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Poetry Vocabulary 1. Alliteration: – Repetition of initial consonant sounds 2. Allusion: – A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art 3. Ballad: – A song-like poem that tells a story 4. Blank Verse: – Poetry written in unrhymed, ten- syllable lines 5. Concrete Poem: – A poem with a shape that suggests its subject 6. Figurative Language: – Writing that is not meant to be taken literally 7. Free Verse: – Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or meter 8. Haiku: – A three-lined Japanese verse 9. Image: – A word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses 10. Lyric Poem: – Highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker 11. Metaphor: – A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else 12. Mood: – The feeling created in the reader by a literary work 13. Narrative Poem: – A story told in verse 14. Onomatopoeia: – The use of words that imitate sounds 15. Personification: – A type of figurative language in which a non-human subject is given human characteristics 16. Refrain: – A regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem 17. Repetition: – The use, more than once, of any element of language 18. Rhyme: – Repetition of sounds at the end of words 19. Rhyme Scheme: – A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem 20.Rhythm: – Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken or written language 21. Simile: – A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas My love is like a red rose. 22.Stanza: – A formal division of lines in a poem considered as a unit Poetry Humor & Poetry Humor • Humor in poetry can arise from a number of sources: – Surprise – Exaggeration – Bringing together of unrelated things • Most funny poems have two things in common: – Rhythm – Rhyme Rhythm & Rhyme • Using more spirited language makes humorous situations even more humorous “The Porcupine” By Ogden Nash Any hound a porcupine nudges Can’t be blamed for harboring grudges. I know one hound that laughed all winter At a porcupine that sat on a splinter. If you take away the rhythm and rhyme, the humor vanishes. Any hound that touches a porcupine Can’t be blamed for holding a grudge I know one hound that laughed all winter long At a porcupine that sat on a piece of wood Lewis Carroll 1832-1898 • Born in England • Wrote Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland • Wrote Through the Looking Glass • His life was quiet and uneventful, but in works like Father William, he found escape from his serious work into a delightfully zany, topsy-turvy world that still amuses children old and young. “Father William” Page 400 • In this poem, a young man questions his father about some rather unusual behavior. • Have you ever asked someone what they were doing and received an explanation that made very little sense at all? Limericks • A limerick is a poem of five lines • The first, second, and fifth lines have three rhythmic beats and rhyme with one another. • The third and fourth lines have two beats and rhyme with one another. • They are always light-hearted, humorous poems. Limericks There once was a man with no hair. He gave everyone quite a scare. He got some Rogaine, Grew out a mane, And now he resembles a bear! Limerick About a Bee I wish that my room had a floor, I don’t care so much for a door. But this walking around Without touching the ground Is getting to be quite a bore. Another Limerick There once was a very small mouse Who lived in a very small house, The ocean’s spray Washed it away, All that was left was her blouse! You will create a limerick similar to this one… There once was a man from Beijing. All his life he hoped to be King. So he put on a crown, Which quickly fell down. That small silly man from Beijing. Fill in the blanks and create your own Limerick. There once was a _____ from _____. All the while she/he hoped ________. So she/he ____________________, And ________________________, That _________ from ___________. Mrs. Smith’s Limerick: There once was a man from Japan. All the while he hoped for a tan. So he lay on the beach, And ate a ripe peach, That came from a Georgia van.
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