MAYDAY_ MAYDAY_ MAYDAY

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					MAYDAY, MAYDAY,
   MAYDAY
     Having the confidence,
knowledge, and courage to call for
     help when you need it!

                                     1
         Rule To Live By…
• The first and absolutely most important
  factor in calling for a MAYDAY is the
  decision to call for a MAYDAY…
• You should understand that the
  decision to call for a MAYDAY must be
  made by the firefighter in the truck
  prior to entering a dangerous
  environment.

                                            2
How to avoid the need for calling a
            MAYDAY
•   Recognize the potential for collapse
•   Recognize the indicators of Flashover
•   Stay orientated when in a structure
•   Remain in contact with your crew
•   TRAIN




                                            3
Reasons why Firefighters don’t call
        for a MAYDAY
• Temporal Distortion (time seems to speed up or slow
  down)
• Not wanting to “loose control” of the situation
• Channeled attention to another task or mind set
• Loss of situational awareness
• Fear of the unknown
• Fear of retribution (for getting into the situation)
• Lack of procedural knowledge
• Attempting to fix the problem
• PRIDE/EGO
• Denial
                                                     4
When To Call For A MAYDAY…
• If an “if – then” event happens a MAYDAY should be called for
  immediately…
   – Become tangled, pinned or stuck
   – Fall through roof or floor
   – Collapse that blocks your exit
   – Become disoriented or separated
   – Cannot find any exit (door or window)
   – Low air alarm with no exit
   – Fire conditions change to where you feel a flashover or back draft will
     occur
   – If any of your PPE fails
   – Injured or medial emergency while in IDLH
   – If you have that gut feeling something is not right and you cannot
     remove yourself from that situation

       BASICALLY WHEN LOST – MISSING – TRAPPED - IN TROUBLE

                                                                               5
Would you call for a MAYDAY…
•   As a group ANSWER

•   % said YES             Possible Mayday Conditions
•                Tangled, Pinned, or Stuck; low air alarm activation, Mayday
•                Fall through roof, Mayday
•                Tangled, Pinned, or Stuck and do not extricate self in 60
                 seconds, Mayday
•                Caught in flashover, Mayday
•                Fall through floor, Mayday
•                Zero visibility, no contact with hose or lifeline, do not know
                 direction to exit, Mayday
•                Primary exit blocked by fire or collapse, not at secondary exit
                 in 30 seconds, Mayday
•                Low air alarm activation, not at exit (door or window) in 30
                 seconds, Mayday
•                Cannot find exit (door or window) in 60 seconds, Mayday


                                                                               6
Would you call for a MAYDAY…
•   A firefighter must call a mayday for themselves under these
    conditions.

•   % said YES             Possible Mayday Conditions
•   98%          Tangled, Pinned, or Stuck; low air alarm activation, Mayday
•   94%          Fall through roof, Mayday
•   92%          Tangled, Pinned, or Stuck and do not extricate self in 60
                 seconds, Mayday
•   89%          Caught in flashover, Mayday
•   88%          Fall through floor, Mayday
•   82%          Zero visibility, no contact with hose or lifeline, do not know
                 direction to exit, Mayday
•   69%          Primary exit blocked by fire or collapse, not at secondary exit
                 in 30 seconds, Mayday
•   69%          Low air alarm activation, not at exit (door or window) in 30
                 seconds, Mayday
•   58%          Cannot find exit (door or window) in 60 seconds, Mayday

                                                                               7
     Problems With The MAYDAY
            Transmission
• Volume – firefighter speaks too loudly or not loudly
  enough
• Speed – firefighter speaks to rapidly
• Quality – the voice is deep or soft and hard to
  understand
• Feedback – the firefighters radio is to close to another
  radio in the area
• Traffic – firefighter is trying to transmit amid all the other
  fire ground traffic
• Failure – firefighters radio does not work properly or
  battery is dead
• Inattention – Command is distracted or not paying
  proper attention and misses the message

                                                                   8
           MAYDAY Myths

• If your low-air alarm activates inside the
  hazard area, you have to call a MAYDAY
• You will receive charges (discipline) if you
  call for a MAYDAY




                                                 9
    What to do if you call a MAYDAY
• Call MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY
• Give LUNAR Report
• Activate PASS Device
• Orient yourself
• Communicate with your crew, the RIT
  team or Command using – CAN Report
• Solve the problem!

                                        10
 What to do if you call a MAYDAY
           continued…
• Call MAYDAY, MAYDAY, MAYDAY
 – Do not use “emergency traffic”, firefighter in
   trouble or any other terminology




                                                    11
 What to do if you call a MAYDAY

• Give LUNAR Report
  – L – Location (where you are in building or what your
    assignment was)
  – U – Unit – apparatus you were assigned to
  – N – Name – give your name, take the guessing out of
    the game for Command
  – A – Air – what your heads up display tells you
  – R – Resources – what you need or think you need


                                                       12
 What to do if you call a MAYDAY
• Activate PASS Device
  – Firefighters are trained to hear PASS – use it!
  – Turn off PASS when transmitting?
     • Does it effect your voice when transmitting?
     • Turning it off could effect those using its sound to
       find you?
  – Consider transmitting PASS over radio if you
    don’t thing you have been heard


                                                              13
 What to do if you call a MAYDAY
• Orient yourself
  – Calm down, get your bearings
  – Don’t Panic
  – Be systematic in your actions
  – Let Command/RIT know what you see, hear,
    feel




                                               14
 What to do if you call a MAYDAY
• Communicate with your crew, the RIT
  team or Command using – CAN Report
  – C – Conditions – visibility, heat, structure
  – A – Actions – what your are doing, where you
    are going
  – N – Needs – what you need or think you may
    need, Air supply!!!

  You C-A-N get yourself out of the situation –
   NEVER give up!
                                                  15
16
 What to do if you call a MAYDAY
• Solve the problem!
  – Highest priority after giving your MAYDAY
  – Go back on your training…
  – Remain calm, orient yourself, use PASS




                                                17
             Command Actions
• Acknowledge MAYDAY
  –   Confirm LUNAR report, and MAYDAY on radio
  –   Inform Dispatch of MAYDAY
  –   Announce name of missing firefighter
  –   Advise other units to only transmit essential
      information over radio
• Deploy RIT
  – Also consider having RIT report to Command for
    quick face-to-face briefing/coordination
• Call for next greater alarm
  – Assign additional RIT
  – Include additional EMS
                                                      18
    Command Actions continued..
• Assign and aid to Command
• Conduct a PAR
• Rapid and quick
• Make a Rescue Division or RIT
  commander
• Reassess Risk vs. Benefit of all fire
  ground operations
    – Consider fire spread, building integrity, risk of
      making more “victims”
                                                      19
  When it comes time to call a
MAYDAY, that is not the time to fail!




                                    20

				
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posted:11/23/2011
language:English
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