The Regions

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The Regions Powered By Docstoc
					Sub-National Institutional
         design

 Actors and instruments of the
        regional policy
                          The Regions
   The concept of the development regions was introduced for the first time by the
    Law no.151/1998, regarding the Regional Development. Once the law entered into
    force, 8 development regions were created.

   Following the EU model, the legal framework created eight “regions”
    corresponding to the NUTS 2 level, being defined following the suggestions of a
    study financed by the European Union through a PHARE program between
    February 1996 and the end of 1998. The study’s proposals - laid down in the Green
    Book’s - were fully enshrined by the 1998 law.

   The process of defining the 8 regions of development involved the identification of
    the neighboring counties having similar social and economic profiles, followed by
    regrouping the regions of similarity according to the functional relations between
    the counties into development regions.

   The criteria that were taken into account at the moment of regions set up were
    geographical proximity and the existence of economical and social discrepancies
    between them that would be overcome through the implementation of the regional
    policy, thus, the eight regions do not match the historical provinces/regions.
Romanian development regions
Region 1 North-East (Bacău, Botoşani, Iaşi, Neamţ, Suceava, Vaslui)
Region 2 South-East ( Brăila, Buzău, Constanţa, Galaţi, Tulcea, Vrancea)
Region 3 South - Muntenia (Argeş, Călăraşi, Dâmboviţa, Giurgiu, Ialomiţa, Prahova,
Teleorman)
Region 4 South-West Oltenia ( Dolj, Gorj, Mehedinţi, Olt, Vâlcea)
Region 5 West (Arad, Caraş-Severin, Hunedoara, Timiş)
Region 6 North-West (Bihor, Bistriţa-Năsăud, Cluj, Maramureş, Satu Mare, Sălaj)
Region 7 Centre (Alba, Braşov, Covasna, Harghita, Mureş, Sibiu)
Region 8 Bucureşti-Ilfov (Bucureşti, Ilfov).
                EU Programme scheme in Romania


    The Romanian National Development Plan is implemented, for the period
    2007-2013, through seven operational programmes: one regional, five sectoral
    and one technical assistance OP under the Convergence Objective.

Operational Programme scheme:
   Human Resources Development OP
   Regional OP
   Environment OP
   Increase of Economic Cometitiveness OP
   Administrative Capacity Development OP
   Transport OP
   Technical Assistance OP
               Regional Operational Programme

 The general rules governing the European Regional Development
  Fund (ERDF), the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Cohesion
  Fund are laid down in the COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No
  1083/2006 of 11 July 2006.
 The Council Regulation defines the objectives to which the Structural
  Funds and the Cohesion Fund are to contribute, the criteria for Member
  States and regions to be eligible under those Funds, the financial
  resources available and the criteria for their allocation.
 The Council Regulation defines the context for cohesion policy,
  including the method for establishing the Community strategic
  guidelines on cohesion, the national strategic reference framework and
  the process for examination at Community level.
 The Council Regulation lays down the principles and rules on
  partnership, programming, evaluation, management, including financial
  management, monitoring and control on the basis of responsibilities
  shared between the Member States and the Commission.
    The Romanian Regional Operational Programme


ROP Overall objective
 Supporting the economic, social, territorially balanced and
  sustainable development of the Romanian regions,
  according to their specific needs and resources, focusing
  on growth poles, improving the business environment and
  basic infrastructure
Some Figures:
 Approved by European Commission on July 12, 2007
 Total budget of the programme is around 4.38 billion
  euro and the Community assistance amounts to 3.7
  billion euro
          The Implementing structure of ROP


1. Monitoring Committee of ROP
 activates at national level
 ensures the efficiency and quality of programme
  implementation
 approves selection criteria of projects
 analyses implementation stage and approves founds
  reallocation
 approves annual implementation reports of ROP
           The Implementing structure of ROP


2. Management Authority (Ministry of Regional
   Development and Tourism)
 launches nationwide open calls for projects
 establishes the selection criteria for projects and summits
   them to MC of ROP for approval
 develops and implements Communication Plan for ROP
 makes the final decision regarding the project financing
 authorizes the eligible expenditure based on the analyze of
   documents received from IBs
 takes the necessary measures to correct irregularities
 controls EU/national founds allocated trough ROP,
   according to EU/national legislation
           The Implementing structure of ROP


2. Management Authority (Ministry of Regional
   Development and Tourism)
 launches nationwide open calls for projects
 establishes the selection criteria for projects and summits
   them to MC of ROP for approval
 develops and implements Communication Plan for ROP
 makes the final decision regarding the project financing
 authorizes the eligible expenditure based on the analyze of
   documents received from IBs
 takes the necessary measures to correct irregularities
 controls EU/national founds allocated trough ROP,
   according to EU/national legislation
                The Implementing structure of ROP

3.   Intermediate Bodies (Regional Development Agencies)
    Operates at regional level
    ensures development of project portfolio
    gives guidance to potential applicants to prepare their projects
    receives and records requests for funding from ROP
    verifies administrative compliance and eligibility for submitted projects
    organizes the technical and financial evaluation sessions with support
     from independent evaluators
    reports regularly to MA on evaluation process result
    prepares grant agreements based on MA decision of financing
    monitors project implementation
    receives payment requests from beneficiaries and verifies accuracy
     and correctness of expenditure
    contributes to implementation of Communication Plan for ROP at
     regional level
                     Some definitions:


EU funds:
 European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
 aims to promote economic and social cohesion
  by addressing main regional imbalances and participating
   in the development and conversion of regions, while
   ensuring synergy with assistance from other Structural
   Funds.
                      Some definitions:


EU funds:
Cohesion Fund (CF)
 The purpose of the CF is to co-fund actions in the filelds of
  environment and transport infrastructure of common
  interest with a view to promote economic and social
  cohesion and solidarity among Member States.
                    Some definitions:


EU funds:
European Social Fund (ESF)
 The ESF has been set up to reduce differences in
prosperity and living standards across EU Member States
and regions. In order to promote employment conditions
ESF supports companies to be better equipped to face new
  challenges.
                      Some definitions:


Available budget 2007-13
 Available budget 2007-13 is the sum of EU co-fi nancing
  and national public contribution (i.e. the amount accessible
  for applicants or potential beneficiaries).
 This budget had been set in each countries’ National
  Strategic Reference Framework and has been approved by
  the European Commission.
                     Some definitions:


Contracted grants
 Contracted grants are the amounts for which the contract
  has been signed by the competent authority (Managing
  Authority or Intermediary/Implementing Body) and the final
  beneficiary
                     Some definitions:


Paid grants
 Paid grants are the amount of grants (including advance
  payments) which have been disbursed to the final
  beneficiaries
                      Some definitions:


Contracted ratio
 Contracted ratio equals the amount of actual contracted
  grants in 2007-10 divided by the budget available for 2007-
  13.
                     Some definitions:


Payment ratio
 Payment ratio equals the amount of actual paid grants in
  2007-10 divided by the budget available for 2007-13.
Some Figures:
 Thank you!
 Multumesc pentru atentia acordata!

				
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posted:11/22/2011
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