RESPIRATION by z9Oo6YTo

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									    RESPIRATION

  PROCESS OF TAKING IN
 OXYGEN AND EXPELLING
CARBON DIOXIDE FROM THE
 LUNGS AND RESPIRATORY
         TRACT
        RESPIRATION
• CONSIST OF ONE INSPIRATION
  (BREATHING IN)AND ONE
  EXPIRATION (BREATHING OUT)
    RESPIRATORY RATE
• ADULTS: 14-18 BREATHS PER
  MINUTE
• WIDER ADULT RANGE: 12-20
  BREATHS PER MINUTE
• CHILDREN: 16-25 PER MINUTE
• INFANTS: 30-50 PER MINUTE
       CHARACTER OF
       RESPIRATIONS
• REFERS TO DEPTH AND QUALITY OR
  RESPIRATIONS
• DESCRIBED BY WORDS:
 – DEEP, SHALLOW, LABORED, MOIST,
   DIFFICULT, STERTOROUS(Abnormal
   sounds like snoring)
 RHYTHM OF RESPIRATION
• REFERS TO THE REGULARITY OR
  EQUAL SPACING BETWEEN BREATHS
• REGULAR OR EVEN OR IRREGULAR
ABNORMAL RESPIRATIONS
• DYSPNEA: DIFFICULT OR LABORED
  BREATHING
• APNEA: ABSENCE OF RESPIRATIONS
• CHEYNE-STOKES: PERIODS OF
  APNEA; FREQUENTLY NOTED IN
  DYING PATIENT
• RALES: BUBBLING OR NOISY
  SOUNDS CAUSED BY FLUIDS OR
  MUCUS IN THE AIR PASSAGES
VOLUNTARY CONTROL OR
    RESPIRATIONS
• RESPIRATIONS ARE PARTIALLY
  UNDER VOLUNTARY CONTROL
• PATIENTS MAY BREATHE FASTER OR
  SLOWER WHEN THEY ARE AWARE
  RESPIRATIONS ARE BEING COUNTED
CONTROL OF RESPIRATIONS
      CONTINUED
• IMPORTANT TO KEEP PATIENT
  UNAWARE OF THIS PROCEDURE
  DON’T TELL PATIENT YOU ARE
  COUNTING RESPIRATIONS
  KEEP YOU HAND ON PULSE SITE
  WHILE MEASURING RESPIRATIONS
RECORD ALL INFORMATION
• INCLUDE RATE, CHARACTER, AND
  RHYTHM

• EXAMPLE:
 – 12/1/98 8:55AM    R18 DEEP AND
   REGULAR,
        » YOUR SIGNATURE AND TITLE

								
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