SCIENCE UNIT: The Five Senses Grade Level: First

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					     SCIENCE UNIT: The Five Senses              Grade Level: First



                 Lesson 1: What sense is in the poem?

                       Lesson 2: Tongue Teaser

Lesson 3: My Hands: What I can do with them and how important they are.

                      Lesson 4: Making Rainbows


        Designed and taught by: Jennifer John and Deanna Kay

                       Date: December 7, 1999
                       TABLE OF CONTENTS




SCHOOL AND CLASSROOM MILIEU                       1-2


TEACHING/ LEARNING STLYE                          2-3


UNIT AIMS AND GOALS                               4-5


LESSON 1: WHAT SENSE IS IN THE POEM?              6-11


LESSON 2: TONGUE TEASER                           11-13


LESSON 3: MY HANDS: WHAT I CAN DO WITH THEM AND   13-15
          HOW IMPORTANT THEY ARE.


LESSON 4: MAKING RAINBOWS                         15-16


REFERENCES AND RESOURCES                          17


APPENDIX                                          18
                                                                                        Page 1

                              School and Classroom Milieu

       This unit will be taught at Van Sciver Elementary School. The school is located in

Haddon Township, Camden County. Van Sciver has a total of 366 students, ranging from

preschool to sixth grade. The school has two preschool classes. However, one is called

SKIP, this is for preschool students who are handicapped

       Haddon Township is a suburban community with approximately 14,840 people

residing in it. (National Resource Directories, Inc.) This community is not a very diverse

community as the majority of the population consists of Caucasian people. According to

the National Resource Directories, there are approximately 14,552 Caucasians, 160 African

Americans, 162 Hispanics, 85 Asians, 20 American Indians, and 14 people of a different

origin. Due to the lack of diversity with in the community, one can assume that these

children will be entering the classroom with very little knowledge of other cultures.

       The per capita income in Haddon Township, according to source, is $18,400. The

average family income is $36,215. The majority of people are considered middle to upper-

middle income families while there are some who fall into the lower income socio-

economic class level. Of the people who reside in Haddon Township, approximately 7,312

people who are employed, the majority of which work in the administrative, professional,

and managerial fields. There are approximately 4,034 individuals who work in the county

of Camden. 1,257 individuals work outside of the county and 2,021 individuals work

outside of the state of New Jersey (National Resource Directories, Inc.).
                                                                                         Page 2

       In this particular first grade classroom there are seventeen students, seven girls and

ten boys. This classroom does not contain much diversity because every student is of the

Caucasian race. The students academic abilities range from high to low, most students

falling in the average category. There are two students who have special needs, one has

trouble with speech and the other has ADD. These students receive as much extra help as

possible so that they can keep up with the class. As well, students will be placed in groups

at different times, and these children will be placed with others who can help them out.

This has the students involved in cooperative learning which is important because they

learn how to work with others and how to help others when they are in need.

       As one can see this school as well as the classroom does not have as much diversity

as one might find at another school. To deal with more diversity, a teacher must be fully

aware of how to provide the best environment for that student as well as the others in the

class. This means that the teacher needs to be educated on how to maintain a learning

environment that suits the needs of a wide range of students. If this is achieved then

successful learning will be accomplished!




                            Teaching/Learning Style Utilized


       The learning style in which the students engaged in mostly was the hands-on

investigation. Throughout the lessons, the students had to physically work on a task.

When students perform hands-on activities, they are better able to retain the information
                                                                                          Page 3

because they are actually performing the task rather than just sitting there listening to the

teacher explain the lesson.

        Using hands-on investigations is very important for many reasons. It provides the

students with an environment in which they are learning as well as participating in the

learning process. Also, the students usually pay better attention when they are physically

engaged in the learning process. Therefore, the students will comprehend more because

they are actively involved.

        To create an effective learning environment, there are many factors to take into

consideration. First, the teacher must create a classroom environment that is conducive to

the theme of the unit, for instance, the unit in this case is on the five senses. The classroom

environment should be enriched with materials regarding the five senses so that the

students are visually stimulated. Second, the students must feel comfortable in asking

questions that they may have. Therefore, the teacher must make clear to the students that

no question is a stupid question and that the students are free to ask whatever questions

they may have. Finally, the classroom itself must be comfortable for the students. For

instance the temperature within the classroom must be so that the students are not too hot

or too cold. Proper lighting is also essential so that the students are not straining their eyes

to see clearly.

        There are many good instructional methods that a teacher can use in his/her

teaching strategies. However, for this unit, hands- on learning was emphasized because the

students were able to participate in the activity, pay attention better, and lastly, retain the

information that was learned.
                                                                                           Page 4

                                Unit Identification and Goals




1. Content: the five senses, understanding the various body parts that go with each sense.

    Skills: learning how to communicate one’s thoughts with another person, working

    cooperatively in groups, following directions, being conscious of one’s actions.

    Attitude: appreciation of our body parts and how lucky we are to have them,

    appreciation for those who are less fortunate.



2. The state curricular goals that relate to this unit are: 5.1, 5.2, 5.6, 5.7, and 5.8.

    5.1-    The students are able to realize that our senses are essential to performing

            everyday actions. For example, with our eyes we are able to see, with our hands

            we are able to touch, etc. This shows that students can recognize that with these

            body parts they can perform everyday functions.

    5.2-    Students were able to state a hypothesis regarding the outcome of an

            experiment before conducting the experiment.

    5.6-    The students are able to see that their bodies are composed of different parts and

            each part serves a different purpose. These parts work together to help us

            function with all our senses.

    5.7-    The students will be able to recognize that some people are not as fortunate as

            others in that they can not use one or more of their senses.

    5.8-    In the “touch and feel” game, students were able to describe the texture of

            certain objects and sort the objects according to their texture.
                                                                                    Page 5

3. It is important that lessons incorporate underlying themes others than the stated theme

   of the lesson. One underlying theme that relates to this unit is the appreciation of

   science. Students were able to appreciate their body parts which is a very important

   aspect of science. Another unifying theme that relates to this unit is the appreciation of

   others who are less fortunate.
LESSONS
                                                                                      Page 6


Lesson One

Topic: What sense is in the poem?

Curriculum Reference: Time for Poetry, All sorts of People.

Generalization: We have five senses that help us function everyday.

       Facts: 1.   We use our nose so that we can smell.
              2.   We use are ears so that we can hear.
              3.   We use our eyes so that we can see.
              4.   We use our hands so that we can feel.
              5.   We use our mouth so that we can taste.

       Concepts:      1.   Smell
                      2.   Hear
                      3.   Feel
                      4.   Taste
                      5.   Touch

Lesson Objectives: By the end of this lesson, students will be able to distinguish between
                   their five senses and know what body part each sense correlates to
                   (Analysis).

                      Students will be able to describe the senses (Comprehension).

Anticipatory Set: The teacher will have the students sit down in front of the senses
                  bulletin board. The teacher will introduce the bulletin board and show
                  the students how to interact with the bulletin board. The teacher will
                  show the students how to take the cheese out of the pocket which has a
                  sense written on it and correlate it with the mouse on the bulletin board
                  that is showing that particular sense. After the has done that he/she will
                  ask volunteers to come up to the bulletin board to place the proper
                  sense with the mouse.

Purpose: The purpose of this lesson is to introduce the word senses to the students and to
         express that we have five senses and that different body parts are used for each
         sense.

Materials:     colored construction paper
               envelopes
               scissors
               glue
                                                                                     Page 7


               stapler
               crayons
               patterns of mice
               poems
               pictures of each sense
               highlighter

Things to do: 1. Introduce bulletin board to the students
              2. Discuss bulletin board, going over all five senses.
              3. Call on volunteers to express what sense goes with each body part by
                  placing the cheese under the correct mouse.
              4. Have the students go back to their seats.
              5. The teacher will pass out the poem about the senses to the students.
              6. The teacher will read the poem to the students while the students follow
                  along.
              7. The teacher will go through the poem line by line and ask the students
                  to identify the sense and body part by highlighting it in their poem.
              8. The teacher will pass out the envelopes and pictures of the five senses
                  to each student.
              9. The teacher will have the students cut out the five senses pictures and
                  place them on their desks.
              10. The teacher will read a poem from Time for Poetry.
              11. After reading the poem the teacher will ask the students to identify what
                  sense was expressed in that poem by holding up their sense picture.
              12. The teacher will have the students reason their answers.

Things to ask: The teacher will ask the students what sense is being discussed and how
              they arrived at their answer.

Closure:       The teacher will ask the students for volunteers to explain what they learned
               from the lesson. Then the teacher will give the students a homework
               assignment that will reiterate and have them practice what was discussed in
               class that day.

Deanna Kay
Science Reflection


       This lesson went very well. The students were very active in the learning process

rather than just sitting there watching me teach. The lesson began at the hands-on bulletin
                                                                                          Page 8

board where volunteers were chosen to match the right sense to the mouse that was

pointing to that sense on his own body. I noticed that the students really enjoyed this

because they love to volunteer to help out. The next part of the lesson dealt with the

students having to highlight the sense and the body part that was said in a poem. They

liked using the highlighter. Then they had to cut out the different body part (ex. ear, nose,

etc.). Different poems that stressed certain senses were read to them and at the end of the

reading, the students had to raise the cut out body part that they felt the poem was about. If

they were wrong, they were to discuss the answer with their neighbor. The students were

involved and kept busy during the learning process, therefore they did not get bored. This I

feel is what made the lesson a success.

       There were not really any problems during the lesson. The students did raise the

wrong body part to one of the poems. I asked them if they were absolutely sure and when

they said that they were, I told them that I was going to read the poem again and that I

wanted them to listen very carefully. When I read it again, I read it very slowly and the

students picked up on the hints and then raised the right body part.

       I learned that the children like to volunteer and that they will do anything to be

picked. For instance, when at the bulletin board, I told them I was looking for volunteers

and that I was going to chose the student who was sitting the nicest. Well, I never saw so

many children sitting on the floor right next to each other and being very quiet with their

hands folded. I also learned that they really enjoy being actively involved rather than just

sitting there. They get bored real easy and very fidgety when they sit for too long. By

keeping them active, I eliminated any of this.
                                                                                         Page 9

        As for myself, I learned that I really can do this. I really enjoyed standing in the

front of the classroom. Teaching is something that I have wanted to do for so long that I

can't believe it is finally here. The only thing that I need to remember when I am up there

is that I need to stop being so polite, odd as that may seem. I have a tendency to ask the

children if they are ready to do something rather than telling them we are going to do

something. My cooperating teacher picked up on that. By asking them to do something

leaves the door open for them to respond with a no and this will lose their attention because

they will think they are being funny. It is just in my nature, but I guess with more practice,

I will learn to not do this. I really enjoyed teaching this lesson.


Reflection on lesson by Jennifer John

       The lesson objectives for lesson two were: By the end of the lesson, students will

be able to distinguish between their five senses and know what body part each sense

correlates to (Analysis). Students will be able to describe the senses (Comprehension).

       The stated objectives was met because we made sure we addressed all the key terms

throughout the lesson. Then we would periodically ask students questions to reiterate as

well as to see if they learned the information. If we found that they were unsure then we

went over the information once again.

       The evidence we have that shows that our objectives were met, was by observation

and by discussing the information with the students. We found that going over and

explaining the information, as well as showing the students where the body parts are

located, was a big help for the student’s understanding. Then having the students reiterate
                                                                                      Page 10

what they learned by explaining it, showed that they understood the terms and have met our

objectives.

       I feel our lesson went quite well. We practiced before we taught the lesson to make

sure we kept in mind all the important points we wanted them to know. We made sure we

were aware of our objectives so that we could focus our attention on what we wanted the

students to learn and make sure they learned that information. We were fully aware that

our objectives were met because we discussed the information thoroughly with the students

and had the students participate and practice the information.

       One change I would make when teaching this lesson again is to not have the

students have a copy of the poem in front of them while I was teaching. I found that first

graders could not handle having the poem in front of them and read along as I read. I think

that the next time I teach this lesson I might use a transparency and read while the students

follow along. I think that third graders could have handled following along with a poem in

front of them but definitely not first graders.

       I think our teaching compared to our elementary education program in the fact that

it was hands-on oriented. Our elementary education program emphasizes using hands-on

approaches to teaching. I also feel teaching our lesson had us engaged in reflexive decision

making. We had to constantly be reflexive when teaching this lesson because things

happen that do not always go according to the plan.

       From all my experiences teaching different lessons, I have learned quite a bit about

teaching. I have learned that a teacher has to be prepared and know the lesson before

teaching it. The teacher must practice the lesson to make sure he/she does not forget any
                                                                                    Page 10

key points. Practicing the lesson before hand also helps the teacher smooth over any things

that might go wrong. For example, when I taught my math lesson in the field I forgot to

make sure all the students had their numbers cards. Our practicum teacher told me they

had them but I should have made sure they all had them before hand. In result, some

students were missing cards and cards had to be made for them before we started the

lesson. So the lesson that should have only taken fifteen minutes took about a half an hour.

So I have learned that a teacher must prepare and be a reflexive decision-maker because

things will not always go the way they are planned.


Lesson Two


Topic: Tongue Teaser

Curriculum Reference: Teacher Created Materials, 1990.

Generalization: Our two senses, smell and taste, work together just like the partners did
                to complete this experiments.

      Facts: 1. By holding our nose, we cut off the flow of air leading to our smelling
      sensors, which help the taste buds realize what they are tasting.
               2. Our smelling senses are called olfactory receptors.

      Concepts:       1.   Sensors
                      2.   Taste buds
                      3.   Olfactory receptors
                      4.   Hypothesis

Lesson Objectives: By the end of this lesson, the students will be able to discuss their
                   original hypothesis’s regarding the experiment they just conducted
                   and whether or not their hypothesis was correct (Synthesis).

                      The students will be able to locate where taste buds are located
                      (Knowledge).
                                                                                    Page 12

                      The students will be able to recognize that our sense of smell and
                      taste sometimes depend on each other (Knowledge).

Materials: Oranges
           Paper plates
           Knife
           Plastic forks
           Experimental Report
           Sour Patch Kids
           Carmel and Chocolate Chips

Anticipatory Set: If you hold your nose to stop your sense of smell, can you still taste?
                  Hypothesis: Yes, I can still taste or No, I cannot still taste.

Exploration: The students will get into groups of two. Each student will be given two
             paper plates and one fork. Each group will be given two slices of an orange
             and two slices of a grapefruit. Partner A will hold their nose and close their
             eyes while partner B uses a fork to put one of the two pieces of fruit into
             partner A’s mouth. Partner A will chew and swallow the fruit without
             peeking. The process will continue using the other piece of fruit. Partner A
             will then try to tell partner B which fruit they were given first and then
             second. The roles will then be switched and the same experiment will be
             conducted by partner B.


Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to show students that some of our senses work
         together.

Things to do: 1. The teacher will pass out the experimental reports to each student and
                 have them fill out the sheets.
              2. The teacher will walk around and observe the students while they
                  engage in this experiment.
              3. The teacher will make sure that each student is taking turns doing the
                  experiment.
              4. The teacher will make sure that no one is giving away the answers and
                  that the student are actually doing the experiment.

Things to ask: 1. After the teacher observes that both students in the group are finished
                  the experiment, he/she will ask the students what they have discovered
                  and if they have proved or disapproved their hypothesis.

Things to ask: 1. The teacher will ask the students to discuss what went on in each of
                  their experiments. The teacher will ask the students whose hypothesis’
                  were proven and whose were not.
                                                                                   Page 13


Concept Introduction: The teacher will go over the experiment step by step with the
                      students. Then he/she will use a dictionary to look up the
                      meaning and introduce the concept, olfactory receptor. This
                      concept will then be related to our sense of smell. The teacher
                      will explain that the reason why we do not taste the fruit is
                      because when we hold our nose, we cut off the flow of air that
                      leads to the olfactory receptors or smelling sensors which taste
                      buds help us realize what we are eating.

Things to do: 1. The teacher will reiterate this concept once again.
              2. The teacher will answer any questions the students may have.
              3. By the students responses, the teacher will know whether or not the
                  students understand the concepts

Concept Application: The teacher will distribute sour patch kids and caramel and
                     chocolate chips to each group. The teacher will tell them to hold
                     their nose a place one piece of candy in their mouth.

Things to do: 1. Hand out another experimental report and distribute candy to each
                 group.
              2. Have the students decide whether or not they will be able to taste the
                 different kinds of candy while holding their nose.

Things to ask: 1. The teacher will ask the students what they have found.
               2. The teacher will then ask the students why they were able to taste some
                  of candy and not the others.

Evaluation: The teacher will ask questions regarding the lesson, touching all the key
            concepts and points. The teacher will have the students sit in groups and talk
            to each other about what they have learned. This helps the teacher see how
            the students communicate their ideas and how well they understood the
            material that was covered in the lesson.

Closure: The teacher will sum up the lesson and all the main points as well as concepts.


Lesson Three


Topic: My Hands: What I Can Do With Them And How Important They Are!

Curriculum Reference: Teacher Created Materials, 1990.
                                                                                     Page 14

Generalizations: Our hands help us to feel as well as identify objects.

       Facts:         1. Our hands help us feel things.
                      2. We can figure out what an object is by using our hands to feel
                         the object.

                      3. The sense of touch helps us determine the texture of an object.

       Concepts: 1.   Texture
                 2.   Feel
                 3.   Hard
                 4.   Soft
                 5.   Bumpy
                 6.   Smooth
                 7.   Rough

Lesson Objectives: By the end of this lesson, the students will be able to correctly.
                   identify textures and shapes using only their hands. (Comprehension)

                      The students will be able to orally tell the importance of their hands.
                      (Comprehension)

                      The students will be able to construct their own touch and feel
                      boards. (Synthesis)

Materials:            Touch and Feel board, blindfold, different textures, construction
                      paper, scissors, paste, crayons, magazines, “Touch... What Do You
                      Feel”, by Nicholas Wood.

Anticipatory Set:         The teacher will start a discussion about hands and how we use
                        them. He/She will ask the students to give some suggestions about
                       what we use our hands for. The teacher will record the answers on
                       the board. The teacher will also offer suggestions. Next the teacher
                        Will read the story, “Touch… What do you Feel?”

 Purpose:              The purpose of this lesson is to explain the importance of the sense
                      of touch

Things to do:         1. With the use of the touch and feel board that contains different
                      textures, blindfold the children and have them identify the different
                      textures.

                      2. Discuss the different textures that the students are feeling.
                                                                                      Page 15

Things to ask:        After observing the students the teacher will ask about the different
                      textures and the different objects that they felt.

Closure:              Have students create their own textured game cards by cutting
                      construction paper into squares. Students can collect different
                      textures from around the room and paste them on the squares. Then
                      students can pass their texture cards to other classmates and have
                      them guess what is on their cards.


Lesson Four


Topic: Making Rainbows

Curriculum Reference: Teacher Created Materials, 1990.

Generalizations: Without the sense of sight we would not be able to see things such as a
                 rainbow.

       Facts:         1. Our eyes help us see.
                      2. our eyes enable us to see danger that may lie ahead.

       Concepts:      1. Mirror
                      2. Rainbow

Lesson Objectives: By the end of this lesson the students will be able to discuss the
                   importance of the sense of seeing. (Comprehension)

                      The students will be able to describe the importance of the
                      experiment in their journals. (Comprehension)

                      The students will be able to experiment with objects to create a
                      rainbow that they will be able to see. (Synthesis)

Materials:            Glass, water, small mirror, white sheet of paper, sunshine.

Anticipatory Set:     Read a story about rainbows and explain that we will be making our
                      own rainbow.

Purpose:              The purpose of this lesson is to have the students conduct an
                      experiment in which they can see the result.

Things to do:         1. Have the students fill a glass with water.
                                                                                Page 16

                 2. Then place the mirror inside the glass.
                 3. Set the glass on the white paper right near a sunny window.
                 4. Watch as a rainbow will appear.

Things to ask:   The teacher will ask the students what else they can see with their
                 eyes.

Closure:         Have the students write in a journal about their experiment.
                                                                               Page 17

                            References and other Resources




Books and Periodicals for Teachers:

Hale, Janet. “Five Senses.” Teacher Created Materials, Inc. Huntington Beach, CA.
        1990.

Trade Books for Children:

Aliki. “My Hands.” N Rainbow Bridge Books. Open Court. La Salle, IL. 1989.
       Pg. 96-101.

Cole, Joanna. “It’s Too Noisy!” Weekly Reader Books. New York, NY. 1989.

Films and Videos:

Beacon. “Seeing Things.” Catalog of Instructional Videos by Camden County. 1987.
      14 minutes.

Filmstrips and Picture Files:

None available

Other Resources

(Audio Tapes)
Santrey, Laurence. “Discovering the Stars.” Troll Associates. Mahwah, NJ. 1982.
           Page 18




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