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IB80062 Constitutional Conventions Political and Legal Questions

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IB80062  Constitutional Conventions  Political and Legal Questions Powered By Docstoc
					C O N S T I T U T I O N A L CONVENTIONS:     P O L I T I C A L A N D LEGAL Q U E S T I O N S

                                U P D A T E 3 07/08/85




                                             BY

                              D a v i d C. H u c k a b e e

                            Government Division

                                 Meredith McCoy

                           A m e r i c a n Law D i v i s i o n

                     Congressional Research Service
                                                          CRS-    1




ISSUE DEFINITION

      In the 1 9 8 0 s , t h e Natlon may                 be      f a c e d wlth           ~ t s flrst constltutlonal
convention s l n c e 17g7.              A p p l ~ c a t l o n s h a v e been F a s s e d by 3 2 o f the n e c e s s a r y
3 4 S t a t e legislatures             to c o n v e n e a                                  t
                                                                    c o n v e r ~ t ~ o r ! o propose an anendmect
I l x l t ~ n g2efic:t          see?:
                                 pn:.,                                                      ?
                                             2 2 2 Ly 1 2 S t a t e s far a . a ? e r e ~ e z t 3 r 3 P 1 5 1 t ~ 7 . 7
abortion.                                                                              C
                    a e c a u s e tnls process for a m e n d l n g ~ n e o n s t l t i ~ t i o n nas n e v e r    been
x s e d , s e v e r a l unresolved l e g a l and policy                        q u e s c ~ o r s arlse govern~ncj tne
c o n v e n ~ n ga n d t h e authority of s ~ c k conventlor!.a




      Artlcle V o f t h e U.S. C o n s t l t u t l o n e s t a ~ i l s h e s t h e p r o c e d u r e s by w h l c h :he
C o n s t l t u t l o n may S e amended.         T h e p r o c e s s c a n be  c o n v e n ~ e n t l y dlvlde2 lnto
two pnases:               p r o c e d ~ r e s relatlnq       to     h e     proposa;         or       -u.Aa i , , c L:onz.l
                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                        m c y - 4 -- A L L


amendments, and                procedures p e r t a l n ~ n g to the ratlflcatlon                        of proposed
amendments.
     ,,,,
    m h o     a r c ~ c l epravldes Ewe n e z n o 2 s f o r z n e p r o p o s ~ ~ g       of     anen2mencs.        -2e      r-


f l r s t permrts C o n g r e s s to p r o p o s e amendments           " x h e n e v e r t w ~ - t h l r 5 s of   DOLE
H o u s e s shall d e e m          lt necessary."           Ail    the amendments now part                     of   the
C o n s t l t u t l o n o r l g ~ n a t e d ln t h l s manner.   T h e second method             1 s explained       ln
t h e l a n g u a g e , " o n the a p p l l c a t l o n of t h e legislatures of t w o - t n l r d s          [34]   of
the several               States .[Congress] shall call a                       c o ~ v e n t l o n for      proposing
a m e n d m e n t s , " and has 7.ever S e e n lnvoked s u c c e s s f u l l y .
                                                                             *
      Article V s p e c i f i e s t h a t , o n c e p r o p o s e d , a m e n d m e n t s a r e t o b e          ratified
e i t h e r by t h e l e g i s l a t u r e s o r special c o n v e n t i o n s      of    three-fourths            of      the
S t a t e s before becoming p a r t of t h e Constitution.                        T h e m e t h o d of r a t i f i c a t i o n ,
by S t a t e c o n v e n t i o n or S t a c e l e g i s l a t u r e , i s wlthin C o n g r e s s ' power to c h o o s e
a c c o r d i n g t o t h e d i c t a t e s of Article V , w h e t h e r t h e a m e n d m e n t i s p r o p o s e d         by
t h e C o n g r e s s o r a convention.
                                                                                                 -
      T h u s , a c o n v e n t i o n called pursuant to A r t i c l e V d o e s n o t h a v e t h e p o w e r to
a m e n d t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n b u t , r a t h e r , to p r o p o s e a m e n d m e n t s .  Any a m e n d m e n t o r
a m e n d m e n t s proposed by such a                  convention         stiil need              to be    ratified        Sy
three-fourths ( 3 8 ) of t h e S t a t e s in t h e s a m e manner a s a m e n d m e n t s p r o p o s e d by
the Congress.


H i s t o r i c a l O v e r v i e w of t h e C o n v e n t i o n I s s u e

      Controversy over the convention alternative for proposing                                       amendments           is
n o t a n e w phenomenom.             In t h e period          since 1789, State legislatures have
submitted more than 400 applications for a convention to consider                                             amendments
r e l a t i n g to a wide variety of subjects.                      In r e c e n t y e a r s , l e g i s l a t u r e s h a v e
a p p l i e d to C o n g r e s s f o r a c o n v e n t i o n m o r e o f t e n than i n t h e past.           During the
174-year period from 1 7 8 9 t o 1963, C o n g r e s s r e c e i v e d a p p r o x i m a t e l y 2 5 0
applications requesting a convention.                            In the period           since, more            than 150
such a p p l i c a t i o n s have been received.

      D u r i n g t h e 94th-98th C o n g r e s s e s , i n a d d i t i o n t o t h e s u b j e c t s o f t h e b u d g e t
a n d a b o r t i o n , t h e i s s u e of c o m p u l s o r y s c h o o l a s s i g n m e n t (busing) p r o m p t e d   13
S t a t e s to a p p l y , a n d a m o v e m e n t to a l l o w p r a y e r i n t h e p u b l i c s c h o o l s b r o u g h t
                                                      CRS- 2                         IB80062        UPDATE-07/08/85

five such applications.

      The constitutional convention issue received considerable attention in the
late 1960s and early 1970s, owing largely t o the efforts by                                        Senator Everett
D i r k s e n (R.-Ill.).            He wanted to corvene a convention i n order to amenC the
C o n s t i t u t i o n t o a l l o w o n e h o u s e of a S t a t e l e g i s l a t u r e t o b e ap?ortioned by a
ineans o z h e r t h a n p o p u l a t i o n .      As a       resulc of       chis campaig>, Senator Sam
Ervin, 2r.                ( D m - N . C . , i n z r o d u c e d iri
                                        1                                1955      (the        90th     Congress)         C-  -
" - L..C:
 .
,.
,a
    ,
        , -,
      " L
          , ,Lonal C ~ ~ . - ~ e n 5 i c z z s C ~ r e s .>st (S. 2327).
                   J
                                            ?r3                                          ypA;s        :.;as - = p r n v ' i ~
                                                                                                                    ii


i n l a w c h e s t e p s t o b e t a k e n by t h e C o n g r e s s i n c h e e v e n t         chat applications
w a r e receiY7ed f r c m t?.e n e c e s s a r y t x o - c h i r d s of t h e S t a t e s .       T?.is m e a s ~ r z an2
a s i m i l a r S i l l (S. 523) F r t r o d u c e d i n t?.e 9 1 s t C o n q r e s s w e r e c 2 " s i d e r e d       Sy
t h e S e n a c e J l ~ d i c l a r y C=rei:tee,        S u z w e r e 73
                                                                       .:  reportee to t > e flo?r.
      ,-,i?.g
      c    -   '    r h e n e e d f o r " g r d e r l y p r o c e d u r e s " z o " a v ~ i dt h e  possi5ilizy        of a
r u n a w a y convention a n 2 a cc~sziti~z:2nal c r i s i s r V S e n a z o r Z r - ~ l n L Z Y ~ C Z C ~ CS.
                                                                                                        I
2 1 5 i n 1 9 7 1 (92d C o n q r e s s ) .          T h e b i l l p a s s e d t h e S e n a t e by a   voce of         84-0,
but t h e House did n o t consider the measure o n the floor.                                      A si?.ilar b i l l ,   S.
-m - 7 1
- L I L ,                                                                                                                 -
            p a s s e d t h e S e n a c e S y a v o i c e v o t e i n 1 9 7 3 d u r i n g t h e S 3 r d C o n g r e s s Su'   I

a g a i n , i t was not considered on the Xouse floor.

      T h e s e 9 2 6 ar,d 9 3 6 C o r g r e s s b ~ l l s ,a a o n g o t h e r t h l z g s : ( 1 ) speclf;e=?           the
ferns c f S c a c e app;~caz:ons                accepzazle zo C ~ n g r e s s ; ( 2 )         pravieed          znac     zne
a p p l l c a t l o n s w o ~ l dr e x a l n in e f f e c t f o r sever: y e a r s ; 1 3 )    allowed         States      to
resclr.8 a p p l ~ c a t l o n s ; ( 4 ) I l m l t e d t h e ;urlsdlc::on           o f ar,y c 3 n v e n t ~ o r : t o   he
                ft
s u ~ ~ e c or whlch ~t was called; ( 5 ) set f o r t h admlnlstratlve procedures                                        for
convening a ~ o n v e n t l o n , s u c h a s t h e m e t h o d o f           selecting       delegates           and    the
z y p e 0. v o ~ er e q c l r e d t o p r o p o s e a n ainendment; a n 2 ( 6 ) perrnltteC C o n g r e s s
           :                                                                                                              to
r e l e c c a d l s f a v c r e d c o n v e n t ~ o np r o p o s a l l n l:eu     of      subnlctlnq        1c     to    the
States for r a t ~ f l c a t l o n .
                                                                           a

      I n t h e 9 4 t h a n d 9 5 t h C o n g r e s s e s a n u m b e r o f b i l l s w e r e introduced        seeklng
to set slmilar standards.                   H e a r ~ n g sw e r e h e l d o n t h e      95th Congress           Senate
~ l l l s ,3. 3 , S. 5 2 0 (Helms) a n d S. 1 7 1 0 ('riatch) ~ n 1 9 7 9 .                   S. 8 1 7 ( H a t c h ) w a s
a p p r o v e d a t t h e Subconrnlttee l e v e l l n 1 9 8 1 , b u t           the full Senate Judlclary
Cominlttee d l d n o t r e p o r t ~ t o u t of C o m m r t t e e .

      I n c h e 9 8 t h C o n g r e s s , S. 1 1 9 ( H a t c h ) w a s reported by          the       full Senate
J c d l c l a r y Committee l n A u g u s t 1 9 8 4 , S u t t h e S e n a t e t o o k n o f u r t h e r a c t l o n on
the measure.

   Now in 1985 a l l of the questions                          concerning a possible constitutional
convention are pertinent Secause 3 2 of the necessary 3 4 States have                       adopted
resolutions calling for a constitutional convention to consider an amendment
to r e q u i r e a b a l a n c e c F e d e r a l b u d g e t .


The Balanced Budget Convention Drive

   T h e National Taxpayers Union          (NTU), a Washington-based     lobby group
claiming a membership of 1 0 0 , 0 0 0 , has been identified with a    campaign  that
sparked considerable interest i n State legislatures to adopt        resolutions   to
Congress about a proposed   amendment        to  limit the power    of   the Federal
Government to incur budget deficits.         The NTU   is  still lobbying for the
proposal in the State legislatures.

   In M a r c h 1 9 7 9 , a c o a l i t i o n o f l a b o r , r e l i g i o u s , b u s i n e s s , a n d           other
interests met to organize a group called Citizens f o r the Constitution.                                            This
                                                       CRS- 3                          IB80062        UPDATE-O~/O~/~

g r o u p , u n d e r t h e l e a d e r s h i p of the Lieutenant Governor               of Massachusetts,
T h o m a s P. O ' N e i l l 1 1 1 , helped c o o r d i n a t e t h e e f f o r t s o f those persons who
opposed efforts to convene a constitutional convention during 1979.

      The latter organlzatlon             opened an offlce                  ln Washington             and   actively
l o S b i e d i n nany o f t h e S t a t e s t h a t were c o n s i d e r ~ n g r e s o l u t i o n s t o a p p l y to
C o n g r e s s f o r a b u d g e t convenclon.       C i t l z e n s f o r he C o n s ~ l c u t i o n 1 s n o w an
~nfcr~.al                                           a
                orqaz:zaz~o?. sf B 1 2 s ~ n e s s n d l a b ~ rg r o u p s .




      AnoTher o r g a n l z a z ~ o c , ~ n e
                                            :onaiztee        :s  P r e s e r v e z n e C~~st~:cc:on,         was
f o u n d e d ~ n New Ycrk IT, 2979.           T31s      group     ccnzlnues z o i o L ~ y a g a ~ n s z a
convention a s d o e s a n o t h e r g r o u p ,   P e o p l e f o r t h e C o n s t i t u t r o n , t h a t was
established ~ n W a s h i n g t o n S t a c e in ;981.

      In F e b r u a r y      1 9 8 4 , Larry C r a l g a n n o u n c e d t h e information           of      a new
c o n g r e s s r o n a l g r o u p - - 'la c o a l l t l o n of bipartisan Members      of Congress            hat
S e l l e v e we need to er,act a S a l a ~ c e dbudqet/tax 1~a:xacion                   amenexer.t         t o t9.e
U.S. Cons~:tutian                      a r e wll1lr.q to go o u ~ s i d etne S o u n d s o f C o n g r e s s z o d o
,
AL.
 i    Il
            C L U B S , Congressional L e a d e r s Unlted f o r a Balanced B u d g e t , c c u n z s m o r e
tnan sixty S e n a t o r s a n d R e p r e s e n r a t ~ v e s a s meInbers.

      Although n o n e w S t a c e s a p p l i e d f o r a c o n v e n t i o n in 1 9 8 1 , t w o " c l o s e c a l l s "
occurred.           Both t h e M i s s o u r i a n d W a s h i n g t o n legislacures      considered         budget
c o n v ~ n t i o n a p p l i c a z i o n s chat Fassed both h o u s e s .    These r e ~ ~ i u tCied ~a~       ~       t
t h e end of each S t a t e ' s l e g i s l a t i v e s e s s i o n b e c a u s e the houses            could not
a g r e e on t h e w o r d i n g f o r the c o n v e n t i o n request.

      In t h r e e S t a t e s i n 1 9 8 1           (Ohio, West         Virginia,  and               Rhode       Island),
r e s o l u t i o n s w e r e a d o p t e d by o n e h o u s e of t h e legislatures.

      S e v e r a l " c l o s e c a l l s " occurred in 1982.                  A Salanced           budget   resolution
passed t h e K e n t u c k y S e n a t e i n F e b r u a r y 1 9 8 2 b u t failed t o b e a d o p t e d         by  the
House.          S i m i l a r r e s o l u t i o n s passed t h e W a s h i n g t o n House (March 1 9 8 2 1 , a n d t h e
K i s s o u r i S e n a t e (March 1982).               The Missouri         l e g i s l a t u r e passed  a   balanced
b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n i n May of 1 9 8 3 .

      In 1 9 8 4 , a f t e r h a v i n g been a d o p t e d by t h e F i c h i g a n     Senate, the Michigan
3 o u s e C o n s t i t u x i o n a l a n d Womens 2 i g F . t ~ C o m m i t t e e failed t o repor: a D a l a n c e d
b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n t o t h e f l o o r by a margin o f o n e vote.            Efforts
to put the balanced budget convention matter                                     on  the N o v e m b e r     ballots  in
C a l i f o r n i a a n d W a s h i n g t o n failed a f t e r s u c c e s s f u l count c h a l l e n g e s .

      T h e 32 S t a t e s t h a t h a v e passed            resolutions requesting a                       constitutional.
c o n v e n t i o n a b o u t F e d e r a l spending are:              Alabama, Alaska Arizona, Arkansas,
Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia,                                    Idaho,           Iowa,      Indiana,         Kansas,
Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi,                            Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New
M e x i c o , N e v a d a , North C a r o l i n a , North D a k o t a , O k l a h o m a , O r e g o n , P e n n s y l v a n i a ,
South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, and                                                  Wyoming.
T h e l e g i s l a t u r e s of C a l i f o r n i a , I l l i n o i s , K e n t u c k y , and M o n t a n a h a v e a d o p t e d
r e s o l u t i o n s r e q u e s t i n g that C o n g r e s s p r o p o s e a       deficit     spending amendment,
b u t n o t a s k i n g f o r a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l convention.
                                                             CRS- 5

                            f r o m two-thirds o f t h e S t a t e s , by p r o p o s i n g i t s
                            own substitute amendment?

                    (10) C a n a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n be l i m i t e d to t h e
                         c o n s i d e r a t i o n of a s i n g l e i s s u e ?

                    (11) If a c o n v s ~ . t L o n i s l i x i t a k l e , w h s a a y d~              ;Fie l i a i c i n g ?
                         T h e C o n g r e s s ? T h e S r a t e s ? Z r Sot;??




                    (14) I s t h e S u p r e m e C o u r c t n e u i t i m a c e a r n l t e r of d i s p u ~ e s
                         o v e r t h e proper i m p l e m e n t a t i o n of A r t i c l e V ?

                    (15) W 9 o would have s t a n d i n g i n a c o u r t of l a w to l i t i g a t e a n y
                         of these issues?




                    (17) C a n a Member of C o n g r e s s S e a d e l e g a t e to a c o n v e n t i o n ?

                                   Congress s e t t h e v o t e r e q c l r e d S y the c o ~ v e n ? i o r
                    (13) C a n ~ h e
                         to propose a n amendme?.:?

                    (19) Is a c o n v e n t i o n t h e c r e a t u r e of t h e C o n g r e s s , t h e S t a t e s ,
                         o r t h e "people"?

     PERTINENT 98th CONGRESS LEGISLATION

     S. 1 1 9 (Hatch)

      Constitutional                  Convention            I m p l e m e n t a t i o n Act          of      1984 - -        Sets forth
procedures for holding constitutional conventions for proposing amendments to
the Constitution.                     R e q u i r e s either Z o u s e of C o n g r e s s co a g r e e to a c s n c u r r e n t
r e s o l u t i o n c a l l i n g for a c o n v e n t i o n w h e n e v e r               it determines               that at        least
t w o - t h i r d s of        the       S t a t e s have          submitted within                     a      7-year      period    valid
a p p l i c a r i o n s f o r t h e calling of a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l                      convention          upon     the     same
subject. R e q u i r e s t h a t the c o n v e n t i o n be c o n v e n e d w i t h i n                          8 months        of     the
a d o p t i o n of t h e r e s o l u t i o n . E n t i t l e s              each        S t a t e to t h e s a m e n u m b e r            of
delgates a t such convention as                                   i t has Senators and Representatives in
Congress.             States that no Senator, Representative, or other                                                person     holding
o f f i c e under t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s s h a l l b e a p p o i n t e d a s delegate.                             Provides that
t h e person w h o i s s e n i o r in y e a r s o f                       service a s a                  chief      justice of           the
highest courts of the States shall convene                                            t h e convention.                 Prohibits the
a p p r o p r i a t i o n o f F e d e r a l f u n d s f o r t h e s p e c i f i c p u r p o s e of p a y i n g                convention
expenses.             A u t h o r i z e s t h e c o n v e n t i o n to b e c o n d u c t e d i n a c c o r d a n c e with              such
r u l e s a s it may                  adopt.          P r o h i b i t s such c o n v e n t i o n               from proposing            any
a m e n d m e n t of a g e n e r a l s u b j e c t d i f f e r e n t f r o m t h a t s t a t e d i n t h e c o n c u r r e n t
r e s o l u t i o n . R e q u i r e s t h e p r e s i d i n g o f f i c e r of t h e c o n v e n t i o n t o                 submit any
proposed            a m e n d m e n t to Congress.                      Authorizes              C o n g r e s s to d i s a p p r o v e by
c o n c u r r e n t r e s o l u t i o n a n y a m e n d m e n t which d i f f e r s f r o m t h e g e n e r a l                 subjects
d e s c r i b e d i n t h e c o n c u r r e n t resolution.                     D i r e c t s t h e A d m i n i s t r a t o r of G e n e r a l
                                                             CRS- 5

S e r v i c e s t o t r a n s m l t t o t h e S t a t e s c o p l e s of                the proposed         amendment and
c o p l e s of a n y c o n c u r r e n t r e s o l a t i o n a g r e e d t o by             both   Houses        of C o n g r e s s
prescribing t h i s m o d e of ratlflcation.                              P r o v l C e s that a n a m e n d m e n t         shall
become valld when r a t l f l e d Sy three-forths o f the States.                                     Permlts a State to
resclnd i t s r a t l f l c a t l o n , e x c e p t when valid r a t l f i c a t l c n s S y t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f
the S t a r e s exlst.              I n t r o d l ~ c e U ~ a n 2 5 , 1 9 8 3 ; r e f e r r e d to J u d ~ c i a r y . 3 e f e r r e P
                                                                .
LO      S u b c o m m l ~ t e e on       C o n s ~ l e u z i o n on Fe3.            2 2 , 1983.         Succomrnlttee              on
C o n s t l t u t l o n a p p r o v e d S . 1 1 9 f c ~ r f u l l c o ~ r n ~ t r e ec o n s ~ i e r a t ~ o s0   :    3     .     8,
-
L~al.
 -?. >        -.
              ~ear;?.gs n s L d s y SLaea3:::tee                    c z 2azs:~t~:~an cc A p r . 2 5 , 1984.                        -
                                                                                                                               i a-.L-
                                                                                                                                   -
committee a p p r o v e d on Yay i 7 , 1984.




     E.R. 3 5 i       ( E y C e , et al.)

      F e d e r a l C o n s t l t l t l o n C o n v e n t i o n A m e n d m e n t Act -- S e t s f o r t h p r o c e d u r e s f o r
holding           constitutional              c o c v e n t l o n s for          proposing           aaendments         to      the
Conszltazloc.                2 e q u l r e s :cat both H o u s e s of C o n g r e s s a g r e e            ~o a     concurrenz
r e s o l u t i o n c a i l l n g f o r a c o n v e n t l o n whenever             15 d e c e r m r n e s    that a t least
two-thirds of t h e S t a c e s nave s u b m ~ t t e dv a l i d a p p l l c a c l o n s f o r t h e c a l i l n g o f
a constitutional c o c v e c t ~ o n naon = h e same s u S 3 e c t . ??titles                                each     S t a t e to
c ~ e   same n u m D e r of d e l e q a c e s az s ~ c ? c s n v e n t ~ o : a s 1
                                                                        ~                           :    has   Se7.azors a n 5
R e p r e s e n ~ a c l v e s 12 C o n g r e s s , w ~ t h o n e                  delegaze           elec~ed :      rom        each
c o n g r e s s ~ o n a ld l s t r l c t a n d      two a t         large.         A u t h o r ~ z e s t n e convention          t3
p r o p o s e c o n s t l t u t i c n a l a m e n d m e n t s 3 y a t w o - t h l r d s vote of t h e t o t a l n u m b e r o f
delegates.              P r p v ~ d e st h a t a n a m e n d m e n t s h a l l S e c o m e valld         when   r a t i f l e d by
t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f = h e Sae.  ::s           Perinlts a S c a t e i3 reScl3d                  its r a t l f i ~ 2 t l c c .
Incroduzed J a n . 3 , 2 9 8 5 ; referred to t h e Judiciary Committee.

     S. 40 ( H a t c h , e t al.)

      Constitutional                  Convention           I m p l e m e n t a t i o n Act of           1 9 8 5 -- Sets forth
p r o c e d u r e s f o r h o l d i n g c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n s for p r o p o s i n g a m e n d m e n t s t o
the Constitution.                        Provides a procedure                          f o r the C o n g r e s s        to a d o p t a
c o n c u r r e n t r e s o l u t i o n calling for a c o n v e n t i o n whenever i t d e t e r m i c e s t h a t a c
l e a s t two-thirds o f t h e S t a t e s h a v e s u b m i t t e d within a                           7 - y e a r period          valid
a p p l i c a t i o n s f o r t h e c a l l i n g of a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l convention.                       Requires          that
the c o n v e n t i o n be c o n v e n e d within 8 m o n t h s o f t h e a d o p t i o n of t h e r e s o l u t i o n .
Z n c i t l e s each S t a t e t o send two d e l e g a t e s                        on a n a c - l a r g e basis             and       one
d e l e g a t e from            each       congressional district.                             States t h a t          no      Senator,
R e p r e s e n t a t i v e , or o t h e r person h o l d i n g o f f i c e un2er the U n i t e d S t a t e s                        shall
S e elected a s d e l e g a t e .              P r o v i d e s t h a t that t h e P r e s i d e n t p r o t e m p o r e of              the
S e n a t e and t h e S p e a k e r o f the House                      of R e p r e s e n t a z i v e s     shall       convene         the
convention.                 Authorizes          appropriations                   for the payment                   of      convention
expenses.             A u t h o r i z e s t h e c o n v e n t i o n to c o n d u c t p r o c e e d i n g s           in accordance
with such r u l e s a s it may a d o p t by a v o t e o f three-fifths o f                                         the numSer            cf
t h e d e l e g a t e s w h o h a v e s u b s c r i b e d t o t h e o a t h of office.                             Prohibits such
convention from proposing any amendment of a subject matter                                                        different from
t h a t stated i n the c o n c u r r e n t resolution.                             R e q u i r e s the p r e s i d i n g o f f i c e r   of
the c o n v e n t i o n to s u b m i t a n y proposed a m e n d m e n t to the C o n g r e s s .                           Authorizes
the Congress to disapprove                               by      concurrent              resolution or             to d i r e c t       the
A d m i n i s t r a t o r of G e n e r a l S e r v i c e s t o t r a n s m i t to t h e S t a t e s c o p i e s of                      the
proposed a m e n d m e n t a n d c o p i e s of a n y c o n c u r r e n t r e s o l u t i o n a g r e e d to by                         the
C o n g r e s s p r e s c r i b i n g t h e mode of ratification.                            Provides that an amendment
s h a l l b e c o m e valid w h e n r a t i f i e d by t h r e e - f o u r t h s of the States.                            Permits a
State to rescind                      i t s r a t i f i c a t i o n , e x c e p t w h e n valid                 ratifications            by
t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f t h e S t a t e s exist.               I n t r o d u c e d Jan. 3 , 1 9 8 5 ; r e f e r r e d t o t h e
                                                            CRS- 7

Judiciary Committee.




     U.S.      Congress.             S e n a t e . C o m m i t t e e o n t h e Budget.    Balancing the
             budget.           K e a r l c g s , 9 6 c h C o n g r e s s , is^ session.    Kar. 5 , 1979.
             W a s h i n g t o n , U.S. G 2 v t . P r i n t . Z f f . , 1973.       1 1 4 2.

     U.S.       Congress.           Senace.         Committee o n t h e Judiciary.            Su~comrnl~tee
              on Z h e Z o n s t i t c t i o n .      "-?stitutional cczven:isn
                                                    , v J                                  proced2res.
              S e a r i n g , 9 5 t h C o n g r e s s , 1 s t s e s s i o n , on S. 3 , S . 5 2 0 , a n 2
              S . 171C.         N o v . 29, 19'73. r~ + a s h i n g z = n , . S . G a v t . p r i n t . 3 ? 5 . ,
                                                            7
                                                                               U
              195C. 1 3 7 2 B.

     -----     ?reposed c o z s t ~ c n z l c c a la r c e n d ~ e n z s ts r s q a ~ r oa 3 a l a n c e C
             budgec.           Hearings, 9 6 t h C o n g r e s s , 1 s t s e s s l o n , o n S.J.Res.
             2 , 4 , 5 , 5 , 7 , 9 , 1 0 , 1 1 , 1 3 , 15, 1 8 , 3 5 , 4 5 , 4 5 , 5 6 , 7 5 , 8 6 ,
             a E d 9 3 . ?lar. 1 2 , Eay 2 3 , Oct. 4 a n d 1 1 , K a v . 1 , 1 3 - 9 . .
             W a s h l n g t o n , U.S. Govt. Prlnt. Off., 1 9 8 0 . 6 2 1 p .
     - - - - - i e g l s l 2 t l ~ ea p ~ r o a c h e s to l l n i t l n g F e d e r a l s p e n d l a g .
                                       Z
              kiearlngs, 9 5 ~ n o n g r e s s , 1 s t s e s s ~ o n . Jaz. 24-25, 133C.
              W a s h l n g c o n , U.S. G o v t . P r ~ n t .Off., 1980.  2 0 7 p.
     -----      Subcommittee on Constztutional Amendments.                       Balancing the
              budget.   H e a r i n g s , 9 4 t h C o n g r e s s , 1 s t sesslon.  Sept. 2 3 ,
         .    Oct. 7 , 1975. W a s h l n g c o n , U.S. G c v t , ?rlnt. Off., 1 9 7 5 ,
              2 2 2 p.
     -----      T a x e s o n i n c o m e , i n h e r i t a n c e s , a n d gifts.       Hearing, 83rd Congress,
              2 8 s e s s i o n , o n S.J.Res. 2 3 , p r o p o s i n g a n a m e n d m e n t to
              the Constitution relative to taxes o n income, inheritances,
              a n d gifts.        Apr. 2 7 , 1954.             W a s h i n g t o n , U.S. Govt. Print.
              Off., 1954.           2 3 2 p.
     -----      S u b c o m m i t t e e o n S e p a r a t i o n of Powers.  S. 2 3 0 7 , F e d e r a l
              constitutional convention. Hearings, 90th Congress,
              1 s t s e s s i o n , o n S. 2 3 0 7 , a bill t o p r o v i d e p r o c e d u r e s f o r
              c a l l i n g constitutional conventloris.                 Oct. 30 a n 5 3 1 , 1 9 6 7 .
              W a s h i n g t o n , U.S. Govt. P r i n t . Off., 1 9 6 7 .     242 p .
     - - - - - F e d e r a l constitutional c o n v e n t i o n p r o c e d u r e s .
                                                                              Hearing,
              9 3 r d C o n g r e s s , l s t session. Apr. 1 2 , 1973. W a s h i n g t o n ,
              o n S. 1272. W a s h i n g t o n , U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1 9 7 3 .
              2 2 p.


R E P O R T S AND C O N G R E S S I O N A L D O C U M E N T S

     U.S.      Congress.             House.     C o m m i t t e e on t h e J u d i c i a r y .    Problems
             r e l a t i n g to a F e d e r a l c o n s t i t u t i o n a l convention.            Washington,
             U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1957.                          112 p .
                   At head of title:                8 5 t h C o n g r e s s , 1 s t session.        Committee
             print.
                   P u b l i c a t i o n o f a d o c t o r a l d i s s e r t a t i o n by C y r i l F.
             Brickfield which was submitted to the George Washington
             U n i v e r s i t y S c h o o l o f Law.
                                                         CRS- 8


    -----      S t a t e a p p l i c a t i o n s a s k i n g C o n g r e s s to c a l l a F e d e r a l
             c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n . W a s h i n g t o n , U.S. Govt. P r i n t .
             Off., 1959.               3 8 p.
                   At head of title:                   8 6 t h C o n g r e s s , 1 s t session.     Eouse
             c o m m i t t e e print.




    ..
     . .       23cgress. 3ecaze. n                          e      e n
                                                                             -
                                                                           . - i
                                                                                 - I             -
                                                                                               - eceral
                                                                                                  -

             C o n s z l t u c l o n 2 l P r o c e d u r e s A c t ; r e p o r t , togezher w ~ z ns e p a r a t e
             v l e w s , t o a c c o m p a n y S. 215. W a s h i n g t o n , U.S. Govt. P r i n t . O f f . ,
             1 9 - 1 . 19 p.            (92d 2 3 r y ~ r e s s , 1 s t sess;on.        3en2te.
             R e p o r t no. 92-336)
    -----      Federal C o n s t i t u t i o n a l P r o c e d u r e s A c r ; r e p o r t , ~ o g e t h e r
             w l z h a e 5 i t i o n a l -~.i?ws,cc a c c o ~ p a c y 9. 1 z 7 2 .            .
                                                                                           kasning;on,
                                                                                           - 7




             U.S.    Govt. T r i n ~ .Gif., 1 9 7 3 .             2C p.       (S3d Congress,
             1 s t session.            S e n a r e . 2 e p o r t no. 2 3 - 2 9 3 )

    - - - - - C o n s t ~ t u t ~ o n aC o n v e n t ~ o n I m p l e m e n t a z ~ o n Act o f 1 9 8 4 ;
                                       l                                                                         4

             report together wt     :h                                                         ?
                                             s u p p l e m e n t a l a n d a d d ~ t ~ o n av - e w s o n
             S. 1 1 9 , a s amended.c Was:,inqtor., Govt. ?r;r.t. Off., 1 9 8 4 .
             7 8 p.    (98th C o n g r e s s , 2d sesslcn.               S e ~ a c e . Z e p o r t no, 9 8 - 5 9 4 )


CHRONOLOGY OF E V E N T S

      This chronology i s divided                      into TWO          sections.            T h e first deals with
g e n e r a l d e v e l o p m e n t s r e l a t i n g to t h e c o n v e n t i o n i s s u e , a n d t h e s e c o n d t r a c k s
the S t a t e appl-ications f o r a c o n v e n t i o n a s chey h a v e b e e n                       received        by    the
Congress.

SZCTION I.          General Developments

     05/15/85       - - In C a l i f c r n i a , A.J.R.         3 3 , 2 balanced b u d g e t
                                                                       n
                         c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c ~ r v e n t ~ oappl;cation w a s
                         d e f e a t e d i n c o m m ~ t t e e by a v o t e of 3-3.

     04/23/85       --   I n M i n n e s o t a , H.F. 9 , a balanced b u d g e t
                         c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n , w a s returned to i t s
                         a u t h o r by a v o t e of 67-63.                This procedure is
                         s i m i l a r to " t a b l i n g " a resolution.

     04/12/85       - - In M a i n e , L.D. 7 4 0 , a balanced budget
                         constitutional convention application, was
                         d e f e a t e d i n t h e S e n a t e by a vote of 18-7.


     03/27/85       --   T h e M i c h i g a n H o u s e d e f e a t e d (by a v o t e o f
                         55-51) S.J.R. A. c a l l i n g f o r a b a l a n c e d budget
                         c o n v e n t i o n t h a t had been p r e v i o u s l y p a s s e d by
                                                      CRS- 9                          IB80062          UPDATE-C~/O~/~

                       t h e Senate.       H.J.R.C.,       a resolution endorsing a
                       b a l a n c e d budget a m e n d m e n t , b u t n o t a c o n v e n t i o n
                       w a s passed i n s t e a d by a v o t e of 97-10.

    03/06/85 - - I n Washington t h e S e n a t e J u d ~ c i a r yC o m m i t t e e f a i l e d to
                 r e p o r t a balanced budget C o n s t r t u t ~ o n a l C o n v e n t ~ o n
                 a p p l r c a t i o n (S.1.X. 1G3) by a v o t e o f 7 - 6 .

    ~2/27/e5      --   I n Illir.ois, a kaalance? S u e g e z ecnvontis?. a p p l i c a z i c z ,
                       (S.J.Res. 2) f a i i e d to be r e p o r t e d by a v o t e of 6-4 in t h e
                       Executive Conmitree after a hearlng helc =he same day.




    32/21/25      --   .A  h e a r i n g was "12           in ?!sn=a-a     b e f o r ? tke S t a t e
                       A d m i n i s t r a t i o n C o m m i t t e e o n H.J.Res. 29.

    ~ 2 / 1 3 / 8 5 - - I n Y o n t a n a a S a l a n c e d ~ u d g e tc o n s z ~ t u t i o n a l z o n v e n t i o n
                        a p p l i c a t i o n (H.J.R. 29) was i n t r o d u c e d by R e p . J a c k Sands.
                        T h e m e a s u r e was r e f e r r e d to t h e S t a t e Administration

    0 2 / ~ 9 / 8 5 - - I n Ill:nals                                               a
                                     ? ~alar!ced ~ u d g e zc o ~ v e ' t ~ o ~ ? ? l ~ c a c : o ~
                                     .
                                                                                                n
                        (S.J.Xes. 2) w a s ~ n t r o d u c e d by S e n a z o r Watson.         ,ne
                        meas12re was r e f e r r e d to the E x e c u t i v e C o m n l t ~ e e .
                       Committee.

    01/31/85      - - T h e Michigan S e n a t e Fassed S.J.R. A by a v o t e of
                       1 9 - 1 2 . T h e m e a s u r e was r e f e r r e d t o t h e X s u g e
                       Appropriatiorrs Committee.
4

    01/28/85      --   I n C o n n e c t i c u t a balanced b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n
                       S.J.R. 23) w a s i n t r o d u c e d by T h o m a s Scott.           The
                       Resolution w a s r e f e r r e d to G o v e r n m e n t A d m i n i s t r a t i o n
                       and Election Committee.

    01/23/85      --   I n W a s h i n g t o n a balanced b u d g e t c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
                       c o n v e n t i o n application (S.J.M. 1 0 3 ) was i n t r o d u c e d
                       by Sen. Brae Owen.            T h e m e a s u r e w a s r e f e r r e d to the
                       Judiciary C o m m l z t e e .

    01/16/85      --   T h e Michigan S e n a t e R u l e s C o m m i t t e e v o t e d to r e p o r t
                       S.J.R.A. a balanced bcdget c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n
                       a p p l i c a t i o n by a v o t e of 3-2.     Floor consideration
                       i s s c h e d u l e d f o r Jan. 30.

    01/11/85      --   I n M i c h i g a n a b a l a n c e d budget C o n s t i t u t i o n C o n v e n t i o n
                       A p p l i c a t i o n (S.J.R. A ) was i n t r o d u c e d by S e n a t o r
                       Ed F r e d e r i c k s .  A hearing is scheduled for
                       J a n . 1 5 , 1 9 8 5 ; b e f o r e the S e n a t e R u l e s C o m m i t t e e .

    09/13/84      - - T h e H o u s e Michigan C o n s t i t u t i o n a l and W o m e n s R i g h t s
                       Committee failed to report a balanced budget
                       c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n by a
                       v o t e of 5-4.

    09/12/84      - - T h e Montana Supreme Court agreed t o hear a
                       c h a l l e n g e to t h e balanced b u d g e t i n i t i a t i v e
                   s c h e d u l e d to be o n t h e b a l l o t i n November.
                   T h e h e a r i n g w a s s c h e d u l e d f o r Sept. 2 8 , 1984.

09/08/84      --                                                             t
                   J u s t i c e R e h n q u i s t d e c l i n e d to s ~ a y h e
                   d e c i s i o n of the C a l i f o r n i a S u p r e m e C o u r t t o
                   bar t h e balanced budget initiative from t h e
                   November b a l l o ~ .

58/28/84 - - T h e C : f r . a
                      a:o:l                                                 :
                                       S n c r e z e C a ~ r tr s l 3 v e d a
                                from
             l n l ~ l a ~ ~ v e t h e N o v e m ~ e ro a i i o z ~ n a t     would
             h a v e deprived :he C a l ~ f o r n ~La g ~ s l a z o r so f
                                                                e
             t h e i r s a l a r ~ e s~ n z l lthey passed a S a l a n c e d
             S u d g e t e o n v e n t ~ c n a~p1lcat:on.

07/13/84      --   An ~ n l z l a c ~ v; W a s h ~ n g ~ oS2 a z e f a l l e d = o q u a l l f y
                                             e
                                             n                      z
                   f o r = h e Nov. 1 3 6 4 a a l l o z co r?e,ee = h e s a l a r ~ e s9 f
                   S t a t e i e g ~ s l a t o r st o o n e d o l l a r a year u n t ~ lt h e
                   legislature passed a balanced b u d g e t c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
                   c o n v e n t ~ o na p p l l c a t l o n .

07/03/84 - - An i n i t i a t i v e in M o n t a n a q u a l i f i e d f o r t h e N o v e m b e r
             1 9 8 4 ballot tfiat w o u l d r e d u c e the s a l a r i e s of S t a t e
             l e g i s l a t c r s to o n e dollar a year u c c i l he
             l e g i s l a c u r e passes a balanced budget constitutional
             convention application.                      '




06/20/84      --   A s u i t w a s filed b e f o r e t h e C a l i f o r n i a S u p r e m e
                   C o u r t to prevent a n i q i t i a t i v e from being
                   p l a c e d o n che N o v e m b e r ballot.          This initiative,
                   i f p a s s e d , would d e p r i v e the C a l i f o r n i a
                   L e g i s l a t o r s of t h e i r pay u n t i l t h e y passed a n
                   a p p l i c a t i o n to C o n g r e s s f o r a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
                   c o n v e n t i o n to b a l a n c e t h e budget.

04/18/84      - - A b a l a n c e d budget c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n (H.J.2. E) passed
                   t h e Michigan S e n a t e by a v o t e of 23-15.                  S e n a t o r Ed
                   F e d e r i c k s is t h e sponsor.

04/14/84 - - K e n t u c k y l e g i s l a t u r e a d j o u r n e d w i t h o u t f u r t h e r a c t i o n on
             t h e balanced budget a p p l i c a t i o n (S.C.R. 10).

03/13/84      --   A b a l a n c e d budge^ a p p l i c a t i o n (J.R.H. 21) w a s d e f e a t e d i n
                   t h e Vermont H o c s e Z u d i c i a r y C o m m i t t e e by a vote of 9-1.

03/11/84      --   W e s t Virginia l e g i s l a t u r e a d j o u r n s w i t h o u t passing S.J.Res.
                   3 8 , a balanced b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n application.

02/30/84      --   An i n i t i a t i v e h a s been f i l e d i n M o n t a n a to r e d u c e t h e
                   s a l a r i e s of S t a t e l e g i s l a t o r s to o n e d o l l a r a y e a r u n t i l t h e
                   l e g i s l a t u r e passes a balanced b u d g e t c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
                   convention application.                     The sponsors
                   h a v e u n t i l J u n e 2 9 to g e t t h e r e q u i s i t e n u m b e r o f s i g n a t u r e s
                   t o g e t t h e m e a s u r e o n t h e ballot.
02/22/84      --   A b a l a n c e d budget c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n (S.C.R. 1 0 )
                   p a s s e d t h e K e n t u c k y S e n a t e by a v o t e of 24-13.

01/19/84      --   A b a l a n c e d budget c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n
                   w a s i n t r o d u c e d i n t h e W e s t V i r g i n i a S e n a t e by
                 S e n a t o r Robert H o l l i d a y (S.J.Res.         38).       The
                 m e a s u r e was r e f e r r e d t o t h e S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y
                 Committee.

31/17/84   --    A balanced          b u d g e t convention application was
                 i n t r o d u c e d i n t h e Vermont S o u s e by R e p s .
                 G l u l l a n l , G r a i f , a n d Condon ( 2 . 2 . 5 . 2 1 ) .
                 The m e a s n r e was r e f e r r e d ? o t i e 3 o u s e J u d z c i a r y
                 Zzxin~t:ee.

01/11/83   --    A    b a l a n c e d budget ccnvent:on                ap2;:cation          was
                 : n t r o C u c e d i n t 3 e K e n t u c k y S e n a t e by S e n a t o r
                 P3rd I S . C . 9 .     13).     T w e r . t y - c h r e e si a 3 8
                 3 3 s s ~ 2 l eS e c 2 t 3 r s ~ 8 e r s              s o s ~ o c s o r e et t e
                 neascre.

05/31/83   --    An i n i t i a t i v e d r i v e h a s b e e n s t a r t e d i n W a s h i n g t o n t o d i r e c t l y
                 pass a balanced budget a p p l i c a t i o n thus bypassing t h e
                 l e g i s i a t u r e . ' S i g n a ~ u r e sm u s t b e o b t a i n e d f r o m 1 3 8 , 4 7 2
                 persons before J u l y 1 3 , 1984.

05/26/83   --    Missour: Youse p a s s e d s . c . R .             NO.     3 by a v o t e o f
                 116-45        a n d b e c a m e t h e 3 2 n d S:a?e        zo approve a
                 b a l a n c e d b u d g e t c O n s t l t ~ t i 0 n 2 lc o n v e n t l o n a p p l l c a ~ l o n .

05/20/83   --    Petitions f o r an i n i t i a t i v e t h a t provides t h a t i f the
                 Assembly does n o t a p p r o v e a balanced budget c o n v e n t i o n
                 application t h a t "conpensation, benefits, and expenses
                 of l e g i s l a t o r s " w i l l be suspended i s being c i r c u l a t e d
                 i n C a l i f o r n i a by t h e N a t i o n a l Tax L i m i t a t i o n C o m m i t t e e .
                 Sponsors of t h e measure must o b t a i n 393,835 s i g n a t u r e s
                 by S e p t . 1 6 , 1 9 8 3 .

05/15/83   --    Balanced budget a p p l i c a t i o n s have been i n t r o d u c e d J.
                 i n t h e New J e r s e y L e g i s l a t u r e b y S e n a t o r D a s e y ( S . 4
                 r e f e r r e d t o t h e S t a t e G o v e r n m e n t C o m m i t t e e ) a n d by
                 Assemblyman Simmer ( r e f e r r e d t o t h e R e v e n u e , F i n a n c e ,
                 and Appropriation Committee).

05/10/83   --    A   balanced budget c o n t i t u t i o n a l convention a p p i i c a t i o n
                 w a s i n t r o d u c e d i n t h e New Y o r k A s s e m b l y b y A s s e m b l y m a n
                 Wertz ( A . 3552).            A s i m i l a r a p p l i c a t i o n s p o n s o r e d by
                 S e n a t o r J o h n s o n was i n t r o d u c e d i n c h e S e n a t e ( S . 9 1 5 ) .
                 Both measures were r e f e r r e d t o t h e r e s p e c t i v e chambers'
                 J u d i c i a r y Committee.

03/03/93   --    A   b a l a c - e d b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n was i n t r o d u c e d
                 i n t h e M i c h i g a n House by R e p r e s e n t a t i v e O'Connor
                 (H.J.R.F.).           I t was r e f e r r e d t o t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n a l
                 R e v i s i o n a n d W o m e n ' s R i g h t s Committees.

           --    A balanced        b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n was i n t r o d u c e d
                 i n t h e C a l i f o r n i a House by Assemblyman F r a n k H a l l
                  (H.J.R.       29).

04/04/83   .--   A r e s o l u t i o n seeking t o withdraw an a p p l i c a t i o n f o r
                 a b a l a n c e d b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n ( p a s s e d by t h e
                 Maryland L e g i s l a t u r e i n 1975) p a s s e d t h e House by
                  a v o t e of 8 1 to 4 5 (H.J.R. 37). A S i m i l a r S e n a t e
                  R e s o l u t i o n (S.J.R. 17) w a s r e f e r r e d t o t h e
                  C o n s t i t u t i o n a n d P u b l i c L a w C o m m i t t e e for f u t h e r
                  study.

03/29/93    --    A S a l a n c e d budget c o n v e n t i o n application ~ ~ t r o d l ~ c e d
                                                                M
                  by S e n a t o r S n o w d e n passed ~ n e ~ a s o u r i S e n a t e
                  b y a v o t e cf 2 1 c o 1 3 IS.C.3. n o . 3).

02/15/83    --                                                             -
                  A b a i a n c e a budget c o n v e n t i o n application was i n t r o d u c e d
                  i n t h e Xic5igan Se?.ate by S e c a c o r rrederiz:ks (S.3.3.E.)




02/07/83 - - A S a l a c c e Z ~ u d q e c co?.ven:;on  app;iza~;on x a s
             i n t r o d u c e d in t h e Minnesota S e n a c e by S e n a t o r
             S c h e m i e i e s k i (S. F i l e 233) .

01/31/83    --    A b a l a n c e d budget c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n w a s
                  i n t r o d u c e d in t h e O h i o S e n a t e by Senator i u k e n s
                  (S.J.R.1).

01/18/83    -- A                                                        c
                      ~ a l a n c e dbudge c o c s ~ ~ : u c ~ o n a l o n v e n c ~ o n
                  a p p l l c a z i o w a s ~ n t r o d u c e d 19 t h e O h l o S e n a t e ~ y
                  S e n a t o r Donald L u k e n s (S.S.R. No. 1).
                  I t w a s referred t o the bl11 R e f e r r a l Commltcee.

01/13/83          P e t i ~ i o n s ere c i r c u l a t e d in W a s h i n g t o n S t a ~ eto
                  p u t a pro-balanced budget c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
                  c o n v e n t i o n i n i t i a t i v e o n t h e ballot.

03/18/82    --    Missouri Senate passes S . C o n . ~ e s . 1 4 for a budget
                  convention.

03/03/82    --    W a s h i n g t o n H o u s e passes H.J.M. 1 , by a v o t e of
                  5 1 - 4 7 f o r a b u d g e t convention.
            - - K e n t u c k y S e n a t e p a s s e s S.Con.Res.                for       budget
                  c o n v e n t i o n by a v o t e of 25-11.

01/15/82    --    A l a s k a becomes t h i r t y - f i r s t S t a t e to a d o p t a
                  b a i a n c e d budget c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n .

05/01/81    --    Washington and Missouri legislatures adjourn without
                  c o m p l e t i n g a c t i o n on their b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n s .

03/24/81     --   C o n f e r e e s a p p o i n t e d i n M i s s o u r i l e g i s l a t u r e o n S.C.R.
                  4 f o r a budget convention.                      T h i s m e a s u r e h a s passed b o t h
                  H o u s e s i n d i f f e r i n g forms.

03/06/81     --   W a s h i n g t o n S e n a t e p a s s e s S.J.M. 1 0 5 for a b a l a n c e d
                  b u d g e t convention.             The House previously passed
                  H.J.M. 1 , r e q u e s t i n g b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n t h a t w a s
                  w o r d e d slightly differently.                 T h e Legislature adjourns
                  Apr. 2 6 , 1981.

             --   S.C.R.         passed W e s t V i r g i n i a Senate.             Ref e r r e d
                  House Rules Committee.

02/10/81     --   O h i o S e n a t e passed S.J.R. 1 f o r a b a l a n c e d b u d g e t
                  c o n v e n t i o n . T h e r e h a s been n o H o u s e action.

04/29/80     --   A l a b a m a l e g i s l a t u r e b e c o m e s t h e 1 9 t h S t a t e to a d o p t a
                  riqtt-to-life c o n v e n t i 3 n a p p l i c a t i o n .

24/09/92 - - Okla?.oaa leg~slat- re S e z o ~ ~ e:St5 S t a t e tc ad=?=
                                                  s
             a right-ro-life convention appLicatron.

03/03/80     --   I d a h o l e g i s l a t u r e b e c o m e s the 1 7 t h S t a t e to a d o p t
                  a r l g h c - t o - l i f e c o r v e c t i o n 'ppl~catlon.

0 1 / 3 0 / 3 ~ - - T e n n e s s e e legislature becomes t n e 1 6 t h S t a c e to
                    a e o p t a r l q h t - z o - l ~ f e c o n v e n t ~ cappl:car:an
                                                                            ~          w ~ z n
                    H o u s e a p p r o v a l of S.J.Res. 23 by a v o t e of 5 9 - 3 2 ,
                    wlth one aSsention.

01/28/80     --   West Virginia Senate approves a budget convention
                  a p p l i c a z i o n r e s o l u t i o n (S.Con.Res. 4) by a v o t e of
                  20-14.

01/23/80     - - Kenrucky Senate approves a bueget c o n v e n t ~ o n
                  a?pllcatlon r e s o i c t l o n        (S.Ccn.2es.         9) by a v o t e
                  of 26-1.

12/19/79     - - Secate SuScommittee on the Constitution approves a
                  p r o p o s e d c o n s t i t u t i o n a l a m e n d m e n t w h i c h would l i m i t
                  F e d e r a l s p e n d i n g , a l l o w i n g d e f i c i t s p e n d i n g o n l y when
                  a u t h o r i z e d by a v o t e of t h r e e - f i f t h s o f each H o u s e .

12/29/79     --   H e a r i n g held by S e n a t e S u b c o m m i t t e e o n t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n
                  o n t h e s u b j e c t of c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n
                  procedures.

12/01/79     --   H e a r i n g held by S e n a t e S u b c o m m i t t e e o n t h e C o n s t i t u t i o n
                  o n the s u b j e c t of proposed a m e n d m e n t s to b a l a n c e t h e
                  budget.        H e a r i n g s w e r e a l s o held on Mar. 1 2 , May 2 3 ,
                  a n d Oct. 4 , i 9 7 9 .

07/06/79     --   T h e New York T i m e s r e p o r t s t h a t a l t h o u g h the balanced
                  b u d g e t convention d r i v e a p p e a r s to S e o v e r t h i s
                  y e a r , proponents will concentrate on Malne,
                  M i n n e s o t a , K e n t u c k y , a n d R h o d e I s l a n d i n early 1980.

04/26/79     --   New H a m p s h i r e b e c o m e s 3 0 t h S t a t e to r e q u e s t a
                  constitutional convention on the budget with the State
                  S e n a t e a p p r o v a l of a n a p p l i c a t i o n b y a v o t e of 16-7.

04/20/79     - - New H a m p s h i r e H o u s e a p p r o v e s a b u d g e t c o n v e n t i o n
                  a p p l i c a t i o n by a v o t e of 178-161.

03/23/79     --   Montana Senate rejects budget convention application
                  b y a v o t e o f 31-18.

03/17/79     --   Under leadership of Massachusetts Lieutenant
                  G o v e r n o r T h o m a s P. O ' N e i l l 1 1 1 , a g r o u p c a l l e d t h e
                   Citizens for the Constitution i s formed to oppose the
                   c o n v e n i n g of a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n .

  03/16/79    --   D e b t l l m l t i n c r e a s e a p p r o v e d rn c h e U.S. House of
                   R e p r e s e n t a t r v e s , a f t e r d e i e a t of a n a m e n d n e n c ( b y a 2 0 1 - 1 9 9
                   p r o c e d u r a l vote) w h l c h would h a v e permitted f u t u r e increases
                   l n t h e debt c e l i l n q or.ly 1 t h e F e d e r a l Sudcjsc were ln
                                                                 :
                   Salance.

  03/00/79    --   G a l l u p survey f o r t h e U.5. C n a m b e r of Z o m m e r c s
                   r e p o r t s 76% of t h o s e respondln? f a v o r a csns:itxt~onal
                   a m e n d m e n t to li?.it F e d e r a l sper.dlng a ~ dtaxes.




  02/22/79    --   Zalifornia State Assenbly's Xays and Xeans Commltree
                   d e f e a t s budget c o n v e n t i o n a p p l i c a t i o n p r o p o s a l b y a
                   v o t e o f 12-8.

  02/09/79    --             S
                   I o ~ a o g s e a5cp:s   resoldz:3n   applyrzg for a ~ a l a n c e d
                   b u d g e t c0nstlcu:ronai    convent;on.

  02/08/79    --   H a r r i s poll shows t h a t 6 9 % o f s a m p l e f a v o r major
                   c u t b a c k s in F e d e r a i s p e n d i n g , and s2m.e p e r c e n t a g e
                   f a v o r s a c o n s t i f u t i o n a l a m e n d m e n t to b a l a n c e :he budget.

  02/04/79    --   X e p u b l i c a n P a r t y l e a d e r s m e e t i n g i n E a ~ t o n ,Md.
                   reported as rejecting a resolution endorsing a
                   c o n s t i t u t i o n a l a m e n d m e n t to r e q u i r e a b a l a n c e d
                   budget in favor of a proposal to call for lower taxes
                   and the imposition of spending limits on the Federal
                   Government.

  01/30/79    --   National Tax Limitation Committee issues an amendment-
                   p r o p o s a l , a u t h o r e d i n part by Milton F r i e d m a n , to
                   limit Federal spending.

   01/25/79   - - California Senate approves a resolution requesting
                   a c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n r e l a t i n g t o t h e budget
                   by a v o t e of 24-i4.

   01/09/79   --   C a l i f o r n i a G o v e r n o r Edmund G. a r o w n c a l l s f o r a
                   constitutional amendment to require a balanced
                   Fsderal budget, endorsing a Constitutional convention
                   i f o n e i s n e c e s s a r y t o a c h i e v e such a n a m e n d m e n t .

SECTION 11.    State Applications Received b y the Congress

   06/11/84   --   Arizona legislature application received relating
                   g r a n t i n g t h e P r e s i d e n t item v e t o power. CR/S. 6 8 9 2
                   (v. 130).

   05/24/84   --   do. CR/H.        4884.       (v. 130).

   Note:   E i t h e r t h e t e x t or a s u m m a r y o f each S t a t e
          a p p l i c a t i o n a p p e a r s in t h e C o n g r e s s i o n a l
          Z e c o r d (CR).          P a g e n u m b e r s a r e c i t e d a s follows:            CR/H2301-H2304
           (v. 126).           S e n a t e c i t a t i o n s g e n e r a l l y i n c l u d e t h e t e x t of t h e
          application.

07/21/83     --    Nissouri legislative aFplication receives relating
                   to balanced Sudge: a m e n d m e n t .   Referred to S e n a t e J u d i c a r y
                   Csmmlttee.  C 4 / S 1 3 5 9 4 ( v . 129)

~7/11/83      --   Fissouri legislative appl=cation received relaring
                   to balanced Bueget amendmezt.    R e f e r r e C to 3 o x s e J1;CieLary
                   Committee.  ZR/:': 49-22 (v. 129) .




02/03/82      --   A l a s k a l e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n received r e l a t i n g
                   to convening a c o n v e n t ~ o n to p r o p o s e a n amendmen:
                   to b a l a n c e the budget.                R e f e r r e d to H o u s e J u d i c i a r y
                   Committee.            C R / ~ 2 0 0 (v. 128) .

09/09/81      - - A l a S a m a l e g i s l a c u r e app;lcacion   received relating
                   to n a k i n g Federal j u d g e s h i p s e l e c t i v e o f f i c e s .
                   R e f e r r e d to House J u d i c i a r y Committee.
                   ~ R / H 6 0 7 2 (v. 1 2 7 ) .

05/i5/80 - - A r i z o n a L e g i s l a t u r e application r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to
             c o n v e n i n g a c o n v e ~ c i o n to p r o p o s e an a m e n d m e n t whlch
             would prevent t h e F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t f r o m t h r e a t e n i n g
             to w i t h o l d F e d e r a l f u n d s to f o r c e S t a t e s t o a c t i n
             c e r t a i n ways.         R e f e r r e d t o S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Conmittee.
             CR/S5467 (v. 126) .

05/09/80      --   Alabama Legislature application received relating
                   to a c o n v e n t i o n t o p r o p o s e a r i g h t - t o - l i f e amendment.
                   Referred to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Committee.                             9
                                                                                        ~ ~ / ~ 5 0(v. 5126).

05/02/80 - - T e n n e s s e e L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g t o a
             c o n v e n t i o n co p r o p o s e a r i g h c - t o - l i f e a m e n d m e n t .
             R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Committee.                 C R / S 4 4 9 9 (v. 126).

04/29/80      --   T e n n e s s e e L e g ~ s i a t n r e a p p l z c a t i o n r e c e l v e d relating
                   to right-to-life convention.                            Referred to House
                   J u d i c i a r y Committee.            C R / H 3 0 7 4 (v. 126).
              --   A r i z o n a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to a
                   b a l a n c e d budget.           R e f e r r e d t o H o u s e J u d i c i a r y Committee.
                   ~ ~ / H 2 2 4 (v. 125) .
                                    5

04/24/80      --   Oklahoma Legislatcre application received about a
                   c o n v e n t i o n relating to right-to-life a m e n d m e n t .
                   R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Committee. CR/S4202
                   (v. 1 2 6 ) .

03/21/80      --   Idaho Legislature application received about a
                   c o n v e n t i o n r e l a t i n g to a right-to-life a m e n d m e n t .
                   R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Committee. CR/S2804
03/18/80     --    Idaho Legislature application received for a
                   r i g h t - t o - l i f e c o n s t i t u t i o n a l cor,vention. R e f e r r e d to
                   H o u s e J u d i c i a r y Committee.               CR/E1967 (v. 126).

01/29/80     - - N e v a d a i e g ~ s i a c u r ea?pllcazlon          r e c e ~ v e da b o u t a
                   convention r e l a t ~ n q tc = h e budget.                 R e f e r r e 2 t~
                   S e n a t e ;zS:ciary        Zo~lx:zzee.         Z?./S318 ( v . 125).




37/18/79     --    Loulslana Leglslatcre a ~ p i l c a t l o n received relatlng z o
                   a b a l a n c e d budget. R e f e r r e d co H o u s e J u d l c i a r y
                   Committee. C R / ~ 6 1 9 7 (v. 125).

07/17/79 - - i o u i s i a n a L e g i s l a c u r e applicaziofi r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g
             r u l e s a n d r e g u l a t i o n s a d o p c e d 5y a a m i n i s t r a ~ i v e Soaies.
             Z e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y C o m m i r t e e . C R / ~ 9 5 4 7 (v. 125).

              --   Louisiana L e g ~ s l a t u r e application r e c e l v e d r e l a r l n g
                   t o b a l a n c e d S u d g e t . R e f e r r s d to Hcuse J u d l c i a r y
                   Coninittee.         C3/HGli2 (v. 125).

06/25/79      --   I o w a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to a
                   b a l a n c e d b u d g e t , R e f e r r e d t o S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Ccminittee.
                   C R / S 8 4 0 9 - S 8 4 1 0 (v. 125).
              --   N e v a d a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to
                   right-to-life.                Referred to S e n a t e j u d i c i a r y Committee.
                   CR/S8409 (v. 125).

06/2-2/80 - - R e p r e s e n t a c i v e G r a s s l e y i n s e r t s t e x t of I o w a L e g i s l a t u r e
              a p p l i c a t i o n f o r a c o n v e n t i o n r e l a t i n g to a balanced budget.
              CR/E3168 ( v . 125).

06/21/79      --   S e n a t o r Z e p s e n i n s e r t s text of Iowa S t a t e S e n a t e
                   r e s o l u t i o n making a p p l i c a t i o n f o r a C o n v e n t i o n
                   r e l a t i n g to t h e budget.          CR/S8182 (v. 125).               (This r e s o l u t i o n
                   p a s s e d i n 1979.)

06/18/79      --   I o w a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to a
                   b a l a n c e d budget.         Referred to Senate Judiciary
                   Committee.            CR/S7879 (v. 125).

06/05/79      --   Maryland Legislature application received relating
                   to a balanced budget.         Referred to House Judiciary
                   Committee.         CR/H4074 (v. 125).  (This r e s o l u t i o n w a s
                   a d o p t e d i n 1975.)

05/31/79      --   Representative Smith inserts communication of a
                   m a j o r i t y of t h e m e m b e r s o f t h e I o w a S e n a t e s t a t i n g
                    t h a t if they h a d b e e n a b l e t o r e c o n s i d e r t h e i r p a s s a g e
                    of their balanced budget application, they would have
                    d o n e so.  CR/H3982 (v. 125).

05/24/79      --    S e n a t o r Humphrey l n s e r t s New Hampshire L e g l s l a t u r e
                    a p p l l c a t l o n f o r a c o n v e n c ~ o n . C R / ~ 6 3 0 0 (v. 125).              (Thls
                    r e s o l u z l o n x a s a d o p t e Z ic 1979.)




05/15/79 - - New X a a p s k i r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a z i n g t o b a l a l c e e
                                                 --
                                                           J
             S u e g e t . Referred tc !-ic12se ~ d i c l a r - yComrn:zzee.
             2 2 / 3 3 2 8 4 (v. 125).

05/03/79      --    North D a k o t a a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g L O a b a l a n c e d
                    budget.        Referred t o Senate Judiciary Committee.
                    C 2 / ~ 5 3 2 0 (-;. 125).

05/01/79      - - I n d i a n a Legislature appiicatiofi r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to
                  a balanced S u d g e t . R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y
                    C o m i e         Cx/SS317           (      125).        (Tkls     r e s c l ~ t i o nl i a s
                    a d o p t e d in ;959.)
              --    I n d i a n a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to a
                    b a l a n c e d budget.           R e f e r r e d to H o u s e J u d i c i a r y
                    C o m m i t t e e . ~ R / H 2 5 3 4 ( v . 125) .

04/10/79      --    A r i z o n a L e g i s l a t u r e s p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t ~ n gL O
                    a balanced budget.                  R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y
                    C o m m i t t e e . ~ R / S 4 2 9 8 (v. 125).

03/22/79      --    Oregon Legislature application received relating
                    t o a balanced budget.                Referred t o Senate Judiciary
                    C o m m i t t e e . C R / S 3 1 6 5 (v. 125).  (This r e s o l u t i o n p a s s e d
                    t h e l e g i s l a t u r e i n 1977.)

03/19/79      - - Representative McClory inserts Illinois Senate
                    reso.lution ~ i r g i n g C o n g r e s s to a c t o n a b a l a n c e 6 b u d g e t
                    a m e n d m e n t . C R / E 1 1 7 4 (v. 1 2 5 ) .

03/15/79 - - O r e g o c L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e z v e d r e l a t i n g
             t o a balanced budget.                    Referred to House Judiciary
             C o m m i t t e e . ~ R / H 1 4 2 4 (v. 125).             (This r e s o l u t i o n p a s s e d
             t h e l e g i s l a t u r e i n 1977.)
               --   Alabama Legislature application received relating
                    t o t h e budget.           R e f e r r e d to .House J u d i c i a r y
                    C o m m i t t e e . C R / H 1 4 2 4 (v. 125).       (This r e s o l u t i o n w a s
                    a d o p t e d in 1976.)
               --   Texas Legislature application received relating to the
                    budget.          Referred t o Senate Judiciary Committee.                      CR/S2869
                    (v. 125).          Also r e c e i v e d in H o u s e a n d r e f e r r e d t o H o u s e
                    J u d i c i a r y Committee.        CR/H1424 (v. 125).             (This r e s o l u t i o n
                    p a s s e d i n 1977.)
03/13/79   --   Alabama Legislature application relating t o budget
                r e c e i v e d . R e f e r r e d t o S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Committee.
                                  1
                ~ ~ / ~ 2 6(v. 0125).             (This r e s o l u t i o n w a s a d o p t e d i n 1976.)

03/12/79   --   P e n n s y l v a n i a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l ~ c a t l o nr e c e l v e e r e l a t i n g
                t o t h e budget.              R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e Judiciary C o m m l t t e e .
                ~ i ? / S 2 5 0 0 - S 2 5 2 1 (v. 125).         (Tnis r e s o l a t i o n w-as ziCopzPZ i n
                1976.)

           --   G e o r g i a L e g - s i a t u r e a p p i l c a t l o n r e c e l v e d r e l a z ~ n g to a
                r;ght-to-l~fe amendaert. 3eferre2 ts Xouse J x 2 ~ c ~ a r y
                Coxrnittee.           CR/Xl220 (v. 125).




03/08/79   --   A r k a n s a s L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e l a t i n g to t h e S u d g e t
                r e c e i v e d . R e f e r r e Z c o S e n a z e ;ud:c~ary               Cornrni~cee.
                C R / ~ 2 3 6 3 (v. 125).                       r
                                                     ( ~ h l s e s o l u ~ i o nw a s a d o p t e d i n 1979.)

           --   G e o r g l a Legislature a p p l l c a t ~ o n ~ e c e - v e d r e l a t i n g t o
                a rlgn~-zo-life aner,dmen:.                              o
                                                         3eferred : Senace Zcdlcizry
                Cornrnltzee. C ~ / S 2 3 6 3 j v . 1 2 5 ) .
           --   Utah L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e l a t i n g t o b u d g e t
                received. Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee.
                c~/s2353-~2354           (v. 125).           (This r e s o l u t i o n w a s adsptec! i n
                i975.)

03/07/79   --   N e b r a s k a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n received r e l a t i n g to a
                b a l a n c e d Sudget.           Referred to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y C o m m i t t e e .
                CR/S2185 (v. 125).
           --   Utah Legislature application received relating to
                a b a l a n c e d budget.   Referred to House Judiciary
                Commlttee.         CEi/H1145 (v. 125).

03/05/79   - - A r k a n s a s L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e l a t i n g to t h e
                b u d g e t received.   Referred to House J u d i c i a r y
                Committee.        CR/H1068 (v. 125).  (This r e s o l u t i o n was
                a d o p t e d in 1979.)

03/01/79   -- F l o r i d a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e l a t i n g to t h e
                b u d g e t received.       R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y
                Committee.                         0
                                   ~ ~ / S 1 9 3 (v. 125).         (This r e s o l u t i o n , S e n a t e
                M e m o r i a l No. 2 3 4 , passed i n 1976.)
           --   Florida Legislature application relating to the
                b u d g e t received.     Referred to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y
                C o m m i t t e e . CR/S1930-S1931 (v. 125).        (This resolution,
                H o u s e Memorial No. 2 0 8 1 , passed i n 1976.)

           --   N e w Mexico L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g
                t o budget.       R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Committee.
                                         32
                ~ ~ / ~ 1 9 3 1 - S 1 9 (v. 125).        (This r e s o l u t i o n p a s s e d i n 1976.)

           --   South Dakota Legislature application received relating
                  t o a balanced budget.  Referred to Senate Judiciary
                  Committee.   CR/S1931 (v. 125)                     .
             --   I d a h o L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to a
                  b a l a n c e d budget.         Z e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y Committee.
                  CR/S1932 (v. 125).

02/28/79 - - I d a h o i e g l s l a t u r e a ~ p l ~ c 2 t ~received r e l a r ~ z gto
                                                               o n
             budget.         Z e f e r r s c : X o c s e Z ~ d i c i a r y2or~a~:zee.
                                             o
             C 4 / H l 0 0 4 iv. 1 2 5 ) .                                p
                                                (This r e s o l l ~ t r o n a s s e e rn 1979.)




             --   South Dakota Legislature application received
                  r e l a t i n g to a balanced S u d g e t . R e f e r r e d to H o u s e
                  J u d i c i a r y Committee.   C~/ii945 (v. i25).           (This
                  r e s o l u t i o n passed in 1979.)

                                                                                   ._,
32/26/79 - - New M e x l c o i e q ~ s l a t ~ rae p l ~ c a t l o n receive? rela'---Y
                                                  p                                  .
             to budgec.       ReferreC c s Eouse Judlclary Ccamlttee.
             c~i/HS98 (v. 125).           (Thls r e s o l u t r o n passed r n 1975.)
             - - R e p r e s e n t a t i v e F o u n t a i n i n s e r t s North C a r o l i n a
                  resoluti9n relating to calling a constitutional
                  c o n v e n t i o n for a b a l a n c e d budget.   (This r e s o l u t i o n
                  was a d o p t e d i n 1979.)          ~ii/ii887 (v. 125).

             --   M i s s i s s i p p i L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to a
                  r i g h t - t o - l i f e amendment.            R e f e r r e d to S e n a t e J u d i c i a r y
                  Committee.. CR/S1788 (v. 123).

02/22/79     - - F l o r i d a L e g i s l a t u r e a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g to
                  budget.     Referred to H o u s e J u d i c i a r y C o m m i t t e e .
                  CR/H830 (v. 125).      (This r e s o l u t i o n , S e n a t e M e m o r i a l
                  No. 2 3 4 , passed i n 1975.)
             - - North C a r o l i n a a p p l i c a t i o n r e c e r v e d r e l a t ~ n gto
                  budget.        Referred to H o u s e J u d i c i a r y C o m m i t t e e .
                  CR/H830       (v. 125).

02/21/79     --   M l s s l s s l p p r application r e c e i v e d r e l a t i n g t o a
                  c o n s t i t u t i o n a l convention r e g a r d i n g a r l g h t - t o - l l f e
                  a m e n d m e n t . Referred to H o u s e J u d i c i a r y Committee.
                  C R / H 8 1 S - (v-. 125).

02/08/79     --   S e n a t o r Harry F. Byrd i n s e r t e d c o p i e s of a p p l i c a t i o n s
                  for a convention relating t o the budget from the
                  f o l l o w i n g States:           A l a b a m a (1976 resolution),
                  A r i z o n a (1977 Resolution), C o l o r a d o ( 1 9 7 8 r e s o l u t i o n ) ,
                  D e l a w a r e (1975 r e s o l u t i o n ) , F l o r i d a ( 1 9 7 6 r e s o l u t i o n ) ,
                  G e o r g i a (1976 resolution), K a n s a s ( 1 9 7 8 r e s o l u t i o n ) ,
                  L o u i s i a n a ( 1 9 7 8 resolution), M a r y l a n d (1975 resolution),
                  M i s s i s s i p p i (1975 r e s o l u t i o n ) , N e b r a s k a (1976 resolufion),
                  N e w M e x i c o (1976 resolution), North D a k o t a (1975
                  r e s o l u t i o n ) , O k l a h o m a (1976 resolution), O r e g o n (1977
                      resolution), P e n n s y l v a n i a (1976 resolution),
                      S o u t h C a r o l i n a (1975 resolution), T e n n e s s e e ( 1 9 7 7
                      r e s o l u t i o n ) , T e x a s ( 1 9 7 7 resolution), V i r g i n i a ( 1 9 7 6
                      r e s o l u t i o n ) , and Wyoming ( 1 9 7 7 resolution).             CR/S1305-Sl313
                      (v. 125) .

  02/06/79       --   North C a r o i l n a L e g z s i a t u r e a p p l l c a t l o n r e c e l v e d relating
                      to b u d q e c . Referred to S e n a z e J u d l c ~ a r y C o m m i t t e e .
                      e/l.
                       as:?          (v. 125).        (,"is rosc:mL-      ,,-on p a s s e 5 5:. 1973.)




  Amerlcan Bar Assoclatlon.           S ~ e c l a lConstitutional C o n v e n t r o n
       Study Comrnlt2ee.      Amendment of the C o n s t i t u t i o n S y t h e
       convention m e t h o d c n d e r A r t l c l e V. C n l c a g o , 1974.  50 p .

  Amerlcan E n t e r p r i s e I n s t ~ c u t efor ? u b l ~ cP s l l c y Research.
                                                         l
       P r o p o s a l s for a c o n s t ~ t u t i o ~ a c o n v e n r l o n to r e q u ~ r ea
       Dalanced Feeera: S c d g e t . W a s h ~ n g t c n ,1979.                38 p .
       (Amerlcan Enterprise Institute for P u S l l c P o l l c y R e s e a r c h .
       L e g l s l a t l v e analysis, 9 6 t h C o n g r e s s , no. 3).

  B l a c k , C h a r l e s L . , J r . Amendlng t h e Constitution: a l e t t e r to
            a Congr.essman. Yale l a w jourc&l, v . 6 2 , Dec. :972.
            189-215.

  F i s h e r , Louis. Confidential spending and governmental
           accountability.   G e o r g e W a s h i n g t o n l a w r e v i e w , v. 4 7 ,
           Jan. 1979:   347-385.

  G r o s s , Bertram M.  UnSalancing the Constitution.                                N a t i o n , v. 2 2 8 ,
           Apr. 28, 1979:   449-468.

  K a p p , Elaine S. A balanced F e d e r a l budget and c o n s t i t u t i o n a l
           c o n v e n t i o n c o n t r o v e r s y . S t a t e g o v e r n m e n t , v. 7 , s p r i n g 1 9 7 9 :
           58-64.

  U.S.       L i b r a r y of Congress.            Congressional Research Service.
           C a l l i n g a F e d e r a l c o n s t i t u t i o n a l c o n v e n t i o n by S t a t e
           p e t i t i o n ; selected r e f e r e n c e s [ b y ] J o h n n y K i l l i a n , u p d a t e d
           by Meredith McCoy [ w a s h i n g t o n ] 1979.                     5 p.
                 C R S R e p o r t 79-61A
   -----     C o n s t i t u t i o n a l conventions:         political and legal issues; the
           u n a n s w e r e d q u e s t i o n s [ b y ] Meredith McCoy a n d D a v i d C. Huckabee.
           [ w a s h i n g t o n ] J u n e 2 , 1981.       4 3 p.
                 C R S R e p o r t 8 1 - 1 3 5 GOV/A

Balanced Budget Amendment

   C o h e n , R i c h a r d E.    T r y i n g to k i c k t h e s p e n d i n g habit.          National
             j o u r n a l , v. 1 1 , Apr. 2 1 , 1979:         632-636.

   M a c L a u r y , B r u c e K.   P r o p o s a l s to l i m i t F e d e r a l s p e n d i n g a n d b a l a n c e
        t h e budget. I n P e c h m a n , J o s e p h A., ed. Setting national
        priorities:   the 1980 Sudget. Washington, Brookings
        Institution, 1979:        213-223.

NlsXanen, W ~ l l l a m . Controlling the growth of government:                            the
     c o n s t l t u t ~ o n a la m e n d m e n t a p p r o a c h . St. i o u l s , Center for the
     S c u d y of A n e r i c a n a d s i n e s s , Washington U n ; v e r s ~ z y , 1 9 7 9 .
     18 p.        (Washington Unlverslty, St. Louis.                         Center for che
     S t c C y af A n e r l c a r 3,slness:               W:ztsaaro    23252 s e r ~ e s )

S h a n n o n , J o h n a n 2 Bruee X a l l ~ n . R e s z r a i n ~ n g r h e - ederal budgec:
                                                                              t
          alternative p o l l c i e s a z d s t r a t e g ~ e s . I n t e r g c v e r n ~ e n t a l
          perspect;ve, v . 5 , s p r ~ n q19'9:            8-14.

U.S.     Library of Congress.   C o n g r e s s i o n a l 3esearcfi S e r v i c e .
        aalancing che 3udget a n 2 limizing Federcl spezeicg:                     a
        selected bibiiograp9y [ b y ] Felix Chin.            Apr. 6 , 1 9 7 9 .     7 p.

- - - - - m h e 'salanced 'sueget p r o p o s a l :
          -                                                   s o n e m a c r o s C o n o ~ i c imp;izations
        [ b y ] John Henderson.
             C R S M i n i 'Brlef M 5 7 9 2 2 9
-----     3aianced 23dgec ard spsneicg Ilrn~caclons: propasod
        c o n s t l e u c l o n a l a m e n d m e n t s i b y ] A l i e n M. Schick.
              CRS Issue Srlef IB79027

W a l k e r , D a v i d B. The balanced budget movement:                             a political
          perspective.      I n t e r g o v e r n m e n t a l p e r s p e c t i v e , v. 5 , s p r i n g 1 9 7 9 :
          15-20.

				
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