p111ch15 by MSeYaSwI


									Chapter 15

     1. A survivor of a Nazi concentration camp writes that as a teenager in the camp he took large risks, never
        considering the consequences of being caught, and ignoring the advice of others. His behavior can, in part,
        be explained by the ______ fable of adolescence.

     2. Drake drank six energy drinks in three minutes. Even though he started to experience heart palpitations,
        he knew he would not suffer any ill effects. His certainty resulted from his ______.

     3. To help explain the illogic of many young adolescents, developmentalist David Elkind forwarded the
        concept of adolescent ______.

     4. Adolescent egocentrism enables adolescents to reflect more thoughtfully about their lives, but often at the
        cost of greater ______.

     5. Demonstrating their adolescent egocentrism, young adolescents consider themselves to be uniquely

     6. Lilly sang off-key at her high-school musical audition. She couldn't believe it when she was not given the
        leading role. Her ______ prompted her to think her singing was better than it actually was.

     7. An adolescent girl suffers great discomfort at having to go to math class with wet hair after her swimming
        class, because she feels that all eyes are on her. This girl, like many adolescents, is responding to a(n)
        ______, which she supposes will judge her appearance harshly.

     8. Piaget referred to the stage of cognitive development that involves the ability to think logically about
        abstract ideas as ______.

     9. Eight-year-old Eddie is learning multiplication by multiplying real numbers. His sixteen-year-old sister is
        also learning to multiply, but she is using unreal numbers. Eddie is in the ______ operational stage of
        cognitive development and his sister is in the ______ operational stage.

   10. When thinking about possibilities that may or may not reflect reality, an adolescent is now using ______

   11. ______ reasoning involves using specific cases to form a general conclusion.

   12. In ______ reasoning, one begins with a general premise and draws logical conclusions from it.

   13. The statement, “If it walks like a duck and quacks like a duck, it must be a duck,” is an example of

   14. ______ thought arises not from a logical premise, but from memories and feelings.

   15. Two parallel modes of information-processing advance during adolescence. One mode is analytic thought
       and the other mode is ______.

   16. Josh sat through a three-hour movie that he did not like because it cost him $8. His thinking demonstrates
       the ______.

   17. Luis is in the seventh grade. Most likely, he is attending a(n) ______ school.

   18. Middle school children who are aggressive tend to be______.

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19. Erin is in the sixth grade and quite popular. If she wants to retain her popularity, it is important that she
    ______ unpopular peers.

20. An evaluation practice that is critical in determining student success or failure is known as ______.

21. An unintended consequence of high-stakes testing is ______ dropout rates.

22. Even though extensive research has indicated that student motivation is higher in small high schools,
    ______ of high school students in the United States attend schools with enrollments over 1,000 students.

23. Adolescents are more likely to report being afraid in school and ______ likely to be in a fight.

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Answer Key

   1.   invincibility
   2.   invincibility fable
   3.   egocentrism
   4.   self-consciousness
   5.   special
   6.   imaginary audience
   7.   imaginary audience
   8.   formal operational thought
   9.   concrete; formal
  10.   hypothetical
  11.   Inductive
  12.   deductive
  13.   inductive reasoning
  14.   Intuitive (or Heuristic or Experiential)
  15.   intuitive thought
  16.   sunk cost fallacy
  17.   middle
  18.   popular (or admired)
  19.   avoid (or stop talking to)
  20.   high-stakes testing
  21.   increased
  22.   two-thirds (or 66%)
  23.   less

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