"In Defense of Liberty" PowerPoint slide

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					Object:
Massachusetts thirty-shilling note

Date: 1775
Materials: Paper and Ink
Size:
4” high x 3” wide
Authorized by:
Massachusetts Provisional Congress
Designed and printed by:
Paul Revere



     From the collections of the Smithsonian’s
      National Museum of American History
            Kenneth E. Behring Center
•A shilling was a
denomination of British
currency.

•The colony printed paper
money because it had no
natural sources of gold or
silver for coinage.

•Sword-in-hand notes were
issued in sixteen
denominations.
•Issued to finance military
costs.
•Issued in defiance of the
Currency Act (1764) that
made it illegal for the
colonies to print paper
money.
•The colonists were
prepared to defend their
liberties at any cost.

“the arms we have been
compelled by our enemies to
assume, we will, in defiance of
every hazard, with unabating
firmness and perseverance,
employ for the preservation of
our liberties; being with our
[one] mind resolved to dye
Free-men rather than live
Slaves.”
                      -- Thomas Jefferson
   Causes and Necessity of Taking up Arms
                              July 6, 1775
•The Continental Army was
authorized by Congress on
June 14, 1775, following
the fighting at Lexington
and Concord.

•Paul Revere's design was
intended to rally liberty-
minded colonists and
challenge British
government and military
officials.
•The solider has drawn his
sword to defend his "just
rights and liberties."
•The rights set forth in the
Magna Carta (1215)
evolved into English
common law and were
incorporated into colonial
charters.
•These rights included:
 Equal protection under the law
 Protection of personal property
 Trial by a jury of peers
 No taxation without consent
 Punishment appropriate to the crime
 Protection from prosecution without
  evidence
•Translation of the Latin
phrase (which was adopted
as the Massachusetts motto
in 1775): “By the sword we
seek peace, but peace only
under liberty”
•The August 18, 1775 note
was the first of four issues
distributed to the general
public.

				
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posted:11/23/2011
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