Quantum Dot Solar Cells

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Quantum Dot Solar Cells

Description:    The Sun, believed by the mankind to be just a mere centerpiece of the solar system in which we
                live is in reality not just a unit but an entire symphonic system which was in place much before the
                first humans ever walked on planet earth. This system which has been the primary energy source
                for origin of life on earth is in fact very well adequately positioned by nature to fulfill the needs of
                energy for humans for many more centuries to come.

                An effort by humans to harness this abundant source of energy available around us has manifested
                in the form solar energy being converted to many applications as diverse as heat channelizing,
                electricity conversion, electro mechanical applications and many more as these. The dream of solar
                energy for human applications was realized in the early part of this century by the invention of
                solar cells which when arranged in photovoltaic arrays deliver power for bigger applications.

                The next leap of invention in this direction is “Quantum Dot Solar Cells or Nanocrystal Solar Cells”.
                Aruvians Rsearch’s report Quantum Dot Solar Cells earmarks the immense potential that this
                technology holds for the future of mankind and the crucial impact it will have on the process of
                introduction of solar energy into large scale arenas of the industrialized economies.

                Aruvians Rsearch’s report on Quantum Dot Solar Cells initiates with a strong theoretical
                understanding of the Solar Cell system and their subsequent propagation into photovoltaic systems
                including their applications derived from generational leaps as first to third generation cells. The
                report presents the entire gamut of PV cells in a structured family tree for easy interpretation and
                also delves into the applications of PV Technology in isolated environment.

                Aruvians Rsearch’s report also devotes an entire in depth section to the technical aspects of
                Quantum Dot Solar Cell systems including their history as well as mechanism, general operation
                principles and the new innovations in architecture design of Quantum Dot Solar Cells which have
                opened up new markets for solar power systems. These are further explained in the efficient design
                choices of various configurations and new ideas contributed in this field.

                The report further analyzes the processing techniques of Quantum Dot Solar Cells and a brief
                section is also dedicated to quantum dot solar concentrators. In order to address the efficiency
                factors which impact the Quantum Dot Solar Cells systems the report examines the application on
                nanostructures to this with a complete overview on the two major techniques in use today. An
                analysis is also presented of the leading companies making waves in this relatively new field of
                Quantum Dot Solar Cells.

                Aruvians Rsearch’s report Quantum Dot Solar Cells is a very comprehensive tool for understanding
                this technology in a in depth manner and deliver thought provoking views on the marvels of this
                field which is nature’s helping hand lent to mankind in order to preserve a way of life which is
                sustainable as well as in sync with our environment.



Contents:       Executive Summary

                What are Quantum Dots?
                - Overview of Quantum Dots
                - Looking at Quantum Confined Semiconductors
                - How to Make Quantum Dots
                -- Synthesis of Colloidal Semiconductor Nanocrystals
                -- Fabrication Process
                -- Viral Assembly
                -- Self-Assembly by Electrochemical Methods
                -- Bulk Manufacturing
                -- Problem with Cadmium-based Quantum Dots
                - Looking at Optical Properties of Quantum Dots
- Application Areas of Quantum Dots
-- Overview
-- Uses in Biology
-- Uses in Quantum Computation
-- Role in Photovoltaics
-- Uses in Light Emitting Devices
- Endless Possibilities of Quantum Dots

Introduction to Photovoltaics
- Overview
- Historical Background of Solar Cells
- Looking at Solar Electricity
- Photovoltaic Systems
- Looking at the Balance of System (BOS)
- Analyzing the 3 Generations of Photovoltaic Cells
-- First Generation PV Cells
-- Second Generation PV Cells
-- Third Generation PV Cells
- What are Concentrator Cells?
- Analyzing Concentrated Photovoltaics
- Applications of Solar Cells
- Types of Solar Cells
- PV Technology in Isolated Generation
- Looking at Thin Film Solar Cells
- PV Family Tree – A Diagrammatic Representation

Global Market Overview of Solar PV Cells
- Market Profile
- Market Size
- Growth Patterns of the Market
- Market Statistics – Production Side
- Commercialization Potential & Market Development
- Future of the Market

Analysis of Various Solar Cell Materials
- Silicon – Crystalline and Amorphous
- Thin Film Materials - CIS, CdTE, Dye Sensitized
- Organic Polymers
- Nanoscale Materials

Analyzing the Performance Metrics & Characterization of a PV Cell

How to Increase the Efficiency of Solar Cells
- Overview
- Hot Carrier Cells
- Tandem Solar Cells
- Intermediate Band Solar Cells

Looking at Nanocrystal/Quantum Dot Solar Cells

Nanostructured Solar Cells and Wide Band Gap Materials

How the Quantum Dot Achieves Higher Efficiency

How the Manufacturing Process of Quantum Dots is Evolved for Solar Cells

Increasing the Efficiency of Inorganic Solar Cells with Quantum Structures
- Overview
- Superlattice and Multiple Quantum Well Systems
- Hot Carriers and Carrier Multiplication System
- Development of Protocrystalline Silicon Multilayer
- Development of Nanorod-shape Heterojunction
Analysis of Quantum Structured Solar Cells
- Overview
- Looking at Multiple - Exciton Generation Solar Cells
- Looking at Intermediate - Band Solar Cells
- Looking at Electron–Hole Pair Multiplication in Quantum Dots
- Understanding the Interaction of Hot Carriers in Bulk Semiconductors
- Understanding Superlattices and Quantum Wells
- Determining Hot Electron Cooling Times
- Quantum Dots and Dynamics of Hot Excitons
- A Brief Look at the Phonon Bottleneck Phenomenon
- Historical R&D Data
- Formation of Multiple Electron–Hole Pairs in Quantum Dots
- Configurations of Quantum Dot Solar Cells
-- Photoelectrodes and Quantum Dot 3-D Array
-- Quantum Dots and Nanocrystalline TiO2 Solar Cells
-- Quantum Dots and Organic Semiconductor Polymers
- Summing Up

Analyzing Quantum Dot Intermediate Band Solar Cells
- Overview
- How to Design the Quantum Dot
- Coupling of Quantum Dot
- Process of Quantum Dot Doping

Analysis of Quantum Dot Solar Concentrators
- Overview
- What is the Quantum Dot Concentrator?
- Modeling of the Concentrator
- Looking at the 3-D Models
- Analysis of Results
- Summing Up

Case Studies
- Manufacturing Multi-Stacked Quantum Dots in Higher Efficiency Solar Cells
- Developing a Silicon Quantum Dot Structure for Silicon Tandem Solar Cells

Leading Industry Contributors
- Cyrium Technologies
- Innovalight
- Konarka Technologies
- Kopin Corporation
- NanoMas Technologies
- Natcore Technology Inc.
- Quantum PV
- QuNano
- Sol Voltaics
- Solasta
- Solterra Renewable Technologies Inc
- Voxtel

Appendix
- Using Tandem Solar Cells for Increased Efficiency
-- Overview
-- Design Considerations
-- Performance Characteristics
-- Fabrication of Tandem Solar Cells on Silicon
-- Facing the Challenge for High Conversion Efficiency
- Figures & Tables

Glossary of Term
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posted:11/22/2011
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