Spot Fixing

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					Spot-fixing


Spot-fixing refers to illegal activity in a sport where a specific part
of a game is fixed. Examples include something as minor as timing a no
ball or wide delivery in cricket or timing the first throw-in or corner
in association football. Spot-fixing attempts to defraud bookmakers
illegally by means of a player agreeing to perform to order by pre-
arrangement.[1] As such spot-fixing differs from match fixing, where a
whole match is fixed, or point shaving, a specific type of match fixing
in which corrupt players (or officials) attempt to limit the margin of
victory of the favoured team. Spot-fixing is more difficult to detect
than match fixing or point shaving. Spot-fixing is most associated with
the betting markets of the Indian subcontinent where bets can be placed
on individual deliveries in a cricket match.



Football
Matt Le Tissier bet on the timing of the first throw-in in a match he
played for Southampton against Wimbledon in 1995. The plan failed when a
team mate who was unaware of the scam managed to keep his underhit pass
on the pitch.[4] Le Tissier was forced to quickly kick the ball from play
to prevent himself losing money on the bet but neither won nor lost money
after managing to kick the ball out after 70 seconds.[5] He stated that
he felt so silly about the incident that he never did it again.




Cricket
In the 2010 Pakistan tour of England, it was alleged Pakistani players
Mohammad Asif and Mohammad Amir bowled no-balls at specific points as
part of a conspiracy involving captain Salman Butt to defraud bookmakers.
As a result, Salman Butt has been banned for ten years, Asif for seven
years and Amir for five years. The matter became a criminal investigation
that resulted in custodial sentences for four people involved.

Further information: Pakistan cricket spot-fixing controversy
In November 2011, Butt was sentenced to 30-months' imprisonment, with
Asif being imprisoned for one year and Amir jailed for six months.

In England, allegations of spot-fixing have been made against two Essex
players, the Pakistani Test bowler Danish Kaneria and Mervyn Westfield.

Rugby
LeagueAustralian rugby league player Ryan Tandy was found guilty of spot-
fixing during a 2010 National Rugby League season match between North
Queensland and Canterbury-Bankstown. Tandy, playing for Canterbury-
Bankstown, was involved in spot-fixing the first score of the match to be
a North Queensland penalty goal. Observers noted that there had been an
unusually high proportion of bets taken on the penalty goal option for
the game. Then, in the opening minutes of the game, Tandy was found to
have deliberately conceded a knock-on from the match's kick-off and then
a penalty for slowing down the play-the-ball in the Cowboys' first
attacking set in front of the goalposts, giving North Queensland a chance
to kick an easy penalty goal. As it happened, the spot-fixing attempt was
unsuccessful, as North Queensland passed up its penalty goal opportunity
and scored a try instead.

Tandy was found guilty of "attempting to dishonestly obtain a financial
advantage" on 6 October 2011. Former player John Elias, Tandy's manager
Sam Ayoub, and property manager Greg Tait, have also been arrested in
connection with the incident, but their cases have not yet progressed
through the court system. Tandy is expected to appeal. The NRL has not
yet applied its own penalties, indicating that it will wait until all
legal proceedings, including appeals, have been exhausted, but has made
it clear that anyone ultimately found guilty will be banned from the
sport for life.

				
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