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AP Government-Federalism: The Power Scavenger Hunt Name: Period: Directions: 1. Use any part of your book and pocket constitution to help you complete this assignment! 2. Follow the steps and answer the questions provided-if you need to use an extra sheet of paper, make sure you clearly label the questions, it is legible, and staple it took this paper. 3. Learn, have fun, and share your knowledge!!! Questions and steps to follow (answer on a separate sheet of paper or in the box when necessary). 1. Define the word federalism as taken from the book and in your own words. 2. On the chart, take note that there are 3 different types of National Powers, what is the general difference between the 3 of them? 3. In Article I, Expressed Powers are listed, copy down 15 of them on the chart. Any that you don’t understand you will need to define—yes that means look them up. 4. In Article I, the framers also listed powers that were denied to the national government, list 6 of them on the chart. 5. Not all the powers of the national government are listed (expressed), what is the significance of the Necessary and Proper Clause? 6. Find this clause in the Constitution and copy it down on the chart. 7. Answer letter B under Implied Powers on the chart. 8. Answer letter C on the chart, you might need to use chapters 2/3 to figure this out (or notes from the class lectures)—in other words, why can’t Congress make just any new law that they want? 9. For letter D, the first blank is the name of another clause, the second blank should be the exact location of this clause in the Constitution. 10. For letter E, you might need to use chapters 2/3. 11. For #3, Inherent Powers, you will need to look at the definition of this power in the book, and then figure examples on your own. 12. For #4, Exclusive Powers, fill in the chart with examples of only those powers given to the National Government. 13. Complete #5 on the chart. 14. Turn the page over 15. State and local governments also play a role in the power structure of the USA, the state’s powers are called Reserved Powers…why are they called this? 16. Read the 10th amendment (the source of state power); copy down the amendment in the appropriate spot on the chart. Circle the most important word in this statement. 17. From your own knowledge, what are some examples of reserved powers? 18. Complete the Denied Powers section on the chart. 19. Complete the local powers section; this probably will have to come completely from your noggin. 20. Complete the Concurrent Powers section anyway you can. 21. Finally, define “fiscal” federalism. How is it an example of an “Informal Amendment”? In other words, how does it drastically change the federalism power structure the founding fathers originally created? You will most likely need to use your book for this question. AP Government: Federalism: The Power Scavenger Hunt State Power: Called Reserved Powers Reserved Powers (10th) Denied Powers (1.10) Concurrent Powers A. Established by 10th amendment, A. List the powers denied to the A. The state and national govt. share copy it down here… states here… powers, they both, for example, have the power to tax. Look at the list of “The powers not delegated…” 1. powers given to and denied to the National govt. and identify the 2. powers the state and national govts. have in common (that they share), list 3. them here… 4. 1. 2. 3. 1. called reserved powers 4. 2. basically means that anything not listed in the constitution is a power 5. reserved for the states. Local Powers A. Are simply extensions of the state and can 6. B. Examples of Reserved Powers… only do what the states let it do…they are there for convenience. From your 7. 1. Divorce Laws knowledge, list some examples of local govt. powers: 2. 1. 3. 2. 4. 3. AP Government: Federalism: The Power Scavenger Hunt National Powers (called delegated) There are 3 types: 1. Expressed Powers (Article 1:8) 2. Implied Powers (1.8.18) 3. Inherent Powers List some of them here… A. Found in the Necessary and Exist only b/c the US exists, these Proper Clause (elastic clause) are NOT written but more 1. which states: common sense…list some you can think of…. 2. 1. 3. 2. 4. B. Why is it called the elastic 5. clause? 4. Exclusive Powers-only Powers 6. the federal govt. has…list some 1. 7. C. What stipulation is put on laws 2. 8. created through this clause? 3. 9. 10. 5. National Govt. guarantees to D. It is implied and stated that the States (Article 4.4) In Article 1.9 is a list of powers denied to National Govt. is Supreme to the 1. the Nat. Govt., list some here: State Govt’s. This is found in 1. in the 2. 2. 3. E. The court case that defined this 3. clause is called: 4.
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