    2.181843588      33N-51N       18.00   42.00
 118    2.071882007   35.05S-37.6S     2.55    36.33
 150    2.176091259      15N-65N       50.00   40.00
 195    2.290034611    45.6S-51.1S     5.50    48.35
  54    1.730782276   5.15S-48.03S     42.88   26.59
  75    1.875061263   33.43S-54.21S    20.78   43.82
  60    1.77815125       29S-59S       30.00   44.00
  47    1.672097858      40N-48S       88.00    4.00
  75    1.875061263      13N-65N       52.00   39.00
  60    1.77815125       70N-38S      108.00   16.00
 125    2.096910013       1N-23S       24.00   11.00
  22    1.342422681      38N-54S       92.00    8.00
 186    2.269512944    31N-20S         51.00    5.50
 160    2.204119983    21S-45S         24.00   33.00
 750    2.875061263    62N-42S        104.00   10.00
 195    2.290034611    70N-58S        128.00    6.00
 75     1.87506126     14N-64N         50.00   39.00
 75     1.875061263     0-27S          27.00   13.50
 430    2.633468456    44N-35S         79.00    4.50
 204    2.309630167 19.75N-20.10S      39.85    0.18
                                       3.30
400WD                    44N-35S       79.00    4.50
73WD                      4S-33S       29.00   18.50
  31    1.491361694   21.52N-31.43N    9.91    26.48
 100         2        25.16N-34.83S    60.00    4.83
 100         2        10.42N-34.42N    24.00   22.42
137WD                 40.75N-12.75S    53.50   14.00
 114    2.056904851      28N-30S       58.00    1.00
 240    2.380211242      41N-34S       75.00    3.50
 107    2.029383778       1S-26S       25.00   13.50
 110    2.041392685      40N-21S       61.00    9.50
 140    2.146128036      49N-46S       95.00    1.50
 122    2.086359831      22N-37N       15.00   29.50
 120    2.079181246      23N-43N       20.00   33.00
  70    1.84509804       10N-31N       21.00   20.50
 165    2.217483944       27S-44S      17.00   35.50
 125    2.096910013      40N-20S       60.00   10.00
 482    2.683047038      65N-48S      113.00    8.50
 180    2.25527251       49N-35S       84.00    7.00
105WD                   4.38N-22N      17.62   13.19
240WD                    25N-20S       45.00    2.50
 183    2.26245109        9N-26S       35.00    8.50
 200    2.301029996    1.25N-24.25S    25.50   11.50
141WD                    10N-25S       35.00    7.50
25WD                     10N-38S       48.00   14.00
104WD                    26N-32S       58.00    3.00
179WD
 150    2.176091259
80WD
200WD                 5.73N-23.04N    17.31    14.39
86WD                     3S-23S       20.00    13.00
119WD
200WD                    38N-32S       70.00    3.00
 410    2.612783857      30N-24S       54.00    3.00
45WD                   29.5N-7.67S     37.17   10.92
  70    1.84509804       21S-38S       17.00   29.50
  58    1.763427994      10N-30N       20.00   20.00
 400    2.602059991      61N-56S      117.00    2.50
 170    2.230448921       24N-4S       28.00   10.00
 305    2.484299839      22N-66N       44.00   44.00
 350    2.544068044      76N-59S      135.00    8.50
 120    2.07918125      37N-60N        23.00   48.50
  54    1.73239376      33N-49N        16.00   41.00
 120    2.07918125      27N-72N        45.00   49.50
  71    1.85125835      15N-60N        45.00   37.50
 110    2.041392685     34N-51N        17.00   42.50
  61    1.785329835     40N-54N        14.00   47.00
 549    2.739572344     40N-40S        80.00    0.00
 385    2.58546073      48N-55S       103.00    3.50
120WD
310WD                   40N-30S       70.00    5.00
220WD
220WD                   38N-34S       72.00     2.00
 175    2.243038049     28S-44S       16.00    36.00
 140    2.14612804      16N-61N       45.00    38.50
 124    2.09342169      23N-40N       17.00    31.50
 150    2.17609126      42N-44S       86.00     1.00
  64    1.806179974      20N-5S       25.00     7.50
 101    2.004321374     11N-40N       29.00    25.50
 100    2.00000000      43N-18S       61.00    12.50
 151    2.17897695      34S-48S       14.00    41.00
 170    2.23044892      7N-33N        26.00    20.00
 220    2.34242268      45N-10S       55.00    17.50
 130    2.113943352       0-57S       57.00    28.50
 150    2.17609126      7N-30N        23.00    18.50
 200    2.30103000      58N-34S       92.00    12.00
 190    2.278753601     20N-45N       25.00    32.50
  92    1.96378783      28S-45S       17.00    36.50
  87    1.939519253      3S-54S       51.00    28.50
183WD                   54N-35S       89.00     9.50
120WD                   27S-43S       16.00    35.00
180WD                    43N-5S       48.00    19.00

100WD                 38.87N-22.82S    61.69    8.03
 125    2.096910013    25.9S-65.36S    39.46   45.63
48WD                     17S-26S       9.00    21.50
95WD                     21N-32N       11.00   26.50
                      12.08S-17.63S    5.55    14.86
150WD                 29.25S-43.25S    14.00   36.25
 150    2.176091259    32.75N-8.75S    41.50   12.00
54WD                     37N-39S       76.00    1.00
  76    1.881954971       7N-32N       25.00   19.50
  34    1.525044807     24.95N-10S     34.95    7.48
  47    1.672097858      31S-44S       13.00   37.50
  38    1.579783597     26N-16.58S     42.58    4.71
  40    1.602059991   15.67N-35.15N    19.48   25.41
 320    2.505149978      41N-27S       68.00    7.00
 380    2.579783597      30N-32S       62.00    1.00
 340    2.531478917      45N-39S       84.00    3.00
 300    2.477121255      56N-55S      111.00    0.50
 410    2.612783857    50N-49S         99.00    0.50
  60    1.77815125     32S-44S         12.00   38.00
  42    1.62324929     21N-25N         4.00    23.00
  34    1.531478917 20.75N-41.75N      21.00   31.25
 320    2.505149978    20S-40S         20.00   30.00
 290    2.462397998     1N-40S         41.00   19.50
 150    2.176091259    70N-37S        107.00   16.50
  80    1.903089987    31S-45S         14.00   38.00
80WD                12.52S-12.53S      0.01    12.53
183WD                  32N-32S         64.00    0.00
  68    1.832508913 26.25N-17.75S      44.00    4.25
  91    1.959041392    22N-38N         16.00   30.00
 270    2.431363764    33N-33S         66.00    0.00
58WD
95WD

62WD                   2.41S-2.42S     0.01     2.42
47WD                       23S         0.00    23.00
45WD
40WD                  8.61N-30.67S    39.28    11.03
40WD
35WD
 99     1.995635195    0.92N-34S      34.92    17.46
35WD                   4N-12.52S      16.52     4.26
60WD
45DL
30WD
40WD                   9.91N-9.92N     0.01     9.92
 400    2.602059991      66N-55S      121.00    5.50
 137    2.136720567      20S-41S       21.00   30.50
 122    2.08635983       31S-41S       10.00   36.00
 650    2.812913357      32N-19S       51.00    6.50
 730    2.86332286       30N-37S       67.00    3.50
                      29.25S-57.25S    28.00   43.25
 160    2.204119983      52N-50S      102.00    1.00
 70     1.84509804       35N-45N       10.00   40.00
 244    2.387389826      31N-61N       30.00   46.00
 125    2.096910013      21N-60N       39.00   35.50
 120    2.079181246      70N-29S       99.00   20.50
 65     1.812913357      22N-48N       26.00   35.00
 76     1.880813592      23N-49N       26.00   36.00
 86     1.934498451      24N-55N       31.00   39.50
 63     1.799340549      44N-35S       79.00    4.50
 80     1.903089987      16N-61N       45.00   38.50
 70     1.84509804       30N-46N       16.00   38.00
 140    2.146128036      22N-61N       39.00   41.50
 76     1.880813592      30N-60N       30.00   45.00
 100         2           15N-53N       38.00   34.00
 76     1.87852180    15.67N-0.26S     15.93    7.71
 170    2.230448921      32S-44S      12.00    38.00
  90    1.954242509      16N-55N      39.00    35.50
65WD                  17.25S-35.75S   18.50    26.50
 300    2.477121255      42N-34S      76.00     4.00
 242    2.383815366      42N-17S      59.00    12.50
 280    2.447158031   25.25N-27.25S   52.00     1.00
120WD                    20N-20S      40.00     0.00
  63    1.795880017       22N-3S      25.00     9.50
  76    1.882524538      16N-20S      36.00     2.00
 170    2.230448921      16N-38N      22.00    27.00
 100         2           44N-17S      61.00    13.50
 100         2        22.88N-25.16N   2.28     24.02
 270    2.431363764      24N-32S      56.00     4.00
 140    2.146128036                   56.00
  99    1.995635195
213WD                     42N-1S      43.00    20.50
150WD                 24.95N-33.53S   58.48     4.29
90WD                   31.25N-0.75S   32.00    15.25

 175    2.243038049     35N-30S       65.00     2.50
 77     1.886490725     13N-33S       46.00    10.00
 110    2.041392685     43N-25S       68.00     9.00
 300    2.477121255
 310    2.491361694     35N-35S        70.00    0.00
 230    2.361727836     56N-37S        93.00    9.50
 100         2          34N-10S        44.00   12.00
 100         2          12N-63N        51.00   37.50
 60     1.77815125      11N-32S        43.00   10.50
 170    2.230448921     12N-64N        52.00   38.00
 730    2.86332286      83N-49S       132.00   17.00
 440    2.643452676     70N-47S       117.00   11.50
 143    2.155336037     47N-43S        90.00    2.00
 430    2.633468456     46N-36S        82.00    5.00
 610    2.785329835     45N-37S        82.00    4.00
 150    2.176091259     45N-36S        81.00    4.50
 148    2.170261715     46N-57S       103.00    5.50
 500    2.698970004     59N-55S       114.00    2.00
 160    2.204119983     73N-55S       128.00    9.00
 100         2          50N-29S        79.00   10.50
 71     1.851258349     42N-41S        83.00    0.50
 75     1.875061263     21S-23S        2.00    22.00
                        45N-55S       100.00    5.00
 152    2.181843588     18S-41S        23.00   29.50
 152    2.181843588     22N-60N        38.00   41.00
 200    2.301029996     19N-41N        22.00   30.00
 244    2.387389826     21N-63N        42.00   42.00
 235    2.371067862     41N-30S        71.00    5.50
 92     1.963787827     26S-35S        9.00    30.50
63WD                    32S-44S        12.00   38.00
 38     1.579783597      3S-37S       34.00   20.00
                        18S-40S       22.00   29.00
 250    2.397940009     38N-17S       55.00   10.50
35WD                    32N-30S       62.00    1.00
 330    2.51851394      41N-36S       77.00    2.50
 140    2.146128036     23N-48N       25.00   35.50
 100         2
 100         2          60N-35S       95.00   12.50
 180    2.255272505     60N-35S       95.00   12.50
 60     1.77815125      46N-17S       63.00   14.50
 180    2.255272505      0-30S        30.00   15.00
 150    2.176091259     20N-48N       28.00   34.00
 198    2.29666519      19N-45N       26.00   32.00
 126    2.100370545     31S-41S       10.00   36.00
 38     1.579783597
 58     1.76342799       7N-43N       36.00   25.00

147WD                    31N-30S      61.00    0.50
  80    1.903089987      28S-44S      16.00   36.00
  48    1.67669361       13N-31N      18.00   22.00
  50    1.698970004      37S-44S      7.00    40.50
  47    1.672097858      32S-37S      5.00    34.50
  76    1.880813592      11N-36N      25.00   23.50
  38    1.579783597      32S-36S      4.00    34.00
  42    1.62324929    23.25N-31.25N   8.00    27.25
  57    1.755874856      32S-44S      12.00   38.00
  47    1.672097858      26S-38S      12.00   32.00
  42    1.622214023    28.75N-1.75S   30.50   13.50
  27    1.426511261        7N-8N      1.00     7.50
  26    1.40654018        10.38N      0.01    10.38
 100         2            5N-30N      25.00   17.50
  54    1.73239376    22.88S-59.91S   37.03   41.40
  97    1.98677173     34.75N-1.75S   36.50   16.50
                    Point data (FishBase)
Occurrence (FishBase)                    References (FishBase)
         14                   18                  25
         822                 825                  200
          9                    3                  37
         48                   79                  49
          5                   21                  77
         252                 294                  115
         481                 875                  166
         17                   21                  19
        30926               31750                 86
         64                   70                  56
         158                 232                  39
          5                    6                   8
         29                   71                  17
         281                 551                  11
         162                 178                  24
         965                1922                  32
         252                 485                  20
         79                  596                  18
        1362                2267                  41
         54                  144                  21
         119                 233                  19
        2302                3283                  35
         32                   48                  21
          8                   13                  16
        1253                2248                  42
         93                   36                  53
         72                   30                  45
         109                 293                  122
         106                 193                  40
         978                1855                  91
         274                 381                  146
         40                   24                  18
         157                 166                  78
         277                 228                  152
        1009                1547                  187
        1162                2070                  131
         162                 122                  156
         466                1196                  135
         271                 329                  151
         180                 128                  57
         724                 803                  52
         827                1589                  96
         551                 595                  130
         172                 314                  163
         784                 892                  69
         173                 337                  39
         10                   16                  11
         519                1016                  73
3212   4210   27
 12     11    25
1296   1955   142
 10     11    30

 34     34    59
  9      0    18
 36     14    61
 78     39    54
 94     160   63
 120    172   63
2739   3697   93
 63     26    68
 81     57    71
 411    823   37
 32     40    29
 733    772   72
  5     18    17
 100    96    47
 119    62    128
  7      2    16
  4      3    12
  3     12    25
 710    762   20
  1      0    20
 151    162   96
 109    64    47
 123    109   58
 402    815   35
  1      1    15
 66     48    53
7157   8117   71
  3      1    15
 727    804   38
 100    123   24
 117    39    91

 280    761   35
 13      2    32
 63     58    69
  4      6    13
 234    311   24
7646   8647   15
 231    466   31
3775   4637   61
 122    237   35
2010   2075   84
              24
 37     90    35
 56     101   54
 67     134   25
 888   1697   199
6958   7064   146
3568   3612   86
  6      2    24
 404    349   113
 11      5    39
  1      0     9
 720    724   76
 311    633   21
 13     16    17
 24     24    35
 72     44    28
 805    855   65
 334    657   43
 59     97    51
 54     88    35
 20     14    25
 981   1221   107
 166    78    44
 41      3    30
 29      9    22
 386    677   33
 44     32    45
 642    733   146
 29     21    48
  8      4    28
  1      2    34
 10     30    31
 35     37    47
  9     18    35
 59     36    45
  9     12    32
              18
  1      1    14
  2      0     8
 10      9    30
 33     93    17
  2      1    11
 396    695   118
  4      4    17
 17      7    23
  9      2    24
 12     27    26
1603   2498   185
  0      0    22
1104   2084   49
 319    522   106
 25     12    59
6625   7516   56
 28     18    64
 121    90    74
5686   6667   42
7899   8880   31
  6     26    34
 28     52    43
 19      4    42
  6      9    50
  3      0    15
  8     14    37
 828   1621   40
 118    191   58
 87     29    37
 578    968   79
 20     11    21
 29     18    33
 92     34    36
3664   4658   34
 51     51    28
 75     26    65
 27     32    26
 21     52    31
1392   1862   81
 10      2    28
 455    519   35
 11     12    16
 925   1335   82
 163    324   20
 162    45    42
  1      0    14
 48     86    41
 98     108   33
               9
  6     13    14
  3      4    11
1040   2041   18
 18      9    36
 166    207   70
 53     78    26
 24     17    23
 62     133   13
 50     31    50
 48     36    30
 32     107   80
 41     48    76
 89     54    75
 435    982   81
27     59     68
 2      1     16
31      8     31
86     35     39
29     35     33
33     56     31
727    765    53
15     28     22
18      6     17
47     64     98
40     25     38
93     28     33
30     45     35
 3      1     12
 2      0     15

 2       2    11
 3       3    14
 3       0    12
107     87    24
              10
 13      1    13
 54     45    45
 22      7    20
               6
               9
  1      0     8
 19      3    10
2693   3440   214
 384    741   27
 345    688   19
 243    243   29
 55     77    44
 164    320   19
 79     139   87
 134    139   54
 573    835   55
 116    108   68
 820   1072   142
 503    852   50
 149    94    30
 129    130   44
1330   1629   88
 276    294   76
 483    495   38
 435    630   45
 105    135   36
 62     102   59
 18     10    16
  4       1     15
 57      56     23
 102     104    23
 50      85     70
 772     879    46
 33      10     49
 15       5     31
 33      29     22
  8       4     25
 137     77     35
 715     775    56
 21       8     44
 23       2     38

  4       1     15
 189     250    59
 19      53     66
 10      15     25
  4       4      9
1261    1670    117
 47      17     33
 160     110    60

 324     705    112
 70      315    68
 54      33     56
3781    4008    110
 10      17     18
 865     909    83
 85      77     76
3810    4796    46
 20      29     37
1224    1936    216
 189     358    122
 170     132    83
 52      42     47
 655     964    168
24202   24515   254
 112     73     71
3646    1749    66
 51      31     14
2491    2852    64
 406     804    22
 75      35     44
 15       1     31
 109     83     73
 125     234    107
 11      23     20
 365     369    25
 8      5     17
15      4     13
229    249    32
125    98     87
26     68     90
85     52     46
              13
1019   1180   98
 940   1250   99
 839    965   79
  7      0    20
 38      4    31
 143    30    52
 96     163   24
  2      0    12
 255    73    48
  1      0     5
 11      8    70
 26     53    11
 24      8    15
 81     157   19
 15     33    11
 51     12    41
  1      4     9
 98     60    18
 117    231   13
 158    309   16
 38     34    21
  1      0     8
  4      3    11
 726    757   26
 145    147   22
 51     41    34
                           S
Study effort (Zool. Records) tudy Effort (Host + Parasite)   # Synonyms
             10                            4                      2
             91                           42                     11
              7                            2                      3
              7                            4                      5
             19                            2                      0
             58                            7                      3
             118                          13                     14
             10                            3                      1
             187                          39                      4
             18                            4                      4
             18                            2                      5
              0                            0                      1
             21                            1                      3
              6                            3                      1
             14                            3                      1
             17                            2                      1
             11                            1                      2
             13                            7                      2
             20                            2                      8
             10                            7                      0
              8                            1                      0
             17                            1                      5
             17                            3                      1
              8                            2                      3
             20                            1                      1
             26                            4                      1
             10                            1                      4
             32                            9                      9
             15                            3                      5
             46                            9                     11
             82                            4                     11
              5                            0                      1
             30                            2                      2
             163                          17                     15
             147                          20                      8
             87                            8                      8
             69                           11                      9
             115                          19                     10
             214                          30                     16
             30                            2                      3
             30                            5                      3
             29                            3                     11
             149                          14                     14
             414                          14                     12
             43                            3                      1
              9                            0                      2
              1                            0                      0
             58                            4                      1
 4    1    4
17    0    0
318   22   25
11    2    4

27    4    4
 4    2    2
30    14   12
42    4    7
24    8    3
78    3    3
109   6    11
74    13   2
74    20   0
20    2    5
15    10   3
40    10   9
 7    5    0
25    3    3
25    8    7
 9    3    3
 4    1    1
13    8    2
25    7    2
 4    1    1
182   29   9
132   10   1
31    8    2
 8    1    2
 9    2    0
29    25   4
35    1    9
 4    0    4
 8    1    5
20    2    3
82    12   8
38    11   9
24    1    2
22    2    2
28    6    8
11    4    3
30    1    1
12    1    0
18    1    1
16    1    2
19    4    0
91    13   6
 1    0    4
15    1    6
15    6    7
19    2    3
239   24   12
185   15   17
104   3    8
 2    1    1
224   22   8
11    0    4
 3    1    1
31    4    10
 7    1    1
 2    0    2
 7    1    2
 6    1    1
31    7    3
 9    4    1
22    4    6
44    10   2
22    3    3
32    4    9
73    9    3
35    3    1
 4    2    0
97    10   8
 5    0    2
122   11   9
13    2    2
11    1    3
10    2    2
18    13   0
 7    2    4
 8    0    5
13    5    9
 7    4    3
 9    2    3
 6    3    1
 3    1    1
14    9    3
 2    1    0
 3    2    1
54    28   6
 3    1    1
14    7    4
 7    4    3
24    1    4
291   34   21
 1    1    7
44    6    0
142   6    14
21     2    4
653    23   3
12     2    2
64     22   1
101    6    1
14     6    1
51     5    0
34     3    4
 9     1    7
18     4    3
 7     3    0
17     7    2
73     13   2
33     7    4
24     6    0
212    17   4
 7     2    0
43     6    2
26     8    2
21     0    0
13     2    0
92     17   2
17     8    3
 4     1    0
744   112   5
11     1    2
38     14   0
 3     1    0
61     6    7
19     9    0
41     9    1
14     9    0
 5     2    1
 8     2    0
 2     1    0
 6     4    0
 5     3    1
 9     0    3
 6     2    2
63     11   2
10     3    0
15     0    2
 4     0    0
21     12   4
34     1    1
31     11   12
34     5    11
203    19   1
59     9    23
35    2    3
 2    1    2
 5    1    1
44    4    8
36    7    4
14    2    2
37    1    5
 4    2    1
14    4    3
82    55   13
 7    3    1
45    5    2
 7    1    2
 5    2    0
 5    0    2
 8    5
 0    0    1
17    4    1
 2    0    1
18    4    2
 7    1    0
14    7    1
61    15   8
18    5    6
 4    1    0
 5    0    0
 1    0    1
 2    1    0
435   60   14
11    5    3
 7    1    1
27    2    1
 9    2    4
13    3    6
50    2    7
81    10   7
45    5    2
61    4    3
425   29   10
76    2    3
24    4    3
29    5    2
57    7    3
67    11   1
23    2    1
40    5    1
 8    1    2
50    7    3
 4    0    0
 7     2    2
11     2    2
 3     0    2
14     7    4
24     6    6
23     9    3
15     1    4
 4     1    1
 8     7    1
37     11   1
141    21   6
 6     1    4
43     28   7

  3    1    0
 77    21   3
 15    7    1
  8    5    0
  2    1    0
 56    15   17
 29    1    5
 74    8    3
  1    1    1
 50    26   11
 37    3    7
 26    3    7
 665   20   7
  5    1    4
 189   7    2
 56    11   8
 41    7    1
 20    0    4
 177   24   7
 40    9    4
 103   9    3
 24    2    4
 122   26   7
1267   71   19
 49    3    4
 44    7    3
  3    2    0
 25    4    1
  9    2    0
 23    4    0
  6    3    0
 77    6    6
 23    5    15
  4    2    3
 26    7    3
 5    2    6
13    8    5
11    4    1
46    21   3
19    7    4
362   5    1
 5    1    0
679   23   9
78    8    10
254   18   7
 7    5    2
83    9    2
88    9    2
27    8    7
 5    1    1
58    13   3
 2    2    1
19    4    10
 4    2    0
 4    2    1
 8    3    2
 4    1    0
31    9    4
 5    1    0
17    8    1
13    5    1
 7    2    5
 9    2    2
 2    1    0
 5    3    0
 2    1    7
21    4    3
 5    3    2
                                           Synonyms
Aetobates flegellum OR Raja flagellum
Aetobates narinari OR Aetobatis narinari OR Aetobatus latirostris OR Aetomylus maculatus OR Myliobatis eelten
Aetomylus maculatus OR Myliobatus cyclurus OR Myliobatus maculatus
Aetomylaeus niehofii OR Aetomyleus nichofii OR Aetomylus huletti OR Myliobatis nieuhofii OR Raja niehofii

Alopecias superciliosus OR Alopias profundus OR Alopias superciliousus
Alopecias barrae OR Alopecias chilensis OR Alopecias longimana OR Alopecias vulpes OR Alopias caudatus OR A
Raja georgiana
Raia scrabata OR Raja scrabata OR Raja radiata OR Raia americana
Anoxypristis cuspidatus OR Pristis cuspidata OR Pristis cuspidatus OR Squalus semisagittatus
Apristurus atlanticus OR Apristurus laurussoni OR Apristurus maderensis OR Scylliorhinus atlanticus OR Scylliu
Rhinobatus bougainvillii
Raja rostrata OR Rhinobatus banksii OR Rhinobatus tuberculatus
Rhinobatus vincentianus
Raja castelnaui
Raja aleutica
Raja brachyurops OR Breviraja brachyurops
Raja eatonii OR Bathyraja eatoni
Bathyraja kincaidi OR Bathyraja kincaidii OR Raia interrupta OR Raia kincaidii OR Raja interrupta OR Raja kinca


Bathyraja rosispinis OR Raia parmifera OR Raia rosispinis OR Raja parmifera OR Raja rosispinis
Raja richardsoni
Arctoraja smirnovi OR Breviraja smirnovi OR Raja smirnovi
Raja spinicauda
Squalus acronotus
Carcharhinus amblyrhinchoides OR Carcharhinus pleurotaenia OR Carcharias pleurotaenia OR Gillisqualus ambl
Carcharhinus amblyrhinchos OR Carcharhinus amblyrhynchus OR Carcharhinus wheeleri OR Carcharias amblyrh
Carcharhinus ambioensis OR Carcharias amboinensis OR Carcharias brachyrhynchos OR Carcharinus amboinen
Carcharhinus acarenatus OR Carcharhinus ahenea OR Carcharhinus improvisus OR Carcharhinus remotoides OR
Aprionodon sitankaiensis OR Carcharhinus atrodorsus OR Carcharhinus falciformes OR Carcharhinus floridanus
Galeolamna fitzroyensis
Carcharias galapagensis OR Carcharinus galapagensis
Carcharhinus azureus OR Carcharhinus nicaraguensis OR Carcharhinus vanrooyeni OR Carcharhinus zambezen
Carcharhinus natator OR Carcharias aethalorus OR Carcharias ehrenbergi OR Carcharias limbatus OR Carcharia
Carcharias insularum OR Carcharias longimanus OR Carcharias obtusus OR Carcharinus longimanus OR Pterola
Carcharhinus melanoptures OR Carcharias elegans OR Carcharias marianensis OR Carcharias melanopterus OR
Carcharhinus iranzae OR Carcharhinus obscurella OR Carcharias macrurus OR Carcharinus iranzae OR Carchari
Carcharhinus japonicus OR Carcharhinus milberti OR Carcharias ceruleus OR Carcharias japonicus OR Carcharia
Carcharhinus cerdale OR Carcharias henlei OR Carcharias porosus
Hypoprion bigelowi OR Hypoprion longirostris OR Hypoprion signatus
Carcharhinus bleekeri OR Carcharhinus spallanzani OR Carcharias bleekeri OR Carcharias sorrah OR Carcharias
Carcharhinus taurus OR Carcharias arenarius OR Carcharias griseus OR Carcharias owstoni OR Carcharias plate
Carcharias atwoodi OR Carcharias lamia OR Carcharias maso OR Carcharias verus OR Carcharias vulgaris OR C
Squalus granulosus
Atractophorus armatus OR Centrophorus scalpratus

Scymnodon melas
Scyllium lima OR Scyllium sabella OR Squalus isabella OR Squalus isabella

Cetorhinus blainvillei OR Cetorhinus maccoyi OR Cetorhinus maximus normani OR Cetorhinus normani OR Ceto
Hemigaleus balfouri OR Hemigaleus macrostoma OR Negogaleus balfouri OR Negogaleus macrostoma

Chiloscyllium grisium OR Hemiscyllium griseum OR Hemiscyllium griseurm OR Hemiscyllium griseus
Chiloscyllium dolganovi OR Chiloscyllium hasselti
Chiloscyllium colax OR Chiloscyllium indicum phymatodes OR Chiloscyllium phymatodes OR Chiloscyllium tuber
Chiloscyllium indicum plagiosa OR Chiloscyllium indicum plagiosum OR Chiloscyllium plagiosum var. interruptu
Chiloscyllium margaritiferum OR Hemiscyllium punctatum OR Hemiscyllium punctaturn
Chlamydoselache anguinea OR Chlamydoselachus anguineum OR Didymodus anguineus
Dalatias lica OR Dalatias tachiensis OR Pseudoscymnus boshuensis OR Scymnorhinus brevipinnis OR Scymnorh
Dasyatis akajel OR Trygon akajei

Bathytoshia brevicaudata OR Dasyatis brevicaudatus OR Dasyatis schreineri OR Trygon brevicaudata OR Trygo
Dasyatis hawaiensis OR Dasyatis hawaiiensis OR Trygon brevis
Dasyatis aspera OR Dasybatus marinus OR Pastinaca acanthura OR Pastinaca aspera OR Raia gesneri OR Raja

Dasyatis guttatus OR Raja guttata OR Trygon jabebara
Amphotistius kuhlii OR Dasyatis kuhli OR Dasybatus kuhli OR Dicerobatis kuhlii OR Neotrygon kuhlii OR Raya tr
Dasyatis latus OR Dasyatis sciera OR Trygon lata
Neotrygon leylandi
Dasyatis longus OR Trygon longa
Dasyatis chrysonota marmorata OR Trygon pastinaca marmorata
Trygon microps
Dasyatis pastinacus OR Dasyatis ujo OR Dasybatus pastina OR Pastinaca laevis OR Pastinaca olivacea OR Raja
Trygon sabina
Dasyatis sayi OR Raja say
Dasyatis lubricus OR Dasybatus agulhensis

Amphotistius zugei OR Dasyatis cheni OR Trygon crozieri OR Trygon zugei
Acanthidium aciculatum OR Acanthidium calceus OR Acanthidium rostratum OR Centrophorus crepidalbus OR C
Acanthidium hystricosum OR Deania histricosa OR Deania hystricosum OR Deania mauli
Acanthidium natalense OR Deania calceus cremouxi OR Deania cremouxi OR Deania elegans OR Nasisqualus pr
Diplobatus ommata OR Discopyge ommata OR Narcine ommata
Batis vulgaris OR Propterygia hyposticta OR Raia flossada OR Raia gaimardi OR Raia intermedia
Raia chilensis OR Raja brevicaudata OR Raja chilensis OR Raja latastei OR Raja oxyptera OR Raja stabuliforis O
Raia granulata OR Raja laevis
Raja nasuta OR Zearaja nasuta
Dipturus oxyrhinchus OR Dipturus oxyrhynchus OR Raja acus OR Raja oxyrhyncha OR Raja oxyrhynchus OR Ra
Dipturus trachydermus OR Raja trachiderma OR Raja trachyderma
Torpedo chilensis

Spinax granulosus
Etmopterus abernethyi OR Spinax lucifer

Etmopterus aculeatus OR Spinax gunneri OR Spinax linnei OR Squalus infernus OR Squalus niger OR Squalus s
Crossorhrinus dasypogon OR Eucrossohrinus dasypogon OR Orectolobus dasypogon OR Orectolobus ogilbyi
Euprotomicrus hyalinus OR Euprotomicrus labordii OR Lemurgus labordii OR Scymnus bispinatus OR Scymnus
Cestracion blochi OR Eusphyrna blochi OR Eusphyrna blochii OR Sphyrna blochii OR Zygaena blochii OR Zygaen
Fur macki OR Fur ventralis OR Furgaleus ventralis
Carcharias fasciatus OR Carcharias hemprichii OR Galeocerda cuvier OR Galeocerdo arcticus OR Galeocerdo cuv
Carcharhinus cyrano OR Eugaleus galeus OR Galeorhinus australis OR Galeorhinus chilensis OR Galeorhinus vit
Galeus melanostomus OR Pristiurus melanostomus OR Pristiurus melastomus OR Pristiurus souverbiei OR Scyll
Pseudoginglymostoma brevicaudatum
Ginglimostoma cirratum OR Ginglymostoma caboverdianus OR Ginglymostoma fulvum OR Gyglinostoma cirratu
Carcharhinus gangeticus OR Carcharias gangeticus OR Eulamia gangetica OR Platypodon gangeticus
Pteroplatea afuerae
Dasyatis altavela OR Dasyatis canariensis OR Gymmnura altavela OR Pteroplatea altavela OR Pteroplatea binot
Pteroplatea australis
Pteroplatea crebripunctata OR Pteroplatea rava
Gymmura japonica OR Pteroplatea japonica
Pteroplatea marmorata
Gymnura micura OR Pteroplatea micrura OR Raja micrura
Negogaleus microstoma
Carcharias ellioti OR Dirrhizodon elongatus OR Hemipristis elongatus OR Hemipristis pingali OR Heterogaleus g
Squalus ocellatus OR Squalus oculatus
Galeorhinus japonicus OR Galeus japanicus OR Hemitriakis japonica
Heptranchias angio OR Heptranchias cinereus OR Heptranchias dakini OR Heptranchias deani OR Heptrancus an
Cestracion francisci OR Heterodontis francisci OR Heterodontis francisi
Cestracion japonicus

Cestracion heterodontus OR Heterodontus philippi OR Heterondotus bonaespei OR Squalus jacksoni OR Squalu
Centracion zebra OR Cestracion amboinensis
Hexanchus corinum OR Hexanchus corinus OR Hexanchus griseus australis OR Monopterinus griseus OR Notida
Hexanchus griseus nakamurai OR Hexanchus vitulus
Dasyatis bleekeri OR Dasyatis blekeeri OR Trygon bleekeri
Dasyatis chaophraya OR Himantura chaophrya

Dasyatis gerrardi OR Himantura gerrardii OR Trygon gerrardi OR Trygon liocephalus
Dasyatis granulatus OR Dasyatis ponapensis OR Himantura ponapensis OR Trygon granulata OR Trygon ponap
Amphotistius imbricatus OR Dasyatis imbricata OR Dasyatis imbricatus OR Dasybatus imbricatus OR Himantura
Dasyatis jenkinsii OR Himantura jenkinsi OR Trygon jenkinsii
Dasyatis marginatus OR Himantura marginatus OR Trygon marginatus
Dasyatis pacificus
Trygon pastinacoides
Dasyatis schmardae OR Himantura schmarde OR Trygon schmardae

Trygon uarnacoides
Dasyatis uarnak OR Dasybatus uarnak OR Himantura punctata OR Raja sephen uarnak OR Trygon punctata OR
Trygon undulata
Dasyatis walga OR Himantura heterurus OR Trygon heterurus OR Trygon walga
Hypnos monopterygium OR Hypnos subnigrum OR Lophius monopterygius
Eugaleus omanensis OR Galeorhinus omanensis OR Jago omanensis OR Lago omanensis
Carcharias tigris OR Isuropsis dekayi OR Isuropsis glaucus OR Isuropsis mako OR Isurus africanus OR Isurus b
Carcharhinus microphthalmus OR Carcharhinus temmincki OR Carcharhinus tephrodes OR Carcharias temminc

Lamna cornubica OR Lamna pennanti OR Lamna philippii OR Lamna punctata OR Lamna whitleyi OR Lanna nas
Raja circularis OR Raja falsavela OR Raja falsavela intermedia OR Raja falsavela maggiore
Raia erinacea OR Raja erinacea OR Raja erinaceus
Raja chagrinea OR Raja fullonica
Raja naevus
Raja ocellata
Raja senta

Odontaspis nasutus OR Scapanorhynchus dofleini OR Scapanorhynchus jordani OR Scapanorhynchus owstoni
Cephaloptera massenoidea OR Cephaloptera olfersii OR Cephalopterus hypostomus OR Ceratobatis robertsi OR
Cephaloptera japanica OR Mobula japonica OR Mobula rancureli

Dicerobatis thurstoni OR Mobula lucasana
Emissola ganearum OR Emissola maugeana
Mustelus plebejus OR Mustelus stellatus OR Squalus albomaculatus OR Squalus hinnulus

Allomycter dissutus OR Mustelus canis canis OR Mustelus canis insularis OR Squalus canis

Cynias kanekonis OR Mustelus kanekonis
Rhinotriacis henlei OR Triakis henlei


Mustelus monazo OR Myrmillo manazo
Galeorhinus mento OR Mustelus abbotti OR Mustelus edulis

Galeus laevis OR Mustellus levis OR Mustelus equestris OR Mustelus laevis OR Squalus mustelus
Mustellus punctulatus OR Mustelus mediterraneus


Leiobatus aquila OR Myliobatis cervus OR Myliobatis equila OR Myliobatis noctula OR Myliobatus aquila OR Raia

Myliobatis californicus

Myliobatis freminvillei




Myliobatis peruanus
Myliobatis tenuicandatus OR Myliobatis tenuicaudatis OR Myliobatus tentuicaudatus
Mobula tobijei OR Myliobatis tobije
Narcine brachypleura OR Torpedo brasiliensis

Narcine firma OR Raja maculata

Narcine indica OR Narcine macrura OR Narcine microphthalma OR Raja timlei
Torpedo japonica
Ginglymostoma concolor OR Ginglymostoma ferruginea OR Ginglymostoma ferrugineum OR Ginglymostoma m
Apeionodon acutidens OR Aprionodon acutidens OR Aprionodon acutidens queenslandicus OR Carcharias acutid
Hypoprion brevirostris
Heptanchus indicus OR Heptanchus pectorosus OR Heptrachias pectorosus OR Heptranchias cepedianus OR He
Carcharias ferox OR Odontaspis herbsti OR Squalus ferox
Raja cerva OR Dipturus cerva
Raja hollandi
Dipturus kenojei OR Raja fusca OR Raja japonica OR Raja karagea OR Raja katsukii OR Raja kenojei OR Raja p
Squalus appendiculatus OR Squalus barbatus OR Squalus lobatus OR Squalus maculatus
Crossorhinus ornatus OR Orectolobus devisi
Centrina oxynotus OR Centrina salviani OR Centrina vulpecula OR Oxinotus centrina OR Squalus centrina
Parascyllium multimaculatum
Disceus thayeri OR Trygon aiereba OR Trygon strogylopterus
Dasyatis gruveli OR Dasyatis sephen OR Dasybatus gruveli OR Dasybatus sephen OR Hypolophus sephen OR P
Rhina sinensis
Platyrhina triseriata OR Platyrhinoides triseriata
Urotrygon davesi OR Urotrygon daviesi

Potamotrygon brumi OR Trygon brachyurus

Toeniura constellata
Potamotrygon menchacai
Trygon henlei
Potamotrygon histrix OR Trygon hystrix

Taeniura magdalenae
Paratrygon laticeps OR Potamotrygon alba OR Potamotrygon labradori OR Potamotrygon laticeps OR Potamotry
Potamotrygon dumerilii OR Potamotrygon humerosus OR Potamotrygon reticulatus OR Trygon dorbignyi OR Try


Potamotrygon signatus

Carcharhinus macki OR Carcharias glaucus OR Carcharias gracilis OR Carcharias hirundinaceus OR Carcharias p
Pristis cirratus OR Squalus anisodon OR Squalus tentaculatus
Pristiophorus owenii
Pristis perrotteti
Pristis zisron OR Pristis zyrson OR Pristis zysron OR Pristis zysross
Malacorhina mira OR Malacorhina scobina OR Raja mira OR Raja philippii OR Raja scobina OR Uraptera scobina
Dasyatis atratus OR Dasyatis guileri OR Dasyatis purpurea OR Dasyatis purpureus OR Dasyatis violacea OR Try
Raia punctata OR Raia stellata OR Raja jojenia OR Raja punctata OR Raja punctatus OR Raja schultzii OR Raja
Dipturus binoculata OR Raja cooperi
Raia blanda OR Raia brachyura OR Raja blanda
Cephaleutherus maculatus OR Hieroptera abredonensis OR Raia aspera OR Raia rhizacanthus OR Raia rubus OR
Raia chantenay OR Raia desmarestia OR Raja diaphanes
Raia inornata OR Raia inornata inermis OR Raja jordani
Raia microocellata OR Raja microcellata
Raia ocellifera OR Raia quadrimaculata OR Raja quadrimaculata
Raja oculata
Raja atra
Raia rhina
Raia stellulata OR Raja montereyensis
Raja fenestra OR Raja mosaica OR Raja picta
Dipturus whitleyi OR Raja ogilbyi
Raja bathyphila OR Raja bathyphilla
Raia leopardus OR Raja leopardus
Rhina anclyostoma OR Rhina ancylostomus OR Rhina cyclostomus OR Squatina ancyclostoma
Rhinobatos cemiculus rasus OR Rhinobatos congolensis OR Rhinobatos rasus OR Rhinobatus cemiculus OR Rhin
Glaucostegus granulatus OR Rhinobatus acutus OR Rhinobatus granulatus
Glaucostegus halavi OR Raia halavi OR Raja halavi OR Rhinobatus halavi
Rhinobates leucorhynchus
Rhinobatus planiceps
Rhinobatis producta
Leiobatus panduratus OR Raja rhinobatos OR Rhinobatus columnae OR Rhinobatus duhameli OR Rhinobatus rh
Rhinobatos schlegeli OR Rhinobatos schlegelli OR Rhinobatus natalensis OR Rhinobatus schlegelii
Glaucostegus typus OR Rhinobatos armatus OR Rhinobatos batillium OR Rhinobatos batillum OR Rhinobatus ar


Raja bonasus OR Rhinoptera affinis OR Rhinoptera lalandii
Rhinopthera javanica


Carcharhinus acutus OR Carcharias aaronis OR Carcharias acutus OR Carcharias crenidens OR Carcharias eume
Carcharias lalandii OR Rhizoprionodon lalandei OR Rhizoprionodon lalandi OR Scoliodon intermedius OR Scoliod
Rhizoprionodon terraenova OR Scoliodon terraenovae OR Squalus terraenovae
Rhynchobatus djiddensis australiae
Raja djiddensis OR Rhinchobatus djiddensis OR Rhinobatus djiddensis OR Rhinobatus maculata OR Rhynchobat
Raia alba OR Raia rostellata OR Raja alba OR Raja bicolor OR Raja bramante OR Raja marginata OR Raja roste
Carcharias macrorhynchos OR Carcharias muelleri OR Carcharias palasoora OR Carcharias sorrahkowah OR Phy
Sciliorhinus caniculus OR Catulus duhamelii OR Scyliorhinus canicula albomaculata OR Scyliorhinus caniculus O
Catulus haeckelii OR Scyliorhinus fernandezi OR Scyliorhinus haeckeli OR Scyliorhinus haeckelii OR Scyliorhinus
Scyllium catulus OR Squalus stellaris
Leiodon echinatum OR Scymnus glacialis OR Scymnus gunneri OR Scymnus micropterus OR Somniosus brevipi
Somniosus antarcticus
Heteroscymnus longus OR Scymnus rostratus OR Somniosus bauchotae OR Somniosus longus
Cestracion leeuwenii OR Cestracion oceanica OR Sphyrna diplana OR Sphyrna leweni OR Zygaena erythraea OR
Sphyrna ligo OR Sphyrna mokorran OR Zygaena dissimilis OR Zygaena mokarran
Sphyrna tiburo tiburo OR Sphyrna vespertina OR Squalus tiburo
Sphyraena tudes OR Sphyrna bigelowi OR Spyrna tudes OR Zygaena tudes
Sphyrna zigaena OR Spyrna zygaena OR Squalus malleus OR Squalus zygaena OR Zygaena malleus OR Zygae
Acanthias americanus OR Acanthias commun OR Acanthias lebruni OR Acanthias linnei OR Acanthias sucklii OR
Acanthias blainville OR Acanthicus blainvillii OR Squalus blainvilii OR Squalus blainvillei
Acanthias megalops OR Squalis megalops OR Squalus acutipinnis

Squalus mitsukuri




Squalus squatina OR Squatina angelus OR Squatina europaea OR Squatina laevis OR Squatina lewis OR Squati
Scyllia quinquecornuatum OR Scyllium heptagonum OR Squalus cirrosus OR Squalus fasciatus OR Squalus long
Crossorhinus tentacularis OR Crossorhinus tentaculatus OR Orectolobus tentaculatus
Raia marplatensis OR Raja microps OR Sympterygia bonapartei
Psammobatis asper OR Psammobatis brevicaudatus OR Psammobatis caudispina OR Psammobatis chilcae OR P
Psammobatis lima OR Raja acanthostyla OR Raja buergeri OR Raja lima OR Raja steindachneri
Trygon grabatus
Raja lymma OR Taeniura lymna OR Trygon ornatus
Taeniura melanospila OR Taeniura melanospilos OR Taeniura meyemi OR Taeniura mortoni
Tetranarce californica

Narcacion marmoratus OR Narcobatus marmoratus OR Torpedo diversicolor OR Torpedo galvani OR Torpedo im
Narcacion nobilianus OR Narcobatus nobilianus OR Tetronarce nobiliana OR Torpedo emarginata OR Torpedo he
Narcacion torpedo OR Raja torpedo OR Torpedo narce OR Torpedo narke OR Torpedo ocellata OR Torpedo ocula
Mustelus nigromaculatus OR Triakis scyllium maculatus
Hemigaleus pingi OR Triakis scyllia
Mustelus felis OR Triakis semifasciatum
Rhinobatus dumerilii OR Trygonorhina fasciata OR Trygonorhina fasciata guanerius OR Trygonorhina guaneria O
Astrape aysoni
Urolophus halleri OR Urolophus nebulosus OR Urolophus umbrifer
Urolophus tumbesensis
Anacanthus africanus OR Rachinotus africanus OR Raja africana OR Raja asperrima OR Urogymnosus africanus

Urobatis concentricus
Raja cruciata OR Urolophus ephippiatus

Raia jamaicensis OR Trygonobatus torpedinus OR Urobatis jamaicensis OR Urobatis sloani vermiculatus

Urobatis maculatus
Trygonoptera paucimaculatus
Trygonoptera australis OR Trygonoptera henlei OR Trygonoptera muelleri OR Trygonoptera testacea OR Trygon
Urolophus chilensis OR Urotrygon goodei


Discobatus schoenleinii OR Platyrhina schoenleinii OR Platyrhinoidis atlantica OR Platyrhinoidis schoenleinii OR
Rhinobatos brevirostris OR Rhinobatus brevirostris OR Syrrhina brevirostris
Platyrhina exasperata OR Trigonorhina alveata
us OR Myliobatis eeltenkee OR Myliobatis macroptera OR Myliobatis punctatus OR Myliobatus maculatus OR Raia quinqueac

ii OR Raja niehofii


 Alopias caudatus OR Alopias greyi OR Alopias macrourus OR Alopias vulpes OR Carcharias vulpes OR Galeus vulpecula OR




s atlanticus OR Scyllium laurussonii




terrupta OR Raja kincaidi OR Raja kincaidii OR Rhinoraja interrupta




 a OR Gillisqualus amblyrhynchoides
 OR Carcharias amblyrhynchos OR Carcharias nesiotes OR Carcharinus amblyrhynchos OR Galeolamna coongoola OR Galeo
 Carcharinus amboinensis OR Triaenodon obtusus
harhinus remotoides OR Carcharhinus remotus OR Carcharhinus rochensis OR Carcharias brachyurus OR Carcharias lamiella
archarhinus floridanus OR Carcharias falciformis OR Carcharias menisorrah OR Carcharins menisorrah OR Carcharius menis


archarhinus zambezensis OR Carcharias azureus OR Carcharias leucas OR Carcharias spenceri OR Carcharias zambezensis
 limbatus OR Carcharias microps OR Carcharias phorcys OR Carcharinus limbatus OR Gymnorhinus abbreviatus
 ongimanus OR Pterolamiops budkeri OR Pterolamiops longimanus OR Pterolamiops magnipinnis OR Squalus longimanus
arias melanopterus OR Carcharias playfairii OR Carcharinus melanoptera OR Carcharinus melanopterus OR Hypoprion playf
us iranzae OR Carcharinus obscurus OR Eulamia obscura OR Galeolamna eblis OR Galeolamna macrurus OR Prionodon obve
 aponicus OR Carcharias latistomus OR Carcharias milberti OR Carcharias obtusirostris OR Carcharias stevensi OR Carcharin


 sorrah OR Carcharias spallanzani OR Carcharias taeniatus OR Carcharinus sorrah OR Carcharius spallanzani OR Eulamia s
ni OR Carcharias platensis OR Charcharias taurus OR Eugomphodus taurus OR Lamna ecarinata OR Odontaspis americanu
rcharias vulgaris OR Carcharodon albimors OR Carcharodon capensis OR Carcharodon rondeletii OR Carcharodon smithi OR
hinus normani OR Cetorhinus rostratus OR Halsydrus maccoyi OR Halsydrus maximus OR Hannovera aurata OR Polyprosop
 macrostoma

um griseus

OR Chiloscyllium tuberculatus OR Chilosycylum indicum OR Hemiscyllium colax OR Scyliorhinus tuberculatus OR Squalus c
giosum var. interruptum OR Hemiscyllium plagiosum OR Scyllium ornatum OR Scyllium plagiosum OR Scyllium plagiosum v


evipinnis OR Scymnorhinus licha OR Scymnorhinus phillippsi OR Scymnus vulgaris OR Squalus americanus OR Squalus lich


brevicaudata OR Trygon schreineri

 Raia gesneri OR Raja centroura OR Trygon aldrovandi OR Trygon brucco OR Trygon thalassia


ygon kuhlii OR Raya trigonoides OR Trygon kuhlii




naca olivacea OR Raja pastinaca OR Trygon pastinaca OR Trygon vulgaris OR Trygon vulgaris pastinaca




horus crepidalbus OR Centrophorus kaikourae OR Deania aciculata OR Deania calceus OR Deania eglantina OR Deania rostr

ans OR Nasisqualus profundorum


 OR Raja stabuliforis OR Zearaja chilensis OR Dipturus flavirostris OR Raja flavirostris


aja oxyrhynchus OR Raja oxyrinchus OR Raja salviani OR Raja vomer




lus niger OR Squalus spinax
Orectolobus ogilbyi
spinatus OR Scymnus labordii OR Scymnus mauritianus
aena blochii OR Zygaena laticeps OR Zygaena latycephala

cus OR Galeocerdo cuvieri OR Galeocerdo obtusus OR Galeocerdo rayneri OR Galeocerdo tigrinus OR Galeus cepedianus OR
sis OR Galeorhinus vitaminicus OR Galeorhinus zyopterus OR Galeus australis OR Galeus canis OR Galeus chilensis OR Gal
us souverbiei OR Scyllium artedii OR Scyllium melanostomum OR Squalus annulatus OR Squalus prionurus

R Gyglinostoma cirratum OR Squalus argus OR Squalus cirratus OR Squalus punctatus OR Squalus punctulatus
 gangeticus

a OR Pteroplatea binotata OR Pteroplatea canariensis OR Pteroplatea vaillantii OR Pteroplatea valenciennii OR Raja altavela




 ali OR Heterogaleus ghardaqensis OR Paragaleus acutiventralis


 eani OR Heptrancus angio OR Notidanus cinereus OR Notidanus cinereus pristiurus OR Squalus cinereus OR Squalus perlo




us jacksoni OR Squalus jacksonii OR Squalus philippi OR Squalus philippinus OR Squalus portusjacksoni

 nus griseus OR Notidanus griseus OR Notidanus monge OR Notidanus vulgaris OR Squalus griseus OR Squalus vacca




lata OR Trygon ponapensis
bricatus OR Himantura imbricatus OR Leiobatis polylepis OR Raja imbricata OR Trygon imbricata OR Trygon polylepis




OR Trygon punctata OR Trygon uarnak




africanus OR Isurus bideni OR Isurus cepedii OR Isurus guentheri OR Isurus mako OR Isurus oxyrhincus OR Isurus oxyrhy
R Carcharias temminckii OR Carcharias tephrodes OR Eulamia temmincki OR Lamiopsis temmincki

 whitleyi OR Lanna nasus OR Oxyrhina daekayi OR Selanonius walkeri OR Squalus cornubicus OR Squalus cornubiensis OR
anorhynchus owstoni
 eratobatis robertsi OR Ceratobatis robertsii OR Mobula olfersii OR Mobula robertsi




obatus aquila OR Raia rhombus OR Raja aquila




OR Ginglymostoma muelleri OR Ginglymostoma rueppellii OR Nebrius concolor OR Nebrius doldi OR Nebrius macrurus OR
s OR Carcharias acutidens OR Carcharias munzingeri OR Eulamia odontaspis OR Hemigaleops fosteri OR Mystidens innomin

ias cepedianus OR Heptranchias pectorosus OR Heptranchias spilotus OR Notidanus ferox OR Notidanus indicus OR Notidan
Raja kenojei OR Raja porosa OR Raja tobae


Squalus centrina


polophus sephen OR Pastinachus gruveli OR Pastinachus sephen ater OR Raia sancur OR Raja sancur OR Raja sephen OR T




 laticeps OR Potamotrygon pauckei OR Taeniura motoro OR Trygon garrapa OR Trygon mulleri
rygon dorbignyi OR Trygon dumerilii OR Trygon reticulatus




 aceus OR Carcharias pugae OR Carcharinus glaucus OR Glyphis glaucus OR Hypoprion isodus OR Isurus glaucus OR Priona




 a OR Uraptera scobina
asyatis violacea OR Trygon purpurea OR Trygon violacea
Raja schultzii OR Raja stellata


thus OR Raia rubus OR Raja aspera OR Raja bonaespeiensis OR Raja leiobatos OR Raja pontica OR Raja rubus
atus cemiculus OR Rhinobatus congolensis OR Rhinobatus rasus




meli OR Rhinobatus rhinobatus OR Squatinoraja colonna

lum OR Rhinobatus armatus OR Rhinobatus batillum OR Rhinobatus typus




ns OR Carcharias eumeces OR Carcharias walbeehmi OR Carcharias walbeehmii OR Carcharias walbenii OR Cynocephalus a
ntermedius OR Scoliodon lalandei


aculata OR Rhynchobatus djeddensis OR Rhynchobatus djiddenis OR Rhynchobatus djidensis OR Rhyncobatis djeddensis OR
arginata OR Raja rostellata
 s sorrahkowah OR Physodon muelleri OR Scoliodon sorrakawah OR Scoliodon sorrakowa
cyliorhinus caniculus OR Squalus canicula OR Squalus catulus OR Squalus elegans
 eckelii OR Scyliorhinus retifer haeckelii

 OR Somniosus brevipinna OR Squalus borealis OR Squalus microcephalus OR Squalus norvegianus


 Zygaena erythraea OR Zygaena indica OR Zygaena lewini




ena malleus OR Zygaena subarcuata OR Zygaena vulgaris
 R Acanthias sucklii OR Acanthias vulgaris OR Spinax mediterraneus OR Spinax suckleyi OR Squalus acanthias acanthias OR




uatina lewis OR Squatina vulgaris
ciatus OR Squalus longicaudus OR Squalus tygrinus OR Stegastoma fasciatum OR Stegostoma carinatum OR Stegostoma f
mmobatis chilcae OR Psammobatis maculatus OR Sympterygia brevicaudata




 galvani OR Torpedo immaculata OR Torpedo picta OR Torpedo punctata OR Torpedo trepidans OR Torpedo vulgaris
 rginata OR Torpedo hebetans OR Torpedo nigra OR Torpedo nobilianus OR Torpedo nobililana OR Torpedo occidentalis OR
ellata OR Torpedo oculata OR Torpedo unimaculata




rygonorhina guaneria OR Trygonorhina guanerius OR Trygonorrhina guaneria OR Trygonorrhina guanerius




Urogymnosus africanus OR Urogymnus africana OR Urogymnus africanus OR Urogymnus aperrimus OR Urogymnus asperrim




ni vermiculatus




 ra testacea OR Trygonoptera testaceus




noidis schoenleinii OR Zanobatus atlantica OR Zanobatus atlanticus OR Zanobatus schoenleinni
aculatus OR Raia quinqueaculeata OR Raja narinari OR Stoasodon narinari




 es OR Galeus vulpecula OR Squalus alopecias OR Squalus vulpes OR Squalus vulpinus OR Vulpecula marina




olamna coongoola OR Galeolamna fowleri OR Galeolamna tufiensis

 urus OR Carcharias lamiella OR Carcharias remotus OR Eulamia ahenea OR Galeolamna ahenea
sorrah OR Carcharius menisorrah OR Eulamia malpeloensis OR Eulamia menisorrah OR Gymnorhinus pharaonis


OR Carcharias zambezensis OR Eulamia nicaraguensis OR Galeolamna bogimba OR Galeolamna greyi mckaili OR Galeolamn
nus abbreviatus
s OR Squalus longimanus
 opterus OR Hypoprion playfairi OR Squalus carcharias minor
macrurus OR Prionodon obvelatus OR Squalus obscurus
harias stevensi OR Carcharinus latistomus OR Carcharinus plumbeus OR Eulamia milberti OR Galeolamna dorsalis OR Galeo


us spallanzani OR Eulamia spallanzani OR Galeolamna isobel OR Squalus spallanzani
a OR Odontaspis americanus OR Odontaspis arenarius OR Odontaspis platensis OR Odontaspis taurus OR Squalus littoralis
  OR Carcharodon smithi OR Carcharodon smithii OR Squalus carcharias OR Squalus vulgaris
overa aurata OR Polyprosopus macer OR Selache elephas OR Selache maxima OR Selache maximum OR Selache maximus




 tuberculatus OR Squalus caudatus OR Squalus colax OR Squalus gronovianus OR Squalus indicus OR Squalus tuberculatu
um OR Scyllium plagiosum var. interruptum


americanus OR Squalus licha OR Squalus nicaeensis OR Squalus scymnus




a eglantina OR Deania rostrata
s OR Galeus cepedianus OR Galeus maculatus OR Squalus arcticus OR Squalus cuvier
OR Galeus chilensis OR Galeus communis OR Galeus linnei OR Galeus molinae OR Galeus nilssoni OR Galeus vulgaris OR G
s prionurus

alus punctulatus


alenciennii OR Raja altavela OR Raja maclura




cinereus OR Squalus perlo




eus OR Squalus vacca




a OR Trygon polylepis




xyrhincus OR Isurus oxyrhynchus OR Isurus spallanzani OR Isurus tigris OR Isurus tigris africanus OR Lamna glauca OR La


R Squalus cornubiensis OR Squalus monensis OR Squalus nasus OR Squalus pennanti OR Squalus selanonus
 i OR Nebrius macrurus OR Nebrodes concolor ogilbyi OR Nebrodes macrurus OR Scyllium ferrugineum OR Scymnus porosu
osteri OR Mystidens innominatus OR Negaprion odontaspis OR Negaprion queenslandicus OR Odontaspis madagascariensis

otidanus indicus OR Notidanus medinae OR Notidanus wolniczkyi OR Notorhynchus borealis OR Notorhynchus cepedianus O
ancur OR Raja sephen OR Taeniura atra OR Trigon forskalii OR Trygon sephen




R Isurus glaucus OR Prionace mackiei OR Prionacea glauca OR Squalus glaucus OR Thalassinus rondeletti OR Thalassinus




OR Raja rubus
walbenii OR Cynocephalus acutus OR Hypoprion acutus OR Scoliodon acutus OR Scoliodon longmani OR Scoliodon vagatus




R Rhyncobatis djeddensis OR Rhyncobatus djeddensis OR Rhyncobatus djiddensis OR Rynchobatus djiddensis australiae




 alus acanthias acanthias OR Squalus acanthias africana OR Squalus achantias OR Squalus barbouri OR Squalus fernandinu




carinatum OR Stegostoma fasciata OR Stegostoma fasciaturn OR Stegostoma fasciatus OR Stegostoma tigrinum naucum O
OR Torpedo vulgaris
OR Torpedo occidentalis OR Torpedo walshii




mus OR Urogymnus asperrimus solanderi OR Urogymnus rhombeus
ecula marina




hinus pharaonis


greyi mckaili OR Galeolamna mckaili OR Prionodon platyodon OR Squalus obtusus OR Squalus platyodon




leolamna dorsalis OR Galeolamna stevensi OR Lamna caudata OR Squalus caecchia OR Squalus plumbeus




aurus OR Squalus littoralis OR Squalus macrodus
mum OR Selache maximus OR Selachus pennantii OR Squalus cetaceus OR Squalus elephas OR Squalus gunnerianus OR S




us OR Squalus tuberculatus
ni OR Galeus vulgaris OR Galeus zyopterus OR Notogaleus australis OR Squalus galeus




us OR Lamna glauca OR Lamna guentheri OR Lamna huidobrii OR Lamna oxyrhina OR Oxyrhina glauca OR Oxyrhina gomp


us selanonus
ineum OR Scymnus porosus
ontaspis madagascariensis

Notorhynchus cepedianus OR Notorhynchus maculatus OR Notorhynchus ocellatus OR Notorhynchus platycephalu OR Noto
rondeletti OR Thalassinus rondelettii
mani OR Scoliodon vagatus OR Scoliodon walbeehmi OR Scoliodon walbeehmii OR Scoliodon walbeemii OR Scolliodon walbe




 us djiddensis australiae




 ouri OR Squalus fernandinus OR Squalus kirki OR Squalus suckleyi OR Squalus sucklii OR Squalus tasmaniensis OR Squalu




ostoma tigrinum naucum OR Stegostoma varium OR Stegostoma varius
s plumbeus
Squalus gunnerianus OR Squalus homianus OR Squalus isodus OR Squalus maximus OR Squalus pelegrinus OR Squalus p
a glauca OR Oxyrhina gomphodon OR Squalus cepedii
nchus platycephalu OR Notorynchus indicus OR Notorynchus macdonaldi OR Notorynchus maculatum OR Notorynchus mac
beemii OR Scolliodon walbechmii




us tasmaniensis OR Squalus wakiyae OR Squalus whitleyi
us pelegrinus OR Squalus peregrinus OR Squalus rashleighanus OR Squalus rostratus OR Tetroras maccoyi
latum OR Notorynchus maculatus OR Notorynchus pectorosus OR Notorynchus platycephalus OR Squalus cepedianus OR S
ras maccoyi
R Squalus cepedianus OR Squalus platycephalus

								
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