Chapter 12: The Presidency by ZrL1k11

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									Chapter 12: The Presidency


MULTIPLE CHOICE

  1. Which of the following is a constitutional requirement for becoming president of the United States?
     a. must have been a resident within the United States for twenty years
     b. must be of sound moral character
     c. must be at least thirty years old
     d. must be a natural born citizen of the United States
     e. must be elected by a majority of the popular vote nationwide


  2. The most common previous occupation of U.S. presidents has been
     a. the medical profession.
     b. banking and business.
     c. university professor.
     d. the legal profession.
     e. journalism.


  3. The youngest person elected president was
     a. Bill Clinton.
     b. John F. Kennedy.
     c. Franklin D. Roosevelt.
     d. Theodore Roosevelt.
     e. George W. Bush.


  4. The ____ is the head of the executive branch of the federal government.
     a. president
     b. president pro tempore
     c. secretary of state
     d. secretary of the interior
     e. vice president


  5. Which of the following statements is not accurate?
     a. The executive branch is unique among the branches of government because it is headed by
        a single individual—the president.
     b. Executive orders have the force of law.
     c. When the framers of the Constitution created the office of the president, they were
        following the model of a democratically elected chief executive that was characteristic of
        many countries in the world at that time.
     d. As the nation’s chief executive, the president is considered to have the inherent power to
        issue executive orders.
     e. As chief executive, the president can handle national emergencies during peacetime.


  6. As ____, the president can grant reprieves, pardons, and amnesty.
     a. commander in chief
     b. chief diplomat
     c. chief of state
     d. chief executive
     e. chief legislator
 7. The ____ is the person who serves as the ceremonial head of a country’s government and represents
    that country to the rest of the world.
    a. chief diplomat
    b. chief of state
    c. chief executive
    d. political party leader
    e. commander in chief


 8. As ____, the president performs certain ceremonial functions, as a personal symbol of the nation.
    a. political party leader
    b. chief of state
    c. chief executive
    d. chief diplomat
    e. chief legislator


 9. As chief diplomat, the ____ directs the foreign policy of the United States and is the nation’s most
    important representative in dealing with foreign countries.
    a. president
    b. secretary of state
    c. secretary of defense
    d. chairperson of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
    e. ambassador to the United Nations


10. The role of the president in recognizing and interacting with foreign governments is that of
    a. chief diplomat.
    b. chief of state.
    c. commander in chief.
    d. chief executive.
    e. chief legislator.


11. Acting as “fund-raiser in chief” is something the president does as
    a. political party leader.
    b. chief executive.
    c. chief of state.
    d. chief legislator.
    e. commander in chief.


12. Which of the following statements is accurate?
    a. The Constitution, in Article II, Section 2, states that the president “shall be chief
       Legislator.”
    b. Over time, presidents have expanded their legislative powers to include the power to veto
       legislation, even though there is no mention in the Constitution of the president’s power to
       sign a bill or to return it to Congress with his objections.
    c. Over time, Congress has come to expect the president to develop a legislative program and
       to call on Congress to enact laws the president thinks are necessary.
    d. Presidents have never been major players in proposing policy and shaping the
       congressional agenda.
    e. The Constitution prohibits the president from meeting with congressional leaders to
       discuss pending bills.
13. A(n) ____ is a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states.
    a. treaty
    b. bill of attainder
    c. executive order
    d. continuing resolution
    e. signing statement


14. The Senate must approve a treaty by a ____ before it becomes effective.
    a. unanimous consent agreement
    b. simple majority
    c. two-thirds vote of the members present
    d. three-fourths vote
    e. three-fifths vote


15. The president
    a. can grant a pardon for any federal offense, except in cases of impeachment.
    b. cannot grant amnesty to people who resisted a military draft.
    c. does not have the power to grant pardons to former presidents.
    d. can grant a pardon for any federal offense, including cases of impeachment.
    e. cannot commute a prison sentence that has been imposed by a federal court.


16. Congress can override a presidential veto with a
    a. simple majority vote in the Senate.
    b. simple majority vote by the members present in each chamber.
    c. two-thirds vote by the members present in each chamber.
    d. two-thirds vote in the House.
    e. signing statement.


17. If the president does not send a bill back to Congress after ten congressional working days, the bill
    a. is pocket vetoed.
    b. is vetoed.
    c. must go back to the conference committee.
    d. becomes law without the president’s signature.
    e. is killed for that session of Congress.
18. In Clinton v. City of New York (1998), the Supreme Court declared the ____ veto unconstitutional.
    a. pocket
    b. pork
    c. line-item
    d. provisional
    e. temporary

19. In addition to the powers explicitly granted by the Constitution, the president also has inherent
    powers—powers that
    a. cannot be checked by Congress or the Supreme Court.
    b. allow the president to participate in Supreme Court decision-making.
    c. give the president the authority to remove governors and state legislators from office.
    d. are granted to the president by citizen initiatives and referenda.
    e. are necessary to carry out the specific responsibilities of the president as set forth in the
        Constitution.
20. ____ set a precedent of the president acting as chief legislator by submitting proposed legislation to
    Congress.
    a. George Washington
    b. Thomas Jefferson
    c. Andrew Jackson
    d. Woodrow Wilson
    e. Franklin D. Roosevelt


21. According to Richard Neustadt, in his book Presidential Power,
    a. “Presidential power is supreme.”
    b. “Presidential power decreases with each successive president.”
    c. “Presidential power is the power to coerce.”
    d. “Presidential power is the power to persuade.”
    e. the president is “only as powerful as his vice president allows him to be.”


22. The presidential strategy known as “going public” refers to
    a. opening the Oval Office to the public on Saturdays.
    b. publicly acknowledging mistakes or misconduct.
    c. going out on the campaign trail to help members of Congress get reelected.
    d. using press conferences, public appearances, and televised events to arouse public opinion
       in favor of certain legislative programs.
    e. appearing on talk shows to demonstrate that the president connects with ordinary people.


23. ____ claimed the presidential power to regulate the economy. Since that time, Americans have
    expected the president to be actively involved in economic matters and social programs.
    a. In his first term as president, George Washington
    b. During the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln
    c. After he assumed office in 1901, Theodore Roosevelt
    d. During the Great Depression in the 1930s, Franklin D. Roosevelt
    e. At the beginning of the Vietnam War in 1964, Lyndon Johnson


24. Legislative success for a president is defined as how often the president
    a. won his way on roll-call votes on which he took a clear position.
    b. was able to get his legislative proposals introduced in Congress.
    c. was able to veto legislation.
    d. was able to get agreement from the Office of Management and Budget regarding the
       amount of money to be spent on his legislative initiatives.
    e. was invited to appear before a joint session of Congress.


25. A(n) ____ is a binding international pact that is made between the president and another head of state
    and that does not require Senate approval.
    a. treaty
    b. executive agreement
    c. executive order
    d. continuing resolution
    e. signing statement
26. By law, the president is required to inform Congress within ____ of making any executive agreement.
    a. twenty-four hours
    b. one week
    c. thirty days
    d. forty-five days
    e. sixty days


27. Under the Constitution, the power to declare war is granted to
    a. the president.
    b. Congress.
    c. the people of the United States.
    d. both the president and Congress.
    e. the Department of Defense.


28. Congress has declared war
    a. over two hundred times.
    b. in seventy-one different conflicts.
    c. forty-two times.
    d. in only five different conflicts.
    e. once.


29. Criticism of the president’s role in ____ led to the passage of the War Powers Resolution of 1973.
    a. World War I
    b. World War II
    c. Korea
    d. the Vietnam conflict
    e. Grenada

30. The War Powers Resolution of 1973 requires the president to
    a. declare war without congressional approval if it is deemed necessary.
    b. wait for Congress to take action before deploying troops.
    c. notify the public within forty-eight hours of deploying troops.
    d. consult with the Joint Chiefs of Staff before asking Congress to declare war.
    e. notify Congress within forty-eight hours of deploying troops.

31. The War Powers Resolution of 1973 prevents the president from sending troops abroad for more than
    sixty days (or ninety days, if more time is needed for a successful withdrawal). If ____ does not
    authorize a longer period, the troops must be removed.
    a. the Supreme Court
    b. the public, in a special referendum,
    c. Congress
    d. the secretary of defense
    e. the chairperson of the Joint Chiefs of Staff


32. Since 1945, the president, as ____, has been responsible for deciding if and when to use nuclear
    weapons.
    a. chief executive
    b. chief of state
    c. chief legislator
    d. commander in chief
    e. political party leader
33. Today, the president travels at all times with the “____,” the briefcase containing the codes used to
    launch a nuclear attack.
    a. basketball
    b. umbrella
    c. football
    d. game boy
    e. backpack


34. ____ is a power that has been claimed by presidents to withhold information from, or to refuse to
    appear before, Congress or the courts.
    a. The Fifth Amendment
    b. The reprieve
    c. Executive privilege
    d. Cabinet confidentiality
    e. Executive clemency


35. Only after ____ did the presidential staff became a sizable organization.
    a. Johnson’s Great Society and the Vietnam War
    b. Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation and the Civil War
    c. Wilson’s League of Nations and World War I
    d. Roosevelt’s New Deal and World War II
    e. 9/11 and George W. Bush’s war on terrorism


36. Traditionally, the ____ has consisted of the heads of the executive departments and other officers
    whom the president may choose to appoint.
    a. Executive Office of the President
    b. National Security Council (NSC)
    c. White House Office
    d. kitchen cabinet
    e. cabinet


37. Of all the executive staff agencies, the ____ has the most direct contact with the president.
    a. cabinet
    b. White House Office
    c. Office of the Vice President of the United States
    d. Office of Management and Budget
    e. Council of Economic Advisers


38. The press secretary
    a. is a member of the White House staff who meets with reporters and makes public
       statements for the president.
    b. serves as the president’s chief of staff.
    c. heads the cabinet-level Department of Broadcast Media.
    d. is a member of the cabinet who issues press releases for the various agencies of the
       bureaucracy.
    e. advises the president on important matters and directs the operation of the presidential
       staff.
39. The The Presidency is an agency that assists the president in preparing and supervising the
    administration of the federal budget.
    a. Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)
    b. Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
    c. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    d. Bureau of the Budget (BOB)
    e. Office of the U.S. Trade Representative


40. The ____ is a three-member group that advises the president on economic matters.
    a. Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)
    b. Economic Security Council (ESC)
    c. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    d. Federal Reserve Board of Governors
    e. National Economic Council


41. The ____ advises the president on domestic and foreign matters concerning the safety and defense of
    the nation.
    a. Office of Policy Development
    b. National Security Council (NSC)
    c. Office of Administration
    d. United Nations Security Council
    e. Federal Intelligence Surveillance Agency


42. The ____ addresses the question of what should be done if the president becomes incapable of
    performing the duties of the office.
    a. Twenty-fifth Amendment to the Constitution
    b. Twenty-second Amendment to the Constitution
    c. Americans with Disabilities Act
    d. Civil Service Reform Act
    e. Succession Act of 1947


43. Which of the following statements is not accurate?
    a. Nineteen vice presidents have become president because of the death of the president.
    b. For much of our history, the vice president has had almost no responsibilities.
    c. As a rule, presidential nominees choose running mates who balance the ticket or whose
       appointment appeases party factions.
    d. In 1973, Gerald Ford became the first appointed vice president of the United States.
    e. When President Ford named Nelson Rockefeller as his vice president, it was the first time
       in U.S. history that neither the president nor the vice president was elected to his position.


44. If a vacancy occurs in the vice presidency,
    a. a vice president is selected by the electoral college.
    b. a vice president is appointed by the president and confirmed by the cabinet.
    c. a vice president is nominated by the president and confirmed by a majority vote in both
         chambers of Congress.
    d. there is currently no provision for filling the office.
    e. the president’s spouse serves as interim vice president.
 45. If both the president and the vice president die, resign, or are disabled, the ____ will act as president.
     a. Speaker of the House of Representatives, upon his or her resignation as Speaker and as
         representative,
     b. president pro tem of the Senate
     c. secretary of state, upon resignation from the cabinet,
     d. chief justice of the United States
     e. chairperson of the Joint Chiefs of staff


ESSAY

  1. Discuss the roles the president assumes in the course of exercising his powers. Provide examples of
     specific functions that each role entails.

      ANS:
      Students’ answers may vary.

      PTS: 1

  2. Describe how the powers of the president have been defined and expanded over the past two centuries
     by the personalities and policies of various White House occupants.

      ANS:
      Students’ answers may vary.

      PTS: 1

  3. The relationship between Congress and the president is perhaps the most important one in the
     American system of government. Discuss some of the factors that contribute to tension in this
     relationship.

      ANS:
      Students’ answers may vary.

      PTS: 1

  4. Describe the president’s cabinet and the Executive Office of the President. How do the cabinet and the
     Executive Office of the President enhance presidential power? How might they constrain presidential
     action?

      ANS:
      Students’ answers may vary.

      PTS: 1

								
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