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					   The Importance of
Technology in Education:


   How South Dakota Is
Integrating Technology in
        Education
Challenges & How SD Solved Them
 Why Technology in Education?
 The South Dakota Problem
 Wiring SD Schools
 Connecting SD Schools / the DDN Network
 TTL Academies & Professor Sabbaticals to
     Integrate Technology and Education
 NSU Center for Statewide E-Learning, Star
     Schools and DDN Courses
 Overcoming and Preventing Problems
        Why
  Technology
in Education?

          
 Equal Footing

 Level Playing Field

 We Live in an Information
      Society
        The
South Dakota
    Problem

         
The World:
The United States:
South Dakota: ( 1 Dot = 15 People)
SD Is A State of Small Schools
                      176 School Districts
                         308 Cities/Towns
                    125,612 K-12 Students

    10 Districts in 10 Towns = 57,011 (45%)
  166 Districts in 298 Towns = 68,601 (55%)

 131 Districts have LESS than 600 students

  83 High Schools of the 176 Districts have
                  LESS than 100 students
 How Small / Big Are We?


ALL of                   Just 15 of the 48
                           Mpls-St. Paul
 SD                       School Districts


125,612    Students            125,375
 77,121   Square Miles             382
 9,161     Teachers              7,570
34 Years: Fall Enrollment Students & Total Staff

                                              17,425
                                               Staff

 12,714                                   + 4,711
  Staff                                      Staff




175,654                                   - 50,042
Students                                   Students


                                             125,612
                                             Students



 1970                                     2002
Problem #1:
   Cost-- $100 million to wire all SD
            public schools

Problem #2:
   Inmates-- Laying around all day

The Answer:
   Inmates wire schools
      Wiring
South Dakota
    Schools

         
SD School District Boundaries


                                    2
FALL „96

                                Inmate
                                Crews
                                Wiring
                                 Now:

                                Colman-
                                   Egan

                                Hill City
Each School Received:
    Cat 5 wire
    R 59 TV cable
    Fiber optics
    Electrical upgrades
    Conduit & bridle ring system in
       place for any future wiring
Who Pays For What?

 State paid for:
  Cat V wire, fiber optics,
   conduit, rings, electrical
       wires/panels, inmate
  salaries,          electrician,
  tools

 School paid for:
  Night security, food, lodging
Inmates:
 10 hour days, 6 days a week
 Pay-- $3 a day
 Journeymen electricians-- learn
   wiring & electrical
 Crew evaluations weekly
 Learn good work habits & the
   reward of accomplishment
 Built political constituency
  Connecting SD Schools:
the Digital Dakota Network

                       
176 School Districts
+ Over 60 Telephone Territories
= One Big Jigsaw Puzzle!
Who Will Build Infrastructure?
 1997 Telecommunications Act --
    regulatory mandates don‟t work

 States must foster cooperation
   In SD, that‟s 63 telcos!!!
   (US West + 29 Independents + 13 Coops + 3
   Municipals + 17 Out-of-State)


 State must provide leadership
What Schools Get:
  Leveraged US West contract for 220 video
      classrooms to ALL public school districts
  State gave schools
    ATM scalable T1 service
    391 network servers for every school building
    Cabletron switches
    500 Gateway Destinations
    Local Area Networks-- routers, hubs, switches, software, training
      PLUS connection to statewide Dakota Digital Network
    Fast, reliable, robust Internet access
    Statewide E-mail, web-hosting, grades software, filtering
      technology & WebCT
    Statewide network management
    Automatic bandwidth upgrades
    Videoconference scheduling
Wiring & Connecting the Public Schools:
 622 school buildings
 624 inmates worked for 640,067 hours
 3 redundant connections for every 3 of 4
         students = 101,250 for 125,612

   11,481,683 feet of Cat 5 Wire (2,715 miles!)
   Huge length of R59 Television Cable
   124,722 feet of fiber optics
   Conduit/pathways for any future technology
   67,207 electrical outlets
Universities, Private Schools & Libraries:

    Wired all public universities-- 6

    Wired all private universities-- 5

    Wire all dorm rooms-- ONE drop for
             each student

    Wired all private K-12 schools-- 34

    Wired libraries & coops-- 25
Network Connections to ALL Schools:
 Throughput speed -- guaranteed minimums for
    T1, DS-3 & OC-3
 Data delivery performance -- guaranteed
 99.967% availability -- guaranteed
     Only 4 hrs outage allowed per year!
     $30,000 penalty
 State pays the bill: 3-year contract
 Future open to any delivery technology
         SD Fiber Networks:June 2002
                                                                 MOUND CITY
                                                                                    ABERDEEN
                  BISON
                                                      MOBRIDGE                                GROTON


                                                                                                                     MILBANK

                                              EAGLE BUTTE                                 ASHTON

                          FAITH                                               REDFIELD                  WATERTOWN
                                                                                                                           CLEAR LAKE


  SPEARFISH
                                                                                         HITCHCOCK
                                                   PIERRE              HIGHMORE
                                                                                      HURON                                 BROOKINGS
DEADWOOD
                                                                                                       MADISON
 RAPID CITY                                                                           WOONSOCKET

                              WALL                                                                                        DELL RAPIDS
                                         KADOKA                                                MITCHELL SALEM
CUSTER                                                                                                                       EROS
                                                                                                                 BALTIC        GARRETSON
                                                                          KIMBALL
                                                                                                                            SIOUX FALLS


                                                                                                    EMERY
   HOT SPRINGS
                                                  MISSION    WINNER
                                     MARTIN
                 PINE RIDGE
                                                                                      SPRINGFIELD
                                                                                                     YANKTON
                                                                                                           VERMILLION


                     Black Hills FiberCom
                     SDN Communications Network
                     Qwest Network
                     McLeod USA Network
The Digital Dakota Network:
 Content filtering of Internet
 Free electronic library for ALL students & ALL South Dakotans
      over 4,000 magazines, newspapers, databases, &
        journals (Proquest & Infoquest)
 Office of Technology to help teachers (5)
 Distance learning and in-service coordination
 State gives expert technical help
 State gives huge storage for all school websites
 State gives Videoconferencing & Internet access to
      schools -- FREE of CHARGE and upgraded as needed.
 State provides Cisco Academies
               33 SD Cisco Academies
                                                                            =
SDSMT Region:
                              Pierre Region:
                                                                        4 Regional
Bennett Co. SDSMT             Eagle Butte Todd Co.                      Academies
Kadoka         Spearfish      Huron         White River
Lower Brule Wall              Miller        Winner
                                                                          L.A. Tech
Rapid City (2)                Pierre
                                                                          Region:
                                                                          Aberdeen(2)
                                                                          DeSmet
                                                                          ECI-- Brk
                                                                          L.A. Tech
                                                                          Milbank
                                                                          Redfield
                                                                          Webster


                                                                          SE Tech
                                                                          Region:
                                                                          Canton
                                                                          Emery &
2nd Yr & Independent:
                                                                              Hansen
Douglas      Meade Co.
                                                                          Flandreau
Elm Valley   Sisseton Com.
                                                                          Mitchell
Hecla        TIE-- RC
                                                                          SE Tech
Lake Central
                                                                          Tri-Valley
                                                                          Vermillion
                                                                          Yankton
         Funded by John and Tashia Morgridge-- Aberdeen, Canton,
         Redfield, Spearfish, Vermillion, Wall, White River, & Winner
Summary of Benefits for Students & Teachers

                        Wiring--
                         3 drops for   Internet --
                           every 4     Cheap & Fast
                          students

                                                  Real-Time
         Local Area                                   Video--
         Networks--                                   Courses &
         in every district                            Activities

                                                Educator
         Digital Dakota                       Development--
           Network--                                TTL
             statewide                           Academies

                               State
ONE                 Hardware Tech
                    & Software Support
                                                                   ONE
 State                                                    Neighborhood
                               265 VideoConferencing Sites
                                                                   McIntosh                                          Pollock                                Frederick                                                                      Rosholt
                                                                                                                                       Eureka                                                                       Britton
                                                Lemmon                                    Wakpala                                                                                   Helca      Langford                         Veblen
                                                                        McLaughlin                                 Herreid                         Leola
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Roslyn
                                                                                           Mobridge          Selby             Bowdle                      Rosco     Ipswich        Aberdeen        Groton               Sisseton
                                                                                                                                             Edmunds                             12                                         2
                                                                                Timber Lake                                                   Central                          Warner          Bristol Webster
             Buffalo                    Bison
                                                                    Isabel                                                                                                                                 Waubay       Wilmot
                                                                                                                                                                                Mellette       Conde
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Summit      Big Stone City
                                                                                                                                        Hoven                                                                                       Milbank
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Florence               2
                                                                                                                                                                         Redfield               Doland                           South Shore
                                                                                                                                                          Cresbard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Waverly Revillo
                                                                        Eagle Butte                                                          Faulkton                                                  Clark       Henry       3
                                                                   Dupree                                                            Gettysburg                                Tulare                                            Watertown
                                                   Faith                                                                                                                                                Willow
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Hayti               Clear Lake
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Lake          2
    2     Belle Fourche                                                                                                                                                          Hitchcock
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Castlewood
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Arlington                 Estelline
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Willow Lake                                White
                                                                                                                       Onida                                                                                                            Brookings
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Elkton
                               Newell
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Rutland
                                                                                                   Ft.
                                                                                                                                      Highmore                                   Wolsey Iroquois              De Smet     Lake Preston
4       Spearfish                                                                                 Pierre Pierre             Harold
                                                                                                                                                            Miller Wessington                                                               Volga
                2    Sturgis                             Phillip      Midland                            8
                                                                                                                                                                                      2
                                                                                                                                                                                           Huron
                                                                                                                                         Stephan                                                                         Ramona
         Lead/Deadwood                                                                                                                                                                     Alpena                                             Flandreau
                                                                                                 Murdo
          Rapid City                                                                                                                                                                                           4   Madison         Colman
           11                                                                                                        Lyman                                                              Woonsocket Howard
                                                                                                                               2                                                                                                Dell Rapids
                    Box Elder                                                                                                      Chamberlain      Kimball                               Artesian
                             New Underwood                         Kadoka
    2                                                                                                                                                  White Lake                    Mt Vernon         Montrose                  Beresford
        Hill City                                                                                                                                                         Plankinton
                                                                                                                                                                                                Salem            Chester
                                                                                                                                                                                     4
                                                                                                                                                                                                            Colton-Tri-Valley 2
                                                                                                                                                                                    Mitchell        Alexandria              Hartford
         Custer                                                                                                                                                         Stickney                  Emery                                   2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Sioux Falls
                                                                                         White River                                                                                                  Canistota                    13
                                                                                                                                                                                        Ethan          Bridgewater                   Tea
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Lennox
            2                                                                                                                                                           Corsica          Parkston
    Hot Springs                                                                                                                                  Platte                                                    Freeman                 Harrisburg
                                                                                                         Winner                                                                        Tripp/Delmont
                                                                                                               2                                                                                         Menno                     Canton
                                                                                                                                                                            Armor                                        Hurley
                                                                                                                   Colome                                  Geddes
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Scotland               Viborg
                                                  Porcupine                                                                                                                                                                Irene
                                                                                     2                                 Gregory
    Edgemont                   Oelrichs                                               Mission                                                                                    Wagner                                                         Alcester
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Wakonda
                                       Shannon County              Martin       St. Francis                                             Boonsteel/Fairfax                           Avon
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Tyndall
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Gayville
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Yankton
                                                                                                                                                                                                                2               Vermillion
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Elk Point

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Valley
     Educators on State K-12 E-mail System
                              11,444 Users



                               2000-2001 School Year
                                8.4 million e-mails

                       This School Year (thru April)

     3                    12.2 million e-mails
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               M
     Integrating Technology
            with Education:
the Technology for Teaching
        and Learning (TTL)
                Academies
                        
Teacher Technology Training:

 IBM, Apple, Sun Micro, others said:
      “Short courses don’t work! Tech
    training should be a concentrated 200
    hours.”

 South Dakota Teachers said:
      “We want to use computers and
    other new technologies, but we need
        time to learn and time to integrate
 it     into our lessons and units.”
Governor’s Technology for Teaching
and Learning (TTL) Academies: (Goals 2000)
 4 Weeks--All Day IMMERSION --200
 hours
  Improving Technology Skills
  Integrating Technology to Enhance
   Education
  Transforming lesson plans, units
  Creating new learning methods/materials
 $1,000 stipend per teacher
 $1,000 to buy new technology
 Free Dorm room & meals on campus
 TTL Basic
                                      5,010
  200 Hour
 Immersion                    3,659



                      2,456
                                              54%
                                               Of All
              1,474                           Teachers

       743

134

1997   1998    1999    2000    2001    2002
TTL Academies:
               Basic TTL 5,010
           Advanced TTL      569
      Network Administrators TTL
                             463
 School Administrators TTL   357
    Distance Teaching TTL    400

     Professor Sabbaticals   319
 Professor 2nd Sabbaticals    98
Diverse Videoconference Users:
    High school courses
    College courses
    Healthcare training
    Seminars and workshops by
       professional organizations
    VA regional office hearings
    State Government commission and
       board meetings
    Private association meetings
    Contest Hearings
       (from Welfare Appeals to Liquor Licenses to
             Water Permits, etc)
NSU Center for E-Learning,
             Star Schools,
and Digital Dakota Network
                 Courses

                       
NSU Center for Statewide E-Learning:
 For K-12 Schools, NSU Master Teachers Are
   Teaching Needed Courses to Small Schools

   Training Other Teachers How to Teach Needed Courses via
       videoconferencing
   Training All Teacher Graduates to be Technology Proficient

   Providing Unique E-mentoring program for E-students

 For K-12 Schools, NSU Is a Technology Resource
 For Non-Education NSU students, NSU Is
     Integrating interactive, multimedia technology throughout the
        university curriculum
     Giving all students a world class basic technology integration
       skills & special technology integration skills in their major &
       minor
Examples:

  Art
     from McLaughlin to Faith & Wessington
  Driver’s Ed
    from Mobridge to Dupree, Buffalo, Faith &
        McLaughlin

  Calculus
            from Salem to Canistota, Baltic & Tri-Valley

  Spanish I, II, III
            from 20 sending schools to 41 receiving
            schools
K-8
Enrichment
Projects
Interviews
Drama
Math Games
Art
Music
Electronic field trips
Science experiments
  NSU Videoconferenced HS Courses

2001-2002         2002-2003
 Calculus          AP Am. History    French 1
 Physics
                   AP Calculus       French 2
 British Lit
                   AP English       Spanish 1
 Chemistry
 Senior Math       AP Physics       Spanish 2

 French 1          Senior Math
 Spanish 1         Psychology
 Am. Govrnmt       Physics
 AP Am. History
                   Chemistry
         DDN Courses Offered by High
         Schools to Other High Schools
 2001-2002                    2002-2003
AP Chemistry     Art          AP Chemistry    Art           Algebra 1,2
AP English      Calculus      AP English      Calculus      Geometry
Drivers‟ Ed     Family Rel.   Drivers‟ Ed     Family Rel.   Earth Sci.
Health          Physics       Health          Physics       Biology
Psychology      Parenting     Psychology      Parenting     Geography
Spanish 1, 2    Theater       Spanish 1,2,3   Theater       World Hist.
Visual Basic    Sociology     Visual Basic    Sociology     Am. Hist
    Senior Math               Senior Math    Am. Gov.         … And
 Communications for           Communications Creative            More
     Business                   for Business    Writing
    Creative Writing
DECA DDN Elementary Enrichment:
                                                    Nitrogen
 Machines
  with No                                 Monthly Virtual
  Motors                                 Visits with EROS
                                            Data Center
                                             Scientists

                 Physics:                   Fingerprints,
                                            Forensics &
                   A                            More
               Balancing
                  Act
                                     How Weather
                                       Affects a
                  3 Pigs Go          Barrier Reef
                  High Tech

 Looking for Shipwrecks: Virtual Dive into Lake Michigan
                       Butterfly
                       Puppetry                               Adventure
                                                               to Mars
Through the Eyes
  of the Elders
                                                           Virtual
                                                           Field
                                                           Trips to
    Prairie                                                Tybee
   Pasque                                                  Island,
                                                           GA.
  Book Talks
                   Egypt, Egypt, Everywhere
                   …PLUS
                   STEPStar Curriculum:
                                                              Dr.
Wonderful                                                  Seuss
                     Elementary Japanese
   Wetlands          Primary/Intermediate/Middle Spanish
                     Young Astronauts
                     Middle School Math Mini-Course
                                     SD
                                   World
                                   War II
                                  Veterans
                                    Unit                  Ten Units -- 40 Lessons
www.state.sd.us/deca/technologyThemeUnits/wwII/                www.sd4history.com


Buffalo
Roundup Unit




  www.state.sd.us/deca/technology/ThemeUnits/BuffaloRoundup/
                  Other Recognitions:
                 Digital State Ranking, #1
                 in Education in 2000

Education Week
 May 9, 2002
                 Digital State Ranking,
                 #1 in Education in 2001


                 2001 USDLA Eagle Award
Digital State Rankings: SD #1 Last Two Years

  Wired & Networked schools provide excellent
    access to the Internet for all SD students
  Technology Training for Teachers (TTL)
  State uses technology to disseminate standards
  State promotes technology integration
  State invests in innovative uses of technology
  State uses technology for administrative work,
    communication & coordination with school districts
                       Connecting Educators, Students and
                         Parents to the Worldwide Web
          About the SDEdWeb l Recommend a Site l Reviewers Resources l Contact Us l Disclaimer


   Includes links to over 53,000 teacher-reviewed
      websites aligned with SD Content Standards for
      Teachers, Students, and Parents
   Features a minimum of Best 5 list of resources, Best
      5 lesson plans and Best 5 on-line activities for SD
      Content Standards
          Star Schools Grant
K-8 enrichment events           Targeted In-service to
                                  meet teachers’ needs
Expand Governor’s
  http://www.sdedweb.com        Distance learning
  with 150 more theme-            instructional videos
  based sites in line with SD
  content standards             Action research for more
                                 innovation in distance
More national virtual field      education
 trips via videoconferencing
                                Measurement &
More videoconferencing           evaluation to quantify
 equipment at SD parks,          the benefits of
 science centers and             technology in
 museums for in-state            education
 virtual field trips
                     DDN Campus:
                Statewide Student Information System
For School Districts (teachers and administrators)
    Creates class schedules for students
    Stores & displays records for students and staff
    Automates special education Individual Education Programs
    Records & report attendance to administrators & parents
    Tracks discipline offenses & actions
    Allows statewide gathering of data from schools
    Lowers costs to school districts
    Provides secure web-based online grading

For Parents
    Instant access to grades, attendance & discipline records
    Track graduation records & course requirements
    Increase & Improve communications between schools & parents

                                                         …and 
For Public
    Web-Publishes school accountability information
              (tests scores, graduation rates, etc.)
    Information available in graphic and table formats


For Board of Regents (BOR)
    Identifies Regents Scholars
    Identifies & labels courses needed for BOR entrance requirements


For Department of Education and Cultural Affairs (DECA)
    Retrieves demographic information from schools (ADM,
      enrollments, federal reporting information, etc.)
    Improves accuracy of student information data
    Makes school information available more quickly
    Meets federal reporting requirements for the re-authorized federal
      Elementary & Secondary Education Act -- “No Child Left Behind”
    Enhances ability to track student records as they move from
      district to district so they are not lost between schools
      Preventing and
Overcoming Problems

                 
Bumps in the Road:
     “We can do it better ourselves”
     Local fear of inmates
     “The job is too big”
     Meredith Wilson‟s Music Man
     Telco resistance
     Local control (Murdo)
     “Let‟s wait.”
     No Money
What Makes It Happen:
  Ubiquitous, universal aspect
  Centralized benevolent dictatorship

  State pays for it
  Bring world class team together

  Negotiate. No bids or RFPs.
  Make decisions and stick to it
  Strong executive leadership from Governor on down

  Do ALL aspects needed: infrastructure, local wiring,
       networks, equipment, state coordination &
       management, teacher / administrator / network
       administrator training, course modeling & helper
       office
What didn‟t work, Page 1:

 Local School “expertise”-- far below
    expectations; state must do it for them
    or train them well
 E-rate: a bureaucratic nightmare for small
    schools
 Colleges of Education

 Local in-service attempts
What didn‟t work, Page 2:
 State technical resources-- we needed
    MORE people but they aren‟t available
 Wide area network management was
    outsourced to US West-- good job IF
    you constantly pressure them
 Videoconferencing-- it is not intuitive, so
    users needed more training & time to
    use it. Now, we have large usage
    increases.
Some of the many benefits:
 Incredible variety of courses & experiences
 Accommodate different learning styles & rates
 Students and teachers
        have fast, reliable and robust Internet access
        can easily connect with students, educators
          and experts throughout the world,
        have greater access to powerful learning
          tools and information resources at any time
 Parental tracking of students
 Easier for parents to be involved
 Help schools fulfill 24 / 7 role
  The End

The Beginning
    ICAC & Other
 Slides Not Used,
    BUT YOU May
Want info for q & a
       session 
The Exploding Use of the Internet:



 • 45 million
  kids on-line
 by the end of
     2002
What are “Internet Crimes Against
            Children”?

         Using a computer to:

   1. Create or        2. Solicit our
   Possess Child       Children to
   Pornography         Engage in Sexual
   [unlawful in        Activities [prior
   every state to      to any actual
   possess even        physical contact]
   one image]
www.whitehouse.gov




                     www.whitehouse.com
                     www.crazyhorse.org




www.crazyhorse.com
Cybersex Locations on the Internet
      1.4 Billion Registered Domains
12% or 168 Million Are Pornographic Sites
                                      Source: Google.com

• Commercial and Private Websites
• Newsgroups
  – Post messages to others’ like a bulletin
    board
  – 70,000 newsgroups on the Internet
• Chat Rooms
  – Luncheon Presentation
• Personal E-mail
                      Youth Internet Safety Survey

                          Category I: Sexual Solicitations

    20% received unwanted sexual solicitations
               during the past year
                      70% AT HOME
                       Most others occur at a friend’s house
                      3% received an “aggressive” solicitation
                            asked to meet offline
                            called on the telephone
                            sent money/gifts via regular mail
National Sample of Youth Ages 10-17
Conducted by U of New Hampshire & Commissioned by NCMEC
Report Dated June 2000.
         Youth Internet Safety Survey

Category II: Unwanted Exposure to Sexual Material

    25% received unwanted sexual exposures
              during the past year
  Unwanted exposure received
      67% at home
      15% at school
      13% at a friend’s home
      3% at a library
   State/federal laws require schools/libraries to
     restrict access to “obscene” materials on computers
 TTL Academies:                                                    Sabbaticals:

        Teachers     Teachers Network         School    Distance      Univ. 2nd
 Year   Basic TTL    Adv. TTL Admins         Admins    Teachers       Profs Study
1997        134
1998        609                                                       57
1999        765              170         88                           71
2000        982              183         98            128            57
2001      1,203      184      51         88            150            51         61
2002(est) 1,317      385      59         83            122            83         37
Total     5,010      569     463        357            400           319         98

          Of 9,220           Of 400         Of 613                    Of 1,062

         = 54%              = 110%      =   58%                      =   30%

				
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