Design and drawing of RC Structures by 2J4P419

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									 Design and drawing of RC
        Structures
                            CV61

Dr. G.S.Suresh
Civil Engineering Department
The National Institute of Engineering
Mysore-570 008
                                    Email: gss_nie@yahoo.com
Mob: 9342188467


                                    1
DETAILING OF
BEAM &SLAB




       2
           Learning out Come
•   Review of detailing of beams
•   Continuous rectangular beams
•   Cantilever rectangular beams
•   Flanged beams
•   Introduction to detailing of slab
•   One way slab



                          3
4
 PROBLEM No. 3
 Draw the Longitudinal section and two cross sections one near the
support and other near the mid span of a RCC continuous beam with
the following data:
Clear span of beams = 3m each
Width of beam = 200mm
Overall depth of beam = 300mm
Width in intermediate supports = 200 mm
Main reinforcement = 4 Nos -12 mm diameter bars with 2 bars bent up
Anchor/hanger bars= 2-10 mm diameter
Stirrups = 6 mm diameter @ 300 mm c/c.
Materials : HYSD bars and M20 grade concrete




                                    5
PROBLEM No. 3




     6
 PROBLEM No. 4
 A rectangular beam of cross section 300 x 450 mm is
supported on 4 columns which are equally spaced at 3m
c/c. The columns are of 300 mm x 300 mm in section. The
reinforcement consists of 4 bars of a6 mm diameter (+ve
reinforcement) at mid span and 4 bars of 16 mm diameter at
all supports (-ve reinforcement). Anchor bars consists of a
2-16 mm diameter. Stirrups are of 8 mm diameter 2 legged
vertical at 200 c/c throughout. Grade of concrete is M20 and
type of steel is Fe 415.
Draw longitudinal section and important cross sections.




                                7
PROBLEM No. 4




     8
9
 PROBLEM No. 5
 Draw to scale of 1:20 the Longitudinal section and two cross-
section of a cantilever beam projecting 3.2 from a support using
following data
Clear span                  =3.2m
Overall depth at free end = 150 mm
Overall depth at fixed end = 450 mm
Width of cantilever beam = 300 mm
    Main steel                 = 4-28 mm dia with two bars
curtailed at 1.5m from support
Anchor bars                 = 2 Nos. 16 mm dia
Nominal stirrups            = 6mm dia at 40 mm c/c
Bearing at fixed end               = 300 mm
Use M20 concrete and Fe 415 steel
                                 10
PROBLEM No. 5




    11
 PROBLEM No. 6
A cantilever beam with 3.2m length is resting over a masonry wall and
supporting a slab over it. Draw to a suitable scale Longitudinal section,
two cross-sections and sectional plan with the following data:
Size of beam = 300 mm x 350 mm at free end and 300 mm x 450 mm at
fixed end and in the wall up to a length of 4.8m
Main steel: 4 nos. of 25 mm dia bars, two bars curtailed at 1.2m from
free end
Hanger bars: 2 nos. 16mm.
Stirrups: 6mm dia 2 legged stirrups @ 200 mm c/c the support length
and @100 mm c/c from fixed end up to length of 1m @ 150mm c/c up to
curtailed bars and remaining @ 200 c/c.
       Use M20 concrete and Fe 415 steel




                                      12
PROBLEM No. 2




    13
14
 PROBLEM No. 7
A beam has following data
      Clear span = 4m
      Support width = 300mm
      Size of web = 350 x 400
      Size of flange = 1200 x 120mm
      Main reinforcement in two layers : 3-20 tor + 3-16 tor and to be
      curtailed at a distance 400 mm from inner face of support
      Hanger bars: 3- 20 tor
      Stirrups: 2L-8 tor @ 200 c/c
      Use M20 concrete and Fe 415 steel
Draw longitudinal and cross section if the beam is
1.    T-beam
2.    Inverted T-beam
3.    L-Beam
                                     15
PROBLEM No. 5




    16
17
    Introduction
• Used for covering spaces in the
  form of roof or floor
•   Slab may be supported on walls or
    beams or columns .
•   Slab supported directly by columns are
    called flat slab
•   One Way Slab
•   Two Way Slab

                      18     Dr.G.S.Suresh
    Introduction
•   Slabs could be simply supported,
    continuous or cantilever
•   In two way slab the corners may be held
    down by restraints or may be allowed to
    lift up
•   Additional torsion reinforcement is
    required at corners when it is restrained
    against uplifting as shown in Fig

                        19     Dr.G.S.Suresh
Introduction




               20   Dr.G.S.Suresh
    Introduction
•   Thickness of the slab is decided based on
    span to depth ratio specified in IS456-2000.
    Min reinforcement is 0.12% for HYSD bars and
    0.15 % for mild steel bars.
•   The maximum diameter of bar used in slab
    should not exceed 1/8 of the total thickness of
    slab
•   Maximum spacing of main bar is restricted to
    3 times effective depth or 300 mm which ever
    is less
•   For distribution bars the maximum spacing is
    specified as 5 times the effective depth or 450
    mm which ever is less
                           21      Dr.G.S.Suresh
    Introduction
•   Generally 15 mm to 20 mm cover is
    provided for the main reinforcements
•   Alternate main bars can be cranked near
    support or could be bent at 1800 at the
    edge and then extended at the top inside
    the slab as shown in Fig
•   Curtailment and cranking of bars and is
    shown in Fig


                       22     Dr.G.S.Suresh
Introduction




               23   Dr.G.S.Suresh
    Introduction



•   Torsion Reinforcement shall be provided
    as shown in Fig.




                       24     Dr.G.S.Suresh
Torsion Reinforcement




                        25   Dr.G.S.Suresh
Torsion Reinforcement




                        26   Dr.G.S.Suresh
Typical One Way slab




                       27   Dr.G.S.Suresh
Typical Two Way slab




                       28   Dr.G.S.Suresh
 PROBLEM
 Prepare a detailed structural drawing of one way continuous slab for a
hall of clear dimensions 7m wide and 11.77 m long, use following data
      Centre to centre distance of supporting beams = 3.0 m
      Span of the beams = 7.23m
      Beams are supported on walls of 0.23 m thickness
      C/s of beam = 230 x 450 mm
      Grade of concrete : M20
      Type of steel : Fe415
      Clear cover : 20 mm
      Slab thickness: 150 mm
      Beam depth is inclusive of slab depth, The hall is having walls on
all 4 sides


                                      29
PROBLEM
    Main positive reinforcement @ end span = 8mm
diameter @100 c/c
    Main reinforcement in other interior panels = 8 mm
diameter @ 200 c/c
    Negative reinforcement @ all supports = 8mm diameter
@ 200 c/c
    Distribution steel= 8mm diameter @ 200 c/c




                             30
PROBLEM




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32
No. 1




   33
No. 2




   34
No. 3




   35
No. 4




   36
No. 5




   37
                               Do it Yourself

 1. Draw the longitudinal section and typical cross sections ( at centre
and support), and show the reinforcement details in a simply supported
rectangular beam of size 300 mm x 500 mm, clear span 5m supported
on walls of 0.3m, use a suitable scale
    Reinforcements:
    Main: 4 No. 16mm dia with 2 No. cranked at 1m from centre of
support. Stirrup holders 2 Nos. of 12 mm dia
    Stirrups: 2 legged 8 mm dia stirrups at 250 mm c/c in the central 2m
span and 2 legged 8 mm dia stirrups at 150 mm c/c in the remaining
portion. Assume concrete M 20 grade and steel Fe 415, and suitable
cover. Prepare the bar bending schedule and calculate quantity of steel
and concrete required.




                                    38
                                Do it Yourself

 2. Prepare the bar bending schedule and estimate quantity of steel and
concrete after drawing the longitudinal and cross section. Other details
are
    Span of beam = 4.2 m
       Cross section at support end 300 x 600 mm and cross section at
free end 300 x 150 mm
       Reinforcements:
       Main tension steel: 4-20 mm dia, 2 bars are curtailed at a distance
of 2m from free end
       Hanger bars: 1-12 mm dia
       Two legged stirrups 8mm dia @ 140 mm c/c for full length.




                                      39
Dr. G.S.Suresh
Civil Engineering Department
The National Institute of Engineering
Mysore-570 008
Mob: 9342188467                              Email: gss_nie@yahoo.com

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