Docstoc

Nijamati Sewa Bill_ 2064

Document Sample
Nijamati Sewa Bill_ 2064 Powered By Docstoc
					          lghfdtL ;]jf P]g, @)$( nfO{ ;+zf]wg ug{ ag]sf] ljw]os
k|:tfjgf M lghfdtL ;]jf P]g, @)$( nfO{ ;+zf]wg ug{ jf~5gLo ePsf]n],
      Joj:yflksf–;+;bn] of] P]g agfPsf] 5 .
!= ;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De M -!_ o; P]gsf] gfd ælghfdtL ;]jf -bf];|f]
      ;+zf]wg_ P]]g, @)^$Æ /x]sf] 5 .
           -@_ of] P]g ;Dat\ @)^$ ;fn >fj0f ! ut]b]lv k|f/De ePsf]
      dflgg]5 .
@=            lghfdtL ;]jf P]g, @)$( sf] bkmf @ df ;+zf]wg M lghfdtL ;]jf
      P]g, @)$( -o;kl5 d"n P]g elgPsf]_ sf] bkmf @ sf],–
      -!_ v08 -3_ df /x]sf æk'?if sd{rf/Lsf]Æ eGg] zAbx?sf] ;§f
           æk'?if / cljjflxtf dlxnf sd{rf/Lsf]Æ eGg] zAbx? /fvL ;f]xL
           v08df /x]sf æaHo} tyfÆ eGg] zAbx?kl5 æljjflxtfÆ eGg]
           zAb ylkPsf] 5 .
      -@_ v08 -h_ kl5 b]xfosf v08 -h!_ / -h@_ ylkPsf 5g\ M–
           æ-h!_ ælghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgogÆ eGgfn] bkmf %#
                  sf] pkbkmf -!_ cGtu{t ul7t lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8
                  o'lgog ;Demg' k5{ .
           -h@_ ælghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o'lgogÆ eGgfn]
                  bkmf             %#               sf]         pkbkmf
                  -#_ adf]lhd ul7t lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cflwsf/Ls 6]«8
                  o'lgog                                        ;Demg'
                  k5{ .Æ
#= d"n P]gsf] bkmf # df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf # sf],–
      -!_ v08 -3_ kl5 b]xfosf] v08 -3!_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
           æ-3!_ g]kfn k//fi6« ;]jfÆ
      -@_ v08 -ª_ kl5 b]xfosf] v08 -ª!_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
           æ-ª!_ g]kfn n]vfk/LIf0f ;]jfÆ
$= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $ sf] ;§f
      b]xfosf]                 bkmf                $            /flvPsf]
      5 M–
      æ$ >]0fL M -!_ lghfdtL ;]jfdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf >]0fLx? /xg]5g\ M–
              /fhkqflÍt              /fhkq cglÍt
              ljlzi6                        k|yd
              k|yd                         låtLo
              låtLo                         t[tLo
              t[tLo                          rt'y{
                                         kfFrf}+

                                    1
             -@_ of] bkmf k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt >]0fLljxLg kbdf sfo{/t
        sd{rf/Lx?n] >]0fLdf cfj4 x'g rfx]df To:tf sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ tf]lsP
        adf]lhd /fhkq cglÍt kfFrf}+ >]0fLdf sfod ul/g]5 .
%= d"n P]gdf bkmf $s= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $ kl5 b]xfosf] bkmf
   $s= ylkPsf] 5 M–
   æ$s= PsLs[t lghfdtL ;]jf k|0ffnL ;DaGwL ljz]if Joj:yf M bkmf $
        df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf
        ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]s]sf] ldltb]lv lghfdtL ;]jfsf] >]0fLut
        Joj:yfnfO{ txut k|0ffnLdf ?kfGt/0f u/L PsLs[t lghfdtL ;]jf
        k|0ffnL nfu" ug{]5 .Æ
^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf % df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf % sf] pkbkmf -
   #_ lemlsPsf] 5 .



&= d"n P]gdf bkmf %s= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf % kl5 b]xfosf] bkmf
   %s= ylkPsf] 5 M–
   æ%s=          sfo{ljj/0f M -!_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] :jLs[t u/]sf] ;Ë7gsf]
       sfo{ljj/0fsf] cfwf/df ;DalGwt ;lrj, ljefuLo k|d'v tyf sfof{no
       k|d'vn] k|To]s lghfdtL kbsf] sfo{ljj/0f agfO{ nfu" ug{'kg]{5 .
       To:tf] sfo{ljj/0fdf To:tf] kbsf] sfd, st{Jo, pQ/bfloTj, clwsf/ /
       of]Uotf ;d]t :ki6 ?kdf lsl6Psf] x'g' kg]{5 .
             -@_ lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ s'g} klg kbdf kb:yfkg ubf{
       lbOg] kq;Fu} lghsf] sfo{ljj/0f / sfo{ljj/0f cg';f/sf] sfdsf]
       d"NofÍg ug]{ ;"rsfÍ ;d]t pknAw u/fpg' kg]{5 .
             -#_ sfo{ljj/0f ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5
       .Æ
*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^ sf] pkbkmf -
   !s_ df /x]sf æg]kfn Gofo ;]jfsf]Æ eGg] zAbx?sf] ;§f æg]kfn
   Gofo ;]jf / g]kfn n]vfk/LIf0f ;]jfsf]Æ eGg] zAbx? /flvPsf 5g\ .

(=   d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^s= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^s= sf],–
     -!_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -@_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
              æ-@_ s'g} gofF ;/sf/L sfof{no :yfkgf ug{ ;Ë7g ;+/rgf
         tof/ ubf{ / gofF b/aGbL ;[hgf ubf{ jf tTsfn sfod /x]sf] ;Ë7g
         ;+/rgf / b/aGbLdf k'g/fjnf]sg ubf{ jf x]/k]m/ ubf{ ;DalGwt
         dGqfnon] sfo{qmd, sfo{af]em, sfo{k|s[lt tyf b/aGbL yk ug'{
         kg]{ sf/0f / ;f]sf] cf}lrTo / pknAw dfgj;|f]t ;d]tsf] cfwf/df ;Ë7g
         tyf Joj:yfkg ;j]{If0f u/L cy{ dGqfnosf] ;xdlt lnO{ ;fdfGo
         k|zf;g dGqfnodf k7fpg' kg{]5 .Æ
     -@_ pkbkmf -@_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -@s_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
                                    2
              æ-@s_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd k|fKt ;xdltsf] cfwf/df
        ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnon] ;f]sf] d"NofÍg u/L tL; lbgleq :jLs[ltsf]
        nflu g]kfn ;/sf/, dlGqkl/ifb\ ;dIf k]z ug{]5 .
              t/, ;u+7g ;+/rgf / b/aGbL x]/k]m/ ePsf] cj:yfdf To:tf]
        x]/k]m/ ePsf] ;Ë7g ;+/rgf / b/aGbLsf] dfq ;Ë7g tyf Joj:yfkg
        ;j]{If0f u/L k|ltj]bg k]z ug{ ;lsg]5 .Æ
    -#_ pkbkmf -#_ df /x]sf æ-!_ / -@_Æ eGg] cÍ / cIf/sf] ;§f æ-!_,
        -@_ / -@s_Æ eGg] cÍ / cIf/ /flvPsf 5g\ .

!)= d"n P]gsf] bkmf & df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf & sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf & /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ&= lghfdtL ;]jfsf] kbk"lt{ M -!_ lghfdtL ;]jfsf] /fhkqflÍt ljlzi6
         >]0fLsf] kbdf bkmf !( adf]lhd / b]xfosf] kb b]xfo adf]lhd k"lt{
         ul/g]5 M–
                                                        a9'jfåf/f
                    kb             v'Nnf sfo{Ifdtfs cfGtl/s sfo{;Dkfb
                                  k|ltof]lu    f]    k|ltof]lutfT    g tyf
                                      tf    d"NofÍgå      ds       cg'ejsf]
                                     åf/f      f/f    k/LIffåf/f d"NofÍgaf
                                                                    6 x'g]
                                                                    a9'jfsf]
                                                                  ;dfof]hgåf
                                                                       /f
             -s_ >]0fLljxLg÷       !))Ü          –         –          –
                 /fhkq cglÍt
                 kfFrf} >]0fL
             -v_ /fhkq cglÍt         –           –         –          –
                 rt'y{ >]0fL
             -u_ /fhkq cglÍt         –        !))Ü         –          –
                 t[tLo >]0fL
             -3_ /fhkq cglÍt        ^)Ü      @)Ü         @)Ü          –
                 låtLo >]0fL
             -ª_ /fhkq cglÍt        ^)Ü      @)Ü           –        @)Ü
                 k|yd >]0fL
             -r_ /fhkqflÍt         &)Ü        !)Ü         !)Ü        !)Ü
                 t[tLo >]0fL
             -5_ /fhkqflÍt          !)Ü       ^)Ü        @)Ü         !)Ü
                 låtLo >]0fL
             -h_ /fhkqflÍt k|yd     !)Ü       ^)Ü        @)Ü         !)Ü
                 >]0fL


              -@_ of] bkmf k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt /fhkq cglÍt rt'y{ >]0fLdf
         sfo{/t alxbf/ jf ;f] ;/xsf sd{rf/Lx? of] bkmf k|f/De ePsf]
         ldltb]lv /fhkq cglÍt t[tLo >]0fLdf :jtM sfod x'g]5g\ .

                                             3
      -#_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -u_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP
tfklg /fhkq cglÍt t[tLo >]0fLsf] kbdf s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/L axfn
g/x]df To:tf] kb :jtM vf/]h x'g]5 . /fhkq cglÍt t[tLo >]0fLsf]
kbdf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lsf] a9'jf x'g] kbsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ ;]jf cjlw
/ a9'jf x'g] kbsf] >]0fLeGbf Ps >]0fL d'lgsf] nflu tf]lsP
adf]lhdsf] z}lIfs of]Uotf k'u]sf] ePdf lghnfO{ Ps >]0fL dflysf]
kbdf a9'jf ul/g]5 . o;/L a9'jf ug{sf] nflu dflyNnf] >]0fLsf] kb
:jtM ;[hgf x'g]5 / lgh dflyNnf] kbdf a9'jf x'g'eGbf cufl8 lgh
axfn /x]sf] kb :jtM vf/]h ePsf] dflgg]5 .
      -$_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L d'Vo sfo{
ug]{ / ;xfos sfo{ ug]{ >]0fLljxLg kb tf]Sg]5 .
      -%_ of] bkmf k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt l/Qm /x]sf / of] bkmf
k|f/De ePkl5 l/Qm x'g] pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd tf]lsPsf] ;xfos
sfo{ ug]{ >]0fLljxLg kbx? :jtM vf/]h x'g]5g\ . ;DalGwt
sfof{non] o:tf kbx? vf/]h ePsf] hfgsf/L lghfdtL lstfavfgfdf
k7fpg' kg]{5 . To:tf kbx?af6 ;Dkfbg ul/g] sfo{ Go"gtd
kfl/>lds tf]sL JolQm jf ;+:yf;Fu s/f/ u/L ;]jf s/f/af6 ;Dkfbg
u/fpg'
kg]{5 .
      -^_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -3_ adf]lhdsf] cfGtl/s
k|ltof]lutfTds k/LIffåf/f kbk"lt{ ug]{ kbdf /fhkq cglÍt låtLo
>]0fLsf] kbsf] nflUf cfjZos kg]{ Go"gtd z}lIfs of]Uotf /
Go"gtd ;]jf cjlw k"/f u/]sf] /fhkq cglÍt t[tLo / >]0fLljxLg kbdf
sfo{/t sd{rf/Laf6 k|lt:kwf{ u/fO{ kbk"lt{ ug'{ kg]{5 .
      -&_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg lghfdtL
;]jfnfO{ ;dfj]zL agfpg v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfåf/f k"lt{ x'g] kbdWo]
k}+tfnL; k|ltzt kb 5'6\ofO{ ;f] k|ltztnfO{ ztk|ltzt dfgL b]xfo
adf]lhdsf pDd]bjf/aLrdf dfq 5'§f5'§} k|lt:kwf{ u/fO{ kbk"lt{
ul/g]5 M–
         -s_ dlxnf         – t]QL; k|ltzt
         -v_ cflbjf;L÷
             hghflt      – ;QfO{; k|ltzt
         -u_ dw]zL        – afO{; k|ltzt
         -3_ blnt             – gf} k|ltzt
         -ª_ ckfË           – kfFr k|ltzt
         -r_ lk5l8Psf] If]q – rf/ k|ltzt

    :ki6Ls/0f M
       -!_ o; pkbkmfsf] k|of]hgsf nflu ælk5l8Psf] If]qÆ
           eGgfn] c5fd, sflnsf]6, hfh/sf]6, h'Dnf, 8f]Nkf,
           aemfË, afh'/f, d'u' / x'Dnf lhNnf ;Demg' k5{ .
                           4
        -@_ o; pkbkmfsf] v08 -s_, -v_, -u_ / -3_, sf]
            k|of]hgsf] nflu dlxnf, cflbjf;L÷hghflt, dw]zL /
            æblntÆ eGgfn] cfly{s / ;fdflhs ?kdf k5fl8 k/]sf
            dlxnf, cflbjf;L÷hghflt, dw]zL / blntnfO{ ;Demg'
            k5{ .
     -*_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg pkbkmf
-&_ sf] v08 -ª_ adf]lhd lgwf{l/t k|ltztsf] kb s'g} vf; k|s[ltsf]
sfdsf] nflu tf]lsP adf]lhdsf ckfËx?aLr dfq k|lt:kwf{ ug{ kfpg]
u/L k|lt:kwf{Tds k/LIffåf/f k"lt{ ul/g]5 .
     -(_ pkbkmf -&_ adf]lhd k|ltzt lgwf{/0f ubf{ Ps
k|ltzteGbf sd 3tfÍ -ˆofSzg_ cfPdf To:tf] 3tfÍ h'g ;d"xsf] xsdf
3tfÍ cfPsf] xf] ;f]eGbf nuQ} kl5sf] ;d"xdf ;b}{ hfg]5 .
     -!)_ pkbkmf -&_ adf]lhd 5'6\ofOPsf] kbdf h'g jif{sf] nflu
lj1fkg ePsf] xf] ;f] jif{ x'g] lj1fkgdf pko'Qm pDd]bjf/ pknAw
x'g g;s]df To:tf] kb csf]{ jif{ x'g] lj1fkgdf ;dfj]z ug'{ kg]{5 /
To;/L lj1fkg ubf{ klg pko'Qm pDd]bjf/ pknAw x'g g;s]df
To:tf] kb ;f]xL jif{ v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfåf/f k"lt{ x'g] kbdf ;dfj]z ug'{
kg]{5 .
     -!!_ pkbkmf -&_ adf]lhd lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] k|ltztåf/f kbk"lt{
ug]{ Joj:yf k|To]s bz jif{df k'g/fjnf]sg ug'{ kg]{5 .
     -!@_ pkbkmf -&_ adf]lhdsf] k|ltzt adf]lhd kb ;+Vof
lgwf{/0f ubf{ s'g} ljjfb cfPdf nf]s;]jf cfof]usf] lg0f{o clGtd
x'g]5 .
     -!#_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg s'g} vf;
k|s[ltsf] sfo{ jf kbsf nflu dlxnfn] dfq k|lt:kwf{ ug{ kfpg] u/L
g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L kb tf]Sg ;Sg]5 .
     -!$_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg s'g}
kbsf] nflu cfjZos Go"gtd of]Uotf k"/f u/L of] bkmf k|f/De
x'Fbfsf avt ;/sf/L lgsfoaf6 ;~rflnt dlxnf ljsf; sfo{qmdsf] :yfoL
kbdf sfo{/t sDtLdf kfFr jif{ c:yfoL ;]jf u/]sf dlxnf
pDd]bjf/nfO{ dfq of] bkmf k|f/De ePkl5 Psk6ssf nflu
tf]lsPsf] kbdf nf]s ;]jf cfof]uaf6 lgwf{l/t k|lt:kwf{Tds k/LIff
lnO{ :yfoL lgo'lQm ug{ ;lsg]5 .
     -!%_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd sfo{;Dkfbg tyf cg'ejsf]
d"NofÍgåf/f x'g] a9'jfsf] ;dfof]hgåf/f k"lt{ x'g] kbx? bkmf
@$3!= adf]lhd a9'jf x'g] sd{rf/Lx?af6 Ho]i7tfsf] cfwf/df
;dfof]hg ul/g]5 .
     -!^_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
pkbkmf             -!_        sf]          v08          -5_          /
-h_ adf]lhd v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfåf/f k"lt{ ul/g] /fhkqflÍt låtLo /
k|yd >]0fLsf] kbsf] nflu rflxg] Go"gtd of]Uotf ;DalGwt ljifodf
                             5
         :gftsf]Q/ pkflw k|fKt u/]sf] / s'g} ;/sf/L ;]jf jf k|rlnt sfg"g
         adf]lhd btf{ ePsf] ;Ël7t ;+:yf jf cGt/f{li6«o ;+3, ;+:yfsf]
         clws[t :t/sf] kbdf /fhkqflÍt låtLo >]0fLsf] kbsf] xsdf kfFr jif{ /
         /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fLsf] kbsf] xsdf ;ft jif{sf] cg'ej k|fKt u/]sf]
         x'g' kg]{5 .
               t/ ljBfjfl/lw :t/sf] pkflw k|fKt u/]sf] JolQmsf] xsdf cg'ejsf]
         cjlw b'O{ jif{n] sd x'g]5 .
               -!&_ lghfdtL ;]jfsf] kbk"lt{ ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf / ljz]if1
         kbx?sf] k"lt{ ;DaGwL Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
!!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf &s= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &s= sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf &s= /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ&s= kbk"lt{sf] dfu ug]{ Joj:yf M -!_ lghfdtL ;]jfsf] s'g} kb l/Qm
          ePdf To;sf] ;"rgf kb l/Qm ePsf] Ps dlxgfleqdf ;DalGwt
          lgsfon] nf]s;]jf cfof]unfO{ lbO{ ;f]sf] hfgsf/L ;fdfGo k|zf;g
          dGqfnonfO{ lbg' kg]{5 . ;f] cjlwleq ;"rgf glbg] kbflwsf/LnfO{
          ljefuLo sf/afxL x'g]5 .
               -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd l/Qm eO{ kbk"lt{sf] dfu eO{
         cfPsf kbx?sf] ljj/0f k|To]s jif{ >fj0f dlxgfleq tf]lsP adf]lhd
         ;fj{hlgs ?kdf k|sfzg ug'{ kg]{5 .
               -#_ lghfdtL ;]jfsf] kbk"lt{sf] nflu dfu ubf{ ;f] cjlw;Dd
         l/Qm x'g cfPsf kb / rfn" cfly{s jif{leqdf cjsfz tyf a9'jfaf6
         l/Qm x'g] kb ;d]t olsg u/L dfu ug{ ;lsg]5 .
               -$_ kbk"lt{sf] dfu ug]{ ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP
         adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
!@= d"n P]gsf] bkmf &v= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &v= sf]
    pkbkmf -#_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -#_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
         æ-#_ pkbkmf -!_ ljk/Lt sd{rf/L lgo'lQm u/]df lgo'Qm ug]{
    kbflwsf/Laf6 / pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd tnaL k|ltj]bg kf; gu/L tna
    v'jfPsf] ePdf To;/L tna v'jfpg] kbflwsf/Laf6 To:tf] sd{rf/Ln] kfPsf]
    tna, eQf / cGo ;'ljwf afktsf] /sd ;/sf/L afFsL ;/x c;"n pk/ ul/g]5 .
         t/ kmflhndf k/]sf] sd{rf/LnfO{ tna v'jfpg of] pkbkmfn] s'g}
    afwf k'¥ofPsf] dflgg] 5}g .
         :ki6Ls/0f M o; pkbkmfsf] k|of]hgsf] nflu ækmflhndf k/]sf
         sd{rf/LÆ eGgfn] ;Ë7g jf b/aGbL vf/]hLdf k/L cGoqsf] ;Ë7g
         jf b/aGbLdf ldnfg eOg;s]sf sd{rf/L ;Demg' k5{ .Æ
!#= d"n P]gsf] bkmf * df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf * sf] 7fpF–
    7fpFdf /x]sf æjf cGt/;]jf k|lt:kwf{Æ eGg] zAbx? lemlsPsf 5g\ .
!$= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !) df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !) sf],–
    -!_ pkbkmf -!_ sf],–


                                     6
         -s_ v08 -u_ sf] k|ltaGwfTds jfSof+z -!_ df /x]sf ækb jf
               k|fljlwsÆ eGg] zAbx? lemlsPsf 5g\ .
         -v_ v08 -u_ sf] k|ltaGwfTds jfSof+z -@_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] -
               @_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
               æ-@_ /fhkqflÍt låtLo / k|yd >]0fLsf] v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfdf
                     k}+tfnL; jif{ ggf3]sf JolQm pDd]bjf/ x'g ;Sg]5g\ .Æ
    -@_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -@_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
               æ-@_ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] ljsf; cfof]hgfsf] jf ljsf; tk{msf] s'g}
          kbdf sDtLdf kfFr jif{b]lv c:yfoL lgo'lQm kfO{ cljlR5Gg ?kdf
          ;]jf ul//x]sf dlxnf sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfsf] nflu x'g]
          nf]s;]jf cfof]usf] lj1fkgdf pDd]bjf/ x'g pd]/sf] aGb]h nfUg]
          5}g .Æ
!%= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !# df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !# sf] pkbkmf -
    !_ sf]] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -!_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
          æ-!_ s'g} klg ljefuLo k|d'v jf sfof{no k|d'vsf] kb l/Qm ePdf jf
    To:tf] kbdf axfnjfnf sd{rf/L kGw| lbgeGbf a9L ;do;Dd ljbfdf a;]df
    jf k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd sf/afxLdf k/]df ;f] kbdf tTsfn sfd rnfpgsf]
    nflu ;dfg:t/ jf a9'jfsf] nflu ;DefJo pDd]bjf/ eO;s]sf] Ps >]0fL
    d'lgsf] kbsf] lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ a9Ldf 5 dlxgfsf] nflu sfod
    d'sfod d's// ug{ ;lsg]5 . o;/L s'g} kbdf sfod d'sfod d's// ul/;s]kl5
    ;f]xL jf cGo JolQmnfO{ k'gM ;f] kbdf sfod d'sfod d's// ug{ ;lsg]
    5}g .Æ
!^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !% df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !% sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf !% /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ!%= lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] kb:yfkg M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{
          kb:yfkg ubf{ lghsf] z}lIfs of]Uotf, tflnd / cg'ejsf] cfwf/df
          ul/g]5 .
               t/ /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fLsf] ljefuLo k|d'vsf] kbdf kb:yfkg
         ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] ;xdlt adf]lhd ul/g]5 . ;fdfGo k|zf;g
         dGqfnon] To:tf] kbdf kb:yfkgsf] nflu ;xdlt lb+bf ;DalGwt
         dGqfno;Fu ;dGjo u/L plNnlvt s'/fx?sf] cltl/Qm ;f] kbdf g]t[Tj
         jxg ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf ePsf] sd{rf/Lx?dWo]nfO{ ;xdlt k|bfg ug{]5
         .
               -@_ s'g} klg lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ tf]lsPsf] ljefuLo k|d'v,
         sfof{no k|d'v jf cGo kbdf kb:yfkg jf ;?jf ubf{ g]kfn ;/sf/n]
         To:tf] kbdf /xL ug]{ sfo{x?sf] k|zf;sLo sfo{k|s[lt cg';f/
         sfo{ljj/0fsf] cwLgdf /xL ;DalGwt kbflwsf/L;Fu sfo{;Dkfbg
         ;Demf}tf u/L kb:yfkg ug{ ;Sg]5 .
               -#_ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] ljlzi6 >]0fLsf] ;lrj jf ;f] ;/xsf] kb /
         s]Gb|Lo lgsfosf] ljefuLo k|d'vsf] kbdf axfnjfnf kbflwsf/L;Fu}
         /xL sfd ug{ / a/a'emf/y u/fpg kGw| lbg;Ddsf] nflu ljz]if kb
                                     7
        :jtM ;[hgf u/L axfnjfnf kbflwsf/L cjsfz x'g' cufj} kb:yfkg u/fpg
        ;lsg]5 .
              -$_ kb:yfkg ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
!&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !^ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !^ sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf !^ /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ!^= k/LIf0fsfn M lghfdtL ;]jfsf] :yfoL kbdf gofF lgo'lQm ubf{
         dlxnf sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf 5 dlxgf / k'?if sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf Ps jif{sf]
         k/LIf0fsfndf /xg] u/L ul/g]5 . k/LIf0fsfndf lghsf] sfd
         ;Gtf]ifhgs gePdf lghsf] lgo'lQm ab/ ug{ ;lsg]5 . o;/L
         lgo'lQm ab/ gul/Psf lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] lgo'lQm k/LIf0fsfn
         ;dfKt             ePkl5            :jtM           ;b/          ePsf]
         dflgg]5 .
              t/ lghfdtL ;]jfsf] s'g} kbdf Psk6s :yfoL lgo'lQm eO{
        k/LIf0fsfn e'Qmfg ul/;s]sf] sd{rf/L lghfdtL ;]jfsf] csf]{ kbdf
        :yfoL lgo'lQm eO{ /dfgf lnO{ cfPdf To:tf] sd{rf/LnfO{ k'gM
        k/LIf0fsfndf /flvg] 5}g .
              :ki6Ls/0f M bkmf !) sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -u_ sf]
              k|ltaGwfTds jfSof+z -#_ / o; bkmfsf] k|of]hgsf nflu
              ælghfdtL ;]jfÆ eGgfn] ;+;b ;]jf / g]kfn :jf:Yo ;]jfnfO{ ;d]t
              hgfpg]5 .Æ
!*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !* df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !* sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf !* /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ!* ;?jf ug]{ clwsf/ M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ b]zsf] ljleGg
         ef}uf]lns If]qsf] cg'ej ;d]t lbnfpgsf nflu pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd
         ;?jf ul/g]5 / To:tf] ;?jf ug]{ clwsf/ clVtof/jfnfnfO{ x'g]5 .
              t/,
                  -s_ Ps dGqfno jf cGtu{tsf] ljefu jf sfof{nosf] lghfdtL
                         sd{rf/LnfO{ csf]{ dGqfno / cGtu{tsf] ljefu jf
                         sfof{nodf ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnon] ;?jf ug{]5 .
                  -v_ k|zf;g ;]jf, n]vf ;d"xsf sd{rf/Lx?sf] ;?jf dxfn]vf
                         lgoGqssf] sfof{non] ug]{5 .
              -@_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
         /fhkqflÍt ljlzi6 >]0fLsf sd{rf/LnfO{ ;?jf jf kb:yfkgf ubf{ ;fdfGo
         k|zf;g dGqLsf] cWoIftfdf g]kfn ;/sf/sf] d'Vo ;lrj / ;fdfGo
         k|zf;g dGqfnosf ;lrj ;b:o /x]sf] ;ldltsf] l;kmfl/;df g]kfn ;/sf/n]
         ug]{5 . ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf ;lrjsf] ;d]t ;?jf l;kmfl/; ug'{
         kg]{ cj:yfdf ;f] ;ldltsf] a}7sdf ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] ;lrjsf]
         ;§f k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\ sfof{nosf] ;lrjn] ;ldltsf] ;b:osf]
         ?kdf efu lng]5 .
              -#_ ljz]if1tfsf] ;]jf lng' kg]{ kbdf /x]sf] / :yfgLo:t/df cGoq
         st} klg lghsf] ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"x ;DaGwL kb tyf sfof{no
                                     8
gePsf] lghfdtL sd{rf/L / ljlzi6 >]0fL tyf /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fLsf]
sd{rf/L afx]s cGo lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] ;?jf ubf{ ;DalGwt
clVtof/jfnfn] ;fdfGotof jif{df Psk6s tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] ;dotflnsf
cg'';f/ b]xfo adf]lhd ;?jf kqdf cjlw tf]sL ug'{
kg]{5 M–

            -s_ æsÆ jf ævÆ ju{sf] ef}uf]lns If]qsf] sfof{nodf
                 sDtLdf 8]9 jif{sf] cjlw sfd ul/;s]sf] sd{rf/LnfO{
                 æ3Æ jf æuÆ ju{sf] ef}uf]lns If]qsf] sfof{nodf
                 sDtLdf b'O{ jif{sf] nflu .
            -v_ æuÆ jf æ3Æ ju{sf] ef}uf]lns If]qsf] sfof{nodf
                 sDtLdf b'O{ jif{sf] cjlw sfd u/L;s]sf]
                 sd{rf/LnfO{ ævÆ jf æsÆ ju{sf] ef}uf]lns
                 If]qsf] sfof{nodf sDtLdf 8]9 jif{sf] nflu .
     :ki6Ls/0f M o; bkmfsf] k|of]hgsf] nflu æPs jif{Æ eGgfn]
     sDtLdf b'O{ ;o t]QL; lbg ?h' xflh/ ePsf] cjlwnfO{
     hgfpg]5 .
      -$_ pkbkmf -#_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg b]xfosf]
cj:yfdf lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ lghsf] ;?jfkqdf tf]lsPsf]] cjlw
gk'Ub} ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] ;xdlt lnO{ ;?jf ug{ ;lsg]5 M–
          -s_ s'g} :yfgdf sfo{/t lghfdtL sd{rf/L czQm eO{ ;f]
               :yfgdf lghsf] pkrf/ x'g g;Sg] b]lvPsf] s'/f g]kfn
               ;/sf/åf/f tf]lsPsf] d]l8sn af]8{n] l;kmfl/; u/]df,
          -v_ s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ ljz]if lhDd]jf/L lbg'
               k/]df,
          -u_ s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ ljefuLo sf/afxL ug'{
               k/]df,
          -3_ s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ lgh sfo{/t sfof{nodf
               /flv/fVg pko'Qm gePdf,
          -ª_ lghfdtL ;]jfsf] s'g} b/aGbL s6f}tL eO{ ;f]
               b/aGbLdf sfo{/t sd{rf/L kmflhndf k/]sf] /
               lghnfO{ ;f]xL lhNnfl:yt cGo sfof{nodf ;d]t
               ;dfof]hg ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf g/x]df,
          -r_ /fhkq cglÍt lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ 3/ kfos ;?jf
               ug{' k/]df .
      -%_ o; bkmf adf]lhd ;?jf ubf{ l/Qm kb ldn];Dd lghfdtL
;]jfsf] /fhkq cglÍt >]0fLDff sfo{/t sd{rf/Lsf] klt kTgL b'j}
lghfdtL ;]jfdf eP Pp6} lhNnfdf k7fOg]5 .
      -^_ pkbkmf -#_ adf]lhd ;?jf ug'{ kg]{ ef}uf]lns If]qdf
;DalGwt ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk ;d"xsf] kb ePsf] sfof{no gePdf jf ;?jf
x'g' kg]{ ef}uf]lns If]qsf] sfof{nosf] kbdf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lsf]
                           9
        tf]lsPsf] ;]jf cjlw gk'u]sf] ePdf To;kl5sf] ;?jf x'g' kg]{ qmdsf]
        ef}uf]lns If]qsf] sfof{nodf ;?jf ug{ ;lsg]5 .
             -&_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg of]
        pkbkmf k|f/De ePkl5 lgo'Qm x'g] /fhkq cglÍt lghfdtL
        sd{rf/LnfO{ nf]s;]jf cfof]uaf6 h'g c~rn cGtu{t l;kmfl/; ul/Psf]
        xf], ;f]xL c~rnleqsf sfof{nox? afx]s bz jif{;Dd cGoq ;?jf ul/g]
        5}g .
             -*_ pkbkmf -$_ sf] v08 -u_ sf] cj:yfdf afx]s cGo kl/l:ylt
        k/L o; bkmf adf]lhdsf] cjlw gk'Ub} s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{
        ;?jf ul/Pdf To:tf] sd{rf/LnfO{ gofF 7fpFdf aGbf]j:t ug{sf] nflu
        tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] /sd lbOg]5 .
             t/ s'g} sd{rf/L cfˆgf] cg'/f]wdf ;?jf ePsf] jf sf7df8f}+
        pkTosfleqsf] Pp6f lgsfoaf6 sf7df8f}+ pkTosfleqs} csf]{
        lgsfodf jf Pp6} lhNnfsf] lhNnf ;b/d'sfdleqsf] Pp6f sfof{noaf6
        ;f]xL lhNnfsf] ;b/d'sfdleqsf] csf]{ sfof{nodf ul/Psf] ;?jfdf jf
        cjlw gtf]lsg] kbsf] ;?jfdf To:tf] /sd lbOg] 5}g .
             -(_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg cWoog
        ljbfdf /x]sf] jf :jtM lgnDagdf /x]sf] jf 5 dlxgfeGbf a9L
        cjlw;Dd cGo s'g} ljbfdf /x]sf] jf tLg dlxgfeGbf a9L cjlw
        cGoq sfhdf vl6Psf] jf s'g} vf; sfdsf] nflu jf s'g} vf; cfof]hgf
        sfof{Gjog ug{sf] nflu v6fOg] sd{rf/Lsf] kbflwsf/ lhNnf:t/sf]
        sfof{nodf jf sfof{no k|d'v jf ljefuLo k|d'vsf] kbdf /x]sf] eP
        ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] ;xdlt lnO{ ;f] cjlwe/sf] nflu ljz]if kb
        ;[hgf u/L To:tf] sd{rf/Lsf]] kbflwsf/ s]Gb|Lo:t/sf] lgsfodf ;fg{
        ;lsg]5 .
             -!)_ pkbkmf -#_ sf] v08 -s_ / -v_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf]
        eP tfklg s'g} dGqfno / cGtu{tsf] ljefu jf sfof{nosf] lghfdtL
        sd{rf/LnfO{ csf]{ dGqfno / cGtu{tsf] ljefu jf sfof{nodf ;fdfGo
        k|zf;g dGqfnon] ;?jf ug{ ;Sg]5 .
             -!!_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ljefuLo
        sf/afxL ug'{ k/]sf] cj:yfdf jf :jf:Yosf] sf/0f d]l8sn af]8{n]
        l;kmfl/; u/]sf] cj:yfdf jf ;DalGwt sd{rf/L cfk}mn] :j]R5fn]
        lgj]bg lbPsf] cj:yfdf afx]s /fhkq cglÍt / >]0fLljxLg sd{rf/Lsf]
        o; bkmf adf]lhdsf] cjlw k"/f geO{ ;?jf ul/g] 5}g .
             -!@_ o; bkmf ljk/Lt ;?jf ug]{ kbflwsf/LnfO{ clVtof/jfnfn]
        ljefuLo sf/afxL ug{ ;Sg]5 / To:tf] ;?jf ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnon]
        /2 ug]{5 . ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnon] u/]sf] ;?jf eP g]kfn ;/sf/,
        dlGqkl/ifb\n] /2 ug]{5 .
             -!#_ ;?jf ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
!(= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !*s= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !*s= sf],–
    -!_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -@_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
                                   10
          æ-@_ s'g} klg lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ lghfdtL ;]jfsf] kb
    gePsf] lgsfodf / :jLs[t c:yfoL b/aGbLdf sfhdf v6fpFbf jf sfh
    cjlw ;dfKt gx'Fb} lkmtf{ ubf{ ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] ;xdlt
    lng' kg]{5 . o:tf] sfhsf] cjlw Psk6sdf Ps jif{eGbf a9L x'g] 5}g
    .
             t/ /fhkq cglÍt sd{rf/LnfO{ sfh v6fpgsf] nflu ;fdfGo
      k|zf;g dGqfnosf] ;xdlt lnO/xg' kg]{ 5}g .Æ
-@_ pkbkmf -@_ kl5 b]xfosf pkbkmf -@s_, -@v_ / -@u_
    ylkPsf 5g\ M–
          æ-@s_ lgjf{rg, hgu0fgf, gfkL 6f]nL, vfgL ;j{]If0f h:tf
    sfddf / :yfoL k|s[ltsf cfof]u tyf ;ldltsf sfddf Psk6ssf nflu Ps
    jif{;Dd s'g} sd{rf/LnfO{ sfh v6fpg' kg]{ ePdf sfh v6fpg]
    lgsfon] ;DalGwt lgsfo / ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] ;xdlt lnO{
    sfh v6fpg' kg]{5 .
          -@v_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg s'g}
    klg sfof{nosf] ljefuLo k|d'v jf sfof{no k|d'vsf] kbdf sfo{/t
    /x]sf] sd{rf/LnfO{ ;f] kbdf kbflwsf/ /fvL cGoq cfof]hgfdf jf
    lgsfodf sfhdf v6fOg] 5}g .
          -@u_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
    ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] cltl/Qm ;d"xdf kbflwsf/ ePsf]
    sd{rf/LnfO{ ;]jf, ;d"x ldNg] u/L h'g;'s} lgsfodf ;fdfGo k|zf;g
    dGqfnon] sfdsfh ug{ v6fpg ;Sg]5 / s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]
    ljz]if1tfsf] ;]jf lngsf] nflu cGt/lgsfosf] sfo{df s'g} sd{rf/LnfO{
    sfdsfh ug{ sfhdf v6fpg' kg]{ ePdf sd{rf/L sfo{/t lgsfo / sfhdf
    lng]] lgsfosf] ;xdltdf a9Ldf tLg dlxgfsf] nflu ;fdfGo k|zf;g
    dGqfnon] sfhdf v6fpg ;Sg]5 .Æ
-#_ pkbkmf -#_ df /x]sf æpkbkmf -!_ / -@_Æ eGg] zAbx?sf]
    ;§f                 æpkbkmf                 -!_,              -@_,
    -@s_ / -@v_Æ eGg] zAbx? /fvL ;f]xL pkbkmfdf /x]sf]
    æpk/Æ eGg] zAbkl5 æu/L ljefuLo sf/afxLÆ eGg] zAbx?
    ylkPsf 5g\ .
-$_ pkbkmf -#_ kl5 b]xfosf pkbkmf -$_, -%_, -^_ / -&_ ylkPsf
    5g\ M–
          æ-$_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
    lhNnf:t/sf sfof{nox? :yfgLo lgsfodf x:tfGt/0f x'Fbf To:tf
    lhNnf:t/sf sfof{nodf sfo{/t lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ g]kfn ;/sf/n]
    sfhdf v6fpg ;Sg]5 .
          -%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd sfhdf v6fOPsf sd{rf/Lsf]
    b/aGbL lghsf] ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"x ;~rfng ug]{ dGqfnodf /xg]5
    .


                                11
              -^_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd v6fOPsf sd{rf/Lx? cf–cfˆgf]
        ;fljssf] ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"xdf x'g] a9'jfsf] nflu pDd]bjf/ x'g
        ;Sg]5g\ / /fhkq cglÍt sd{rf/L eP lgh sfo{/t lhNnfdf x'g] a9'jfsf]
        ;DefJo pDd]bjf/ x'g ;Sg]5g\ .
              -&_ sfh ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
@)= d"n P]gsf] bkmf !*v= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !*v= sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf !*v= /flvPsf] 5 M–
   æ!*v= lhDd]jf/L glbO{ /fVg gx'g] M -!_ b]xfosf] cj:yfdf afx]s s'g}
          klg lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ kbLo lhDd]jf/L glbO{ b'O{
          dlxgfeGbf           a9L          cjlw;Dd      /fVg         ;lsg]
          5}g M–
                  -s_ nfdf] ljbfdf /x]sf]df,
                  -v_ lgnDag ePsf]df,
                  -u_ cGoq sfhdf vl6Psf] sf/0f kbflwsf/ /x]sf] kbdf
                        sfod /fVg kg]{ ePdf .
               -@_ pkbkmf -!_ ljk/Lt s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ kbLo
          lhDd]jf/L glbO{ /fv]df lhDd]jf/L lbO{ sfddf nufpg' kg]{
          bfloTj ePsf] kbflwsf/LnfO{ ljefuLo sf/afxL x'g]5 .Æ
@!= d"n P]gdf bkmf !*3=, !*ª / !*r= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !*u= kl5
    b]xfosf bkmf !*3=, !*ª= / !*r= ylkPsf 5g\ M–
   æ!*3= cltl/Qm ;d"x M -!_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP
          tfklg ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnodf Ps cltl/Qm ;d"x /xg]5 .
               -@_ s'g} klg sfof{nodf kmflhndf /x]sf lghfdtL
          sd{rf/Lx?sf] kbflwsf/ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] ;d"xdf ;fg{
          ;lsg]5 .
               -#_ s'g}} klg lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ b'O{ dlxgfeGbf a9L
          cjlw;Dd cltl/Qm ;d"xdf /fVbf bkmf !*v= sf] ljk/Lt gx'g] u/L
          /fVg' kg]{5 .
               -$_ cltl/Qm ;d"x ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd
          x'g]5 .
   !*ª= lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] ;hfosf] clen]v /fVg] M -!_ ;fdfGo k|zf;g
          dGqfno / ;DalGwt lgsfon] lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] ;hfosf] clen]v
          /fVg' kg]{5 .
               -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd /flvPsf] clen]vnfO{ b]xfo
          adf]lhdsf] cjlwe/ ljefuLo k|d'vdf kb:yfkg ubf{, sfod d'sfod
          d's// ubf{, s'g} klg lgsfosf] k|d'vsf] kbdf lhDd]jf/L lb+bf,
          sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg ubf{, lghfdtL ;]jf k'/:sf/ jf lje"if0f k|bfg
          ubf{, cWoog jf tflnddf dgf]gog ubf{, :t/ j[l4 ubf{ / cGo s'g}
          lsl;dsf] cj;/ k|bfg ubf{ cfwf/ lng' kg]{5 M–


                                    12
                  -s_ gl;xt kfPsf]df ;f] ;hfo kfPsf] ldltn] Ps jif{sf]
                       cjlwe/,
                  -v_ lgnDag ePsf]df ;f] cjlwe/,
                  -u_ a9'jf /f]Ssf ePsf]df /f]Ssf ePsf] cjlwe/,
                  -3_ tna j[l4 /f]Ssf ePsf]df /f]Ssf cjlwe/ .
   !*r= g]t[Tj d"NofÍg M /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fL jf ;f]eGbf dflysf] lghfdtL
         sd{rf/Lsf] g]t[Tj d"NofÍg ;DaGwL Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5
         .Æ
@@=        d"n P]gsf] bkmf !( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf !( sf]
   pkbkmf -@_ sf],–
    -!_ v08 -v_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] v08 -v_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
         æ-v_ /fhkqflÍt ljlzi6 >]0fLsf] ;lrj jf ;f] ;/xsf] l/Qm kbdf a9'jf
              ug{ a9'jf ;ldltn] ;DefJo pDd]bjf/x?dWo]af6 pknAw
              eP;Dd l/Qm kbsf] t]Aa/ ;+Vofdf sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍgsf]
              cfwf/df ;a}eGbf a9L cÍ k|fKt ug]{x?nfO{ l;kmfl/; ug]{5 /
              To;/L l;kmfl/; ul/Psf pDd]bjf/x?dWo]af6 g]kfn ;/sf/n]
              Ho]i7tf / sfo{s'zntfsf] cfwf/df pko'Qm 7x¥ofPsf]
              pDd]bjf/nfO{ a9'jf ug]{5 .Æ
   -@_ v08 -v_ kl5 b]xfosf v08 -u_, -3_ / -ª_ ylkPsf 5g\ M–
         æ-u_ ;lrj jf ;f] ;/xsf] ljlzi6 >]0fLsf] kbdf ;DefJo pDd]bjf/ x'g
              /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fLsf sd{rf/Ln] g]kfn ;/sf/n] tf]s]sf]
              pRr:t/Lo Joj:yfkg tflnd ;d]t pQL0f{ u/]sf] x'g' kg]{5 .
                    t/ of] bkmf k|f/De ePkl5 Ps jif{leq x'g] a9'jfdf of]
              Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .
         -3_ v08 -v_ adf]lhdsf] ljlzi6 >]0fLsf] a9'jfsf] nflu
              sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍgsf] u0fgf ubf{ a9'jf x'g hlt jif{sf]
              Go"gtd ;]jf cjlw cfjZos kg]{ xf], kl5Nnf] Tolt jif{sf]
              sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍgsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 .
                    t/ of] bkmf k|f/De ePkl5 ;Dat\ @)^$ ;fn sflt{s
              d;fGtleq a9'jf ubf{ ;Dat\ @)^# ;fn cfiff9 d;fGt;Ddsf]
              dlxnf, cflbjf;L÷hghflt, dw]zL, blnt, ckfË / lk5l8Psf]
              If]qdf :yfoL a;f]jf; ePsf sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf kl5Nnf] tLg jif{ /
              cGosf] xsdf kl5Nnf] rf/ jif{sf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍgsf]
              cfwf/df a9'jf ul/g]5 .
         -ª_ o; bkmf adf]lhd l/Qm x'g] kbdf a9'jfsf] sf/afxL k|To]s
              jif{sf] kf}if dlxgfleq Psk6s / cfiff9 dlxgfleq Psk6s u/L
              jif{sf] b'O{k6s ul/g]5 .Æ
@#= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @) df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @) sf],–
  -!_ pkbkmf -!_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -!s_ ylkPsf] 5 M–


                                    13
              æ-!s_ /fhkq cglÍt k|yd >]0fLaf6 /fhkqflÍt t[tLo >]0fLsf]
         kbdf a9'jfsf] nflu l;kmfl/; ug{ b]xfo adf]lhdsf] a9'jf ;ldlt /xg]5
         M–
              -s_ nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf] cWoIfn]
                    tf]s]sf] nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf]
                    ;b:o                  – cWoIf
              -v_ nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf]
                    ;lrj                     – ;b:o
              -u_ ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf]
                    ;lrj                    – ;b:o
              -3_ nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf]
                    cWoIfaf6 dgf]gLt
                    ;DalGwt ljifosf]
                    ljz]if1                 – ;b:o
              -ª_ ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"x
                    ;~rfng ug]{ dGqfnosf] ;lrj jf lghn] tf]s]sf]
                    /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fLsf] clws[t     – ;b:o–
                    ;lrj
              -!v_ pkbkmf -!s_ adf]lhdsf] a9'jf ;ldltsf] ;lrjfno ;]jf, ;d"x jf
         pk;d"x ;~rfng ug]{ dGqfnodf /xg]5 .Æ
  -@_ pkbkmf -$_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -$_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
              æ-$_ a9'jf ;ldltn] a9'jf gfdfjnL k|sfzg ubf{ a9'jfsf] nflu
         cfj]bg kmf/fd e/]sf ;DefJo pDd]bjf/x?n] kfPsf] s'n cÍ ;d]t
         k|sfzg                                                          ug'{
         kg]{5 .Æ
  -#_ pkbkmf -$_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -$s_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
              æ-$s_ a9'jf ;ldltn] cfj]bg kmf/fd a'emfpg] clGtd ldltn] rf/
         dlxgfleq a9'jfsf] glthf k|sfzg ug'{ kg]{5 .Æ
@$= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @)s= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @)s=
   sf],–
   -!_ pkbkmf -!_ df /x]sf] æt[tLoÆ eGg] zAbsf] ;§f æk|ydÆ
        eGg] zAb / ;f]xL pkbkmfdf /x]sf] ætxÆ eGg] zAbsf] ;§f
        æ>]0fLÆ eGg] zAb /flvPsf] 5 .
   -@_ pkbkmf -@_ df /x]sf] æt[tLoÆ eGg] zAbsf] ;§f æk|ydÆ
        eGg] zAb / ;f]xL pkbkmfdf /x]sf] ætxÆ eGg] zAbsf] ;§f
        æ>]0fLÆ eGg] zAb /flvPsf] 5 .
   -#_ pkbkmf -#_ kl5 b]xfosf pkbkmf -$_ / -%_ ylkPsf 5g\ M–
              æ-$_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg Pp6}
        kbdf o; bkmf adf]lhdsf] cjlw k"/f ePsf] s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]


                                      14
        d[To' ePdf To:tf] sd{rf/Lsf] kl/jf/nfO{ Ps >]0fL dflysf] kbsf]
        lgj[Qe/0f nufotsf cGo ;'ljwf k|bfg ul/g]5 .
               -%_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
        sDtLdf kGw| jif{;Dd Pp6} kbdf axfn /x]sf /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fL
        / /fhkqflÍt låtLo >]0fLsf lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] a9'jf eO{ cjsfz lng
        rfx]df To:tf] sd{rf/LnfO{ Ps >]0fLdfyL a9'jf u/L cjsfz lbOg]5
        .Æ
@%=         d"n P]gsf] bkmf @! df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @!
   sf],–
   -!_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -!_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
               æ-!_ a9'jfsf] lgldQ pDd]bjf/ x'g a9'jf x'g] kbsf]
         >]0fLeGbf Ps >]0fL d'lgsf] kbsf] nflu tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] z}lIfs
         of]Uotf / b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Go"gtd ;]jf cjlw k'u]sf] x'g' kg]{5
         M–
               -s_ /fhkq cglÍt kbsf] lgldQ tLg jif{,
               -v_ /fhkqflÍt kbsf] lgldQ kfFr jif{ .Æ
   -@_ pkbkmf -@_ df /x]sf] ædlxnfÆ eGg] zAbsf] ;§f ædlxnf,
         cflbjf;L÷hghflt, dw]zL, blnt, ckfË / lk5l8Psf] If]qdf :yfoL
         a;f]jf; ePsfÆ eGg] zAbx? ylkPsf 5g\ .
@^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @@ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @@ sf]
   v08 -u_ kl5 b]xfosf] v08 -3_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
         æ-3_ bkmf @^ adf]lhd ;]jf jf ;d"x kl/jt{g u/]sf] sd{rf/L eP
               To;/L ;]jf jf ;d"x kl/jt{g ePsf] ldltn] tLg jif{ / cfk}mn]
               lgj]bg lbO{ ;]jf jf ;d"x kl/jt{g u/]sf] eP To;/L ;]jf jf ;d"x
               kl/jt{g         u/]sf]          ldltn]      kfFr        jif{sf]
               cjlwe/ .Æ
@&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$ sf] ;§f
   b]xfosf] bkmf @$ /flvPsf] 5 M–
   æ@$= sfo{Ifdtfsf] cfwf/df x'g] a9'jfsf] cfwf/ M -!_ a9'jf ;ldltn]
         lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ sfo{Ifdtf afkt kfPsf] s'n cÍsf] cfwf/df
         a9'jfsf] nflu l;kmfl/; ug]{5 .
               -@_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] sfo{Ifdtfsf] d"NofÍg ubf{ b]xfo
         adf]lhd a9Ldf Ps;o cÍ lbOg]5 M–
                   -s_ sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg
                       afkt             – rfnL; cÍ
                   -v_ Ho]i7tf afkt         – tL; cÍ
                   -u_         z}lIfs of]Uotf afkt – afx| cÍ
                   -3_        ef}uf]lns If]qdf sfd
                       u/] afkt           – ;f]x| cÍ
                   -ª_                   tflnd afkt – b'O{ cÍ
                                      15
                -#_ ;DefJo pDd]bjf/sf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg afkt cÍ u0fgf
         ubf{ cfiff9 d;fGt;Ddsf] lx;fan] / cGo cÍsf] u0fgf ubf{ a9'jfsf]
         b/vf:t lbg] clGtd Dofb;Dd xfl;n u/]sf] cÍ u0fgf ul/g]5 .Æ
@*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$s= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$s=
   sf],–
   -!_ pkbkmf -$_, -%_ / -^_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf pkbkmf -$_, -%_ / -^_
        /flvPsf 5g\ M–
                æ-$_ /fhkqflÍt lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg
         cw{jflif{s / jflif{s ?kdf tyf /fhkq cglÍt sd{rf/Lsf]] nflu jflif{s
         ?kdf ul/g]5 .
                -%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhd cw{jflif{s ?kdf sfo{;Dkfbg
         d"NofÍg ubf{ ;f] cjlw ;dfKt ePsf] ;ft lbgleq ;DalGwt /fhkqflÍt
         sd{rf/Ln] lgwf{l/t sfo{x?, ;Dkflbt sfo{x?, s'g} sfo{ ;DkGg x'g
         g;s]sf] eP To:tf] ;DkGg x'g g;s]sf sfo{x? / To;sf] sf/0f ;lxt
         pNn]v u/L tf]lsPsf] 9fFrfdf b'O{ k|lt kmf/fd e/L ;'kl/j]Ifs ;dIf
         k]z ug'{ kg]{5 . To;/L k]z ePsf] kmf/fd ;'kl/j]Ifsn] d"NofÍg u/L
         k[i7kf]if0f lbg' kg]{ s'/f kmf/fdsf] lglb{i6 :yfgdf g} pNn]v u/L
         csf]{ ;ft lbgleq Ps k|lt ;DalGwt sd{rf/LnfO{ lkmtf{ lbg' kg]{5
         . jflif{s sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg ubf{ cw{jflif{s ?kdf el/Psf k|To]s
         sfo{;Dkfbg         d"NofÍg      kmf/fdsf]     ;d]t    cfwf/     lng'
         kg]{5 . cw{jflif{s sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg kmf/fd lglb{i6 ;dodf
         geg]{ sd{rf/L / To;sf] hfFr u/L k[i7kf]if0f glbg] ;'kl/j]IfsnfO{
         clVtof/jfnfn] ljefuLo sf/afxL ug{ ;Sg]5 .
                -^_ jflif{s ?kdf d"NofÍg ug'{ kg]{ sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg
         /fhkq cglÍt sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf ;DalGwt sfof{no k|d'v tyf ljefuLo
         k|d'vn] tf]lsPsf] cjlwleq d"NofÍg u/L, u/fO{ To;sf] tLg k|lt
         tof/ u/L Ps k|lt nf]s ;]jf cfof]u, Ps k|lt a9'jf ;ldltsf] ;lrjfnodf
         k7fO{ csf]{ Ps k|lt ;DalGwt sfof{nodf /fVg' kg]{5 . Ps jif{df
         PseGbf a9L sfof{nodf sfo{/t sd{rf/Ln] ;?jf eO{ /dfgf lnO{
         cfpFbf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] 9f+rfdf ;DalGwt ;'kl/j]Ifsaf6
         sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg kmf/fd e/fO{ ;f] ;d]t lnO{ cfpg' kg]{5 .
         jflif{s sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg ug]{ ;'kl/j]Ifsn] To;/L k|fKt ;fljs
         sfof{nosf] ;'kl/j]Ifssf] d"NofÍgnfO{ ;d]t cfwf/ lng' kg]{5 .
         /fhkqflÍt lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf ;DalGwt dGqfno, ;lrjfno jf
         cfof]u jf s]Gb|Lo lgsfosf] ;lrjn] tf]lsPsf] cjlwleq d"NofÍg u/L
         u/fO{ To;sf] tLg k|lt tof/ u/L Ps k|lt nf]s ;]jf cfof]u / Ps k|lt
         a9'jf ;ldltsf] ;lrjfnodf k7fO{ csf]{ Ps k|lt ;DalGwt dGqfno,
         ;lrjfno jf cfof]u jf s]Gb|Lo lgsfodf /fVg' kg]{5 . sfo{;Dkfbg
         d"NofÍg ug]{ k|To]s lgsfon] tf]lsPsf] cjlwleq cfk"mn]
         d"NofÍg u/]sf] kmf/fd k]z ug'{ kg]{ lgsfodf k7fPsf] gfdfjnL
         ;lxtsf] ;"rgf ;ft lbgleq cfˆgf] sfof{nosf] ;"rgf kf6Ldf k|sfzg ug{'
         kg]{5 .Æ
                                     16
-@_ pkbkmf -^_ kl5 b]xfosf pkbkmf -^s_, -^v_, -^u_ / -^3_
   ylkPsf 5g\ M–
         æ-^s_ k|To]s lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] cfˆgf] sfo{;Dkfbg
   d"NofÍg kmf/fd e/L tf]lsPsf] ;dofjlwleq ;DalGwt sfof{nodf
   btf{
   ug'{ kg]{5 . To:tf] cjlwleq btf{ ug{ g;sL ;f]sf] dgfl;a sf/0f ;lxt
   Dofb yksf] nflu ;DalGwt sd{rf/Ln] lgj]bg lbPdf / ;'kl/j]Ifsn]
   lgj]bgdf plNnlvt sf/0f dgfl;a b]v]df tf]lsPsf] ;dofjlw ;dfKt
   ePsf] ldltn] kGw| lbg;Ddsf] Dofb yk ug{ ;Sg]5 . To;/L
   ylkPsf] Dofbkl5 ;f]xL cfly{s jif{leq} sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg
   kmf/fd btf{ x'g cfPdf btf{ ePsf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg kmf/fddf
   d"NofÍg afkt s'n k|fKtfÍaf6 k'g/fjnf]sg ;ldltn] Ps cÍ 36fpg]5 .
         t/ sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg kmf/fd eg]{ ;dofjlwdf s'g} lghfdtL
   sd{rf/L j}b]lzs tflnd, uf]i7L jf cWoog e|d0f cflbdf sfhdf hfg'
   kg]{ cj:yf k/]df To;/L hfg'eGbf cufj} sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg
   kmf/fd e/L ;DalGwt sfof{nodf btf{ u/fpg' kg]{5 . To;/L btf{
   ePsf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg kmf/fdnfO{ lgwf{l/t ;dod} btf{
   ePsf] dfgL d"NofÍg ug'{ kg]{5 .
         -^v_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] ;dodf g} e/L btf{ u/]sf] sfo{;Dkfbg
   d"NofÍg kmf/fd tf]lsPsf] cjlwleq d"NofÍg gug]{
   kbflwsf/LnfO{                         ljefuLo               sf/afxL
   ul/g]5 .
         -^u_ k|To]s jif{ ul/g] jflif{s sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg
   k'g/fjnf]sg ;ldltaf6 e};s]kl5 ;DalGwt sd{rf/Ln] To; jif{ k|fKt
   u/]sf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍgsf] s'n cÍ lghn] lgj]bg lbO{ dfu
   u/]df       k'g/fjnf]sg      ;ldltsf]     ;lrjfnon] hfgsf/L     lbg'
   kg]{5 .
         t/ k'g/fjnf]sg ;ldltn] lbPsf] cÍ hfgsf/L u/fOg] 5}g .
         -^3_ pkbkmf -^u_ adf]lhd hfgsf/L lnPkl5 ;'k/Lj]Ifs /
   k'g/fjnf]sgstf{n] u/]sf] d"NofÍg s'g} sd{rf/LnfO{ lrQ ga'em]df
   ;f]sf] 7f]; cfwf/ / sf/0f ;lxt ;ft lbgleq tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] clwsf/L
   ;dIf ph'/L ug{ ;Sg]5 . To;/L ph'/L u/]sf]df To:tf] clwsf/Ln]
   ph'/L pk/ ;DalGwt ;'kl/j]Ifs / k'g/fjnf]sgstf{;Fu k/fdz{ u/L
   cfjZos 5fglag ug]{5 / cfjZos b]lvPdf To:tf] d"NofÍg kmf/fddf
   k|fKt cÍ tf]lsP adf]lhd ;+zf]wg ug{ ;Sg]5 .Æ
-#_ pkbkmf -*_ df /x]sf] k|ltaGwfTds jfSof+zsf] v08 -!_ / -@_
   sf] ;§f b]xfosf v08 -!_ / -@_ /flvPsf 5g\ M–
   æ-!_       cWoog jf tflnddf uPsf] jf lgnDag eO{ lgnDag
         k'ms'jf ePsf]df lgnDag cjlwsf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg afkt
         To:tf] cWoog jf tflnddf hfg'eGbf jf lgnDag x'g'eGbf
         tTsfn cl3sf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg ePdf ;f]xL jif{sf] / To:tf]
         sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍg gePdf xflh/ ePkl5 e/]sf] sfo{;Dkfbg
                                17
              d"NofÍgdf hlt cÍ kfPsf] 5 ;f]xL cg'kftdf g} cÍ u0fgf ul/g]5
              .
        -@_         c;fwf/0f ljbfdf a;]sf] cjlwnfO{ s6fP/ dfq} ;DefJo
              pDd]bjf/sf] lx;fa ul/g]5 / To:tf] ljbf cjlwsf] sfo{;Dkfbg
              d"NofÍg kmf/fd el/g] 5}g . c;fwf/0f ljbfdf a;]sf] sd{rf/Lsf]
              sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍgsf] k|of]hgsf] lgldQ cÍ u0fgf ubf{
              c;fwf/0f ljbfdf a;]sf] cjlw s6fO{ ;f]eGbf cufl8 jf k5fl8sf
              jif{x?sf a9'jfsf] nflu cfjZos kg]{ cjlwsf] sfo{;Dkfbg
              d"NofÍg afktsf] cÍ u0fgf ul/g]5 .Æ
    -$_ pkbkmf -(_ lemlsPsf] 5 .
@(= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$v= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$v= sf]
    ;§f      b]xfo           adf]lhdsf]       bkmf        @$v=        /flvPsf]
    5 M–
    æ@$v=           Ho]i7tfsf] d"NofÍg M lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ Ho]i7tf
          afktsf] cÍ k|bfg ubf{ xfn axfn /x]sf] b]xfo adf]lhdsf] >]0fLdf
          sfd u/] afkt b]xfosf] b/n] a9Ldf tL; cÍ k|bfg ul/g]5 M
              -s_ /fhkq cglÍt t[tLo / låtLo >]0fLsf kbdf sfd u/] afkt
                     k|To]s jif{sf] cÍ #=&% sf] b/n] ,
              -v_ /fhkq cglÍt k|yd >]0fLsf] kbdf sfd u/] afkt k|To]s
                     jif{sf] cÍ # sf] b/n],
              -u_ /fhkqflÍt t[tLo / låtLo >]0fLsf] kbdf sfd u/] afkt
                     k|To]s jif{sf] cÍ @=% sf] b/n] .
                t/,
                     -!_ Ho]i7tf afkt cÍ u0fgf ubf{ Ps jif{eGbf a9L
                           rfgr'g dlxgf jf lbgsf] nflu bfdf;fxLsf] lx;fan] cÍ
                           lbOg]5 .
                     -@_ o; bkmfsf] k|of]hgsf] nflu uon ePsf] jf c;fwf/0f
                           ljbfdf a;]sf] cjlwsf] cÍ lbOg] 5}g .Æ
#)= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$u= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$u= sf]]
    ;§f b]xfosf] bkmf @$u= /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ@$u=ef}uflns If]qsf] ljefhg M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ ljleGg
         ef}uf]lns If]qdf sfd u/]sf] cg'ejsf] cÍ k|bfg ubf{ b]zsf] ljleGg
         ef}uf]lns If]qnfO{ qmdzM æsÆ, ævÆ, æuÆ / æ3Æ rf/
         ju{df ljefhg u/L b]xfo adf]lhdsf] kbdf tLdWo] Ps jf PseGbf
         a9L ju{df sfd u/]sf] cg'ej afkt ;f]x| cÍdf ga9\g] u/L b]xfo
         adf]lhd cÍ lbOg]5 M–
               -s_ /fhkq cglÍt t[tLo / låtLo >]0fLsf] kbdf,–
                     -!_ æsÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ $=))
                           sf b/n],


                                      18
         -@_        ævÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ
             #=@% sf b/n],
         -#_ æuÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ
             @=%) sf b/n],
         -$_ æ3Æ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ @=))
             sf b/n] .
     -v_ /fhkq cglÍt k|yd >]0fLsf] kbdf,–
         -!_ æsÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ $=))
             sf b/n],
         -@_        ævÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ
             #=@% sf b/n],
         -#_ æuÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ
             @=%) sf b/n],
         -$_ æ3Æ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ !=%)
             sf b/n] .

      -u_ /fhkqflÍt t[tLo / låtLo >]0fLsf] kbdf,–
           -!_ æsÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ $=))
                sf b/n],
           -@_         ævÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ
                #=@% sf b/n],
           -#_ æuÆ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ
                @=%) sf b/n],
           -$_ æ3Æ ju{df sfd u/]sf] k|To]s jif{sf] nflu cÍ
                !=@%                                            sf
                b/n] .
     -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg of] bkmf
k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt s'g} sd{rf/Ln]] ef}uf]lns If]q afkt k|fKt
ul/;s]sf] cÍ 36\g] 5}g .
     -#_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu ljleGg ef}uf]lns
If]qx?sf]              ljj/0f           tf]lsP            adf]lhd
x'g]5 .
     -$_ s'g} Ps ef}uf]lns If]qdf sDtLdf b'O{ ;o t]QL; lbg ?h'
xflh/ geO{ ;f] ef}uf]lns If]qsf] cÍ kfOg] 5}g . b'O{ ;o t]QL;
lbgeGbf a9L cjlwsf] nflu bfdf;fxLsf] b/n] ;f]xL ef}uf]lns
If]qsf] / ;f]eGbf sd cjlwsf] nflu h'g;'s} ef}uf]lns If]qdf sfd
u/]sf] eP klg æ3Æ ju{ ;/xsf] cÍ lbOg]5 . ef}uf]lns If]qdf sfd
u/] afkt kfpg] cÍ h'g >]0fLdf a9'jf x'g] xf] ;f] >]0fLeGbf Ps
>]0fL d'lgsf] kbdf k|fKt u/]sf] eP dfq u0fgf ul/g]5 .

                           19
               -%_ ljb]zl:yt g]kfnL s"6g}lts lgof]u jf cGo s'g} sfof{nodf
         sfd ug]{ sd{rf/LnfO{ æ3Æ ju{ ;/xsf] / cWoog ljbf tyf j}b]lzs
         tflnddf sfhdf hfg] lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ æ3Æ ju{sf] nflu
         tf]lsPsf] cÍsf] cfwf cÍ lbOg]5 .Æ
#!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$3= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$3=
    sf],–
    -!_ pkbkmf -!_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -!_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
              æ-!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] cÍ lb+bf
         lghfdtL ;]jfsf] s'g} kbdf ;]jf k|j]z ug{ cfjZos kg]{ Go"gtd z}lIfs
         of]Uotf / Go"gtd z}lIfs of]UotfeGbf dflysf] ;]jf, ;d"x jf
         pk;d"x;Fu ;DalGwt ljifosf] Ps cltl/Qm z}lIfs pkflw afkt afx|
         cÍdf ga9\g] u/L b]xfo adf]lhd cÍ lbOg]5 . ;]jf k|j]z ug{ cfjZos
         Go"gtd z}lIfs of]UotfeGbf dflyNnf] z}lIfs pkflw dfq kfPsf]
         cj:yfdf klg ;f]xL a/fa/sf] b'j} cÍ lbOg]5 M–

                                    cÍ
                 z}lIfs of]Uotf -    k|yd     låtLo      t[tLo
                      pkflw_         >]0fL    >]0fL      >]0fL
         -  ;]jf k|j]zsf] lgldQ
         s_ tf]lsPsf] Go"gtd
            z}lIfs of]Uotf afkt          (    *=&%       *=%)

         -  ;]jf k|j]zsf] lgldQ
         v_ tf]lsPsf] Go"gtd
            z}lIfs of]UotfeGbf
            dflysf] ;DalGwt
            ljifosf] s'g} Ps             #
            cltl/Qm z}lIfs pkflw             @=&% @=%)Æ
            afkt

    -@_ pkbkmf -@_ lemlsPsf] 5 .
    -#_ pkbkmf -#_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -#_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
             æ-#_ bkmf & sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -5_ / -h_ adf]lhd
        v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfåf/f k"lt{ x'g] /fhkqflÍt låtLo / k|yd >]0fLsf]
        kbsf] lgldQ lgwf{l/t Go"gtd z}lIfs of]Uotf afx]s /fhkqflÍt låtLo
        >]0fLeGbf dflysf] kbdf a9'jfsf] nflu klg /fhkqflÍt t[tLo >]0fLsf]
        ;]jf k|j]zsf] nflu lgwf{l/t Go"gtd z}lIfs of]UotfnfO{ Go"gtd
        z}lIfs of]Uotf dflgg]5 .Æ
    -$_ pkbkmf -$_ lemlsPsf] 5 .
    -%_ pkbkmf -%_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -%_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
                                    20
             æ-%_ ;]jfsflng tflnd afkt k|yd >]0fLsf] nflu @ cÍ, låtLo
       >]0fLsf] nflu !=&% cÍ / t[tLo >]0fLsf] nflu !=% cÍ k|bfg ul/g]5
       .Æ
   -^_ pkbkmf -^_ sf] cGTodf b]xfosf] :ki6Ls/0f ylkPsf] 5 M–
       æ:ki6Ls/0f M æPs dlxgfsf] tflndÆ eGgfn] tL; sfo{lbg jf
       ;f]eGbf a9L cjlwsf] ;]jf;Fu ;DalGwt tflndnfO{ hgfpFg]5 .Æ
    -&_pkbkmf -&_ kl5 b]xfosf pkbkmf -*_ / -(_ ylkPsf 5g\ M–
             æ-*_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] a9'jf k|of]hgsf] nflu b/vf:t;Fu k]z
       u/]sf] z}lIfs of]Uotf ;f] ;]jf, ;d"x, pk;d"x;Fu ;DalGwt xf] jf
       xf]Og eGg] ;DaGwdf tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] ;Da4tf lgwf{/0f ;ldltn]
       lg0f{o u/] adf]lhd x'g]5 . a9'jf k|of]hgsf] nflu b/vf:t;Fu k]z
       u/]sf] z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] ;Da4tf lgwf{/0f a9'jf ;ldltsf] a}7s
       a:g'eGbf cufl8sf] ldlt;Dd ePdf To:tf] z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] cÍ
       a9'jfsf] nflu u0fgf ul/g]5 .
             -(_ o; bkmfsf] cwLgdf /xL tflnd lbg] ;+:yf / tflndsf] :t/
       ;DaGwL Joj:yf ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"x ;~rfng ug]{ dGqfno;Fu
       ;dGjo u/L ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnon] tf]s] adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
#@= d"n P]gdf bkmf @$3!= / @$3@= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$3=
   kl5 b]xfosf bkmf @$3!=/ @$3@= ylkPsf 5g\ M–
   æ@$3!= sfo{;Dkfbg                tyf cg'ejsf] d"NofÍgåf/f ul/g] a9'jf
          ;DaGwL ljz]if Joj:yf M -!_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f
          n]lvPsf] eP tfklg b]xfosf] >]0fLsf] kbdf sDtLdf b]xfo
          adf]lhdsf] ;]jf cjlw k"/f u/]sf lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] ;DalGwt ;]jf,
          ;d"x jf pk;d"xsf] kbdf ;]jf k|j]z ubf{ jf ;d"xLs[t x'Fbfsf avt
          lgwf{l/t cfjZos Go"gtd z}lIfs of]UotfeGbf dflyNnf] z}lIfs
          of]Uotf ;]jf k|j]z jf ;d"lxs[t x'g'eGbf cl3 jf kl5 k|fKt u/]sf] eP
          To:tf lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ Ps >]0fL dflysf] kbdf a9'jf ul/g]5
          M–
                  -s_/fhkq cglÍt låtLo >]0fL– bz jif{
                  -v_/fhkq cglÍt k|yd >]0fL– afx| jif{
                  -u_        /fhkqflÍt t[tLo >]0fL – kGw| jif{
                  -3_       /fhkqflÍt låtLo >]0fL – c7f/ jif{
              -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg /fhkqflÍt
         t[tLo >]0fL, /fhkq cglÍt k|yd >]0fL / /fhkq cglÍt låtLo >]0fLsf
         lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] Pp6} >]0fLsf] :yfoL kbdf qmdzM c7f/,
         kGw| / t]x| jif{ jf ;f]eGbf a9L ;]jf cjlw k"/f u/L ;DalGwt ;]jf,
         ;d"x jf pk;d"xsf]] kbdf ;]jf k|j]z ubf{ jf ;d"xLs[t x'Fbfsf avt
         lgwf{l/t ljifodf Go"gtd z}lIfs of]Uotf k|fKt u/]sf] eP To:tf]
         lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ Ps >]0fL dflysf] kbdf a9'jf ul/g]5 .
               -#_ pkbkmf -!_ / -@_ adf]lhdsf] a9'jf x'g b]xfosf] zt{
         k"/f ePsf] x'g' kg]{5 M–
                                     21
          -s_bkmf @@ cg';f/sf] sf/afxL ePsf] x'g gx'g],
          -v_kl5Nnf] tLg jif{sf] sfo{;Dkfbg d"NofÍgdf cf}iftdf
              gAa] k|ltzt jf ;f]eGbf a9L cÍ k|fKt u/]sf] x'g' kg]{ .
      -$_ g]kfn Gofo ;]jfsf] /fhkqflÍt kbaf6 a9'jf x'g] cj:yfdf
Gofo ;]jf cfof]un] / ;f] afx]s pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ adf]lhd
a9'jfsf] l;kmfl/; ug]{ k|of]hgsf nflu b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Ps a9'jf
;ldlt /xg]5 M–
          -s_nf]s;]jf cfof]usf] cWoIfn]
              tf]s]sf] nf]s;]jf
              cfof]usf] ;b:o           – cWoIf
          -v_;lrj, ;DalGwt sd{rf/L
              axfn /x]sf] dGqfno
              jf lgsfo                   – ;b:o
          -u_      ;lrj, ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfno
              jf lghn] tf]s]sf] ;f]xL
              dGqfnosf] /fhkqflÍt
              k|yd >]0fLsf] clws[t – ;b:o
      :ki6Ls/0f M ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnosf] sd{rf/Lsf] a9'jf ug'{
      k/]sf] cj:yfdf k|wfgdGqL tyf dlGqkl/ifb\ sfof{nosf] ;lrj
      ;b:o
      /xg]5 .
      -%_ pkbkmf -$_ adf]lhdsf] a9'jf ;ldltsf] ;lrjfno a9'jfsf]
pDd]bjf/ x'g] sd{rf/L axfn /x]sf] dGqfno jf lgsfodf /xg]5 /
a9'jf ;ldltn] o; bkmf adf]lhdsf] a9'jf l;kmfl/; ubf{ k|To]s cfly{s
jif{sf] kf}if dlxgfdf Psk6s / cfiff9 dlxgfdf Psk6s u/L jif{sf]
b'O{k6s ug'{ kg]{5 .
      -^_ pkbkmf -!_ jf -@_ ad]flhd a9'jf ug{sf] nflu To:tf]
sd{rf/L axfn /x]sf] sfof{nodf ;DalGwt ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"xsf] Ps
>]0fL dflysf] ljz]if kb :jtM ;[hgf x'g]5 / To:tf] kbdf ;DalGwt
lgsfon] a9'jf u/]kl5 a9'jf sfod ePsf] ldltb]lv nfu" x'g] u/L a9'jf
ePsf] ljz]if kb lghfdtL lstfavfgfn] btf{ ug]{5 .
      -&_ pkbkmf -^_ adf]lhdsf] kbdf a9'jf ePsf] sd{rf/L
h'g;'s} sf/0fn] ;]jfaf6 cjsfz ePdf jf lgh dflyNnf] kbdf a9'jf
ePdf jf b/aGbLsf] kbdf ;dfof]hg ePdf To:tf] kb :jtM vf/]h
eO{ lgh o; bkmf adf]lhd a9'jf x'g'eGbf tTsfn cuf8Lsf] kb
:jtM sfod ePsf] dflgg]5 / ;f]xL adf]lhd lghfdtL lstfavfgfn]
To:tf] kbsf] clen]v Jojl:yt ug]{5 .
      -*_ pkbkmf -&_ adf]lhd ;dfof]hg ePsf] cj:yfdf afx]s
pkbkmf -^_ ad]flhdsf] ljz]if kbdf a9'jf ePsf] lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln]
To;/L a9'jf x'g'eGbf cuf8Lsf] kbdf axfn /xFbf ;Dkfbg u/]sf]
sfd g} ;Dkfbg ug'{ kg]{5 .
                           22
         t/ Ho]i7tf u0fgf ubf{ a9'jf ePs} kbsf] u0fgf ul/g]5 / o;
   bkmf adf]lhd a9'jf kfPsf] sd{rf/Ln] ;f]eGbf dflyNnf] >]0fLsf]
   kbsf] lglDt x'g] ;a} k|sf/sf] a9'jfsf] lglDt k|lt:kwf{ ug{ kfpg]5 .
         -(_ o; bkmf adf]lhd a9'jf ePsf sd{rf/Lx?sf] pkbkmf -&_
   adf]lhd                        ;dfof]hg                    geP;Dd
   cGo lgsfosf] o;} bkmf adf]lhdsf] a9'jfåf/f ;[hgf ePsf] ljz]if
   b/aGbLdf dfq ;?jf ul/g]5 .
         -!)_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o; bkmf
   adf]lhdsf] a9'jfaf6 Ps} sfof{nodf Ps} >]0fLsf PseGbf a9L
   sd{rf/Lx? eO{ sfof{no k|d'v x'g ;Sg] cj:yf ePdf To:tf]
   sfof{nodf axfn /x]sf To:tf >]0fLsf sd{rf/LdWo] ;a}eGbf jl/i7
   sd{rf/L sfof{no k|d'v eO{ sfd ug]{5 .
         -!!_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg of] P]g
   k|f/De ePkl5 klxnf]k6s afx]s a9'jf ubf{ klxn] sfo{Ifdtfsf]
   d"NofÍgåf/f x'g] a9'jfsf] sf/afxL ;DkGg u/L To;kl5 dfq o;
   bkmf adf]lhdsf] a9'jfsf] l;kmfl/; ug'{ kg]{5 .
         -!@_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg :t/
   j[l4 x'g] kbdf o; bkmf adf]lhdsf] a9'jf Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .
         -!#_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg o;
   bkmf adf]lhd x'g] a9'jfn] v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfåf/f kb k"lt{ ug]{
   Joj:Yffdf s'g} k|lts"n c;/ k'¥ofpg] 5}g .
         -!$_ sfo{;Dkfbg tyf cg'ejsf] d"NofÍgåf/f ul/g] a9'jfsf]
   b/vf:t cfJxfg ug]{, glthf k|sfzg ug]{ k|lqmof / cjlw, a9'jf
   pk/sf] ph"/L Pj+ a9'jf kfpg] sd{rf/Lx?sf] ;dfof]hg nufotsf
   sfo{ljlw ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .
@$3@=        >]0fLljxLg sd{rf/Lsf] :t/ j[l4 ;DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_
    >]0fLljxLg kbx?sf] :t/ b]xfo adf]lhd x'g]5 M–
               -s_ k|yd:t/
               -v_ låtLo:t/
               -u_ t[tLo:t/
               -3_ rt'y{:t/
               -ª_ kfFrf} :t/
           -@_ >]0fLljxLg kbdf z'? lgo'QmL x'g] lghfdtL
     sd{rf/Lsf] k|yd :t/ sfod x'g]5 .
           -#_ bkmf !*ª= adf]lhd ;hfosf] clen]v gePsf] >]0fLljxLg
     sd{rf/Lsf] clVtof/jfnfn] b]xfo adf]lhd :t/ j[l4 ug]{5 M–
             -s_ kfFr jif{ jf ;f]eGbf a9L t/ bz jif{eGbf sd ;]jf cjlw
                  ePsf]nfO{ låtLo :t/,
             -v_ bz jif{ jf ;f]eGbf a9L t/ kGw| jif{eGbf sd ;]jf cjlw
                  ePsf]nfO{ t[tLo :t/,
                               23
                   -u_ kGw| jif{ jf ;f]eGbf a9L t/ aL; jif{eGbf sd ;]jf cjlw
                          ePsf]nfO{ rt'y{ :t/ .
                   -3_ aL; jif{ jf ;f]eGbf a9L ;]jf cjlw ePsf]nfO{ kfrf}+ :t/
                          .
                 -$_ pkbkmf -#_ sf] :t/ adf]lhdsf] tnadfg g]kfn ;/sf/n]
          tf]s] adf]lhd x'g]5 .
                 -%_ :t/ j[l4 ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
##= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$ª= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @$ª= sf]
    ;§f b]xfosf] bkmf @$ª= /flvPsf] 5 M–
   æ@$ª= j}olQms ljj/0f /fVg'kg]{ M -!_ cfk"m axfn /x]sf] sfof{nodf
          sfo{/t lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] j}olQms ljj/0f b'?:t /fVg] lhDd]jf/L
          ;DalGwt ljefuLo k|d'v jf sfof{no k|d'vsf] x'g]5 . cfˆgf]
          JolQmut ljj/0f cBfjlws ug{] u/fpg] bfloTj ;DalGwt sd{rf/Lsf]
          x'g]5 .
                 -@_ a9'jfsf] nflu ;DefJo pDd]bjf/ eO;s]sf lghfdtL
          sd{rf/Ln] ;/sf/L sfd jf cWoog jf sfhsf] l;nl;nfdf ljb]zdf /xL jf
          b}jL ljkQL jf sfa"aflx/sf] kl/l:ylt k/L b/vf:t kmf/fd k]z ug{
          g;s]df a9'jf ;"rgfsf] Dofbleq ;DalGwt ljefuLo k|d'v jf sfof{no
          k|d'vn] To:tf] sd{rf/Lsf] ljj/0f a9'jf ;"rgf k|sfzg ug]{ sfof{nodf
          k7fpg' kg]{5 . o;/L k7fOPsf] ljj/0fnfO{ cfwf/ dfgL a9'jf
          ;ldltn] a9'jfsf] sf/afxL 6'Ëf] nufpg]5 .
                 -#_ s'g} pDd]bjf/n] a9'jfsf] b/vf:t kmf/fd ebf{ e'mÝf
          ljj/0f k]z u/]sf] Joxf]/f k|dfl0ft ePdf lghnfO{ ljefuLo ;hfo
          ul/g]5 .Æ
#$= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @^ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @^ sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf @^ /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ@^=            ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"x kl/jt{g M g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{ lghfdtL
         ;]jfsf] s'g} ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"xsf] s'g} >]0fLsf] s'g} ljz]if of]Uotf
         ePsf] sd{rf/Lsf] cfjZostf k/L ;f] ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"xleq}af6 ;?jf
         jf a9'jfåf/f k"lt{ ug{ g;lsg] eO{ cGo lghfdtL ;]jf, ;d"x jf
         pk;d"xaf6 ;]jf kl/jt{g u/L kbk"lt{ ug'{ kg]{ ePdf g]kfn ;/sf/n]
         ;f]sf] dfu u/L nf]s;]jf cfof]udf k7fpg' kg]{5 . nf]s;]jf cfof]uaf6
         k|sflzt lj1fkgdf tf]lsPsf] of]Uotf ePsf ;dfg >]0fLsf lghfdtL
         sd{rf/Lx?sf] aLrdf k|lt:kwf{Tds k/LIffsf] dfWodaf6 5gf}6
         ePsf lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] g]kfn ;/sf/n] ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"x kl/jt{g
         ug{]5 .
                 t/ g]kfn ;/sf/sf] s'g} lgsfosf] lghfdtL ;]jfsf] s'g} kb
          cfjZos geO{ b/aGbL s6f}tL ePsf] / ;f] s6f}tL ePsf] ;]jf, ;d"x,
          pk;d"x / >]0fLsf] kb cGo s'g} klg lgsfodf l/Qm g/x]sf] tyf
          Ps jif{;Dd klg l/Qm x'g gcfO{ To:tf] b/aGbLdf sfo{/t
          sd{rf/LnfO{ csf]{ ;]jf, ;d"x jf pk;d"x kl/jt{g ug'{ kg]{ ePdf
                                      24
          g]kfn ;/sf/n] nf]s ;]jf cfof]usf] k/fdz{ lnO{ cGo ;]jf, ;d"x jf
          pk;d"xdf ;d"xLs[t ug{ of] bkmfdf n]lvPsf] s'g} s'/fn] afwf
          k'¥ofPsf] dflgg] 5}g .Æ
#%= d"n P]gsf] bkmf @& df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @& sf],–
    -!_ pkbkmf -!_ kl5 b]xfosf pkbkmf -!s_, -!v_, -!u_ / -!3_ ylkPsf
        5g\ M–
              æ-!s_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] tna, eQf tyf cGo ;'ljwf
        k'g/fjnf]sg ug{sf] nflu b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Ps tna, eQf
        k'g/fjnf]sg ;ldlt /xg]5 M–
                  -s_ g]kfn ;/sf/sf]
                        d'Vo ;lrj        – cWoIf
                  -v_ ;lrj, cy{ dGqfno – ;b:o
                  -u_ ;lrj, ;fdfGo k|zf;g
                        dGqfno              – ;b:o
               -!v_ tna, eQf k'g/fjnf]sg ;ldltn] k|To]s jif{ pkef]Qmf
        d"No ;"rLsf] cfwf/df dx+uL eQf lgwf{/0f u/L g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf
        l;kmfl/; ug]{5 . ;f] ;ldltn] k|To]s tLg jif{df /fh:j j[l4b/, s"n
        b/aGbL ;+Vof / ljut tLg jif{df d"No ;"rLsf] cfwf/df k|bfg
        ul/Psf] dx+uL eQf ;d]tnfO{ cfwf/ agfO{ tna, eQf tyf cGo
        ;'ljwf k'g/fjnf]sg ug]{5 . ;f] ;ldltn] cGo sfo{ljlw cfk}mn] to ug{
        ;Sg]5 .
              -!u_ pkbkmf -!s_ jdf]lhsf] ;ldltn] cfjZostf cg';f/ pk;ldltsf]
        u7g ug{ / ;DalGwt If]qsf ljz]if1 jf ;/f]sf/jfnfx?nfO{ ;ldltdf
        cfdGq0f u/L ;'emfj lng ;Sg]5 .
              -!3_ pkbkmf -!s_ ad]flhdsf] ;ldltsf] ;lrjfnosf] sfd ;fdfGo
        k|zf;g dGqfnon] ug]{5 .Æ
    -@_ pkbkmf -@_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -@_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
              æ-@_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] pkbkmf -!s_ adf]lhdsf] ;ldltsf]
        l;kmfl/;sf] cfwf/df k|To]s jif{ j[l4 x'g] pkef]Qmf d"No ;"rLsf]
        krxQ/ k|ltzt;Dd /sd k|To]s jif{ eQfsf] ?kdf lghfdtL
        sd{rf/LnfO{ k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 . To;/L k|bfg ul/Psf] eQf /sd z'?
        tna :s]nsf] kRrL; k|ltzt jf ;f]eGbf a9L x'g uPsf] jif{df kRrL;
        k|ltzt /sd tnadfgdf ;dfof]hg u/L afFsL /sd eQfsf] ?kdf k|bfg
        ug{ ;Sg]5 .Æ
#^= d"n P]gdf bkmf @*s= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf @* kl5 b]xfosf]
    bkmf @*s= ylkPsf] 5 M–
    æ@*s=         sfo{;Dkfbg k|f]T;fxg sf]if M -!_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] lghfdtL
         sd{rf/Lsf] sfo{;Dkfbg, sfo{ kl/0ffd / k|fKt glthfsf] cfwf/df
         lghnfO{ k|f]T;fxg ug{ Ps sfo{;Dkfbg k|f]T;fxg sf]ifsf] Joj:yf
         ug{ ;Sg]5 .

                                    25
                -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] sf]ifdf /xg] /sd, To;sf]
           ;~rfng, Joj:yfkg tyf cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
#&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #@ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #@ sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf #@ /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ#@=             rf8kj{ vr{ tyf cGo ;'ljwf M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] cfˆgf]
           wd{, ;+:s[lt, k/Dk/f cg';f/ dgfOg] rf8kj{sf] nflu sd{rf/Ln]
           vfO{kfO{ cfPsf] Ps dlxgfsf] tna a/fa/sf] /sd k|To]s jif{ rf8kj{
           vr{sf] ¿kdf kfpg]5 . o:tf] /sd sd{rf/Ln] Ps cfly{s jif{df Psk6s
           cfˆgf] wd{, ;+:s[lt, k/Dk/f cg';f/ dgfOg] d'Vo rf8kj{sf] cj;/df
           e"QmfgL lng ;Sg]5 .
                -@_ lgj[Qe/0f kfpg] u/L cjsfzk|fKt sd{rf/LnfO{ lghn]
          kfpg] Ps dlxgfsf] lgj[Qe/0f a/fa/sf] /sd rf8kj{ vr{sf] ¿kdf
          lbOg]5 .
                -#_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] kfpg] pkrf/ vr{, czQm j[lQ, cËeË
          eP afkt kfpg] ;'ljwf, c;fwf/0f kfl/jfl/s lgj[Qe/0f tyf pkbfg, z}lIfs
          eQf, ;Gtlt j[lQ, lzz' :ofxf/ eQf jf cGo ;'ljwf ;DaGwL Joj:yf
          tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
#*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf ## df ;zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ## sf] pkbkmf -
    #_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -#_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
           æ-#_ o; bkmfsf] k|of]hgsf] nflu lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] pd]/ ;]jfdf
    k|j]z ubf{ lghn] k]z u/]sf] lzIf0f ;+:yfsf] k|df0fkqdf lsl6Psf] hGd
    lbg jf jif{af6 x'g cfPsf] pd]/ jf gful/stfsf] k|df0fkqdf lsl6Psf]
    hGdlbg jf jif{af6 x'g cfPsf] pd]/ jf lghn] e/]sf] j}olQms gf]s/L ljj/0f
    -l;6/f]n_ df n]lvlbPsf] hGdldlt jf jif{af6 x'g cfPsf] pd]/dWo] h'g
    pd]/af6 lgh klxn] cjsfz x'G5 ;f]xL cfwf/df u0fgf ul/g]5 .Æ
#(= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #% df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #% sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf #% /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ#%=             :j]lR5s cjsfz M -!_ lgj[Qe/0f kfpg] cj:yf / pd]/sf] xb
          krf; jif{ k"/f ePsf lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] g]kfn ;/sf/åf/f g]kfn /fhkqdf
          k|sflzt ;"rgfdf tf]lsPsf] cjlwleq ;f]xL ;"rgfdf plNnlvt zt{df
          :j]lR5s cjsfz lng ;Sg]5 . o;/L :j]lR5s cjsfz lng] sd{rf/LdWo]
          ;Dat\ @)$( ;fn sflt{s @! ut]eGbf cl3 lghfdtL ;]jfdf k|j]z
          ug]{sf] xsdf ;f7L jif{ pd]/ ggf£g] u/L / ;f] ldlt / ;f]eGbf kl5
          lghfdtL ;]jfdf k|j]z ug]{sf] xsdf cG7fpGg jif{ pd]/ ggf£g] u/L
          a9Ldf ;ft jif{;Dd ;]jf cjlw yk u/L lgj[Qe/0fsf] nflu hDdf ;]jf cjlw
          sfod ul/g]5 .
                t/ b/aGbL ldnfg x'g g;sL kmflhndf k/]sf] jf g]kfn
         ;/sf/nfO{ cfjZos gePsf kbdf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf 5'§} ;'ljwf /
         zt{ tf]sL g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L :j]lR5s cjsfzsf] nflu
         lgj]bg dfu ug{ ;lsg]5 .


                                     26
               -@_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
         lgj[Qe/0f kfpg] cj:yf / pd]/sf] xb krf; jif{ k'u]sf] sd{rf/Ln]
         :j]lR5s cjsfz lng rfx]df o; P]g adf]lhd Ps >]0fL dflysf] kbdf
         bkmf @)s= adf]lhd a9'jf kfpg] ePdf Ps >]0lf dflysf] kbdf
         a9'jf u/L bkmf #& sf] pkbkmf -#_ sf] ;]jf cjlw k"/f ePsf] eP ;f]
         ;'ljwf ;d]t kfpg] u/L :j]lR5s cjsfz lng ;Sg]5 .Æ
$)= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #& df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #& sf],–
    -!_ pkbkmf -!_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -!s_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
               æ-!s_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ;]jf
          k|j]zsf] nflu clwstd pd]/ rfnL; jif{ tf]lsPsf] ju{ / kbdf lgo'Qm
          ePsf sd{rf/Lx? / bkmf !) sf] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd pDd]bjf/
          eO{ lgo'Qm ePsf sd{rf/Lx? pd]/sf sf/0f clgjfo{ cjsfz x'Fbf
          lghsf] ;]jf cjlw lgj[Qe/0f kfpg ;Sg] cj:yf /x]g5 eg] To:tf]
          lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ a9Ldf b'O{ jif{;Dd ;]jf cjlw yk u/L
          lgj[Qe/0f k|bfg ug{ ;lsg]5 .
               t/ of] pkbkmf k|f/De x'g'eGbf cufl8 ;]jf lgj[Q eO;s]sf
          sd{rf/Lsf] xsdf of] Joj:yf nfu" x'g] 5}g .Æ
$!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #* df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #* df b]xfosf]
    k|ltaGwfTds jfSof+z ylkPsf] 5 M–
               æt/ bkmf #(v= adf]lhd lgj[Qe/0f kfpg] lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]
          xsdf of] k|fjwfg nfu" x'g] 5}g .Æ
$@= d"n P]gsf] bkmf #( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #( sf],–
    -!_ pkbkmf -#_ df b]xfosf] k|ltaGwfTds jfSof+z ylkPsf] 5 M–
               æt/ To:tf] ljw'/ klt jf ljwjf kTgLn] csf]{ ljjfx u/]df lghn]
          To:tf] lgj[Qe/0f ;'ljwf kfpg] 5}g .Æ
    -@_ pkbkmf -#_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -#s_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
               æ-#s_ pkbkmf -#_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
          lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] lgj[Qe/0f kfO/x]sf] ljw'/ klt jf ljwjf kTgLsf]
          d[To' ePdf jf lghn] csf]{ ljjfx u/]df To:tf] lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]
          gfaflnu ;Gtfgn] aflnu geP;Dd To:tf] lgj[Qe/0fsf] /sd tf]lsP
          adf]lhd kfpg]5 .Æ
$#= d"n P]gdf bkmf #(v= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #(s= kl5 b]xfosf]
    bkmf #(v= ylkPsf] 5 M–
    æ#(v= pkbfg / lgj[Qe/0f ;DaGwL ljz]if Joj:yf M -!_ g]kfn ;/sf/n]
           g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L tf]s]sf] ldlteGbf kl5 lgo'Qm
           x'g] lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ pkbfg tyf lgj[Qe/0f lbg] k|of]hgsf
           nflu g]kfn ;/sf/n] 5'§} pkbfg tyf lgj[Qe/0f sf]if v8f ug]{5 /
           To:tf sd{rf/Lx?sf] dfl;s tnaaf6 bz k|ltztsf b/n] /sd s§L u/L ;f]
           /sddf g]kfn ;/sf/n] dfl;s tnasf] bz k|ltzt a/fa/sf] /sd yk u/L
           x'g cfpg] /sd ;f] sf]ifdf hDdf ul/lbg]5 .

                                    27
              -@_ bkmf #@ sf] pkbkmf -!s_, bkmf #$s= #%, #^, #&,
         #*, #( / #(s= sf pkbfg tyf lgj[Qe/0f ;DaGwL k|fjwfg pkbkmf
         -!_ adf]lhdsf] ;"rgf k|sfzg ePkl5 lgo'Qm x'g] sd{rf/Lx?sf]
         xsdf nfu" x'g] 5}gg\ .
              -#_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd dfl;s tnaaf6 s§f eP a/fa/sf] /sd
         g]kfn ;/sf/n] To:tf] sd{rf/LnfO{ tna e'QmfgL ubf{sf] avt
         pknAw u/fpg]5 .
              -$_ pkbkmf -#_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg bkmf %(
         sf]            v08            -v_             sf]         pkv08
         -@_ adf]lhd eljiodf ;/sf/L ;]jfsf] lgldQ cof]Uo 7xl/g] u/L
         ;]jfaf6 avf{:t ePsf lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] pQm sf]ifdf lghsf] tnaaf6
         s§L ul/Psf] s"n /sd / ;f] afkt kfs]sf] Aofh tyf d'gfkmf ;d]t
         Psd'i6 lng kfpg]5 .
              -%_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd v8f ePsf] pkbfg tyf lgj[Qe/0f
         sf]ifdf hDdf x'g] /sdsf] Joj:yfkg, ;~rfng, sf]if s§L ug]{
         k|lqmof, pkbfg tyf lgj[Qe/0f k|of]hgsf] nflu sf]if s§L /sdsf]
         e'QmfgL tyf sf]if s§L ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd
         x'g]5 .Æ
$$= d"n P]gdf bkmf #(u= / #(3= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf #(v= kl5
    b]xfosf bkmf #(u= / #(3= ylkPsf 5g\ M–
    #(u= kfl/jfl/s lgj[Qe/0f ;DaGwL ljz]if Joj:yf M -!_ o; P]gdf cGoq
         h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg g]kfn ;/sf/n] v6fPsf] sfo{;Dkfbg
         ug]{ l;nl;nfdf åGåsf] sf/0fn] s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] d[To'
         ePdf To:tf] sd{rf/Lsf] kbfjlw aL; jif{eGbf sd /x]5 eg] afFsL
         cjlw yk u/L lghsf] klt jf kTgLnfO{ cfhLjg o; P]g ad]flhdsf]
         lgj[Qe/0f lbOg]5 .
              -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] lgj[Qe/0f k|fKt ug]{ JolQmn]
         bkmf #( adf]lhdsf] kfl/jfl/s lgj[Qe/0f jf pkbfg kfpg] 5}g .
              -#_ o; bkmf adf]lhd lgj[Qe/0f kfpg] JolQmn] csf]{ ljjfx
         u/]df lghn] To:tf] lgj[Qe/0f kfpg] 5}g .
              -$_ axfnjfnf lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] tna j[l4 x'Fbf tnasf] z'?
         cÍdf hlt j[l4 ePsf] 5 To;sf] b'O{ ltxfO{ /sd o; bkmf cg';f/
         lgj[Qe/0f kfO/x]sf JolQmn] vfO{kfO{ cfPsf] kfl/jfl/s lgj[Qe/0f
         /sddf klg yk ul/g]5 .
              -%_ o; bkmf adf]lhd lgj[Qe/0f kfO/x]sf] JolQmsf] d[To'
         ePdf jf lghn] csf]{ ljjfx u/]df To:tf] lgj[Qe/0fsf] /sd d[ts
         sd{rf/Lsf] gfafns 5f]/f 5f]/L eP To:tf 5f]/f 5f]/Ln] aflnu
         geP;Dd tf]lsP adf]lhd kfpg]5g\ .
    #(3= ljz]if cfly{s ;'ljwf M lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] ;]jfdf 5Fb} d[To' ePdf
         lghsf] kl/jf/nfO{ Ps nfv krf; xhf/ ?k}of Psd'i6 k|bfg ul/g]5 .Æ

                                   28
$%= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $)s= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $)s= sf]
    ;§f b]xfosf] bkmf $)s= /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ$)s=           aLdf ;'ljwf ;DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]
          aLdf afkt g]kfn ;/sf/n] Pp6f ;fjlws hLjg aLdf sf]if :yfkgf
          ug]{5 .
                -@_ k|To]s lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] dfl;s tnaaf6 b'O{ ;o
           ?k}ofF s§f u/L pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhdsf] sf]ifdf hDdf ul/g]5 /
           Tolt g} /sd g]kfn ;/sf/n] yk u/L aLdfÍ /sd Ps nfv ?k}ofFsf]
           aL; jif]{ ;fjlws hLjg aLdf ul/lbg]5 . ;f] aLdf sf]ifdf hDdf
           ePsf] /sddWo]af6 sd{rf/L ;]jflgj[Q x'Fbf lghnfO{ aLdfÍ /sd /
           af]g; e'QmfgL lbOg]5 .
              -#_ pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd /sd s§f ug{ z'? u/]sf] aL; jif{
         cjlw gk'uL s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] d[To' ePdf lghsf] kl/jf/n] Ps
         nfv ?k}ofF kfpg]5 . s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/L ;]jfaf6 clgjfo{ cjsfz
         ePdf b]xfo adf]lhdsf] /sd k|bfg ul/g]5 M–
                     -s_ Ps jif{eGbf sd cjlwsf] /sd sl§ ul/Psf] ePdf bz
                          xhf/ ?k}ofF,
                     -v_ Ps jif{b]lv kfFr jif{;Dd /sd sl§ ul/Psf] ePdf
                          kRrL; xhf/ ?k}ofF,
                     -u_ kfFr jif{b]lv bz jif{;Dd /sd sl§ ul/Psf] ePdf krf;
                          xhf/ ?k}ofF,
                     -3_ bz jif{b]lv kGw| jif{;Dd /sd sl§ ul/Psf] ePdf
                          krxQ/ xhf/ ?k}ofF,
                     -ª_ aL; jif{;Dd /sd sl§ ul/Psf] ePdf Ps nfv ?k}ofF .
               t/ lghn] hDdf u/]sf] /sd / ;f]sf] Aofh nfef+z /sd plNnlvt
         /sdeGbf a9L x'g cfPdf ;f]xL a/fa/sf] /sd pQm sf]ifaf6 k|bfg
         ul/g]5 .
               -$_ s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd /sd
         hDdf ug{ z'? u/]sf] aL; jif{ gk'uL clgjfo{ cjsfz ePsf] cj:yfdf
         afx]s cGo h'g;'s} lsl;daf6 ;]jfaf6 cnu ePdf To:tf]
         sd{rf/LNffO{ ;dk{0f d"No a/fa/sf] /sd pknAw u/fO{g]5 .
               -%_ pkbkmf -@_ / -#_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg
         lghfdtL ;]jfaf6 cjsfz x'g] sd{rf/Ln] ;fjlws hLjg aLdf afkt hDdf
         u/]sf] /sd aL; jif{ jf ;f]eGbf sd cjlwdf kl/kSj x'g] u/L lg/Gt/tf
         lbg ;Sg]5 .
               t/ ;f] afkt g]kfn ;/sf/n] s'g} /sd Joxf]g]{ 5}g .
               -^_ ;fjlws hLjg aLdf sf]if ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP
         adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
$^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $)v= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $)v= sf]
    pkbkmf -#_ df /x]sf] æcfof]udfÆ eGg] zAbsf] ;§f æcfof]u / cGo

                                    29
    ;/sf/L             lgsfodfÆ           eGg]           zAbx?           /flvPsf
    5g\ .
$&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf $)3= df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf $)3= sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf $)3= /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ$)3=             sa'lnot ug'{ kg]{ M -!_ s'g} klg lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln]
           ;/sf/L dgf]gogdf cWoog ug{, tflnd lng jf cWoog e|d0f ug{
           hfg'eGbf cl3 To:tf] cWoog, tflnd jf cWoog e|d0f k"/f u/L
           kms]{/ cfO{ bkmf $)u= adf]lhdsf] ;]jf ug]{ sa'lnot ug'{ kg]{5
           .
                 -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd ;/sf/L dgf]gogdf uPsf lghfdtL
           sd{rf/Ln] cWoog, tflnd jf cWoog e|d0f k"/f u/]kl5 ;]jf ug{ gcfPdf
           jf bkmf $)u= adf]lhd ug'{ kg]{ ;]jf cjlw k"/f gu/]df To:tf]
           sd{rf/Laf6 cWoog, tflnd jf cWoog e|d0f cjlwe/ lghn] kfPsf] tna,
           eQf lghn] k|fKt u/]sf] 5fqj[lQ /sd tyf sa'lnotdf pNn]v ePsf cGo
           /sdx¿ ;d]t tf]lsPsf] cjlwleq ga'emfPdf ;/sf/L afFsL ;/x c;"npk/
           ul/g]5 .
                 -#_ clVtof/jfnfsf] k"j{:jLs[lt lnO{ lghL k|of;df uPsf lghfdtL
           sd{rf/Ln] cWoog, tflnd jf cWoog e|d0f k"/f u/]kl5 cWoog, tflnd
           jf cWoog e|d0fdf Joltt u/]sf] cjlw a/fa/ ;]jf ug]{ sa'lnot ug'{ kg]{5
           .
                 -$_ pkbkmf -!_ / -#_ adf]lhd cWoog ug{ uPsf lghfdtL
           sd{rf/Ln] cWoog, tflnd jf cWoog e|d0f k"/f u/]kl5 ;]jf ug{ gcfPdf
           jf ;]jf cjlw k"/f gu/]df To:tf sd{rf/Lsf] cWoog, tflnd jf cWoog
           e|d0fsf] cjlw lghsf] ;]jf cjlwdf u0fgf ul/g] 5}g .
                 -%_ o; bkmfdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvP tfklg cWoog, tflnd jf
           cWoog e|d0fdf uPsf] sd{rf/L clgjfo{ cjsfz ePsf] jf d[To' ePsf]
           sf/0fn] bkmf $)u= adf]lhdsf] ;]jf cjlw k"/f ug{ g;s]df lgh jf lghsf]
           kl/jf/af6 s'g} /sd c;"npk/ ul/g] 5}g .Æ
$*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf %@ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf %@ sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf %@ /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ%@=              k|ltlglwTj ug{df k|ltaGw M lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln]
          cfk"mnfO{ dsf{ k/]sf] ljifodf cfk}mn] jf jf/];åf/f ;DalGwt lgsfo
          jf clwsf/L ;dIf lgj]bg lbg afx]s c? JolQm jf ;d"xsf] tk{maf6
          k|ltlglwTj ug{ x'Fb}g .
                 t/ bkmf %# sf] pkbkmf -#_ ad]flhd ul7t lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]
          cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o"lgogsf] tk{maf6 ul/g] k|ltlglwTj / lghfdtL
          sd{rf/Lsf] kbLo bfloTjsf] cfwf/df ug'{ kg]{ s'g} sfo{ ug{df o;
          bkmfn] afwf k'¥ofPsf] dflgg] 5}g .Æ

$(= d"n P]gsf] bkmf %# df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf %# sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf %# /flvPsf] 5 M–
                                      30
%#= lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx?sf] 6]«8 o'lgog ;DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_
   lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] o; P]]gsf] cwLgdf /xL 6]«8 o'lgog u7g ug{
   ;Sg]5g\ .
       -@_         pkbkmf -!_ ad]flhd 6]«8 o'lgog u7g ubf{
   b]xfosf] ljifodf b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Joj:yf kfngf ug'{ kg]{5 M–
            -s_ sfof{no k|d'v eO{ sfd ug'{ kg]{ /fhkqflÍt sd{rf/L
                  afx]s /fhkqflÍt t[tLo >]0fL jf ;f]eGbf d'lgsf
                  sd{rf/Lx?n] cfˆgf] k]zfut xs lxtsf nflu
                  /fli6«o:t/sf] lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgogx?
                  u7g u/L ;b:otf lng ;Sg]5g\ .
            -v_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgogx?sf] btf{ >d tyf
                  /f]huf/ k|j4{g ljefudf x'g]5 .
       -#_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o'lgogsf] u7g b]xfo
   adf]lhd
   x'g]5 M–
            -s_ pkbkmf -!_ ad]flhd u7g ePsf] lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]
                  6]«8 o'lgogsf ;b:ox?n] 5gf}6 u/]sf kbflwsf/Lx?
                  /xg] u/L Ps lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cflwsfl/s 6]«8
                  o'lgog u7g ug{ ;Sg]5g\ .
            -v_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o'lgogn]
                  lhNnf:t/, ljefuLo :t/ / /fli6«o :t/df cfˆgf] k]zfut
                  dfux? ;DalGwt lgsfodf k|:t't u/L ;fdflhs ;Djfb /
                  ;fd"lxs ;f}bfjfhL ug{ kfpg]5 . lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf]
                  cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o'lgog u7g gePsf] cj:yfdf
                  pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd u7g ePsf lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf
                  6]«8 o'lgog ;+3x?n] cfk;df ;xdlt u/L ;fd'lxs
                  ;f}bfjfhL ug{ kfpg]5g\ .
            -u_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o'lgog ;DaGwL
                  cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .
       -$_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgogsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/
   b]xfo adf]lhd x'g]5 M–
            -s_ sd{rf/Lsf] xs lxt ;+/If0f Pj+ ;Dj4{g u/L lghfdtL
                  ;]jfnfO{ k|efjsf/L / ultzLn agfpg g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{
                  /rgfTds ;'emfj / ;xof]u ug'{ pkbkmf -!_ / -#_
                  adf]lhd ul7t lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgogx?sf]
                  st{Jo x'g]5 .
            -v_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgogn] e]nf, tflnd,
                  k|lzIf0f, uf]i7L nufotsf /rgfTds Pj+ ;[hgfTds
                  sfo{x? ;~rfng ug{ ;Sg]5g\ .
            -u_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgognfO{ dxf;+3 u7g
                  ug]{, To;sf] ;b:o aGg], cGt/f{li6«o ;+3 jf
                               31
                        dxf;+3sf] ;b:o aGg] / cfˆgf] ;+:yfsf] tk{maf6
                        k|ltlglwTj ug]{ clwsf/ x'g]5 .
              -%_        lghfdtL ;]jf;Fu ;DalGwt sfg"gsf] lgdf{0f ubf{
         g]kfn ;/sf/n] lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o"lgogsf] ;Nnfx
         / ;'emfj lng ;Sg]5 .
              -^_ pkbkmf -!_ / -#_ adf]lhd u7g ePsf /fli6«o :t/sf 6]«8
         o'lgogx? / cflwsfl/s 6]«8 o'lgogsf kbflwsf/Laf6 cfˆgf]
         sfo{If]q cg's"n :yfgdf ;?jfsf] dfu ePdf clVtof/jfnfn] ;f] cg's"n
         x'g] u/L ;?jf ug]{ Joj:yf ldnfpg' kg]{5 .
              -&_        pkbkmf -!_ / -#_ adf]lhd ul7t /fli6«o :t/sf 6]«8
         o'lgogx?sf s]Gb|Lo kbflwsf/Lx? / ;b:ox?nfO{ o'lgog
         ;DaGwL :jb]zL tyf j}b]lzs ;]ldgf/, uf]i7L, clwj]zg, ;Ë7g
         ;DaGwL sfo{ cflb sfo{qmddf efu lngsf] nflu g]kfn ;/sf/nfO{
         cfly{s bfloTj gkg]{ u/L Ps jif{df a9Ldf tL; lbg;Ddsf] sfhsf]
         Joj:yf ug{ ;lsg]5 .
              -*_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] 6]«8 o'lgogsf] btf{, ;f] ;DaGwL
         zt{, k|lqmof / cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
%)= d"n P]gdf bkmf %$s=, %$v= / %$u= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf %$
    kl5 b]xfosf bkmf %$s=, %$v= / %$u= ylkPsf 5g\ M–
    æ%$s=         oftgf lbg gx'g] M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] s;}nfO{ klg
          oftgf lbg' x'Fb}g .
              -@_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] of}ghGo b'Jo{jxf/ / 3/]n' lx+;f
          ;DaGwL sfo{ ug'{ u/fpg' x'Fb}g .
    %$v= cGo cfr/0f M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] cfˆgf] sfof{nodf sfd ubf{
          ;a}k|lt               lzi6               Jojxf/             ug'{
          kg]{5 .
              -@_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] cfˆgf] sfof{no tyf kb cg';f/ cfOkg]{
          lhDd]jf/LnfO{ dof{bfk"j{s jxg u/L lgikIf, :jR5 tyf l56f] 5l/tf]
          ?kdf sfo{;Dkfbg ug'{ kg]{5 .
              -#_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] s'g} klg ;/sf/L ;DklQsf] k|of]u jf
          pkof]u 3/fo;L sfo{sf] nflu ug{ x'Fb}g .
              -$_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] ;/sf/L /fh:jaf6 tna, eQf vfg] u/L
          lgo'Qm ePsf] s'g} klg ;/sf/L sd{rf/LnfO{ sfof{nosf] sfddf
          afx]s cfˆgf] 3/fo;L sfddf nufpg' x'Fb}g .
    %$u= ;]jfu|fxL k|ltsf] Jojxf/ M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] cfˆgf] sfd;Fu
          ;DalGwt ;]jfu|fxLk|lt dof{lbt Jojxf/ ug'{ kg]{5 .
              -@_ ;]jfu|fxLsf] sfd;Fu ;DalGwt ljifo, k|lqmof / sfd
          ;Dkfbg ug{ nfUg] ;do ;d]tsf] :ki6 hfgsf/L ;]jfu|fxLnfO{
          oyf;dodf u/fpg' kg]{5 .Æ
%!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf %^ df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf %^ sf] v08 -
    u_ kl5 b]xfosf] v08 -3_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
                                   32
   æ-3_ e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]kdf cbfntaf6 s;'/bf/ 7xl/Psf] .Æ
%@=        d"n P]gsf] bkmf %( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf %( sf]
   v08 -s_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] v08 -s_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
       æ-s_ ;fdfGo ;hfo M–
             -!_ gl;xt lbg],
             -@_        b'O{ jif{;Dd a9'jf /f]Ssf ug{] jf a9Ldf b'O{ tna
                 j[l4 /f]Ssf ug{],
             -#_ b'O{ jif{b]lv kfFr jif{;Dd a9'jf /f]Ssf ug{] jf b'O{b]lv
                 kFfr tna j[l4;Dd /f]Ssf ug{] .Æ
%#= d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^) df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^) sf] ;§f
   b]xfosf] bkmf ^) /flvPsf] 5 M–
   æ^)= gl;xt lbg] jf a9Ldf b'O{ tna j[l4 jf b'O{ jif{;Dd a9'jf /f]Ssf
       ug]{ M b]xfosf] s'g} cj:yfdf lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ gl;xt lbg] jf
       a9Ldf b'O{ tnaj[l4 /f]Ssf ug]{ jf b'O{ jif{;Dd a9'jf /f]Ssf ug]{
       ;hfo ug{ ;lsg]5 M–
            -s_ lghn] ;Dkfbg u/]sf] sfd ;Gtf]ifhgs gePdf,
            -v_ k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd a/a'emf/y gu/]df,
            -u_ bkmf %%s= adf]lhd Ps jif{df b'O{k6s;Dd lnlvt
                r]tfjgL kfPdf,
            -3_ of] P]g jf k|rlnt sfg"gn] tf]s]sf] kbLo bfloTj
                lhDd]jf/Lk"j{s k"/f gu/]df,
            -ª_ ;]jfu|fxLsf] kL/dsf{ / ph'/L k6s–k6s a]jf:tf u/]sf]
                ;DaGwdf cfk"meGbf dflyNnf] clwsf/Ln] lbPsf]
                lgb]{zg kfngf gu/]df,
            -r_ sfo{ljj/0f nfu" ug{] u/fpg] bfloTj ePsf] kbflwsf/Ln] ;f]
                sfo{
                gu/]df .Æ
%$= d"n P]gdf bkmf ^)s= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^) kl5 b]xfosf] bkmf
   ^)s= ylkPsf] 5 M–
   æ^)s= b'O{ jif{b]lv kfFr jif{;Dd a9'jf /f]Ssf ug]{ jf b'O{b]lv kfFr tna
         j[l4;Dd /f]Ssf ug]{ M b]xfosf] s'g} cj:yfdf lghfdtL
         sd{rf/LnfO{ b'O{ jif{b]lv kfFr jif{;Dd a9'jf /f]Ssf ug{] jf
         b'O{b]lv kFfr tna j[l4;Dd /f]Ssf ug{] ;hfo ug{ ;lsg]5 M–
              -s_ cg'zf;gxLg sfd u/]df,
              -v_ of] P]g / o; P]g cGtu{t ag]sf lgodx?df plNnlvt
                    cfr/0f ;DaGwL s'/fx? pNn+3g u/]df,
              -u_ k|rlnt sfg"g ad]flhd k]ZsL km5\of}{6 gu/]df,
              -3_ Joj:yfkg k/LIf0faf6 b]lvPsf clgoldttf ;DaGwdf
                    lbPsf] lgb]{zg kfngf gu/]df,

                                   33
                -ª_ k"j{:jLs[lt glnO{ a/fa/ sfof{nodf cg'kl:yt /x]df .Æ
%%= d"n P]gdf bkmf ^!s= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^! kl5 b]xfosf] bkmf
    ^!s= ylkPsf] 5 M–
    æ^!s= ljefuLo sf/afxL / ;hfo ;DaGwL ljz]if Joj:yf M -!_ o; P]gdf
         cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg clVtof/ b'?kof]u cg';Gwfg
         cfof]u P]g, @)$* adf]lhd ;f] cfof]uaf6 / k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd
         ;DalGwt lgsfon] s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ ljefuLo sf/afxL ug{
         n]vL cfPdf cfjZos k|lqmof k'¥ofO{ ;f]xL adf]lhd ljefuLo ;hfo
         ug'{ kg]{5 .
                -@_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg bkmf
         $! ljk/Lt ljbf glnO{ cfˆgf] sfof{nodf cg'kl:yt x'g] lghfdtL
         sd{rf/LnfO{ uon / tna s§L ug{ ;lsg]5 . o;/L uon ePsf] cjlw
         ;]jf cjlwdf u0fgf ul/g] 5}g .
                -#_ o; P]gdf cGoq h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg ljbf
         :jLs[t gu/fO{ nuftf/ gAa] lbgeGbf a9L cjlw cg'kl:yt x'g]
         sd{rf/LnfO{ uon s§L u/L xflh/ u/fpg ;lsg] 5}g . xflh/ u/fPdf
         To;/L xflh/ u/fpg] kbflwsf/LnfO{ bkmf ^) adf]lhd ljefuLo
         sf/afxL x'g]5 / To;/L xflh/ u/fPsf] sd{rf/Ln] vfPsf] tna, eQf
         ;d]t To;/L xflh/ u/fpg] kbflwsf/Laf6 ;/sf/L afFsL ;/x c;"n pk/
         ul/g]5 .Æ
%^= d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^@ df ;+z]fwg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^@ sf] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf ^@ /flvPsf] 5 M–
    æ^@= ljefuLo ;hfo lbg] clwsf/L M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ bkmf
        %( sf] v08 -v_ adf]lhd ;hfosf] cfb]z lbg] clwsf/ b]xfo
        adf]lhdsf clwsf/LnfO{ x'g]5 M–
                   -s_ /fhkqflÍt k|yd >]0fL / ;f]eGbf dflysf] kbdf sfo{/t
                       lghfdtL sd{rf/LnfO{ g]kfn ;/sf/,
                   -v_ /fhkqflÍt låtLo / t[tLo >]0fLsf lghfdtL
                       sd{rf/LnfO{ lgh sfo{/t lgsfosf] ljlzi6 >]0fLsf]
                       clwsf/L,
                   -u_ /fhkq cglÍt lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx?nfO{ lgh sfo{/t
                       sfof{nosf] ljefuLo k|d'v jf /fhkqflÍt sfof{no k|d'v
                       .
                -@_ bkmf %( sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhd ;hfosf] cfb]z lbg]
         clwsf/L tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .Æ
%&= d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^# df ;+z]fwg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^# sf]] ;§f
    b]xfosf] bkmf ^# /flvPsf] 5 M–
     æ^#= ljefuLo ;hfo lbg] clwsf/ ;'DkGg ;Sg] M g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn
          /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L bkmf ^@ adf]lhd ;hfosf] cfb]z lbg]
          s'g} clwsf/Lsf] clwsf/nfO{ ;f]xL ;"rgfdf tf]lsPsf] clwsf/Ln]

                                   34
           tf]lsPsf] cjlw;Ddsf] nflu k|of]u ug{ kfpg] u/L ;'DkGg ;Sg]5
           .Æ
%*= d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^( df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf ^( sf],–
    -!_ pkbkmf -!_ df /x]sf æeljiodf ;/sf/L ;]jfsf] lgldQ cof]Uo
         g7xl/g] u/L jf cof]Uo 7xl/g] u/L ;]jfaf6 cjsfzÆ eGg] zAbx?
         lemlsPsf 5g\ .
    -@_ pkbkmf -!_ kl5 b]xfosf] pkbkmf -!s_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
                æ-!s_ pkbkmf -!_ df h'g;'s} s'/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg of]
         bkmf k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt bkmf %( sf] v08 -s_ adf]lhdsf]
         ;hfosf] cfb]z pk/sf] k'g/fj]bg s'g} clwsf/L ;dIf btf{ eO{
         km5\of}{6 x'g afFsL /x]sf]df To:tf] k'g/fj]bg h'g clwsf/L ;dIf
         btf{ ePsf] 5, ;f]xL clwsf/Laf6 clGtd lsgf/f nufpg' kg]{5 .Æ
%(= d"n P]gsf] bkmf &! df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &! sf] v08 -3_ kl5
    b]xfosf] v08 -3!_ ylkPsf] 5 M–
         æ-3!_ k|;"tL :ofxf/ ljbfÆ
^)= d"n P]gdf bkmf &!s= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &! kl5 b]xfosf] bkmf
    &!s= ylkPsf] 5 M–
    æ&!s=           a]tnaL ljbf M -!_ s'g} lghfdtL sd{rf/Lsf] klt jf kTgL
           ljb]zl:yt g]kfnL /fhb"tfjf; jf s'g} lgof]udf vl6O{ uPdf To:tf]
           lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] tf]lsP adf]lhd a]tnaL ljbf kfpg]5 .
                -@_ pkbkmf -!_ ad]flhdsf] ljbfsf] cjlw lghsf] ;]jf cjlwdf
           u0fgf ul/g] 5}g .Æ
^!= d"n P]gsf] bkmf &@ df ;zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &@ sf]
    pkbkmf -!_ sf] ;§f b]xfosf] pkbkmf -!_ /flvPsf] 5 M–
          æ-!_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] o; P]g adf]lhd cfk"mnfO{ k|fKt clwsf/x?
    g]kfn /fhkqdf ;"rgf k|sfzg u/L ;f]xL ;"rgfdf tf]lsPsf] lghfdtL sd{rf/L
    jf clwsf/Ln] k|of]u ug{ kfpg] u/L k|Tofof]hg ug{ ;Sg]5 .
          t/ P]g adf]lhd k|fKt clwsf/x? o; P]g afx]s cGo P]gaf6
    k|Tofof]hg ug{ ;lsg] 5}g .Æ
^@= d"n P]gsf] bkmf &# df ;+zf]wg M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &# df /x]sf
    ætna, eQfÆ eGg] zAbx?kl5 æ,rf8kj{ vr{Æ eGg] zAbx? ylkPsf
    5g\ .
^#= d"n P]gdf bkmf &#s=, &#v= / &#u= yk M d"n P]gsf] bkmf &#
    kl5 b]xfosf bkmf &#s=, &#v= / &#u= ylkPsf 5g\ M–
    æ&#s=           lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx?sf] kL/dsf{, u'gf;f] / ;'g'jfOsf] Joj:yf
           M -!_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Ln] o; P]g jf k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd cGoq
           ph'/L jf k'g/fj]bg ug{ kfpg] Joj:yf ePsf]df afx]s of] P]g / o;
           P]g cGt{ut ag]sf] lgod adf]lhd k|bfg ul/Psf ;]jf, zt{, ;'ljwf /
           sd{rf/L;Fu ;/f]sf/ /fVg] s'g} klg ljifodf cfk"mnfO{ dsf{ k/]sf] 5
           eGg] nfu]df jf ;f] ;DaGwdf ;DalGwt lgsfonfO{ hfgsf/L
                                     35
           u/fpFbf klg sf/afxL gePdf lghn] cfk"mnfO{ k/]sf] kL/dsf{ tyf
           u'gf;f] tf]lsPsf] lgsfo ;dIf tf]lsP adf]lhd /fVg ;Sg]5 .
                 -@_ lghfdtL sd{rf/Lx?sf] kL/dsf{, u'gf;f] / ;'g'jfO
           ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf tf]lsP adf]lhd x'g]5 .
    &#v= sd{rf/L         sNof0f        sf]ifsf]  :yfkgf     /    ;~rfng     M
           -!_ lghfdtL ;]jfsf axfnjfnf sd{rf/L, cjsfzk|fKt JolQm / lghsf]
           kl/jf/sf] ;b:osf] sNof0fsf] nflu tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] sNof0fsf/L
           sf]if :yfkgf ug{ ;lsg]5 .
                 -@_ pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd :yflkt sf]ifsf] ;~rfng tyf Joj:yfkg
           tf]lsP                                                     adf]lhd
           x'g]5 .
    &#u= /fhk|f;fb ;]jfsf sd{rf/L ;DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ of] P]g k|f/De
           x'Fbfsf avt /fhk|f;fb ;]jfdf sfo{/t sd{rf/Lx?sf] k|zf;g / Joj:yfkg
           5'§} lgodfjnLåf/f ul/g]5 .
                 -@_ /fhk|f;fb ;]jf P]g, @)@( / ;f] cGtu{t ag]sf lgodx?
           vf/]h ul/Psf 5g\ .Æ
^$= ;]]jfdf :jtM kl/0ft ePsf] dflgg] M of] P]g k|f/De x'Fbfsf avt n]vf
    k/LIf0f P]g, @)$* sf] bkmf ( adf]lhd dxfn]vf k/LIfssf] ljefudf sfod
    /x]sf sd{rf/Lsf] ;]jf / To:tf] ;]jfdf axfn /x]sf clws[t / sd{rf/Lx? bkmf
    #                                    sf]                             v08
    -ª!_ adf]lhdsf] ;]jfdf :jtM kl/0ft ePsf] / To:tf clws[t / sd{rf/Lx? ;dfg
    >]0fLsf] kbdf :jtM kl/0ft ePsf] dflgg]5 .
^%= vf/]hL / arfp M -!_ n]vf k/LIf0f P]g, @)$* sf] bkmf ( vf/]h ul/Psf]
    5.
          -@_ ;Dat\ @)^# ;fn cfiff9 !& ut]kl5 of] P]g k|f/De ePsf]
    cl3Nnf] lbg;Dd eP u/]sf] sfd sf/afxL o;} P]g adf]lhd eP u/]sf]
    dflgg]5 .
          -#_ sfo{Ifdtf d"NofÍgåf/f x'g] a9'jf ;DaGwL o; P]gsf] Joj:yf
    k|f/De geP;Ddsf nflu ;Dat\ @)^@ ;fn cfiff9 #) ut]eGbf cl3 sfod
    /x]sf k|rlnt Joj:yf nfu" x'g]5 .

k|df0fLs/0f ldlt M @)^$÷$÷




                                     36

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:11/23/2011
language:English
pages:36