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									                                                                         Land Use and Cover



                                   CHAPTER 1

                           Land Use and Cover
                    North Shore Highlands, Toimi Uplands, and
                         Laurentian Uplands Subsections


1.1…..Land use and cover
      Charts 1.1 a – c
      Maps 1.1 a – c

1.2…..Wetlands inventory
      Charts 1.2 a – c
      Maps 1.2 a – c

1.3…..GAP analysis
      Tables 1.3 a – d
      Maps 1.3 a – d

Maps are included within this chapter. Also, all maps may be viewed as separate PDF files
on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource Management Plan (SFRMP) web site at
www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry/subsection/north_shore.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                                  1.1
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover


1.1 Land Use and Cover

Chart 1.1a
                                 North Shore Highlands
                    Cultivated     Urban-
             Mining   Land        Rural Dev.
                                             Hay/Pasture
              0%       0%            2%
                                              /Grassland
      Bog/Marsh/                                  5%
         Fen
                                                   Brushland
         14%
                                                      5%
      Water
       4%
                                                              See map 1.1a –
                                                              Land Use and Cover




                                  Forested
                                    70%

Chart 1.1b
                                     Toimi Uplands

                                               Urban-
                           Hay/    Mining     Rural Dev. Cultivated
                          Pasture/  0%           0%        Land
                         Grassland                          0%
                            1%                                Brushland
                                                                 9%
                      Bog/Marsh
                        /Fen
                        26%


                          Water
                                                                              See map 1.1 b –
                           3%
                                                                              Land Use and Cover
                                                            Forested
                                                              61%




1.2                                  North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                  SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                            Land Use and Cover


Chart 1.1c
                                     Laurentian Uplands


                                           Urban-        Hay/Pasture/
                                          Rural Dev.      Grassland
                      Cultivated Land
                                             0%              0%
                            0%
                                                           Brushland
                                 Mining
                                                              1%
                                  2%
                     Bog/Marsh/Fen                                       See map 1.1 c –
                         25%
                                                                         Land Use and Cover

                         Water
                          5%                                  Forested
                                                                67%



1.1 Land Use and Cover Classification Descriptions

Forested: Areas with at least two-thirds of the total canopy cover composed of deciduous
forest, coniferous forest, or mixed deciduous/conifer forest. Forested areas include wood
lots, shelterbelts, and plantations.

Cultivated land: Areas under intensive cropping or rotation, fallow fields, and fields
seeded with forage and cover crops. Fields exhibit linear or other patterns associated with
current or recent tillage. The North Shore Highlands/ToimiUplands/Laurentian Upland
subsections contain no significant acres of cultivated land.

Hay/pasture/grassland: Areas covered by grasslands and herbaceous plants. May
contain up to one-third shrubs and/or tree cover. Areas range in size (small to extensive)
and shape (regular to irregular). These areas often exist between agricultural land and
more heavily wooded areas, along right-of-ways and drains. Some areas may be used as
pastures and be mowed or grazed, and may range in appearance from smooth to mottled.
Included are fields that show evidence of past tillage but now appear to be abandoned and
grown to native vegetation or planted to a cover crop.

Water: Areas of permanent water bodies such as lakes, rivers, reservoirs, stock ponds,
ditches, and permanent and intermittently exposed palustrine (marshy) open water areas
where photo evidence indicates that water covers the area most of the time.

Urban-rural development: Areas that are used for urban and industrial purposes (cities).


North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                                     1.3
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover


Bog/marsh/fen: Peat-covered or peat-filled depressions with a high water table. Bogs are
carpeted with sphagnum moss and ericaceous (heath) shrubs and may be treeless or tree-
covered with black spruce and/or tamarack. Bogs, marshes, and fens may be grassy and
contain standing or slowly moving water. Vegetation consists of grass and sedge sods,
and common hydrophytic (water-loving) vegetation such as cattail and rushes. Areas are
often interspersed with channels or pools of open water.

Brushland: Areas with combinations of grass, shrubs, and trees in which deciduous
and/or coniferous tree cover comprises one-third to two-thirds of the area, and/or the
shrub cover comprises more than one-third of the area. This complex often exists next to
grassland or forested areas, but may be found alone. Brushland areas vary in shape
(irregular) and size.

Mining: Areas stripped of topsoil which reveal exposed substrate such as sand/gravel.
Included are gravel quarry operations, mine tailings, burrow pits, rock quarries, and
natural beaches/sand dunes.

Source: Land cover data set derived from classified 30-meter resolution Thematic Mapper
satellite imagery. Landsat images between 1991 and 1996 were classified by Manitoba
Remote Sensing Centre. Detailed metadata can be found at the Interagency Information
Cooperative’s web site at www.iic.state.mn.us




1.4                                 North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                 SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                    Land Use and Cover

     Map 1.1a
     Land Use and Cover – North Shore Highlands




     Full-color maps may be viewed as PDF files on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource
     Management Plan (SFRMP) web site at www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry /subsection/north_shore.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                             1.5
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover
       Map 1.1b
       Land Use and Cover – Toimi Uplands




      Full-color maps may be viewed as PDF files on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource
      Management Plan (SFRMP) web site at www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry /subsection/north_shore.




1.6                                North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                    Land Use and Cover
     Map 1.1c
     Land Use and Cover – Laurentian Uplands




     Full-color maps may be viewed as PDF files on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource
     Management Plan (SFRMP) web site at www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry /subsection/north_shore.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                             1.7
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
      Land Use and Cover




      1.2 National Wetlands Inventory

      Chart 1.2
      National Wetlands Inventory Classification
      North Shore/ Tiomi Uplands / Laurentian Uplands
                                                                                 Seasonally flooded
                    Shallow marsh                                                basin or flat
     Seasonally flooded           Deep marsh                                     Shallow marsh
        basin or flat
                                       Open water                                Deep marsh

                                                                                 Open water
                                                   Shrub swamp
                                                   Wet meadow                    Shrub swamp
                                                    Wooded swamp                 Wet meadow

                                                                                 Wooded swamp
                                                  Bog
                                                                                 Bog
                                                  Municipal/
    Uplands                                       Industrial                     Municipal/Industrial
                                                  Riverine system                Riverine system

                                                                                 Uplands

See maps 1.2a – 1.2c Riparian Areas National Wetlands Inventory and Waterways for the
North Shore Highlands/ Tiomi Uplands / Laurentian Uplands

      Table 1.2 National Wetlands Inventory- North Shore Highlands,
                Toimi Uplands, Laurentian Uplands
                Wetland                          Percent in subsection
                Classification                       (percentage)
                Seasonally flooded basin or flat            0.07
                Shallow marsh                               2.00
                Deep marsh                                  0.46
                Open water                                 15.00
                Shrub swamp                                 3.00
                Wet meadow                                  0.20       Note:
                Wooded swamp                                2.00       Total percent
                                                                       exceeds 100
                Bog                                        10.00
                                                                       percent
                Municipal/Industrial                        0.05
                                                                       because of
                Riverine system                             0.26
                                                                       the rounding
                Uplands                                    68.00
                                                                       of numbers.
                                          TOTAL          101.04

      1.8                              North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                    SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                    Land Use and Cover



   Map 1.2a
   Riparian Areas National Wetlands Inventory and Waterways-
   North Shore Highlands




 Full-color maps may be viewed as PDF files on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource
 Management Plan (SFRMP) web site at www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry /subsection/north_shore.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                             1.9
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover




   Map 1.2b
   Riparian Areas National Wetlands Inventory and Waterways-
   Toimi Uplands




   Full-color maps may be viewed as PDF files on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource
   Management Plan (SFRMP) web site at www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry /subsection/north_shore.




1.10                              North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                               SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                         Land Use and Cover


   Map 1.2c
   Riparian Areas National Wetlands Inventory and Waterways-
   Laurentian Uplands




 Full-color maps may be viewed as PDF files on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource
 Management Plan (SFRMP) web site at www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry /subsection/north_shore.


2.1 National Wetlands Inventory Classification Descriptions

How the Classifications Were Developed
The National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) program (sponsored by the US Fish and Wildlife
Service) mapped wetland area features. Base data was developed through interpreting
National Aerial Photography Program (NAPP) imagery (approx. 1:50,000 scale,
typically color-infrared) and limited field verification studies. Source aerial photography
dates from 1979-1988. Twenty wetland classifications were developed for the wetland
basins of the U.S.; Minnesota contains eight.


North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                                 1.11
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover


Seasonally flooded basin or flat: Soils covered with water or soils waterlogged during
variable seasonal periods but usually well-drained during much of the growing season.
Vegetation (bottomland hardwoods to herbaceous plants) varies greatly according to
season and duration of flooding. The North Shore Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian
Upland subsections contain 0.07 percent seasonally flooded basins or flats.

Wet meadow: Soils usually lacking standing water during most of the growing season
but waterlogged within at least a few inches of the surface. Wet meadows may fill
shallow basins, sloughs, or farmland sags, or may border shallow marshes towards land.
Vegetation includes grasses, sedges, rushes and various broad-leaved plants. Other
wetland plant community types include low prairies, sedge meadows and calcareous fens.
The North Shore Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections contain 0.20
percent wet meadow.

Shallow marsh: Soils usually waterlogged during the early growing season and may be
covered with six inches or more of water. Shallow marshes may nearly fill shallow lake
basins or sloughs, or may border deep marshes towards land. Shallow marshes are
common as seep areas on irrigated lands. Vegetation includes grass, bulrush, spikerush
and other marsh plants such as cattail, arrowhead, pickerelweed and smartweed. Two
percent of the North Shore Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections
contain shallow marsh.

Deep marsh: Soils usually covered by six to 36 inches of water during the growing
season. Deep marshes may completely fill shallow lake basins, potholes, limestone sinks
and sloughs, or they may border open water in such depressions. Vegetation includes
cattail, reed, bulrush, spikerush and wild rice. Open areas may contain pondweed, naiad,
coontail, water-milfoil, waterweed, duckweed, waterlily, or spatterdock. The North Shore
Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections contains 0.46 percent deep
marsh.

Open water: Areas of shallow open water (water less than 10 feet deep) and deep water
habitats or lakes (water six feet deep or more). Shallow open water like shallow ponds
and reservoirs may be fringed by a border of emergent vegetation similar to open areas of
deep marsh. Deepwater habitats or lakes lack aquatic surface vegetation. Fifteen percent
of the North Shore Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections is open
water.

Shrub swamp: Soil is usually waterlogged during the growing season and is often
covered with as much as six inches of water. Shrub swamps occur mostly along slow-

1.12                                North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                 SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                          Land Use and Cover


moving streams and occasionally on flood plains. Vegetation includes alder, willow,
buttonbush, dogwood, and swamp-privet. Three percent of the North Shore
Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections contain shrub swamp.

Wooded swamp: Soils waterlogged at least a few inches below the surface during the
growing season and often covered with as much as one foot of water. Wooded swamps
occur mostly along slow-moving streams, riverine oxbows, flat uplands, and in ancient
lake basins. Forest vegetation includes tamarack, arborvitae, black spruce, balsam fir, red
maple, and black ash. Deciduous wooded swamps frequently support beds of duckweed
and smartweed. Wooded swamps may contain wetland plant community types common
to lowland hardwood and coniferous swamps. Two percent of the North Shore
Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections contain wooded swamp.

Bog: Soils usually waterlogged. Bogs occur mostly in ancient lake basins, on flat
uplands, and along slow-moving streams. Vegetation is woody or herbaceous or both,
usually growing on a spongy covering of mosses. Typical plants are heath shrub,
sphagnum moss, and sedge. In the North, leatherleaf, Labrador tea, cranberry and
cottongrass are often present. Scattered and often stunted black spruce and tamarack may
occur. Ten percent of the North Shore Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland
subsections contain bogs.

Areas of municipal and industrial activities: Areas that are used for municipal and
industrial activities. A small percentage (0.05 percent) of the North Shore
Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections contain areas of municipal and
industrial activities.

Riverine system: Wetlands and deepwater habitats contained within natural and artificial
river channels. Riverine systems contain periodically or continuously flowing water.
Upland islands or palustrine (marshy) wetlands may occur in the channel, but they are not
part of the riverine system. A small percentage (0.26 percent) of the North Shore
Highland/Toimi Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections contain riverine systems.

Uplands: Non-wetland areas. Sixty-eight percent of the North Shore Highland/Toimi
Upland/Laurentian Upland subsections contain uplands.

Sources
   1. Wetland Types and Definitions in Minnesota, Minnesota Department of natural
      Resources, Division of Waters



North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                                  1.13
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover


       2. Minnesota Wetlands and Surface Water Resources, Minnesota Department of
          natural Resources, Division of Waters

       Detailed metadata can be found at the Interagency Information Cooperative’s web
       site at www.iic.state.mn.us. Posters of Minnesota wetlands are available by calling
       the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Information Center at 651-296-6157
       or Toll Free at 1-888-646-6367.




1.14                                  North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                   SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                          Land Use and Cover




 1.3 GAP Classification of the North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/
 Laurentian Uplands Subsections

What is a GAP Classification?
The Gap Analysis Program (GAP) is a project sponsored and coordinated by the
Biological Resources Division of the U.S. Geological Survey. The Minnesota DNR is
participating in this nationwide project. Coordination of GAP programs in neighboring
states is being done to ensure the development of regionally compatible information.

The GAP website defines the project as “…a scientific method for identifying the degree
to which native animal species and natural communities are represented in our present-
day mix of conservation lands. Those species and communities not adequately
represented in the existing network of conservation lands constitute conservation ‘gaps.’”
The purpose of the Gap Analysis Program (GAP) is to provide broad geographic
information on the status of ordinary species (those not threatened with extinction or
naturally rare) and their habitats in order to provide land managers, planners, scientists,
and policy makers with the information they need to make better-informed decisions.
Further information is available at www.gap.uidaho.edu/default.htm

The basic statewide geographic information systems (GIS) datasets of GAP will include
land cover, distributions of native vertebrate species, major land ownership patterns, and
land management. Gap analysis will be conducted by overlaying vegetation and species
richness maps with ownership and management maps, so that gaps in the management for
biodiversity can be identified. The data layers are developed, displayed, and analyzed
using (GIS) techniques. The GAP project in Minnesota is scheduled to be completed in
2003.

Land Cover Classification
The GAP classification of current vegetation (land cover map), which is a part of the
larger project, was produced by computer classification of satellite imagery (Landsat 5
Thematic Mapper imagery). GAP land cover classification of the North Shore
Highlands, Toimi Uplands, and Laurentian Uplands Subsections was completed in 2002
(draft) by the Resource Assessment Unit of the DNR Division of Forestry. Units of
analysis are divided by Ecological Classification System (ECS) subsections. The
minimum mapping unit is one acre.

The following pages include tables and maps of the GAP land cover classification of the
subsections in this plan. The tables included on the maps have been reproduced in Tables
1.3a – d to provide them in a readable format.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                                  1.15
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover


Table 1.3a
   Gap Classification Table of the North Shore Highlands
                                          All     Vegetated                          Forested
         Cover Type         Acres1
                                       Classes     Classes                           Classes
       Non-vegetated                      62,000       4%              0%               0%
       Ag/grassland                       41,800       3%              3%               0%
       Upland shrubland                   72,300       5%              5%               0%
       Lowland shrub                     166,900      11%             12%               0%
       Aquatic                            56,600       4%              0%               0%
       Wetland                             9,400       1%              1%               0%
       Red/white pine                     33,700       2%              2%               3%
       Jack pine                           7,500       1%              1%               1%
       Spruce/fir mix                     80,200       5%              6%               7%
       Upland cedar                        6,600      <1%             <1%               1%
       Upland conifer mix                  1,000      <1%             <1%               <1%
       Black spruce                       54,000       4%              4%               5%
       Tamarack                            8,200       1%              1%               1%
       Lowland cedar                      49,700       3%              4%               5%
       Stagnant coniferous
                                          16,800       1%              1%               2%
       forest
       Aspen/birch                       724,200      49%             53%               67%
       Other upland deciduous
                                          79,700       5%              6%               7%
       forest
       Lowland deciduous
                                          13,900       1%              1%               1%
       forest
       Total                          1,484,800
       See Map1.7 GAP Classification of the North Shore Highlands
       1
           Acres rounded to the nearest 100 acres. Percent (%) decimals rounded to the nearest
           1 percent.




1.16                                     North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                      SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                       Land Use and Cover


     Table 1.3b
    Gap Classification Table of the Toimi Uplands
                                           All    Vegetated                Forested
        Cover Type           Acres
                                        Classes    Classes                 Classes
    Non-vegetated                        2,400           1%    0%              0%
    Ag/grassland                         6,800           2%    2%              0%
    Upland shrubland                    26,300           2%    2%              0%
    Lowland shrub                       60,600       18%      19%              0%
    Aquatic                             10,800           3%    0%              0%
    Wetland                              3,200           1%    1%              0%
    Red/white pine                      12,200           4%    4%              5%
    Jack pine                           10,600           3%    3%              5%
    Spruce/fir mix                      10,000           3%    3%              4%
    Upland cedar                           100       <1%      <1%             <1%
    Upland conifer mix                   1,300       <1%      <1%              1%
    Black spruce                        23,000       14%       7%             10%
    Tamarack                             8,200           2%    3%              4%
    Lowland cedar                       15,400           5%    5%              7%
    Stagnant coniferous
                                         5,400           2%    2%              2%
    forest
    Aspen/birch                       129,500        38%      40%             56%
    Other upland deciduous
                                         9,500           3%    3%              4%
    forest
    Lowland deciduous
                                         5,000           1%    2%              2%
    forest
    Total                            340,400
    See Map 1.8 GAP Classification of the Toimi Uplands
    1
     Acres rounded to the nearest 100 acres. Percent (%) decimals rounded to the nearest
    1 percent.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                               1.17
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover


       Table 1.3c
       Gap Classification Table of the Laurentian Uplands
                                              All     Vegetated                    Forested
            Cover Type          Acres
                                           Classes     Classes                     Classes
       Non-vegetated                    9,500        2%              0%               0%
       Ag/grassland                     2,800       <1%              1%               0%
       Upland shrubland                26,700        5%              5%               0%
       Lowland shrub                   52,800        9%             10%               0%
       Aquatic                         24,600        4%              0%               0%
       Wetland                          5,900        1%              1%               0%
       Red/white pine                  41,700        7%              8%               9%
       Jack pine                       35,000        6%              7%               8%
       Spruce/fir mix                  21,500        4%              4%               5%
       Upland cedar                       400       <1%             <1%               <1%
       Upland conifer mix               1,300       <1%             <1%               <1%
       Black spruce                    81,600       14%             15%               18%
       Tamarack                        14,000        2%              3%               3%
       Lowland cedar                   19,100        3%              4%               4%
       Stagnant coniferous
                                       29,000        5%              5%               7%
       forest
       Aspen/birch                    199,400       35%             37%               45%
       Other upland deciduous
                                        1,500       <1%             <1%               <1%
       forest
       Lowland deciduous
                                        1,700       <1%             <1%               <1%
       forest
       Total                         568,600
       See Map 1.9 GAP Classification of the Laurentian Uplands
       1
        Acres rounded to the nearest 100 acres. Percent (%) decimals rounded to the nearest
       1 percent.




1.18                                   North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                    SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                       Land Use and Cover


    Table 1.3d
    Gap Classification Table of the
    North Shore/ Toimi Uplands/ Laurentian Uplands
                                         All     Vegetated                 Forested
         Cover Type          Acres
                                      Classes     Classes                  Classes
    Non-vegetated                       74,000           3%    0%              0%
    Ag/grassland                        51,400           2%    2%              0%
    Upland shrubland                  125,200            5%    5%              0%
    Lowland shrub                     280,000        12%      12%              0%
    Aquatic                             92,000           4%    4%              0%
    Wetland                             18,400           1%    1%              0%
    Red/white pine                      87,500           4%    4%              5%
    Jack pine                           53,000           2%    2%              3%
    Spruce/fir mix                    111,600            5%    5%              6%
    Upland cedar                         7,100       <1%      <1%             <1%
    Upland conifer mix                   3,700       <1%      <1%             <1%
    Black spruce                      158,500            7%    7%              9%
    Tamarack                            30,500           1%    1%              2%
    Lowland cedar                       84,000           4%    4%              5%
    Stagnant coniferous
                                        51,300           2%    2%              3%
    forest
    Aspen/birch                     1,052,500        44%      45%             60%
    Other upland deciduous
                                        90,700           4%    4%              5%
    forest
    Lowland deciduous
                                        20,500           1%    1%              1%
    forest
    Total                          2,391,900
    See Map 1.10 GAP Classification of the North Shore Highlands/ Tiomi
     Uplands/ Laurentian Uplands
    1
     Acres rounded to the nearest 100 acres. Percent (%) decimals rounded to the nearest
    1 percent.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                               1.19
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover

   Map 1.3a
   GAP Classification of the North Shore Highlands




 Full-color maps may be viewed as PDF files on the North Shore - Subsection Forest Resource Management Plan
 (SFRMP) web site at www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry /subsection/north_shore.


1.20                             North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                                                   SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                                Land Use and Cover


 Map 1.3b
 GAP Classification of the Toimi Uplands

                                                                Full-color maps may
                                                                be viewed as PDF
                                                                files on the North
                                                                Shore - Subsection
                                                                Forest Resource
                                                                Management Plan
                                                                (SFRMP) web site at
                                                                www.dnr.state.mn.us/
                                                                forestry /subsection/
                                                                north_shore.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands   1.21
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
Land Use and Cover




   Map 1.3c
   GAP Classification of the Laurentian Uplands
                                                                                                   Full-color maps may
                                                                                                   be viewed as PDF
                                                                                                   files on the North
                                                                                                   Shore - Subsection
                                                                                                   Forest Resource
                                                                                                   Management Plan
                                                                                                   (SFRMP) web site at
                                                                                                   www.dnr.state.mn.us
                                                                                                   /forestry /subsection/
                                                                                                   north_shore.




1.22                          North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands
                                                                                       SFRMP Assessment (Draft)
                                                                                            Land Use and Cover

   Map 1.3d
   GAP Classification of the Laurentian Uplands, Toimi Uplands, and North Shore Highlands

                                                                                             Full-color maps may
                                                                                             be viewed as PDF
                                                                                             files on the North
                                                                                             Shore - Subsection
                                                                                             Forest Resource
                                                                                             Management Plan
                                                                                             (SFRMP) web site at
                                                                                             www.dnr.state.mn.us
                                                                                             /forestry /subsection/
                                                                                             north_shore.




North Shore Highlands/Toimi Uplands/Laurentian Uplands                1.23
SFRMP Assessment (Draft)

								
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