SIKHISM

Document Sample
SIKHISM Powered By Docstoc
					“seekers of truth”


                     By: Elizabeth Rix
1.   Not consist in a certain set of beliefs, it is a way of life, main
     virtue- simplicity, no supernaturalism or mythology, they
     don’t believe in: devils, angels, or heavenly spirits
2.   Universal religion
3.   Opposed to all ritualism and formalism
4.   Doesn’t enjoin to a blind faith, blind obedience to an
     external authority is discourage, faith doesn’t start with
     surmises or absurdities
5.   It is a faith of hope and cheer, affirms karma, doesn’t lead
     to despair and defeatism
6.   A Democratic religion, decisions of Sangat are regarded as
     resolutions having the force of law Guru Gobind Singh
     Sahib has the authority of the organization in the Panth.
Founded by Guru Nanak in form of 10 Gurus or Masters (1469-1708) in India
Guru Guranth Sahib is the Holy Scripture
Follow succession of the gurus (teachers) beginning with Guru Nanak in the 15th
century India and strive for the union of individual spirit with god
Distinguished by external symbols of faith: long beards, turbans, and bracelets
Internal life- daily prayer and readings of their Holy Book (Granth Sahib, Adi
Granth) in homes and in temples
Gurdwaras are places of the Granth where there is communal worship and provide
accommodations and food for the wayfarers
Worship one god- Sat Nam by living life of active service
Equality and democracy are the 2 important principles that are applied in the ethic of
moral courage and good behavior
   Guru Guranth Sahib written         Source of all life- physical and
    by Masters.                         spiritual
   Not allowed to change even a       Holy Scripture doesn’t narrate
    comma or period (1430               life’s story of Gurus , but
    pages)                              Almighty God
   Holy Book- perpetual               Not a blend or production of
    spiritual guide; no place for a     an earlier religion but a new
    living Guru today                   revelation
   Power of god is admired in            Guru Guranth Sahib
    Sikh Scripture and cures all
    sufferings
   Nam another name for god
   God sustains all beings and
    universe, he isn’t a mental
    abstraction
Gurus preached Sikh religion strictly as a monotheistic (a
belief in on supreme being)
They believe all religions believe in the same God but use a
different name
It is not a religion to save someone but a devotion to a
supreme being
God can not take a human form
 To attain salvation- reject all fasts, rites, and rituals
 Rejects the claims of yoga, fasting, religious
  vegetarianism, pilgrimages, superstitions, self-
  torture, and renunciation
 Believe in only one God
 The five Cardinal Vices: Kam (Lust), Krodh (anger),
  Lobh (greed), Moh (worldly attachment), and
  Ahankar (pride)
 If overcome the five cardinal vices the path to
  salvation is opened
   Rebirth in descending order- punishment and
    curse for one’s deeds
   Soul passes through animal lives and human
    life is a blessing
   No religion and No philosophy can exist
    without man
   Salvation through meditating on Nam
   Same heavenly light in every human being
   Rejecting female infanticide, wife burning,
    permitting widow remarriage, and fejecting
    women to wear veils
   Doors are opened to everyone no matter
    what religion and everyone is equal
   Normal family life is encouraged
   Celibacy or renunciation is not necessary to achieve
    salvation
   The devotee must: live in the world and keep mind
    pure, must be a soldier, a scholar, and a saint
   Honest work and labor is the approved lifestyle
   Sharing with others is the social responsibility
   They are expected to help others in need through
    charity and do community service
   There is free community food at every Sikh temple
    and is open to anyone no matter their religion
   Institution of Langer (free food in temples)
    started with the First Guru
   Rules of the Langer: required to sit in the
    same row and partake the same food without
    discrimination
   Akbar (Emperor of India) has to sit with the
    common people and dine before seeing the
    Guru
    • About 25 million people
    that worship Sikhism




       Sikh Population by region


#             Region       Total
              North
1                          18,821,957
              India
              South
2                          58,739
              India

3             West India 262,162

4             East India   72,872
“Sikhism.” SGPC.,SGPC. 4-20-10
  <http://www.sgpc.net/sikhism/index.asp.>.

“Sikhism.” Sikh Religion. 1999, Sarbjit Singh. 4-20-10
  <www-users.cs.umn.edu/sansingh/religion.htm>.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:12
posted:11/22/2011
language:English
pages:13