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Antigone Powered By Docstoc
with help from Kerry Fiallo, Ashley Reichelmann,
      Jennifer Seals, and Robin Shoblock
     Sophocles (496-406 B.C.E.)
    Contributions to the development of theater:

• Introduction of third actor
• Reduction of chorus size which led to greater
emphasis on the character
• Introduced painted scenery
• Introduced a new style of music to plays
• Created characters that are more realistic,
not ―god-like,‖ thus reinforcing the lessons of
the play
              Early Productions
o The chorus is introduced by a
  trumpet signaling the start of
  the play. They enter in a
  triangular pattern and exit at
  the end in the same manner.
o Some believe the chorus may
  have actually sung and
  danced to emphasize the
  important issues of the play
o The chorus used conventional
  hand gestures so even the
  peasants could understand
  the drama.
o Antigone was performed as
  part of a competition,
  Agones, in a festival called
  City of Dionysus. (Sophocles
  came in second).
The Chorus
    The chorus serves as an
    intermediary between the
    actors and the audience.
    They produce imagery
    through their words to
    create scenery that in
    those days did not exist.
Myth of Antigone
         Poetics and Tragic Error
The tragic hero ―is the sort of
  person who is not
  outstanding in moral
  excellence or justice.‖
• Creon can be commended
  for his loyalty to the state,
  but he can be reviled for his
  stubbornness and pride.
The bad fortune should befall
  the tragic hero not from a
  personal flaw but from a
  hamartia, or an undeserved
  outside source.
   • Antigone, or at least her
     actions against the ruling of
Antigone is the catalyst for
  Creon’s downfall.
        Antigone and Poetics
Plot                         Reversal
o Entire plot of             o Reversal and recognition
                               occur at the same time
   Antigone is an              immediately after Tiresias
   imitation since it is       reveals his prophecy about
   based on previous           what is to come of Creon’s
   actions in Oedipus          life.
o Complex plot in            o Reversal occurs with the
                               change in Creon’s attitude:
   which the change is         he now asks the leader for
   accompanied by the          advice and his opinion
   recognition and the       o ―I and my better judgment /
   reversal                    have come round to this—I
                               shackled her, / I’ll set her free
    o Action dependent on      myself. I am afraid… / it’s best
     preceding action, ie.
                               to keep the established laws /
     Haemon’s suicide due
                               to the very day you die‖ (1234
     to Antigone’s suicide
                               – 1238).
                Important Speeches
            Anarchy—                           Antigone:
show me a greater crime in all the earth!      …If this is the pleasure of the
She, she destroys cities, rips up houses,
                                               gods, / once I suffer I will know
breaks the ranks of spearmen into
    headlong rout.                             that I was wrong. / But if there
But the ones who last it out, the great mass   men are wrong, let them suffer /
    of them                                    nothing worse than they mete
owe their lives to discipline. Therefore       out to me— / these masters of
we must defend the men who live by law,
                                               injustice! (pg.106, 1017 – 1021).
never let some woman triumph over us.
Better to fall from power, if fall we must,
at the hands of a man—never be rated           Creon:
inferior to a woman, never.
                                               …Believe me, the stiffest stubborn
                     (pg.94, 752-761)
                                               wills fall the hardest…And I’ve
Chorus:                                        known spirited horses you can
                                               break / with a light bit – proud,
Love!- / you wrench the minds of the           rebellious horses. / There’s no room
righteous into outrage, / swerve them into     for pride, not in a slave, / not with
their ruin – you have ignited this, / this
                                               the lord and master standing by.
kindred strife, father and son at war / and
                                               (pg.83, 528-535)
Love alone the victor… (pg.101, 887-890)
Images of Antigone
The chorus does not seem to shows pity for Antigone
and indicates that she is to blame for all that has
happened. Do you agree with the chorus? Why?

Question of ethics- the law of politics and/vs. the law of
humanity. What do you think?

Why does Antigone reject Ismene’s attempt to die with
her—love or pride?

Does the identity of the tragic hero change from
classical times to modern times in ―Antigone‖?

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